Newspaper Page Text
She jjtottimd guilfl 6lok.
THURSDAY, fjKPTEMBER A, 1870.
ir.nMS r.i abvasck.
XMniKLr Three monthi
Address OLOHIl l'Al'Elt CO.. Ilutlunil,
Butler nnd niitl-llutlcr stock Is 'piloted In
the Massachusetts newspapers as regularly
as lu gold, United Stales bonus r any
other mtrehmtabte hocU. Tho last quota
lions nrct Duller, lfi2t Washburn, 128;
doubtful, contested, or, pcrhnps, virrehnnt.
Bv sometblmr of n stretch of thciinnglna-
tion, It may lo, hut surely the Idea once
obtained that pi Iniary meetings or caiicu
eo, wcro railed that the preferences of the
party might be ."how n. They had some of
these )rhnaries In Springfield, Mnssachu.
sells. TiU'Hlnv evening, which xcie by
eouttcsv. termed lepubllean. How well
the will of the party wns expressed may be
delri mined by the fact that, In Mime words
it v us decided that democrats had as good
as right to tote therein in icpublieaus,
while othcrn decided that cveiy cltlcn of
the ward was entitled to )nrtlelpate.
It term that the old socialistic notions
air Mill In logue, unless It may be that a
pretence of belief therein is seized upon ns
in c.xcu-c for tumults and rioting. In An.
ilalu-in, that most beautiful and productive
ioitloii of Spain, faun Inljorers huc bund
e I thrin-elves together to compel a division
jf properly. So long as they were unable
l i procure an nuud division, they sought
to i iiialie It. hi pml, by liestioylng the
propcityol others, to that. If they didn't
gel any ninu', the othei.s should not retain
n iniieli, The Idea of an eiiial diMon of
piojx'i Iji is convenient for those who me
Inn hiy and Indolant to work. Iicgor. cen,
ileal. Where you llnd a man that is able,
willing, and not a-hanicd to woiK, you will
llud mi Hares of socialism
1 1 a mini Is a demagogue or lime scner.
il will show itself somehow, no mutter
rthnv .loll place him. This was ilenion.
trilled In the case of Craig ho waste
centpi elected a judge In Illinois, in the
place of .bulge Lawrence. The constitu
tion of th;it state, as we presume do those
of all other states, prescribes an oath of
nlllee tn be subscribed by a judge, but
Craig thought It would lie a good oppor
tunity to display hinirlf, and, tlierefoie,
before signing added the words that he
"would administer justice without respect
In persons, and do equal right to the poor
and to the rich, without sale or denial,
promptly, without delay, conformably to
the laws, without favor, objection, or par
tiality, to the best of my judgment and
ability." His "judgment and ability" are
evcmplitlcd in this consumatn piece of deiu
agogulsni. Why didn't he swear that lie
wouldn't get intoxicated, or gamble or
break any of the ten commandments, and
so forth and so on, all along down the line,
He might ns well have done the one as the
.131 Ah WAI.KI'.ll AMI 1IIS 111,11.
.Vmiv.i Walker, of Massachusetts, is, wc
believe, conceded to stand among the fore
most of ilio political economists of the
country. This paitleular subject has been
at once the study and the pleasure of n life;
but he would, probably, have remained mi
known, as such, but for one of those sud
ilcn, unaccountable and temporary politi
rnl excitements, which occasionally startle
nnd over-run the country, by which he was
brought into that prominence where his
peculiar abilities have ever since kept him.
His opinions upon any question connected
with political economy or finance are al
ways entitled to consideration and
weight, although he like all other special
istsIs apt to found his utterances too
much upon general theory which would
bo applicable and unquestionable If It could
be put in force everywhere aliko rather
than upon the same theory, modified by the
particular position of our own country,
taken in its practical relations to other
countries. A certain proposition may be
correct in theory, and its practical work
ing, might bo admirable and result in the
good of all, but in order to make its adop
tion good policy, it must he of universal
application. Free trade, in theory, is cor
rect and unanswerable. When, however,
the laws of different countries are taken
into consideration, and when the sovereigns
of America for tho laboring men are sov-rreigns-arc
compelled to compete with the
pauper hilmr of Europe, the question as
sumcs altogether another aspect. Wo do
not propose to discuss the question of free
trade or protection, although wo believe
that Henry Clay's "American system" is
correct In theory nnd practice, yet we can
not foi bear the remark that free trade lu
theory may lie all right, but when It comes
to be consldeicd as a matter of political
economy, protection to home Industry must
lie considered ns nu Impnitnnt element, and
line which, until nil nations shall be of one
accord, will lendi'r It Impossible of adop
lion. We have only icferred to this mat
ter because .Mr. Walker, In all of his con
sideratlons of questions nl public policy Is
tun tniirli ii theorist. If all of the nations
of the world weie alike lu the strictest in
tegrity, In habits, in thought, In pi ices paid
for labor, etc., and only differed In the
nature of their productions, then, perhaps,
his theories ought to become business axl-
urn. With the world or even the United
States taken by Itself as It now Is, theory
must l(c modified by the actual situation.
With tills rather long Introduction, we
como to the speech delivered by Mr. Wal
ker a biief abstract of which wc publish,
ed Tuesday morning delivered before tho
"patrons of husbandry" In Boston, Mon.
day evening, on the railroad question, and
which deserves more attention than lias
been given to It, both on account of tho Im
portance of the subject and the well known
character, studies and ability of the speak
er. in tho firM place wo desire to tako
issue with him on ono point, and that Is
that "It is eminently a farmers' question."
Thin Is tho te.xt of his speech, although, be
fore ho closes, lie sadly departs therefrom.
