Newspaper Page Text
I.UiniTY AMI I MOV. NOW AND KOltl.VER ONE AND IN.SEPVR PI.K. . ..Jitm iiao-i.
JTI,AM, TfliHllAY, MAY .1. Is:i0.
voi, ni i: xi.ii.
11 it i: it
C lj r K u 1 1 .in tj J2j t r a t j :
t rt.HHl:t 11'Rkt 71 RI'T. T fcC"U.t, VT. lit
W l!,U A M I' A V,
pn i:t n v.
(to .Vrtr 1VI Anitmn.
A vAmtkV bind trVe.1 the folio wtt lieri,btah enlj
wuiflan't tf u i f Ki ka'UwHil Itair ttHfWrMl. We
Itepe wr Mf ethrr mm reset.
tii i: wi r u r u a v er .
TUr. ytssns- wKif keteNnc; U her God,
Mjltfcr ff ki thtt Urn itttr
Tlun when nerbali of mirth (far tretl,
'.MM faiLnWt throng vroribtppM qneen !
Cart en lbs lave UMt fitb her benrl
New charms Italh lint la cheek am! braw-
atia n hut liiish ! the pure lfp pail,
I'crcbsc far thtethr't pleivdinf: now j
"Mrr mt.tlK-if h mail'tt rch fenllng,
Tboq who knnw'tt rarh peMion'i vry j
At thy mtioI llrt I net-ling.
K.-r being l.v J t praj !
lie it ilnrf r than tho mother
Who lislh lee say life's fowl guide
licit Brrthp brilir,'
Though linrihor't itill inv pride.
Ofl ee niMinir'i bloom bed perbhnJ,
Tor lb brcr'i wnI I plead
Father ! on tht AtMaaW cherished,
Now tby choicest tdeasingj shed !
In !! 'paril ami temptation,'
Guard liiui with thy hnly might ;
WIL' lh diiriHi of power ami station,
Keep a nubia .pint bright.
R!rtt him, Piths,'! he i starling
I'rouHy fur lha 5al of fame :
Oh ! may every jr daparting
Add fresh Utirali In hit name!
(rani him Reniiii inerrtrstieu
Wisdnm's eloquence divine ;
lln i plodjul union nation,
Let him in her councils thico.
He hu guidtr, nml for earth's sorrow
Tor tli" light, tilt cloud, the f hern.
So prepare hini, Hut each morruw
On n fcatlert hcorliituy dawn.
Esther I If the love 1 besr him
lnJ hli path a brighter ray
If (hat love mo pan;; can parohira,
AIJ me itill to cheer hii way.
&hnu)d hit mntihiod's prime be iliatlrJ,
t lllMk ! - '
It will prove, when jn) i uro failed,
Otert fprinj, anil fnret rne.
ill i c c 1 1 a ii y .
rVom tht Ltntten l.ittrary Gntttlr.
THE TIN TRU.MI'iyi', OR HEADS AND
Thoii'' ' hut a tiny thing, n tin frutnplit, wn
rmiHt take anotlinr IiIiia- nt it. It i Iivcly.and re
minds us fin inoro wavs than mie, n vc t-hill
b!iow at the slcfc of thin notice) orby-gone daye,
when fairs wore BiilTbrcd, and cliililren wuro per
nutted to be merry: I. r. bnfore Iho eclioolmtibtor
strode abroad to make Utilitnmns of four years old,
and phihwol'lierii of five. In the chubby Hiiiob of
lioopa and hop-ccoth, wlioii "Tom 1 liutiib' and
"(loody Two bhooii were utiprofcriucil nursery
hooka, and the infant-ry of Uritian were not trained
with the L'ravitv l hpatnards. a tin trumpet was
equally noisy and agreeable to urchin ears mid
lipe Hut Mesed he the march of intellect and the
ppread of knowledge ! wo have lived to tee a "ta
Icntt'd" and practical epoch. A kite, now, is mado
to toacli aerostation and electricity ; n prjf top
trrvoj to illustrate mechanics ; a fool-ball, projoc-
tilca and, purbau, i;oocraiihy ; a skipping rojc,
r-eoinptrv and the lawn of motion ; marbles, the
fine aria ; and carda and counter?, astronomy nnd
ctlucf . .Moral philoeophy may, for ought we know,
be inculcated with a tattle, and phytica with r
drum ; and u we atacrt we are duly improving
wajl but another luatre, aud,
flood li6rto, huw wa we tlull bo !
