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THE VOI CE OF FREED OM .
From the Vermont Telegraph.
Pursuant to nublic noiice, a Convention of the
Vt. Anti-Slavery Society assembled at the Con-rrpo-ntional
Meeting-house in Manchester, Sept
25th, 1839, at 9o 'clock A. M. for the transaction
The Convention was called to order bv Dr. J.
W. Hale, one of the Executive Committee of the
Society, and was organized by the election of
J. W. Half., President Dan Roberts, Jr
Secretary, Hon. Wm. Shafter, Timothy Good-
ale, Hon. John S. Pettibone, Rev. Justin Par
sons, Rev. Benjamin Shaw, and Mr. Allen of
Townsend, a Business Committee
The Convention then adjourned to meet at half
past 10, A. M. for public exercises.
10 1-2 o'clock. A. M. The Convention met,
and the meeting opened with prayer by Rev. Mr.
The. Tininr.!! Pnmmiiipn reported the follow
ing resolutions :
Tl.ni tlip slave :s liable to more
cruel lrentment. than domestic animals.
2. Resolved, That our only confidence of suc
cess in the Anti-Slavery cause i in the blessing
of God upon that truth, which commends itself to
every man s conscience in me Mgm ui vuu.
3. Resolved, That it is as inconsistent for the
fripnrls of libertv to vote for slavery, as it is to
write, speak, or prny for it.
4. Resolved, That as nteli, as Christians, as A
merieans, the people of the North have a deep in
terest in the abolition of American slavery.
The resolutions reported were accepted by the
Resolution, No. 1, was then called up, and af
ter discussion by Rev.. Benjamin Shaw, and Col.
J. P. Miller, was adopted.
On motion of T. Goodale,
Resolved, That no member be aliowed to speak
to anv one question more than 15 minutes at any
one time, without leave of the Convention.
Resolution, No. 2, was then called up, and dis
cussed by Rev. Justin Parsons, Rev. Asahel Nott,
Rev. Mr Stearns, and John S. Pettibone. Ad
journed to 1-2 past 1 P. M.
Afternoon. Convention met. Prayer by Rev.
J. V. Sawyer. Letter of Hon. W. II. Ranney,
read. Voted to incorporate the letter with the
proceedings of the convention.
Resolution, No, 2, was laid upon the table for
Resolution, No. 3, was then called up, and af
ter being discussed by Col. Miller Mr. Allen, Mr.
Pettibone, and others, was adopted.
Resolution, No. 2, was then called up, and fur
ther discussed by Elder Elon Galuslia and Elder
Burroughs, and adopted.
The Business Committee then introduced the
following resolution, which was accepted by the
Convention, and laid upon the table.
5. Resolved, That the action on the subject of
slavery by the recent convention of Congregation
al delegates at Montpelier, is but an additional
evidence, that the churches are not yet doing their
whole duty to the enslaved ; and that many of the
clergy are wielding a tremcuduous power in favor
Adjourned to Thursday, Sept. 26, at 10 o'clock
Thursday, Sept. 26. Convention met. Pray
er by Rev. B. Shaw.
Resolution, No. 4, was called up, and after dis
cussion by D. Roberts, Jr., E. D. Barber, Col.
Miller and Judge Pettibone, was adopted. Ad
journed to 1-2 past 1 P. M.
Afternoon. Convention met. Prayer by Rev.
Resolution, No. 5, was called up, and was dis
cussed by T. Goodale, Col. Miller, J Stedman and
Rev. James Anderson, and Judge Pettibone.
In reference to the explanations of Rev. James
Anderson, on motion of Judge Shafter, seconded
by Col. Miller, the resolution was laid upon the
The followinir resolutions were then adopted.
tlesolved. That the grateful acknowledgments
of this Convention be tendered to the church and
society in mis piace, lor tue occupation oi ineir
house, and the courteous reception we have every
. i i r . . I . . i .1
where met with
Resolved, That the proceedings of this conven
tion be signed by the President and Secretary, and
forwarded for publication in the Voice of Freedom,
and such other papers as choose to publish them.
The congregation then joined in singing the
Christian Doxology, and were dismissed with a
benediction from Rev. James Anderson. .
On Tuesday and Wednesday" evenings, Col.
