Newspaper Page Text
OF YUMA COUNTY
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"Independent In all things." . . 'Yuma, Arizona The Gate City of the Great Southwest
VOL. 40 YUMA. ARIZONA. THURSDAY. JANUARY 20. 1910. NO. 12
i j ' I i ;
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY
YUMA, : : : : ARIZONA
J. W. DORRINGTON, Proprietor.
One Year 52 00
Six Months 1 00
novernor R. E. Sloan
Secretary .' Geo. U. Younjr
Treasurer E. E. Kirkland
Attorney General J.hn D. Wrpht
Surveyor General F. S. Imralls
Suo't of Public Instruction... Khke T. Moore
Dnlnimtn to Congress Ralnh Cameron
Sup't Territorial Prison Thomas Rynning
Register Frank H. Parker
Receiver C. E. Arnold
pnoF-nrx USD office
District Judrc John H. Campbell
Clerk of District Court.. .-...C. H. Utting
c.crt. J J' H Shanssey, Chairman:
Supervisors A R Kent and v E Marvin,
Clerk Board of Supervisors P. J. Miller
Probate Judce D. L. lie Vane
Countv Sup't of Schools Fre t Wesscll
Sheriff Gus Livinpston
"iider Sheriff "Walter Riley
.District .Attorney W. F. Timmons
Treasurer Geo. Michelsen
Surveyor H. C. Johnson
County Physician Dr. Henri ApJohn
Countv Recorder Jas. M. Polhamns
County Assessor C. V. Meeden
Justice of the Peace J. C. Jones
Constable Julio Martinez
Trustees Yuma School District. Geo. Rock
wood, C, V. Meeden, and Donald Mclntyre
J. H. Shanssey
P. O, Spittler. L. VV. Alexander,
Henrv Gandolfo, Newt Parks,
W. C. Peterson, C. E. Potter
City Attorncv Frank Baxter
City Clerk and Treasurer J. T,. Redondo
Marshal:-., J. H. Godfrey
Mail open on Sundavs from 8 to 9 a. m.
Week days, 8 a. m. to 6 p. m.
No Monev Order business on Sundays.
Mall (East and West) closes every day at 7 p. m.
R. H. Chandler P. M.
YUMA LODGE NO. 7 A. O. U. W. MEETS
every Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock. Visit
ing brethren in good standing are Invited to
attend. Yours in C. H. and P.
F. L. EWING, M. W.
ED. MAYES, R.
ALLIANCIA HISP ANO-A MERIC ANO NO.
10. meets every Sunday at Elks' hall, 0 p.
m. Ma.xcel MoNiior, Pres. J. L. Redondo,
METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH
Preaching ercry other Sunday morning
at U o'clock and Sunday .night at 7:30 by the
pastor, J. M. Ocheltree. Sunday School every
Sunday morning at 10 o'clock, P. T. Robertson,
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH. SERVICES
on the fourth Sunday in each month at
2:30 p. m. Prayer meeting on Friday night of
each week. Eugene Keen, pastor in charge,
unday School every Sunday morning at 10.
CATHOLIC CHURCH DIRECTORY: SUN
days. Mass at 9 a. m. Rosary and Bene
diction at 7 p. m. Week days. Mass at 7 a. m.
Christian doctrine taught dally by the pastor
'n English at 8:30a m.; in Spanish at 3:30 p.m.
FRANK BAXTER, Attorney at Law and
Notary Public. Will practice In all the
oourtsoftho Territory. Special attention to
Mining and Land Laws. P. O. Box 401. First
Street, South Side, Yuma, Arizona.
H. Wdppekmajt. Mary A. Wupperman
WUPPERMAN & WUPPERMAN, ATTOR
nov3 at law. Notary Public. Court Re
porting, Offices in Wupperman Building, Yuma,
Arizona. Telephone No. 200.
PETER T. ROBERTSON, ATTORNEY AT
Law, Office in Cotter Bldg., Yuma, Ariz.
COME TO THE SENTINEL OFFICE
for Job Work. Satisfaction assured.
