Newspaper Page Text
THE FARMER: NOVEMBER 14, 1916
GREAT NEGRO MIGRATION DU
LURE OF RETTER
General Exodus to Northern States Threatens Industrial
, Life of the South Race Finds Brothers In North Are
Receiving Double the Pay of Negro in the South
Fear That They Will Be Promptly Lynched By Mobs
If Ever Arrested on Suspicion of Criminality Con
tributes to Desire of Colored Man to Flee.
WAGE AND FEAR
The Business Short Cut
The quicker, shorter, surer,
more profitable way to trans
act business is via
It discounts distance and
THE WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY
HOME HEALTH CLUB
(Edited by Dr. David H. Reeder,
PROGRESS IN DIAGNOSIS: It is
quite probable that the greatest step
forward in finding: out disease cond'.-
' tions has been made through the care
ful and painstaking work of Dr.
George Starr White of Los Angeles,
Cal., although Dr. White has given
full credit for the first discovery of
the Electronic method of Dr. Albert
Abrams of San Francisco.
To be able, in the very beginning
; of such cases, to correctly diagnose
such diseases as tuberculosis, cancer,
syphilis, pus formation and others of
that nature without being forced to
rely upon the symptoms as explained
by the patient or by the observations
of the physician through physical ex-
aminatiom and laboratory tests is cer
: tainly a long step in the right direc
tion and is alm6st beyond our com-,
prehension or belief. .
During the quarter of a century
: that I have been teaching people how
f to get well and' how to live right !
I have had many letters from persons
i that complain of insomnia when in
( certain bedrooms and quiet restful
I sleep in others. Investigation has
; nearly always shown that the bed in
i which they could not . get restful sleep
was so placed,, that the head was
toward the east while those in whijch
they slept well was toward the north
or south. . The ETlectronic discoveries
' of Dr. Abrams fully explains the why
and the wherefore, while Dr. White's
i WOrit gUWS - 31X . LU ucuiuuouaio
: why I had ' such great success in the
i treatment, many years ago, of various
lights. I quote the last part of an
article by rr., White published in
! Clinical Medicine for April. .
That colors play a very important
: role in thephysical world no one dis
i putes, but, it was only of late that we
; had a way to prove easily that colors
play, an important part in the human
economy. . We will not go into this
' subject of color, except so far as i
' pertains to our subject, Electronic
. Diagnosis." '
We think Dr. Abrams was the
flrslj one to utilize colored screens in
given by his teaching we have tried to
go farther, and the following are
; some of our most recent observations.
'We hopeothers will go on this great
J work and reveal to the profession all
' the facts possible relating to diagnosis
and therapeutics along the lines laid
down in these papers.
Yellow, as well as photographers
."safety color" seems to have an en
tirely, different effect upon the emana
tion of human energy than, do blue or
the colors of shorter wave lengths.
We mentioned above that the right
hand of a. normal female and the left
. hand of a normal male would produce
the visceral reflex under certain con
ditions. Now we find that the polarity
of the male and the female is reversed
for,an hour or more if either drink a
yellow liquid such as tea, saffron wa
ter, orange juice and the like. If 6ne
Ingest a red or blue substance, such
as red beets or a blue coloring matter,
immediately after ingesting the yellow
observed. j ;
Since having discovered the effects
of the magnetic meridian upon the re
flexes, we have tested, a limited num
ber of persons suffering from tuber
culosis and syphilis, and find that if
they stand facing due north or south
no visceral reflex is obtained. In
these cases we find that, if the disease
be tuberculosis a yellow or a "eafe
: Xy" colored light shed on the bare ab-
domen will produce the reflex and a
' blue light will not. If the case be one
of syphilis a blue light shed in the
J same way produces the reflex, while
the yellow light will, not. This dis
1 covery is too recent to be made the
1 subject of a complete report now, but
: we mention it in order to aid others in
"! working out diagnostic datar
In his book, 'Spondylotherapy,' fifth
edition, Dr. Albert Abrams mentions
that the sex of an unborn tchild can
,j be determined by the polarity of the
; mother. This we have found tobe
true, but we have also discovered that,
, ; if the mother ingest any yellow sub
J stance, the polarity, is changed for an
. uvur oi ou. x LcLing poiarity. or
i persons .make sure that they have not
eaten or drank anything for at least
. five hours prior to the examination.
