Newspaper Page Text
mt guttnmt gaily 5lok.
rill DAY, NOVEMUEK 31, 1873.
TEK11S IM ADVANCE
DitLY-Per month s
Tlireo months Hi)
Six months 4 (10
Ouo year 8 oo
eckly Three months "3
Six months H s
ono year iv
Addicss 01.01112 FAl'Elt CO.. ltutland, Vt.
what aiii: voi; ;oi.(i to in
AIIIl)T it )
On n summer morning in 1871, nn nrllclo
appeared In tho New York Times, clunking
the most stupendous frauds In tlic manage
ment pcrlmps "mlsinanngcmcnt" were the
licttcr word of tlio affairs of thn city nml
county of New York, four men wcro ills,
tmctly charged as tlic rlng-lcadcrs ami
principals In these framls Tweed, Con
nolly, Hall and Sweeney. Tlio article was
lead and fieely connncnteU upon. It was
lielicvcd by some; by otlicrslt was received
llh Incredulity and doubt ; licic It was
treated contemptuously, and there passed
by as merely sensational. Tlic first charge
was followed up, quick and fast, by other
and holler shot, suppoited by document
my proof, until thu caicful attention of the
public was drawn theieto, and incredulity
anil doubt began to gio way before con
viction. Then the accused attempted to
venture a defense, promised a publication
i f their accounts and vouchers, whcicby It
should appear, beyond cayll, that they had
administered tlic affairs of the public justly,
a id had come out with clean hands. The
publication was not mule It was never
made, because It could not be made. Still
these ami other charges, sustained by the
evidence, wciu continually pouicd In, until
i lie people wcie aroused and, even, the
i inn" was startled out of Its serenity. Sc
ene they fell, however; and why should
not tint have been their feeling ? Defiant
they were loo, and well might -Mayor Hall
a-!i "who it to hid?" and the others taunt
ingly liiiiiire "what me you going to do
about It ?" The board of aldermen weie
allies of the "ring," for a long lime, ns Mr.
Tiidcn said, "llieio was no grand jury
which hail not been packed ; " the local
authorities, alone possessing tlic power of
r.iiuniencing civil suits, were of the four
or in complicity with them; the olllccrs,
whose duty it would be to pioscctile, were
their appointees ; tlio judges were their
tools and jurors were selected as tljey dic
tated. Two years and four mouths only have
elapsed, and what a change! Thu ring
sivept fiom power, and honest men nile in
their ste.ul. The corrupt judges have been
impeached and leinoveil, and judges of
learning and Integrity hold the scales of
justice equally pulsed. Tlio idle, the vi
cious and the Ignorant no longer serve in
the jury box, but men of Intelligence, bus!-,
ncss men anil men of character pass upon
question!, of fact. The prosecuting officer
looks to tlic law and evidence of their du
ty, and not to the question of the length of
the criminal's purse or how many votes he
can control. The consummation of the
good work was almost i cached, Wcdnes.
day, by the conviction of the arch con
spirator, William M. Tweed, on an indict
ment, charging some two hundred differ
ent acts of misfeasance or mallcasance in
oftlcc. The sentence has not yet been
passed, for even so great a criminal, as wo
all know Tweed to be, is entitled to tho
same rights as is every other citizen. The
case has been patiently, carefully tried,
with a seeming honest endeavor on Hi j pait
of .Incite Davis, who presided at tho trial,
mill Mr. I'hclps and Tremain, who con
ducted the prosecution, that there should
be no mistakes made, so as to render a new
trial necessary. The right of exception
and, peiliaps, of appeal lemaln lo Tweed,
but wo trust they will avail him nothing.
Having discovered "who is to sue," tlio
other question of "what are you going to
"do about it," must trouble these men, to
day. If no error lias been committed, and
Mr. Ticmain's view of tho law Is correct,
the punishment to bo awarded Tweed will
be from fifty to two hundred years Impris
onment and a line of somewhere between
twelve and fifty thousand dollars. We
doubt not the lesser number of years of
imprisonment will be satisfactory, as, in
any event, Tweed will go to Ids last earth
ly home. Was oyer such a downfall wit
nessed In so short a space of time ? The
whole country is to bo congratulated upon
the icsult, as it shows that justice cannot
always lie purchased and that thelibeitics
of the people arc safe Willi the people.
JOICN 1'. 1IAI.K.
Somo twenty-seven years n;ro,sit about this
season of the year, a large, burly man,
kindly faced withal, in passing through
Holland tor sonic point to the south, nr.
l iving here lulu on a Saturday afternoon,
was compelled by tlic exigencies of travel,
to lemaln over thu Sabbath. His presence
was soon noised about, and an impromptu,
but I tige, gatheiing of citizens assembled
in tlic old county couit house lo listen to
Ins rcmaii.s. Although differing widely
from him on most political questions, ho
w as pi csciiled to tho audience hy our tow ns
iii in Solomon Knot, who warmly com.
mended him for his moral courage, Ids in
t. grity topiineipleand his "gift of speech."
l or over an Imur was hu listened to with
wiapt attention, although in fuo llbeily.