Kvery man, woman and child, in tho coun
try is interested in this matter, and to tho
same extent us is the farmer. It Is not they
alono that suffer from cxtortlonato cxac
Hons in the way of freight, but every con
sumer in the land, also, suffers. Indeed,
wo think that tho non-produclug classes
arc the greatest sufferers. Tho farmer can
live in comfort and nffluenco off from tho
products of his farm. There is scarcely a
necessity of life, and but few of Its )uu
tics, that ho cannot obtain ns the fruits of
Ills toll. Wo art; not rcfcrlng, of course, to
mtlclcs inado use of by snobs and would bo
aristocrats for ostentatious display, but to
the real, substantial comforts nnd luxuries
of life. The non-producing classes nrc en
tirely dependent upon the fanner. Wc
could not live n minute but for them, while
they could get along very well without us.
The exactions and c.xtoi Hons practiced by
railroad monopolies upon tho farmer, by
tho way of transporting any pioduct of the
soil, or nny commodity that the farmer has
to dispose of, Is felt by us quicker than by
them. Wo are as sensitive to the nttcmpt,
and feel Its cfTcctas quickly, as tho tele
graphic key In New York city icspo.'ids to
the touch of tho operator In lluthmd. Let
the rate of freight lie raised upon farm pro.
ducts and every householder feels It In his
pocket In less than twenty-four hours. Let
the cost of transportation 1 Increased and
tho wages of every laboring mini In the
country Is, In elTcct, decreased proportion
ately. The same effect is produced upon
every one, the manufacturer, the merchant
and those engaged In all other depaitmcnts
of business ortrmlc -whether producing or
noii-pioducing as well as In other ways.
Coming to the great question how the re
foim should bo accomplished, he mentions
three methods by which ll must, In ids
opinion, be finally worked out. These arc
stiinmailml as follows: (list, by u general
law fixing rates of travel nnd freight on all
roads In lliecountry ; second, toeicatencw
lines between the piincipal depots of trans,
filiation, and third, by purchasing all
roads and placing tlicm under government
management to be leased, which would
open all roads to the public at the cheapest
rale. Upon two of these propositions we
air pleased to see ttiat he Is hi substantial
accord with xiews, heretofore, expressed
by us, although he thinks the best plan is
unattainable. With us, he believes that it
would be unjust and impiaeticablc to ad
opt the first phm, namely: for the lcgishi
lure, by law, t,i establish an uniform rate
for the carrying of passengers, or the trail?
poi lation of freight. The whole argument,
as It seems to us, Is concisely stated by him
in these words; "The long roads, the short
"roads, cheap mads costly roads, roads
"through thickly and through sparsely set
"tled country it seems to mo almost im
"posslble to meet these widely differing
"caes by general law." lie might have
gone further nnd stated the difficulty of
procuilug an unlfoimity of legislation
throughout the different states of the
Union, but his argument was unanswer
able without it.
In his second proposition, It serins to us,
the difficulty is met, although not In the
manner suggested by him, even though lie
considers it impracticable for the reasons
given. The proposition, as expressed in
ids own language, is to meet the difficulty
"by creating new and competing lines, at
the erjHnte of the government, between the
chief 'mai Is.' " This, he says is a feasible
plan as far as It goes, but unless extending
very far and to all the principal lines of
freight nnd trade, would oijly partially se
cure the object of tho true railroad system.
Here, in our judgment, notwithstanding
the objection taken by Mr. Walker, Is tho
grand remedy, except that it should bo ac
complished by private capital and privato
enterprise, and not "at the expense of tho
government." We shall, In considering
the third proposition, state the more strlk
ing objections to governmental aid. We
believe that competing lines can bo built
by individual effort, combined for that
puijio.se, ond that money can be obtained
to accomplish tho result. If nny people
on tho face of the earth are self reliant,
nnd ablo to overcome all obstacles, It is tho
Amciican people. It is not necessary to
recount their already great achievements lu
building railroads, establishing telegraphic
lines, opening up to settlement and culti
vation the vast regions of the west, develop,
ing the mineral and other tcsourcCH of the
country, their .successful IhIhhh in furnish
ing an inland navigation, and othci similar
efforts and grand results. These are all
familiar to us, and we need but, also, to
remember that "what man has done man
can do." The parties Interested throughout
this vast country have the capital, the
ability, the energy and enterprise to ac
compli.sh all that they desire. Let the ne
cessity bu onco fully felt mid thoroughly
appreciated, let the grievance become as
it is fast becoming to giievous to be
borne, and the people will ari-e in their
might, the problem will be solved and it
will be full iieeowpU, a thing already done.
General Hutlcr may believe, as he said at
Springfield, that "railroad competition
always means railroad combination," but
there is some honestly left yet, and com
peting lines so built, brought into exist
ence for such reasons, and managed by,
for and in tho Interest of producers, con
sumers, travelers and forwarders would be
a different kind of "combination." nnd one
not desirable by monopolists.
His third proposition, ami the one that
lie favors, Is that the general government
should purchase and manage all the rail
road lines lu the country. We hae, nl
ready, occupied so much space that wo do
not care to enter, at length, Into tho dis
cussion of this part of the question. In
I deed, It hardly seems to us necessary, as n
bare statement of the case w ill be nil suf.
I fieieiit to demonstrate how untenable It is.
Such n course would, of necessity, Involve,
also, the proposition that all tho future
lines of railroads must be built, controlled
and managed by the government. The
least depai tin e therefrom would destroy
the unity of the system. The government
would then become a vast monopoly, and
rales must be so fixed as to make them a
source of revenue to the government, or
the iieojile must lie taxed to make up tho
deficiency. Another question would sug
gest Itself, How far, under the constitu
tion, tho United States could engage lu this
business. If they have tho power to build,
operate and manago railroads, they may,
perhaps, have the Bame power over nianu
factuilng, express, and numberless other
compaulcs and enterprises. Thero is an
other suggestion. Woaio told now and
thero Is ultogclhcr more truth tlian poetry
In It that an administration has tho power
to perpetuate Itself, or nauio Its successor.
