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Rutland herald. (Rutland, Vt.) 1823-1847, January 05, 1836, Image 2

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T 11 E KU T LAND HE K A L D. .
' t -u ll irfff 'Wii f t KlIen vf
. 4 X Ueh 4r M - fcrWfeJs, at a1t
to fa nuAr. tttUtn tr1tloi fr ta
trip Um U lutUd ftfr tbe Ihj; l'"
xl U rrl , m Sd shown, 0
b I jilt-it Imw fvr lusklnf and tvmpirilag ub
VnJ nr iu4 t i ril ilull Jeesn jot.
V, Ttrt I- Ik f tK' rctrneo
t jiim la it 6t tltioorr f tui 1 04 or
ferUf rrnimt In ?.! ln n ; and 'n tu tint firt j
!tmf rtfc Uh7 tei) ititovyh hh satd J
rti t rfii la l mac, by rtnlOf nisi IMoi
rib ropy ct tU prtillas, t Vnt llte day
piioe to lU itKWn cf tbr rtuft to ubita raid
yrialNMi tjimnii,
IfottfJ .Nr. J, 1&35.
Timotut Mlill, Ktf. of Utatr.
.NV. 3.
Ari, (a adftctao to as act totltled "an act le
toU n tbe rcrrrtl art fr layln? ol,
lief, rrirlnj and ckttto; bij;hay.
, 1. It it Wrty ttUA by At Cttrrjt .i-
'y fl Slult of 1'rrmtt.t, Tnat if the owwr
nr tf any UbJ thfoa;h bch any road
taTbar b, r rhall )t, Hid out Wy commit
' appDtna iy'thf nptemv or ity rootls
' . lx dirniufirj itti lb daaugra iiJ by
C4n)initrf, oi bi n nn damage bIl arst-
j fcan of the U)ing out of cli rout. I, '.whatiin, !, DeUrry, Dickt-ron, DoublWay,
N or ibe may, by pillion, male applkatiut. iq , D,0inPnlr, Dmilap. HiHicr. raitf.fild, Karlin. For
th eotr evoil in tl.p roe eoonty withiy tvhich . rMer, Kowlor. French, I' C Fuller, U K Fuller,
wit tuad .haH he, or may bo been Uid, for a Gillct, fiiaro, llulay, J Hall, Ilatnrr, JlanncBan,
Mnmitte to appiaue u(1i Jimi;r,, uhich pctt- ! Hardin, Harlan, S. S. Ilartiaun, A. .llrriion,
tn tojeter Vilh a eitatiei to I lie town or , Haymi. Hendcraon. Hciitcr, llolrev. Honkins.
"l 1oti In ln!tfcl, to appfir befoto aid court at
th time u.d place thei'in named, ahall bo acned
on ocenr'tnore of i'.ic ielcctnen oftailtoun or
lownt in intcrc't, t lcat twclro day bef.iro the
rlltla of uid court, and within mry daya from
th &pnitjj of taid toad. And I ho county court
ill appoint a committee of thrtu jtjdicioiis and
dicintcretted frceholdera, in the iiinnir prcacribed
for the appointment of sotnmittcra to lay out pub
lic road.
f U. it krrdtJurtkrr tmtdid, Thai the com
mitter hll duly "notify the town or tona ia in
teteirt, and a'ao that the oAncr or owner of the
land o petnioninp, of the time and place to be
heard on ihe lubject, and having made personal in
spection of the pre mires, shall arccet tho damagm
to the rejpectiro firson or persona so prtiiiomug
a aforesaid as to i aid cnvimnicc shsll appear juit
and ecii'.table, and shall report to the county court
the sim ntierred by them as damages.
I'rotUti, Thai when such committee shall not
af -greater damages in favor of the rrcctno
prlitioner than was atrcsscd by tho committee ap
pointed to lay tho r3ad, coUa shall bo taxed by the
connty xoutt in favor of tho town or towns in in
Ifrest. And if tho damages attested by said com
mittce ahsll bo greater than the aum assestcd by
tho committee appointed to lay sal J rond.lhc county
Court shall tax coils in faor ol the applicant orap
plica nts.
