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THE VOICE OF FREEDOM.
The fnllnwins spirited lines beai internal evidence of be-
iu from the elastic pen of Ei.iiur Wright, Jr. None
of our readers need be told who the "grey old mouse" is
From the Evening Post.
THE RATS AND MICE.
Once on a time, as eaith our story,
Within a single edifice,
A nation flourished in its glory,
Whose citizens were rats and mice.
The politics they prospered under
Passed far and widely for a wonder,
So based were they on reason's laws,
And equal rights of vermin;
So planned, the general good to cause,
And cleanly keep Justitia's ermine.
The mice were populous by legions,
But mostly in the upper regions,
Where cracks and crevices so small were.
That none but mice could go at all there.
But there they got a name and grow,
Established trade and ports of entry,
And made improvements not few,
In cupboard, case and pantry. ,
The rats rejoiced in cellar spacious,
Where finding ample fare,
With little thought or care,
They grew remarkably audacious,
Great statesmen they, and rhetoricians,
And eke by nature politicians.
On every great occasion, m
The council of the nation
Assembled duly in
An empty apple bin,
Where cat and dog police
And foul monopolies,
And all affairs of state,
Gave rise to much debate.
Long lived this great mouse-ratic union,
While enemies were hurt to see
The wondrous peace and courtesy
With which the parties held communion.
At length some busy story-teller
Began to noise it through the house,
That every thing down cellar
Worked badly for the mouse.
Instead of persons fat and sleek,
They seemed but shadows, thin and weak.
Those cellar mice, poor starveling wretches,
Like what we're told are seen in churches!
For food, while rats were proud to waste it,
These famished mice dared hardly taste it.
And worse, 'twas rumored that
Full many a tyrant rat
Had sold his neighbor to the cat!
Resolved to have investigation
In general council of the nation,
Some garret-mice there broug ht the charge
Against the race of rats at large.
Up jumped a hundred rals or more,
In furious baste to get the floor;
The one that did, in speech er-rat-ic,
Cried, "Mr. Speaker, I should like to know
What, with our cellar-mice, they have to do
Who live up in the attic!
"Our institutions are our own,
We swear they must be let alone,
Our mice (for they indeed belong to us,)
Are better off than those that make the fuss;
A subject this we deign not to discuss,
But let the canting saints,
Who make these sad complaints,
Their whiskers show the cellar side,
And we the question will decide,
By means far briefer than haranguing,
That ia to say, by hanging."
A grey old mouse, that caught the Speaker's eye,
In nick of time, thus made reply:
" I hold that mice of sense
Will vote to save the expense
Of further inquisition,
And take, with full reliance,
This chivalrous defiance,
As equal to confession.
None but the guilty deprecate
The lightning flash of free debate."
- - -7-
' From the Olio.
"Golden Bible,'' or "Book of Mormon."
About the year 1S09, an individual by the
name of Solomon Spalding for a time a preach
er of the gospel having failed in mercantile bu
siness at Cherry Valley, N. Y. removed to Con
neaut, Ohio, where, to retrieve his fallen for
tunes, he commenced writing an historical ro
mance, entitled "The Manuscript Found ;" calcu
lating that the profits arising from its sale would
amount to a sum sufficient to liquidate his debts,
and furnish him with a competency. While en
gaged in writing this work, he was accustomed to
read various portions of it to his friends, to get
their opinion of its merits, by which means they
became acquainted with its contents. It pur
ported to be a history of the first settlers of A
merica the ancestors of the American Indians
whom it represented to have been Jewish em
igrants from Jerusalem. It claimed to have been
a record found in the earth, and was written hi
imitation of antique style.
From Conneaut, Spalding removed to Pitts
burgh, where he resided about two years, and then
removed to Amity, Washington County, Pa. where
he died in 1817. The widow of Spalding slates,
that while they resided in Pittsburgh, site thinks
he carried "The Manuscript Found" to the print
ting office of Patterson and Lambclin ; and she
lias no recellectiou of its having been brought
bick, nor is it to be found among his papers.
About the year 1823 or '21, Sidney Rigdon, at
that time a preacher, located himself in Pittsburgh,
where he resided about three years, during the
whole of which time he abandoned preaching, for
the purpose, as ne asserted, oj studying the Bible.
