Newspaper Page Text
BRATTLEBORp, Vt, WEDNESDAY,' OCTOBER 12, 1853,
i'or Me Democrat.
HE SMIL13 UPON Tim niQUTi
Oil, thou who dostllfu's journey run,
In country or in town ;
Let truth thy inwnnl motto be. ',"
'And honfcsty thy crowur ' ''fj
In'busy trin'rt or closet lone: ' - V''.'",'','TLi
Let hope, thought, ndoration join.
ii mi universal iotc,
Anil faith's uueniug compass point
To endless joys abovo
And all our powcrsfbc ranged beneath
To win tho Immortal prize;
Then heaven shall not be far away,
Hut in our hearts arise.
Then He, who set those worlds on higti
That deck tho brow of night,
Will hold you in his own right hand
And Smilo tlpbrt tho right;
ft A. a.
Adventure of a Quaker Vessel.
TIlO nriliofnlo Unhold hv llm Sncinlv nf
hat armed violence should on no account ho employed
s usually regarded as totally unfit to bo acted upon
11 liracticil alfurs. Yet it is a doctrine to which wc
ilavo a. warm side, and wo thereforo havn brn mn.l,
pleased td lind t'hdt it Was. at least, on ,,.
acted ttpdn bdncliciallf. In the reign or Charles II.,
a Quaker merchant Vessel witli a master and tuato of
that persuasion, but manned by Ordinary persons-, was
returning from Venice, when it Was taken by a hand I
of Turkish pirates. To piirsuo a narrative, nndldd iti
Mr. Hunt's Indicator, from Scwell's History uf thd
Tho second night after,, the captain of thd Turks
and one of his company being gono to sleep in thd
cabin with tho master, tho mate whoso name was
Thomas Liirtinir persuaded ono to 1
and about aii hour'altor another in dno
at last, it raining very much, ho persuaded them all
to lio down and sleep ; and when they wero all asleep,
he, coming lo them, fairly got their arms into his
possession. This being done, ho told his men, "Now
wo have tho Turks at our command, 110 man shall hurt
any of them, for if ye do I will bo against thee ; but
this we will do, now they arc under deck wo will
keep them so, and go for Majorca." Now, having
ordered somo to keep the doors, they steered their
"courso for Majorca, and they had such a strong gale
that in tho morning they were near to it. Then ho
ordered his men. if any ollercd to como out. not to let
abovo only ono or two at a time ; and when ono camo
out, expecting to see his own country, ho was not a
Itttlo astonished, instead thereof, to sco Maiarca.
Then ho ordered his men : "Ho careful of the door,
for when he goes in, wo shall seo what they will do,
but havo a caro not to spill blood." The Turk being
gono down, and telling his comrades what ho had seen
and how they wore going to Majorca, thoy, instead
of rising, all fell a crying, for their courage was quite
sunk; and thoy begged that thoy might not ho sold.
This tho mate promised them, and said they should
not. And when he had appeased them, ho went into
tho cabin to the master, who know nothing of what
was dune, and gave him an account of the sudden
change, and how they had mastered tho Turks.
Which, when ho understood, ho told their captain,
"Thariho vcssenvajnow no moru liMiiutr-pooocooiu..
but in his again ; and that thoy wero going to Major
ca." At this unexpected news the captain wept, and
desired tho master not to sell him ; which ho promised
ho would not. Thcn-thoy told him, also, they would
niako a placo to hide them in, that tho Spaniards
coming aboard should not find them. And so they
did accordingly, al which the Turks wero very glad.
ltpliifr pnnm intn ibn nnrt nf Mninrp.l. llin mnMnr. with
four men, went on shore, leaving tho male on board ,
will, ton Turks. Tho mastor havinn- finished his bus-
incss. returned on board, not takinc license, lest tho
Spaniards should come and sec tho lurks; but auoth
cr English master, being an acquaintance, lying thcro
also with his ship, camo at night on board, and, after
somo disconrso, they told what they had done, under
promise of silence, lest the Spaniards should como
and takothem away, liul he broke his promise, and
would havo had two or three of tho Turks, to have
brought to England with him. His design then being
seen, his demand was denied ; and seeing ho could
not prevail, he told Paltison and his mate "That they
wero fools, becauso llicy would not sell tho Turks,
which wero each wortli two or thrco hundred pieces
of eight." Hut they told mm, " Ihat if they could
them that they must help, or tho Spaniards would
tako llicm. To litis tho Turks, as ono may easily
guess, wero very ready, and so they quickly got out
to sea: and thus the English, to tavc the Turks, put
themselves lo tho hazard of being overcomo again ;
for llicy continued hovering several days, becauso thoy
would not put into any port of Spain, for fear of los
ing iho Turks, to whom they gave liberty fdr a few
days, until they made an attempt to rise; which tlio
mato perceiving, ho prevented, without hurting any
of them, though ho onco laid hold of ono. Yet gen
erally, ho was so kind lo Ihein, that somo of his men
grumbled, and said "ho had much moro raro for tho
'lurks than for them." To which I
us answer was,
strangers, and thereforo ho must treat 1
At length, after, several occurrences,
. .... .. .. ..,-..'
tlio mute told the master "that ho thought it best to
go to the coast of Barbary, becauso they were then
likely to miss their men-of-war." To this tlio mas
ter consented. However to deceive the Turks, thoy
sailed to and fro for several days ; fur in the daytime
they were going to Algiers, but when tho night camo
they steered the contrary way, and went back again,
hy which means they kept the Turks in ignorance, so '
as to bo quiet. I
llut on tlio ninth day, being all upon ddck, When
liono of tho English wero thcro but tho master, his
mala, and tho tn-ju jit llm helm, they begon to bo SO
untoward and haughty, that it rose in tho mnto'o mind
lyififjailM I1' TliiillIHTTMiPllBii n
uc siavtxij -pwii. wm i , . 'i irv.
get many thousands, they would not sell them, for they , 1 urK.s- an" rtuueu.eu uiemscivcs huu.h oyimng.