Miller lectured to very attentive audiences. Meet
ings of prayer for the slave were held on Wednes
day and Thursday mornings.
The proceedings were conducted with much
harmony, and apparrent interest, and it is believ
ed that a good impression has been made by them
upon the public mind.
J. W. Hale, President.
D. Roberts, jr. Secretary.
Loss of the Schooner New-York.
We have mentioned the loss of the schooner
New-York, on Lake Ontario, during a severe
gale on the 15th ult. The following particulars
of the melancholly event we copy from the King
ston Chronicle. They are contained in a letter
from John Rose, Esq., N. Y. Spec.
To-day has been exhibited in this place an aw
lul scene; during the severe storm of yestarday
a vessel was discovered some 8 or 10 miles from
shore, apparently in an ungovernable situation.
At about 12 o'clock she neared the land so as to
be distinctly seen, when it was discovered she
was lying on her be.un ends, driven forward by a
mighty sea toward the shore. On crossing the
bar at the entrance of the bay, she struck and
went to pieces. Two men were discovered cling
ing to a piece of the deck one was soon washed
off, the other continued to hold on till he came so
near as to be heard calling for assistance, arid
beckoning with his hand for the people on shore
to come off. Attempt were made to launch a
small boat into the boiling surf, but all efforts
wore unavailing; the sea run so high that it was
utterly impossible. He was cheered and encour
aged from the shore for some time. At length,
weary and exhausted, he washed from the piece
to which' he- held, and sank to rise no more.
'J?a day the inhabitants have been buisily enga
ged1 in saving what the fury of the waves has
spared' consisting of masts, blocks, and rigging,
ice. The vessel was laden with staves, a large
fjuantilvof which came on shore, amd have been sa
ved. Jii sounding round the wreck two men were
found tashed to the main shrouds; one had lash
e4 Hirnself by the middle, the oth 9T found the arm,
and in this situation were driven ashore with the
wreck ; one man is apparently about 30 years of
are. sandv liair. arre whiskers, about lour ieet
o - j ' o '
eiffht or nine inches in heip-ht. had on a coarse
roundabout, cloth vest& coarse canvass trowscrs.
In his pocket was found a small pocket-book
containing 1. 3s. 4d. in silver, but no papers
whereby to designate his name nnd place of resi
dence ; 'die other was nbout twenty-one or two;
dark brown hair, fair complexion, had on a pair
of fustian trowsers, and over them a pair of coarse
canvass ones, striped cotton shirt, but no coat or
vest. It is expected that there are still more per
sons under the wreck, which is now lying bottom
upwards, in about seven feet of water; neither
of the two men seen from shore has yet been
found. From the size of the vessel it would be
supposed to require a crew of eight or nine per
sons ; al! on board, however, be they many or few,
The Oswego Herald' says : The New-York
was under the charge of Capt. George Carlisle,
of this village, an excellent officer, and an esteem
ed cilixen ; and her crew is supposed to consist
of 6 men. She left the Welland Canal on the
13th or 11th, bound to French Creek.
Touch up the Publishing Agent. Be it known
that on Tuesday, the 17th of Sept. al 3 o'clock, P.
M., a gentleman called at the Anti-Slavery Office
to purchase $5 worth of "American Slavery as it
is,"' for a worthy old gentleman in Schoharrie Co.,
who wanted them for distribution, when, lo ! there
was not a copy on hand, and the bearer was told to
call next morning, by which time a supply would
come from the binderv. The? Publishing Agent,
y way of apology for the emptiness of his shelves,
told a story about his having soldi since the 7ih
of May, at wholesale, 17,239 Wpies, of which
more than 2(i00 had been ordered within the last
fortnight. Besides these, the retail sales at the
desk and the gratuitous distributions have been
4,957; making the whole number put in circula
tion, in four months and ten days, upwards of
TWENTY TWO THOUSAND.
If any body thinks the work ought to be driven
faster, we advise him to send in his orders with
the cash, and spur up the Publishing Agent.
1 lie nmont ol paper consumed in the manufac
ture is 680 reams, medium size for the good ol
the trade. Eman.