TRAUL'MAN, Jeweler and Optician.
, Yuma, Arizona.
AND CURE THE LUNGS
tin tr i m
OLOS Trial Bottle Free
AHD ALL THROAT AND LUNG TROUBLES.
OB HONEY REFUNDED.
Neahf s Boarding House.
Have your meals at Neahr's
'Meals: 25c and up.
Sunday Dinner: 35c,
MEAL HOURS Week days:
Breakfast, 5 to 10 a. m., Dinner,
11:30 A.M. to 2 p.m., Supper, 5:30
to 8 P.M.
You'll find your meals just as
yon like them, and, if desired,
can have them cooked to order.
Ul kinds of Spanish dishes, if
vou like them.
All home cooking. Come and
try our fare.
Mrs. D. It. Neahr.
Herald's Southern California Busi
ness College, H14 S. Grand avenue,
Los Anseld,a9 just issued their new
1903 College paper, the most interest
ing paj?er ever dedicated to business
training. It- is descriptive of that
magnificent institution which has no
equal in the state. Paper sent free
upon request to J. W. UACKEY,
manager, of above address.
to advertise in the
PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY, K
Turns Out Frst-CIass Work
Leave orders at Shorcy's, Southwestern News Company.
Colorado River Lumber Company
DEALERS IN ALL KINDS OF
LUMBER 1 BUILDING MATERIAL
Builders' Hardware, Lime, Nephi Plaster, Glass, Etc,.Etc .
COR. THIRD ST. AND MADISON AVENUE
PRESIDENT AND MANAGER YUMA, ARIZONA
H. H DONKERSLEY
Light Livery of all descriptions. Outfits for the Desert
and Mountain. Ezpress Wagoirservice.. Trucking
and Hauling in all their branches
Livery, Phone 48. A Transfer, Phone 47
the use of a goodlaxative, to keep the bowels open and prevent the poisons of undigested
food from gettinginto your system.
The latest product tf science is VELVO Laxative Liver Syrup, purely vegetable, gentle,
reliable and of a pleasant, aroiratic taste. Velvo acts on the liver, as well as on the
stomach and bowels, and is of the greatest possible efficacy in constipation, indigestion,
biliousness, side headache, feverishness, colic,flatulence, etc. Try VP 1
From Hobawk to Norton's, Half Way Well,
Kofa, North Star, and return.
Daily from Mohawk to Norton's; three times a week from
Norton's to the mines Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
For Special Trips, wire or write to
GEORGE W. NORTON, Mohawk, Ariz.
And Certificates of Title
The Only Complete Set of Abstract Books in Yuma Cunty
Old Age and Money
is a combination that is only too
rarely found. It. would be seen
oftener if wo but practiced true
economy that is, the kind that
seeks to secure the highest value
rat the lowest cost. In your
buying you can practice the true
economy by patronizing our store,
where full value is given for
every dollar expended.
Yuma Mercantile Co
Jk Palemon Avila, i$f
G. H. ROCKWOOD S
transfer company I
A Lesson in Intensive" Farming by
R H. Forbes, Director and
Chemist of Agricultural
University of Arizona,
January 15, 1907.
Just west of Yuma, Arizona, In the alluvial
flood-plain of the Colorado, lleK a little farm
of 7.2 acres which on May 1, 1905, was virgin
bottomland, covered with saltweed, arrow
brush and creosote bushes. The original
purpose of the tract was for planting selected
varieties ofdate palms Imported by the U. S.
Dppartment of Agriculture from the Old
World. The Experiment .station, May 2, be
gan preparing the ground, and on iay 20 the
worK or levelling, bordering and irrigatin
the tract and the planting of 152 palms, was
THE PLAN OK WORK
Recognizing, however, that a farmer with
bis living to make meantime, cannot afford
to wait for an orchard to come into bearing.
it was planned to plant crops for quick re
turns between tue tree-rows, thus putting the
work on a feasible basis from the small farm
er's point of view. In order to economize
ground the irrigating borders were so placed
as to coincide witn tne rows or palms, thus
utilizing space otherwise usually wasted.
