Newspaper Page Text
BY 11. T. WHITE.
RUTLAND, THURSDAY, JANUARY 25, 1844,
VOL,. 50. NO. 4.
Tit Ji 11 Jilt A LI).
Published ovory Thursday Itlornlnp.
TEllMS TLB TEAR
'ft ttnly,tn routs, at the tubicnlrrs door SI, 75.1
D'ltrttr.il in packages, or taken at the iffice,$l,OU I
Jy mil ---,
OnO nonAicrfi;25 "' if not then fianlj
Delivered by the Village carrier, - - $0.00.
Motto for everybody; "I.'ntoiirairc Vour Oun."
Vow Me Gazette and Courier
1st rc-rr.n.3. 8." BE COURTEOUS."
Religion's not as some havo thought,
A cold nnd rough unsocial thing;
A gloon.y sout-lcss name of nought,
An artful innsk to tiillc in.
'Tis not n long nnd monkish face,
A sad nnd sanctimonious nir;
"I'is not a pompom show of grace,
'Tis notn doleful tuned prayer.
Hut 'tis a spirit mov'd with love,
A soul intent on others' weal ;
A broken hcatt touch'd from tibove,
Hy lliin whoso hand can heal.
It is a cheerful trust in God,
A humble hone in his great name ;
A courteous' walk with nil abroad,
These, life's unceasing end and aim.
Ashfield, Jan- 18-11- D. F,
(Com inn it f cat (onn.
F.cr the Herald.
The complaint is often made that Temperance
Houses arc an imposition upon the public
this complaint is too often founded in truth. The
traveller sometimes finds, to his sorrow thnt, the
sign "Temperance House" has been hoisted main
ly for the purpose of talcing in strangers, and
when too late, has lo regret that he has been ri
This is a principal reason why many men a
void tho Tcmperanco house and patronize the
Rum house. The traveller, wearied with his
journey, desires to find at least a comfortable ta
ble and bed with reasonable attention to his wants.
If Temperance houses will not at least furnish so
much, they have no right to complain of want of
patronage. The old maxim "a burnt childldreads
tho fire," often explains tho reason why good
Temperance houses are not better patronized ;
for there are some first rale Tcmperanco houses.
Among other ftsj.t rate Temperance Houses,
the traveller, whether for business, or pleasure or
knowledge, will find one in the pleasant villago of
Kecne, N. II., which will commend itself to his
patronage. "Tho Emerald House," kept by W.
G. Colston, is plcarnslly and convrnicntlysitua
ted, well arranged and well kept the table is
well furnished, tho beds arc good nnd clean; the
sitting room is supplied with the latest Boston pa
pers, nnd Mr Colston is at hand to anticipate or
instantly supply all the reasonable wants of his
guests. There the traveller need not fear that he
will be taken in The writer of this article speaks
from experience. Yet another thing should not
be forgotten, Mr. Colston is a Vermonler. Try
him once experiment is better than a dozen rec
ommendations and if you havo been duped bv
the sign ofa "Temperance House," the contrast
will do you good.
THE EXAMPLES OF CHRIST.
"Follow me," y the Sicior. How reason
able the rrquircmrnt I To be n christian it is to
be Christlike. Isitnotthn dear youth, impor
tant thnt wc, who have professed to be Christians,
should no longer mensuro ourselves by old pro -
fessors ; but should takn Christ ns our standard.
nnd strivo to follow Him? How holy his life?
How lovely his examples I
O, let us try to get
assimilated to His. Lt us consider for
uu i i iiiiiiivii,io i nit ijn iiiiiii;
a few moments sonio of the traits in His character
which wc should try to imitate.
