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HUH. A. J. OBMWAY, Editor and Proprietor.
OFFICE Cob. Fjiont Washington Stkbets
A Journal Tor the People.
Devoted to the Interests or Humanity.
Independent in Politics and Religion.
Alive to all Live Issues, and Thoroughly
Radical In OpposingandExposIng the "Wrong
ot the Masses.
TERMS, IN ADVANCE:
Six months .
Free Speech, Free Press, Free People.
Correspondents writingover assumed slgna
tures must-mnke known their names to the
Editor, or no attention will be given to theli
ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted on Reasonable
POTtTLAjNTD , OREGON, ITIilDVY, JTDTOE 1, 187'?'.
EDNA AND JOHN:
A Romance or Idaho Flat.
Bv Mrs. A. J. DUNIWAY,
AUTHOR OF "JUDITH BEID," "ELI EX DOWD,"
"AMIE and uesbt iee," "the happv
HOME," "ONE WOMAN'S SPHERE,"
ETC, ETC, ETC
Entered, according to Act or Congress, In the
year 1870, by Mrs. A. J. Dunlway, In the office ot
the Librarian or Congress at 'Washington City.
"Woman's degraded, helpless position Is the
weak point or our institutions to-day a dis
turbing force everywhere, severing ramliy ties,
filling our asylums with the deaf, the dumb,
the blind, our prisons with criminals, our cit
ies with drunkenness and prostitution, our
homes with disease anddeath. National Cen
tennial Equal Rights Protest.
Many of the disgraceful scenes of a
'divorce court must again be passed iu
silence by. Would to heaven it were
possible, under the existing order of
one-sexed laws, to expunge from the
law practice every vestige of the cross
questionings that brings blushes to the
cheeks of suffering modesty and outrage
the sense of decency in every quivering
nerve of every martyred woman who
may be a victim of the disturbing force
of inequality tbnt severs family ties and
fills so many human hearts with a lin
gering misery that can only be assuaged
"Don't appear against John, daugh
ter," wisely advised her mother. "His
unjust accusations will not injure you
in the eyes of God, and it makes no dif
ference to you as to what man may say
when you have a clear conscience."
"But, mother, my silence will be a
virtual admission that John Smith's
charges are true," said Edna, weeping
bitterly. "It will disgrace our minister
and destroy his usefulness, and will
brand me as a bad woman. I really
cannot bear it."
"Let your daily walk and conversa
tion be your refutation of the charge,
my dear. As to Mr. Handel don't
worry about him. He's a mau, and can
take care of himself. I have never con
sidered him a favorite of yours in any
dense. If he can't stay here and hold
his head up and continue in the ways of
usefulness because a drunken sot has
slandered him, be hasn't the complete
elements of a reformer. Let him try
new fields of missionary labor and we
can get another preacher."
Well had it been for Edna had she
taken her mother's advice. But several
lawyers were idle in Idaho Flat, aud a
firm was found which was not slow In
enforcing the thought upon her brain
that she must vindicate herself before
the bar of justice. As though a slan
dered character was ever vindicated by
appealing to the law !
When the day of trial came, Edna ap
peared in opposition to the plea of John
upon the ground that he had accused
ber falsely. She did not want a divorce
at all, she said, except upon the ground
of ber husband's drunkenness.
Then followed a long research into
the early history of John, the object be
ing to discover whether or not Edna
had known, prior to her marriage, that
he had been addicted to dissipation.
Edna was overcome with humiliation
at the remembrance of their meager ac
quaintance in the days before the law
had professedly made them one. That
the Court might not guess the secret
fact that she had mistaken John for an
other, under the darkness that covered
their clandestine elopement, and had
married him without understanding
herself at all, seemed so silly to her ma-
turer senses that she felt that she would
have died willingly to conceal the fact
from the public in general and His
Honor, the Court, in particulor. But,
under the skillful cross fire of a barri
cade of counsel that Mr. Brief had sum
moned to the cause of John, the whole
mortifying truth came out, and the
Court settled himself into the belief that
John was an abused husband of a de
Yet Edna had many friends in Idaho
Flat. Honest, sober, sensible men there
were in plenty, who remembered their
own wives, sisters, mothers, and daugh
ters, and some of them were justenough
to see that a marriage which was clearly
a fraud in ethics ought to be considered
a fraud in equity. But such was not
the opinion of the Court.
