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OKE thun S.OOO ycarH iiro thoro were
gathered nt the commutid of Monet,
on the. plains of AHHomblnRO In thn
valley uf Mount Slual, nil or thu
children uf iHranf to liHtun to the
readhiB of the lawH that were re
vealed to Mobch during the "forty
daya and forty nlKhta" ho Hpent In
the nildHt of u cloud eommunltiK with
the Ood of tho "chohon people."
Sliico that inoiiiontoiiH and epoch
makliiK event imtloiiii have risen to
nilRhty power, only to ko down to'
decay and oblivion. Unpeopled plains have beon
converted Into hlvea of Induatry. and IiIvcb of In
duntry have reverted baclt to unpeopled plains.
Now lands havo been (Uncovered and peopled and
now seas have been navigated and charted. Kvory
whero proRreBB baa changed tho phyalcal condition
of tho people Hvorywhoro progreBa hns changed
tho lilBtorlcal and geographical Importance of na
tions and countries. Hero, alone. In tho Mount
Hlnal Vnlley, whero tho nntlon that gavo us tho
Savior llrat aprung Into prominence, progreBS has
Htood Btlll. Surrounded by tho peaks of tho "Forty
Murtyrs," all Ib huuhod and Btlll on tho plain whero
onco tho hum of thoiiHnnds of voices was heard, nnd
whoro tho vnlloy rang with tho resounding march
of tho hosts of Isrnol.
On tho peak of Has-oB Safsafoh, tho cross, tho
symbol of Christianity, has boon planted on tho very
upot upon which Mobcs, tho great law glvor nnd
leader of tho Jews, stood and gavo to his people
tho ten commandments, tho basis of all religious
beliefs and thn foundation of all law, moral and
civil. Now unpeopled nnd deserted, tho very
loncBomeness of tho place Is nwe-lnaplrlng, and
tho "Bllonco of tho tomb" Is not more Impressive
than tho "veil of alienee" that envelops Uas-os-Hafpafch
and Its surroundings.
Tho mount on which Ood 1b Bald to havo to
voaled himself to Moses Is situated In tho south
irn half of tho so-called ponlnsula of Slnal, pro
jecting Into tho northorn extremity of tho Ued
aea, between tho Gulf of Suoz on tho weBt nnd
tho Oulf of Akabah on tho east. TIiIb park of tho
peninsula consists of n mass of granite nnd
porphyry mountnlns which may bo divided Into
throo groups, a northwestern, reaching In .lebel
Herbal a height of 0,712 feet; a central. Includ
ing Jnbol Muaa (Mount of Moses), 7.3G3 feet,
and Jebel Katorln, 8.G37 feet; and nn enstern
and southern, whoso highest peak Ih Jebel II nun
8homer. 8.449 feot. Whothor tho lllbllcal Slnal
was Jebel Umm Shomor of Jebel Musa was lopg
disputed by leading authorities. Tho former was
Advocated by EusebhiB, Jerome, CoBinaa lndlco
pleustes, nnd In moro modern tlmos by Lepalus
nnd Kbors. Jebel Musa, however, Is preferred by
most authorities, nnd la favored by tradition
(which dates, however, only from Christian
times), Indicated by tho namo "Mountain of
Mo8ea," and tho orcctlon of a monastery upon
It which goes back to tho dayB of Justinian, Tho
northern penk of Jebel Musa, known ns Has-es
Rafanfeh (6,r40 feet), meeta tho conditions re-
Quired. Blnco there Is an open space at Ha baBo
aumclontto nccommouaio a largo encampment.
Otnndtng on tho lofty summit of Mount Slnal,
'what thoughtB nnd vlalonB aro conjured up ns
nno contemplates thnt thoro on tho vast plain of
Assemblage that strotchos before tho oya hun
dreds of foot below, fifty centuries ago. tho com
mandments were dellvcrd to tho assembled chil
dren of Israel.
Excepting for tho Mount Slnal monastery,
which from thoso heights looks like a little toy
fort built of blocks, tho region Is Btlll nnd
huBhed, and almost dosortcd. The massive walls
of the monastery raised by tho ponco-lovlng and
God-fearing monks undor Justinian In 627 A. D.
as a protection against tho marauding bands
of Dcdoulns that Infested that part of tho coun
try when tho wealth of an omplro was possessed
by tho builders nnd occupants of tho monastery
nre In tho snmo condition ns when built 1,600
years ago. Today, however, tho Chrlstlnn world
keeps a watchful eyo over this mountain monas
tery nnd Us contonts, nnd tho Ilodoulns, knowing
thlB to bo tho fnct, kcop on friendly as well as
visiting terms with the monks.