Aa yet we are not wito onoujli to keep out of mr,
where tbo profmfporB get the oy tiers and thoditput
onta tbe hlli :
" iMie (yx Dr. Cliatfiehl; Englirh eo IIocuk
forua, and I'liieanery. The folloiwiig character
or rather tcotooct of condemnation, wm crooouoc
cd upon it by one well acquainted with Una cubject
the ieciuror over the remain of tbe lute Jeremy
IWntUam, In answer to the (p'ieetion, whet is thi
b iittcl Euelib la a', which, aa we have been told
for ape, render ut Ibe envy and admiration of
jrt uiidin nations, he reptiow, 'The tubtUiitne
part of it,wUlber as written in Uooki or expounded
h)' jodf, a cbae-ii, falhoailetHi and bouodletw ; tbe
huge and uiootrcKM ta begin made up of nctiuii
tautology, techoiriltiy, circuity' irreeul&rity, and
leconMatcncy ; tbe admuitatrative prt of it, a cy
tern of eiquui'ely com ni ehteanery ; a fsyaieai
tnide up of au ; s ytem which :ontantlv
place tbt inleren uf tbe jitdKial minaMer in eapo
Mtiun te bit doty ; ( place bi ;letet in oppoei-
lio io hit doty, that m tbe very proportion u a bicb
it tar vim bu eaek, defeetr tbe ende of justice.' "
"Ityrrt generally knew too much of law to
ittie a ef) clear protection of justice, Jeet aa di
vinei are ofuw toe deeply teed in tbeolopy to ap
preciate tbe full grsnoWur and tbe proper loodeecte
of rrlifioe. IAMMf tbe abttrart in tbe concrete,
tbe comnrebenane in tbe tecbnical, lb pnneipnl
in lie acreMonea, Soth are in the pre!icanent of
tVie rurtie wbe could not aee Idoo for tbe
Umtt-t. Il beo been uivMlioaly taid, that Uwyeri
pita tnir time w takine; advanUgt of iheir con
tcwrariM ; but, if we may credit tbe auUtonly
of hV-ote tlft aomnuiae out m it the underukor
even after Uetr dVath. That faceuoue peraua br
Itig unrc Miumotied into tbe country, by tle rela
tea a ie ate prrt.tiur,er, t v nti 'ia h. r,d
?" apjioinlei. ti'i s.' 1141 akii vtiial oir-ciii
S t.H I
hw' W Tor practical in tho eooofy,' aan) I tie ) l hoe flrn rai.l nmrwnuM marry a farron
tatjj, ! 4a not cictl.r kn-; Uttt in Initioti, j ora Scotchman, or a Prrrtj-trnan par-on.
nbaa lawyer A'tm, hi liody it dijml of lit a j ".1 tWroml, riot very renurlible for the ncule
very cheap in4 riHi U raannrr. c lorV it tip I nraa nflna frllingt or ln wit, Miliinp to butter a
ilia room otrr nifbt, and by tit ixt tnomins il 1 tratyold gr titliufin, who had rnmplctr parti1lird
bac alwaya totally dwtprwatr-d. Wlwiher i haa ( liic month with e ci.inplete ft fl,r tertli llippant
betii coirey(d we cannot tall to a cxrtainty ; but i ly inquired, 'WVII my pood Mr! I ban- oft mi lionnl
. I i : L.I . . 1 . . . ii i . ' . 1 . .,: i .i..
tberc U invariably mtU a Hnnij n-ll of brum! one
in tbe chamber, that .ie ran hum a chiewd gue
at ibr character of the contryanrcr."
Hurt it 1 term almoat imilar in aoftml. Tlicy
are, eeyr our author, "Veibel furfrrre alillers ol
treui, end murderer ul reel. J bey will roitte
timee attempt tn conral their fiilinir by atfeclinjr
a ncrttputot adbrrciico t. vrtam;. 11 who rait
ly tbamed the dful.onre raid of his friend, -Jack
a vend fellow, but it mutt he roufeaeed be hea
bit falling. I am aorrjr to ray po, but I will' not
tell a lie for any man. Amicus Jack tid tnagii
hwi'ivi tvrita't J lore niy foetid, hut I love truth
flWjiUWk' 'MS 'l"r 'I-.' "! a hyata'iihir, laying
Me Iwiiiil upon bin ahnuldor, 'I never expected that
you noold hate preferred a fcrfbcl stranger to an
Anolhi'r Iearnod nrofeeeion in thus pithily ile-
"Mutfaal- l'rattirt. Gueeinrj: nt Naturo'e ititen-
tioDt and wiihea, add then rudcaoritie to rubeti
tutu manV fl.)
