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The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, November 21, 1912, Image 2

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MtTMlONAL
StMSOHOL
s LE5S0N
(By B. O, SELLERS, Director of Eve-
nlntc Department Tho Moody Blblo In
stitute of Chicago.)
LESSON FOR NOVEMBER 24
It Peruna a Laxative?
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I am in re
ceipt of a letter
from a median
ic who is at tha
hoad of a pros
perous house
hold. Peruna
has been used
in his family
for a good
many years. Ho
writes sb fol
lows: "Ab you know,
wo have used
Peruna in our
homo for a num
ber of years.
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HANKSQIVINO day as It
U now celebrated Is a
composite of the ancient
Harvest festival, whoso
orlglnB go back to the
dim pro-historic begin
nings of civilization, and
of the solemn Puritan
rellglouB ccromony of
thanksKlvlne. Tim Inv-
ouh celebration of the gathering of tho
year's harvest, a day or week of feast
ing, song, danco and revel, 1b found
In all ages and among all peoples.
Thanksgiving days are also common
to all religions, paBt and present, but
thoy wore uot regular or periodical
events occurring generally after
some victory of war. "Tho Puritans
and the Pilgrims brought with them
from Kngland both tho Harvest festi
val and the Thanksgiving, days, tho
lattar bolng observed whenever tho
deeply religious mind of tho Puritan
aw In their prosperity or good for
tuno tho direct intervention of Provi
dence Tho Puritan also stripped tho
ancient Harvest festival of much of its
rude Uconso that had grown up around
the oolobratlon In England, and grad
ually through the two centuries fol
lowing tho Botlemont of New England,
there grew up tho practlco of combin
ing tho two events and making tho
Thankglving annual. Tho religious
element has been greatly subordinated
M tho years passed until at tho pres
ent time it is to a majority of Ameri
cans only an Incident that by many Is
observed only In tho breach.
To tho stern old Purltnn.of almost
three centuries ago, tho Thanksgiving
day of 1912 would seem Uttlo less than
sacrilege so far as tho thlnksglving
feature of it Is concerned. Dut he
would understand and appreciate tho
day's feasting and revel as a part of
the celebration of tho Harvest festl
tbI. The difference is apparent in tho
records of tho early settlement ot
America. The flMt thanksgiving serv
ice hold In North America was ob
served with religious ceremonies con
ducted by an English minister in the
year 1578 on the shores of Newfound
land. This clergyman, accompanied
the expedition undor Froblsher, who
settled the first English colony in
America. The records of this signifi
cant day have been preserved in tho
quaint rules and regulations of the ex
pedition as follows: .
"In primus: To banish swearing,
dlco and card playing, and filthy com
munication, and to Bervo God twice a
day with the ordinary sorvlco of tho
Church of England. On Monday morn
ing, May 27, 1578, aboard tho Ayde,
wo received all, tho communication by
tho minister of Gravcscnd, prepared
m good Christians toward God, and
resolute inon for all fortunes; . . .
and MaUter Wolfall made unto us a
goodlyo sermon, exhorting all espe
cially to be thankful to God for Ills
Btrango and marvelous deliverance In
thoso dangerous places."
The second record of a thanksgiving
sorvlco In America 1b that of tho Pop
ham colony which Bottled at Sngada
lioo on tho Maino coast In 1G07. It
consisted of prayer and sermon as In
tho first Instance. Theso wore thanks
giving days puro nnd simple, nnd after
tho BOttlement ot Plymouth many oth
ers of a similarly solemn religious na
ture occurred.
Tho first Harvest festival hold In
America was upon December 13, 1621.
It has been called, wrongly, the first
autumnal thanksgiving held In Amer
ica, but it waa in reality tho observ
ance of the Harvest festival, with
which the Bottlers had been acquaint
ed in England. It was not a day sot
apart for religious worship and it Is
not likely that any religious service
was held; on the contrary, It was the
beginning of a whole week of festiv
ity in celebration ot the successful
garnering of their first harvest 1b
their new home. Qalntly does
"Mourt'a Relation" chronicle the
event:
"Our harvest being gotten in, our
Governour Bent fouro men on fowling,
that so wo might after a more speclall
manner rojoyco together, after we had
gathered the fruit of our labours:
they fouro In ono day killed as much
fowlc, as with a Uttlo helpo beside,
rcrved tho Company nlmost a wceko,
at which tlmo amongst other Recrea
tions, wo exercised our Armes, many
of tho Indians coming amongst us,
and amongst tho rest their greatest
King Massasoyt, with some nlnetie
men, whom for three dayes we enter
tained and feasted, and they wont out
and killed Dcero, which thoy brought
to the plantation nnd bestowed upon
tho Captalno, and others. And al
though it bo not alwayes so plentiful,
as it was at this tlmo with us, yet
by tho goodncsso of God, we are so
farre from want, that wo often wish
you partakers of our plentio."