His Honor was a small, spare man,
with kindly blue eyes and lanky yellow
hair, a very Ascetic in abstinence from
everything sensual, and thoroughly
just, as far as he was able to compre
hend justice. Yet, in bis eyes, justice
to woman was one thing ind justice to
man entirely another. He believed de
voutly in the infinitude of human law;
and the farther back the law that
seemed to suit a case in point began,
the more was the law entitled to his re
epect, as precedent.
Clearly, as be saw it, the law had
united this couple. Clearly both had
given unqualified consent. License had
been procured after a legal form, and a
certificate of marriage was exhibited by
"Now, the question was not upon the
legality of the union, but upon the al
leged causes for its annulment. There
was no proof that John Smith had de
ceived hie wife in regard to his personal
habits prior to marriage. Evidently
Mrs. Smith had acted wholly upon her
own volition in assenting to the copart
nership. The deception, If any, was
her own fault. It was not shown that
her husband had mistreated her. On
the contrary, his extreme good nature
when intoxicated had been amply
proven. There was evidence, however,
that she had forbidden him the house
and premises, aud that, in exercising a
husband's right to his own home, he
had gone no farther than the majesty of
the law permitted.
"See 'Blackstoue on Marriage,' para
graph so-and-so, page such-and-such;
'Story on Divorces,' page tliis-and-this,
paragraph that-and-that; 'Kent on Mar
riage Contracts,' chaptersuch-and-such;
'Greenleaf on Married Women's Disa
bilities,' book second, and-so-fourth,
"The Scriptures of the New Testa
ment and the Common Law of England
are alike explicit upon the causes for di
vorce. If John Smith can prove his
wife guilty of marital infidelity the case
will rest iu his favor and the marriage
will be dissolved, iu which case the cus
tody of the minor children will be given
into his keeping, together with all the
property accumulated by both.
"Men have heretofore been known to
turn their wives away from home for
some real or fancied misdemeanor; but
in all the practice of all the courts we
are unable to find a precedent for the
unuatural conduct of a wife who turns
her lawful husband away from his own
doorstep, as in this instance. Such con
duct Is worthy of a Xautippe, but was
hardly to be exp'ected in a woman of the
"In summing up the testimony for the
plaintiff, the Court holds to the opinion
that marital infidelity, though not
proven, is to be suspected on the part of
the party of the second part. That the
husband is an injured man, there is lit
tle room for doubt. That the wife has
grievances, both real and imaginary, is
probable. "Women are subject to these.
There is, however, a legal barrier to a
divorce jn this case, which the attorneys
have strangely overlooked. I allude to
the fact that each party desires the dis
solution of the copartnership. Had the
husband alone desired the divorce, upon
the ground set forth in the complaint,
the protest of the wife would have
availed her nothing, unless his case had
been proven. Had the wife, alone, put
in her plea for a dissolution of the holy
bonds of matrimony, upon the ground
of desertion for the space of three years,
or for bodily maltreatment, or for fail
ure, as far as able to fulfill his agree
ment, to support and provide for her,
the plea would have been granted. But,
as there is neither law nor precedent for
granting a divorce to either party upou
the grounds alleged, the Court will dis
miss the case and proceed to the next
business upon the docket."
Your Honor," said Mr. Brief, rising
with some agitation and considerable
hurry, "pardon me, but you have for
gotten to assess the costs of suit."
Oh! ah! yes! The husband will
pay all costs, of course."
"But, beg pardon allow me to whis
per in your ear."
His Honor bowed to listeu.
"John Smith has no property what
ever, and you must hold the defendant
liable for costs."
'And get my labor for my pains,"
whispered the Judge in reply. "Don't
you know that the property of a wife
belongs to her husband, aud whutever's
his is his own?"
The perturbation or air. liner was
quieted, and the two legal protectors of
the rjghts of married women enjoyed a
quiet laugh together, of which none but
themselves knew the purport.