Wo arc pointed to tho almost countless
hordes of office holders In tho different
parts of the country and of the immense In
fluence they, necessarily, exert in caucuses
nnd nominating conventions. Wo sco tho
effect particularly in tho larger clties,xvhcro
the office holders mostly do congrcgatc,and
know that they actually do control tho pri
mary meetings and select tho delegates to
tho nominating convention, Imagine, for
an instant, the whole railroad system of the
country placed under the absolute control
of the general government, with every em-
ploye, from superintendent down, through
the different grades tomcs9cngcrboy,a gov
ernment officer, dependent for his position
upon the will or tho administration, and tell
us whether, in such n case, tho people or
the offico holder' woidd elect the President ?
Would there, lu such an event, bo nny
daugcr of ccutrnll7cd power or "Cicsar
Ism" ? Wc might write columns upon each
and every one of these propositions, but
the mere statement thereof Is enough. Tho
theory may be all right, but It cannot be
come practice until Utopia Is discovered,
Cnsiiiilllrk In Hullnnrt 177,1 IhT.i.
181)1 -Patrick Mclarncy.ehasiiig another
boy through thu depot building at ltutland
station, struck his bend aguint a locomo
tive which was backing through the depot
In an opposite dlns?fion, and whs instantly
1801, February Ulst Pntlick Mellon,
ough run over by a locomotive at the depot
in ltutland, xv Idle on his way home from
morning service at the Catholic church, lie
was on the track and the locomotive com
menced backing, lie endeavored to get off
the track, slipped and fell, and was run
lSGI.Mayad -Kills Hurkr, of Rutland,
n briikeniaii on the ltutland it llurllngtou
Kallioad, was struck and killed by the
post of a cattle guard near t'utllngsvillc,
while leaning from the car.
1801, September 20th. Simon Mann'ui,
of ltutland, a Frenchman, was stmt at the
house of Daniel Piatt In Clarendon, by the
accidental discharge of a gun in the hands
of Charles (lull's, n I toy about fourteen (14)
years of age. The eotitenls of the gun en
tered his side cutting off one rib, and paso.
Ing through a jiortlon of the lungs.
1801, November 16th Charles Diiiison,
of ltutland, was killed by liclng run over
by the ears on the ltutland & Ilurllugloii
Itallroad In Clarendon. He was intoxicat
ed, and was returning home from a ball In
1802, January 2?th Kllsha Kastman and
Douglas Kastman, biothers, both of (West)
Clarendon, started from ltutland in the
evening to return home. Tuesday morn
ing Douglas was found near the house of
Thomas (Juiney, on the quaiter line road,
some two miles from this village in a sjicech.
less condition, lying In the snow. He died
about It o'clock a.m., of the same day.
Kllsha was found about one mile nearer
this village dead. Liquor was found upon
the bodies of lioth persons. The coroner
found "that they came to their death from
exposure to the cold, when in a state of In
toxication." 1802, March lTth-Patilck Hyan, of
ltutland, was engaged, with others, on the
ltutland it Ilurlington railroad, near Del
lows Falls, in removing snow and ice from
the track, and while standing at the side of
the road waiting for the locomotive to pass,
he was struck by a mass of snow thrown
up by the snow-plow, with such force as
to knock him flown, when he rolled down
towards the track ond was struck on the
head by a portion of the car and lastantly
killed. He was about 45 years of age. Ills
remains were brought to ltutland for in
terment, 1802, April 20th Daniel Dunnegan, an
Irish laborer, of the age of nliout fifty-five
years, while, as it is supposed, attempting
to go over the railroad bridge across East
Creek, lu tho night, fell through the tim
bers nnd struck Iris head on the rocks be
low, causing his Immediate death.
1802, May 7th. Mory Ann Fitzpatrlck
aged seven years, died from the effects of a
1802, June 10th. Michael Costello,
formerly foreman of llarncs' marble quar
ry, being Intoxicated, nnd returning from
ltutland to I'oultuey, was unable to guide
his horse in tho road, and was precipitated
down a steep embankment, on the Castle
ton road alKiut one-half mile west of West
Rutland. The accident occurred about
half-past six p. m. Ho was found at the
foot of the embankment, under the wagon,
the dash being on his neck, and his neck
broken. The horse was lying near by upon
1802, June ISth. Isaac Henry Green,
aged about six- years, bon of Dr. I. D.
Green, fell from the second story window
of the house occupied by Dr. Cook, on
Main street, and struck the back of his
head on the door bteps. The accident oc
curred about 15 p. m,, and the child died
about half-past nine the sanio evening.
1802, JuucSOth. of West Rut
land, was drowned in Castlcton Pond,
where he, xvllh other boys, went to fish.
Ho fell out of tho boat, and his comrades
xvero unable to rescue him.
1802, July 14th. Theodore S. Reed,
some over two years of age, was burned to
death, or, rather, died from the effect of
1803, March 29th Mrs. Margaret Mini
ford, aged sixty years, was frozen to death.
She was on her return from a visit to some
friends in Ira, accompanied by her bus
band, who, being intoxicated, was unable
to manage tho homes he was driving. The
sleigh was overturned in a snow drift, the
horses freeing themselves, nnd Mumford
following after, leaving his wife alone.
Mrs. M. undertook 1o find her way home,
and had proceeded but a short distance
when sho fell into a ravine; from this
place she finally extricated herself, und
crawled along u short distance when, as it
would appear, her energies were exhausted
and she fell down and died at the roadside.
A coroner's jury returned a verdict that
sho como tocher "death from exposure and
1801), July Bth-Hrldget Sanders, aged
thlrty-ono years, poisoned to death.
18011, August 20th Frank Donnelly,
aged forty-eight years, killed by the accl
dental falling of a stone in one of the mar
ble quarries ut West Rutland.
1803, September 10th Anson Moulton,
aged twenty years, was run over by the
cars of the Rutland and Washington rail
road, at Granville, N. Y. He was one of
the brakemeu and wag engaged in switch
ing one portion of tho train from ono track
to another, when, it being dark,' he mode a
misstep and fell, tho wheels of several curs
passing over him, entirely severing one
arm and fearfully mutilating other parts of
his body. When discovered, he was on
his back, one wheel still resting on his
body. He gave directions as to the man
ner of moving tho car, and lived sonic two
hours after accident.
