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went from the north to the south on account o(
health, or any business; but now many of our
young ministers are looking south for a parish
and a ivife, Many of our older ministers find it
more convenient tq migrate to the south for the
winter, than to breast the northern blasts. Oth.
ers. still, are attracted to the south, by a congenial
ity of spirit with southern slaveholders. As an
example, we are'strongly tempted to refer to the
case of Zenas Bliss, who we are credibly inform
ed, is about to remove to Virginia. Thus athons
and ramifications are spread out from the heart of
slavery through the whole land ; and wherever
such a ramification exists, we may expect to find
its Wiiimate fruit, a love of slaverv, or at least a
spirit no wavs hostile to the patriarchal institution
7. The connection between the churches at the
north and those at the south is much greater, than
it was fifty years ago. Then there was little or
no ennnection ; now it is extensive ; and it is es
pecially so with the great ecclesiastical bodies.
In the Presbyterian, Methodist, and Baptist
Churches, as well as among the Episcopalian and
Romish Churches, sla very, with all its horrors, is
mixed up, and readily stalks into the desk. Can
we then wonder that bishops should apologize for
slaveholders, and teach men to hold slaves under
c golden rule?
S. Our colleges and benevolent institutions are
much more anxious to obtain southern patronage,
than in olden times. Then few students, from
the south, were found in our colleges, and little
patronage was expected. And our benevolent
institutions would have applied about as soon to
the Dcy of Algiers for patronage, as to southern
slaveholders. How great the change! And who
can wonder that the faculty of a college that live
by the patronage of slaveholders, should spin out
limitations to the laws of eternal rectitude, such
as would quiet the conscience of their good pal
rons, or that agents, returning from the south, la
den with the fruits of unrequited labor, should
be very well satisfied with slaveholders.
9. The position of our political leaders in re
lation to slavery is vastly different from what it
was fifty years ago. Then no man thought of
rising into office by courting slaveholders, and so
liciting their votes. Now slavery holds the reins
and can move the wheels of government, as she
pleases. And no man can expect to rise into any
important office in our national government, un
less he will first fall down and worship this Mo
loch. And the aspirants for office are ready
enough to worship. The great struggle seems to
be, which shall be the most obsequious. Hence
if mobs, or lynchlaw, or murder, or black laws,
are required, the partizan leaders are anxious to
make the sacrifice, and to reign under the wing
and lash of slavery.
10. It must be granted, that public opinion on
the imnortant question of human rights has
creatlv deteriorated within fifty vears. Then lib
erty was dear to every heart, and we were ready
as a nation, to declare. 1 Hat every man was
born free, and was possessed of certain inaliena
ble rights. Discussion and Contest wth the
mother country had led to investigation, and to a
correct judgment. But having gained the
notnt, for which we contended, we have lost
sight of first principles, and have been willing to
have others oppressed and robbed of their rights,
provided we can grow rich by their degredation
A nd some have even made a sport of those truths,
which our fathers .declared to be self evident,
while others care little whether they be true or
false, if they can come in for the spoils of con
11. We mention one reason more, and that is the
influence of Colonization. Whether it was
intended or not, it is most evident that the whole
process of the colonization society has tended to
degrade the African race, to confirm the spirit of
caste, to strengthen the prejudice against color, and
to make the public believe, that their plan3 were
the best, and the only ones that could be adopted
for the extinction of slavery. And hence, when
vefmd a periodical, or influential peasons, who is
a warm advocate for colonization, we may be sure
to find him inveterately opposed to all abolition
measuics. Is it then strange, that mobs should
spring up, and violence be used, where leading
colonization men could raise the wind and direct
the storm ? Thus it appears, that there are rea
sons sufficient to account for the fact, that mobs
and violence should be called into action against
abolitionists in these days, rather than in former
days, without supposing, that their principles, or
language differ in any measure from the principles
and language of Edwards and his coadjutors.
And a learned judge, who is ignorant of these
reasons, or will not regard them, is hardly com
petent to decide the question, or to give advice to
others. He should understand his subject belter
before he condemns, or posterity will be very like
ly to reverse his decision,and to conclude.that great
tnen are not always wise, and that judges are not
The friends of the slave who have sent up
their memorials lo the legislature will be inter
ested to learn, that the select committtee to whom
their petitions were referred have held several
public meetings, which drew out, as usual, large
audiences. The petitioners, thus far, have been
treated with all the courtesy that they could vish.
