Rutland (bounty Herald.
VOL. LX.--NO. 52.
KUTLAyP, YXlOLQxXT, Fill DAY aMORXIXG, DKCEM1JEU 29, 1S54.
V 1101 4K aNO. 3115
TK RUTLAND IIliltAM),
rtiTw mV ru mwimp
C. 11. II A V I) EiS ,
i-iiiii'iii tn on.
0. A. TUTTLE V CO.
OHM, llf -' fntU SMUtafc.
ft4 a -v
IIMHlOi Mn f .
TOOUIJM, T MAIL.
. j . .. ...
tMtt nasi.ad o-ns..
4l U I. Uanllf , Wl WSlkla Ika IS., II .ata
MtHWtHI It Ifct III M MMlir M M. IH-
4, ?vU4 Xf tia 1st. i an
il VTKS OF AnVKUTIHINO,
NlHlara, It liana, as W , Jiwli-s. t.bt
tern wiiwiw umimi . ....
,y r.uljr Ad--llainnn Uwru4 II UWitl
IT Tut l!1 lfaaWnt 4,.t,inS,, ,aS IH
rr hiiImhI ( w4iii mimui aitk r'"'J
. ...... . . . ... .. Ilk Ik. ..1
AllKXTt rilH TtIK IIKHAI.I-
. . joiik oreoois,
U, JJOSSJAN, J.
....W B. MSAlV
.... E. . MKBKHM.
... J, JOH.V.t'.
.. . ,r . iir.Ei).
., n). IVIt-KINisON.
Lr.VI KICK, 1:
, ,. ...CT. iiaki:.
,. LEVI LEWI.
. C. nl'klnr.V.
r. j. FAnn,
TliACHIUt OF DANCING,
Sf&ir cf (Qurtrillt Vvto,
ArtdKaOnasky mi wkmi BI !
m m l4lldnaW iaat,nrt4 l !,.
rtMimte ron tt, i-ATtrt,
R P. WHITCOMB.
Suitor at panting. Whltjwa, .it.,
.ii. I..il... nnd A.a.mblla.. at Inm
la.tra.llaa U OAKCIMO tlv.a a.aal.
ki.diwa.rr, r. ru, la. m
X. 2VT. AYIBS,
1TT0BNUV I COl'NSELlOU AT LAV,
Offlu star Ski HaUinl4 Stallna,
TmU. 11a4 .
Ikm-raWf, ... .
i -. Ni'r.. .
m-i rn.isa.ra- -
IV4 Hasan, ..
Mflo,, .H.I ... .........
- ..... muKi'i n . mliWI tl.
'Irti,r I. Iir.WKY.
VUH.,l-r4.. . .....r. MATnn.l-
twik .u,t.. jonw'uri'.
..m M. II.I1IOK.
,IM,r LTMAN IIAWKINJ.
tr&B4t . " . .. ....T. II. I A i i.
O. A. Tuttle At Co'.
. a til
... . . : . r i ii r. : hi ... jri
.... . . ...I. ZI.I... t. a.VliB. Mflt. .tlw4l.
. " ......i. ....... ... it..rl .t.r..wnj.till.
IkilM M 'W f f 4.KritKW,lr"i !'
I rml, la lit. M,ii.i.i.
AH li.i 4 kr lrr.(l.i KiblkllMi.
Aiiiuji.ikr rnm Hiicili",,
All k.l4, v-. kjr TbMlrkkl Cuuiftli.
All ll4 mJ kT ImtlllK,
All klJ, w4 kr ff imJil lln,
All klal, kr Htn-.U aj Aci4.ini,,,
AII1I.J. Mu4 k. PuUif Hike.,.
All kla4, sm.4 k? lh'K, ( ill 1114m,
All kl4, "4 i7 IU(amm;ili
ll klo4. m4 kr A""" ""'
All kia4,r4 kf Hnrlal AmmkliM,
All kla4, kr Men b.au,
All kl4, ii4 kf Miafrli".
All la4l u.mI kr lawirK'k OIHM,
Alt kla4, 4 kr KlM.. M,a,
llkla4,Hfk)r rMlol M.
A!tkU4,ikr IJi.wr ltili,
.11 I 1 . 1 . I I.. Iuu.lbrfl .1 Ij..
iifwklaliiiinila a4 r.acf CKatlM M lb.
. ;n44 rrl.ii .a.uiij.
AU HlUl.lbl run
dan lu .rr kaiUljr af ralar.
Book and Pamphlet Printing
with il.il.atth and al lour rai.l.
nnrs Funxisnn ro ordiui.
i..i-llll t Mji(ll4 All man will !
nil, nuct lllaalloa.
la all H, kriacli., atacnit up Ui. moil ria
rullrulii atuatloa Ii c l l ,itot!i all '4r
( 4IScll ?' ( laknl l4 lauI una l
Al.tf, 14 4..,ikla kf rula a4 rurr
ai.iL..i. l.ur.,J al uf mall, to ahick
Ik, ttuaUoa Wlk. pHM I, 'Wrl"l'k4
I1KII. A TITTLB aV CO.
K.ll.aJ, P,k. II. Iil.
KO. II. PAlTll KR,
IVUmU aa4 rUil 4al,r la
Staple and Faury Dry CJh,
nrinv UAnr CLOTHINO.
Hoota nud Hliooai, o.
AUt. AtMl tut
law Writ Sortc'i Ccltbratfd MtloJeoni.
a I.... ....iuii.1 L.ni cuavtaall, M bia4.
X.. lV.Uiliu..fU . UTUAMI, VL
viioi.r.sAi.r. t lurr.Mi, dkai.er
BOOTS, SHOES, RUBBERS,
rATMER AND FINDIN08.
SO. 9 M KHCII AJVTH HOWl Wl lk llt".)
-OtlrIoUcUa4 4 Promptlr riatntei
u.bi.i. t4Mlai kl I.U.I alll U "l"4
a wr.rtM aa aiucl. lrtiC la -
MWV. J. a l!l V.k l- B.lt. VI.
m CII.Kltk.ra,Ca-i " "
II. A. iollr. Ilt ., ,.
III. II. H. Iuia, "
'. H. Illtriarb, !'.)., Katlaad, I.
Mmn. i. a. A. U4ai " "
F. B. ORISWOLD,
DOORS, SASH, AXO KL1XDS.
