Newspaper Page Text
J"' " ' ' " mjiu. i. u ami INK'' Ml III.:.",...Jkmi
KI TI,M. TiifNilnv
;v I'm in: it m.
C I) r il u 1 1 an to Strain.
rrauman rvr.rTC;f)T, at hot Lamp, vt.
I'OKT n V.
m n i. (i n v .
T r 1 1 1, u x I. seer. TT.
If xn bright ttr wl.eli zm h n'jSI
I ! a M.miViI ttwclKor. tphtrfi
Whr liindf sl tptrili rr.unil
Whom Dssth ht lorn itunltr hue,
How iwi' M vcr l orw lo die,
AbJ Irr lhl blighted ntbif.r!
Mis tool and u to clear the Vy,
Aol i&arawsy frm i!r In ittr !
HutnS' how Jark.hnw drsr, liow Inn
WnuU fftn tit btUhtett world of Mm,
tt, wo Itrin; through rch mdient on,
W fill to find (lie ..Tr.l of thu !
If llur im mure th list thill Itrifr,
Which 0lli eolj hnd lone tin icvsr.
Ah ! Oirn tliwn tlsri in nvwktry thfne
More hittful, ii ihty thine fur vt r !
Itean.mt be neh hops in frr,
Thil li;hti ths erf, of clmijt th brow,
rrwUimi thrr it hupphr tphtre
Thin lliii blriV world linl.Ii ui now !
Thre it voir which Snrrntr hsr,
Who heavietl weijhi J.ifo't jailing cliiin;
Til llesTrn thai whitpr ri "dry lliy lurt,
The p'ire in hrirt hlt mf el gin "
in i n q r. I I a n y .
"A VOICE tlRMt'I HH HALLOWS."
The following 11 the, latter wo Imva referred to
a having been written by Crockutt the night be
furo his execution. Tho original is in possession
ef the llov. E. T. Taylor, who has furnished a co
py for publication in Zion'a Herald. Motion Daily
ttuSTO.N jail, Fell. 10, 18130.
"Under a drop reuse of my situation, I write a
few linen, which I leave in the hands of .Mr K. T.
Taylor. I will leave them to show how I come
here. I never was inclined to lie, cheat or stcil
for a living ; but designed to get it honeslly, by la.
bor. And it would have 'jcen so to thin day, if I
had not fallen into bail company. I never wan ac
ri.tomed to crime. My mind has always been far
from it j and 1 never should have been engaged in
thi, if they had not caught me intoxicated. I
knew not what I was about, nor where they were
getting me to.
"Now I feel the effect of falling into bad compa
ny. I would warn tny ynunv friend tn lirop (
of it, and mivf.r tn drink ardent spirits. I consid
er it the fcurcil weapon a man can use to take Ills
life with, and make him eternally miserable. I
would warn yon as a dying friend in the nnnic of
God, to abstain from drinking, for "where Hum is
In wit is out ;" and the Devil U always ready to
id in doing mischief. He will lead a man into
trouble and 1m ve him to get out as he can. lint
remember you lmv) to pay? through the course of
law, to get out; and when you nro inclosed within
walls of stone you will begin to reflect upon your
past lifo, and wish you had read your Uiblo, and at
tanded meetings on the Sabbath, nnd remained at
home evenings with your wives, or at your board
ing houtos. Then your wives would not have to
obtain permission of the Jail Keeper lo allow them
to converse with yon through tlio littlo trap door,
and uxcp over you, and return home with broken
hearts lo say, "Hum and brandy put our hvibandt
"No wonder that so many crimes nre committed
hj the drunkard ! for his brains are boiling in al
cohol. It changes Iho mo to a 1al, and destroys
the finer works of nature."