As to the final disposition of the committee's re
port which, we are told, will be favorable a
few days will determine..
Anti-Slavery Addiiess. Rev. Dr. Wilson, of
N. Y. being in town on Thursday, was induced
to deliver an anti-slavery address in the evening
in the Free Church, which was listened to with
thrilling interest. Dr. W. presented a very com
prehensive and interesting' view of slavery, dwel
ling at length on the ruinous effects of the sys
tern in drying up all the sources of national pros
perity. We have never listened to any speaker
with a deeper interest. His expose of the colon
zation humbug was overpowering. We only re
gret that the learned gentleman's engagements
did not permit him to tarry longer among us.
We learn from the papers that Elliot Cresson
has been lecturing in Middlebury and Brandon
The editor of the Telegraph has taken the gra
luitous lecturer in hand, and is doing him the
amplest justice. Report says that at Middlebu
ry, an interesting discussion, or public conference
was had between Mr. Cresson. and Mr. Slade. As
the latter gentleman has lately been quoted in the
pro-slavery papers as a high colonization authoii
ty, we venture to express the hope that he wil
tnlte the present occasion to explain to the public
his position on this important subject.
Qitateri.y Meeting. The next quarterly meet
ing of the state anti-slavery socielyvill be held at
Zast Townshend, on the 20th inst. Are the abo
litionists in the lower counties bestirring them
selves to secure a full attendance ? There are
many strong men in that section of the state, who
are amply capable oi rendering tne meeting a
powerful one. Tho Shafters, Goodales,"and Kan
neys oi trie region will, we ciouot not, give a
good account'of themselves.
For tho Voice of Freedom.
Quechee, Nov, 5, 1S39.
To C. L. Kxapp, Esq.
Dear Sir, I find a letter in your last "Voice
of Freedom," addressed to myself by the Rev. II
F. Leavitt, in answer to a letter of mine some
time since published in the Chronicle. I could
have wished, dear sir, that the letter to which
that purports to be an answer, might have gone
with the answer, and spoken for itself, if speak
it could, to any charges or strictures made against
it. I then should not have said a word more, but
willingly have left the two letters to be read to
gelher ; for I still assert that the letter of mine
presents 'he whole matter in perfect and open sim
plicity, just as it was, in any essential respect, so
far as I then knew, or, so far as I now know, ex
cept Mr. Leavitt's declaration, lhat he supposed I
made no objection lo his appointment; and which
is to be understood, I suppose, as indirectly saying
that he supposed he had my consent to the meas
ures. Nor should I fear that the ingenuous mind,
with my letter before it, could easily be made to
see it in any perverted light. But, if the letters
cannot go together, will you oblige me by inserting
in your paper this and the following.
. Yours &c. ZENAS BLISS.
To Rev. II. F. Leavitt, President of the Vermont
. Dear Sir, I have carefully read your letter ad
dressed to me in the last " Voice of Freedom,"
and I confess'also with no small degree of aston
ishment. I did feel, sir, that my letter either de
served a different kind of an answer, or else de
served none at all.
With respect to my unkind or reproachful
phrases, I shall answer none of them ; any if no
one discerns any there, very well. Nor would
it become me, or consist with a consciousness of
integrity, to attempt lo answer any direct or impli
ed charges of unchristian and unworthy motives.
My own moral character must stand or fall
upon oilier witness than my own ; and even
admonition and entreaty respecting duty and min
isterial propriety must be left to others, when I
myself am the one implicated and towards whom
the language is used and spirit exhibited Nor do
I think it expedient to answer any questions rela
ting to my own concerns or responsibilities exclu
sively, and in no way connected with that one
point of duty and principle to which all of my
P I . . . r , . ,
lormer letter was connnca nor, in snort, to re
ply to' any digressions from lhat subject and
things involved in it. And bear with me, dear
sir, when I say that it is not my purpose to an
swer your letter at all at present, believing, as I
would, that in time, and upon due and prayerful
re-consideration and re-perusal you will be dispo
sed to answer much of it at least yourself; if not, 1
may answer some parts of it in due time; though
certainly not wider any address to yourself.
