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title: 'The Arizona sentinel. (Yuma, Ariz.) 1872-1911, August 25, 1894, Image 4',
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A white man first set foot on what is
now Yuma County in 1771. It is the
southwest division of the Territory, and
one of the four original counties of the Ter
ritory. Many great reclamation projects are
however on foot, and in. a few years ex
pect to see Yuma County rated as the
richest in the Territory.
The first glimpse the traveler from Cali
fornia catches cf Arizona is that of the
picturesque town of Yuma, which is snugly
situated in'the embrace of gentle rolling
hills, upon "Whose crests and sides the
modern homes of our superior civilisation
are crowding the adobe dwellings into
eternal oblivion. Yuma is the gateway to
Arizona, the new empire of the West, upon
whose undeveloped riches the eyes of the
ountry are at present turned, and as such,
she is bound to grow and prosper with a
rapidity that at present can hardly be re
alized. But coupled with her geographi
cal position we find that she is the center
of a country whose agricultural possibili
ties are practically unlimited, being sur
rounded by a soil the fertility of which
exceeds that of the delta of the Nile, and
Wanting only water to become a paradise of
bloom. Billions of gallons of that precious
fluid have annually " gone to waste at
Yuma's very doors, but already a reaction
is taking place and many enterprises are
on foot to supply the life-giving waters of
the yellow Colorado to the thirsty earth.
RIVERS OF YUMA COUNTY.
In regard to climate, healthfulness, fer
tility and productiveness of soil, facilities
dor cultivation, irrigation and abundance of
-water supply, variety of resources and
cheap transportation by rail and by water,
no part of Arizona can surpass Yuma
county, which is destined to become one of
richest and most prosperous counties in
It lies between 32' 00' and 34 20' north
latitude and 113 20' and 114 40' west
longitude. It contains 6.488,320 acres. It
is about as large as the-Slates of Rhode
Island, Connecticut and Delaware com
bixed, or as large as either New Hampshire,
Vermont or Massachusetts.
The western boundary of Yuma County
?Is formed by the Colorado river, which
separates Arizona from California. The
county is bounded on the north by Williams
Fork and the Santa Maria river, whose
'waters flow into the Colorado; on the east
by the counties of Pima, Maricopa and
Yavapai, and on the south by Sonora,
Mexico. Its county seat is the town of
The Colorado river drains the entire ter
ritory of Arizona, and every drop ot water
which falls on its mountains and plaius
finds its way to this mighty river. It is
formed by the union of the Green and
Grand rivers, fed by the streams which
rise in the Rocky Mountains, and the melt
ing snows cause a greater depth of water
in this river in summer than in winter, thus
furnishing the most water at the season
when it is most required for the purposes
-of irrigation and agriculture.
It will be seen that for the entire distance
along its western boundary, Yuma County
possesses the great advantage of cheap
The Gila river rises in the western part
of New Mexico and is fed by numerous
streams, among the most prominent of
which are the San Pedro, Agua Fria, Has
sayampa and Salt rivers. It flows west
through Yuma County and empties into the
Colorado at the town of Yuma.
Yuma county, traversed by these great
rivers from its northern to its southern,
and from its eastern to its western bound
aries, possesses a far greater water supply
than any other county in the Territory,
and far more than can be found in all Cali
fernia. This water is now being diverted from its
natural channels by means of numerous
large irrigating canals, and utilized for the
purpose of reclaiming and irrigating the
immense tracts of lands which lie in this
favored country, and which are as fertile
as any in the world.
The Southern Pacific Railroad crosses the
Colorado river at the town of Yuma and
runs through the county, following the
generol course, and at an average distance
of about four miles south, of the Gila river,
rendering all the lands susceptible of irri
gation and cultivation, can find an easy
outlet in this way and can be transpoited
to all the markets and centers of population
in the East or West.
Another competing railroad is projected
from San Diego, California, to the town
of Yuma, and thence along the north side
of the Gila river. Thus Yuma County will
have exceptional railroad advantages.
THE CLIMATE OF YUMA.
