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C A It I .
EDUCATION IN OREGON.
On behalf of tho Trustees of Tualatin Academy,
hnd. Clackamas Co. Female Seminary, Oregon Ty.
l woutil tlianK tlic Iriemls nnd donors to these institu-
lions for their sympathy and aid alTorded mo in my
Worts for the same, .l.irinn- tl,n !! Eiv m,ii,. w..
urc thus enabled to continue and improve both our
schools for a time longer. We still need annual help ;
.'and in view of this, tho Lawrence St. Church S.
School, Lawrcnco, Mass., have promised to send us
.sixty dollars yearly, for the support of a teacher in our
Seminary. The S. School at Woburn Centre, adopt
ing tho suggestion, will send fifty, yearly, for five
years. It is hoped that other S. Schools will do the
fcan.O thing. It is a significant and suggcslive fact,
that ibo Jesuit missions of the world are supported by
the weekly penny contributions of the papists, chiefly
of France. Wo have about thirty such priests in
Oregon, among tho Indians and whites, sustained thus.
I doubt not their Fcmalo Seminaries arc supported by
the same .regular contributions. Tho first fact was
given mo by a Jesuit Priest who receives his .funds '
yearly from Lyons, raised as ho told me by penny
gifts, They- are wise to plan and 'execute, and de
mand our respect and admiration for their zealous ox
erfions, not only.ln'ji.ufolje.jjujtjtijiuiyiwn..
to sustain and extend tho papacy'. Let us learn" Vf'
those who have been longer in the field than ourselves.
It is a well known fact that the educational institu
tions of our new settlements cannot be sustained by
the pupils. Hence wo have a Collegiate and theolog
ical Education Society to aid such institutions for tho
present, and until funds can be secured. Hut no such
provision has been made for our Femalo Seminaries.
These decline and ceaso for want of annual help for
their support, chiefly of teachers. This is the danger
with ours at Oregon City, while the papal one is vig
orously sustained. Unless somo agency shall be
found to meet this want of the West, not only wo but
tho whole country must suffer forever. A Femalo
.Seminary to educate female teachers is one of tho
mightiest agencies for tho good of tho country. Its
neglect one of the most deplorable evils. Wo ask for
aid now, and for a few years. A lady at Nashua,
N. 11., agrees to pay tho S10 tuition of a pupil year
ly in our Seminary. Will others do the samo? We
prefer, if both cannot ho had,lho annual aid fur teach
ers, as it accomplishes moro to sustain a teacher at
ijGUO, than fifteen pupils at SiO cazh. Wo will re
ply and report to any association, or individual from
whom wo may receive aid. Send to my address,
Oregon City, Oregon Ty., and designate tho institu
tion to which the money shall be applied.
G. II. Atkinson, Agent.
' I'liblic Opinion. J
Public opinion is, in the main, composed of the ag
yrcgalo of privates opinion. Ono thousand persons
entertain homogeneous sentiments upon a particular
subject. Their private individual opinions substan
tially agree. These persons brought into sympathet
ic relations with each other, not only entertain tho
same views in outline, but they are filled up with
.stronger colors, and tho re-action of thought and feel
ing through tha mass, tends to engender excitement
and sometimes extravagance. Hut the foundation of
any considerable movement in the mass, must, after
all, bo tho privato conviction of tho individuals. Now
individuals are not always very careful to examine in
to the validity of their convictions. They arc not on
ly sometimes unable to give a reason for tho opinion
they hold, but they are possibly, utterly destitute of
any such reason. This being tho case, it is wel)
sometimes, if not always, to examine well tho ground
upon which any popular nation stands, beforo we give
in our adhesion to it. Judgment should not be ener
vated by the contagion of sympathy, nor agitated by
the throes of passion. It should, in the private indi
vidual, bo clear, independent and just. That which
is approved by a large majority, and becomes a tenet
in tho creed of tho public, deserves careful attention, 1
;uid is not to be rejected because it is popular, nor is I
it to bo received implicitly because it is backed up
liy tho "people." A man should not isolate himself
and cultivate singularity : but ho should maintain an
intrepid spirit that can, on every proper occasion, stem
-the popular current, and preserve a stato of feeling
liolh tranquil and independent.
A Home Field fok Lauoii ! A missionary vessel
tailed from this port, Friday, fur Smyrna. A great
mistake has been made. She should bo overhauled,
f.ent back, and her holy men and pious women convey
ed Southward, not towards tho Orient. With flag at
half-mast she should enter tho port of Now Orleans I
For, read what the Picayune of that city has put upon
record in this free, Christian land of ours '.Com.
"Chaunccy "B. Blako was brought beforo Recorder
K..1.1...;., .... I . ..;,). ..,,.;., .,!.,,. ft...-...
jjaiun in , ijiiuigcu ,v 1,11 .iiiij'jijii mill om.uai 41. ii.o
proved that ho was seen conversing with a number of
i, ... .,. ... ., ., "Rrt1 ...... ,
mum til iliu diiui'i , iiijl liu uaiwu uiuii tumu. limy
read and write, and if they icould like to havcfaWible,
This was tho amount of tho testimony against htm.