Tire third of'lio great mirmilH of men, which
ntbls divinity to law and ihysic,ofTurB us nn extract
"Minions Rcliirioua. An attempt to produce
in iliatant and uncnliglitrDcil imtinnr,an uniformity
oropimoii on fubjectn ttpiiti ttliich the iniaeiiuiBrieH
etnelvel" nro nt ficrco and tit tor variance; thus
Mlbmittiot: nn European coiitrovorpy of 190(1 vears
to tho decision of a synod of tavopes. Where the
missionary begins with civilizing and reclaiming the
people monjf whom he is mot, he cannot fail to
improve their temporary condition, nnd he in likely
to contribute to their spiritual welfare ; neither
of which objects can bo attained by tho hasty zea
lot, who commence by nltempttnjj to teach the
fivo points of Calvinism to barbarians utmblo to
count their five fingers. There is no reason to
supposo that the rapid conversion of the whole
world to Christianity forms any pait oft'io fichomo
of Providence, since, in eighteen ccnturies.so little
comparative progress has beet: made towards its
Mlrrntiun Religious. An unattainable me
dium, Hiicotlio world seems to bo divided between
thoonthui-iastic and the indifferent, or thofo who
have too much and thoso who have too little devo
tion. One parly make religion their business ; the
other make bufiucss their religion. Two commer
cial traveller meeting at an '.1111 near llristol, nnd
convening upon rpirlunl tiihjrctB, one nsked the
other it lie liolongcd to tho osleyan .Methodists.
'No,' replied the man of btisinci-s ' What little 1
We arc not awaro whether tho following curious
story be actual, or colored, or invented ; hut at any
rale, ti nun vrro c hen trovato :
Our minds are like certain drugs nnd perfumes,
which niiift be crushed before they evince their vi
gor, and put forth t'leir virtues. Euuday ront.llie
eclubratt'd Miufi' manufacturer, originally kept v
small tobacconiil'd shop nt Limerick. One night
his house, which was uninsured, was burnt to tho
ground. As lie contemplated the smoking ruins
on the following morning in a state bordering on
despair.somo of tho poor neiglibors.groping among
the embers for whet they could find.sliimbled upon
cv?rj cnniolers of uticonsumcd but half-linked miutl'
which they tried, and found it so graceful to their
noses that they loadotl tl.cir waistcoat pockets with
the spoil. Lunday 1'oot, roused from his stupor, nt
length imitated their example, mid took a pinch of
Ins own properly, when he was instantly struck by
the superior pungency and flavor it had acquired
from the great heat to which il hail been exposed.
Treasuring up this valuable hint, he look another
house in a place called lllack Vard, and, preparing
a largo oven fur the purpose, set diligently about
the manufacture of that high-dried commodity
which soon became widely known as lllack Vard
snutf: a term subtoqunntly corrupted into the more
familiir word lllackguard. Lunday Toot, mak
ing his customers, pay literally through tho nose,
raueJ the price of hie production, took n largur
huotc in Dublin,iitid nlt11n.1t ;ly made a handsome
fortune by having been ruined."
Anothor anecdote is not now, but will hear tol
ling again :
"It i not genorally known that names may be
a Heeled, and even completely chanped, by the stole
of tho weather. Such, however, is unquestionably
the coc. The late .Mr. Suet, tho nctor,going onco
to riiiKi about twenty miles from London, and being
only able to get an -Kit Mil d place on tho coach, ar
rived in such a biniraggled state from an incoscant
rnin, and m inutflod up in great coats and pockot
handkerehief, that his friorid inquired, doubtingly,
'Are you S1 V 'No!' replied the wag, 'I'm
Tbo fallowing is now to us :
"1' w and il p. The origin of the phrase 'iliud
ytur own P sand (I t' is not generally liuown.
