Newspaper Page Text
Rutland County Herald.
VOL. LX.--NO. 51.
JtUTLAND. VElttlOIST, 11.1 DAY MOHNING, IM'CKMM'.ll L2, 1854,
WllOU. NO. ;ilM.
TilE Hl'TLAiS'I) MltALl),
Mijato s.xsr ritT kosi.iu r.a
C. II. HA YD EN,
suiimit xsu i'iiui-hihtoh,
a. A. TUTTLE & CO.
ftfSrt.ta Taatla a. Oa'a. rial TrtbUM Eaaakdlaa
aaai, baa af Valai.a rtt.
TUHM8 i'TTn yhah,
riiiitaibia,a. tri'uM,i i,t
lfaJf.at ta alf a.' t4
Mill iJlWi.MW., t
Ifaadfuld la adnata,. ..,.,.... .!
TO CI.irilH. 1JY MAIL.,
r &,, 4i, n,
Ivfal,.. da''. " Tl,Bt
r-Tfc.llii.iaiiatr.r.r. or i-orr.s,OE i.
lllak'Mli Batlaa IVaaly.
Ik.larflbaOaty.bal allbtaiba IHUm. II lltll
pit yalf, rtllVtata i4,a.t ia4 aol at Iba Mat.,
I) t.Bl. pal y.tT, .IB Ik. Itl.fl al otafa Ml fc.r.
atrt.lfaalfia If tba ItUll..
JtATliH Ob" ADVliUTIHJNO.
ff -,.,., I. ha., a iMn"v .. .. l .ot
Oat taaaMloa,, ...tbl.
tat b aBtaaaaaat Hwainoa, Hit.
fry Yity AJt4tiMMt Umu4 al tibttl
ty rw tit ir.Mt i4iwimiii, ri ! in
ta rjaiit at..', u odi-tw.
Yr A anaaat af ataat. i anauata aiib y.trty
l,artlat, la4tbtllbirlB lB.oiarlb Iblaftr.,
Mill ta Buaila4 BBMB ! lbl.B tBOatht.
AIIK1TB fdll TIIIJ HIItlAI.II.
r..n rttmt ,
II, MUBUtN, Ja.
IV. B. HI1IV.
K. S. MKBB1AM.
a A. bixii.
H. W ILK IN WIN.
I. kvi bii:e, it.
II. D DEITEY.
T.ll. r TT.
O. A. Tuttlo tV Co'.
IIKAD Of WlllinOTOX HTItKKT,
rr Waait tll tip lhim r.Raiil la
J 1 iiwih wlUl ...rf T.ll.l)' af ll. Htlartr.
aw MilHliI, tMlatlal TIIIIIIK TKAII
a-t-l -1.1 M lb.Cr. roalW.allf
VMJAMTUMa.r.ripl'a,rraai 1. Ur
al rui Im lb. .aailUalrard.
Allhla4a M t)ar.na.
All klaiaau4 f liat.liai KihlUlm,
All Ua4a aw4 J Talaal alnlklaa iMlf la,
All llati r TbMUlral CaiapaalM,
All kl.da a4 kf tmrtlala,
All klaaa at Klilit4i,
All Uaa u4 kj r.(V4kal Dalian,
All tlada nl tj HcwLa.ll.-a.
All kla4a wa.4 f Hh4a aad Acatlanial,
All kU4a aa4 kj raalK UAc.aa,
All klaAa na Mxhiaka af all lu J",
All kla4a hI kr I)iittt..iplu, "
All klftrfa mmmI by Anlala a.n.rallt
All kia4a ih1 bj Hwlal A...mUIi,
Allklaila u4 by M.rtbiau,
All klaia lal bj Maaalatlai. la.
All UaaaaaWbr Daaka,
All (lata m4 by laauraac Offlca,
All klatla ai.d bf r.lpra.a Ura.
Alt klatla ! b rrfttWiaaal M.a,
Allblaaaaw4by Uurui Kaclaim,
All klada aH br Itoaa-lWa al Uar,
Aa4 all kla4aa(Hala aa4 I'aarjr rlalla tut Ika
ffklMl Tn4 a4 rrolwabvaa raa.rallr.
CAHIl AJHI1 UII.I.KT IMIIKTIJICI.
! laa avarar aarlalyr tofaolor,
Dook and Pamphlet Printing
Willi d.apaUli and at law ral...
outs FunmsitD to order.
r.uuaw llllllj 41(U.4 All 4" III I
aalaa ptomfi aluvaUoa.
la alllllbtaali.aatKala4 apxalka meal r.aana.
aHa ... , i, j
ratitralii allaalloa la tlaaa la aiMatlaf all ac4.fi
fat 4li.tl pamraa af ml. J a4 artala4 Blaak
A larta aa4 4tab! alwek af riala aa4 laa
ltlUMr U tl 1VJ l w l.lall, la a bita
Iba aUMUaa af lb. aqUlt la f atnfal7 lavtlW.
aiBU. A. T VTTtK t'O.
WUOI.Ri.AU: i- lUTTAlL PKAU'.R
BOOTS, SHOES, RUBBERS,
LCATHEPl AND FINDIN08,
H(.I MatHCIIAMT'a HOW (N.ai Iba l.4j
OrOratrttaUcitatl aai rraaptlr Eucittd
MMcbaata rdnaf by bUH villi U aa(4w4 atUl
aa aaaatwa aa ankl a baa tarbaf la ftat.ua.
J. B. KILBUBN
Otaltr la all klada af MlHlatr?.
anru ?08j, (fmbioiitrits, Starts,
a Claaas tHaaa ruaialsc.,aa4 ,
atata llraal, BatUai, T .
fnrl.iaai atobiaf taOaabJala aaa tlaayafla4
Ibaaaattba albl aaW4a, tl Ibia balwaa.
O. OAU-CNTCB, "
0ll la Uraaam.. aa4 rr.tUtua., IWtur, Cbaaa,
kaarr Uau4a. 4f , alaia aTaaa at , haallba Haa.
lt.l Cb.Kb, .(W, IX O
at Asnx 6, iTrKTiT
Anaraar aa tVHaatiUf al lar, a at HalUlbT la
Cbaawtr. OaUa U tba Oaart llaaaa, AalJaa',
, O. TAisV, Atal.
MlaalanuM aa llMbx t, Taa, tibMt Ik. aa4
Ibuxn'M ta4 ibn,iflao. Altai la Kak
la4Caau,UUaaaaf tl wa. taIW4 "Tk.