In palliation of his conduct, it was shown that bo was
a regular appointed agent of tho Bible Society in Now
frlpmie In .llKl rtlintn llin ltiltln tn c.mj.1. na ii'mil.t
ixpi. i tin ovcitfy,
most distant intention
. 'iu. c-r.... l j' j i - Ti1?
and it was said Blake had oxeccded his commission in
offering it. But, as it appeared to be a misunder
standing on his part, and not intentional interference,
ho was discharged with a caution not to repeat his of
fence." A Benevolent Man. Amos Lawrcnco, (recently
deceased in Boston,) was a truly christian and benev
olent man. Ho used the bounty Providence had bless
ed him with, as not abusing it. He was constantly
searching out new and worthy objects of donations.
A contemporary says, "Mr. Lawrenco was laborious
ly benevolent. Ho would tako tho most unwearied
pains to find out and aid tho poor and needy. To'
this work ho devoted his time and income, for nearly
twenty years. Though ho was for a long period an
invalid, yet he could be found at all se'asons among
tho destitute and dostressed, distributing that material
nid, accompanied wilh words of kindness and onddur
agemcnt which made, glad lho hearts of the recipients.
Of the amount which he has so nobly disbursed, no
one can tell ; but it is known to be moro than Five
Hundred Thousand Dollars ! On his pecket-book was
Inscribed. 'What shall it profit a man if ho gain tho
whole world and lose his own soul. The words of
tho Saviour seemed to cheer his" pathway whilo ho
systematically discharged his duties."
ay, however, disclaimed having fflWcctiin ,,Q "J"?1 sf lho Kingdom of God ? Isit
lion of giving the Scriptures lotSatetlfSSfiSS?, w, smt "t.' ,7 and arn " 1,at
ii-br. 1..1 nvrr.n.1...! i.il" . . hmWmeancth. 1 lio Lord "dwclleth with him that is
From tiro Vermont Chronicle, (Congrej;ntloi.alist.)
TIlK INHABITANTS OP HKAVEN WILL NOT ALL HE MOM
AN' ONE 11KLIU10US SECT.
Wl..i!1.t ... : -ii ii ,-.
....uo.u uii uuu ucu.ujiuii a unurcsseu oy a wua-
..nr " !.',;.,, t r t .n.i ....
...... - . in...., x natu uuuu iuiu muii nag Baiu uicro
arc no liuakcrs irHicivcn ; is it trufil Delaying bis
answer thajpjcncherjiasccndcd iho-pnlpit. Announc
ing Jio text .lie hrpko. forth in . rapid .:nuc"stiomrirrti-
uinor- AUlnllamiHro, llicro any Kpiscopalians
heaven ? No.
i. Are there any Presbyterians! No. J t rinds and cr
s? No. Any Baptists ! No. 'ThcrQjSj' the. Jtidgn
sk nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumeiPl What a 1
ion, Barbarian, Scythian, bond nor frco
is all, and in all.' Col. iii. 11."
1. This anecdote and text illustrate the fact that
i. .... ...
I,, "cn"" prejudices will be sunk, in heaven.
i V , , " mu nuati,
ind1n",d and soulnas U'wo puints of hitter
carlllIy s,rlfu wll(,11y repulsive there. How does this
Christian magnanimity licht un that world with at
tractiveness. Wo sco a glory given to it by this fact.
We long to go, that wo may find no narrow-mindedness,
which will hot recognize and admire tho indwel
ling Spirit, because of certain outward differences
about rites or doctrinal truths. Heaven could not be
heaven if there were to bo Congrcgationalistsaud Ilap
tisls, Churchmen and Dissenters there. For such
separations aro hero always, at least incidentally, pro
ductive of walls and church castles. We arc thank
ful that such cannot bo "blown sky-high." They aro
earthly they cannot reach the skies. I havo thought
sometimes that when any sect builds up higher walls
than ordinary, to shut themselves safely up for heav
en, and others salely out for perdition, or perhaps a
stray, undiscovered chance of salvation, God conies
down to introduce confusion among them, so splitting
them up, that they aro not quite sure which is left in
possession of tho "divine right" of the keys and bat-
but' it is tho leaven of rwicTc"c3ncs And it may bo
called by this name "exclusive claims." It is al
ways found in sinners in cverbody that has any sin.
Whether bo is a penitent or an impenitant sinner, it
makes no difference. It is tho spirit of selfishness
which says, "I am right and you must come over to
my side." Now in heaven we shall bo emptied of
self and filled full of Christ. Wo shall say, you arc
right, for you arc on Christ's side you have Christ's
spirit you arc liko him. It reminds us of that scene
in Uunyan where every one having unconsciously bc
como very beautiful, wonders at the ravishing beauty
of tho others, a beauty which was exceedingly glu
rious, for it was Christ's beauty shining through.
On that mount of transfiguration wc shall bo so
overpowered by the vision of the glory of Cljrist,
when we "shall see Him," that our eyes will behold
Him in every follower every redeemed disciple.
How shall we then love one another, ditcovcring "none
but Chriol" in each other.
Hut this was not tho chief thought in our caption.
Wo aro ready enough to think that thero will he no
sects or separations in heaven, no other name being
known but Christ's there. Now thero is another
thought included which is not so readily suggested.
The other is good to soften asperities among those who
call themselves Christians, but this last is still better.
II. There aro followers and disciples of Christ
among all sects i. c.,, wo aro to beliovo thi3 if wo
follow Uiblo suggestions. How eay it Is to "torhld
him because bo followclh not with us" but how
wrong. What makes a Christian ? This is the pith
and core of the whole matter. What is it that brings
one into a salvablo state ? Is it holding tho doctrine
of tho Trinity'. Is it holding to the proper divinity of
Christ! Is it believing in eternal decrees ! orthocter
nal punishment of some! Is it any doctrinal belief
which thus far has given a namo to any sect! If so
then no man can bo saved who is a Unitarian none
who is au Arminian no ono who is a Univcrsalist.