He glorified God. In his prayer, he savs. "I
have glorified Hire on rarih; I hnve finished tho
work limn aivest mo to do." Sn we ourlit to
strive to glorify our Heavenly Father by doing 1 ed the silent grief of tho mother and sister of the
every duty which ho has civpn us in do; by i dying child. There was n melancholy apposite
swert submission lo all his will ; hy firm relimeo nessin the solitude of tho nl.ice. nnd in tho stern
nn him for nil our support, nnd by so regulatinc
our conduct by his word, that the world may lakf
i.ii'vicigeoriis that wo have hern with Jrsns.
lie v,nft nbou( dflin jn .
nromoto iiin nr-. j i i . ' .7.
creature , n loa, ;s prrsrntr,j t0 0r vipn. j,rnn(.n 0f tnc trP(, tumbled 0 nnd fro upon the in
in w.ncn wo arc t0law. There aro kind words finfs lips, as if it emblemed there the flickering
topeaK--w n"Kd hearts (0 comfort (here I of its breath- This pninfullv beautiful thou?ht
IT nr. r m ,ly lhcro aro 1,u"Srv 10 fred : entered tho mind of the mother and while she
re tlZl l-,rr) ,vi,h t!,ft necMiitiM of still dwell upon it, the door was darkenod-and
life; there a.e farelft,;,,mrstownrn , d her husband nnd
. - ' nnu rinriiai uorxj oi our lellOW
mourning p-nuen w. mtnXa j . n re
fccblo VnnB'nV"7?"?--here are heath -
en to be carm ior ii . ""'-ibw re mission.
nnu 7-V r"'d there is
constant employ in the field for all wUli handf
t. Ahst, rft
Ht leas 'f'i'lcny,ne- . ',c'rn. """Hfthttiiinon tho nillow. Tho mother took it un she raUi. nnd to manifest considrrable alarm to pre-' ,,,, 0-20 miles. The distances are not commitedi trfat are generally near the base of ihe main range
he might set jrot rwri. looked at the withered blossom ofsprin?. nnd then erve it from the wrt. On being remonstrated for upon the commsn highways, byt by railroad routeMof the Greoo Mountains, and in ihe Immediate
ninrr tTiiiltv f mnriS tint uo cuminandl n i .. it . . " . . . t ...il. Afr.i.i it. '
. '"1..-. nn enr rrn nnA r me withers tlower oi ner maiernai i or .. sunnosfj ttpidity in leaving his head exposed From Concord to Burlington the distance is 170' wigiioornoou oi inexnausuoie u. -k-
. 'i... . .v.ow lurninir lo her husband, she sunit upon nis necu . .1 n n., ,.i . ,. , n. r,nm Vnphbiirtr m Hurlinirinn I7-2 m e. r. onitie same route, too, are iouno inn rfwri s
ourselves of every 'turns tbau, hateful " hTsfThoSiild , der to them. Exiled, fa p,, leg .' qulnn3 the censtruaion of toore miles of ra.l-jcof Shrew,, tn. ,ron or.,u -gT
siohi 1 Arc wo making every sacrifice wo ought
for tho advancement of his cause? Let con
science answer. Do not we, my sisters, indulge
in much useless expenditure for dress for the sako
of outward nppcarntice that would, if given in
charity or to the missionary cause, honor our
Master and soon meet his approval? Would
not our own hearts condemn us if wo let con
science speak ? Cm wo longer refuse to deny
ourselves.whcn Christ has dono so much for us
when his cause needs our whole attention and
aid- when sinners are perishing -heathen dying
untaught: O, shall we refuse a little sacrifice-
a little self denial?
lie was met!: and lowly in heart. All the
perplexities, trials, toils of carth---all tho slander,
opposition and persecution of his enemies, had
not power to ruffle tho sweet serenity of his spirit.
How unliko him arc wo when wo permit
pride, anger.impatienco, unkind feelings nnd hate
ful passions to agitate our bosom I May you and
I, nnd all ol us, possess tins mceic anu lovciy
spirit of our Master.
' r. ... i t.f i .- ..lit
lie ojten renrca 10 iiuia commvnwn mm j
father. We must follow him in this. Prayer is
the Christian s vital urrain; wc nreo to come
to tho throne of grace, nnd there to commune with
our father in heaven that we may gather fresh
manna to stiengthen us on our wearisome way.
Wo need to do this often; we have sins to confess
pardon to implore strength to overcome our
evil nature to beg for guidance of ihe Spirit nnd
persevering power to plead for -sinners to piny
for, O, there are great and numberless causes why
wc should pray, and pray often.
lit loved and prayed for his enemies. "Fath
er forgive them, thev know not what they do,"
was his prayer for them even when hung in ago
ny upon tho cross. Here is n lovely example
for us. Cherish, cultivate with caro this loving,
He was valient, he teas compassionate, he was
merciful. He was a perfect example, yea, the
one nhnirether lovclv. Let us endeavor to imitato
him in all his imitable perfections, nnd follow
him here, so that when death comes and calls us
hrnce. we mnv be received into Irnven, where
wo may see him and be made like him.