If this is human law and human
justice, 1 decline to take any stock in
it!" cried Sue Randolph, indignantly
starting up from her seat beside Edna
and Mrs. Rutherford, and facing the
Judge defiantly, while Edna wept in si
Ience aud Mrs. Rutherford groaned
"I fine this woman twenty dollars for
contempt of Court !" said His Honor,
with a smile that was child-like and
"I'd like to see you get your money!"
was the pert reply.
"Conduct this woman to jail !" said
His Honor, waving his hand iu the di
rection of rhe sheriff.
"Stay, your Honor," cried Edna, "I
will pay her fine."
"In the name of her husband, I ob
ject I" said Mr. Brief.
"You have enough to do to look after
your own affairs, Mrs. Smith," replied
the Judge, severely. "My advice to
you is to pray without ceasing. Keep
yourself close to the feet of Jesus, and
remember that piety, sobriety, meek
ness anu oueaience are tue crowning
glory of a wife. You are to return to
your wifely duties aud observe them,
looking well to the ways of your house
hold and eating not the bread of idle
Edna glanced mutely at her toil-battered
bands and then appealingly into
the Judge's eyes, but answered him
never a word.
"You have done yourself a great in
jury," continued His Honor, "byshield
ing and harboring the unhappy woman
who is now being remanded to prison
She is not a person with whom I would
like my wife to associate."
Edna bit her lips till the purple blood
in tnem fairly curdled. Alas, she could
not reply without being compelled to
follow the fate of poor Sue, and then
who would assist her heart-broken
mother in caring for the children and
keeping the wolf from the door?
"Please, sir, may we be excused my
mother and I?"
The question was asked as a timid
child might ask it of a. tyrannical, rod
applying schoolmaster. The Judge
looked at her enquiringly.
"I must go to my work," continued
Edna, "or I shall have no means to sup
port the husband you have to-day de
cided that I must protect."
His Honor was puzzled. Was the
woman impudent or crazy, that she
should thus pretend tooccupya position
which God and nature had assigned to
"I am afraid that some of the strong-
minded fallacies that are disturbing the
elements of domestic life in the East
have made their appearance in Idaho
Fiat!" he said, solemnly.
"May I be excused?" repeated Edna,
her voice husky with smothered indig
nation and sorrow.
"Yes, madam. Go home and get
your husband's dinner and make his
home happy. That is the duty of every
married woman. Your whole duty is in
the home, his out of it. He is to pro
vide the comforts of life, you are to take
care of them. I trust that I shall hear
no more of your unreasonable repining.
Tho Court has been lenient with you,
and you have not been proven guilty as
charged in your husband's indictment.
Always meet your husband with asmile
and a word of encouragement, aud
never let him see your brow clouded.
Nothing drives a man to ruin like
smothered tempests in his home. You
have time in plenty to atone for your
errors of the past, for you are young yet.
Do your duty, and mauj sons and
daughters shall yet arise to call you
blessed. Nothing else in nature is so
beautiful as a well-ordered, comfortable
home, with a dutiful wife and smiling
children to welcome the husband aud
father from his labors at nightfall. A
contented miud is a continual feast. I
further advise you to request your pas
tor to discontinue his visits, fleeing they
give your husband trouble. I am aware
that Mr. Smith has some unfortunate
habits, but I am unable to learn that
they have ever caused him to commit
personal violence upon you. And for
the rest, I feel assured that it lies in
your power to cure him of drunkenness
by wifely obedience aud womanly thrift.
How Edna reached the open air she
really never knew. It seemed to her
that her heart was frozen.
Walking with a firm step toward the
door, and staring with stony eyes into
vacancy, she heeded not the eager gazes
of the gaping crowd, nor paused an in
stant to contemplate the changes in her
situation. Everything seemed covered
as with an impenetrable pall of black
ness. It was as though u great gulf
yawned before her, upon tho very brink
of which she paused, while behind her
stood a bland-faced oracle, armed with
tmoes of sheepskin, with which he was
driving her forward to destruction.
The eye of many a bronzed miner was
filled with tears, while murmurs of in
dignation filled the crowded room.
