Fkke Si-bech, Fnr.fj Pkess, Fkke Peom.k.
V UME X. NO. 32
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY. APRIL 21, 1881.
PER YEAH $3tJ0:
tflWAY AT TUB JJAM.KS GKA1MIIC
SCKUTIOJCS OK SCBXBKY.
t'STV WOX AX MXFHKAOB ASSOCIATION UKSrKBA
TION OF KMtMIHS.
hol J .i
Tub DAU.US, April IS, 1SS1.
r 1ER6 OF TM3 XKW XOHTIIWBSr:
. m wish you could all be transplanted to
. t . iiftil Eastern Columbia River region,
might view it in the month of April,
,- r r tog is in its glory. Then you would be
i - on for yourselves that pen can never
ul poncil but faintly delineate. The
-4 triver.uams through gray basaltic
-n.ging forever the mighty monotone of
uid the majestic uplands, terrace upofn
i retch away in the distance, clothed in
Vi.-itly more enchanting than any instru
the human eye can reproduce. The
. -i verdure everywhere takes on innumcr
.. i and blendings, always interspersed
messes of ever-abounding green. The
willows, now in full leaf, form a striking
pleasing contrast to the somber pines
heir evergreen fronds in the April
brez-, a d the graceful poplars, tall and slender
and break the natural outline of tjie ver-
ii': sc i, ty their prim and cultivated regularity.
It . a - .tter of wonder that, men in planting
tree-r t t cony Mother Nature more accuratalv.
ai. 'udiciqus old dame never follows regular
-tngles, but always makes brjjaks and
:u ' Indentures in all her out: iat '.ii rtll
t hereby proving her universal cJ Ute
ingenuity. Not so her feeble iruita
t. od women. We level the hillocks and
of .iade" and all-abounding sun.-bine that e?ry
where m-l otir delighted gaze. Thv a r as asr
; balmy as the tropica in midwinter, and bracing
iurves to makex eight angles, and w j as the arctic breeze In August. Thb c igtafo tcba
'a. tees we cultivate till they lose their j aspleudid elimate for a conaumgHv- . this par
an i freeilom, and then imagine tliat we ticular season. And yet, m"-- BO ati urf in-.
i i ! . A f a.: . . 1 i l 11. i. uiai I, iiPw n4.L. 1 -
iiriisnu lunuvuuuiis upon tne IiaiHfl- aearcn oi ueaiui wu rr"i-v - Tuqp:
uosMble from a Wfeir immm uregm in th
( ur -
ns'.- rnu v
work i (i
'.r i,. the order of mechanical euterpriv.
w'.i;h The Dalles visitor notus sroMv-. ein.rir.o'i
dix-l.fc a.t t tnnahinu Hhos lttheT)repr P.-'2vj
anu v Ljation Company. These v- are
stanti- i massive, and men by scon - - d corei
art bu"; ;-y and night in attending multi-tudiuc.i-
t ransjwrtation dhtios, whie lone ren
der the nderful prosperityof this u4 le -ountry
We if ' notice an elevated sidAa'k r :chiu
fwna t .t (!ocks to the town, near(v a .j'.-t-r of
mile in i- ngtli, and so high tat it uake -a
dizey to look over the railing, far -!w ,hi l!
giant irins and busy trucks aid ltiixl n . buss--mu,
Bii'l numerous and brlcate in :ieir wind-
inir 'hat, It would srem to nur.v man act
1 to ep Uieir respeiiive tracks
kj f. it wi, and accidpit, all thi
es the nt-v UinauHn .ljfijtiii', which is
also formerly of Salem, and as genial and pleasant
as of yore.
"We did not have time to visit the public school,
owing to personal indisposition and the manifold
duties of our sojourn, but we hope to, next time.
We had the pleasure of meeting Professor Wortli
ington, principal of this .school, whose many
friends in Portland, Oregon City and Astoria will
be pleased to hear fromtoim in this connection,
and to whom we are pleased to say that he is in
stalled here as a prosiKJihig and popular occupant
of his chosen Held. Mr. P. S. Price is also ai;
able and successful teacher in the public school,
and deserves double the pay she gets for her eiUj
cient services pay wiuth would ungrudgingly be
accorded to her if she wtre a citizen and a voter.
