Newspaper Page Text
MONDAY, SEPTEMHEIl 20, 18711.
IKRM3 IN ADVANCf.
Duly Per month T5
Three months $1 Oi
six months 4 m
One year 3 oo
WsiiitT Tlireo months "s
Six months $1 23
una year 2 ta
Address ULODK FArF.lt CO., Rutland, Vt.
It Is tin Americanism to speak of taking
a "ntp," yet wo doubt If It Is generally lin
dcrstoori that It lias n legitimate oilgln.
'Nip' 19 an Imltati-Nat rngansclt --word and
signifies xtattr, hence In speaklnjr of drink
ing water, It was called "taking n nip,"
from which it has extended to other bevc
rages It would be an Interesting study to
enquire to what extent our slang phrnes
have the same origin.
Our compositor. explain the use of ex
clamation points, Instead of mat 1:3 of In
teiiogatlon. In connection with certain
questions we propounded to our cotempo
rar.v They nay that exclamation points
were puiposoly used, because It was n mut
ter of antoniihmeiit to thorn how yc, or any
one else, could, for a moment, enteitalntlie
Idea that anyone connected with that cs.
tabllshment had sulllctcnt intelligence to
answer these or any other liumliics.
NY lit) will, hereafter, attempt to depute
tlie fact that missionaries aie accomplish
ing ii noble work in Bombay and its vl-
einity. I heir siuccs may tie taken as
uvuted hcvonri all conlliurcncy, a, witness
the following "circiihu" issued hv a com
mcrclal firm at Bombay : 'Gentlemen, we
have the ploasiue tn inform uil our ic
spocleri father departed this life on the
ihs His business will be oiiliuiicri by
his beloved sons, whose ii.iiiio, ale stated
below. The opium market is quiet, and
Malwn l.ftOO is per chel. t. '.'line!
where Is tli sting. O. di'alh! wlieie is thy
viclorv ! We are ours ti uly."
loiii'iM .mu x; ii:i-' ai.c.vi'io s.
It Is not alone the liasle to bcoiuc tleh
thaljcaiies so many defalcations In banks,
tru-l companies nnd other positions, nl
though, doubtless, this is thotnoving cause,
lint lor this desire, probably, thcie would
lie no defalcation vcl. niter all. these de
faulter take their first step, and continue
III the course, not only with the expectation
of amass' ng liches and. thereby, coveiing
up their lapse from virtue, so that. If
morally, they will not lie legally defaulters
acd, therefore, liable to punishment. They
may, perhaps, be mistaken in their view of
the law but J hey act upon that presump
tion, nnd, if they should happen to succeed,
could, probably, so "fix the books" that
the temporary defalcation could never bo
dlsooveicd. Ifltweicnot for this belief
in the power to so aiiauge the books of the
bank or otherlnstiliitions, supplemented by
another Idea, we doubt if all the desire lor
sudden riches that could enter the heart of
man would cause a single defalcation. We
refer lo those, of course, who are naturally
honest, and not to those who put on a hy
pocritical e.x'crior and seek places of trust
for the sole object of stealing. With these
defaulters, who actuallly intend to return
the money, there must be ever present to
the mind the possibility of detection, and
they conduct their operations so that, If de
tected, they will not lie punished. And
here is wheic bankers nnd business men
have placed befoic them the temptation to
steal. Having charge of the books they so
manipulate them that detection is the work
of time. With the accountsso "doctored,''
it may be, and sometimes Is, impossible to
ascertain the exact condition of affairs.
I.'pou this knowledge depends the question
whether It were better that is moie piofit
able to continue business or go Into liqui
dationIn other words, to fall or suspend.
It is upon this condition that the defaulter
proceeds. As he abstracts money or secu
rities, from time to time, he so makes his
entries that he nlone can unravel the mys
tery, aiid he counts upon immunity from
punishment in consideration of such ser
vices. Such instances aie familiar lo all,
extending far back in the history of defal
cations. Talntor, cashier of the Atlantic
bank, after having nearly ruined the bank,
was forgiven, because he nlone understood
the books and could cypher out how the
bank stood. JSo with Cnrleton, the defaulter
in the Union trust company. A dispatch in
forms us that those who pretend to be best
acquainted with him say he is simply
hiding through fear, but that in case he was
guaranteed immunity from punishment he
would return. The receiver states that his
return would greatly facilitate the work of
the examining committee and that at pres
ent his cooperation would be invaluable,
Does any one Imagine that such u course
will pieveut future robberies 't II Is a ill
leet proposition to u defaulter to so "ink
things" that they cannot be unraveled
without his assistance which, of course,
he will not give without a guaranty of
safety, Let It be uudcislood that punish,
ment will surely follow detection, without
regard to ecunlary loss, and one step ts
taken toward preventing defalcations.
AMI IE.W 14.
We aie happy to agree with one lesolu
lion of the New York state lepublican con-
ventlou, which Is in these words : -That ! nmlile slates, was ordained nnd established
public approbation belongs lo the Senators I -in n(,r to form n morn perfect Union,
and lleprcsentallves, who In the last Con- establish Justice, insure domestic Trail
gicss opposed tlie appropriation of money , qullllty, provide for the common defence,
as increased compensation for eongrcssion. irnninto the general Welfare, anil secuio
nl services already icndered and paid for, , the blessings of Lllicrty." How these
and that public ctnsuie belongs tu those of
whatever politics whose votes enacted such
a provision. We do not charge Ibis wrong
upon either party, although It was sup.
ported by a larger relative proportion of
the opponents than of the friends of the
administration, and although among those
who promoted It and thnso who weie con.
venlcntly absent when the votes weie re.
corded were several members of the small
faction who had recently deserted their
party under the pretenso ot unfounded
charges of republican extravagance. Wo
commend also the Senators and Representa
tives who havn refrained from appropriat
ing hack pay, and wo hold that the only
effectual mode nf restoring to the United
Slates tho moneys which such members of
Congress havo Jecllned tp receive, is by
law to cover the same Into tho Treasury.