Iu one corner of the rude building,
and inside the bar, sat a young lawyer
with medium proportions, broad fore'
head, clear brown eyes, dark chestnut
hair, and firm-set mouth. Nobody had
noticed him, as he was a new arrival
who had that day presented his creden
tials aud taken his seat among his fel
lows without clients and likely to re
The stranger watched Edna till she
passed out of the house, and again
caught sight of her throught the win
dow, as she toiled up the hill to her
"May it please your Honor," ho at
length exclaimed, rising to his feet
and breathing heavily, as though under
the impetus of somestrangeexcitement,
"I have a request to make."
"Proceed," replied the Judge, as he
settled himself to look over the columns
of a stale newspaper.
"I should be pleased to get the use of
this hall of justice for this evening, as I
wish to deliver a lecture.""
"Certainly," said His Honor. "We
shall be pleased to hear from you."
"Then, gentlemen, allow me to an
nounce that I shall be most happy to
give you an address this evening upon
the 'Rights of Women.' I shall not
ask a door fee. My object Is not to
make money, but to consider tho claims
that mothers, wives, and daughters
ought to. have under the laws of our so-
called free country for their protection,
This evening at eight o'clock I shall be
here, and I hope to see you all as eager
to listen to my humble speech as you
have been willing to pay deferential
heed to Judge White's decision to-day.'
His Honor called the next case, and
Edna and John were soon forgotten in
the consideration of the rights of some
disputants over a mining claim, who
bad managed to get themselves entau
gled in a legal broil.
Court took recess at four p. m., and
Mr. Shields, the strange young lawyer,
paused on his way to the hotel to speak
a kindly word to poor Sue Randolph.
who was weepiug in the jail, whither
sue nad been conveyed as a prisoner.
"We'll show you that the good men
are not all dead by great odds," he said.
cheerily. "Sometimes the darkest hour
of the night is just before the morning."
To be continued.
YAMHILL COUNTY "W. S. A.
FIRST DAY MORNINO SESSION.
The Association met in Amity, May
16th, at 11 o'clock A. M., and was called
to order by the Secretary.
The President being absent, Mrs. A.
M. Martin was called to the chair.
Minutes of last session read and ap
Mrs. Loughary, Mrs. Henderson, and
Mr. Loughary were appointed a com
mittee od programme.
The constitution not being at hand,
Mrs. Martin stated its principal fea
tures, and received two signatures.
Committee on programme made their
report, which was adopted.
The firston the progiamme being Im
promptu speeches, Mrs. Martin and
Mrs. Loughary responded.
The question for afternoon discussion
was read, after which the Association
adjourned until 2 o'clock p. M.
Meeting called to order at the ap
pointed time, Mrs. Martin in the chair.
Minutes of the previous scssiou read
The question for afternoon discussion
was "Plans for tho more effectual work
of aiding woman's enfranchisement."
A few members spoke quite ably on
Mr. McLeod, from Washington
county, made a short speech.
Mrs. Loughary read before the Asso
ciation the petition for a Sixteenth
meudment addressed to the Senate
and House of Representatives of the
United States, which was circulated
through the house, receiving several
Mrs. Duniway addressed the Associa
tion for a few minutes.
Adjourned to meet at 7i o'clock.
Met pursuant to adjournment.
Minutes of the previous session read
The speaker of the evening (Mrs.
Duniway) was then introduced to the
audience, and entertained them for
three-quarters of an hour.
Subject for discussion, "The proposed
Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitu
tion of the United States."
Mrs. Loughary offered the following
Itcsolvcd, That measures be sneedilv
adopted for the passage of a Sixteenth
Amendment to the Federal Constitu
tion, which will remove the political
disabilities now entailed upou United
States citizens because of sex.
Resolved, That we use the most active
efforts to secure the largest number of
signatures to Sixteenth Amendment
petitions for the United States Senate
and House of Representatives of the
45th Congress that was ever rolled up in
tue state oi uregon.
Resolutions adopted, after much dis
Programme for second day, morning
Adjourned to meet at ten o'clock,
SECOND DAY MORNING SESSION.
Met at ten o'clock, Mrs. Martin in the
Minutes of the previous session read
Mrs. Duniway called upon to stale
tho object of this Association, after
which two signed the constitution.
After short speeches by several par
ties, Association adjourned to meet at
McMinnville tho 21st of November,
1S77, at 11 o'clock A. m.
Mrs. a. M. Martin,
Mrs. A. Henderson, Pres' t pro tern.
