Newspaper Page Text
Jutland gaily lobc.
THUHSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1873
TERMS IN AUVIMCK.
j-iti.v Per month
Throe months V
Six months 4
one year s
v KEKI.T Three months
six months (1
Uno year.... 3
Address (1L0UE I'Al'KK CO., itutland, Vt.
We most cordially nnd heartily support
ilie proposition of President Grant, Hint
( ungrcsa shall not legislate during the last
twenty-four hours of the session, except as
it may bo rendered necessary on account of
a presidential veto. Such a icstiicllon
would lie an excellent guard ngnlnt ltnsly
lejrMatinn but ol this more anon.
The President has obtained n capital idea
.loin the proceedings of the New Yolk
constitutional commission. We trust that
, constitutional amendment, with proper
ic.stiictiotis, may lie adopted imthoiilng at
li'it, the President to veto certain sec-
ioiis, ilenn or clauses of appropriation,
and other similar bills, his approval making
tue rcfldue of llio bill a law. How farthls
uiwer should be extended we icier for
.Vlthongli we confess to a feeling ot dis
appointment In the nomination of George
II. Wlllianii, of Oiegon, as Chief Justice
ol the Supicinc Court of the United States,
vet we ieg.ud It as one "lit to be made."
in in of spotless leputation j his titanic
t.'i lor Integilly nulnipe.lehed nnd iinlm
pe.ichdilc : of leputation and standing as it
j lint, having hcen Chief Justice of Oregon;
Willi training tt n statesman, both fimn
.i uing occupied a scat in the Senate and a
Attorney General ; nnd being a hard stu
dent. It seems tu lis tli.il the selection will
piovc to have been a happy one. As time
a I dulled political np'!iltles all acUnowl
e v that linger II. Taney adorned the
Wench as Chief .lil'tiee, yet his appoint
ment w.i made almost solely, liecuit-o he
w ii a bitter partisan, hating and being
h ited by the Whigs, and as n leward for
p dilical services. When appointed, he
had not shun n to the country, by legal and
judicial services, so many or us
ureal qualifications therefor as has
licorgc II. Williams. More than all this,
.lodge Williams never has been, nor do wo
think it is in his natuie to be, a violent
politician. The President might have sone
t.utlier am! fared woise.
a m:v iii:. of i:co.o.u v.
We all believe In economy, if we don't
all practice it. It Is a delight to go into a
political campaign, lighting under banners
inscribed "letrenchnient, economy and ic
fonn," and light against the enemy whoso
watehwoid is extravagance and large
salaries. All parties went through the last
campaign pledged to economy and ic
tienehinciit. The icpublicau paity was
pledged to such a couisc, and lelying upon
these pledges their candidates icccived a
heaity and almost unanimous suppoit.
IJefore the power ot the republican party,
t he opposition went down like llio wheat
before the hurricane, and melted awav like
thefiostnt the appeal ance of the blight
waim sun. Roth parties were pledged to
ictienchment nnd reform, and both were
honest in the pledge that f- im
pose for ''n it was made, the honest
purpose of deluding honest voteis. They,
uioieover, made their honesty manifest by
passing that little bill about salaries. The
President, in his message, recommends
economy, and designates "two sources"
where, in his judgment, it might coin
mencc. These two sources nic; "In npprn
" prlations for public buildings in many
" cities w here woik has not coininenccd j
" in appropriations for river and haibor
" improvements in tliose localities where
" the Improvements are of little benefit to
" general commerce, and for fortillca
" Hons." Tills .is all very true, but we
fall to see any particular force In it at lids
time. A lccommendation to reduce salar
ies, cut olf useless ofllccs, etc., would have
been to the point, even if it had been barren
id' lesults. Hut while lccommending
economy In these "two sources," he holds
out a delightful field for the patiiotic con
tractors contemplation. What a glorious
day It will he for the tax payer when the
government commences to build houses for
all Its ofllcers, and each state shall do like
wise tor its Senators and Representatives !
This, to l)e sure, Is not his exact proposi
tion, hut it lesolves itself into this, and
means this, if anything. Differing from
the President, we hope the day U far dis
tant eie the nation or individual states
shall, in any manner, give countenance to
Mich an idea.
tiii: iki:siii:'i-s .iiii.ss.mji:.
In announcing that the annual message
of the Piesident of the United States was
pp-i-cnled to both Ileuses of Congress, at
or about noon, Tuesday, we aie not labor
lug under the appiehenslon, or mlsappie.
Iicnsion, that we aie communicating any
new or slaitllng Information to our read
if. They aie, each and all of them, aware
of the tact, and have, pioliably, long ere
tins, ie.ul the document for themselves.
Tuesday attcrnoon nnd evening, the mes.
Mge was communicated to us, ns well as
to most of the other dally newspapers of
Ihe coitntiy, by telegraph, and was pie
dented entile to our readers, Wednesday
morning. It occupied bomo six columns of
Tiik Gi.oiie and, necessarily, excluded
nllur matters, w hich would have been of
far mm u Interest to our readers. When we
lead a message of this length, wu are
foiccd to exclaim "cut bono !" What, let us
ask in all seilousness and candor. Is the
necessity or use, of these, verboso messages ?
The constitution simply requires that the
Piesident shall, "troni time to time, give
to the Congress Information of the state
' of the Union, nnd reromincnd to their
consideration such measures ns ho shall
' Judge necessary and expedient," At the
adoption of the constitution, and so along
down during tho first fifty or blxty years
of tho existence of lliu government, there
seemed to be a necessity for theso ponder
ous stnto papers. It was with difficulty
that the people weie communicated with,
and the almost only resource for informa
tion was to President's messages and kin.
ilred documents. Even these, it took days,
weeks or months to reach tho reader, Wo
have beforo us n fllo of Vermont news,
papers, In which Is published, under dato
of December 15th, 1701, the cxccutlvo
messago delivered on tho nineteenth of No
vember, uoarly a month elapsing between
tho tlmo of Its delivery In Philadelphia and
Its publication In Rutland. Even so lata
as 1838, as wo seo by a (Ho of tho "New
Yorker," four days Intervened between tho
dellvcryof the messago In Washington nnd
Its publication In Now Yoik.
