Newspaper Page Text
Hon. Thomas II. Kenton.
'This veteran statesman ought to make northern
servile?, who attended the late lialtimoro Convention,
blush. That glorious old Democrat, though living
naelavo stale, tutors his sentiments ns an honest,
fearless and hold patriot should do. Col. Denton
would sooner go to tho scuflold than demean him
self by writing secret letters to leading slaveholders
begging a nomination for tho Presidency, on tho
pica of his "entire soundness" and servility, bco
what ho says on accepting a nomination for Con
gress. 1st. Ho despises tho Compromise, nud tho getters
'tin oT it. Proofs ,
"1 do not believe in tho Compromise made by pol
iticians, candidates for the Presidency. I have seen
ton rmirli nf snrli Work. The ConiDrOllllSO of 1850
is, in tho first place, n deception, tho Coinpromlso i
bill hnving failed, and its conglomerated tnensurcs
passcu separately, ns iiiiiciuiiiiuiii uiv;..........., .mi.
"with very littlo help from their present nssmnptuous
guardians. In tho second place it was contrived up
on the nllowcd ground that it was to malio its cham
pions Presidents, and is now stuck to upon that prin-
CMIIC , III1U II II Hlll.1 I" vf ..... J"",
track of its two defunct predecessors, and soon be
..'.1. .1 f... .. Mn..n n4 rfttt rillttf.PTS ' I IllS
iiv tup rnMn or Tiir. Cavulets.
is my experience- of Congress Compromises, nnd no
body need to set up these little clay gods for me o
worship, especially when tho,e who set them up do
it for n purpose, nnd knock them down when they
OA. I!n ilnrlnms t in Union n no dnnncr from tho
- - - , , i
ngitntion of the slave n,ucstion, nnd says its safety is
to be found ill doinc JUSTICE.
hT!.. l. i ii.ia ITitinn is nnt tn ttin rnnti-i-
A I IU rtill il IIUII Ul HII9 uiiivii ... ...
" . . ... rr . r
vanccs 01 iiuiiuci:iiif, uui m mv. ...... .. ,
I . . !.. r nM ... Inc.. 10 lull ... .Ilia. I
"the people; not in forco or cataplasms, liut in Jus
tice in doing justice to all niemliers ol tno union.
"I do not believe in a guardianship over tho peo
ple; do not believe in tho mission of any man or set
of men, to save this Union. That creed belongs to
the political party who believe that the penplo run
not take cure of themsches. "We, the 1'Eon.F.,"
make tho Constitution ; so says tho instrument itself,
in its first line ; "and we, the i eople, can snvo 11,
'It is n libel to say o( the authors of our Coiistitu- 1
.. . .1 .11 I. I.. ...nfli. licit it .fin- i
tion. thnt tlmv did such bundinc work that it can
not hold together without periodical patching; and
it is another libel, and upon the people, to say that
tboy cannot take care of the Constitution which their
fathers mado for them."
fid. lie hates Shivery by education and instinct.
"1 run an enemy to iho institution of Slavery. I
got my principles on tho subject ol' Kluvery out of
tho Virginia school of fifty years ngo, out of Tuck
er's Notes to HITickstone's Commentaries, and havo
not apostatized ; and shall not, sinco I see the new
political evils which it brings upon our country, de
stroying tho harmony of tho States, poisoning tho
legislation of Congress, nnd hurting tho cause of
democratic government throughout the world."
4th. Ho is against tho extension of Slavery.
"To conclude this head of Slavery, and to sum up
oil in one word, 1 havo to say that the whole prncii
cal question in dispute tho only thing to differ u
bout iu action, all tho rest being talk was the ques
tion of the extension of Slavery to Territories in
which it did not exist ; and on that position 1 was in
flexible, and against the extension."
Thus docs tho hero of thirty years' siege in the
Senate talk like himself nud a mnn.
"A Fine in the Ilr.An." Tho following is from n
whig paper, nnd was written before the nomination
-of Gen. Scott as tho leader of tho Gdphius. It is
tho Kuo.willc, Tennessee, Whig that talks as fol
"lie has been almost forty years prominently be
fore the country, and iu that time he has done and
eaid many silly things, which in themselves nro
harmless, slumber in silence, and arc covered be
neath the rubbish of timc. Hut let him only conic
before tho public for political favors whero he has
no sort of business, nil his foolish deeds and speech
es will be roused from their slumber disrobed of
.-iiOU vs'uuting1 blieet nnd will bo used to a terrible
effect, especially nt tho South. None but tho most
discreet man that ever lived, standing in the focus of
public gaze for forty years, and having to live in the
midst of all factions nnd interests, could avoid doing
nnd saying somo few foolish things. How much
moro then, wo ask, would the lilo of n man of Gen.
Scott's weakness, vanity and pride, bo spotted all o
vcr with words and nets that should be obliterated
forever, and that ought never to havo occurred. His
impiopcr tiso of public moneys in his early days iu
tho army his quarrel with General Jackson, in
which ho came of! second best his bad treatment
of Gov. Clinton his unsuccessful quarrel and con
troversy with Gencrul Gaines his contest with Gov.
IWarcy in which ho got tho worst of tho fight his
Tiiore recent contest with Gen. Pillow, in which to
Fay the least of it, ho made nothing and finally, his
base treatment ol Mr. Clay iu 1810 all those and
more would conic up in judgment against him, if
onco brought before the country ns a candidate for
the presidency. His notorious vanity, which is moro
than equal to'his military ability, has been tho faith
ful mother of his indiscreet acts, has given a pro
geny of hateful and silly speeches and deeds, ns nu
merous as the school of little fishes that inhabit the
waters of Egypt."
The New York Tribune speaks as'follows of tho
The Whig National Convention yesterday began
by receiving n report from tho Committee on Cre
dentials against each urn! every Scott claimant to n
nnn. .nn.nH.il fli.it limit. I?...... tlm 'IniiinbliiD
fn.C(. LUHILJIkU ... ...... ..wiij. ..iu j uuijinin.