While the bill of fare of this first
American celebration of tho Harvest
festival has not been preserved tho
feast was no doubt a royal one oven
If some of tho food and tho methods
of preparation would seem strange
nnd outlandish to present day Amer
icans. Tho provisions must have been
bountiful for thero wero about 140
persons Including tho 90 of Mas
sasolt's company who were enter
tained for thrco days, and all had
tholr sharo of supplies. From other
Eourcea wo know that tho foods of
the sea wero abundant nnd that tho
Pilgrims had mado tho acquaintance
of tho oyster. Ducks thoy had In
plenty of tho choicest species and also
geese. Game, from grouse to veni
son, was brought in from tho forest
in abundance, and there was a "great
Btoro" of wild turkoys. Barley loaf
and cakes of corn meal wero highly
THANKSGIVING
By AMELIA E. BARR.
"Have you cut tho wheat in the blowing fields,
Tho barley, the oats, and tho ryo,
Tho golden corn and tho pearly rice?
For the winter days are nigh."
"Wo have reaped them all from shore to shore, '
And tho grain Is safo on tho threshing floor."
"Havo you gathered tho borrles from tho vino,
And the fruit from tho orchard trees?
Tho dew and tho scent from tho roses and thyme,
In tho hive of tho honoy bees?"
"The peach and tho plum and tho npplo nro ours,
And tho honeycomb fiom tho scented flowers."
"Tho wealth of tho snowy cotton field
And tho gift of tbo sugar cano,
Tho savory herb nnd tho nourishing root
Thero has nothing been given In vnln."
"Wo have gathered tho harvest from shoro to shore,
And tbo measure is full and brimming o'er."
Then lift up tho hend with a songl
And lift up tho hand with a glttl
To tho ancient Giver of -all
Tho spirit In gratitude lift!
For tho Joy nnd tho promlso of spring,
For tho hay and tho clover sweet,
Tho barloy, the ryo, nnd tho oats,
Tho rlco and tho corn and tho wheat,
Tho cotton and sugar and fruit,
The flowers and tho flno
Tho country, so fair and so free,
The blossinga and glory ot home.
&
"KtttvY
prized by the colonists and played
their part in the feast For vege
tables tho Pilgrims had much tho
samo as they had in England, Gov.
Bradford's list naming beans, pease,
parsnips,' carrots, turnips, onions,
melons, cucumbers, radishes, "sklr
ets," beets, coleworts, and cabbages,
In addition to wheat, ryo, barley and
oats. Besides theso they had tho
lndlgcous squash and pumpkin, and it
may bo taken for granted that a care
ful Pilgrim housowife had preserved
during tho summer by drying a quan
tity of strawberries, gooseberries and
"raspis." Take it altogether, .the food
basis of tho first Harvest Thanksgiv
ing day celebration In America waB
much the same as today.
Dut if tho good housewife of today
was obliged to prepare the thanksgiv
ing feast with the utensils and incon
veniences of tho kitchen of threo cen
tures ago sho probably would throw
up her hands in hopeless despair. Tho
kitchen with its great glowing fire
placo was tho housowlfo's domain and
the general living room ot the entire
family. Tho walls and the floor were
bare and tho furniture meager and
comfortless, while tho kitchen furnish
ings wero odd nnd strange It was in
this great cavernous chimney that tho
Pilgrim wlfo cooked her thanksgiving
dinner. Placed high up in the yawn
ing chimney wnB tho heavy backbar,
or lug-hole, of green wood, afterwards
displaced by the great Iron crano. It
was beyond reach of tho flames, and
from it hung a motley collection of
hooks of various lengths and weights.
Thoy had many different names, such
as pot-hooks, pot-hangles, pot-clawB,
pot-clops, trammels, crooks,- hakes,
gallow-balko, words that would puz
zlo a housowife ot today to define.
From theso wero suspended tho pots
nnd kettles in whlch tho food was
cooked. At both Bides of tho Arc-
honeycomb.
dfrt
I Of
&r
&R K
iVnenrn Mfyvifcm
place were large ovons In which bak
ing and roasting were done.