The Immigrant's Sabbath.
AN EXCELLENT MORAL STORY.
BY If. HASTINGS WELD.
'Will tho baby die, mother?'
The enquirer was herself a child, and the look
of earnest curiosity with which she watched her
mother's face, lo gather from that reply which the
pari nt could not speak, testified to that precocity of
... i.:i. .!. t . r . l .lm.i r . t. .
intelligence which is iiiu 101 oi uiu cmiurcii ui me
poor. To us this union of matured perceptions
with juvenile features, is among tho most painful
of the traits which distinguished tho offspring of
those whose every step is a contention with obsta
cles, whoso every gesture seems a buffet with
the world But if the face of tho daughter was
painfully interesting, that of tho mother was not
less so. Though still young, toil, anxiety and
care, nnd nbovo all, grief, had marked her counte
nance with evidence that young though she might
bo in years, in experience! she had lived out a life
time. Sho was bending over the cradle of an in
fant, whoso quiet sleep seemed the suspension of
its little being. Pale and wan, she seemed scarce
farther from tho grave than her infant charge, in
watching whoso almost imperccptable breathings
her whole attention was absorbed.
'Will little sis die now, mother ?' the elder child
again nsked. There was a volume of meaning
in tho tono in which the enquiry was put. It ex
pressed tho resignation which all in that little
household had made tho conviction that their
well-beloved infant companion was sick unto death
nnd all that Mary could hope in answer was, that
the moment of the departure of tho infant was not
yet not that instant. A half an hour seemed n
long future a day seemed years. Who that has
watched the life of a child wasting away has cv
er forgotten it? The unconscious sufil-rer, inpn-
pablo alike ol appreciating us danger, or oi com
municaling its feeling to tho earnest affection
which surrounds its bed, tho mrcknrss of endu
rance the supplicating glances from tho eyes of
n dying child oh now itecpiy do tliey move ttie
heart. When man sinks from his strength, or wo
man wastes from her loveliness into the arms of
Uiose wno ar? ,o pir mc g ra, nui .o -
gam beyond it. But where the babe, in pain, but
., 1 . - . - I . . .
! unconscious from what cause or to what end,
j 00,.s up imploringly
I erl,.ss to nid has hith
'iher" feels she could w
toner wno.inougn now powi
death, nt each stage of the disease tho invalid can ""a "?' " . "'i'""u "u " " '
communicate will, attendant friends; nt each pause- brow, oyrs opened, and a faint; mile
like respite in the journey through' tho vnlley or played nroiinl,ta lips. Aflcrt.nn, ever :rc,.dy to
the shadow, adieu mnv be re-exchanged between the'Zh 'r.nl S ' I
thrrto brrn its solnrc, the mn.i,m nS"Bi -
. - .... 1 iinrrlO
illinely din with her child,
. . .... ii L- i .I....
il she could make the suiterer unnerstann mat u is
i (inniti i m i r.nin nnn nrm in nil tviiini is muu.
fy hut surely stilling tho pulses of its innocent
So felt tho vouncr wife and mother
she snoko not. No sound broke tho stillness of
that house in the forest-
no hum of passenger, no
nnios nflm lif... in discord with thescrno. mock
natural simplicity without nnd within the dwelling
Thn IItIu vernal winds movrd thn branches of
the primeval tree of the forest which shaded the
humble, cabin, and, as the sun stole in between the
.nnn .1 t.. rr,e tUn tnnAnw nf n I PP r
! her brother entered with a noiseless step. The
, bov had nluckrdu voiht in the vain hope
vain hope of at -
. ,raclin 'tho dying child's attention. It had with-
ered irf his hand as he walked, nnd while he
slood fce couch ttrncIf tho n,eration
I.... - . 1 -II
1 . 1 ;n n r,t- hnr hud inL-pn n fipi. nn in 11 1.111
perhaps by a truant disposition, nnd that reckless
spirit of enterprise nnd udventure which is charac
teristic in tho American people, they had wander
ed fur, before they here pitched their tent. Ac
customed in New England lo the comfoits which
industry places within tho rench of nil to tho re
fincmcntof mind which education creates to the
social habits which tho institutions nnd manners
of New Enttland fosters nnd above all, to the re
ligious privileges which bless the decendents of
those who sought a new worm to worship God af
ter their own consciences, the Far West for many
a weary month seemed to them n solitude dreary
indeed but never qtlito a solitude. They had
early learned that there is One from whoso pres
ence no creature can bo banished; nnd isolated as
they were in tho mighly forest, tho little family
never forgot that Ho lives, of whom it is written,
"If I take tho winjis of the mornincr nnd dwell in
tho utmost parts of the sia, even there shall Thy
hand lead me, nnd Thy right hnnd uphold me."