Reasoning from the old writings of
'some obserrs of colors, we conclud
ed that' the colored-sunlight-water
should change the reflex. We put
.: some distilled water in an amber bot-
i " uu ici ii, BLtiiiu in me suniignt
lfor a whole day. We then let some
;men and women drink a little of this
j&mbereau. Within three minutes the
j polarity of each person was chang
ed, and it remained changed froni
I one-half to two hours. This shows
what an incalculably sensitive meth
od we have at our command for diag
nosing disease and observing changes
in the human energy.
The 'visceral reflex of Abrams' is
an epoch-making discovery in medi
cine, and we urge all those who can
Jfco perfect themselves in this work and
thus simplify diagnosis. Eventually
we hope to find new methods along
these lines for curing diseases."
I will gladly answer all inquiries for
information on health subjects from
readers of this publication if same are
addressed to Home Health Club, 5039
Cottage Grove Ave., Chicago, 111. Send
full name and address with 4 cents
Dear Doctor: Will you please an
swer the following questions: Would
you advise a man 60 years of age, en
joying good general health excepting
tomach trouble and constipation in a
rriild form, whose teeth are so bad
that he cannot properly masticate his
food, to Have them extracted and
substitute artificial ones? I should
think it would be. extremely painful
if ' not dangerous to have them ex
tracted. I have never had any teeth
extracted, but have several broken off
at tits gums. However, I seldom have
toothache. " I have used tobacco since
Ans. Decayed ; or partly decayed
teeth are frequentlyvthe primary cause
of stomach' trouble as well as constipa
tion. I should advise you by all
means o go to an honest and skilful
dentist and have the decayed teeth and
roots removed and a good set put in.
Of course, artificial teeth can never
be made as good as natural ones but
good artificial teeth are vasly to be
preferred to decayed and infectious
roots and stubbs. Te pain and even
danger is as nothing when compared
to the pain and danger of a disordered
stomach and the constant poisoning of
the system by decayed teeth. The
ability to masticate the food properly
will give you great comfort and in
crease your health. One of the great
est mistakes of humanity is the fear
of not having enough to eat. At your
age there is much more distress from
dn, overindulgence in food than from
too little being taken. " A person past
50 years does not require as much food
as at 10 years and all that is eaten
above the amount actually required to
sustain life and health is a serious
TO GIVE POOR BOYS
The Hague, Netherlands, Nov. 14.
-The University Extension move
ment has taken root in Holland and
The Hague in the, form of a "Volks,"
or People's University, which pro
poses to , throw open the doors of
higher education to the slenderest
This movement early made its way
in America, and has subsequently
spread widely in . Europe. The idea
has j been in the minds of Dutchmen
for a quarter of a century, and to
some extent put into practice, but it
took definite and concrete form when
the first Dutch "Volks" University be
ban its courses In the capital, Amster
dam, in 1913. This institution prov
ed a big success and the war brought
It yet more students, for many of
those thrown out of employment en
tered the university.
, The Hague has now followed Ams
terdam's example, and just inaugur
ated its People's University. Seventeen
hundred students have already been
A charter was granted to the
Brompton Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.,
with a capital stock of $9,000,000.
A National Oouncil of Economics
is being organixed by Mr. Cleiuentel,
iFrench Minister of Commerce.
BAD COLD? TAKE '
They're fine! liven your liver
and bowels and clear
No headache, sour stomach, bad
cold or constipation by
Get a 10-cent box.
Colds whether in the head or any
part of the body are ffuickly over
come by urging the liver to action and
keeping the bowels free of poison.
Take Cascarets tonight and you will
wake up with a clear head and your
cold will beg one. Cascarets work
while you sleep;t hey cleanse and re
gulate the stomach, remove the sour,
undigested food and foul gases; take
the excess bile from the liver and
carry off the constipated waste matter
and poison from, the bowels.
Remember the quickest way to, get
rid of colds is one or two Cascarets
at night to cleanse the system. Get a
10-cent box at any drug store. Don't
forget the children. They relish this
Candy Cathartic and it is often all
that is needed te drive -old from
their little systems.
