Newspaper Page Text
THE RUTLAND DAILY GLOBE, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 15, 1878.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1870.
TFMI IN ADVANCK.
Thrco months I j
six months JJ!
vbssly Three months
Six months 1
One year i"
Address OLODE PAPER CO.. Rutland, Vt.
Tho Tlchborno litigation has become a
fresh sensation by the nllcgcd nrrlvnl of the
umninc Arthur Orion In England, n fo,
who Is "the claimant." If not the Tlcli
hornet Move litigation ahead, with t!;
prospect that someone will get nn empty
iiiln. without mnnrr or estate " whh.ii
to support It.
Thr Hiii-lne-fleld llrmttlitnn I" mistaken
.r.M.w. Steele (ltd not decide "the Rutland
r ilhnad rase." He simply declared tho nl
most unanimous opinion of tlic judges.
Ucnjaniin 11. Steele was n man of inU-Rillj
and nn excellent judge, hut nothing will ho
mhled to hi fame hy nttcnipllngtoglvehlm
tlie cole credit for a decision, which h
...iitit not Iiuve monotinccd without the
Kinrl Ion of ii majority ol the whole court
It having been miuouneed in The Giouk
h.it the editor thereof would deliver nn ml
dies?, nt the centennial celebration in Will-
.InL'foid. on the "history of the chinches
mid minsters" of that town, we deem I
..roper to Hate that he was compelled
iiecllno the invitation of the cominUti
lr want of time In which to picpaie mo
:i paper, or mldics., nnd theiciu do juMlo
t p himself, the subject, the occasion, or the
imimlltct! of tho town which liunoicd l.lm
Ith the invitation. Having untitled the
ir.uinlttce to this effect, we make this
t-liitiini'iit from lite f.ict that the iiunotinrc
ini'iil annealed In our column utter our
d.'tcriniualion, and the coniinunlealion
oiirinibililv to convilv with the commit
l-c loquesl. It so appeared, because w
lid not feel at liberty to alter an ottleifll
iirosr.iininc nut in for publication.
I'ne lalr.-t in reference to the clilcf-jiH-ittclilp
It crntnincd in n dispatch, icceived
c.-l' rd.ty morning too late for lnscttlon.
c li.uc no doubt that It can Ikj relied on,
i it is what might bo naturally expected
tyiu (leneral Grant. It Is to tho effect
tiat the I'resldent, having been linked n
iliic-tloii, .Monday, In relation to the chief
,,ii ticc-'hlp, lcplicd, that he had consulted
with un one ns to the selection j nnd ic
peatcd what be, heretofoie said, namely:
That In making a choice, he would look to
the Interests of the country nt large, and,
theiefure.endeavor to make n choice which
would be generally acceptable; and, fur
ther, on the meeting of Congress, he would
nominate to the Senate n successor to the
late Chief Justice, who would not take his
eat until after continuation. Tho men
tion of lir.st one name nnd then another, by
the newspapers was mcrespeculatioii.
It is generally understood that the Count
do Clmmbord Is the legitimate and proper
heir to the throne of Frauce, if the Ilour
bon dynasty should be ic.sto"cd, nnd that
lie would, In the event of such n restora
tion become King Henry the Fifth. In
deed, nt one time, nil the royalists nnd Im
perialists agreed to unite in pressing his
rl.ilnn. A difficulty has, however, sprung
up i one, to be sure, long known but nl
most forgotten In the belief that n Ilour
bon could never again rule France. Every
one, nt all acquainted with monarchlal gov
ernments, knows that legitimacy is a prime
necessity, but It is s.iid the Count do Cham
hord does not not nuswer the lequisilo.
Tiro Tribune contains a condensed state
ment of the case which wo give herewith,
us containing the whole claim and difllcul
ty. "The legitimate Pretender is called an
illegitimate son of the Due de Berry. His
father married In England n Sirs. Brown,
with whom he lived ten years, and who
bore him two daughters, now the Marquise
de Charctto and the Princcssc de Fauclgny.
This marriage displcaced Louis XVIII.,
who annulled it, nnd married his nephew
in 1810 to the Princess Caroline of Naples,
the mother of the Comte de Chambord.
Neither tho Catholic Church nor the Lc
gitimist party ndmits the possibility of di
vorce, and the situation thus becomes nn
nwkward oue for such true believers as
those who owe allegianco to. Henry V."
What is n return to specie payments t Is
11 nn actual payment by banks and indi
viduals of gold and slhcr to their custo
mers in return for, or redemption of, their
obligitions? Is It the use by the people
of eagle?, half eagles, dollars nnd its
traction", in netunl coin, for the payment
of their debts, nnd tho actual transaction
if ordinary business ' Not nt nil. It is
Imply an agreement on the pnit of the
hunks nnd government that they will pay
i oln when demanded, nnd a conlidenco on
he pint of the community that they will
k do. There is, probably, as much coin
ed gold and silver In tho country to-dny, as
hfii' was at the outbreak of the war and
Miien buiks were supposed to pay in s pe
r' - and, probably, ns much is now used
in trade and commerce as then. The
Kinks of Vermont wore requhed to ie
iIitiii their bills in specie, in Button j and
not being, at that time, the flnnucial
center of New England, a largu number
f lb. bills accumulated there. The
II ink of ltutland redeemed tlnlr bills
mice, if not twice, a week, and wo ven
tuiuto say that they never used a dollar
it gold or silver In so doing. And why
should they f All, or nearly nil, New
i.ngland banks were sound, specie pay
ing banks, and their promises to pay
vcio equal 111 vnluo to gold save, per
haps, a trilling discount in tho case of
distant banks to cover the expenses of
transportation, and this did not apply to
liioso institutions redeeming in Boston.