To mother to father to sister- -and to tho
brother who hod accompanied them in their wan
derincr, the birth of thnt child had been a new
creation, it had consecrated for them a new home,
nnd created a tie which bound them to the spot.
The crift of God a mercy to them, it had been ns a
rny of light which made the desert blossom as the
rose. All their hearts clung to the little stranger 1
every lecuic opening oi tnc precious uuu, was
watched, every glimmer of future intelligence in
the child was to them as the earnest of becoming
perfect day. The smiles of its infantile joy had
been the sunshine of their hearts. Tho tree be
fore Itheir door appeared creenor nnd stronger
when the little one showed its admiration in loo!:
incr un. nnd vninly strove to crrasp its branches,
the clearing about the door was thought of ns only
liltle Ellen's play ground tho house which seem
ed before her birth, dull nnd narrow nnd dark,
was now a paradise on earth, since there the cher
ub first saw the day. Any shelter would have
seemed n palace to them in which tho babe could
stand upright and learn to walk.
And now tho hand ot death was upon these
hopes, and silently thev wailed the fearful consum
mation of his work. Thought was busy with her
father nnd mother, one sentiment they held in
common. But a week before, had anyone doubt
ed in their presence, that their cottage was an cly
sinm, each would have eloquently defended it; but
nnw to each it seemed a charnel house, nnd they
felt as if the damp ofdeath was on Us walls. The
mother's mind wandered back to the homo of her
childhood-to the pleasant places which sho had
deserted for the forest -to tho cheerful house, and
friends sympathising in her joy, when Mary, her
eldest born. She counted over ono by one the
kind faces which there would have crowded a
round her, in a scene like this. She remembered
thn villngo pastor, who would havo been ready
with tho words of consolation, words, fifty chosen,
like apples of cold, in pictures of silver.' Sho rcc-
olcctedthe kind physician, and can wc wonder if
sho felt in her grief, thnt Ins skill might alleviate
and pospone, it not avert the death which threat
ened her dearly beloved infant?
The father as he mused, thought not of tho past
hut of the future. To htm, ns to her, longer resi
denco in tho spot seemed insupportable but whilo
visions of thchome sho had left occupied thciind
of tho mother, the father looked forward to still
another home, as if by retreating from mankind
he could remove the exposure to discasennd death.
To neither could their recently pleasent dwelling
bs tolerable; with both, the place would seem
to crcato none but melancholy associations. But
he felt at last it was his duty to struggle to check
repinmgs against Uod s providence, and looking
for aid to that source whence alone support in
all affliction shold bo sought, ho opened tho sa
His eyes fell on thn historyof Ilagar in tho des
ert. In a low but a distinct tono ho read of the
despair of thooxilo in tho wilderness, and while
their daughter was cxpirinar far from human nid
tho parent felt with the Egyptian womnn that they
could not see the death of the child, and like Ha
gar they 'lifted up their voices and wept.' As ho
proceeded in reading, 'and tho angel of God call
ed to Hagar out of heaven, what nileth the Ila
gar? Fear not I the quick 'perception of tho
mother'canght n movement in the cradle. All flew
at once to the child's side, prepared to witness its
Inst breath. But as to Hagar in the wilderness,
so has God been merciful lo them, i ho crisis
, f , - . d of
,,'.,, .,,;,,, , . ,,,, ' i1Brrne-.,i
i ' ,,, f -, hnph :n ;.
