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I.1IIBUTV AND t'SIOV. NOW AND FOR P. V Kit ONF AND INSKPll ni.i:.".,..Ji!i ,,;,.,.
HI I I-AM), TurMln.V, February I, I SIIO.
C$t MMt lanU mtvaVO .
rvtunnxo rrnar Trrmar at atm-on, vt.
Kclfilienti with France.
TUB SUPPRKSSK!) llttkh."
Letter of At Jul it Jiroglic to M. Pageot,
I'xai, 17th June, 163ft.
Mr IJi5ngton fully admit in bis note of the taneous determination, by explanations readily of
ntt of April, the right of foreign government !, to fered, a misunderstanding always to be tcgrctlcd.
tk proper cicepllon to the act and language of The amendment of the Chamber of Deputies it
the Oorernmont which he represent,
"Should the President.' ho observes, 'do an of
ficial executive act affecting a foreign power, or
e exceptionable Jnguge in addressing it, thro'
hit Miniater or tbruujjb UioiU..IJ hw tn
paed injuiluua to the dignity of another nation, In
II ll.ese, and other similar caies, a demand fur ex-
pUnation would be respectfully received, ami an
swercdln the manner that justice and a regard to j last, when the Message of President Jackson had
the dignity of the complaining nation, would re- been only known a few days, tn offer us cxplsna
quite." 'ions at great length, of every passage of that Mcs-
Hut ho maintains fhat thctc ptineiplcs, the win- sage which treated of the relations between the
dom of which Is evident, are not applicable lo an ' United States and France ; and sin.e, (hat step and
act by which the President, sole representative of
the nation towards futcirn powers, gives to G-jn-
jrress an account of the situation of foreign rela
tion. "The utmost freedom," says Mr Livingston, "the
utmost freedom from all restraint in the dctal into
which he is obliged to enter, of international con
cerns, and of the measures in relation to then, is
csfoiithl to the proper performmro of this all im
portant part of his functions. Ho nuut c.etrise
them without having continually before him the
fear of offending the susceptibility of the po'vers
whose conduct ho is obliged to notice."
"Were any foreign powers," continued Mr I.iv
Uigston, ''permitted to scan tho communications
of tho executive, their complaints, whether real or
affected, would Involvo the country in continual i
controversies : for the right being admitted, .1
would be a duly to execute it, by demanding a dis
avowal of every phrase ihcy might dcc.n offensive
and an explanation of every word to which an im
proper interpretation could bo given. Tho princi
ple, thcrcfere, has been adopted, that no foreign
po-ser has a right to ask for explanations of nny
thing that the President, in tho execution of his
fiinclions.thiuks proper locommunicatoto Congress,
or of any course he may advise them to pursue."
We cannot, sir, admit such a principle ; wo can
not admit it, at least without condition or lim
it, in an absolute, general and peremptory sense.
It does not depend upon a nation from the mure
fact of its luving adopted such or such a form of
(Jovernmcnt.tn acquiro with regard to foreign pow
ers, mor rights than it would have had, or lo ar
rogate to itself other rights than those which it
would have enjoyed under any other form of govern
ment. Nations arn free to choose without any constraint
the Cfovcrnmcnt they please precisely for this rea
on, and under this condition, that such a choice
concerns them exclusively, and that whatovtr that
choice may be, it cannot affect the rights or injuro
the legitimate interests ofoiher nations.
Now it is the acknowledged right of every Gov
ernment, when the legal representative, or when
tho otficial organ of another Government, expresses
himself pMuly in reference to it, in language
which is deemed offensivo, to demand an explana
tion of it. Such a right the Constitution of the
United States can neither abolish, modify nor res
trict. It is an international right fun droit inter
national.) It suits the people of tho United Slates
to divide the power of thfe Union between a Presi
dent and a Concress. P it so. It suit then to
o'llice the President lo give publidy to Congress an
- . . . r r : . 1'I.ai-
account 01 me sia.c o.
foreign relations. Their
right la unquestionable,
Hut that the rrcsidont of
the United States, the official organ, the legal rep
resentative of tho Union towards foreign nations,
thereby acquires the right to pres himtclfiuWicty
upon foreign government in langtiago offensive to
thoso governments; that ho should, in asserting the
liberty, the freedom, necessary for such communi
cations, dispense with all reserve in Ins language,
and with ail responsibility towards tho powers
whom that languago concerns, is what we cannot
Irresnomibilitv. (I'inviolsbitite) whether it re-
latcs to persons, to acts, or to words, irrcspnnsibili- . the other of the Chambers the amendment under
If, when it is legally established, is a pure nation- ' consideration.
