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REFORM IN JAILS
Judiciary Committee Hears
Proposed Measures of Hu
: manitarian Nature.
(Special to The Farmer.)
f Hartford. ' Feb. i 4. Several philan
thropic movements which have crys
tallized Into proposed laws were dis
cs ssed at . hearings before the com
ix littee on the judiciary yesterday af -
idrnuun, nuiauie aiuuug invo,a-
uies to provide public defenders for
- tlk criminal courts, and to provide
f i investigation of the county jail
b; ptem of the state, v'
; Criticism of the- operation of the
c finty jails of the state, and especial
ly gof'the Fairfield county jail in
I Jdgeport, was made in the argu
v n nt for a jail investigation "by : At
t ney Rafph O. Welles of Hartford.
, rle pointed out that reports showed
At prisoners 1 in Fairfield county jail
e l n three cents a day, while in other
p tinty jails of the state, the prisoners
e : n many times that sum.
. ' State supervision of the jails, he, be
li ed, would solve the problem.
Hastings H. Hart, representing the
I ' ssell Sag Foundation, who recent
J: 'i completed an investigation of the
w " Haven county jail for civic or
, g ionizations,, argued, eloquently for the
p imposed unification " of the jail sys
'. t sin, under state control.
Senator Hemenway opposed the leg-
Illation only in so far as vits-proposed
' vferbiage would tend to delay imme-
- ' mate improvement. While he did
not oppose an inquiry, he believed that
ail- were agreed that ' conditions" es
'pjecially in New f Haven, are not what
tfcey should be, and that to await the
report of an investigation committee
! before making such changes would be
folly. He was assured that improve-,
i njents were even now under way in the
. ; Hew Haven jail. . ; . '' ' ?
i Several . measures that received . the
' support of Senator Hunt, and s'ever
; apl other lawyers called for, the ap
pointment of defenders as -public offl
''I cials, to have the same standing in the
; criminal courts as the public prosecu
. i tjirs of criminals.
. The present system of appointing
, lawyers haphazard, to defend crimih-
, ais wno nave no representation. , in
;i court, was roundly condemned. Def-
; lnite cases were citea anonymously to
' show that innocent men have suffer
ed through its workings. - While the
proponents of the legislation were not
in accord on all the measures in de
ta)i, they were agreed as to the prin
. 7 None appeared at the hearing on a
measure 'introduced by Senator Mead
providing for a state allowance of $150
annually for blind persons, 20 years
resident ,oi me state, wnose uivume ia
less than. $300 annually, -'w ' , ' 1
Representative Corbett argued in
detail for the bill which would create
aMegislative counsel ' bureau, to pre
pare legislation in proper form; and
be; of general service in the enact
ment of laws. . :;
Tn Arris Poritiaff TiQrref
A panel of 30 jurorsNjias been drawn
for' the jury term of the" civil superior
. cchirt which starts next Tuesday ? in
this city .with Judge Bennett on the
bench. ..The panel is as-follows:
v Bridgeport, Samuel W. .Gledhill,
George Malone, Thomas Stewart; .Fair
field, .Oliver C. Jennings, .Richard Sta-
' pies; r Greenwich, Amos W. . Aveify,
Charles-M. Berry; Isaac Ferris; Mon-
4rbe, Eugenie Peck, Charles' E. Purdy;
New Canaan, Robert I. Ogden, Solo
"mon L. Searles; NewtownCharles E.
Hawley, John H.Cummers;lNorwalk,
Clarence Li. 1 Brush, William M. Kee
ler, Manice De F. Lockw.6od; Rldge-
; field, Frederick C. Lee, William Stan
ton; Sta"mford, ; Frank Jessup, - James
A. Morrell. Auerustus II. -Ravmond:
Stratford, George T. Jewell, Samuel C.
y Lewis; i Weston, Edgar. B. Perry, Hen
ry Saunders; . Westport, Edward C.
r Nash, Albert Vl Nash; Wilton, Steuben
!V. Geopple, Henry A. Peacock v
Schulte Cigar Store
Co. to Establish Here
Samuel . Howard of J. C. Berkwit &
Co.. in conjunction with Pease & El
liman of New York City have sub-let
for the " Schulte . Cigar Co., to 'Jacob
B. Lederer for a gentleman's furnish
1 ing establishment : a portion of the
ground floor in the property on Main
. and Golden Hill streets, and have sub
, leased a " space in Main street, ad
joining the Schulte Cigar, store to Jo
seph Josephson of New . York for., a
men's hat store, -r - v :,-.:. ' ,
The Schulte Cigar Co. will open a
' branch estabiishment' ln. the corner
portion and will , make their one hun-
dred ja,nd ; twenty-eighth link ' in their
' chaiii of stores. j.