Invalid Pensioners. Invalid pension,
era are notified bv tho Commissioner of
Pensions that they can apply in all cases to
me most convenient examining surgeon ac
cessible to their homes, regardless of any
circulars that certain .examining surgeons
have Issued without ar,y authority.
DAILY GLOBE, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 1, 1873.
L. J.'McImloe of the Windsor Journal,
will visit California.
F. D. Muwy, formerly of tho Uurllng.
ton Free l'ren. Is now connected with the
Prof. E. M. Gallundct, President of tho
Deaf Mute College, AVashlngtou, nnd his
party of ten or twelve sailed from Liver
pool for New York on Thursday, August
20th, iu the Cuuard steamer Parthta, Capt.
Watson. They sailed for Kuropc from
N'cw York July ' 0th, 1872. Ono of the
party is Miss Geille 3f. Deulson, daughter
of Hon. D. C. Denison or Royallou. Prof.
Gallaudet and wife, with others of the
older ones, have devoted most of their time
to travelling, and have visited several ot
the Kuioieau states ; the younger inembeis
of the parly ham aecoinpaiilnl them in
some of their trnels, but dining the gi eat
er portion of the time hac been at a school
about five miles from (lenevii
H. II. Sibley, of Wlnooskl, who gradu
ated at the University of Vermont at the
last Commencement lias been engaged ns
Principal of Roynlton Academy.
A llrrnl t'lrr nl ,nlmn, .V II,
At half-past one o'clock one on Wednes
day morning, u fire broke out in the stable
in rear of the Merrimnc House, at Nashua,
N. H,, which quickly succumbed together
with shells, nuthouses and Ihe cnglnc-housc
of the Protector Volunteers. The iiotel
was burned. A Ihwton dispatch says In
fact, all the buildings on the square are on
tire, and the probability Is that everything
on the square will fall before the devastat
ing demerit. A good deal of the hotel
furniture and hotel property is being saved.
The fire engines are stationed at the riier,
and arc working well nnd at their full cap
acity. The loss will be very large.
The latest dispatch at 2: HO p. in., says ;
The fire Is still raging, having burned
through to I -oss ell street, where nil effort
is lieing made to save the contiguous prop.
erty, although the building at the corner of
.Clinton street is nearly gutted. I.aton
Iluilding Is in imminent danger, but will
probably lie saved. There were some nar
row escapes from loss of life by lodgers at
the hotel, but so far as known ex cry per
son was taken out In safely. The hotel
property is owned by Geo, K. Boutell and
Is valued at iJIO.OOO. The engine house
nnd others w ill swell the los.s of a certainty
to $25,000, throwing out the chances of
TUe Koiiovu Awnril Xol l'nlil.
A report prevails that the Geneva award
of $15,500,000 lias already been paid into
the Treasury, but on inquiry It lias been
ascertained that preliminary arrangements
only ham been made to this end. It will
be remembered that on the 0th of June the
Secretary of the Treasury Issued a call for
the redemption of n certain series of five.
twenty bonds, more than covering the
tho amount of the nwnrd, in anticipation of
its payment, nnd that the British govern
ment arranged with the Syndicate to dls.
charge this treaty obligation. In pursuance
of the plan adopted, n large amount of these
bonds bus already liecn surrendered to the
Treasurer, nnd gold ceitificales issued there
for, to lie ifflalc available on nnd after Sept.
8th, at the time of the formal redemption
of the bonds. The gold certificates, it is
understood, arc in the hands of the Ilritish
consul nt New York, to lie delivered with
other like representatives of specie (their
value covering tho entire award) by the
llrltlsh Minister to the Secretary of State,
and by him transferred to the Treasury as
so much cash.
Kkminisck.nck Mkstiku.- The "remin
iscence meeting" at Rev. Mr. Dartlett's
church, Sunday evening last, attracted n
large congregation, and was very interest,
ing. Rev. Dr. Strong told how cordially
Dr. Todd had welcomed him to Pittsficld,
and gax-e experiences such as could be told
only by one minister of another. Mr.
Dawes eloquently told of bin character as a
man and citizen. Mr. Alleu, grandson of
Thomas Allen, the first miuistcr of the
church, was introduced as a link lietwcen
the past and present, nnd read a carefully
prepared paper on the last pastor. He
thought there xvcre two scenes in Dr.
Todd's life and dcatli fit for the painter
one when he made the prayer at the driv
Ing of the Inst spike in the Pacific railroad,
and the other his burial on ,the natural
mound in the bcautlful'ccinctery In the
still air of that August afternoon. '
The South. The South may achieve an
independence far more lasting und real than
that for which it xvas fighting ten years
ago. Georgia's farmers are proving that
the South can bo Independent of the West
by raising its own coin ; nnd the profits of
Georgia and Alabama cotton mills show
that the Soutli can manufacture its cotton
without the aid of New England. Self
support is true Independence.
A.V AlTKAL TO THE PltESIOENT. Two
hundred laborers employod under the
board of public works, to-day addressed a
petition to President Grant, stating that
they had not been paid for six months;
that they and their families wcro sufTcrlng
in consequence, and nsklug him to nfford
them some mensuru of relief.
Canada. Political excitement never
ran higher than it does at present in Can.
ada. The opposition are determined to
make tho most of their opportunity.
Pitosrjcuous. In tho memory of tho
oldest Inhabitants there xvero never befora
so many mechanics employed in building
operations in St. Johns as at present.
'Hay. Fourteen hundred tons of hay
have been pressed and shipped from Chat,
ratigay, N. Y., during the past eleven
months, which is an excess of five hun
dred tons over tho preceding year. Old
hay is in demand at fourteen dollars per
ton and new at twelve dollars.
Taxes. Watertown pays taxes this year
for municipal purposes to tho amount of
$03,125, xvhlch is about $0.75 per capita.
Ogdcnsburg pays about ono hnlf that
amount, or In tho vicinity of $3 per capita;
while Malono village pays 7,500, xvhlch Is
about ifcl.80 per capita.