In ale-liouaes, where chalk Fcorce were forrsely
marked opou th wall or hehiml the door of tbe
tap-room, it wit customary to put theee initial let
ter at tbe bead of every man' a account, to show
I the number of pints and quarts for wich he was in
anil we may presume many a Iriunilly rut
tie to have tipped bis neighW on tho shoulder
wben he wa indulging too froely in his pointing,
and to have exclaimed, ae be painted to the icaro,
tiiirt! (Jiles ! inimi your P s and Q. s.' When
Toby the lea mod pig, vvai 111 tho zenith of hi pop
ularity, a thaatrrcal wag, who altondod the per
formance, malieiooily mk before him eomo pees : a
tenaputien which the animal could not rc-tiet; and
wbicb iwmedMtely uocawuned bun to loe hi tut.
Tim pig nabibiior remunatr ated with the author of
Ue aihief on tbe unfmrn,. of w bat he bad done,
wben be replied that hi only wish was to toe
wbethar Toby kne- bu P from liu Q s."
iw, fc. "Absurd aa it was te expott a ra
tional answer from T. II., I venture to attc huw it
ennae that ail our be poets were obbgod te vt rate
proaeT 'Itecauee poetry is preeenbud,' was bit
iluilUt Qmri (mJU,!. See Law Pre-
r. I,.-.- .2 , ''r,.' crwda in1 vvhen reprint t.
.. - ' "t i..oi'ii't..t tuvt-mv -t ' - ' 5'-
jmi complain nfrtnir mMi!alor nrav when do
)u pxprt'l to be again troetVd with thp toolh-
arhe ! 'When yon neve an nonet ion ofthr heart
or a hrein fi-er,' 1111 tlie ri'ply. Nui lem ready :
and biting was the retort nfttie huig earr-il Iriah
tnen. who being betiti rinly atked. M'addy, my
jewel! who don't ) rvtt get your ears rmppod
They arc too large for a man !' -replied, 'And yours
are loo small for an ns.'
"II. C , a keen fporlrmsn, provoked by a
rockney horseman who had rlddei over two of his
hounds, could not forbear coring at him fur his
awkaiducsp. 'Sir!' ssld the offiitxlor, drawing
up both hioiMlfnni) his ho;e, ind assuming a very
consequential look, 'I beg to Infirm you that I did
not enmo out hern to bq damned.' 'Why.then sir,
you insy go hnmn.nnJ bo dsinned.' .
'An empty Jieaiied youth onco burted that he
had been to tvvn ofthe most celelitjled schools in
England. 'Sir,' said n by-stander,'you remind me
of the calf Ihnt sucked two cows.' .' 'And w lint was
the conicqucnco V 'Why,ir, ho sns a very great
"Sltooling the I.ont-l)oc Strclching a fact till
you have made it as long ns yoa want it. Lord
I Jcrbert of Cherbury's tste havcilecendod of some
of our modern nobility, for he lelh ns, in his auto
biography, 'Tim rxercise I chiellj use, nnd most
recommended to my posterity, ivvt.ro tiding tho
great horse ond fencing. 1 do uiich approve like
wise of thooling in the long-Lowi So docs our in
genious contemporary, Lord (J , who never
sutlers himself to be out i-trippel in the marvellous.
Tho .Marquis of II had clgagedtlio attention
of n dinner pirty by staling thtl ho had caught a
pike, the day before, which weighed nineteen
pounds. 'Pooh! cried Lord ( , 'that is
nothing to tin) salmon I hooktd lust week, which
weighed filly-six pounds,' 'Bang it,' whispered
tho marquis to his neighbor, 'I wish 1 could catch
my piko again; I would add tin pounds to him di
rectly.'' Ourtiext ore rather mire yrimu specimens:
Potlhumotm (!hr;. A revenuo payable to our
ghosts ; and ignufntuni ; at exhalation orising
from tho ashes and corruption of the body ; the
glow worm of the grnvn ; a Jack-o'-lantern, of
which a skeleton is tho Jnck; and the lantern a
dark one ; protracted oblivion ; tho short twilight
that survives the petting of the vital huh, nnd in
presently quenched in tho darkness of night. -'Ashes
to nslics. anil dust to dust.' may ho bind ol
our name, as well ns ofour frnuic : one is buried
very sunn after tho other. When il"; ; o.rtl,
is c&sl upon our comii, i-v-.iBs up a hollow sound,
which, after n few faint echoes, dies, and is buried
in oblivious silence. Tint Heeling noise is our
posthumous renown. I.ving glory is the advan
tage of being known to those whom you don't
know; posthumous g'oty is enjoying n celebrity
Irnm which you can derive no enjoyment, ami
enabling every puppy in existence to feel his super
iority over you by repeating tho old dictum, that
n living dog is bettor thai a dead lion, or by quot
ing from .Slmkcvpcarc '1 like not tuch grinning
honor as Sir Walter hath!'