If wo could venture on saying this wo should bo mad.
It is not then a belief of any such doctrine which makes
or unmakes a Christian. Again, who will affirm this
of any mode of Baptism or other rite ? You aro an
Episcopalian of tho highest order ; but you dare not
say that dissenting Ilobert Hall did not cuter heaven,
or that Christ has no chosen ones among tho unbap
tized, unconfirmed martyrs of Madagascar, whoso dy
ing witness is yet fresh. No, no ! Neither forms nor
rites, neither circumcision nor iincircuincision, neither
priestly baptism or lay baptism, neither plunging nor
sprinkling, is anything in this matter of salvation.
Ono man is saved unbaptized, another having becnim-
r5CU ,or Bl '"- njl crcs among
i - . :..l.lJ IM i ...
"""" "'""i' .wa.u, a.UHuu
Ulllliv:!! luuiiiiuia , uiiu mutt; uiu 1'uiu jit.-uiis, 1IUI1IU1U,
trusting souIb, wo lmvo never apokon with priftftt.
pastor or church about their eternal life. Church
membership, or the want of it, does not make a man
Christ's. He may bo a truly God-praising man, liko
Cornelius, the Centurion, who has nevcrhqard of
Christ the Savior. And they may haveJsetfn baptiz
ed already by the Holy Ghost, who "have not-so much
as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost." And
tho Christian missionary reports "a man waiting for
the coming of light," whoso heart had evidently out
run his head on the way to God and heaven.
What then is it that makes a Christian, if it be !
neither belief of doctrine, technically so called, nor
rites of any kind, nor membership in any visible
church? What is that which enables us to predict of
any man, "no will jeeuod wtiicli raises good ex-
. f 1 js CtCril
Pec,at,on 0 JS .c.Lr'1
Christian a disciple?
eternal life which stamps him a
A penitent heart before God. Il is brokenness of
spirit which in every case is the fitting for heaven.
A man may have grown up 'in Central Africa. The
very namefof'God isltnknown to him. It is not in
J his language." Will you say ho cannot bo saved ! Is
p. .i7 . ., ... i , .
of an humble and contrite spirit." "I will havo mer
cy and not sacrifice," and "tho sacrifices of God aro1
a broken heart and contrite spirit." Ah, Christians !
the greatest faith in Christ's timo came out of Syro
phenicia, and out of tho Roman army,
I lovo to think that the crowds of humblo spirits
that go up yearly aro gathered from farthest India
from Central Africa, where some broken-spirilcd, sad
eyed woman kneels, unseen by all but God, in "igno
rant worship," as well as from civilized Europe and
missionary America. I lovo to think that Christ has
friends among all tho children of earlh, redeemed by
His blood and sanctified by his Spirit ; and that in
heaven wo shall traco the work of God on the hearts
which felt and obeyed, but know not the voice that
spake. And when I meet a Baptist, or a Methodist,
or an Episcopalian, or a Universalis!, I will lovo him
if he havo tho broken spirit. DhTerenco of doctrine,
of rite, shall not separate. "Let no man troublo mo"
of him, if only we "bear about in our body and spir
it tho dying of the Lord Jesus," I oxpect to nieet
him in heaven.- Christ loves him ; has not perhaps
given him all knowledge ; perhaps He has not given
it all to me ; but loves him. 1 will not be shut away
from him whom my Lord has visited. Tell me not
oflus narrow prejudices, ol las bigotry, 1 point to!
BRATTLEBOKO, Vt, WE
his brokenncssof heart this is my brother wo shall.
spend eternity together. 1 will try to teach and to
leant with him of God'. Inside that binntrv. thews is
a rich treasure of Christian lovo and Christian cxbc -
nt..:-. . - , ., . i .., . " i
,"-ll-t' v mi iu mutiu inai ncari ms iiotnc ana
' ri..:. ...in t . , ...
. " uu uiuiiiuiiy ma iKimo oi inai iiean
recdal beliefs will not be tho dividing lino
argo brotherhood havo I? All who arc
in Christ Jesus all who are broken-hearted beforo
God of whatever name, or if w ithout name. For
from all srrls, from all tribes, from all laticuaaes, a
great multitudo shall bo gathered. 1 will love them
Wo find tho following notice of tho Ilhodo Island
decision on their now Liquor Law, in the Greenfield
Courier. Wo commend it to our readers :
Maine Liquon Law Unconstitutional. Editors
of Gazette and Courier : I saw in your paper of tho
3d inst.,an article headed 'The Ilhodo Island ('Maine')
Liquor Law decided Unconstitutional. " The article
purported to be taken from tho "Daily Republican."
