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THE NEW NORTHWEST, THURSDAY, APRIL 21, 1881.
A Journal for the Peojle.
Indejteudent In Jlitics and Religion.
Alice to all Live Isxuc, ami Thoroughly Radical In 0
fosing and Erjiosing the Wrong of the Mioses.
SU11SCRT1TIOX RATES (IX ADVAXCE):
X)ne Year, by Hail .........$3 00
. fife Mmflis, " - 1 ft)
Tltrec Month, " - - -.. 1 00
i&er Month CI lhitron (delivered) 25
AdverHnnt will be Inserted at Reasonable Prices.
Ail CbcretjtoHdence intended for jutbllcatioH xk&dtl bead
Pressed toJJte Editor, and all business letters to the
&UXIWAY 1'VBLISIIIXG COMPAXY,
Xo. 5 Washington street, Portland, Oregon.
'TQJXXUti&n. 4MIKGOX, THCKSnAY, APKIL 21, 1SS1.
"IBBSBTS OF MARRIED WOMEN."
T6' brief communicatiou was received too late
ocaUentiou last week :
Covk, Union county, Oregon, April 2, 1SSI.
-So-rWEnrroK ok tiik Xew Noktiiwkst:
ileaas aaUghton your iimny renders by Informing them,
srhroojjhywur paper, what rights the Act entitled "An Act
t4MMi and protect the rights ot married women "
vonfemM womentliRt previous laws did not stive. Ijv
yers ee ussert that the law granted no addiUoiml hene
(Ht3L f.lto? Yours truly, II. J. IIknukiishott.
"Wecamnot give a definite answer, further than
co say that the law must await the construction
.of the courts. The late Legislature probably
aatentled to do a noble and just act, but we fear it
-jThaps Mrs. E. P. W. Packard can throw some
"fight on the subject, as she claims the ambiguous
ill a her special work. Itmny be interesting
-for her to'know how little satisfactory legislation
tinea can -get until they have the power to elect
. lv-ata"kers persons who are directly concerned
in proposed reforms. She opjwses "Woman Suf
Sfrai? and consequently equality of the pexes, and
?Jier effort to get better property laws without po
Uttlcal rights promises to be as barren of results
.-aas this journal has time and time again predicted
th-.il all such attempts will be. A disfrauchbed
-cist is at the mercy of those in iower. "Equality
-of rights is the fir-t of rights" ""1 the ballot is
h key that will unlock all property and civil
i. right. Let all women who want equitable proj
rty statutes join the "Woman Suffrage movement
And aid in the consummation of its aims. All
talk about "emancipating" women without cn
; franchising them is mere dawdling.
".The above letter whs handed to a well-known
tawjerot this city ait unflinching frieud of the
fljrhte of women with a request that he give it
feta eaiMaderatiou, and his reply npjMaus on our
"HAYES OX TEMPERANCE.
Ex-President Hayes ha3 recently wrltton a long
' tetter to a friend in Minneapolis, who kindly fur
nishes tbe press with this extract in reference to
th late Executive's temperance principles and
f raetlcea :
When 1 txrme Provident, I wa (ally convinced that,
wn merer might be the cum in other countries ami with
othr people. In our climate, and with the exrltable, ner-
i 'cmpernntenl of Mlr people, the hahUtiMl nve of intox
ic ting drink ww-c not &mt. I regarded the danger of the
h:illt a especially great In potltleal antl otHclal life. It
nemed lo me that to exclude liquors from the White IIoukc
- -wo-ild be wie nud uoefu: aw an example and wmild be ap
proved by good people generally. The suffKestlon wa par
ticularly agreeable to Mrs. Haye-s. She hail been a total
4llineny woman from childhood. We hud never used
Jkjoor tn oar own home, and it was determined lo continue
r home rut-loin In till, respect In our otHclal residence in
tt' h1njrton, a we had done at Coin in bun. I was not a
total tttiuninerwhen I became President, butlhedl4ctivioii
Wti'el) arose overt he ehnseHt the Executive Mansion soon
-t-afled me thut therw xrw no half-way house In this mnt-
fr. Daring tiie greater part of my term, at leant diirint; tlie
i ut three years. I have been in praetlce.a in theory.acon
AMent tot! alMtlnenee man, and shall continue to leso.
if- "tAt'-mnta Inconsistent with the foreKOliiK, including
Aic one m send me, lire untrue and without foundation.