The ledempllon consisted simply of an
exchange of tho bills of tho differ
ent bauks, which answered all tho pur
poses of gold, to far ns a currency or
business was concerned. In order to
prove that "specie payments is n thing of
the Invigluation nnd not of reality II, In
deed, there is any doubt about It let us
examine tho condition of tho several
hanks of Vermont on the morning of
July Ht, 18G0, sonio year or so beforo
tho so-called uspcnsIon. Wo find In tho
icportof tho bank commissioner for that
year, which is now beforo us, that there,
wcro then forty-ono banks doing business
in Vermont. Tho bills wero as good ns gold,
because they wcro redeemable In specie,
unJ tho idea that it could not bo done
would havo been scouted by tho public
as well as by the .hanks. The highest
nvcrago circulation of any one bank, for
tho year ending the evening before, was
S220,887.00-tho "Bank 'of ltutland
while the smallest was that of the State
Bank, being 333,05.00. That of the
other bonts'-rangodljctwccn these figures.
pon that morning, nnd tho same was
true of the average of the year, the
specie gold and silver held by the sev
eral banks ranged from less than three
per cent, to a trifle over sercn per cent.
of their circulation, There wcro tw.o ex
ceptions to this that particular morning,
. . .i . ' .i . .........
Mill inc average inrouguoui incycar oi an
the. banks showed, that from less than
three to a trifle over seven per cent, of
specie In proportion to their circulation
was kept on hand In the banks for the re
dcmptlon of this f amo circulation.
Supposing, for Instance, some oue, on
the morning of July 1st, 18C0, had walked
Into the Lamoille County Bank, at Hyde
Park, witli ten thousand dollars of their
bills and demanded the gold thereon, what
would lmo been tin. result? The lolls
could doubtless lime been secured, ns their
circulation w u ovcrsKly thousand dollars,
and vet they had only three thousand,
eight bundled, foilv-'cvcn dollars and scv
entye'ght cents In specie, both gold und
slhcr, with which fo icdcein the fame.
The demand niljdit hnc been legitimate or
not, but tlic result would have been to have
compelled lite bank to suspend. It was,
nevcrlliihss, u pound bank, und paid divi
dends dining tho year of nine per twit, on
its capital, und had a handiome surplus
left. Tills is not nn exceptional case, and
wchaic selected it only bcciiute Its pro
portion of specie to chculation was larger
than that of Ihrcc-quniters of the banks n)
the state. The Bank of ltutland would
lint c btfti, in the same condition, because,
with their average circulation as heretofore
giicii, their aiernge ninonnt of specie was
oulv t-cicn thousand, two hundred and
thiity-nhie dollars. and ninety icnts, orbc'
twtcn three nnd four per cent, of their clr
eolation, let nil ol tlic hanks had as
much) if IK't more, specie than they nctu-
nlly needed. The bills ol Vermont banks
were at par all over the country, nnd, at
times, would command premium In some
parts of the went. The average circulation
of nil the banks in the state, for that year,
was :S,80.,.i.M), while the average
amount of gold und sllvet they had to re
deem It with was SlG'.i.GOj.fit. The specie
was, In l call ty, Kept us a matter of form,
and was, in effect, taking so much out of
tho capital of tho bank. But for the Idea
of keeping this small proportion on hand,
so much money might hae been loaned to
their customers, and the bank und public
receive n corresponding benefit therefrom.
No one nkcd for itold, because no one
wanted gold. It was a matter of confi
dence between the bank and people, that
they would redeem their bills not neces
sarily in specie, but In something that
could be used current for money. We
doubt not the Fame Is title in reference to
"greenbacks:" The national banking law
requires that their promises to pay shall be
redeemed in "greenback"," but we doubt
whether there is a bank hi this country
that could so redeem a proportionate per
ceut. of their issue. Their bills me just
ns good, If not better, than greenbacks,
because theto is that same confidence. The
same law of confidence applies in tills case
as in the other. Confidence sustains them
as ll should. Kvciyone knows that their
bills nrc good beyond n contingency, and,
therefore, receive them without the thought
of redemption, and, piobably, the mass of
people without knowing that they are ac
A lithe ol this commence would restore
specie payment, so called, In tidily days.
Horace Greeley used to say the way to re
sume was to resume, which 1 equally good
nnd bad doctrine. The general government.
or the banks, could not resume spcclo pay
incut without some preparation therefor
hut the minute Ihe general government
under the direction of Congress, returns to
a specie basis- for It will be an actual pay
inent of gold uud tiher with tfieni the
banks will be compelled to become nomin
ally specie paying, instead of, as now,
nominally legal tender paying. Tho great
bugbear, bitheito iu tho way, bus been that
values would be so depressed us to em
barrass nil biuhii'hs, precipitate n panic,nnd
produce general commercial nnd financial
disaster. Is this true In fact ? .Specie is
now simply a foininiHlity and dealt in as
are corn, cotton, potashes, potatoes, etc,
It is now quoted at n fraction c ver eight
percent premium, being seven per cent
less than ll was a year ngo, and ten per
cent less than four months ago. Did finan
cial and commercial disaster follow in the
wake of tills appreciation of values ? The
pnnlc, it w ill bo homo In mind, was dis
connected with the rNc or fall of gold. A
fall of eislit per cent more, or thereabouts,
would place gold, greenbacks, nnd national
bank bills upon n par. Being now a com
modity, it is like all other commodities,
nnd its mercantile value affected by the
supply and demand. Natural caines may
come Into to help the depreciation of the
price because the demand therefor Is pecu
liar nnd limited to certain localities. Some
millions of dollars In gold wns shipped
from Kngland to this country, Saturday,
and the balance of trade beingm our favor,
and there being, also, a profit in tho ship
ment of gold here in payment for grain,
the probability Is that it will continue to
flow In. Its tendency will be, of course,
lolncieaso tho supply, and. thereby, lessen
tho merchantable value. If, nt the same
time, tho Secretary of tho Treasury should
coinmeneo the sale of surplusgold, it would
still further lessen the premium sand ono
newspaper goes so fur as to say- that It
would sell nt par. If so, it will not remain
there long, unless Congress which will bo
in session In lltllo over a month shall
sclro the golden opportunity and resume.