1. is hrrtly further emiclnl, That the
said committee, shall.m tho aforesaid case mako re
spective town Clerks where tho survey bill oViil
road is recorded, who shall record tho same; nd
alto to I lie clerk tf the county court.uhois hcrchy
'required to record tho same, and issue execution
for such costs as shall bo taxed by ihe court, on tho
acceptance of tho'report of the committee by said
court.
ll'aifed Nov. 4, 1335.
Timotut .MrrtaiLi., fue. of Stiitt.
91th onKreij InI Sctisioii.
IN SENATK December 17.
The lubjuinrl brisf kttch of tint dy'i procecdinja
rxu io!lrertaatly omitted Wtl week.
I'uLlie IxinJt.
Mr. Clay gave notice, thai on Monday next, he
would introduce a bill lu appropriate fur a limited
lime, llio proceed of the tales of public
lands,
public
and to dutnbute certain portions of Ihe
lands amongst tho several States.
Mr. Webster submitted thu following :
ltctuht.l, That tho Committee on Roads and
Canals be intlruclrd to rrport the number, extent
and direction, of tho several railroads alreadv
built or commenced, and the moot important of I
those which are projected, or contemplated in tho
several States : and that they inquire into tho ex
pediency of aiding in any uf those undertakings
on llio part of the Government of the U. S. cither
by making payment in adiance, on contracts fur
carrying thn mails on such road, or otherwise ;
an on the condition of transporting the property or
troops of the U. S. by such roads, free of expense
lo the U. S whether in peace or war.
Mr. Webster also submitted tho following :
fsorW, That ao much of the President's
Meissgc a respects tho question, whether the U.
S.cant.ol.wilboot transcending their conttitutioual
powers, secure to the Pot Office Department the
use of the several railroads in the U. States, by
an act of Congress, which shall provide within it
slf soro cquitkbSn mode of idjiuttng llio amount
of compenation, be leffircsl .n tho Committee on
the Judicliry, with instructions to male a special
rrpoit thereon.
A mcsiagi. from Iho President was received,
-vittK a repoit from Ihe Secretary of the Treasury,
relative to purchasing sites and erecting Custom
Homer, ai sundry important port in the U- 8.
,Jpumfd until Mundsy next.
licrrr. la the Senate on Wednesday last,
Mr Goldsbwrough ohvrrd a icsolulion to instruct
lb committee on Military AtTsirs In inquire what
number of flUin steam Jisttcriet are necessary
far ibe defence of ibe CbcopoJa cd Delaware I
Bays and ihe huboar ef Ne- York.', together with
the eitiraale cf the probable con of the aarte. Mr J
Ewiftf, havir. bUtaod leave, introducrfd bill, of'
lb same firrrort a that which patird lb Senate
at ihe last seuion, to change the crganustion of'
tbe General Post OSice, which w is twice read tad
or (fend to be pnntd. On motion ol Mr Oavis,in
"" - - ....tvr- Him, iu xepnaiioni, wnico nsc noi yei oeen expended :
imrcUl affairs, a referred io h committee First, of former appropriations, except those to
ea commerce. Several other panion tf ihe Me wards Ihe sinking fond, it n aupposed that there
sire wet referred loth appraprialti KaodiOfCom- ' will remain unexpended at the flos of the present
year the sum of 3,i;0,70l.
In the Iloesc of RepseseMMive., Mri. Q. Ad- Of thu amount it is computed that only $7
aniacaieoftUcethaHinleMthequesUoaorrecoo. 300.705 will be lequired o accomplish the ob-'
sidcratioa of the vole fey which the qoe-mon of ihe jU intended by them, leaving $344 ,707 to bo an.
.Northera baandsry ofOhto was rtfened to a ;. phed in aid of tbe appropriations f the ensnin
ml cooiwiMee, f wtoch he was chairman, was la. jear.wiihout re-appropritioo (a. will lw seen in
kiop a4di.pMdof.,nihtday, he shoold feel ibe estimates) end ihe balance of 817ft 322.