There are many tine and tastuful residences in
process of erection or nnvly completed, among the
F" Ai.it.f n. .i a. it r ml -
more nouiuie.oeingnieyegantviinioi ir. j. nomas
mented dwellimr. and 6oth belnc of the modcrni
style throughout. A disastrous fire occurred one
night during our stay, in which the barn and!
horses of an industrious citizen were consumed,
signed the constitution, and the sooiety starts-out
under favorable auspices.
In the evening, after the organization was ef
fected, the public convened, pursuant to previous
call, for a ratification meeting, a large- audience
being present. The undersigned was appointed
as a committee to inform Mr. Crandall of his elec
tion to the olllce of President and introduce him
as such to the public The gentleman, though
taken by siirprise, proved equal to tliQ occasion.
Ilil? extemporaneous inaugural was eloquent, de
cisive and grand, and took the house by storm.
Our own argument on the constitutionality "t the
suffrage resolution came next, after -which a large
majority of the house ac in response to a csill
for an allirmatn'o vote for Woman Suffrage. The
nj call for Che negative vote was answered by one
woman, an elderly lady and mother in Israel,
whose actioli brought fortli prolonged applause
Miller and the haudsonfe home of Deacon lieezlyai from the hoodlum element in the rear. W iiskd
the latter a bay-windowed and profusely omtwj the good sister to tell us why she had "voted that
she didn't want to vote," but she answered that
she had "forgotten her speech." We assured her
that we were glad that she was living in a country
where she could thus freely express an opinion;
jm x t
and which, but for the timely exertions of thej we rejoiced that we had been enabled to brave the
well -disciplined tire department, would havej opposition we had encountered from such as her
sprcad everywhere. I self, until many laws had been passed for her
On Thursday morning, accompanied by Mrs. cAbneflt, and we projosed to press on in the work
Donnell, we took a drive ujion the picturesque, up- WH oyery right was guaranteed to her that the
lands, our outfit a lively team and Mibstantial Kov"'9nt granted to negroes. After another
buggy from the livery stable of R. B. Hood, Esq.fi rousing speech by Mr. Crandall, the meeting inl
and our driver a wide-awake vounir fellow wlAi journed.
i'uinirgl " 0
knows everybody. . -ivgain, as in tlio begi
then inquired the name of the good sister
of this letter. wfds fail n-. No pen liun uortiy ; w'ho had bad th courage to vote against voting
the Kltied bleudiug of the loi!ndlesJeotitit tty and in fs ol overwhelming numbers, saying we
. J I . t . m . . . ...
-At i.' oilier scawon is the cliu-iu,
would like t know her hotter, when suddenly,
like a thunder-clap, aame down about our ears an
angry scolding fmun the church beagle, for Tiav
Injr, as the mercurial man's rights brother as
serted, "insulted tlit lady !" It was easy enough
to se what mlled Uk "protector of women." The
last splinter of opposition on which he had been
standing had beeasv ept away by the arguments,
land iwiu floumletmg in the ragim; waters of
Tin Pt Winter has ihwu vurv defeat, to h was ver- aimry. His attack unon us
ti!. snu.r having Iain for u Ion tim ujr?- 'Medly pBfpfe'i)iiian in its niye and fustiqji
and la k of trutti a. id courtesy, but we consoled
I . 1 1 .
the Ltrtii a"pin oi mree or l..ir fot.
W.e wfc delighted to Hnd Hin. ti many old? wraelf with the reflei-tion that man's right must
! friends acquaintance in tu ith..ii oi Mm. be expected to writhe a little in its deatli agonies,
: V. S. y.ler. of Miller's bridge. ThU Ia Jy' bridKtr ' and we tried to be .-baritable. A brotlier clergy
Mr(y tie Dewhutes River va,tict- washed i man (a mans right man, of course,) also rebuked
, yj me noou during tlie -t inter, but iv for what he called 'an attack" upon the lady,
' .onHpppn. .-nu in' eneiyeti.- i:ity, Mnsfsjliua-
i I'd's Inti-rt- in tiie Moiiuiiienui miuti keep
hi gen. -rail away from b-.ine. 'moiand the
in jon.K'i re-R't f all who k;i-w her by her
t4 ylibe deportment and financial feiiM-.
whereupon we cuileled our brain for what we
had id,nd have finally resurrected It, as above.