He was on terms of intimacy with Lambdin : and
after removing thence, he commenced preaching
certain new notions, occasionally making a long
visit to Pittsburgh. About the time of his leav
ing Pittsburgh, the Smith family, then residing at
Manchester, Ontario County, JN. x. began to talk
about finding a book that would contain a history
of the first settlement of America. And for some
time before it was pretended to have been found,
Joseph Smith, jr., Martin Harris, and others, used
to meet together in private ; and were familiarly
known by the name of "Gold Bible Company."
At length, the time having arrived for the move
ment to bs made, Joseph Smith, jr. one day
brought home something tied up in his frock.
The family were anxious to know what it was ;
whereupon, he told them it was the "Golden Bi
ble" but that he had received a commandment to
let no one see it. The "Golden Bible," however,
was nothing but sand, as he himself afterwards
declared to one or more. J
The Smith family were probably the greatest
set of juggling, fortune-telling, money-digging
gypsies, that the country afforded ; and the necro
mantic fame of Joseph Smith, jr. in particular,
who seemed to be the chief magician among them,
had spread far abroad. A more appropriate indi
vidual could hardly be found, to aid in getting up
an imposture. So he was the man to find the
About the time of the ushering of the ' Golden
Bible," or the "Book of Mormon," into the world
from the press, one Perley P. Pratt, an intimate
acquaintance and a convert of Sidney Rigdon,
chanced to come along that way, and very soon
became a convert to Mormonism. By his advice
several of the Mormon leaders paid a visit with
him to Kigdon, who, after some appearance of
want of faith in Mormonism, ot length embaaced
it. Soon after Rigdoit made Smith a visit, and
was forthwith constituted Smith's amanuensis and
right hand man. And thus was the whole man
ceuvre consummated. Let us ..now survey the
field over which we have travelled.
We have already discovered a chain to this
concern, the links of which are Spalding, Lamb-
din, Risrdon, Pratt, and Smith ; whereby it is ren
dered highly probable, that. Spalding's "Manu
script Found" constituted the ground-work of the
"Golden Bible." Let us now reduce this proba
bility lo certainty, by positive and indisputable tes-
timonv, extractett nom a worKen.itieu -mormon
ism Unveiled," published by G. D. Howe, of
John Spalding, of Crawford County, Pa.
brother of Solomon Spalding, says:
"In the year 1809, Solomon Spalding removed
to Conneaut, Ohio. 1 he year iollowing, 1 remov
ed to Ohio, and found him engaged in build'
ing a forge. I made him a visit in about three
years after. He then told me he had been wri
tine a book, which he intended to have printed
the avails of which he thought would enable him
to pav all his debts. The book was entitled the
'Manuscript Found,' of which he read tome many
passages. It was an historical romance of the
first settlers of America, endeavoring to show that
the American Indians are the descendents of the
Jews, or the lost tribes. It gave a detailed account
of their journey from Jerusalem, by land and sea,
till they arrived in America, under the command
of NEPHI and LEHI. They afterwards had
quarrels and contentions, and separated into two
distinct nations, one of which he denominated the
Nephites, and the other the Lamanites. Cruel
and bloody' wars ensued, in which great multi
tudes were slain. They buried their dead in
large heaps, which caused the mounds so com
mon in this country. Their arts, sciences, and
civilization were brought into view, in order to ac
count for all the curious antiquities found in van
ous parts of North and South America, I havt
recently read the Hook ol JUormon ; and to my
gre at surprise, 1 find nearly the same historical
matter, names, &c. as they were in my brother's
Martha Spalding, the wife of John Spalding,
I have read the Book of Mormon, which has
brought fresh to my recollection the writings of
oolomon Spalding; and I have no manner of
doubt, that the historical part of it is the same
that 1 read and heard raid more than twenty years
Henry Luke, of Conneaut, Ohio, a former part
ner in business of Solomon Spalding, says
"Some months ago, I borrowed the Golden Bi
ble, put it into my pocket, carried it home, and
thought no more of it. About a week after, my
wife found the book in my coat pocket, as it hung
up, and commenced reading it aloud as I lay upon
the bed. She had not rend twenty minutes, till I
was astonished to find the same passages in it that
Spalding had read to me more than twenty years
before, from his 'Manuscript Found.' Since that,
I have more fully examined the said Golden Bi
ble ; and have lio hesitation in saying, that the
historical part of it is principally, if not wholly,
taken from the 'Manuscript round.