If, hy the Influx of gold, Its premium
thould go down to within two or three
cents of Its face value, the same opportun
ity would bo presented, and the thhigconld
lie accomplished without any shock. The
meie fact of gold being nt par, or nt only
one or two per cent premium would give
tho people Hint confidence which would
allow banks to t cranio without any moro
uso for spcclo than they had fourteen years
ago. It seems easy enough to accomplish ;
it must bo done some time, and can be
prior to January 1st, as well as at any
time, but we fear that Congress will not
move In the matter.
AtTUII Till: Nl'Oll.S.
Union for the ealco of the union, in form
er days', was inscribed upon tho banners of
nil political paities, and was placed, there
both for union nnd to frighten tho. timid
from indulging In tho fast training nntl
slavery sentiments. It has never, how
ever, been bo potential as tho demand of
union for tho sake of tho spoils, which is
just now animating tho democracy of New
lorkclty. The call for a union in the
state is merely for the sake of keeping up
appearances, but in tho city it means some
thing. New Tork city democrats can well
exclaim "united we stand divided we fall,"
nnd they nre endeavoring to net ns If they
Implicitly believed It. When the delegates
from Apollo Hall were virtually kicked out
of the democratic stale convention nnd
Tammany recognized ns the only trud rep-
rcscntntlvcs of tho party ns they had been
on so many occasions before they left
breathing defiance, and declaring that tlic
democrats of Now York city had been In
sulted in their persons. They declared they
would show their democracy by voting the
state' ticket to be nominated, but at home
In their local elections, they would show
that they wcro the party by the votes they
would cast for their nominees, Tnmmnny
look It quietly, only replying with similar
boasts. After they relumed home, they
scemtoliavo commenced nu culmination
of t he election returns, ns contained in tlic
TrlMinr ani 'or!il almanacs. This study
was, nUo, productive of immediate results.
Winn united, they could carry nnd always
hac carried the city for any one by over
whelming majorities. They could lttmn
Tweed to the fenale, Tom Field to tho as
sembly, linikc Cnrdozo, Barnaul and Me-
Munn judges, and elect similar i"rons to
all of the other offices, without trouble.
They could make too much money out of
these positions to foolishly throw lliein
nwny for such a silly thing as pilnciple.
Not they, let by illusion they would
throw them nwny j for tbc-c snmo returns
demonstrated the further fact that their
fifty or sixty thousand majoilty soon
dwindled to nothing, when there was no
harmony, nsnt the last election, when they
lost everything which they could make
money out of by a division in their ranks,
while they carried the city on the national
uud state ticket .by n largo majority.
Hence, after cooling down a little, and
studying the returns more, they meet, and
appoint conference committees, who nrc
expected to divide the spoils nmong the
several claimants. A union of flic city de
mocracy w ill, piobably, be accomplished
for the sake of the spoils, mid the confe
rence committer will have an oppoitunlty
to make a "fat tiling" out of It.
CONSUL PHILLIPS'S UKATII.
Ilnsi'ii to Ilialli !v I In- Mali' !-
About nine o'clock on Saturday inornlnj
Dr. Augustus K. Phillips, formcily United
Stales Consul to Santiago do Cuba, com
mitted suicide In Hoopes it Keith's Critten
den House, nt Twenty-sixth street and
Bi nail way, New York. The Doctor wns n
native of Providence, 11. I., nnd was about
forty-eight years of nge. He was five fect
three inches in height, weighed 1215 pounds,
had dark complexion, nnd wore a mous
tache nnd goatee. In 1819 he went to
Santiago do Cuba and there began the
practice of dentistry. He made many
friends and succeeded In securing a very
large business. He married a young nnd
pretty Cuban, who had received a fashion
able education In New York, nnd their
society was courted by tho best families in
Santiago de Cuba. He never renounced his
citizenship of the United States. About
the 1st of April, 180!), the then United
States Consul in that city turned over his
ofilco to Dr. Phillips, who was recognized
at Washington as the acting Consul.
While so acting he from tlniuto time made
truthful reports to the Culled States gov
ernment of the condition of affairs in lii
consulate district, and of the maltreatment
of American citizens by the Spanish nu
thorillcs nnd tlic Catalan volunteers toward
them. Those reports were published In
t lie newspapers of this country, and were
copied therefrom and printed in the
Spanish newspapers in Cuba. Their
republication there Incensed tho Span
lards ngalnst Consul Phillips nnd the Cuta
Inn volunteers, who were especially exci
led, threatened to take his life. Fearinij
that they might execute their threats he
applied to Juan de Ojlda, the Spanish Gov
ernor of Santiago de Cuba, for protection,
and was informed by that ollicial that tic
had . i.io force under Ids command ccrpt
THK CATALAN VOU'NTEKUh.
Knowing how absurd It would bo seek
protection fiom them, Consul Phillips de
terminal on flight, and the Governor, with
the BritHi consul there, told him that It
was best that he should go. The Spanish
troops were quieted for n time by a letter
which it was said Consul Phillips had
written denying the authenticity of the re
ports ascribed to ldm; but tbu excitement
broke out afresh, nnd groups of Spaniards
loitered In the neighborhood of his rest
deuce discussing what moans should be
taken to get rid of him. At length, on
the 8th of Mnrch, 1870, ho quietly started
for Cuba with bis wife, but leaving behind
all his property mid effects, except a small
part of his own and ids wife's clotliin;
For many years previous to his departure
from Cuba, in lliu pursuit of his profession
he had netted an annual income of $20,000
in gold. He was the owner of one-half of
a house nt 8 Kiiramadus street hi Santiago
de Cuba. This house was elegantly fitted
up, and with the furniture was valued at
S28,C32. All this ho was forced to aban
don. He had a farm known ns 'Jesus
.Maria" near the city, the stock, Imple
ments, &c, of which cost him 07,842.
There was owing to him on open book ac
counts $3,075, nnd he held promissory
notes to the amount of i?37,'197. Ho was
lessee of the estate "Jesus Maria," and had
oxdended In repairs and Improvements
31,671.12, and he valued tho lease at
630,000, making the place worth to hint in
Ids estimation 84,871.12.