District, where tho Fillmore claimant did not even
pretend to huvo been elected by Delegates chosen by
tho people of his District, but was smuggled iu by
the aid of n Delegation chosen by tho County Com
mittee of Tompkins, whoso usurpation was prompt
ly rebuked nnd overruled by tho Whig Freemen of
inai jJisinci, me seal mis given iu iiiu usurper uy u
majority bent on triumph nud reckless or right. "So
tho Orleans District wus given to the majority's pre
tender, while tho Ulster District, which, in all the us-
pects favorable to the Fillmore claimant, stood on
.precisely identical ground with the Orleans, they deci-
ded neither way, but admitted both claimants to neu-
trnlizo each oilier. The only Fillmoro claimant not
ndmittcd (Sheriff Carnley) lost his scat because ho
bad a Webster man opposed to him had Grinnell
lieon for Scott, he would havo been pitched out neck
-nnd heels; but the Fillmoro managers needed tho
Webster votes to enable them to carry through their
plans, nnd by rejecting Moses they would havo up
set their own dish entirely. IJut every impartial
man must feci that his right to his scat was not near
ly so clear as that of Charles Cook from the Tomp
kins District, with nearly every other Scott contes
tant. Rut what cared they who had power iu the
Committee, where Texas, Florida, Arkansas nud
-South Carolina voted down New York, Pennsylva
nia and Ohio? Had tho Committee on Credentials
Leen constituted on any fair and equal basis, tho Re
port would havo been in our favor. Rut, such us it
was, tho Previous Question was called on by that
model of bolting Whiggery, E. C. Cabell, of Flori
dn.atul sustained by a tired and feverish Convention,
and tho Report sustained by 1(11 to 117. So all the
Scott contestants were thrown out and their places
tsunplied by Fillmoro men.
The next job wus tho Platform a thoroughly
iiunitcrisu picco oi jomer-worii, concocted ot south
rn pine, nnd rather nwlcwnrdly pobbhed. Our
friends were advised und urged by tho Southern
Scott men to let it pass quietly, as the Webster nnd
Fillmoro men had joined hands to pass it uny how,
and any violent, determined resistance to its adop -
lion by tho Northern friends of Scott would subject
them to odium, and perhaps defeat Old Chippewa's
nomination. So after Rufus Choato had been allow - - d
to mnko one of his peculiar exhibitions of pyro-
technic eloquence in its support, the Platform was
let slido (under tho Previous Quostion) by 227 yens
lo 60 nays. (Put us down A'o, Mr. Secretary !)
,v, , - .
V e learn that n liquor bill, of even moro stnngcn-
) than tho Maiuo law, has passed both the house of
nembly and legislative council ofNew JJrunswick,
....u ib i i.y.. t;iijf ivuiiiug mu onueiiuii oi uiu govern-
or, which, it is understood will bo given to it. Tho
jaw is not to go into effect till the first of Juno, 1853, .
in order to allow thoso who havo capital invested iu
the traffic to get rid of their eiockB without loss.
flcn. IMcrcc's Letter of Acceptance.
Tlio following Is Gen. Picrco's. reply to the com
mittee Appointed to apprise him of his nomination:
Gentlemen I hnvo tiro honor to acknowledge
your personal kindness in presenting mo this day
yotir letter, officially informing mo of my nomlnn
tion liy tho democratic national ronvcntion,ns a can
didato for the presidency of tho United States. The
surprise with which 1 received tho intelligence) of
my nomination was not umuinglcd with solicitude,
nifd vet it is proper for mu to say that tho manner ill
which it was conferred was truly gratifying.
Tho delegation from Now Hampshire, with all tho '
glow or stato pride, nnd with nil tho warmth or per-1
soiinl regard, w ould not l.avo submitted my name to
.i . ...v..! -i i -i ... , ..... v '
u o cui vcniioii, nor won m inoy uuvu cast n voio iur
mo under any circumstances other than thoso which
I eIiuII nhvovs cherish with nrido and gratitude
tho recollection of tho fact that tho voice which first
pronotmccil, nnd pronounced nlono, camo fiom the
,noti,cr 0f stntcs n pride nud gratitudo rising nlovo
any consequences that can lictido mo personally.
May I not regard it ns n fact pointing to tho over- I
throw of sectional jealousies nnd looking to tho per-!
inancnt life nnd visor of tho Union, cemented by the ,
blood of those who havo passed to their reward n
Union wonderful in its formation, boundless in its
holies, amazing in its destiny ? I
1 accept the nomination, relying upon an abiding I
w(lo(, country uul) )0VC nt ., Power supcri-
or , n( imnnll niR,t n powcr frnm ,lc fmt
of- ,(J roVoIuiioii, in every crisis through which
..... . i i.. .. i f .... ...... i .1 i .
(luvuuiiu iu mu luicrusis. nouur nun tiiiry in mu
:) iun .X irt.t.ii -i . '
ii) itiii.il iiw juin viiuuuo nuti in i u i iiuii it una i
j,,,,,,.,! ns if t0 baflle human wisdom, outmarch
human forecast, and bring out of darkness the rain-
iijuiiiicv. i i v. in v 111101.111 iliiiii t.m. luiig v
Itrttl nl lirninien W'nnl. ir.l'cn I Imlli nhil Imnn n.
.loso )crc , SCcunlV.
1 . ... . -
I ncccpt the nomination upon tho platform ndopt-
cd by the convention, not because this is expected of I
mo ns n candidate, but because tho principles it tsm-
braces command tho approbation of my judgment,
nud with them I believe I can safely say thcro lias
been no word or net of my life in conflict.
1 havo only to offer my grateful acknowledge
ments to you, gentlemen, to tho convention of which
you are members, nnd to the people of our common
1 am, with tho highest respect, vour most obedi
ent servant, FRANKLIN PIERCE.