The climate of Yuma for nine mouths of
the year has no equal, as we believe, in the
world, and during the remaining three
months of the year, comprising June, July
and August, the heat is not oppressive,
Even though the thermometer in mid-summer
may a times rise above 100, and oc
casionally even reach 110, yet, owing to
the absence of moisture in the air, it is not
oppressive. The atmosphere is pure, light
and balmy. When the mercury marks the
highest extreme of heat, a person does not
feel that oppression or debility which is
felt in the Eastern States when the mer
cury is ranging from 80 to 90. The air is
so dry that perspiration is absorbed as soon
as it reaches the surface of the body, and
at no time in the summer does the heat
produce any discomfort.
LANDS AND SOILS.
The lands ol Yuma County comprise the river
bottoms and valleys and the uplands or mesas. The
bottom lands are moister and slightly more fertile,
if, indeed, it is possible to make comparisons
where all are so wonderfully productive and prolific.
The uplands or mesas are warmer and, perhaps,
slightly better for the cultivation of the citrus fruits
"Zv-r.r. estate t variety o soil. The vtUey Izzis
o tho Gila and Colorado rivers have for the most
part a deep sedimentary soil of brownish, gray
sandy loim, resting, in most places, upon a gray
clay subsoil at a depth of from ten to twenty feet
below the surface, The clay subsoil forms a hard
pan which is impervious to water. These soils have
been slowly formed by the decomposition of shales,
sandstones, marls, limestones, etc., mixed" with or
ganic and vegetable matter, washed down by the
mighty rivers and have been gradually deposited
during the course of centuries. Tho fertilizing
brownish mud held in the water of the Colorado
and Gila rivers resembles that from the Nile, and
Us quantity varies from 0.1 to 0.5 percent.,
though the water when even considerably discolor
ed by mud is good to drink, resembling in this res
pect the Missouri river water. A chemical analysis
of the sediments of the Colorado and of the Nile
exhibits a wonderful similarity in the constituent
parts of each. That of the Colorado exhibiting a
trifle less potassa, most phosphoric acid and car
bonade of limestomc beds through which the Colo
rado passes. In other res pacts the sediment of the
Colorado is almost identical with that of the Nile.
It will be noticed, therefore, that when this water is
used for irrigation it is superior to artesian waters
since it is constantly supplying the land with the
richest fertilizing elements. The soil of the valleys
is extremely rich in dedomposed vegetable matter
and uncombined carbon, readily absorbing the
aerial gases, such especially, as oxygen, which en
tering the soil, decomposes the organic matters so
that they can be taken up and nourish the plants
which may be considered a leading featur j in its
fertility. It also readily takes up and retains
moisture, while the firmness of its particles affords
every facility for percolation and the activity of
capillary action. In i ts mechanical composition its
particles are in a state of very fine division, which
renders it more productive than coarser soils It
acquirics heat readily in the daytime, and the loss
of the heat at night is very gradual, so that it re
mains always warm and is not subject to sudden
changes of heat and cold. Besides its essential con
stituents of water", organic or vegetable matter,
sand and clay, a chemical analysis shows that lime,
soda, magnesia, iron, ammonia and available forms
of nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potash enter into
composition in the proportions best adapted to
add to its fertility, though, of course, as is always
the case in eoil analysis, its composition varies in
different localities and is not always constant.
The soil of the uplands, or mesas, is lighter and
more gravelly and in some places of a free, loamy,
calcareous character. The mesa lands are warm and
generous. They seem especially adapted for the
rape, olive and citrus fruits generally. Their soil
contains more magnesia, lime or chalk than the
bottom lands. It never cracks and retains moisture
admirably in summer. It is of that character which
will produce a wine that will keep good for fifty or
a hundred years, and improve annually, not being
liable to sour, or on exposure to the air, after one
year old, to become turbid and change color in the
bottle or glass.
We can safely say that the soil of Yuma Co unty
can nowhere be surpassed, containing as it does all
the essential elements of richness and fertility.
Fruit production throughout Arizona is a sub
ject of great interest at present, and will no
doubt, be the principal industry in Yuma County.
The remarkable results that have sprung from
very superficial and imperfect culture has de
monstrated that the soil and climate of Yuma
County arc peculiarly adapted for this branch of
agricultural entcrp'iso. The development of these
resources is of the utmost importance and is at
tracting carefnl attention. Experiments have been
made, with care, and facts in regard to the culture
of different kinds of fruits have been collected
which cannot fail to convince, even tbe most skept
ical, of the wonderful superiority of Yuma County
over Southern California in fruit rrowiug, and
which must lead to a large and varied production,
of the most remunerative character.
