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From the V. S. Magazine and Democratic Review,.
BY M. W. BECK.
Freedom's consecrated dower,
Casket of a priceless gem !
Nobler heritage of power
Titan imperial diadem!
Corner-stone on which was reared
Liberty's triumphal dome,
When her glorious form appeared
'Midst our own green mountain home!
Purchased by as noble blood
As in mortal veins e'er run,
f! y the toil of those who stood
At the side of Washington,
By the hearts that met the foo
On their nativo battle plain,
Where the arm that deals the blow
Never needs to strike again!
Where the craven that would dare
Mar it with polluted breath ?
Scorned and cursed, be his to share
The traitor's shamo the traitor's death!
Let his faithless heart be torn,
From his recreant bosom riven,
And, upon the whirlwind borno,
To Iho carrion be given!
Guard it, freemen! guard it well!
Spotless as your maiden's fame!
Never let your children tell
Of your weakness of your shame
That their fathers basely sold
What was bought with blood and toil,
That you bartered right for gold.
Here on freedom's sacred soil!
Let Vour eaglo's quenchless eye,
Fixed, unerring, sleepless, bright.
Watch, when danger hovers nigh,
From his lofty mountain height;
While the stripes and stars shall wave
O'er this treasure, pure aud free,
The land's Palladium, it shall save
The home and shrine of liberty.
When La Fayette was in this country, 1823, he laid,
with great solemnity, the corner-stone of a monument in
commemoration of the battle of Bun'.;cr Hill. That monu
ment ia still unfinished, and its present disreputable condi
tion is thua alluded to by a correspondent of the Massachu
setts Abolitionist. Emancipator.
From the Abolitionist.
Ho! granite pile on Bunker's sod,
Why Blandest thou unfinished thus,
A mockery where our fathers trod,
A Babel, crumbling 'neath the curse ?
Ho! thou that men began to build,
Not counting first the painful cost;
In whom the proverb is fulfilled
Of care and caBh by folly lost;
I mind me when this soil for the
Was broken by the eager spade,
That day the son of liberty
Thy corner-stone with shoutings laid.
He said that on the martyr's bones
Thy soaring shaft should proudly stand
And tell forever on its stones
The fame and story of our land.
Then Eloquence was here rtho throng
Stood breathless on this sacred hill,
As rose to God the noble song
Expressive of a peoplo's will.
A change has coma no man may bind
Thy massy blocks on hallowod ground,
Who thinks with shame, how lofty mind,
In firmer grasp, hath Slavery bound!
This scorpion thought keeps back the gold
Which should to plant thy top-stone pay,
That human blood and bones are sold,
And should'st thou prate of freedom .' NAY!
A hissing only wouldst thou be,
A bye-word of our country's shame;
And every syllable on thee
Engraved, would falsehood still proclaim.
Not thus defy the men of might
Who on this hill-top glory won;
Not thus affront the pilgrim's sight
Upon this more than Marathon.
Yet stqnd thou thus! a tell-tale, not
Of heroes slumb'ring at thy base
But of the fact that one dear spot
Hypocrisy shall not disgrace.
From the Massachusetts Abolitionist.
"Let Me Be, Sir."
A man poured poison in his pump,
And soW the water by the gill.
I seized in haste my speaking trump,
And told the folks 'twas sure to kill.
" The pwmp is mine," the fellow said,
" And all the folks are free, sir;
Go feed the children of the dead,
And please to let me be, sir."
Another neighbor thought it wise
To cheat his laborers of their hire.
" Those men," said I, ' Will soon arise
And set our houses all on fire."
" The men are mine," the rogue replied,
" What right have you to set them free, sir ?
'Tis yours to check, the rebel tide,
And fight, when needed, at my side,
Till then, you'll please to let me be, sir."
Columbia, favored of the skies!
How can thy banner wave,
While at thy feet thy neighbor lies
A crushed and broken slave ?