1 1 i 1 .1 1 . 1 ll .1 l ' Tbn K inir hnnrinn- this, rairm witli his barrro In tbn . WlierO It liau last ueen seen, ill an
uopeu 10 semi ineiu uouio again ; anu 10 sen mem, , , V' " " : " "7... ..." , , .i,:,.,., Mr V.' A. MnKtrtiv of Snlnm. was iho first Slliuuuus oi irocuoio, ur cureeu wii i ioosu oi
the mate said, "ho would not have done for Iho w ho o , S'"P 8 51,J0t iulu '"""'"K lu coloring po in ma ,iaou, . - --- j . - - , - - - - , g)a t ul()SSom iikd tlic r0so, under tho caro of
' i i . i i . . .ti .i fit nnlnli n rr 1 1 lit rwo ni Inn nltilil Q H rnQ no it ttinwi tnln
island." Tlio other master then going ashore, told 110 "nnersioou trom mo mate s own mourn now me , --- - b-i-- - ---- , inuus,ry r t10 frc0 or shall jt be parchdd Wit
. . ... - . . i i i li ti..i l.:... tbn bosh a few &lens from him. A moment moro. S . . . : . .
tho Spaniards what bo know of Ibis, wlio tlicn throat- " "" 'I'1"'-'" "ul --t """ t . i . , ... . .. , , Jt. . . .', fevered foot ol tho slave, and drenched wit i tho i
cned lo take away the Turks. Hut Paltison and his '"'' 'a' ut '' Turks go free, ho said toho j anl no wl hstand.ng ,er a tdmptod ll.ght and rcs.s-. , (hcro ascenJ from
mnln WJnr, bonr.1 ,tlr.,l nnt ll,n Trl. nml tol.l master, " 1 Oil liaVO U0I10 1IK0 a 1001, lor you llllglll ....... -j .. ,1.cr;..;nrr ,n A lmirrl.lv find
"what if they should lay hold on the master, and cast i public (through tho London Tinies) of a now digging
liim overboard!" for they wero in all ten lusty men, ' machine. He writes : "A calm and rigid investiga
and ho but a littlo man. This thought struck him ' tion and computation have convinced ine that tho
with terror ; but recollection himself, ho stamped with
his foot, and tho men coining up, one asked for tho
crow and another lor tho axo, to fall on tho Turks,
but tho matobado them not, and said, "I will lay hold
on their captain ;" which ho did ; for having heard
them threaten the master, ho stepped forward and lay- I tho trial of implements at rny ' gathering,' I have re-1 Reputation ArTurt l)EATi,-r-It is" very singular free churches, frco labor and frco men, como rejoicing then como on to tho Stato of INew i ork and tako j tended, and this number ot victims still iurther in
ing hold of tho captain, said ho must go down, which coived from one of our North American colonies tho how the fact of a man's denth oftou seems Jo give in a frco Constitution and in tho hopo oJWncw in-' away a child, born on the soil nnd entitlod to its pro- creased. And do y ou know ihat you are tho men
lio did very quietly, and all iho rest followed him. model of a newly invented machine, which, by a hap-' people a truer ideafl" his character, whether for good heritanco of freedom, and wo will takewmlm ?"rr if, tection. llut you find that tho claim is urged serioos-. thoy pal?ulajo tipdn to help it on ! I.ot luso yu
Two days after, being como on tho coast of Barbary, 1 py and most simple combination of horso and steam . or evil, than .tlliavo ever nossessed wbilo ho was 1 vou Prefer not to como bo, como as a slaSTStato. and , ly, and tho man insists upon it. Here is the descrip- aro men, but becauso you are Democrat and MiigSj
they wero, according to what tho Turks said, about
lilty miles i
He then ;
irom Algiers, and six from land : and in for it not on y deeply, cheaply and effectually cull i- a fact.ithaiTiFexc udes falsehood, or betravs its emn. Constitution, let vour track bo marked with blood ol . clunory prescrioeu uy mo r ugiiive om.o ,ici, m.u . yuur uhouuum, Vuu.iu j our yieiuutt,, ,..
it fell calm. Hut how to set tho Turks ' vale and pulvorizo the soil, but at tho samo time sow lincss : it i 3 touchstone that nroves tho rrnld. and- the victims, and let the clankintr of slavo chains bo tho girl is described bo acuratcly that human ingonu-, impulses, ami forget tho God above you. 1 hopo
was not yet resolved upon. Tlio male saw iho seed and leave all in a finished condition, it will . dishonors tlio baser metals. Could tho denartrrf. 1 iha heiald of vour nnnroach. and New York will tako . ity cannot find tho least ditcre pancy. You then go thcro is a noblo future before us, antW know there is;,
;h that ho beintr tho man who had bctrun also, bv a simnlo inversion, cut and cather Iho corn whoever ho mav be. return in a wr-rd.- nfinr I.U ,U. ! vmuin iust as nuick. That is iust what Vou said. to somo learned man of tho law, somo of your poli- if tho people of tho Slate will act in the independ-
css, it would be his lot to brine it to an end. without any rake or other comnlication : while both cease, he would alranst mvariablv (inSTbYm nt n biolmr Thai was the nosition of New York, and there it ticians it may bo, and ask him, " Is this so! Is this . enco of their own manhood, in the light of their own
acquainted the master that he was willimr to ' in cultivation and harvesting its operation will bo con-! or lower point than .he-had formeriToccuuied. on tho ' stands and there it will stand forovor. and the slavo i tiie law ! Is my horso held by a tenure moro sacred i judgment, and under the responsibilities of their pwrt
Majorca yras luuabltctlhy Fpankvrds. Itinuous and without stoppage." I scale of tmblie appreciation, JlaivihornX;? shall be lashed, after his day of unpaid toil, lo his ! than my child ! lias humanity sunt; so Jow m Ijte I moral convictions: i.hnow now many oi jou ieni(
carry them on tdic-td ; but how lo do it safely, lio as
yet knew iibt cctlainly ; for to give them tho boat was
too dangerous, for then thoy might get men and arms,
and so conio and retrtlio tho shin with its own boat :
i A . ... , ?, " . :
and to carry them ashore wiih Irto 'or thieo of I ,o
W&K!!!lA.ri i LT'
luorOitcrt lit numbcrOnd lo nut ono ha fon s bora was
iL!ni?J-f!!arP.i..-Kt- i i . : -
nnrt so su
uio other ball. In this creat strait, tho main inld ibn
master, "if he would let 1,1m have the boat and threo
men to go with him, ho would venture .0 put them a -
in mis crrai sira i. no ma c to ul t iq
The master, relying perhaps on his
1 ' c 1 1 - - "
liiiiuiici, ronsenieii to me proposal, though not witliont
some tears dropped on both sides. Yet the tnalo tak
ing courage, said to tho master, "I believe tho Lord
Will preserve mo, for 1 have nothin
g hilt good-will ill
ventiirii.tr mv lifu : ami T bnvn . i., r
trie, but itust that all will do well." The- mate the, I " T 1 'Z ! ""t ' "S '?aSt !r,a:,,,,
called up the Turks, and going with two m n o I f' "P, "r"'' W,tk 1,a,tl an'! J1
h..v in tbn ,. ,.i, ;,. ft r M-...I. . I , t ' .Inward in Ins dealings w.lh nvc.y one. When his
and nnl nd. V,l ' ... m . . ... .