al inilitution. a purely internal regulatlan, and can , I will now proceed to the examination of the ex
nevr be used as an argument in the intercourse ; plsnatiou which have been offered to us.
which Govercmonts hold with each other, If il Mr Livingston is right in thinking thai our nb
were otherwise, and if we were 'disposed, after the r jections to the Message of the President ire confi
PTmnle of Mr Livingston, lo carry the argument red to these two points,
to its extreme comcquenies, it might be maintain-
cd that the President of the United Stales has the
rijhl, provided it bo in a Message to Congress, to
impute jotWiefy to foreign governments and to for-
eign nations the most odioni acts, the most per-
terse intentions ; to hold them up pullitly to the
animadversion of the world without thctc govern-
inert or lhc nations having the right to man. -
fest tho slightest resentment, since, according to
this rery strange doctrine, they would not even be
allowed '.o lake official notice of it.
To state such a doctrine. Is to refute it.
Hoftftcr, sir, ' do not vuh lo exaggerate any
thin". Ml Livingston is jwnccuj ngru wiicn ho
ays UH the cause which ho supports is, in a gen-
ml re. common to ail ireo counmc .-om
all Governmnu founded on the division of power,
and all ibo poblicity of dobalcs, have an interest in
repelling, on the part of foreign power, any inter-
ference with the communictioua wiucn tno i mice
and hi Minister in constitutional Monarchies, and
in republics the magistral entrusted with the ex- ( ion is a sufficient evidence against lh" general te
ecuure power, aro ealled upon to make to the nor of the document If we examine in detail the
Legislature. And this is the reasons Mr Living- ' Message of ihe President of the United Slates, (I
UTBTery ju2icioily observes, that in Frsnee and ' mean that part of it which relates to the relations
in EngUnJ, the language of the royal speeches between the U. Slates and Prance,) it will posi
ts so rtKJrrcd to every Ihxng that concerns foreign ( My bo found that pasting successively from phrase
reUuona and it this same motive, a you will to phraw, none will bj wet with that csnnut bear
oWm, Sir, to tho Cabinet of Waahmgton, that interpretation more or less plausible ; tome, of
bti directed the conduct of Fnue in relation to ; which, strictly speaking, it cannot be said that ill
liM.Mtesafe of President Jtckucn. If the expre-. , IUDpfe expojure of such or such a feet true in it
tea eMiUieed In that MeM( hti Ueq inserted I M)r, or the assertion of such or such a right nhich
in a procli.tion, or ny other et of the execu- ( no one cootet,or the performance of tuch or ucb
tirw por of the Union, we woul at once have t n oMig.Uon Imposed oo th Pretidont by the rery
edits) feu an explanation. Out of respect for (lie
very oitutc oflhc acl the I'roncli government
deemed it doty to manifest the sentiment il felt
on tint occsslon, by iostintly recalling it Minis-
ter, nd (tiling in a communication tlie motive
fu tint recill : but it did not i' forexplanstjon.;
it contented to expect them from the justice of
the Government of the United Sitter, anJfrooi the
i ancient friendship oRbe American nation,not doubt
: ing that the Government of the United States would
1 apprccla'e the difference in such cases, between n
weriugai. interpelltion,ind preventing by a spon-
conceited In ".lie same spirit til reserve nnd concil
ution. II doc not make it tho duty of the French
government to ask for explanations it merely sup
pose they will receive them.
W wore smi mlMaken, Sir In bcllovTrijj'that the
government of United Stale would appreciate : hat
difference, since Mr. Livingston, an he himself ob
serves, hastened as carlv an the 20lh nf January
the explanations contained in his nolo of th 2'Jih
of Januan have received, ss he informs us h hi
nolo of th- 2oth of April, the entire approbation of
the President. I
Mr Livingston was not nslonhed thai tliote ex
planations, as long as they were presented mil) '
upon his personal responsibility, did not prmli.ee
upon us the effect he intended ; but he supposes
that being now clothed with the npprnbaiinn of the j
President, they must satisiV nil that the nicest '
rensf! of national honor could doirc.
