Newspaper Page Text
mi 4 t
tiii: kkiuhlicax, Kstabiishci i 1884. - 1 11 aep e:iaa.eilT; 1H j&JJi JL JuLlIlg'S. . J. W. DOKRINGTON, Proprietor. .
VOLUME XV. YUMA, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, JULY 37 1886. : NUMBER 31.-
w T ' i " " i " :
BY THE SEA.
Last year wo paced the yellow sands
Beside the restless sea;
I held In mine your tiny hands
And drew you close to mo.
I marked your blushes come and go.
The sigh, the smile, the tear; ,
The words you whispered soft and low.
Were music In mine ear.
We two were dreaming Love's young dream
isesiae me murmuring sea;
Tour presence made the wnolc earth seem
A paradise to me;
We said our love would never change,
Wonld no abatement know,
While life should last it seems so strange
'Twas just a year ago. : '
Once more we pace the yeilowtsandSi
Beside the summer snaj "5
1 do not hold vour tlnv hands. ' A-
You do not cling to me.
I do not pi esi you to my heart
And kiss your snowy brow
We're strolling twenty yards apart,
For we are married now.
DANGERS OF THE JUNGLE.
Terrible Loss of Life From Beast
The accounts published from time to
time by the government of India, show
ing the loss of life occasioned annually
by snake-bites and the ravages of wild
animals, still bear -witness to a terrible
mortality attributable to these scourges,
and, we might add, afford a clear proof
that the present exertious of the govern
ment of India are inadequate for the
purpose, The latest "returns tell the
truly awful tale, that in the year 18S3
upwards of twenty-two thousand lives
'were lost from the above-mentioned
causes. Nor can the returns rendered
by district officers be considered as
altogether complete or satisfactory; for
owing to the apathy of the natives of
India ana the almost universal beliet
among them of the "decrees of fate,"
many cases of snake-bite are never re
ported, and altogether escape the notice
of the authorities.
Then, again, it should be remembered
that the government returns which give
the number of deaths attributable to
snakes and wild beasts, only include
cases in British India leaving altogether
unrecorded the mortality from the same
causes in large independent states, such
as Jeypore, Gwalior, Rewah, and many
others. Moreover, the British system of
keeping down wild beasts and noxious
reptiles, does not obtain in these large
tracts of territory under independent
Rajahs. There, natives are not encour
aged by rewards to make the destruc
tion of tigers, panthers, and others of
the felida; as also cobras and other
deadly snakes a genuine pursuit and
means of gaining a livelihood. Thus it
comes to pass that in out-of-the-way
parts, away from British jurisdiction,
the loss of life from the above mentioned
causes shows little or no diminu
tion, but remains very much as in the
days of old.
Among the wild animals, figuring in
the list as destructive to human life, the
tiger naturally holds a prominent place;
the deaths of no fewer than- nine hun
dred and eighty-five human beings are
laid to his charge; and j'et the animal,
if left unmolested and not provoked in
any way, will seldom attack human
beings. The truth is, tigers, as a rule,
are cowards, only too willing to slink
away on the approach, of man. In
former years, when tigers were much
more common than they are now-a-days,
man-eaters were by no means rare.- It
was in those times nothing uncommon
to hear of high-roads stopped, large
tracts of country left uncultivated, vil
lages deserted, and permitted to fall to
ruin, owing to the ravages of these
dreadful creatures. Now, however,
man-eaters have been nearly extermi
nated; occasionally one is heard of; but
almost invariably his evil deeds attract
the attention of the civil officer of the
district, and an organized expedition Is
sent in search of the marauder, and
eventually the animal is killed, cither by
the rifle of an English sportsman, or
by the matchlock of some local
shikaree. How, then, it will naturally
be asked, if man-eaters -are so rare, does
it come to pass that nearly a thousand
unfortunate creatures lost their lives in
a single year "by tigers? In the first
place, although man-eating tigers are
now fortunately rare, yet there can be
no doubt that the tiger; when suddenly
come upon in his lair, or met accident
ally face to face when on the move, will,
on the spur of the moment more from
fear, probably, than anything else
strike down any one barring nis way,
and pass swiftly on. Casualties of this
kind often occur in wooded parts of the
country. A tigress with young is es
pecially dangerous, and will often
furiously attack any one approaching
the spot where the cubs are. Again,
cattle keepers or gtcallas, as they are
termed in Bengal, often lose their lives
by courageously exposing themselves
when endeavoring to rescue some one of
their charges from the clutches of the
destroyer. At such times the tiger is
especially dangerous. He has probably
tasted blood, and often will not surren
der his prey without a struggle. Should
a body of men keepinor eose together
approach him as he cronohes growling
behind the bullock he hits dragged
to the ground, he will sometimes slowly
and reluctantly beat a" retreat; but often
rendered furious by a shower of sticks
and stones cast at him, and by the shouts
of his daring assailants, he charges out
with flashing eye and a roar of rae,
and strikes down one or more of his as
sailants. A prevalent cause of death occasioned
by snake-bites, etc'is the almost univ
ersal habit among the poorer class of
natives-of traveling by night during the
ho.t weather months. It is exceptional
to meet with a cobra during the day
time; but after sunset reptiles sally forth
in search of food. A native, generally
speaking, walks barefooted, or wears
only a low shoe, which affords no pro
tection to the ankle or leg. In the. dark
ness, he treads upon or touches ; some
deadly snake, is immediately bitteji, and
probably before daylight, lies a corpse
by the roadside. The same reckless
cuitom of passing after sunset through'
jungles inhabited by all kinds of wild
beasts, is, though in a less degree, a con
stant source of danger, frequently end
ing in death. It has already been re
marked that the tiger, if left" unmolest
ed, will seldom interfere with man, but
more often, when disturbed in
the day-time, will slink off with
a surly growl of fear. This rule,
however, certainly does not hold
good with equal force after nightfall.
