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C. B. HALE, Publisher
RKD CLOUD . . . NEBRASKA
WILL TAKE UP ARMS
PEACE CONFERENCE MAY ENDJN
IMMIGRANT LITERACY TEST
l Bill Requires That Immigrants be
Able to Read Many Federal
Prisoners at Leavenworth
Ask for Paroles.
London. Diplomacy Ih still busy
seeking a solution for thu Halkan dead
lock. Fears tlmt the peace conforctico
will end in failure and that thi allien
will tnko tip arum again are stronger
now than (it any hour since tho plonl-.
potcntlarlcH came to London. Unless
Adrinnoplo Hhould fall within tho next
fow days or "something should turn
up," which none of tho diplomats can
foresee, It appears probable' that the
(delegates will leave F.ngland before
tho end of another week.
Federal Prisoners Ask Paroles.
Leavenworth, Kas. One hundred
and fifty prisoners In the federal
prison hero, among them live bankers,
applied for rcleaso at tho quarterly
meeting of the federal board of parole
at tho prison Monday. Since the
federal parole law wont Into effect
more than 200 prisoners have been
released through its operation and
only four returned for violation,
IMMIGRANT LITERACY TEST.
Important Step by Congress Toward
Washington. An Important step to
ward tho adoption of a literacy test
for tho ndmlsslon of immigrants,
which has been a subject of contro
versy In congress for 20 years, was
taken when tho conferees of tho two
houses of rougrcsB finally agreed upon
ft report which will retain the test in
slightly modified form. As tho meas
ure will he reported to tho house, the
literacy provision will appear as It
was passed by tho Iioubp, which re
quires that Immigrants shall bo re
quired only to bo ablo to read, where
aB the sonata bill provides that they
should both read and write. It is be
lieved tho effect of tho prospective
law will bo to keep out many of tho
undesirable classes and that those
who are admitted will be more stablo
and more inclined to becomo citizens.
Executed for Smuggling Opium.
Shanghai. Death us a punishment
for opium smuggling was meted out
to a woman of this city who persisted
In tho ubo of tho drug, despite the
stringent manifesto Issued by tho gov
ernment on Christmas day prohibiting
tho people from indulging in tho
habit, By order of tho governor of
tho province, tho womam was taken
to a public placo and executed by
shooting, in the presenco of a largo
crowd of spectators.
8carlet Fever at Chicago.
Chicago, 111. An emergency 'appro
priation of fiiO-.OOO to combat an epi
demic of scarlet fever and diphtheria
that threatens Chicago has been asked
from tho city council. Health depart
ment records show that 2.000 persons
nr afflicted with scarlet fever and f00
with diphtheria and that the number
is Increasing fast.
Cremated Ashes by Parcels Post.
St. Louis, Mo. Tho body of Freder
ick Neumann of Kdwardsvlllo, III.,
nftor being cremated here, was mailed
by parcels post to his homo in Ed
wardsvlllo. Tho nshes weighed four
and ono-unlf pounds and tho cost of
mailing was 14 cents. Tho undertaker
paid 10 cents additional for Insuring
the ashes for $50.
Qulncy, 111. Ella Ewlng. tho Mis
souri giantess, said to bo the tallest
woman In tho world, Is dead at her
homo near Gorln, Mo., not far from
UiIb city, at tho ago of forty years.
Miss Ewlng was eight feet three
lncheB In height, and for many years,
traveled with circuses as a freak at
traction, and as such was known from
end to end of tho country.
Now York. Tho United States dis
trict court has granted a perpetual in
junction asked by tho government
against tho Eastern llotnl Lumber
Dealers' association and other defend
ants known as tho eastern branch of
tho lumbor trust. Tho suit was
brought by tho government In May.
Wilson Coming West.
Princeton. N. J. President-elect
Wilson Is en route for Chicago, where
ho will nddresH tho commercial club
at that place.
Parcels Post Big Business.
Washington. Nearly two million
parcols post packngcB wcro sent
through tho postofllces of tho fifty
leading cities of tho country during
tho first week of tho operation of the
now service, according to telegraphic
reports received by tho postmaster
general. Postal officials estimate that
botweeu three and four million parcel?
post packages wero mailed from Jan
uary 1st to tho Gth. New York Clt
led with u record of 418,000 packages
Chicago had 438,000 packages.
THE NATIONAL CAPITAL
CONQRE88IONAL MATTER8 OF
MORE OR LESS INTEREST.
Summary of the Dally Transactions
of the National Law Makera
at Washington, i
Tho Senate. Held executive hcb
bIoii to consider nominations.