He the'refore makes it a point in his note oflhc
2rith, to repeat and developo them, in tho hope
that the I rench government by examining thorn '
anew, under tho impression that they had become
the expression ol tho sentiments of tho President I
would deem them sufficient. I lo is so much the
more anxious to impart to us his own conviction on
tho subject, and he deems it impossible for the
(lovcrnmelit oftlic United Slates to go any further.
Ho even seoms to bo apprchemivo that future, o
vents which he need not specify, designating there
by no doubt the adoption of tho amendment'' of the
Chamber of Deputies by the other two branches of
the Government, may hereafter render improper
any allusion to explanation presented under tho
influence of different circumstances.
We sincerely wish, Sir, not to add to the diffi
culties of the situation in which tho two countries
are respectively placed. The question of date, to
which Mr Livingston se.cms, in this case, to attack
an importance which it belongs not to us to nnnra. i
elate, does not in anyway niter either tho na.
turn or the extent of the duties which ore i
prescribed to us. If satisfnetion had really been
given to the ji!st susceptibility of the French na
tion as early a tho twenty-ninth of January, (the j
date of Mr Livingston's first note,) and therefore
previous to the adoption of tho amendment under
consideration bv the Chamber of Deputies, or as ,
early ns the twenty-seventh of April, (tho date of
Mr Livingston s second nolo,) tout is to sny, tictoro
tho adoption of this same amendment by the other
two branches of tho Legislature, wo would be sin
cerely gratified. Tho more the Government of
tho United States would have shown n willingnes
to explain itself, the more we should be ourselves
disposed to find the explanations satisfactory, and
to view the solicitude of that Government as a tes
timony in favor of (ho intentions which had dicta
led tho Message oftlic President.
Wo will simply observe beforo we proceed,
First, That even supposing the explanations
given by the note of llie U8th of January, to have
been such as we might have wished them, they
were on the 18th of April, the day or the passage
I of tho amendment in tlie Uiambcr ot Deputies, no-
thin" more than the simple expression of tho per
sonal sentiments of Mr Livingston. This is an ob
servation which did not escape his notice.
We will also observe that by the publication of
Mr Livingston's correspondence, the Government
of the Utiileil Statca had excited against him such
n feeling of irritation, that it would havo been out
of our power, even supposing that we had eonsider
j ed thai correspondence as containing nothing but
what was right and proper, to avail ourselves or a
document bearing his signiture, to repel in one or
' Int. Tho Message impeaches tho good faith of
his Majesty's Government.
2d. It contains a threat to secure the execution
, of the treaty by the fear of reprisals,
, It is inJeed under this double point nf view that
the Messagn of President Jackson excited in France
, the indignation. The Cabinet of Washington will
! readily admit that if the allegation tent true, tho
. indignation would be just. No Government, no
, people, would for one moment listen without from
I cither to the direct or inditcct imputation of a want
of good faith, or the idea of another Government
: or another people endeavoring to obtain from it
' through menace, what could cniy no granted uy it
to justice. It must equally no summed trm wncn
the impression produced by the appearance of any
document is general ; when that irnprcion is Jell,
j aol 0iy ,j ,j,e u ,0lo nation whom the document
concerns, but even by foreigners, by uninterested
people, by persons the least disposed lotakc a pari
in the contest, the very universality of that linpres-
nature of Ira functions, There will certainly be i sidcutlon, bo nude to suw tho official form be.
found mm eral In which the idea of Impeaching tho j ,onKin l0 a dlr,.cl communic,tion ffom w (5v.
good faith of Iho I reirb Government, or of acting , ... t ...
upon il through menace or intimidation, is mure or crnnw'1 lo nnl,,er h ,,,ch to,,, ,,e eeu,J l,r r
les disavowed. r i J'0'' 10 rusca suitable reply to be given In it."
Vet when llie who! succession of fact is taken Dec. 1, .Mr Psgeol transmitted a copy of tho let
into view; hen we rccivc the care wh'tch ccma I ter l Mr Toraytli. with a requent lha't ho would
to haio been taken toprcient them ... an unfavora- , , ,t Mon , VfcMenU n a Mr p ,
Mo liht, wuhout niallng nllowanco for .-.rcum-! ' , . , , ,, ..
dtanee.1 which explained hem, wiihout ptjinj any ' wi"' ,,,e B,hice rU"' ''ri''!cr'. efued to receive
regard to cnnriderntioria which he governincnt of! '',0 cop'. fur reason quoletl aboe.