II mi oiy io ca'l let cetpsaitee toCtiher fc; the
tpsnttee toCtihtT fc; tr
cottier lU sct,
rurpf f rjfrcetiiejrw
T1- tJofate IVovtutd jb rotiMuft tf Jfcv
owtioti y Me mrtnfttt for the aWlilidrt f
8iary a ihe Dituiet cf Ctmt.i. Mr. Slide
ke intra than two bowr aot lb mothm.atH
i ftj( if It tnaxjiatr abuhtivn eftbc tlarc
u4 lb ptlBi. Wvn laify in the
Dtitntt of Colombia . Mr garland of Virginia,
f.tlioiriJ is reiJy and tu support cf tlie motion.
Mr, j2annofNw York, rnotsiaj the previous nun.
iko, which sustained by toU of 101 to 70. ,
Tb q'tettien, shall the mala qoctiau now pot.
i r Ccaded ia Uie iffirroatUr, jc 137, nays 71
Tic 6eiiu oftrconwderatWiii wat then put and
deciuYd io tlie affirmant r, yet H9, nui 01. Mr.
Owrns, fiT tlie purpai c of pretesting tbe contlni'
iko of I lie dixursion on tbe question to eorr.,nh,
rooid. t be iiid h should do in regard to tarry
similar petition, to lay it on the table, fhc que-
. t . t-l...l t- tL. . . '
iioa noi uring ocoatrauie wic yeas. na ntyt werr
lbn tilfii upon tt, td it w (''ccldrd m tbo t6r
intttTp. ll the iBCiiiVeri of t-,',, Hlttp, fMaii.) ex
cn: I'lullipt. nhe i ikb,enl, totinj in the ncg
itiir t Mlfl t :
H'.AH l.'itf. C. Allin, Anthony, .W.tov.
JWIn, Itn. Itrrir4..y, RMUmont, Hell KncLi-f,
nun, liurliantti,
W inch. Harn, Can.br..IfnK, Clirr, Carry, G Chain,
hw.'ynaney, Cliapnian, Chapin, Clot eland, CVffee,
P(. Connor, Coiuin, Ctmjr, Craincr, Cr
Hnward. Ilimcll, Hublcy, Huntington, Huiiltinan,
lng"rn, Ingliiin, J. Jackson, Jarvis J. Julinsou,
It. M. JiihnuntC. Julinion, II. June. JiiJton.Kcn
non, Kil'orr, Kinnard. Klingcneinith, Lane, Lan
unp. Liportc, (i. l.ce, J. I.ec, T. Leo, Loyan,
lonard, Loyall, Lucnr, A. Mann, J. Mnnn, .Mar
tin J. V. Mni-nii, V. Masciti, M. Masnn, May,
McKay, McKvon, McKim, Alcrcer, Miller, Mont
(joinery, Muhlenberg, 0enr, Page, I'attvion, F.
Pierce, l'helps, Pitickuey, Rcnchcr, John ltnynuUls,
Jn. Iteynoldf, Iliplcy, Uoanc, Kchenck, Seyinuur,
A. II. Sliepperd, Hliields, Sliinn, Smith, Spangler
Standefer, Slorcr, Sutherland, ' Taliaferro, Taylor,
Thomar, J. Thninav, Toucoy, Turrill, Underwood,
Vanderpool, Tinton, Wnpener, Ward, Wanhing
ton,Vebtcr, Weeks. L. Williams, a. William.
111.
NAYS Mcean. Adams, II. Allen, Kailey.Ilonn,
IJordcn, Uriggf, J. Calhoun, Win. 1). Calhoun,
Campbell, J. Chambcri, Childf, Claiborne, Clark,
ciilnne, Ucnny, hvann, Lvcrelt, J. Garland. Gins
j cock, Graham, Granger, Grayeon, Grcnncll, Grilfin,
II. nan, Hammond, Hani, Harpcr.Hazlnline, Hoar,
Hunt, W. Jackson, Janes, II, Johnson, J. W.