The following article is from the work on the
" Condition of Slaves," now in the press by the
American Anti-Slavery Society. It needs no
Narrative and Testimony of Sarah M. Grimke,
Miss Grimke was a daughter of the late Judge
Grimke, of the Supreme Court of South Caroli
na, and sister of the late Hon. Thomas S. Grim
ke. As I left my native state on account of slavery,
and deserted the home of my fathers to escape the
sound of the Irtish and the shrieks of tortured vic
tims, I would gladly bury in oblivion the recol
lection of those scenes with which I have been fa
miliar ; but this may not, cannot be ; they come
over my memory like gory spectres, and implore
mo with resistless power, in the name of a God
of mercy, in the name of a crucified Saviour, in
the name of humanity ; for the sake of the slave
holder, as well as the slaves, to bear witness to
the horrors of the southern prison house. I feel
impelled by a secret sense of duly, by my obliga
tions to my country, by sympathy for the bleeding
victims of tyranny and lust, to give thy testimony
respecting the system of American slavery, to
detail a lew facts, most of which came under my
personal observation. And here I may premise,
that the actors in these tragedies were' all men and
women of the highest respectability, and of the
first families of South Carolina, and, with one ex
ception, citizens of Charleston ; and that their
cruelties did not in the slightest degree afTect their
standing in society.
A handsome mulatto woman, about 18 or 20
years of age, whose independent spirit could not
brook the degradation of slavery, was in the hab
it of running away ; for this offence she had been
repeatedly sent by her master and mistress to be
whipped by the keeper of the Charleston work
house. This had been done with such inhuman
severity, as to lacerate her back in the mostshock
ing manner; a finger could not be laid between
the cuts. But the love of liberty was too strong
to be annihilated by t,orture ; and, as a last resort,
she was whipped at several different times, and
kept a close prisoner. A heavy iron collar, with
three long prongs projecting from it, was placed
round her neck, and a strong and sound front
tooth was extracted, to serve as a mark to describe
her, in case of escape. Her sufferings at this
time were agonizing; she could lie in no position
but on her back, which was sore from scourgings,
as I can testify, from personul inspection, and her
only place of rest was the floor, on a blanket.
These outrages were committed in a family where
the mistress daily read the scriptures, and assem
bled her children for family worship. She was
accounted, and was really, so far as alms-giving
was concerned, a charitable woman, and tender
hearted to the poor; and yet this suffering slave,
who was continually in her presence, sitting in
her chamber to sew, or engaged in her other house
hold work, with her lacerated and bleeding back,
her mutilated mouth, and heavy iron collar, with
out, so far as appeared, exciting any feelings of
A highly intelligent slave, who panted after
freedom with ceaseless longings, made many at
tempts le get possession of himself. For every
offence he was punished with extreme severity.
At one time he was tied upby his hands to a tree,
and whipped until his back was one gore of blood.
To this terrible infliction he was subjected at in
tervals for several weeks, and kept heavily ironed
while at his work. His master one day accused
him of a fault, in the usual terms dictated by pas
sion and arbitrary power; the man protested his
innocence, but was not credited. He again re
pelled the charge with honest indignation. His
master's temper rose almost to frenzy ; and seiz
ing a fork, he made a deadly plunge nt the breast
of the slave. The man being far superior in
strength, caught his arm, and dashed his weapon
on the floor. His master grasped at his throat,
but the slave disengaged himself, and rushed from
the apartment. Having made his escape, he fled
to the woods ; and after wandering about for ma-
ii V months, living on roots anu uernos, ana ennur
ing every hardship, he was arrested and commit
ted to jail. Here he lay for a considerable time
allowed scarcely looa enough to sustain lite, whip
pen in the most snovumg manner, and confined in
a cell so loathsome, that when bis master visited
him, he said the stench was enough to knock
man down, i he tilth had never been removed
from the apartment since the poor creature had
been immured in it. Although a black man
such had been the effect of starvation and suffer
ing, that his master declared he hardly recognized
him his complexion was so yellow, and his hair,
naturally thick and black, had become red and
scanty; an infallible sign of long continued living
on bad and insufficient food. Stripes, imprison
i.i i i i I,,,
meni, ana tne unawmgs oi nunger, nail broken
his lofty spirit for a season ; and, to use his tnas
i. . i . . i , ,
ters own extming expression, ne was as numuie
as a clop-.' Alter a lime ho made another attemnl
to escape, and was absent so Ion?, that a reward
was offered for him, dead or alioe. He eluded
every attempt to take him, and his master, despair
mg ot ever getting linn again, oflercd to pardon
him it he would return home, it is always un
derstood that such intelligence will reach the run
away ; and accordingly, at the entreaties of his
wife and mother, the fugitive once more consent
ed to return to his bitter bondage. I believe this
was the last effort to obtain -his liberty. His heart
became touched with the power of the gospel
and the spirit which no infliction could subdue,
bowed at the cross of Jesus, and with the lan
guage on his lips ' the cup that my Father hath
given me, shall I not drink it f submitted to the
yoke of the oppressor, and wore his chains in un
murmuring patience till death released him. 1 he
master who perpetrated these wrongs upon his
Jave, was one of the most influential and honored
citizens of South Carolina, and to his equals was
bland and Courteous, mill I in nm.nl out ron In n
A slave who had been sonnrainrl
because it best suited the convenience of his own
er, ran away, lie was taken tip on the plantation
where his wife, to whom he was tenderlv nttncli.