A MoiiRinut rwT to km-hat a i i.mai.i;. A
transaction thowing tho most diabolical wicked,
ncss, has recently been dovlnped. A young orphan
lady residing in or near Ilarnet, Vt. was ben-t by
Of n, C n, (formerly n candidate for Congre)
with the must insulting proposals. These she in
dignantly rejected, and came tn reside with an aunt
in Boston. Gen. C n went to New York. A
young man named .McClinioek, with whom tho i
young Isdy lud ben arqna.nliM) in Vermont, called j
on her in Boston and invited htr to ride with him ;
to Worceitcr on the railroad ; to which she con
tented. On their arrival ibero, he informed her
that he must go to Hartford ; but she strenuously
resisted going fir some lime, when finding him de
tennined, and feinng to return to the city alone,
and being wit limit mnney h ennocnlcd accom
pany hitn. On arriving al Hartford, he informed
her that he should take the stage the next morning
for Boston; but be deceived her, and went on hoard
the New Haven stage. There he imposed on her
again by pretending tn take the Providence, when
in fct ho look the Now York boat. On arriving
at New York hc was hastily placed in a carriage,
when to her astonishment and horror, she found
hcrfclf in company with Gen. 0 h n! "Now
Pvc got yotj," said the monster. She was whirled
away to a hous of questionable fame, and errrv
eiTort made by C to tempt her mm ihe pilh of i
dishonor and rjin ; but h resisted all hi ctf.iru,
tni dcclired she would part with hsr virtue only
with her life. C h n finding he hid gone loo
ftr for hit cwn nfclv. placed her again onder the ,
hrge tf McClintocK, who itarted with her for '
Botlrn. After leaving New Haven some suspi-
cions were started, and several gentlemen pormcd I
ami overtook them at Hartford. On making known '
their errand, she jovTully threw herself on their i
protection, and has been returned Ui her friends.
Jler inhuman Kidnapper was suffered to escape, and
as well a his diabolical employer, still goes un
ihipt of joittee.
Upon tbe above the Editor of the Springfield
We Cod this article without credit, and know
not in what piper it firtt appeared, but learn that
It u incorrect so fsr at rciatet to the circumstances
cf detection. Soon after Ihe parties left Treat's
Hotel in Hartford, tin their way to New York, it
j ws ilisrut rtrd llnl lha young lady lisd msdc I tin wo
her siliulion In mm one in the house ; that h
had no thangrof dfrss, fcc. Mf Treat itsrtcd nn-
' mrdialrlr in pursuit and went in New York, hut
i but rnifffd them. On his rrlurn he found McCliti-
' lock if.d Ihe young lady at his house, baring hrcn
dcisiprd thrte by hu kind family, Hete MtCltn-
injK menu in pay inc rxpente 01 the pnrMill,
land of conveying her home to Vsrmont ; and Mr
' '"I r'rd thrwtgh this town a few days after,
with the young lrdy in charge."
ltmrntMr llrpratily. On Tuesday, a young
man aiiotcd by lo of llle-l'olicc officers, on
a charge of burglary, bul his elimination has not
yet tiken place, and the circumstances connected
it'i it, cannot in cnntrijuence ho made public.
He u as discharged at the February term on a
charge nesrly similar, for reasons best known to
thote in authority, but bo has proicd that ho is a
mot hardened wretch.
On earching his pocket ihe following copy .if
iciirr, addressed to a young lady, was found,
and c give it entire, to show that his, lalcnts nnd
education, hive been most wofully perverted :
"I have ben the child of misfortune. Tho cur
rent of my life roiii thu rarlicM period lean recol-
leci, una been dark and troubled. Few gleams of
aunsnuw have ever brightened the slreain.and when
they did dance for a moment, on a. passing joyous
ripple that ruffled its surface, ii was to give place
tn heavy clouds, under whose lowering shadow it
again asemned ita usual leaden hue.
"Oh i; ! how is it lo bo ! You have al
so from your own account suffered much from loss
of fortune, and of near and dear friends. Oil ! may
not this sad occurrence prove n lasting "jcncfit lo
us, uwc ate never lo meet again bul wo
not guo way lo ont feelings. Wo have n duty
to perform lo ourselves, nnd friends nnd each other!
our friends, did I say I have no friend. Hut wc
haven duty to perform to iho AU-dlorinun Being,
who has blessed us with health and strength thus
far. I am hero I confess a sinner, but am deter
mined to sin no more if I can help it ; but through
the blessings of divine providence I am determined
to set out nnd gain the promised land."
The letter appears to have been wriltcn during
hi confinement at Bcllcvuc,and is certsiniy n cred
ilablo pcrfnrtni.nco. His friends, for he -has
friends, and his mother nre must deeply affected at
the iniquitous course he has been pursuing. .V. 1'.