I will only add now, that, so far as the mistake
goes or your misunderstanding about my consent,
it was perfectly needless for you to send into my
parish for letters. I should certainly have taken the
word of a minister of the gospel for it without
any such proof. And as to the fact that you were
invited by one man or many, it plainly has noth
ing to, do with ministerial relation, tq which point
my letter was confined. For surely, no third per
son can stand in your stead or mine, or in the
place of the Great Hpad of the Church, ou
only Authority. and Jqdge. The whole is, that
from that fact &c. you concluded my asssent.
And yet, even here in determining the relative
duties of minister to minister, it would be a fit
and important question, whether you mean by
my making no opposition, simply, that I should
not forbid it, (and such a thing I nover drcqmpt of,)
or, that I should not engage in any active mens-
THE VOICjE O F F R E E
ures against it, and that my no opposition ,was a
perfect satisfaction with the course you adopted,
a personal consent to your coming there, and an
inward feeling that your course was such as it
should be, and creating no obstacle to my labors
or injury to the religious prosperity of the peo
ple of my care, This lust (or a no inward oppo
sition,) can hardly have been your meaning, (but
rather a no outward and active, bustling opposi
tion,) if we judge from what you say you had
learned of my sentiments and conduct, (whether
true or not,) and your feelings that I should not
probably want you to preach for me. I nevei
inquired whether some legal rights were not in
fringed upon, but whether some moral obligation
of relative duties was not violated , and moral ob
ligation and duty rest upon inward condition!..
And aside from there being no necessity for
sending fot any such letters, the moral propriety ol
thus sending into a miriislei's parish for letters
and publishing such letters, with such language
from one of his people, may be very ques
tionable. Such a way of seizing upon, and
strengthening any alienation suddenly arising
in a minister's charge, from grounds foreign from
any departure from the truth of the cross of
Christ, but only on nn ism, may appear to some
heresy, indeed, not in doctrinal notions, but in its
most practical form. Certainly, with my views, 1
never could have done it. Nor, with my views o
the ministerial office, could I ever answer any
such letters, or enter into any such contest, with
one or many of my charge, although others should
think it proper to incite them lo it. No, never!
whether the declaration's made by them were true
or false. For such are my views of the relation
of minister to his people, and the means of their
good or evil, lhat I have never thought of contes
ting any such point with any of my charge, or
entering into any personal disputes or strife with
them upon this and like matters; but have kept
as entirely as I could, every such occasion of ag
itation and estrangement far away. I have tried to
creat such contests and differences as not the min
ister's calling in his sphere of pastoral labor, and as
truly think them, far below the calling on which
he is sent. Un no occasion, in word or ueeu
have I, or can I, put myself in the attitude of con
test with any of my charge, except to declare un
to them the principles of divine truth, and trust lo
this inward leaven to lead them in the ways of
truth and duty. Nor do I write and publish in
personal reference to my people at all, nor with
personal aims at all, but for the correct determin
alion of principles, before the public and in the
churches, where, if correct, they must be greatly
salutary, and, if false, greatly evil.
Yours in behalf of principles,
For the Voice of Freedom.
In Dr. Wayland's " Moral Limitations," thi
sentiment is found: "it a social evil exists, as for
instance lotteries, and a person has been no way
accessary to their establishment, patronage or
continuance, his conscience is clear of worshipping
tho blind goddess, 1 Thess. 5, 22. A coachman's
responsibility is in his carriage and horses only,
and not for his employers, wife and children, or
farm, or bank account, and if these matters are
upset Mr. Whip has no cause to lay the lash lo
his conscience; he is not responsible, 1, Thcss. 4,
11." Does not this imply that Mr. Whip is nothing
but a coachman ? Docs it not overlook the fact
that he sustains other relations? And if it be
granted that his responsibility as a caachman i
limited to his carriage and horses, is he not a man ?