At! AI1.4 ia ,bt4t aMira.
PITTVmD. VKllMOVr. lljl
Maaafrtal,l a4 llt.al. a4 t.uil O.ll.r la
c.(a.ir4rlHl"a,rltb Mllllu.ry i4 l'ar
llaadi, Kmliraliltrl.a, 4tr. !
uk.j. m-A f.., faa.til i ra.kin, on han4 ik4
lltitlai fiu.wl.laj In". 1114 IVm,w4i..4
o..l. Ifnn fl.Jir, rt, lJI
T TIIK HICK.
r... ! . ..... ..rih. loi.ra. Klda.l, 104
HMHB .l mniiaour ii .m.,
Hiaia hn.i , Main nuwh i..t .
Ritland UrriaM .UaiiHfattor.v.
Cara.r Will ami Wain "Until.
X f tuna la lo,f ana Wf ai. in i..m.i. .
raillir. al4 Clin I'alafltic atlJnJ! lo. llaa,
palrlaf paiul, aid arnliliin "on., a. anm
abar. or (wblit palnxiai., aJ ,h,ll ,ail bl n-
4,a,br, Ui cMr cutwmci,.
a.f.afiaav. D. ' iiu
af a: MilLoaau.
BLISS & 8TEAHH8.
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
llala A, Capa, lUadf Slada l lollilli.
Clutblaf uia4a In W4,r In im wit '"
ir . turn IllHKIIK,
.....i.i a. .. VVi.hlutiriB 4t4i uuiianu.
Vtrmoni ah opr4PiHiB r"v""" - , . I. I
SILAS H. HODGES.
(Lata Cummlaalontr of I'aliuli.)
AoJ Aeal Mlfialia Iw.lii... al Itx l'al.nl 0cl
OJUa till k. tj tit t raaia
cT-Mr. lliDuiaalll ti,rtifl'r Hfif Inlbif'"-
.i. i l . I . .1.1. Uir.illaUlll Ml in
,.aura and Mli.r, Ilia Uatll ol bta ailri,aci la Ilia
.'Nwv. iv.iku. "
CLOCKS WATCHES Jtwti.ii.,
a II A It U 13 S K . T U 11 II I- J- .
1, tit-. I ll'auaUaaaTal 4H.. fina-a-a a a.
LI8COMD V OSGOOD,
DRY GOODS, IKttlHKIKS,
llardwara. Klarll and Hollow nan.
Crackrrr, IfcutU liol,liaia at
Cap., Iliadr Mad. Clolh
Ing, Ate, 4kc.
ronlu Pawn! M4lcln, of Ibi dlf.
CKTKII llt.ll,.iiilf, .a.
M. M. UaC.Mt.
t.al,rl all Uiaili mt MlUlairf.
jwii c3oo, utattoiotnts,
CWia., PlM Trlaaailap, tit, l
Mil Itrrat, BttUai, T .
11. T. HAH ADS.
Bi.n.iai H'Miali Iwalana Kb.ll.,nnanl.
and fU l.'nni Knm, H"b ad IriOi Hbl.kay,
lln.a 4 ifal'i all all amuaot nuaMmi u..v..,
a ... ... : -JLL ;
ktllMRH CI IITIM.
Maaadtititft 4 IMtar Ii rablnal lurnllnra,
I'baila, MaltlM. ""!"l ."" .""".V
fram.aad Kadr Jiaoti'mn-,
la., iVaalilniloa M., X.lla.4. ' '
nlf n JL. If (1RA7.
. i...t. . i.A a.tall ltm.i.LA. aad IValrr II rat'
tlarklat tlild n4 f in.b.aa, In I'aloa Dnlldiii,
Uaia aliMt. n4 ndl tla llailaail una...
I. (fa alll, HUU, I'U
in ri ami T.
ftj-fwaa. akkli, itH.ikmania ran llaaja Il4
Ik kan tk. aaarkalaOrflla, at taia aatnoa.
IVatVat U llrararia. tad rwk4aa, Itnlui, I'kma,
nvn w rnr.E CO
llnratai 11.14, Na, I Maitkanl'a Ba,ar ina
Im4. Jt.li.nd. IX -!
UEO. H. VU1.I. w ,
VU.4il U4 Banil lalra la Knr I!,
and Htn. Ware, I'll4 l.anif., t ai
.. ... a..l. K. 1 1I...L..I . kU
I AM 1)U.(K
f m -IjiM lf )-.
4Mt t MkMlt-wdl tif tfc4ft(a
'm nw a4 t mi
Vft tt lok ltj wtih ((i-M t
M Itm nAU tifctl jtf tt mmm
HftAf trta4 toj Utl
f imf U4iftg.Wt ItUdMrMiii,
A4 Ik rd Utflf m1iU
Of f 44t Ivjwlbiitf
tVtt my tUnt
tU 4c4itf Iimk n UrtilC
W'bii Nmrik UU Wuriilef)
IVWi Mr U(ai iMai I rM4j(
ftftrj1 lmibl ft f arUaatl fair,
Hiii.t ! ij ht( mt drw4i
) tb ttfc that (airlM tr(
Tbm djnt tr iMttr .,
ThMfh ifcjr fM t 44 iat foar,
1 t t wUhodi tiw far ftri;.
fponlaif flljr with IK frit,
1 r4i4 trtmaiMf Awtrat
fiwMlljr vaal iby 0r.b Wutft.
Hiuttr tint Ui uif fuMt,
With brl 417, and Mtliry lrtklb
PlUI with f4atqrta rp twttM4
I ftir4 ikH lb rtMr-.atli,
fobr,.i.ttimfi rinia it Irviih,
Htiia. Uiaauth caiurriitia in utn
Uliitrkill laUnlia :rHtb(
Of lu ww liaoliarTrftoiurta f
Fw, llti wild lmptM tc,
t'oi.Kff( MKndj m rmtu my drum,
Rialag ttvat thy ttifb 14 ati-taia,
Tbtkii nw tb J nj in and ijr
tWaltb bjr thy ttrrtd artbr inay,
I tinj m4 oagbi tl to kkow.
And It lf I enI mi fatr
rt in flvl In qul K rtrlctr j
Iaih mark 1 1 Lmii.4 wuvra thit
And ko pi bad Wfn tru.
rarU bad bn tnatthJ t y j
rnd bn called wliU frWnd to pari
Borrow, jalh'nm irfiiti atb day,
Ilurlrd ita Won untfrinf dart
IdfW 1 bow ad Ux tncutal tr'f,
With rrprutrbft bahl.h pain.