Another Bereavement. " We are sorry to
to learn, (says the Boston Daily Advertiser, of
yestarday,) that the Hon. James C. Alvord, of
Greenfield, member of Congress elect for Frank
lin District, died on Friday night last, after a se
vere illness of several weeks. Mr. Alvord was a
young gentlman of fine talents and excellent char
acter. He has been a member ol both branches
of the Legislature, of which he was a useful and
efficient member, and as a member of the bar, he
bade fair to reach the highest honors of his pro
fession. His premature death is a severe loss to
the State, and it produces a vacancy in our Con
gressional delegation which is much to be regret
ted." Mr. Alvord, though a young lawyer of eminent
promise, with the ordinary avenues to distinction
wide open before him, took an early and decided
stand in favor of liberty. His reports on the sub
ject of slavery, lexas, and the District of Colum
bia will remain as proofs at once of the sincerity
of his devotion to justice, and of the statesman
like qualities of his mind. Had he lived to bear
his part in the great conflict, and to share in the
elorWius victory, which awaits the advocates of
equal rights in Congress, we have no doubt his
name would have occupied a worthy niche among
the worthy. But so a just and wise Providence
has not ordained. Let us all bow to his goodwill,
who doeth all things well. Our shnpathies are
tendered to the father bereft of his first born, and
to other mourning friends. Emancipator.
Objections Answered. We are often told
that " England forced slavery upon America."
This is not strictly true. She permitted her neo-
pie to course along our coasts with her slave ships
crying out who'll ivy? and our guilty forefathers
n n rtnl ti'm II I. tut t .i ml ml r mil t v mroln thpr
responded W e! and eajrerly sougnt tneir cargoes
nf slnves. But if their mult were a naliation of
our crime, ought we not to imitate their recent
deeds of repentance !
But " God permitted his chosen people to hold
slaves, as we read in the Bible." So he did, but
he likewise made the following command : " lc
shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim Liber
ty through!, all the land unto all the inhabiants
thereof." It is now fifty years since our govern
ment was instituted ; will our Bible-quoting slave
ites obey the positive command ? Montrose Spec
tator. The position of the pro-slavery clergy is
such in regard to the anti-slavery enterprise, that
they cannot defend it a moment, nnd therefore will
not, if they can avoid it, allow it to be discussed.
They know they are in the wrong grossly
terribly and (it is gelling to be) unpardona'bhj.
And they cannot now get off their position, with
out compromising their dignity and their pride.
This is the whole of it. It is palpably so. Self
evidently. Otherwise they would some of them
discuss it and defend it. If any ofthcin thought
they were right, they would some of them vindi
cate it. So soon as any one becomes willing to
examine it or rather to examine himself in re
gard to it, he comes off and joins the anti-slavery
ranks, where we have, I fear, nearly all that is
conscience and moral courage in the community.
The question has been too long before the coun
try, fur any man of common intelligence to excuse
himself on the score of inattention or ignorance,
especially a clergyman, whose business is moral
and spiritual reform. Herald of Freedom.
Missionary. The late Anniversary of the A
merican Board of Commissioners for Foreign
Missions at Troy, N. Y.- appears to have been
one of the most interesting meetings of that noble
institution. There were in attendance about 250
ministers, " representing the thousands of Israel."
The Board have laid out their work for the coming
year, which will require for its support, three hun
dred thousand ActWaxs. It appears that 20 addi
tional missionaries are to be sent oat the coming
year. - At the Sandwich Islands, five thousand
were added to the Church during the year ending
June 1, 1838; and more recently this number has
been increased to ten thousand. Morn'mg Star.
To the whig celebration in Taunton, J. Q. Ad
ams sent the following characteristic toast:
" Uncle Sam The teacher of nations.
,A notable sehoolmaster, no doubt! But what
is the lesson ? Let the letter of John Quincy Ad
ams to the anti-slavery petitioners answer ! Lib
erty for the text, and fetters for the comment. " In
alienable rights" without the "right of petition !"
Friend of Man.
THE VOICE OP FltEEDOM.
MONTPELIER, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1839.
State Semi-Annual Meeting.
A Semi-Annual meeting of the Vermont Anti-Slavery
Society will bp holdenat Montpelier, on the 17th
day of October inBt.
Business meeting will commence in the Free Church,
at 10 o'clock, A.M. and public exercises will be held at
2 o'clock, P M.