Then wild animals are on the-prowl
after prey, and they seem to be per
fectly aware of the advantage they pos
sess over human being of a vision spe
cially adapted by nature to penetrate the
pitchy darkness of the night. Not only,
.therefore, is there a greater probability
of travelers meeting with dangerous
animals when passing through the for
est after sunset, but the tiger and his
comrades of the jungle are then bolder
and more to be feared; and though the
tiger be a coward at heart, yet, under
cover of darkness, and perhaps pinched
with hunger, the sound of voices in the
dead stillness of the night, entices the
brute to approach the roadway; and a
string of defenceless natives, passing
within a few yards of his lurking place,
still further awakens his evil instincts.
The temptation proves too great, and
with a bound, he springs upon one of
the hapless travelers and carries oil his
In the vear 1883, no fewer than forty-
seven thousand four hundred and
seventy-eight . head of cattle were
devoured Dy wild animals; and there
can be no. doubt that the
tiger is extremely mischievous in this
respect, and in consequence lays a very
severe tax on natives inhabiting vil
lages bordering upon large forests, or
anywhere near to his stronghold. A
pair of royaL tigers will probably kill
and aevour trom ten to twelve duiiocks
of larjre size within a month's time;
and a tigress, with two or three nearly
full-crown cubs is still more destructive.
The latter, not content with pulling
down cattle for food, will often, out of
pure mischief, destroy two and three at
There are tigers which live almost eng
tirely on large game, such as deer
wild pigs, seldom approaching villages
or the haunts of man; but, uniortu
nately, the great majority depend almost
entirely on cattle for food; and this is
not to be wondered at. The ruminants
of the forest are timid, restless crea
tures, ever on. the lookout against dan
ger, so that it happens constantly that,
in spite of the crafty, noiseless approach
of their striped enemy, he is discovered
ere he can creep to within springing
distance. The tiger, however, is often
more successful when lying in wait
hard by some pool of water in the
jungles. After a long hot day, towards
nightfall, deer, parched with thirst, are
often impatient to reach the precious
water, and incautiously approach with
out perceiving their hidden enemy.
Jiut tne tiger soon discovers mat he can
provide himself with food with far less
trouble and exertion by'preying on cattle.