ScnnKVS. The surveys having been per
fected and other preliminary arrangements
completed, tho work upon tho northern
division of the New York and Canada rait,
road between Wilisboro Ilay and Littlo
Ausablo river will bo commenced Immedi
ately. Scddin Leavb Tho New lied ford
Mercury says that William II. Andrews, so
called, went to Nantucket two months ago,
hired a house and opened it aa the Hoston
Hotel. Ho baa now taken French leave,
having swindled no end of confiding Tuck
run iitos i.vixiiiist ov ixonxif
i:iin .i:x' voiik.
Tlit, I'orl llenrr XVurks.
Thu region lu tho vicinity of Port Henry
Is replete with Interesting historical asso
ciations connected xvlth the early history
of our country." Previously to the year of
1 31 tho waters of Lako Champlaln and
the shores xvhlch hem them in, xvcre known
to none but savlige tribes and constituted a
soil of neutral ground between tho Iroquois
uud their allies, who comprised the Six
Nations, and tho St. Lawrence Tribes,
This middle ground was probably n
bloody field, and the fact that the first
white innn w ho crr navigated these waters
Samuel De Cluiniplnln was at the time
with n war party, may be taken as nn indl
cation of the scenes of blood xvhlch had
been enacted hei.-c In those remote prehis
toric times oxer which hover the dim mists
of tradition, so thickly as to render tho
task of distinguishing facts fiom fancies
It xvlll be recollected that the parly of
St. Lawrenco Indians, xvith wiiom and tin.
dcr whose protection Champlaln w as tra.
veiling, encountered n horde of hostile Iro
quois "on the 20th of tlic nionth of July,
100!), about ten o'clock nt night, at a point
of a cape which juts Into the lake on the
west side." We nie aware that modern his-
tnrians have located Ihe scene of the first
battle lu which the warriors of the power
ful Six Nation were made, to feel the su
pcrior prowess of their w bite foes at Ticou
deroSa, nnd that upon Champlnin's map, It
Is marked as being between Lake George
and Crown Point, but that description "a
point of n cape," etc., corresponds so ex
actly to the appearance of Crown Point
that one finds it hard to get it out of his
mind that right across Ilulwagga Hay
looking from the beautiful village of Port
Henry upon Crown Point where the re
mains of tho first fort built on the lake are
still plainly visible, was the very spot,
xvliere Champlaln marched ashore with his
Indian allies, his anueliu loaded as he jut
tiedy states "with four balls, and killed
three chiefs nt the very first shot !
That xvas probably the first explosion of
gunpowder the Iroquois had ever heard and
it must have impressed .'most effectually
upon the one hundred nnd eiglit-sevcn sur
vivors tlic. superiority of civilization over
Hut whether tills was the scene of that
conflict or not, xve knoxv thut nliout the
yer 1731 nt which early period both the
French and Knglish xvcre striving to gain
footholds in advance of each other iu the
new world, and especially upon Lake
Cliainplnln the importance of which it is
evident xvas seen from the first, from the
name given it "Canladcro guarante" i. e.
The lake that Is the gate of the country.
The French evidently claimed possession
by the right of discovery, and in 1737
Heauliarnis w as ordered to commence the
erection of a fort upon Croxvn Point. This
fort xvas completed in 1750 and xvas named
During the imbroglio which followed
between tho French and the English col-
onists in Massachusetts, Vermont and New
York, a men by the name of Alexander
McKcnzlr xvas taken prisoner by the
French nnd Indians, and brought to this
This Is a family tradition among the de-
scenuanis or .xicixcuzie, but History informs
ns mai on me iweniy-ninili ol uctober,
1705 fifteen vears later the some Alex.
under Mclvenzic, Sergeant in the Fortieth
regiment, received from n grateful State,
for ids military services, two patents, ono
of one hundred acres, and another of fifty.
This land xvas located in xvhat is now the
town of Moriali, just south of tho suburb
of Port Henry known as Cedar Point.
Here he settled after Berving his country
faithfully, and in 1785 his xvlfe presented
him xvith n son, the first white child born
within thu presents limits of the town of
Moriali. This son, Alexander McKenzlc,
Is yet living and he recollects xvith great
distinctness many incidents of that early
time. Thu shores of Ilulwagga Bay, and
slopes of tho mountain above, which licnra
the samo name, xvas then a great ro-
sori ior inuian nuiucrs, nun in passing In
and out of the bav. thev xvould usuallv
call at McKcnzies cabin, lloth mooso
anil deer alxiundcd hero in abun.
dance. Upon ono occasion an In
diau had left Ids birch bark cauoc in
charge of Mrs. McKenzlc while he went
upon n hunting trip around the shores of
the bay her husband bclnir absent ami
soon afterwards another Indian came
along and was about to tako the canoe,
xvhen the intrepid xvoman ordered him to
desist. Tho Indian, enraged, brandished
his tomahawk about her head, but she
flinched not, nnd finally carried her point,
and the Indian slunk away into the forest.
This same woman once paddled a canoe
iilHin the urgent demand of some stern nc
cessity, all tnc xvay from her house to St.
Johns, Canada, over a hundred miles, and
The same cabin xvhlch Melvenzie built.
or a portion of it is standing yet at Cedar
I'oiui. near ine new lurnacc.
On tho fifth of July, 1705, the same year
that the patent xvas coux-cyed to McKen
zlc, another xvas granted to one Benjamin
Porter, sergeant lu the 27th regiment, for
two hundred ncres, where tho village of
Port Henry now stands, nnd at the
same time txvo hundred ncres moro were
conveyed to Joseph Franklin, also ser
geant in tho 27th regiment, lying
between the Mclvenzic and Porter tract.