Tho Dcdharn (Ms.) Democrat noticing the Demo
cratic and Whig Candidates and Platforms suys
Wu shall content ourself to be n looker on and
see tho politicimiB, (who nro n inisurulilu nut of scntnps
all roiiml) iijiull Imir" to thulr hem Is' content, nnd
they who get the largest hanilfull, will havo the most
to dispose of.
Thn New York Sun, u ncutrid paper, has the fol
lowing, which is as nearly impartial us any para
agraph wo have seen :
Not contrary to our anticipations, Gen. Scott final
ly received the nomination of tho Whig Convention.
Who he is, every citizen who reads newspapers
knows. What ho is, besides being n distinguished
soldier, will now ho the great question. It seems
that ho is a decided Compromiser, though nobody
was certain of tho liict until after tho nomination.
Tho Southerners have got their platform, and the
Northerners have got their candidate. Tho platform
was a hard bolus for the Scnlt men to swallow, but
they took it down with a desperate holt. It was tho
only means of saving themselves.
Tho proceedings of tho two Conventions assem
bled within tho present month iu lialtimoro furnish
instructive lint jiuinilmting chapters in tho history of
American pontics, tvo sincerely nope that the ex
hibitions of the want of all .principle and all moral
rectitude on tho part of politicians will open tho
eyes and nrouso the spirits of the people. Putties,
ns managed and controlled by unprincipled sche
mers nro sinking into tho deepest mires of corrup
tion Thn f2n"i,r,trilntt "C "" l.-..l-t:..
nro made stakes for which political gamblers con
tend. Economy is banished, tho interests and wel
fare of tho people is forgotten, and private specula
tions and paity strife consume the time which should
bo devoted to honest legislation. It is with feelings
of shame and deep concern that wo thus write. It
is, however, our duty, though it is no pleasing one.
Happy would it ho to sco soino party in the Nation
rising above tho base attractions of spoils and pow
er, and nobly and patriotically rallying tho people to
tho support and development of puro republican
principles, such as our futhcrs contended for.
There will now be muss meetings, and rejoicings,
and songs and speeches, nnd the application of ev
ery nppliancu by which tho popular reason may bo
distracted, and blind impulso substituted for sober
judgment. The people will consult their own inter
....... ..w uu.v....iiui.. iiiiii UIUI-I..1 Ul "HI llUUUIIIIi:
.1 ...I I. It.; I . .
ests, tuc interests 01 their country, and its republi
can dignity, by shunning these excitements; nnd, in
stead, calmly and rationally reflecting on tho courso
of duty and patriotism. Thus, when tho (lay or vo
ting comes, they will bo better nblo to intelligently
and independently perform their duty. Let men bo
disregarded, and character nnd principle he taken as
the guides of action.
Mass. State Temperance Convention.
On Wednesday afternoon, Rev. Mr. Othcmnn de
tailed tho action of tho Stato Contra! Committee
since tho state convention hist October. His report
advised tho appointment of n central body, to be cen
trally located, to direct the movement oT a thorough
organization of tho tcmperaiico men of tho stale.
The convention should appoint committees, and, al
so, the Hoard itself. After reading tho resolutions,
addresses wcro made by several gentlemen, nnd n
collection amounting to $300 taken up. In alluding
to the mensurcs to he pursued in enforcing the law,
Air. Hoar of Concord counseled not resorting to the
extremity of the law at first. Try tho mildest means
first, should bo the motto. He did not fear hut thcro
would be money enough found to carry on the move
ment, but was moro fearful that tho movements or
the friends of the law would not bo marked with
sufficient caution, sagacity and good judgment.
On Thursday, addresses wcro made by Rev. Mr.
Othcmnn or Chelsea, Edwin Thompson of Norfolk
county, Mr. Utmgay, Rev. Mr. Wolcoit of Itelclier-
town, Rev. Lyman Needier nnd Rev. Rufus W.
j Clark of llostou, and others.
Rev. Dr. Hitchcock of Amherst, n delegute from
tho Orthodox General Association of Massachusetts,
I presented n series or resolutions from that body,
jdcdj.'ing its members to comply with tho requisitions
of the Maine law, nnd to tiso their efforts to induce
others to receive it cordially.
The delegates pledged their towns for two thou
sand dollars to aid in promoting the cause, and Hon.
John Tappan of Boston was elected as general treas
urer. The amount of Money contributed in the conven
tion thus far, is $1373, independent of the $2000
pledged by delegates.
Auction or Vermont Central Ronds. Tho
salo of Central Railroad bonds nt auction on Satur
day, at an nvcrago of eighty four per cent, nnd with
in six per cent ofthe market price for tho first mort
gage, was considered to be satisfactory under all tho
circumstances, although it would seem that an obli
gation requiring seven per cent, per annum to pay
tho interest on it, ought not to bo sold ot sixteen per
cent discount. Courier.
Tho prices obtained were higher than was gener
ally anticipated, but the saina bonds nro now in de
mand at higher quotations. This sale will iindouht-
edly securo the payment of tho Roods which fidl
duo on the first proximo, and relievo tho community
1 of that susperiso which hns long been bancing like I
, a black cloud over the monetary horizon. Traveller. I
Where the Cheese Cosies rnosi. Tho Cincin-
nati Advocate says that tho great checso factory ori
1 George Hczlep, In Ohio, converts the milk of 2,500 1
cows, belonging to farmers in tho neighborhood, in-
to tho best cheese by labor saving machinery. Tho
. curd is mndo, sacked, und marked, by the farmer,
(his wife) und sent to tho factory by n waggon which ,
I daily goes the rounds. Eight teamaro thus employ.
cd. Tho curd is then weiglicd ; sliced in n mnehino
then passed through tho double curd-cooklng nppn-
rntus ; then through a mnehino which cuts it fine to
powder, anu salts it wiiito passing through, it is
then pressed, Backed, & again pressed. A machino
sacks 250 choeso per hour? Tho factory makes 300
cheese daily, weighing nbout 5000 pounds. 400 tons
mo milieu uiu venriy.