and as such interested in whatever concerns the
welfare of the human family ? As a man, has he
not a responsibility for his master's wife or chil
ren, insomuch that if they should sink in the
flood or flames through his want of humanity
that he is chargeable with their blood ? Is' there
no way that he can contract bipod-guiltiness but
by the upsetting of his carriage ? Suppose a ft 1 -
ow creature has fajlpn into a pit, he neither dug
the pit, nor pushed him in, so he "has been no
way accessary to its establishment patronage or
continuanc3. Has he no responsibility to extri
cate this unfortunate person, because the accident
was not caused bv his carelessness "in upsetting
lis carriage V If the case is not precisely paral
el, is it not sufficiently so to expose cither the
mistake or sophistry of this statement ? Because
man is a ccachman, or mechanic, farmer or mer
chant, has he no responsibility beyond these pur
suits? Where, then, is the patriot, the nhilan-
iropist, the citizen, the Christian even ? No one
has any responsibility, or business, with, these
matters u they are not his special calling. Bui
tho Dr. says his only object in his "limitations,''
is to enable a " candid man to deque whether he
in particular is under a moral obligation to per
form any act, or at liberty to let it alone." If this
can be done, many an honest mind will be reliev
ed from frequent and distressing cmbanassment !''
n other words, a salvo will be provided for unea
sy consciences on the exciting subject of slavery
an object worthy of so distinguished a man as
resident Wayland, the celebrated author of the
Moral Dignity of the Missionary Enterprise.
When this last named production first appeared
England, the most acute reviewers remarked, if
New England writers furnished such works, she
justified in boasting of her great men. But
as ! how are the mighty fallen ! The case re
minds me of a remark made by the shrewd ed-
D O M .
itor of the New Hampshire Herald of Freedom
with reference to another distinguished man. By
how much he is strong when pn the right side, by
so much he is weak when on the wrong side.
And even the discriminating writers in the Liter
ary and TheologicalReview has quoted the above,
not only without objection, but even endorsed it
by his silence as sound logic. True he says,
there arc 'opinions we cannot endorse,' but wheth
er this is of the number is uncertain. Dr. Way-.
land is by no means a solitary case where a man
is deservedly celebrated, by trusting to this, he is
left lo errors that cast him into the shade, and
caution all against trusting to grea. men. ' When
Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in
Israel, but when he offended in Baal he died.'
S. M, WHEELOCK,
Derby, Nov. 1S39.
C. L. Knapp, Esq.,
Dear Sir, In my k'tter to Mr. Bliss, as it
appears in the last " Voice" I find the following
mistakes, which affect the sense, viz : on the
12th line in 1st col. instead of" indeed" read " in-
uendo" on 17th line add d, to "suppose" and for
kow" read "knew" on 21ili line for "lay" read
lug on Cist line in 2d col. for "curious" read
anxious on 2d line from bottom of 3d col. strike
out "to" before "my own judgment" on 5ih line
from lop ofdth col. for "your" read one on 8th
line for "argued" rend urged an 21st line add
ed to "attend" on 59th line for "known" read
come on 70th line for " desired" read demanded
There arc others, especially in punctuation, but
these will suffice. II. F. LEAVITT.
The manuscript was not the best. Ed.
IJ apt it Anti-Slavcry'Convcntion.
Ukaxpu.v, Oct. 8, 1839.
At eleven o'clock, A. M. brethren and friends
from different parts of the State assembled in the
Baptist Meeting-house, in pursuance of a call pre
viously issued in the Telegraph.
Organized, by choosing John' Ide, Moderator ;
and O. S. Murray, Cleric.
Prayer by brother James D-dany, of Tk'onder-
nga, N. Y.
Voted to invite all persons present, who arc fa
vorable to the objects of this Convention, to scats
with us and-participation in our proceeding.:.
Appointed O. S. Murray A. Armior, C. A.
Thomas, W. G. .Tohnon, and Enoch IIebard,a
Business Committee, to report at the opening of
the afternoon session.
Adjourned lo half past 1 P.M.
Afternoon. Met pursuant to adjournment.
Prayei by D. W. Burroughs.
