Newspaper Page Text
VOL. 51 NO. 185
mm j i
fl! , fc ;9 .'.El ' I I fill ft 'f'W 1 I' . 9 tl . 1
L'i) . 1 Sill I.tSliUi
Capital of Baltic Provinces
Expected to Capitulate
" Soon v Before Onrush of
Hostile Aeroplanes Drop
I2crabs on City.
"Xlusfians, . in Retreat, Are
Fighting Desperately To
Prevent Enemy '3 Plan.To
. Surround Army Allied
-"' Nations -Hope For Ulti
mate Success in East.
London, Aug. 6 With,
great ' Russian fortresses
Warsaw. and, Ivangorod captur
od and the fall of Riga, the cap
. ial of the Baltic provinces, im
t minent, the Austro-Gernian on
' slaught has -reached its high
rde in Jhe 'east and the jiext
. step will be the German'. Einj
peror's triumphant entry -into
. the Polish capital.
That event is lively soon to
be followed by the pronounce
ment of a united and semi-autonomous
Poland, embracing not
only the '.territory- wrested from
the Russians but the Austrian
crown Jand of Galicia.
' Meantime, the Russian arm
ies are fighting their way back
ward toward - Russian ' proper,
inflicting blows on"the invad
ers wherever possible, trying to
fend them off; the . rail-; rays
running north and south, hi or
. der - that the ends.of " the Ger
man r-ippers may not meet, and,
in closing, bring disaster iothe
Russian arras. - - . '.
r- The' position, of the army of
Grand" Duke Nicholas now is a
matter of solicitude as. the r oc
cupation of Warsaw is believe
ed to be a prelude to-the greater
purpose of -enveloping the re
treating forces. .. , ,
Orand ; Duke Retreats. '
Petrograd reports show the Grand
Duke has' retired to the right bank, of
the Vlctula both at Warsaw and Ivan
tod, -destoyinK the fcridgea at both'
points,, and contesting the German ad
Vance across the river. (
Back of he retiring Russians is the
"Vast morass of Central Poland .with
lew : railways and primitive roads,
making virtually impossible a.quick
movement of- guns and' supplies, while
back - of , Warsaw, the only fortress
available as a rallying point fo- the
'Russians is Brest-Litovsk. hus the
' Russians are menaced by General Von
Buelow's " columns bending southward
and i by Field Marshal Von Maaken
. (sen's . southerp army bending north-
ward. The fall'of Ivangorod proper is
official! v reported- today in bulletins
both from Berlin and Vienna. '
. The occupation of Warsaw now . is
centering attention ori, !a series of im
portant events that are being ar
ran ged.. First, will be the selection of
1 German governor. Reports indicate
Ihe appointee will b& a German prince,
possibly son; of the German! Em-
, eror or an Austrian archduke.1 who
Will be vsted.'wit.h authority "akin to
- at which Napoleon gave to his broth
ers and to his marshals -asA kings of
ftreupied. territory. ,. "' i - -t -V.'."';.,
Berlin .reports - that a Council ori
Sunday will formulate a proclamation
Soclaring Poland to be a semi-autono-mcfus
state , under , joint " Polish and,
A-ustro-Hungarian rule. - This con
forms with .a recentxdecision of a. Pol
ish congress held at Piotrkow, Rus
sian Poland, which , proposed a joint
Polish and Austro-Hungarian -rulo
fc'ith a separate-army and the fullest
f-lish autonomy - consistent , with the
: -'.tegic Interests of Austro-Hungary.
' iie German , offer of autonomy is
. r t arded as a bid for - the support- of
t-; S population -of Poland as against a
B nilax declaration of SJmperor Kich
c. :s promising eventual Polish auton
omy under Russian suzerainty. Th
outcome of ' these, events in . Warsaw
pfrtbably -will - determine the political
Status of Poland during the war;'
What the Germans will do next in a
- r-ilitary way,' after attempting to com
"j 'te their enveloping 'movement, is a
matter of much speculation. '
If the campaign against the Rus
cians i not energetically pushed there
is the possibility of the present1 victo
ries being . undone, while if an ofTen
. s1re n. the. eat; is continued the Ger-
tians face the rigors and dangers of a
'-'iter campaign- in Russia. .