Steam, applied to locomotion, the tele
graph nnd, more than nil, the dally news
paper have revolutionized nil this. The
weekly newspaper has, nlso, kept pace
with llio dally press, and nearly every pub-
lie occurrence Is known to the people ns
soon ns to tho President. Carefully tend
through, the cntlic message, omitting the
lccommendatlons, and what Is thcicln con
tained that was not fully known to, nnd
understood by tho people ? Some of tho
"Information" If Information It can bo
called thcicln contained, has been public
propei ty, been matter of common notoil
ety, nnd discussed by the piess and people,
for months, weeks or days. Theie Is noth
ing new In It. Yet we are compelled, by
a custom which has become Imperative, to
occupy the space necessaiy for its presen
tation in full. Wu have always thought
that tho constitution did not requlic, ex
pect or anticipate any such messages as wc
mo now indicted with, annually; nud,
even, the message of Gencinl Washington,
already lefencd to. would mil lime occu
pied two column of Tiik Gi.oiik. Is It
not time to come bad, to the letter nnd
spliit of the constitution; hate the Piesi
dent, "from time to time," communicate
" infiirimtlim of the state of the Union,"
' and leceomnieud for their consideration
-that i of Coniifv ",uei ineasiiiesaslic
" shall judge nccc-sury and expedient."
We nic lindlug no fault with (lencrnl
tlr.int. lie is but fidlohig in the foot
steps of hW illu-triou piedeceors," all of
whom, willi heie and lliciean exception,
hae indicted upon the countiy, annually,
for over seventy Jears, similar documents.
Geneial (Irani, ns we all know, Is n man of
few woid.s and, what is better, dares to
"take the lcpoii'lblllty." We weie In
hopes that combining these two qualities,
lie would eonllne himself within narrow
limit.-, give such "Infoiniatlon' as was ncc
esi.uy, coupled with appropiiate iccom
mend.itlons. We do not piopn-t-, at this
time, to consider tlie mc-s-nre as a whole,
but have, clsewlicic, undei appiopriatc
head", indicated our iews ol .some of the
incisures recommended, lcaing other mat
ters for another lime. We prefer this
course, because 11 'we .-IionM take up the
document and consider it setlatlm, we
should lay nurse! I' liable to the same charge
against which we hac bien contending;
tile the patience of our leaders, and bring
up again, for their consideration, subjects
which an', to them, more tl thrice told
One -ubject, brought to the attention of
Congress, by tiie Piesident, ought to ic
ceio the serious consideration of that body
and their prompt action, The govern
ment protects, or assumes to pioteet, her
citizens everywhere, because, in leturn
therefor, they owe her allegiance, contrib
ute to her suppoit and are bound to bear
arnis in her defence, when necessary and
lequiicd so to do. There Is, however, a
largo class of citlens, lesiding abroad, who
arc always ready to claim the protection of
our Hag, but in return theiefor only make
an mpty profession of allegiance, w ilhout
conti Uniting, in liny way, to the suppoit of
the government either pecuniarily or by
personnl services. 'u me not nlonc In
this respect. All through the war ot the
niclUi..., .i ,n.n.iniU or rcslitenls
of the United States, enjoying tho bless
ings and pioteet Ion of our institutions and
government- some of them icsidiiuj Wo
in Itutland but owing allegiance else
where. Instead of aiding us or their own
government, they did their utmost to biing
the United States into contempt ; they
could not be compelled to do military sei
ic'c In our behalf, while they weie beyond
the leach of the military power of the gov
ernment of which they professed to be citi
zens, nud whose protection they claimed.
The stale-, then In lebcllioii, probably, had
mote of this class of citizens than the
noitli, nnd their couisc was, also, different.
They conti United liccly of men and means
to encourage the lebellion, but in the hour
of extreme danger they claimed the protec
tion of the government of the country
whose cit.cnsliip they hail never, in legal
form, icuounccd. Moie than this ; they
picsented that is riticiw of (ileal Piltnin
alone, so resident, picsented -claims for
damages committed by the federal troops,
In suppressing the rebellion, to tho amount
of we know not how many millions of
dollars, some idea of which, however, may
be obtained liom the fact that of those
idieady examined some forty-thrcc million
dollars have been icjeclcd by the joint
cominrlon appointed t i pa", upon theso
The act of Congu-s to which the Piesident
lefers provides, and we quote the exact
language so far as it is necessary for our
purpose, ' that persons herctofoie born,
" or heieafter to be bom, out of the limits
' and jurisdiction of the United Stntes,
' who'c fathers were, or shall be at the
" lime if their blrlh, citizens of the United
States, t-hall be deemed and considered,
' and aie hcichy declined, citizens of the
' United Stale.-." To tins is appended a
proviso Unit the "right of citizenship
"shall not descend to persons whoso
" fathers never icslded in the United
" States." It needs no extended argument
to show to what extent families may, under
this law, icsido nbioal, and continue for
centuiles to maintain, through their des
cendants, cltlcnshlp In this counsry, en
titled to Its protection, relieved from nil
obligations to the country of their resi
deuce, uud tendering no bervlee to either
for piotectlon for they aie, In a ceilalu
tense, protected by tho governments of
both countries, lly tho provisions of tho
law quoted, children of citizens of this
country nie, also, citizens. They grow to
manhood as hitch. A three months iloml
clle In some states, six months in another,
and a year, at the ouUido, anywhere,
would make theso ehlldien lesidents that
H to say, would have "icslded In the
" United Stntes" In tho meaning ot tho
law, so that, ns wo havo said, this citizen
ship and protcctlun would extend to gene
ration nfter generation, foicver. Tho
President r.ays that this matter lias been
arranged, to a certain extent, by tieaty
with sonic foreign powers ; but how
fur such treaties can contravene a law of
Congress, with icspcct to tho lights of our
owu citizens, h somewhat doubtful, but It
Is needless, now, to cnqulie, Tho act was
not intended for tho purposu that appears
upon its face. Its object was to declare
that tho children of Americans, who were,
temporarily, uojotiring in foreign countries
In tho services of the country, for tho pleas,
ure, born without tho territorial limits of
tho United Stales, should not bo considered
" foreign born," but should havo tho samo
rights, pilvllcges, etc., ns If born In this
country. These lights can bo easily seemed
and, nt the same time, u limit placed upon
tho length of time Individuals can remain
away with their families, without losing
their citizenship, The light of expaltln-
lion being acknowledged, It Is high time It
wns regulated In some better way than It
Tho Senate, on Tuesday, alter n warm
debate, lefuscd to consider Mr. Sumner's
civil lights bill.