Not only is stalking them easy when
the herd is grazing on the outskirts of
the jungle, but often unlike deer,
which bound away almost immediately
on discovering their lurking enemy a
herd of cattle will stand spell-bound,
paralyzed with fear, their whole atten
tion fixed upon the striped marauder
groveling along the ground and rapidly
approaching to witlnn springing dis
trance. Then, when too late to make
their escape, the foolish creatures turn
to fly; but with a bound, the tiger is
upon them, and seizing a victim in his
terrible grip, brings it to the ground,
and kills it with one wrench of his pow
lhe Asiatic lion, from certain char
acteristics, such as the almost total want
of a mane in the male, and its smaller
size, was formerly held to be of a differ
ent species from the lion of Africa; but
naturalists are now inclined to consider
the two animals identical. Little is
known of the habits of the Indian lion,
and except in Cutch, Guzerat,
and one or two other spots in the Bom
bay presidency, it has become extremely
rare, bportsmen who have met with
and shot the animal, describe it as dan-
ferous when wounded and followed up;
ut, like the-tiger, unless provoked, the
Indian lion almost invariably endeavors
to make off on being disturbed. Nor
does the animal appear to be nearly so
bold and dangerous after nightfall, as is
the case with the African lion. A
crouching lion' in long grass or bushes,
even in comparatively bare, open
ground, is more difficult to distinguish
than the tiger, on account of the tawny
hide exactly matching the color of thie
It may be here mentioned that it is a
mistake to suppose that the male lion in
its wild state, carries the long flowing
mane that we sec in specimens shut up
in cages. The lion often inhabits dense,
thorny thickets, and his mane, from
constant "combing." and wear and tear
when passing through prickly bushes,
becomes shortened in a measure, and
wants the flowing luxuriance of hair so
marked in our caged specimens. The
Indian lion, though an inveterate cattle-killer,
like his striped brother, sel
dom, if ever, takes to devouring human
The panther and leopard both in a
great measure bear a similar
character to the royal tiger;
they seldom will attack man, unless
provoked, driven to bay or wounded,
when like all the larger fplida;, they be
come highly dangerous, and lives are
often lost in their pursuit on foot In
stances now and again occur of both
these animals showing unusual ferocity,
and taking to man-killing; but for
tunately this habit is exceptional. The
panther of Central India a large,
powerful beast is held to be by many
exyerienced sportsmen, as also by na
tive hunters, a more dangerous animal
to cope with than the tiger, and both
panther and leopard ascend trees with
facility, a power fortunately denied to
Not many years ago, an officer seated
in a tree in company with a native,
fired at a panther passing below,
wounding the creature severely. The
panther sprang up the trunk of the tree,
dragged the unfortunate sportsman
down to the ground, mauling him so
dreadfully that he died soon after; and
actually ascended the tree a second time
and killed the shikaree.
The panther, like the tiger, is diref ully
mischievous in killing cattle, and the
leopard continually harries the flocks
and herds of the villagers, often taking
up its abode with a few hundred yards
of the houses. Since the time of the
Indian mutiny, when the country was
disarmed, leopards have greatly increas-1
ed in many part, more especially in the
hill territories. In former days, almost
every village possessed two or three
funs; now, however, only certain in
ividuals bearing a license from the
authorities, carry firearms, and in con
sequence, wnu animais are nut suiiiuiuui
ly killed down.
The leopard is particularly addicted to
carrying off dogs. The animal will sel
dom face a powerful dog in the open;
but, bv creeping up unpcrceivea anu
waiting for a favorable opportunity, it
suddenly takes the dog at a disadvan
tage, fastening on to its neck, and sel
dom quitting its hold till the strength of
its victim is exhausted. In spite of broad
Iron collars garnished with spikes for a
protection, large sized, valuable sheep
dogs are very often carried ott Dy leop
ards in the valleys of the Himalaya.
A number of deaths are annually laid
to the charee of the bear tribe. Wood
cutters are often brought in terribly torn
and disfigured. Sometimes individual
cases occur when the bearattacks a man
without the slightest provocation. A
she-bear with cubs is perhaps
more jealous of human beings
approaching her youth, than any other
auadruped. bhe will at sucn times mn
ously attack and pursue any one com
ing near to her whelps,- often mllicting
terrible wounds with her teeth and
claws; but never, as we so constantly
read, does she, on coming to close
quarters, attempt to hug or squeeze a
man in her powerful grasp. Though
in general nocturnal, all three species
of the Indian bear will sometimes be
met with in the day-time, more espe
cially during the rainy season, when the
green and jungle grow thick and mat
ted. At sucli times, in out-of-the-way
spots where the forest remains undis
turbed, the Himalayan black bear will
be met with, searching for acorns be
low clumps of oak trees, or amidst the
branches gathering the fruit; and just
before nightfall, a black, shuffling ob
ject will sometimes be met with on the
public road. But, as a rule, it left alone,
a bear will seldom molest a human be
ing. One other animal of the carnivora,
the "Bheria," or "Indian wolf," has to
be noted to complete the list, and this
animal justly carries a bad reputation
for destroying life. There is something
peculiarly horrible in the character of
the Indian wolf. He hardly ever will
face a man or woman, but makes chil
dren his chief prey. In some of the
northern portions, moro especially
Oude and parts of Rohilkund, as also
throughout the northwestern provinces
of Bengal, the loss of life from wolves
is terribly great Bailouts Monlldy.