We, therefore, request the republican sena
tor from this stalo to Introduce and urgo
at tho next session a bill which shall refund
to the Trensury nil such moneys not claim
ed, Including as the, same in law all sums
which havo been merely left untouched,
and all such sums which havo becu In one
form or another publicly or privately re
nounced." When we endorse, tko resolu
tion, wo do not Include the cowardly In-
Hondo that ono party Is more tijblumo titan
tho other. Tarty, considerations did not
enter IntotlioRiiiaUcT-nt nil, !3nlpock6t
conslderatlousfjsavc Into far as republicans
were seduced front "their honest' convictions
by the Importunities of the President, us
described by Mr. Wlllard. Y"o havcul-
woys held that so long as the back pay had
been voted, no act of n Senator or Repre
sentative could return It to the treasury, so
that It might not at any time, be reclaimed
by the Individual, so returning It, or his
hens. We do not propose to reargue the
question,- at present, onlyto narrate a sud
den and wonderful conversion. The New
York Timet ridiculed the Idea and stated
Jhnt the proposition and arguments of the
writer could only emenate from "an ad
vocate of the back pay grab nnd steal."
Behold the wonderful conversion Senator
Conkling and the lepublican state conven
tion have wrought. We submit It without
further comment. "It" the course pro
posed by the resolution, says the Timet, "Is
''WxQonly decisive way of dealing with the
"difficulty, nnd it can only lie great stupid!
"ty or willful malice which falls to recog
"nl7e this fact. The course of Senator
"Conkling on this question has been per
"fcctly clear and stialghtforvvard from the
"first. Only he has not sought to make
"political capital by writing a sham letter
"returning the back pay, when he knows
"very well that such a letter would not
"secure the Treasury from a subsequent
"demand for the money. The bill which
"he proposes to Introduce will not very
"welcome to those w ho have 'covered In'
"their back pay under the storm of public
"Indignation, and secretly resolve to draw
"it out niralnvvhcn the slrnn has Mown
i men to t'utvr PKiM'ii'i.r.s.
It Is now some eight years since the ic
hellion was suppressed, ami some four
years since the work of "reeonstiurtlng"
the states, which had attempted to secede,
has been practically accomplished, and so
acknowledged by the admission of their
Senatois and Representatives In Congicss.
It is probably tiuethat Congress had the
right lo interfere In the matter of lecon
struction. under the constitutional provis.
Ion that "the 1'nited Stales shall guaranty
to eveiy state in the I'iiIoii a lepublican
form of government." During the war
Congicss and the executive depailment ns
suineil extraordinary powor. upon the
gioundof "military necessity," nnd Ihey
weie, without much doubt, Justified in so
doing by I lie extraordinary condition of nf
fairs a condition which the f miners of tho
constitution had not anticipated or prov ided
for- as, also, by the rule that the salely of
the lepubllc is the highest law. It became
neresary to raise money, with which to
cany on military operations, ns it was like
wise necessary to provide a curicnoy for
the people. Cold was hoaided up and
there was no money with which to pay
debts, except in depreciated state bank bills,
which a creditor could take or not as he
saw fit, and which could not purchase sup
plies for the nrmy. A national bank
ruptcy impended, and, therefore, In the
exercise of assumed or leal powers the
"legal tender act" was passed and we were
saved Irom ruin. In this, the government
was justified for the period of the w ar. It
was a measure of absolute necessity and
was for the public safety. As a war meas
ure it was justifiable and excusable, and
has been pinnounecd by the Supieme
Court of the United Stales, by the opinion
of n bare majority of the judges, to be con
stitutional. It is so pronounced because
Congress had the power to "coin money"
and "regulate the value thereof," as, also,
on the presumed ground that because the
constitution had prohibited the several
states from making "anything but gold
nnd silver a tender In payment of debts,"
the right w as reserved lo the general gov
ernment. While wo bow to the decision
of the highest judicial tribunal of the land,
vv e cannot forget how it was obtained or
doubt that but for the supposed or actual
necessity it would have been otherwise. It
seems to us, a layman, that it might with
the same reason bo argued that Iiecause
states weie forbidden to pass laws Impair
ing the obligation of contracts. Hint right,
also, was reserved to Congress.
These are not a tithe of t''C doubtful
powers assumed by the government on
the plea of a "military necessity," based
upon the maxim that the safely of the
republic is the highest law. We have re
fetred to these instances, because, by a
subtile course of leasonlug, they have nnd
can be reconciled with the constitution.
Of the many others, some of which con
tinue to tlie present day, which are in vio
lation both of the letter nnd spirit of our
organic law, we need not speak they are
familiar to all. Is it not about time tlie
government and Congress ceased lo assuino
those doubtful powers? Theie Is no
"militaiy necessity" now. We have been
In a slate of profound peace for eight
years, and if we aie ever to conform to
the constitution, It Is about time wj com.
nieneed. Governments aie organized for
ceitdlu pui poses and only certain purposes,
nnd when they depart theiefrom there is
I danger. It is getting to be somewhat old
fashioned to believe in the Declaration of In-
dependence-, yet the whole object of gov
eminent is correctly stated therein, to be
lo secure the rights of life, liberty and
haniiiucss. The constitution, as tins nro.
I eYeral objects are to bo secured are laid
down hi '.that Instrument Itself. It Is
also, becoming old fogyism to have any le
garri to tho constitution. The general
government, the majority of Congress,
the pcoplo and the press ktui to havo
forgotten that there is any such Instru
ment, or, If there Is, that it is of any
binding force. Courts nre packed for the
very purpose of deciding n law constl.