been more prudent to have tied tho Turks' hands, I ab, t0 aul 1,1 maMcrinp the arts of reading
'll0 "llidr bcBaued hd had made the men hromiso that nr"'" ; , n k 1 r ft? .
l'y should do titdhing to tllortt tiltlll t.c said, ''l.oLft, ?i l T r . T? .'r T'
could no more." for then he mm ll,HHt ilUi. m . fL0.. ."as crn.run"csscu' larofootcd, it
for their lives, sn as ll,uv i,,W,l r,,vnnio,,l " v..
since ho knew not how near he should bring tho Turks
, ashore, and whether thev should not have been ncces -
811a,c" 10 sw'm a little, it seemed not prudent to do
anything which might exasperate them ; for if it had
fallen out so that thev must havo swam, then nf.n nn.
bdssity they must havo been untied, which would havo
been dangerous. Yet tho mato did not omit to !m as
KiU Zfyty 1 ?r,r Ca"in.e !" Cap'ai? f!
thd 1 tltks, I d placed him first 111 the boat's stern, Ihdll
rnlt;..Vt ..K.IiL 1. ..IU-.I lj 1 ... i ... .
calling another hd placed hint ill his Ian. and 0110 on
lie in his cabin, J rac'' s'd?i a"l two more in thdir laps, until ho had
.... ..: tt 1; ....vVMW. r . .....
ing. jio mmsen &ai nun a uuat-liuok In Ins Hand on
tho bow of tho boat, having bdxt to liim ond of' tile
ship-men, and two that rowed, having one a cdrpen
ter's adze, and the other a cooper's heading-knife.
These wero all tho arms besides what belonged to thd
Turks which thoy had at their command. Thus the
boat cast oil' and stood for tho shore. When they
came near it, tho men growing afraid, one of them
cried out of asudden : "Lord havo mercy on us. there
aro Turks in tho bushes on shore!" Tho Turks in
the boat perceiving tho English to bo afraid, all rose
at once. Hut tho mato, who, in this great strait.
continued to bo hearty, showed himself to bo a man of
courage, and bid his men to take up such arms as thoy
liau, out to do nothing till ho gavo them leave. And
seeing that there were no men in tho bushes, and that
it was only an imagination, all fear was taken away
from him ; and his courage incrcasiiii? ho thought
with himself, it is better to strike a man than to clcavo I
- cj c
his head, and turning tlic .boat-hook in his hand, he
struck the captain a smart blow, and bid him sit down
which ho instantly did, and so did all tho rest. Af
ter tho boat was come so near the shoro that they co'd
easily wade, the mato mado the Turks jump out, and
because they sajd they wero about four milc3 from a
town, ho then gave them some loaves and other ne
cessaries. Thoy 'would fain have persuaded tho En
glish to go with them to a town, promising to treat
l.m .uiil, iviim nul other rood things, but the mate
was not so careless an freely lo enldr"nIo an appaieul
danger, without being necessitated thereto ; for tho'
he had somo thoughts that the Turks would not have
done him any evil, yet it was too hazardous thus to
have yielded to the mercy of those who lived there ;
and therefore ho vcrv nrudcntlv reiectcd their invila- i
- . . . .
lion. J. ho lurks, seeing llicy could not persuade
him, took their leave with signs of great kindness,
ailu 80 welU 011 ll0rc- 11,0 "gl'sh then putting
the boat closer in, threw them all their arms on shore,
uoinS unwilling lo keep anything of theirs
tlic Turks got up tho hill, they waved their caps dt
tho English, and so joyfully took their leave. And
when tho boat was come on board again, they had a
fair wind, which they had not all tho time tho Turks
were on board. Tims Thomas Lurting saved the
ship and its men ; which being thus wonderfully pre
served, returned to England with a propdnlus wind.
Now, before iho vessel arrived at London, tho
news of tliis extraordinary Caso was Como thither ;
and when she was coming up tho Thames, the King,
with the Duke of York and several lords, being at
Greenwich, it was told him. thcro was a Quaker's
ketch coming up the river that had been taken by the
havo had good gain for them ;" and to tho mate lio
said. "You should havo brought them to nlo." Hut
tliis skctcli of Nankin : "This city, which contains
more than half a million of inhabitants, has thrice tho
circumference of Paris; but amidst its deserted streets
aro found largo spaces turned up by tho plough, and
the grass grown upon Iho quays, to which a tripplo
line of shipping was formerly moored. It is situated
in an immense plain, turrowed by canals as numerous
as those which traverso tho human body. Its fertile
district is a net-work of rivulets and navigable water-
r ' .-. I. It 1 T.. . .
courses, inngcd witli willows ami uamuoos. tn me
provinco of Nankin grows tho yellowish cotton from
which is mado the cloth exported thenco in enormous
quanities ; lliero also is reaped tlio greater part of all
the rico consumed in tho empire. Tho Kiang-Nan,
or provinco of Nankin, is tho richest gem In the
diadem of the Son of Heaven. Nothing in old Europe
can givo au idea of its fruilfulncss neither tho plains
of Ucauco, nor those of I,ombardy, nor oven Flanders.