The Commissioner of Immigration in his report,
published in 18S6, writes as follows of the rich
valleys of the Gila. Colorado and Salt rivers.
"The soil of these valleys is amon;r the richest
on the continent. It is formed of the detritus
which the streams for ages have brought down
from their mountain homes in their journev to the
sea. By constant overflows and change of channel,
the deposit of this rich vegetable matter has form
ed a soil of extreme fertility, Near the streams it
is a dark alluvial mold, well adapted to smal
grains aud grasses. Farther back there is a rich
sandy loam, mellow and porous, and especially
favorable for fruit culture. It has been already
demonstrated that the productive capacity of these
valleys is not surpassed by lands of equal area in
any part of the United States. So rapid and prolific
is the growth of the fruits, cereals and vegetables
that the labor of the cultivator is reduced to the
minimum. In nearly all of them two crops a year
can be growth, and vegetation is one month ahead
of Cilifornii. The fanners plants a cottonwood
sapling before his door, and within the year he has
a shade tree twenty-five feet hitrh! Alfalfa can be
cut six times during the season, and it is an actual
fact the grape-cuttings have produced within eigh
teen months! What State or Territory can make
such a showing? The climate, it must be remem
bered, is nearly perpetual summer. Snow never
falls in these southern valleys. The farmer begins
to plant in November, and by the middle of May
his harvest is ready. Roses are in bloom, fruit
trees are blossoming, and the grair fields are a sea
of green, when the fields of the Eastern farmers
are covered with snow and ice.
Every variety of grains, grasses, fruits and vege
tables grown in the temperate and semi-tropic
zones can be prodnced in the valleys of Arizona.
Wheat, corn barley, oats and all the small grains
give a yield of from twenfy-five to fifty bushels to
the acre. Alfalfa, clover, timothy, Bermuda and
all the cultivated grasses grow luxuriantly, the
former giving from eight to ten tons to the acre
each year, Every variety of vegetable raised in
the United States can be grown in Arizona, and
nowhere are they found of better quality.
"Besides the products mentioned, these semi-
tropical valleys produce cotton, sugar-cane, to
bacco, hemp and rice. With the exception of the
sugar-cane, but little attenticu is paid to the culti
vation of other staples; but it has been demonstrat
ed that the soil and climate are specially adapted
to their successful growth. Cotton-growing is no
experiment in Arizona, for it is on record that
when the Europeans first penetrated this region,
the3r found the Pima Indians wearing fabrics
made of cotton grown in the Gila valley.
'But it is their adaptability for fruit culture
that assures to these valley lands a dense popula
tion and a prosperous future. Almost every var
iety known can be raised in their fruitful soils. The
apple, pear, plum, peach, apricot, quince and nec
tarine, are of delicious flavor, and givo a gen
erous yield. The grape of all varieties is at home
In these sunny vales. No place in the grape-grow
ing belt of the Pacific Coast can show so prolific a
yield. The quality is all that could be desired;
and the wine, although its manufacture is vet ex
peridental, is of a fine flavor, delicious bouquet,
and unsurpassed by any native product as a table
beverage. Experiments with the raisin-grape
have shown that this climate and soil possess
every advantage for the production and curing of
this staple article of commerce.
Besides the fruits already mentioned, the or
ange, lemon, lime, olive, fig. pomegranate, and
others of tho citrus family, can be grown success
fully in the valleys of Southern Arizona. Orange
trees are now in bearing in the Salt River valley
and at Yuma; while the bananas is also being cul
tivated at the latter place. Ihe Arizona orange in
quality and flavor will compare favorably with the
"In the valleys of the Colorado, the Salt and the
Gila livers, there is room for thousands. It is not
too much to say that nowhere within tho limits of
this broad Union can be found a more desirable
region for the making of a home. No laborious
clearing of the land is required; it lies almost
ready for the plow. Trees and shrubbery have so
rapid a growth that within eightepn months the
immigrant can surround his abode with attractions
which would require years to mature in less favored
climates. Fruits ripen and are ready for market
a full month b fore tho California product. The
bright sunshine makes life a luxury, and the pure
dry atmosphere brings health to all who inhale it,
For the establishment of colonies, such as we have
made of Southern California a arden, Arizona
pzasesis usxivalfcd opportunities Thousands o!
acres, now profitless, can be made productive
by tho construction of irrigating ditches, and there
is no investment which assures larger or more
The foregoing statements are not exaggerated;
In fact, thev fall short of doing Justice to this won
derful land. Pineapples, dute3, almonds and wal
nuts will do well. Strawberries, raspberries, black
berries, currants, gooseberries, and all varieties of
small fruits can be successfully cultivated. Indeed,
Yuma County is not only the natural home of the
citrus and semi-tropical fruits, as almost every
fruit, nut, plant, grain, grass or-vegetable which
cau be produced in either tropic or temperate zone,
will thrive in its rich and fertile soils.
