Newspaper Page Text
T II K It U T L A N D II E It A L I) .
U rl ult I rtb th wmSJUm-
t ,t-litt .
TV iHJ' f l lirrH iUaifUi '
1 It fiU U Ik jiMMmh ,
titCrU fclM4ltt, Dllt J U..J Ml K.llrtl
MVif 4 tV J.itfM J fA ,, rm-t
f.il ( Ml)f '7lk, nJhl lt. Mdattuo ! Iho
t ( W tlerl trtM, Uf M ! l.c
! pre e Vp ", ! tie iU tf tU ddl;
l Jvvlrviluf, "o if Ilr bd idit.oiljr fenJ
yt tj put" I y. All -h' oHU
iW l H Mat-M If io(-ti f tlm trnj etderpfn 1 1 t
ltd ir t.kripM J lb lhfc ind I lewe,
intertiwrtdlh -,iVa, th lLel.t fiunJl ofrif-wai
rfl4i ll mttut U Mrmptliie( llt fffSl pw4
tJth ' urfOC Mill lAJiefwi-i Mjumwli
til ani la mra l.btliillj a.: repent Th lrth
1. -Tutii(T fit " b"Jt wil ih dfiiVif Ji ihI
drtkWrs uMil Iie "Ho eriUstniLVtr llHl
r ftfrfw4. Tll " lutli" " -
L.,. M Ihn fierr lirr m fron ihe Uf rm
l iW tal deMl'Mi -f ll.o men, emrtiaoti i Co
, rrerty ) rtc. fl -rltWM W j
tiV Rimuim, fcJ Ik rimwMlrti srir
Ctll.ir I el-l pt-lrticitini )n; wiWIc i'tl
sUi nlraB iKt'O i,iwjfB'. iir""
mean t soff1 rut, toul bi r'm 1, i te
lr,ifvr to daily t.tet with th rne ftftret
fr thi lmt''T ;'liS''l"i tt"trJ rJ l.ur
u t pill. Th lftfrirf ,l a r.l lminf.
Uo J BwUwSftUj noej lill. It n Wf mtlnl lit
rfiml. h f"Jl'6n printer (
nircxnmw ntlor. Wll II riranni lo tint si fx-
ttwar JiKimiilin the iiflur of wir im riiMioi
fcj- lti mioJ. II lrn.;ihetn Hie wliu rinp. II
.ll 1.a U tiut. lint III uoofillt)r :qwr, bil it
ilrttroji ll" "idllilr .f lti plt, 'nn;Uifiw IJ
cfuir. iSt l.ll ofiLltmrTiBf. 1
Tht Ml "f lnimulljr li-l"n oJ rc liH Jn i
InC raiKh f.),liifirjlns fnfwunl thii jrrnt vttV fj
r(a(m il Ih' n,orl uprtl n f Ihingf, thonr up Ihf
ltllootnl,! Uxothr mini with an flt IBM it
cinrwhtloiire Oil long II" Iriffw in intnxKmtin;
InnVi ili in nl "(oat to'jni vl illij, tulcrtlnl
,j in J couttlriuiirrd tf puW.c iitii n, tiifii. im
moUl bm;i willrwillnuf lube the ilfrsdtJ bjei nr.
tirotuf (lifir own kpprlit nJ lutti, 1 the iuitrujicnlt tf
wfuiiKitif n-l turn to tilbf n.
In tivr of urh Hint' of tlims, ht i Ibe c,briou
doty rftrtry minlr(f tlm S-ifl),tj.l ury pliilan.
thropiit la ourUoil? I toiwrr iu(fer lint Hit rriululiun
mw urJr eonn.ltrllon la ilumWr menj tlie rrcaitli
f tliti Soeittj". but Ut tt rjr nit mbrr.tiilo nml female
i.VI and yun ct up loitiipuit ad Irutli; nal it
lirinj pritcijiUufacInn: and .npt ilmbli,ilion i an
inriulaW rule "( roiluri, in llifl Kial and tmiin i rc
liliooi of lif. Witlidriw your plronj;e frr.m, and !
(ill no mre tf th mli of your ImoMl ind iitry iiiu
man wim pcrmtlti a courie i.f Ijuihimj, bicli ymi o.
rmnly b'li't'f, an l hern publiidy pronouuer to be im
moral. I' hi bn id, and wifly loo, by an eminent
ilmnaoflheajt, tint much may bo armmpliihrd In
dUcoautfriaoft llif commerce In ardent ipirin, by
dieiom diitritutton of patronage in trade. A irnrd In
inttmtwitl loon prfnluce competition in well doinj
A i acred rponibilily leiti upon erery member of llm
Society in relation to Ibit mailer. Let it bo fearlrtilr
diiehr;Ml. I'rm rejponnbility 10 hl;l-,hnd lojuit.tcl
no on ihrink.