The tract was divided by the borders Into
lands, for the most part, one-half an acre In
size. Irrigating water from the Colorado
Valley P. & I. Canal was obtained in the cus
tomary manner, and E. L. Crane, himself a
Yuma Valley farmer, undertook the care of
what was nicknamed our play farm."
In size, as well as in the intensive character
or tne work planned, tins farm" is tue op
posite of the average holdings of this locality.
The prevailing crops of the region are alfalfa.
corn, barley, and forages in general, compara
tively little attention ueing given to ve;
tables and fruits. Withal, the cost of levelling
land In this region is high, rarely fallins be
low twenty dollars an acre at current prices
for labor and teams. Moreover, the cost, ex
clusive of maintenance, or the (iovernment
irrigating system now unaer construction
will be about 83.50 an acre annually for ten
years. To meet these and other heavy Items
of expense In connection .with t he establish
ment of a farm in this region. Intensive crops
of a more remunerative character than those
now In vogue, are essential. It was partly,
therefore, as an object lesson bearing upon
these financial aspects or tne general situa'
tlon, that this cultural work was planned.
HECXAMATION OF THE GROUSD.
The soil of our tract, a warm, sandy loam
well adapted to gardening operations, was
levelled, ditched ml bordered at a contract
nrlr.n orS17.2(ran acre, nonsldftmhlv Ipks thnn
the average for the locality, reckoning the
labor of men and teams at current rates. In
addition, barbed wire and posts for fencing
a drive well point and pipe, a pitcher-spout
cost 500-iu; lumoer lor ueadcalcs cost 39.57:
pump and a barrel, M6Ao: a small lumber
two-room house. Including live and one-half
days carpenter hire, 3152.75; and a brush-roof
shelter for horses, about So.OO. Only skilled
labor employed in levelling, bordering and
ditching the ground, and for part construc
tion or the house, is included In the above
estimates, as the common labor required or
dinarily would be, and in this case was, fur
nished by the farmer himself.
To bring this ground under cultivation and
make it habitable for a small farmer and his
family, as stated above, therefore required a
cash outlay of about 00 00. In addition, In
the average instance must bo included a
team, wagon, plow, barrow, haying equip
ment shovels hoes and other small tools.
CHOPS AND MARKETS.
1 The crops selected for the season of 1900
were Early Hose potatoes, White Bermuda
onions. Kockyford cantaloupes, Dwarf Cham
pion and Burpee's Quarter Century tomatoes,
and alfalfa, besides a few hills of watermelons
and sundry vegetables.
The produce was marketed In Yuma with
the exception of tomatoes, which, for the
largest part, were expressed to Tucson and
Bisbee. The following statements for the
various crops are on the basis of net cash re
turns to the small farmer, who with an aver
age family of five and a team of horses Is as
sumed to do the woik required, as explained
below. Items necessitating cash outlay, as
seed, Irrigating water, and crates are deducted
from gross returns. Water costs an average
of 50 eents for irrigation per acre f9r the crops
grown. The yields in certain Instances are
low, due to the unimproved condition of the
soil, which, like desert soils in general, was
low In nitrogen and organic matter. Some
small salty areas also affected yields locally.
White liermuda onions: .47 acres: Seed
planted Sept. 27-Oct. 3, 1905. Young onloni
transplanted. Feb. 5-9. liK!. Crop matured
about Junel. Yield, 39IG pounds of dry on
ions. Highest price received, 2c a pound;
lowest price received, L8c a pound. Entire
crop marketed in Yuma.
Seed 8 2.88
9 Irrigations In seed bed and
8 irrigations in field, about 3.50
Sacks and sundry, about 2.06
3910 pounds of onions at 2.5-
Net cash returns, not de
ducting labor (M.30
The amount of labor expended upon this
crop was large for the area, especially at the
transplanting time- One day's team work in
preparing the laud and about 32 days, men's
time, were required to bring It through, al
though the work was not heavy and could
have been largely performed by boys. The
yield was low owing to the desert and unfer
tilized character of the soli, onions requiring
large amounts of organic matter in the soil to
give good results.