T99 Mat. rural lau I ..t - I,.., - II
rmi laa Laal af !ta llataa,
(Itraamaa Arutt. a)tlibl llmt la Iba Calaa
altolal. Mala aUaat, IU, 41. IVlataa pal
aylataary ttaaty anil., a Mb at Ubaul('a4.
tt,al Hra.titt..lfwa7tit.ialt. U-ly
trw.rr tat laMaat tl laa, tad ivalkltM la
fav.tf.cf . alaa, I taa,i l b it. Mtia. tj
Kalaa.itaw Haaaaakiaa, Baada lataad, Oaawu.
aad, X.ar Volt, faaaayla.ala, Ota., I.du.l.
ttublaa, Vt'artaaata, aad laaa. OCUa aa Iba
IMilllaH,l.iu.l,IV . v
taarata aad Otaatk al Lta. Ibaivrliai la Caaa-
atty, aad At. I bt raaaataaart, aaaaty Laa.,
At. OBWa, awry Tbrall'a ttlxt, Aatlaad.
a BOBT A I0.
IVVaWI. tad tUtaH tiatlan bt all klada aa! (try
tada. titeawia. tad !iaaa , llatl.a.i aad
Cattaty a b.ai.at.aa. aad (aktara . tad all ad tba
am.. rttaal l.aia. la. day. Matt ,.
R. M. MKURIAM,
TaMad; ruaaaaua, laauaaMta tad rbarik
. W" aabaaj. IX Bat.i.tlw .fralinii.
-)i.4 ,.. ta,t u,). t.Mi... Jo. A
T MtWa.ti.a4U),.ll.WlUd '
ai .7! aad aab-at tu laaaa la,aaka 1
aa!liTr!i l4 ' t ;
. W.T IfWUOla,
F. J. FARR,
TKACIll'K OI-' DANC ING,
!t3btr of ciuirillt 3sni,
AnKC kr aaii arMbwatUaaltl malt a
Llaaaaa aa ia4lil4aala Ianla4 la llaaalaa, Wtlu
la(,abtuaa., rJla, laMiUi Ma.
taiaita, trtaat, at.
ri'AbiiHtn run nui, rtbTItt,
tl Maun, akc
R. E. WHirCOMB
Htwtr of paiuing, DJbltjing, iff.,
la at. kat.4 1. far. Uk Ml' a It! "
alia, Fartlaa, and Aaa.l.ll.., al laata
Taa b Tl faaraa, aa aaaa.ki.i laaaa.
Ja.lrattl.a la DAHCIMU ltaa aa aaaaL
14JUUtf. VK fW, Iblt y(
i. 2vr. a.TkTXans,
iTIOBNEV I COOSKLLOB AT LiW,
Oirlu uaai Iba tUllroal blltlan,
Ila. Plafbaa Itayta, Rati B.lkallra, VI.
m a44M,wa rt, KBtlaa4,
- A. I. Vlla.t, Maatblar,
HmUJ. II. IVak a (., Palllaua, VL
" '. II. KHboia,4vlV, " "
I). A.fmall.), 1'., " "
tit. II. W. Cttlia, " "
II. B. llarrtaiMt, I1 , Ratlaad, I.
lt. 4. a. A. Maaua,
llanall a. IVjt, " SJtf
F. B. QRISWOLD,
IMHtKS, SASH, AMI BLINDS.
All atdat. ftll4 oa .bull notkv.
1'ITTafOIU), VKKMOXT. lf I
altaufarlut.l ta4 a bMlaaal. tail ratal! d.altr la
a.l4rlftUa.lWb Dllllliirrr aad fancr
lioadl.. lujabroldtrlta, Vv.
abmada aa4 t'tfM fur fua.ral art aabma aa baad tad
aitd. taiirdar. Alaa, Af.al lut Ibaaal.ollha Pal.ol
Ilf II. tun Paiuuiliiaf lna. 1)14 Ibraatla dr...rd
anal. VmUn taUaaa, .W.i. lUnrl, ljl
U I IT la A SULV li It MONT.
fadllaM fwr Iba cur. of fli. Iun, Kldnryt tad
Hi1..at ttiaalaallf l"f aalr,3dira auutb ol
Mua Kmi, Mala firm, .Uaa4, I t.
Rutland Carriage. JlaHHfartery.
Caratr Waal and Walaa Nlratla,
1 11 II C foblib. ra baild Cartiar.. of Iba dilT. r.l f
X rialiat W ard'ar, trad fur all. oa larurabla wibh.
Cllrlifa ibd Hlja falnliof tlltadad to, llo, ra
palrlaf lal, tad airnlibloil dona, tra flallalaur.
a).., l lb. aall.fae lloa of wr oalrpna.
U.ptlra I l.'arriat.a pmmollji dr.aa. a aolltll t
abaraaf publk .alrvnat., and aliall uta at baal ao.
daitort toauil oat caatuoirfa.
a. r. acian, . r. Hauaalix,
a. a. Riuawtu.
BLISS & STEARNS.
raiCK tow, it lift CtaiH.
Oil. I.. V. -V. HAHUOOD,
DtnUl Kurgton, U'..iU(lrti Hlfeet, Rutliitd.
VrttH)Bt. .Ml tifrritlom rfi'rnjtd In t careful,
k.nruf, ..Ml irtoruuiib maiiBer.ilitl imtitd.
SILAS H. HODGES.
CLata Cntuinllalaratr or latrula.)
Aad Afaal ftaltaa.acliaibuainMa a lib. PaKMOmc
Olra aitl Aa(t fUt AVaaiba llttt.
tJ-Mr. Il.aait mill lt.raallar.Bfil. In Iba araf
lira of bll pn.r.aalon la Ihii .lara , aad nffata lulu
aaalar ib4 otb.ra Iba baaafll of bia aiiwrlaaca la tba
Not. , IBM. IT"
AND AOOOHDEONi REPAXBCO BY
OHAH1.KS 13. TIIltltlLL,
H.'l'l BM, ITaalnfM St., Mail... :l
DRY (.00 1)S. CR0VKR1KS,
llardtaarr, Hloaca and Hollow Ware,
Crockary-, Itnola 4k allot a, Mala ah
Caia, IC.aily llada tlolh
Itac, aba., 4kr,
Alx, Atala tut inoat af tba
FepaUr ralant McdldDc. of Iba day.