Ilr. firre.i taid tie did not eirect todn luiticc lo tliii
ubltct. fur lis wai not iireiiarej: but tuch wat lh mn. 1
niluJoflh eTll;iuch w t"ic amount nfmiitrv which
It in hii experience and profeuinn, had vanriird ai
Miullin; from thii traffic, that he felt conitrained, wlien
er an i-pporlunily offeretl o enpren hit dctrtlMion of
II. When.taiJ Dr. G, few )fr iince.nl a temperance
einrenlion, comp-rtd of the beit man of our lutid, it rt
fml publiclr di-clared, that the traffic in ardent ipirili
wat an Iminorslitytthat men wriocouliixnJ lo mil rum,
ner judly of a erim a'aiuit (iod and man, Hi a opin
ion n rrceired with caution; and inauy of the bt
frindi of the temperance came, wero nlarmtd ot Ihe
lutdneti of the dcclaralicm, Hut Ihu drcUration excited a
tpirilof niuirymonjlh friend of ttmperauceai lulhc
efTccll of thi tralTic and the mull hai been, thai thnu
aandi, and trot of Ihouiandi of Ihe miil rerprrlnble in
Ihc rommunily hare ccme to the itttled conviction, anJ
Ijyy hare jicblicly and lolemnly pronounced Ihii opin.
ina,-Thal Ihe trnflc in atitnl ipiriU u mmaUy iroiip.
nn- eug'il to bt abandontd Ihrouzli Ihe irurW." Tim
opinion eiUbhthtd, and nr, it there an individual lo thii
home, wno doet not love rum, or ii not profitted by ill
tat, that will nol jrant the immorality of ihe traffic ? I
with to make a few inquiriet into Hie enormity, lb ex
lent of Ihe immorality of tellm rum. Wo all allow that
panlor counterfeit money i an Immorality; thai leading
it an Immorally s thai highway rubbery it a jrm im.
morality . but I with to thow that the man who contin
ue! Ihli traffic nolwillntandin the light that liai t ten
hed upon thit 'moral daiknen,' it more putty not le.
Rally to but morally to in the eye of Ood, than the
counterfeiter, the thief, or the highway robber. If I
tike my neijhbor'i property n l in exchange Rive dim a
counterfeit bill j if ( tleal hit property ; if I meet him on
thehijhway and rob him of tin money; tli du. nut
till him. or dctlr y hi repulal on. It doe t not trnd turn
a i'?r,nded tot to the home of lit ilarrin; children and
ln.rt. broken wife. Hut Ihe man wh' la!;f l.i neipti
bori properly, uJiuxhn;e s"" bin ruir, may be
and often it accmary lo the very wortt of crunei ; not
ctceptin; even murder iUt If ! In th fin! place the rum
lu i on raluw xhalevrr. It i wnflhlet. Hut thit u not
Hie wont of It. Th" ailicle winch it put Into the poor
min't barul to Induce him lo;uc hit mmiey.ii md mere
jy worthteit ; it it dettroctii e. 'Ill direcl, well Vn jnn.
unlrertal i-J inerilahle lemlency it to k'll ; to kill toul
aiulbndy' Alfl Ihii erery rmn teller knnwi. Hut there
tt one other view of thit tubject tu hi-i I would call
th alttnUoo of every man, who n tlill f t.-e J in Urn
l ut.Lcii. It ii one of the firit principle i f juilire iu all
tral&r, . principle ircnjn:iel by otirrlalule thai fi r'lal
U rid'of another an euiralent rhatl be rendered.
Now, I would .no,uire of thai rum-el er, whether lie has
given an cij tivaleol f.r the nniaey aitd the worldly ;tfd
reived of many of Im miterable ciuloineri llaihe
renJered an equivalent for tho flwkt and lirnli and, it
mar l-t Ihe very neeeturict of life, winch h hat rereir
d from th wrelcSed rum-drinker .' h ! tell me, u the
demettio mueryof Im hnme, Iho w rcteliednett and ben.
ken heart of hit wife; Hi dijrco and potfrly uf hi
ilirvioj cluUreo, Ihete, which are Hie iu n-irden x
ehn; in tin IrarTte, are lliie an erjuirabnt ' Thit It
view of Hi tubjtet wlneli it dnrt f B: w ll be taken by
every hooeil and huiorable man who ii e;x''l in thii
nifanoui trilfic. If then the ilejrr of ju.lt u ;o be
JadjeJ by the degree o: lnfriu;emel of the moral U ;
r if Ihe dirio law, that we thould love our nriglilWi
at ooifclro, nl sJatoolhert at we would Hut olhcrt
ihould do to ut,' then he who by lellm; Im neijelir i u'n,
ruir.iliit health, JmIi. vi hit eliareter, liraVi the heurt
cibit wife, anJ Uf rt bit childr ; tie turety it really
worejailty, iod dnerrts; of a greater eonJcTniliun,
than the counCrfrittr, Ihe lh:el, or Ihe highway robber !
lUfjIulinni patted. The follotrinp recolutiont
ueic intrndiicrc! md pants without dubalc.