There were no tin utensils In thoso
old dnys and brass kettles were
worth $15 a pleco. The utensils were
mostly of iron, wood, powter or lat
tern ware. Glassware was practically
unknown and bottlea wero mado of
leather. Wood played a great part
in kitchen and tableware. Wooden
trenchers from which two ato were
used on the table for a century after
the settlement at Plymouth. Wood
was also used for pana and bread
troughs and a host of other things
displaced by tin in the modern kitch
en. Of wood were made butter pad
dles, salt cellars, noggins, keelers,
rundlets, and many kinds of drinking
bowls which were known under the
names of mazers, whlsklns, plgglns,
tankards and kannes, words many of
which havo disappeared from uso.
The dining table of these old days
was the old Anglo-Saxon board placed
on trestles, and the tablecloth was
known as tho "board cloth." .Thus
we have tho origin of the time-worn
phrase: "Gather around the festive
board." And the furnishings of the
"board" were simple, inventories of
that period mentioning only cups,
chafing dishes, chargers, threnchers,
salt cellars, knives and spoons. The
table fork waB an innovation not yet
In general uso; the fingers of the
eater wore used to thrust, tho food
into tho mouth. Tho spoons wero ot
wood and powter mostly. Silver
spoons were rare. There was no
chlnaware on tho tables of tho early
thanksgiving feasts; for no china
waro camo over on tho Mayflower.
That and tho lack of glassware and
silver would make a thanksgiving
tablo of tho seventeenth contury look
impossible to a housowlfo of today.
Complete tho picture by imagining
largo trenchors, squaro blocks of wood
hollowed out by hand, placed around
tho "board" from each of which two
people dig their food out with their
fingers, and you have an idea of tho
manner in which our ancestors cele
brated Thanksgiving three centuries
ago.
Dut It tho kitchen and table furni
ture would appear strange to a house
wife of today some ot tho dishes
served would appear oven stranger.
How many housekeepers of today can
cook "suppawn" and "samp" from
corn meal? Or bako manchot, slm
mels, cracknels, jannacks, cocket
bread, cheat loaves, or "wasel" bread?
Tho colonists did not tako kindly
at first to tho pumpkin, which in tho
plo form has becomo a distinctive fea
ture of tho modern thanksgiving feast.
Thoy called them "pomlons" thon,
and this Is nwo-lnsplrlng reclpo from
which tho colonial housowlfo made
"pomplon" plo:
"Tako a half pound of Pumplon
and sllco it, a handful of Tymo, a Ut
tlo Rosemnry, Pnrsloy and Bweot Mar
joram slipped off tho stalks, thon tho
cinnamon, nutmeg and pepper, and six
cloves, and beat them. Thon mix
them and beat them together and put
In as much sugar as you seo fit; then
fry them ' llko a f rolz. After It Is
fried lot It stand until It bo cold. Talto
sliced apples, thlnno roundo ways, and
lay a row of tho frolzo and a layer ot
apples with currents betwixt tho layer
whllo Jour plo Is fitted, and put In a
good deal ot sucet butter boforo you
close It. When the plo Is baked tako
six yolks of eggs, some white wine
or Vergls nnd make a caudlo ot this,
but not too thick. Cut up tho lid and
put it in. Stir them well together
whllBt tho eggs and the pomplons be
not perceived and serve it up."
Thus ealth tho old cook book, and
tho modern housowife who faithful
ly follows this recipe can have at
least a unique concoction, fearfully
and wonderfully made, to grace her
Thanksgiving table.
)
THE TRANSFIGURATION.
LESSON TEXT-Mark 9:2-13.
GOLDEN TEXT-"A voice camo out ot
the cloud, sayltiK, This Is my beloved Bon?
near yo Hlm."-Luko 9:33 K. V. '
1. On tho Mountain, vv. 2-6. Peter's1
confession is connectod closely with
tho lesson for today. Thero Is no rec
ord of tho intervening "six days." We
are left to surmiuo what of fear and
perplexity filled tho minds of tho dls
slples after listening to tho words ot
Jesus found in Mnrk 8:34 and 9:1.
Theso words must certainly have
Qlled them with doubt and dismay.