Birmingham, Ala., Nov. 14 The
negro migration from Alabama to
Northern and Western states was giv
en momentum by the activities of the
toll weevil and the summer floods in
the cotton district of the state. .The
progressive little insect that disheart
ens cotton growers struck hard in
Lower Alabama counties this year,
and floods literally washed away
crops. Negro tenant farmers were
a"dvised by their landlords tolook out
for themselves until spring, when a
new crop can be planted.-
The Birmingham mining district
was asked to take, care of many or
the poverty stricken negroes frpm the
cotton or black belt. It was ' about
this time that the Pennsylvania and
Erie railroads were urged to stop re
cruiting laborers in Georgia and Flori
da. The labor agents turned to Ala
bama at the psychological moment
and did a lively business for several
months, with the result that more
than 60,000 negroes have migrated
to the north, east and west from the
state. County upon county has been
almost deserted by negro men for the
coal fields of West Virginia, Ohio,
Kentucky and Indiana and the great
industrial centres of New York, New
Jersey, Michigan, and Illinois.
It was the middle of September
before the business men of Birming
ham realized that the state was losing
its negro workmen by train loads.
Between 10,000 and 12,000 colored
people left Birmingham.
A mild protest was uttered by local
papers, but the "big howl" did not
come until the recruiting agents be
gan to carry away trained coal dig
gers from the mining district. Mine
operators In the vicinity of Birming
ham employ 20,000 negroes, most of
whom receive wages ranging from $50
to $100 a month. .
In a ontest with white union la
bor several years ago the operators
of the Alabama mines won out by em
ploying large numbers of colored
men. It was believed at that time
that the labor troubles of the district
were over for years to come.' The
employers never dreamed that any
body could come in and induce' their
well paid negroes to quit their jobs.
But the inducements offered by
northern labor agents reached all
classes of southern labor, demoraliz
ing mine workers as well as oth
Law Against It,
. About the middle of September at
tention was called to the fact that
Alabama had a law prohibiting the
soliciting . of - workmen under ' certain
conditions. It reads:
"Any person doing the business 1 of
an emigrant agent without having first
obtained a license as required by law
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and,'
upon conviction, shall be. punished by
a fine of not less than $500 and not
more than $5,000, or may be impris
oned in the county jail or sentenced
to hard labor for the county for not
less than four months nor more than
one year, within the discretion of the
Another section of the law reads:
"Any person who entices, decoys or
persuades any apprentice or servant
to leave the service or employment of
his master must, on conviction, be
fined not less than $20 nor more than
$100; and may also be imprisoned in
the county jail or sentenced , to hard
labor for the county for not more
than three months'.'
The publishing of t&is law, accom
panied by an announcement that it
would be enforced, served to frighten
the labor agents but did not stop the
migration of negroes, which was in
full swing by that time. . ' .
The labor agents had travelled
through the black belt and had made
it known that employers in the North,
wages to all negroes applying for East
and West would give increased work.
Money for transportation was pro
vided for thousands of men, and train
load after train load of negroes left
the state by night, and no prosecutions
Reasons for the Exodus.
B. A. Brown, a leading business
man of Birmingham and a native of
South Carolina, gave The World cor
respondent the following reasons for
the departure from the South of so
"First, the negro likes to rove he
is of a roving disposition and will
give up a hundred-dollar job in a mine
to take' a thirty-dollar one on a Pull
man car, so he can ride and travel
from place to place.
"Second, the negro resents the road
and street taxes put ipoh him in
counties and municipalities. An an
nual tax of $5, called a street tax, is
required of every man in Birming
ham. A negro would rather go to jail
10 days than pay this $5, or work it
out on the streets at the rate of a
dollar and a quarter a day. Such a
tax interferes .with what he considers
is his 'freedom.'
"Third, the fee system in cities and
towns, which gives an officer so much
for; arresting and presenting a man
for a violation of the law. For in
stance, a negro who is caught shoot
ing craps does not like to pay a fine
of $5 and, costs, amounting to $10.