After ids arrival in fids country he
learned that all Ids property hnd been
DESTIIOVEII Ol! CONFISCATED
by the Spanish residents, tho Catalan vol
unteers, and others. Tho plantation
called "Jesus .Maria," ho understood, had
been laid waste. Ho set his entlro actual
loss down at, 107,417, and began to look
around him to ecu whether tho United
States government would ntlempt to mako
tho Spanish government relmburso him
but lie found tho administration very slow
to act. Gen. N P Banks took Interest In
his case and tho subject was laid beforo
Congress. Tho stato department took of
fence nt tho open and direct way in which
Consul Phillips hoped to bo righted ami
his progress retarded. Ho camo to this
city with his wife, and was still proud and
lndcpendeudcnt as ho had always becu.anu
tho greater part of last year thoy boarded
In tho Crittenden Hoitso. He became ac
qualnted with Dr. N W Klngsley, tho well
known dentist of 2.1 West Twenty-seventh
street, who was ever afterward a warm
friend. Ho went nwny from the hotel for
awhile, and his wife nt the beginning of
summer took board In the Neptune House
In New Roclicllc. Dr. Klngslcy became
much Interested In his ease, and was per
suaded to go to Washington nnd see tho
Secretary of state, who wns well acquaint
ed with Dr. Klogslcy, The secretary said
that the Administration would do what
they could for the ex-Consul, nnd n memo
lial embodying the facts of Hint gentle
man's condition In Santiago de Cuba and
bis forced abandonment of Ids property
Was filed on the Ufllh of' August. Tho
commission on claims of citizens of the
United States against Spain is to meet this
month in Washington and the eno is to ho
considered, the Hon. Thomas J Durant of
Washington being the advocate for the
foi'cru unmr.M iiMi-M.
Dr. Phillips, with hi, wile, relumed to
the Crittenden house about September 10.
They bad ciy little money, and lived
economically. Previous to lids they had
had the rooms, but being unable longer to
bear heavy expenses, they took a small
room on tlie fourth floor. Ho had had nn
office in the building adjoining that of Dr.
Klngslcy, but found himself unable to
keep It. and Dr. Klngslcy Invited hint to
take Ids chair Into his house nnd there in
tend to his practice. Dr. Phillips gladly
ncceptcd bis friend's olfcr, mid n nice room
on the second floor, formerly used by Dr.
Klngslcy as his library, wns given up to
him. Dr. Fhllllps still continued to board
at the Crittenden house, but he made little
progress in Ids protes'lon, nnd began to
mope about. He took morphine nnd other
opiates to cmlit bin nerves, bill never iliiink
intoxicating liquois. He lost his nppitlte
nnd wns unable to sleep. Ills wife tried to
conifnit nnd ohtcr him, but licr effints
wctevnin, as he gradually grew worse,
and said a tew days ago to one of bis fel-
low-boanlcrs ! "If they don't hurry up
with thai case of mine nt Washington,
they'll have no Phillips." The Tact of bis
being nlmost penniless winked sn much on
his mind tiint it was feaicd he might lose
reason or kill hlni'cli. About a week ago
his wife discovered Unit he bad taken laud
anum, and told Mr. Keith one of tlie hotel
proprietors, who sharply rebuked lull.
The doctor tiled to laugh the subject off.
He was In debt to the hotel for lodgings.
bul the proprietors were willing to be leni
ent with htm, and wnit until he wns tible
to pay. Two or three days before Ids
death, while lie wns in his olllce, hi wife
visited Dr. Klngslcy and urged that gentle
man to arouse her husband. Dr. Phil
lips sat listlessly on the sofa while bis wife
and Dr. Kingsley were talking. His wife
was very much excited, and Dr. Kingsley
advised the husband to stir about, telling
him to walk to Central paik and back.
Dr. Phillips said lie couldn't do that, and
Dr. Kingsley persuaded him to try,
saying, "Try it If you full iu Uio street."
Then insisting that he should put some of his
cards In his overcoat pockets so that
should hu actually fall and be unable to
move those who should pick him up might
know where he belonged, Dr. Phillips
started, and walked to and from the Cen
tral Paik, bringing from that place n sprig
of evergreen. He said he felt better, nnd
wns much more cheerful. His wife
LOCKED CI' THE MEDICINES
which lie had been using and declined to
let him have them. On Friday lie was in
his olllce, but was very quiet. Some one
discovered him attentively reading a work
on anatomy nnd closely examining u draw
ing of a head and neck, and studying it in
nil its parts. On Saturday morning his
wife aroused hhn und said, "You must go
to the olllce early, as I have made two np
pnintinents for you there to-day." He
arose and said that he had mi money nnd
was at a loss to know how they could pro.
cure breakfast. Bis wife told him that she
had 1. 11 which sho had taken from his
pockets n day or two before, and that would
do. "Now hurry up," said she, "and
whllo yon arc dressing I will go down
stairs and bring your bicukfiil to you,''
aud he bega.i to clothe himself as the start-
oil from tlic room. When about half way
down the slain-ise she turned to go back
and get a newspaper to lend while his
brenkfast was being prepared. When she
reached the door uud lud it paitly open she
saw her husband fall toward tho bed, n
si renin of blood gushing from a wound on
the right side of his neck. Ills bauds
were covered with blood, nnd when he
held them out to break his full and touch
cd tho bed clothes lie left there n bloody
Imprint of thein. Then he fell to the floor
on his back lengthwise of the K'd. His
wife shrieked for assistance, nnd some of
the boarders and hotel altcndautsweicsooti
In the room. It Is supposed that while
looking In the mirror over tlie bureau tho
took his razor, and after surveying his
neck and becoming assured of the position
THE JfOL'LAK VEIN,
ho deliberately severed it. The mirror r.nd
the wall was spotted with blood. Tho
razor, which ho had closed, lay hi tho
bureau. When he fell he was dead. Dr.
Kingsley and other physicians arrived
shortly after the commission of the deed,
and ono of Uie physicians said that Dr.