ItttohrJ, Thit thit Society diicltim ill dcign
uf cfctonnf; thoic. ulia tdherc In tho old pledge ;
ind that f "ill rndrivbr to puriuc a coneiliatury
cocrio loirarcU tbote, who comporc the Temper
ne Rocielicn I'tey luve cntrd.
iteiAxrd, Tint committee of three be ippoio-
td to iddren the reaplc rv ihu enuuty on the
fnhjc-ft rf far ruin jf Teniptin ' S.k-iciicj in eieh
town, on tf pria(il oiUt r icp from til intox
Meetri .Mitchell, Kiitnd;, n.4 Green were i?
yoloteJ the coeamittee, in icctirJince itli the i
The Society cloiesj h priyerty the Rcr. Mr
MMP.S I). IIUTI.KR, IWtidml,
V. W. Horsi.
fte-Ufa' sew H'enjpu r ttidq on Weicet
itt ii t- f't h till fh'H'-rt
P ran tU lltittmnt I'ttrirf.
. J'.lflCD.f cn-'T. I'mtr.
-Ott' f tu ef fire. Ifait wtwjtd et,
7h tl;SItt tMiiieiiMf . !.
Tbit I mtj;h! b, n m:ti itinetur toJ plcm
tufj terirj Wtln l bo xciewn, il'irri I hi
Stl i:..r.'e.t i It Urmttfl ll tinlfr.
It W-d ,itr ru In enjoyrd. Vel whit
i way (t'ifi cancar!eM if . Mr Kdilur,
tin it, 1.111 Le chrnruilj rtewe by nf Inform.
Iliff yr lMf!r ef "the ellriin rrene." Then
Vou merit kfenu thit Mr Benton hii been for
;l. !.ei two rrrili prpunrt- miclitlly for llm
rartn. Ilr I me tn CftnifrwK thin C(-imi dire-e-J
flti.t!liin; like ilcrtmy, niiJ dic"rilMl that
bria! bnmmi-d edd hil, iru ruily cloak nlnrli ilia
figured 9 rr.ucS personal i;rao'fnlnr, end ubiiubi
litml " rmieb Mi'iliii; wnrth tnd dljnity ilurinr;
ihe lirt winter, lie evidently Mt a if a gloat
weight of roeiniuili'y ua nt t ache J tn him an tho
uhainpion of "Thi Kpunj;f," and hia luok liia
jeatorp, Im i-r'd, hie gait, till voice, hi ennlo, and
hia mode ftmrliop hi eo plaif. all betoken,
ihal he felt a if tho nation weight xa tip'iti him.
Ho louled AtUntran. One felt a tnincthliip;, on
ohecrtins bis apprntch, hi aecntt, hu address,
hieh. if not icnrratinii, una r ornct tiing- a great
Irat nime natural and much mnro ttriMig,
, fl'wdByfago ho introduced hm proioellinn to
epui.i;c from the Jotirnsl nf the Kenalo, a rcaulil
tmn adop'cd two jcarn ago by that body, on mo
tion of Mr Clay, roprnbatory if a crttain unauthur
icd act uf 1'iendent Jackf-on. U laiil on tin' table
it duo litre, and vvaa to i'ay called up, by tliu mo
ver, fur ce-mideration.
Mr Uentnn bean by mnkiug rnine reply to .the
argument that liaa boon uted ngainft liis dne-lrinc
uf expurgation upon the constituliunil ground llitl
the Senile timt ".'; n juurnn!." lie paid ho
would nnt pfopnre to do aught which could at nil
compromise, t lie confilitutioi.nl duty oftlio Senate.
Accordingly lie conimuuccil a dialogue with the
Clerk at Ihu Secretary' table.
II. ".Mr Clerk, pleapc to tell me lunv many
journnlj arc kept by the Secretary of tho Sen
('. "One manuscript, ant? two printed copiee.''
15. "Very well ; and liuw many arc distributed,
and to u horn 1"
C. "One thousand and ten eopieii, by older of
the henite, and by law." Hero ho rcvl the per
sons to whom thny wero diMrihuted.
U. "Well, Mr l'rcfident, in law these printed
copies arc 1 lie same as the original. The printed
ones are t lie only copies utod by members of the
Senate. Kvery Senator therefore hcqis tlm jour
nal as it was originally." Wan not this pregnantly
Tho next matter was lo show tho appropriate
nets ol tho word "Kxpnnge" to the case in hand.