Drrxs cannot case pain, promote health, assist
the needy, or sooth the hfllicted; but, on the con
trary, il nllen robs thnm of their just dues.
Massalmusktts. An adjourned Convenlion of
Hi it .Members or i no aiuiracriusctli l.cgtslaturo'.and
of delegates chosen from the various towns in the
Slate not eprctcnled by Whigs, was holden in Bos
ton on the 24th ult. Governor EvKnKrr, nnd
Lieut. Governor Hum. were nominated for re-election.
The following Let'.cr from the Hon. D.t.v
mi, Wr.nsTr.n to a fiiuud in Boston was read to the
Washington, February 27, 1830.
My dtar sir, The Whig .Members of the Leg
islature of MassachtitcllR, of the last year, saw fit
to put me in nomination for the office of President
of the U. S.
Hvcnts have since occurred, which were proba
bly not anticipated, and which may be thought to
have rendered a reconsideration of that nomination
expedient. If this opinion should be entertained
by Ihe Whig Members of the present Legislature,
1 should exceedingly regret that they should for
bear to act upon it, from any mot he of delicacy to
wards me. Indeed, in the state of things nt (lie
sent existing in the country, my personal wishes
are, to withdraw my nanin from the place which it
occupies before the public, in connexion uii!i the
npproarhing elcHion ; mid I am rpirtr-od fV.m o
doing, only by the consideration, that there nro in
terests, which might be nffi-clcd by such n move
mrnt, in regird lo which the opinions of other
ought to be consulted
I wish you, therefore, my dear sir, to signify to
our menus, uiai not only would il give inn u.i pmn
bo no longer considered a candidate, bul l lint
in ))' rlatnni to iho country would le altogether
agreeable io my personal fcclngy. At lim same lime,
I wish it inav aLo be said lo them, lint I shall not
act in oppomiion lo llieir judgment, of what is re-
rjpircd by the public good. I shall nut separate ,
from them, nor from ihnso principles which we'
ha e hitherto maintained, and which, I trust, vvej
ff)ill o-ntimic In moililatu, v lictlici lo majorities Or j
minorities, nr in prosperous or adverse fortune. ,
If in their opinion our common principles and com-'
nioncaiiKC, notwithstanding what l.as occurred, do
till require ofnie, that I re-nam m my present po
sition, 1 shall cheerfully abide by their determina
tion, confident, that in no events hereafter lo hap
pen, can it become matter of r?grct to ine, that 1
have conformed to what cccmcd best to their hon
est patriotism and intelligent sense of public duty.
Wiil. thi. distinct o,n,,-..i.,n ,.f ........... .:n.
-i ...i.i .i r... n'... , '
desiring them lo cnn.ider nothing, but ,
noil J'lPI anil u.ui?,cvi,. j.. biiiicii: liairiUlir .
du,, and the great cause of Constitutional Liber-i
,r .h ..r....t.u- -r
.. l-. : .i
V -fr' k..w... w. ,.uu.,v
fairs, to demand from them and from inc.
With very true regard,
Your obcdisnt servant,
t ir v k', - i -
After the letter had been read, a Committco.ap-
pointed for the purpose, reported a scries ofreso-
luiions, in winch the Convention express their de
j termination lo adhere to the nomination of Mr.
, ccrn-.a for the I'residency, and recommend j
j i-KASirisGftA.H0F.il as a candidate for the Vice-I're-
I. ideccy. The resolutions were unanimously adop.
ted. Another Slate Convention is to be holdon ai
Worcester, on tbe second Wednesday in Scptetu
br, fjr the Domination cf Kleclors,
Mil. SLADKS S';ECif.
A. in the gpnilomin ffoin Virginia says the
",,,f"' I'-.'ti'Ulute of tint Diiricl cannot nni'rr into
' "n ,rc,,,y, alliance or emMe-nliou, gram letters
1 on icmi'ii, ran money, Kc. anil in.