Improbable Stbries Told oftlio Great Vio
Paganini naturally could not avoid
pressing invitations to Paris; but he
first accepted a permanent position at
the court of Lucca, where, it is said, he
fell madly in . love with one of the
dames de palate, Whoso unbounded ad
miration of Paganini's genius made
him believe that his passion was recip
rocated. It is not exactly known
whether this was so, but owing to his
extremely nervous organization and
weak constitution, exhausted after a
certain time by ;a series of concerts, it
was his habit to withdraw for a short
time from public performance, to gath
er new strength and energy. It is of
such, temporary retirement that his eng
emies, jealous of his unprecedented suc
sesses, took advantage to say, first, that
he murdered his wife which would
have been difficult to prove, since he
never had a wife and then, that he
risked prematurely a declaration of love
to the aforementioned lady, and that
she, complaining of his impertinence,
obtained an order for his incarceration
for three months. Since her admira
tion for the artist was well known,, and
the only doubt is whether she did not
adore the man as well, and since in no
country does there exist a law to im
prison a man for his feelings, so long
as he does not allow himself to be led
away into action incompatible with a
gentleman, the story is on the face of it
untrue. Beyond the improbability of
the affair, Paganini, hearing of the ac
cusation, proved the falsity of the story,
and it collapsed at once. Temple Bar.
Facts About Deaf Mutes.
The law formerly classed deaf and
dumb persons with idiots and madmen,
and would not permit them to form a
contract This was because no mode of
teaching them was formerly known. It
is not strange that these unfortunates
should seem to be slow of intellect,
since the absence of hearing cuts them
off wholly from a most important
avenue of knowledge. But the discov
ery of methods of instructing them has
shown that the imperfect mental power
01 mis ciass is not uue to natural inca
pacity, but to undeveloped abilities,
and now many most intelligent persons
are found in the ' ranks of deaf-mutes.
Persons who have become deaf in later
life, having had the advantage of hear
ing in youth, and learned to read and
speak, are not injured in mind hereby.
Beethoven, the great musical comnoser,
became deaf whpn 'about forty years
old, and subsequently wrote some ol
his finest works. Chicago Inter-Ocean.
Increasing the Suspense.
A murderer under sentence of death
had a number of influential friends who
were exerting themselves to secure a re
spite from the Governor. The sheriff
believed in capital punishment, but he
was a charitably disposed man, and had
been doing a good deal of running
around for his doomed guest. One
morning ne returned irom sucn a trip
and went to the prisoner.
"Vill " snifl thn mnn pnorArlv
what did the Governor say?"
"My deal sir, he hasn tsaid anything
yet. He wants time to think."
"liood heavens, man! J. ins sus
pense is terrible," exclaimed the crimi
"Don t mention it," responded the
sheriff, in a cheerful tone; "it ain't
anything to what it will be if the
Governor doesn't interfere. Washinq-
THE LICK TELESCOPE.
Interesting Points About the Largest In'
strument of the Kind Ijver .Blade.
Passengers out of Boston on the Bos
ton & Albany railroad may have noticed
just across the Charles river, at the first
bridge out of the city and opposite Cot
tage Farm .station,, a handsome resi
dence, and back of it .a low, round-top
observatory, and outside, near it along
white model of a telescope, and in the
same yard a two-story brick building.
The building is the factory where tho
great Russian telesqpp was made; as
wen as many otners aiso iamous, and
where work is now going on for the
Lick telescope, which will be the largest
in the world. Of the two discs of glass,
each one yard in diameter, for the Lick
telescope, the flint glass has
been made a long timer but the
crown glass, although ordered five years
ago, was only received by the Clarks
in September last. It was made, after
repeated trials and failures, at an
establishment near Paris, the only one
mat couiu get out such a piece, of work.
Each glass cost 25,000 in the rough,
and they can not be finished before fall.
At first, machinery could do a little
rough grading, but for months past the
bare hand only has been used in apply
ing the polishing substance, which is
rough. The glasses have now reached
a stage where the removal of the small
portion of the surface in tha wrong
place would ruin them. They are fre
quently tested, set in a circular iron
frame, called a cell. No instruments
can bo used for the test, but the long
experience of the Clarks has given them
a judgment which is unerring. Tho
tests will be made in the model of tho
telescope outside the building. This
model is of the size of the proposed
Lick telescope and is fifty-seven feet
long. These two lenses are set six
inches apart in their iron frame,
which has openings to allow
of the glasses being properly
cleaned on each side. Lenses and
frame together weigh over 700 pounds.