N Possession will be taken by all the
new tenants oh ,. or about March 15,
. 1917," after, alterations, have been
. completed. . - '
Mayor Mitchell of New "York, has
ordered a city-wide survey of the food
situation, f -;; ' ' 4
From the beautiful finish of the
surface, clear through to the most
secret : interior iarts there is the
( same high purpose to make the
-4 Weaver Piano superior to all oth-
I ers.. The result is a
of excellence - in Piand
'si'HUrT ftO-yf.g QILTI li ! iX ?
Sold In Bridgeport only by
Piquette Piano Co.
60 Cannon Street
Also Agents for the Sonora and
. - Giafonola Talking Machines
, . and Records. -
B 19 d
"You can depend on the. loyal sup
port of Connecticut.
"MARCUS H." HOLCOMB,
Connecticut's behind you, Uncle Sam;
The spirit of the great past lives today,
The spirit that made men leap to the
In ' bygone days has come again- to
Ready to do her part, asjn the past,
United, staunch and stea3.st to the
Connecticut is loyal, Uncle Sam
You did not call in vain in Sixty-One
For MEN, when men were needed,
Will you find any who would seek to
, stay )
Your hand, regardless ;of how hard the
The way you lead is ours to take, and
" all . , . . t
Are ready to obey you at your call
To sweefp in' Freedom's name forever
Connecticut's , behind you no vain
boast, 1 - '
No idle chatter from a state dis
No maddened frenzy for a war un
sought, But resolution reached on sober
thought , v
To raise, the Stars and. Stripes unto
the skies ...
As ever in the past, and mobollze ' '
For Right and Liberty, a mighty host.
BOYS IN SCHOOLS AND
COLLEGES INCLUDED IN
Those who are in charge of the Connecticut-military
census, now being ta
ken 'under the direction of Governor
Marcus tH. Holcomb,i are determined
that the enrollment shall be complete.
The census-takers are seeing to it that
the inventory of the state's resources
in men includes -all who live within
the . borders , of Connecticut. In ad
dition to this, however, the men at the
state headquarters in Hartford are ar
ranging to include in the census all
"Connecticut boys who are students at
"prep'' schools or in colleges, and have
secured catalogues of all leading , col
leges and "prep" schools to aid them
in this work.
- At all colleges and schools outside
the limits of the state where there are
a number of Connecticut students,' ar
rangements are being made with the
school authorities to have one Connec
ticut boy at the school appointed as a
census-taker there, and this student
will take the enrollment of all at the
school whose homes are in Connecti
cut. Those census-takers will receive
commissions from the governor simi
lar to those issued ,to men within the
state who are taking the enrollments.
The schools and colleges in the state
will.be included in the census, and the
enrollments in them will be taken by
the census-takers of the towns or cit
ies in which they are located. '
Every veff drt will be mafle to have
this military census absolutely com
VOLUNTEERS EAGER TO
, AID IN CAMPAIGN FOR
CHRISTIAN UNION FUND
TheVdistinction : of being, the, first
captain -to coittplete the organization
of her 'team for participation in the
forthcoming ten-day drive to secure
$135,000 for the Bridgeport Christian
Union belongs to 'Mrs. George H. Ed
wards; In consequence of taking the
lead on all the other captains, both
men and women, in filling the ranks
of her team,' Mrs. Edwards team will
head the women's division. ?
'Captain' Edwards, has surrounded
herself with some of the most promi
nent, active and influential women of
Bridgeport,; who make kfrown in no
uncertain terms their intention of car
rying off first honors in the competi
tion between the 25 teams 15 men's
and. 10 women' s-during the' 10-day
Those who will serve with Mrs. Ed
wards are Mrs. "William C; Hawley,
Mrs. Henry W. Hincks, Mrs. Alice
IvesMrs. Robert Eames, Mrs. Wil
liam G. Rockwell, Mrs. Harry H,. Read,
Mrs. Murray ' H Capin, Miss Ethel
Sterling, 'Miss Carol Sterling nad Miss
Eugenia Barker. -
Miss Chary Smith will head a team
in the women's division, as will Miss
Betty, Payne. Miss , Alice Bullard
will be an active worker on one of
Thirteen of the 25 team captains
have , been , "signed" to date. The
following have . sent in "signed con
tracts" and promise to be on - hand
with bells on with full complements
when the "umpire" cries "play ball"
on the evening of March 5..