I was surprised that tho Republican, a paper which is
very well edited and is generally reliable, should Buf
fet such an article to escape from their office. Tfin
conclusion to which the Republican arrives is not jus-
uueu uy ino decision in that case; but is a word of
encouragement m tho cars'of tho enemies of tho Maine
Law in this State, and urging them to he of good
cheer. Now what was the case tried and what was
tho decison. William H. Green, of New York,
claimed' to be tho owner of a considerable quantity of
intoxicating liquors deposited in Providence, and that
natnamel M. JJriggs, ct. al., held possession of them
Tho plaintin'.brought his rcploven and4jj(Jrator something in the following .stylo. "Mod-
was no sufficient complaint." Tho complaint being
insufficient, as a inalltcr of course, rendered all after
proceedings void, ab initio. Tho court having deci
ded the complaint insufficient, all further enquiries
wcro at an end. If tho complaint is void all proceed
ings had thereon aro cor am nonjudice. Tho judges
say the complaint is defective "because the accused
was not informed of tho nature and causo of his accu
sation." And second, because of tho "want of cer
tainty in specifying tho liquors to be seized." All
other points decided in tho caso wcro citra judicial
and not binding on that court or any other. 1 wond
er how tho Republican should suppose the court deci
ded the Ilhodo Island law a violation of tho Constitu
tion of the United States. I am unable to learn from
any report of that case that the Constitution of the
United Slates was at all discussed or considered on
that trial. The Constitution of Ilhodo Island was very
fully and unncecsarily discussed. Allusions were
made to usages beforo tho Constitution wa3 adopted.
Even tho ghoslof tho old charter if Charles the Second
was called up from tho vasty deep of the Dorr rebellion,
and was invoked to testify to the exalted privileges en
joyed under its auspicious reign. Tho old charter
having had the benefit of an airing and performed its
mission Wis permitted to return to Us lowiy abodor "
The conclusion of tho Republican, "Tho Maino Liq
uor Law, so called, must bo abandoned," is not justi
fied by this decision, and the liquor law of Massachu
setts is not necessarily affected. That the Maino law
of Massachusetts will retain its principal features and
have an abiding influence and increasing usefulness in
the Commonwealth, I have no doubt.
Jan. 5th, 1853. Maine Law.
"The Laws ok Life," by Elizabeth. Blackwell,
M. D. A scries of lectures delivered to a class of
Ladies during the past Spring, devoted to physicahed-
ucation, tho conditions of health, and tho correction of
vicious habits. The subjects treated of in this volume 1,RASEI1' 01 lmlra 1N- and wc tliinlc will corn
are of tho utmost importance. They relate to t10 1 pare favorably wilh any similar work dono by men.
moral and physical well being of the community. ! Il docs 0Ur heatt eod t0 SC0 wo,nen 1,11,8 comPoti"S
Too often they aro kept out of sight through neli-. ma" 111 varlous occupation which he has hitherto
genco, or false delicacy. Quite as often arc they dis-! consulcrcd exclusively his own. Wc doubt not Miss
cussed in a manner that repels intelligent readers by 01ivia aPPoars 1ult0 18 modcst wlu, I,am,line lllD en"
its grossness and charlatanv. The present work is graver's tools, as she would idly lounging on a sofa
not only unexceptionable in 'ibis respect, but is a mod- in 1,10 l,arlor' wcePln? ovor tlic last new novcI- And
el of dmnified and refined discussion. It evinces a
thorough, scientific education, raro practical sense, and
great breadth of observation, on the part of tho distin-
guished authoress. Her statements arc lucid and com
prehensive, her counsels uniformly judicious, and her
manner calm and self-possessed. She thinks clearly
and writes welt. "Wc seldom mcci witti a uuiBinin
treatise, that is moro remarkable for clearness of meth
od, soundness of reasoning, and profuseness and beau
ty of illustration. Tho work is presented as "the
ni friit f ,i, ,,i;.oi ci.i:ni r ii . I
who wo predict will triumphantly substantiate her '
V. ...W .....UIW... .?.UiAl-a Ul .IIU (lUIUUJtSili
J ...... '
............. H.U.A.U w.
claims to an honored place m tho medical profession.
(12 mo. pp. 18g. George B. Putnam.) N. Y. Trib.
Why own Taxes are so Htaii, Tho following
paragraph from tho Lowell Courier may throw some
light upon this important matter. Read it, citizens,
tax-payers ! Commonwealth.
How to eel un a Dinner without Reirard In flrncnw
The delegation from the city of Boston, who visit- ,ve"i as a mM c0Ul'J U( 1 asKcd "er 11 8110 lllfe"
cd Gen. Pierce at Concord, a few days since, gave!11'0 lsi"ess- She sa'd she did.', "T0jbo sure,"
him a dinner at the now Eagle Hotel. A member of "id sbo, "it makes our hands larger and harder, but
tho New Hampshire Legislature writes, -"Major Gib- I had rather havo a hard hand with ten shillings a
son had been notified by the Boston Committee a few j day i" than a soft Plicate hand with two shillings
days previons, to get up a dinner in the best stylo ho
1 ...... .. . ..t
could tor ciglit or ten, without regard to tho expense."
Now the Major is not to bo outdone in a matter of
this kind, and as the city of Boston was to foot tho
bill ho thought ho would let them know what could
be dono in New Hampshire. Ho accordingly took
measures to procure all kinds of game, and every raro
luxury that could be obtained, and after completing
tho department of the dinner, lie went into the fancy
line, spending about soventy-five dollars in the pur
chase of boqucts of flowers, a singlo ono of which was
prized at ten dollars ; the bill of faro provided for each
one was eloborately adorned and printed on some very
nico satin, and cost two dollars apiece and everything
else was of course on the samo magnificent bcale.
Tho bill for the whole dinner amounted to four hun
dred dollars, or fifty dollars apiece, and this is said to
bo exclusive of tho wines used on the occasion, which
probably amounted to fifty or a hundred dollars more.
Rascality. A gang of rogues have recently been
through the town of Northfield and Canterbury, N.