Campaign funds Investigating com
mittee met and adjourned until Mon
Reached an agreement to tote at 1
p. m. Monday on Impeachment charges
against Judge Archbald.
Adopted conference reimrt on DIs
trlct or Columbia "loan shark" bill.
l'assed a resolution extending time
of classification on asphalt lands In
Conferees reported an agreement
with house conferees on literacy test
Adjourned at 0:25 p. in. until noon
Tho House. Considered postodiee
Ways and means committee con
tinued hearings on metal schedule of
Ship pool Investigation was laid
before marine committee.
Miss Mary lloyle O'llellly pictured
deplorable labor conditions In Now
York canning camps to rules commit
tee at hearing on resolution for an In
vestigation of tho Industry.
National guard olllcers urged spe
cial ride for militia pay bill before
Adjourned at 0 p. in. until 11 a. in.
The Senate Resumed consideration
of omnibus claims bill.
Samuel Gompers argued for antl
injunction and contempt bill before
Court of Impeachment heard closing
urguments of counsel for defense, in
tho trial of Judgo Archbald.
Agreed today to vote on January
20 upon the Ketiyon bill to prohibit
shipment of Intoxicating Illinois Into
"dry" states, but a parliamentary
wranglo developed, which carried
final decision over until tomorrow.
Senator Owen proposed an amend
ment to Sherman anti-trust law giv
ing states power to enforce It.
Republicans declined democratic
proposition to appoint committee, from
both sides to consider nominations.
Adjourned at 8:17 p. in. until noon
Tho House Began consideration of
postofllco appropriation bill.
George F. Baker continued testi
mony before "money trust" Investi
Schedulo of tariff tuken' up by ways
and means committee for a two days'
Merchant marine committee con
tinued its investigation Into alleged
South American steamship pool.
Adopted resolution appropriating
$20,000 for rearrangement of seats and
desks of house, chamber.
Considered private pension legisla
tion. Representative Borland Introduced
resolution calling for congressional
Investigation into conduct of United
States PlBtrlct Judge Pollock of Kan
sas and Van Vnlkeuburgh of Missouri.
Adjourned at 7:10 p. m. until noon
The SonatoAl. N. Heiskell of Little
Rock, Ark., sworn In as successor of
tho late Senator Jeff Dals.
Closing argument of defense In trial
of Judge Archbald begun beforo court
Adjourned to noon Friday.
The House Banking and currency
committee voted unanimously to cite
beforo tho speaker for contempt
Georgo O. Henry for refusing to an
swer questions put by committee in
vestigating money trust.
Hearing of various Interests on re
vision of schedule "IP of the tariff
before wnys and means committee,
Secretary Stimson advocated res
toration of army canteen at hearing
beforo military affairs, committee.
Notice of contest of re-election of
Representative Kent. First California
district, tiled by I. C. 'umwnlt, de
feated democratic candidate.
Aid for Indian Schools.
Washington. The appropriation for
tho Genoa Indian school was Increased
$10,000 by the appropriation bill which
passed tho Ijoupo. nmklr the total
appropriation Sfifi.GOO. This increase
Is to provide for tho increased attend
nnco at tho Nebraska school, provision
having been mado by the committee
for only 300 pupils whereas thore are
nearly 100 in attendance. Tho $1,500
wns for general renairs and Improve
ments nnd tho balnuco was for the
general support of the school nnd the
pay of the superintendent. Tho sum
of $1,010 Is nlRo appropriated for the
School Hou Destroyed by Fire.
Fremont. Neb Fire from an over
heated stove, whnn IS below zero w:ip
registered by tho thermometer, do
utroyed tho school house at Gloncoe
Tho teachor and twenty-llvo pupik
wero driven out into tho cold. Sever
of tho children suffered frozon ear'
nnd hands beforo they could bo con
veyed to nearby farm houses. Th
building was completely dostroyc
Arrangements have been mado to rr
"tiro now Fchool equipment from th
discarded supply at Dodge, and to ro
sumo school at once.
WILL MOBILIZE HER TROOPS
COMMITTEE HEARS ARGUMENTS
Roumania Delivers Ultimatum to Bul
gariaUtah Will Cast
Electoral Vote for
Washington. Fear that foreign pro
ducers would iinade and injure the
American market was expressed In the
testimony of the metal schedule of the
tariff beforo the house ways and mea'ns
committee. The committee heard ar
guments from representative of man
ufacturing and producing Interests
printing presses, the zinc Industry of
tho Rocky mountains and tho Joplln
Holds, tho wooden screw manufactur
ers, of which tho American Screw com
,paiiy controlled 40 or 4." per cent, and
the $10,000,000 output or machine tools
anal numerous other products pre
senting a virtually solid front against
revision of tho present tariff rates.