"Scandal. What ono hulf tho world tukos n
pleasure in inventing, andtliu other halfin believ
ing. "Snuff. Dirt thrust up tho nostrils with a pig
like snort, ns a sternutatory, which is not to bo
sneezed at. The moment ho has thus defeated
his own object, the snullling suulf taker becomes
tho slave of n habit, ivhicli literally bring his nocc
to tho grindstone. .
"'Iamb. A house built for a skeleton; a dwel
ling ofccalpt'ired marble.provided for dust nnd cor
ruption ; a monument set up to perpetuate tho me
mory of the forgottcn.(3.
"Tonugt. The mysterious membrane t ha. turns
thought into sound, (i.) Drink ib Us oil; eating
ils drag-chain. ...
"Il'orld the. A great inn, kept in pcrpotual
bustle by orrivals ond departures; by tho going
uvvay of those who have just paid their bills film
debt of nature,) and tho coming of thotc who will
soon have a similar account to settle : Deration
perenntium, iltructcttiu jirrihtrorvin."
And the last, which ib n playful though some
what touching nnd exceedingly appropriate termi
nation to this pleasing miscellany :
" 1'oufA a mngic lnntern.thut surrounds us with
illusions which excite pleasure, surprise, and ud
rmrntion, w hatever be their nature. Tho old age
of the sensual and tho vicious is the same lantern
without its inag.c the glasor broken.and the illu
sions gone, while the exhausted lamp, threatening
every moment to expire, sheds a ghastly glare, not
upon a fair tablecloth, full of jocund ueawittiona,
but ujkh! wht appear to be a ditiual throw, pre
pared to receive our remains. And now gentlo
reader, or rether may I call you eiuiplv.if you have
waded through this 'strange firrogo, here will I
bring it t.i a close, limping by Hs oxample'the better
te iiDoresa unon von tho pithy precept, that all
our follies and frivolities, all oer crude and un- '
dice ted notions, all our "bald and dtojointod ;
talk" should like '.bis little volume, serimnute with
A selection of poem conclude tbe volume, one
of wbtch we also add aa an example of tho writer's
Ulent in that way. He tball not have ui ray that
he was pro. e-scribed by the Literary (luzttte :
'.VuiYnri in tht temple tf.Vature.
.Man eao build notbio; worthy of hit Maker:
Vrtm royal Solomon'i itupnJout fame,
Down to th Humble ehicl of the Quaker,
All, all t va io !
The vrooUroot world viliirh Ik himmlf crilJ,
l the At tempi of irMtion't Lord ;
llier may hh workup bet Le ttttbrotol,
AoJ prastei pour'J.
lit attar earth 1 1U rrf. ib iky Mmle ;
kuo, mvmi, tuii ". the Utupi Uiat ; it ligbt,
AuJ eloudi.by la. cUt"l rtnt patotd.
Itl ehotr, .11 vel ttiio-, Mfh ft ;1J JdK.lioo,
In uait'J hjmn 11 t.ei.vir J tfi,
The tbujr-j-iti viii'. idp n'-tilb'd octaa,
1 fc'i-i- dCAO.
'Hie f.ee if nHt-, Hi () wrilen Ii.t4,
tVlurli .11 mankind may rtnJr 1 eiptern,
Whits noac ran trMt,lutrilati, or lill
III loving lore.
lit net Uam we tlmt our Maker, whae snVttlan
Koewi no iliitinrtlnl tHtf-M nn re1l,
Mieli hl Imji.ni.l furor nnd ir-M-etmn
Alike on all.
Thu'by dlvlflf rxamJe-do we father,
I'll I rrrtr rare flmulil Imn liV nil eth' '1.
LhiHlian JaivIVpinliil-lira of out I'ather,
AM. alt ! Iwnllwrs,
Cnoleoee,heiieeii silent e.rnel th' nsarewie
0( hlit I r-ns 'n trrry tinman liieaal,
Sternly ettiiilisiiii th" impentlenl tr;rfir
To livn wnl4wt.
The pines anil th vlr'M'ma, tins' aiaa'll
lly farlunn'f frarn.nr lutii's mrjiiit drerer,
Still in their Imis .bis fil n pura, rxultoil,
Henteilo we learn tlmt harden'il vee is hateful,
Sltie- Itswveii puraiiesit Itl n rent iin rod.