Conaervative studenta here think it
' '.11 result in a' compromise in which
tno Germans will withdraw part of
the.r army, leaving enough men to
maintain and secure the defensive po
sitions when they have dug themselves
tn. . . ' ' - ' .- .- : .' , i,
SITUATION AT RIGA -
DECOMES MORE ACUTE
London, Aug. S- Discussing the
e. tuation around Riga, the Petroprad
-respondent of the Morning Post
t JB-. . .. . - '. . ,.
Craunueu on Page .
EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY
" Berlin, Aug. 6 Delayed in 'transmission The Russian fortress of Ivan
gorod, situated ' on thto Vistula river f orty-fivo miles southeast of Warsaw,
was captured toy the Teutonic armies today.
'' Ivangorod is located at the confluence of the Vistula ifeid the Vieprz
rivers.x It is situated on the railroad running" to Lukow and Brest Lietovsk
and also on a line connecting with "Warsaw. '
1 Vienna Aug.' 6--tTlie occupation of Ivangorod yesterday hy Austro-German
forces is announced in an official telegram from the front. f.
' A statepieftt issued later in the night explained that the- Ivangorod forts
'were not .properly constructed for modern narfaro. This statement was
made "in' reply to the Austrian claim that a great victory was achieved in
Ivangorod , capture." .
nnn n a
Rome', Aug. 6 An official state
ment; issued lay the Italian govern
ment today says: ' - . : "
. '.'Last night one of our r dirigible
balloons flew over the Austriau for
tress of Pola and threw . bombs on
several points that had been previ
ously bombarded. .-.
"For. reasons which it has been- im
possible to establish, the dirigible fell
ticlo' the' "sea and its crew consisting
of three officers and three men,' were
made prisoners." ' - .
AT STATE DEPT.
Secretary Lansing and A. B.
0. Delegates Continue
Washington, Aug. 6. The confer
ences between Secretary Sensing and
six Pan-American diplomats whose
co-operation was' sought by President
Wilson in his plan to restore peace
in" Mexico, was continued today.
- The conferees decline to discuss the
proceedings on the ground that the
conferences( were declared' informal
and confidential. It is considered
likely .that one of . the rirst results , of
the conference- will be a final appeal
to all, the Mexican factional laders to
accommodate their difference and re
store peace. This probably will - be
sent in a few days, . ; " "
- The message to 'Carranza will -ask
that he lay . down : his arms aid. join
with his Adversaries in setting up a
government tbe United States ' will
recognize. It will- insist that the an
swer be within a. stipulated time. 1
TTje character '-of the final plans for
restoration ; of peace depends . largely
on Carranza's response. ...
Brownsville, Tex., Aug. . 6 Mexican
outlaws . today raided ! the village of
Sebastian, 37 miles north of here,
killing :a. man and a' woman. -.-United
States cavalrymen from Harlihgeh, 12
miles distant, have gone to Sebastian.
N. Y. BULL MOOSE
BEGIN PLANS FOR
Albany, Aug. '6. Up-rftate Progres
sives, most of them county chairmen,
met here today to discuss the future
of the party, particularly as to .put
ting candidates in the field at the fall
election. It was expected that be
tween 40 and 50 leaders from various
parts of the state would be here
j fore the meeting closed tonight.
expected to arrive some time during
the day. "
Henry J. Cocrane -Albany county
chairman' of the Progre-sives today
announced Jiis intention to return to
the Republican party.
UNWORTHY W CELL,
SAYS CONVICT EDITOR
Atlanta, Ga.,' Aug. 6 Plagiar
ism exists even behind prison
walls; according to the current is
sue' of Good Words, - a monthly,
newspaper published t by the in
mates of the Atlanta Federal
Prison which pharges three state
prison papers with ' using matter
from , Good Words, without giving
thai- publication credit. Their ed
itors are declared to be unworthy
to be in a. United States prison'.
U.S. GUARDS OUT
Washington, Aug.- 6.A nw rvolu
tionary disturbance at Gonaives, on
the western . coas of Hayti, has been"
reported "".to. ;JFtear Admiral Caperton,
and 'he has dispatched the naval tug
Osceola with forces to ".protect the cus
toms house. 1 . ' , T
i The admiral reported the occu-pation
of Fort Xational. in Port- Au P.rince,
by American forces without resistance.