WINDHAM COUNTY DEMOCRAT.
Brntttclioi'o, VI., July 7, 185a.
Notice is hereby given tint a National Convention,
consisting of delegates of the Free Democracy, will
assemble at the cilv of Pittshurir fPa. on Wednesday
the Hth day of August next, at noon, Tor the purpose
of selecting candidates for the offices of President and
Vice President of the United Stales, Friends of the
principles declared at Buffalo, at the memorable Con-
vention of August, 1848, are requested, within their
respective States and Congressional Districts, In meet
elect Delegates, wherever the same has not alrca, y
b-cn done each S ate bcini? entitled to I brer limes the
, . .. , , ., . n . . r Itnlin.i 1
0 ' ?" IV- ?A?.t.c 5T rl'lt.J i
"U "J v.-" i
Washington, June III, 1852.
Tho Fourth nt Ilnllfux.
. . i
Wo went by invitation to aid the Ladies of Hal.fi.rF"""" - "fa - "
filler, rtr llm rnt-nl nr nit. r.WnVn I lia.a frm.. .(Filial, mln
in keeping the Fourth. As the fourth fell on Sunday,
Saturday was set apart for the occasion; and, true to
the Instincts of their sex, a Tea Party was chosen as
offering the happiest facilities for 'cementing the Union'
nmt renewing the walchfires of freedom. We have
neilicr or timc fur cxlcnM ,lcUis. Suffice it
,0 11,1,1 ,he Lad,cs l,,,nes m first ralc slJ',e 5 i
and tho gentlemen, by their admirable conduct, proved j
that they are worthy the devotion of the fair sex. !
TIc was cohl and windy
but nevertheless from
, . . . . . ,
eix t0 SPV0.n liundred pe"'s gathered in the Grove
where admirable arrangements had been made for their
entertainment; two long tables set in first rate style,
loaded with refreshments and ornamented with flowersj
... ... ..... ..:.t.i r... .-m., r... i.-:
T , " " , , , , n," , 1
drcd. The Choir, led by Mr Clisby, mado the wood
vocal with sweet song Rev Mr Fish made a very ap
propriatc prayer, prefaced by remarks suited to the oc
casion. The Declaration of Independence was impres
sively read by Miss Miller; and Mrs S. 11. Niles pre
sided with womanly dignity, sustained by her husband
ivt...i..i r ii. .i. ... i, i i..,.. ,.r v:.. I
UK 1'iu.ai.ui u. tin- uaj , .11. u uu nuiiuiuuii: vi-.j' u. , .m
Presidents, and a troop of energetic co-workers "loo
numerous to mention."
A goodly number of sentiments were offered by both
sexes, evidencing the free spirit & intelligence of those
who gave and those who responded to them; and our
self as their chosen speaker, will over remember the
occasion as one rich with grateful courtesies and more""
than anticipated sympathy. The world our world
is a good slice larger than before we gossipped with the
women (and men) of Halifax, over that rustic tea-table.
It was a grand idea a Woman's Tea Party and while
it points backward to that Tea Party where men presi
ded when Boston Harbor was their Tea-pot, and the
Wharf their Tea-room it indicates a future of highrr
promise to the race, when woman shall have achieved
tier freedom, and set the death-seal on slavery and op
Compromise Resolutions of the two Platforms.
There is something ridiculous, as well as God-defying,
in the compromise resolves ofthe Whig and Dem
ocratic Conventions. The language in both is so simi
lar, and the spirit ofthe resolutions eo entirely one, that
it is not necessary to take them into consideration sep
arately. The Whig resolution declares the compromise
measures the fugitive law included "a final settle
ment in principle and substance." This language im
plies that neither the spirit or letter of the law is open
to modification or change. But the same resolution, in
promising "to maintain and insist on their strict en
forcement," provides for a change by adding, "until
time and experience shall demonstrate the necessity for
further legislation." But how "time and experience"
Hill uviiiuiibiiuiu ut..tiiii UIIUCI IIIU UUUUUIUI1S mux. I I
eu, is quue a mysicry. ror tuc resolution picogcs io
discountenance all efforts to continue or renew agita
tion of the measures, "whenever, nhtrerer or hoiccvcr
the attempt may bo made." "Timo" must have a
"ichenevcr," and damo experience is entirely unused to
"demonstrating" without a time, place & means, which
she can't possibly possess herself of by permit of the
Whigs, under the resolve excluding whenever, wherever
and however. If "timo and experience" could demon
strate the necessity for further legislation, without at
tempting it "whenever, wherever or however," there
is the pledge against "agitation" to interfere with the
further legislation provided for. Tho clause pledging j recently made their homestead exemptions rest in the
to discourage agitation "whenever, wherever and how-1 wife, nt the husband's death. We have known, lime
ever the attempt may be made," follows the proviso for 1 and again, of the family being broken up and thrown
further legislation, and would effectually prevent all ( upon charily for subsistence, because the husband and
congressional action ; for Congress has proved itself father had sold the cow, pig & household stuff exemp
utterly unable lo legislate and not agitate. ted from attachment for debt. Where is the bencvo-
The Democratic resolutions touching the compromi-1 I;llct' or justice even, of such exemption laws?
ses, arc less tortuous because less detailed. They dir. Tllis ll'eaI dependence reminds us or an incident or
fer nothing in spirit, nnd pledge "lo resist all attempts j our journey. A fine Utile fellow in the Springfield
at renewing in Congress, or out of it, the agitation or, car ,vas """"ring newspapers to the gentlemen passen-
tho slavery question, under whatever shape or color the
attempt may be made." Both Conventions have won
merited contempt by pledging themselves to what they
know is impossible, not to say God-defying.