Prohibition. laws weigh heavy upon
the negro from his viewpoint; he -sents
"Fourth, the negro has been told by
the labor agents that negro men mar
ry white women and negro women
marry white men in the North; pic
tures of negro men and their white
wives have been exhibited in Bir
mingham. The agents also make cap
ital of the fact that negroes attend
white theatres, moving picture shows,
schools and churches in the West and
vote in the states in which they are
invited to work."
. "Started a Year' Ago. ;
James I Davidson, speaking for the
miners of Birmingham, said that the
negro movement to the.Njorth started
in a small way about a year ago when
the mines of Jenkins and McRoberts,
Kentucky, and various places in West
Virginia, eent out agents for labor. A
number of negroes taken to West Vir
ginia from Alabama became dissatis
fied awd returned to their old posl-
tions. . Some of those returning
charged that they had been held by
force in West Virginia; they were
kept in stockades and given no money.
The second movement, which he ad
mits is still on in full force, com
menced last April.
Mr. Davidson said a careful inquiry
into the situation revefd that many
of the Southern negroes went to De
troit, Akron and Chicago. Agents, he
explained, would deliver the negroes
at one place one day and in the course
of a short while take them on to some
other state for another "commission."
"There are two reasons for the suc
cess of the present movement," said
Mr. Davidson. "First, the negroes'
everlasting desire for a free ride, and
second, the gullibility of the negro."
Mr. Davidson saM that the negro is
misled by labor agents, who claim
there is no car shortage in the mining
districts of the West and North and
promise steady employment. It has
also 'been held out to negroes, he add
ed, that they can vote and "buy beer
in the North,.
Stories to Frighten Them.
Some labor agents soliciting negroes
started all sorts of stories to frighten
them. In lower Alabama, where the
agents were thickest, ignorant negroes
were told that the white people had
decided, to "drive all the negroes out
next year," and their friends of the
North had sent for them to prevent
their being killed or driven , out
Dr. Ulysses Grant Mason, a leading
colored physician of Birmingham,
talked with the correspondent about
the migration of the negro.
"The average negro who has ac
cepted the offer of work n the North
and West at an increased wage," said
Dr. Mason, "considers it a promotion.
Many negroes who have left Georgia
and Alabama went to Connecticut to
work in the tobacco fields, to take the
places of foreigners who returned to
Europe to enlist for the war, or native
white men who quit the farms to go
into munition plants. For several
years Connecticut, tobacco growers
have been experimenting with negro
labor and have found It very satisfac
tory. f .
"The Northern and Western em
ployer has never, up to this time,
given, the negro of the South an op
portunity to show his ability to work.
Te has preferred the foreigner, who
was brought over for a busy season
and then permitted to go back in dull
"The war has given the negro the
chance he has longed for for years,
and I believe he is going to make
good. Negro laborers do not strike
and they are first class workmen. In
the North he will have more advan
tages and his children better schools.
"I have received a number of let
ters from negroes who left Birming
ham for Detroit, Chicago and other
points in the North and West, and
most all of them indicate thai those
accepting work in the new localities
are satisfied. One man In particular,
whqk was making $2 a day here, is now
receiving $4 a day as section boss on
a railroad In Illinois. There are many
"The negroes are still leaving Ala
bama by the hundreds every day. The
movement needs no advertising now,
and If the labor ( agent should drop
out entirely laborers will find their
way to positions in the north, east
and west. Those already establish
ed there are sending' money for their
families and friends to join them.
"The laws passed by southern
states depriving the negro of theb'al
lot have caused great unrest in Ala
bama and other states. The negro
wants to exercise the franchise. He
resents Jim Crow car laws, and other
restrictions , peculiar to this ' sec
tion. -. s .
"I( haven't heard of a single In
stance of a negro going north to vote
in the last election, but I do be
lieve that as soon as the laws of the
various states permit they will help
to make more permanent Republican
Fear of lynching.
Ben "Davis, a" negro politician of
Georgia, thinks that a number of ne
groes have left his state because of
fear of lynching.
"When in Detroit recently," said
Davis, "I saw Georgia negro carpen
ters making 60 and .70 cents an hour.