Some of our contemporaries have had
a dispute as to the value of the dia
monds in Miss IS ei son's ears, aud Mr.
Zacharias, the man of whom thev were
purchased, thoughtfully explains that
tuey wouiu be clieap at ten thousand
dollars, but neglects to say how much
ue got lor mom. The discussion is in
such admirable bad taste, is so ex
ceedingly silly and ineffably vulgar,
mat we nasieu to engage in it. Tne
value of the stones iu Miss Neilson's
ears must be arrived at by computation.
Assuming that the valueof the bead be
tween tbem is a certain sum, and that
tne ears are sdtnewhat inferior In scope
and spread to the prodigious auricles
that adorn the journalistic pate, we
nave two factors or tne problem from
which to infer the third. The actual so
lution we leave to the gifted idiots of
the daily press. Argonaut.
More than forty girls graduate every
year from Vassar College. They go out
into the world witli well-disciplined
minds, prepared to do valiant work iu
all the great reforms of the age. Some
of them enter professional life, mauv
become teachers, while others,, peering
into their future destiny, see for them
selves "little clouds no bif:er than a
man's hand." These educated girls are
leaving their impress upon the age and
nation. All honor- be to the man who
listened to a woman's voice, and planted
a tree of knowledge in the beautiful
valley of the Hudson !
Though a man can gather and scatter,
move, mix, anu unmix, yet lie can de
stroy nothing. The putrefaction of one
thing is a preparation for the being and
bloom of another. Thus a tree gathers
nourishment from its own fallen leaves
when they are decayed, and something
gathers up tbe fragments so that noth
ing is lost.
"Dar now," said the negro preacher,
as tne deacon leit tne meeting in a pet.
"Dar now, dat's just what the Bible
says, 'Ue wicked run when nobody's
OUB WASHINGTON LETTER.
To the Editor op the New Northwest :
The report of Fred. Douglass' lecture
on 'Washington City," delivered re
cently in Baltimore, aud which he will
repeat throughout the North, has caused
not a little feeling among the old resi
dents of this city. If we may judge the
lectures by the extracts published in
the Baltimore papers, he deals in rather
severe strictures upon the elements con
trolling Washington under the old re
gime rather than upon theNorthem and
Western element, which has done so
much toward the improvement of the
city since the war. He thinks the fa
vorable change in the condition of the
colored people "lias been remarkable,
but pitches into everything white. And
people wonder why he should develop
so much bitterness when so highly fa
vored as he has been by the President.
He was made Marshall, but was not
permitted to become usher by courtesy
at the White House, and reflecting
upon the spleen exhibited by him after
Ills return from San Domingo in 1869,
we are inclined to think he is still em
bittered at the half-way treatment given
him by the white man.
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.
Mr. Defrees, the new public printer,
will apply the civil service rules to his
department, which means he will re
move the old force in so far as it does
not suit him, and replace it by new men.
His clerks and foreman have already
been selected, and are worthy men as
well as practical printers. He, like all
others occupying high positions, finds
himself with a "fire in the rear," made
by some disaffected persons who seek
thereby to secure his rejection by the
Senate. Charges trumped up after ap
pointment rarely had any weight in the
Senate in the past, aud serve more to
briug the nominee iuto favorable notice
than to injure, hence Mr. Defrees' friends
treat these brought against him with
indifference. Those moat zealous in
opposing him are now in the govern
ment printing oillce, and if Mr. Defrees
does not make some summary dis
charges after lie enters upou his duties
on the 23th, we will be surprised, as be
is not much inclined to give preference
Tho administration means to put an
end to the depredations of the Mexican
cattle-stealers on the Texan frontiers.
These "greasers" have become so strong
in numbers and so bold in action that
forbearance lias ceased to he a virtue.
Whether it will assume the form taken
by General McKenzie, who crossed the
Rio Grande some years ago with his
troops, and gave the thieves a good
drubbing upon their own soil, or whether
a general setto will ensue is not yet de
termined. But that these infamous
"greasers" must cease to cross the fron
tier is settled, and we may expect the
quiet of the Rio Grande to be disturbed
thls8ummer by the presence of troops
fully able and authorized to take proper
care of Uncle Sam's important material
interests in the shape of cattle aud
The administration has seen fit in
its superior wisdom to mitigate the sen
tence of dismissal from the army passed
upon this officer for indecent overtures
to a brother officer's wife, into suspen
sion from rank and pay for two years.