II. remarked with n great deal of pomposity. "Sir,
law. tctcind an order, and Kxrtwin a resolution. '
we rrvcrtt a decision, oriiiuf a judgment, repeal a
Tliu remedy is to be suited, sir, to tho evil, sir, j
ir. to the evil, bir ! Here wo havo iiojudg-'
ment lo nnniil Ihc Mcium linn nui '. .j ;i.j...i
ment ; no order to rrtcind fur hero has been no
ttlUiinrr aeraiiiht the blood, no taphit against the
perion, no execution against tho property of tho
President, fir ; tho Senate wished to cast a btig
ma, lo imprint n brand eir, upon tho President; -and
it is not for tho atretlntinn of anything now
going on, but for tho attrpution of something al
ready done, that this resolution is introduced. I
would laic the Secretary of tho Senate, sir, bring
in the manuscript journal of this body, und, tir, in
j tho presence of the assembled Senate, and iu the
1 presence of the surrounding multitude, sir, I would
I have him draw round that resolution lines as its
own iniquity, and write upon its face the words
which tho justice of the country, nnd the voice of
tho people demand, words which will rcmnvu the
btigma and tho brand from the name of a man who
I has done more, civil and military, for hu country,
1 than nil Ihe politieitms irio rrrf lived in it from it$
! foundation ! ! !" That was something of a buret,
' wbh it t Iluwtlio President must have disap.
1 p'.inte l tho notable predictions ot Ihc orator, as to
the danger nf eueh a "bloody monster's'' ruling
this country ! Hut "tempora mutanter' ij-c.
Mr Benton (hen expressed tho hope that no op-
i peal would bo made, by gentleman opposed lo the
I rceolution, to tho comity or dignity of the Senate,
! against expunging the journal. He said ho should
indulge iu no rhetorical or declamatory (lights,
but thould appeal to the justice and understanding
I of Iho Senate. Ho deprecated those "posthumous
' appeals" tn "tho cnmily nnd dignity" of f tic Senate
i and asked in a towering voice "where was enmity
I an where was dignity, when those galleries were
daily filled with the hirelings of iho bink, cnipluy
I cd to hiss or applaud what took place on that floor
dn-ing the discussion of that resolution, now nought
to be expunged from the journal V and much
more to tho same effect. What a .Munchausen !
"Vim, sir," resumed he, "cxpungo is tho word !
I I would havo it handed down from one generation
j to inotlic.-. Toe babe thould suck it in from iw
' mother's bojom ! And she should hand it dow n to
her imstonty," ke. .Vo fiigUtnf rhetoric,, hey ?
About thu time Mr 11. looked quite godlike and
omnipotent, exclaimed to his liigoa in waiting,
"(5ive mo the Manuicrtpt Jo'imal of 15.10 !"
Swift a an arrow, it was brought to his desk by
vanuerpoei ot tvindcrnook-!
Mr Benton ppsrfd it, and disclosed the fvet that
' rcvcril leaves nad'Cn cot from it. Turning once,
: he read the record of vote of the Sunale,ordtnng
this to be done, In so many .Tris.
1 B. "ThalVall, Mr President, thai I find upon
; the iubjct in this book. But when I begin to hum.
I do not Hop until I have found what I am aftor.
Accompanied by a friend (pointing towards tho
I ceiling I a.ct nded to Iho uuner part"of the Capitol,
ind there I discovered the original minuter, kept by
the Sefrplarv frnm u InrJi th inurnal ia ruadouo -
J tnd here I find what was ordered to bo cut out of the
Ho then very self-sufliciontlir turned over these
"ininulo ind discovered that they contained the
j miieriil of certain memorials, which lad been re
I ceited by the Senate, and hid been spread upan
I tho journal by the clerk improperly, it would
icern, they hiving formed no put of the ictuil
biliiness of the Senile, iod the correction buing ican officer, but no eooncr hid the Tex i a in march-
made t tho We, ind befuro the subject milter in ed out of their encampment and ilicked their arms
dispute wis finilly leltlcd. Tkry trtrt ns rreard thin a gennril firo wis oened upon them by lh
nf Ikr aetio of the Senate, and never thould hart 1 whole Mexican force, when the prisoners endea
betmtprea Jo tie journal, in the ordinary (auric if red to eicape three only itTeclcd it, imong
Itutntti. Vet tbu cix- Mr Ikmon cilitd In sheet tl.cn wu Col. Jjhnion ind oao man who hid been
inehor 1 the raiin piiiir of bis argument " He wt unded.
ii i ivi ,i ntt i rrfe prjeduot f , cip'-j Beiivccn toe 25 a cf Ftb. mi 2d Mircb, the
I ing" the Journil. nd Ubuie I tr, ihow a ltnilifl-1
lit in the eie wlrlih cie tc to lie d.irusvu.u in .
i ho eeteril imtiiicea.
Mr. Taiter aUcil H bt timn nfler lh
record wmide, the eipan-'nj; iiorw ,U ut
.Mr I. f hsok fii Wad iflMt firrinmiJr, and re
plied thit if tnn entl""n tulr only lie patient
le tnmSd lUe up ik,ii I ilk Jtt dwectSf ! Mr.