tho l Stale ilfolfhial prcniomly admitted; when I Dec. ft, Mr Pagcnt rvj-iinn. expressing hij aiton-
en-uatthfc end I of (hi uninterrupted erica r al-j imctll nl ,ie rourn of,m .,, Bn, j)U .,l!ccp
lecalions, which have the appearance of wrons,for ., , . ,. . . , '
the eolo tcon that .Vy a,V m.du lo rest on UmV rrK,el """ ,,ie n.1.nndrlnIinff between th. two
l-d and incon.plule VatcmentH, tho unexpected I C'vermneMs, already o aer'muM'hoiilu be. kept up,
proposition In Fay tho at, to tcizu upon Vrench ! not by weighty difficulties which involvu tho inler
pn.pcrl) , il is impoMtub at first view, it is cen csls and the dignity of the two cotinlrict, hut by
Mil . ; , V V 1 gr 1
duiiblu ptitpoM) staled alflvc.
II is liot so, howovrr; at least we. hope it is not. I
U'.it lo banish rntii-'ly uch nn idea, what would
bo necessary : Nothing but what is very simple, j
We do not here contend about this or that phrase,
this or that allegation, this or that expulsion ; we
contend about the intention itself, which has dicta
ted that pari of the Message. Il it be truo that
tho President of the United Slates, in presenting
to CnngtoM a statrmnit of tlio fac.H connected
with the Treaty of the -!h of July, had no inten
tion to cast nny doubt 'mi the good fnitli nf the
French Government; ifit he true that the Presi
df.it of llm United States in proposing to Congrers
to decree the seizure, by force of arms llie French
property, had not the intention to assume with re
gard to France, a nicinuing attitude, wo cannot
see how he, could find any difficulty in declaring it.
Is such a derlaralimi really contained in Mr Liv
ingston's note nddrcssu! to the French government
on the "1th of January, or in that which the came
Minilcr fell at his departure on the "Till of April?
We would be equally at a loss to affirm or to
deny it ; and fur this reason it is evident that nei
ther the one nor the other can be considered suffi
cient. The note of the 28th of January, is inten
ded lo discuss, contradictory with the French gov
ernment, the correctness of facts asserted in the
Message of President Jacjtson. It is intended to
prove that the viow taken by him of these facts is
at least plausible. It is in tho midst of this lung
disquisition lliut two or threo phrases arc inciden
tally thrown out, on the just confidence which the
government of tho U. States has al-uys entertain
ed in thu sincerity of tho French government ; con
fidence which Mr Livingtion had nlwayii mndo it n
duly to foster, mid which, according lo him, is not
in contradiction with any of tho idons, or nlle'Q
lions cxpYchscd in the Message. Tlie note of the
Qr.ll. f A I- M-cv iuiC1.lua lo IiiuKu no liul.-
rcct nnd anticipated examination orthe amendment
introduced by the Chamber of Deputies. While
upon this examination, and with a view to prove j
that any demand for explanations would in future i
he useless in fuel nnd iiiadmissible in principle, Mr. 1
Livingston rcforit to the tchlimony given by him ,
in his first note, to the good fiith of tho French
government ; ho rcferrf to subsequent sanction giv
en by the President fot,hu contents of that note ( he j
dwells on the paragraph in the Message of the
President, in which alljidca of threat is,ho6ays, cx- j
prestly dhavotced. i j
Washington will, we liink, understand it nlso, thai I
You will caM.y conceive, bir, and t lie Cabinet of
such phrases incidentally inserted in documents, ;
the purport and tenor tf 'A hich arc polemical, nnd '
surrounded, in somo infilsurc, hydctnils of a con- 1
troversy which is besides not always free from bit-
tcrness, cannot dispel j sufficiently tho impression'
produced by the pcrustl of the Message, nor strike I
the mind as would thepamc idea expressed in terms j
simple, positive, direct, and unarcompanied by any I
recriminations conceriiing facts or incidents no Ion- j
ger of any importance, Such is the motive, which, ,
among many others, lui plced the French govern- j
incut in the irnposibiky of accrcd.ng to the wihi
exprccted by Mr Livicgston towards the conclusion
of his note of the 25ui of April, by declaring lo
tho Chamber of Peers probably lluil prttiuut r-r-planatiimi
given ly the minuter of the United ib'lrs
anil suhtenuently by the President, hail ttititfud it.