While jiKilties, sttf.rnWHrtlml, nmt bn grateful
Tit man nml (lot!.
0 thou uift visible but iimren liwrtter,
VJine fmcr writes its If is'iii' on imr spline!
Otlioitrnoit niiilible, lint unheard preacher!
Whose terni'HM clmr
Arc (ecu nml read in nil that thou pri f.irnust,
Wilt thnu lonk iliiwn un 1 1 Us, if, when I kiiu I,
Apart from man built f.ine, 1 feel (he warni'sl
And purett zeal?
If in the temple thin w-n hand hath f.iihimi' !.
'Neslli the tirtslit sky. by lonely ttienuis uf wnml,
1 pnpr to thee, with llinllin- li'xrl nipnttiunM,
.My grntitiide ;
I fin thy present miroe'et terrestrial,
.Mino eye behold, wherever I havo l.ucole ',
New proofs of Ihy fiitmity enlestia!
To mon rerotilod j
II, fettrln; Tltee.l btve (by whole creation,
Keepin; my Ixmini itnilefiled by Rililt,
Wilt thou luvive Hlid bliss initio tidnrnli 11 .'
Thou wilt ! Thou will I
In our opening paragraph we have referred t
a matter which il is now our duty to explain.
Tho author of the Yin 'I'nnnptt comes before us
incognito ns n Dr. Chalfiohl, iittonaY-d by a sort of
Merry Andrew, Timothy Harrison. WhoVlio IV.
is wo canno! tell; but if I10 is not Mr. Jomcs Smith,
he is a most impudent plunderer of that gentleman;
nml if he is identical, we think he has acted rntber
disingenuously with the public in those volui.ies.
l'orit so happen, that, in ten yearn ago, Mr.
Cnlhtirn "published n work by "One of tho Authors
of the Rejectfd Addresses' entitled, "tlaieties and
(Iravitirs," nnd which ran throng eevi ml edition",
wherein is to be read, verbatim (I litnntim, many
of the best things which ndo'ii the Tin Trvvip
ft ! ! In other cases the it!cas arc taken nnd en
larged upon; but, for instance, in the forgoing quo
tations wo have marked 1, U. .1, . nnd in the
words "dram," "real friend," "jealousy," ic. fee.
which were eMrnctcjl.iri our lust i7(:ff,lhc vvr'l
iui nut. pn!Miini:ii'fiifiifrJ'".l1 ITt'f TergOtllTllll'SS ot
rc.idcis. These pithy mid piquant lurwtic; nml
iibovcn hundred more of the eitme kind, vue pirntcd
literally from "Specimens of a Patent Porket Dic
tionary," ffroin p. !i30 to .'H!.r, vol. i. ol (Iiueties
and !rat itiep,) published in 182(1. Surely such
things ought, in nil fair performnnccs.to b acknow
ledged : il is di-reputable, if not diblioncM,to foUt
them upon the world again as novelists.
WILLIASl It. JIAIMIINON, of Ohio.
Tor Vico I'resitlent,
FRA.VCIH r.ltAMiUII, nrNeivV.uk.
A IIKIEP IHSTOIIV
or Tin: I'Uiu.ic ar.iivici:e or
GEN. WILLIAM HENRV HARRISON.
Thk distinguished patriot, soldier, nnd statesman,
who is the subject of this notice, is descended from
ono of the most illustrious families of that mother
of utateaineu, Virginia. His father wns one of the
delegates from that commonwealth to, rim", n lead
ing member of the memorable Revolutionary Con
grw. When John Hancock was elerted Piesi
dent of that body, and hesitated, through modesty,
to take Ins seat, Mr Harrison, being a large man,
aeized Mr Hancock, who was small, nnd carried him
and placed him in the chair ; observing, that they
would "lot Motbor llrttaui know t lint Congress
would have the man she proscribed to preside over
thrni." During the revolution ho was clitiirunn of
the committee of foreign affairs, and was greit n
iiii.nif the srent men "I that day- I" 17fe!l, he was
appointed Coventor of bin native Stato, and wis
one of the most popular Chief Mngi.triites that e
or presided over Hint commonwealth. He died in
1701, leaving three sous, of whom thu subject of
this short biographical notice vis tho youngest.
WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, was born at
the family eat, called I'.rkiity. twoiity-five miles
below Richmond, 011 Ja. lies River, on theU'hof
February, 17?:i; tAo years beroru tho commence
ment of the American Revolution. Ills early edu
cation was at a Grammar School,, and afterwards nt
hii Academy in Southampton county, and nt tho
College of Ilaiopdin Sydney. Afler the comple
tion of his scadeiiiical studios, ho was placed by his
father in hm aveiileenlh year, 111 trie oliue 01 wr.
Leiper, a physician of Richmond, a a medical stu
dent. After remaining theic one year, he went to
Philadelphia for the purpose of completing his med
ical studies'. Jliil before he reached the oily, bm
father died ; lie now resolvitd to quit tho medical
profession, having entered it only to gratify hi pa
runt. Reiiig burn and educated m tbe stormy pe
riod of tbu rnvolutien, the stirring t-venU of that
day bad wade loo alroug an impression upon his
aidpnt iwnd, to relih tbo routine of a profeinn.
Rut the iall tte, which foil to hiin fioin hU fa
ther, iwde U neeenary fur htm to engage In acme
Hie father'f standing, cbarctcr and public scrvi
cm secured bieu luany ponerful Inenda, ameng
whom, were Edmund Randulph, Secretary ofSlate
is Hae adioiauatrallun of (jati. Washington : Con.
Ilei iv Ie, and Rotert Morrie, the finaocier if the
rimduuoo. Mr Randolph urTered bun a p.are i
hi office, and Gen. l.-f pr. prsM-d tu bun coinins-J
sion in the army,
aid irtt h.s friend:
!! ac-tpud toe m ''ar
atvjid Cwpj'r-.e ' f fie ujoice
attrtnplcd to ronccal it from them, until all a
settled. Mr Mnrrt.. hnwever.lioard of It by chancCi
and sent fnr Into, in ordrr In iHssiimlo him from It.
Young Harrison rusecli'tl the cause nf the turn
mmi, and having made up hi mind In mtrr ll.o
army, hostrncd tu the War Office, rcccitcd (da com
nia.ainn, and then irpslrrd to the house of Mr
Mnrrie to roct ire his advice when loo lair, t.) enter
tbe orfice of the Secretary of State.
lie recrivrd llto ri.lnnu.sion ol Ensign.itl the first
r gi iipnl of Iho V. Stntcs Attlllcry, ll.ru at Port
WsaliUinliTtt. the ailc tiflliw pteeent city Itf CloCHV
rail and iminiitialily tit tint Injoiii the Army, ami
loot bed it a lew day e after (it'll St. Clan's tiienio
Ho was at that time hut nineteen years of age,
tall, Mender, and sppTii nily wholly iiiisintcil. from
the teiidoriiess and liiMinoiiMit s of his rducation,
tu bravo the storm, encounter tho hardships and
perils, and battle Willi the beasts and sat ages of
the wilderness. At t lint time tho great valley of
the Ohio nml Misaiarippl, now filled with million,
of civilize.) men, vvna roamed ovorby countless 11a
linns of hostile linliins and tho mighty rivers now
covered wild n hundred ilcimcre, were navigatod
only by the light ranee. The rubdnrd and hum
bled ted inrtii, that has now reluctantly retired bo
youil the MiisisVippi, then stood in power up tho
tika of the Ohio, the Muskingum, the Scluta, tho
M1111111, the Walm-li nnd the Illinois, Cen. St.
Claii's nrmy having been defented nml cut in pip.
er, tho vv hole defence of this portion of tho frontier
devolved upon n small hotly of men. It was just
nt the beginning of winter, nnd st.rh were the hard
ehips In prospect, in this then distant wilderness),
surrounded bv nn etasperotcil, victorious, savsgo
foe, that tho stoutest hearts might have fulled, and
the hardiest vnt'.riim turned pale. Some of his
comrades advised, tho youthful nnd unhardenctl en
sign to resign his commission, and take to civil life.
Hut young llnrrisun's wns not a spirit to recoil at
dinger. Tho smn ptrsevering energy nnd bold
ness of character, t lint distinguished him in nller
times, wns here displnyrd in his contempt nf Inglo
rious ease, and lovo of arduous eulcprise. Tho
first duly confided to him, was to guard certain
pack-horses, bound f r Tort 1 1 a mil ton. '.Its duty
was pcculinrly uncpiiifiiitnlile, perilous and difficult,
leading to great exposure night nnd day, and call
ing for much sngnrily, nnd far moro skill than
would be looked for in 11 mere stripling. 'Phis ill
ty I10 prrfnrintd in n manner, which proved that
hi abilities wore equal to Ins spirit, nnd called
forth the thanks of Crn, St. Clnir.