I. A lng, sla.ery-hating Vermont, Ills words,
even at that latu day, fell somewhat harsh
l.v on the cars ot tlio majority of his audit
ors. Little did they reck that in half u de
culo of ye us, Ihcy would bo almost a unit
in their adhesion to his views, and in fol
lowing out his advice to "agitate, agitate,
" keeo agitating, until slaveiy Is agitated
" out of thu United Stales." Ho lived to
see "slavery agitated out of the United
Slates," and died at Dover, New Ilainp
sliiie, Wednesday evening. It is hardly
necessaiy to inform our readers tlir.t tlio
speaker of that evening was John P. Halo,
then rcturnli.g to tlio Senate of tho United
States as tho llrst distinctive anti-slavery
member of that body. A year before, had
tho politicians nn 1 statesmen of tho conn
try, those most skilled In forecasting tlio
political futuie, or, even, the leaders of
the, then, nutl-slavery movement, been
asked where to seek tho rising of tlio nnti
slavery sun, they would have selected Now
Hampshire as tlio last statu from which
tliey might expect such a miracle. For a
miracle It was, that the old dyciMn-tlie-wool.hiinkcr-pro.slavery.dcmocratlc
Hampshlro should send a frco soilcr to the
Hcnato of tho United States. Well might
antl-slavcry men have exclaimed, "can any
good come out of New Hampshire "r" Soli,
tary and alone, ho stood for two sessions of
Congress, but tho examplo was contagious,
and other states rapidly wheeled iuto line,
until now we behold tho grand result. The
death of such a man, ono o thu foremost
of tlic pioneers In such a cause, demands
more than mcro incntuju, and wo shall,
therefore, pass the main events of his life
In rapid review, without any attempt nt a
paitlcular analysis of hU character,
Horn la lloclicstcr, Now Hampshire,
March 31st, 1800, ho pursued the prepara
tory studios for college nt the celebrated
Kxtcr Academy, and, entering; Bowdoln
college, he graduated llieio In 1827. He
Immediately entered upon the study of law
and was admitted to practice In 1830. Al
lying himself with tho democratic patty,
then nml for years afterwards In fact,
until ho himself, broke tlic link the party
In power in tho state, lie took an Immedi
ate Intel est in politics, mid so prominent
did he become therein, mid such was Ids
standing at tlio bar, that In two years
thereafter In 1832 lie was elected a mem
ber of tho legislature. Only two yeais
more elapse before ho was appointed by
General Jackson, then President of tlic
United States, district attorney of tho
United Stales for New Hampshire; this
olllce, having been reappointed by Presi
dent Van Huron, he continued to hold until
1812. The mere dates obviate the neces
sity of any attempt to consider his legal
acquirements, Ids ability as u lawyer, or
his profound knowledge of llic law. The
office of attorney of the United States, for
an entire slate, Is not lightly given, es
pecially In a state which borders upon the
ocean, having within Its limits an impoit
ant seaport nor Is it apt lo be sought by
ouo who Is not possessed of proper
professional qualifications. It is true that
it is too often -perhaps, nearly always
heretofore coufeiicd as a reward for po.
litlcal sonlccs, liutiicvcr, so far ns wc can
now iccail, lias It been bestowed upon an
Ignorant, Incompetent lawyer. When wo
say "conferied as a reward for political
"services," wc mean that the appointee is
selected, among other reasons, on account
of his being Pi political accord with tlic ap
pointing power; not, necessarily, that he
has performed extraordinary labor for the
party In power. Whether John P. Hale
sought the olllce or not, we are unlii
foiined, hut tlic remarkable fact leniains
that in New Hampshire lcnowned, above
all tilings, for the ability and learning of
her bar, the great majority of whom, ns
well as of llio people, were democrats
John P. Halo should have been appointed
United States district attorney, by General
Jackson, within four years after his admis
sion to the bar. We challenge the produc
tion of n similar instance In tlio history of
the country, unless, perchance, it may
havo been made in sonic now state, on the
borders of civilization, from very neces
sity and for want of proper men. Kven
here, wo doubt if it can be paralelled. That
it was satisfactory to the bar and the domi
nant party of tho state, and that lie prop
el ly performed the duties of ids position,
is evidenced by bis le-appointmeut and
long continuance In olllce. Willi these
facts and dates befoie us, his standing and
leputatinn in Ids chosen profession are
more prominently brought out, than could
be done by the most critical discussion or
We have occupied more space, in calling
attention to this lemarkablo fact lu his Ids
tory than wc intended, but it illustrates,
more than mere words, llio manner of man
he was. A change of the political coin
plcxlnn of llio national admlnlstiation throw
him out of llio district attorneyship, but
tlio next year, 1813, hu entered Congress,
where ho served a single term of two years.
It was dming these two year that he laid
the foundation of, if lie did not actually
gain, a national reputation. My instinct
upon most qiicstionsi-by education, by tho
accident of hiitli and lcsidunce for these
have much to do with men's politics, re
ligion, creeds and beliefs by political as
sociation, fellowship nnd affiliation, he was
an ultra hunker democrat. As such lie was
elected to Congress; as such ho cntctcd
Congress, and, we doubt not, that he, then,
always expected to live and die as such.
Man proposes, however, but God disposes.
Near the close of his tcim lu Congress, llio
Texas question was sprung upon the conn
try, and lis support was made a cardinal
doctrine of demucracy, and tho advocacy
thereof, or opposition theieto, determined
an individual's standing in the pal ty. John
P. Hale roso superior to party and above
personal considerations, and denounced the
measure on purely antl-slavcry grounds.
As men looked at tho icsult, he had sound
ed his own political deatli-knell. Popular
with his party, Vie Using man of his party
in New England, ho had sealed his own
doom, because lie dared placo priuciplo
above pjity. lie had, if wo remember eor
icetly, been nominated for ic-elcction, hut
another man was nominated and elected in
liis stead ; he had, as he said in liutlaml,
"agitated himself out of Congress." Hut It
proved tho commencement of an "agita
tion" which only ended with tlio abolition
of slavery and the making of white and
black, tlio fuo born and those who had
been held to servitude, fieo and equal be
foiu the law, and each and all entitled to
call themselves "citizens of tlio United
States," and, as such, entitled to tlio right
of suffrage. It was on the consummation
of thu Hi st step of tlio reactionary "agita-tlon"-whicli
had arisen fiom that which had
:' agitated him out of Congress, and then
"agitated him into the United States Sen
" ate," that hu visited ltutland, as wo slated
lu thu outset.
1 1 en cc for waul his course is liistoilc.
Pur two years, nearly tingle-handed and
alone, hu fought the battles of freedom
against the combined foices of tlio south
and their northern allies. It is true that
there weio men, good men and true, who
stood by him, lu tlio Senate, lu tlieso con
tesls, but they were no', sent there on that
issue. Two years thereafter, hu was re.
lufjrced by Seward and Chase, and after
wards by Foot and Sumner and Collainer,
then still by others, mid tho work went
bravely on until its final consummation.
Henry S. Poole, of .Mississippi, who had
often occasion to meet him In debate, says,
in ids "Scylla nml Charyhdls," that ho was
n person of very uncommon qualities as a
speaker; that "his reniaikablu leadlncss
" and facility of speech, his kind and gen
" ial temper, and his agreeable colloquial
"powcis, will ever bo pleasantly iccollect.
"cd by thosu who served with him in tho
"national Senate." This testimony, com
ing from sucli u source, is entitled to great
weight! and taken lu connection with Mr.