ed, then lived. His only object in running away
was to return to her no other fault was attribut
ed to him. For this offence he was confined in
the stocks six weeks, in a miserable hovel, not
weather-tight. Ho received fifty lashes weekly
luring that time, was allowed food barejy suffi
cient to sustain him, and when released from con
finement, was not permitted to return to his wife.
His master, although himself a husband and a fa
ther, was unmoved by the touching appeals of the
VOICE OF FREEDOM.
slave, who entreated that he might only remain
with his wife, promising to discharge his duties
faithfully ; his master continued inexorable, and
he was torn from his wife and family. The own
er of this slave was a professing Christian, in full
membership with the church, and this circum
stance occurred when he was confined to his
chamber during his last illness.
A punishment dreaded more by the slaves than
whipping, unless it is unusually severe, is one
which was invented by a female acquaintance of
mine in Charleston I heard her say so with
much satisfaction. It is standing on one foot and
holding the other in the hand. Afterwards it was
improved upon, and a strap was contrived to fas
ten around the ancle, and pass around the neck ;
so that the least weight of the foot resting on the
strap would choke the person. The pain occa
sioned by this unnatural position was great; and
when continued, as it sometimes was, for an
hour or more, produced intense agony. I heard
this same woman say, that she had the ears of
her waiting maid slit for some petty theft. This
she told me in the presence of the girl, who was
standing in the room. She often had the helpless
victims of her cruelty severely whipped, not scru
pling herself to wield the instrument of torture,
and with her own hand inflict severe chastisement.
Her husband was less inhuman than his wife, but
he was often goaded on by her to acts of great se
verity. In his last illness I was sent for, and
watched by his death couch. The girl on whom
he had so often inflicted punishment, haunted his
dying hours ; and when at length the king of ter
rors approached, he shrieked in utter agony of
spirit, ' oh, the blackness of darkness, the black
imps, I can see them all around me take them
away!' and amid such exclamations he expired.
These persons were of one of the first families in
A friend of mine, in whose veracity I have en
tire confidence, told me that about two years ago,
a woman in Charleston with whom I was well ac
quainted, had starved a female slave to death.
She was confined in a solitary apartment, kept
constantly tied, and condemned to the slow and
horrible death of starvation. This woman was
notoriously cruel. To those who have read the
narrative of James Williams I need only say,
that the character of young Larrimore's wife is
an exact description of this female tyrant, whose
countenance was ever dressed in smiles when in
the presence of strangers, but whose heart was a3;
the nether millstone toward her slaves.
As I was travelling in the lower country in S.
Carolina, a number of years since, my attention
was suddenly arrested by. an exclamation of hor
ror from the coachman, who called out, ' look
there, Miss Sarah, don't you see,' I looked in
the direction he pointed, and saw a human head
stuck up on a high pole. On inquiry, I found
that a renaway slave, who was outlawed, had been
shot there, his head severed from his body, and
put upon the public highway, as a terror to deter
slaves from running away.
On a plantation in Nonh Carolina, where I was
visiting, I happened or.c day in my rambles, to
step into a negro cabin ; my compassion was in
stantly called forth by the object which presented
itself. A si ive, whose head was white with age,
was lying in one corner of the hovel ; he had un
der his head a few filthy rags, but the boards were
his only bed ; it was the depth of winter, and the
wind whistled through every part of the dilapida
ted building he opened his languid eyes when I
spoke, and in reply to my question, ' What is the
matter V he said, ' I am dying of a cancer in my
side.' As he removed the rags which covered the
sore, I found that it extended half-round the body,
and was shockingly neglected. I inquired if he
had any nurse. 'No, missey,' was his answer,
' but de people (the slaves) very kind to me, dey
often steal time to run and see me and fetch me
some ting to eat : if they did not, I might starve.'