Roumania Delivers Ultimatum.
London. Roumania 1ms practically
delivered an untimatum to Bulgaria
by demanding the cessation of Silin
trla nnd the territory to tho north of
a line stretching from there to Kava'r
na on tho Black sen. Ttoumanla lias
decided to mobilize her army if sho
does no't obtain Immediate satisfac
tion from Bulgaria In regard to the
rectification of her frontier, accord
ing to a dispatch from Bucharest. ;
Proposal Made to Change Name if
IndlannpolK Intl. A proposal to
change tho name of tho prohibition
party is one of tho important matters
that will 'be considered and ncted upon
nt tho big national conference of tho
party leaders to ho held In this city
this week. Many of the leaders have
expressed themselves in favor of n
change in the party designation. The
advocates of the proposal argue that
tho word "prohibition" docH not con
vey tho full meaning of the party's
purpose. It Is pointed out that the
.present natnn conveys to the aerage
'.rnlnd only the liquor traffic, whorens
the party has for years been standing
for many of tho most Important pro
gressive principles which only recent
ly havo been taken up by th othor
Warden Presented with Silver Service
Lancaster. Warden S. M. Melick of
tho state penttentinry wns the recipi
ent Wednesday night of n handsome
silver service a gift of tho convicts
of the prison. The presentation of
tho service wns mado by Chaplain
Harmon nnd followed the minstrel
show staged by tho convicts for the
benefit of the state officers, the legis
lature and the press. The fervlce
was purchased through popular sub
scription and each piece was neatly
engraved with the Initials "S. M. M."
Utah to Vote for-Hadley.
Salt 1 ako City. Utah. Utah's four
electoral votes for vice-president will
bo cast for Governor Hadley of Mis
souri. This was the ngreomont
reached by tho electors. Mrs. Mar
garet Jnne Wlehster. ono of tho repub
lican electors, tho daughter of a law
partner of President Lincoln, probably
will be choFon to carry tho result of
tho voto to Washington.
Fire Drives Worshippers Into Street.
Chicago, 111. Scvoral hundred per
sons who had assembled to attend tho
celebration of mnsn wero driven into
the street when lire broke out In tho
t. Peter and St. Paul Greek Catholic
church in South Chicago. Tho Interior
of the church bad been especially'
decorated for tho orthodox Christmas
and ornaments caught llro from light
d candles. Worshippers mnde a rush
for tho exits but priests' managed to
inlet their fears nnd they filed out of
tho building without anybody bolng
TURKISH SOLDIERS STARVING
Conditions at Adrlnnoplc Are Declared
to Be Desperate Ohio River
Goes on Disactrous
London. Ofliclal news received by
tho Bulgarian delegation describes the
situation at Adrianople as desperate.
Several soldiers who deserted and suc
ceeded In reaching tho headquarters
of the allies, say the town is in its Inst
gasp. Provisions are so scarce that
the military authorities have reqnt
sltloncd all tho food possessed even
by private individuals and are making
only one distribution, comprising a
half ration, dally. Conditions havo
been rendered graver by the great
number of sick, who overflow the hos
pitals, where the attendance Is inad
equate. Thus the death list Is very
NOT AS BAD AS SUPPOSED.
Brighter Outlook for Citrus Fruit of
Los Angeles. Twenty-flvo million
doilars wns tho amount fixed by con-
sensus of opinion regarding the loss
sustained by citrus fruit growers In
the three days' freeze ending Thurs
day morning. This figure Is not of
ficial. Enrl G. Kczoll, assistant gen
eral mnnnger of tho California Fruit
Growers' exchange, said that accurato
estimates of damage could not be
mado for se'vcral days, but $25,000,000
Is regarded as a conservative esti
mate. Other estimates run as high
as J 10,000.000.
Ohio River on Rampage.
Wheeling. W. Va. Tlie Ohio river
has reached a stago slightly under
forty-four feet, nnd this city p In tho
midst of a disastrous flood. Thursday
tho Baltimore &. Ohio railroad brought
In Its last passenger train from tho
cast. The train plowed through
eighteen Inches of-water for n quarter
of a mile before reaching tho station.
A majority of tho Iron nnd steel mills
havo been forced to suspend and up
wards of ten thousand men aro Idle,
Legislature Canvassed the Vote.