John N. Miller, of Springfield, Pa. formerly in
the employ of Spalding and Luke, says-
"I have recently examined the Book of Mor
mon, and find in it the writings of Solomon Spal
ding, from beginning to end ; but mixed up with
scripture and other religious matter, which I did
not meet with in the 'Alanuscript round. Many
of the passages in the Mormon Book nre verbatim
from Spalding, and others in part. The names of
Nephi, Lehi, Moroni, and, in fact, all the principal
names, are brought fresh to my recollection, by
the Golden Bible."
Aaron Wright, of Conneaut, Ohio, says
"The historical part of the Book of Mormon I
know to be the same as I read and head from the
writings of Spalding, more than twenty years ago;
the names more especially are the same without
Oliver Smith, of Conneaut, with whom Spald
ing boarded for some time, says
"All his leisure hours were occupied in
writing a historical novel, founded upon the first
settlers of this country; During the time he was
at iny house, I read and heard read one hundred
pages or more, Nephi and Lehi were by him rep
resented as leading characters, when they first
started for America. When I heard the historical
part of the Book of Mormon related, I at once
said it was the writing of old Solomon Spalding.
Soon after, I obtained the book ; and on reading
it, found much of it the same as Spalding had
written twenty years before."
The foregoing settles the point positively, as to
the origin of the "Book of Mormon." It proves,
if any thing can be proved by disinterested, cred
itable witnesses, that that bonk is Solomon Spal
ding's "Manuscript Found," with, alterations and
additions, since made by another1' hand. And
when we take into consideration, the circumstan
ces of Sidney Rigdon's three years' retirement
from preaching in Pittsburgh, to study the Bible ;
the new notions which he subsequently preached ;
his long visits to Pittsburgh, after removing from
that place ; his intimacy with Lambdin, the print
er, with whom Spalding's "Manuscript Found"
appears to have been left ; the curious coincidences
k u:.:. l-
uy wuK-.il ins conversion to mormonism was
L 1 1 . 11 i
orougni aoout; ana nis immedtate elevation to
companionship with Prophet Smith himself: there
seems no room to doubt, that the metamorphosis
ui kjjjuiuitig o Mioiuiiiui ivuiuiiica miu u religious,
imposture, as it now exists under the title of the
"Book of Mormon," .was accomplished by Rig
don himself. As to Smith's concern in the mat
ter, he was just the juggler to act openly in the
business, and let Rigdon keep behind the curtain.
What man more to the purpose could have been
selected, than one who wielded the divining rod,
and pretended to discover buried money ? Surely,
no one. Hence, we can perceive, a very good
reason why Smith Was selected as the discoverer
of the "Plates," and for his subsequent inspira
tion as Prophet Rigdon in the mean time reap
ing all the advantages which remaining in the
back ground could afford.
From the Massachusetts Spy.
A case was tried before the Court of Common
Pleas for Criminal Cases, in Worcester a few
weeks since, which on account of the principles
it involved, and the interest which has been mani
fested in it, deserves something more than a pass
Some time last spring a woman, named Olivia
Eames, formerly of this county, but who had for
some years past, resided at New-Orleans, return
ed in- consequence of her husband's decease, to
reside with her friends in Holden, bringing with
her a black girl, named Anne, whom she claimed
as her slave. After a while, the neighbors learn
ed that she was intending to send the girl back
to New-Orleans, and was, in fact, negotiating
through a friend in that city, for her sale. She
had been offered $S00 for her, but asked $1000.
Meantime, while arrangements were making for
her removal, the girl repeatedly, though cautious
ly, expressed to the neighbors her alarm at the
prospect of being returned into slavery, her de
sire for freedom, and her hopes that something
would be done for her rescue.
Knowing that, by the laws of the State, she
was entitled to her freedom, and that if it was
not attended to, she would soon be beyond the reach
of those laws, a writ of personal replevin was
obtained, to remove her from the custody of her
mistress, and was putinto the hands of an officer.
The serving of the writ was strenuously resisted
by the mistress, even to the offering of personal
violence to the officer ; but after a detention of
two or three hours, he obtained custody of the
girl, and she was removed, and was provided for
by those who obtained the writ, and who gave
bonds to abide the result of it. At the term of the
Court at which the writ was returnable, (the first
week in September,) the action was continued till
the next term.