As if to meet this condition of mind
Jesus takes Peter, James and John,
thoso throe partners in business, who
wero also present In tho home of
Jnirus, and later went with him into
the garden, and withdrew to a moun
tain, probably Mt. Ilermon. Hero ho
pas transformed, I.e., metamorphosed,
sompletoly changed in appcaranco;
read carefully tho parallel accounts.
Paul's Inspired Words.
Joined with Jesus thero Btood
Moses tho law-giver and Elijah the
great reform prophot. What a com
mentary as to tho interest of heaven
in a dying Messiah and in the glory
of that death.
. Wo need to read Paul's inspired
words (Phil. 2:6,7) in thlB conneo
tion. Ho who thought it not a prlz
to bo grasped after to bo equal witt
od, yet took upon himself the torn
of a Blave and was made in tho habit
or fashion of a man. Upon the moun
tain Jesus reversed tho figure and thi
"servant" tho Son of Man revealed
e. g., Bhowed forth, tho glorious up
pearance of tho Son of God. Tho dis
ciples thoro caught a faint glimpse ol
that glory which ho had with th
Father before tho world was (Johi
17:5). Dut the work of rcdemptloi
was not yet accomplished, and sc
once more ho turns back upon that
glory. Small wonder, though, that ai
they beheld theso heavenly visitors
Peter should exclaim: "Rabbi, it Is
good for ub to bo here; let us make
three tabernacles (booths), ono for
thee, ono for Moses and .one for Eli
jah." Notice, however, that Petet
Bpako "for ho wist not what to Bay
(v. C). Mark alone records thest
words, nnd Mark largely received hla
gospel from Poter.
Three Heavenly Voices Heard.
We havo only to read 2 Peter, 1:16
18 to answer any question as to thli
being a vision in tho modorn accept
ance of that term. We are also told
that tho word "vision" found in verse
9 of tho lesson can bo translated,
"things seen." Indeed the disclplei
wero "fully awako" (Luko 9:32 R. V.).
Tho question as to how the disclplei
could recognize Moses and Elijah
whom they had never seen, is not at
all dlfllcult for the believer. They ap
peared "in glory" and when tho glory
was withdrawn they saw "no man
savo Jesus."
This also serves to help answer the
question, "Shall wp recognize in glory
thoso whom wo havo lost awhile?"
Thrco hoavenly voices wero heard
Jesus' volco in prayer, his compan
ions conversing of that great ovom
yet to be accomplished (Luko 9:31
and tho volco of God, "This is my bo
loved (only begotten) Son; hear him.'
What matters tho opinions ot earth't
greatest lawyers and prophets, or tin
suggestions ot our dearest friends.
Fear fell upon them and they fcl
upon their faces In humiliation, but
with tender compassion Jesus sak
"arlso and bo not afraid." It almost
cocms like a rebuke to Peter, who had
co freely protested against the sugges
tion of the manner, of his death
Jesus' trunsflguratlon and tho wordi
of his companion, as well as tho com
tnnnd of tho Father, wero a vindlca
tlon of his authority and a revolatiot
In advance of tho supreme wonder ol
tho cross. Arising thoy "saw no man
save Jesus." It is far better to "see
him" than to Bee, hold converse with,
or have oommunlon with, the great
est ot emrth, past or present,
2. Tho descont, v. 9:13. Ab they
descended from tho mountain Jesua
charged them to toll no man. Vory
different from our modorn method.
Dut the need is clearly shown as we
read Peter's words (2 Potor, 1:15-21),
Poter places great emphasis upon the
importance of this experience, dcclar
lng himself as an oyowltness of hit
"majesty" ao well as tho "honor nnd
glory." Potor and tho others could
uot talk Intelligently of this oxpcrl
enco until after Christ's work wai
"finished" upon Calvary, vindicated at
tho tomb and glorified on tho day ol
PcntccoBt. Ilcnco they "kept that
saying with thomselvcs," obeying hit
injunction of silence.