CKSTKIl IlLTLASU, VT.
a M. aJtcaaa. toK.aao.aa.
H. T. HAH10V,
lainotwr tad Wbulaatla Ixakt la llocl.all., Illalal
Ultra aaa pan aau. Draaui.a, rw i...ot.h.
aad VL CMla Hun. Hcaatl tad Irlifa IVbUk.y,
WIbm, ritar aad all klada r tlmaaatlt IJqaara,
Hiaafarlanr ib4 Dvalar la Cabiaal rarallart,
Cbaira, Mltlttaaaa, I.M.klat tllaaaa., Tlcluta
fr , tad Katdy Midi VB1., HuabaJl'a luilld
la, IVaablarlaa K, Jlalaa, fu 71
?0KD it MOUSE,
IVatdaaala tad Katall Itnirlma, aad Il.al.ri la rr
famary, Kaatr Arllrlaa, iru.., artooUar Hiatal,
Itateiaf I lata aaa i aaiooaaa, in tan, n.ii.ifi.
Mtla lltHI, tat eaatr IB. tiaraa.it tiouaa, .ym
ta(tfia atraat, iVlaad, It. 71
n r r ar nnrv t rn
uaui aa. wa... p,
IVholMal. aad Katail lt.al.ta la Irrr Ilon4a.0ror.r
l.tloctir. llMuitnitMt CataialVd. ftrtaa.Ultaa
tad rloar. Wtta, lluid Laaipa, t'tait)bat, tad
Daralay fluid. No. I Mtrtbtar. Boa, b.tr Ibt
I)!, HBlUaW, 1 1
II. T. DOEEAKCE.
Miaattrtatalaflllraaaa.a,faddlra, Brtdlaa, lliltra
rarclaflai, ktn Ar o. II fttk Haw, A!.ia.4
r I. '
CLABK (. BROTHEBf.
La.1... U VaUL..l1utka. iaaaln.Hilvrr Wlra
Ttary Uooda , At., ratllaa l.ildiacaatllb. !)
pad, H.iU.i, 1 1 Bipairra) aallly data II abon
EAEEETT tu 0N,
Cotaarfaaioa Vlattbaau, aad Iktlat, la Hoar, fall
troa, aural, Atrlraltuttl at4aaaata, la, faib
i:ilaa, AA--, kail Iba l lnjbl Hapat,
E. A. TOSU. K. D,
rbyairita tad fla. Odua al tba Dra faart
Uaiaai ttalldlal, Mtla HI., AatlaaV, l b tlly
J. 0. rOBTEE.
tlatlarla Iaa4r Mid. ttolbiar. raratablaf Oada,
llili,rtua,at-,ar-, .Na.1 Marlbtala' Boa, Bat.
Ilail.rala rarallata, riaai'laai, Iroa, TatlNilla,
Htrdaua, faadar lad Cawa, ball Iba Da pvt.
Aatlaad. I t,
" FRAXRLIX HOTEL
ri'IIRrl'MVCBIEBbilali-tafd Iba ibori .(
1 lit llatatbaratnaiaf yaara. a rait b bapay ta
aaa all bii alt frwati aa4 taaaasMta, tad am .tart
b,avaalf ta ytaua kU a ba avay faratklta allb Ibtll
1ST raaaaadara aad bttrr. taaalfld la a4
f,.-U.Cat...f,b..t.. , M rOTMM
alliad, Bart Hb. I til ll
La WILLIUO.Pra.,.a4 Traaaarar.
At. brl ITU, Vila fraald.al.
A. HIT, aapaitaliadaal.
Ul Hbtadu., rattlfo- INta, Baak Kataa, (Haiti
TO AND rnoM
ItaTaak, AtUay. Tray. BatUad. Moatraal aa4
rklladalpkla, lulttaaata. Iba aaalbita
alalia, tallfaiala aad aia.aa.aa
RrWTflir.ba WBaMdatl TBOT k'a. f
IiMPaaH, ate-! 1-tbU, aa-tw tva Ua.daall
rot tba limit,
ilkla Old Hat atai laaaa.
IVkaa till .14 bll aataaar.
To" I4aaaa4.aa aaara ,
TWf aiat at taWWata iba dt
M'bar a LiWnr a aa bara."
Iktaaaad la aaa raala, a.ar aaat, a.w ibti,
Tk. hat, tad rati af bra.,
1 a al laaaa tba ftaad dlardiy,
IVk.. UU aid bal all a.ar.
YYka iMiald bit a-aiata,
I aa raai.tabat ar.ll
Haw tianvaly Ib.a Ma ftbapa Ijipatra4
In troaa, t rtrful ball.
Tba far" wtaad Ilka 1 6.14 af yrtia
IVkaaa'tt tba itrnat blaa
Ab, aa! Iba at, taa bar aadly cbtat.4
Itlara I bit aid batata aaa.
Wkaa IMiald bll turn
I Ur 'd "lalf doaaaaat,'
Daal Itad of inJaiali" aad " fJlIl,"
Aad lad Tbitkarlriat f.tit
I wta Iba aarlad of Iba itaalai ,
Ant )7 a w
Hboa. oa ra. tltaa, artaTtaty,
fv Ibaa tbia kal wta aaa.
U'baa tbia old bal ait btw.
Tba a orld laaraad brilbl lad ijr, '
Hal BttKt t bump alara lb. a Tr. ml
OallU'i a.t.a aiy l
Aad ofU in, ta I tu to Ilka
I aorruw fut Iba food old dtyt
IVbao Ik" aid bll wta aaa. rilana.
Caiaolb Ui. Ufa palb Uh lauri tb.a
Tblck Uia IWaara of ffi.aj.blp ftoar )
Aad lb. rap lb. oraaa knafi lhaa
Ibdb a lib blai.iatrAw ,
Titf tby dlol it Iba. altrt
Wta a kladly, lotinf batrL
rvadly dml iImhi arar cbarlib
All Ibat'a boly, rood aad Irua
Cit.rut dual Inaa itaf aouriib
H'btl tby cblldbofwl tvar knaw
Tbtl a kladtr, ItrlBif li.trt
f'ruol hy bawNti ibaald not fitrt
Oawtrd ba tby caara. fr.v.r,
Uswtrd, upwtrd, tbuu .bill wla
M'bil tbou atrtftat aftar .r.r,
ioya ff llatraa ta aakar la.