All Auxiliary Societies are urgently solicited to send
delegates; ull persons who are avowed abolitionists and in
favor of the great movement now making to a considerable
extent throughout the civilized world, to do away slavery,
are invited to participate in the deliberations of the Society.
A general attendance is requested at all the public exer
cises. It is expected the session of the Society will occu
py most of two days.
J. A. ALLEN,
Ste. of Executive Committee.
Middlebury, Oct. 1,1839.
Freedom of the Pulpit.
We are so well pleased with the manly spirit of
Rev. Mr. Pierpont's Letter that we offer it, en
tire, to our readers. Mr. P. has officiated as the
pastor of Hollis street church in Boston, about
twenty years. During the last two or three years,
it would seem, he has occasionally pieached with
greet freedom, on the Christian duty of temper
ance. This has been the ostensible occasion of
repeated attempts, on the part of a minority of the
pew-holders, to oust him from the pulpit; but an
other ground of opposition is, that he has 'opened
his mouth for the dumb' by preaching two dis
courses liaving reference to slavery. The subject
matter of this letter is by no means of merely lo
cal interest. Its arguments are unanswerable-
As a literary production it has uncommon merit.
We commend it to the notice of those ministers
and laymen who are at their wits' end in their at
tempts to stifle discussion on questions most vi
tally affecting the purity and peace of the Ameri
017" In consequence of the general indisposition
of the hands inthis office, nnd the utter impossibil
ity of procuring other help sufficient, it has been
very difficult, and sometimes quite impossible
for several weeks, to get out our paper in due sea.
son for all the mails. This, we presume, will al
so be sufficient apology for any delinquency in the
typographical execution of the Voice. Pub.
CC7"Several communications are received, and
on file for an early insertion.
For the Voice of Freedom.
Congregational Convention .--No. 3.
Mr. Editor: The apostolic Elliot used to say,
when he met with his ministerial brethren, "The
Lord Jesus is very attentive to the conduct of his
ministers, when they are assembled together;
Come let us prat." Now we will suppose, that
the Lord Jesus was present in the late convention
of ministers; when Rev. Mr. Hodges called up the
memorial of the Black RivejftAssociation on the
subject of slavery, that he witnessed all the move
ments of his ministers; and heard all, that fell
from their lips; that his e3-es as a flame of fire
penetrated every heart, and that he understood the
secret springs of every action, what must have
beenhis feelings! Could he behold the entire pro
cess until the expunging vote was passed without
weeping over the Convention, as he did once over
Jerusalem? And had he have sent a letter to these
angels, what wojld have been his language? Well,
he was present, and all the churches shall know,
that he scarcheth the reigns and hearts, and that
he will give unto every one of them according to
Mr. Hodges wished to have a committee appoin
ted to prepare a circular letter, to be addressed by
t lie Convention to christians in the slaveholding
states. And he placed the question, where it
should be placed, not on the ground of policy, but
of solemn duty. Could a body of ministers, ac
ting in the presence of Jesus Christ, reject such
a proposal? Alas they did ! The reasons, which
they offered for so doing are before the world, and
will one day have to pass again in review before
Him, whose eyes are as a flame of fire. And I
hope they have already been reviewed by those,
who offend them, in their closets and at the bar of
conscience. I' or sell-examination is a very good
exercise for ministers, as well as for their hearers.
And those, who preach to others, should not forget
to preach to themselves.
In the nineteenth century, in the State of Ver
mont and after some discussion, the proposition
was rejected by a majority of the convention.
I am grieved, that such a fact is now a matter of
record, which cannot be expunged. And I do
hope, that the Black River Association will renew
their memorial, that other associations will send
forward their memorials, and that the next Con
vention will do what the last should have done ;
send a letter to their brethren at the south on the
subject of slavery. I am now ready to offer the
reasons why I think this course should be taken.
1. Such a course would have a tendency to
promote union among the churches in this state.