Wall I knew ity itiywtabrlrf,
Thou would it KNin my lift dcatrcy
I to nvrtl falo would tach
On trut UaMn rt I dia
Dut my rln( ti,
M i led by brts tuora walling blbt
Cinont wakMi In lhawn.1
All lb ual Mbich I dtatrt
Man abould ha to win tli foal,
And ftacap bt Makti'a Ut.
rathtrTlmf, I pray th waitt
1j1 tn lr II tn in-line uian,
N'ut to t-M until to lt
Wilb th da) a Uiat mark Ma tpan (
Hot la ak fn mm vf ntlnlt
To baniah rrj vrarnlog roic j
Nut totnift tb ililniicftartb,
Hut uuke nobler ibcmci bla rbf4ca.
rainier fali'r rrowa my braath.
Mortal baar ray fuoeral knall i
TlKiiilikei m niut f4p with Deal ha
KatbtrTlma ! fart well, fartweJt.
rrbtol, lP-'.t. a, a. i
lHa.a .1,1 IValMlWr at lw. ikj iMttfitr 1
O. iTALEr. Anal,
Ufa4trtr h4 iHwiUf U Tia, In aad
Cattof Wm , a4 K tr Uitrt Aftat la -
U.il'kMkK Ua 4kU i tk K4i Cklltd "Ttl
TlT ai," rf4 lwr Lm 14 a IMal,
" a. MOWUKV.
DacMtttea -.nk-L fkiUiOt uua la a l'ftk
uUrrrrr noir wmiu. wttb w wttlwi tVJ
Ma. at rt-aaari.(TtlU.Itldt I My
CHallLia L. WILLIAMS.
iiMMr atU tikti-t al tiaw, aad kJ-rH-vr la
Ca4y lw a Maatiitr ( (b iut f
WaitM.Naw liana.. iLWa IiUad. l".lv4Xll-
-au mw tmk. rkatltalaa UbM. ladikaa.
H. aad law a. OCf la lb
"" W3icil ft, TUBALta.
inacwv a4 ijwu at 1 MaUtw la (kaa
7, aa Afat W ftif, Paty iMUr
At. OUvdj, oMr Tbrair VUab Aaiiaad
H. T. COERAKCZ.
Maaatwiartrff lUraa.HaddUa, liridltt, llaltrrt
f..M..l.., ivt-, lad, . t Talk Haw, A.lia.a
rt 1117 4. UH0THER8.
IWaltr la Wt4U( n ka, , VVl' ''"i lU l T-
o, !latUn4,'ll R.Ui . n.abwt
antk.. , '
UaaltiMi M.ttkiala, a4 lt.al.1, la Doar,
lila..,L.;kc., nal Ik. llaftM turn, "
X. A. rOXD. X. D,
rbl.Wlaa and mrna. Ofkra al Ika Ur( 'Mi
(!ala Baildilf, Mall l"t Jlul., ,1. '!'
tWralflll a4r a4 ITrtHlf. Parakl.0j4,,
nau.i a, ..,.,.- L ,
la.d, CI. .l
" 4)7 A.'l.ASrlMIJl",
rual.t.lk ISirnltit., rnntaaHal, ma,
a .4 ran. lk I!-.
f MIIE teHM'llBCSkaalaf I.m4 Ika aW.i
a DT fe 0M,
l.fc J..1U lid tLaukt imhmm la all kt4a f lT
laamda, l.a.faa. and fwan. . Ilafdaai. and
Cwaarr ltaa..lW. aa4 naa i ..4 alia, iw.
aannrawl Mataaaal U tf . Nam (a,
flaw 4a unt i AnMI lUnM.i Hwlud,
V. A- l
K. X, JCCHHIAM,
JTiim W raa Man, 14 InMraaal. a4 ("bank
Urna,4a4rM4lwaLk. t. h.a aa rwda. a.
A. V JUal ad . i" .ka. -. At A;
M rt tk. wttad Boaadaua ia4 Ufa I 'a t awawd
haaaviaiaa lad aaik.nl Ika I-. Cjai
Atataali A atu4 l4 lUnai 'K"' "
akM, MaMMaaiiaaUf aa kaad.
f Mil tl-Xt lUiaU aAtVa, kuQaad.
-4 M ady V-ia laJJ. i
hiimi M4 irwa.a ana -- -----
k,Mll I. kUax all a k. u; l.to, klaa auk ttMl
try-raaUalan lad klfCa 4ia?J4ll ad
fiaialk, Oaii ttai af baii jujyKy,
Rallaad, IW4. dlk. IUI
L, WILLAHII, P,aa'l,an4 Tranaai.r.
W. aMITkl, M.. rr..ld'l.
Maika4Wa, fMkafM, liattn, kaak Xi4M, I'faftl
A , Af.
TO ANO FROM
aa Yank. Alkaa,, Tan. nln4. aUauaal lad
rklladalnjala, VUIiIbm,, lk lailkiia
aim.., CallaaaiU aad Kafapa.
EM'VUtC. Ka aVnMaa TI'IV, K
LlaMaamd. tllLAkf. aadw Ika katdatiU
rr Iba Herald.
Having been folicilccl
by m.tnj- of my friend In IIubb.inllon
unJ other towns, lo wile tomelliing ru-
lnl'ns to the. history of tliUtown; be
ing the only per.-on, living in the town,
wlio was here n mrly its the yenr 1 783,
and, of course pcrlmpsbetltr Bctualnt.
ed with tlio enrly history or the town
than any other. There being tome
item! of its history which are somewhat
peculiar, many of the renders of the
Herald are nnxiom to have it given to
the public, through the columns of your
paper. "And, in you have expressed a
willingness to uivch portion of the Iter
nld to such nn object, I have.with much
reluctancfi, concluded to undertake the
tnsk,and pursue it as I may be nble,and
your paper open for the subject. As
I an nn old man, past eighty years,
deaf, dim-sighted and trembling, I
would crave your Indulgcncp, and that
of 3'our readers, should I not be veryiin
telliscnt and concise, and should runout
rnthtrn long story. And.should 1 hold
out, and your indulgence continues, I
propose to offer, in a few separate num
bers, oommunirations, as I may be able
to write them, if you may deem them
interesting and worthy of a place in the
Herald. If you should think them un
worthy, cive notice In your first num
bar, after having examinetl the speci
men of my manuscript and style
My plan Ut 1st. To give you some
thing relating to the dangers and sutler-
Incsof the inhabitants during tho Iter.
olutionary war. 2nd, Something uf
their troubles occasioned by J-anl
Clalmaints. 3d. Something relating
lo their more domestic concerns. -1th.