Thcso three men then wcro the original
owners of this valuable xvater front
destined to become perhaps the most valu
able one of the same extent in Essex
Hcnjamhi Porter taking 200 acres, the
northern boundary of xvhlch xvas probably
the hill xvhlch rises abruptly directly north
of tho Chccvcr Furnace, and including tho
site of tho village of Port Henry, Joseph
Franklin tho next 200 acres south, embrac
ing Cedar Point, nnd Alexander McKenzlc
tho next ono hundred and fifty acres Bouth
of Hint. Wo believe there is no record of
Porter or Franklin having occupied their
farms for nny considerable length of time,
but McICcnzio modo of his tract a home,
and ids example constitutes ono of tho rare
instances in which ono of the original
grantees actually occupied tho lands xvhlch
had been conveyed to them by the State,
nnd handed them down to their descend
ants. Could these men revisit these scenes
now after a lapse of a littlo over a century,
how xould they bo astonished at the trans
formation xvhlch has taken place !
Tho early settlers of tho xvestern shores
of tho lake came principally from New
England, nnd in 1788 a new county was
formed in this region embracing xvhat Is
noxv Essex, Clinton and tho eastern por
tion of Franklin, This county xvas named
Clinton nnd xvas divided Into four toxvns
Champlaln, Pittsburgh, Crown Point and
Tho town of Crown Point comprised the
present Crown Point, Ticondcroga, Mo
riah, Westport, Kllzabcthtoxvn, Schroon,
Minerva, Iowcomb, Nortli Hudsou and a
part of Kccne.
Tho territory of this township covered
an area of about nine hundred square
Pittsburgh xvas the sblrc town of this
Immense county of Clinton, and this scat
tering inhabitants upon the outskirts were
obllzed to travel seventy miles to attend
pourts, nnd tho other transactions pertain
ing to county business, and It xvas not un
til 1700 that tho new division was' effected
by xvhlch Essos county was organized with
lis urcHvm Hums,
At the time to xvhlch the memory of
Alexander McKenzlc Bon of tho original
aettler extends, there was but ono other
settler in tho present limits of Morlah
Upon the brook which now empties Into
the lake near tho Chcevcr Furnace, n grist
mill had been erected by an Albany man,
and the miller xvhoso name xvas Rowley,
xvas McKcnzlc's only neighbor.
The stream, at this time, however, pass,
ed to tho northward of where it now cmp.
tics, but has slnco been turned by the Bay
State Iron Company, in their work of "fill
ing In" nnd making noxv land for dockage,
etc. This grist mill xvns built soma time
previously to the revolution, nnd the early
sottlcrs came hero from n long distance up
and down the lake, as well ns from Ver
mont, xvlth their grists.
IlrlfllMR- Vlimil llir Slnle
.Mr. K. W. Fitch, of llridport was re
cently the victim of n serious runaway, in
Hie north part of Cornwall. Returning to
ward home from Mlddlebury, as ho com.
menced the descent of the hill something
broke about tho harness or xvngon nnd the
horses began to run. Ho reined them out
by the tenco but could not stop them.
Hicy turned and passed ox'cr the road, and
lust then the pole dropped down breaking
Into three pieces. The stoppage of tho
wngon was so sudden that Mr. Fitch xvas
throxvn out, and the wagon went partly
ovcrhltn, one wheel restlrigupon htm. The
horses became free from the wrecked wa
gon, went on until one of tlicm broke n leg
nnd fell, part xvay down tho hill. Mr.
Fitch xvas carried home, much bruised, but
not otherwise seriously Injured. The
horse whose leg xvas broken had to be kill
ed. The other xvas not much injured.
Fisk's marble quarry, at Leicester, pro-
tntscM miieli liottfr limn unQ nt flcst nnllpl.
patcd. A block xvas sawed up last xveel;
anil ullliougn the lirst surface rock was un
usually sound and clear. Work Is still pro
gressing, nnd in n short time ns the requi
site machinery shall have been put lu, the
quarry wilt become n living institution.
But lew quarries can boast ns good a loca
tion ami natural advantages ns this. The
marble is very clear and fine, nnd some
specimens wc hnve seen seem to rival tin
finest Parian stone. With Its lime kilns,
paint xvorks, marble quarries, Good Tem
plars, etc., etc., Leicester seems looking
Tlir Miccrful .cv i:iikIhiii i:lilli
llors nt Vlrimii.
The latest European papers contain full
lists of the awards made at the Vienna ex'
hlbitlon. The highest prize is the grand
diploma of honor, the second the medal of
progress, the third the medal ot merit, the
fourth the honorable mention. Thefollow
ing are the awards to New England ex
hibitors: (I1IAND 1111'I.O.MAs OK IKINlll:.
Corliss, Providence ; perfection of steam
The state of Massachusetts ; education.
The city of Boston ; education.
MKtlAI. OF ri!OOI!Ks.
L Prang & Co., Boston; ehromo-lith-ogreplis.
Mason it Hamlin organ company, ltos
ton ; cabinet organs.
Dr. S G Howe, Boston ; books for Ihe
Lilly, Young, Pratt A: llraekelt, Lynn ;
lioots and shoes.
Billings & Spencer Mnnufactuilng Co..
Hartford, Conr.. ; forgings.
Sprague Mowing Machine Co., Prov
Pickering ii Davis, Poitland. Conn.;
Baxter I), Whitney, Winehendon ; wood
Broxvn & Sharpe Manufacluiiug Co..
Providence ; milling machines.
John G. Avery, Spencer ; wool ma
chine. Knapp Dovetailing Machine Company,;
Northampton ; dovetailing machine.
Thomas Hall, Northampton ; yises.
Horace II. Bigelow, Worcester; siioe-
B E Sturtevant ; shoe-pegs.
Weed Sewing Machine Co. ; Hartford,
Conn.; sewing machine.
W & n Douglass, Middletown, Conn. ;
Morse Twists Drill Co., New Bedfoid ;
Smith A- Wesson, Sptinglleld ; icvolv
cis. 1I1E MKDAI. Ill' MKIM1.
II G Hotchklss, Lynn ; essential oils.
William Underwood A- Co., Bneton ;
Walter Baker it Co., Boston ; choco
late. James Y Smith Manufacturing Co., Pro
vidence ; shirtings.