James M. Saxton, George" Catlin,
AbheV Mitchell, A. M. Engelhard, H.
A. Goldstein, Frederick Harrison, W.
C; Hawley, John N. Sheppard, J. E.
Ellwood- and " Frederick Morgan.
Among the "players" ' who have at
tached, their signatures to "contracts"
are Carroll Hogue. John ; T. Hub
bard, R. S. Sprott and R. M. Hay. The
ranks, of J the several, teams are being
constantly augmented. ;
The fund for the Christian Union
will be procured entirely by volunteer
workers, working -in accordance with
a scientifically accurate plan, which
includes a carefully compiled card in
dex system of probable givers. This
plan has . been devised by Frederick
Courtenay Barber and Associates, of 1
Madison avenue, New York city, and
is the' Result of years of experience in
the field of philanthropic finance. It
eliminates all possibility ;Of lost en
ergy, wasted time, or duplication- of
effort on the part of the workers and,
in short, puts the entire campaign on
the most efficient basis possible. No
worker is supposed to call on a prob
able giver "without having the card
bearing the giver's name in his pos
session. TODAY'S ANNIVERSARIES.
Two great poets died on this date,
John Keats in 1821, and Thomas
Moore-in 1853. Charles Bonaparte,
father of Napoleon the Great, died in
1785. Louis Philippe abdicated the
throne of France and fled the country
in 1848. The "six men of Dorset,"
the first J'martyrs of modern trades
unionism," were put into jail and
later sentenced to- seven years in
prison for banding together to im
prove, the. condition of English farm
laborers in 1843.
t , FUNERAL DESIGNS AND
" JOHN .RECK St S03
OLD LAW WOULD
Gymnastic Clergyman dould
Have Been Arrested for
Hartford. Feb. 24. The judiciary
committee, sitting in the musty old
Senate chamber under the searching
eye of an equally old revolutionary
general who, looked down from an oil
painting like some watchful spirit of
liberty, heard the rather surprising
assertion yesterday afternoon that
Billy Sunday could have been arrested
imprisoned for a year, fined $100 and
put oh his good behavior as the result
of the sermon he gave in Middletown
a few weeks ago. All this could have
been done, the judiciary committee
was told, under a "blue law" put on
the statute books -of Connecticut in
1642, and which is still as powerful
as it was in the days when Connecti
cut ducked its witches at the end of
a board. "When written on the books
the - law provided a death penalty for
anyone taking exception to the Scrip
ture or who in any way failed to treat
the subjects of holy writ with rever
ence. Aside from the death penalty,
the law is as good as ever, it was said
Probably for the first time since
1642 a committee of the General As
sembly heard the law read in the
halls of the Capitol and listened to ap
peals for its repeal. The law fol
lows: . ' ,
"Any. person who shall blaspheme
against God, either of the persons of
the Holy Trinity, the Christian Reli
gion or the Holy Scriptures, shall be
fined not more than $100 and impris
oned in a jail not more than one year,
and may also be bound for his good
Theodore Schroeder, who said he
represented the Free Speech League,
was the first speaker to appear be
fore the committee to ask that the law
be repealed. Mr. Schroeder told
the committee that the law was part
of a system of the colonial days and
would worjk havoc to-day, if enforced.
xne iaw, ne saw, was written at a
time when the union of church and
state was an actual fact and when
theological qualifications were neces
sary for office holders.
The law Mr. Schroeder pointed out,
violated at least five sections of the
constitution, among them being the
right of free' speech, the right of lib
erty and the pursuit of happiness and
the right of equality. No man, he
said ,had ever undertaken to define
what blasphemy means or what the
trinity means. The statute, does not
define the blasphemy of God and the
law to-day could not be interpreted ac
cording to the theological conceptions
"If you Sleny the truth of witch
craft to-day," Mr. Schroeder told the
committee, "you cannot live up to this
law. This statute would make it
impossible for such a man as Billy
Sunday to deliver his sermons in Con
necticut. If you do not believ that
the whale swallowed Jonah or the
story iof Adam and the rib in the Gar
den of Eden then you are in for.it.q
according to this law. - A statute of
this broad scope ought not to be al
lowed on the books."