tutionnl, which, by Its very terms, Is
flagrantly In violation both of the letter
nnd spirit thereof. This is tlie case not
only wiiero the judges aro appointed by
an executive, but, also, where they nro
elected by the people. In the case of an
cxecutlvo appointment, with the conni
vance of n legislative body Increasing
the number nf judges, tho effect was 1m
mediate, nnd the object of tho Increase
and particular appointments for tltero
was nothing lu the nppolntees, either
reputation, legal acquirements, or judicial
experience to entitlo them thereto was
so apparent that, even, the most stupid
dolt could seo It. With tho people thero
has been but few Instances, and they havo
failed of their object. Wo must come
back to first principles. Doubtful powers
must not be assumed, nnd the people
,must sec to it that their-legislators, both
llnln oiwl ll,,l C'll.n, .,!,- ,.,.J
..,. iti.ii iuttii.iiiii, imu limb ..lusn ,tui'j
arc old fogyisli enough td liclievogln Iho
constitution, Judges' intilt, also, -" bo ec-1
lectcd who have1 thotf same old fnshloiicdi
ideas. y '
What can we hope, however, when we
see such wild, extravagant Ideas of the
function!) of tho government V To read
the mass of newspapeis, one, unacquainted
with our institutions, would conclude that
the general government, or the fulled
States which they represent, was a mam
moth corporation, with .unlimited means
and with unlimited powers, with the right
to engage In any nnd all kinds of business
nnd enterprises. More than this, that It
was a vast charity Institution, organized to
help the poor anil needy, nnd Interpose
with the money from Its Ireasiuy to pre
vent failures among' business men. They
are called upon to buy. build nnd inn rail
roads - lo dig nnd control canals i to Insti
tute lines of steamers for the carrying of
passengers and f I eight : to buy, construct
nnd opcriit telegraph lines j lo loan money
to individuals, companies nnd corporations
to picyent their fiilluie : lo violate the law
and constitution for the same purpose lo
but why continue the enumeration, as
theie Is hardly nconccivahlepiojoetthatlho
government is not called upon to take pait
In. These same men and newspapers, that
so demand the Inlerfeience or aid of the
government, know that It has no legal or
constitutional power so lo do. Yc have,
licielofoie. lofcncri lo several instances of
this Mat I II c. bill there ale otheis. The
Trilmae called upon the Secretin y of the
Tieasury to buy bonds for the lelief of the
hankers and luokeis of N'ew York, and
now turns round mid ubues hint for ex
ceeding his powers. Tlie Timet, which Is
jhir eireUenre the oig.in of the administra
tion, in a double leaded editoiial, arivNcs
the government to put chase bonds not yet
due and the purchase of foreign exchange,
as the Ini't oijrflt'iiiitlit? rtiitr?, Iheieby con.
ceiling that It is objectionable and would be
the assumption of doubtful powers. The
first would be a palpable violation of a sta
tutelaw, while the second would be assum
ing n power not authorized by the constitu
tion or the law. If it is the light and duty
of the government to interfeie so ns to pic
yent the Iniluie of Xew York bankers and
biokers, it is equally their liulit ami duly
to inleifeie so as to prevent tlie falluie of
liulhinil merchants nuri business men. It
i, aNo, equally their light and duly to pre
vent individuals from lrss. It N high time
that the country was aroused to Hie dinger
and, In their niiaht. demand the return of
the government lo the line and sure foun
dations upon which it was established. Let
us unite and stand Unit, and whenever the
government. Conirress or slate legislatures
assume unconstitutional powers give them
such a rebuke that will be lemembeied dur
ing all time. These representatives of the
people will not date go counter to the
wishes of the people. If we are to prove
that republics can live, we must found our
selves on Hie rock of first principles, and
ward oil" the Hood of corruption or oppres
sion which will How In through this door
of a violated constitution. We can excuse
much to "militaiy necessity" which once
existed, but nothing lo a "financial neces.
As Infi iii VTl'.n Cow Attacks Two .Mux
axi) diks wiiii UiriKKX liri.iFTs is Hr.n
liotivv -As A. .luckelt, butcher, was driving
a beef creature at West flranville recently,
aided by his son. it became enraged and
drove with gieat fury at Hie boy, and
would have Impaled him against the fence
had it not been for the rope attached, held
in tlie hands of the father. It then turned
upon Mr. .Tuckelt, who attempted to stop
It by taking a turn around a telegraph pole,
lint the slack was ton long and lie was
knocked down three times In succession,
receiving severe bruises. William Crouch
ran to ids assistance, when Hie enraged ani
mal pitched at him, driving her horns
through bis clothing under his arms, nnd
carrying him on her horns some thirty or
forty feet or more, when she threw him on
the ground, stripping Ids coat oyer his
head, lty this time a number of men and
boys were running to the nssistance of those
In peril, but she cleared the road nf every
thing lu her way escaping into a pasture
near by. She fought her opponents with
desperate fury until fifteen bullets were
lodged in her body. The fourteenth shot
passed entirely through her heart, but she
promptly got upon her feet again and
faced her enemies once more, but only to
receive the fifteenth and last shot, which
crashed through her brain, putting an end
to her mad career.
A Nk Disuvsk. -A strange and fatal
disease has allllcted the dairy of (ieorgo
Woodel of Hart foul, Washington county,
Jv. Y. Up to last aceoiints ten cattle have
riled within a week. They are attacked
very suddenly, nre very thirsty, froth at the
mouth," nnd'bloatr nnd die Immediately.
Aliont fifteen years ago .Mr, W. lost n num
ber of cattle with lids same disease ; sup
posing Ihey were poisoned by a certain low
family In his vicinity, a stomach of a dis
eased cow was analyzed, but without satis;
factory rcsulls. That It Is a virulent dis
ease Is proved by' the fact that X. Starks
skinned a cow, became inoculated with the
virus and riled from the effects soon after.
Surrounding farmers lost but few cattle,
whlchshovvs It to be contagious In but a
slight ilegice. .Many suppose a poisonous
plant grows upon the farm, of which the
I'oisti..vxii II.viuioii, Portland talks of
Incieaslng the harbor facilities by dredging
ft channel ileep enough to llo.it largo ves
sels through the Hack bay, from the
stone wharf now built near the' Portland
and Rutland railway depot, one hundred
rods out toward Turkey's bridge, Such a
channel would bo 200 feet from tho mar
ginal way, and running parallel to It, and
the intervening space would be filled
solid, thus making a magnificent, broad
1'Y.MAi.K I'ltorEssoi!. Miss Abbie Wad
high, daughter of V, A. adlelgh, of East
Berkshire), has been elected In the Profes
sorship of Chemistry lu the Pennsylvania
Female College, Pittsburg, with a salary of
Snow, Hon, II. I. Dawes writes that
ho spent Sunday, tho 21st, on the top of
Mount Washington, N. II., where for 24
hours tho snow fell so tldcHthat lie couldn't
see ten rods before him.