The master and mistress of this man, who had
been worn out in their service, were remarkable
for their intelligence, and their hospitality knew
no bounds towards those Who were of their own
grade in society : the master had for some time
held the highest military office in North Carolina
and not long previous to the time of which
speak, was the Governor of the State.
On a plantation in South Carolina, I witnessed
a similar case of suffering an aged woman suf-
lering under an incurable disease in the same
miserably neglected situation. The ' owner' of
this slave was proverbially kind to her negroes
so much so, that the planters in the neighborhood
said she spoiled them, and set a bad example
which might produce discontent among the sur
1 1 T 1 i .
rounumg slaves ; yet 1 have seen this woman
tremble with rage, when her slaves displeased her.
and heard her use language to them which could
only be expected from an inmate of a Bridewell
and have known her in a gust of passion send i
favorite slave to the workhouse to be severely
Another tact occurs to me. A young woman
about eighteen, stated some circumstances relative
to her young master, which were thought derog'
alory to his character ; whether true or false 1 am
unable to say ;- she was threatened with punish
ment, but persisted in affirming that she had only
spoken the truth. Finding her incorrigible, it
was concluded to send her to the Charleston work
house and have her whipt; she pleaded in vain
for a commutation ot her sentence, not so much
because she dreaded the actual suffering, as be
cause tier delicate mind shrunk lrotn the shocking
exposition of her person to the eyes of brutal and
licentious men ; she declared to me that death
would be preferable; but her entreaties were vain,
and as there was no mean3 of escaping but by
running away,' shj resorted to it as a desperate
remedy, for her timid nature never could hav
braved the perils necessarily encountered by fug
live slaves, had not her mind been thrown into
state of despair. She was apprehended after a
few weeks, by two slave-catchers, in a deserted
house, and as it was late in the evening they con
eluded to spend the night there. What inhuman
treatment she received from them has never been
revealed. They tied her with cords to their bod-
. ..ill 1 iL .!
tes. and supposing they naa secureu tneir victim,
soon fell into a deep sleep, probably rendered more
profound by intoxication and fatigue ; but the mis
erable captive slumbered not; by some means she
disengaged herself from her bonds, and again fled
through the lone wilderness. After a few days
he was discovered in a wretched hut, which
seemed to have been long uninhabited ; she was
speechless ; a raging fever consumed her vitals,
and when a physician saw her, he said she was
dying of a disease brought on by overfatigue;
her mother was permitted to visit 'her, but ere she
reached her, the damps of death stood upon her
brow, and she had only the sad consolation of;
looking on the death-struck form and convulsive
agonies of her child.
A beloved friend in South Carolina, the wife of
a slaveholder, with whom I often mingled my
tears, when helpless and hopeless we deplored to
gether the horrors of slavery, related to me some
years since the following circumstance.
On the plantation adjoining her husband's,
there was a slave of pre-eminent piety. His mas
ter was not a professor of religion, but the superi
or excellence of this disciple of Christ was not
remarked by him, and I believe he was so sensi
ble of the good influence of his piety that he did
not deprive him of the few religious privileges
within his reach. A planter was one day dining
with the owner of this slave, and in the course of
conversation observed, that all profession of reli
gion among slaves was mere hypocrisy. The
other asserted a contrary opinion, adding, I have a
slave who I believe would rather die than deny
his Saviour. This was ridiculed, and the master
urged to prove the assertion. He accordingly
sent for this man of God, and peremptorily order
ed him to deny his belief in the Lord Jesus Christ.
The slave pleaded to be excused, constantly affirm
ing that he would rather die than deny the Re
deemer, whose blond was shed for him. His mas
ter, after vainly trying to induce obedience by
threats, had him terribly whipped. The fortitude
of the sufferer was not to be shaken ; he nobly
rejected the offer of exemption from further chas
tisement at the expense of destroying his soul,
and this blessed martyr died in consequence of this
severe injuchon. Uh, how bright a gem will this
victim of irresponsible power be, in that crown
which sparkles on the Redeemer's brow ; and
that many such will cluster there, I have not the
shadow of a doubt.