WHY EilMIGUAN'TS SHOULD COME TO YUMA
Because the climate is perfect.
Because the soil is fertile and prolific.
Because land is abundant and cheap.
Because a home can be made with little
Because so great a variety of products
can be grown.
Because the yield is large and the priced
Because life is a luxury in a land where
the sun shines every day.
Because there are chances for a poor man
which he can never hope to find in older
Because the country is advancing and
property values are increasing.
Because, unlike Southern California it
does not require a small fortune to secure a
piece of land.
Because capital does not block all the av
enues to wealth, nor crowd the poor man
to the wall.
Because Uncle Sam has yet many farms
in Yuma county waiting for occupants .
Bscause churches, schools, newspapers
and railroads are fast developing the moral
and material elements of the Territory.
Because good land is becoming scarce, and
if you don't catch on now, your last chance
will soon be gone.
Because the country is one of the few
regions of the Uuited States that yields the
products of the temperate and semi-tropic
Because the worker receives a fair com
pensation for his labor, and the 'rustler' has
a field for the display of his energy and en
Because there are neither blizzards or
tornadoes, earthquakes nor inundations,
snow-storms nor cyclones.
Because the vast and varied resources of
the country are yet to be developed.
Because the wealth of its mines, its farm
ing valleys,, and grazing lands, will yet build
up a great and prosperous county .
Because a man can make a livelihood her,
with less labor than in any other part of the
Because there is health in every breeze,
and strength and vigor under its cloudless
Because the settler need not spend a life
time in felling- trees and grubbing out
Because vegetation is so rapid that in two
years the home is surrounded by a growth
of trees and shrubs which would require
five years to develop in a colder clime .
Because fortunes here await the venture
some, and health welcomes the afflicted.
Because the country has a brilliant future
and you want to be in the "swim."
Because in its pure, dry invigorating air,
epidemic diseases cannot live or germinate.
uecause us people are generous, uuerui,
hospitable and progressive .
WHY CAPITAL SHOULD SEEK YUMA COUNTY .
Because its mines are the richest.
Because its grazing lands are the best.
Because its farming Jands are valuable and
Because it gives assurance or the largest
returns on money invested.
Because its grand resources are yet to be
Because it is a young, growing county
with an assured future .
Because the opportunities for engaging in
manufacturing enterprises are better than in
any other region of the West.
Because good mining properties can be nad
at reasonable figures .
Because there is a demand for additional
facilities for ore reduction .
Because there are vast stretches of rich
soil to be reclaimed by the construction of
Because there are large tracts ot grass
lands that can be utilized by the sinking ot
Because there are many openings in a new
country which cannot exist in older com
munities. Because the opportunities for engaging in
the successful cultivation of semi-trop:c
fruits are better than in any other part of
the United States.
Because property values are rapidly ad
Because Arizona s boom is yet to come .
Because it is a virgin field, ready for the
seed which will produce a golden harvest.
Arizona stands at the threshold of an
era of wouderfnl social and industrial de
velopment. There can't be a doubt about
the fact. The dawn for which 8he has
waited so long is breaking at last. There
is every promise of a day of great pros
perity and permanent upbuilding just be
fore her. The impulse of a new and ener
gizing hope is visible everywhere among
her people, while the cumulative effect of
many things, which made but small im
pression as they transpired singly, is now
commanding for her a full share of atten
tion and interest abroad among home-
seekers aud capitalists.
A lively competition has sprung up for
the possession of things which have hereto
fore gone a-begging for ownership. There
is a scramble for franchises. Nothing more
surely indicates a great industrial awaken
ing than this. The rates of interest are
falling to moderate figures. Nothing more
surely indicates confidence and competition
among the money lenders than this.