On the 2-lth of September, the term of the
Court for the trial of Criminal Cases commenced
and the circumstances relating to this case became
the subject of investigation, before the Grand Ju
ry. The result of the inquiry was, a bill of in
dictment against Samuel Stratton, Samuel Fos
ter, Farnum White, Jr., and James Cheney, for
a conspiracy to remove Anne from the voluntary
service of Olivia Lames, and, for the accomphsh-
ment of that purpose, making use of the process
oj law, commonly called a ivrtt of personal replev
in. For the resistance, which was offered to the
service of that writ, no indictment was found!
The defendants were not arrested, but learning
tb'.t a bill was found against them, they volunta
rily appeared and asked for trial. Investigation
was what they most earnestly sought. The Dis
trict Attorney, however, did not see fit to bring
the case to trial, but had it continued till the Jan
uary term, against their wishes.
At the December term of the Court of Com
mor Pleas, the action of replevin again came on,
and was suffered to go by default against the de
fendant, (the mistress) and judgment was taken,
against her by agreement of the parties, for nom
inal damages, of one dollar, and costs of Court
Thus, the freedom of the girl was legally established.
The indictment was called on the 26th ult. and
the defendents (prisoners they were not) again
voluntarily oppeared tor trial. I he case on th
part of the prosecution occupied the whole of the
29th, and till past 10 o clock on the morning o
the 30th. The points which seemed to be chief
ly relied upon, on the side of the government,
were, first, that Anne remained voluntarily and of
cnotce wun ner mistress, ana naa no wisn to
leave her, and secondly, that, although she might
be entitled to her freedom, and desirous of leavin
her mistress, yet the defendants had no right, on
the supposition or the knowledge of such choice
to take upon themselves to act in her behalf, un
less they should show special authority from her
for that purpose and that, without such authority
tney exposed themselves to the penalties ot thi
prosecution. The question growing out of the
last position was argued at some length, and was
. ..-11 ,i . , i . .
not susiainea Dy tne court to me extent claimed
by the District Attorney. The testimony on be
half the government made out a tolerably fair
case, provided there had not been another side to
the question, and admitting it all to be true and
not colored, one would have thought, almost, that
Anne was really desirous of remaining with her
mistress, and unwilling to leave her when the of
ficer came fur her.
The counsel for the defence then called his wit
nesses without making any formal opening of the
case. 1 wo, only, were examined before the ad
journment of the Court for dinner, and, although
the strength of the defence was not in, yet we be-
live very few felt the Court House with an
doubts of the result. It was shown, by these wit
nesses, that Anne was under such a state of du
ress, in consequence of threats which had been
made to her, that she dared not to speak publicly
of her wishes, or to give her mistress any cause
to suspect her intention of leaving her. Still, she
had communicated, to those in whom she had con
fidence, her desire to become free, and her wish
that the necessary measures should be taken Ho
effect it, and in consequence of her request, the
writ of replevin was procured. It was shown
too, that instead of going reluctantly with the offi
cer, as had been pretended, she, in fact, had been
anxiously wailing lor the , opportunity, and her
clothes all packed up in two bundles the day pre
vious, reaciy ior a start, ner mistress lound th
bundles, and mentioned the fact to another person,
remarking at the same time, "if she was not a
nigger, it would look like running away."
At the opening of the Court, in the afternoon
the District Attorney addressed the Court, and re
marked that the testimony already in, on the part
ol the delendants had given a new aspect to the
case, that the government had no testimony by
which to meet or control it, and that under such
circumstances, he did not feci it his duly to pro
ceed nny further with the trial. He said further
that the evidence "abundantly justified the issuing
of tne process of personal reprevm, and that the
defendants were fully entitled to a verdict of ac
quittal" and desired that the jury would at once
render such a verdict, which, under direction of
the Court, they did, and the defendants were forth
The spectators were generally disappointed in
not being able to hear the whole testimony for the
defence, and the defendants themselves, though
they had no. cause to complain of the result,
would, still, have been better pleased with an op
portunity of showing the whole strength of their
Music of Winter.
BY N. P. WILLIS.