A Huinr.Ai!.sim The lato Richard
Boylstnn of the Amherst (N. H.) Cabinet,
a native of Springfield, gavo 9t,000(for a
Kichard Boy lston scholarship In Dartnioulh
DAILY GLOW, MONDAY MOHN1NG, SEPTEMBER 29, 1878.
p -aw From tho llaltlmoio Ameitcnii.l
'grim Lessons or Hie IJoiu-,
Whilst n great cincigcncy or disaster Is
pending,' and the courage and energy of
men must be devoted lo stemming tlie
adverse curt cut of the moment, it Is
scarcely tlie proper time to lellcct upon the
causes which have led to the misfortunes
under which they nie laboring, but, never
theless, there nie some conclusions in ie.
garri to the existing financial panln width
strike us so forceably that It Is impossible
io cn.i iiiem nsioc. i ruieisin upon the
system which has been at the root of the
present troubles is very much like locking
the stable dnnr nftcr the horse Is stolen,
but If wc. fully understand the beginning
of them, wo are all the mriio likely to
steer clear of such disastrous courses In
the futllie. It Is very easy lo compre
hend now that we have bulll the Hie .and
then put our heads in It. When tre
mendous railroad enterprises were project
ed and private banking houses undertook
to float what It would have rcqitiied the
capital of a nation lo sustain, thoic
was but one lesnlt possible, and
that was the one which we nie now
facing. They acted up to the American
principle of living upon fictitious values,
drawing drnf Is upon the futuie at a heavy
discount, and when it became apparent
uiai meso casucs in me nir nan no siinstnn
Hal foundation, they toppled and fell like
the gorgeous fabric of a ilieam. We hav e
all been coins the nace too fasl. nnd the
wind and muscle must havo given out some
day Let lis look at the cae of Jay Cooke
A Co. Here was a house of Ihe'grealest
wealth and the largest resouicos. Thov
were the Rothschilds nf America, and their
capabilities seemed unbounded. As the
aotiyc agents of the Tieasin v Department
they had succeeded In negotiating the Im
mense loans which enabled the (loveiiiment
to continue a war which cosl u million ol
dollars dally during 1 lie period of its exist
cine. They had supplied it with life-blood
In their capacity of middlemen between it
and the people. The nation came out of
the prolonged snuggle with a strong credit
and a reliance upon Its lesonrces which
was felt In monetary circles tliioiiglioiil
the wm Id. The financiers of Kurnpe
did not hesitate to risk their money
upon its promises to pay. Our bonds weie
favorite securities in European markets,
and nt home the inillionaiie considered
them the soundest leprescnlnllves of his
fortunes, and the vvorklngniati Invested in
them his hard-earned hiiudieds. That was
all right as far ns it went. Tlie credit of
tho country was pledged In the ledemptlou
of its guarantees, and Hie wot Id accepted
the guerdon. Hut a speeul.i'lve and con
fident spirit arose which ha woiked all the
mischief. Itecaiise the government could,
under prcssiiie of war emeigeneles, afford
to live upon its promises and Hade oil tlie
earnings of the tiiline tor the haul money
of the piesent, the feelins was eieated that
Individuals and ci irpoi.it ions could safely
riollkcwise. .Iut emerging Irom n war, It
was only natural that tho American people
should tin u their attention lo the develop
ment of the country. The prospect was
tlattcring enough lo tin n the heads
pervert the judgment ol wiser heads
those which sit upon the shoulders of tlii
enthusiastic, sanguine race. Xew rail
roads to he driven thioitgh the wild re- !
glons stretching westward to the l'.icltlc,
and through tlie comparatively unpopu
lated and iiniinpioved Southern couutiy.
to bring to mnikct the products of these
fertile lands, to till them with farms and
towns and manufactories, lo build up n !
gieater America ami cultivate mo wealth
of the fallow ground what wonder that
men were carried nvvay by tlie glitter
ing prospect, mid that 'their bright ex
pectations they forgot the inevitable rule
that an enterprise, like an Individual, must
keep out of debt. When money was want
ed to build railioads, it seemed u plain
and simple tiling to bnriow It and rely up
on the earnings of such enterprise for
payment. Hut ttufoiiimatiiy it was over
done. Cooke A-Co.. for Instance, under
took to carry the load of the Northern
Pacific railroad. ..Notwithstanding the
plain warning thai the one trans-continental
rallioad alicady in exlstanee
scarcely made enough to nay llTVjfJ-aesi-on
its debt, the nun endeavors rtaiicd
out under the most favorable auspices.
Its bonds sold well, and the great house
engineering It found no difficulty In plac
ing them upon the market and borrowing
money, until one day it became plain that
they xvere mortgaging the future too
heavily. The money was all going out
anil none was coining In. The crash was
Inevitable, auri it came.
The same experience lias been repealed
In other eases. Similar endeavors lo build
railroads on borrowed capital have result
ed In like disasters, anil so we have been
brought to the present pas.-. The crisis
was hastened by the fact that when such
schemes became purely speculative they
fell Into the hands of Hie speculators, anil
their stocks became tho prey of Wall street
gamblers, the men who subsist and faltcn
upon a system which Is as duly gambling
ns any sharper's play oyer a fnro table.
One misfortune is, that thousands of peo
ple of small means are seveielv crippled.
The seductive promises of high Interest In
duced many n working man lo withdraw
his small capital from the savings bank
and place it in these scheme", which prom
ised him n double interest. They suffer,
and they are the only ones lo lie 'commis
erated. For all this, we are still firm lu our opin
ion that no great national disaster is im
pending, all street operations necessari
ly involve a greater or lesser proportion of
tlie circulating money of the country, nml
so the shock must be felt outside 'of the
circle which is prostrated by it. Tint the
legitimate business community Is not hurt
seriously. It mny be lashed by the fury of
the storm Into a brief quietude, anil it may
deem it necessary to take prudent measures
to secure itself, but such precautions do
not mean that they are a last resort. The
very force now expended Is n sine sign ol
speedy exhaustion. Wc niobetter olT than
tho panic-mongers would have us believe.
Wo rin not desire to underrate the gravity
of the situation, but tho most serious dan
ger is In a general fright: nnd when the
trouble is over, as wc believe It soon will
be, we shall have learned by sharp ex perl,
ence the valuable lesson of conducting nf.
fairs upon a sound basis. Wo Fliall not
again endeavor lo conduct vast enterprises
upon borrowed money, and theie must be
solid prospect of Immediate payment upon
sueh works to enable them to be cai lied on.