While everything now appears to be
perfect, some slight defect in the glass
that has not yet appeared, or an acci
dent, may render useless all the labor of
months. When completed the great
telescope will be placed in the observa
tory on Mount Hamilton, in.Santa Clara
County, Cal. Mr. James Lick left $700,
000 in his will for the purpose of con
structing the necessary building and
"for a telescope superior to and more
powerful than any jet made." An as
tronomer has stated that his telescopo
will bring the moon, 240.000 miles dis
tant, within, apparently, a hundred
miles of the beholder. It will cost SG0,
000, and will be covered by a steel dome
seventy-five feet in diameter, weighing
ninety-five tons. Besiders the observa
tory there are man other buildings, con
taining all the valuable instruments
necessary for a conplete establishment
to carry out Mr. Lbk's intentions. The
citizens of Santa. Clara County have
built a road to the summit of the moun
tain, at a cost of $78,000. Hartford
Gallant Victims Claimed by tho Insatiate
There is a terrible fascination about
Arctic exploration which not all the
dread tragedies tint mark its history,
the hundreds of victims offered up to
the Moloch of the 5brth, the many gal
lant hearts that became forever still in
the regions of eternal ice, can check.
Melville, who might be supposed to
have had enough, of polar experience
during that awful w inter on the Siberian
coast when the Jeannettc was lost, has
been impatient ever since to head
an expedition m search of that
death-inclosed point of latitude
where never observation has been
taken nor the jag of any nation
has waved. The ex-engineer of tho
Jeannette has sought in vain for finan
cial aid for this pet project of his, but
the most liberal friends of geographical
discovery have been deterred by the fate
of the Jeannette andGrccly expeditions,
and the various Governments which
once encouraged these enterprises now
look upon them with distrust and dread.
Colonel Gilder, who was with the Rodg
ers at Wrangel Island and traversed
Siberia after the burning of the vessel,
now proposes to set out with a party of
Esquimaux in the direction of the pole.
A United States naval officer has also
started on a similar expedition.
What a long and glorious record of
adventure, heroism, suffcrinir and death
Arctic exploration furnishes since tho
Norsemen and Icelanders first entered
Baffin's Bay over eight centuries ago.
History can boast of no nobler list than
that of the hardy voyagers who braved
the terrors of the sea of ice and pene
trated the regions of eternal silence.
The Cabots, who discovered this conti
nent. Sir Hush Willoughbv and Wil
liam Barentz, the first victims of that
deadly clime, Henry Hudson, whose
disco very of the river and bay that bear
his name overshadows his daring ex
plorations beyond Smitli Sound; Ross,
Parry, Franklin. McClure, McClintock,
Kane, Hayes, Hall, DoLong, Greely,
Schwatka and Nordenskjold are names
that will rank as high as those
who led armies or marshalled
fleets in line of battle. It
seems useless to utter warn
ings to the Arctic adventurer. Tho
pole draws him toward it as the needle,
even though the pathway be that of
death. The stories of fearful suffering,
the stout vessels which have been caught
in the deadly embrace of the ice floes,
the numerous graves that dot every
headland looking out on the frozen wa
ters and the shattered constitutions of
those who returned from the polar re
gions, have no effect upon Arctic explo
ration. Like the Minotaur, the insatiate
I idle claims its quota of victims regular
y. Colonel Gilder and Engineer Peary,
however, will not take any crews with
them, but propose to rely entirely upon
the natives. That is an improvement
upon former expeditions. Albany Ar
gus. Eggs of Dorkings weigh five pounds
twelve ounces per score, Leghorn egg3
a little over three pounds and Spanish
eggs two pounds- fourteen ounces.
PITH AND POINT.
The other morning a mother asked
her little child if the sun was up yet
"Yes," said the littlo one, but its eyes
are not quite open yet'
When the country cousin greets ten
of her city relatives who have come in a
body into the country for a rest, she
says: "Mere s a how-d'ye-do!" iv. J:.
': A dead shark was washed ashore in
Charleston the other dav. The lawvers.
after weeping over it, buried it with all
me honors due to a member of the bar.
It is said that a bee can pull more
m proportion to its size than a horse.
We don't know as to that, but they are
quite powerful when they back up to
you and push. Toledo made.
"I understand our friend, Miss
Highnote, is singing with considerable
success in South America. "Is, eh?
Glad to hear it ' "That she is singing?"
"Yes in South America." Boston
Benedict I wish I could make my
wife see the necessity of looking after
the cooking herself. She never sets foot
in the kitchen. Confidential friend
Suppose you try making love to the
cook. Chicago Tribune.
A Boston srentleman overheard his
two little girls playing school. The
elder said to the other, "bpell cat.
can't; I don't know how," said the lit
tle one. "well, then," returned the
small teacher, "if you can t spell cat,
spell kitten!" Congregationalist.