The American marines are quartered
in the barracks. Colonel Cole, com
manding the marines landed from the
batte!ship Connecticut, is in military
charge of the town, and Captain Beach
has been assigned o hdndlecivil af
fairs. . v
' A session of the Haytian parliament
to select a president hass been called
for Sunday.. V
R.T. CRAIIE IIAMED
TO ROBERT LANSING
Former Bridgeporter, Noted
-Sportsman; Gets ' High. "
Pice in State Depti -
- " - . - . , -
,.' The appointment -' of -" Richard TJ
Crane, '3rd, son of Charles R. Cjrane,
a close friend o President Wilson.and
founder of the Crane ValVe Co.,' to
be secretary .to Robert Lansing, secre
tary of state, will meet with the ap
proval of the many friends of young
Mr. Crane in' this -city, Where ' he is
well known in bu'siness and social cir
cles. I;''.-''- I ' -'
Richard , Crane, 3rd, after learning
the business under his father, in. Chi
cago, came to this city several-years
ago to reside" while,-, assuming the
presidency of the Crane Valve Co.
He resided on RusSling Place near
Laurel- avenue, and took great inter
est in social affairs, being a. member
of the Brooklawn tlub and other so
cial organizations. ' He was a tennis
player of considerable note and took
interest . irt athletes, being one ot
those who encouraged athletics among
the employes of the big factory.
; Mr. Crane was ui t-nis city about
two months ago renewing old friend
ships though he now divides his time
between his country home J at . Woods
Hole, Mass.,; and . Lake Geneva, 111. . V
It is said that through his' efforts
with those of : his . father,, one of the
most noted economists in the United
States, that the employes tot the Crane
Co. throughout this country, enjoy the
big Christmas dividend checks that
have been a rule of the company for
several years. .", , ' V'
Crane was the owner of the first
hydroplane seen in local waters.' ; It
sank in' the middle of the1 Sound.,'
PROWLERS IiOOT SALOON.
Burglars entered the saloon at the
corner of Maplewood and Hancock
avenues, owned by M. J. .Xelley, last
evening after -midnight, and confis
cated, $20 worth of whiskey-and sev
eral boxes of cfgars. Entrance was
gained thrpugh.;.a rear ;window.
Unsettled tonight and Satur
day ; probably." showers. Geritlr
to moderate northeast windsw
BRIDGEPORT, CONN., FRIDAY, AUGUST 6, 1915
lmm P91 J "'S jSk i"WP!' gj,ijjiiii Am UUW P"P9. '
A 7fn 1 o)"Q Is s 5(11 ir vS li ffl
ILivJ Ik? u U u Ui? vhJ Uii Lai u Ul LqU
- ' ! 1 1 -
Announcement erf Disposition of Company to
Treat With Its Employes Is Made By Presi
dent Davis In Notices Posted on Time Clocks
of Factory Employes to Vote Tomorrow
Night on Future Course.
Announcement of the willingness of the Locomobile Co. of
America to discuss with its employes the question of installing
an eight hour working day in preference to the recently an-!
nounced. bonus system was made in a notice posted by order of
President S. TV. Davis, Jr., throughout the plant this noon.
This precipitated an unusually large attendance at the in
formal meeting of employes held .this noon in Seaside court.
'The chief topic of conversation
take to get the eight hour day. It was apparent that the bonus
system has been declared unpopular by the general sentiment
of the workers. x ' - ' " ; : r ,
,.- .,, , w.s-
Shawhee Okla.,' Aug. 6 Ed Berry,
in negro, charged : with, many crimes,
was . taken ' from officers' today by a
mfcb -aud lynched. , He was accusedj of
killing two women -ajn8 is' said to 'hja.ve
confessed to having ' attacked many
women. ' . n;
-. -, " '.-'-5 ? .':. i : '"'-'-.-"'''. '-!-! ' '
Trilby, Fla., Aug.'' 6 A mob attack
ed the jail at Dade City late last night
overpowered the jailor and lynched
Will Leach, a negro (Aisarged with at
tacking a white girl, r . t
ON EASTLAND WILL
GO TO PRESIDENT
Chicago, Aug. 6.-t-Samuel Gompers,
president of the American Feleration
ot Labor,'- who with a committee of lo
eal labor leaders ' has been investigat
ing the Eastland -disaster, announced
today, that h? will lay his findings up
to date befor4 President Wilson.