Arizona has reached that climacticer
period which every western state has ex
perienced sometime in its history when,
after long and weary struggle and doubt,
with each side of the balance first up and
then down, the clouds of despondency
have suddenly rolled away, and a sunliurst
of energizing hope has thrilled the droop
ing spirits of the people to greater and
braver endeavor than before.
For the last twelve years the subsidence
of the great lombstone boom and the com
pletion of two transcontinental lines of
railroad across her territory Arizona has
rather dropped out of public attention,
but in that time she has been quietly ac
cumulating a fund of substantial wealth
and a force of moral character which
qualify her now to rise up and take her
destiny in her own bands.
The population of Arizona is Mexican.
This is a mistake of great importance from
the moral point of view. There is but one
considerable center of Mexican population
in the territory, the city of Tucson, and
even there it is not by any means at pres
ent the predominating element. It think
it is certain that Arizona has not to-day
nearly so large a Mexican population as
Colorado and not above one-tenth as much
asNcw Mexico. "Fitz-Mac," in Denver
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IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE THIRD
Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona,
in and for the County of Yuma.
John Gandolfo and Eugene F. Sanguinctti under
the firm name of Gandolfo & Singuinetti Plaintiffs
vs. Alfred A. Dougherty and C. E. Crowley
Action brought in the District Court of the Third
Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona, in and
for Yuma County, and the complaint filed in said
Yuma County, in the office of the Clerk of said
In the name of the Territory of Arizona, to Al
fred A. Dougherty and C. E. Crowley, Defendants,
You are hereby summoned and required to ap
pear in an action brought against you by tke above
named plaintiffs, in the District Court of the Third
Judicial District of the Territory of Arizona, in and
for Yuma County, and answer the complaint there
in filed with the Clerk of this said Court, at Yuma,
in said County, within ten days after the service
upon you of this Summons, if served in this said
County, or if served out of this said County and
within this said Judicial District, then within
twenty days thereafter, or in all other cases within
thirty days thereafter, the times above mentioned
being exclusive of the day of service, or judgment
by default will be taken against you.
Given under my hand and Beal of the
District Court of the Third Judicial District
seal. of the Territory of Arizona, in and for
Yuma County, this 27th day of July, A. D.
1894. C. H. BRINLEV,
Clerk of said District Court.
An affidavit of non-residence having been filed
tho publication will be made in the "Arizona Sen
tinel." H. C. DAVIS, Attorney for Plaintiffs.
Irrigation Bonds. boug hte Tnd tsold
Timber Lands, Ranches, Mines, Farms and Or
chards, Bought, sold and Exchanged.
The London & San Fbaxuhjo Real Estate &
Room 12, 3rd Floor, Mills Bldg,
Saa Francisco, Cal.
Published Weekly in Yuma, is one of oldest
and most reliable newspapers of Arizona, devoted to
the progress of the Territory in general and Yuma
County in particular,
Its columns will be devoted to fruit growing, farming mixi
ng, stock raising, irrigation and the opening
up, settlement and development of the
vast region of grand country
that lies in Southern -Arizona
IT IS ONE OF THE OLDEST PAPERS IN THE
It is the OLDEST and has the LARGEST CIRCULATION
in the County.
The Latest and Most Reliable News Al
INDEPENDENT IN ALL THINGS,
NEUTRAL IN NOTHING.
ITS POLICY IS SURE TO PLEASE
ALL FAIR MINDED READERS
The oldest and most influential; the largest and best
weekly paper in Western Arizona, especially adapted
to tho needs of those who wish any information in re
gard to the valley of the Colorado, the Nile of the
West. It presents both sides of all matters pertaining
to the public interest. It has no enemies to punish, no
friends to pet, but treats all alike fair and truthful.
"With Ghariiyfor all and Malice toward None."
Subscribe for the SENTINEL, and keep posted-as
to what is going on in Yuma County, one of the
most favoredsections of Arizona. t
ONLY $3 PER YEAR.
Addkess, "J V. DORRINGTON
IN THE PROBATE COURT, COUNTY OF YUMA,
Territory of Arizona.