The following bills were Inlloduecd by
unanimous consent, to lie lefencd to com
mittees hereafter :
15y Mr. Perry ol .Mich. A bill to 'el
npail a ccitnlu poitlon of the Maud of
Mackinaw, Midi., as a national p.uU.
lly Mr. Ramsey of Minn.-A bill minim
izing the Secretary of War to ni i ilnin
the expenses incurred by the Tcuilniv of
Dakota in supplying nuns to put ilnwn the
lly Mr. Alcoin of Mks.- A bill granting
tho light of way to the Hirininghani and
St. Louis railroad company thrii!h the
lly Mr. Alcoin A bill to etend tho
provision of the act of Match !i, ISM. pro
viding for the collection of debts due limn
lly Mr. Ilit'chcock-A bill t esl p,,ucr
to establish post lo.ids ill Ihe Piwimustcr
lly Mr. Itiickliigham ol Conn. A bill
to provide for ficc hauMmr, to sccine mi
clastic cuiicney, to appreciate nation il
obligations, and to ic.ieh specie payments
without cointncidal einli.iiTnsmcnts.
lly Mr. Ingalisof ICan -A bill exempting
Kansas from the precisions of die act of
-May 10, 1872, lel.tling to mines of iron nnd
Hy Mr. JJngy of Mo. -A bill obviating
the necessity of Issuing patents for ceitaln
private land claims in .Missouri.
lly Mr. Cordon A bill granting aid to
the Atlantic and Great Western Canal In
tho extent of 80,000 per mile.
lly Mr. Ingalls--liilln to organize the
lenitoiy of Okloham.'i, and piovidiuir for
the consolidation of tiihesof Indians in the
Indian Teniloiy under one local irmein
nicnt. lly Mr. Hitchcock - A bill lor the relief
of peisons sustaining datnaue- bv Indiui
In the IIoiiH', Tuesday, sC.in,, members
gave notice that they would intiodiue Mil
as follows : To change the rale i( compen
sation of Senatois, Itcpicsentatiw- and
delegates: to icpcal the bankruptcy laws :
a civil lights bill ; and amendment to the
Constitution lelatho to meie.isin compen
s.iliou to Senatois anil Itoprcseiilnlivcf:,
which shall not l ike place until alter an
election of llepresentaties inlet enc-,
Tl.e ciedcntials in the Arkansas election
cases were leferrcd to the Committee on
Tho Judiciary Committee was instiuelcd
to examine the statutes In regard to bank
ruptcy and lepott an amendment simplify
ing the proceedings tlieieunder.
Mr. Davis offeied aiesolution calling for
tiie amounts paid ntlioston nnd New York
for violation of the customs laws.
Mr. Duller called up bis icsolution dc
claiingSypher, Sheldon and Pinchbeck of
Louisiana entitled to seals,
Mr. Deck suggested that the matter be
referred to the Committee on Elections.
Ii'eoateiollowcd until the reception of
the Picsident's mcss-m,. ti... i. .t,
message hcie read, concluding at !M0
p. in., when the debate on the Louisiana
question was resumed. J
Mr. Duller of Mass., inged the admit
tance of the men named, leaving the final
holding ot the seals to be decided by the
Election Committee and t lie Hou-c.
Mr. Deck of Ey. opposed, saying that
the government of Louisiana, which sent
them here, was a fraud suppoiled by Yd
Messrs. Hale and Wilson supported the
Mr. Potter opposed it.
.Mr. Duller closed Ihe di-cus.-ion, i imply
ing to the arguments of Mcs.-is. Deck and
Potter. He thanked God there had been
Federal bayonets and I'edetal olllcers, nnd
u Piesident of the United Stites willi
nerve enough to command peace nnd stop
bloodshed nt New ( It-leans and dsenheic.
The question was taken sepaiatdy on
the admission of Syphcr. The vote was
103 to us. 'tho lesolulion in lczard to
Sheldon was agieed to without yeas and
nays, and ho and Syphcr were sworn In,
Without disposing of Ihe icsolution in ic.
gard to Pinchb.ick the House adjourned.
(frnmllie Sew Yoik Dry Cl Mils It po.ter.i
The I'm ure ol' Prices mid v.'nijcs.
The panic may now 1 c icg.irded ns hav
lug spent Its lull foice upon the lndusttial
and conuneiciiil inteicsls of the country.
The w oist is over, nnd busincF.. men and
manufactuicrs are beglnninglo take a moie
hopeful view of the situation, ami even to
make ptepaiatlous for letuinlng nctii:.y.