H., buying butter at 28 cents per pound, and paying
in bad money. They went from house to house, and
when they found themselves in a family who appear
ed too sharp for their operations, they would get off
by offering less than market prices. They scoured
through thd region for one day, took their' load of but
ter to the Northfield depot, and when, on lira next
day, if turned' up that they had given the unsuspecting
. ' i J n 1 o - , , - ,
farmers wives large prices and small gains for their where ho had found it. The congregation is now the
butter, it was found that both butter and purchasers most polite aW attentive to strangers of any in Ara'er
had gone to parts unknown. Greenfield Courier. ica. Baltimore paper.
AYt JANTTARV on ioko
- f -J!Tt J v v w i
mm i l ii ii .. j m I,
" . " ... J w &m a mm J t f 1 : I "
AHd so tlioy Tunica him but.
,h0 w'as,,ota ffot,'l teacher, but because
'SSii? E0ftd otic. His rules for ro vern Irtnn tn-n rn
' o:- ...(..
rules for covenirnenlrvi.rn
IlO ll.Hl tllO tvl.nln't.l...
,clV!d that each scholar bad his proper proporti
miib jjiiu uiteution. . At such a minntn nil f,nnn.u.i
es -oMfr nTrJr.KimsmrTI
Jlut 1t was all new to tho scholars. They said tho
was precise, notional, ritrid. contr.irv. !nn.
pendent, and they talked tho matter over and got them-'
selves united, stiong and headlong. And the parents !
mctiglit ho Had lost his influeneo ; and so they turned i
Tho next teachtr heard what their objections wero
to his predcccssor.ynd took tho opposite course. Ho
was a sloven, and hal no order. And what was Worse,
ho conld not work pic examples in common arithme
tic without a hey. llle was
so unfortunate ono day as 1
icholars got hold of it. I
to leave his key wl
rc the schola
Soon tho parents fo
nd it out. Some lauched about 1
him, and others scojlcd. The teacher lost his influ
ence ( and so they
The third teach
ist him out.
taught ono month, and by that
'timo the term wasjp and ho went clear.
Tho next winter itter3 went on very much in tho
same way. Tho .'bolars grew confident and self-important.
So onoAvould get dissatisfied and talk tho
matter over withthcrs. And when the parents saw
tLcro was disoncr. and tho scholars wcro united
against tha teaoW, they would think the time and
money of the, district wasted: and so they turned
them oit, I
But this year they have turned over a now leaf.
At thiiir school meeting they put in but one Commit
tee irfan. When the other proper business of the
inretlng was over, a Quaker arose and addressed the
iproar about our schools and school teachers. And
f yo will all be patient, I will reveal tlje secret.
Vhe scholars govern us. 1 am persuaded there is more
fimily government at the present day, much more than
iicre was forty years ago. But, moderator, I must
infess tlrt this kind of government is chiefly in the
1 inds of i tic children.
"Now I proposo this winter that ice take the gov
i nment into our own hands. Let the committee cx
i;ciso his own good discretion in tho selection of a
taeher. Lot him setup a school as usual. And
I en tho first scholar that rises up against tho teacher,
rid is likely to make him any trouble, on being made
1 town to the committee, let him cast him out of school,
.ind I begin with my own scholars. I hereby call on
t o committee to see to it that if ono of my sons or
iiughtcrs becomes insubordinate or insurrectionary,
tirn him out, beforo tho contagion spreads."
i Ho sat down, jr. Another man said, "Do just so to
my children." And so it went round. Each for
himself said "Let us turn out no moro teachers;
hit if any question about turning out arises, first turn
ott tho refractory scholar." v
i And now, though tho committeo havo employed a
ieTriUTo-teaeiier.'contrnry to former practice, tho school
j; V'nff mi well. Though Ibero is nothing extraor
dinary in tho tcaclicr, yet all respect her. All tho
scholars aro obedient, and speak a good word for her
wherever they go. Nobody has been turned out, and
nobody deserves it. 17. Chronicle.
Our sister Bloomer whoso nico little semi-monthly
by the way is, 50 cents a year instead of Si has
come in a new form and put on a new head dress, on
which occasion she speaks as follows :
Wo take great pleasure in telling our readers that
tho neat head which adorns our first page was engrav
ed by a teaman. It is the work of Miss Olivia II.
13 m" ProuaDio sue iccis as wcu satisned will.
' nnmlnn o min'u 11'nfYJ.e fit tlila linolnnca na clin t.wnlil
with the two or three shillings aday which she might
earn by plying the needle within "her own appropri
Wo now have women printers, women engravcrs.M'Aro they wrong, or liable to valid objection?
fimrn ilnirnnrrfiotvnlRts. women tmnrrrnnh nnnrnlnra.
"1 and women priests and wo know not what else.
May their numbers increase.
Lucy Stono related an incident when here last fall,
which li win noi uu amias 10 ruiaio in uns uuiniexiun ;
. , i ;.. nr
?no emu a UJU," 1 T
long previous, -and was surprised to seo two women
at work there. Ono was working at a turning lathe, importation or spirituous liquor ; by all the Statutes "! , ri," " """" "J i r"
getting out table legs-tho other making draws for which relate to. "licensing" public houses to sell it ; I f ,e,r r,evcnue' h? P"',,!c are consequently satis
fablcs. She watched them for a time, "and," said and by all the enactments in the several States regu-, fu;d tl,al suc1' 6d; '""ld f?rt edatid
she, "I did not see but tho woman at the lathe turned i lating the sale. confiscated, and this loo without warrant, dwelling
the legs as neatly, and smoothly, as a man could do 2. Tho second principle contained in this law is, I oubm excepted. Counterfeiting, also, is an evil, be
it. And the woman who made tho drawers, struck -the right t- make laws entirely prohibiting the sale , f use l 3rie 'ho .otablwlicd currency.
tho nail on the head as true, and finished her work as
'Puis cnilmnnf b liji.iirr iilnnlnH in. mnir ivnmon
"'' "'"s -j j -
" country. A hyd hand and ten shillings aday,
1 a thing to bo proud of. Let it pievail, and woman
will not long bo the dependent creature of former days,
or be forced to marry for a home and support. Lily.