I think the explanation of the pres
ent migration, which Is growing rap
idly and will. tby the middle of next
April, be a great exodus, is to be
found in the increased wage. Yet I
feel that many negroes have left law
less counties of Georgia because of
the fear of being mobbed if charged
with crime. Two women have been
lynched In Georgia this year and the
negroes are quitting the counties
where mobs operate by the thous
and$, : '
"There is no politics in the present
movement. Negroes who left here
months ago are writing back, telling
in glowing terms about the money
they are making and the treatment
they are receiving. This information
Is stirring up the negroes throughout
the south. Ten or twelve thousand
have already left Georgia, three
thousand departing from Savannah at
"I believe that the migration will
prove helpful to the south and the
'. on- Columbia. Records . . If
6Pr5Kv9.rt tS Mil -r -r -w- 1 1.1 f 1 I tXi
HE whole enchanted realm of grand opera, with
all its splendor and wealth of beauty, comes to life
in the pure, rich tone of Columbia operatic records, '
Lazaro, Fremstad, Sembach, Mardones Garden, Macbeth, Gates,
Marr, Goritz are before you, in the full glory of their great voices
when you hear their wonderful Columbia Records. To hear these
records is a real revelation:
48747 ( LTAFRIC AN A O PARADISO! (Oh Paradise
12-inch on Earth.) (Meyerbeer.) Hipolito Lazaro,
3.00 I tenor. Orchestra accompaniment.
SIEGFRIED. NOTHUMG! NOTHUNG! NEID
UCHES SCHWERTI (Sword Song.) "Noth
ung! Nothung! Conquering Sword." (Wagner.)
Johannes Sembach, tenor. In German. Orches
tra accompaniment. '
DER FREISCHUTZ. DURCH DIE W ALDER.
(Thro' the Forest.) (Weber.) Johannes Sem
bach, teno. In German. Orchestra acc
HEROMADR "VISION FUGITIVE." "
A 5734 (Fleeting Vision) Oscar Seag-le, baritone.
12 inch DAMNATION OF FAUST. "CHANSON DK
11.50 IjA PUCE.' (Song of the Flea.) Oscajr
k Seagle, baritone.
The opera can be a nightly delight, hearing its
, great voices a joy at your instant call, if you have a
library of Cplumbia Records by the leading operatic
artists of the world. ' '
Your dealer will gladly assist in selecting and
play any records you may want, today!
Columbia Records in all Foreign Languages. .
- New Columbia Records on sale the 20th of every monti.
This advertisement was dictated to the Dictaphone.
GRAF0N0LA3 end DOUBLE-DISC
F. E. Beach. 962 Main St.
Howland Dry Goods Co., Main
and Cannon Sts.
Otto Wissner,Inc.,925 Main St
FOR SALE BY
West End Grafonola Co., 1184
State St, v
Piquette Piano Co., 60 Cannon
St.1 ' '
M. Sonnenberg Piano Ctt..
1056 Main St.
The Bazaar Store, 465 East
BULLETS ME SATS
American Aviator Fighting
for France Thinks Al
lies Too Lenient
Our grandmothers were wise in the
virtues of the herbs of the field. They
used-to pather and store roots and
herbs and use them to cure the ail
mentsof their families wormwood,
thoroughwort, sage, rue, camomile
thg' list might go on and on of the
healing plants with which they made
Now their grand-daughters get the
extracts from just such good old roots
and herbs, from the nearest druggist,
ready prepared for use. One such
medicine, which women find best for
their own ailments, Is the well-known
Lydia E.P4rfkham's Vegetable Com
DUTCH AND FRENCH BTJLBS.
JOHN RECK & SON
Paris, Nov. 14. "It certainly looks
as though the 'Boches' were after us,"
said a member of the American Es-
cadrille, who is in Paris on six days'
leave. "As soon as the Escadrijle,
composed entirely of Americans, was
formed last spring and sent to Lux.
euil, the Germans came over and
raided the aviation field there, al
though the French airmen had used
it as a base for a long time, and had
never been attacked.
"Then we were moved to the Ver
dun sector," this man said, "and as
soon as we had arrived at Bar-le-Duc
that town was raided by the 'Boche'
aiators, who dumped tons of explo
sives on it in the course of their half
dozen aerial attacks.
"Then a few weeks ago we were
transferred back to the Vosges, and
as soon as we arrived at Lmxeuil
again the i'Boche aviators raided it.