I'ur Iba pura tod loa ly hairt
I'rutn mch platauraa abtll aot part.
One 6cnrcety knowi whether to
laugh, or to "iwlnt a morul" in thu ful
lowing tory of n "worktetl" IniJetmun,
lately "Inken in and tlona for," in u pro
lincinl town in ICagliinJ :
"A muti tome ix feet three inches in
height nn J of Herculean huil J, went in
to the pluco of one oflho VorceJterhop
keepers, and nikttl if they had got nny
"ivhirler" that is, itockingi without
"No," snid the f hop-kecper "hut we
have got 6ome famous hlg nnd trong
stockings, as will just suit such ft man
Let's ha'e a look at
'era,' said the.
The counter was immediately cover
ed with n qiinnlity. Tho working Hcr-
n na'ti'th'e'jine'e ot them'!' - !J-
Four shillings nnd nincpence,' rvas
Can you cut the feet off of them?
was the next query.
Oh, certainly,' said the shopkeeper.
'Then just cut them ofT,' was tho la
No sooner said than done. The long
shop-thenrs wcro applied, nnd instantly
the stocking wcra footless,
'And what's tho prico of 'em novl'
asked the 'customer.' with all the com
Trice of them no-nT echoed the 'woi-s
ted merchant, surprised heyond meas
ure at tho absurdity of the question
'why, four shillings and nine pence, to
bo surd a
'Four $htt!ngt and nine penceV ex
claimed tho purchacr 'I never gave
but one hill)ng nnd six pence. Torn pair
of 'whirlers' in my life' and he laid
down that amount upon the counter.
Well," renlicd tho tradesman, chop
fallen nnd fairly outwitted, throwiog the
mutilations at him, 'tako them, nnd bo
ofT with you? Vou'vo 'whirled me Mi's
time, but I'll take euro that neither you
nor any ofyonr roguish gang shall doit
aaui nt long ns I liver
This will remind tho reader, perhaps,
oflhe cutn Yn'ikcc auctioneer, who, uf
ter disposing of n viol n, after n hard
bidding, to n clote-filed buyer, went on:
'Now, gentlemen, bow much m' offer
ed for tho How! how much! how.
much m' offered for the ilo?'
Expostulation was useless. Tho fid
die and lhs bow, he said, were in sepa
rata 'classoi,' so that the former was not
so rtry cheap, after all! Harpcrt May.
Sins. When you hear a man 01.
tentallously l.imrnling hit -defective ed
ucation,' it's a sign b thinks himself a
'devil of a fellow,' for all that.
When you hnara woman saying it's
pity Sally Drown I to homely,' it's a
sign she thinks her own daughter, Id 'on
the contrary, quite it reverse.'
When you hear a man often com
plaining thAt his newspaper it, 'horribly
stupid, and not edited as it ought to be,
tl't a sign (ten to one) that be is consid
erably in arrears on iho subscription.
When you hear a roan declaring llist
party lines ain'l drawn so light as tl.t-y
used to be, it t a sign I list roan bulleu
ibo hut 'rrgu.ar nomination.'
Wlatn you bear a woman inveigling
publicly against 'ibo marriage state as it
is,' it's a sign the nevrr tried it or, if
she has, married a man wbote teii was
probably as m Jch in fault as bimtelf.
When you hear a man decUimtog
the nnSon of the Slatt a ' an unholy
alliance, it's a sign be ought to get out
of it as fast as possible I and the quicker
the better for bis own conscitnee and
the country. Ex.
A little girl, having been sen! lo a
shop lo purchase some dyo stuff, and
Laving forgot ten the name of L Article,
Jobo, what ia folks dye with 1
Die wiihf why ihe rholtrs, some
i limes,' rrplted John.
' Welt, I belief e that's the oataei I
I wast three cent's woith.
WHOM bllAI.I. WE l A It II VI
Such is ihe title of a spatVllng yet
sensibly written article in tho Notem.
lwr number of Harper's Magaxlnc,
from which we select ihn following pai
sagrs. It Is attributeJ to the pen of
Dr, llobert Tomes, of New York, city,
one of the Uesl contributors to our fri
odical literature. From tho tenor of
the eay, it Is clearly Ihe production of
oca woku.i Ttti.ia rntik arionT 1.1
The beauty of American women we
consider an established fact j a fad of
which none seem more councious than
themselves. The Grand Mocul was In
tho habit, as we are told by some of the
old travelers, to take his weight annu
ally. Mis Oriental Majesty would
place himself on one side of Ilia balance,
and pour in diamonds nnd rubies in the
scale of tho other, anj thus, year after
year, estimated hit vnlue. Our calcu
lating country-women follow Ino firand
Mogul's wise example. They nro no
sooncr'rcady Torn market than they step
Into the imaginary scale, nnd balance
themselves with gold. There is not a
smile but is estimated nt n fixed prico,
by Ihe ready rocloner ; nnd ns for virgin
blushes, Ihoy, according to their rarity,
are set down nt a sum only to be encom
passed by the accumulative imagination
of a Wnll street financier, A pretty
woman between. .fifteen and twenty, Is
held at so enormous n price, that ilono.
but tho lucky heir of n fortune, or the
millionaire, grown luxurious in old age,
who has consumed the whole of youth
nnd the better part of mnnhood in amass
lug his milliorn, can hazard a bid. And
It is tho latter who, oflencr engngi-d in
this matrimoninl trade, generally smacks
his dry lips over thu pj.session of pur
chased beauty In it youth and tender
ness. The young heir of fortune is
more transitory in his enjoyments, nnd
looks only lo matrimony as a retreat for
tired lifu in the future.
A man of wenllh, ponesscil say of
three or four hundred Ihoiitand dollars,
marries his daughter. He has curly
inculcated her, by precept and exnmplu
wllli a reverence lor lliu Idol of his wor
ship! ho decks her with thu gew-gaws
of fii'hion, he accustoms her to the hab
its of expensive expenditure ; he, with
youth o la mode, laboriously unfit lier
for a useful life, by furuihing the chum
bcrs of her mind with tho lawdry furni
lure of fashion, where substantial know
ledge and plain common sense nro never
guests. The spoiled maiden, though
lair to outward show, is married. There
never wns a prettier bride more ricnly
attired. Her veil from Paris ; her rube
of the glossiest nnd thickest white satin,
her diamonds, a present, probably, from
her betrothed; her trotteau, with its
treasure of silk, fine linen, nnd genuine
Ince; the wealth of presents mostly con
tributions of friend nnd relatives; the
jewels nnd plate, the goldeii-lenved nnd
heavily clasped Bible, from " her affec
tionate father, with the blessing of God,"
nnd delicately exposed to stimulate the
emulation of rival donors, nnd become
tlit? talk of the town for n week, l'apn
resigns his daughter with n kiss, hands
n check, perhaps for a thousand dollars,
perhnps for two or three, lo his son-iu-law,
with tho express understanding
that it is lo be laid out In rote-wood and
ilainmk. The reapecluhle parent now
'buttons hi pockets, congratulating him
,aelf that ono of hi faaily ii off his
ihnnds, and hi current cxpennes dimin
ished by n thousand dollars icr annum.