Pen Scott's last "Plate of Soup," In the Whig Con
vention on Monday, immediately after the nomination
and pending the efforts of the Scott whigs to procure i
unanimous endorsement of Scott, Gov Jones of Ten
nessee read a letter from Gen Scott, dated on Sunday,
in which he said : "Having the honor to be a candidate
of the Whig Convention, I will accept the nomination
if tendered to me, with the platform laid down by the
Convention." This may be called Gen Scott's surren
der when taken in connection with the letter smoked
out of Bolt's "breeches pocket," in which he had "de
cided to icritt nothing to the Contention, or to any in
dividual member of it, nr. fork the nomination."
Finding that the nomination could not be obtained with
out it, he concluded to surrender, and made a "hasty"
Sunday meal upon the "Platform" swallowing it with
out difficulty. Taunton Democrat.
Cost of Presidtnt Making. The Washington corres
pondent of the N. Y. Commercial Advertiser says the
Democratic National Convention cost a million of dol-
lars, and the Whig Convention a much larger sum.
The election and the contest preceding it, will probably
cost aci parly at least ten millions of dollars. Ezc.
EF" Mr Webster declined speaking at the Scott rati
fication meeting in Washington. Toombs, Gentry,
Cabell, Williams and other whigs, also refused.
Gen Scott is about the only person who appears to
entertain any confident hope of the success of the whin1
ticket. He has been "painfully oppressed" by a sense
of his official responsibilities ! Taunton Dem.
Giddings has made a speech which "settles the bu
siness for Scott in Ohio." The free soil ticket to be
nominated at Pittsburg "will take off fifteen thousand
original Ohio Whigs." Woodstock Jlgc.
mi , r ..r j n . ..
T,le nickname of Fu" and "others was given to
Gen Scott by the Whig editor of the N. Y. Mirror, in
Ids zeal for "Old Rough nnd Ready." Fumily Gaz.
ti,. r-n.,i;.i t .;.m,. t;... n . nt
. The Connecticut Leg slalure adjourned last Wednes -
1'" A free lsnkin2 Uw waa adopted. The House
adopted resolutions sympathizing with .Hungary, and in
favor of the Land bill now before the U. S. Senate.
oi.. n.. a r-..n'r w , . ,'
T,:e r C,rU"C f ""p.lnre have
nl'Poln,cd lla,P" Melcairof Iewporl, Calvin Ainsworth
of Concord, and Satn'l II. Ayer of Manchester, n Com.
mitteo to revise & codify the Statute Laws of the State
Two persons in Boston (a lawyer and a bank clerk)
lmve l)cen indictod by he Middlesex Grand Jury for
I hcing concerned in the forgery of a check presented at
pne of the Cambridge banks, a few week" since.
Notes by tho Wnyfldc. expense of putting them in the asylum for the insane.
In our visit to Pennsylvania we learned facts bearing There we saw insane women .harmless to all around
upon conclusions of considerable Importance lo ouraclfi them, chained In uncomfortable positions, simply be
and to the world. It will be Interesting to our readers, causec there is no attendant to watch them and keep
no doubt, if we give fragmentary details of things that ' them from harming themselves, &c. A woman's eyo
particularly attracted our attention (with or without ' seeing all this, must tell her heart that men arc not fit
comment) while there. ' ted to administer to the afflicted and suffering, as wo-
As remarked in a preceding number, the laws' regard- ' man is even though invested with legal power to do
Ing women's property rights are, in some respects, more
favorable In Pennsylvania than in our own Slate. Mar
ried women have the absolute ownership and control of
all their real, personal nnd mixed property, possessed
before marriage or inherited, or acquired by gift, &c,
after marriage. This right has been released to them
. , ., , , .
,mcc I?8' n,lJ 11,0 cons"lucn(:: is n,r"dy
accumulating wealth nnd inlluence nl the iemal
' community. Jleloro ten years arc passed, lull one
half the wraith of the State will be In the hands of her
women. It is already conceded, by a majority cf the
atnal !lif a11!ioi1 mnn nriil nnnnfit 1 i rlnt-ilml ttfitlt (lift
in sacred remembrance that single women, owning
property, ought lo have the right to vole as to the ob
jc eta and amount of taxes which bear upon their pecu
niiry means. If it is the possession and control of pro
perty which gives a right lo representation, it will be
seen' that the laws releasing; to married women their
or,r,.vi,1l1n1d nronerlr ri
w"" r,u I rP"iy r
s0" "lU!lll- "swcraulc
Npnffi'inn In timrrit'il ivnmr
ghts, will soon furnish a rca-
for giving the right of repre
sentation to married women, properly being sure, in the
long run, to attach as generally to the wife as lo the
husbaid, under laws securing to her, real, personal and
mixed property. - - - In our own Stale married women
cannot bold personal and mixed property; consequent
ly our property rights do not cover to us the means of
capital in any business pursuits whatever. We cannot
farm our real estate, because we cannot hold possession
ofthe itock and implements. We cannot invest in
median cs or merchandize, or even in boarding houses,
schools, or manufactures. So that the law securing to
us real estate is very much like Tantalus' cup wo can
see and anticipate, but may not fully enjoy it. The
women of Pennsylvania are worse provided for in one
respect. Those having no properly, cither real, per
sonal or mixed, but only a right of dower in the estates
which they have assisted to accumulate, are not pro
vided for during the lime which transpires after the
husband's death before the final settlement. A widow
confined to her bed by protracted sickness, cannot touch
a single penny fur board, clothing, nursing or mcdic-al
treatment until the estate is settled and her share in it
determined no mailer how large or how small the
property to be divided.