T.prirninr if riirlitlv nnnlJpd. mnlrps
a young man thinkFng, attentive, indus
trious, comment anu wary; anu an oxu
man cheerful and useful. It is an orna
ment in prosperity, a refuge in adversity,
an entertainment at all times: it cheers
in solitude, and gives moderation and
wisdom in all circumstances. Palmer.
"Now," said the bridegroom to the
bride, when tliey returned from the
honeymoon trip, "let us have a clear
understanding before we settle down to
married life; are you to be president or
vice-president of this concern?" "I want
to be neither president nor vice-president"
she answered; "I will "be content
with a subordinate position." "What
is that?" "Comptroller of the cur
rency." Ni II Stm.
"Yes," said Brown, "I'm always
making blunders. Why, the other even
ing, I talked with a lady three hours,
thinking it was my wife all the while.
What do you think of that?" "I think,"
said Fogg, "that yon are not only an
unconscionable liar, but that your lie is
a very foolish and illogical one. Thought
it was your wife! And talked with her
three hours! It won't do." Boston
He stood by his cold hearthstone
and pressed both hands to his throbbing
temple, while his glaring eye-balls rolled
widely. Poised in mid-air he saw a
straw-colored dog with a blue tail; coned
upon the table was a bow-legged snake
with a crimson tongue, while from his
slippers peered green turtles who
wagged their horrid heads. "Got 'era
again," groaned the victim; but it was
not so. His wife - had been to the Jap
anese village and had not returned
empty-handed. Boston Post.
The Experience of n California Lady in
Search of a Domestic.
I have a thoroughly competent girl
who wishes agood place," said the agent
of an employment office recently ; "but
she is pretty high-strung and wants
things her own way. Will you see her?"
"Yes." said the weary-looking woman
in search of a servant. The gifted and
determined domestic appears. She is
as well dressed as her would-be mis
tress, and has an l'm-as-good-as-you-
are air about her. Before the lady can
say a word the girl asks:
"Wow mnnv in fYimilv?"
"Keep a second girl?"
"Master at home for lunch?"
"Collars and cuffs laundried out?"
"Who tends it?"
"The girl, usually."
"Extra pay for that?"
"No. not usually."
"Have much company?"
"No, very little."
"Yes. one child."
"How old is the child?"
"Humph! Bad age. Boy?"
"Do you get the meals on washday?"
"I help always."
"Don't do the clear-starching, I
"No, I do not."
"What kind of a range?"
"Humph! Don't like it Is there
gas in the girl's room?"
"Carpet, or matting?"
"What days do I have out?"
"Thursday and Sunday afternoons."
"Well, I don't think the place would
suit me. I'm a little particular where
And out she flounced. San Fran
The contrast of the Minnesota of to
day with the infant State of twenty
eight years ago must constitute one of
most grateful reflections of the pioneers
of that epoch. They see her now, a
vigorous and prosperous common
wealth, with over 2,200,000 inhabitants,
an assessed valuation of over $400,000,
000; with 4,226 miles of railroad; with
all its State institutions well equipped
and endowed and in successful opera
tion; with its farming, manufacturing,
dairy and stock-raising and lumbering
interests profitably carried on, and add
ing to its wealth daily; while educa
tion, intelligence, thrift and prosperity
are the free heritage of its fortunate
people, St. Paul Pioneer-Press
READING FOR TEE YOUNG.
A PAPA'S PUZZLE.
We're going this year to Littleton,
My wife, our Jack, and Nan. and L
Now Nan is seven, and Jack is ten;
How many tickets shall I bur?
Jack pays half-fare, and Nan pays none.
Though with her dolls sho nils a seat;
However stern conductors are.
They give her only glances sweet.
But this year. Nan her kitten takes,
A little, purring, playful thing;
While Jacky has a grave younir pug.
Which everywhere he's bound to brine.
Nan has a long-legged Brahma chick
She loves that pet with all her heart;
And Jacky owns three pretty doves,
From, which ho can not bear to part
"In cage and basket," say the$two,
"Well covered up, our pets can go."
Thoy have no doubts; but I have mine,
And this is what I want to know:
If the cat mows, the puppy barks.
And if the doves at once all coo,
And if tho Brahma chicken crows.
As the conductor passes through,
What will he say? How will he look!
What shall I do. in my despair?
Can I, for such a tribe, hand up
Our tickets two, and one halt-fare?
We're going this year to Littleton,
My wife, our Jack, and Nan and L
Dog, cat, three dolls, three doves, a chick
How many tickets shall I buy?
iL L. B. Branch, in St. Nietiolat.