Secretary of ; Commerce -Redfiejd,
whose .investigation was terminated
yesterday- for the time being, expects
tb ; start for Washington this after
noon. ,. ' - ? '
In the federal building it was re
ported" that experts were drajctine- in
dictments Isaid to name six, persons in
connection with the disaster.
SAYS HE'LL HAVE '
NEW TARIFF BILL
Philadelphia, Aug. 6--United States
Senator- Bois Penrose, . in a speech at a
dinner here last night, announced that
he would introduce a tariff bill' at the
next session of Congress. vThe Sena
tor said -the bill would be "protective
in its nature containing a; horizonal
reduction -of 15 or! 2 0 per cent.v;on
many of the duties contained in the
Payne bill but reinforcing some of the
schedules; like the chemical schedule?
to the extent, that may be . necessary
io secure mese industries in our coun
try. -This bill will . protect us frtfm
the. collapse jsvhich will occur on the
close of the war in Europe." .
Children Do Honor "
To the Memory of
Rome, Ga., . Aug. 6---Scores of
children and adults- paig tribute to
the memory of Mrs. Woodrow Wil
son today,--the first anniversary of
her death, by- placing flowers on
her'. grave..-The hour from 9 until
10, r'clock this morning was set
aside for the children. Many of
them went ito tlie cemetery with
only a single blossom, which they
placed among, the mass of floral
tributes, sent by organizations and
individuals in many parts- of the.
'- Helen Axson '.Wilson Memorial
Society held services at the grave
later. ' Dr. G. G. Snyder, of "the
First Presbyteriai Ch'urch. who of
ficiated, at Mrs. . .Wilson's funeral,.
)"h the serviceo " ,
Was what steps the men would
This is the notice posted in the" Lo
comobile plant: , . , -
TO THE EMPLOYES OF THE ,, i
LOCOMOBILE COMPANY OF ;
AMEXiICA: . ;
' Some -of . the labor leaders in
Bridgeport have been agitating
au eight-hour day, and . have - v
-. been trying to influence our. em - "
"ployes by ' stating 'that thesProfit- ..
sharing plan is not going towork
1 to their benefit, even threatenihg i
to tie up our. plant with a strike.
This company has only had one,
strike since it: has been operat
'. ing.i This was 'over ! 13 years ago.
We" are not in the habit of quar
1 reling with our ' workmen and l
- do not intend to. , If we find,
.after the -Profit-sharing Plan has
' been in operation,- that .the irien
- prefer a , work week of ; shorter - ,
hours, we will make our arrange
ments to operate the plant on a
basis of eight hours a day.
K THE LOCOMOBILE COMPANY
Si T. Davis, Jr., President,
; About- 500 worker? of the' Locomo
bile plant gathered in., the court at
noon. While there was' a general dis
cussion of new concessions offered by
the Locomobile heads, : no attempt? at
open speaking was attempted, under
Instructions from William H. Johns
ton, president of the International As
sociation of Machinists who had come
specially from Hartford to bepresent
at, today's meeting. -.
Ex-Alderman Frederick Cederholm,
eorge Bowen,' ageat of the Machin
ists' union, Louis Nelson and other
labor speakers were present tn large
numbers today to continue! the agita
tion, v , --., ' : - .. " '"...''
Announcement was made among
the 500 or ..more workers who had
gathered in the lot that . a general
discussion of the situation' would be
heard at Machinists' hall, Cannon
street, tomorrow ntght at 8 o'clock
following which a vote of the em
ployes would be taken as to further
action. . V . .
When the notice posted at 11:45
on the time clocks throughout the Lo
comobile factory was read, many . of
the workers were insistent that a straw
vote at once be taken to approve or
condemn the bonus proposition. This
is not favored by the majority.
When the men passed but of . the
Locomobile gates today, they were met
by an increased' detail of police under
command of Captain John Eegan ",--,TVhen
the curious and expectant
tftrpng that assembled on Henry street
near Seaside court became large they
were invited into the , yard hired : by
the labor - men. The" police follow
ed. ' ., ., ..' .' :
There was some talk of having the
police invited to step off the property
until they produced .warrants or there
was public speaking or real' disturb
ance to bring them 6n. Wiser heads
overruled these' suggestions.