Something on the general customs nnd
practices of the people 50 or CO years
ago. All which, if I hold out, and you
see fit to indulge the old man in his foi
bles. I may offer. C.
IA akalrh af 111. danfni aad anir.rl,ca,
durlua Ilia ll..ltlnnrr i
tba lubalillaull or ! lawn at
In the year 1777 there were 0 fami
lies in the lownx-cupilng as many Log
bouses, all til the koulheaiterly part of
the town. These !) constituted the whole
jiopulallon. They were llenjamln and
Uriah Htckok,' William Trowbridge,
Samuel and Jec Churchill, John Sell
ck, Abdial WtbHer, llenajah Hoard
roan aiid Win. Spaulding.
Oa the Clh of July, Geiiral St. Clair
evacuatctl Ticonderrog. On the same
Jay a party of Indians, nJ Tories
palnteJ like Indian?, directed by Cap
tain Sherwood, came ioto town and
made prisoners ot llenjamin and L'riah
lllckok, 4il lo young men by the
name of Henry Keiler and Elijah Kel
log. Gen. Si- Clair jusfcd throogh
Ibe town the sme day, and left Colo-
W.Fnir. Franc I anj Hale, wllU
Ietsh1eh aiete flying in eiery dirro
tionlill round the home. After the
battji was oter shr left, and with lier
cliitlvn went on fool u ('vilUton.
min Hlrkok, who was taken pris-
onefjy iierwol, was n very small
martini! very spry, and while being
1 conoVcieJ through the thick noo.U'rute
theitithe slip, made his escape, and re
lunkl home. On the following night,
he, V ill Iii own and his brother Uri
ahVl'tmily, left their home, the women
"andliililren on fnot In onler to escape
froiilanzcr. When they arrivetl at
thedserted house of J. Hiekok,in Cas
llrtf. they stopied for the remainder
oft iiiaht, exiiecting to pursue their
jiHiri'y i" company with Col, llelluw's
regb ent, which iras eneamped there.
Thf yol.hail justcommeiu-eil hi march,
ah, bearing firing at Hubbardton, ha
maftieil Hack, Hoping lo relieve ms
cotrhinions by granting them his n.is-
tan, leaving these unfortunate fami
liesHi pursue their flight unprotected
nniliilone. Hut not arming until the
bati' was decided, he marched biek to
C4eton. The other lamilles who
wen) South of where the battle was
foil lit fled the next day.
(ja the morning of the 7th of July,
Wither tent a detachment of men lo
nark Mr. Samuel Churchill (who was
IS'ne'j of hu encampment) of his dan
gerand to nsiist them to ccnpe. On
rcclving the information they fixed off
as nst ns possible. The women nml
chiarcn were mounted on three horses,
nnttihe men on foot. They had got
but a little on their way when the firm
commenced. U hey nil pushed on ns
fust at possible, until they were nmong
the jutighlering balls, nnd two of the
hur,cs, on which the women rode, were
woijkded. The old lady, when she
sat her horse was wounded, jumped
from hi. back, exclaiming, '! wih I haJ
ii ffin I would give them what they
wa it. They all retreated lii'k to Ihci
hoiW, except John and Silas, who hni!
their guns and entered Into tho engage
menuind fought bravely. Siln wns
taken prisoner, but John made his c
cniie and went bark to the house. U
hisVay he hid his gun,cntrid"i!-box anil
bayonet in a ledge of rocks, nnd coul
never find them nlterwnrds (More than
CO Sears nflcr tliey were found, by
"i . , i a . . 1.
iwv. vcrv niueii iiecayeu.i. ji tun
hou they vtere all surpiiised and take
ptijoners by SliertvcxHl and Ins parly,
whd hud been lurking on the hills east
of the settlement during llie battle, who,
nfler plundering the homo of nil th
provWons ho 'cOiiM''finiI, most of the
clothing, nnd everything else that he
conll use, the barbarous wretch order
ed the women and children to leave it
or he would burn the whole together,
at any rale tho house should be burnt.
One of the young women, taking her
bed in her arms, with n heavy heart,
proceeded to the door, then let it fall,
iayin;, "lou li.ivei.iKcn nil our pro
visions, all our men prisoners, nnd now
how can you bo so cruel ns to burn our
house." .Saying this she fainted, and
fell to tho floor. This, with the cries
and entreaties of tho others, so softened
his savage heart, that he left them Iheir
shelter.but deprived them of all their
provisims and much of their clothing.
Samuel Churchill, the head of the lam
ily, wjs taken si'me distance from the
Iioiiku into the woods by tho Indinns,and
tied to a tree, and dry brush piled up
around him ; they, often saying, " Tell
us wliero your flour is, you old rebel.
Shcrvodd suspecting that he had some
uonccaled which they had not yet found.
After keeping turn bound to the tree.
three or four hours, questioning him
about tn flour, threatening nnd taunt
ing bin ; nnd he constantly asserting
that he had none, &c. And while in
tho act of seting fire lo the brush, Shcr-
wooJ nine forward and ordered them
ttu deiUt. being thoroughly convinced
hat h had none. His cattle nnd hogs
wereJkiSc.Mnd such parts as they could
use wtre taken, nud each one or them
was ordered to take as much as they
could arrr. William was lame, hav
ing cut his loot a few days before, and
could not travel, him they released ami
sent Inrk. Kiekiel being n small buy
they W so, The others they march
ed off to Ti, The prisoncrs.iiihabilants
of HoMianlton, were Samuel Churchill
the fatWrJohn nnd SiU. his sons, uri
ah Ilktok, Henry IveeW nnd Elijah
Kello. The women and children be
ing e fi destitute of prnvMons, could not
rernait there. The Itliti.li. lories and
Initials being Mratli, they feared to take
a soutl-rn direclion. No one of their
HenuaUAanreS and friends left lo con
suit w ilk, and not knowing but all the
country touth was full of savage", they
conclude. t tale an eastern direction
One of tkeir liorses.belng lame from his
wound, could not travel. Diey, with
lliing was left Ihem and some
i, fixed off as well as they foul.
burses. The rotiipany con.