I love to listen to the falling of the snow. It is
an instructive and sweet music. You may tem
per your heart to the serenest mood by its low
murmur. It is that kind of music that only in
trudes upon your ear'when your thoughts come
languidly. You need not hear it if your mind is
not idle. It realizes my dream of another world,
where music is intuitive like a thought, comes on
ly when it is remembered.
And the frost too has a melodious minstrelsy.
You will hear its crystals shoot in the dead of a
clear night as if the moonbeams were splintering
like arrows on the ground: and you listen to it
the more earnestly that it is the going off of one of
the most cunning and beautilul of nature s deep
mysteries. I know nothing so wonderful as the
shooting of crystal. God has hidden its principle
as yet from the inquisitive eye of the philosopher.
and we must be content to gaze on its exquisite
beauty, and listen in mute wonder to the noise of
its invisible workmanship. It is too fine a know
ledge for us. We shall comprehend it when we
know how the morning stars sang together.
You would hardly look for music in the drear
inessofthe early winter. But before the keener
frost sets in, and while the warm winds are yet
stealing back occasional. v like regrets ol the de
parted summer, there wi) me soft rain or a hea
vy mist, and when the north wind returns, there
will be drops suspended like earring jewels between
the filaments of the cedar tassels, and in the fea
thery edges of the dark green hemlocks, and, if
the clearing up is not followed by a heavy wind,
they will all be frozen in their places like well set
gems. Ihe next morning the warm sun comes
out, and by the middle of the calm dazzling fore
noon, they are all loosened from the close touch
which sustained them, and will drop at the slight
est motion. If you go along on the south side of
the wood at that hour, you will hear music. Ihe
dry foliage of the summer's shedding is scattered
over the ground, and the round hard drops ring
out clearly and distinctly as they are shaken down
with the stirring of the -breeze. It is something
like the running of deep and rapid Avater, only
more fitful and merrier ; but to one who goes out
in nature with his heart open, it is a pleasant mu
sic, and in contrast with the stern character ol the
Winter has many other sounds thai give pleas
ure to the seeker for hidden sweetness ; but they
are too rare and accidental to be described dis
tinctly. The brooks have a sullen and muffled
murmur under their frozen surface ; the ice in the
distant river heaves up with the swell of the cur
rent, and falls again to the bank with a prolonged
echo, and the woodman's axe rings cheerfully out
from the bosom of the unrobed forest. These are
at best, however, but melancholy sounds, they but
drive in the heart upon itself. I believe it is so
ordered in God's wisdom.
The Wife of a Literary Man. A woman fit
to be the wife of a literary man must indeed be a
woman; she must combine in her character all
those pleasing attributes which we often find
described but so rarely meet with in real life.
She must be neither selfish in feeling, vain, prodi
gal, nor passionate. She must be one who will
not maarry where she cannot respect, and, when
she has consented to lay aside her virgin honors,
one who will love her husband with a devotion
that shall waive every other consideration but that
of duty to her God. She must be even more
than this ; she must be self-sacrificing in disposi
tion, and be willing to endure much loneliness
and also learn, if she have not already, to have
fondness for her husband's pursuits, in which case
she will receive a return that will be dearer far
than all the world can offer. A man of li
erary pursuits sins against himself and the woman
he marries, if he takes one who is but a votary of
lashion whose empire is in the drawing-room
and not in the seclusion of domestic life. And
if he marry a literary pedant, he will be stil
more unfortunate unless the pedantry be that of
a young, active, and enquiring mind, which
pleased with its first essay into the regions
learning. She should not resemble that first wife
of Milton, whom the poet married from sudden
fancy. Unable to endure his literary habits, and
finding his house too solitary lor her romping dis
position, she beat his nephews, and conveyed her
self away at the expiration of the honey-moon
JNor like.the wife of Bishop Cooper, who, jealous
ol nis books, consigned the labor ot many years
to the flames. Nor like the wife of Sir Henry
Seville, whose affection was so strong as to cause
her frequently to destroy his most valuable man
uscripts, because they monopolized so much of his
attention. Neither should she resemble in char
acter Mrs. Barclay, who made both herself and
husband ridiculous by her great public admiration
of his abilities, she considering him little less
than a demi-god. She should either be like the
lady of Dacier, who was his equal in erudition
arm nis superior in tasie, Dut whose good sense
caused her to respect and give place to her hus
band at all times and on all occasions, and whose
love for him kept her from the slightest feeling of
presumption because she was his equal in mind
or as the wife of Wieland, a domestic woman,
who, though not much given to study, was of a
calm, even temperament, and always soothed in
stead of enciting her husband's irritable disposi
tion. A literary man, in choosing a wife, should
not look so much for shining abilities as for a
clear, discriminating ludgraent, and a warm and
affectionate heart. A combination of these qual
ities, if he be not an unreasonable, cross-grained
tyrant, will bo sure to bring domestic felicity.