The impression produced by the perusal of the I
Message was deep. It was so in France, in Ku
ropo, nnd even in the United States ; the debates
in Congrcbs and public notoriety sufficiently prove1
ihc fact. Under the weight of this imprcssion.tho
French Government did not hesitate to place itself:
in u situation to meet the engagement contracted '
in the nauiu nf France. In pnucing there foi tho 1
present, and waiting for the fulfilment of those en-;
gagemenis to be claimed, or expecting Ihctn to be ,
claimed, in terms consistent with tho regard hich
j is it due, it is not afrali! of being ocooeod, nor
France winch it represents, ol being accused, oi
appreciating national honor by any numUr of mil
Hunt uhich it could trillihold, at a computation fur
an iniuiv offered to it. Mr Li.itigstuu is the first ,
to repel such an idea. Jar Irom it, the I rencn
t ijovorumcni win coum"1" o iuku aiu uoj, i . , ,
, , , .,,,,;',,. been continued sir.co, and he House, as a party in-
I one in which it will be able to deliver up honorably .,,..,
the trust Uiat lies in in hands ; but each Slate leresled were by the can, on I- nday and Saturday,
' has duties to perform towards itself, each situation j (22d and 2.1d) on I he subject of tins bill. Wo
has its exigencies. Mr Livingston nbjoct to the ' miut(, from tlC Advertiser, under date of Waehing
, idea of (.cuing the President of the Umicd Stales Jt( 18
civinir a new teilimony to the good faith of the ; '"',. ,
French Government, lost such a Mep reasonable This morning Mr Bent.-,', proposition to ap
and just in itsolf. should not appear lo bo exclu-! proprtute the entire surplus, revenue of the country
sively dictated by justice and reason. He will not o it. defence, which was introduced the other day
be astonished if the French Government. on it. ,-de, "me up for enumeration. It will bo rr..b ml
attache an equal importance to shew
i nuwled"imr openly a legitimate debt,
that in ack-
.i - .i.r -
1 1 ng ittelf ready to discharge it, it has exclusively
I consulted rosson and justice.
Vou are authorised, Sir. to read the present des
patch to Mr Fi.rytli, ud if he desires, let him
take l copy of H.
Accent. Sir, Uc. kc.
On the 11th of Sept. lt
Mr Pageot fcijarge
. ,1'sfT.irs nf i'runtt read this letter to Mr Forsyth
! . r- . . . . .... .n, , .1,..
who refuted to request copy
of it nn tlie "round
' that "the President would tbiuk it the most proper i
that every communication upon the subject in dif-
ference between them, des.gr.ed lo influence tit j Mt.a of Mr lientoo, mult on the introduction of . as enowliij thu circomitancsf enoer AJelir.le He
conduct, ibonldMorcUwaubmittodtohuc'n-,mmotiuii, a few d. 4.twe. M, P. n.t, he j n.te v. a. cHH oM j runt.cl the public tcirfneas
1"M''on of arm. uncertain in Ihe.r principle a
loublfi.l In their ipplicallou.'
Jan. 2, Mr Pagcot ceases In act as an official a
gent and claims the protection nf the Federal Gov
ernmentwhich Is granted.
21 111 COiiirrcss---Isil .Ncioii.
Il is unnecessary lo say lo our readers that the
limits of our paper will admit bul a small share of
tho numerous speeches in Congress no thu various
subjects before it, for they aro nil nwarc of it.
Hence, our only course is to give tho subdance in
condensed forms; and even in doing- this, and keep
up tho regular journal of sketches of the proceed
ings nnd tho current news of the day, wo necessa
rily nficn get behind hand, that is, behind tho large
semi weekly foreign papers, tin is tho case now.
This isn dilemma the more mortifying when lln ro
are subjects before Congress of great interest; but
wo will endeavor ultimately to bring tip the rear,
and hopo our readers will exercise oil duo patiunce.J
Mr Dk.nto.s's resolutions, in tho Senate, to np
propriate all the surplus revenue of the U. Slatos
lo means of defence, being deemed somewlut of n
War measure, hos elicited n torrent of debate fur
from being uninteresting.
On tho introduction of these resolutions Mr II.
reviewed thoritatn of affairs with France, in which,
ho said, in order to give efficacy to his motion and
stimulato its immediate adoption, pictured out n
powerful French fleet on our coast, menacing us.