Early Rose potatoes; .81 acres: Seed pota
toes planted Feb- 16-19, 190(i. Beginning to
bloom April 13. Crop all harvested June 13.
Yield, 2615 pounds. Highest price, May 21,
3!4c- Bulk of crop, 'Zlic. All marketed in
250 poun ds seed-potatoes an d
freight on same S 8.03
used as. fertilizer .......
2 irrigations for crop
Formaline for scab, includ
2615 pounds of potatoes at
Net cash returns, not de
ducting labor 57-15
The amount of labor required for the crop
itself was about 15 working days, with team
1!4 days. The sesbania used as green manur
ing on the west half of the potato ground was
given 17 irrigations. Bermuda grass, more
over, flourished beneath the sesbania to such
an extent as subsequently to require 23 days
labor for cleaning up the .45 acres so fertilized.
Although the larger part of the crop came
from the sesbania fertilized portion of the po
tatoes, this method of enriching the ooll
proved very costly, 27 days mans time and 3
days team-work being required to put the ses
bania under and afterwards get rid of the
Bermuda grass. Nevertheless, the labor eng
tailed could easily have been managed by a
careful farmer, as the Bermuda digging was
done In January when other work was not
Tomatoes, Dwarf Champion and Burpee's
Quarter Ontury; .52 acres: Seed planted in
cold-frame, Feb. 1. 1900. Transplanted to Held,
March 12-15. First ripe tomatoes, June 10.
Last of marketable crop, Sept. 8. Yield, first
class, 11282 pounds; second class, salable, 2249
pounds; waste, most of which could have
been canned, 1810 pounds. Total crop of 3300
vines, 15341 pounds or 4.0 pounds, gross, to the
vine. Highest price received, 30c for a single
pound on June 10. Bulk of first-class cropsold
during July In Tucson and lilsbee markets, at
054 to 454c f. o. b- Yuma. Second class crop
sold locally down to 2c.
18 irrigations, Ys acre ...... .. 4.50
438 crates for shipments to
Tucson and Bisbee 66.50
13531 pounds of tomatoes al
30c to 2c
Net cash returns, not de
ducting labor-.. 551.88
8621.60 ' 8624.60
DO YOU WANT TO GO TO COLLEGE?
If so we can help ycu. We have already put
hundreds through college by means of our plan.
Write today for full information regarding our
offer of a free scholarship In any school or col
lege. Address Robert J. Sherlock, 9-3t East
22nd Street New York City.
Not including SRfiO, railed to collect.
Until the lust of June this crop required but
little labor. During the shlnDinsr season
however, four persons were employed on
about half time In picking, packing alid shlp-
iog tne crop. Tne enure labor requirements
inr the crop were, men's time. 85 days: women
and bos's. 38 days: and team 10 davs. the
heaviest demand upon labor being during
July. Dwerr Champion and Burpee's Quarter
Century yielded about equally well, both be
ing or tne awarfbusny sorts best adapted to
this climate. Barnyard manure was used un
der the double rows, otherwise the ground
was unfertilized save by the muddy irrigating
Rockyford cantaloupes; I acre: Seed planted
March 7-9. 1906. Cold, backward Hanson re
sulting in thin stand equal to about threer
fourths or an acre. Crop picked July 5 to
sept. 7. rieid 7H0 dozen, sold locally at from
3oc to ioc a dozen
1 pound seed. ....... ........... $ l.oo
lfi irrigations - 8.00
780dof.cn cantaloupes at 85c
Net cash returns, not de
ducting labor..... 1.15.00
The labor on this crop was light, but In this
case time consuming, becnnseonnconvenleht
arrangements for marketing. There were em
ployed on the crop 31 days men's time: 8 days
women and boys; and 2 days team, not other
The crop was fertilized with barnvai d man
ure In about three-fourths of the hills, and, as
stated above, the stand was poor. The results
of this acre are therefore conservative.