In Pennsylvania the clothing of the deceased hus
band is inventoried with the other effects, ifc the widow
may buy them if she have the means; otherwise her
sympathies mi'st be outraged by seeing them pass lo
the use and possession of others. Is it any wonder then
that these women are prepared to meet the sneers of
those who charge them with aspiring to possess them
selves of their husbands' clothes? Certainly the afiec'- .
tionate wife may well petition for the right to possess
her husband's clothing, to the same extent that he pos
sesses hers for it is a fact that our wearing apparel be
longs to our husbands ; and when they choose to pawn
or sell our clothing for drink, they can do so; and when
.:e die, our clothes are not inventoried among our ef
fects; the husband does with them as he sees fit, and
no administrators or commissioners spy ont their fash
ion or value. Let the women of Vermont retort upon"
those who charge them with "wanting the breeches,"
that men have made laws securing lo themselves the
It is no wonder that as women open their eyes and
understandings to the partiality of the laws affecting
their interests in the most responsible and tender rela
tions, they should clamor lor a change. J.ooi; ai uie
'exemption laws of any Bute in the Union, as enacted
prior to 1850, and what do we find has becrr the rule?
Has any exemption law ever secured a single comfort
to the wife and mother? The cow, the pig, the bed and
the half dozen conking and eating utensils of different
kinds, which have been exempted from attachment by
the creditor, have never been exempted from sale or
transfer by the husband. He could sell for rum, or
give away for spite, the last poor bed, chair and table ;
aye the last morsel of bread from his wife and babes !
No exemption laws have ever secured women in their
homes or home comforts. Only one or two Stales have
! Be"- "-' l00k next me, and "can you tell me,
my son, why the news-boys never offer their papers lo
the ladies, but only the gentlemen ? Is it because they
think the ladies are not so fond of reading?" "I guess,
ma'am," replied the observing boy, "it is because they
think the men have all Ihe money!"
But we will not dwell longer on these facts. We
merply mention them as good reasons why women
should not rest content with laws securing to the mi
nority who are so happy as to have them, real, personal
and mixed properly. The great majority of women,
like men, arc rich and secure from want, only in their
ability lo earn what is called property; nnd they are
still exposed to all the wrongs or that fundamental out
rage on natural right legaj inability to possess in their
own right the means or subsistence and independent
discharge of relative duties.
We were struck with the absurdity or the common
assertion that women arc not competent to attempt
more than the care of their own families; and therefore
should not attempt anything more. In our visit to the
Delaware County Poor House, we found a little bit of
a wointn weighing about ninety pounds, at the head of
a family or obout ninety paupers, twenty-five or them
insanr. The house, from garret to cellar, was as nicely ,
ordered and clean as the best parlor. The cupboards, I
store-rooms, closets tilled with the winter bedding, ell
fresh washed and repaired for winter again the cloth
ing ditto and even the patches washed and sorted, and
the weekly wash sorted and labeled with the owner's
Or wearer's name. This woman, with the insanr, the
half-witted and the feeble for her main working force,
conducted and personally assisted in every department
or the house. With a countenance all kindness and
energy, she spoke as one having authority, and secured
a checrnd obedience and co-operation from the unruly
and the selfish
The womanly, in her moral & menial
. . ... .
bearing, was evidently the controlling power, the charm
or Iter authority fiir she had not physical might and
the secret oP her singular efficiency. Now nobody
thinks her out or her sphere ; and so convinced arc the
shrewd and benevolent men of that county of her en
tire ability lo perform all these duties, additional to her
proper duties as a wife and mother, that they entreat
her from year to year not to resign. She fills her pub
lic office to the satisfaction and profit of men, and to
her own credit and the credit of her sex. And she
performs her duties none the less faithfully that she is
not half paid ; arid we think, sees a great deal more
clearly from her point of observation, the necessity for
woman'a humane influence to expunge wrongs which
affect the rights and claims of humanity. Just think
or the influence or twenty-five insane persons upon the
sick, the nervously debilitated, the children and the in
firm, poor with whom they arc kept mingled, for the
Tcaonthat thoy can be 6unjiorte d so at one-fourth the
so. Ami yet this t'oor House is the pride ol the coun
ty, and, compared with most such institutions, it well
Ilcnlth Is Wealth Lire, Ilnpplncss.
Our readers have been notified that a course of Lec
tures on the subject of Physiology is expected from
Mrs M. A. W. Johnson of Philadelphia. We are
happy lo have the opportunity of urging upon the wo
men of our village, attendance upon these lectures.
A knowledge of the laws of health is the first step to
wards a knowledge of Ihe ways and means for curing
disease; and neither a wise economy nor a just regard
for the proper discharge of our responsibilities as wives
and mothers will allow us to remain ignorant when the
sources of information are open to our ken.
We consider it a great good fortune to have secured
Mrs Johnson's services. Our exchanges have repeat
edly noticed her acceptability as a lecturer, and always
given the highest commendation of her natural nnd ac
quired abilities. Physicians also havo generally sus
tained and recommended her to the sex and the public.
Mrs Johnson will give a free Introductory Lecture
lo the citizens of our village, of both sexes, at the Uni
tarian Church this (Wednesday) evening. We hope a
full attendance, including the parents, teachers, physi
cians, and youth of both sexes.
Mrs Johnson will commence n course of private lec
tures for her own sex, on Thursday the 8th, at the
Chapel on Klliol street, at 3 o'clock P. M., to be con
tinued daily, on week days, till the course is completed.
The Burlington Courier. We very much regret that
Mr Stansbury has lell our editorial circle, especially at
this juncture in political alfairs. Mr S. was not only
an able, but a ready writer, and more than all commen
ded himself by his paramount regard for principle We
were never at loss where we should find Aim, when the
contrsl was between right and a selfish policy. Hea
ven send us more such editors ! Wc accept his recom
mendation of his successor, Mr Samson, and offer him
our hand with n sister's cordial greeting, nnt dlbting
that our acquaintance will be both profitable and plea
sant. Wc shall look for our friend Stansbury to re
appear somewhere in the battle-field between Slavery
CTi?" We notice that our excellent cotemporary, the
Boston Olive Branch, has copied an article locating us 1
i in Connecticut. We are not aware that there is any
Mrs Nichols but ourself editing a Windham County
I Democrat, and certainly not another whose pen can
claim that portion or the article commented upon.
The mmnlinWHit nnnnmlt'il in inn ftntlpr'.nir nnl In rl.iim
our acknowledgment, and the expressing or a Ul.sire
that our native Slate be credited.