Twice a yoar its fields aro covered with crops, and
tltey yield fruit and vegetables uninterruptedly.1
Meciii, the Napoleon of Agriculture, Informs the
doom of the nlow. as an insiurment of culture, is
j sealed, and that the rotary forking, or, as it is wrong -
ly called, digging machines, is tho only profitable
1 cultivator. Even with six or eight horses it is cheap -
' or and infinitely more effective than iho plow, Since
plcdgo my agricultural reputation
the mate answered ; "I thought it bettor for them to mB n . sue repueu, i just stent on me ground, without of J ,0 God) how , ,, c,3nlc of' . ,aw al)0U't taW ,l0rseSi ,lul cchiilll; u bAn. ! cUlten8 of j,ew York : how lpng aro you willing id
bo in their own country." Chamber s Msccllany. anythmg to cmcr with. . was vy much ro- , f , , d ,,, wai bondsman, and . not be any m.ltd difiSiiult to tako a horse, ttian it is to ' occupy this position 1 Had God no higher purpose
rnn duccd and had a vacant look in her eyes, ror four - . . i -,,.,-,-,,, , . i .- t -
davs shohadbeen withontanvtliinctoeal Hi d d " P"yer of jho oppressed for judgment upon that take a girl, and ho thinks it will bo abundantly safo j in spreading out theso beautiful values, in piling mj
NaKKIH. A writer in DlaeUcood's Magazine, in thd i ' 5 . ni J , '..,.! l. fC nation which might have saved them from this accur- to describo tho hbrse just as ho did tlic dirl. lio ' theso hills, and pouring out tticso streams which for-.
r... ..:.i i. w.:-.. ifrn.j of peopIO asaombldd ds tho newsSprdad, at thd hlihsd, ....... r . -, r, , , , ,. , .. .TH....;..,.. r , . 1 .I.J.. . r.. r... .,. -r
Andrew Johnson, uho lias just been elected Gdv-
r .i . i. i.
i Vlt"' Afjiuivoaco lover uio most popular wing in
,l0 State, MaTor Henry, whosb nnito ical MlA nr
,,aldy to"nd ta ,hs f '"'?' Whdr gentleman. Mm
n..i.. ;. ... .-....... r,..
1 "''" " "i t-viiauiuiuurv' nian. inucco, llicro .181
ftiiuiruriiiiJii3KiiisiurV'ir' c nconrarrn mn nu. ihri f5,rVT.
'... i !uu .1. ... . :,r , . . - -.:
' .1 . ' ,. . J XL
' y ' , el " u two"
! Z l T !Z !! 1 !,
.t.. ii...! . r. .. . . .1
3ZTh ri , "T
ilcncoj an inmate 01 tiio alins-liouso of Wako County,
North Carolina, where ho remained until his eighth
vnnr when ho was n niirnn,!r.nil In n lu'ln. In l)nn;l.
1 tr:. ... :e 1... 1 ... (.,. .... i . .. '
! '""!lm " ''""-" ' " "g oven mo
! -Tl-emiceshlp was ,,p, Mr. Johnson married a woman
' !s. salu.-""". 113 '""'fu he p-meto by his side, and
i t"'E,i ," , , ,
1 , 'J , "' alr"101?
Assiduous labor at tho tailor's
end often years, in comfort-
ablo-circumslanccs, for his position in that region ;
and by that time, by dint of hard StUllv linrinn Itio
leisufo moments, lie had bomo to be actually a man of
considerable general information. JJeiiig a good talk
er on tho stump ho was sent consecutively for a term
or two lo both branches of the Leirisl.it
honc ho was t
.i..p(. nf , ,,ri U
III U1U Ull
Mr. Jtinnsoii is not mord than forty-seven years of
ago ai mis time, Having seen as much of public ser
vice as almost any other man of Ii is age, notwith
standing thd Iridic and drawbacks by which his early
years wore surrounded. Miluatikc Wisconsin:
Searching for a lost Child.
The Mount Pleasant (Iowa) papers give long ac
counts of a search for a lost child which recently "iodic
oi vicinuy. ii is stated that durinir
mccting in Salem, word was brought that a child of!
iwr anu :urs JJeach, who live two miles smith of
Hillsborough, and seven miles southwest of Salem,
in Leo county, hail been lost the evening before, and
a"d was then missing. "Tho child must bo looked
after," was tho ready response of every one. and fortl
with forty or fifty persons wore ready for the search,
and on the way to Mr Ueach's. There thoy learned
that ono hundred persons had been out all day in an'
ineffectual search. Arrangements were mado fur nn
early commencement of the hunt next morning : and i
long uoloro day, tho tolling of tho Seminary bell i
wurncu uio penpio ot meir duty lo their neigbors in
cur if in.. -11 ..'
Ba.1?!PJlss eyes that njijhtand.
tho alert. Tho girl was about fio years old, &,ith
a twin brother and another child, had gone lo a neigh
bor's house on Friday afternoon. On their return
and when within a quarter of a mile of homo, and
' ... . . . , . .
'l'n "'ty "ops ot a neighbor's House, silo was oh-1
p 1 m 1 1 . .-. ,
while her companions went lioiiiojaml reported that
sho would bo along 6oon. That Was tho last seen
of her. On Sunday, as wc staled, Iho general searcli
was commenced, A lino was formed with men but
ten feet apart, alid woodland add prairie searched by
moro than five hundred men, but not a tiaco of the
lost ono could bo found.
Hut thev did not dpsmir -
uui uu.y inu nul iiLap.ur,
thoy resolved to continuo the search on Monday mor
ning with increased numbers.