Gardner Brewer ix; Co., Hoston ; shirt
ings. Weed Sewing Machine Co., Hartford,
Conn.; embroidery and stitching.
CL Hathaway it Sons, Boston; leather
Barstoxv Stove Co., Providence ; cook-
K II Barney, Springfield ; skates.
Douglas Ax Manufacturing Co., Boston;
Norwalk Iron Works, Norwalk, Conn. ;
Ijiuib Knitting Machine Co., Chicopec
Falls ', knitting machines.
Wethcrby, Rugg & Richardson. Worces.
tcr ; wood-working machines.
Stiles Parker Press Co., Mlddletown.Ct.;
II E Townscnd, Boston ; shoe-niaking
O B Ilogers & Co., Noawlch, Ct.; plan
ing and sawing machines.
Charles Underbill, Tolland, Conn.; belts.
Darling, Brown it Sharpe, Providence ;
instruments for measurlrg.
Colt's Patent Firc-Arms Maniifactuilng
Company, Hartford, Conn. ; firearms.
Sharpc's Rifle Manufacturing Co., Ilnit
ford, Conn. ; military and other arms.
United States Arinorv.Springfiehl; nrms.
Providence Tool Co., Providence; breech,
Union Metallic Cartridge) Co.,Biidgeport,
Conn. ; cartridges.
Brewer it Tiieston, Boston ; copy .books.
Dr. Henry Barnard, Hartford.Conn.; ed
Luther Whiting, Boston ; new system of
J L Ross, Boston ; school furniture.
TION.) George W. Beckwlth, Burlington, Vt ;
William T. Nye, New Bedford ; sewing
machlno and watch oil.
Edward Henihaw, Boston ; shoo tools.
W. B. Sherman, Boston; spades and
American Tack Company, Boston ; tacks
Dunbar, Hobart it Whlddcn, Soutli Ab
Ington ; tacks.
A Field & Son, Taunton ; tacks.
Ruisell & Erxvin Manufacturing Com.
pany, New Britain, Conn; bronze hard
xvarc. Hubbard & Curtis Manufacturing Com.
pany, Middletown, Conn; mowing inn
chine. Pratt ic Whitney Manufacturing Com.
pany, Hartford, Conn ; drills, lathes, etc.
Rcvcrsitilo Boot Heel Company, Provi
dence ; heeling machine.
Lester E. Rose, Providence ; cotton pic
kcr. Pitkin Brothers, Hartford, Conn ; steam
Hubbard & Curtis Manufacturing Com.
pany, Middlctoxvn, Conn; drill chucks.
t. Horton &Son, Windsor Locks, Conn ;
Lowell Institute. Boston t ml vnncnmpiil
S. W. Nichols, Boston i blackboard.
G. W. Hhuttuck. Boston, olnicn n,,.i
Town of Newton, Mass; school rnnnrlo.
City of Wnrceiteri school reports, etc.
Svutjs anil lc(Ucics
)RUU3, MKniCIXKS, CHKMICAL's
P A T i: N T M I. I) I I IN i: S
t .Alton stock .ir.iT iir.rnvrn
No. 1 !! .
(cntrii gram, itt'Tl. xnii, viiiimo.vt
FRANCIS FKN'N" it Co.
QAHATOCIA WATERS. All . kinds, by
J tho liottle or Crtse, oml Mar Nprlnir Water
nu draught nl
niAXCIS V'KNN A- fO'S.
-I. 1'. I-TNN K CO'.-).
DR. ALLEN'S DYSENTERY SYIMT
Will euro .nut. Tn II.
I'. n.NN A ( o.
liOOT. BASE. HKUI'LATION AND
I HuMier Italic niul I'lulis nl
r. 1 l:NN a Id.
BOYS' TOYS, of nil di-cilptlims. at
I . I KNN A' ( IIS,
rpOILET ARTICLES at
J P. l'KN.S A
FlMt'rsSKS niuf 'sHOlYDEIt "biTaCKS
X al Y, 1'IiNN ,t CD'S.
DOI.I.CArTiAGKS. BOYS' CARTS
nnd WlieePimwvs, ut
jytMAwlf I'. l'lJN.V A- ( O'H.
JVEIJY DAY RHINOS
S O M E T II I N I!
N E W
Ml Ihfise whowlsli can now have
DKL1VKIIKD AT TIIKII! IWMrN,
SODA AND SARATOGA WATERS,
i i:i.r.iiitATi:ii siphon- dottlhs,
AsspaiMliurnnil as pure as drawn from the
I'nrSTAI.V AT MX rofXTlIII.
('.ill and examine nt
II MERCHANTS' ROW.
ALBERT W. IIIGGINS.
Q P E It A II O 1" S E.
OU TWO NKIIITS ONI.X.
will be exhibited nl (he
OPERA HOl'SK. RUTLAND.
M'l'ITMIIKII STH .imi'.ith. Is
On Xloiiday cM'nlng will l pi rented
A It C T I C It E (1 I O N S .
on Tiiesd.iy i:enlnsr,
SCENES IN EUROPE.
.Mr. lll.u k has Incntiip.ir.ihly the
I.AWIKST ( (II.I.KCTION OP VILWS,
taken fiom nature, In Hie fulled Slntes. Ills
apparatus Is Hie most complete and cxlensUo
ewTlnpnrtcil: nnd the scenes is feet snunro
aie most brilliantly Illuminated by means of
a new chemical light -the most powerful arll
llclal light available for this purjiose, known to
niu-iiii. nu-.iru.s iu in ut'si'iiiieii nnii ex
Jilt. N. IlKI.CIIKlt.
Admission, N) cents. Heals seemed without
The prices of admission for Monday liavo
been reduced for the benellt (if the Public
m'iiuiis. .xn scuoi.irs in me (iraiieu (schools of
the Vlllaeo of ltutland may nltenil nn xtnmi.n-
c"cnlng, nt the reduced rate ot 21 cents. Tho
siiiu ui iii-Keis ior .mmiiay commences at .xier K.
er's on Thursday senium
Q P F. It A II O V S E ,
KOI! TWO XlOIITSi ONt.V,
FRIDAY AND SATURDAY,
SKPTHXIIlKIt .Urn iMi tSru.
i:hivh. tn' mi: iu roams.