In tho monnstory aro atorod tho prlcoloss
books narrating tho history of Christianity In
' tho tonguo of cvory Christian nation. Slowly
tho brotherhood of Mount Slnal monks aro dy
ing out, thoro being but twenty or twenty-five
at tho present tlmo. Tho Ilfo and tho pay not
enough to buy tobacco aro not sufficient In
ducement for young recruits to Join tho forces
that yenr by year nro growing smallor. In tho
cnurao of n few years tho teraBurcr of the
monastery will remain but n memory to remind
one of the greatness of Its founder, Justinian.
Looking northwest from Jebel Musa to W&dl el
&f(?MSJlTD XgMK 0I)
r&lZ&3 CF A33K23tfJZ?Iin22UYC&-'
IoJa tho traveler who for days haB been wearied
by tho alght of nothing elso but tho monotonous
blue of tho burning sky and tho dreary desert
nil about him Is exhilarated, pleased and rested
by tho Bight of thoso beautiful cypress trees with
their cool, dark foliage down In tho wadl tho
Arabic name for hollow or valley. One can
scarcely Imagine anything moro dreary than the
valley where theBo trees raise their heads above
tho rock-bound hollow In tho desert. They stand
In all their majesty In tho gardens of tho monas
tery of tho Slnnltlc monks on St. Cathorlno. one
of tho mountaliiB of tho range called the "Forty
Martyrs." and great pride is taken by these men
of God In theso trees, which for n thousand years
havo broken the monotony of tho desert waste
and have cast their welcome shade wherein tho
weary traveler1 and tho travel-stained enravnn
may rest and take shelter.
For moro than n year the Israelites were en
camped In tho vnlloy of Slnal when they again
took up their wanderings In search of tho prom
ised land. Through Asia Minor they proceeded
to tho land of Canaan, their great loader. Moses,
dying ns they enmo In sight of tho country
which God had promised to Abraham. Isaac and
One of tho most Important places In Asia
Minor, on tho road from Constantinople to Konla.
Is tho ancient town of Afluiu, Knra-lllssar, whoso
extraordinary citadel, rising 800 feet In Its very
center, was tho Ilyznntlno fortress of Aoroenus,
whoro In 730 A. D. the Arabs, under tho leader
ship of Sid el Dattol el Ghazl, were dofeated by
tho Turks In Its very shadow. To get a view of
this most picturesque town n climb up tho stair
way cut In tho rock of tho cltndcl brings one to
tho very summit whero there still remain the mo
dlaovnl Turkish fortlflcntlons.
Llko all othor towna In Asia Minor, Allum
Knra-Illssnr Ib built of mud bricks. Hb stroeta
run In ovory direction of tho compnss. Although
tho Inugungo spoken thoro la Turkish, there is
n largo Armenian population. It Is ns dirty a
placo as ono can Imagine Overrun with half
starved, howling dogs In tho day, tho night Is
made hldoouB by their mad attempts to clean up
the refuse thrown In tho streets. It Is a good
Placo to bo avoided by tho fastidious. Tho town
boasts of n fine bazaar, churches for tho Armen
ians and mosques for the TurltB, ns well as
schools for both classes. Tho Armenians have
mado a commendable effort to mnko their part
of tho town Inhabitable and sanitary.
Tho Btory of tho birth and Infnncy of the
founder and first legislator of tho Israelite na
tion Is one of tho treasured gems of Hebrew
llteraturo.v Ho was of tho trlbo of Lovl. nnd
his mother, Jochobed (hla fnther's namo wns
Amram), hid him three months In doflanco of
tho edict of I'haraoli, who, to prevent tho growth
of his Hebrew slavo population, had ordered nil
their mnlo chlldron to bo put to death at birth.
As tho danger of dlscovory became groat, the
Infant waB placed In nn ark on tho Nile, was
found and adopted by the daughter of Pharaoh,
and was brought up as an Egyptian prince, Dut
Lis heart was with bis enslaved brethren, and
his slnylug of one of their oppressors necessitat
ed his Illght to Mlcllaii, where ho received the
dlvlno call to bo the deliverer of his people from
Egypt. Aftor considerable trouble ho led them
forth, crossed the lied sea, In which the pur
suing Egyptians were drowned, and then, during
a forty years' residence In tho desert, organized
tho religious and social polity of tho nation.
Moses stands out as n subllmo and unique figure,
without whom neither Judaism, Mohammedanism,
nor Christianity could havo been what they are.
BEAR WAS HIS INDIAN WIFE.
Where the Hunter Shot Her Is Now Called Bear's
Along ono of tho branches of the Cheyenne
river in South Dakota there stands a hill called
Matotl, or Bear's House. Tradition tells this
Indian legend about it:
Onco upon a timo an Indian hunter was out
on the chase. Ho wandered for many a day
through forest and plain, over hill and dale, till
he finally came to n spot whero Henr'a House
now Is. Here he hunted for a while until one day
ho met a beautiful Indian woman.