"Love is the bond of perfectnpss." And had
those brethren, who opposed, advocated the meas
ure, the best feelings of their hearts would have
been drawn out, and excited to action. And all
their churches would have seen their christian
movements, and would have felt united as one
2! The relations, which subsist between the
churches at the North and the South, require that
something should be done reepectiong slavehol
ding. It is a fact well known, that northern churches
have long held Christian fellowship with the
churches at the south; have met them in eclesias
tical bodies, and freely interchanged communion
with them. They are therefore bound by every
principle of propriety and Christian courtesy, lo
reprove them, if they have fallen into any sinful
practice, and to exhort and persuade them to turn
from their evil ways, that iniquity be not their ru
in. Such was the practice of the apostles. When
evil practices crept into the churches, and evil re
ports were spread abroad, they wrote to them, ex
horted, warned, and reproved them. And chris
tian ministers and churches may now safely fol
low their example. There may indeed be a
point, as in the case of heresy persisted in, when
this duty is no longer required. But then all
Christian fellowship must cease, and you can no
lontrer recognize them as brethren. And we
cannot say, that we have arrived at this painfu
point, until we have taken gospel measures to gain
our brother. It is assuming too much to say, that
a Christian letter will do no good, that Christians
at the South will not hear yo,ti. "Charily hopetl
all things." And the grace of God can soften
hearts at the south as well as at the north. But
granting, that they are past feeling and incorrigi
ble, you have been in fellowship with them, and
how can you withdraw your fellowship until you
have dealt with thein ? Bo your duty, and if
they will not hear you, then treat them as heath
en men and publicans; have no fellowship with
3. Northern chuiches cannot free themselves
from the charge of being partakers of other men's
sins, unless they do reprove their southern breth
ren, and try to persuade them to abstain from the
sin of slaveholding.
It is notorious that the churches at the south
are polluted with the sin of slavery. They buy
and sell men. women, and children, yea even
those, who are members of their own bodies, and
refuse to do that unto them, which is just and
eaual. And it is no less notorious, that northern
churches have and do maintain friendly inter
course and Christian fellowship with them. Do
they not then' fellowship evil doers, and practically
justify all the abominations of slavery? Is not
the partaker as bad a3 the thief? In a moral point
of view where is the difference between him,
that worships an idol, and him that justifies his
conduct? lean see none and I believe the world
can see none. The northern churches must then
be partakers in the sins of southern churches, un
til they do bear a public testimony against their
crying sins, and withdraw fellowship from them.
And all impartial observers will say, that northern
churches do as really countenance and uphold
slavery as their brethren at the south. , The one
is a partaker in the sins of the other, and must be
so until they come out from among them. "Do
we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger
than he"? What fellowship hath righteousness
with unrighteousness? and what communion hath
light with darkness ? and what concord haih
Christ with Be'ial, or what part hath he that be-
lieveth with an infidel?" or a slaveholder? "and
have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of
darkness, but rather reprove them."
4. A regard to consistency requires northern
Christians to speak out their minds on the subject
of slavery to southern churches.
If "slavery he abhorrent to every feeling of their
hearts,'' they.are ready to call it a sin, nnd do
really believe "that it is the greatest curse of our
country," why not say so to southern churches?
why not sound the alarm? why not say to the
wicked thou shalt surely die, if thou turn not from
If slavery be a moral evil, it is a sin of the
blackest die; and Paul was correct in classing
men-stealers with the unholy and profane, mur
derers of fathers and murderers of mothers, man
slayers and whoremongers, Sodomites and liars
and perjured persons. And he tells us the law
was made for such. Why then should it not be
executed upon them? Now if southern chuiches
admitted to their communion purjured persons
and whoremongers, and murderers, and allowed
liars, and Sodomites to occupy their desks, how
long would northern churches hold communion
with them? Would not a note long and loud
soon be uttered from the north and the west, say
ing come out from her my people, that ye be not
partakers of her plagues? Southern churches do
nourish among them a sin, which the apostle
classes with these horrid crimes, and which does
embody them all, why then should not northern
christians awake and net, lift up their voices and
cry aloud, warn them of their wickedness, and
refuse all Christian fellowship with them? Surely
they can not act consistently, while they call
slavery a sin, a corse, and yet treat the slavehol
der, who commits the sin, as a Christian brother.
And as little do they regard the apostolic injunc
tion, Now we command you, brethren,, in trie
name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw
yourselves from every brother that walketh disor
derly, and not nAcr tho tradition ho received of
us." 2 Thessa. 3, 6. The point at issue is
this, are the ministers of Christ bound to obey his
commands, or may they cast them behind their
backs, or treat them with sullen neglect?" And
why call ye me Lord, Lord, and do not the things,
which I say?''
For the Voice of Freedom.