The Poor Chicken Born and Railed in an
They were very pretty yellow chick
ens, and looked as much alike as two
peas, but, as far as I know, they were
not related. Each had started out
from its' separate house to take a walk,
knowing nothing of each other till
they met in the meadow, where they
were hunting bugs. They were so in
tent on their business that they stood
on the very edge of the brook that sep
arated them before they saw each
other. "Ob!" exclaimed Daisy, very
much startled, "who are you?" "Yel
lowlegs," answered he, with a very
sharp look at Daisy, who looked so
dainty and well-bred, every feather in
perfect order, and eyes like stars. "In
dian," thought Daisy. "They always
five their children queer names,
wonder how he got here! I am so
thankful that big brook is between
us," and Daisy moved a little further
from the edge.
"What is your name?"
"I don't like it You're not a flower.
Daisy is the name of a flower."
"How very rude!" thought Daisy.
"He must belong to a queer family.
Oh, I forgot! He is an Indian."
, "My mother caned me mat because
1 was white and yellow like a daisy.
"Mother! What in tho world is
Daisy staggered back. "Mother!
Why, a mother is a mother. One's
own dear mother.
"What is it like?"
"She isn't it Sho is my mother,"
said Daisy, indignantly. "Haven't
vnn rrnt o tnnthArr'
"No. Why, I never heard of such a
"Never heard of a mother? Why,
who takes care of you? How do you
sleep, with nobody to keep you warm?
How do you live, with nobody to love
"Why, I don't know what you mean
about nobody to love you," and Yel-
lowlcsrs looked very perplexed.
"Why, love! love is mothers, and
they do every thing. They keep you
under their wings when it is cold; they
watch for hawks; they find worms;
they keep off all the other chickens, so
that you can get something to eat. un.
mothers do every thing!" And Daisy
stood on tiptoe, and stretched her neck
to see if she could sec her dear moth
cr's gray dress with the white half
moons. "Where do you live?" asked
"Over in the barn across this field;
and there are hundreds of us, and hun
dreds more in the incubator, that will
be just like us, and I can not see but
that we look as vou do. rm sure,
though, that we do not have those nice
things you call mothers.
"I do not believe that you can be the
kind of chicken for me to associate
with, if you never had a mother. Ara
you very naughtyr l m sure 1 would
be if I had no mother."
"No! I'm not naughty. I just hur
ry round and get something to eat and
this is our field." Here Daisy looked
very much distressed. "No one ever
told me to do any different"
"Do you ever fight over a worm with
your brothers and sisters?"
"I don't know what they are," said
"No, of course not, if you have no
mother. What is an incubator?"
"What is an incubator? Why, that's
as stupid as not knowing what a
mother is. Why, that's where I came
from. It's a big box; lovely and
warm and quiet where a man comes
and feeds you till you grow so big that
you must be taken out, and then you
live in the barn; and when you are big
enough they let you come out in the
yard and take care of yourself." .
"Daisy, D-a-i-s-y!" A bngnt, happy
look came into Daisy's face. "That's
my mother," she said.
"Do let me see a mother," begged
'Please come here, mother, cauea
Daisy. And soon the mother and all
the brothers and sisters came in sight
"Oh, Daisy, Daisy!" said Mrs. Dom-
inick, "how you worry me by running
away!" And" then she kissed Daisy,
raised her wings, and Daisy ran under
them, but put her head out and said:
"Mother, that pretty chicken over
the other side of tho brook has no
mother only an incubator."
"You poor little thing!" said Mrs.
Dominick. "How I wish that I could
get over to you, and take you right
under my wing! I hope j'ou've been
very kind to him, Daisy." And the
mother looked down doubtfully at the
quick-tempered little chicken that
often made her sad by her naughty
pranks. Yellowlegs stood on the bank
and longed to get near Mrs. Dominick.
How beautiful she was! what lovely
eyes she had! and her voice was music.
"Why did I not have a mother?"
thought YellowJegs. "I'm sure I never
Would haTe left her a minute,''
Just then, he heard Mrs. Dominick
say: "Yes, there are a great many
chickens that have no mother, and it s
a great cruelty, and should not be al
lowed. Yes, they are just as nice as
chickens with mothers, and deserve a
great deal more credit for good be
havior than chickens with mothers to
tell them what is right Daisy, I often
wonder what would have become of
you if you had been an incubator
chicken; for I must say, my child, that
you cause me a great deal of trouble.
You run away "when you know how
that frightens and distresses me. You
always quarrel with other children to
get the biggest piece and the best there
is to eat You are troublesome, but I
love you, my darling." And Mrs.
Dominick pressed Daisy closely to her
with her wings.
Poor Yellowlegs! He was . never
lonesome before. Now the tears stood
in his eyes as he walked slowly through
the tall grass toward the big barn.