I women i 2 boys, one lame, 13
land the other 111 two small
. one 3 years old, the other but
nunths. Tltose, w bo couM not
site civi'l orJer the Led, tlwfc to
jju.,Wiit mViixj3,ci.a,. 1 itrUraclf from the deaih dtoOiojUl
re mounted on the tto laorsrd
pets it nrwti, i..v.a . . , - , .1. . ta-ri
their reRimenW.snrir guard. They with f.al bgg3 they had, Thus
encamped oil lite farm owned by John eiuirc4h. disconsolate family started
Stllick. little north of where the IUp- j off on tblr drvary and ,irii jaur
Ust Meetitir-hoovo now stands. Ketlick 1 ney ihfijgb the wildrroeasor the place
ami Lis family hd left the day before, of lhel former reaideoee in Sheffield,
aUfclooly ooe woman-Mr. lloarJmJtn M fclut lnsU-A-l of taking the most
-and two small cL.ldrcu were Uft lu , direct l.uie, they took nwiKUbout
the Uoosf, a ho remaioed in the hoo way. i.tVdrr la avoid the enemy, and
..i t .t .i- . .r .1.. 1..11U- iravtrvd the wilderneM acrrni the
ArJ as tberi. was svo crllcr lo the lxwe, , Green MtunUtn to Uonelet ri
,La m urJes- the Led. there to kbel- ( 1 No. CUrieUon, XII. 1 1
the place of tbt-Ir fonner residence, a
distance, as they traveled, of not less'
than 830 rolles. Much of the way
there was not much roads, and but few
inhabitants. Their progress was slow
and di'ttrl'ing Hut the old Lady, be
ing a resolute. ersering character,
pi the expedition with much fortl-'
Hide perseveinnee and economy.
"lite first night they put up at Capt.
Ilenjamin Cooley'a In 1'ilt-ford, who
was very kind, nnd cumfurted them
with the best their log-house afforded
Thoectmd day they arrived at the fort
in Rutland. Heic they were furnished
with mme provisions to help them along.
."he third night they encamped in the :
woods on tho mountain. The fourth
dy they arrived at Copt Collin's, in
Lacndih. Here they stayed two
days, and wrre the recipients of his ho-
pitalily. And so, from place lo-placc.
until, in about three weeks, they nrrlved
rafe nmong their friends at the place of
their destination, In Sheffield.
The men, win were prlsonera nt Ti,
were set to work In the t'.ay lime where
they could be with safety, nnd nt night
they were confined in cells. Mr.
Churchill nnd Hicknk were set boating
wood across tlie lake. At first, for n
while.n number of Hritish soldiers would
go, with themt hut they, working faith-
lullynnil manifesting notliscontent.wcre
nt length sent off with but one soldier ;
him they persuaded to go with them,
nnd so fastening the boat on the eastern
shore of the lake, they nil left. Mr,
Churchill nnd Hirkok left fur their phv
ces of residence in Hubbardton, Hero
they found nothing but desolation
carnage rind piitiifnctlon. Not n live
human lieing was to he found to gnin
any intelligence from or condole will
In Mr. HIckokV houe lay the putrid
body of n dead man t this they hurried,
nnd then proceeded over tho battle
ground. Hero they could discover nolh
Ing hut n promiscuous mass of scattered
fragments of putrid carcnes, clothing
flre'tirmsMiiid diicful desolation 1 I'ro
ccediug on, still, to the place of Mr,
Churchill house, where he hnd left hi
family nml all ho lietil most ilear on
earth. What n heart-nickening seei
presented itself j nothing could they be
hold but dt'iilh, desolation nnd destruc
lion 1 Here.whcre n few weeks before,
will a happy family, nil in health and
proM;r!ly ; each one unending lo his
on n domestic duties nud Milling to ren
der each other cheerful and happy, now
nothing to comfort or coinule 1 no living
creature to be found I Tho rarc.isses
and racks of his niiimnW lay, hero nud
there, in a state of putrifnction I I here
was ihu tree to which he had been
bound, Ihu brush lying round, and the
fire-brand nniongU it I His harvest had
ripened and wns perishing. Nothing
was left but what was heart-sickeiiing
nnd disgusting to the sensitive feelings
of the two escaped, hungry, weary, de
sponding searchers for consolation, but
finding none. 1 hey left these dreary,
hearl-6iekciiing scenes, for tho whole
town was deserted, nnd not a solitary
being left to enquire of, nnd proceeded
on to Ctisllelon. Hero Mr. Ilickuk uns
to fortunate as to find his family in
health nnd safely. Hut Mr. Churchill,
nqt finding his family, nor gaining nny
intelligence concerning them, wended
his weary way, on foot nnd alone, lo tho
place from which ho had formerly ino
ed. Here, with n grateful! heart, he
found Ills family, which arrived some
days before sale nnd In good health.
The other prisoners remained mich, un
til Oct., when Ihey were retaken by
Col. Drown. In the fall, after the cap
tre of Ilurgoyne, Mr. Churchill moved
his family back to Cntleton, 10 miles
from hi home. He with his boy went
to his place nnd worked. He raved
some of his corn and Ktntoi-s; cut and
laid up tome pour hay for his horses,
and in the winter moved his family In
to his house In Hubbardton. Mr.
Spaulding and Uriah Hiekok returned
the next Spring. No more of the In
habitants returned until the year 17S0 j
nnd not many until 1783, when a num
ber of families moved Into the (own.
In the Spring of 1781 (lie inhabitants
turned out nnd made a genentl search
over the battle ground and woods ml
joining, gathering up what bones Ihey
could find, which had lain bleaching, in
the sun, wind nnd rain, for seven years,
(of which they found many bushels)
and buried them. Since that lime there
has been many found. Hut, occasion-'
ally when they' have been dinxavercd
they have been carefully taken care of
nnd buried. Hero Ihey had lain n?g
leclrd, and nliuott forgotten, until July
30ih, 1810, for more than C3 ycirs nf
ler the event, the rllizetis of the town
turned out and creeled a pole on the
lMtile-gnund,on which was n board fas
leiifil wilb this inscription painted in
large letter and figures t "Hubbarillon
llaltle was fought July 7lh, 1777, on
The next morning early a large num
ber of citizens of the adjoining towns
aiH-mbled arid lilened to an address on
American Liberty, I'rivilegei, Inilllu
tions, Duties, c " It Is Imped that
there may ytt be reared durable mon
ument lo the memory of tboae 319 for
thy patriots who shed Iheir blood, ami
yielded up their taluable lites In de
fenae of the lilcrtle of their eojntry.