Watermelons and sundry small Items of
produce were sold locally to the amount
seed and irrigating Wafer, auont 5 2.00
Leaving a cash return of about.. 13.65
Alfalfa: 1.70 acres: This Was sown May 18
1905, yielding three cuttings of abou five tons
or clean hay the nrst season. During the sec
ond season, covered by this Timely Hint,
there were seven cuttings with a total of
about 20 tons of hay. The onlv cash outlay
was 822.41 for irrigating water. The labor re
quired was, man's time. 14 days and team
nine days, which Is rather high labor requlre
ment.for thlR alfalfa on account of the small
size of the field under consideration, and lim
ited use or machinery. This crop at 85 00 to
810.00 a ton, loose, which has been the price
this season, represents a cash return of not
less than 81H0.00 for the crop; bnt-thls hay was
used to feed ihr team employed on the place,
proving to be more than sufficient for that
purpose, since a stack of about three tons re
mains at the end of the season. The manure
from this source, being free from Bermuda
grass seed, was especially valuable for fertll
Izlng a part of the crops srown
A THRILLING RESCUE.
How Bert R. Len, of . Cheny, Wash
was saved irom a rrignttui cieatn is
a story to thrill the world. "A hard
cold," he writes, brought on desperate
luag trouble that baffled an expert
doctor here. Then I paid $10 to $15 a
visit to a lung specialist In Spokane,
who did not help me. Then I went to
California, but without benefit. At
last I used Dr. King's New Discovery,
whfch completely cured me, and
am now as well as ever." For Lung
Trouble, Bronchitis, Coughs and Colds
Asthma, Croup and Whooping Cough
its supreme. 50c and $1.00. Trial bot
tle free. Guaranteed by all druggists
Fruit Trees on Streets.
In many countries of Europe,
notubly Germany, may be found
cities and towns using fruit trees
of various kinds for street shade
and ornament. One-of the prime
favorites is the apple tree, and
the muaicipali&y each year sells
the crop at a profit and seems to
be able to prevent the mischiev
ous small boy from collecting
toll on the same. In tropical
countries where some fruits are
so common and produce in such
numbers as to have little market
value, these sorts are common
along thoroughfares of city,
town and rural district. One of
the most ornamental of this lat
ter class is a prime favorite in
Southern California, the Avo
cado or Alligator pear fPersea
ratissima). These countries
which make such use of this ex
cellent tree are not severelv
troubled with tourist travel or
high fruit prices, so that no in
centive, exists for oners purloin
ing any part of the crop. In
California such street trees would
be bereft of the' entire crop be
fore half ripe, even though it
consisted of poor quality seed
ling oranges. .
Hen and Women
The secret of managing a man
is to let him have his way in lit
tle things. He will change his
plan of life when he won't change
his bootmaker. John Oliver
All girls are alike except the
one you happen to be in love
with. Mrs. Belle Reynolds.
When a woman professes to
know a good deal of meu you
may be sure that all she knows
is bad. Knowledge of men is,
with most women, equivalent to
a. knowledge of one bad man,
F. Frankfort Moore.
Food is the one thing that ever
really makes a man rise up and
call his wife blessed. Fraulein
In Cattlb Cam Be Panvcuno
CUTTER'S BLACK LEG VACCIHB
California's favorite, the most suc
cessful, easiest used and lowest
priced reliable vaccine made.
Powder, string or pill form. Writo
for free Black Leg Booklet.
THE CUTTER LABORATORY
If your druggist does not stock oui
vaccines, order direct Irom us-
Eleventh And Wa&hidgton St
Portland's Newest and
Most Modern Motel
Convenient to Theatres
Attractive K.oof Garden.
'Bus Meets RU Trains.
The following suggestions are
good to observe in the matter of
digging trees from the nursery
row or from any place, where
you wish to remove ca tree from
one place to another:
1. In digging, strike the spade
in far enough away from the
trunk so you will not cut off the
fibrous roots. You want to save
all of them that you can.
2. Expose the roots as little as
possible to the drying winds and
sun. jjo not carry borne your-
trees from town with the roots
all exposed and then blame the
nurseryman if they die.