In the Matter of the estate of John H. Dall,
Elbridge Durbrow having filed in this court a
copy of the will of John H. Dall, deceased, and the
Probate thereof in the City and County of San Fran
cisco, State of California, duly authenticated, to
gether with a petition that said will be admitted
to Probate in this Court, and that letters testamen
tary thereon he granted to him as executor as
named in said will;
It is ordered that Saturday, the 25th day 'of
August, A. D. 1894, at 10 o'clock a. m. of said day,
at the Courtroom of the Probate Court, in the
County of Yuma, be and hereby is set for the hear
ing ot said petition, at which time and place all
persons interested may appear and contest the
It is further ordered that a copy of this order be
published in the Arizona Sentinel, a newspaper
published in the County of Yuma, for three suc
cesive weeks prior to said hearing.
Dated this 30th day of July, A. D. 1894 .
F. L. Ewino, Judge of.Probate.
IN THE JUSTICE'S COURT, PRE
cinct No. one, County of Yuma, Ter
ritory of Arizona, Christopher Horner,
Plaintiff, vs. L. C. Moreland, Defendant.
Action brought in the Justice's Court of
Precinct No. one, in and for the County of
Yuma, in the Territory of Arizona.
The Territory of Arizona sends Greeting
to: L. C. Moreland.
You are hereby snmmoned and required
to appear in an action brought against you
by the above named plaintiff in the Justice's
Court of Precinct No. one, in and for the
County of Yuma, in the Territory of Ariz
ona, and answer the complaint filed in said
Justice's Court at the CourtjHouse, in said
County, within five days (exclusive of the
day af service) after the service upon you
of this summons, if served in this Preciuct;
but if served without this precinct, but in
the County ten days; if served out of the
County, fifteen days, in all other cases,
twenty days, or judgement by default will
be taken against you, together with costs of
Given Under My Hand at Yuma this 4th
day of August A. D.., 1894.
Justice of the Peace of said Precinct.
H. C. Davis, Attorney for Plaintiff.
0, K. RESTAURANT,
MAIN STREET, Under OTooIe's Hall.
MEALS ANY HOUR OF THE DAY.
Private Rooms for Ladies.
SOUTHERN PACIFIC COMPANY.
Sunday, Aug. 12, 1894.
TRAINS WILL LEAVE YUMA
7, A ( A. M. (DAILY) Mixed
tfcV Train for Gila Bend, Tucson.
Deming, El Paso, and all way stations.
9,1 AA. M. (DAILY) "SUNSET
. JL J EXPRESS" for Colton, Los
Angeles, Santa Barbara, San Francisco,
Sacramento, Portland and North, Ogden
and East. Connects at Colton for River
side, Redlands and San Bernardino at Los
Angeles for Santa Monica, Santa Ana, San
Pedro and Lone Beach.
6,1 AP. M. (DAILY) "NEW OR-
JL LEANS EXPRESS" for Gila
Bend, Maricopa, Tucson, Benson, Lords
burg, Deming, El Paso, New Orleans and
East via the "Sunset Route."
Overland Tickets Sold,
Sleeping Car Berths Secured
Full Information Regarding Transcontinental
Routes Furnished on Application.
Parties can arrange to join the
WEEKLY FAMILY EXCURSIONS over
the Sunset Route by corresponding with
W. H. DRESSER, Agent.
Depot, .... Yuma.
T. H. GOODMAN, Gen. Pass. Agt.
RICHARD GRAY, Gen. Traff. Mgr.
SAN FRANCISCO, CAL.
Family Bakery !
Tables are supplied with
Best the Market
MAIN STREET, YUMA, A. T.
I will pay the above reward to
any one who will furnish me with
the name and proof of the person
found mutilating or defacing my
fence, buildings or trees.
J. W. DORRINGTON.
Weather Observer A. Ashenberger
furnishes us with the ollowingim
por trait facts relative to the climate,
rainfall and weather at Yuma;.
The following data from the records
of the TJ. S. weather Bureau are from
observations taken for periods rang
ing from five to twenty years and ara
published by request of the Hen.
Mayor of Yuma:
Mean actual barometer. Yuma, 29.76
inches; Denver, Col., 24.73 inches.
Mean annual temperature. Yuma, 73";
Jupiter; Fla., 73a. -
Mean maximum temperature during
month of July. Yuma, 106.0; iPhoenix,
Mean minimum temperature during
month of July. Yuma, 77; Galveston,
Mean minimum temperature during
month of January. Yuma, 42; Tucson,
35"; Phoenix, 32'.