The shrewd tradesman never made a
seller bargain in all his widu experience
1 l'earl street, Uy a small investment
0 sates the annual interest of some rif
fen or twenty thousand. A splendid
.-aiiuiclion n hlch docs credit to lliu head
Yf the knowing calculator, nnd is Ihe
jcry best disposition he could have
Bade of hit daughter, lo Ihe advunlago
Q himself. The practice of marrying
Cjiildreii without dowries bejfan In this
ij.uniiy alien tlsnliier and largo lor
lines were scarce, and it has been con.
tjjucd until now, when both are com
kralively abundant. When habits of
le were simpler with us when it was
cj taper to live, and easier lo support ir
Wjfe there was noo cation fur any aid
ft)m the falher-liid.iw. Now, however,
I Ift; ability lo sustain a family, in route-
qlence of Ihe luiunoj and exra-nuve
rtiuircmentt of lit In?, i not eailv ac
quired and seldom at an age when men
iild marry. The wiiholding of Ihe
wry is another obstruction. In addition
the Inordinate deaire of luxury, to
ie early marriages which are eaten-
) lo virtue, ai I ley are In accordance
wih the instinctd of nature.
ItCkl Or LADIES BOHArABTC AT BAL
jlf the morals are not loose, ihe man
ners of our women am certainly easy.
I Tjere Is nj country in the world where
sih unrettraineJ Intercourte between
th sexes before marriage it allowed, as
In the United Slates an Inalienable,
re ublieat) right which Ibe women nev
er (arrtnder, Tbera is an innocent
Inrdom from suspicion on Ihe part of
pirenls, and a rollicking enjoyment of
ll! licenses which they poawaa, on ihe
i pt cd ttie tuogiiitrt, which are at
i rliirmlng to the hirers of nature as they
art cootrniect to Ihe eiricnred in
! ar This fretjoin began tariy in ibis
citnry, dating lo Ibe patriturhal libel
, ti trur aueettois. DtbsucLed lturope
co, Id not ondrrstatd it t all When
' Jerome lloaapaite ass lb brubtr, ,
be is now iho uncle of an Kmpew of
the French, ami was In ihe lustiness of
hi youth, though nal unctpcriencr-d in I
the wars of ihe world, he visited, as I
we all know, the Unite.) Slate. While
in lltlliniore, before he had concen
trate! hit atrecfions in matrimony, ho
wandered from flower In flower in lhal
garden of beauty. Tho prince was a
favored visitor etery where. On one
occasion, being intiled at a guest loa
ball, a young belle, yet in her lecna.
called (it him, and Invited him to a scat
by Iter tide, in the iatcrnal carriage, in
which the lounged unattended. The
prince joyfully accepted the invitation,
ami had hardly seated himself by tho
side of beauty and Innocence, when he
showed by bit ardent admiration or tba
charms of tho former, how Incapable ho
was of oppreciutlng the simplicity of the
latter. The young girl expressed her
Indignation, droio home nnd invoked
th ) aid of n brother In the emergency.
Tho prince was called to nn acrount,
and was ready with nn npology. In
France, he snid, he would have lost hit
claim to gallantry if ho had acted other
wise but, iiKin his faith ns a French
man, tho prince continued, he would
not have treated Ihe young beauty as
lie had done, had he not supposed ihnt
was what sho expected, and Ihe cxpres
object of her visit. Ho ncknowledgcd,
witli n shrug of lliu shoulder, that ho'was
n If It, mid ought to have known that
old Europe was one thing, and young
America quite another. Such wns the
simplicity of our American grandmo
thers. Their beautiful descendant
have lost nothing, we nre sure, of tlmir
ancestral virtue, hut have become much
more knowing. If lliey should lake up
n prince nnd n Frenchman, they would
know what In expect.
THE FAST VOUNO LADT.
The fast young lady is one of the do
vclopement of female beauty. Young
nnd hnndiome elm Is, of course, and
brimful of vitality. Daring and dash
ing, she doe n thousand extravagant
things ; but youth and beauty lend such
a grace lo nil she does, Ihnt tvu nic at
tracted more than is quite right for our
propriety to acknowledge. From Ihe
very first sho is veiled by no mntden
blushes, and checked by no coy shyness,
bul boldly faces the world nnd rushes
into it embrace. She becomes known
every where; she is nt every ball oflhe
iHie"fs"ns'iamTfiiir toTho" frequenter!, of
liroadwny ns the Astor House. Her
reckless doing are on every tongue ;
how she wns nt six parlies in ono night ;
how she kissed young Dalliance in the
ball-room, out-drunk him in champagne,
nt Ihe supper table, nnd smoked one of
his cigars on her wny home. Sho is
indefatigahlo In her coquetry; while
revolving in the arms of ono beau, she
will illuminate another by her bright
glance ; her hand will return Ihe warm
pressure of n devoted ndmircr, while
her little foot is busy in its little confi
dences Willi his rival. In Iho race of
fashion our fast young lady is always
abend. I red the prcvnil'ng color, she
will flame in scarlet; if it is permitted
lo display Ihe shoulders, the will reveal
thu wnitt. Her daring spirit is ulwnyg
flying,bcyond the veige of decorum, nnd
hovering in the dangerous neighborhood
i-EATiicns Ann nxE women.