Sittino on a Block in Church. A young man
was seen to enter church during service. Ho paused
at tho entrance ; tho congregation stared ; he advanc
ed a few steps, and calmly surveying tho whole assem
bly, he commenced a deliberate march up tho broad
alslo. Not a pew-door was opened ; tho audience
4-ere too busy for civility. He wheeled, and in tho
i anno manner porformcd a march, stopping as if to
Icoslyn Castlo, or to timo of the Dead March in Saul,
rtd disappeared. A few minutes after, he re-entered
with a large block upon his shoulder, as much as ho
could well stagger under. His countenance was im
movable. Again tho good people stared, and half
roso from their scats, with their books in their hands.
At length ho placed the block in tho very centre of
tho principal passage, and seated himself upon it.
Then for tho first time tho reproach was felt. Every
pew door in tho houso was instantly thrown open.
But no, tho stranger was a gentleman, ho cam'o not
thero for disturbance ; he moved not, ho smiled not,
but preserved the utmost decorum till the service was
e'oncludcd j when he deliberately shouldered his blo'Ck,-
and to tho same low step' L'oro it off, and placed it
BEPOET OF THE CENTHAL COMMITTEE
n r. .ianuaiiy, 1823.
c y.,01?cn.lta, Committee congraTulato the. members
Of this Sncnlv nml ll.n r.:..,j...r .!.-.
. i-v. i- wwmiaui mo lemperanco cause,
hn . continued progress of this ?opd. work. Tho
4 --i-"'V!s;,"!f wascnaracienzcil by earnest zeal
J.' 1,1 "'esc tho result has been attained.
T .. . o
r , alc3' tll,c miJst of dobat. "till confident ,
V ,P' 5 , .stiU arc Wak'nRtq effort.
, K ulJlx OI "1,s '"dy Vas to se-
CUrO lllO nfissrim. nf n In.. .iMit.. ... .1.. -r r
,.uoi,.iyi; u, a ,aw gmuiar to that ol Maine,
me vunwui vomi
this singlo point.
-ommiltcc havo directed their cfibrts to , dcr V.mVT checks and with suitablo security in regari
int. They early procured and circula- t0 ,lle moral character of thosd engaged in the. busi
Uy tlionsand copies of the Maine Law in I ncss ' APP'y 'be principle to any acknew lc tided evil
n i. .1.. t!.... -iiy-..' . . t ntwl ila fll.e....l!l . , i- .....'(.' ' 1
ted some twenty i
all tlic Counties in tho.State. Ellbrts wnrn mn.tn in
securo the services of an efficient agent; and agrcea-!
m . . Dt,:,l:La ul :l" c,"c,cnt aecilt ? "Rrew
y 1lrl,ctlP"s. application. Was madcto JUr. Jew-,
S?Son was far ndvilnc:d beforo a decided
answer was obtained from him ; and his constant ser
vices could then bo secured for three or four weeks on
ly previous to tho session of the Legislature. As it
seemed doubtful whether tho Committee could make
any general arrangements for so short a period, at that
late day, they resolved to leave it to thoteveral coun
ties and towns to employ his services at their discro
lion, and gave notico accordingly. Tho Committee
found no other lecturer at liberty whom they thought
best to employ, and have commissioned no one.
Tho Committee appointed to draft a Bill to be pre
sented to tho Legislature, did not make their report
to us until the last of August. This delay arose in
part from a desiro to see the result of cfibrts in Mas
sachusetts and lthodo Island, and to gain all the light
which might lesult from action in those Slates. Tim !
Committee from tho several Counties to revise this tcrdiclcd i' kw, in the midst of dense masses of pop
Dill wero early called together, and Mad llin tun nn. . "l'or m ffoW.r.ln,l iaiiunnl.f.i-;..;,)V ii,.,,
A largo number of forms of petitions were printed,
and diligent elfort made to furnish copies to overf
lown and school district. Circulars wore also sent
out, calling attention to the duty of circulating theso
petitions diligently. 1 he result was not all that your
Committee had anticipated, but it has clearly indica
ted an earnest public sentiment in favor of prohibitory
Tho result of all is, that, a law has been enacted,
embracing tho principles of the "Maine Law," con
ditioned, however, that it shall take effect on the sec
ond Tuesday in March next, unless a majority of the
freemen of the Stato shall by their vole on the second
Tuesday in February dcclaro against it.
Wc havo now a distinct issue beforo us : Shall tho
new law go into effect in March next, or shall it wait
another opportunity for discussion before the Legisla
ture? In the circumstances wo do not regret this is
sue. Considering tho feeblo vote by which tho Gill
passed ono branch of the Legislature the uncandid
and improper efforts to defeat it while tho question
was pending in the House the opportunity now giv
en to make a better showing for it at tho ballot-box,
ought not to bo regretted. Add to this, the public
mind is not so far enlightened and settled but that
great good may resylt from tho further agitation which
will attend the approaching trial. A strong vote in
February noxt will lmvo great importance in fixing
tne new law upon a lirm basis. ., .