Business Committee, reported. Report accept
ed. The following resolutions were discussed and
Whereas theGod of Heaven has said by the mouth
of his servant Moses, ' thou shall in any wise
rebuke thy neighbor, anil not suffer sin upon
him' and also by the grea' Apo.-tleto the Gen
tiles, ' them that sin rebuke before all, that oth
ers also may fear ;' ami whereas withholding
from the guiUy the truth, even though they be
our brethren, is not a mark of kindness or love
to them, therefore, as Baptists of Vermont in
convention nsp.nbkd, vye would Kindly, yet
plainly, present our solemn conviction of truth
to our southern brethren and the world in the
. following resolutions:
Resolved, That slavery, involves a complication
of the highest crimes which it is possible for man
to commit such as robbery, man-Uieiving, fninily
sundering, soul-starving, and murder of body and
suol, in the most lingering and awful forms.
Resolved, That to commit any one of these
crimes, out of the Slave States, would exclude the
criminal from church fellowship.
Resolved, That all these crimes are, in them
selves, necessarily and undpr all circumstances,
so many direct violations of God's law andean
never be mitigated or modified, in the fight of the
Supreme Law-giver, by human legislation, they
are therefore no less sin in the Slave Stales than
Resolved, That if slavery were out of the Chris
tian church, its enormities would be seen in their
true light, and they who commit this, would no
sooner obtain admission to church fellowship, than
those who are guilty of other species of robbery
and atrocious wickedness.
Resolved, That the practice the leing in the
hahil of slaveholding, is no more a palliation for
lhat sin, than the practice the being in the taint
ol lying, swearing, theiving, adultery, and other
pnlp.ible violations of God's law, are palliations
(or these sins.
Resolved, Therefore, that thp Bible affords tio
warrant for extending Christian fellowship towards
those who ate in the sin of slave-holding, anu of
lefending slavery, on nccount of their having been
bred up and long in the practice of this sin.
Resolved, 1 herefore, that those who adopt the
Gospel standard of rnorali'v and religion cannot
consistently hold in Christian fellowship those who
practice slavery or advocate it.
Resolved, J herelore, that it is the duty ol a
Christians lo labor and pray for the immediate ex
pulsion of this sin from the church, withdrawing
fellowship from nil who, after due admonition and
reproof, will not cease from its practice and its ad
That followmcr resolution was under consider
ation, when the Convention adjourned tq meet to
morrow morning at half-past 8 o clnpk.
Resolved, The those theological schools and
seminaries which prohibit or stifle free discussion
on the subject of slavery and emancipation are
wanting in their duty lo the enslaved are quiet
ing the consciences of slaveholders are wronging
those under their instructions, as well as the
church of Christ, in general; and are greatly im
peding rhe progress of universal emancipation.
Prayer by brother it, Ion ualusha, ol JNvw-V oi k.
Wednesday mornin?, half-past 8.
Convention called to order, Prayer by broth
er o. r ish.
Voted to invite all Baptists in Vermont present
to speak and vote in this Convention; and all Bap
tists from abroad to participate In our discussions:
The resolution before the Convention, at the
time of ad journment last evening, was called up.
and moved to be amended, by striking out all af
ter the word resolved, and inserting the following
which after much discussion was adopted :
Resolved, That we contemplate with regret the
course pursued by those Baptist Conventions As
sociations, Theological mid Literary Institutions,
Churches, Ministers, and Editors, who do not pub
licly express their abhorrence of slavery, and la
bor energetically to banish it from the earth,
Adjourned lo meet to-morrow mornin" at eHit
o clocks o o
if Thursday morning.
Met pursuant t,o adjournment. Prayer by J.
Boohed, That we cordially approve of the pro
posed Convention of Baptist abolitionists of the
Lnited States lo be held in New York in May
next, and that we now proceed t9 appoint delegates
to attend said, meeting. s
In accordance with the foregoing resolution, ap
pointed brethren 0. S Murray, J. M. Beemari,
P. Chase, A. Angier, J. W, Sawyer, D. llascall,
D. Packer, L. Kimball, J. Conant, Erastus Par
ker. A. Sabin, W G. Johnson, Win. M.Guilford
R. Fletcher, C, A. Thomas, J. Ide, M. D. Miller.
D. M.Crane, and J. Huntington Delegates to
Resolved, That the British West Indies, where
slavery has just been abolished, present a most in
viting field for missionary labor ; and that those
of our Baptist brethren there who have, suffered
during the severe struggle that has resulted in the
glorious jubilee now witnessed and enjoyed, have
strong claims to our sympathies and regards, and
upon the labors and co-operation of those who are.
preparing and are prepared to enter the missionary
Resolttl, That our Southern Baptist slavehol
ding brethren be kkidly invited to considerseri
ously the- counteracting influence of American
Slavery on the missionary and Bible enterprize
in foreign heathen lands, as their inhabitants be
come acquainted with facts concerning the exis
tence of American Slavery, and that some of our
money for missions, and to pay for our Bibles to
send abroad, is obtained by the sale of slaves.