Monday came, and the Country fur miles arrdund
was hunted over, and stll without success. Again
llicy resolved to devotd themselves to tho work next
day. Tuesday found these good neighbors again at
their task. A hollow squaro was formed, fruni fiVd
or six miles in diameter, making Mr Beach's houso
tho centre of the squard, and up lo twelvo o'clock
thcro was no tidings of the lost one
o. IJut then when '
x'actly opposite front '
Doing asked how sho slept at
and the feeling and oxcitemeut was intense to see tlio
lost one who had been thus providentially restored to
her parents. Itov Joseph Cooper returned thanks to
tho multitudo for thoir great kindness, and thoy then
Tit foii Tat. Lord John Russell, in tho dcbald
of tlio Turkish questidri. related the following anec-
.liifn .Tanlnc. ia Soi.nnii .viin,, li.L-r. nf V.rtr nrl-
rvjscu' j ;8 brother to take better care df his lifo. aifd
S. "i " I 7 "r1"1-"' cre wa3 aii nillicolly, & that was what government them go." -f o'o,r anu Jienry ujay
llell fatates. where ho served &v vnara. Li...i. i. ... .i . .. . b : '. .1 b ; . : .. : i taw t in i Av (v bpn , tm,'. ...i.i i
A 1 nr.. I . .. - Olimjlll IK L'puil IU UIU lOtritOriCS WC l)03SCSSe( . added &aVS t 10 MOU 1. " 1 mrn IB I ,al idil fnel. nn,t ,1,1.. I . - -J " "-J nici UIIU uoo
Z : : ' 1 T'Z :r5, , ,S."?! 138 r".' ,S,,n5U,Sh.Cd '" from Mexico. I m 0, aware. I calicf.he writ of ilaheas Corvus. It is an M , I ,ll0.?Cnalu al Washington, and havo said anyihi
ttuniw: an do ., m r, ; ; : z : . lz . rty t m, except !,,. i " imitnTz
untiol it lemslntnr m) w i , p k mat wasin important question ; perhaps a little moro our fathers and great grand-fathers brought from Eng-1 I , . ., , "as 80 rmicu,'
Staled ' Cn&rCS3 f I'"" s'.-'!- -l- H . and .? people always had a supers,!- 3' ' J ' f
I ...U .Tut. .UM.1U ..vu. w I'u.f. ... 1.U.I.1 . 11I1.1U OIIU
l.rt ...ou t.ii.i.,1 nan n hnn ..T u..l.. h- .AJA wr -e- o -- tf"J
I nasscd the niflit.
passed the night.
not go in so unguarded a manner about thd streets. rcsentatton ol the gdtetnment ol tho United States
Charles replied, "Why my brother, I have always ! than I see beforo mo this very minute, here I mean
a most excellent guard over my lifo, for I don't think 1 Vou: emphatically I mean tlio Stale sf New York,
that anybody Would kill me in order that you should i Tl''3 was il,e" los" t0 scllI : what sor f
succeed " TA laugh 1 I believe that the Christian ' government shall these pcoplo have, and what insti-
subjects' of tho Porto would not rejoido td see tho 1 lutioiis shall they live under! You knew what frco-
power of tho Sultan overthrown in order thut tlio u0" was, fdr you lived under it, and ybu know what
Russian power should tako its place. Hear, hear. I slavy was J'0" discarded it. If you could only
Mr Munlz said that Uio npbld lord having related an l""'o been worked up ono single point abovo the point
anecdote of Charles II, ho would himself refer to that uf indifference, ail would havo been, welt enough.
..L , ,. Vt wi... .i..7v...l,1Ii.i.,,ii! New York, when slid cdmo to sneak noon
ccicoraieu iiiuiiarcu. liwaugniur. I ti iicii uiu uuicii i , . - . . r , ... . ).' , . , ii : ; , r ,i-
ambassador mado to Charles somo very nhjeclionablo , subject through her constituted organs, sdys i this I friends, the hUrto is safo, thanks to tho integrity ofi has become intolerable, rises up in tho energy of des
ptoposillon, tho -King replied, "God bless mo. you "sowcthiug of a question, but it is not a question of the law, and ho shall continue lo bp your servant to pntisra to make one. more eilort for freedom, are yoil
never mado such i ntonsition lo Oliver Cromwell."
ao said tho ambassador vou aro a verv diflerent
man from Oliver Cromwell." If this r-rLtrv hid
..i. ..,.. . m:... n......n ... -f...,.i
' ,avo iad a very different minister and a very different
1 govorment-md Russia never would havo marched into
! the HanuWan provinces
i Itvinr andioct ncrlamonir them. Death is t,o rrcnuino 1 when vou como to swear lidclity Ui&your.couniry s
At & Hasslecting in Syracuse, Aug. 31, 1853.
' lAfyfrip&itmJ fellow ti tnm .I confess to you
that mv tWn.hcart Ima bo On fen nnlirnlir : 1 I
- J T " -iiiiij i;uiriuu along
by the remarks .of our eloquent friend fMr C.
ism! V.ill itinl T r.ml ..J.
going n.cr around Which ho h nVr'i.,iiu,l i.
ft i'"" 1 "'f "' ou wi" l"b ; I
liii, ihofaal. perhaps I mav
! W to. 'Won, with
which lis lias ilil already favored yon.
110 nas spojen about the great measures of tho
Compromise. Iwish to call your thoiinhts a mnmnnt
to tho consideralon of what that was. Tn be a lillo
literal about it, : is .1 word found in the English dic
tionaries, with r tolerably intclligihlo definition, and'
it means, in con non parlance, when twn h.ivn a rrn
trovcrsy Or difiiiilty which they cannol exactly sco
hhi.. .Ii .1.1 .1 . I .