Can such a vote be secured ? Is the law too far in
advance of the public mind? Is it just? Isit consti
tutional? Is it extreme and tyranical legislation? :
These aro questions we must meet. Such things are
affirmed of the new law. We are confidently toid
that this law presents a new feature in legislation
embodies new principles is oppressive, unjust, and
tyrannical, and in direct antagonism with the Constitu
tion. Wo are not prepared for efficient action until
wo have fairly considered theso charges and shown
them to be unfounded and false.
The principles at the foundation of the law recent
ly enacted, are these :
1st. Tho right to legislate in regard to the traffic
in intoxicating liquors.
2d. Tho right to make laws entirely prohibiting
tho salo within certain prescribed limits.
3d. Tho right to enforce such prohibitory enact
ments, by adequate powers and penalties, the same as
provided in other cases.
Tho law embraces no principles beyond nr contrary
to these, as wc shall attempt to show in its place.
Tho;principles above aro most certainly involved in
jhclTaw ; and tho question first to ho considered is,
Tim fir, vi, . ,1,, ,1.1. r,r. i. n .,, ...i.:.
lor legislation, w'ni novbo culled l 4ci.', , m,0 , and sale of spirituous liquors for drinking purposes, as
hy sober men. No one whoso opinion is worth ro-, ' Vs .tu prohibit "smuggling goods ;" ' or making couii
garding, will so far stultify himseffas to contest a ! Jcrfeit money ; or pocket picking? Tho proper rulo
I point which is settled by every Legislature in the land,
j and universally acquiesced in by tho people. It is
1 acknowledged by all lho laws which pertain to the
, within speci.ied limits', lhis is certainly no new
nrineinln. It is old as the first enactment zulh'omin;r
"licenses." Every such law has prohibited the sale ll0f a counterfeiter, search his premises, seize
within certain specified limits, and granted the right a,,d "s 3a,ld implement., and to impns-
only to a certain few, and this for la ful purposes on-1 n ,,e "l', hlis0 sent measures are abun
ly. More than this the law in question does not ,)r0. ! dantly justified by the evils resulting from tho business,
pose to do. It provides amply for tho salo for all ' But arc the evils result'infr from tho manufacture
needful purposes, and prohibits all the rest ; ttnd fur- 3 salo of cpirilous liquors, as great as those result
ther, it does not prohibit the use, but only the sale, i ing from smuggling goods ! Aro thoy as great as
The principle in its application to this subject has e- counterfeiter produces ? If so tho law is as im
bcen declared right and conformablo to tho Constilu-' portant, and should' furnish as great powers and pen
tion of the United States, by the highest jufficial au-1 ulties. What then is the fact ?
thority. In this all the judges of the Supreme Court : DoM il not seem like insullJn'g ycur understandings'
aro unanimous that, "If any Statu deems the retail ' to institute a comparison ? What ? comparo tho loss
and internal traffic in ardent spirits injurious to its of a 'itllo revenuo with the loss of thirty thousand
citizens, and calculated w produco idleness, vice,
or debauchery, there is nothing to prevent it frOm'jiro-
t.:l.. ;... )iMnWlip if it tl.inlVn nrnnrr.
,.,. ,.s .. ....-j,......, .. ........... ,
This principle is just and righteous. "Society has
a right to protect itself has a right to put a) Etop
to put Etop ttf
any evil. The right is inherent in the organization.'
It is always acted on. If it were not so, tho attempt
to organize civil society would bo a farce." ,Tho
enactment of laws, the aflTSing' of penalties to laws,
tho institution of courts, tho establishment of police
and military force, all proceed on tho principle that
society has the right to protect itself do as to securo
the ends of organization. And this fight clearly ex
tends to every thing where injury or wrong would bo
dono ; to everything that would affect tho good ffrdcr
of society, its safety, ils prosperity, its existence. It
is on this principle that society legislates against lot
orina flnniiist rrarn'inf. affainst cobnterfeitinrr lho nub-
ijc coin, against drunkenness, against poisonous or cor-
. , ft - o OI O o .
runted drugs, against any employment that in its na
turo lends to endanger tho public health, peace, or
Such legislation should always beaai'rtjfevil, nev
er for it, Society has no right to' protect evil by law.
, T,e law i, designed trt supp rqe.ril, tST
So a,s0 las no "ght to attcmjftl
m not mo provjneo ol Jaw-: to rc-.
ve cv'' ' lts purpose. Tbat.sncli allcmpls havq
lipxn tnl.L J...I..I . I.... .1.' ' I .'i .
i ui uuoku , uui me uuopuon ot cuch a
, Principle in legislation, ia tho extreme of aHurJiiyl
i ui mis cqmmiinily say, if the LegislatiirtSj
.framo laws on the principlj
lTXv5rt iA r . . i nst . ti rsSr
I . . . . - . . . . . - -- r."'.ii.c.aiw:uk. I'i U-
ulr"d cxccpnrl certain circumstances. iid -.iflfSR.