Jones, Lawler. Lawrence, Lay, L. Lea, Lincoln,
Love, Lyon, Maury, McCartv", McCninap.Milligan,
Morris, I'atlon, I). J. I'earce, J. A I'carcc, I'otli
grew, I'ickctis. Polls, Heed, Ruhcrtson, Rogers,
Russell, W. IJ. Shepard, Slado, S.lraguc, W.
Thompson, Towns, White, Whittlesov, Wiie.
07.
Ko the Petition nnd Iho motion to commit wero
ordered to lie on tho table. The House then ad-
Journcd
j
I
Ftim Ihe Sationat Inltlltgtnecr.
REPORT "OF THE SECRETARY OF
THE
TREASURY.
This document, transmitted lo Congress on tho
Slh inst. presents the following view of the finan
ces of thu nation :
Ilalancc in tho Treasury on tho 1st
of January, 1835, amounted to 13,895,858 42
The receipts into the Treasury, ascertained and
estimated during 1835, tiro computed to bo 29,
430.891 07. Of there, tho actual receints durinir
1 thn firl three qtiartiw, are ascertained to have
been $'.'3,480,881 07.
J7r:
From Customs, 813,014,400 20
Lands, 0,100,000 80
Dividend on
Ihnk stock, 500, ISO 82
Sales of Rank
slock, 02.800 00
Incidental items, 130,020 10
23,480,881 07
Thofcdurincthefourthqiiartfr.il is exnccied.
w ill be $4,050,000.
Thus, with Iho balance on the 1st day of Janu-
ry, 1 Boo, they lonn an aggregate of 837.323.
730 40.
The expenditures of thn whole
year arc ascertained and estimat
ed to bo 19,170,141 07
Of theso expenditures during the
first three quarters aro ascertain-
ea to iue twen 13,370,1 11 ol
. Vi':
Civil list, foreign intercourse, and
miscellaneous,
Miliary service, including furtfica
lions, fee.
Naval service, kc. 1
Duties refunded,
1,927.100 10
7,555,910
2.020,210
4,750
Public debt,
$13,370,141 07
The expenditures for the fourth
quarter, it is expected, will bo 1,600,000 00
Thus leaving, on the 1st day of
January, 1830, subject however
to tho deduction hereafter men
lioned, an estimated ballanco of
money on hand equal to 10,1 17,503 12
This includes what has heretofore
been reported as unavailable funds
now icduced to about 1,100,
000. milling the computed avail
able balance on tho 1st of Janu
ary, 1630, $13,017,503 00
On thll are already imposed by Conzree the
. following efcfire. hy curient and permanent un
j which has not been retired
ScRtMy, (o: lit cb;ectt ceni
I which his not been roir!. N1 .. all r ...
centemrlatei In jts appro-
pnltou;?wllI, ihcicfom, be earned tsthe iarplu
fond. l?kor, on uhat U pro;rl)f etnbraecJ in
Jie appropmtlotH to wis ids the sinlmf fund, there
is aa ootntandm tharga el' about. $2.13,550, for
unclaimed lnternt and 0H(3cnc on tho refunded
debt, end tf f,IlS 233 for unfunded debt.
These, though chargeable ou the Treasury, on
der cx's'i"? acta nf Coajtcss, nd subject at any
mommt lo bo ilvinan-led, aro nol likely tn be call,
eil for luimodntely, if er cr.
CoinpuUtig, however, all the existing chsrgca
of cscry Llnd tin tho Treasury, 'at the oad of the
present yef, tube about JJ7,J95,574, Iho balance
cf available funds, then on band, would, it is cm-
mated, be sufficient to mtt the wbola at once, and
leave to be hereafter applied by Congress to no
and othrr purposes, the sum of about 310,400,
024.
The nexi. subject dcrcfvin; consideration, is the
action of this Department since the last Report in
relation to thn final extinguishment ot tho
Public I If nr.