Some of them have idieady resumed or
have extended their opeiations, nnd others
arc making picparatlons to do so. In a
shoittimewe hope to be in a position to
announce nn extensive ieival ot manufac
tuilug Industry. Of course II is too much
to expect that we shall h.ne a general ic
vlval of piospeiity dnilng the coming win-
ter, 'llio financial shock has too deeply
nllcctoil many Iinpoi taut Interests to wal
nut anything but tho mo.-t moderate an-
tlelpallons. l'or example, the Iron inter
ests, tho lucnmotlie and machine factories,
and tho vmlous lndutiics connectol with
or dependent on radioad extension can
hardly be expected to pie-ent immediate.
signs ot acllMty, unit uie likely to he tho
last to recover liom the temporal- pros,
(ration. Hut theiearc! good ic.isons for
anticipating that the Important textile in
terests will be in n position to icsimio full
operations on or about tho commencement
of the new year. Other leading industries
nlieady begin to experience the good effects
ot returning confidence, and mo gradually
enlarging their operations, Tho winter
will probably bo u haul one, but it Is not
likely to bo S3 (ecro as lately becined prob
able. There will bo inoio woik ur.d cm.
ployinent than was hoped for n few weeks
no, nud taken altogether, the business out.
look may boiegnrded nsiuoie cheerful and
as brightening every day.
Tho process of recovci y would probably
bo much more rapid than it is likely to be,
owing lo dilllcultles icspectiug tho wages
question. It is nppaient that tlio prices of
all kinds of commodities must bo i educed,
Goods me, and havo been for some tlmo
post, unsalable except at heavy icductlons
of piio;s from tho rates that prevailed bo
fore the panic, Merchants had one of two
alternatives. In order to meet their obli
gations they were required cither lo pay
exorbitant prices for money or make cor
responding icductlons In thu salo of goods
for cash. They preferred tho latter com so
and wisely so, for It would manifestly bo
costly ns well as cxtrcinelylinzardous, even
If It wero practicable, to attempt to carry
heavy stocks of goods through n financial
ctisis, with the prospect, If nol ccitalnty,
TIIK KUTI.AN1) DAILY uLUW. THURSDAY MOKNINU, DECEMBER J. J878.
of a bicak down nt last. So nkcllon of
ir'?T".S. rom s,) 10 :5?l,eP.11V,1',,
the times bn ive en, Z forwaXte' 11
i, iT , .. .. -
ib nieniiu oe IIUOClSlOOll llllllie UOOCIS
thus marked down cntiuot bo blaccd at
llio pi Ices nt which tbcynio iv Felling,
i nr iiianuiaeiurcrs instinctive compre
hended this fact from tho vcryimmcncc
incut, nnd cither wholly or paally sus
pended production for the time ing.
So far events have fully jiltled the
foresight of producers, and so lg as the
situation remains unchanged lliould be
Imprudent for them to renew o(itlons on
nny very extensive scale, Bore this
takes place they must In assured
either that prices will nain mi-
cuangeii ns at picsent. oiUjat nil
Improwmciil will tnke place. In the
loimcr case they could not miintlv re
sunie without a picvloiu rcducth in the
rates of wages nnd the cost of themv ma
terial corresponding to the preseiiivcrnge
of quotations. Upon this point fie are
certainly no indications that wouhvairant
anticipations or a ilse In piiccs. todsnre
unsaleable except nt heavy conccions to
purdiascis. and nollihiLr is more ilnlnt v
established than tho principle th.buycis
Mi inn pnrenase on a inning mart. To
do wiln fact would place themsels at n
curious disadvantage, as a mcrchit who
would cITect purchases to-dav, wdd llud
himself undersold bv Ids ilviil whoclaycd
buying until to-morrow. What ljicccs
sary above all thlnus for an oUensh limb-
Is stability or an assurance Unit quuUons
win not oe tower, 'iiio clement olftalm
lly is nt lncsent enllielv wniitlnir. nt nn.
til It appears manufacturers aie citrelv
.liiMiiicci in iheir prudent precaution.
It tiny be said, bow ever, that lunev
will soon be easier, trade will lmpiwnn'd
piiccs will i trover their former stanird.
Tills limy ,e, nnd, it is to be hoped will
in five to be the case. Hut until weiavc
nun li dearer indications of the good mes
' nig. n would no to tlio i.t-i fiegictim
ptuilent tor manufacture! s to mvestoo
Heavily in making stocks which it mr be
necessaiy to sell at last nt n loss. At ics.
i nt. they are in inifestly who In icstiidng
llicr operations to the supply ofim
mediate actual demands lor consuinnon
In some cnp.i cniploycis haw seen teir
way dear b) continue operations, but t n
reduced cost of piodm-linn. Thev olTrcd
ineir cniploves woil; at waucs
the times, and these oll'eis weie geneilly
gladly accepted bv the oncratiws.
1 tut we regie! in notice a di-positioiiu
some places mi the pnl of woikineti ton
slst on inijio-sihle wages. Por eamplein
iMictson. .New .leisey. iii.innlactuicrs lice
oll'ercd their winkmcn ci,ii!oinent duilg
the whiter ill n lediietion of wages, lit
the latter i ejected this offer, and the lesllt
is a degii'e of od-erv and tulvatioii nainul
to contenipl.ite. (If cotuse, the worknin
fear that the lcditctioH of weges will e
perm ini'iit. and demagogues tell them It
would be better for them to endure my
amount of suffering and spend their If-t
savings rather than woik at such wages is
cinplnycis cm affoid to pay. The jilaMo-
ii .inn -win, i inn i iiuue.s in me, ti ,
llrooklyn. nnd other places also ado)t
a .similar policy. N'ow, this folly, for It
is milium; ci-c. can not lie too sevec
ly conileinncil. There can be in
sympathy lor any self-lniposed sulTcrinis
th.it may bo sustained as a lesnlt of tbs
mischievous course. If ihe policy of thes;
ineon-iderale workmen should become gei
er.il over the countrv, the community
would be so much inipocti-hcd that tin.
etsal pauperism would soon pievall, Sui-
pend piodttetlon on any extensive scale,
nnd the ncciimulated stocks of food and
commodities would soon be exhausted. Hut
this course is on its face so ininrovidciit
and lceklcssthal it is useless to waste time
in exposim; its absurdity.