Lincoln. Neb. The stnto legislature,
Its two houses assembled In Joint ses
sion, canvassed the vote of tho No
vember election on state olllcers, on
congressmen and on constitutional
amendments Wednesday afternoon.
Senator J. II. Kemp, president pro
tern of the senate, presided and
Speaker Kelley announced the voto as
tabulated by Secretary of Stato Walt.
Both houses then adjourned.
Permitted to Increase Rates.
Kansas City, Mo. Permission has
been granted tho Kansas Nutural Gas
company, which supplies companies
that distribute gas to forty-two cities
nnd towns In Kansas and Kansas City,
Mo., to increase Its rates by Judgo Pol
lock in the federal court, Kansas City.
Kas. Tho price demanded rangcB
from 10 to .11 cents a thousand cubic
feet. Tho court's order will serve. In
many cities, to double the 'present
price paid for gas.
New York. At least three deaths
and approximately fliOO.OOO In property
damage resulted from Friday night's
elghty-mllo gale which swept New
York and vicinity. Next dny tho wind
had dropped to sixty miles an hour,
but the mercury crawled down to 32
and pedestrians suffered keenly.
Transport Prairie Returns.
Philadelphia, Pa. Tho transport
Prnlrlo, with twenty-eight ofllcers and
528 marines on board, arrived at the
Phlladolphl navy yards Tuesday from
Nicaragua. Tho marines were sent
to NIcnrngua last August to protect
American interests during tho rebel
lion and nctivo service
Washington. W. Cowglll, tho
son of Dr. Cowglll of Lincoln, has
boon appointed ob endot to' West Point
by Representative Magulro, IT will
tako bla ramlnatlons next April
.THIRTY-THIRD SESSION OF NE
BOTH HOUSES GET TO WORK
Every Promise of a Busy Session
Brief Synopsis of the Work of
Both Branches of the
The formal uffulr, known as tho
canvass of the vote for state olllcers.
congressional candidates, and consti
tutional amendments, wns conducted
Wednesday afternoon In joint session
of tho two houses. Tho members sat
back In bored silence, except for
William H. Smith, editor Seward In
dependent Democrat, Senator from
Twelfth District, who was Secre
tary of the Senate at the 1911 Sec
s!on. tlioso to whom the necessary motions
wero entrusted, and the presiding ofll
cera tlioso duties wero to make an
nouncement of results and declare tho
.successful candidates duly elected.
The messages formed a central fea
turo of the Inauguration. Governor
Aldrich's consisted of n last word of
advlco in his olllcial capacity, directed
by law to tho legislature, and of addi
tional advice, by his own desire, to tho
incoming governor. Ho told his suc
cessor that responsibility fbr the re
moval of present republican office
holders in state institutions would
rest heavy on his shoulders. He ad
vised tho senate to refuse to confirm
any such appointments until tho sta
tute fixing the duties of the new board
of control be determined upon.
Morehead Announces Policy.
Governor Morehead's address was
an announcement of the policy with
which ho will administer affairs of
state. He declared his Intention to
prevent, to tho extent of his power,
private exploitation of tho state's
water power. Ho announced that ho
would requlro careful ntention to busi
ness by tho new bonrd of control and
by his other appointees, to the gain of
real efficiency In tho administration
of public affairs.
Hoth governors favored tho estab
lishment of nn Intermediate reforma
tory for first offenders. Former Gov
ernor Aldrich proposed the conversion
of tho Grand Islnnd soldiers' home In
to such an Institution. Governor More
head proposed tho same solution of
tho problem hy conversion of tho Mil
ford soldiers' homo.
Former Governor Aldrich favored
removal of tho stato university to tho
i stato farm. Governor Morehead op
Governor Aldrich ndvlsod tho aboli
tion of tho street rural life commis
sion and of junior normals. Ho de
clared both to be useless and unneces
sarily expensive Institutions.
Beekeepers Want Protection.
The State Beekeepers' association
will again ask tho legislature to pass
the boo Inspection law which was fa
vorably reported at tho last session.
Tho bco men sny that tho dlseaso
known as "foul brood" Is causing a
total loss of not less than a quarter
million dollars In Nebraska every
year. This disease, which Is of bac
terial nature, Is rapidly transmitted
Senator Grace of Harlan offered
two resolutions which wero laid over
under tho rules. Ono resolution asks
congressmen from Nebraska to Intro
duce a bill for the government owner
ship of telophone nnd telegraph com
panies. Tho other asks that the
water power sites In Nebraska, espe
cially Bites on tho Loup river, bo con
served for the benefit of the people
of tho state and not given to private
owners for the nmnsslng of fortunes,
nnd that tho legislature make a lib
eral appropriation for tho building of
power plants on tho I.oup river.