OPPOSITION TO BILL ,
TO STOP NEWSGIRLS
SELLING IN STREET
( 'Hartford," Feb. 24. The judiciary
committee found itself face to face
with the sociological problems bf the
tjmes, from the support of inebriates
on the state farm to the sale of news
papers on the street by newsgirls and
th enight work of boys in bowling al
leys, at its hearing yesterday after
noon in the old Senate chamber.
The bill prohibiting the sale of
newspapers on the streets by girls was
confronted by two groups diametrical
ly opposed to each other on the ques
tion. Christine J. Haas, representing
the Hartford Council of Jewish Wo
men strongly favored a measure
which would impose a fine of $20 on
girls for each offense of selling news
papers on the . streets.
O. A. Phelps of Hartford told of an
instance involving a newsgirl who was
assaulted as the result of carrying on
her work on the street.
Nathan B. Stone, president of a busr
iness college in New Haven strongly
objected to a state-wide bill to pre
vent 'girls from selling newspapers on
the street. He said he know of at
least two girls, in New Haven who
were earning their living in 'this way
and that if they were prevented from
selling papers they would be posing
their livelihood. He couldn't see how
the business offered more temptations
than the average work which took wo
men on the highways. -
Miss Mary Hall, superintendent of
the Good "Will club of Hartford
strongly objected to any measure
which, would prevent the girls of the
state from selling newspapers. '
Miss Mary C. Wells of Newington,
was against the idea of girls selling
newspapers on the street. She told
the committee that girls went into
the saloons to sell, their -papers and
followed-up drunken men .because
they never asked for change.
Miss Caroline M. Hewins, librarian
at the HartfrodsPublic Library, ,said
she had. known many newsgirls who
had made their living selling papers.
She was not entirely , in favor of the
plan to allow girls to sell papers on
The bill providing that no child
under 14 years of age shall be em
ployed on bowling alleys and pre
venting boys under 16 from being em
ployed on such alleys without certifi
cates from the educational authori
ties Tesulted In keen discussion before
the members of the committee who
heard all side's, from the glowing ac
counts of the money saved by the lads
to the alleged evils of the work.
Bowling alley proprietors before the
committee urged that no change be
made in the present law.
. A. P. Hayes and Herman. Wiseman
of Waterbury appeared against . the
measure. The speakers said the boys
of certain alleys in Waterbury made as
high as $12 a week and were given a
chance to earn a clean living and earn
money to go to college.
Chairman Klett asked Mr. Wise
man if the reports were true that
"pin boy3" fell asleep' over their stud
ies in school. Mr. Wiseman said
such might be the case but he pointed
out that alley owners did not want tOi
V i i
interfere with the school studies of
boys and that school certificates
should not be issued to boys who can
not carry on the work and, their stu
dies as well. .
Miss Hall favored the plan of em
ploying boys on bowling alleys and
saw no, harm in the practice..
Miss Wells was against the plan of
employing boys on bowling elleys.
She said some of them worked far into
the smajl hours of the morning and
many of them were without certifi-cates.
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Order A Case Today
SALVATION ARMY SERVICES.
The services at the Salvation Army,
30 Elm street, at 8 o'clock this even
ing will be conducted by Adjutant J.
N. Abrams, in charge of the corps
at South Manchester. The usual
Sunday school and bible class will be
held at 1:30 o'clock tomorrow after
noon and the meetings at 3 and 8
o'clock will again be conducted by
Farmer "Want Ads. One Cent a Word.
to VI MM I f it eu-w. r- u , j
jtfhrilB. V KNSS-Sv . v , .xWfwX . . . ........
FOR THE HOME
CONN , U. S. A.
PERSONAL TAXES NOT
BEING RAPIDLY PAID
Despite the fact that the tax col
lector's office -is open night and was
open during the holiday yesterday,
those liable for personal taxes are not
paying up. Less than half the 35,000
persons liable for the tax have paid.
Lists of delinquents are being pre
pared in the collector's office and at
the end of next week will be suiuaUr
ted to the prostttttf&hg attorney with ;
. request that wwrxants be .issu& V
The tax Is" payafrl mV betoY'ftxt .
Thursday aftonnwm met 4 o'clock. The '
collector's offtne 3 t open from 7 I
to 9 on Monday,t3cday and Wedne-..
day next week, as 'Well as during; the
regular daytims Ctae hours. ,.?:.'
Several buftShes T the famoun
Cockerill workflksxtCndnr, five miles
southwest of (Ie, Belslatn, wre .
destroyed by firs, t a 1m cf tiOO, I