...... .u t-t:. in.-, ,im uiuy su uown ingeiiicr and each
ffivcs a little amlfi?ri a little, and so by vieldinir on
both sides tlic dil renco is adjusted. That is, or used
to bo, a comprbllV. Whenever parties, political or
national, havo h; 1 a misiindorstaudiiig & determine to
Como to a settlei ;nt, that course has noi unrrequently
been adopted. ,"ow it so happened Jhat tub groat
powers 1 do m mean that either tho gnat power
and the little pc vcr, the slave power and the free
had a dillicully, md they Concluded! following illus
trinus examples to eotllo it by compromise. Well,
you reprpscnl tl)) frco Slates. ;i'he slave power, you
itnnw now mat, is represented. And what Was the
question lo bo rompromised ! Why, up ttt 1818 I did
not know thanbero was but ono question about which
lancb may be tstinldted by looking dt tho size and ex
tent of the territory. How largo Ud3 it? Perhaps
yon may fancy, about as largo as ibis State of New
York. This Stale has about forty thousand square
Ihjles. Tlib did thirteen Stales which declared them
selves independent bT the crown of brc'at iJrilaiu and
put ihat declaration upon tin. fearful i;,sue of battle,
t'dmpriscd about three hundred thousand snuaro miles.
ttr.ll . t. ! . ; ... . .'
cn, una lorrnory which was awaiting govern
Iticnt at your Hands; thai hv without ant- rirrdnivod
goveriimcnl and was beseeching you for it, comprised
j. ...'.--.. i i. , . .- . .. . . .
rirtc "'W"i tiiHrlff-VioiMoilf square miles; only
six times the size of tho original thirteen States, and
only forty times the size of tho little State or New
York! Six nations, (nut such "Six Nations", as
you havo been in tho habit of hearing about iii Now
York) but six nations as largo as tho Whole United
States could bo carved out of it, and they wanted a
government. What government shall thoy havo?
And that question was to bo decided by the pcoplo of
the free States. Tho slavo States exnressed thoir
sentiments, and the frco States had a vast majority in
"10 l'nl""ai' branch ot Congress, and tho question
what government that territory should have, was with
them. Tlio question was narrowed down to a single
point. All agreed that it should bo a republican gov-
lo memVbiit lfo question was, shall if bda Ireo gov-
crnment 1 Shall it bo a government like that of Now j
York, or of New England, shall it bo a government
where tho laborer shall cat tho fruit of his own in-
i -i i . !. .
uiihirviiiiii iTiiitivmit ri!ii:irn .11 s lwn im ivimrj.
... . ,..',
uiu uuiiuiim, u, uio iuuitijuu cuvonui 1 si uu oo nre-
served, and where the children shall ho entitled to tho
protection or tho paternal afiection and control ? Shall
it bo a government where iho laborer, when tho labors '
of the day aro over, shall go to his huinblo house and
sit down lo look around upon iho wife of his bosom, i
and tho children of his love, thanking God for tho
J - . .1.- -.-..- ( -f .!.! -n ... .
Jy"" - iii "i priceless ooon oi uieir aucciioii !
., ,.. ,,,. ., . .,
v. o...... .., .M. iuu ...H... nai.u, ui, .. j.invu ..nuiu nun,
formed in tho imago of God, and redeemed by tho
Everlasting Son of God. 6he! lie degraded below tho ,
brutes that perish, and bo sold on tho auction block 1
nice a tiling ot merchandize ! 1 hat uaa the question '
proposed to tho peojilo br NeW York. And it was
nM a question to be decided for to-day, fdr tu-mnrrow,
for this jedr br the ncxtj for tile titesdnt gclibratinn,
or for uncounted generations; but it wad a question
wliell,er " s'lllll'd bo for ever, away down as far as
fnim CM SCG' or 1,(),e ca" Pr0P,,cay whether the
cmin? ages of all future should be blessed with in-
the multiplied blessings which wait in tlio train of
tion which tho pcoplo of New York had to settle.
sen oi, UU1 uiu uui t Lvpiuiiubu.j jiiiui tas uiu tjuus iiuiiKS u a. goou lucu, ueriuiiuy, ll I can gei iuu t,iii;t; juui iil-iu, man iu nb tuu ,auu nu tuo uuuut; ui
We hear it said that tho government did this and these papers lo New York. Ho finds tho horso first, Is there no higher destiny for you ! Aro you con
that. Where is tho government! Havo any of ydu and lio goes up lo tho person having him in poscssion, lent that New York shall bo the great wbrk-sbbp id
over seen the government of the United States 1 Do and fctys, "I'll tako that horso. 1 havo tho record j which shall bo manufactured iho chains and the man
j'Oil know where this government lives! Laughter. . Imro all made out exactly according to law, iho Fu-, acles whicll shall bind unborn gcrieratitins in hopeless
" O, yes," says One, " I know." "Where!" " In gitivo Slavo LaW." Hut tho man is not disposed to slavery and degradation forever ! Does ho higher as
Washington." Tho last placo on earth to find tho 1 givo up the horso quite so readily, Ho says " that piration warm your breast than ihdt you and your
gordrnment. Laughter. No, my friends, 1 havo nev- is not tho fashion of taking horf.es hero in New York, j children's children aftdr you shall havo no' notilcr yd:
dt scdn, and I never expect to seo a moro living rep- You must havo a trial of tho litle hy jury, or you cation than to hunt the footsteps of tlio slavo ds ho.
moiWnt enoirgn lor us w oxpenu our iiivuguu upon,
Yon said, by tho
' anu r,u nm uiuu.ciwh. miU j .....
' otcs you gttvo, that the State to bo framed out of
' ihu territory mirht have slavery dr not as thev Pleas -
cuf and ,hat 'ou Woro indifferent about it. No, it
was nut exactly indifference. Yoo ralhpr hinted that
'it would bo better that thoy should, como in tith slavo -
I ry. You said como with free States, free schools,
stand upon tho record, and as long a's ho history f -'V T "J. t0 SIz ,,er for 11,0 vi,csl Pur"
this gpvcrnifienl W mt law Your political friend ldnk
New York will stand in this po E u p life & IVb,'', ,fc a?1.
of ..tl,o,rm,ntry-,s .hisiory. You gave n tl o wholo ' t T'" T'"5 mCt1 hf t,,0'Jj!iiiil P"1 ,llclr'
you had some prejudices, but you conquered themSE
You had somelhinp which you thonghl was principle, " Vn' talk to i , V 1 r ,"0,,, f J' M
but von were mistaken. ' . . Uon.t lal..l mo al nul sunl' 0 V,um as that. If
yon wero mistaken.