HublMtrdlon battle was the only consid
erable bat tie that was fought to the
Tha Until! af IlkllMaNH,
Th fnllon Ing thrilling account of the
battle or Nor. Sib, Is given by a corre
txtndcnt of the London .lAirnfay lltr-
A little after three, on the morning
of Sunday tho 5lh, when a heavy fug
shrouded every thing from view, the
various gnrr'iHins of the redoubts of
ItalaklaiH were round out by the noise
of large masses or troops approaching.
At about four o'clock, a cloud of iklr-
inithers ndianml to the brow of the
ills on which tho tear of our camp line
SadJcnly, nnd near five o'clock, to
the surprise nnd I think nlio n little to
the consternation of all in the ramp, u
most tremendous cannonade wns opened
from the heights near Inkernianu, full
upon the right of our iMtsllion. The
wo gun battery on the lull over tlio
IVheniayn tis held by u strong party
of the ,15th.
No one suspected or believed It pos
siblo that tho enemy could get guns up
this In n single night t so the place hnd
been but little regarded. "Vet it was
from this spot that the Hiissians opened
the fire from nbout ten guns lull on tlio
two-gun battery nnd the light nnd light
nnd second divisions, which lay nbout
hall n mile in the rear, lhc inslnnt
tho cannouadu began, nnd tho first rmo
lions of Jitter astonishment nnd sutpriso
wcro passed, tho S.llh picket kept eloso
under the earthwork of this battery, and
the shot flew over them, doing but little
injury. The cannonade in the rear re
commenced. All the forts, redoubts, and
batteries round Sehnstopol opened with
n tiemendous roar, which seemed to
shake the earth. The hcene nt this mo
ment was ntvfiil. The whole camp, ex
cept to the sen, seemed encircled by
fire, ns flash nfler flash lit up the foggy
air in all directions. The uproar was
deafening, fur our batteries began to
reply, and both ride firing shell in
creased the din twofold. The shoner
ol these terrible explosives, which rained
into the rump like hail, baffles descrip
tion. No place wn pafu fioin them
Thev killed men and tore the tents to
pi ces on plari-s nhlrh we hitherto con
tidereil n ulteily out of iitnge.
The horror nflhe. rctnu wns Increased
by the obscurity of the morning. It
was not MX o'clock, the ilaikness und
fog were Mill thick, und through the
hiaivy nir the broad led llaahes of the
gun, ami their tremendous .repoit
seemed ten limes louder than el It.
Fur all lhat i-ould be si-en or luld lo Ihu
contrary, tho Itimian batteries neemcd
within fifty yards of you on all side.
Of cour.e tho troops remained under
arms, but ilitl not nilempl lo motui
every one knew that before the real at
tack commenced, tho urtillery would
cease, and the sharp, crackling fire or
The men still lay under covor, when
the guns ceased. The noise of an im-
meneu body of men ndvnncing was close
upon the batteries. The fog prevented
our fellows seeing far, but the noisu told
loo plainly that some 0000 or C000
Itusiians were already close at hand.
Tho instant the Husslans caught sight
of our battery, though they seemed ut
terly spent by their exertion in climb
ing lie hill, Ihey rushed forward with
a ilath we hardly gate them credit
for. Nothing daunleil by tho immense
disparity of numbers, tho fifly-fiflh
waited till they cloed within ten feet,
and then give ono tremendous volley
which stretched two hundred of the en
rmy in the duM ; nnd then each man
loading nud firing a fitl us he could,
kept up an lncesant diacharge of mus
ketry upon each Kussian a ho up
proached. The Itus.ians hailed for n
moment, nnd then, with u wonderful
courage, rallied up and returned n close
nnd deadly Are. In less than livu mln
utcs they again attempted to storm the
battery, hi nn Inslnnt they rushed on
and poured over Its banks und through
its embrasure In overpowering num
hers. There was n moment oftlesptrate
the instant ihey JU lha Mtemy Ml that tf oner miry m imjikvl thtt
back In disorder. Tlie list ntl llh ws rm thwa to h.t. Tin? nwr llcn
rhnrsed up lhc Mil ' ' ''iM "J "' "l 'V h tV"li
the turw! of flte minute tepiurel or l-l ravels mW n !lh it WW
the tut-pm battery. oT their mw.kvls, IJ-el, time the Has.
All .1.1. ik. second, fourth, ami ''" mnihed they left hep of
light dlvsVtH,. were ranged In.Ue .1 .-l M,M, nndil was over theettrpied
all on the old tai-t road, firing oter it tfiWr trades th,t they 4iai,l
again Arret the mountain lo BhefirU, 1
fought hand to hand and foot to foot
with their numerous ntealhiiits. It wit
but it moment, and In the next Ihey had
reputied lhc ultatk nud preserved the
battery. Uut it nas In vain our fellows
displayed nil Ihl courage. the enemy
already outnumbered them nt the rate
of forty lo one, and fresh masse were
coining up every minute. Our men fell
Their numliers diminished etery in
stant, while ihoseofllmeiiemy Increased
Suddenly the Ituuluna made another
charge, nml this time with more iflVet.
Krom every liit the enemy poured
into the battery like 1h, In truly Im
sisluble numlwrs. ami the 55th, after
more than I no-third, of the picket lay
lend around, retired from the lattery.
The Haitians had now got between
8,000 and 10lfKJ men up ih.lr heights
on our right, and their batlery on ihe
hill threw kbot and rhrll among our
mm villi terrible cuVf. Tlie pickets
were preparing to retire fiora.lhe wall,
when fortunately to regiments -f tba
2l diiiaiou of the 4 lit and 19th cniue
Into action, nnd passing the wall opened
a destructive tile tire on the ItussUus on
our light near the Iwo-gun lattery.
'Ilia rurtov rrlurntal it otitic as ti-ror.