Pe'cd by a certain privileged fqw undqr proper
restrictions And on tho same principle (hat tho evil
""usuess was to oo so regulated by law as td
I nllnu hilt linn timtbn I' : .. ftj ' i."-
"ul ullu "uso 01 miamy in
town, licensed uni
mm its. absurdity appears. Admiln il.i., lt, .
al,d evil, and tjio law part do nothing rightfully but
i " " H .can do nothing rightfully but
sPPrcss it. And thvs is what is now doric in regard
, tu '""cries, and horse-racing, and gaming, and
and murder, and adultery, and polyaamy ; and why
should tint tho samp be done in relation,. to tho sale of
intoxicating liquors? which is, confessedly, product
ive of more evil than all these combined.
. Society has the right to abato nuisances, to prohib.
it property from being used so as to create them,, and
if need be, to destroy property when it is so used.
It is laid down by Kent in his Commentary on
American law, that "the government may by gencraj
regulation, interdict such uses of property as would
create nuisapces.- and become dangerous tn the lives,'
or health, or peace,, or comfort of jhe citizens; Un,3
wholcsomo trades, Blaug!itcr-housc3, operations pfien
sivo in the senses," (rumseljing, is surely all, these)
"the deposit of gunpowder, thebuildinfr with iombus-
til"e materials, and the. burial of tho. dead, may bo in-
subservient to the gcneralnterest,(lcommlnT5,'' "
It follows incnnlcstibly, from theso principles, .that
tho traffic in intoxicating liquors to bo used for drin;
being fraught with evil and danger at all times aW
i in all places, may of -right, and should in nil justice,
be entirety proluhited. . tKj.
p 3d. Wo come now to. the third principle whjch
embraces all that is peculiar to tho now Law tho
right to enforce prohibitory enactments by adequate.,
powers and penalties, the samo as provided in other
cases. The essential defect in the law now in force,
is, that it wants tho power and efficiency which aro
necessary, and such as aro granted by other statutes.
Tho law against, counterfeiting, for example,' gives
authority to search for counterfeit money, and tools
and implements ; it makes tho presence of thqso in
suspicious ciicumstanccs, prima facia evidenco ol"
guilt ; and jt authorizes the breaking up of counterfeit
ing cstablishmcntss by the seizure of all which belongs
to the unlawful trade. Without such authority tho
law would bo a nullify, and counterfeiting would bo
as common as rumselling. Suppose tho law against
counterfeiting modeled after tho pattern of the exist
ing law on the subject of temperance, giving authori
ty to apprehend and punish only such as are convicted
of making or passing their goods, and then only by a
finp of ten dollars ; and suppose the principle carried
, out, making thu counterfeiter's catablismcnt safo fi out
' search or seizure ; what would be the effect? A man'
I miplit be fined every day in tho year, and still find a
lucrative business. Such fines would bo rogardejl as
i a more, mockery of justiqo, so long as ho was protect
ed in tho undisturbed possession of his implements,
and enjoyed tho opportunity to manufacture as triuch
as bo pleases. It would hardly occur to him or to
any ono jn fact that such a law was really meant td
bo prohibitory; and all can seo that, practically, it
I never could bo prohibitory. Power, to search and
' seize and confiscate, is granted by tho law for thosim-
pie purpose of making it prohibitory, and because-'
these wcro deemed indispensiblo to ouch .a result.
But no suph power i3 granted by the "Liquor Law"
now in force. If a man i3 convicted of selling, he
can be fined ten dollars', but his establishment may not
bo touched, and when he has pajd his fine, he is all
furnished to proceed with (f's unlawfol business as be
fore. Now is it right that tho sanui power to scarph
and seize and confiscate bo granted by this law as by
the law against counterfeiting? The answer to this'
question must depend upon two things the import
ance of the laic and the necessity of such power to male
it effective. For, since tfio right to mako a prohibi
tory law on this subject is clearly established, it is.but
simplo justico to give it equal efficiency with other
laws of lilcn im'nnrljnr0.
i i! .i i . . . v;ir. .1 ' Ji..' '
" " "?n as imponan; 10 proiu.m me inaiiuiaciuro
I "7 w l? JUUS l"e importance 01 a law, is uy mo
! .v'1 " 13 adaPtcd to prevent, and tho benefit it is de-
""re- "V JS,a"?v-
jib uuuaniiia uu man a .110, uu. i. n caucus iiiu iuujju
m""- " ww fna,,, u, ever mo
I T. I. .1 P 1,.. ..ljf . ... .1
cunwu. ami, .M,v.
j arising from three hundred thousand living drunkards;
with all tho wretchedncM, and crime of every name,
, . . .1 I M1..,.
aim puveuy aim vuBr4iiuy uuuuv.-iu.iu iu msm.. un
18 " t-oilipansun. in 1MB juemie ui v.iu lanu, nuuiu
not tempt onq of us to suffer what a singlo drunkard
suffers. Th'o ium of thp evil defies computatten.
"There is no property that so certainly and so uni
formly work's evil in community, as that which is' em
ployed in tho manufacture and sale of intoxicating
drinks ; and all the capital on the faco of the earth,
invested in contraband goods, and c'oorrterfeitef's tools,
and damaged hides, and corrupted drugs, and tainted
butcher's meat", is not doing an appreciable quantity
of tho mischief that is done by tlio property which is
invested in this business." Measured by the evil tu
society which jtltis' taw is designed to reiiioro; and tho
good it ffioubi accomplish by removing; this evil, it
has no parallel in importance. And by what othor
standard Bhallwo measu.ro its importance? Not sure
ly by thef dtfg'ree of malice in him who" b'rojks it. "
He may be as free from malicious intent as ths'mug
glef , and yet tho evil bo as great, &KK 'call aa" loudly
for removal. It is the evil actually dono, which give