Well, having had tho controversy, and havinir oi
en up tho whole, ono would siinposo that Would have
I .1 1 .. ...
isfied. Two paWs claim an sZ 7 hi
of land, and nho gives ui every inch of it lb thd oth-1 11, Z . 7 ' er?coo " e it at home,
or. and is there anvthiL lit W &to JVV,lry.0mr!, ''ould let her bosom throb a'
Soulh is not ycl satislied.
. . -i. . " . i r.
ing mood .ami ihoy ask something more. You cavo
- yj ..fuhu jhu III a t;,V-
iiiem.np uio i,euu,uuu snuaro miles tor slave nastnrp.
and thoy said to you " this is a largo country and wc
"j """ j"" " i.ii luiimry aim wc
shall find it very haid to keep our slaves on it anil
... r.-.-i ... , . '. !
you must give us a new fugitive slate law
bv wh e
wo ran retake them
more eaSily xheii tlid'y ttlii iivay."
ew York, " Ihat is reasonable, I
"Well," says Ne
think yoH ought lohavc that." Laughter.! And vou
sal down and mado tho new
low Fugilive Slave law. -
"Give up the right or trial
What next do they ask!
ly jury." New York is sober about that
tious reverence for it." " No mailer," says tho i
South, " it is a had thing in catching slaves. Givo '
it up. It i3 a compromise, you know." Anil so 1
you gave up the trial by jury, and iho right of tlic ,
habeas corpus. " Is thorp a'nything else?" say you, i a
h j . . , . . . .r ..
for wo do not seem to havo anv thinir elso to fr vo."
Laughter. "O yes," says thd South, " you know
wo must havo amonrrsl us those who makn It .bnir
, v. , . , , : . ; ,
iiosiouss io cnicu runaway slaves, anu who carry on
. their business to perfection. Thev havo blood hounds
to cdtch.slavcs at so much a day. Now these hounds
arc good around a plantation, and serve iho purpose
very well, but it is difficult til take them far from i
homo. Wo can't take blood hounds front MississijSpl
to New York." "And what do you propose to do
about it f " says New York. "OiUy tl)iit ycil rijen
of Now York shaii bo the. biood iipnnds for us thai
is ail. Great laughter. You must agrco whenever
called upon, no matter what you aro about, to give
Tfnr nnti. j
plo have somo long standing prejudices upon that sub-1 1,L"r V . T ""-as stand, tho idea that
ieet. But you must give them up." Very UclL I "l, -f? T l.hCSla,cs. vas in any danger; is thd
ettliemrfo: fiefs ser this ik A mn,i,rAs,J .lu' 'PoS "difculoua, Ayebstor and Clay riro both now
it t) -New York wouhi not give them up, unless it ! , , dn" ,U""d- Vui 1 il 1 "vii
nU A is.. ,.V , . , licart, and if thcro is one particle of truth in ii. I ,1,1
....o u. ....iiiiiiunusu uui ii ia a uuiniKumiso, anu ei ... i..i: . -n . ... -i ... '
, ...... ... n "w ...IU tlilUllt.3 Ullllb lilt aizua WHO UIU UIOOL
up your employment and join in the pursuit." , Says 1 , , .- c I. .u,uul
tn.t,.-- i uTi-i ..i- i r ., . - rrj i I a'"' tears oi iho victims of oppression. Tho strug
Now ork, I did not think of this at first. fLaugh- r , . t
iew ork, " I did not think of this at first. Laugh-
tor. Hut T guess wo can give that up too, and put it
into tho law." So all good citizens aro commanded
to aid in tho prompt execution of this law. Now
J'0" begin to think the South has grit through. No!
What then ? " Why, you must inako.fid.eJiiy,inJuivi
or"gnoir-rcmir...r.ul'VK- " JMu-LuJa n church-
cs. Every man uho wants to maintain hia standing
in the party or in tho church, and be respected by all
SonI citizens, must swear by tho lugittvo slave law
ii umi i v...h t ...; :i in rt ..i.
..ull. c, 10 4,i.. xwit, 1 . 11 tv ... 1 jatii: 11
illGS0 arc the things which you havo done, and
how does it opeiate? Suppose a man in tho slavo
States has lost a slavo, and let mo soppose that slavo
is a white girl. U yes, you say, " suppose a caso
which has no existence." Not so. I havescen girl
s'avC3 as wluto as any child in tins, houso, and you
mII enn ..-Itn.. tl.rtl. -wl .! Id tlin... tlio n.lpn.l!.nmfli.l
u ill sav that ' tlinv will iinderlakrt III nasn for u-tiiln.
j -------- -- , --,
a"11 unlcss examined very criueauy, mey win occelvo
if 't wero possiblo thd Very elect." Laughter.
Well, let irio supposo that orio of thesd fclaVcs es -
canes, and to carry tho cdse alumr lo show the coh-
' irast, supposd a horso has gono off with it. Tho
' owner of .theso two picdos of merchandise finds out
that llicy have made tlieir way out hero into Onondaca
' county. The owner wants to set in operation a sys.-
tcm of measures by which ho may rctako them legal -
. ly. He gne5 the Commissioner, and this Com -
missioncr reads iii him tho law it is a very plain
law. lio gels a description of tho shvo, accurately
: describing tho ace, color, hair, m'drks. how many
teeth knocked out, how many toes and fntgers, cut oft",
etc. With this record authenticated just as the fugi
tive slave law requires, ho prepares a power of Attor
ney lor tils agent, or goes lamsell. tviicn tlio papers
aro prepared, ho says, " Squire, I have lost a l!ord;
girl, I can tho horso also." Well, he goes witli
cannot have bun." hays tho slaveholder, "Is that ,
so 1" Ho begins lo find that it is so, and that he can' '
1 not lake a horso out of New York upon such papers ,
, a that. No, no ! Now York, in tho jjlonlitudo of
her power, dignity and regard for tlio saerotHriftliis of.
property, protects horses, dnd throws' rund them
tho shield of tho trial by jury ; and nu horso can bo j
severed from tho husbandman's plow, or taken frdifi
tho harvest field, except upon a trial by Court and
Jury. God bless Now tdtk for the caro with which j
sho nrotccts her horses. fLauchler.! Well, mv
uo your wuni jus. ua . , y.v.