Halo's feailcssnoss mid courage, and his
conceded ubilltlcs, accounts for tha great
good ho was enabled to accomplish for
freedom In n pro-slavery Congress. In
1852, ho was thu candidatu of thu "frco
soil party" for Picsidcnt ; consenting to
receive their suffrages, not from any hope
of success, hut to enable the people, so fur
ns they saw lit, to protest, in that way,
against tho growing encroachment of tho
slavo power. In 1830, howovcr, when
THE RUTLAND DAILY GLOBE. FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 21. 1873.
success seemed more probable, he prompt
ly took himself out of the way. so that
there might bo a cordial, hearty union of
all the opponents ot slavery. At the ex
piration of his llrst term In the Senate, lie
failed of a ie-clcclloti, but two years
after, In 1853, he was again chosen, nnd
icmalued tlieielinmtll 1803, when lie was
appointed Minister lo Spain, Wc, have
not recounted n lithe of the services lie lias
rendered his country, nor recorded all the
positions of trust nnd lcspoiislbility he has
filled, and did not Intcud to. Wo have
ineicly and, pcihaps, nt too gicat length
called attention to the more salient
points of his career, because we could not
suffer such a man to go hencu without
notice, and because his course ought to be
cousidcied by Americans. There is one
gicat, Inipoitanl, prominent fact brought
out Into thu clearest of light by his ciueer,
and one which ought to he trcasuicd up by
evety Aniciicaii youth yea, by every
Amciican politician, statesman and citi
zen. Mc true to duty. Never saerillce
pilnclplo to polity, or beoauso a seeming
personal advantage may bo gained thereby.
Had John P. Halo listened lo thn syren
song of personal, political aggrandizement,
Ids political sun would, in the course of a
year or two, hae sunk never to rise again.
He apparently sacilllccd nil of bis political
aspirations on the altar of conscience, duty
and principle. His voluntary saerillce of
self was not made lu vain, and Ids full,
complete, rounded politic il life Is bcfoio
us as an cnsample.
siiakkev, the condoned mum
di:mi:m, at lakuk.
lie Escapes lu (he Disguise of a
a.n i:xTit,iicii.viitv ,r t',nt.
William J. Shaikey, sentenced to death
for llio murder of Hubert Dunn, in Now
Yoik, and confined in llio Tombs on a stay,
awaiting motion for n new trial, Weilncs
day disappeaied. He had been receiving
visits lately from .Minnie Jouidan, to whom
It is supposed hu was betrothed. For tlic
last lifleen days nKo a woman diesfed in
black has been paying lilm continual visits.
Mrs. "Wes' Allen, whose husband is at
picsent in (lie Slate Prison, lias been very
devoted to Shaikey, and had aNo n visiting
acquaintance vvilli oilier Inmates of the
Tombs At no time have the suspicious of
tho keepers been aroused as to just what all
these visits might mean, and even now they
aio In the dark as lo the preliminary ar
rangements of the escape. Since Starkcy's
sentence hu lias been lodged in cell -10 of
the second tier, nnd for four months past
has been locked in, never being allowed to
walk out t he tier. His cell door is, accord
ing to tlic rules, continually watched, and
as the cell is near the keeper's post at the cor
nor, Is almost under tho nose of that olll
clal night and day. Every visitor lo a
prisoner at thu Tombs lias a card of admis
sion from tlic Commissioners of Chatilies
and Collection, which is exchanged at the
outer gate for a pass. That secures iclcosc
at the inner gate, when tho vjsit is over.
Keeper Dwyer can led Shaikey Ids break
fast in the morning, noticed nothing un
usual in the cell, and lelt the door locked
ns usual. Justbcfmu noon Miss Jourdan
visited Shaikey, convci sing willi liini, ac
cording to rule, through tlio grated door.
Keeper Law icnce Phillips, on the second
tier, was on duly at the t line and through
all that happened just nfter. Mis. Wes
Allen, dicssed in light clothes and brochc
shawl, came In and also visited Sharkey's
cell, standing with Miss Jouidan at the
door and lcinainlng some time in conversa
tion. Moth letiicd, Miss .Jourdan leaving
tho prison, and Mrs. Allen going up to the
third tier to fcc one Tinsmnn, there con
fined, l'liillips then lost sight of her.
She next appeared at the gate seeking
egress. Her card was, of course, demand
ed, and, nfler some delay, she failed to pro
duce it, pietending to have lost It. This nt
once aroused suspicion, and tho alarm was
sent back to tlio inner prison. Tlio keep
ers examined each cell, and found No. 40
empty, though tho door was closed. It
was not locked, however, and tlieic arose
an excitement that had by no means quiet
cdvthen the gates were closed nt 'night
Stiict scinch of thu entiiu prison revealed
no Sharkey, and an examination of the
tickets of exit taken at the gale showed
that Mrs. Wes Allen's was among them,
That let upon the matter all tho light got
during the day. When Sharkey made his
toilet, or when or how ho left his cell, docs
not appear. Possibly he was dressing
when thu two women blocked the door
of his cell, apparently in conversation
with him. What Is known is that In the
disguise of a woman's deep mourning,
veil and all, ho did get out, surrender
ing .Mrs. Allen's ticket to Keener Falkncr
at the outer gale. That Mis. Allen woie
a light suit adds to the mystification.
Warden Johnston's investigation Into the
circumstances is not completed. Ouo of
tlio keepers, It seems, said to another ns
Sharkey in disguise passed him, "That
looks like a man lu woman's clothes.'' He
was nrdcieil to take a look nt hlni and see
If it was so. Theicupon hu followed
Sharkey either out of tlio prison into the
enclosiuo or out of tlic gate upon thosteps,
hut ns ho "didn't see how ho could tell
whether it was a woman or not," concluded
that it was all light, and failed to push his
investigations. One of the keepers, it Is
icported, said to tlio veiled fugitive,
'Please raise your veil, nudum," accord
ing tuiulu. Shaikey raised his veil, and
ills examiner saw what hu thought was a
woman's face. It was unlv Slnirkcv's.
clean-shaven, hut it pissed, q'his was
soon nfler one o'clock. Win den Johnson
nml Pinhiy were behind tlio desk oppo.