'Duringthe rest of the hour the men
stood in groups and discussed their
affairs while-the surrounding yards
were filled with men, women and
children who had gathered to hear the
speeches or witpess any further ar
rests. . .',.;' '
"' President William H. Johnston said
to a Farmer reporter today.: .,
"When I heard of the arrests here
yesterday I was thunderstruck at the
action of - Mayor Wilson who has evi
dently overstepped Ihe mark in this
situation." . : '
"When our leaders preach sedition,
then will be the time the police will
i have a right to act. If we liable any
j one in these meetings on private prop
' erty, there is .recourse through the
"The arrests of yesterday have done
for our organization what we could
not have done for ourselves, Xo
amount of agitation would have had
the result that yesterday's action had,
for I am told that practically the sup
port of every machinist in the Loco
mobile plant has been pledged to the
local union -and . hundreds of others
not machinists are likewise in sjmpa-
.continui-a on Page Two
PAGES 1 TO 10
Counsel For Three Prisoners Shatters Weak At-terhpt-oi
State to Convict Men of jSreach of the
Peace Judge Wilder Sweeps Aside Trumped
Up Charges and Considers Only Minor Phase
; of Case Before Returning Decision.
UNION MEN DETERMINED TO MAKE
FIGHT TO LAST DITCH FdR RIGHTS
(Unseen Power'Moved Mayor, Is; Charge of
v. .-- Counsel For Three Aceused Men Supt.
Birmingham Swears He Was Directed to Ar-,
. rest Anyone Who Attempted to Speak "on La
bor Question" and Says Mayor Gave the Order,
TJie real extent or tner.msoieiiee uayor w iison s
attempt to gg labor, through the arrest ot men speaking
on private property at the Locomobile company, became
known today when" Superintendent of Police JEiigene 'Bir
mingham, called by the ; testified that Mayor Wson
hadrriven him orders to urrcot anyone who attempted to
, - , ,
sxeak, at the Lqcompbile company meeting, on ''the labor
question." . "-. , , '''..- ' - ' . -:, s - -
; Deputy Uudge Frank, Ii. Wilder swept aside the con
tentions of the state that the labor, men, had broken the
law in their attempt to speak bn private property. -There
is only one phase of the case that he, even considers and
that is whether the men, who insisted on exercising con
stitutional, rights, broke the la wan. speaking after Super
inten'dent Birmingham ordered themnbt to do so :
Lawyers for the labor men declare this was not a violation-
police had no right to invade
the private .property where the men were-, in peaceful
gathering,' much less order them to refrain from speaking.
. . After in. .which the case of the state
ag-ainst; George --J. Boweii, Frederick Cederholm- and Louis J.
Nelson, arrested yesterday for attempting to address "a body of
men at the Locomobile Co., was shattered by the defense. Judge
F. L. Wilder reserved deifcison this' morning and. continued their
cases until, next Tuesday. -
.T'esMmony indicates thaj; the men will be exonerated, but
in the. event that they are not, an appeal will be taken immedi
ately. Injunctions wiirbe procured at once for meetings to be
held, next we(ek, to prevent police interference. -- ---
i'i " T ill ' -w t -m-m n - . f n folco .r none 1r Q fl tTTQ IT ?' COl'rl ATqI
son after the hearing.
I Scoring the . arrest of the ' men as
an a-ct "prompted by unseen power"
and Mayor. Clifford B. Wilson's ordef
to the police as unconstitutional, coun
sel tbr the defense plainly vindicated
the action of the labor, men and so
flimsy was the testimony ' : made
igainst then that Judge Wilder push
ed aside every item of it .except one,
a technical point. - '
"Mayor Wilson knew his . order was
in Violation of the constitution when
he gave it." emphatically declared. At
torney Hugh J. La very representing
the victims.. "He's a .lawyer himself.