Refute the close of tho year 1834, ample funds
Acre deposited with the United States Rank, as
Coiuiiiispioner of Loans, to dischalgo.all Iho pub
lic funded debl, which was then ouUlauding,
Of the funds deposltrd heretofore,
and still unclaimed by the public
debtors, there remains in posses
sion of thu Uinkljjio sum of
Since the 1st ofTanuary, 1635,
there has been paid from tho
Treasury, of interest and divi
dends outstanding and before Un
claimed on the funded debt, tho
sum of
3143,570 03
00,000
There still remains of tho same
debt, due and unclaimed, but rea
dy lo be paid whqnevcr demand,
cd, an amount equal to about
253,550
Similarly situated is o small unfunded debt of
$37,513 05 whicti'may hereafter bo claimed, and
on which lua been paid during the past year only
$220.
It roiihiuls of claims, registered
prior to 1703, for services and
supplies during the Revolutiona
ry, war, equal to
Treasury notes, itsucd during Ihu
war of. 1812,
And Mississippi stock.
927,43o 00
5,755
4,320 00
'he Kitinuitei of the Public Hnenue nnd Extendi
turct fur the iror 1330.
The rcreinti" into the Treasury
Irom all suurces during tho year
1930, arc cstimutcd at
I7r;
$10,750 000
Custom?,
15,250,000
4,000,000
Public Landf,
Hank diwdends,
and miBCtdlaneous
receipts
To which add
000,000
! lie balance of available fundi) in
thu Treasury on the let of January, 1830, esti
mated nt $28,047,503, and they make together
the sum of 37,707,508
I'ho estimates of expenditures, submitted for all
Hpccilicd objects, both ordinary and extraordinary,
for the service of 1630, and including tho enn'in-
gelll lor till! llnunl Qicnn., , -2!t,Ki:t,0l()
Tho expenditures during that year
for specified ordinary purposes,
nre estimated at
10,700,915
10,412,108
0,345,707
30,750,815
Thus the permanent and new appro
priations (or those purposes, re
quired for the services of that
year, ire estimated nt
Under former appropriations, thcro
is includcdnd in the estimates for
1830, a sum proposed to bo ut-ed
for tho sorvico of 1830 without
rc-appropriation, equal to
And ihcco two stuns amount to tho
beforctnentioned aggregate of
They are diuded among tho dilTor-
ent branches of the public bcr
vicons follow 8, viz : new appro
priations for civil, foreign inter
course, andjuiscullaneous items,
Military service, pensions, &c.
Naval service and gradual improve
ment, 2,041 081
8.002,210
4,709,708
Previous appropriations to bu used for 1830, for
civil, &c. 60,102, for military, kc. 330,515.
Ry virtue of former nets of Congress, there will
probably bo wanted during 1830, for tho payment
of interest and dividends unclaimed on tho funded
debt, and of unfunded debt itself, yet unpaid, the
sum of 850,000.
To these add such contingent expenses of new
appropriations by Congress I'or ordinary purposes,
as arc not included in tho estimates, hut which arc
likely to bo deemed proper by that body, and thq
grounds of which wero explained in Ihe Inst annu
al report, $3,000,000, Tho estimates of expen
diture in 1630 for extraordinary purposes, which
are submitted in connexion vith the military and
naval services, amount to 3,000,000
Mokitig, as eatitnalcd for tho service of 183G,
all tho new appropriations of every kind, specifi
cally called for, tn be $17,515,033; and all the
expenditures of every kind, for the service of the
samo year to bo in tho aggregate 23,133,0 10
On the supposition that the appropriations out
standing and unexpended at the ends of the years
1635 and 1830, will be rimilar in amount, this
would leave an available balance in the Treasury
at the cloep of the year 1830, or on the 1st of
January, 1537, estimated at about 811,000,000,
provided the receipts be as computed, and Con
gress make no larger appropriations for ex'.raordi
naiy or other purposes, at their present session,
than those enumerated in the estimates submitted.