Ho referred nlso to the Treoly.by which Franco
! t..n ,.jiyl,i- nMtrrU,ir7 b.'mirilii'wllllc sIlO
r"'1'8 10 fu,fil 011 ,icr Vntl- 1,0 "Clc"' spoken
unkindly of France, but wo must bo prepared for
tho .worst. He then changed his theme, nnd spoko
of tho loss nf tho fortigcaliun bill last tcsion, re
counting its oxtenelvo provisions, nnd charging the
loss of the bill, with the three million amendment
of tho House on the evening beforo Congress rote,
to the Senate. As a specimen of his matter, c
give his closing remarks :
"The fourth circumstance on which Mr Ilcnioti
relied to show that the Senate was responsible for
,hc PrC!0nt "1c,,1 ""3 dofrnclew condition of the
country, nnd for tlm humiliation to which we were
now subjected in being superintended by the heroes
of Algiers nnd Navnrino, tho project of certain
Senators to apply the public moneys in n different
direction, namely, to divide them among tho Stntes
and which requires them to keep thu sum for dis
tribution as large us possible, in order to present
captivating dividends lo each distribute. The plan
of putting th" country in a posluro of dofencc,was
incompatible with these plans of distributing the
revenues, Tho two plans cannot go on together;
one or the other must give way, nnd ho had pur
posely drswn llie resolution under consideration to
mnku nn isuc between them, and to drnu' the line
between thoc who will put their country in a state
of defence, and lhoe who will leave it naked uud
"Mr U. had felt it his duty to bring lo tho no
tice , of the Senate tho approach of the French
squadron ofobeervation, and to show that il came
beeaiite 'America hud not force capable of Leintr op
pond to it.' It was it Hubsid.ary argument, uud n
lair illustration of the dangers, and humiliation of a
defunculuss position. It should stimulato us to in
stant nnd vigorous action; to tho concentration
of all our uionoy, and all our forces, to the sacred
task of national defence. For himself he did not
believe there would be war, bacaute he knew that
thcro ought nut to bo war; but that belief would
havo no ctfect upon his conduct.
The correspondent of tho Portland Advertiser
has given the substance of Mr v ebslcr a reply to
the charecs of Col. Ucnlon, nnd some notice of
, ljc rcnsrks of pruvjuu, Bankers. Thodobatehas
' ,r COICrH "u g'veu nonce n.
! nftrr the Senale had once mare been in Lrtnttve
irmon. he enabled to give much --('' '
ton's imputaltiion, that it w ibo Henaio that
the present defenceless state of tho country as
lobe attributed, a would satisfy Iho most Incredu
lous that such an impjtation was far from I do
fict. That very day he moved lo go into Kim-u.
live Mission, and there nude a motion that the
inmnrition ofmresv be removed from the proceed.
tl(, tif tlie Semie in UxccuUve eion on the last
t niuht uf the last Cong
L'rcss. It was carneu. anu
Hi,,, obtained the cower derived by Mr Webster to
set Ihe matter alluded In by Mr Ucntou, the other
dsr. clearly before 'h nation.
Mr l.wtng had the floor, and replied id me
slwaya i cfoar. direct, and argumentative. He
was follow ed by Mr (5old!mrtugh, tuthossmO
clfecl, and then Mr Benton mt.de some more Tn
marks, going uvrr very much thn stme crnund a
belore. Mr Poller of Lo-iliians, then made
iiiosl brilliant speech, In defence or the entirs par
sued by Jh Senale on Ihe furUflcatioiulhll at ihe
last session, and lu comment upon Ihe motive in.
ference, arguments and illusion of Mr lbntnn, in
hi specch.nn introducing Ihe resolution bertim tho
S'cnsle, It was a most ablo olforl, and deserves
lu bn ranked among Iho proudest ever offered utt
that llnor. A soon ss he took oisseit,
Mr WKIWTIlll nnxt nddrewed Iho Chair. It Is
not my purpose, Mr. President, (said h,) to make
any remark on the state ol our flair with Francel
The tuna for that discussion ha not come, and I
wsit. We rii in daily expectation nf a communl
catiun from tho President, which will gUn o light;
...d we nra authorized to expect a rccominend.Uon
by him or such measure . ho think it mav be
necessary nd proper fur Congress to ndoptj da
not anticipated him. I do nol forerun him. In
this most liuporl.nl and delicate biuinc, il is iho
proper duty of tho Kxecutlvo lo go forwnrd, ud I,
fur one, do not intend cither lo be drawn or driven
Into the lead. When official information shs.ll ,
before us, and whenmcBsu.es shall b recommend,
ed upon tho proper responsibility, I hsll endeavor
io lurni urn best judgment I can, and shall act ao
cording to its dictates.