NEBRASKA AND ARIZONA.
The Hirer Side must have been self-conscious
,hat it deserved reproof for not reporting the pro-t(-Hiinjr
of the "Woman Suffrage Club of Inde
pendence, or it would not have construed the
Kmv Noktii west's expression of sorrow thereat
into an,exhibition of anger. "We cheerfully print
its declaration that it was "not bulldozed into
silence,'' but arc greatly surprised at its closing
liaragraphs. We had considered G. W. Quivoy
.ioo courteous a gentleman to write such stuff.
The New York Episcopal Conference has
adopted the following: "Resolved, That we recog-
nixe no ground for divorce except violation of the
seventh commandment, and that we will refuse
to marry oritdmit to membership in our churches
ny wjio are divorced on unscriptural grounds."
Which is oild Christianity. It ia in direct oppo
sition to the reformation of blunderers in wed
lock iu open antagonism to marital sinners who
v wfih alvjitien.
The Canyon City iVcwssays the members of the
- il rant County Woman Suffrage Association in
tend toltold a picnic at Pine Creek on the Fourth
- of July. Among the attractions will bo an
i oration and the reading of the Declaration of In-
dependence, botli by ladies.
Ht'tem "pleasure to note the fact that the Daily
yWoraanliasbeen enlarged to n23-column papec
Myrrtss prosperity continue, is our sincere wish.
The Mountaineer gave neat notices of Mrs.
uniway' lectures in The Dalles, and advised all
-who had time to go and hear her.
A statement has recently appeared in several
newspapers to the eflect that the Legislatures of
the State of Nebraska and the Territory of Ari
zona have both conferred the right of suffrage on
women, and a correspondent "wishes to know if
the report is correct." We believe it is not liter
ally true, though the actions of the Legislatures
mentioned were quite liberal, and might easily
have served to start such a rumor.
In Nebraska, the situation seems to be strictly
similar to that in Oregon and in Wisconsin the
last Legislature having decided to submit to the
legal voters of the State, for their ratification or
rejection, a Woman Suffrage amendment to the
State Constitution. The same Legislature also
conferred, unasked, school suffrage on women
who own property or have children of school age.
The Beatrice Krprcxa says that "Senator Howe,
of Omaha, enjoys the distinction of being the
only person in either House who made a speech
against Woman Suffrage," but that, by reason of
his standing, "his opposition was considered ben
eficial to the bill." The same journal also states
that "twenty-five of Nebraska's "best newspapers
have already otl'ured their support to the amend
ment." We herewith print the reasons given by
Senator Turner of Columbus for his atlirmative
vote on the amendment :
Our wives, mothers and sisters, having mi equal interest
with u In the welfare of our commonwealth, nnil lx-lns
equal to ourselves In IntelllKence, there nppnr no kom1
reaon why the rieht to vote should he withhold from
them. The senilis of our institutions Is opposed to taxa
tion without representation opposed to government
without the eon-tent of UicROvernod and therefore I vote
In Arizona, the Territorial Legislature adbpted
a bill granting tho school ballot to women ami
making them eligible for educational offices; but
we fail to find anything in relation to an amend
ment for general suffrage. However gratifying
it might be if such action had been taken, yet it
is the duty of Woman Suffrage journals to correct
all false reports, and the cause will be better olf
than if its friends tacitly aided , in circulating
erroneous rumors hy giving them the sanction of
silence. The Tucson Daily Star says the school
bill "shows tlmt Arizona is not behind in the
progressive spirit of the age," and adds:
The sphere of woman ha, within the last twenty-live
year, been enlarged more than during the previous cmi
tury. She Is now represented In all of the learned profe
Kcin, and is taking the lead In edonittonnl atralrs. Tki
colleccs and universities which twenty years uo bolted
and barred their doors against her, are Uvdny thrown open.