, fvn' ,f ' "nderstand him llial breathe this diabili-
l ,,,'"". a he mppmfs, by iinpheatiioi from thr
,inii,i nun io me ibic oi me r.tercite of these
powers, thcrefure the asmmed ili.ibilny of (.
ctess to aboln.li nUvery "id the elave Irado in lhi
I'lmrici. may. in like manner, renult from its
waot of puer to put m end lo these oils in the
The hnf of this argimcnt rests on a f,c
supposition with regard lilho source of Iho Ina
bility of Congress, an a Lrgnlat,,,,, fr
trict, to make (rentier, guru letters ol'nia rque, and
coin money and fills In ihe ground when il is
percciied that that iiiahilly rciult, not funn the in
hibition lo tin alati-j of th- exeri ioc of such powers
but from their utter incun.lUcpcy ilh bold the
purposes for which the power to legislate ntcrtni!
District was granted, nnd the relation which the
District evidently bears to ll1 Union.
The gentleman from Vnfinia next proceed to
lay down ihe following ycncral rules to retrain
legirlation over this District:
1. "Thai nothing vhich Congress is expressly
"prohibited by the Constitution from doing ns n
"Natbnnl Legislature, can it do ns n local Ijgisla
"tttro for tho JlUtritt nf Columbia."
-. "That ill the duties and obligations which
uif oinics mi: uihiimi up tot- isoublllliuon lo ills-
j ''charge slid observe, from one to the other, the
i oi;,,,, (,!lr,l,! ... ii U.Lt. i i
fl.- 1. 1 1... r- . ,
j " ww.u-.iu..., ... ,,vioiimmii-, ip uuniill
io uiscunrgo onu ouserve lownnm inu stales, ro
"speclivfly."' !). "That ihe Local J?gislaturo of the District
"of Columbia can do no act, or pass no law, which
' the .Stat es are prohibited from doing or put-sing
"by the Constitution."
And how let it bo nskfd, do these rules nffert
thu present question I .Vo cxprcia prohibition to
legislatu on the subject if Stale Slavery h found
in the Constitution uulcstii be in tho amendment
which provides that "Iho powers not delegated to
the United .Stales by tho Constitution, nor prohib
ited by it lo tho Stolen, ire reserved to the Stotci
respectfully, or to the pelplt:.' But if Congress
cannot legislate on the -object of slavery in this
District, because the right to legislate upon it in
the Stn.es is "reserved U tho Slntes.'' how is it
to legislate for the Distifct at nil? Tho hiibj.ctn
of eicry ilny legislation ftr the District nre sub
jects upon which Coiigret has no power to leginlate
...r in" oiaies, nnu are, mereioro, according to the
gentleman i argument, subjects on which it has no
nght to leg.slalo here. , J
-aj ---" uittioucti ,
this subject 1 Are iho SUtes bound, bv their .
., , .. J . ... ,, . , "u, uj iitfir
"duties nnd "hhsatlons" towar.W each other to re-
fra.n from nbolishing S avcry anJ the Slnvo trade
within U,clr respective limits I Nnbody pretends j
. . , ;
Many States have done .1; i.n many more may
vet do it, fur any thing that can bo found to the '
contrary in Iho Constitution. And can nnv '
greater evil result to any oflho Slave States from ,
theexercUoofn power by Contrcw to abohsl. ,
slnverv and the Slave trade will.'., thn limit. ,
-1 - ,.u
.i :.. it:.,.:... .1 . i.l t. r t
lion i,isirn;i, man ryiiuiu 1,'MJii ir;ill me exercibf
by the Slates, of llieir admitted pivver of doing the
sumu thing within their limits ? .May not Mary
land, (or example, if she chosn, put nn cud in
these evils wi'hin her limits? And would not the
exercise oflho power be as dangil-ous to the pence
of the Smith; ns would be the exercise of the
came power by Cuiigress in regard to this Dis
And has the gentleman's third rule a more ap
propriate apdiciiiion to the piei-elt tpi'-slion than
either of the others ? To what pirpoji', m refer
ence to lliirt uigiiiiiiMit is it lo rat lint Cougres
run parf no hnv in rejetcni-o lo tlin District which
Iho Slates art- prololuiuii irom parting I Are the
Simp- tirithiliiip'l from putiing lid abolUhlii:
Nlivfiv ami iiip riia.-e trride .uini.Hiicir rupei lit.,
Ths geiilli-uiau from Virgmin slys. the Cinn
tiitl'in deelires Ills! "ptivtiii- pr" t'fiv -lull not be
laken for public or; w.u !! y r -oipens-iiioii."