We ako wrote to the Mister, saying we were work
ing to erfn, but had no intention of hurting her
fceliug, and if we dir? we wore sorrv. nml rwiiK-
lto be fbrviveu. Kut the truth is. as anv inlIH-
gent reader cn m, that we said nothiinr tliat tlie
ntj,! oecaaion did noi warrant, and nothing that under
the.jHkc cimi'raitanre- . would not be justified' in
Clubt yng again. Hie lHdy took a public stand
iceities, music, readings, solos and duets wura ngidnst us, and it
. bonanza, of Ji-lr8t WagtBtiula, Tlie pe order of the evening, and a teniperanco iiaporj) """so and show her the error of her own. If we
- TJ .1... .i . .
wrci iiniiuaii,uii nm aixiu in leiiiiieniricf
i this district, w.- getting readv fr a arwo-
Co-ao..!(tan Hot 14 15tt,e v? beyond,, is also
ks; bui they do ,j-,T, '.'hicano, and on Motelay nijrht a
iigs out-iden-1. Ir-' ell testimonial va tenderi niiu iu
lap; -i Chm. ! by the Jihie HibUm C
octure, and its proprietor Is evi-
ng money. Ixng rows of saloons,
fluids, restaurants, auction-rooms, and a
occupy the remainder of the business
iu; ' First atreet, a tlioroufhfar which badly
is ;i;unug, aim -which catiiioM)o appropri
uely .. dastreet while In iU prijaW dilapidated
e' ;it'.; i t-eeotrd street is in'jiomewiiat better
trim. . hre we find the principal stores, and a
Tucker, was exceedingly! had not suueeeded, the two or tliree opposing
ate. Mrs. T. was iinaiii-J brethren woftld not have beenTtjigry, We men-
i.un.i . r .coey, neat and comfortable dwellings. iray, now the popular pastor of the First Raptist;
'I i- in Tlie Dalles four churches, an operaChurch of Portland, finding this edifice too small
V- lublic school building (not nearly larg. for his congregations during his sojourn here, had
edited anil read by Mrs
interesting aim appropriate. ..Mrs. T. was unaui-rl "reiureu wouiu not nave ueen nuery,
mously chosen acting President of the club during t this circumstance here baouuwo wish our
Mr. barman's temporary absence. The attend-1 uiousanus oi readers to see that tlie Arnold
ance at the meeting was large, and the testimonial' inkelrieds, of this movement, who break tl
exceedingly gratifying to the veteran worker in
the ways of right.
Our regular lectures were begun on Tuesday
evening in the Baptist Church, and were held
during four consecutive evenings. Rev. .1. A.
, jf i'-r the inmates), two inwsnniw.rs au.
-u.i 'cr and tlie Times), and the new Aco'i
ti.., u A-hioli the citizens take commendable
irkU ' m Academy grounds comprise an area
'"jfcG 1 ,,umlro, fs?t square, and are situated
It h ;jowi Imposing jmrt of tlie upland, overlook,
-ini (,v. i and river, with snow-capped mountains
'n 'm stance, and striking, grand, broad and
Uni.i. ., tr hunllLr nmri'ii'luiru Tlio KiiM.i:....
i substantial and well-built edifice with
lodecn ihjprovcment, light, airy and
and well adapted for tlie purposes in-
v splendid spring breaks out from tlie
of 1 -;
e of the grounds, amply salncieot for . me
for his congregations during his sojourn here, had
a gallery constructed around three sides of it,
which amis mucii to its seating capacity. It i
needless to say that the citizens miss him ; bitf
their loss is Portland's gain.
On Friday at 3 v. m., the friends of equal rights!
met at the church and organize the Wasco
vouuty woman buiirage AssociatidnT The pro
cecdings.were'spirited, harmonious and enthusias
tic. Hsiij. Jacob Consor and (A. O. Holnian ad-
dreif the meeting in earnest advocacy of thej
causo, eh pledging himself to vote for no man.