Her right to voi, and to be elected Truxte and Scliool Su
perintendent, or to any other oflhv. Is a Inherent as arc
the prin1il of th IelHnUku ot Independence, .ind we
It win H pat Into practical eltect, ewpecJnlly as to
WOMAN'S STATE FAIR.
Anonymous scribblers who make personal at
tacks through newsimpeix are afways given to un
truthfulness. The "gnat" that furnishes "Amity
items" for the Independence Jliver Side is a fair
specimen of these sneaks, that have not the cour
age to assume responsibility for their falsehoods.
To show our readers how slanderous such cowards
can be, we clip these sentences about the Nkw
Nokthwkst from the said "gnat's" last 'effort:
"Now let me ask in all candor if it is not pitiful
to see a paper, championing a frcat cause, going
over head and ears into the lowest quagmires of
blackguardism to find language nasty enough to
lling at a supposed opponent. No wonder that
decent people, with any resjKTt for the morals of
their children, refuse to admit the vile, slangy
sheet into their families." Somehow we are
unable to harmonize the statements contained in
this choice extract with the fact that the Nkw
Nokthwkst's advertising and subscription bus
iness is now larger than ever before, and its patrons
are with hardly an exception among the better
After copying this journal's very compliment
ary notice of Senator McDonald of Indiana, the
Port Orford J'ont made this comment, which per
haps in itself as completely refutes its own charge
as anything we could say: "And yet, the Nkw
NoitTirwBST is unsparing in its blackguardism of
all Democrats and everything Democratic. Sen
ator McDonald is a stalwart Democrat." How
ever, this might have been said in a sarcastic
The New York Medical College and Hospital
for women held its eighteenth annual commence
ment in Association Hall on the evening of
Mareh 30th. The class consisted of five members,
and the valedictory was delivered hy Miss Maria
O. Eitella, who has been educated under the pat
ronage of Emperor Dom Pedro of Brazil. Tito
Brizilian fiag was displayed on the stage along
side the Stars antl Stripes in honor of the event.
A horrible fact that between the years ISTOand
1875, forty-two women were killed in New York
City by drunken husbands, most of them kicked
to death. "Women are supported and protected
by men, and do m,t j,eed the ballot to enable
them to enact laws for self-preservation." 'Thtr
are better protected by their husbands now u,
they can ever hope to be whim they get the suf
Anna Whitney, the sculptor of the statue of
Samuel Adams, contributed by Massachusetts to
the national pantheon in the Capitol, never
touched a tool of her profession till site was thirty
eight years old.
Mr. S. II. Shepherd has assumed editorial con-
i trol of the Bedrock Democrat of Baker City.
The Indiana women have shown their practical
common sense by a new departure, and their ex
ample might be followed with good results in
every State of the Union. In 1878, they hurriedly
gathered a collection of woman's work into a
separate exhibit at the State Fair, under the name
of the "Woman's Department," which proved a
remarkable success. This was the first attempt to
make woman's industries a distinct and leading
feature at any State Fair. The "Woman's De
partment" is now regarded as permanent, and
includes all work done by women not entered for
competion in other departments. It is under the
management of the Woman's State Fair Associa
tion, which is a voluntary organization, deriving
its authority, jurisdiction and funds from the
State Board of Agriculture, and is duly authorized
to arrange the premium list, regulate expendi
tures,.select awarding committees, rent space, etc.
The purposes of the Association, as stated in its
circular, are to "encourage and develop woman's
industries;" to "aid in improving the quality and
securing due recognition of the value of woman's
work," which' is now "commercially and statis
tically underrated ;" to "help in introducing new
and more profitable industries for women, in
opening better opportunities antl markets and in
promoting the interosts of business and working
It would be well for the Oregon State Fair if it
were aided hy a Woman's Association, working
with the same laudable objects that the Indiana
women have in view. Many women of this State
are deeply interested in the annual fair, and con
tribute largely to its success. They now exercise
but moderate influence on the State Agricultural
Society's actions, and will not be more fully recog
nized until they effect an organization of their
own. They can then cooperate with the State
Society with advantage to both. Women are
branching out in numerous directions, and we
should like to chronicle a movement for yearly
l'lacing before the people of Oregon a representa
tive collection of the results of woman's brain,
in the Baker City Democrat: "In 1S53,
Andrew J. Bolon and wife, now Mrs. Jerusha
Spark of this city, settled iion a donation claim
010 acres near Vancouver, W. T. Mr. Bolen
was Indiau Agent at or near Sjokane Falls, and,
iu the diseliarge of his duties, was killed by In
dians in the FalLttf the year lfvw. Nearly ever
since that time Mrs. Sparks has been contesting
in some f"rm or other, in the cwirts or before the
Interior Department, her rtjdit to mi,i lands.