The true course of wot king-men is to
aid their cniploycis by accepting, for the
winter at least, such wages ns the latter
can nffold lo itaw (Incentives wlin nibmt
this course will place themselves in n much
heller position to tal.e advantage ol nny
improvement In business than those who
imitate the stupid plan ot the I'aterson
workmen and tho Itrooklvn plastciers. Tito
wages question for the time be na s an bn-
poitant element In iho Imln. trial nituation.
l now looks as i it ino extent ,H!;ni.J4n,s''ill
i.itg'e'llPg'i'ee itependent upon Its solution.
Till- Mlllonal L'illlllll es.
Tiie following is a full nbstract of the
fortlicoming icpoit of the Sccictary of the
ni.rKUMs and i:fi:.Ni)iiri:ks
The moneys received and covered Into the
Tr, usury ilnrlns' the llseat j ear civ)ig June ,10,
ls7:t, were :
Friiiii uustums, t'listonis' lines pen
alties, etc ilyo.o.v-t.Sfjj.oc
Internal rmciiiin 113,739,313.1 1
Sale nt pnlillc lands 8,ssi,31!!.34
i a nn ini'iiiaiioii unci iii'Ihjsiis hi
natloiiul li.inks C,S3o,037.C7
llep.iv iiicnt nt lnieresl by 1'uclllc
llallvvny comiuules M4,2no.oi
s,ies ot Indian trust lands sis.aic-.s
reeh.eiiii.siii.il, ,vu l,ST,,2Jl.tii
sales ot ifoveriiineni rnierty I,i.37,2s3.
.Murine iidspiui tav. ste.iiniiii.il
ree, iiinvt lav, ele
Tolal urdlnaiy receipts
Freiiiliun on sales of eiilii
Totul net receipts
lialaiieii In Tieasmy .lime sn. Is
Iiitiudhe,'t:t,iil7 iceelveit Irniu
Tnt.ll available rn-h f!40,3u."i,ci.4l
The net expenditure by wanants duiin
the same pciiod were :
For civil expenses
I'lirelun lntn course
Military establishment, tnciiullii
toitlilc.itlons, river Improvements
Naval establishment, luiiiidlni,'
vessels and machinery and Im
provements nt the navy yards..
Miscellaneous, civil, iniiudlnir
Qniblle buildings, lighthouses
anil eiiiteettni; the revenue W,4UV'.'0.1!0
iini-ii-i un iiiv imiiiiu ueui eil,,&u,bss,4i
I'leniliim on bonds purchased fi,to.'s,2i'j.99
i'elul, ei luslve ot Ilie I ttbllc
ltedeunitlnh of the
principal of Ihe
debt, etiilslve of
sisl Ishiieil under
net of .Itnios, 37'.',
fur llio reilemr-
linn nl which ti
like iiinninil ui
V n 1 1 eit Mates.
lniles was sel
npatt nnd held as
uopccl.it deposit. .V),4t)S,33.'i.ls
O tthUuiillnir eerii-
llr.il ex of deposit
uient loned above,
ndded lo iho piin-
tlpiil of Ihe debt
and In the cash
balance In tlio
I.o n I hi: ml illsbiusements on ac
rottnt of loans
UaLmci! In Tieas-
uo .Illtiel'O, 1573.. W,IO'.',0.'S.rl
To which u n it
special di'imslt or
U's'iU tender notes
for redeinpllon of
i etlltlentt'S of de-
imslt, ndilc"! above 3l,730,(nJ.0i)
'1'i.lal cash bat
nnee.luly t, '73..
lly Hie rureifoliis statement It will
be seen tliatlho nit lovenucs ror
the tlsenl .venr, were f333,73S,'j)4,,7
An t the iiidltiiiry expenses v',3is.'Ji5.3J
in Iiik a surplus i evenue ot, , , . (43,sgv,ss9(Si
lilcli has been njinlled to llio re
dilution ul the debt, nsfollovvi,:
Itediieilotiof prlnrlpui account, e.
ehislvo of certlllcales ot ilcnoslt .v),4335.ti8
Decreaso of cash In tlio Treasury,
xcliistvo of special flfixisll or
I lilted Slates notes for ledeinp-
lion of certltteiilesiir ilennsit. ,,u
eniupnied wph .Iniio r.u, 1ST.....
This statement ti cats solely of tho prill
cipnl of tho debt, lly tlio monthly btatc
incut of the public debt, Into which enter
tlio accrued lnteicst, interest duo nnd un
paid, nnd tho ensli In tho Treasury, as a.
ccrtulncd on tho day of publication, as well
us tho pilnclpal of tho debt.
'I UK 1IKIIITTION OP Tlllt I1EIIT
during the past yenr amounted lo fj 13,0(17,.
(KOM i and the total i eduction from March
1.1800,10 Nov. 1, 1871), has been S393,
029,783.30, the annual saving of Interest ic
n..i,t.. ,i.....rn... i.nl.. cor am nqo ni
miiwus iiii-ii-iii'iu uiiu ..-.i,iu.,u,.vi
The lccelpts dining the first quarter of
curient fiscal year were .
From sales ot ptiljlle lands.