Phillips had dono Ids work well ; that no
surgeon could have made a better incision
that it was a truly scientific one. Coro
ner gave permission to have Ihe remains
removed to nn undertaker's, and Mis.
Phillips went to tho house of some friend
to West Twenty-fifth street.
Dr. Kingsley said that he was unaware
that Dr. Phillips was so hard pressed for
money. Hu thought that Ids troubles
might bring on softening of the brain.
Ho frequently Invited hhn and his wife to
dine, bul the Invitation wns never accept
cd. Dr. Phillips felt his position keenly,
uud desired that no ono should know his
nctual condition. Ho lias two brothers in
this city. An old friend of ids said yes
terday that although ho worked faithfully
for this government whllo coiibuI in San
tiago do Cuba, and laid bare tho nttroci
tlcsof tho Spaulni da while appealing to
the administration to wake up, mid - lost
his homo nud all his early possessions In
tho cause of humanity, lio was forced to
n sjlcido's gravu by tho government which
should have shielded hhn and seen Ids
Elections, lictween the present limo
nudthoCthof November, ten states will
hold their annual elections. Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Minnesota, Iowa und Wisconsin will
hold general elections next Tuesdey, Hthj
Massachusetts on tho 4th of Novembcr,and
on tho same day New York elects a Legis
lature and stato officers, whllo Texas holds
her election on tho 8d of November.
AVnlllngforil .71 nt iiiptr I.yon.
Hditor Rutland OloUiXoat query In
regard to Matthew Lyon I havo not tlmo to
answer ns completely as I could wish, hut
I will say that there is no doubt of his hav
ing lived In this town for several years pre
vious to 1778. Our town records arc qulfc
complete, and well preserved,
By record, Matthew Lyon sold to Kllnklm
IUchmoud, the place where Ellnklm Ballou
now resides, December 25th, 1777, "to
gcthcrwlth the house and ham thereon
standing, for three hundred ami twenty-
two pounds, ten shillings.
The deed says, "I, Matthew Lyon, of
Walllngford, Stato of Vermont."
Thrco years later, vizi July 1781, "I,
Matthew Lyon, of Arlington, In the county
of Bennington," sold to Jcthro Jackson
my light or share In the gore of land ly
ing east and adjoining on Wnlllngford,
which wns granted to Abram Jackson and
associates, hy the leglslalurcof thlsstntn nt
1 1, elr session in February last."
Now It Is plain that tlio' same Matthew
Lyon that was In Arlington in 1781, had
been tlie associate of Abram Jackson,
whose advent into Wnlllngford In 1773 we
to-morrow honor by celebrating the ono
hundredth anniversary thereof.
The Jackson gore, so called, It is well
known, was a grant from this state to the
first setllcis. of Wiilllngford. By the last
inentlomd deed Matthew Lyon sold his
share lor twelve pound. The deed is
acknowledged Ix'fore "Thos. Chittenden,
So pleas'! do not doubt that the Matthew
Lyon that figured hi the council of safety,
that became pay-master to Stark's army,
and that was chosen one of the committee
that "emitted the Vermont money, Ac,
was an early settler of Walllngford.
By the way several papers of that date,
bear the dntoand.sny "No.Walliugford,"aud
it is n well known fact that Matthew Lyon
lived in the extreme north part of the
town. That there was a strife between
that section nnd the south part. The town
was shortly after divided "at the grate
gate by Bradley's," (Tho houe now owned
by Hon. 1). I'.. Nicholson.; While 1 am
writing of our records let me copy a para
graph or two from the caily records,
March 10th, 1778 s
"Voted to receive the inhabitants on the
ca'ttrfdf of Connecticut river into union
with the State of Vermont, according to
"Voted Hounds Be a markelf hiumliig
or in pursuit of deer in this Tow n." fYer-
Ll-t of freemen's names us they were en
tered in Dee. 1778 :
Benjamin Bradley J
Abram Jackson, Jr.
Seventeen in all. J. K, If.
A Knilivny IHovcitifiif.
Commodore Vnnderbilt, William H Vnu
dcrbilt, J M Toucey, and two other railroad
hings paid a visit loCo.xs.ichio Wednesday.
The object of this visit is, says tlie JIuihon
Slur, to further consider tho project con
templated by the New York Central fc
Hudson Kiver railroad company, of estab
lishing a new route for the transportation
of freight to New York, to be accom
plished by the building of a bridge nt Cox-
sackie across tlie Hudson liver, striklm
the ;Athcns & Schenectady railroad, now
under tlie control of the New Yoik Cen
tral fc Hudson Hiver Itnllroad Co., and by
coustiucting a branch road 'o intersect tlie
Ilnrlem road citlicr nt Chatham or Ghent.
Till! Flixiil ol' CniirYt-nrN llR".
Four years ngo Inst Saturday, October
0th, 1800, says tho Jlcnnington Manner,
left its insignia upon Vcimont, in charac
ters that will not be effaced for man-years.
Scores of haggard ncie.s in nlmost every
town; rocks nnd stones; ledges and waste
places have taken the place of green fields
and pleasant homesteads; firesides beicft
of loved friends; burdensome taxation,
whose oppressive, but unavoidable severity
has brought "the wolf to the door" of
many a household, all serve to remind us
of tho teniblo devastation of the flood of
October Ith, 1Sfin. Jiny wc never see its
Ass.u'i.r at WniTKii.vi.i.. On lusl week
a very peculiar assault and battery case wns
up before the court nt Whitehall. The par
ties to tho stilt wcie Louis Dalton, in the
employ of Mr. A. P. Cooke, lumber mer
chant, and Mr. McAdam, employed by Mr.
H. G. liurloigh, also lumber dealer. Tho
assault was mado in consequence of .Mc
Adam attempting to use sonio cars which
Dalton nnd Win. II. Caldwell had engaged
of Mr. Maker, the railroad station agent.
C.ddwcll remonstrated with McAdam
against loading the cars, saying they were
engaged by him, when a struggle ensued
between Dalton and McAdam, ending in
McAilam's sti Iking Dalton over the head
with n rulo making nn ugly cut reaching to
tho bono of tho skull. Dalton then closed
with McAdam and threw him. Dalton was
arrested and plead not guilty. At two
separate ttials tho juiy havo dlsagiecd and
Dalton has ir'tven ball to await the action of
tho grand jury.