As soon as ho saw hor ho wanted to marry
her. Long and hard was tho wooing, for tho
Indian woman wns unwilling to marry tho
stranger. At last alio consented, but she made
tho stranger promise that ho would never In the
future hunt or kill tho bear. This animal was her
totem, snered to her and nn object of hor wor
ship. Tho hunter fnlthfuly promised to obey her
wishes and to hunt all other animals and leave
tho bear unharmed. Then they wore married
nnd lived on In happiness and contentment for
many n day.
Once It happened that the hunter started on the
chaBe. Early he went and roamed nil through
tho neighboring forest without killing a single
thing. At last he becamo weary nnd tired from
tho chase mid resolved to return to his wigwam.
As ho was approaching his home ho saw In the
dusky twilight tho dark nnd shaggy form of a
huge bear making straight for tho wigwam.
"Now my wlfo will bo lost," ho thought, "for
If tho bear reaches thero bofore mo ho will
sUrely kill her."
Doubt at first stayed hla hand, for ho rcmom
bored hla marriage vow. Hut foar nnd anxiety
overcame hla doubts. Ho raised his bow to his
shoulder nnd aimed at the animal. Ono arrow
sent straight to tho heart laid tho animal low,
When tho Indian camo noar ho saw Instead of
tho boar tho llfoless form of his wlfo. The hill
whero they lived la Btlll called tho Dear's House,
or Matotl Hill.
MR. G0SL1NGT0N GOT EVEN
Collision of III Mannered Man and
Fire Hydrant Afforded Him Much '
"You know tho crowding, pushing,
Ill-mannered chaps," said Mr. Gosling
ton, "that elbow tbolr wuy through
and crowd you off Into tho gutter, like
as not, and pass right on with nover n
thought? 1 encountered ono of them
thl(r morning in Sixth nvenuo.
"Ho overtook me, coming up from
the rear, walking faster than 1, and
when ho had como to mo ho didn't
sheer out, but kept right along, shoul
dering mo bo that I almost fell Into
tho street. Hut in one brief moment
I wag moro tnan fU-y avonged.
"JuBt as this ill-mannered chap
shouldered me I had arrived at a Uro
hydrant, for which I was about to
sheer out. You know tho flro hydrant?
Ilullt of cast iron, very hard, nnd
standing up rigidly, very rigidly. You
can't Just shoulder a fire hydrant out
of tho way, and Just as this man shoul
dered mo out of his course ho camo
upon tho llro hydrant, which with mc
covering It from view he hnd not
aeon. His next rude, reckless step
forward carried him up ngalnst this
fire hydrant fair and squarely per
"And It didn't break- his log, but
It did mako him limp; he limped quite
perceptibly, 1 was pleased to Bee, as
ho walked away."
Army Officer Musn't Umpire.
It Is round In thn army that It will
not do to let ofllcers act ns umpires
lu ball games and orders havo been
Issued to forbid It. It seems that tho
players take advantage of tho great
American baseball player's right to
abuse the umpire, and It la found that
It destroys the army discipline, when
tho umpire Is nn officer, to havo pri
vates call him such names ub "mutt,"
The Right Lead.
Fond Mamma (praising absent
daughter) And I'vo always alllrmed
that Sylvia's arms ure so well shaped
bocauso I have made her do a great
deal of sweeping.
Bashful Young Man (striving wildly
to keep up his end of the converaa.
tlon) Er does she walk much, Mrs
The Wife Don't you think mar
ringe has Improved you, dear?"
Tho Husband Sure thing. I was
an Idiot when I married you?
It takes a good pugilist or a pool
minister to put his mnn to sleep.
No Money, No Marriage.
"A fortune teller told mo that you
are going to marry mo," said the
young man with tho prominent
"Did she also tell you that you are
going to Inherit a very largo fortune?"
Inquired the girl with tho matted hair
"Sho didn't say anything about a
"Then sho Is not much of a for-tuno-teller,
nnd you had better not
placo any reliance lu anything sho
says." Washington Herald.
"What Is that terrible nolso?" asked
"That," replied tho policeman, "Is
caused by an ordinary ono cent aafoty
pin sticking Into a $3,000,000 baby."
ASK mil AI.T.EN'S lOOT-KASK.
tn Antlnoptlo powilvr (o oliuku Into your
hnec llellctfs Curm, Uuiiiuns, liiKrowlnn
Nails, Pwnllon and Sweating fort. Nllatcrs
and Callous gpoti. Sold every u lien 26c.
Don't accept any ubitltute. Hamplo KREU
Addreu Allen a. Olmatcd, Lcltoy. .y. Adv.