The Saturday Keening l'ost (Philadelphia) is good as
ofcr, and publishing a scries of interesting Tales by
Mrs Soiithworth, T. S. Arthur,- nnd others.
CP Farley's extra fine Black Ink is the best Ink we ;
have used in years. Mr Prouty has it for sale.
Bj Another sad' accident, the effect of criminal sn
pineness and negligence on the part of parents, occur
red here last Thursday. A boy named John Tyler had
become possessed of one oT those instruments oT de
struction miscalled cannon, which he overcharged with
stones and fired at the moment n little boy from Scot
land, named SamtH'l Frederick Ritchie, ran forward,
seeing the crowd of boys, lo ascertain what they were
about. The ill moulded weapon burst and a splinter
struck the innocent victim in the face, culling frnm the
nose across the right eye, which it destroyed ai.d sore
ly mutilated him for life.
It is a pity thoso injudicious persons who permit
heedless boys the possession nf fire arms, as Well as those
, still moro responsible who sell Ihem gunpowder, do not
fall under the vengeance of the law ; and it' is to be
hoped this melancholy occurrence, which has cast a
gloom over the village, may prove a lasting and saluta
ry lesson, though it cannot restore the patient little buT
rerer his early blighled hopes nor abate the bitter an
guish his friends experience. Com.
The above communication fronrthc agonized mother
oT the promising little fellow whose sad injury has
touched the tender sympathies of our Whole population,
will meet a feeling response from every parent, espe
j cially the mothers, wbos
young sons haveaoi
ose anxious tears lor their own
it. them to dread the injudicious
I tenderness that supplies the means, and the public sen
timent which sanctions the sale to irresponsible chil
dren or the missives or death. The parents ofthe lad,
who was the unfortunate cause or this sad accident, are
no more to be reflected upon for "supineness and negli
gence" in this respect, than the majority of parents.;
for, verily, we all are guilty we don't mean the trem
bling mothers, who would prevent it if they could.
There should be laws and penalties to protect commu
nity against such trifling with life. Ed. Dem.
Teachers' Association of Vermont. The second an
nual meeting or this Association is to be held at St
Johnsbury, commencing on Tuesday, August 10th, at
0 o'clock A. AI., and continue two days.- - - By an ar
rangement with the Superintendents or the several Vt.
Railroad's, those who attend the Convention will be car
ried and returned for fare one way. A return Card
will be furnished to Teachers and Visitors by the Com
mittee of Arrangements.
Weather, fyc. Fine, and a good deal of it. It is just
about right, neither too warm nor too cold, and stands
thunder remarkably well. Corn is late and grass light.
Farmers would do well to sow corn for fodder in every
unoccupied patch, and where the grass is dried up liy
the drouth or killed by fhe severity or the last winter.
The late rains have put a new face upon the fields, and
hay may be a middling crop if not cut too soon, Mont
pclier Watchman, July 1.
Oliver II. Rand has been' arrested at Richmond, Va.,
on a charge of being concerned in the Portsmouth Bank
robbery. The arrest was made on a telegraphic dis
patch from Boston, a brother or Rand having been ar
rested there with some of the stolen notes upon him,
which he alleged to have received from the former.
Anthony G. Hastings, Postmaster at Hillsboro, Del.,
I.n lippn nrrpnterl nn n nhnrtrr. nf vflMnii. nnrt pYlnnnivf.
i ., . P ., - ., , 0 , r
i robberies of the mail for six months past. Several or
the missing packages have been recovered.
Private letters from Fiance report that a conspiracy
nf a serious character has been discovered in the army.
It was disclosed by a sergeant who had joined the con-
but became alarmed at the extent and boldness
Enomsh Hoix. The following curious notice re
ntly uppenred on n church door in England:
"This is to civo nntico that no norson is to be in-
net in this church-yard but those living in tho pa
rish, and those who wish lo be buried, nro desired to
apply to Ephraini Grub, parish clerk."
Tho New York Journal of Commerce says, "Strawberries
were never so abundant as the present season." The pre
vailing price Is three or four cents a batket. ,
Mr Stephen Green, need 70, committed suicide on the 24th
ult.xit the crave of his wife (in Grace Church Cemetery,
Providence, It. I.) by cutting his throat with a razor.
Tho Worcester Medical Inttituto has conferred tho degree,
of M. L. upon tea individuals, ouc of nho'.a is n woman.
Cosanr.ss June 23I. The Homo went Into com
mittee on the Deficiency Bill as returned from tho Sen
ate with amendments. In his speech upon tho bill Mr
Townscnd said he had co-operated with and labored for
tho Democratic party when he could employ it as an
agent to attain great ends, and only then. The Demo
cratic parly did not own him. The compromise metis
ures were concerted by Clay, sustained by Webster,
and put through by Fillmore and his administration.
11c protested against the stealing of Whig thunder to
make Democratic platforms, and he regarded the reso
lutions of the Democratic Convention in regard to the
compromise a special piece of impudence nothing but
a fraud, and intended to humbug. In the Convention'
he had spiritedly opposed the fugitive slave law.
Mr Giddings followed, and examined the platforms
of the two parties, especially those portions relating to
the Compromise, nnd wished to know how slavery agi
tation was lo bo stopped, holding that it could not bo
accomplished, although it had been resolved this should
be done. He trampled those resolutions under his feet.
He thought the two Conventions had belter have been
attending Sabbath school instead of imitating every ty
rant from Nero lo Nicholas. Having passed the fugi
tive slave law under the gag, its friends dare not go be
fore the people with a defence, and hence they silence
discussion. He said the position of the free democrats
was on the Buffalo platform ; that they hold the balance
of power, and will wield it for Ihe benefit of freedom.