Attlnr tiin" intemperance destroyed large pro
portion of the young men, that entered tho army.
The hardships and filigiies to which thoy were ex
posed, and nbuve nil the fashionable custom of tho
day, reduced at last to the slavery of the bowl, ma
ny of the finest young men that entered the service.
Hut our young Ensign strengthened by the ndvico
nt vien. rfKincrtn. who sucrcencn at. cinit 111
171)2, resisted temptation, ami laid the foundation
of those Imliils of tempernnci'. winch havocharac
lorirctl him through u lung life, and which un
doubtedly enabled him, as much ns any other ran so,
to undergo t lie privntinns of n frontier warfare, n.
mid tho heats of summer, nml thu fro? Is of winter,
in the swamps and impuiictriihlo wildernesses of thu
In 1702, he wns promoted to the office nf Lieu
tenant, and 111 170:1, joined the army of Gen,
Wayne. He was shortly nfter appointed Aid-do-camp,
to that gallnut commander. Ho ncted in
this capacity, in the biitllu of the "01 It of August,
upon tho .Mauinei', which resulted tho decisive vic
tory over the savoges; nnd his roolness, intrepidity
nnd bravery, were such as to call forth from Gen.
Wiiynn the strongest expressions of applause.
In 170.1, he was raised to the post nf Captain,
anil on tho departure of (Jen. Wayno for tho East,
was entrusted Willi the command of Fori Washing
ton. An end being put to tho Indian War by tho
victory of Wayne, Captain Harrison married the
daughter of John Cloves Syminvs, the well known
purchaser ol the Minmi country, nnd in 1707 loft
tho army and was apt ointed Secretary of tho North
Western Territory. In 1700, he was elected ns a
delegate to Congress from this Territory, which
then comprised Ohio, lndi.mn, Illinois, Michigan,
and tho whole country north of tho Ohio, nnd east
of the Mississippi rivers. Whilo ho was in Con
gross, ho originated llui present system of loud
soles, which has been of imineiie benefit Io tho
Previous to the Innd system, planned and carried
through congress by Wu.i.iam IIrMY Hariiiso.i,
the public lurids were sold III trscts so large, that
none but lie! wealthy could purchase. In some in
stances, wealthy individuals contracted with the
Giivcnmii'iit fur triu Is containing from one hundred
thousand to n million of arrow. The poor man
was, oonseqtiontly, compelled to buy second handed,
nnd at an advanced price. Ho was al tho rnnrcy
of tho (peculator. Mr Harrison hail witnessed the
injtisli'.-o of tho operation. He foresaw that it would
build up in lhowot, a land holding nrnstocrncy
n kind of feudal system of barons and rassals, and
his rupiibhcun principles prompted him to resolve to
correct tho ovil. Ho brought tho subject before
emigres, exposed the injustice and iniquity of the
monopoly of tho system, 'hat excluded men of small
capital from purchasing land, and obtained tho pas
sage of n law dnt'Ctliig the lands to be sold in small
tracts. That alteration placed tho poor man on
a footing with the rich, andooplrd tho new States
u ilh freeholders and independent farmers. If ibis
had been tho last ocl of William II. Harrison, if
he had then been gathered to hu fathera his fame
would lisvo survived as a public benefactor and
hit country would hive uwed a statue to his mem
ory. (ixu. Ilairieou is a Dcrroeratic Republican of the
school of Jelfuraon. He has ever been an advocate
of state rights and ttato aovreignty of limiting
the action of the general gorernrnsnt and all its de
partments, to the powers defined by the constitu
tion and of the right of tho people to Instruct and
control their agenle. On this point, the following
leslimony of a Isle member of the Senate of the U.
Staloi from Olsio, is conclunve.
V.itrael from a rpredt of ike lion. Jacob Ilcanrr,
at a wrttng of the cutlrni oj lAnctnAOU, Ul,
.IfjrrA,. 10, 1630.
'Sii.flVr 11.11!.. ri-.'ire a It.'.eli(VwI retailor to this
fi rtxJtf Cier. lUrnaou'e ;Je, which bia enerote