situ tho gale nt that hour busily
engaged, and heard nothing of tho matter
until half an hour alter when Mrs. Allen's
case wasrepoitcd. nnd tho empty cell was
discovered. The icport is that after leav
ing tho prison Sharkey walked to Centre
sheet, where he took an upward bound
Mleeckerstrect car. Tho origin of tills ic
port Is probably tlio assumption that ho
would hurry at onco to n biding In tlio
Eighth ward, Tlio Tombs has not been
for years in such a ferment. What tho nu
thoiitles would hu glad to know, says the
New York WorM, is, first, where did
Sharkey get ills disguise ; socoud, when did
ho get it? Third, who opened llio door of
his cell ? As nothing peculiar was noticed
about the make-up ot Airs. Allen nnd Miss
Jourdan Wednesday, It Is inferred that llio
dress had been can led In plcco meal and sc.
cretcd, but just where sccictcd does not np
pear. Mrs. Allen Is of course dctalncd.but
tliciewasno nppaicnt clue to the third
Tho Java, Italia, Minnesota, and tlio
Mienien btcumer New Yoik, sailed after
tho hour of tho escape, nnd it Is suggested
that Sharkey may havo taken passage on
ono of them.
It is believed that Sharkey has not left
tho city, nnd that ids chances of escape arc
very slim. Ho Is In ns bad odor with the
disreputable characters with whom ho used
to nssoclato ns with the police and tho
clique with whom llobcrt Dunn was a wel
come favorite, ns after ids arrest circuni.
stances wero disclosed which proved lilm
to havo betrayed thu confidence of those
who trusted impliclty in him.
Tun Sprito-iin tfiilliirc.
STA'IKMKNT OP llin CONDITION or 1I0VT.
sriiAiai: and co.
Vt a mectlug of the creditors of Hoyt,
Spraguo it Co., nt their olllce, In New
oik, "cdnrsdav afternoon, nbout ono
hundred pel sons weie present. The meet
lug was called to older by W. A. Duller,
counsel for the firm. On motion of A. M.
Smith of Providence, P. C. Calhoun, pres
ident of the Fourth National Mank of Now
Yoik, was called to tlio chair, Ocn. Hora
tio Mogers of Providence was appointed
secretary. Tho latter then read the follow.
Ing statement of thu condition of the
Liabilities Notes iiavablu mid ticccntnn.
ces, of which $5,831,31)0 are drafts of tlio
a. cc spraguo Manufacturing Co., 0,
009,030 s duo lo banks and others, borrow
ed on collaterals, $3311,310 ; due to con.
slgnors and for money on deposit, $212,
3'JO ; duo sundry small bills mid nccounts,
$20,000; total, $0.K)7,312. Assets Duo
from thu A it W. Spraguo Manufacturing
Co., $3,018,277; due from Atlantic De
laine Co. on acceptances lo mature, $2.0
028,000 ; do. In cash advances, $1,730,021,
against which all the ical and personal es
tate of tlic company Is liable and fieo from
miMAiiKs urns nu: sriuncr.
.Mr. A. Payne, of Providence, stated the
condition of tho affairs of A. & W. Sprnguu
it Co., and tho progress made lu the settle,
ment of liabilities.
W. A. Mutler said it was the desire of
Hoyt, Sprague it Co. that everything,
both partnership and personal, should be
put at the disposal of their creditors, nml
desired lo know how their w islies c Mild be
II. F. Thurston, of Providence, counsel
of tlio A. it W. Sprnguu company, said
tho delay in llio execution of tho trust in
stiumcnt arose, not fiom any net of that
concern or any member theieof, nor from
any action of tlio trustees, but was puiely
professional; for while tho trustees weie
willing to devote their time and best ener
gies to the task allotted them, thev felt that
all profession il means should bo taken to
relievo tlicin from personal liability, and the
counsel for them mid the A. it W. Sprnguu
company had ngiccd on the form of tlio
instrument, nml the same will be executed
at an eaily day.
a coMMirir.i: o,' ciNn:i:Esci:,
The secietuy read the following :
llemlettl, That a committee be appointed
to confer with Hoyt, Spraguo it (Jo., nnd
toicpoit what course, In their opinion, will
best serve the Inteiests of the creditors,
saldiepoit to bu made either at a subse
quent meeting or dlicctly lo the creditors,
as the committee might deem best.
Jlesolral, That when wo adjourn, wc ad
journ subject to u call by the chair.
It was voted that the committee consist
of three, appointed by the chair. William
G Lambert, New Yolk ; 1 loyal O T.ift,
Providence, and Parley A l!usel weie ap
pointed such committee, wilh power to fill
vacancies. Thu chaiiman was added to
Tile BQoosuc Tunnel.
I.KOISI. VT1VI! ACTION.
Ill 1S40 tho Troy an 1 Greenfield railroad
company was chartered. This company
proposed to build a railroad to ami through
tlio mountain and thence to Wlllianistown,
"there lo connect with any ro id leading to
or near the city of Troy." Tho authorized
capital stuck of tlio company with these
Kraml plans was the insignificant sum of
three and a half million of dollars, and tho
announcement was tlienni idethit thu work
would be completed within seven years from
the formation of tlic company. Thu tunnel
was not directly mentioned in the charier;
it was included in tlio plan Tlio corporators
or their engineers wofully underestimated
tho cost. The length of tho road from
Greenfield to the junction with the road
leading to Trey Is forty-fivo miles. Tho
engineers estimate 1 that this road, includ
ing a tunnel four ami a half miles long,
could be built at the rate of SSO.OOO per
mile 1 The actual cost has tripled tlio esti
mates. Outsido of tho small circle of per
sons interested in thu company the project
was regarded as diilleult, if not impossible,
of achievement ; capital avoUed it. Some
people laughed and some wondered at the
great faith of the men who were audacious
enough to hope fur the removal of thu bar
rier of roek which nature had raised. Tho
corporators soon saw the impossibility uf
building the road and tunnel without state
aid; in ISol tho general court of Massachu
setts was asked to loan tlio state's credit to
tho Troy and Greenfield railroad company.