3. Cut away all the bruised
portions of roots you lacerated
in digging. A square cut will
be supplied with fresh feelers,
while a lacerated root will rot.
4. If you have shdrtened the
root considerably in digging, re
move some of the top to corres
pond with the loss of root power
5.. Do not dig the hole like a
funnel-and crowd all-the roots
into a contracted space at the
bottom. Make it wide so you
can spread the roots as wide as
they were in their original home.
6. Usually, with deciduous
trees, plant them a little deeper
than they were where you took
them from, but in case of citrus
trees, better put them on a
mound and let the roots hang
down rather than" put them in
too deep. Deep planting of or
anges and lemons is a fruitful
source of gum disease, especially
on flat land.
7. Dig holes deep enough so
you can put m a lew incnes or
the best top soil in the bottom
of the hole. Do not put manure
in the hole next to the roots of
the tree. Fill in with good dirt
about half way up; then, when
all roots are covered, you can
put in some well-rotted manure,
if you have it;
but if you do not
have it, never .mind just
the tree does not want too rich a
diet at first. It is feeling bad
and wants to get over it before
it goes to overloading its stom
ach. 8. Press the soil down closely
to the roots, and if there is no
prospect of immediate rain, put
in a bucket of water to keep the
dry earth from absorbing the
moisture of the tree instead of
giviug it needed moisture.
9. ' Keep the soil from baking
round the trees. Keep the weeds
from stealing the moisture they
should have, and after the first
rain or irrigation, so the soil is
thoroughly damp, mulch with
A 1 A
coarse manure straw, sawuust
or anything that will keep the
sun from stealing too much from
the soil. American Farmer.
Professor Lowell says that the
artians are digging more 'ca
nals. Well, let them. We are
having canal troubles enough of
our own without bothering over
what the people up in Mars may
be doing. When the Panama
canal and the Laguna canal arel
finished it will be plenty of time
for folks hereabouts to begin to
worry about what is going on in
Williams' Wood Yard.
Hay, Grain and- Wood for sale.
Prompt delivery. Prices reasonable.
First, avenue, opposite the A. O. CJ. W.
Thousands of acres of land
along the Bill Williams Fork,
Big Saudy Creek and Eio Sant
Maria have been withdrawn froin
public entry by Secretary of tlk'
Notice of the withdrawal c'f
these lands has just been receh
ed at the Phoenix land office.
.The purpose of the order is l;
conserve the timber on thb-
streams for purposes of fire pre
tectio.n and to conserve sites for
irrigation dams to prevent thei
falling into the hands of partie;
who might not be able to tist?
The order applies to lands for
one mile on each side of the riv
ers named, within certain dis
tricts. The Bill Williams is
affected from Planet to a point
twenty miles above that place.
Entry is forbidden along the Big
Sandy from Signal to its junc
tion with the Rio Santa Maria
and along the last twenty miles
of the Santa Maria's course.
A number of withdrawals of
this nature are being made
throughout the country.
Register Frank Parker of the
Phoenix land office has stated
that he has not yet checked up
to find just how many acres oi'
land are affected by this order of
Have you a weak threat If so, you
cannot be too careful. You cannot be
gin treatment too early. Each cold
makes you more liable to another and
the last is always the harder to cure
If you will take Chamberlain's cough
remedy at the outset you will be sav
ed- much trouble. Sold by the Yuma
Health, among the, flock is the
first requisite of successful poul
try culture. Those that fail to
make profit out of their birds
usually are those -who are unable
to keep them healthy and in
good, thrifty condition.
The health of the fowls cannot
be kept up by feeding cayenne
pepper and otner sucn stimu
lants. Many people do this in
lieu of good care and proper
feeding. In the minds of some
people cayenne pepper and cer
tain brands of "condition powl
ders" are sure cure-al's, yet in
reality such foods are of little
value except to stimulate the
digestive organs of a sick bird.
Healthy fowls need no stimulant
any more than a healthy human
needs to be continually doping
himself with various prepara
tions. Agricultural Epitomist.
urn im must BRAND