Supporing this in line a:iv 'p. i'-n lo the pro
sent rase.il onlv imoivcs in., .n-io) .v Iji'lher sIjv es
can bo rightfully ouuine'iiuteil by legislative nu
thoiily. vvilhoul initidlus; a j.isl coiiipeiitatinn to
llieir nnslors. This louche a rpie.tinn which I
w ill mil now thscuss, iiamely: wh:itistho founda.
lion ofthe right to the slave, which
M stld lo be
lOMteil to tin functor f Vim..
not asked to toko private property for public llst.. I
L.,t i., r, tup AO troin iiieuimaliirnlroriiliti,.,.
of being the property of ormtlior to the end. M0t
that he may become the properly of the public,
but the proprietor of himself Hut this is not ail
we are called on to do. We arc osked to prohib
it men from making merchandise of their felluvv
men; from bvtng nnd e!ling ihern 'to get gain.' i
Do gentlemen talk of a compensation to the slave
mcachnnt for tho los of such a privilege? Do I
they even touch tho subj'-ct of tho Slave Irado
within this District? Dire thev du it ? Arethrtn
i.ii.i,i.'!.,i,.,.fi.,j.i: .i... i
-u'ject Is there any question about cornpcri.a- .
I,.., i mm i.,u t ..... i,it-,t ,.n itnwiiM ..... ...
' ' w ' .; ..... ... ,nu i
" tore of society, a. r zoterumev.' to which '
tho nemlpo,,.. IV... Viroitua refer. tv ...,-. '
- .-V --I'"-'
or tOltlltl-ll lalntmnrnf.lir fit lite rilllk ,.! tin. Sl.la.t
ui nit; omiesi
t; but the want of
tver to put down
any kind nf an obstoue ta short
a will in Ihnic wV haw the powc
l,. .1 : i i. . .trt- '
.un uu.iuooBuie irainc. .
tl.vi.,,. ,l -,-n,t to shoa- ,1... .1,.
of Congress to legislate on the subject of theso
petition?, is obviously included in Iho power to
'exercise exclusive legisatnn in all esses whatso.
over, is noi restrain! by any natural limitations
I orieUtno paflr, nor by viy exprew or impheiJ i
limitations lo be found in the Con.titution, the 1
-H liore u Hio JuQiit.i(in to be I
found tor vvhie , gent ernen so eariie.t.y contend - ,
I am ariiworod in the acta 'f cestien, by which i
the Stale of Virginia and Maryland ceded ihe
territory htch forms this District to the U. Ss.
i beae acts, ay gcDlleracn, are cosc.'usive upon :
He suVjeet. Int u tlnn if ihrc States did
in miking .he rem, t uny Impose re.lnrt..
a. variance with the plain l.g..,ge orthe Cn.-i.
..: and .he,her Congr,,, accepled grants,
The e'i"inn from Virginia wis mdo by set
Ir,'ilalnrr ortlut Slain n Ihe thud ofllee, 1780,
,l' ",c r' v"' words.-
"Be it enaefd by the G.neral Asterwhlr. Tint
a tract nfcounlfv,
hot exceeding leu toiles square,
or any luser qtiantity,
It) be located illoo Ihe
limit, or the State, arid in any part thereof,. Con.
gres, may, by liw, dirrtl, shsll be and Iho ime
is hereby lotever leded ncd rHlmmii.ho.1 to th
Congress nnd (lovurnrt.enl of the U. Slat.-, in Ml
and nbsolnt-right an 1 exclusive juri.cti..n. well
of -nil a of persons residing or to roMrtV there..,,
pursuant in "io icimr anil anci oi llie elglilli see
tion of the first arliclo of the CtiiMituliun of Ihe
Government oflho U. il.
This crsnt il will bo perceived transfers to Ihe
V. S "oxtIimivu Jurisdiction ofsoll nnd persons re
siding, or to reside thereon;" mil add, "purnnnt
lo tho tenor and effect of iho eighth section of thr
firtt urtii-ln of the (ontituiinn pf l.'ia fjttv emmfnt
of the United Slates:" thai iH pursuant tn ihnt
ofthe Constitution which, ns we huvo seen, ex
pressly grants to Congress thr powe "lo oxi-iein!
exclusive legislation in all cascii whatsoever."