Caivweii. On tho 27lh of September
dipt. Hinckley, while coming to Ferry
dock, In Charlotte, stovo n hole in tlie bow
of his boat, there being a Umber three or
four fect out of tho dock. Tlie w hid was
blowing hard from tlie northeast, lie
then nttempted to cross back to Essex, und
tie up, but when within three-fourths of a
mile of tho west shoie, filled and capsized,
drifting to Uio north all the time. He wus
reteucd by dipt. Charles Egglcston, who
camo to the relief of tho poor mariner.
After fastening lino wns towed on shoro
before Sunday night.
A FllEAIIET IN TUB Co.NSKOTICt'T HlVKIt.
Tho recent ruins in Vermont and New
Hampshire cicated something of a freshet
in tho Connecticut, the rlsu nt Haitford
being four feet between Wednesday and
Filday. Several freight wharves vvcro
submerged and tho East Hartford meadows
mid tho Hats south of Mlddlctown were
overflowed, causing somo damage to
Mr. F, N. Squire has showed us bovcral
old music books that ho has In his posses
sion, ono of which h so aged that tlic
fore part of It has been worn completely
out. This book wa3 formerly used by his
great grandfather, nnd from n eloso calcu
lation, It Is supposed that It was pub
lished about 1780 or '83. It U printed
entirely In the olden style, and before let
ter press camo Into uso i the names of the
tunes nnd tho words sot to them showing
that It was done by engraving, nnd It Is
certainly a great curiosity. He has also
copies of tho "Social Harmony," printed
In 1774, nnd "Federal Harmony," printed
in 17P0 both by Ashncl Benlinm. lie
has niso n largo collection of tunc lxoks,
dated 1800, 1802. 1813, all of which have
been In his family for four generations,
nnd which he takes great pride In keeping
Mr. Lafcyntte Lyons, who for ninny
years has uccn oneni iicnniugious mosi
active business men, died last Friday. Mr
L. had been confined to his house for sev.
eral mouths, nnd had been n great sufferer.
His loss Is greatly felt.
One of the woiknien on the now
church received quite n serious scalp-
wound Monday by a brick falling from
an elevator under which be wns stand
Tlie Olassford dramatic troue played
to crowded houses three evenings of the
past week. No troupe who has ever visit
ed ns have met with such n complete suc
cess. Miss Katie Olassford ns "Lucretla
Borgia and Fnnclio" was very fine, nnd
she wns nbly supported by n good com
pany. Coming amongst us ns perfect
strangers, they have reason to feel satis,
fled over the success they have achieved.
Business in nil our manufacturing estab
lishments does not seem to bo very much
affected by tlic panic, as they all appear to
have nil they can possibly do.
A minor was current on the street Sat
urday that Olln Scott would clo'u his
foundry nnd machine shop that evening,
but, upon inquiry, it wns found to liavo
no foundation upon which to make such
Quite a number of our citizens liuve
visited the Kddy family at CliUtcuden,at the
seances given there, and all appear to think
that everything Is straight and fair, nnd
quite n number more have expressed n de
crmination to visit them.
Hiram Bingham enteis the list of heavy
weights nsregauls potatoes. IIo has ex
hibited to us twenty-five "pceiless" pota
toes, field culture, which weigh 40 pounds
and 3 ounces, one nlono weighing 2 pounds
nnd tl ounces. How Is that for potatoes?
Wot'i.nN'r Pktitios. The Jlrunington
Manner savs : We were applied to the
other day to draw up u petition to the vil
lage clerk lo call n village meeting to in
struct the Trustees tn take some measures
to regulate the flow of water through the
stream along Main stteet, in our Village.
In view of the fact that w e had once intro
duced, at a village meeting, n resolution of
instruetii.il to that effect, which nowstnnds
upon the records of our Village, we de
clined, with the suggestion that wo would
call the attention of tho clergymen of our
village to tho propriety of joining their
supplications for the averting of the dire
ful, or fireful calamity which is sure to
come upon us sooner or later, unless in tlie
future ns in tho few years past, we aie
Providentially exempted. Our faith in re
solutions nnd instructions is very thin.
l!ev W N Camp, D D, who has been
for man- years rector of Dcthcsda Epis
copal Church nt Saratoga, on Sunday las',
read his resignation, much to tho surprise
of his congregation. He i a son-in-law of
the late ISishop Hopkins.
,ovv i:iik''1 Er'nrmor' Club.
At a meeting of the Now England Farm
ers' Club, held in I!oston,Col. Daniel Need
ham, President, in t ho chair, the following
named gentlemen were elected officers for
the ensuing year:
Picsidcnt Col Daniel Nicdlinm, Groton,
Secretary --Daniel Hound, Esi.,Nnrfolk,
Treasurer- Hammond Heed, Lexington,
Trustees 11 M llaiglit. Skowhegan, Me;
Frcd'k Atvvood, Winterpnrt, Mc; Natt
Head, Hooksett, N II; Chester Pike, Cor
nish, N II; Henry Unynton, Woodstock,
Vt; O S Kliss, Georgia, Vt; J T Everett.
Princeton, Mas; S 11 Phlnney, Barnstable,
Mass: G F Wilson, E Providence, It I; A
I) Chadsey. Wickford, 11 I; E II Hyde,
Stnflord. Vt; Iteuj Sumner, Woodstock,
Associate Executive lloaid Mninu II
M Hoardman of Augusta; New Hampshire
John II Clarke of Manchester, James O
Adams of Concord; Vermont Henry
Chirk of ltutland, T II Hosklns of St
Johnsbury, C Horace Hubbard of Spring
field; Massachusetts G Noves.H P Eaton,
L Wethcrill of lloston, II M Hurt of
Springfield; Hhode Island Joseph S Put
nam of Providence; ' Connecticut T S
Gold of Cornwall.