From this amount, after deducting about eight
millions to pay the outstanding appropriations, to
which llio Treasury will then probably stand pledg
ed, there will be left at tho close of 1330, a net bal
ance ot only from six to seven million applicable
to any other use, which Congress may now or
thon, be pleased to dcnignale, instead of about ten
and a half millions, the not balance etlimatcd to
be left so applicable at the close of 1635, In
other words, the expenditure will, in the ensuing
year, for only tbe objects specified in the estimate,
probably excera the receipts in that year about four
million of dollars, and thus to that extent, reduce
tbe balance now on hand.
The report coutains many suggcstiuns and some
recommendations, a tbo spirit of the President's
Message.
F rem lit CerrttpmJrnl ef tht Doi'.an Palnet.
WutUngton, Drt. 23, 1835
At length, after three days occupied by tho
Hojue in the d.scju on ef a rw'morj from B?rk
shit) on jhc uhject of slavery in the Oistncl of'
Columbia, ptcscnticd by Mr. Rngtjs, the ilcbate,1
was this day arrested by a rail for the previous i
question, and the petition was ordered tn lie on J
tho table. The ayes and noea have been taken:
repeatedly, but in no instatyo upon any qurstiutil
of wrriO. This evasive disposition of the subject
has been voted against In general by the Maa-j
chosetla delegation' who, it is atd, wcto of opln-j
ion that the truo way to dicpnsa of the subject was
to refer it in tho ordinary course of legislation toj
tbo Committco on tho District of Columbia. In
fart, every Northern man, from Pennsylvania on,
caalw'ard, who spoKe on tlie subject, so isr as i
remember, w as of this opinion.
Mr. Adams madii a short speech on thu subject,
Monday, but without entering into the main sub
stance of it. Probably, however, he would have
spoken again, if the debate had not been cut short
by tho call for tho previous question; fur an ob
servation of his, in which he used the phrase of
"tho sublime merits of slaiory," annoyed some of j
iho Southern members, and caused them to refer to
him in a way to provuku reply.
To day Mr. Slade, of Vermont, made a down
right abolition speech. Ho took, however, a very
just and true distinction betA'ccn tho schemes of
the abolitionists' in general, and this particular ob
ject, the abolition ol slavery and the store traite in
the District of Columbia.
On this petition, tho debates hnve been mora
sensible and argumentative than they were last
week. Mr. Jones and Mr. Garland of Virginia,
both made speeches, impressive and manly in their
style, and free from llio oll'enaivc extravagances
which distinguished those of Mr. Hammond, Mr.
Pickens and Mr. Wise.
1 do not suppose your peole will hearken to any
advice on this matte; ; but, if they will look at
the facts and read the debates, they will perceive
that no good purpose is or can be answered, by
sending hero any moro of Ihcso petitions. A fix
ed majority of tho House have indicated a deter
mined plan to havo them laid on Ihe tublc, and so
far as they can to eupprcss debate in reference to
them, This may be regarded as the unchangeable
resolution of about two thirds of tho House. Tu
what useful end, then, osk of your members to
present such petitions 1 Members from Maine,
Massachusetts, Vermont, Pennsylvania, and it may
be New York, und other Northern States, already
havn a number of these pctitona in their hands,
which, in obedience to their duty to their constitu
ents, nnd to preserve the constitutional right ol"
petition unimpaired, they say they shall present ;
but they express a conviction, at tho soma lime,
that nothing is gained by it, thai it exposes them
selves personally to misconstruction and odium,
that it keeps alivo a pernicious agitation, and that
it is incidentally prejudicial to the best interests of
the Union.
There is a curious question, recently started
here, in reference to rail-roads as connected with
the mail. The Post Mastor General has endeav
ored, during the last season, to make arrangements
for the coutiuunus transportation of the mail from
Washingthnto Huston by rail road and Btcam boat.