The petition was referred to the senate
committee on railroads and canals, before
which the petitioners in large numbers, and
the reinomtratcrs in numbers, nearly as
large.wero heard. March 23, tho committee
reported favorably on tlio petition. Tlio re
port maintained that llio enterpriso w as feas
ible, and Included a statement inailo by n
civil engineer, Mr Edwards, to tho eflVct
that tho mountain could bo cut through at
thocost of $1,918,357, and that it could, by
working two forces only, be completed in
1,330 working days. It is evident that Mr
Edwards did not fully comprehend tho mag
nitude of tl.e undertaking. Dr. Hitchcock,
the geologist, said that the mountain was
easy to cut through, being almost wholly
mica slate.' Thu friends of tlio Western
railroad, who wero as a matter of course
opponents of the tunnel idea, commenced
n bitter fight. William Macon of Iterkshiro
county Insisted that tho western slopo of thu
mountain contained quart, enough to m.iku
the excavation costly beyond all estimates.
A correspondent ofa Huston paper laughed
at Mr. Udwiirils's estimate, and s.ild the
cost would bo in cxcess'of 3,000,000) even
tho opponents of statu aid believed this es
tlmato excessive. The bill granting the
loan of tho stato'd credit passed tho senate
on the 17lb of April hy a vote of 23 to 11.
but was defeated in tho hours on tlio 13lh of
May ayes 108, noes t!3G. In 1833 tho at
tempt to obtain state aid was renew ed. Tho
struggle was as bitter as it had been two
years previously. Thu petition was presen
ted in tlio house, and was referred to a
largo special committee On tlio thirteenth
of April two reports wern presented, ono
signed by tho majority in favor of helping
tho Troy nnd Greenfield folks, nnd tho oth
er, signed by the minority of tlio members
of tho committee, ndvising tho state to have
nothing to do with the tunnel. Tho reports
wero elnborato and remarkable for their
statements In regard to the money and tinio
required for making tlio tunnel) viewed in
tho light of subsequent events they seem
ridiculous. May 13th tho bill granting stato
nld was ordered engrossed In tho house by
tho vote of ono hundred and forty-three to
ninety-six) on tlio 17th it failed in the sen
ate, ayes eighteen, noes twenty. Although
defeated twice, tho friends of the tunnel
tried again at tlio next session) they wero
succesful. Their petitions wero presented
on llio second day of tho scnsslon in 1854
and referred to a joint special committee.
Immediately afterward it was charged that
tho Wcstcrnrailroad company was seeking
to procuro an adverso report by means of
bribery. Counter charges against tho di
rectors of tho Troy and Orecnfleld road
wero made. Each company was ordered to
render under oalh statements of the sums
expended In favoring and opposing tho pe
tition of tlio latter company. The Western
railroad report showed expenditures to tho
amount of $t,G00, nnd tho Troy nnd Green
field nn outgo of $3,200, tho greater part of
each sum being for counsel fees and expen
ses In circulating petitions, nnd remonstran
ces, On tho 21st of February tho commit
too reported by bill, favorably to the peti
tion. The bill passed tlio senate without a
division on tlio Utli of March; in tho house
nfter being amended it passed on tho 28th
of tlic samo month, nycs 1C0, noes 118 ; sen
ate concurred In the amendment on thoSlst
by n vote of 10 to 7. Governor Emory
Washburn signed the bill. After his signa
ture was obtained, tho Mojton 1'oit con
demned Ills notion, nssertlng that the tun
nel alone would cost over two millions of
dollars. If the people of Massachusetts had
believed for a moment that this estlmato
was correct, they would have opposed tlio
bill as one man ; and tho friends of the tun
nel would not have dared to nsk state aid.
It Is n matter of congratulation now that tho
political prophets could not then seo tlic end
of the path upon which the state bad entered.
Tin: Tciip is California. A number of
New York racing men left on Thursday to
witness tlio race of two-mllo heats which
have been arranged to take place at San
Francisco on the 20th Inst., between Joe
Daniels nnd Thad Stevens. The race
promises to bu fully ns sensational as thu
icccnt gicat four-mile heat race.
stores and Sin Wave.
UNN it CltAMTON,
Manufacturers of nil kinds of
T I N W A H 10 .
and dealers In
I'l.ANISIli:!), llltlTANNfA, JAPAN', (1I.ASS
an'd w'ooiik.v waki:s
of every description.
llltOOMK, UltUSIinM AND llASKins,
and a general assortment of
HOUSE FUHNISIIINO GOODS.
Special facilities Mr Jobbing all kinds of
TIN AND (I LASS WAlii:.
"All kinds of luiiTEit taken In exchange for
No. II Mi:i:eltANTb' HOW.
ltutland, Vt., -May l, H73.
i: M O V A L .
S. (I. staler, of tlio lato llrm ot Stuley A: Up.
pliicul', lias removed Ills business Irum No. sT
Center Mt., to No. I; Merchants' How, wliero ho
has formed a Copartnership with .Messrs Dunn
Cr.untun, under tho Ilrui name or S. (I, staley
(Ksljo. nu win lie pleased to seo all or his old
customers, ami ns many now ones as will r.ior
him with a call.
Q G . S T A h II Y it CO.,
No. la Mekciiasts' i:ow.
stoyj:s and hot aim fumnaces.
Tho Stewart anil New American Cooking
Stoves, ror both wood and coal, constantly on
hand. .Manufacturers ot mil dealers In
COITi:i:. TIN AND SllKCT IKON w.uti:.
P h U M MING
In nil Its branches. li.ithTubs, Water Closets
(las and Watei l'lplng, and Fittings of
TIN UOOF1NO AND JOIillINO
Of all kinds promptly attended to. Nono but
skillful and reliable workmen employed.
M.h WORK n:llllAXTKU
KCJlkMDKK, 2 DOORS NORTH OF TIIK OIT.Rl 1101'SB
cixuniiATiiD rAi!.Mi:its' and .mkciianics'
c o o iv s t o v i: s ,
with i:i,t:vAi i:d ovkn.s,
are now- being made at thu
p i x x s v o u d r u it n a o i: .
Also tour sizes of
'' i, u t i-i j) n o x srov ; s .
Tlieso Stoves, being made of tho l'lttsford
Charcoal Iron, will out last uny otlior Move
made, and will bu sold as low as stoles made
ot hard coal Iron. Apply to.
nagUm I'lTTSioaii, Vt.
Wholesale dealer lu
CAI.Il'OltNIA WINES AND llltANDV
lUI'OUTIill AND WI10I.ESAI.K DKAI.KR
CHINA AND JAPAN 'WAS.