Sam Hadger of Cambridge, N. V., diew
to the steam sawmill, recently, two very
largo white oak logs. Tho logs wcro
twelve feet four inches and thirteen
feet six inches in length. The heaviest one
weighed 0,030 pounds, and measured 07J
inches at tho small end. Tho other weighed
0,010, and nieasued forly-tlireo inches at
tlie small end.
Aciil far I lie. ;('.
11. I.. Stllson. Bennington.
11. p. Morgan, Walllngford.
Herbert Smith, Factory Point.
II. H. Hard, Arlington.
M. 11. Kelley, south W'nlllngronl.
c. c. Fierce. East Clarendon.
II. J. Carpenter, Ilrattlcboro.
iilbbs Co., llrandon.
Iiennlson Hrothers, l'lttsford.
W'. SI. Day, Mlddiehury.
Hurus Holt, Pltlsllcld.
.1. 1). Culver, llydevttle.
T. K. llorton, clarendon.
I). 1 FcalKxly, l'ltlsrord.
Aldcn & Co., Mlddlcbury.
II, K. Spencer, Sutherland Falls.
J. N. Haskell, Falrhavcii.
A. L. Kellogg, Castleton.
C.J. (Ilhnore, W'ost ltutland.
L. Johnson, weat l'avvlet.
VV.H. Iloswtt, Mlddlctown.
James nice, l'avvlet.
II F. l'annenter, Meclmnlcsvllli'.
I), llorton, Mount Holly.
W. V. Hlbbard, l'oultney.
I'. Ifolton, Danby 4 Corners.
William Fierce, Danby
11. A. Carter. Iienson.
V. it. llull,volls.
o. F. Woods, Hollows Falls.
I'.ll. Itobblus, Chester.
K. It Allen, Fast Walllngford
Sherman lirothers. Ludlow.
lirown Clark, Chittenden
J, I). Furdr. Ifancheatcr.
ti M Southard, Verircnues.
pERSONAL PROPERTY FOR SALE.
Tho undersigned effers for snlo tho follov-lng
property belonging to tho cstato of tho lalo
John L. Lddy, to wit: Two stavo Machines,
ono Slab Machine, ono Huggy Wagon, ono Lum
ber Wagon (single) nml ono superior, farrow
cow, all of which will bo disposed on reasonable
OF.O. V. CHAI'LIN, Administrator
ltutland. Oct. 13, 1878. ' Wwivv
U It A P ITS
B. W. MAJIMIULL'8.
rtUUincry ami niwu tm&$.
TEMPLE OF F A H II I O N
At the recent State Fair for the most
stylish and handsomest assortment
of Millinery, Fancy and La
dles' Furnishing Goods.
BAnOAINS I BARGAINS !
tn openlnif ot thi Sanson. KuU Hue ot Mlllluf rr
PATTHRN HATH, FLOWKUS, PLUMES!, Ttl'S
TMMllEt) AND TJNTMMMF.I) HATS,
millions, Notts, Ijiccs, Frnines, i:e., atnrts
chtpjier than ever.
NOVKLTtF.S IX AIIUNDA-NCK.
T I K S I T I K S t
Louse Hllk Windsor Tics lnnll shmti-s ot ssrciits
fringed nt 60c., l'olka dot Tie nt if., nml a Pill
nnd complcto lino ot all Ihe latest stl"snDd
shades nt wttom prices.
V N d i: It
i will sell so
O A it M K N T S
Wo will sell sou a seven lucked skirl at II,
i lucked skirt
rinhroldereil Chemise nt
tl, tucked mid cm-
hroldered drawers at t!, loni night rohts, iku-
tirullv mnile. l.oo
; L'lilliireirs smiHoi on
worth double the money,
COIISKTr) AND IIU.STI.F.sJ,
lie Its, tnfnnLs' wear, Hosiers Collars, itnlll
ln? nml collarets.
At Tor., Al"indr(!'.s Kids nt tl s
All so li's nnd prices, from s:c. upwards.
We still continue, to sell thr l.mif, heavy.
Ilrst class hnlr switches nt f3.;snnd ft,; Unen
braids one ynrd lontr. at 10?.
Iu abundance. The latest nnd handScim-st
noveltti-s In Hits line nt prices lower than ever.
in.ide of handsome and liest prints, cut I'olon
nlse, at fl.TE, nnd lots of useful, stylish nnd
.1 SMf W.V TKMI'l.K Of l'ASHIOS
V l: N T i: It H T 1! K K T .
A 1! HOWS & MITCHELL,
(Successors lo French Hakiiow.
PKOSPECTUS FOH 1873.;
As we have worn no disguises in the pas,; e
.oinc vvltli no promise of n new scusatlon. VVc
shall offer you no cunningly devised fables to
tickle your fancy, nor take a fresh departure In
unbeaten paths to relieve tho monotony of
truth-telling. FornearlyFlftecn Yenrsvvehave
hold to the samo principles, and we find them
nil unworn hy the lapse or time."
MILLINERY AND FANCY.fiOODI
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
All orders entrusted to our.ciu-u villi bo
PROMPTLY A SO CARKFULLY FU.LKD.
IJAHROWS & MITCHELL,
NO. SI MKItCHANTS' ROW.
WORD TO THE WISE, ETC.
.Mil. Epiiok. A stranger came to Rutland n
few days slacn with a laro memorandum of
floods wanted In the House Furnishing line.
He called at our store, mado a few purchases,
nnd then visited several other stores. Shortly
after hn called again nnd said "vvherev er 1 havo
been to Inquire for Ooods tho answer was they
nro kept by
WEEKS &. HARI1ER,
so I havii returned to buyvvhnt I want. Wc
would atlvlso all who are looking for
IIOUSK FURNISHING HOODS,
and would save time nnd shoe leather, to finish
their memorandum beforo leaving the store of
octlldtf WEEKS HARDER.
HEEP FOR SALE.