"She said mothers were lovely, and
they are, I know if I had one I would
never run away or fight with the other
children. Love must be a great help
to make one do right Mothers are
love. Oh, I want a mother!" sobbed
Yellowlegs, as he ran to the corner and
flew up to the perch, without noticing
the good supper Catherine had thrown
out for the chickens.
"There!" said Catherine to John,
who was helping her, "that chicken
has been off in the damp grass, and
now it has the pip."
People never understand a chicken's
feelings; some think they are without
feelings; but if you had seen Yellow
legs that night in the barn, you would
have known how sad and lonesome he
felt because he had no mother to love
him and to love. Christian Union.
A MOTHER'S ADVICE.
In All Your Flans, Don't Neelect to Flan
My boy, you with the bright eye and
springing step, and the slightest shadow
on your upper lip, great plans for the
future are forming in thatactive brain.
You are going to do grandthings when
you are a man. Whatever vocation yon
have chosen, you intend to be success
ful in it. And that is right But, in
all your calculations, have you planned
to fiave good health? You look as if
you thought that a foolish question, but
I mean it You have not planned to
lose time by sickness, but have you
thought how you may avoid, it? You
supposed sickness was inevitable, and
that we had to put up with it when it
came? Oh, no; the most of sickness
misht be prevented, if we would take
the trouble to learn the causes and '
avoid them. , F
I presume you have not read Sir
James Paget's statistics, where he
shows that in England and Wales as
much labor is lost each year, by illness
of laborers, as 20,000,000 of people
could do in a week, and that would be
about what 400,000 could do in a year,
and that docs not count the cripples,
chronic invalids or professional people,
or those who live on their incomes.
Buck says, in his Hygiene, that 100,000
people die every year in the United
States from preventable diseases, 3nd
that 150,000 are constantly sick from
the same causes. Notice he says pre
ventable. N ow are you going to be one
of that number? You will not want to
be laid aside with suffering in the midst
of your grandest schemes. What will
it cost you to have good health?" Will
it compensate for the trouble?
Let us count the cost of keeping
well. First, you will have to give up
that dainty cigarette which you are
twirling so gracefully in your fingers,
for it will weaken your nerves, impair
your digestion, dull your brain, affect
your eyes, throat, lungs and heart, and
waste your money. You will have to
avoid all use of wine, beer and alcoholic
drinks, for science has proven that
even the moderate drinker is degener
ating physically, and can not endure
accident exposure or severe exer
tion as can the temperate man. You
will have to seek your bed at an early
hour, when others are beginning their
rounds of gayety, and rise when they are
sinking to slumber. You will have to
avoid the luxurious fare of the epicure,
and live on the simple food of the
philosopher. You will have to study
the laws of your body and obey them
at whatever sacrifice. It will require
moral courage, but if yod've the true
manliness, the grit to persevefli in
spite of ridicule, your turn to - Jaugh
will come, when you, m a vigorous,
useful maturity, look upon your
friends who flung health away in the
service of pleasure, and see them
writhing in pain, or silent in the grave.
x our vitality is iikb a sum ui ai.uucjf
put into the bank, at your birth, at
compound interest You can squander
it in youth, and enter manhood in
physical bankruptcy; or you can use it
judiciously, increase it and begin
active me wim a capuai ui vigur iua
will be the most important factor in
your success. In all your plans,-, don't
neglect to plan for health. Mary A.
Allen, M. J)., in Conqregationalist.
Printing Offices in Sweden.
Sweden possessed in 1883 orily'186
printing offices, 32 of which were
worked at Stockholm. In 1800. there
were no more than 35 offices - in the
whole kingdom, and of the 35, 13 fell
to the lot of Stockholm. In 1809 a
falling-off was noted, the numbers be-
inr 30 in the whole Kingdom, includ
ing only 7 at Stockholm; but since that
time the number of printing omceshas
been on the increase; 47 in 1828 (19 at
Stockholm); 55 in 1840 (Stockholm
19); 136 in 1870 (26); 151 in 1875 (29);
and, as already stated, 186inl883 (32).
The largest office is that of the Nor-
mann Joint btock Company, with 15
Srinting machines, closely followed by
Torstedt & Sons, with 14.- In all the
Swedish offices there were working the
year before last 1,037 male composi
tors and 210 women compositors, 250
pressmen, and 13 women at presses;
there were 296 printing machines, 121
treadle presses, and 183 hand presses.
In 1843 there were only two printing
machines at work in Stockholm; now
117 are there, 48 of them by steam and.
15 by gas or hot-air power. N.