Tho attention ot Town Agents, Physicians
and Druggists Is especially called to our wines,
as thoy oro unsurpassed for medical purposos,
coming from ono of tho oldest vineyards In
California. All goods guaranteed puro nnd sat
lsfactory, or to bo returned at iny expense.
o r v I o k ,
coitNi:it ntinoiiT and kvklyn, stm.,
(Lundon & Huntoon's block,)
ltutland, Vt. myltf
IJouiM (Ornamental (Boorts.
Don't you see what it weans?
THU BOSTON 1)0 CENT STOKE.
GltEATEST ATTfl ACTION IN
ins no.ui.iirui, you win an say wnen oU
seo It. Dut It needs only a word or explanation
and you will seo why it appears so. This is
uuijr u umiiuiiui iiiu josiuii nouses nnu many
others In several cities of the United states,
,,.i,v... ..u uttn vtLitijii-Mivu iui- jeurs, nnu ni
ford tlio greatest facilities ror Importing and
buying goods directly from the manufacturers,
which are offered at a very small commission
nbovotho cost. This need not bo said to those
who cxuiulnn tlio stock, us It shows for Itself.
There H but, one prlco for nil, so you need not
exactly as represented.
1 ho proprietors wish to say to tho people of
ltutland that they are tlio only putties that
ever Imported this class of goods directly nnd
olTered them ror salo m this town. It Is tlio
largest stock, the llnest goods, nnd latest styles
over shown in ltutland. Cuino nnd see, you
will never bo asked to call again ir younronot
surprised nt tho quality of tho iwuds (or the
This btoro has been established with tho In
tention of making It a permanent business, and
It Is hoped that tlio people of ltutland and vici
nity will exainino our stock beloro thoy buy
their house ornamental goods.
Itomeinbcr It Is located
op posit i: thu di:pot.
THE IIOSTON 03 CENT STOKE,
gHKKP FOK SALE.
A llnck of S.V) puro Spanish Sheep, of tho "Don
Pedro" and "Improved P.iuUr " breeds, belong
lng to tho estate or the Into Joseph Sheldon of
f ulrliiivcn. Also mi line lambs, a.i yearlings, In
lino condition ror shipping; luo lino breeding
ewes and s slock bucks. Will bo sold altogether
or In lots to suit customers. For rui ther par
ticulars, call upon, or address
. , S. W. JIAIUIY, ADM'n.,
.sepladtf Rilrhavcn. Vermont.
S A I. E
My bouse on the comer ot Main and Washing
ton streets, w lib or without the two houses ad
joining. Also a desirable garden lot on tho south end
M A I N S T It II II T ,
containing about fifty cholco fruit trees.
Mrs-11. W. IIITNTOON.
lhiipilre or C. 1". lluntoon, at
I.ANDON & HUNTOON'S.
J.JOUSP. AND LOT FOl! SALE.
Situated on tho corner or Pino and l'ourth
streets, r.ilrhaven, Vt., formerly owned bye.
1.. lluljcock. for terms, &c , apply to
KIX'IIKN T. KI.I.IS.
l'alrliaven, Vt. Oct. 22 3wdtf
hotels ami fining $001110.
J. W. CltAMTON, Proprietor.
The IIAKDWP.I.I, llOUSH Is located opposite
tho Depot, and has long been favorably known
to the traveling public. It has been recently
iiupiuieu, now anorumj; ino ocsl nnu mosi am
ple accommodation to ifiiests.
ThoTAIH.i: will bo supplied with all the lux
uries ot tlio Season, and every attention will be
imld to the comtort or its mitrons.
In the future, ns lu tho past, the Proprietor
iineiiu-, 10 inane 11 11 nrsi-ciuss iiouse aiioru
lng all tlio comrorts or a home to tho traveler.
The public patronage Is solicited.
A (1001) l.lvintV In connection with the
Attentive POltTKIts will bo found at the De.
pot on tho arrival or all trains.
1 E N T It A L IIOUSE.
AMIIHICAN AND lJUltOPHAN PLANS.
Complete with rooms
E N S U I T E A XI) SI X G L E .
being tho very center or fashion and brilliant
Ilullunil lire. In proximity to places ot amuse
ment, nnd, opposite (leorgo II. Palmer's, Hurt &
Sherman, C, A. Parkhurst and (leorgo W. 1111.
Hard's dry goods palaces.
o v s t 1: it s
for sale in largo or small quantities, and served
In every style,
J. A. SALSI1UKV, l'ltor'K.
ltutland, Nov. 5, dim
JAKE DUNMOKE HOUSE,
E. P. 1I1TCHCOCIC, Propiictor.
J. W. POItTLH, -MASAOKII.
This well known and popular Hotel, situated
on tho shores of Lako Dunmore, has been re
cently put in thorough repair. Several new
Cotlngeshnvo been built and newly furnished,
and will bo opened Juno 1st, for tlio reception
of boarders and tourists. mayjsdtf
1'rom November to May, Florida Is the favor
lto resort for northern people, but Its limited
hotel capacity prevents many from making It
tluir winter home, w ho would otherwise do so.
It Is proiMised to build a largu hotel at soino
Ilnt in (ho statu lo meet thu requirements ot
thosu who deslro superior accommodations,
-My experience nt tho bt. James Hotel, Jack,
sonvllle, last winter, enables mo lospenk con
Ildenlly as to tlio success of this enterpriso.
1'or lulormatlon ns to plans, ,Vc , address
P. II. Oltvis,
Uqulnox House, Manchester, Vt.
"EW DINING HAIdi,
i. a 11 1 1; s a n d a i: n t l uji i: n ,
J. W. FISIIEK,
((Julnn's Illock,) Oitositk tiis Detot,
:sr-Wnrm Meals at all hours. Polite and at.
tcntlvo waiters In attendance.
Fresh Ojstcrs received dally, and sold hy tho
gallon, quart or pint.
HAN I) ON HOUSE.
K. DEMING, PitopiuKToi!.
tsFreo Carrlago to and from tho Depot.
A good Livery andliiniard ltoom In connec
Hon with tho House, nov Odli
(Clothing uruijshlng Woods.
10,000 1N "ea,)V made
O I. O HI N O ,
HATS AND CAPS.
Ililng determined to clos out our entire stock of
HEADY MADE CLOTHING,
rUltNISHtNO GOODS, HATS AND CAPS,
wo will oiler them at such prlcos as will
FINE CUSTOM OhOTIIINO.