Cor IIki I, ailles.
All old lady from the eountiy, with six
unmarried daughters, was In the streets of
Augusta, Oa., the other day, hunting for
the Patrons of Husbandry.
"I never was so thankful In my lite!"'
exclaimed a Dover woman when telling n
coroner's jury how her husband dropped
dead "Wc hadn't had a light nil that day."
John Henderson, suing for n divorce In
Indiana, alleges that his wife trapped him
by means of false hair, fabe eyebrows,
false complexion, n big bustle nnd "n deceit
Far Western papers, as a rule, spaie
neither age nor sex when a Joke Is wanted.
For Instance, n Carson Cily Journal says :
"Our county clerk can boast of a vv Iff with
the biggest feet anritbe longest nose of any
female in tho Territory."
Tim CnxiiNn Woman. Miss Xctllo Jill,
soul, of Chicago, agcil thirteen, is suppnscri
to bo tho "Coming Woman." Sho sold pa
pers to obtain money to glvo to tho sufler
ers by the flro in Chicago, nnd after their
wants were satisfied, continued In tho trade
until sho was able to buy herself a piano.
She has announced her determination to go
on the stage, and says that, If she and her
mother both live, she will outshine Char
A HmiMiT. A hctinlt naturalist, named
James Oately, has lived in a retired wood
land nook lu tho town of Hyilepark lor IK
years. Ho Is n native of England, nnd I
now 03 years old, Hu has nil absorbing
passion for his profession of naturalist,
which ho has followed from boyhood, and
his hut Is n perfect museum, containing
among its treasures 00 cabinets of birds,
frogs, fishes, foxes, porcupines, otter, me.
coons, nnd, In fact nearly1 every kind of
animal that Is found In New England.
From a dozen to 100 persons visit the olri
man ovcry day.
SI. Albans miiitlnif. blndlnir
paper manufacturing company has pur
chased tho,"stock, fixtures and' good will"
of Mr. E, A. Moiton'.s- job printing office,
and secured the services of Mr. .lames
Myers, the competent foicmnn of thoofllcc,
to accompany It It Is stated on good au
thority that Mr, IaicIus Iligelovv formerly
of the Ilniilngloii Timet will act as editor-In-chief.
It Is rumored, though on how good a
foundation we cannot say, that the law
film of Bailey, Davis A- Adams, from
which .Mr. Halley retired a few years since
Is to be re-orgnnlod lu Chicago at nn cully
day. Mcssis. Park, Davis A- Henry C.
Adams, the present pai tners nie both' able
lawyers and highly esteemed citizens w limn
the town would regret to lose. Mr.
Halley'H business keeps lilm In the west a
good share of the time now. Should this
reconstiuctlon nnd removal be effected we
shall at least have reason to be proud of
sending such representatives to the great
oily of the wes.
The literary editor of the Menunytr hav
ing mashed up your correspondent's letter
on the Franklin County Fair in a brilliant
satirical article published Sept. 21, since
the appearance ol which your inifoiiunale
correspondent has been driven by mollifi
cation mid chagrin In making four Inef.
Iletunl attempts on Ids own life, Is now en
gaged on a searciimg ami exhaustive ie-
j view of "l.lle in Dniibury," which will be
yonri all doubt throw the entire edition of
that book on the waste paper market. He
holds "The D.inbury Xrin man so-called"
up in contract with f,ord Maoauly so
completely snipped of his flimsy disguises
and so overwhelmingly convicted of pla
giarisms from Shakspoaie nnd oilier well
known standard writers; of looseness of
style, nnri'woise I hull all, of glaring his.
loiical Inaccuracies gravily stated physical
hupos"lbilites and wicked exaggerations
that the public will fairly chatter its teeth
! with rage al the way It has been humbug-
ged into timing his woiks.
j l'ci haps one of the most striking allu
' sions is to that, (I grieve lo say, well
, known story wheieln is salri that a little
' boy of Danbury. laden witli mirrors,
clocks crockery anil glassware, having
j fallen down stalls onto a carman who was
l going up aflcr more merchandise nf like
I nature, the caiman suggested to the boy's
I mother that he lie "driven Into the earth
1 with a mallei." Of this the rev lower says:
Ihe absurdity and willful falsehood of this
statement are appaienl upon its face. To
begin with, it would be physically bnpos.
slble to drive a boy. or indeed a strong and
firmly built man Into tho earth vvith a mul
let or even with a pile driver. And why?
Simply Tor the reason patent to every in
telligent leader, that an Individual sub
jected to any number of blows from mal
let or pile driver, no matter unon which
exliemlty. Instead of being "driven into
the caith" would beyond all doubt be. to a
cei tain extent at least, crushed, and a enn
tinnaiife of the blows, so far from produc
ing the aimed at would only disseminate
the individual mine widely upon the sur.
face of the gioiind or exticnie outer crust
of the caith. The author of this ridicu
lous and contemptible idea, Fooks to cloak
its absurdity by putting it In the mouth of
a caiman. iiiioiie iiiieiupi . v iinncu as n
class, we need scarcely remind your leaders,
are eminently practical and common sense
citizens. From long, though perhaps un
scientific acquaintance in their labor with
Ihe primary laws of gravitation, mechanics
Ac., they would be least likely to make
absurd and unpractical niggestions of sueh
class ns the one quoted.
When we have said that this same view
inns Ihiough the entire book, we have said
enough lo warn our readeis against a work
so utteily unreliable and pernicious. The
gieat American public, so completely rep.
lesenledns It Is by us, protests against be
ing HiM-ieprescnteri by such loose and un
wnilhy upsiail historians!
We understand that Mr. Bailey, warned
of the Impending crisis, is cngageri upon n
long article attempting to show that this,
like other statements made in Ids book,
was intended for a joke, and that the non
appearance nf font notes explaining tlieni
was occasioned by an oversight on tlie pait
of tlie printer. We don't anticipate that
ids attempts to explain will amount to any
thing, and we recommend lilm ere it be
too laic, to seek lofuge In the poor house nf
his native county wiiero the critics cease
from troubling nnd authors nre at rest.