I rise, now, for another nurnose. Thi
tiun has drawn nn n debate upon thn generil con.
dust of thu Senate during Iho lost session of
Congress, nnd especially in regard to the proposed
grant of iho three millions to iho President nn the
last night of iho smsion. My main object is to
tell thu story of this transaction, nnd to exhibit Iho
conduct of tho Semite fairly to their view. 1 oh o
this duly to thu Senate. I owe it to the commit
ko with which I am connected : nml r,lilioonl.
whatever is personal to nn individual i neiirmll v
of loo littlo importance to bo'nisdo the subject of
mutk remark, I hope I moy bo permitted to av
that, in n mnttcr, in regard to which thcro ha
hco so much misrepresentation, I wish to say a
few words fur thu sake uf defending my own re
pulntion. This vole for thu three millions wni proposed by
llm House of Keprcscntailvc as an amendment
to Iho fortification bill: nnd the loss of that bill,
three millions nnd all, is the charge which has been
upon tho Senate, sounded over all tho land, and
now again renev ed. I propose In give the true
history ofihis bill, it origin, its progress, and it
IJefore attempting that, however, let tno rcrmik
for il is worthy to be remarked, and remembered
ilmi the buhlness brought beforo tlio Senate last
session, important and various as it was, and boll,
public nhd private, was nil gone through, with mot
uncommon dspntch and promptitude. No session
has witnessed a more complete clearing off and
finishing of the subject before us. Tho commit,
mentions from the other Houso, whether bill or
whatever else, were especially attended to In pro
per season, nnd with (.hat ready respect which io
duo from one House lo the other, I recollect
nothing of any importance, which camo to us from
tho llouso of Representatives, which mi here
ucglectd, overlooked, or disregarded.
On tho other hand, iljwus Iho misfortune of iho
Senate, nnd, as I think, thn niirorttino of iho coun.
try, that, owing to the slate of business in the
House of Representatives towards the close oftho
session, several moaMures which had been inatumd
in Ihe Senate, and passed into bills, did not rcccivo
attention, so as to be either agreed to or rejected
in the other branch oftho Legisllurc, They fell,
of course by the termination of the session,
Among theso measures may bo mentioned the
The pott office reform bill, which pnssod tho 8e
nalo ununimoKili, and of the necessity for which
the whulu country is certainly now most abundant
The Cm lorn flume Ilrffulationt Hill, which alto
passed nearly unanimously, after a very UUurioii
preparation by the Committee on Commerce, and a
full discussion in llm Senate.
The Judicary Hill, passed here by a majority of
thirty one to live, and which lis again already
pasted thoSenato at this session with only tingle
The bill indemnifying cluinanti for French poll
ution before 1800;
The bill regulating the drio$ite of the public mo
neyt in the iJeji.ieite ltankt;
The bill respecting the tenure rf certain office,
and the power or removal from office; which ha now
ngam pasted tn be engrossed, lu the Scnite, by a
All these important measurer, matured and
passed in the Senate in the course of the e
sion, and many other whose importance wi
less, wero sent to the House of Representatives,
and wo never lieird any thing more from them.
They there found their graves.
It is worthy of being remarked, also that tho it
lendence of member of the Senate, wa remarka
bly full, particularly toward the' end oftho Session.
On the list day every Senator t in his place till
very near the hour of adjournment, the journal
will-show. Wc hd no breaking up for want of a
quorum; no delay, no call oftho Senate; nothing
which w made necessary by Iho negligence or in
attention oftho member of thu body. On the
vote for the three million of dollars, which
wan tak(.n at about eight o'clock in the evening,
forty-eight vote were gisen, every member of the
Semite being in his plico and answering to hi
name. Thn i an invunce of punctuality, dili
gence, and labor, continued to the very end of au
irduouesslon, wholly without example or peril
lei. The Senate, I hen, sir, must iimd, in'-lho judge
uiimt of every man, fully acquitted uf all reinlMne
all negligence, all inattention, amidst the fstlgne
and exhaustion of ihe doting hour ofCougroM.
Nothing pasrod unheeded, nothing wa overlooked
notLiog forgotten, and nothing slighted.
And now, sir, I would uceed immediately to
give the Littnry of the fortification bill, if it were,
1 not oecory s introdoctory to that history, and