Highest temperature recorded. Yuma,
118; Phoenix, 119; Fort Lapwal, Idaho,
Lowest temperature recorded, Yuma,
22; Riverside, Cal. (Voluntary observer's
record.), 21; Jacksonville, Fla., 15; Gal
veston, Tex., 11. .
Mean relative humidity. Yuma, 44j,
San Diego, Cal., 75$; Chicago, 74j; Pen
sacola, Fla., 76$; Port Angeles, Wash.,
Mean annual rainfall. Yuma, 3 inches;
Tucson, 13 inches; Jacksonville, Fla., 55
inches; New Orleans, La., 62 inches; Neah
Bay, Wash., 102 inches.
Average annual number of rainy days.
Yuma, 14; Tucson 49; St. Louis, 115;
Washington, D. C, 126; New York, 126;
Baltimore, 133; Chicago, 136; Cincinnati,
141; Atlanta, Ga., 141; Rochester, N. Y.,
171; Tatoosh Island, Wash., 186.
Average annual number of cloudy days.
Yuma, 17; Sacramento, Cal., 45; Oswego,
N. Y., 173.
Average annual number of partly cloudy
days. Yuma, 69; Sacramento, Cal., 76;
Oswego, N. Y., 124.
Average annual number of clear days.
Yuma, 279; Portland, Ore., 92; Oswego, N.
Average hourly wind velocity. Yuma, 6
miles; Dodge City, Kan., 12 miles; San
dusky, O., 13 miles.
Highest wind velocity recorded. Yuma,
54 miles; Pan Francisco, Cal., 60 miles.
Automatic Water Gate
TO PREVENT OVERFLOW IN
Ui ' 'I
The above cut illustrates an AUTOMATIC
WATER GATE, to regulate and keep in subjection
the rise of water in canal, due to an over-abundant
flow, or to sudden rises in the canal owing to
severe rains or storms.
It is particularly valuable to have such a Water
Gate placed in lower bank of canal, at such points
along its line Where there are Ravines. Gullies,
Arroyos, Foot Hills, Buttes, or Tableland, as any
rains or storms bring down at such points a surplus
of water that is very dangerous to the banks of
canal. The Waste Gate, however, will prevent
such damage, as it is
SELF-ACTING AND A PERFECT SAFETY VALVE
Relieving the canal, at short mterTnio, of its sur-
Elus water, thus preventing the washing away of
anks, and causing great damage generally, no
alone to canal, but property owners all along tho
line, who may suffer more or less damages there
af terfor the want of water owinff to the damaged
condition of canal, and while such repair-are being-made-
Kot only is it valuable to relieve canal of
its surplus water, to prevent damage and ex
pense, but by its use the first cost ot canal con
struction will be materially lessened, as the banks
need not be made so high or wide.
The device is extremely simple, and compara
tively inexpensive Its plan of operation is this:
There is a pipe fastened to an opening in the
vertical gate, 1. When the body of water rises to
thn level of the uDDer end of vive. 2. water runs
freely into the tank, 3, which is immediately filled,
thus overDaiancmg me weigni, . wmcu ib uu
other end of lever, 5, thus forcing open the gate,
which suddenly relieves the canal of a large sur
plus of water. When body of water recedes below
a certain level, no more water is admitted to the
tank; therefore empties itself by a small faucet
opening, 6, at the bottom; this being done, the
weight overbalances tank, and brings down the
lever, which, being rigid to the swinging gate,
closes it. This operation continues at short in
tervals, so long as the body of water keeps rising
certain level. The lever, crate, pipe and
tank are all rigid, and hinge, or pivot, on a hori
zontal shaft. The gate, flume or bx can be made
any height width, or lengthdesired. The gate can
be hinted oetween any uuisneau wiiuuut pox.
The Wat r Gate is a Perfect Safety Valve, and Is
fr. o Ki,lr nt -.vatflr what a safetv valve is to steam.
They can be made any size, corresponding with
DOay Ol water imiu aio ui mum. f o ov.tuw- -j r
letters patent, and for sale only by
C- W, BARNHART,
Ko. 4 Sum SnutST,
Sax FraxcisccS, Cal.
Please write for price list and further inf.'brmatloa
giving length, top and bottom dimensions of caaal.
All plans and specifications furnished with-y9ry