His plan is to have tho mail go in forty or fifty
hours from one city to the other, stopping only for
assortment in Uallimoro, Philadelphia, and Now
York. Hut his plans have been dpfcalcd by tlw
high price demanded by the rail road companies.
Several of these carry tho mail as tub-contractari
nt a rate which given a profit lo the contractors ;
but they will nut mako any contract directly with
the Department on satisfactory terms.
The question then, is Whether Congress have
power to tako and use a rnil road just as they have
any other road 1 They have power, by the Con
stitution, to establish jjoj roads. As practically
construed, this means, to select noino county or
state road, river, turnpike, bridge, or other denom
ination of highway, as the way, by or on which
the mail shall be conveyed t Have rail roads any
exclurive privilege in this particular 1 Can they
say to the United States, you tdmll not convey the
mail on our road except vou give our price 1 Or
can tho United States sav to a rail road corpora
tion, wc take your road in spito of you, and cslsb
linh it as a post road, and upon it wo run a mail
locomotive und a mnil car at our own hours:
These are the two extremes. Which is the true
view of the subject, 1 cannot presume to decide.
It is to be hoped there may bo some way to recon
cile the rights and interests of both parties ; for
tho public convenience requires that tho mail
should havo tho benefit of the accelerated speed
of rail roads. Any collision between the United
States and the rail road companies is very much
to be deprecated, for it would five tenfold furce to
the cry of monopoly, which already has had, and
threatens for the future to have, such a mischiev
ous cffe:t on tho prosperity of trado and industry
in the Northern and Middle States.
Gov. McDufiie in his lato Message to tho Leg
islature of S Carolina, thus alludes to tho afTuiib
of tho Federal Government.
I have but a few words lo 6ay to you in relation
to the administration of llio Federal government,
and the general condition of our federal relations.
It has been I'or years my opinion that with a large
si.rplua revenuo, the corruptions of that govern
ment would soon become incurable, and it is by no
means certain that they have not alrecdy reached
the latal point, rhe existing auspices, beyond all
question, are fearfully iiupropitinus. The chief
magistrate of ou' imperial republic, is at this mo
ment, more independant of public opinion, and
wields more de.polic power, than either tho king
of Great Britain or the king of France, and i'. re
mains to be i-ccn whether thu people of iho United
States, like the degenerate Romans in the timo ol
Tiberius, will recognini his right to nominate his
successor, by raising to tho throno Iho Imperial
though not very youthful Ca:sar, who has been al
ready clothed in thn purple with duo solemnity and
formally presented to the people as the annointed
and righful beir to tho succession.
Rut the sinister ornon which darken our federal
horizon, should be regarded only as so many impres
sive admonitions tn us, of our peculiar obligation
to devcllopc the resources, and increase the intrlli.
genco and power, of our State.
From Southern poperi by t!tt -Wm, O inborn.
Dreadful, Icridcnt. The steamboat Oglethorpe,
Captain Uc, owned by Win. Duncan and
Mcisrt. Ihrpcrf, of Savannah and Augusta, burst
bcr boilers on the'evening of the 15,wl,i!e lying at
the wharf at Puryaburg, where she had Hopped to
receive a supply or wood and was not only lei),
dercd a wreck, but the explosion caused tho death
of the captain, mate, the tro engineers, all foor
whitt men. and Iwo'ef thn hands cnlorcd. The
real, live or six In number, were Injuied. Tho
cotton on thu tow boat moored to the Oglethorpe,
took firf and was partially concurred. Such w
tho force of tho explosion, that tho boilers, four in
number, which were upon deck, .wetc thrown on
shore, tw o of them over tho tops of very high trees
on tho bank of thu mor, which in falling, sunk
some feel into tho natth, and rebounding, finally
rested upon the ground, at a conildorablo distanca
from the spot where thoy first struck. Fragments
ol the clothing of '.ho crew, bedding, kc. were lo
be seen on the tops of the Itccs near whefo the bjat
!)'
Anothcraccount aay the boat and cargo, const,
trng of 300 bales of cotton.weroaunk, till th dock
waa on a lecl with the water.