To us, this action merits criticism, for
the Cabinet has no more right to take
into consideration Major Reno's war
record than the court at law has that
of the mau tried for burglary. Scores of
men are now iu our prisons whose ca
reers as soldiers are without a blemish,
but this did not suffice to deter the courts
from administering merited punishment
for crimescommitted. Yet Major Reno's
case was cowardly endeavor, not only to
seduce a wife in the absence of her hus
band, but, when ho failed lu the attempt,
to visit upon her blackest and vilest
slander and oppression. He even went
so far as to interdict the chaplain from
holding religious service when she was
present, and so devilish was his perse
cution that no jury court in the country
would have held the husband amenable
for taking the law into his own hands,
Yet Major Reno, under the pitiful plea
of past service, escapes with mere sus
pension. The Queen of England dis
missed Colonel Baker for an offense not
a titiie so gross. As a volunteersoldier,
we have no sympathy for the West
Point influences which obtain in the
War Department, and Major Reno's
condoned shame is simply due to the
theory that a West Pointer cannot com
mit crime. The old Common Law of
England held that the "King could do
no wrong," and the dogma of infalli
bility teaches that the "Popecannoterr."
But we are heretical enough to say and
believe that more ill. can be condoned
because the transgressor is a West
Pointer than would people our peniten
taries, were just deserts given.
The administration having been offi
cially notified by the Russian Minister
of the fact of war between Russia and
Turkey, i3 now at liberty to take any
needed steps to preserve our neutrality
and to protect us from future claims for
damages committed on war material,
such as ships, etc., made in this coun
try for either of the belligerents. The
Turkish Miuister gave immediate noti
fixation, but Russia has seen fit to delay
till now. Apropos of this war, rumor
has had it that Minister Maynard was
to be recalled, and Attorney-General
Dovens sent to Constantinople. But
we are assured the rumor has not the
slightest foundation, notwithstanding
General Devens is hardly pleased with
his present position. Though he regards
his abandonment of the judicial bench
as an error, yet resignation for the pur
pose of going as Minister to Turkey he
regards as a graver mistake, hence he
proposes to fight it out on this line if it
takes four years.
Washington has been again thrown
into a flutter of excitement and pleas
ure by the wedding of the eldest daugh
ter of Admiral Porter to Lieutenant L.
C. Logau, at the Church of the Epiph
any. A brilliant throng witnessed the
ceremony, consisting of army and navy
officers, Senators, and diplomats. The
first attraction upon entering the church
was the chancel, which, by the profu
sion of lilies and white lilacs used in
decorating, was turned Into a floral
bower. From an arch of lilacs in front
of the altar depended a bell formed of
lilies of the valley, with a tongue of scar
let verbeuas. The dim light In the body
of the church threw into prominence the
brilliantly lighted chancel, and. the ef
fect was unrivalled in beauty. The
groomsmen were in full uniform. The
bride's dress of white satin, with its lus
trous folds, was further set off by the
full uniform of her father, the Admiral,
upon whose arm she leaned In entering.
The usual after wedding accompani
ments of reception, supper and dancing
closed the affair. Felix.
Washington, D. C, May 11, 1877.
The Denver Tribune, in speakinc of
the dissatisfaction of Republicans, re
garding the Southern question and the
desire of some Republican papers to
originate new issues, very wisely re
marks: "The Republican party has a
good aud substantial fundamental phil
osophythe philosophy of equal rights."
We would ask or tue Tribune, as an ex
ponent of Republican principles, if it
advocates this fundamental philosophy ?
If it claims to do this, then we would
ask what it would have its readers to
understand the definition of equal rights
to be ? There is a very Important issue
now before the people of Colorado, an
issue which, in the opinion of its advo
cates, embraces these principles of this
fundamental philosophy in its truest,
broadest, and grandest sense. The prin
ciple of equal rights in a Republican
form of government must mean the
rights of ail its people to life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness, if it meaus
anything. This important issue before
the people or Colorado involves the
question whether these rights shall be
granted to all in people or delegated to
a certain class.