Here, then instead of a restriction of the jiridic
tion contcinpluted in the Constitution thero is, both
in direct term, and by reference to ihnt in
strument, an express and clenr confirmation of
But, say gentlemen, thero is a proviso which
fiillitA-s this grant, that columns the limitation con-
ended for. Lot ns sec. The proviso is ns fo.
lows: "I'rovided that nothing herein contained
shall bo constructed to vest in the Unithd Stales
I iiuy right nf property in the soil, or to nflect the
rights of individuals therein, otherwise thin the
same shall or may bo transferred by such individu
als to the United Slates." Now, sir, is ii not
nppenrcnt, upon tho slightest iiinpection of this
proviso, that it limited the grant only so fur as it
cxlended to the soil, and was designed merely to
protect the rights of individuals therein filial, is
in the soil) from the operation of that part of
the cession which grants "the tract of country" to
the United States "in full and ribniluto right'"
Il sccmr tome, indeed, that, so fur from limitaling
Iho grant in reference to the subject inntler now
under consideration, this very proviso dues in af
fect ecnfirm it, since nn express exception of one
species of right from Ihe operation ofthe grnnt,nnd
one only, would seem to imply nn exclusion of nil
other exceptions. It is, indeed, altogether incre
dible, that the Legislatures of Virginia und Mary
land should inivc intended In restrict the U. Slates
jn ,heir powcr over the subject of shivery, vvitlin.it
usjII(, language which would directly, or by clear
iuinhcatia.,. L-l. .
gentleman from Virginion fMr Wise rives
- i.i:.: .. i c . .i . ' '"I1L
nilrlittoiial force to Ins iir-uincnt hv nskiior
-UVI.y .v.. tl.o o,.i T.i "., i ,JZr l.j'lL.
"the ceding Slates ennsent to the purclm-e ol
..,,acee roqlllrei by ,,e Comlitolion, if.t was not
"to give the States tho power of imposing condition
onn(I restrBill( uputl Jour 0,,ithlim mer ,10 cc.IchI
... ... , . ..
v 1 1,0 power of l.npysuiflr con.l . t ...n r.nI restraint?"
"7 ' l'."9 V ,lUl V"'1"'' !h h,?"'
' ' rgmia aim maryinno m cotirso unuersioou u
nnd would tnke care to impofc in their grnnts, al!
the conditions and restraints upon tho legislatinn
of Congress which they thought proper; and to do
it to plainly I lint even the iv ay-faring man need nut
err in regard to them. Now, vvheie are iho con
dition and restraints on which gentlemen rely?
I have recited ihu ivholo : and who will say that
ihoy etntrncc any icstraint upon the power of
Congress touching the ruhjecl under corisiilcratiot.l
Is not the omission upon the gentlciiiaii'bown view
oflho subject, decisive ol'lhe question ?
But the gentleman having looked into the grant
and seeing tint no such "condition and restraint"
was imposed there, seeks lo liuil It in ''the iinluie
of soriely nud government in Maryland and Vir
gitun;" which he says is "of lUelf, independent of
'on liions expres'ed in ihe ucIh of cession, nuffi
pint lo restrain your powered legislation over tlos
iiliji-ci." 'J'hiis, at one moment, n cession was
provided for in tho Coiietlliltiou.to the end that the
i'Hii7 stntes might impnsn condition and restraint
upon iho lenisln'.ion of Congreeft; n.id at the next
".he nilure of society nnd government in Maryland
'iiul Virginia is of itself a sufficient restraint,''
wilhoul unj thing expressed in the grnnl '.
Bnt, Mr Speaker, vvhnt is the condition of the
people of ibis district in regard to this important
i ...i.: .. :r.l... MiniiniiilAi t.tr u rint nr.ir.lnil
""'J' ' o "- I"" '- - "
"' :WS"'"' ' oiarvianu anu Virginia, iossiing
tho power to abolish slavery n
MHIn llieir resiwcllve limits,
and tli" ulavo irailo
had : tin power ot
doing it within tho territory
loing it within tho territory which now compotes
this district. But they possess it no longer.
Their jurisdiction here Is extinguished. Tho in-
I hthitnnts of Ihe territory are transferred tn the U.