SENSATION COMEDY TROUPE.
MUIS'IHCKST VMt'lIKU IIVMI.
O 1 N D E H I L L A
on tiik i.ittli; mass nLiri'i:it.
Afixi'S XVailack as
Nam 11. Villa, as
part lu which ho has 1111 1 Ix nl.
to coNci.t'iii: with a
POP U L A 11 F A ROE,
In which tho great Comedian. Harry P. XVIlson,
will appear. Saturday afternoon,
nit.XND MATINK1" "CI.NUKHILLA,"
or tho Little aiass supper.
Prices reduced K cents to all pails of tho
house. Saturday evening, areat Hill.
Doors open at Tils. Commence- at 8 o'clock.
Admission, 70, to and ss cents,
ltesen eil seats for sale at J. It, Meeker's,
"J K M O V A 1. .
I)u. S. W. SMVTII,
Hallux i",tiiUMnl lilin-jlf permanent! in
Itutlanil. iitul lor tin1 Iwtlrr conirrileiici' of lils
! patients, lie tins ri-inoiril lil f.niee Iromllie
ItarilKoll Hons" to the
II.WTKU NATIONAL HANK HI.OCK,
where he may bo consulted ilallv (except I n
itnys) free of charge,
omce hours 0 n. In. to I p. in. , iitul In; p. ni
To those who maybe mincciunlnteil with Ihe
particulars of my practice, a brief explanation
might not bo unwelcome. During the whole of
my professional career, my lime and attention
has been exclusively devoted to the study and
Investigation of diseases of the KYK, EAIt, N'A
HAL C.XVITV, TIIKOAT, LL'NOS nnd CHEST,
and derangements ot the N'KItVOUS SVSTKXI.
My specialty embraces the eradication of Con
i'7(fii, Catarrh, Threat IliKattt, affections of
,the I'oraf Organt, Atthma, and all lAryngteal,
Bnnthtal and I'utmonary Cmijilatnttt the re
moval of btaneu, DiKhargm from the Ear, and
the treatment of all diseases leading to Qtnnal
MAUty, or the lossor Impairment nf AVrrmu aA
.xtyofflec Is provided with ci cry practical tin
pnwcmentnnd advnntngo founded by tho ad.
vanced slate of medical science for the relief of
human suffering. Patients coming under my
caru for treatment may expect to receive every
bcncllt guaranteed by science, skill nnd a com-
i 'o run rcBLic, I liaxo to say that Idonot
consider It necessary nt this tlmo to present to
our not lea further testimonials of tho success
Ilnxlnir. durlnirtlie nast sli mnniim mnn mil
'"- "-", inruiuu oi treatment I advocate,
statements nnd reports from the most reliable
iieople lu this Milage and xlclntty, should cer
tnlnly give llioso who nre still suffering con
llilence enough to employ one who is so unlrer
I f consultation free and terms within Ihe
reach of all.
S. W. h.MVTH, M. p.
Jl.'RT ,t SHERMAN
SNi'l Y.MIDS AXIKItlCAN AMI ( Ol t.( n
P I! I N T S .
inie. inic. inje. itije.
i VAHDS, 4-1 STItll'KD AND I'Ol.K.x Imr
C A M 11 R I C S.
1.1 cents, reduced from so cents.
;t0i) L1N11N SKITS, WllITi: SflTs,
la Xliisltn and Victoria Lawn, flw to !nw.
Ill' JIT J- SUKH.VAX
Olfer the most elegant varletj nr.lv.t.
II L A C K (I O O 11 S
In New Kngland, at extremely Ion- prli , s
(if all kinds, reduced to-d.11.
PAItASOLS, LADIKS- AND ClIIDItK.N'.s,
Opened new to-day, xcry handsome and cheap.
HURT'S NEW YORK SHOES.
This shoe Is worn xcry extenslielv In New
York City, and Is tho best, cheapest and hand
somest hoe in America.
HUHT A" SI1KKMAN
oner the largest nnd best variety of Pn ((oods,
and have the best lighted and largest
Sales-room In Vermont.
BURT .1 SHERMAN.
Itutlanil, .Inly 15, Isrs. msldb
QtPHINC, GOODS. SPRING GOODS
KINSMAN k HONS
Wish to say to tho public that lhe have now
open for Inspection the best line or sprlim
(ranis I hey eer offered.
HOSIKUY, CI.OVLs, .c
An eleeani line in
;sii.k;and wool poplins,
IK'TTinilCK's CIXKHIl TKD PATTKHNs
C11I anil evumlne 0111 iit-w line of gtH..
X'niirs respec Ifullj
KINSMAN f, Iioss;
niyldly No. a Merchants' How, Ituiliind
JDARKHUltST i CO.,
XVholesale and Detail Dealers In
l'O I! Ill (IN AND DOMESTIC
l'ANCY C.OODS, NOTIONS AC,
:i:l Merchants' How, Itutlanil, Vermont.
Wo InMto especial attention of all person-,
visiting Itutlanil, or liersons In pursuit of the
best plncn to buy goods In our lino to our stock,
XNhlcfi embraces the principal staples of tin
season. IT is OVIt AIM
To keep constantly In slock, specialties In
ex'ery department worthy ot tho attention of all
persons (11 pursuit 01 Dry floods.
our stock is selected xMth great care nnd
marked at prices to fully correspond with the
We have now on hand specialties In
DOMESTIC) DltY OOODS,
oloves, nosiKiiv, cousins,
And In fact we lino bni
KID OLOVES, j,ro, J, sb, i.wi, ,;s.
. C. A. PARKHURST, & CO.
I METtCHANTS' HOW.
liutland, August 0, 15T3. ntayUil