Tfvo years ago she employed L. O. Sterns of thi
eity to attend to her interests, wh, after taking
it to the Secretary of the fnterioi on appeal
twice, has finally obtained the decision that of
ficer in favor of Mrs. S. The land is very viluahle,
as a jmrt of the town of Vancouver is built Upon it,
and it is largely antl extensively improved, f n.
Sparks is to be congratulated on her victory; te
sides, it shows that she is a woman of pluck atj
deserving of it Tt is proper to say that Hon. J.
H. Mitchell argued the case before Secretary
Schurz, who signed the" decision iu person.
This decision gives iter nearly six-sevenths iff
about 400 acres of laud, which ought to make
the deserving old lady comfortable the remai ndlr
NOT A QUESTION OF COMMON LAW.
Portland, April 14, 1881.
To tiik Editor or tiik New Nokthwkst:
We hear the tread of the hosts, and the forces
are nearing the gates of the citadel ; and we need
them to make complete, to make harmonious to
make impregnable, a constitutional government
We might as well plant ourselves in mid-ocean"
with the changeless blue overhead and on every
hand, and say that we were surrounded by all the
beauties of God's pencil, as to assert that a govern
ment of men alone comprehends all the percep
tion and intelligence in tlfe world. When the
representatives of liberal thought and culture of
England were lost in the fog on the West India
question, they summoned to their aid the genius
of Elizabeth Heyrich, and for seven years they
listened to her clear elucidations of truth applied
to practical life, until England lifted by one
peaceful word a million of slaves into liberty a
glory that God granted alone to the genius of
To-day a question is before our Supreme Court
in which woman is interested. In it3 final
analysis it is simply whether there is a power
above the Constitution, and a power that shall
continue to live because it existed in the past; if
hereafter in all time there shall be any check for
legislative or executive usurpation. It is not a
question of common law, but of written constitu
tional and statutory enactment. Can persons
who exercise authority under no color of title
execute the decrees of a power behind the throne,
and must these decrees stand as unalterable as the
law of the Medes and the Persians? If this is to
go forth as the law of land, may God hasten the
hour when new forces fdiall act and react upon
political and social life. YcitAD.
Secretary Windom's bond policy is approved by
California raisius compare very favorably with
London and Malaga layers.
Disastrous floods are reported throughout tlie
southern part of Wisconsin.
Lindsay, the Morey letter perjuror, lias been
sent to Sing Sing for eight years.
The new officers of the New York Tammany So
ciety are understood to be John Kelly men.
Edison's electric light is successful. He can
turn olf a light with a thumb-screw just as gas
light is put out.
Tho Virginia Republicans denounce Mahoiie,
and claim that they want no affiliation with him
and his followers.
The north wiug of the inano asylum at Anna,
TIN., was burned on Tuesday, and one patient per
ished. Loss, $150,000.
nnffnti ornn nf nnu rtrnrriicinc tnhAmtiAlt
t- .aas x'Jfc.ra- " " J wv..7 v w gU
parser than that of 1SS0, notwithstanding previous
rfMiri in me contrary.
Lieutenant Fred. .Grant has resigned from the
army to enter the employ of the Chicago, Texas
and Mexican Central Railroad.
1 The President intimates that he will call an ex-
tra session of Congress if the dead-lock iu the
f Senate is not broken this week.
Another great flood has just occurred in the
Missouri River,nd much suffering and desola
n is wrought at Sioux Citv and Yankton,
Although not nor wantttd in the North as
voters, th0 negroes do not show any great desire
to remain in the South, and the Spring exodus
Cincinnati's new Mayor, Hon. Wm. Means, is
endeavoring to enforce the laws forbidding places
of amusement to be open on Sundays. A number
of arrests have been made.