- , . . ,1' t u ' r rn frt...i
III' I I ft i I II l 1 1 1 1 I Wllrf l Mllil'UtV j-Hlllljl !?. It
Joyous wns the followine Sahbath ; nor did the
nnV family forget that Being !o whom their
hnnnv lamilv lorgrt that ueing to wnom nieir
i . . - . w - .
gratitude was duo for tho great mercy vouchsaftil
to them. The mother had already renewed the
.1. - I . t. TT.Ai!n l.n.l .1 A.nr.t! ., I .
.i :....:- i u.r.
i mil uiLun cu. iitu viuitj tiuw uiium iw imw
til. . . . ' . .
little Marv. ns she leaned nfU-ctionatelv on her
mother's shoulder, smiled that nwe-minglcd grot
itnde which childrm ns well ns adults may feel,
though incapable of other exprrssion than ihe si
lent nnd natural workings of their happy faces.
With cheerful hearts they worshipped Him who!
'dwcllcth not in Iho temples made with hanns,'
nnd heartnnd voice responded Amen! ns tho fa
ther of tho little household said, with the sweri
singer of Israel, 'O. give thanks to the Lord,
for he is good ; nnd his mercy endurtth forever.'
It costs more to send a letter from N. Y. to
Providence, than it does to transport a barrel of
flour. No wonder the public are demanding a
About two hundred ship carpenters were dis-
' charged at Washington Navy Yard on Thursday
last. (Baltimore American
A negro having purchased a hat, was obwrved
., f I. ' 1. .1 r.W - .T7- t
in laire 11 irom ills iicuu un ui.j 1.1 11 ui euuwci ui
For the Herald.
I am composed of 11 loiters.
My 1 6 10 5 2 7 Is a town in Massachusetts.
My 1 1 5 9 4 is a place in Boston.
My G 9 7 is n metal.
My 3 G 12 13 11 1 is a city in Europe.
My G 10 5 is an insect.
My 4 G 1 1 1 is a river in New England.
My 12 9 7 14 is a kind of wood.
My 2 79 11 10 is a vegetable.
My 10 G 9 13 is a very useful article.
My G 1 8 1 1 3 is a town in Massachusetts.
My 14 5 10 6 isa burning Mountain.
My 13 14 G 4 8 is an adjective.
My 14 G 4 8 is n point of compass.
My 9 13 139 3 11 9 4 is one of tho States.
My whole you mny tell if you can.
From your black-eyed friend
U. P .
Rutland, January 10, 1844.
Rail Road to Charleston, N. II. Wo lrarn
thnt much interest is taken in a route for a road
from Kecne to the Connecticut through Alstead,
to strike the river near Charlestown. It is said
that by this route, the serious obstacles of steep
grades and extensive cuttings that occur on the
route from Kccnq lo Bellows Falls will be avoided
and thus the greatest objections to the Keene route
be removed. A survey wc understand is soon to
JTj-REV. MR. COLQUIT, of Georgia will,
with Divine permission, preach at tho Foundry
Methodist Lpiscopal Church on 14th street, on
Sabbath morning next at 11 o'clock.
The above advertisement is taken from a laic
Washington paper, tho National Intelligencer.
Tho preacher alluded to is a Senator of the Uni
ted States. At homo, he has been known to preach
a sermon, try a case in court as advocate, sit on
a reference, marry a couple, christen a child and
mako a stump-speech, all between sunrise nnd
bed-time in ono day 1
The Public Lands The communication from
the General Land Office yesterday laid before Con
gress, shows the sales of lands for the last year to
havo umounted to 1,039,974 acres, making two
millions of dollars, exceeding tho amount received
the precccding year by 000,000. Of tho sales,
not more than 10,000 acres havo been sold above
tho minium nrice, owiner, as tho Commissioner
thinks, to tho operation of the pre-emption law
which enable the actual settlers to secure the choic
est lands at tho minium price. During ihe sarno
period more than ten thousand patents havo been
transmitted, and all that have been prepared have
been signed. National Intelligencer
Wisconsin. The territorial legislnluro of Wis
consin convened at Madison on the 14th ult. M.