The session nf the county court Is draw
ing lo a close. The last panel of the jury
was di-cliargcri Tuesday morning, and
coin I and chancery business will probably
jiisl fill out the week. Nino bills of In.
ilictinenl were founil by the grand jury.
We arc Informed that the number of new
cases is larger than usual, numbering about
17-1. A tangle of woik lo bo straightened
out lu Ihe new court house. Y'lnr.x.
Hon I)im:vsk. A singular epidemic
has biokcn out among Hie hogs at Salem,
Oilcans county. They refuse lo eat, turn
il.uk led or purple, and die in a few days.
Low W.vri:i:. The P.issuuipjic rlycr has
never been so low ns at present. Moose
liver is but a small brook. The wells are
all about failing, pai ticidaiiy lu IJie, north
pari of Caledonia county.
Ilnrr.vi. Tiikatmkst. While Charles
Elklns, of Coventry, was going from Ids
b.u n to his house, Sunday of last week, he
was assaulted by two young men who
knocked him down and would have
killed lilm had not assistance arrived. El-
j kins is isnornut nf any cause for such treat-
Sroi.KN nv Oii'sii'.s. It is reported that
a party of gypsies, encamped In Pennsyl
vnula, have with them u girl 17 yearn of
age, nameil Caroline Orccn, who says
she was stolen from Vermont by them six
years ago. The name of the place from
which sho was taken Is said to be some,
thing llko Wilmington.
Snrroi: Tiiksp.vss, The grouty owner
of the laud nit which tho Blandish monu
ment Is belli;; elected nt Plymouth has de
cided not to sue the monument association
for trespass on his land, but will test tho
constitutionality of tho net of the l.eglsla
duo granting tho right to tako land not nb
solulely necessary for such a purpose.
Sr.uru of Okn. IYtnam. The Allyn
statue of (Jen, Putnam will probably bo
placed in Its position, in tho park at llart
lorri, tho last of next month. It Is pro
posed to Invite tho Ancient nnd Honorable
artillery of Boston, tho New Yoik artillery,
tho Ainoskeng veterans and the Providenco
light Infantry to attend tho ceremony of
unveiling the statue ns guests of the l'ut
A Cor.t). lli'.i'.Tir. A Party from Koiih
Conway, who went up Mount Washington,
Wednesday, found tho hotel on the summit
closed, nnd, ns they could not obtain nc
commodations In tho United States signal
quarters, were obliged to spend the nfght
In a barn with their animals. Tho night
was intensely cold, Ice forming an inch
nnd n half thick i but, notwithstanding
this, and the fact that one member of the
party was a lady, and two of them were
over CO, they seemed well pleased with
JEW STORE! NEW OOODS!
Mks. II. D. STEVEN'S",
(Successor to Miss It. Mmwr.1
Would ivinei'tfullv In v It i' jmir alleiitlon In
COMI'l.lriK STOCK (II' (l(X)IIS,
which she lsselllng.il Ihe vei v lowest prices,
T.Acns, i.aci: vi:ii.s, i.ach hakin,
W'OIiSTIIII A- WOllSTmi I'ATTI'.IINS
IIAMIIt'IKI ,V NKKDI.K WORK,
REAL HAIR SWITCHES A (TRI.S.
A lull I ne or
CIIII.IIUKS' AN'II I N FA NTS I'l.OTillXll.
IIMhiiih, Fttttlar, FltiMs iinil Ifuli,
And mail) oilier IIiIikjs ii-.ii.iI1v K j t In a l'lrsi
FANCY (KIODS .STOIII!.
Please call and examine liffnie
T E M I' I. E O V V A S II I O X i
At the leccnt State Ealr for the mosl
stylish and handsomest nssnitment
'of Millinery, Fancy nnd La
Ill opening of the season.
full line of Milliner.)
1'ATTKIlN HATS, FI.OWKHS, PLUMES, TIPS
Tlil.MMKI) AND fNTIHMMKI) HATS,
millions, Notts, Laces, Frames, Ac., al pi lees
cheaper than ever.
NOVKLTIF.si IN AlU'NliANCK.
T I E S ! 'I' IKS!
LongMlk Windsor Ties In all shades al 3.1 cents
Fringed al Mc., Polka dot Tie al 40e and a full
nnd complete line of all the latest styles anil
shades hi bottom pi lees.
I' X 1) E It (1 A U M E NTS .
We will sell you a seven tucked skirt ul il,
emhiuldered Chemise at ti, tucked and em.
broldered drawers nt f 1- long night rolies, beou-
tlfullj- i.i,.1c, t.no, C-litlJir,,,, ,ll,s nt t.ot., nil
worlh ctouUlethe money.
COIISKT.S AND lH'KTLKs,
Hells, Infants' wear, Iliisleij.IjieeCulI.irs, itiilli
Alexandres Kids at f I ;
All slj les and prices, from aie. upwards.
We still continue to sell those lung, heavy,
ilrst class halr switches at f3.Tr and f.i; Linen
braids one yard long, at ta
In abundance. The latest and handsomest
novelties In this lino at prices lower than ever.
made or handsome and best prints, eul Polon
aise, nt tl.Tn, nnd tots of useful, sljtlsh and
cheap novelties ut
A.lllVirVS TK.MI'l.H Of KI.S'HO.V,
C E N T E R
A 1. L I X (I F O H I)
N F. W fi O O D s .
A. HILL SON
II vvk iii:ckivti'
N E W
a o o i)
111 every department.
W A I. L I N 0 V O II D
U E A T It E D U O T I O X
Tho great excitement now prevailing in Rut.
laud Is, where can n Man, Woman or Child get
tlie best HOOT OR SHOE for the smallest
amount of money.
Now, citizens of Riitlandnnd vicinity, I claim,
And do also state, that I can sell )ou anything
usually kept In n tirst-class Hoot and Mhoo Store
as cheap, or even cheaper, than can bo found
fl,l 1.I1I11 nf ltni.fin iii Vitiv X'nrL mnrL-Cu
. IP. 8, Pieaso call lieforo purchasing else.
lerc. anil 1 think that you wilt be convinced
vueiore leaving) mat luo
above statement is
W. E. ROSS,
No. n, Merchants' Row, Rutland, Vt,
St ore' formerly occupied by French narrows,
COMPOSITOItS. AVnntcd, two or three
good compositors. Only sober, Industri
ous men nued apply,
OLOIiE PAPER CO.