I Thai beinfr disposed Of, he takes from his pocket
. ., ..- . - ,
another bundle of papers and sdys, " 1 cdn tako the
' eirl at any lale." Now you feel abundantly strong,
as you havo saved tho horse, you laogh at the very
idea that a man can tako A witncss-God only knows
! who carry hiin before somebody called a magistrato
God only knnWs whero and fix up his papers, and
tion, here tho record, and hero all the infernal ina-
, there is a Union which protects the horsu, but gives
j up a human beiligir it is such a Union as that you
'0 saved, let me tell you it was not worth saVinir." Ap-
! ... . e ' -arm
IHIIU lOO OIllCK'ir. VOII tlinv ttlinl.-n (l.n
tie platform oflho
two ureal parties." rLaimhmr 1
. t 0 j
Well now, rny friends, hero you havo the Compro
mise. It is casy to go through it and tell what
I . . i . - " . - "
f . ', , lno . T lork lHticion. of si.me
school or other, to tol no that. tvr innl wi j
' 80,1001 or.ot,,,er'., to11 md what.ive tool
, lll0re 8i''en up .fur. tliis tremendous febni
p,loi;tliis trcmenddlis boncoSsioh whicll
S3 made ?
My friends, 1 havo heard th.1t ouestioii
1 . ' ''''v' ""i nave never iicaro an answer, ox-
' 5.pt ."'."i ;VC ,,0"k,,I, 1niwnal ntcmPi r oxer
' " Tmn 'jiro"R'")ut all time. Well, sirj
ijui tu tuu uiiiuii. yj nu ma
as not fit to frighten children to bed iviih.
Now tho parties havo laid aside all other issuna i'
their fidelity. and rlllpgiitn'ce tb thio, find wcaretn slop'..
agitation. Why do they not go and tell
io -winds ot.-
icavcii not to stir tho mountain
pines,? ig3j'Iiy not go
to covJvTand be Btillj
o foaming torrcniatid
al,u n o waves ot mo ocean
.... . .. ....
, ...ii ., .
IZZT I i i. ' , "V.
I !C" 11 ' ,r"iack aml .r.n" u? mountain sf'de id
They would stand a better chance of hn.
on :. . , .. i :
I ' V . LU " . " W,,e" lu" a K''rist.an pcoplo to
1 1 . "urK'lnff wavM "." ''their breasts:
io, it cannot bo done. Ihisrasn ,e bpfnrn fl.n
try and before tho world, and Mil g-t ciu Tho pur
poses bf,.!ihc brtncvolenco will bo accomplished;
and it will make a great dillerence with us when thd
question is whether wo dro fighting with God tit'
Tho question is reaching a'cros3 tho ocean; it is
StihlnJi tho nations of tho Old World, and tottering
tho crowni dnd thrones built for ages with the blood
y ,,caris of frc(J,
j ,0 01J World. T
inary anj tiCY
Fen(i,l,n!r nrivnr ,,
gling hearts of freemen aro marshaling themselves iii
liey aro marshaling themselves in
turn imploring eyes to us. thev
end their prayers to us, and ask us, for what? .For
ono word gr.vmuatliv-aml-g4i?m'" uflHrra
sors know, that thoy have the sympathy of our hearts
if nothing cjeo. Tlioy neU that wlieti they harness
themselves for tho fight, and put on iho armor ot lib
erty, and go out " to do or die," that thoy may bo
annimatcd on tho battle-field with iho thought that
our sympathy and our prayers, if nothing more, aro
with them. I3ut they did not get oven that. Our
government was as silent 'as tho republicans of thd
Old World who havo slept for centuries beneath tho
sod of tho valley. Wo stood in tliis great struggle
liko dumb dogs, witli eyes closed and lips sealed, and
' wo jare not 8enj oneiIloto 0f sympathy to the strng-
t:n rr!e,ids of liberty in tho Old World, lp'sl ii
. . ..... .. . . f
migtil cun)o echoing bacli n some Slavo but upon our
c..i i.-t - -Ur . i .i ... it..
j ouuuiuri, uuruurs. n u uii Know mai mis was mo
reason why wo were fdlsc to our mission in that groat
hour of peril to tho cause of liberty, and it is now
' openly proclaimed that if iho effort shall bo mado by
those havine tho richt and tho power lo make it. to
' strike off the chains of tho oppressor in tho island ojT
, Cuba if lljcre beams from Heaven a hopo of ihat
' vision that dat ncd upon tlio hour of our crucified Sa-
vigr, when he saw the travail of It 13 soul, and said;
, " It is finished " if that visidli
; ipd in the island of Cuba, wo
tile United States stands pledget
it is auoui to do real-
arc told, I say, thai
iledgcd to throw your freo
, bodies and your immortal souls, as living bulwarks
i around tho institution of slavery in Cuba, and say. td
tho Most Ilich, " Not yet shall tho mission of a Sa
vior's lovo bo accomplished upbn cfirth, if wc cait
prevent it." , .
That is ilid nh'silinii Wo occupy to-night beforo lluj
nations of the old world, in regard to liberty and
I ..f T.. . 1
men pledged to such an infamous purpo.so as this?
makes ills way across ,j,now iorK, iro.m mo nouse oi
bondage, guided only by tho North Star, that great
beacon that lights alike the, paths of tho slavo and tlio
sailor in their wanderings!
Let me ask tlio freemeri bf New lork : Aro yoil
willing Ihat your children whom you aro nurturing
and raising up to manhood slltiuld look forward to nd
higher destiny thdn to occopy tho places of blood
hounds which hunt tlio slavo on his way to liberty !
When tho hearts of tho brave in iho old World, having
Uorno tho Uriprcssions of despotism until Iho burden
willing that thoy should find you O'u tho eido of their
oppressors! 1 heso are questions which may bo ask-
ed to-day, but tho answer is in tho futUrd,, llut bo
assured that it is ncf picture of the imagination.-
There dfo threo millions of slaves, and the energies
of the Federal Government, to-night, are devoted not
, to ameliorating their condition, but to devising means'
by, which the area of slavery may bo still further ex-
. and they trust that in thoso characters you will forget