"How did you como out of the tilt
you had with tho beauty doctor?"
"Well, I managed to save my face."
Mm. Wlnslow'a Soothing Syrup for Children
teething, softens the cums, rrduce Inllamuui
tlon.allaya paln,ctireuvrluduolic,3c a bottle Ux
CAUSES TORPID LIVER
. (Convrlht 1013 by tho Tunltivon Co.)
1 Tired Mood Interferes with tho pro
1 ductlon of bllo (naturo's own laxa
i tive) and other medicines which the
Liver should manufacture from tha
blood stream to assist tho intestines
to properly perform their functions.
Tho result Ib Constipation, Bilious
ness, Sick Headache, Jaundice, Liver
Spots, Gall Stones, etc. By using
"WVkVIITIlCC Tonltlvcs, thus
WIRED BID0D wUh sufficient
quantities of properly tonltizcd blood,
wo aro assisting it In fulfilling nature's
requirements, in the most reasonable
and only senslhlo manner. 75c. per
box of dealers or by mall. The
Tonltlves Co., Buffalo, N. Y.
Prompt Relief Permanent Curt)
LIVER PILLS nevt
fail. Purely vegcta
Die act surely
but gently on
improve the complexion, brighten the eyes.
SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE.
Genuine must bear Signature
"Can you cook on nn emergency?"
"No, sir; but I can on a gas stove."
-r v l
ssWI O a rvrcric
JBtm I PILLS.
W. N. U., LINCOLN, NO. 3-1913.
When p. woman suffering from some form of feminine
disorder is told that an operation is necessary, it of course
The very thought of the hospital operating table and the
surgeon's knife strikes terror to her heart, and no wonder.
It is quite true that some of these troubles may reach a stage
where an operation is the only resource, but thousands o
women have avoided the necessity of an operation by taking
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. This fact is
attested by the grateful letters they write to us after their
health has been restored.
These Two Women Prove Our Claim.
fVrv. MnlnfV T fl ft n ltit. T
owe to all suffering' women to toll
what Lydia E. Pinkham's Vcgetablo
Compound did for roe. Ono year ago
I found myself a terrible sufforor.
I bad pains in both sides and such a
soreness 1 could scarcely stalghten
up at times. My back ached, I had
no appetlto and was so nervous I
could not sleep, then I would be so
tired mornings that I could scarcely
get around. It seemed almost Im
possible to move or do a bit of work
and I thought I never would bo any
better until I submitted to an opera,
tlon. I commenced taking Lydia li
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and
boon felt like a new woman. I had
no pains, slept well, had good appe
tite and was fat and could do almost
all my own work for a family of
.tum. i nuuw UIWIIJ-H ICOI Hint lOWB
my good health to your medicine."
Mrs. Haywaud Soweus, Cary, Me.
Charlotte, N. C I was in bad
health for two years, with puins in
both sides and was very nervous. If
I even lifted a chair it would cause
a hemorrhage. I had a growth which
tho doctor said was a tumor and I
never would get well unless I bad
on operation. A friend advised ma
to take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta
ble Compound, and I gladly say that
I am now enjoying fine health and
am tho mother of a nice baby girL
You can uso this letter to help other
Buffering women." Mrs. Rosa. Sims,
-- .. jwUU jW, uuj-iuno, ja,
Not for Publication.
"Of courso, you havo Bomo convictions In mat
ters of public concern."
"Mobbo," replied Farmer Comtossol.
"Well, why don't you como out and expross
"I dasn't. We've got boarders from all political
parUes." Washington Star.
Now answer this Question if vnn mn Wn oV...ij
man submit to a surgical operation without first giving Lvdia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound a trial ? You know that
it has saved many otherswhy should it fail in your case?
Compound has boon tho standard rained vf or fe
male ills. No ono sick with woman's aliments
does justice to homeir If sho does not try this fa
mous medicine made from roots and herbs It
has restored Homany suffering: womento health.
K Write to liYDM E.PINKIIAM MEIHCINTm
(CONFIDENTIAL) LYNN, MASor advlco.
ttor will bo opened, rend and answered
by woman and held in strict conildcuco.
TjjUrtCasthBnup. TUiioru!r HbHE9p"" i S iSurJ?" CJ ri
Wm la Urn. ol4 by Drf t (it. K sm WKwnvU l loxuiiwl (roath. &
BiaTi7T:Miiii:awJ liWJiTIICTSM huk SU4r.t J yputhfui ooiot W
JBfMULaJJlSJtaUIBallaiUBB KjW-Hpr,,Dt bslr hllinr. W
gg'vBs.-"-."-" ' mWmmlmmmmgMUmMjKitofi jtuiLgEe-mm