Tho transfiguration is a glorloui
fact; it is, a wondrous light upon thi
"(scandal of tho cross;" a wonderfu
revelation of tho glory which "ho had
boforo tho world;" and it is i
prophecy of tho glory yet to be ro
vealcd. It -served to help tho dls
clplcs during thoso days of darknest
and doubt through which thoy wen
about to pass and it has boon an in
spiration to tho Christian church
throughout tho subsequent ngos. II
la also a most significant warning
"This Is my son, my chosen; hear yt
bim;" and a pronouncement upon hti
work and office
a u. u n " yo nu ii a re-
. . TT llnbl household
medicine in cntarrhal conditions,
coughs, colds nnd grip, and many oth
er ailments to which tho family Is
subject. But since tho change In the
formula of Peruna I do not find it
quite as UBoful to myself. My bowels
are naturally very active. I cannot
tako a cathartic of any sort. It docs
me Injury to do sp. Tho old Peruna
contained no cathartic ingredient
nnd waB thereforo a very useful medi
cine to mo. Dut I notice that tho
now Peruna hns a slight laxative ac
tion, which almost makeB it pro
hibitory for me to use. I waB won
dering if thero was not some way in
which I could obtain tho old Peruna
aB you used to make it."
To this lettor I made tho following
reply: "Yes, tho now Peruna does
contain a laxative cloment. You
should thereforo tako tho old Peruna
(Ka-tar-no) which han no laxative
quality. Whllo prescribing tho old
Peruna I found It qulto necessary fre
quently to prescribe tho Iaxatlvo Man.
alln in connection with It. Therefore
Mnnalln was combined with Peruna,
In order to meet thoBo cases that re
quire a laxative. Dut in caso no
laxative is required tho objection to
the new Peruna you speak of arises.
Many of tho people who used to take
tho old Peruna found difficulty in tak
ing the new Peruna. To meet those
cases I am having manufactured tho
old Peruna undor tho namo of Katar
no, and if you are anxious to get the
old Peruna exactly as it used to be
made you can do bo."
Pe-ru-na, Man-a-lln nnd La-cu-pla
manufactured by the Pe-ru-na com
pany, Columbus, Ohio. Sold at all
drug stores.
SPECIAL, NOTICEi Many prons Inquire
for The Old-time Peruna. They want the
Peruna thnt their Fntherrt and Mothers ul
to take. The old rerun a Ih now called Kn
tnrtio. If jour drusmlHk or denier dom tipt
Keep it for unlo write the Kntnrtio Company,
Columbus, Ohio, and they will tell you all
about It.
Farms for Children.
Perhaps tho smallest farms in tho
world, each four by eight feet, havo
been devised by Mrs. Henry Parsons
for tho International Children's School
Farm league, and demonstrated in
Now York. Kuch child becomes owner
of his diminutive farm, In which he
works, grows and harvests seven dif
ferent kinds of vegetables, and theso
are borne by him in triumph to his
family. About each farm is an 18-inch
pnth, which ho keeps in order; under
his instructor it becomes a tiny ob
ject lessen in good roads.
Counsel of Despair.
"I want a piece of mtat without any
bone, fat or gristle," said tho bride,
on her flrBt trip to market. "Yes,
ma'am," replied the butcher. "I
would suggest that you take an egg."
Youth's Companion.
Osculatory Nerve.
The Maid Hilly Drown Bays I have
the prettiest mouth In tho world.
Tho Man Did he? I'd put mine up
against it any day. English Magazine.
Mrs. Wlnslow'a Soothing Syrup for Chlldrei
teething, softens the ruuih, reduccn Inflnmma
tlon.allayspalu.curcHwlad colic, SScabottle-Mi
We have noticed that tho men who
dlo for Women nearly always do so at
tho hands of in Injured husband.'
CURBS ITCHING SKIN DISEASES.
Cole's Carbollsalvo steps Itchlnjr nnd makes
the akin smooth. All druggists. Z5 and 50c. Adv.
Duy experience It you want a perma
nent Investment.
f To Women g
Do Not Delay
It yon are convinced that
your sickness is because of
some derangement or dis
ease distinctly feminine,
you ought at once bring
to your aid
I
Dr. Fierce! Favorite hescriptioa
I
It acts directly on the
organs affected and tones
the entke system.
Ask Your Prog gist
Nebraska Directory
TYPEWRITERS. $15.00
and op. All standard rankca. sold or rented. Kent
appliraliyon pan hmo.Muctilnenblppca anywhere
onappmrnl. dailt rrqulrrxl. Writnformrm
list. SKIIUAHKA TVfinVltlTKIl 1-O..INU.,
ma norm istii Hiruet, L.iacoiu, nou
rtulut
GREEN GABLES
The Dr. Ben. F. Bailey Sanatorium
Lincoln, Nebraska
Its brick and stone buildings bo taste
fully furnished and thoroughly equipped,
In the beautiful park of 23 acres, with
Staff of experience and a nursing corps
of unusual merit, offers you mobt per
fect hospital results, yet always pre
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