K M O V
2" - ''
Having established himself perraanentlj In
Itutlnnd, and for the better convenience of Ids
patients, lie has removed Ids nnire from the
Dnrdvrell House to the
DAXTEK NATIONAL HANK llt.OCK, !
where he may be consulted stall v (except Ki I- '
days) free of charge,
orflco hours 9 a. in, to 4 p. in., and il to; p. m,
To thosowho may bo unacquainted with the
particulars of my practice, a brief explanation
might not bo unwelcome. During the whole nf
my professional career, my time ami attention
has been oxclustvely devoted to tho Miirtynnd
Investigation of diseases of the KYK, KAlt, NA
SAL CAVITY, THROAT, Ll'NOS and CHEST,
nnd derangements of the NKHVOUS SYNTKM.
il' specialty embraces the eradication nf Can
sumption, Catarrh, Throat ttineaun, atlecttoris of
tho Vocal Orpan, Ahthma, and all Iarynfitmt,
llroiicUal and I'lihtwuarj Complaint; tlie re
moval of lHafntf, MKhargH from the Kae, nnd
tho treatment of all discuses lending lo ilrmral
Dtbillty,m the loss or Impairment nf Srmm an 4
My office Is provided with every practical Im
provement nnd advantage founded by the ad.
vanced state of medical science for the relief of
human suffering. Patients comlni under my
care for treatment mny expect to receive every
benefit guaranteed by science, skill and a com
To the Teniae, I have to say that I do not
consider It necessary at this time to present to
your notice further testimonials of tho success
of the new method ot treatment 1 advocate.
Having, during tho past six months, given you
statements and reports from the most reliable
lieople In this village and Tlelnltj, should cer
tainly glvo those who are still surTerlng eon
lldenco enough In employ one who Is so univer
C Consultation rree mid terms vvlihln the
reach or all.
S. V. SMYTH, M. II.
Sniijs ami grtcdirincis.
mT,S. MEDICINT.S, CHEMICALS
1' A T E X T M I! Il I (' I X E S
1 .aiioi; moci; .it'vr iii.ckivt.h
X o-. 1 1 :i .
Ci.Nim snil.KT, Itri'l.AM), VERMONT
l'RAXCIS l-'EXX A CO.
CJARATOflA WAT E ItS. All kinds, bv
) J the Untile or Case, and Star Spring Water
011 oritugin ni
FRANCIS FF.NN .V COS.
poCKET CUTLERY at
X P. l'ENN A C'O'S.
DR. ALLEN'S DYSENTERY SYRUP
Will cure you. Try It.
F. FENN t CO.
IOOT. BASE, REGULATION AXD
J. Rubber Halls and Clubs at
F. FENN ,V CO.
BOYS' TOYS, of nil descriptions, nt
F. FENN Ic CD'S.
Fpbl L ETA 1 ITU ' LES aT
JL V. FENN A COH.
rpltUSSES and SHOULDER BRACES
F. FENN A" CO'S.
DOI.I. CARRIAGES, BOYS' CARTS
and Wheelbarrows, at
IVIH.I.VVMI r. rr.NN A CO'S.
JVEHY DAY imiXCS
S O A I E T II I N 0
X E W
All those who wish can nuvv hare
DELIVERED AT THEIR HOMES,
SODA AXD SARATOGA WATERS,
CELEBRATED SIPHON DOTTLES,
Asspaikllugniid as piueusdiuMn hum Ihe
I'OI'NTAIN AT .MY COt'NTEII.
call and examine ut
Ml .MERC II A NTS' ROW,
ALBERT W. WIGGINS,
gHEEP FOR SALE.
A llock or t:t pure Spanish sheep, of tho "Dun
Pedro" and "Improved Paular" breeds, belong
ing 10 tho estate of tho lata Joseph Sheldon ot
1'alrhaven. Also tt) Hue lambs, 85 yearlings. In
line condition for shipping; 100 rtno breeding
cues nnd s stock bucks. Will bo sold altogether
or In lots to suit customers. For further partic
ulars, call upon, or address
s. W. RAILEY, Aum'k.
sepmllf Falihaven, Vermont.
S A 1. E
A tlrst-class safe lire and burglar proof com.
Mnod ono of "Herring's Patent champion," In
perfect working order. Will be sold for less
than Its real value. Apply ut tho Haxter Na
lyisdtt O. R. HOTTl'M.
S A L E
The subscriber has a Candy apparatus com
prising a complete outrtt for manufacturing
candy, which he will sell for less than one-hall
tho original cost. Atso, one heavy Truck Wa-
?on, very cheap j and one pair of Double Work
OEO. W. CHAPLIN, Jk.,
Rutland, May SO.
v -nercuaiiis' now,
O It S A L E .
Myhouso on tho corner ot Main and Washing
ton street, with or without the two houses ad
joining. Also a desirable garden lot on the south end
MAIN ST R E E T ,
containing nboul illtyeholee fruit treets.
MRS. E. W. HtrNTOON
Enquire of c. K, Iluntoon, nt
LAN DON H IIPNTOON'H.
AVELLING HOUSE AND
FO It SA T.K.
The subscriber olTers Ids House and Lot, situ
atod on Prospect, street, for sale. The house
was erected w II bin a few years, and has eight
rooms. Water in tho first and second stories,
and a garden under irood stato ot cultivation,
.....icnj vc lin until rtlmati 1
O. E, YOUNO,
jOoolis, jMatloncrjj, rtr.
OO ICS. ST ATI ONE in a(
SPAULDlXO A CO
llnwo Inirrslork of Hooks rniisisi n 1
(K diniont.sles and slvl, .,
Pocket lulilcs mid TestainentB, large and su I
I'lnjer Hooks, II V inn Hooks, lS'inllnn n
Hooks, and all the Kniilar hook
er the day received ns soon
.irVKNtt.E HOOKS AND TOY WiOKh,
(lames, Haekgamiiion Hoards, Chess niidt lie. k,
INITIAL STAI IOSI.1IV,
FRENCH ENOI.ISH ond
I .Of the latest styles, plain anil tinted.