! States entirely divestod of all civil jurisdiction; with
no power lo Irgishte on this or any other rsubjoct,
! hut subjected to the "exclusive legis la'ion" id'
(' igre.s in "til esses vv hitsoever." However
much thev tnnv. at nnv lime, desire lo free llic ler-
'""1I :ue curse tn tiav.'fy aniii.wtmvt- irane.
thev are noerles. J'or any Uiing they can do
" ""7 ' ".
. . . , i
uicir eniiuroii if ciiiiurtin, i-i .u ..r. ....r.,
il OI I t.l
don.ne.1 among the,,, a traOlc wlitet.
mako- irierriiai.diw. ofthe Uulw and Iho souls of
..... , ....... ,.. m,I.An tl.r.MI. lhir
i . . n i
'"i' chailiu togelner, cirrois'ite ,.r l- nuan bo- j
! '"K d'-itmnd to the slnve prison nod the Uv hip;
'and which agon:ws tneir moral sonwbilitie by s I
, 11. (1 -s"
and wliic II airon
w .... . , . r t
severance of .lithe ties ivl,!, bind rr.en oh . fel-
low-man.in the most valued naa ernjeirnu reisuon
of human lifo.
I have thus shown that the power given to
Con"ro over this subject, by Ihe genertl grant
In t,cUn,wlu ' "
ts afieetcl. neither bv trie na-
lur '""""V . " " . . I I u i ,i,
f .. I. u t tf llimilllDU. nair uar, ui (awwa
... . .nf limiiattoti. rxvTtsr. or itnpUw, in
Tt'JI Mf aaisj 9 - J
. fc- , , of Msr.iand
C","HB . ' '
, ... . (rom jjlrTjinj u oa lb 15 lb of
,f UertroWr. 1731.
Hit m i in "i".'
frsn' frfa Virjiou,
ol it JmiUJ ' J !rt la i'rorn-)
, But Ihe petitioner, are loro met with another
' objocl.on to grjnling Ihe pr.vr of Si l,M
IiV, ,,, J.onn, Rite Mf'ty. T,,' Kn
the work of abolishing stj vert . n,1 tn l.anl.l. It..
ni IIFIPKinUle iralli
, jr , " - ' , i, I, i
in human flesh from thin dnirlrf
i are told, tpml tn ...Ii. . .r.i. . f .
, rection in the Southern si.. .t J'.,.':"
- - a no.iii oi ininr.
, full rem tmhe.r im.. ..!..... I. ' C
rors of rape, rapine and murder uh.ei. . .it r.ML.
ity of gmtlr.nrn In he,n gloomv lorehodlni?,
; know tht-v are in a position to f"er vthat I can
oo no, prrniH niyteii to douU the perfect sineer-
; see. anil ferl what I cannot fed. I will not allme
, tnvselfto trifle ivilhtl.ir .in..-,,. c..l....
subject, though I must bo p.rmlllrd lo doubt thu
' correctness of tho one, and. Ihe justness oflho
.'ml tniy I not wr ,!n.',t j t, U tmn , j mi
proruss a very fjniillir acq.islnlancM with Iho die
position of the slave popnlatltn. nr theprobahlo In.
flunce upon them of a discussion if, and anion
upon, this snhj-ct. And while would hesitate to
PPnoir own Individual opinion to thn assertion!
ofi'iuorM.' geiule.ne.i, so ronlldeiitlr made thev
; must prrmii mu to confront tl em. not altogether
with my own opinion, huluiih the authdrity of
intelligent nnd respectable lavehold.irs themselves.
I hold in tny hand n petition presented tn thia
House in tho year 19'29, signed by more than dev.
en hundred cllirrns ofthis ilistiict, pravlng for th
nbolition of slavery and Ihe slave 'fade within Ita
limits. It was referred to the comniitleo on the
district nf Columbia, nnd remained unacted on until
the last se-sion, when it was called up, on motion
of an Inimitable member from New Hampshire, (Mr
Hubbard.) nnd ordered to bo printed, with thn
nnmej of tho signers. I send it to the Chair, and
nsk ihnt it may be read by the cleik.
Here Mr Garland, of Virginia, interposed and said
he should object In the reading of that and all oth
er petitions on the subject, unless the gentleman
used it n a part of his argument.