H. W. KINGSLEY,
u i: n t il a f. ii o u h i: o o n n u it .
JEW GOODS I NEW GOODS!!
DATES' HOUSE COKNEK STOKE,
1'or Fall and Winter wear.
MENS' 110YS' and CHII.DPXNS' SUITS,
All st) lcs and prices.
lll.Ui:, HI.ACK & llliOWN
SILVKIi AND CASTOIt
All sl.es and stjlei.
II A T S A N D CAPS
ot every description.
GENTS' FUKN1SIIING GOODS,
LA D1HS' AND (HINTS' THAVLI.INO HAflS.
SiySavo money bv buying goods at tho
Hates' llouso Corner store, 41 Merchants' How,
d.w .VASON Iz JKHKOWSKI.
CEO T II I N
GENTS' FUHNISIIINO GOODS."
O Y E K C O A T S ,
All grades for Mens' and Boys' wear.
Fine Blue and Olivo
II E A Y E It SUITS.
DIAGONAL SUITS ALL STYLUS.
FANCY CASSIML'Itr, SUITS
ot ovcry description.
Goods shown with plcasuro and'sold'attprlces
that defy competition.
A. O. CUNNINGHAM,
No. 5 Centkii St., Opposite tlio Depot.
ftrtUUncry ami ancy (Goods
p A N I C P H I C E S
T E M P h E O F F A S II I O N
A FULL LINK OF MILLINUHT ClIEAPKH
Felt Hats In all sluices at COO.
Velvet llols at "so ; worth JI.oo.
Trimmed Hats a haiidsomo assortment at
Ostrich Hps from loc, upwards.
Long Plumes In all lengths shades and prices.
silk Velvet and Velveteen.
Torquolso silk and Satuns, In all shades, cut
on tho bias.
Uulles' Merino Vests nt .vse.,s.v, il.oonnd up
wards i worth "sc., Il.oo and $l.s.
Ladles' .Merino Pants lu nil sizes, at S5c :
Jlerlno shirts for children nt fcw, 70, 75, so and
upw ards! sold elsewhere at "se, ss, tloJ and 1 S3
Union Merino suits, all sizes, Horn iM up
wards. HAND JIADi: WOltSTKDS,
In ladles' Jackets, scarfs nnd leggings; Infants'
hoods, caps, shoes nnd mittens,
me double Nubias at Mo : worth "sc.
Flannel Sacks for Infants, misses and ladles,
Alexander Kid Gloves m all shades and sizes,
nt 11.00 j two buttons, ti.ss. A good Kid, slight-
ly damaged, at too.
A full line, from tho cheapest, upwards. An
elegant chemise, tucked and embroidered bo
som, at ti.oo, Drawers, tucked and embroider
cd, f 1.00. six-tucked sklit, fl.ui). Night robes,
corset covers and toilet Jackets at bargains.
T IDS! TIES!
An eleynnt assortment In all tho latest styles
and shades at ustoiilshlnsr in Ices.
des at ustoiilshlng puces.
Hip-gore, corsets In box, only cm; sold ele
vvheroattl.oo. Shli'lo's Imported woven 11. C. corset at 70c.
AlsoMadamo Foy'scelcbrated corset, laced on
thu sides, nt f l.co.
A largo lino of Corsets kept constantly, at a
saving of M per cent.
Woisted patterns of all kinds and designs.
A mil lino at low tlgures,
Woolen holsery for ladles,inlssosnnd children.
A full line ot gloves, gauntlets mid mittens.
Jewelry, Infants' wear, veils and veiling, rib
lions, and How ers. Genuine l.tiblu's perfumery
nt (aij j worth 1 on. Soaps, brackets, handker
chiefs, laco and linen collars, nulling and col
larels, and lots or other goods, all soiling at our
universal popular prices.
Wo Invito all to look at tho goods and prices,
without regard to purchaso, at
Asuuvys Tiiiirm of fasiuox
CKNTKIt S T It K K T .
Branch at I'alrli&von, Vt noxt to l'ost-omco.
ytcvcli .nt tEaltors.
jrj it (j u w a ; s t i j. t. s
NEW (t O O D S
Thebj'.t 'g,.x oi
'' I N E W O O L J; N kJ
fti t!r.' statu tjsM cL mm a'.
W V,. MU ALL'S.
Made u;i In the Lit" 1, , i dsliloiii, 1, nml
nobbiest maimer, and win He .id u' p, i, 1 to
suit cusloinurs. u.inii"n'-. irv d" iiptiun
cui ami made ul this e t i i,i uit P. t I ,t
Oe,te lell cull saw- tl'll .oi i iroub!--b, louv
lng Hi Ii ulders.
t! No alterations.
Call at the Wit stw 1 ' huil""
v. . W. 31 i.i ALL,
S M 1 T II
III s ,ie those iii NUii nrs'-class wns uinl
the b si llts, Hi- li , il,le. tin, and esp -n it
golui; i.i New York. 11 si., ,, 'iruy, or mi . other
cltv.bj leaviiu tie Ii i. ur. with him, us ho
will giurutitco to mi. sutlsf i (, jii a
can I,,, given In im ,n,. Ho eiupw , none
but the very I est ,i , in, Uu nTuito -. and an
work done bv hand. An, p rsou vvulnng u
suit made In Hie short a. .
nvLNiy-iui r iiml-hs
can be nccoiiiinoiln'eil. -j most st.u ,i Li
dies' Jackets mail'' to , .ml iiiij, and
Chlliirons' suits rn.ide, .u, i piii'ii.si it ai
lulormatlon II f bar."