Porter t down anJ j ti-d j att'ontlj to ba .blown
II. Uien fidl liek "Vn l'1' erintitulional
argument, ind in the fcccfing tho Juornol."
Cwmiinp tMt h'u finget em after Hie other, hetai.l
toticlnn2 bi Jirti flryt -r, "lliert i not a Iron."
Ihon the rcromt, ' ri ir i eir." Ihen the fAiJ, "nor
an iota," limn the fumli, ""it tittlr agamt ex-
piineinc in the contu)tirin !'' Who eould fall of
being convinced by no decided a dutuontration, lu
cidly illmtrstcx! 1 Beninn Ins tho uluilo arguuicnt,
literally . al his finger end !
Jilting ncciM.in to rjuote ono of his own speech
es, lie played off a innt didcclable piece nf mock
modesty ; calling en his fiicud Garret to read it.
Well with great alaority obeyed. Mentitt bile J
Illiirheld some private discourse w ith the great or
ntor, over tlw hack of his chair. Ily tho display of
ivory opii) the occaiion I judged that sttntlhingl
was said ! 1 ua to taken up with this little piicc j
of by-play botween tho llenton and the lllair (nirl
nMle ffiitHim !) that I lo.-t the reading of the Wall,
and could not tell lo w hat purpoto thin old patch
was cowed upon tlio new tapettry. After it was
tucr, 'iinrA jiimpod on tho rope again, and went
on with his pcrfurrr.ancc.
The next thing .vim lo preach a icrmon. The
text ivas tnkon from Ihc book of Job, how appro
priately 1 fur pr.ticni'c is n irlue! nnd ran in
thexe woriU, "Oh, that mine enemy would write a
book !" Heading from a printed anniinl report of
tho Hank of the U. S., the preacher attempted to
identify the llank aud thcSenala oh having togeth
er, nnd quorum wins, concocted the opposition to
the President, and tho obnoxious resolution now
fo'ight to bo expunged ! "Tho Hank brought the
impeachment, and the Senate acted a pubaltern
part." Ho showed a word or two in the resolution
to Lu identical with a word or two in the report,
nnd hence the deduction. During all ihix, I in tur
ned lirsl lo uno tide and then to the other, winking
nt lllair, and snarling at Clap, whi!o the "official
printer" grinned from car lo car, and disclosed
a uiOEt formidable array of ivory, sufficient to
decoy a tutk hunter from tho chase of an ele
phant. After the scrmon.camc a psalm singing in which
there nan much gtorv to Andrew, nnd hosenna to
"the parly.'' Then followed a homily upon the
impeachable character oftlio charges alleged ogainst
the President in the obnoxious resolution. About
this point, 1 fell atlccp, nnd was nwalfcncd by tho
bustle attendant upon adjournment. Tho ga'leries
wero empty, nnd feeling rather vexed at being
caught there alone, 1 mailo the best ot my wny
l',0"1'1u1l ,v? ,Q".ll,is. The tccnnJ EC,;"C
hIiuII be furthcoming iu due mason.
Iiupoi'faiit from Texas.
1'iom Ihe Isouiuana Jltteirtitcr, .Vnreh VI!.
TUB I'AI.I. OK HliXAIl Till! r.NTIUU OK
THE TROOPS IN GAKKISO.N PUT TO
DKATH-COLS. CUOCKKTT AND BOWIE
We are. indebted to a gentleman, passenger on
board the Htcainor Levant, from Nachitochcs, for
tho annexed letter, giving tho particulars of tho
full of Bexar it ia a copy of ono nddrecscd lo the
editor of tho Itcd River Herald :
"Sir ; Hexir has fallen ! Iln garrison was only
187 fclrnng commanded by Lieut. Col, W. Travis.
After standing repeated attacks for two weeks, and
an almost conttsnt cannnnado and bombarding dur
ing that lime; the Intt attack was madein tho
morning of the Oth inst. by upwards of'JOOO men,
under tho command of Simla Anna in person; they
carried the place about sunrise, with the lost of
540 men killed, snd about the same number wound
ed. After about an hour's fighting the whole gar
rison was put lo death, (save tho sick and wounded
and seven men who asked for quarter All fought
desperately, until cut down; the rest were coolly
murdered. The bravo and gallant Travis, to pre
vent his fulling into the hands of the enemy, shut
himf-e!f. Not an individual escaped, and the news
is only known to us by a citizen of Bc.var, who
came tn our army at Gonzales but from the ces
sation of Travis' signal guns, there is no doubt of
its truth. The declaration of independence you
have, no doubt received, and you will, in a few
dayr", receive tho constitution proposed by thu re
public. "Cols, J. Bowie and David Crockett arc among
the slain '.he first was murdered in his boil, lo
which he had been confined by Illness tho latter
fell, fighting like a tiger. Tho Mexican army
is ce'.imalcd al 8000 men; it may bo more or !es-
rurther Particulars, Wc learn by tho passen
gers of the schr. Camauoho, ei;ht duys from tho
Brazos river, that the war in Texas has at lenght
assumed a ecrious character. .Many of those who
loft this city, detcrminud'to laydown their liven
in the cause of Texas, havo bravely yielded them
iip at Boxar. Thren young men from our office
we learn, are anion? llie slam; the names of W.