M. Strong' of Racine, wns elected president of tho
council, nnd Georgo H. Walker, Milwauke, spea
ker of the house of represetati ves. Gov, Doty tie
livored his message on tho same day. Ho rec
omends that tho people form a stnto povernment
under tho ordinance of 1787, as was done by
Michigan, nnd that they assume for the new state,
the boundrics pointed out in the ordinance.
In 1811, tho duties on imports into this coun
try averaged eleven per cent., and the duties paid
to foreign nations on our exports averaged one
hundred and twenty-lour percent ! Still the advo
cates of foreign work-shops wish us to relinquish
Punch is a good doctor nt times. Ho gives tho
following for tho benefit of wart wearers. Put
your mouth close to tho wart, and tell it in a
whisper that if it will not go away you will burn
it out with caustic. If it does not tako the hint
be as good nsyonr word.
A Duel. A duel wasfiught ncartVoshington,
on Sunday morning, between Do Vcaux Powell,
son of Col. John Hare Powell, and a Mr. Win.
Norris, of Baltimore. Cause of quarrel refusal
ofyoung Powell to take Mr. Norris' hand 1 ! I
Weapons rifles distance eighty yards, result
two young boobies escaped unhurt, perfectly
From the lleston Daily Advertiser.
RAILROADS FROM UOSTON TO UUItLING-
For some time past, the attention of tho writer
has been drawn to the subject of the extension of!
one or more railroads from Boston to Burlington
upon Lake Champlaln. It is a matter of great im-
portance, not onlv to iNew Hampshire and Vermont
l,i,f In Ttnefnn fiml I ll a rnrt n iifVif,li -I nn i-finnt.u
i . . . . . - . . :
bout it, and deserves the most careful cunsidera-
. . .
sidering tho mountanenus character of tho country,
in a high degree favorable, neither probably in any
spot requiring a grade of more than sixty feet to the
tion. There are two routes in view, and it is be- ' """"icuiy give n a mucn greater numoer oi paasen
lioved there are no others upon which a road can ' Gers than its northern competitor could In any e
alvinta'45only bs contructed and each, con-' vcnt fcccl'e.
mile. One of these routes is from Concord by Lcb-1 furnish tho largest amount of freight, and the great
anou, N. IL, Royalton and Montpelier, Vt. ; the ( est number of paskengers, and at the same time lay
other from Fitchburg by Kecne, N. H., Bellows j open for tho Irade of Boston a rich and important
Falls and Rutland, Vt. From Boston to Concord country, which the northern route will not do. It
the distance is 7fl miles, from Concord to Connecti-1 must be, therefore, that all most interested In tho
cut river in Lebanon 03 miles, from Connecticut' proapsrily of Boston, and acquainted witji the char
river to Royalton 20 miles, from Royalton through j cter and resources of the two routes, will give Iho
Roxbury and Northfield lo Montpelier 42 miles, southern ono the preference. It will direct to Bos
and from Montpelier to Burlington 40 miles mak- ton a trade which Troy and New York have for
ing the distance from Boston to Burlington upon many years almost exclusively enjoyed, and which
the Northern route, 210 miles. From Boston to J would in no way be effected by the construction of
Fitchburg the distance is 48 miles, from Fitchburg a ro;"' through Montpolier. Tho connties ol Rut
to Kenne 37 miles, from Keene to Bellows Falls 22 1 land and Addison ha e their beds of iron ore and
miles, from Bellows Falls to Rutland 50 miles, from manganese, and in their quarries of marble; resour
Rutland to Durlinzton 03 miles makinc tho dis- cos for tho permanent support of a rail rod iM-ts.