Sarah M. Grimke.
Fort Lee, Bergen Co.,N. J. Apr. 26, 1839.
From the N. Y. Evangelist.
LETTERS FROM DR. BEMAN.
From cause to us unknown, the first letter writ
ten by Dr. Beman has not been yet received. We
take pleasure, however, in publishing this without
London, March , 1S39.
Mr. Editor, My former communication an
nounced my safe arrival at Portsmouth, on the
4th of February. Our luggage had been forwar
ded direct to the Custom House, and we repaired
immediately to that national ordeal, that we might,
alter due inspection, have a legal claim to a foot
hold upon " the sea-girt isle." As i. was now,
for the first time, in an ancient citv of the old
world, my eyes and ears were open, and every
obiect possessed, in addition to its intrinsic value
a factitious interest derived from the circumstan
ces in which it was seen. Portsmouth is situated
on the island of Portsea, and in connection with
the town of Portsea, (for they may be considered
as forming one town) contains between forty-five
and fifty thousand inhabitants. It was strongly
defended in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and ev
ery succeeding sovereign has added to the extent
and strength of the works, so that it is now said
to be the most regular fortress ia England. From
two to four thousand men are employed in the
dock-yards. It is deemed almost impregnable,
both by Jand and sea. 1 ins harbor is decidedly
superior to any other in the kingdom. While the
entrance hardly exceeds the breadth of the
Thames, at London, it soon expands, and becomes
sufficiently capacious to afford anchorage and pro
tection to nearly the whole of the British raw
In the roadstead of Spithead, between Portsmouth
and the Isle of Wight, a thousand ships of the
line may ride m perfect security. 1 he town it
sen is not very imposing in appearance, its streets
being for the most part narrow and dirty. I saw
no buildings which were remarkable for the beau
ty or elegance of their architecture. To an ad
venturer from the new world, the principal attrac
tions will be found in its venerable antiquity, and
the great extent and strength of its fortifications.
Ihe whole of the walls around the town are
pranted thick with cannon, and in the harbor are
always lying several ships of war. The Victory,
the celebrated ship of Lord Nelson, is always
pointed out to the stranger. Un my way to the
Custom House, both novelty and familiarity ap
peared to be blended, in the various objects which
met my view. The streets, the shops, the public
and private buildings, differed, in so many fea
tures, from those in the large towns of my own
country, as to assure me, that I was indeed
abroad, and yet even so much like them, in other
particulars, as to make me feel quite at home.
This same remark applies with additional force to
the people. They were not Americans; but they
were only Englishmen, and I felt, at once, that I
was not in Turkey, or in France. I was particu
larly pleased with the gentlemanly manner in
which every thing was conducted at the Custom
House. I confess I was agreeably disappointed
in this respect. I experienced nothing of that an
noyance which is often complained of. in similar
circumstances : none of that insolence of office
which is not unfrequently troublesome in those
who are clothed with a " little brief authority"
no prying into little matters, such as the extent or!
novertv of a man's wardrobe no evaminntinn nf
a single traveller's thread-case, to see whether h
silk and needles are of British manufacture, or not
As I opened my portmanteau, I stated a fact
two respecting the contents, and the obiect of mv
visit to England, and with a gentle press or two
with the hand upon the various articles, the ofii
cer remarked, " let it pass," and the whole matter
was over. I hardly expect to fare as well in ev
ery instance, i orisuioutn is situated 71 miles
south-west of London, and between the two pia
ces there is a telegraphic communication by which
intelligence can bo conveyed from this important
sea-port to tne admiralty in eight minutes. It is
said to have been done as a matter of experiment
in two minutes. 1 cannot underwrite for the cor
rectness of this assertion.
1 busied myell both before and alter my visit
the Custom House, in scanning every object
which fell under my observation. Novelties, or
things which are somewhat out of the course of
our ordinary experience or observation, are most
ikely to attract our attention, while those which
are of daily and familiar occurrence, pass unnoti
ced. I will set down a few of the former class
which first struck me on walking the streets of
'ortsmouth. The side-walks are flagged with
smooth stones, but were covered with a black sli
my mud, which seemed to bo a compound of the
fine mist which is constantly descending, in a
thick and foggy clay, and the smoke of bituminous
coal with which it becomes fully saturated before
reaches the ground. 1 his substance gives a
man, on a wet day, a most precarious foothold.
and renders it necessary for him that " thinketh he
standeth," to " take heed lest he fall." In con
nection with this great annoyance to the lovers of
dry feet and fino walking,. I would state, that tho
women are seen mounted on pattens, or hampered
with clogs, which gives them a heavy and slouch
ing gait. I record this remark merely as my im
pression, but as I know travellers are often mis
taken, I would express it with becoming modesty.