Blazobv and Robert Moore have been mentioned
to us; that of the other wecnuld not t.ceriain.
On tho 'i.rb February, tho Vexian garrison in
, Bexar of l.r0 men only, commanded by Lieut. W.
. 1!. Travi. was attacked by the advance divieicn of
' SnHa Anna' army of about J00O men, when the
! enemy were repnlied with the loss of many killed
. and wounded,vsrioiuly o.tinutod from 150 lo COO,
' without the lot of a man of Iho garrison.
Thin grtat slaughter wis ascribed to tho fact,
that erory man of tho garrison had about eight
gum lued by Ins tide. About Ihc tarno time,
' Col. Johnson, while recnonoitering to the westward
1 of hn Pitncio, with a parly of severity men, were
1 enrrnundej in tl.o night by a Urge body of Mexi
can troops. In the morning the commando aent
. in a summons to surrander at discretion, hich
' was rofurod, aud an offer to surrender a prisoners
of war made. This was acceded to bv the Mex-
Mexien w'rc employed in furndnc entrenchment
around Ihe AUmo, ind bombirding the place.
Oiulio 21 ol .Match. Col. Truli wrLte thai 200
ehel.s l.e.d lci tlnown Into the Alisne.without n.
juring a me.
On ibe J.1. nf March. 32 men from Gomilrt
nude their tlfTnnc., through the eneinr'a linef.tnd
readied the Alarm making the. vhol number In
On the G-h March, about tniJnlpht, tho Alamo
was annulled by the entire force of the .Melcin
army, CiimmAnded by ISanta Anna in peroii. The
Mexican f .ughi d vipi-ratcly' until daylight, when
evcii only oftho gairiou worn found alive. Wo
regret lo say, thai Cut. David Crockett and bit
companion Mr. Hen'on alto tho gallant Col, Uen
ham of Koulli Carolina, wcreol'the number who
cried fur iuartcr,but were told there was no meroy
for them. TlieJtlicn continued flghtinr until the
whole were butchered. One woman (Mrf. Dick
iiisun) nml a w minded negro servant of Col Trivi'i
were the only persons in the Alamo whose lives
ware spared. Oeii. Ruwio was murdered in his
bod, ick and helpless. (Sen. Cos on entering tho
fort, ordered Col, Travi's servant to point out to
him the body of his master: he did so, when Cos
drew his rword and mangled his face nnd limbs
with the malignant feeling of a savage 1 1
I he bodies ot the tlain were thrown into a heap
in the centre of tho Alamo and burned. On Gen.
Howie's bodv being brought out, Gen Cos said
that he whi luo bravo a. nun to be burnt like a
dog; and then added, jirir no ei com etehade nev
er mind, throw him in. Tho lots of tho Mexicans
is storming the placo was estimated at not lc
thin 1000 killed aud mortally wounded, and as
many more dicablcil, making .villi their loss in Ihu
first nssult between 2000 and 1)000 killed and
wounded. It is worthy or rcinmk that the flag nf
Santa Anna's army at Bexar, was o blood-red one,
in place oftho old ennstitti onal tri-colorcd flag.
Immediately after the capture ol the "lace, Gen.
Santa Annn sent .Mrs Dickinson ond Cul Trail's
scrvnnl to Gon. Houston's camp, accompanied by
n Mexican with a flag, who was bearer of a note
from Sunta Anna, offering tho Tc.xians peace and a
general amnesty, if they would lay down ihcirurms
and Mibinit lo his government. Gon. Houston' a
reply was, "True, tir, you havo succeeded in kill
ing some of our bravo men, but tlys Tcxinns arc
not yet whipped." Tho otTect of tho fall of Bexar
throughout Texas:, was electric. Every man who
could u so a rifile, and was iu r condition to take
the field, marched forthwith to tho tceno of war.
It was believod that not lei-s than 4000 riflemen
wero on their way to tho army when tho Camau
cho soiled, lo wreak the vcngenceoii tho Mexicans,
and determined to grant no quarter.
General Houston had burnt Gonzales, and
fallen back on tho Colorado with about 1000 men.
Col. Fanning was in tho fort at Goliad, a very
strong position well supplied v illi munitions and
provisions and from -100 to 000 men.