The legislature of that State has sub
mitted a proposition for the considera
tion of its citizens which asks them to
say whether or not they are willing
mat an us people snail nave and enjoy
the principles aud rights of an Ameri
can govprnment, to determine whether
the right, or suffrage in that State shall
be universal, or delegated to a favored
We are watchiug our Colorado ex
changes to see whicli side of this issue
the press is taking, and If the Tribune
claims to espouse the cause of a party
wnicn oases us iunuamentai pnuosonuv
upon the broad grounds of equality, we
would asK which side ot this vital ques
tion it proposes to advocate. As vet.
we have found nothing in its columns
which would satisfy us that It has taken
the side of the party now laboring to
secure equal rights to all the people of
uovernor chamberlain's marriage
witli a Washington lady, seven or eight
years ago, brought him more directly to
tho notice of those here, particularly as
his wife enjoyed a well-deserved fame
for great beauty, and as the "beautiful
Miss Iugersoll" was looked to as the
fairest of the fair at the Capital. She
had one of those sweet picture faces, and
not of the insipid type, but a face of
perfect oval, with large gray eyes of the
order "Irish lake," and features just
enough of a compromise between the
regular and the nondescript to be
piquaute; add to this a complexion of
lilies and roses, a slight, graceful figure
and a wealth of golden hair, which she
always wore so as to display Us natural
waviness most charmingly, and you
have a tout ensemble whioh all might
admire or envy, as the case might be.
As a background to these charms, Miss
mgersou nad birth and superior euuca
tion, but broken family fortunes drove
her to seek a livelihood in the Treasury,
aud it was thero that Governor Cham
berlain, the Attorney-General of South
Carolina, found her. Washington Let
The itev. Howard Crosby says:
"Women have bad no more difficulty
than men in mastering linguistic, math
ematical, scientific and philosophic
truth; and u the opinion has prevailed
that sucn learned women made poor
wives, it is because, under the pressure
or society, hitherto only pushing women
could attain these high ends. But let
society be such that modest and retir
ing women can equally achieve and ex
cel in high studies, and we shall lose
false opinion about 'bluestockings.' We
shall find that the truest examples of
domestic happiness are when both hus
band and wife have reached, by careful
study, the higher realms of thought,
and have thus eularged the field of their
common pursuits. We shall find that
the color of the stockings is not altered
by any amount of thorough culture, and
that feminine delicacy is but promoted
by the sharpening of the perceptive and
discriminating faculties. JW. x. Hun.
In the Presbyterian Assembly at Chi
cago, liev. Mr. Koberts, of .New Mexico,
expiaiueu tne religious systems preva
lent there. The women, under the In
fluence of the Catholic church, were
governing tne men, innuencing them
against Protestantism. He said there
was an urgent demand for women
teachers there. Women could approach
the women, but men could not, ow
ing to the watchfulness of the priests.
Serves Him Sight.
"Single or double, life's full of trou
ble," hath an ancient proverb well said.
There is one form iu which misery can
attack an old bachelor. No matter
what a man's talent, or education, or
experience may be, it is impossible for
him to struggle successfully with a hole
in a stockiug. There are difficulties
connected with it which feminine gen
ius alone can combat. It has peculiar
ities unshared by any rent or aperture
that ever appears in any other descrip
tion of garment. If any other part of
the attire meets with misfortune, and
requires to be reconstructed by the aid
of needle and thread, the materials are
ail there. If the disaster takes the shape
of a plain slit, if its edges are as jagged
as a streak of lightning, or If it appears
in the form of an old-fashioned winkle
hawk, it is nevertheless only an affair
of a simple seam, aud no very great tal
ent for sewiug is required. But a hole
in a stocking is an entirely different
matter. Here there are no two areas of
material with sharply-marked shore
lines, distinct capes and bays and pen
insulas nicely tittincr Into each other, to
guide the mender aud show him where
nd how to put them together. In tho
stocking a single thread breaks. Noth
ing Is lost, nothing is gone, and vet in
stantly there is vacancy, vacuum. Not
a shred of cotton, not a filament of wool,
has disappeared, yet there is the hole.
round as a circle, empty as space, enig
matical, oewnueriuir. disheartening.