The fondness of our fashionable folk
for lino feather is fir-faiued. A mar.
clttiiid dti modes, who entices our wives
nnd daughters with her luxurious dis
plays of the fashions nt No. I road
way, nnd friglilens husband nnd father
by thu enormity of her bills, tells us
that in her annual Waits to Paris, her
difficulty is not in finding what is taste
ful nnd beautiful, hut what maybe sufli
eienliy elly lo suit the sumptuouineis
of American prodigality. Every sove
reign republican mutt be clothed In
purp'e and fine liucn. lbiynl magnifi
cence of drapery is barely sufficient for
Ihe splendid loins of our Dives. Os
tentation hero shrugs its shoulders nt
thu mantle of foreign grandeur. Our
Informant lellt us, moreover, that the
scope of Parisian mode is not sutfi
ciently broad to suit the expensive
views of cis-Atlanticfathionablo. ler
imagination, the declares, Is constantly
on the stretch, lo make what is fashion
able more fashionable ttili. If an inch
it assumed abroad, nn ell is insisted
upon here. If low neck and short
skirts prevail in Paris, the former mutt
di'icfiid to Ihe wait), and the latter rise
lo the knees in New York. Wc will
not diK-loKi all the revelations made
tntre ttaus, by Madame Crinoline, our
ingenious friend and cunning adumer of
the New York ladies, Ihe ahoviMnrn
tlonril rnarchand del model but e can
w ihijik, without an abut of confi
dence, state (lenerally, ujwn Ihe word
and honor of Madame, that the Ameri
can ladles are more mwli up thdn any
other women In Ihe world.
We had taken occasion to remark upon
Ihe Improved heAllli, the InereasnJ i-.
teloptnent of ogr beauties. With a
smile at cxir simplicity, aitd a shrug of
her French shoulders, lo Indicate bar
superior knowledge, Madame, with the
coolness ,f an experienced anatomist
set about distcciing a U-auly fur us
Bod old it to clrsily and aiti.farlofily,
that we mutt have ben dull not to have
understtMd. and foolltb not to benefit, to
ibe end uf our lite, by the. re rial ton.
There tt ibe nA in luir. wUb (our
AiditkMial breadth, and wad Jed here,
there, and every wlrej 4here It the
jjta, ihe lair cloth, the (Unaeb
I lie linen, tU eottou, the bul
Madame in her (add Inroads tion the
precinct uf beauty. 11 it suffice that
w ekhausteJ I ho numerical capacity of
our tea linger In calculating jujteni
only, without taking acctHint of Innu
merable other Ingeniu artifice for en
Urging ho sphere of beauty. When
Madame had rtvhnleally described, with
the minutest necuracy, c-usry conlri
ranee of fematn art, and had reached
the precincts of nature, I nsked " What
thenf ".Vii fail rltn di (out, jut In
jxfin tl lit iqelUtte," was her answer.
Hie practical ecrienco of Illubbetly,
a married acquaintance, confirm! the
theory of Madame. Uluhherly was al
ways c.irti!vofiiiitly distvotud, and at he
Is rich, ho had hi choice of the first
pecimens of flesh and blood In the mar
ket. So he chose a wife for her ub
ttancoi hut not hating consulted Ma
dame Crinoline, a we have done, was
sadly taken in in tho bargain, and ho
found himself the pocor of a large
bulk ofMaihime's art, nnd a very scant
supply of nature, " I thought I hnd
forty stone, nt the least calculation,
groaned Uluhherly, " but, by all that's
true, there Is no more flesh upon her
than upou tho picked carcass ofa spring
TIIK I'OT-AU Fl-.tl.
As long ns wo can hire good cooks
for twelve dollars per month, we hnvc
no desire to have our broth oilcd by
Iho interference of the Ion prclly fing
ers of our wives. Tho turning oflhe
spit, nnd Iho boiling oflhe pot.are.how
ever, by no means contemptible influen
ces in tho huppinrssof life, nnd should
not be lightly contemned by a woman.
Hoimeau was, as wo nil know, so full
of sentiment that ho fairly boiled over,
and not only blubbered outright himself,
hut had all Franco blubbering wilh
him for a score of years. N.w, while
the author of Heloiiu whs pulling in hi
hooks nnd theorising about this, he did
not fail practically lo realize his poise
sion ofn stomach, nnd look to his home
a skillful caterer lo hi wants. Therse,
who lived wilh Itousseau ncnily half a
century, had, nccording to the united
testimony of nil hi contempornries,niity
onn good quality lo recommend her, and
that was her skill in thn kitchen.
Cooke, the nclor, was so charmed wilh
n beef.stcak at Ilia old Tontine Coffee
house, in this city, thai hu swore lhal he
would marry tho klitltan -i
I r.- 'at -r. !.! tun. V Will
nsnire our fair dames that heller lessons
oflhe hem t can ho learned from Mis
Needier' cookery book, than from the
Sorrows of erter,
CAVAI.1I'.U9 siADr. nuuuriKS.
There is ono maneuvra nn the part of
our Initios, wliich we here. In the namo
of manhood, protest ngainst, nnd that Is
the ingenious one of shifting their own
burdens upon the hack of their bus-
bands. Nineteen nut of twenty oflhe
once proud cavalier of our queens of
beauty are broken down into mere do
mestie drudge. Thoy do four-fifth of
the family duty go to market, select
the dinner, leave Ihe onlers nt the grO'
cer's, slop on their wny down, nt the in
telligence office, leave word for the
sweeps, go nt midnight nfier Iheir wive
to bring ihem home when they are al-
ed with pleasure nnd dissipation abroad,
keep house In the dog-days In town,
while their huhionablo spouses nro co
queuing at Newport or Saratoga, run
after Ihe doctor nt all hours, nod spend
the belter pari of Iho winter night In
Hurting Ihe baby. If this ii lo continue,
we might better transfer one of those
pninled, well stuffed, nnd elegant dressed
wax figure which revolve In Truth's,
the limber, window, to our drawing
room, mid dispense with an American
A Little Ilt'siuxn and a I.ittli
Wife. -The Sandusky Rtgtittr Is re
sponsible for the following:
Two little children a boy and a tiiil
aged four and three vear rfint-eiln-li
were missed by their families, and
search made everywhere for them, but
in vain, i ne day pnsiei), and consldc
able alarm exit-fed, Perron were out
in all directions, and the bell-ringer ha
been set for, when, pasting a thicket c
butliet in the gardcn.lhe molherlhougli
she heard luw voice near. Pullin
away ihe lenvct'here were the truanti
with Iheir lilnlit clothes on. lock.! In m.
another's nnm, nnd very comfortably
slowed awnv for the niahl. Th nr.-m.
rictus loteri were itirreil from Iheir nest,
but Hie boy expretsed Ihe iilmol indig
nation ; for, said he, ' the hired man hm
marrl-a ine and lv.and lhal boil.
blt'ii. ami limy were goln lo live there
mi it ibi nil." 'J he tlenotiement wt v.
comical that it was ronoluded lolet Ibt
Inlilnt be married until i!n-v l,a.l a fll
in out, wbluh oeeiumad the nt day,
ami now Ibey live apart i separated
roan ami wile.