SPLENDID MEETING IN WEST BETH
EL, ELLIOT CRESSON PREACHING
Bro. Knapp, As I entered the beautiful vil
lage of West Bethel last evening, at 7 o'clock, 1
observed a brilliant light in the meeting house I
inquired of a lad I met in the road, what was to be
the order of the evening. He said he could not
tell, but believed there was to be a lecture on slaves;
the speaker was going to show that it was the du
ty of the white people to buy up all the slaves and
send them to Cape Palmas. This created an
anxiety in my mind to attend. Accordingly t
dropped into the meeting the number in attend
ance first attracted my attention my eye fixed
upon individuals with whom I was acquainted,
from some four or five different towns of men,
women and children, who were present, there were
in all fifty-three, assembled to be enlightened
on the subject of Colonization by a lecture from
The speaker commenced by referring to the nu
merous and deeply interesting topics connected
with Colonization ; he hardly knew on what topic
or part of the subject to dwell its friends, how
ever, when tired of one could take the other, and
so be constantly interested. In short, Coloniza
tion, said Mr. Cresson, is like the nobieman's deg,
who by some accident was cut in two; an individ
ual present, having a sovereign remedy for such
wounds, in his haste to restore the dog, put him
together with two legs up and two down, so tho
dog when he become tired of travelling with one
side, would take the other. True, thought I, to
the life Colonization is like a dog, and in the
south he is clamorous in favor slavery, and in his
abuse of the free man of color he is beyond endur
ance. The Society's Friendship for Slavery.
" It is no Abolition Society; it addresses, as yet,
arguments to no master. It denies the design of
attempting emancipation, partial or general. Af.
Rep. III. 197.
" Into their (the Society's) accounts, the subject
of emancipation does not enter at all. Af. Rep.
IV. p. 206.
" The friends o( Colonization wish to be dis
tinctly understood on this point. From the be
ginning, they have disavowed, and they do yet
disavow, that their object is the emancipation of
slaves." Speech of J. S. Green, before the New
"From its origin, and throughout the whole pe
iod of its existence, it has constantly disclaimed
all intention whatever of interfering in the small
est degree with the rights of property, or the ob
ject of emancipation, gradual or immediate."
Af. Rep. VI. p. 13.
" The emancipation of slaves, or the ameliora
tion of their condition, with the moral, intellectual,
and political improvement of the people of color
within the United States, are objects foreign to the
powers of this Society." Address of the Board of
Managers to its Auxiliaries. Af. Rep. VI. p. 291.
Thus we see that the language of this Coloni
zation dog is, when traveling on one side, unqual
ifiedly in favor of slavery, aud he utterly denies
that emancipation, partial or general, gradual or
immediate, direct or indirect, in theory or in prac
tice, is included among its objects. The real ob
ject of the Colonization Society is 4o enhance the
value and security of slave labour, and is a rich
source of pecuniary profit to slaveholders, as the
following extracts abundantly show :
" All that has been done in Mississippi has been
through the exertions of the planters, and large
arge slaveholders many of whom were enemies.
but have become friends from witnessing the pe
cuniary benefit that has resulted to the slave
holders, from the influence of the Society," Af.
Rep. Vol. XIV. p. 96.
" The injury they (the free blacks) do to the
slaveholder's property, by their influence upon his
servants, would, if valued, amount to more than
sufficient to convey them from us." Af. Rep. III.
" To remove these persons from among us will
increase the usefulness, and improve the moral
character of those who remain in servitude, and
with whose labours the country is unable to dis
pense." Af. Rep. III. p. 67.
The Society's abuse of the free people of color.
" Of all the descriptions of our population, and
of either portion of the African race, the free per
sons of color are by far, as a class, the most cor
rupt, depraved and abandoned." Af. Rep. VI. 12,
This class of persons is a curse a?id contagion
wherever they reside." Af. Rep. III. 203.
" It the Society proposes to renounce a clast
of population from among us, which from its de
graded condition, and its want of proper induce
ment to energy, activity, and industry, is a pest to
every society in the midst of which it is located.
r. the north they are not received into association
with the whites ; they are riotous, disorderly, and
debased. In the south, in addition to these char
acteristics, they disquiet nnd corrupt the slaves,
and incite them to disobedience and rebellion. It