From Internal revenue
From tax on circulation, Ac., of na
From repayment or Interest by I'n-
From customs, lines, & e
From consular, patent nnil oilier
Fiom proceeds ot llo eminent prop-
From mlscellniinous sources I,rj7, 031.21
ei ij ,
Net ni'dln.irv recelnls tsl.sM.402.9i
From premium mi sales of eoh s,X'.o,819.34
1 I Ulll 11 U".' UL Ul IJIUUL 111 1 III 1 11
payment ui me awnni or Ilie
Irlbunal ot ui bltrallon at lie
ilntniiee In i'leasur.v.luney
Total uallable $i3O,sa0,S39.OS
The cxpciidltures during the same period
For cl II nnd miscellaneous expen
ses, including iiiiDito imilillny,
llirtitlioiiscs unit eotlecllnir llio
A tnrveslnlil s iiiienls. Ae
Naval establishments, e
Iiiti'iestonpuljlle debt. Including
I ill IIIU lllllllllj IJUIl'JS
Tolal exclusl e or Hie pi lnclp.il and
pi CIIII1IIII 1,11 IIIUIIU llf.'Ul
l'reiiilum on inutiiased
Award lij Henna Trl-
Net redemption of pub-
lie ueui ,, ;ii,llsG,S' '.'l
'1 of ul let ex lend I lures tl3s,r,O7,3Kl.!)0
lUlalici! In i reasury.september
30, 1S73 U2,3SS,9s5.1s
Owing lo the large proportion of the in-
tcicsi on the public debt maturing .Inly 1,
the ninount paid out on that account is
more Hum half ns much as will bo lequlr-
cd for the next nine months, and although
'l ''"'ers into Hie expenses of this quarter,
It Is propei ly chargeable to a longer pcilod
lor the leniiilnlng thrce-quaiteis of the
ciuicittfiscalycar.it Is estimated that the
excess of cxpcndlluies over icccipts will
be sxl3,r,:i0,000. It is estimated that the
lccelpts for the fiscal year ending .Tunc "0,
1871, will be 30.1,700,000.
Estimated expcnditmcs for the same pe-
,.toi'fjs and Sin Hm.
S T A i, i: Y ,V C 0
Nl). 12 .MKIU'll VST-' Kow.
STOVES AND HOT AIR FURNACES.
Mew.iu and New Ainetlcaii ('unking
for bulb wood and coal, constantly un
.iiaimr.ieiurers or aid Healers In
C'Ol'l'Klt. TIN AND SIIKKT IliON WAItK.
P I, U M II I X (.
In all Its branches.
ll.ithTiibs, Water Closets
(las and W atei
I'lplii', and 1-II lint's. it
TIN HOOl'lNCI AND .I8I!IIIN(1
in un kinds promptly aitenuen lo. Aune
skttllul and reliable ivuikmen emplojed.
M.I, )OI!K ll-.l.7;.l.VJ'A71.;
i:rvikviiikii, a noons soistii orlriiK on. in iidcsk
E M O V A I,.
S. (I. Staley, of ihe into llrm of stuley Lip-
iiiueui'. nas leuiuveii ins mis mess iruino. s.
enter St.. to No. it Merchants' ltnvv. where, ho
has formed a Con.irliiershln with -Messrs. Dunn
& Cratnton, under the llrm name of s. O, staley
.tt'o. He will be pleased to seo all of his old
customers, and as iiiiiny new ones as will favor
nun vviiu u can.
Walt pockets, etc.,:
.7. II. MKKKKllS.
AIRIES for 1S74, at
I. II. M KKK lilt'S Musle store.
lilCTURE FRAMP.S. .Mottos, Reward
j earns, etr, ac
.1. 11. .MKKK Klt'.S.
HEET Music and Musical Instiuincnts,
J. 11. MKKK Klt'S.
AMES for the Holiday Trade, at
.1. II. MKKICKIt'.S Music Store,
Wholesale dealer in
C'ALIFOIt.NIA WINES AND llltANDV
lUrOKTEK ANn WUOl.EStl.K HI41EK
CHINA AND JAPAN TEAS.
Thu attention of Town AucntB, liijslclans
nud Driiffglsts Is especially called lo our wines,
us I hey are unsurpassed for medical purposes,
cninlni; from one of thu oldest, Mncynids In
California, Alt foods guaranteed pure and sat
Isfactot y, or to bo returned at lay expense.
o v r i e k ,
C'OIISKIt FltKIflllT AND KVKLYN. STS.,
(Unilon it Iluiitoon's block',)
Itutland, Vt. injur
OUR STATIONERY DEPARTMENT
comprises u full lino of staple goods,
tlrst-cluss papers, folded anil Hat, ruled and
pUln, all weights and sizes. Fnvelopes of fill
Krades and colors, dnnr, pay. note, letter, cru
cial and document, all ilrst-cluss goods und
prices low. Order a sample lot.
OLOlli: I'APKIt CO,
I DRINT1NO, Anything from n Card lo
. u Hook, neatly and promptly executed.
Wo havo nsgood facilities us any other cstab
llshmeut In Iho stuto. If you need anything In
lids line, givo us a tilal. satisfaction guaron
teeil. (1I.01IK l'AI'KIt CO
(Tirottdfis nnd grrjvijsiows.
& T. CADEN.
Wholesale and Itetall Dealers In
GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS,
CASNKI) FKU11H, PICKLES ft,
AND FANCY OOODS.
Also, Dealers In
IlltY (lOODH, HIIAWLH, IIHKSS OOOIIS,
IIOSIKItY, CILOVKM, 40., if.
All assortment of
UENTS' FUIiNISHlNd OOOIW
Comtantly on bund.
AdKNTS FOK MAIL
MTKAMKItS TO AND
ear-DUAFTS FOIt ANY AMOUNT ON TIIK
HANKS OF F.NC1LAND, IltKLAND, SCOTLAND
COHNKIt FltKIOIIT AND KVKLYN ST.-.