Aijf' unseen power prompted the ar
Superintendent Eugene- Birmingham
vindicated his part in the arrests by
asserting' that everything he did was
in accordance with orders he received
and had to obey. He declared he so
informed the men when he arrested
them. ' ' '
Assistant ' Prosecuting . Attorney
John P. Gray endeavored to prove
that .the men hLd committed a breach
of the peace: . The statute under
which the case comes defines breach
of the peace as "tumultous and of
fensive carriage," and Attorney La-very-
ridiculed the attempt to prove
that.- ' ' -
Judge Wilder swept aside all the
other claims.' that were made against
the men. Mr. Gray," trying to'prove
his point,' said that if .a policeman ap
proached - Mr. -La very sitting an his
front stoop,- and ordered him into the
house, Mr. Lavery would have to go..
This provoked a smile throughout
the courtroom, and later the counsel
for the - defense 'stove in the. argu
ment. An attempt to prove that Nel
son had traveled under aliases in va
rious cities of the east was disallowed
by the court."
Judge Wilder said the only question
of offense was whether or not "the men
committed a breach of the peace by
attempting to speak after having
been, warned. His decision hangs on
that point. -
The scefie . at . police headquarters
was interesting this morning. Nearly
100 persons gathered to hear the trial
but Policeman Harold Sherwood was
at the door of the city 'court room
and turned . back everybody but the
officers of the court, witnesses, law
vers. policemen and reporters. The
corridor outside .was crowded at the
opening of court but was cleared by
the' police. -
Commotion was' caused when Mar-
tin Tillstrom, a Workman, - was eject
ed from the courtroom. .
--..The case was the last of the docket
to be heard.
All 'the- defendants pleaded not guil-
tv in answer tO-Court Clerk EarleistuIT ouiwrmienaeni oirnungnan
GarUck's query. , - ; 'but asserted that some of the men r.ai
Superintendent Eugene Birmingham! been standing In Seaside court, whictt,
was the first witness called by the he said-.. is Public property,
state: " He described the meeting . " Continued do Fits 2.
PRICE TWO CENTS
i .- r ; tit "i f
place of the men, said upwards of 300
persons were -present . and , asserted
tha tthere' wias not a sign of disturb
ance of any kind. V i
"What did vou do ?" he was mask
ed." ' .'-'4,-. . ', . ' . -...'' - - ;
"I told thrh tat I aweta there to in
form ithem that they could not apeak
on public or private grounds. I told
them that was my orders."
"What did they say?"
"Nelson said: 'Well, we're gomg to
epeak.' He said also: 'We're going
tomake a. test case or tins. '
SuperintJendent. Birmingham said he
and his mien waited . 25 minutes until
the crowd had assembled . and then
Bowen mounted the 'box.' "I told
him," said the superintendent, "that I
had received orders from the mayor
th.t I should arrest any man- that at
tempted to speak on. the labor -question."
. . " ".
Bowen attempted to speak. Superin
tendent Birmingham said, so he ar
rested him. Bowerf made no objec
tion and there : was . no disturbance
other than the. cheering of the men
for the prisoner. He described then
how he arrested each in succession
and he emphatically asserted, that no
disturbance was made. . .. ,
'IVIr. Lavery then asked: ' ' :
" Wliai . crime, .ormisoemeainor did
you arrest tJiese; gentlemen -for com
mitting?". ... y,:.'ti. -'
"On the orders of the mayor to ar
rest these men for. speaking on the la
bor question, on grounds public or pri
vate." - -
Attorney Lavery then ' brought out
again, that the police had acted solely
on orders from the mayor tos prevent
speaking. He characterized the order
as "a. decree of the mayor."
Superintendent- - BtraiingHani said
none of the men created a disturbance
and 'said none said-, anything out - of
the ordinary. " ' ''
"Tour orders or decree from the
mayor' was that these men couldn't
make addresses on labor questions. It
was confined solely to that, was it?"
Superintendent Birmingham said:
"Yes." " . '
"If these men had been speaking on
-a social, a religious or an enonomic
question, you wouldn't have stopped
"I wouldn't interfere."
Mr. Gray objected here, but Judge
! Wilder allowed the questioning to go
i on. ' .
j . "Xo matter what subject they were
talking on, other than that of labor,
you wouldn't have interfered?"
Sergeant Charles Wheeler was place-1
on the stand. He substantiated the
i f ; . . T-i. ;. .