supply of necessary food. On the contrary, es
tablish the principle that property is safe that a
'"" ia secure in tne possession oi nis accumula
ted earnings, and he creates a paradise on a barren
heath ; Alpine solitudes echo to the lowing of his
herds ; he builds up his dykes against the ocean
and cultivates a he d beneath the level of its
waves, and exposes his life fearlessly in sickly
jungles and among ferocious savages. Establish
the principle that his property is his own, and he
seems almost willing to sport with its safety. He
will trust it all in a single vessel, and stand calm
ly by while she unmoors for a voyage of circum
navigation around the globe. He knows that the
sovereignty of his country accompanies it with a
sort of earthly omnipresence, and guards it as
vigilantly, in the loneliest island of the Antarctic
aea, as though it was locked in his coffers at home.
He is not afraid to send it out upon the common
pathway of the ocean, for he knows that the shel
tering wings of the law of nations will overshad
ow it there. He sleeps quietly, though all that
he has is borne upon six inches of plank on the
bosom of the unfathomed waters ; for even if the
tempest should bury it in the deep, he has assur
ed himself against ruin, by the agency of those
institutions which modern civilization for the pur
pose of averaging the losses of individuals upon
the mass. Gov. Everett.
One day last week, there came into the city, from
a distance of seventeen or twenty miles, a being
sustaning the relations of a man, with a lovely
looking woman his wife bringing some baskets
for sale, neatly made, in the style of Indian manu
facture. The lady for such she seemed, and gave
evidence that she had seen better days was active
in trying to dispose of.them. How she succeeded,
we know not ; but in the disposition of one of them,
an incident occurred, which told the secret of all
their poverty, and all their woes. A gentleman
not ourself bargained for one at two shillings ;
was seized with the eagerness of stealth by the
husband. She looked up with a piteous expression,
and said, in a most subdued tone, the tears starting
from her eyes, " Sir, give me the rest, or it will go
for rum. I have two children, and they need bread.
I have left home, and come this distance with these
baskets, made with my own hands, to purchase it
for them they are hungry and cold." All this was
said without anger without a murmer. The gen
tleman gave her the small pittance, and tried to per
suade her wretch of a husband to give her the first
piece ; but his inexorable thirst forwhat had ruined
himself and family did not premit him.
Shall we ask the reader who would sell to such
a wretch rum, when he was taking the bread from
the mouth of his own children, and wringing from
his wife's heart her last ray of hope for their sub
sistence? Answer Every retailer of rum in our
State. As likely to sell it to him as any other man.
On the retailer, then, surely may be expected to fall
ultimately her woes.
And will men pretend that we do not need laws
to control men like the above men who cannot be
moved by the tears of a heart-broken wife, by the
sighs and sobs of his own children men who, know
ng such circumstances, will place a temptation at
such a man's door, and then take from him the last
farthing, earned, not by himself, but by his wife
and this, too, when he takes from children their
only hope of life ? Maine Wesleyan Journal.
Accumulation. The philosophy that denoun
ces accumulation is the philosophy 'of barbarism.
t places man below the conditi n oi most oi me
native tribes on this continent. Tsoman will vol
untarily sow that another may rap. You may
place a man in a naradise of plenty on this condi
tion, but its abundance will ripen itnd decay un
heeded. At this moment, the fairest regions of
the earth Sicily. Turkey, Africa, tlu loveliest and
most fertile portions of the East, the regions that,
in ancient tunes, after feeding their own numer
ous and mighty cities nourished Rome and her
armies and occupied by oppressed ana neeay ra
ces, whom all the smiles ot heaven ana tne ooun-
ties of the earth cannot tempt to strike a spade in
to the soil, farther than is requisite for a scanty
THE TEMPERANCE STAR,
To be published at Montpelier, Vermont, on the first
oj every month, under the direction oj the Executive
Committee of the Vermont Temperance Society.