On account of the filthy streets of New York,
physicians fear that a plague Is impending. Four
cases of cholera and 12t e.3 nf 9mall-pox are re
ported, and typhus is raging.
New York Socialists have helu a formal trial
and found Alexander III. of Russia guilty of
murder for haviug caused the death or Sophie
Pieoifsky and her confederates.
Street-car drivers and conductors in several of
the large cities have "recently struck for and re
ceived an advance in wages. They work long
of her days."
Mrs. F. M. Hunter, wife of A. G. Hunter, forn
erly Superintendent of the Aztec Mining Con
pany, committed suicide in Tuscon, Arizona, oh
the 11th instant, by shooting herself with a re
volver. Hunter is now engaged in mining opera
tions in Sonorn, and some time ago married i
Mexican woman there. His wife, who was re
siding in England, heard of his marriage to the
Mexican woman, and about three months age
came to this place with the intention of going to
Sonorn. A coroner's jury found that she was
driven to .self-destruction by tlte perfidious, cruel hours, and the labor is wearing.
and inhuman treatment of her husband. i prye of Maine has raised a fuss in the Senate,
.... v a,uI the Democrats, thinking he represents the
I rom the tone of the daily press, it is plain that administration, will probably aid Conkling to
Oregon's most pressing want at present is a PortA defeat Robertson's confirmation as Collector of
land Jockey Club, which shall conduct a race
course like thoseat Saratoga, Long Branch and
Baltimore; nothingelsc can be devised that would
so rapidly develop the great natural resources of
the State and tend toward the education and ad
vancement of the general public. However, there
is no occasion to limit the numberof clubs to one.
Let us havcat least a baker's dozen of them.
One of the remonstrances sent into the Illinois
Senate against the repeal of the temperance law,
was the signatures of 1,050 convicts in the peni
tentiary at Joliet, 020 of whom solemnly declared
that the use of spirituous liquors was the original
source of their degraded condition and the prime
cause of their incarceration.
A Mormon colony has arrived at New York
from Liverpool, intending to go direct to Utah;
and forty-four Mormon missionaries have left
Utah for Wales on a proselyting tour. It is now
In order for the President to again say that "po
lygu,v nmst and shall be stamped out."
The women ot Kdinburgh, Scotland, are pub
licly demanding that women householders and
owners of property shall be allowed to vote for
members of Parliament and Town Councils.
Miss Frederikn Perry and Miss Ellen Mnrtyn,
who form the only ladies' law firm in Chicago,
are both graduates of- th law department of the
University of Michigan.
Customs at New York.
( The anti-monopoly party in Jersey City has
len partially successful in municipal elections,
'lie city is railroad-ridden, the corporations pay
ing almost no taxes, and the otiu.r taxpayers are
rising in righteous wrath.
Jorgp"?en, a Republican Congressman from
Virginia, and George C. Gorham, the California
turn-coat, are at present comparing chnrautori
through the Washington City papers, and the
Virginian has the best of it
A peculiar and heretofore unknown disease lias
broken out among tho. horses in Chicago. Itcem
mences with a swelling at the fetlock, which
changes to a running sore, and the animal's blood
is soon poisoned if it is not speedily and skillfuUy
San Francisco's Health Officer has destroyed
sick-houses scattered throughout' the Chinese
quarter. Though he did not comply with th
forms of the law, he claims that the Supervisors
will uphold his action, as the case required "he
i" voi.v.. -,- r ii.. .. ... it i
uto. in nf ilvnamitu anu niiro-giyeeriue." a
President was much amused at tlte fool's impu
Mr. Charles Heath, of Massachusetts, endeav
ored to carry on a plantation in Caldwell Parish,
Louisiana, dusiring to build up a business there,
and had .erected a grist-mill, a gin-house, and
blacksmith shop, all of which he fitted up with
itnprdved machinery ; but his whole establish
ment was burned by incendiaries.
vutz a Chicago Socialist, lias written a letter
Pr.Jj,innr. Garlleltl. charging him with being
"as union a uespm " "
forming him that ho ought to be served with
bijr dose of dynantitu and nitro-glycenue." 1