The meat stalls or shops are not confined to the
public markets, as with us, but are intermingled:
with other shops along all the public streets, and
are kept in a style of the most perfect neatness,
and present strong attractions to the carniverous
of our race. I never saw as fine meats in our
country, or neater or better fed butchers. Tho
horses 1 observed in the streets were not remark
able for their size or symmetry, but all their dri
vers had mingled enough of law, common sense,
and philosophy together, always to keep to the
left hand, instead of the right, as they do in our
country, by which means an incredible number of
vehicles will pass each other in a smalt space, ant
an accident rarely ever occurs.
All the passengers, with our captain, who. oc
companied us on shore, dined at the Quebec, at S
o'clock. Every thing was in fine order. Tho
soles, a fish I had never tasted before, were ex
cellent, and are much esteemed in England. On
examining rr.y bill, I found myself taxed sixpence
for ale. I handed it to the captain who had learn-,
ed my theory and practice in relation to the whole
tribe of intoxicating drinks, in much less than 24
days passage across the Atlantic, and he immedi
ately wrote against the offensive clause, with his
pencil, the words, " no go." I have preserved
this document, that I may defend myself, should I
be accused, hereafter, of transatlantic apostacy
from the temperance doctrines I have held and de
fended, and practised, at home. Perhaps it might
not be amiss for me to add, that, like poor Tray
in the fable, I was 'punished for being found in
bad company.'' I am, of course, to be understood,
in this instance, by lad company, as meaning
nothing more than ale-drinking company, for, in
other respects, I have no charge to prefer.
Tuesday, Feb. 5, at 11 o'clock, A. M., I took
my seat on the box, with the coachman, for Lon
don. The weather was so mild, that a stirtout
coat formed a sufficient protection, without the su
peraddition of a cloak. The heavens, to be sure,
were veiled in thick fog, and the sun was doubt
less shining on other worlds, and, perhaps, on oth
er lands, but certainly not on this ; but still the
air was balmy and invigorating. To be on solid
ground was something, but to be in such a coun
try as this, was more. I thought I began to feel
what an Englishman means when he says, ' a
fine morning, sir' when, for your life, you can
not tell what there is fine about it, except that it
is not as dark, by a few shades, as Egypt. I am
inclined to think, that the mists and fogs of Eng
land, while they are very frequent and very
dense, and no less repulsive to the eye than the
mists and fogs of other countries, are by no means
as trying to the constitution, or as depressing to
the spirits. This may be, it is true, mere conjec
ture; but, should we assume it as a fact, it may
be explained, for aught I know, on philosophical
principles. Here is a small speck of land situa
ted In the broad bosom of the deep, and the very
eircumstances which produce almost perpetual
damps and fogs, may, at the same time, so modi
fy their physical properties, as to render them less
noxious than they would be without these redeem
ing circumstances, or than they actually are in
other countries. True it is, that both the animal
and vegetable kingdoms, appear to flourish, and
become vigorous and luxuriant in this peculiar el
ement. To say nothing of flocks of sheep and
herds of cattle, I never saw, in the same time and
space, more fat, rosy-faced boys and girls, than
during a seven hours ride from Portsmouth to
( To le continued.)
The following is an extract of a letter from E.
C. Delavan, of Albany, to the Secretary of the
American Temperance Union, dated Rome, (Italy)
January, 22, 1S29.
'i I have this clay had an audience with cardi
nal Mezzofante, being the most extraordinary man
living, in his particular department he speaks 45
languages he gave me the names of several dis
tinguished Romans, whom I am to see. I am al
so to have a private audience with the 1 ope, re-
ative to my mission, at an early date."
Boarding House !
A FEW gentleman boarders can be accommodated with
board, with single rooms if desired, on reasonable
Montpelier Village, Jan. 5, 18S9.
THE VOICE OF FREEDOM
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