The question is now how it can be filled
up. It is one, with which no masculine
intellect should attempt to grapple. The
mind of man may be equal to the in
vention of the electric telegraph, he
may duiiu great cities, and measure the
distance to the sun, but the intricacies
of darning a hole in a stocking are be
yond the uttermost limits of his genius.
lie is more helpless than a spider. The
latter could go to work and spin a web
over tho orifice, aud thus repair it neatly
u not substantially. Uut only the dett
fingers of a woman can really do the
work as It ought to be done. She alone
knows how to gather up those recalci
trant stitches, how to wiggle and twist
aud coax a needle In and out until every
one is caught, aud tbeu how to weave
the thread backward and forward, in.
across, and around, until the offending
hole has disappeared, and the stocking
is once more in condition to be worn.
It may have been that women were ex
pressly created for the purpose of con
tending with this stocking difficulty.
But the discussion of this question
would carry us away from the purpose
of our article. She is, however, the
only means so far discovered of getting
the thing donu properly, and will also
remain so, notwithstanding tho fact
that some would-be benefactor of the
human race has recently invented a
darning machine. But its operation is
80 tedious and the work so clumsy that
women can well afford to sneer at so
contemptible a rival.
it is impossible to sympathize with
the bachelor in this matter. Man, be
ing a stocking-wearing animal, cannot
afford to be a misogamist. The unani
mous sentiment must be, "Serves him
right." Harper's Weekly.
A New Employment for Women.
English women have secured a new
grouud of 'vantage in their struggle
with men in uany competttiosfor the
bread of life. It is hardly to be consid
ered longer as an experiment that wom
en are employed as clerks in railway
stations. So successful has tho experi
ment proved iu the cases where it has
been tried, that other roads are now
employing women as ticket-sellers, and
the change win probably become gen
eral. If women will till the require
ments of the situation as well as men;
if they are as quick to accommodate
ticket-buyers, and are as accurate iu
making change; if they are as genial
aud accommodating (?) in answering
questious of the traveling bores as tbe
men; it, in general, they tend as much
to rapid dispatch, corporate dignity and
general attractiveness as men, certainly
they should be allowed to compete.
Further, it may with ail justiee be said
that they should realize as good wages
as the men whoso places they take, but
this win not happen it we Hideo by
other professions. The crowd of women
to tne new place, and the traditional
idea that it is a man's work, will tend
to keep men's wages up aud to force
women's wages down. But it is a move
forward. Adjustments within the new
competing line will be slow, and will
come only after much iujusticeand agi
Thirty-Three Years in a Dun
geon. A womau has lately been found
in a secluded cave near Udino, In Italy,
wiio has been imprisoned thirty-three
years. In 1844 she became attached to
an Austrian ollicer, but her father, a
violent hater of the Austrians, who, at
that time, were in possession of that
part of Italy where he resided, refused
his consent to a marriage. The girl
stated that she would then marry with
out his permission. He then dissimu
lated his anger, and, during a walk in
which he accompanied her, he induced
her to descend into the cave with him
by meaus of a rope ladder, with a view
of examining it. He was tbe first to
ascend to the surface, and, withdrawing
the ladder, left her. She was kept regu
larly supplied with food and clothiug.
At her father's death, her sister, whose
hatred toward tbe Austrians was equally
great, continued the imprisonment. The
unfortunate woman, on her liberation,
bad a complexion of death-like pallor,
caused by tbe darkness in which she
had long lived, and her voice had de
parted, through constant cries during
tbe early part of her sequestration for
help. She could speak only in a hoarse
Mrs. Sarah Joseph Hale is said to bo
the oldest womau editor in the country.
A native of Newport, N. H., she- re
moved to Boston, when she was thirty
three, and conducted the Ladies' Maga
zine for nine or ten years, until it was
united with the Ladies' Book in Phila
delphia. She went to that city, became
the literary editor of the consolidated
magazine, and has held tbe position
ever since. She is now eighty-two a
rival of Bryant in age and service still
vigorous iu body aud strong in mind,
and able to do a greatdealof hard work.
Jennie June writes: "There are two
points in regard to my going abroad
which I wish to have clearly under
stood. Iam not going to stay long (.that
will be sad news to some), aud I am not
going to write a book (that will be good
news to all)."