Tho general determination of the people of Tex
as teemed to bo to abandon all Iho occupations and
pursuits of peace, and continue in anna until overy
Mexican east of the Hot del rs uric should tio ex
Florida, Despatches from Mnjor Gen.TScott,
head quarters in Florida, dated Fort Drnne, March
'JO, hnvo been received nt tho Adjutant General'
uflicc, of which the following is an extract :
"For tho Information of the Secretary of War,
and General in Chief, I addressed you a hasty nolo
on tho Hth. Nothing material has since occur
red. Tin wing is waiting to give time lo Bnga
-drCr Gen. Eustis and Col. Lindsay to gain their
respective petitions, Polaklekaha tnd Chichuckaty,
fur thu arrival of the. wagons sent hence to Gury s
Fcrrv for sulsistancc, tho laat of which may bo ex
peeled by the 24th, with (it is hoped) some addi
tional teams from Savannah, and for the troops
from New Orleans: to recruit their strength. All
these objects, I havo reason to hope will be accom
plished by the 20th, or 27th instant, although I
havo not had a line from Col. Lindsay, later than
his letter dated at Mobile tho 13th ult. In tho
mean lime, it is confidently believed that tho great
body of the enemy remains in the swamp or cover
oftlio Wythlacoochee, about the junction of itn
three branches, Bay twenty five miles from this
place. I send a topographical sketch of that vi
cinity, made by my aid, Lieutenant Johnson, from
information received here, and principally from Cul
Gadsden, tho Quartermaster General of Florida,
whom I have taken into the service of the united
States and mv staff, with that rank. His minute
knowledge of tho country and tho hostile Indians,
together with his general military intelligence, ren
der him a valuable acquisition. I also expect to
derivo much valuable assistance from Col. I itzpit
rick, tho President of the Territorial Legislative
Council, particularly if the war should bo carried
into the lower part of the peninsula, with which he
is, perhaps, better acquainted than any other indi
vidua in tho Territory. He is with mo, and is
woll disposed to render himself generally useful.
"You will receive with thi copies of several or
dcrc No. 13 was supposed to be necessary in or
der lo bo provided with the bcl kind of moans to
ferret out cf the swamp?, and other hiding places,
t-mall parties of the enemy, which may bo expected
lo remain out after tho great body of tho nation
hall bo subdued. Gen. Woodward and Majors
Walaon and rloutney, mentioned id that order
are strongly recommended to ma as suitable per
sons lo direct the detachment of 000 Creek war
riors. I trust that thit step on my part may meet
the approbation of the War Department. It eein
ed lo me to be dictated by a wise discretion, and
it will probably, by abridging time, save many val
uable lives from the effects uf thv summer climate
oftho lower countrv.
"The order limiting tho ration of bread or flour
i the direct result of the want of sufficient meant,
of transportation, and we shall probably be obliged
tn move hence on the 24thor2Dih instant, with
less thin eighteen days subeistinco for this wing,
wuicn win consul oi auoui i iuu ligntinz men.
No murmur has been uttered in consequence cf
that reduction in the ritionr. All aro duposed to
make any sacrifice which iho good of tho renito
shall demand. .Vuf. Int.
Nevr Voluiu, March 25,
I have only a moment's time to inform you of t
until engagement which took place between a por
tion of our regiment and a pirty of the Indians,
jciterdiy. Tho order for tho troop to rn the
jr.rr St. Jehu hid beta jnca early in the tnor
ning. nnd Iwu comp-iniei. commindid by Ciptain
Athby aud Tripp, croed i the morning, tnd look
pott on the ldc oppotlto'to that which wo'Utely
occupied. A hort time after they wrte a lackrd by
a party cf Indians.catefully conrriled in thnbuihe.
ind hammocks around.
At the first firing, iho Irish volunteer under
Capt. Henry Hibler's company, tmmediitclv cros
sed, and Cnl Hilsbinc with his Staff, and ipvrril
other followed Immediately after. When wr n
led tho firing wis very grrcrol, and Ihe fighting
was at greit disadvantage on the fido of our troop;
they were ill more exposed, and it wa only when
the Indians forgot their customary caution, that
our troop mere enabled to fire with any accu
racy. The companies ol Ashhr ond l'tibli were tho on
ly companies fairly engaged with '.ho Indian!.
Upon the approach of the other two companies Ihn
Indians commenced retreating, Tho fight was coti
tinned for some tunc at a distance. The compa
nies of CsplaiiM Allen, Denny and Parker, and two
U. S. companies, under the command or Capt. Por
ter and Lt. Irwin, were alo missed oxer, and two
companies of tho mountod iiifnntrv. Ily there tho
roads were cfiecliially scoured, and our troop, tho'
obliged to sleep on their nrins, yot passed a quiet
night. There wero three men killed in tho engage
ment, attached (o Capt. Ashby's company, all pri
vates, and about tenor twelve wounded of Fribb's,
nil privntcs. Sergt. Grose, of Fribb's enmpmy,
received n slight wound.
Our troop?, thoe engaged, ns well as tho olh
crs, behaved with the greiitcst bravery ; although
lor sorno time exposed tu a galling fire, not an inrh
of ground wns j ielded. No satisfactory account of
tho killed on the pnrt of the Indium has been re
ceived it in supposed that nt lenst fix or eight
havo been killed tho wounded they of rnurse car
ried ofi", if any.