The very first morning we were there,
.mind you, although they had not
dropped a bomb on the place since
we had been gone," he declared.
Now it is rumored that the Amer
ican Escadrille is to be shifted again.
The men hope to get to the Somme
front; indeed they confidently ex
pected they were on their way to par
ticipate in the. great allied offensive
when they were told they would leave
the Verdun sector.
"One thing is rather good news for
us," the aviator continued. "That is
that we now have information, ob
tained, I believe, from a German pris
oner or else found among papers In a
captured German division base, that
American aviators are not to be shot
summarily, if they are captured.
"Heretofore," this aviator said, "it
has always been understood that the
Huns would shoot any American In
a French uniform that fell into their
hands, without a trial just a drum
head court-martial and then a firing
squad. They shoot any Alsatians or
Lorraines that they capture, and that
is the reason why men from, these
provinces are seldom allowed to get
in the fighting lines.
"And we have absolute proof," he
said, "that the German's shoot a good
many Foreign Legionaires on the
ground that men in the Legion volun
teered to fight. A Foreign Leglonaire
whose right arm haft been amputated
at the shoulder and was repatriated
to France by way of Switzerland as
serted that 23 of his comrades, who
had been captured unbounded, were
shot. He escaped because the shell
that shattered his arm blew off all his
clothing, and also his identification
disk which showed his regimental
number. He kept his mouth shut. He
was dazed anyway, and was sent back
into the interior of Germany before
they had a chance to find out he was
a Legionaire. Then, of course, the
Germans , have been killing all the
Senegalqpe they captured, but for
tunately they haven't captured many
of the black troops."
What is particularly exasperating
to the American aviators, however, is
the fact that German airmen continu
ally use explosive bullets, in direct
contravention of the Hague Tribunal
agreements, and that captured avi
ators found with explosive bullets In
their machine guns are not punished.
"Look what the 'Boches' did to
poor Chapman,"" continued my in
formant. Their explosive bullets tore
a hole as big as a plate in poor Kiffen
Rockwell's chest. And they tore
Balsley all to pieces; at the American
Ambulance they have extracted the
pl.mger that made the bullet explode
from Balsley's thigh.
COTTON USED IN U S.
Washington, Nov. 14 Cotton used
in the United States during October
amounted to 555,349 running bales,
exclusive of linters, compared with
500,762" in 1915 and for'the three
months ending Oct. 31, 643,293 bales,
compared with 1,463,892 a year ago.
DUTCH AND FRENCH BULBS.
JOHN RECK & SO
(Special to The Farmer.)
Newtown, Nov. 14. Return has
been. made to Oscar Pitzschler, regis-v
trar of vital statistics for Newtown, of
the marriage, Nov. 2, 1916, of Homer
Clark of Zoar to Mrs. Sarah Wheeler'
Hall of Camden, N. J. Rev. Tim
othy Lee of the Congregational'
Austin E. Hurd has returned fromj
Roosevelt hospital, and is resting
comfortably at the home of his moth-i
er, Mrs. Mary Hurd, Gas street.
A. P. Smith, delegate from then
Congregational church, is attendinglj
the state conference of 'the CongTega-,
tional society at New Britain.
The regular meeting of the Grange
tonight will be "Visitors' Night." A
full attendance is requested as delega
tions from neighboring granges have
promised to attend.
All the operators at the local tele
phone exchange, have received postals
from Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Shepard,
postmarked Harrisburg, Pa. Nothing
definite is given as to when the new
ly wedded couple will return.
A dance will be given at St. Mary's
hall, Sandy Hook, by the A. C. club
of Bridgeport on the night of Nov. 17.
Reams' orchestra will furnish the
music for the evening.
John J. Northrop and other rela
tives in town havo received the sad
intelligence of the recent death of
their cousin, Arthur Lamberton, of
Brooklyn, N. Y.
The Taunton young folks will give
an evening of song and story, Friday
evening at the "school house. A good
time is promised all. .
Daniel K. Hendrlckson, formerly a
Long Island Railroad brakeman, was
run over and killed at Locust Valley,
L. I., by a passenger train.
The National Bank of Commerce in
New York will ship $1,000,000 In
double eagles to Uruguay on the
steamer Hilarius, sailing November
17. ' i ".