Mr Slndii replied that ho intended sotousait,
and should fend it himself, but being exhausted, lis
wished it read by the clctk.
MrGarhnd withdrew his objection, nnd consen
ted to the reading as nn act of courtesy to Mr
The petition was then read
by the cloik a fol-
"7othr honorable the Senate and House lief re
nnUtiutofjhe United if tales of. Imei tea in Con
(lets attemlled :
"We the undersigned, citizces of tho counties of
Washington and Alexandria, in the district of Co
lumbia, beg leave to cull tho attention nfynnr lion
oriiblobody to nn evil of serious magnitude, which
greatly Impairs Iho prosperity and happiness of this
ilistiict, nnd casts tho reproach of inconsistency
upon the Tree institutions estnblishd among ua.
"While the laws of ihe United Suites denounco
the foreign slave trade ns piracy, and punish with
thin, there exists in this district, the sent of the
National Government, a domestic hIivo trade
scarcely less disgrncelul in its character, nnd even
ui.ire demoralizing in Us inlluenre. For this is not,
like the former, carriod on ngnirist a barbarous na
tion its victims nre reared up ntniing i,e people
of this country, educated in the piecepis of the
same religion, and imbued with similar domestic
"These people arc, without their content, torn
from their homes; husband and wife are frequently
separated and bold into different parts; children are
taken from their parents, without regard to tho ties
of nature; and iho must endearing bonds of ofiec
tion are broken for ever.
"Nor is this trallie confined to those who nre le
golly slaves fur life. Some who are entitled to
freedom, and many who have o limited lima lo serve,
are sold into unconditional silvery ; and, owinjr to
the defectiveness of our laws, they nro generally
carried out of the district before the necessary step
C3U be taken for their releoie.
"Wo behold these scei.es continually taking
place among us, and lament our inability to pro
vent them. The people of ihi district, havn with
in themselves, no moans of legislative redress; and
wo therefore appeal to jour honorable body, as thn
only one invested by tho American Constitution
with the powor lo relluvu us,
"Nor is it only from Ihe rapacity of slave, tra
ders that the colored race in this district are doom
ed to Giiffur. IJvi.il Ihe laws which govern us sanc
tion and direct, in certain cases, a procedure that
wo beltevo ns unpnrallelcd, in glbring injustice, by
nnvthing at present known among the Governments
of Christendom. An liitlancn of the operations of
th'jse liws, which occurred dnrirg the hit miuimcr,
we will briefly telate s
"A colored ma ri. who stated I list ho u untitled
to freedom, was Itken up as a runiway slave, and
lodged in the jail nf Washington city. Ho was ad
vcr'tsed, but no one appearing to elsiin him, he
was according to law, put up at public auction for
lliii piyment of his jail fees, nod told as a slave for
life! He was puichated by a sieve trader, who
wns not required to give security for his remaining
in the distr-rt, nnd he was soon after shipped at
Alexandria fir one of the Suiilhtrn Stale. An
attempt was nude by some benevolent individu!
tn huve the sale postponed until his claim to free
dom could be inve.tigated ; but their effort wero
unavailing; and thus was a humsn being cold into
perptttna! hundiijrc at the cspilal ofthe fre-JSl Gov
ernment on earth, without oca a pretence of trial,
or sn ntlegation of crime.
"We blush for our country white wr relate this
dlsgrorrful transaction, ami wo we,
(t f,om the wor'd, did nut Us very e
( ,vj, ,e hope ha it will rouse
'im mm conceal
hope t''st it will rouse the phi Is nth ro-
pit and the patriot to exertion. We havo no hes
itation in believing your honorable body never in
tended tint thi odious law should be enforced; it
wa adopted with ihe old code of Maryland, from
which we bet eve, it In been expunged since tbe
district was coded to the General Government.
"The fact of lis having been so recmtljr exaco
led, shows the neceity of thi object luring inve
ligoted by a power which we confidently hope will
be ready to correct ii.
"We ar aware of the difficulties that would at
tend en? allmpl to lelievc of from the grievan
ces by a sudden emaoeipat.on ol the line la tnis
. ,. ,,. ftf,.,. t,. r.,f,Bm ,ucfu.
" , - - -