0 On Saturday the House passed the Land Bill by
a vote of PC ayes to 8G noes. The bill appropriates to
Missouri 3,(100,000 acres, Alabama 200,000, Iowa 3,
000,000, Michigan 2,.r00,000, Wisconsin I.WO.OOt
Louisiana 2,500,000, Mississippi 2,000,000( Florida 2,
000,000, Arkansas 3,000,000, California 0,000,000, In
diana all the public lands lying within her !irait;rimsrH
and two millions acres in addition. To cacti' of tllb
Slates of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachu
setts, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware,
South Carolina, Maryland, Virginia,- Kentucky and
Tennessee, at the rale of 150,000 acres for each Sena
tor and Representative in the 32'd' Congress from said
States respectively! and to each of the organized Ter
ritories and the District of Columbia, 150,000 acres.
The eleven Stales first named are to apply their several
shares to the construction of Railroads ; the other States
and the District af Columbia arc to appropriate thcii'a
to the support of schools.
The bill establishing a Branch Mint in California has
passed the Senate. A message was received from the
President transmitting the Hulseman correspondence.
Frauds on the Treasury.
In the House on the 25lh, Mr Olds asked leave to
introduce a preamble, setting forth that it is believed
spurious and fraudulent claims were allowed by the
late Mexican Commissioners; that the Grand Jury of
Washington, on their oaths, have prosecuted Dr Geo.
A. Gardner for the crime ofperjury in procuring nearly
half a million of dollars out of the public treasury ; and
! that Thomas Corwfn, in the prosecution"or said claim,
I ol,lim,ri1 a lar8c l"""0" of ,ho ,nonpy '' and cnc'uJ'n!;
with a resolution asking lor the appointment ol a beluct
Committee In investigate all the facts connected with
the case, what amount Corwin received, &c'.
Mr Toombs objected lo instituting proceedings nii
mere rumor. Gentlemen should make such serious
charges only on their own' knowledge.
Mr Olds I say that such things, based on public ru
mor, should bo made a question of inquiry.
Mr Toombs We should not act on public rumor'.
Mr Polk There is no other way of getting at facts.
Mr Toombs Let some one father the charges.
Mr Olds I am disposed to father them.
Mr Toombs Then do it.
Tht I'.fftct of Slavery on the 1'rrr. States. The cele
brated William Pinckney, one of the free democratic
statesmen of Ihe old Jt'fferson school or politicians,
publicly declared his opinion, about fifty years ago, that
Ihe institution or slavery could not be kept up in llip
South more than hair a century, without producing a
very visible effect on the liberties or the free Stales.
Now is there one candid, rational man in Vermont who
will deny, that in the political developments or the paat
year, there is plain and palpable proor that the prophe
cy oP this great and good statesman is fulfilled ? The
foretold crisis was in 1S.r0, or the turning point, and
since Ihen we have been on the downward road. The
year 1852 is designed lo give us a fresh impetus; ami
IT the late movements or the South at the recent Con
ventions at Baltimore which, as Tar as regards silve
ry, were unquestionably in league with each other
are not arrested by a mighty arousing or the people of
the free States, we shall descend with' a rapid and con
stantly accelerated speed which', we greatly Tear, no
earthly power can arrest, till all opposition to Slavery
and the Libel ties or the Country shall be buried in one
common grave. G. .If. Freeman.
As & commentary on the new Whig Platform
we accept the following (at the time much applauded)
passage in n speech of the Hon. William Uphani, deli
vered at the Whig Slate Convention held at Alonlpcl
lor, on the 4 111 of July, 1840, which we extract from Ids
published speech on that occasion:
"1 think it must be evident lo every candid man that
the whig parly have long since nailed their colors to tho
mast, and on their broad folds ore inscribed the cheer
ing words of Hope and Progress. They have declared
and are now prosecuting a war of extermination against
human slavery in all its forms; and they will not cease
from the contest unlil the death-blow is given to that
monstrous hydra or oppression and tyranny.
"But if, in an evil hour, they are tempted, from any
motive, to abandon this high ground if they yield lo
considerations of personal or political expediency, and
sell Iho birth-right of humanity for a mess or pottage
if they ever shall be found weak and wicked enough
even- lo 'compromise' their great issues they loo will
find that the ties or mere party fidelity are but n 'rope
j or sand,' when the principles upon which they are bas
ed are no longer regarded
There, Whigs, out or the mouth or one or your own
approved leaders, read your condemnation and your
doom, the 'evil hour' or event spoken or, as you will
see by the platform adopted by the Whig National Con
vention, having unmistakably arrived. Freeman.
An, that's it. The New York "Day Book"-tthe
paper that said if Webster was cheated out ofthe nom-ination,-
it would fry and find out how it was don?
thus remarks on the nomination or Scott ;
"Well, Southern delegates have done this, and if
they are satisfied, we are. We can only say lo them,
Gentlemen, catch your own niggers hereafter, and ne
ver say another word ijbout the compromise measures'
So it seems the Day Book and its friends have been
catching niggers hcretorore. Somebody has caught a
"gudgeon" now. Manchester Democrat.
Advices from Alexico to Juno 5th have been receiv
ed. It is rumored that the threatened coup de etal of
President Arista is countenanced by the American gov
ernment, and that in consideration onhe abrogation or,'
the 11th article or the Guadeloupe treaty, this govern
ment has agreed to pay Gen. Arista tho sum of G
000,000. Alunnrn. Sewark, June 30. Bernard Runy and
his wife, both Germans, wero discovered this morning
in bed horribly murdered & decomposed. They have
been missing since Saturday night. From the evidence
before Ihe coroner, it is evident they were shot. He
murdered his wife through jealousy and then shot
himself. A two-barrelled pistol waa found in the bed.
Kdward F. Nexcn of New York and Dr. James El
liot of Newark, charged with being connected with
the land warrant swindles, have been held to bail, the
first in $5,000, the second in $10,000. nurul Claggett
of New Vork has also been arrested. These men
havo hitherto borne good reputations.
The best fleeces of wool were selling at Rochester,
N. Y., for 371 cents per pound.