for the Legislature who would not bo pledged to
e for the ratification of tlie suffrage amcud-j
ri. Mr. W. H. Cnuiflall was unanimoffslv
Austrian phKlanx of opposition, are often com
polled to carry away barbed arrows in their own
hearts. And whenever we venture to pluck;those
arrows out and cast them back at an opponent,
somebody always claims that somebody el "has
been "insulted." Well, well: "it's all riirlit. but
it is sometimes vary annoying. With the excep
tion of this episode, there was nothing to mar the
perfect harmony of the entire proceedings. 4
We were much pleased with the spirit of inter
est manifested by both ladies and gentlemen in
the cause, and we are sure it will not be th fault
of the worthy citizens of The Dalles if Wasco
county fails to render a rousing vote for Woman
Sutrrage. Rut she will not fail. The spirit of
this movement is iu the air. It is no more possi
ble for tlie opposition to beat it back than it is
possible for them to dip the Columbia River dry
with leaky thimbles.
Mr. Hare, of Hillsboro, brother of Hon. V. D.
Hare, ex-Collector of the Astoria pott.. and a
school these be the limits of women's opportuni
ties, and that, too, when thre.e-fourtli3 of tllepro--tected
sex must make monoy.or perish- When :
women get the ballot, the different doors atToccu-
pation that are now closed against thoncwill Tbe
swung-wide, and they will .not be comQelled to
"eat each other up," as now.
With these cogitations for company,-and tho
nervous unrest created by the preacher's criticism'
and the beagle's heartless insult before (Tescribed,.
we went aboard tlie Mountain Queen on Friday
night, ami listened till daybreak to the ceasoless
roar of trundling trucks. Our destinatfbp was the'5
Cascade Locks, whence more anon. A. S. D.-
"RIGHTS OF MARRIED WOMEN." '
PohtIjA"i, Aprilrfo, 1881.'
TO TUB EltlTOK OF T1IF. XKW KORTlIH'KST Z
H. J. Hendershott, of Cove, wishes- to know
what rights tlie "Act entitled an Act to establish
and protect tlie rights of married women,."" passed
by the last Legislature, confers upon women
which previous laws did not grant, or what addi
tional rights it conferred upon married women.
The question cannot be fully and certainly an
swered until the Act has received judicial c61i
Ptruction. The law i. certainly not in the language
which the friends of equal rights and fair legisla--
tion would have desired; but perhaps it is the
nearest approach to such an Act that could, be at
tained by the body that enacted it. Tha first
section reads :
AH law which tmpuft or recognize civil (HmbilBfesupoa
a vrifp vrhirh are not iinjxxod or recocnizet! a-- ratrntc an
Mo the hnslmnd, are hereby rcix.iiliHl : 'rwftWf, tfint this
Act bliall not confer tlie right to vote or liolil offiee upon
the wife, oxceiit as fc. ol henvlso provided by law; ami for
any tinjtil nnrpation of her property or her iintiinilrfhts,
she shall have the sanif rli?ht to appeal In her own name
alone to the courts of law or equity for redraws that the hus
Just what the first clause' means, is a disputed
question, which perhaps will not be settled untR
tlie Supreme Court has passed upon it. "Has it
abolished 'tlie estate by the curtesy' which, the
husband had in the wife's land at her death ?7
and "Has it dispensed with the necessity of the
husbaud's joining in the deed to the wife's real
estate iu order' to convey a title ?" are still open
questions. It would certainly have been better
for every one (except lawyers) if tlie Act declared '
that Section 30 of Title II. of Chapter 17 ami Sec
tions 2 ajid 14' of Title I. of Chapter 6 of Miscellan
eous .Laws, .were thereby repealed. Then there
would havent'en mMrouble, no chance for litiga
tion. It is barelylrolsible that a court hufycon
strue the Act as repealing those sections, but it if
not at all certain. As to the other part of tin
same section it is entirely superfluous,, as i;
neither restricts, enlarges, modifies, explains, re
peals, nor even effects the law as it stood.
Tlie second section of the Act declares tlie lav
to be just as I understand that it has been fo
years in practice in our courts, and therefore "
entirely useless. It is deceptive pretends to c
something that was already done. It looks wo.
on paper, and was well calculated to catch th-.
I believe that there is no one now willing to
father the Act, or claim eithor affinity or consan
guinity with it. Rut perhaps it is all that could
have been done under the circumstances with the
material. The Legislature was principally elected'
upon other issues for other purposes, and of conrs
the true friends of human emancipation couldu ot
j expect much from them. Perhaps by the next
' nl,i..i;n.. ..... ...:n i., i i
muuuuii nt win ue iioiu io semi men mere who
will have sufficient influence to have something
better done. I rejoice at every progressive step.