Till Clirtitian Rrm'iUr matches il
figure of speech of a fanner, who replied
Ion complimentary remark on bis Jtorse
Yes i but be Is as slow as ttAdtndai.
in,' wilh Ibis: Once on l.ake Oularto,
in an old tub of a steamer, a substitute
fur ibe rrjraUr boat, bound, at Ihe rale
of six nittrstui hour, from Oiwtjo to
Niagara liver, we atkej lhj skipper If
b meant lo lake Ihe uu route via To
room. 'Co to Toronto b ihls ihlnj I
w hits answer, M wool.) as toon under
lk lo drift a towt Uirouyh a Uirrtl of
, Tub cloak of reliluo is lo be Lnown
somen nut, says 1'uoch by tie tin ntp
j It bi during tfiBKiu time.
A ti iisius tmioiUr' l.irst
The serRtatit and the priest adsanc
ml Ihe two friendt embrace.! and Vlti.
ed earli other I llraumer retired lo a
spot where the other soldier was ilansl
Ing and, kneeling tin ono inrn, leaned
bis face on bis bands, Hill contiliirly
graiplnglho spades as If for a supporti
the other twelve men bad fotme.! a
double line, about fourteen pace lo lb
front of Jean, who was between Ihem
and the embankment, hit while clolhe-l
figure, thus set In relief by the dark
ground bejond, presenting a elear aim
to their musket. He knell down on bis
right knee, resllng on lhs other his left
arm he tall, in a firm vnlen ' ! am
ready.' The priest was altviut In bind n
handkerchief about his eyes but he
No I ptny I may be spare 1 lhal i
lei mo see my death ; I am not nfinld
Tho priest, after comultlng tho ser
geant's look, withdrew the handker
chief Colon retired lo Iho place whero
Itenumcr and Ihe other soldier, werei
and the pricst,aftcr having received from
him penitent the nssurnnce that ho died
In 'charity with all mankind,' and hav
ing bestowed on him a last benediction,
and laid on his Hps the kiss or Christian
love, nlso retired on one side, Colon
gave ihe word of command 'Prepare'
Ihe twelve musket were brought for
wnrd 'Present 1' they wcro leveled.
Tho sergeant wns raising hi cane ns
th.i last signal, to spare the victim oen
the short pang of hearing the fatal wonl
Firel' when Hollo, with n loud yell,
sprang lo his master' side.
lit; had been started from his shinib
cr by Ihe roll of tho drum I and, look
ing nt what wns going on, crceivliig Jc
an left all nlone. nnd nil so sllenl.nxeept
lteniimer fiilnlly hcnid sobs, his in
stinct seemed lo tell him his master wns
In some danger; his whining win un
heard or unheeded; he felt this imi.nnd
censed, bul iniidcn desperate cflorl lo
break the rope which held him, which,
weakened ns it was by hi lata gnawing
and lugging nt il when In Ihe, out houo
nt Charolle, soon gate way, nnd, nt
nbovn mentioned, ho sprang with n yell
to his master's side. Hut Jean's
thought! nt ihnt moment worn Ion seri
ously engaged to heed even Hollo; he
only raised hi right nrm, nnd gently
I-..I thn tlotj utl.lo, lilt own mild, lift.
tllllcliTug gia-, alill flacd ml iho rud
dier before him. Hut Iho dog was not
checked by the motcmrnt of his mat
ter; still whining, and wilh his ears
beseechingly laid back, be struggled
hard lo get nearer to him. Colon felt
for Jean' siltinllon, nnd iniido n sign to
nenumcr(wlm, wondering nt Ihe panto
since the last word of command, had
raised his eyes,) that ho should try lo
coax Ihe dog olT; ho did so by whitt
ling mid calling, bul, of course, quite in
It will be nt onco teen that, though
this but taken some lime In the telling,
all that passed, from Iho time of Hollo'
nrrivnl wn liltlu more than the trnnsiic
lion of a moment, Ht ill It ivnsn delay;
nnd the men were ready In fire; nnd
Colon, not thinking (he incident of suffi
cient weight to authorize a suspension
o' Ihe execution, however leinpomry,
muttered, 'Great pity Ihe jmor fellow
will die too.' He turned his face lo his
men, nnd wns ngaln nhout lo give Iho
signal, when he wns n second time inter
rupted by hearing loud tliouts from be
hind him, necompitnicd by (lie discharge
of n purk of cannon. Ho glanced lo
want the opposite hill nt hi back,
whereon the village stood, nnd there he
saw nil wn confusion nnd bustle oil!,
cert galloping to and fro, and the men
forming hurriedly into n line ; he has.
illy gave the word, As you were I' For
along a line of road lo the northeast of
Ihe hill, he saw a thick cloud of dust,
from width quickly plunged out a group
ofborteinen,evidelitly officer ; Iho fore
mott not Ht lull us moitof them, nor so
graceful a rider as many of lhem,though
he sat firmly too, was recognised by Co
lon and ht men (long before he was
near enough for Ihem lo ilittliiguiihed a
single fcuturo of hit face) by his gray
frock-coat and small Hat ihree-roniered
Colon gave the word of command ;
and in another minute Napoleon, at the
head of hit slafT, reined up to Ihe lop ol
the hill- Ho bail left Ihe march of the
grand army some Icaguti behind, awl
ridden on towards Ijibb.irre, in order,
with hi wonted watchfulness, to take
Ihe detachment by surprise, nnd ite
what they were about, ills eagltj eye,
whose gtanru taw etery thing like nn
other' gate, had at once oVtertctl ihe
parly on the hill, and he had ridden
from the road at full (teed up ihe tloj-e
to discover what Ihe object uf Ihe meet
Ing wat n glance;, too, told him (hat j
nnd while be a yel rrturnin- the sa
lute of Ibe men on iheir sergaanf, he
said, In a voice panting after hi bard
gallop, 'Hey I what's lbU7-a deser
Yes, sir no, tlr; Dot exactly,' slam
me red Colon.