R E E R T U It N E R
SUOAR ItEITNINO COMPANY,
fl WALL STUKKT, NKW YoIIK.
orrer fur sale all tiie vai lolls irrndes of Helloed
sugar of superior lability ai me uivvesi .viarsei
rrtce. a superior iiutuiiy oi vv nue smg.ir mr
i onteeiiiiiiers use. .visu,
STANDARD ( RUSHED,
WHITE COFFEE A
COFFEE EXTRA C,
And the lower grades of
Y E I- E OJW S U G A R
BOrdi i s to be addressed to our ortlee tn New
York, 70 Wall Street, Cor. l'eatl.
I'artles ordering 10 batriis can have them us-
Ti-.kms Thirty days, or Casti lnr7 it.ivs, less y.
per cent, discount.
E. G. I1AXTER,
A V E Y O U S E E X
C II E S T i: R
P It () (! R
A M M E
I S S T it A N (I E
That one so welt Infoimed as von, did nut know
47 -MERCHANTS' ROW,
you could buy
ClIDIt'i: HU'lTKIt fot'33e,
II KIT FI.OIIIMUi),
NKW I.AYKlt IIA1MNS If.
CltANHKIilllKS. l.'ie. peripiari
THAT ('HOICK JAPAN TEA, S.V.
and everj thing, vou wish to eat C1IKAP of
T . II U 11 II A R D
47 MKItCIIANT'S HOW.
And every kind of Canned Hoods and Pickles
Confectionary, Nuts, Figs, Ac. '
.lOSEPH H. GUY.
S. IIAYWAIID .tco.,
(IHOCKItlKS, PHOVISIONS, HAY AND WOOD
WASniNUTOX ST., Itl'TMM), VT.
Cross ic Hlackwell's
PICK EES ,
iiuttvaii-imuiii nULi iMIIHJU nilUCO. In fart
nearly all ktmW of KnuliMi Pickles van U rotinu
U 8 C A
0 R A P E S
H. W MAHSHALL'S.
O RUNEEEAS, PRUNES, CHERRIES,
X. IVaches, Illackbcrrles, Itaspberrles, Plums
Also, oil klndsof fruits In cans,
for sale at
Orovo street, Itullan'd','vt
rpEAS, from (50 cents to $1.75; also fresh
X (iround COFFKK, nt '
, H. W. MAHSHALL'S
mayldlivviy Corner ot (irovo and West his.
IjUK HORN & 31AONOEIA FEOUR
il very choice, for sala at
mayldiwly u. V, MAHSHALL'S,
'AEAQA GRAPES at
(fitothlni) & jgurnijshing S5oortjs.
IN READY MADE
C I, O T H 1 N 0
HATB AND CAPS.
1! II gdftftinlnedlo close out our MU slock of
READY MADE OI.OTHINO,
FUHNISIIINCI CJOODS, 1IAT.S AND CAPS,
w will fifffr them at such pilcos as will
PINE (JUSTO.M (JEOTHINU.
H. W. KINGSEEY,
(. K N T It A I. 110CS K CO I! S E II .
(iOODS ! NEW GOODS I !
HATES' HOUSE CORNER STORE,
For Fall and Winter woar.
.MKNS' HOYS' and CHILDHKNS SUITS,
All styles and prices.
nt.ri:, isi.AcK .t nitowN
SII.VKI! AND CASTOIt
II A T
S A X D C
Of every description.
(iF.NTS' FURNISHING GOODS,
laDIKS' AND C1ENTS' TltAVKI.lNO HACJS.
Ztr s.wo money by buying goods at the
Hates' House Corner store, 41 .Merchants' now
coiner Center stieet.
d.VW .VASON JKHKOWSKI.
O I, O T II I N G
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
O V E R C O A T S ,
All glades for .Mens' and Hoys' wear.
Fine Hlue and Olive
U E A Y E R SUI T S .
FANCY CASSIMKItK SUITS
Of every description.
ooods shown with pleasure atidKold!at!prlccs
that defy competition.
A. O. CUNNINGHAM,
No, o Cksteu Sr., Opposite tho Depot,
$tUUttcrt and &wij ffiootlji.
J A X 1 C PRICES
T E M I' I, E O F FASHION
A FULL LINK OF MILLINKHY C11KAPEH
Felt Hats In all shapes at coo.
Velvet Hats at "lie ; worth 11.00,
1 rimmed Hats a handsome assortment at
Oat rich tips from loo, upwards.
Lone Flumes tn all lengths, shades and prices,
silk Velvet and Velveteen.
ToniuolsD silk and satuns, in all shades, cut
on tho btus.
Ladles' -Merino Vests al Mc.,sie., Il.ooand un-
WsintS ? wet til Tfu- . 41 IHlnml tl OS
i.uuies .vieriuo i .mis
worth f 1.25.
In all sizes, at ssc ;
Merino Shirts for children at esc, TO, 73, so and
upwards; sold elsewhere at 7.v, ss, fioo and l S3.
Union Merino hulls, all sizes, from ll.cw up.
II Ml US.
HAND MADE WOltSTEDS,
In ladles' Jackets, scarfs nnd leggings! Infants
hoods, caps, shoes and mittens,
Ijing double .Nubias at die ; worth "sc.
Flannel Sacks for lurunts, misses and ladtes,
Alexander Kid (llovesln all shades und sizes.
at tl.oo ; two buttons, li.ss. A good ktd, slight-
lj iiiuiiUKeii, uv iui
A full tine, from llio cheapest, upwards. An
elegant chemise, tucked and embroidered bo
som, nt tl.io. Drawers, tucked and embroider
ed, ll.oo. Slx-tucked skirt, J1.00. Night robes,
corset covers and toilet Jackets at bargains.
TIES! T I E S !
An elegant assortment In all the latest stslca
and shades u t astonishing prices.
Illrt-gorii corsets In bov, only one ; sold eUe
where ut 11.00. '
Shlele's imported woven 11. c. corset at Toe.