A Uock or MO miro SnanLsh Sheen, of the. "ivon
Pedro" unrt "Improved Faular" breeds, belong
ing to the cstatu of tho tato Joseph Sheldon ot
ruiriinven. Aisowuinii tamos, learuncs. in
linu condition for shipping: loo iinn breeding
ewes and 8 stock bucks. Will bo sold altogether
or in ioih 10 suu cu-iuinura. ror luriner panic
ulars, call upon, or address
S. W. 1IA1LF.Y, ABii-B.
fccpiodtf Fnlrhaven, Vermont,
A L E
A ttrst-clnss safe llro nnd burirlar nroof com
bined ouo of "Herring's Fatent Chammon." In
perfect working order. Will 1 bold for less
man us real value. Apply at tnc Hauler Na
lylSdtl O. It. HOTTUM.
S A L E I
Tho subscriber has a Candy apparatus com
prising a complete outrtt fur manufacturing
candy, w Well hu w 111 sell for less than one-half
the original cost. Also, ono heavy Truck Wa
gon, very cheap; and one pair of Doublo Work
(ii:o. W. CHAPLIN, Jr.,
9 Morcliants' How.
ltutland, May 86. roysedtf.
JEWELLING HOUSE AND LOT
F O 11 S A L K .
Tho subscriber otters his Houso und Lot, bltu
oted on Frospect street, for sale. The houso
was erected vv ithln a few j cars, und has eight
rooms. Water In tho nrsl and second stories,
and a garden under good stato of cuttlvatlob.
Tho premises win bo sold cheap.
sopWdfm C, K. YOU.NO.
S A h V. .
My house on tho corner ot Matu nnd Washing,
ton street with or without the two houses ad
joining. Also deslrahlo garden lot on the south end
M A I N 8 T Ii K r. T ,
containing nlioiit titty choice fruit trccts.
MILS. H. W. HUNTOON'
Kiiqulro of O. F. lluntoon, nt
. ..... LAN DON IIUNTOONU
Wo have now in stock an assort
ot Dcnnlson's Fatent Direction
Labels and Merchandise Tags, which wo will
sell nt manufacturer's prices.
Wo havo also a good Btock of " ThlUlp's Se
curity Hook-Tags," a very convenient and ser
viceable article for merchants. Among its ad
vantages are: ooods can bo more readily mark
ed than by any other means; tho tag Is so se
curely locked that It cannot become detached
from the goodj; no chance of tho tag becoming
detached from tho hook; no potnts projecting
to tear other goods or your nngers. They ere
safe, strong and cheap, call and examine
them. OLODE FAPKR CO.
K M O V A J,
Uniiti fislobUsiicd tilmsolf perinamuti m
ItuUanJ. nnd for tho bettor convpfilnce f m
patients, hi hoi ri'tAovod M onloo fnintii"
flardwell Houw to tho
BAXTKIt NATIONAL HANK DLOCC.
whor h? may bo consulted dally (oitcopl r
days) tree ot charifo.
oiilce hours a. m. to 4 p. m. , and c t'j p. m ,
Tothosowho tnay bo uiincn.uolntcJ Willi tlw
particulars of toy practice, a brief eviJannllon
regarding It mlirht not bo unwelcome. Durlnir
tho whole ot my professional careor, my tlmo
nnd attention has boon exclusively devoted to
the study and Investigation of the diseases of
KYK, EAIt, NASAL CAVITV, TIII'.OAT, LLNO-i
nnd CURST, nnd derangements of tho NKlt
VOU9 SYhTKM. My spoclalty embraces thi
eradication of Coniw l(on, Cnlnrrh, Tlront lh
,, affections ot the Vocal Organ, Atthma,
nnd nil Isrrtnairn!, flronclfal nnd I'ulr.i(narp
CnmMpU ; the removal of t-tfntn, IHeehnron
fn,m tho Air, and the treatment of nil dKeas"
leading to Urnrat MiWty,or tho lO'sorltnralr
incntot .Virroun anl I'hytiml 'cii-c
To tiik I'cbiic, I hnro to say thnl 1 annul
consider It necessary nl tliU tlmo to present tj
your notice rurther testimonials of the success
of the new method of treatment I ndvocate.
Having, during tho past six months given you
statements and reports from tho must relUbtn
people la this vtllago nnd vicinity, should ter
Ulnly giro those who nrc stlU Rutlcrtng con
llilenco enough to employ ono who Is i nnlver
Sir" Consultation free nnd lerms wltiiin th.
reach of nil.
S. W. SMYTH, 51. 1)
Sruflji ami UcUcics
Hist Invented sleep.
Ilul now cn onione sli
vltli THAT AWFUL C O I. OH!
KENDALL'S PECTOUAL HALS AM,
111 K I1HF.A1
THHOAT AND LUNO HKMKDY,
Ct!ItK THAT COI.li,
stop that roroii
in-run-uny illvnw of the Throat mid l.unu-
IV Sold bj all dealers
W cents for large bottles.
til meilh Hie. Ill '
FRANCIS FEXX A: i.
CKMrn MiiKnr, IIUTLANI), VKIIMO.NT
S O M E T II I N O
All Ihose ivho vrtih can now hurt
DELIVERED AT THF.ltl HOMXS
SODA AND SARATOGA WATERS,
CELr.UItATED SIPHON POTTLE'?,
As;sparkllng and as pure as drawn from the
foi:.vtain:at my counter.
Call and examine nt
41 MERCHANTS' ROW
ALBERT W. HfOGINS,
STORE! NEW GOODS!
Mils. 11. I). STEVENS,
(Successor toMIss It. Mower.)
Invite your attention to
COMI'LKTF. STOCK OF fiOODS.
which she Is selling at tlie very lowest price,
LACKS, LACK VKlW, LACK flAUIlS,
WORSTED WORSTED PATTERNS
HAMllimil NEEDLE WORK,
REAL HAIR SWITCHES A CFrTs.
A lull lino of
CIltLDRKN AND INFANT'S CLOTHIXU,
JfMoiu, Feather; Floieer) and llaU,
And many other things usually kept Inn Flint
FANCY OOODS STORE.
rieqM call and otamlne botoro purchasing