This Journal will be exclusively devoted to the aub-
ject of Temperance. Its design will be to advocate the
cause of total abstinence from all that intoxicates, as
the only possible ground on which the ultimate triumph of
lemperance pnnciples can be expected. And, as temper
ance is the great moral field in which all can unite, and la
bor, it will be the object of this journal to invite to a
hearty co-operation, all the friends of the cause, through
out the state, regardless of any of those distinctions which
are connected with most other public or benevolent objects
of the day.
The leading design of the Temperance Star will
be, to endeavor, by argument and persuasion, to awaken
the attention of the whole community, to the necessity of
speedily banishing intoxicating drinks from among us;
and while it shall faithfully and fearlessly pursue its ob
ject, it will endeavor to avoid that ultraism which leads to
All experience demonstrates that, in free governments,
legislative aid cannot be safely relied on in matters of mor
al reform, unless public opinion precede and stand ready
to sanction legislative enactments; to prepare the way for
winch assistance to the Temperance reform, will be anoth
er object of the proposed publication.
Ihe Star will be issued in quarto form of eight pages,
in the early part of each month. The first number will be
issued in March next.
TERMS. The Temperance Star will be tent to
subscribers for one year on the following terms; copies di
rected singly 50 cents; 12 copies to one address 25 cents
each; 26 copies do. 23 cents each; 50 copies do. 20 cents
each; always in advance. Address George B. Manser,
Montpelier, post paid.
THE VOICE OF FREEDOM
Is published every Saturday morning, at $2 a year, pay
able in advance. If payment be delayed till the end of
the year, Fifty Cents will be added.
Advertisements inserted at the usual rates.
Subscriptions, and all letters relating to business, should
be addressed to the Publishers : letters relating to the edi
torial department, to the Editor. Communications intend
ed for publication should be signed by the proper name of
the writer. CP Postage must be paid in all cases.
Aeents of the Vermont Anti-blavery Society, and officer
of local anti-slavery societies throughout the state, are au
thorized to act as agents for this paper.
llZJ Office, one door West from the rost-Uffiee, State at.
Brandon, Dr Hale.
Jamaica, L Merrificld, Esq.
Hubbardton, WC Denison.
JVorwich, Sylvester Morris.
Hartford, Geo. Udall, Esq.
Tunbridee, Ilervey Tracy.
Strafford, W Sanborn, Esq.
Barnet, L P Parks, Esq.
MorrUtown,Rev S Robinson
Mormville, L P Poland, Esq.
Cornwall, a t Haskell.
Craftsbury, W J Hastings.
Westjord, K Farnsworth.
Essex, Dr J W Emery.
Uunderhill, Rev E B Baxter.
Barnard, Arad Jackson.
East Barnard, W Leonard
Walden, Perley Foster.
Starksboro', Joel Battey.
St. Albans, E L Jones, Esq.
Rutland. R R Thrall, Esq.
Rovalton. Bela Hall, C C
Danville, M Carpenter.
Glover, Dr Bates.
St. Johnsbury, Rev J Morse.
Middlebury, M D Gordon.
Cambridge, Martin Wires.
Derby, Dr Richmond.
Peplcinsville, W M Guilfori.
Brookfield, D Kingsbury Esq
Randolph, C Carpenter, Esq.
East Bethel, E Fowler, Esq.
Waterbury, L Hutchins.Esq
E S Newcomb.
Waitsfield, Col Skinner.
Moretown, Moses Spofford.
Warren, F A Wright, Esq.
Waterford, R C Benton, Esq
East Roxbury, S Ruggles,
Ferrisburgh, R T Robinson.
Vergennts, J E Roberts.
Westfield, O Winslow, Esq,
Corinth, Insley Dow.
Willtamstown, J C Farnam,
Chester, J Stedman, Esq.
Sping field, Noah Safford.
Franklin, Geo S Gale.
Waterville, Moses Fisk, Esq,
Hydepark, Jothara Wilson.
Elmore, Abel Camp, Esq.
Hinesburgh, W Dean
Burlington, G A Allen, Esq.
Montgomery, J Martin.
Lincoln, tteni Tabor,
Calai$, Rev. Benj. Page.