Also Madamo l'oy's celebrated corset, laced on
tho sides, at f l.M.
$,l'tJe'La''0, L'racts kept constantly, at a
saving of w percent,
. V'?,ri,tca I'aJternH ot all kinds and designs.
A full Uno at low ttgurcs.
Woolen holst-ry for lttdles,inls.sesand children,
A fttl lino of gloves, gauntlets and mittens.
Jewelry, Infants' wenr, veils and veiling, rib
bons, and lion ers. (lenulno Lubtn's perfumery
at too j worth ll.oo. Soais, hrockeis, handker
chiefs, lacu and linen collars, runitng and col
larets, nnd lots of other goods, all soiling at our
universal popular prices.
Wo Invito ull to look at Iho goods nnd prices,
without regard to purchase, at
Attimuvs TMiri.K ot' rjisuwx
Urnich a,'trVFatrkavoi, leit ta rostii ce-
S M 1 T II
Will save thowj who wish tlrst-class work end
tUe best fits, the trouble, time ana eitjense of
going lo New York, Uoston, Troy, or any other
city, by loaTlng their measure with him, ns he
will guarantee to gle as good satisfaction us
can be glren In nny city. Ho employs none
but the rory best Journeymen Tailors, and all
worlc done by hand. Any person wiiuinz u
suit made In the short space of
can be accommodated. Tho most stylish La
dles' Jackets made to order, and Hoys ond
Chlldrtnt' suits made, and patterns cut. All
Information free of charge.
Lto is recelTlng dally from tho best manufac
turers, the finest and nobbiest styles of English,
scotch, French, Herman, .Norwc gian and Del
glum Casslmeres, the finest Fur heavers, Mos
cow Hearers, Oerman Double Asklti, French
l'llot nnd Chinchillas, and the finest Astrlcbaii
Woolens, and VV'est-of-Kngland
IlItOADCLOTllS AND DOKSKINS,
Any kind of cloth out by the yard, nnd good t
Dress suits from
Knglisn Walking Coats,
tine cngusu Hunting coats, made
from Irish Fr!,n
Vests made from French Casslmeres,
DreSSlntC OOWIlS mmln ti nritf.r rrum
Tho most elegant llrcakfast Jackets
UVCT SllOVVU til tOVVn rnr rrnin lulu Alt
Mlstltted garments rnnitn nrnr tn Ilie l itest
style, and clothes dyeds cleaned and repaired
In the best possible manner, and at Low l'rlre'..
. " . .uiku .saiuj.1 uuilis, uispia ingcver curei;
hundred patterns of tine tmpoited goods rur
nlshed to out ot town customers tor Inspection,
and also an experienced measurer, upon apnli
cation, will visit parties In neighboring town
tuercuy saving mem now time und trouble.
.siiusmcuon guaranteed in every lnstuncc
All those who wish useful
will remember hLs place,
Cknihk Stksm, RUTLAND, VKIt.MOM'
A D W A Y S T Y E E S
N E W G O O D S
Thi best stock of
F I N E
W O O I, F. N S
In tho State to select fiotu at
W. W. .MlCALI.'s.
Made un In the latest, most fashionable and
nobbiest manner, and wilt bo sold at prices to
suit customers. Oarments of every description
cut and made at this establishment In ihe bet
Oentleuien can save time and trouble bv lea
Ing their orders.
tr No alterations.
Call at tho old stand opjioslte the deini
w. w. .ncr.u.t..
K 1 X G S E V. .
U E N T It A I.
ii o u s i:
CO It N K li
Ill3dtf MKItCHANT TAILOHINO.
Ijousu fflruamrntnl (Goods.
A X D
THE BOSTON 1)1 CENT SjTORI,
URKATEST A1TH ACTION IN
AND WHY IS ITV
llecauso we offer to the people our guods ut
their true value, nnd becauso we have Iho larg
est, tlnest, nnd richest stock of floods ever
fered for the money In Itutland.
It is impossible to give you an Idea ot ivlmt
wo can sell for as cents.
Among our great collection will be found
such as. Felt Skirts, embossed, White Skirts,
full size, ten tucks, chemlso, tucked nnd pulled
bosoms, Night Dresses. Hosier-, all grndeb.
Children's worsted garments, with capes, nm.
ly trimmed nnd In a variety of colors, Hon.
nets and Hoods, hand made,
Caps, Imitation Seal skin. I'nderguinieiils,
Oloves, and a variety ot linen goods, sum
as Napkins, Tuble-cloths, Handkerchiefs, i
HOUSE OHNAME.NTAL OOODS.
lu endless variety. Brackets sold for ti, and
never before sold for less, we offer at lis cents.
We are constantly adding useful articles and
novelties to our stock every week. Amongtlum
you will llnd this week, 100 dozen dents' Under
garments, 2 for 99 cents, the quality never be
fore offered at tho price. Alsu, a verv hand
some solid Walnut Corner Table, worth twice
the amount w e sell them for. The price Is only w
Hemembcr our goods are all at tho uniform
price of w cents.
Send for one of our lists, 24 pages, and vou
will bo sure to nnd something ou must imvu
whllo you can get It at our low prices.
TIIE BOSTON M CENT STORE,
II O E I D A Y S
A F F It O A C II
TUB MSX WHO
A D V E It T I S E
DAIEY AND WEEKEY GLORE,
or any other Oood New papcr,
ivn.i. mci'nk Tin
I, A R G EST TRADE!
miss ton snonr iDVKnTiiKiiKNrs:
1 d'V tiilvil HiV J.l'e s.,...u
a lines... ,ia a ss h m
4 " ...,ti 40 65 70 85
" ....40 0 so 1 no i on
18 " ,...S0 S3 ) H) jo. , (
Longer advertisements at low rates.
GEOUE PAPER CO ,