Resolved, That our Southern brethren be invi
ted to meet with us in convention at N. York, next
Spring, for a full discussion of the subject of slave
ry and emancipation. "
Adjourned, sine dic
J. iDuf Moderator,
O. S. Murray, Clerk.
State Aati-Slavery Convention.
The third Quarterly Anli-.S'laverv Convention of ths
Vermont Ariti-Slavory Society, will he holden, bv Divnu
permission, this year, at East Townshend. on the 20ihi,,f-
iovcml)or next.. ,
A public lecture will be given on the preceding even
ing, Tuesday the 19th business meeting at 9 o'clock, and;
public exercises at 11, A. M. on Wednesday the day of tho.
Several gentlemen of distinction will be present & partici-.
pate in the public deliberation. All persons friendly to the.
cause of Abolition, especially in that part of the state, are
requested to attend; and a general attendance is so-,
licited of gentlemen and ladies, at all the public meetings
which it is expected will continue two days.
J. A. ALLEN",
Secretary of the Executive Committee.
. Middlebury, Oct. 29th, 183!).
In this Villase, Saturday morning, 2d inst. Mr. Ira
Grcenough, aged 34.
JAMES FOSTER'S ESTATE.
Tho Subscribers, having been appointed by the Honora
ble Probate Court for the District of Washington, com
missioners to receive, examine, and adjust all claims and
demands of all persons, against the estate of
late of Moreton-n in said district, deceased, represented In
solvent, & the tcrrr. of six months from the 25th day of Oct.
inst. allow ed by said Court, to the creditors of said deceas
ed, to exhibit & prove their respec:ive c'aims, before us
do give notice, that we will attend to the duties of our ap
pointment at the dwelling-house of Susan Foster in More
town in said district, on the 25th day of iov. and 21st day
of Anril next at 10 o'clock forenoon, on each of said davs.
GEORGE WORTIIINGTON, ) Comrnis"
JOSEPH HOWES, J sioners.
Oct. 25.A.D.1839. 44
.EW CSOOI9S! CHEAP WOODS!!
SM AVE this dav received, at their Caeh Store, a larg
SL amount of l'KESH GOODS, from New Ynrlr A
Boston, comprising a very general assortment which they
have recently purchased with cash, and which they ofl'c'r
at prices w hich cannot fail to please. They respectfully
solicit the patronago of their friends and the public gener
ally. tCP N- C L. & W. will soon remove their Cash Store
to the large white Store one door North of the old Langdi n
Store, on Main St., where goods will bo sold cheap fi t
prompt pay. Call and gee,
Moutpeiior, May 1, 1839. " 18 tf
THE CASH STORE IS
ANGDON1 & WRIGAT have remove I),- CASH
LA STORE to the large White Bnildinc. onu door north
of the Langdon Store, on Main street whore they have on
hand and are daily receiving, a great variety of Desirable
GOODS, which they odor for sale at great bargains. Cal
Monlpelicr. May 16, 1838. 20:tf
FEW nieces of choice Bonnet Ribbons mnv be found
-f. at JEWETT. l?o IV PS , rn 'a
Sept, 27. S9:3wi
FOR 18 10 for s:ile at this Office,
AXES! AXES!! .'"
M. T. BURNHAM would say to the public, that
he has on hand a nuantitv of FIRST K ATP
AXES, ground and polished, which he will sell cheap as
the cheapest, or exchange fur old axe poles.
Il-'A SJI.dn nuarli. II
fl 3 ... 1 jr I'jijruBiia TIUIC llOUSe.
cwtlei: & josaivsoiv,
t SADDLE, HARNESS,
vr ST V
Statu Street, (Opporite the Rank,)
L!CI1, Vt 'I