The steamboat Juhn T. Lamar Capt. Poin
sett, from Savannah, was snagged on the 8th imt.
fifty miles below Hawkinsville, with a full cargo
on board ; ho had sunk and filled with water.
Hopes aro entertained that aim will bo raided !itr
cargo is mos'ly insured. .Y. K. CVm. .1dv.
Anacosni.Na Casiiikr AimF.aTiut. We learn tint
Dudley W. Habcnrk, Cashier of the Rranch Rank
of Now Orleans, at Clinton, (La.) who somettinii
since was advnrtiied by iho directors as having ab
sconded .villi a large amount of tho funds of that
.ustitiitinn, was apprehended last night, by two of
our vigilant police oll'icom, Messrs. Ilnyn and Jo!'
fers, on tho York Turnpike, about eighteen miles
from this city. Ho was brought tu town, and af.
tcr examination bnforo Joseph Shane, Esq. wa,
committed to await tho requisition of tho ntithnri.
tics of Louisiana. The officers, it appears, ha.l
got knowledge, or entcrluincd suspicion, of his bo.
lug in a certain houso In this city, and on approach
ing the premises, a hint of their proceeding was
imparted to tho fugitive by some friend, and he
precipitately fled. Tho officers, however, were not
to he thus balked, but soon ascertaining the couria
ho took, thoy started in pursuit, and overtook and
arrested him, as above stated, about 18 miles from
town. When taken before tho magistiate, wo
Icaru that Rabcock at once admitted himself to bo
tho absconding Cashier of the Clinton Hank, and
acknowledged having inado way with or abstracted
abont $30,000 of ita funds. Of this aum from
7000 to 83000 were found upon him when appre
hended. Whether the remainder has been squan
dered, or is, any part of it, likely to be avadabla
to tho Institution, wo do not learn. Uallimort
J'uttiot.
Freedom of Spttt and the Prat. In tho lait
message of Governor Vroom, of Now Jersey, wo
were happy to seo a decided expression of dissent
to the demand of ihe South for an enactment lo
muzzle tho press ; and wo aro equally pleased tn
perceive, that Guv. Golf, of Pcnnsylvania.has taken
tho same decided stand In favor of the rights of free
ii Ji
the c. -. mo ..w.. . .w.uuucaii fur
damages lo tho amount of 30000 in an action
for libel. Tho Republican states that in the trial
in which that verdict was obtained, the defendant
made no defence, in consequence of tho absence of
a principal witness, and that he reserved hinuclf
for a complete defence, in a new trial on a rovicwr.
which is to take place in May next. ib.
Oreut Itarning not ultcayt accompanied by corrttt
judpnrnt tn bunnttt mailers. We heard a few days
since, an anecdote of a learned and worthy Judgw
which admirably illustrates the foregoing state
ment. Tho Judge had a flock of thirty ahoep.which
he thought it important to havo yoked, and employ
cd a man for tho purpose. After the work was
completed the man called for his pay, when tho
Judge interrogated him as to tho price. 'I shall
ask you seven and sixpence,' said the man. 'Sev
en and sixpence,' askud the Judge, ,i not that
moro than it is worth 1' NV replied the tnan.lhat
is as low as I cenatiord it.' 'WcH well,' rejoined
me juuge, mumpmt!g n,0 number of sheep
by
anu proceeueu lo count out thn money
handed it to the man. 'This is tonmm-h id
and
tho
man, 'I meant seven and aixpence for the whole,'
uungor .Mechanic.
EiTK0Bi)i5AKt ciuwoe. The importation of
mm Into the port of New Haven the past year ba
been only one hogshead. Formerly the imports were
about nine thoaiand hogshead a year. Tho com
mor;e of the place has not fallen ofT.on Iho contra
ry has increased.and tho oxports of the place panic
ularly to the West Indies greater than evrr. Tli
return cargoes mostly molasj.e-,ovcr oins thauianl
Midi", of which wprr irusnrteJ tin ysr, Dn t
Mr.

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