Legislation should be fair, plain,.sim"ple and com
plete, and not requiro to be construed by a court -to
ascertain its meaning. Truly yours,
auoiiu muiiw ui uiiuiii riKuis, iinsrecontivsroinoveu
It JLII HIM mmMW I I in BTM H Wn(IT SUA m . . 11... 1 ..t V . 1 . . m - ' r- - I
dieted tofci Zit ZZZuT rZ l Tu , ,H'niTum I?'r t Tite Dalles to engage in the moadtile busi-
jeted to fern qn.t revenue for the j :ng ynr, and Mrs. r. lonnell uas chosen Vic. new. His oxwllent wlfa ton coMrifV .n Mr 3 li
"' wnplymg tf.e upper portion of tlie town ! PreaMem by a similar ,te. Mrs K. J itaWnJ Pn, J Vi " ".. - ITZ J1 t
tt i . . . .vw -v" w v . u i bi ii i jfj riiivatr iia 2&m-i i. viiifi
laireat water. We were shown , ,na-le Recordiug Heeretary, Mrs. Lou. DonneU nic- -f Mrs. H. J. II.dcn.h.. of Cove : so it is
Tunler kJL TTl "f"' iofrv,,iKmU?n1pk S"4T, and.Mra M. R Michell wdty ne,-e-aary to y tht$. fche, uke her hu
Yner and Mrs. Col. Fulton, and -..-re j Irea.tirer, all by Hi...mmous v.-.r- The h- a' band, is a stanch Woman Strflragist
tne nnt-n-uiK-d gen J. man for ;n rinttd tlntrfollowmg UuUc oiM.u.uees : OBj Mrs. M. (Mover, former: of Dayton W T has
n in regar-t to the purposes anf pn , Jmlutions H. . O.HoIman, JudjrR. Whit- a nice milllnerv ?w hr -...t kq "
ormer i teu : P. Watson. On Programme Dr. Wt
business. Bub tho trouble with wunen. her- as
n.-u , !. ttoblneon, Mrs. Jenny O. Curry, Mr. P. J. CoW elsewhere, Is in tlie fact that th uVmntUk ..... ,
vne school. Pmfew
1 t" Willamette Vi
hllZT : ' . ' "llMl t f"' 0IT .luTnnU' Mre-V- Tuer. Patioii open to them are so few.and narrow that
. Mrs Hi'r,:.'- ' '-'-;r-- MecunyowminiiM encu trios to underbid the other, in overcrowded
v . " ..--. :. .- ,. iw !. it-ii. L. i.'irry, r,. r i. nenuerson,! lines oi worK, and it Is all
" ' " " pfimtry oipi' i- l xton. g. jMupwpipror ji ra. . A. tsimno. llon
atr getting ou ff ail
viu, mruL nwut. w rwuiunuu gciutniepi "reas-maKiiig, musle-tenchtug, teachiug
GARFIELD AND THE WOMAN QUESTION.
fProin the Claekamas Deinocrat.l
In hinaugural, President Garfield graw- elo- -quuht
6n the wrongs.of three millions of negroco, -butSvas
dumb a. an 03'ster on tho wrongs of
twenty millions of women. He claimed that
the Vo.r jiojmli was the vox LtL and at the
same time knew that half of the people of. the
land are denied all voice in our representative
government. The twenty millions of women of.
the land, the equals of the men in intelligence
and diBcriminatiou, are ui&franehised bw osx.
though all agree that suffrage, is not the appurte
nance of gender. Garfield knew all this hawfce
wept over the handful of negroes, and yetkBerhad
no word of encouragement for this ncxicrmui
class of tho disfranchise!. Women hare - ifctter
right to the franchise than the African7.fo)(nKie
better MaUHed to exaroise It, and yet acaraiKMmt'
the franchise in only one Tenltory.. H tbe
abundance of his tears for the African, th Rruaf
deiit mfght have dropped one pearly gJobularuyeifc
the altar of woman's disfraiiohisementRidivo bt
did not, God forgive his Inconsistency and. nit 7
ins blindness for the women can't.
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