Ho is receiving ilallv n in !,o bet mnnnf n
turers, thu llnesi and iimIii i isiviis .ij.n.iu
Scotch, From h, (j, rmiui, .viruim ud III -
glUIll CaSslllieri'S, till' llne-l 1 jr llllHTs, M s-
cow lluuvu's, German D.,in,ie Askin, 1 rem h
Pilot and Chinchillas, ami tin nnest Astn h.ai
Woolens, and W'i.'st-ur-l.nianJ
JlHOADCI.OTlIS AND DOESKINS,
l ni- I'lrnl nf .l.sfli n,,f I.i ..n.l nn,l..
shown with pleasure. '
Dress suits from MO to 75
itiismess " aotj m
r.ngllsli Walking Coal , iuto 40
lino Unuilsh Hunting c .t ,, made
Irom li'Mi Frlive, so to K)
Doublebrcastud saeks, j.to 40
Lister overcoats, 4ut, pi)
overcoats, 21, t , 75
Pants, oio n
Vests made from French ( mere fit, vi
Dressing Oovvns madf to "HP 1 rr..m lot, u
Thu most elegant Iln ,,l r 1-1 Jaol.i is
ever shown m town rn' Ir .in ,12 'o 40
Misfitted garments in el n,nr In tli la' if
style, nnd clothes dy, ds ! meil .md r jir d
in Hie best possible m urn 1, 1 ud hi low IT, 1,
Tlireo large samph 1 .iM-, di-, l.ivln.n nur
hundred patterns of II j . - imp and . s (ur
nlshed to out of t'lun 1 M' nn rs ,,r lit-p t 0,
and alsoan i'X'i.tIi'm . J m ,1-per, u, u apr i
cation, will visit p.ti 1 1 , I 1 u i.-in, it -1 iu,
thereby saving tie 111 b 11 "m 111. dti uhie
Satisfaction nu ir Hi" d 1 1 eiv In si m
All tlioS'- who wish 1. , .1
tillilsiMAs Pill -sr.Nl's
will rememb r his pi 1
07 Ckntkk Sthkit, lit IT AND, vr.PMf-.sT
j.J W . IC I N G S I, E V ,
r .1 1 1. 0 1: ,
OH NT HAL IIOUSi: COUNT. 11
nl31tt ML'LCIIANT TAIt.Or.INU.
1 linvrif x- lML-ri!'.: nnmnvrn
SHUTTLi: AND ELASTIC STITr II.
S E W I N G M A C II I N 1'. 8, &c . , & c.
At n. n. Mnr.iiLvM's.
1"JI?Iti(; nir.Ti.ii.,t l'.-.i i.i
new ami valuable Invention. l."r v v
ness man should huveoiie. livs, , .n, ouiui
irom 510 upward., send stamp i r 1 it 1 u r
Presses, Type, cuts, etc. l.oLDINt. a. CO., t
Kllby strei t, liostoii. .iuv. i&vvciu
rim PKINTEKS AND PUUUnM.Ps
Thefil.OIin Taper Co., huvirg dupli. .it s ot
tho following articles, offer them for 'alt at loir
Steam Engine, suitable for running pr sscs,
Hoe Card Press,
Smith Hand Press,
One Hule Mlt Ting Ma him-,
And numerous other artlcb s used In a Printing
1UK11INE AVATEK WHEELS.
PKICF. LIST OF THE WET.MOliE TI 1U1INE.
is inch fr.00.00 I 42 Inch .tsco
U " 3.VJ.0U I 4S " 70U.C0
EO " 4'U.UUi " ISU11.OJ
llii " 450.00 I 7! " Id 0.00
Eighty per cent, useful offect guarautf-i-d
at a rtcent tost ot a thlrty-sU-liaii Wetmore
wheel, by Mr. Emerson, nt lloljo , Mnss., tho
average of ten trails was over tioiuv iwo rtit
PItlCE LIST OF THE WOI.COTT Tl IHIINE.
$ 73.(01 1 4 j Inch
lr.0.10 as "
too.oj I n.) "
'.'71.10 1 71 "
A thoroughly Lullt, economical, durable
wheel, and sohJ at a fcmall ptrtiutaso over
Mill work of all descriptions, 1 1 order
SULLIVAN MACHINE CO,
CLirctiioiit, N, II'
Oct. 10. dlmo
JJ II. DYEK,
NO. 11 MEllCIIANTs' TOW,
Iron and Lead Pipe, l'ortablo and Station, iry En
glnes i notary Sleum, Force and c Istern Pumps;
Leather unit ltubber Helling ; lttibbi r lb and
Packing; ltubber overcoats, lllov.s mid Mn
tens; steam and Water Gauges ; Water, ste m
ami Oas lilting, and livtuies, nil kinds, 1
and soapstono Packing ; Cotton Waste, l'lumP
.STEAM, WATEI! AND OAS FITUNU
Pone nt short notice, and at p-lec -, a lapt d 1 1
ltutland, May 1, 1S73. mj 1 lem
gTKAM STONE CUTTEK COMPANY
Solo proprietors and inanutaeturi rs r the
STONE CHANNELING OH Ql'AlillVlNli MA
CHINE, For cutting stone Into various sues and d.
IN ALL KINDS OF Ql'ArtHir.s.
JOHN W. CltAMTON, Prcs't.
OJMIldU E. HOYl E, ircas.
I'JIAIILLS '-LA1IK, Se, 'y
Uiyl ly (U.O. J. WAftDWELL. supt
CEI.EHY PLANTS From Peter Hender
son ready on mid after June S4th. Send In
your orders. Cabbage plants fur lite crop b)
llio hundred or tliuusand ; also, 01 ecu Pens
ready about July 1st. Flower plains, uniong
which Is tho celebrated Ainaranthas salsitolius
or Fountain Plant, constantly 011 bund, bou
quets, wreaths Sc., made to order.
mayWlv nr Fuir (irouuds
riAO DKY-GOODSMEN, GKOCEKY
X MEN, llt'TCHEHS it'.-Wo olTer tho larg
est lino or Wrapping Papers, Paper Hags, Flour
Sucks and Twines, to bu fuund In tlio stale.
Ilest qu.illty manllla, best quality boMisman
llla. Ilest quality straw paper, all sl-es and
weights. Host quality paper bags ami Hour
sacks warranted lull size and full uee-ius nm
scrlnipliiff. Wo handle tlieso goods In largo
quantities, nnd our prices uiv ns low as others,
selling samo qualliy of goods, bend us an
OLOIIU PAPEIt CO.
MMIE KUTEAND DAILY AND
X WEKKLY (ILOI11C, contains all the latest
iiow s, Ic dudlng tho telegrams ot tho ussoclated
press, local correspondence, state news, Ac.
No expenso spared In tho editorial department.
Advertising rates low, especially for short ad,
vertlsemcnts. The papers uro larger and con
tain more reading matter than uny other In tho
Btate. ULOX1E 1'APEK CO