Our troops nrn now crossing the St. Johns, and
I suppose ill thu eotireo of this day, tho whole
force will han; embarked. I have only taken a mo
ment to inform you nf thi our dobut, in something
like a general engagement."
Wo learn from n letter, dated Foil Drane, 23d
ult., written by an olllcor, thai that wing of tho nr
my wns expected tu crocs tlm Withlacoochoo on
the 28th ult.; at i'io time of writing, it consisted
ol regular under Cols. Baukhead and Foster ;
Louisiana volunteers, under Captain Robertson,
who was acting mi Major ; Georgia cavalry, under
Mnj. Douglas ; in addition lo which, n bntluliun,
under Mnj. Cooper, n company of U, S. dngooii",
under dipt. Whartob and tho Florida mounted
rangers, tinder Mnjnr M'Lomoro, wero expected,
which would ninkn the force n.nount to over 2000
men. General Eustis's command, nnd Col, Lind
say, with t.lUU men, will ho ready to co operate,
to reduce thu loo. Had not Gen. Cliocli gone to
tho aid of Gainc, ho must have fcao'ificcd u iium
ber ofhis men, ns ho had no mean of carrying hid
vnundod, which would have boon inoro numerous
if he had moved from hia entrenchment. Cliarlet
From Hie St. Auuilint Herald, March 25.
Important from VoUsut. Thu steamer SjiiIco,
nrrtveil nt Pltolntn, luni nlplit IVorn Voluaia, by
which wo learn thst the detachment of 200 volun
teem which hnd been sent out under Limit. Col.
Butler, hid not leturncd or been heard of up to
ycftnrday morning. On the 23d n detachment
consisting of 27 volnntccrR apd two guides, wero
tent in search or them, with order to proceed lo
Now Smyrna, and on their way, about tlx milci
from Voloeia, ihoy foil in with a party of about 10
Indians, in nu open pine barren, itbout two miles
from any thicket or throb.
Tlmy attacked the Indians nnd killed ono and
wounded another, when tho Lieutenant comman
ding Ihc detachment ordered n retreat for a rem
forcement. Wo aro informed that every man in
tho dutochmcr,l behaved admirably, and tho whole
party cf Indians might havo been taken or cut up
had it not been for tl.o conduct oftho otliccr,
A court martial has boon ordered to t'y him im
mediately. Gen. Euntia hm been detained at Vo
lusia, waiting tho return of Col. Butler's detach
ment, and a want of guides, and has thus been un
able to comply with Gen. Scott's order to meet
him at the Withlacoocheu on tho 25lh. Col. But
Icr had two good guides with him when ho loft Vo
lusia. Wo are verbally inpirmed that this detachment
consisted of 400 men, who had only ono day's pro
visions with them, intending, when they started,
only to proceed na far an Spring Garden ; and,
on this account, much anxiety was felt for their
Latest from Florida, Through tho Savannih
paper wo have advices from Volusia to tho tl"t!i
of .March inclusive. Tho only intelligence of mo
ment is that of Ihn safo return to the camp of tho
detachment under Col. Butler, whoso protracted ab
sence, ns wo statod yesterday, had created much
alarm and uneasiness, Thoir detention was owing
to nothing more dreadful than tho bad;ieei of tho
Tho left wing of the force under Gen, Euslu
crossed tho St. John's on the 20lh, and marched oa
the 27th toward Fort Drnne.
Gen. Macomb wns going up tho St, John's, to
ward Picolata, on the 31st of March. .V. 1', Ojbi,
Prom the St. Au-mtlne Herald.
The Indians havo gone south to Peaso Crpek, i
river emptying into Co.n lotto harbor. During th-
conferenco the Indians acknowledged that they hid
lost 133 men at iho battle of Wlthl'icooche.
Micanopy, the head chief, thoy md, had fired bu'
one gun during th-r war. He had had his ch" r'
nlJ'rred him either to fight or to die. Hu cho'O tl.
former, and raised his rifle and hot Major Didc
Ho immediately retired to !m town where ho !.
remained ever since.
litlly I'errertion, Dr. Williaininn had a qmrre
with one of his parishioners by the name of J!ard
who showed considerable rifcellmr.n? On ll.ft
succeeding Sonday, the Doctor preached from ti.i
fotlowinz text, which ho nrnriniiii-ed with mliM
cmphans, and with a significent look at Ilird
who va present : "There is no fool like tho fo
Gen. Scott had issued an ordcr.dited Fort Dra -March
1 1, authorizing Gen. Woodwird to a
cept the service! office hundred Creek uamori ai
auxilutie tho Creek to proceed by water to
Tampa Biy, and there report tbemtehfi to
the officer in cwroer.d, al 'fca rw a H"tt