Slate of Vt-roont in the time of Ihe war I (-14t- ,i,r!r ,ni.li in,fli,i,,,t. .ran.
of ,lv "r'olul. ' I ons toJ no cUnec agajosl our illuie
Why is si ldy hair like the latest ' rifle,
newt? Uecjtaao in the moroinj we j The list and Oib litro deploy ed
into the laallcs of Husslan liiUnlry, wtm
most Irrri'jlo effect. The rattle of mus
ketry was deafening. Hie lnccvint
vollets nnd effects of the tile firing ills
iwrncd the log, hut replaced it wilh the
thick, white smoke of putiatwtler, whieli
hldcvervthing etpially well At this
time the enemy w ho wcro !" ten mm
tOloron shoaetl no signs of K'l"ft
wny. On th contrary, they advanced
towanls the wall, nring volley I wun ns
much coolness nml regularity n ir on
pnrade, I nm bound lo say no troop
could lave behaved more splendidly
than Ihe Russians. They pic.irrd ut
terly insensible to the fear of nnilhing
but n charge.
Alwut this timo our batlerles ot nr.
lillcry enmc hotly Into tho flghl ngalnit
the ciieiney' batlery on the hill, which
was doing m considerable amount ot
mischief. Under tho splendid manage
ment of General Strangnnys. Ihey soon
so fur turned the fortune of tho day ni
lo leave their infantry, attacking ours
bejond the wnll, entirely without sup.
wrt. Advantage was instantly inken oi
the chance lo advance the itOih nnd 47lh
Hogimcnts to the right for the purpo
ol're-tnklng tho two-gun battery. In
idle of n tremendous cross fire, they
ndvimccdnt the point of tho bayonet,
nnd ns they nenred tho hatlery pound
n mm irHinendous volley aim (lien
charged. In less than n minute the Rus
sians were driven out Willi leartui ios.
Vet hardly were they clear of the bat
tery, when tho Russian rallied again,
nnd reluming rctind thn spot lmureil In
volley after volley into the columns of
the, gallant VOtli ami -win, aim ni tne
rameliiiio Ihu Russian artillery ro-open
ed iitmn the battery in ruch a intmiier
that neither friend nor foe could hold ll
Under these circumstances, tin) 20lh nisi;
t"lh were compelled to fall luek, and
Ihu enemy ngain occupied the two-gun
battery for n inoincnt. This turn of
posies.iun as, however, but briefi our
fellows ngaln dished up nt It, nnd ngain
they lilt-rally massacred nil in tlie pinre.
The b itlery itself nnd all it Hpprniich-t-s,
wcro now covered wills English nud
R'la-ian corpc nnd wounded. Tli-
latter were lew in the exlreinf, a when
ever Ihu enemy occupied the contested
post, Ihey h.iyoru-tleil nil our fellows who
gave the least fign of.life.
The Rus'lan sklrmlsher.4 and strong
supporting bodies of Infantry werongam
thrown on our liglHi mm unuercuvei
n Ircmendoii flrti of artillery crawled
up Ihe lull lo ll - Tno-gun batlery. A
Iheir men breasted tho hill, they with
encountered with showeitol grape from
our field batteries, which mowed them
don n by hundred. Vet Mill they nunc,
on lth nerfeel coolness, nnd apparently
with perfect courage- To favor Iheir
ndi iincp, tho enemy's nrlillcry was turn
ed lull upon ours, nnd, hum their corn.
,..,,. i;., nnsiilaii nnd iidvniilnge In
wclcht of uictnl, did much execution..
It was nt Ihl moment, n the Tno-gun
battery was again taken hy the enemy,
that n cannon rhot struck Miijor-Getier-
nl Slraiignuys, nnd curried uwn hi
thigh, while he wus giving some order
relative to a firsh iiosition which our
bailerie were to Inko up. I'oor Slning-
wuys nns curried to Ihe ri-nr, when the
inanslcd limb wnt Immediately nitipii-
laledi but the hravo old general only
rurvived the opcrallon n few mlnulel.
Hardly had we sustained Ibis lo-s wlien
several oilier lending oHlecrs of our nr.
Illlery ere cut down, either killed or
mortally wounded, while uperliitending
the working of iheir guns. The 20lh
nml 17lh had In Ihe meantime rc-cai-
turcd nnd lost thi Two-gun Hallcry oiico
At the enemy' rcinforcenicnli came
up, our Guard also ctmo into ncllon
Ulon this occasion, the whole three hat-
lallious wire hut a little over 1,200 men
Constant sickness, nnd tho victory of
Alma, la whlth Ihey so largely roiilrib
uled, have d'i'ii! much tu d'unlulah this
fine corps. On the morning of the jI1
nlio, between four nud Gvocomjuuiieaof
the ColKsri-nm were out on piikd I
the rear. Yet It wa the Coldstream
which bore the thick of it. While the
1'iiillitrs and (5reiuidicr ilnfendtd lists
wall, the Coldstrrams, turning to the
right, ngain r-vcaplurwl tho Tvto-gun
Buttery, us It was of this luorl istul Im
jrluncc that the enemy should lift
labliih lhi-nielvrt In Mil tUV. .VHI
now u Irtsinendouiilrugglci' cinoial for
1 liia position.
The number of the wseiny, In d
nrojiisd the tnuifry, was at Itwtit 0000.
yet the Colditrrams ihnrgwl an.) biokn
llmir way, through nil oppaWn. jssttt
pot to Ihe work. The liulant they bad
done to, tho tr.emy teemta lo rmlvMe
thtlr eflyrtt lo take and krep the place.
etrh time tn n fresh allaek.
Afler the last leptslse the Uiis.iaat
for tome time did not renew tlm contest.
Ohierv Ing that lh height of thv wnlll
prevented iisr men from fltliijnvtr, tlwjf
colleclrd in manes close uridvr ihrist kiid
liegnn thtvintitg the smialeU nml Imjtx
licit nflhn r tteml mmrude rpearwho
Into tho tmtlery, with huge Mow, l'or
this species of allnck our tuen alio rto
tpjile prepnrcl, nnd In turn huisVJ out
the rough fmgment of totk tsKsn their
nssallnnl. Tor nearly ten minutes this
stone llirmslng cssnlinued wlllroui Intrf.
misaiuii on both ll Im. And rtt-sy How
nnd then the Riistnt made n dcapvratis
itaiti In enter by tho tmhmiuttt, hut
were hnyoncttcd in this Mlrmpls lilt tho
einhrnsuivt were cliukctl with corpses.