'Nol exactly I what then T fuled Na
potron, in a rather peevtih twie.bi fata
assuming more ihtn luotual tleriin;
for hardly anything more protoked llm
I ban ht-lttion on ibo part tf tboats ha
albtenee a;lnt orders, aire,' rrpllr-1
Aba I for bow Ion-7 Is that l.ls
Yes, sirs) i truly fur a ftf I -ours. j
O'tly a frw hour: Who (Me lli j
Ltdcr, iheia V '
Whal thaiarler doe lb man bear'"
'lis Is a brave man, sire.'
'He is a rnntehntan.' rtbiMed Napo
len, prittfdty i 'but U he honest, and so
her, ami jrer,rally tdwdicnl f
Yes sire litis Is Ids firs) fa nil."
Hem t how lorm bo hr served t
'Three year 1ai March, tire.'
A louder and brtehltr-tenr 1 'hem '
escaped Naalron I and his attention
wat nt thn same moment Kllracled by
Hrntimcr, who, with a timid step had
approached the Kmperuri and Vneelinr.
nu one knee, wlih rlaiped handt nnd
broken tnlcr, cried. 'Oh I she, if you
If you would tpare hi life he it Inno
cent of any intention In ileteilthal t
'Ate you his brother 1'tnisrr.ipicJ.thB
No, lire,' answem! H-mumer, 1 tils
friend, hi dear friend,'
'And how know you what hit nltn
lloni were f)
'He told Ihem tome, lr he only
wenl bul night In see his friends, and
would have returned the Mine nighbbnl
that 11 advised him lo meet hi regi
ment nt I.nMiarro and t know
'And what hus'nest badll thou lo ad
vise n eomrado In n breaeh of duly 7
Stand bark lo ihy place.'
And Itrmimcr retired eotereil with
shnmn. Ni1eon beckoned Jean In
him ; he came and Hollo with him ; and
llm latter, ns though understanding t It 6
nncr and authority of the man hit mat
ter I litts obeyed, put hlsforepawtngaliiil
the stiriup, and whimpered Imploringly
up Id him. Jetm looknl for n moment
in thn l'.mpeior's fare, hut hi gate
drnopeJ, thmigh wilhout quailing, be
iirnlli that of t lie piercing largn gray
eyes that were fixed on him, After n
hort patue, Nnjadeon mke.I, ''ltilno
nge f I.lo down down, good dog I' for
Hollo wa gelling ini'vortunate.
'Twciil; flie years, sire,' Jean ant
'Why hast thou disolieycd order Y
'I could hot help II, sire.'
' Couldn't help HI How dost thou
' I wns so near my frtendi, ami tn
longed lo sea Ihem, that Indeed I could
not help It, .irc.'
''Tis n slrnngo excuse. Down I I
say, good brute I' hut nt the mine mo
ment thai he said so, he ungloved his
hand nnd gave il Hollo In lick; tlien.af
ler n short pause, ndded, 1 And ihou
sanest Ihy parent V
'Ycs.slrei and I wa returning lo the
'Ah I is this true, tcigrant?' fuming
'Yes, sire, 'ill Irtie,' unsworn! he ; wo
met lilin nboul lliree-qiinrlers of u league
' I need not hate asked, though,' In.
Icrrupled Napoleon, 'the mail's faco
look Irue, Thy name Y ngalu address
Jean Gnvnrd, slrr. Down, Hollo I I
fear ho It troublesome to your high
NiioIeon smiled ; perhaps nt Ihe ll.
lli; mid answered, 'No, no, poor Hollo
hi is n fine. dog. I shall Inquire lufu
this affair, Gnvnrd ; for the present, I
Jean knelt on hi knee, and seized
llm Emperor' hand lo kl.s ii ; bul Nn.
poleon said, 'Slay, ttiy, ihy dog hat
been licking it.'
Hut Ihls made no difference lo poor
Jean, who ktiscd It rnjjerly nnd when
Najioleoii tlrew it nwny, il wns wtt with
Icarf. He looked nu die bark of hi
h ind n moment, nnd hit lips compressed
Ihemirlves ns he did so.
They nre Iho tears of n bmtii man,
sir,' wild he, turning lu u young olllerr
at hit side, on whine feature lh Kin
peror'd .ide-glanee had caught n nuicnlit
triiile: 'Forward !' and at a full (pillop
I if pally left the ground.
Jean's ft-ellng lit (hit sudden rtrapo
from dentil were like those of it man
wakened from n frlghiful dream, before
his sanies are yet enough giltheied lu
grilier In remember nil its circnmslnn.
re. .Iran had a Hut lime, however la
gather ihrrn on Ihi oraiilon, for Heau
rner's arms were, In a momrtit, around
hit neek, find Ihe bunds of his comrades
thoin scry bind that n moment be
fore weie nlwut lo deal Id in death
were now gladly grasping his and their
many omigmlulatlonsiin til escape ini
ul In one lung tlwul of ' Ing live tho
TlIB MH.tmAI. Jinks, he Halt,
lln.'s milkman, one morning forgot 19
water Ihe milk. Jn ll. hall of the first
inrlomer in hi round, Ihe omltsitfi
Hashed uptm Jink' tiiauiulvd feelings.
A laige lub of fine clear water tlwal on
the floor by his suit i tio eye ws U;m
limjiiHl thrice did Jmka dilute hit milk
wlih a Urge measure fill. from lie
lob.Ufure ihe maid brought up barug.
Jink tfrved bar, and went on S bill)
b wa bellowing down ihe next arts,
bis fiil eotlornar's furliniwi brrkomd lo
him from Iba door. Jink rtturntalAntl
wa Immediately uibrrrd into ibe libra
Tj. There sat tuy Iwrd.'who bad just
latin the milk.
Ji.ktId Ms lord.btp.
Jbtk, conllnutd U btihblp, 'I
shoutl feel tl)ruUrly oblijeJ If ym
would bti.oirfudb brinj; io llo in I Ik ar.4
wir seiaaralrly, and allow lav ibt) ft
tr of lalslitg lhw myaalf.'
Wslb my I'jfl, it's uslVtsloiiny lb
Ibint.forf buppuseyvHir Itfil.llp watth.
,! i wblla -'
No.' Ifctatmptrd Hs fifJilVmaf "Tim
fact I lUt my tbltdren ImiU ( Unu,
Jn.lt. and 119 lull in lha ball hraa )4.f
full t-f.aUr, Jir.lt, Wi),