I 1NITIVI. STVMmil II0SK TO ORliKR.
I WIIITINO Fl.rilis.
j Inks In Hlaek, violet, HIU" and ( arinhu
. I'ons, Pen-holders, Pencils, Slates, Pocket Rook-,
ami VV ttllcts LaclKV Porte-moiuiales, Hrarl.
ets, Hall Pockets, Tovvel Racks, slipper
7... """-'sink v uses, uasie-s nook
slides and Shelves, Jewel stands
and Hoxes In Carved Wood,
Match safes, Writing
Hesks and Work
Materials for WaxFlowers,llhisi!.liad.-s, V i s
Parian Statuary, Hroiie , roups
and V ases Si ereoscopes and View s, Photo -rupi,
".Lithographs, steel Engravlni's
l'llOKHIIIAPH Flt.WH. .
In Vulvet, Holly Wood, Ac. All klndsol PI. 1 111
I raining done loonier and lu the w,? style
N E W S I) I! p o 1-.
Dally and Weekly Papers supplied.
We Invite nil wLshlmr rrood.s In our liiii. !., . .
and examine our stock before purchasing
SPAULDIXfl A' CO..
No. 1. Mkkciknts' Hoiv, IIITI.AM', V 1
rjMIE EXCELSIOR DIARY FOR lsr-l
ii 1,011 k I'Ai'm mw.i.vr,
HI Tt.AND, VERMONT.
Oeueral Wholesale ventsi..r
VERMONT AND NEW HAMPslllRI
WASIIINdTON, WARREN. ESSEX, AND
CLINTON COfNTIES, N. V
Why IheTrude give to the Excelsior Dbr' Hie
preference over nil otheis.
1st. It Is printed on tine rose tint paper.
lid. The same quality of paper Is used lhnnili
the entire line, giving Just as good paper In ,1
ch pap book us In a high priced one.
3d. It Is Ihe best llidshed lllaiy In Hi.
4th. WoglveyouiBMlltfeienl st,.s i seieet
Mh. Qullea number of Ihe best selllie. pal
terns are made by no other house.
6H1. Tlie pocket-book styles are all arr.nu e.i
to suit the business man.
tli. RetalIerswa11taDlur.vd1.il K ne.il ul
tractive nnd saleable.
sth. You will find fewer of diem umoug Hie
old stock Of dealers, as they sell belter than
any other Diary.
vth. The salo of the Excelsior has Incie.is. ,
more than coo per cent. In the last four years,
which fact shows that the retailer appreclal
10th. We give attractlveshow cuds and ihjsI
ers. and plenty of them.
lllh. They cost no more, and nu le.v,, than
other Diaries all lists and discounts helm
18th. The Excelsior Is the hesi retailing
Diary offered to tho trade.
Wo Intend to visit all dealers In Dlatles early
in the season. If thero are any, however, dial
wo do not reach, we shall be pleased to send
them, on application, a line ot samples to e
amine In comparison with other goods.
Early orders are always tilled complete, while
late orders aro apt to Hud the assortmeit
broken, and frequently tho best selling sty les
used up. It Isngoodplantoputlnorderscarly
as pay-day comes no sooner .than with lato or
ders. We can deliver goods any lime after II
Send In your orders fur the Eu-eislurcailv to
THE GLOBE PAPER CO.,
BLANK BOOKS Are a specialty wllli
us. We have everythlngln I Ills Hue. We
have one of the best (If not the besn appointed
Hlauk Hook manufactories In the state. Hvcry
thing Is new and In good shape, and vv e hav e a
man In charge of it who understands the busi
ness in all lis details. Wo havo a slock of ilnt
class ledger papers, and Invito banks, manutac
turlng companies, sc., loexamlnoour stock and
prices. OLOHE PAPER CO.
PRINTING. Anything from a Card to
a Hook, neatly and promptly executed,
Wo have as good facilities as any oilier eslab
llshment In the state. It you need anything In
this line, give us n trial. Satisfaction guarau.
teed. OLOHE PAPER CO
"PENCILS. Dixon's Round Gilt Pencils
X nro as good as Faber's Hound (lilt, some
say better. If no better, they deserve favor from
being an American Pencil at lower prices.
They nro raado by tho Joseph Dixon Crucible
Co., Jersey city, N, J., and we offer them to the
trade ut their nel prices. Try them.
OLOHE PAPER CO.
riAGS. AN e offer Dcnnlson s Merrhan.
X dtso and Shipping Tags to Stationers nnd
Printers nt Deunlson's lowest prices. Send lis
an order and satisfy 5 ourselves.
OLOHE PAPER CO.
UK STATIONERY DEPARTMENT
enmnrlsea A full llnO Of Stable COOd.s.
ttrst-class papers, folded and (tat, ruled and
plain, all vv tights and sizes. Envelopes of nil
grades and colors, drug, pay, note, letter, oni.
clal and document, all nrst-class goods and
prices low. Order a sample lot.
OLOHE PAPER CO.
milE RUTLAND DAILY AND
JL WEEKLY OLOHE, contains nil the latest
news, Including tho telegrams of tho associated
Jiress, local correspondence, slnto news, at.
,0 expense spared fn tho editorial depart menl.
Advertising rates low, especially for short nd.
vertlsements. Tho papers nro larger and con
tain more reading matter than nny other In the
state. oloiie Paper co
Merchants using primed wrapping will do
well to consult us before ordering, ns we make
as low figures ns New York or Hoston Houses,
and glvo better accommodations In assorting
lots, while a great saving ran bo mado on
freight. OLOHE PAPER CO.
rpo DllY-GOODSJIEN, GHOCEItY
X MEN, HUTCIIEH8 tc Wo offer the larg
est lino of wrapping Papers, Paper Hags, Flour
Sacks and Twines, to 00 found In tho state.
Rest quality manllla, best quality bogus man.
Ilia. Best quality straw paper, all sizes and
weights. Beat quality paper bags nnd Hour
sacks warranted mil sire and full weights. No
scrimping. We liandlo these goods In largo
qutntltlcH, and our prices aro as low as others,
selling same quallly ot goods. Send us an
OLOnE PAPER CO.