All this time the (Vldilrrnm tlunrds,
nlone, nlmoit unaided, nnd only AOO
strong, had been keeping nl b,y nearly
i.OOO or the enemy lrooss, Hut nl
last they were eompelliHl to rellre
Ihey then charged out In a lanly on tlio
enemy in Iheir tear, leaving 8 officers
and nearly 200 men killed and Htnmilod
In the battery behind them.
All tho wounded were Instantly luy-
ouetlLtl by the Russians. Same (f the
olllccr IkmIIc wero found with ns many
ns twenty bnyntict wounds, nnd iheir
skull completely smashed with Ihu hull
cuds of muikeli.
At this Moment there wer.s lint lr
than 10,000 of the enemy, tn opioso
whom thcro wcro nbout 12,000 Eusltih,
Aidrs-du-CAinp were Instantly despatch
ed fur reinforcements from tho French,
nnd ihu English fell hack upon their lino
of tents. Tno guns fell into the hiindl
of the enemy. Some of the nrtillcry iticil
clung round iheir guns, nnd fought Hits
Russian for llictu hand In hnnd. One
sergeant hi particular wnt seen ilefiunl.
ing himself wilh his twoitl fslniie, nm d
a huuilred enemies for full live mlnulel.
When the buttle ns over, his licdy wns
found with 17 bayonet nnd bullet wounds
on ll, nnd tno Russians killed with hit
Froih reaimentt rani up Ihe lull
tJwayi Crul ii In papers.
Into Una and prerrtl lo clarjrj ao
ihicir tUitiilvrs into ih battery frow
alt point hut Ihe ColLtrrams held
their ground, flghtlng wills perfrtM des
peration. 'Use battery t ( com
pletety cnrireled, In front, fl-tiik. std
rrar, and, as (U Cvldatreams ,ay,very
man ge bliosclf up fwr Itnl. sKsdslrler
rnened lo wll his lsf diriy. 'nsreu
lime dil tU lUsrfWlhrow tll
umi Ibe battery, ud hy the sheer
wesghl of their loaaae nsjrmwiisl ivl
crott the wH, ytt lj time Ibay were
drlnn hrk iln. Tl intledt was
rlthlful- sSo i-h-aa were llsst Antt-onlitt
nurd lay on ihe ground beside him.
(Jiir linops wrru slowly hilling bark,
filu-liiiug nnd disputing every Inch vf
ground null! ihu reinforcement enmu
ll tin nl this limit lhat poor Sir
corgis Cnllieart was shot Ihruugh tlio
ii-nrt, nnd fell ilend fmiii his lairsc.
Within llvtt iniuule iiflernnrds Hrlga-
lier (icns-rals Torreu and (jolilie, also
if thn ftittrlti diiiiluu, were mortally
woiimlei), through the stomach, The
wo gun Lancaster battery, which was
reeled In rommsud Ihu harbor mid ship
ling in Sthiislopol, fell Into ihu enemy'
lands. They tpiked nud ilumouiitril
both ihe guns, nm pushing furwnrd on
our left, tried to cut oll'lho whole body
of our men fsous the ndinticiiig French
succor. 1 he fight was nuir nnitu
nmong Ihctetiti. All thucaiiiiisi r.flho
tents win cut and blonn lo pli ers by Ihu
storm of shell and shot. Hut ut this
Snit the lido of fortunu turned.
I'hu enemy were getting upitU their
strength for u final effort, vv lit-ti Cinro
berL came up with three rigimenl of
units et, five of French infantry, nnd n
strong force of itrlll!cry,mid cuuiuieiieed
n lenihle itllnck mi (he enemy's right
flank. This occur ml ut about 1 1 o'clock,
nnd from lhat moment Ihe Kutsbiis
chance wns hupelest. Vtl, Ihuugh un
der tho French fire they weru literally
fulling by battnlllotit, ihey never show.
nl ihu least rljil of trepidation or slit
order. At last tho enemy gavq way, nml be
g.iii n-llrng in gooil order neros lie X
kcriuau Heights, Until I snw , I
never could Iimvi, believnl that any
Iroops In the woihl could hiive rrllrrd
under such n murderous fire In tueh per
fect order. Tho Engliih mA French
with a wholn muss of nrlillcry, followed
eloso upon the relreatlng hiillnlllons,
l-ounng In volley after volley of grnpo
ahcl, shell und musketry, lu far.! ll trnt
n perfect cnninge. Vet, In spile of this,
Ihe enemy kept Iheir order, retreating
nl almost alow time nnd vvtry flte cr
tun iniinil" hulling and charging slespn
rattily up the hill ut our uitn und Ihe
French, In theso i hargtis ihu Russians
lull felil fully. Weieceivnl tlirm wilh
volleys of musketry, nnd then with tho
In one of Iheie. charges, the .'Oils
French leglment of Ihe lin re-wpturfil
Ihe two gun which In the fO'ilntMisw
lutnl of ihe day we had listl, Hy Isalf
WM wiVehxk, Ibn great ( of list!
rnasny bad coinplrtely fallm brn-k lestv.
ing Ulaeeii 7 0H) nnd 8,000 dea l upon
Ihe ;M Uhind.
'i'rtwaril evening I wiilktsl oiee lh
l.itiilelUIJ but I sis iios.r dt-aribe to
jpur rssuJert whtl it wn like. Jit
bur tor I IwygAr nil slaMriptM 17,
OOO ilia. Mini uiiurJil i'.ssgllals, l'rii h,
J ! ami RuniHiia, lay uani ll htljlits, and
iue jrroasst suits nciasaun wi wf "ti.
rttlng up from all parti. AIul n
mere aksrmi.li lo it. Wltis! iniln the
seen wore was, ihdl the Uutssafid (row
lhi hlp lu the harbor ua the fvsliflc
lion lo the nwlh were throwing B pr
fet .torus s-fshvll all or lh flM. kill
I1.3 ihdr own an-l our wousalr-l.
During lU recant hank patil In ll-X-lots,
an M Uly deoiainle.1 (el stt lint
Wi-bsts-r Hank for bill, taylnj; that 1 li
bs I lard Mr. Wt.ir '.! slt-wt. hit
rsiafe Insolvent. n4 lhat hi Vtk ntVt!
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