,-.nr fnim Boston to BurlinPlon. unon the socthern
' " '
road upon the southern than upon tho northern
From Iho surveys already mide, It U undrrtood
that a railroid can bo built nt nboul tlio tamo out
per milo from Concoid to Connecticut rivar in Iet
anon, as from Fitchburg to Hollow F.IU. From
Lebanon to Montpeller, ihe writer Is not aware tlmt
any survey has bocn mado upon tho route propoied,
but from his knowledge of the country, he believes
that a road can be built at an expense not exceed
ing $2t,00 iho milo. From Mellows Fulls to Rut
land, which Includes tho passice of the Green
Mountains, in Mount Holly, tho difficult parts of
the route havo been nurvoyed, and il Is ascertained
that n road can bo built at a cost of not mora than
$.20,000 tho milo. From Montpeller to llurlington,
and from Rutland to IlurHnglnn, no surveys havo
been made ; there is no doubt, however, but a road
may be buih upon either of these routes, although
in the valloy of Onion Rircr there are obMlacles not
existing upon Otter Creek; which would greatly
enhance the oxpenso of the work, and make it in
tho aggregate oxcoed the cost of the road from Rut
land to llurlington, although tho distance is S3 mile
less. Tho cost of a railroad from Concord to llur
lington would be snmenhere about four millions of
dollars, or 933,500 the mile! from Fitchburg to
llurlington about three and a half millions of dol
lars, or $20,000 ihe mile; in neither easo exceed
ing the amount slated, nor will the difference of tho
cost be less. These statements, with regard to ths
distances nro nearly accurate; with respect to the
expense, as wceuralo as tho limited extent of the
surveys vill admit.
The question then arises, which can bo kept in
operation at the loast expense. Tho grades being
about equal, the cost of running1 a train of cars upon
each will be about the same per mile during tho
summer. In the wintet it wi'l be very different.
The average quantity of snow which annually falls
upon the route betweon Richmond Vt. and Franklin
N. II., n distance of 135 miles, is equal to what
falls in any part of New England, south of 43 deg.
30 min. From Burlington to Shrewsbury, a dis
tance of 70 miles, the quantity of snow which annu
ally falls is less than in any other part of the interi
or of New England, less than upon the route be
tween Boston and Lowell ; tho quantity is so small
indeed, that from that cause, there scarce ever wo'd
be any necessity for detention. From Lebanon to
Nashua the average depth of snow is about tho
same as from Shrewsbury to Fitchburg. With re
spect to liability to injury from freshets, tho routes
are about equal, with the oxcoption of the portion
between Rutland and Burlington, which would b
remarkably free from risks arising from suddon or
violent rains or thaws.
As to which route would furnish tha greatest a
mount of freight, there can be no doubt, The most
productive part of Vermont is upon the west side of
tho Green Mountains. The two most productive
counties in the stato, Rutland and Addison, furnish
ing a greator amount of export tonnago thin any
other four counties, would not add a pound to Ilia
freight upon a road by Montpelier; while n routo
by Rutland passes through the centre of them. Tho
agricultural exports of these two counties are very
great, and they furnish nearly all the iron, marble
and manganese produced in Vermont. Tliero is no
doubt If a railroad from Boston was extended through
those two counties, it would annually take from
them more than 25,000 tons of freight. The only
mineral products that would add to the freight of a
railroad upon the northern routo, arc tho soap-stone
of Bethel, an inferior article, and the coperas of
Strafford. Granite ta too common upon almost the
whole route, to bo an article of transpoatatlon.
But to ihe people of Boston, the most important
consideration is, which routh, supposing a road was
built only upon ono, would direct the greatest a
mount of business to that city, which, while sho
kept her old, would give her a new and most im
portant trade ! An inspection ofa map of New
England will at once giro nn answer to the ques
tion. All the trade which she now has with Now
flampMiire. and Vermont, or could have by a road
through Montpelier to Burlington, she would also
have by a road through Rutland lo Burlington, with
tho addition of the business of Addison, Rutland and
part of Bennington counties. The exports of
those counties aro chiefly live cattle and sheep,
wool, pork, butter, cheese, starch, copperas, iron,
and its manufactures manganese, marble and lime,
all of which find a better markot in Massachusetts
than in Troy or New York so much better, that a
railroad through those counties would havo nothing
to fear from any competition with the Northern Ca
nal. That portion of Vermont now a customer of
other cities, would make nearly all its purchases in
Boston, and thus furnish freight in both direction
for the road. It may be safely assumed that tha
receipts for freight upon this road from Fitchburg
,0 Burlington at the average rate of threo cents thu
ton per mile, would exceed 8300,000 the first year
after its completion, and from passengers quito an
equal sum. The general direction of tha route,
and the amount of business done upon it, would un-
j i . . f . . i . . , r
i he conclusion from tho foregoing facts is, that
a railroad frrm Boston to Burlington upon the south-
em route will be the shortest tho least expensive,
1 3d bt no other part of New England. The iron
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