Historical Society Wants a Home.
Secretary C. S. Paine of tho Btnto
historical society has set tho high
mark for appropriations for tho com
ing session of tho legislature and be
lieves that ho can get tho bill through
providing $GOO,000 for the erection of
n new building for that Institution.
Tho structure, ho says, should bo
capablo of housing tho socloty nnd
tho Btato library for years and years
to come. Tho removal of tho latter
from tho capltol building, according
to Mr. Palno, would alleviate the
crowded condition there
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THE WORK OF 1913
CITY BUILDING, RAILWAY BUILD
ING AND FARM OPERATIONS
IN WESTERN CANADA,
Tho machinery, the money and the
men for carrying on tho big works in
Western Canada in 1913 aro already
provided for. The splendid harvest
which wbb successfully garnered, and
by thin timo mostly markoted, re
sponded to tho big hopes that were
had for It early In tho season, and in
spired capitalists and railroads to
further investment and building.
Prom lake portB to mountain bnae
there will bo carried on tho biggest
operations In city building and rail
way construction that haB ever taken
place In that country. Tho Canadian
Pacific railway has everything in
waiting to continue their great work
of double tracking tho Bystom and by
the time the Pnnnma Canal 1b open to
traffic thcro will be a double lino of
steel from Lake Superior to tho Pa
cific coast. Tho cost will exceed
thirty million dollnrs. Tho Grand
Trunk Pacific plnn of building a first
class trunk line and then feeders at
various points will bo carried forward
with all tho force that great company
can put Into tho work. Tho Canadian
Northern is prepared to put Into mo
tion nil tho energy that young giant
of finance nnd railroad building can
put into vnrloua enterprises of provid
ing and creating transportation facili
ties. nulldlng operations In the several
cities, that have already marked
themselves a place in tho list of suc
cessful nnd growing cities, will bo
carried on more Inrgcly than ever.
Schools, public buildings, parliament
buildings, colleges, business blocks,
apartments, private residences, banks,
street nnd other municipal improve
ments have their appropriation ready,
nnd tho record of 1913 will bo some
thing wonderful. Other places which
nro towns today will mako tho rapid
strides thnt nro expected nnd will be
como cities. There will bo othor Ed
montons, Calgarys, Iteglnas and Sas
katoons, other places that may in
their activity help to convlnco the
outer world of tho solidity nnd perma
nency of tho Cnnadlan West. Tho
country is largo and wide and broad
and tho ends of Its great width and
length nro but tho limits of Its agri
cultural area. Its people aro progres
sive, they aro strong, thero is no
enervation there. Tho country teems
with this life, this ambition, this
fondness to creato and to use tho
forces that await tho settler. If they
come from tho South, nnd hundreds
of thousands of them havo, they aro
now tho dominant men of the North,
and they have imbibed of tho spirit
or tne North. Therefore it 1b fair to
say that no portion of tho continent
will show such wonderful results as
Western Canada, and tho year 1913.
will be but the beginning of a won
derful and great future. And in this
future tho 200,000 Americans who
mado It their homo, and those who
preceded them, will be a considerable
portion of tho machinery that will be
used In bringing about tho results
Tho development of 1913 will not
bo confined to tho prairie provinces.
Railway building and city building in
nrltlsh Columbia will be supplement
ed by tho farm, tho ranch and the
orchard building of that province.
Vancouver will mako great etrldes in
building, nnd Victoria, the Btald old
lady of so many years, has already
shown signs of modorn ways, and if
the progress mado in 1912 may be ac
cepted as anything like what It will
be In 1913, thero will bo wonderful
developments thero. During last
year tho permits went over the tea
million dollar mark and much more is
promised for tho year now entered
Public Would Gain.
"In looking over this pnpor I find
that Mr. Proscklyeswlcz Iguallnczln
ski and Miss Mnloonloozek Winskad
dlakowskl aro engaged to be married."
"I am very glad to hear It."
"Why? what Interest have you in.
It? Do you know them?"
"No, but I consider It a matter for
public rejoicing thnt these two names
are to bo mado one." Stray Stories.
These Gridiron Days.
Miss Culchaw Do you like the
"Pnssing of Arthur?"
Mr. ChumpI'm not up on football
players. Wliat team Is he on?
"Wot's 'inflated currency,' UM?"
"Dunno! 'less It's money wofa been
'blown In.' " Hoston Transcript
And a baby would rather go to
sleep than listen to a lullaby.
Fully two-thrds of what the avorago
man says Is of no consequence,
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