Newspaper Page Text
0 no ono of tlio world b
homes, prolmbly, havo
more monuments, stat
uoh and othor enduring
tributes boon e roc tod
than to hi in who wbb bo
aptly doBlgnntod "Kim
In war, first In peace and
first in tlio hearts of IiIb
4 countrymen. i-.nHiiy inn
most lmportnnt and tnoHt Imposing of
all tho memorials existing or project
ed Ih tlio Washington national monu
ment, that simple nnd stately whlto
ahaft that rlsoB on tho banks of tho
Potomac rlvor nt Washington and nf
fords fnun Its top tho tnpHt mngnlll
cont vlnw of tlio beautiful capital
city which Washington foundod and
wlilch bcarn bin tinnio. Vol fow of tho ,
persons who gaze In thin twentieth
contury upon what hns boon denom
inated a "poem In inarblo" pause to
coiiHldcr how long this monuinont
was In building and by how narrow
a margin of chnnco n nntlonal trlbuto
missed being n national dlsgrnco.
Tho toworliiR shaft that bo nbly
typifies Washington's Blmpllclty nnd
strength of character wns In tho mak
ing for nigh a qunrtor of n century
Not that work was continuous over
that protracted Interval, but that bucIi
a span of yearH Intervened between
tho Inception and completion of tho
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work duo to a lon HiiBpcnBion of activities owing
to luck of funds. Tho wholo project of providing
what Is accounted tho nation's monument to
WnshliiKton was n long-drawn-out undortnkltiK.
but this booming tnrdlneas of nctlon has boon
atoned for by tho beauty of tho structure, which
has fow rivals In height, Bnvo numo of tho newer
Bkyscrnpers In Now York, and which is so Jeal
ously guarded by a proud peoplo thnt congress
not bo very long ago felt compelled to refuso
tho request of tlio navy department that permis
sion bo granted to establish n wireless telegraph
ntatlon at the top of tho monument, as has been
dono on tho Klffol Tower In Paris.
Tho projoct to provldo a trlbuto to Georiyj
Washington nt tho seat of government dates from
tho year 1783, when tho Continental congress
voted to oroct nn equestrian Btatuo nnd, oddly
enough, solcctcd for Hb slto tho very location
that is now occupied by tho national monument.
Howovor, tho project progressed no further nnd
thoro was no further action until Washington
died at tho end of tho century, when congress
passed another resolution for n monument this
bill providing for a toRtlmonlnl In marble or
granlto beneath which should roposo tho remains
of the nation's greatest hero. Here, however, tho
widow of (lonernl Washington IntorpoRod with
hor very nntural preference thnt tho body should
rest nt mount Vornon, nnd accordingly tho wholo
project again lapsed until 1823, when a number
of patriotic citizens of Washington formed nn or
ganization known as tho Washington Monument
nsRoclntlon and undertook to revive interest in
- Tho Rchemo was to provldo funds by popular
subscription for erecting n monument nnd this
cnnvnfls was pursued nioro or loss energetically,
but it waB not until 1818, when a total of tST.OOO
had boon collected, that tho ofuclals of tho or
ganization considered thnt tho funds In hnnd
Justified the commencement of nctual work. Tho
corncr-Btono was lnld with duo ceremony and tho
work went forward for somo yenra, but additional
mibflcrlptlons did not como In nt a very lively
ruto nnd finally work had to bo suspended for
lack of funds. Thus tho pnrtlnlly completed
obelisk n "stump" of a monument It wns termed
stood during nil tho yonrs Intervening between
1858 nnd 1880 until congress finally took up tho
matter nnd appropriated funds to finish tho
Howover. It was not merely a caRO of provid
ing money to carry out tho work already Rtarted
The United Stntos army engineers who wero put
In chargo when tho national legislature took a
hand In tho matter speodlly discovered that tho
original foundation provided for tho monument
waB hopelessly Jnndcquato, considering tho height
and weight of the muss which It was proposod
to place on It. Thereupon they Rot about n
mighty ticklish engineering project nothing
loss than tlio provision of a now or rather an
enlarged foundation for tho monument. Of
course, the perplexing part of It was that the
new foundation hnd to bo slipped undor tho
great mnBB of stono bb It stood, for, naturally,
there wero many objections to consuming time
and monoy In tearing down tho monumont nnd
Tho engineers dug out at tho corners and
BldeB of tho monument aa much as they dnrod
of tho old foundation, meanwhllo supporting tho
partially undermined etructuro by moans of
beams and braces of various kinds. All tho
tone thus removed was replaced with concreto
and the concrete foundation wbb also extended In
Terr direction beyond the base llnea of tbe
?0wswz?7ZPArJ&AVi&7VS' W dcna'
jnfz'etizr J7X&- tfjvse' stoiscsrs-
monument and boyond tho limitations of the
original Inadequate foundntlon. To what an ex
tent the resting place of tho shaft wbb expanded
may be surmised from the fact that tho original
foundntlon had nn area of only 0,-100 square foet,
whereas tho enlarged foundntlon covered 10,000
squnro feet, In addition to being of better mate
rial. Indocd, tho new footing of monolithic con
crete Is in effect n single block of solid stone.
With the now foundation in placo tho erection
of tho shaft went on apaco nnd tho task was
finally completed In December, 1884, tho dedlcn-
HOW TO TELL FORTUNES
Can Be Mads
to Fit Almost
Tho way to toll pooplo's fortunes Is to have
ono list of characteristics nnd to uso It for overy
ono without tho slightest varlntlon. It Is bound
to succeed. For instance, supposing Falstnff nnd
Hnmlot had their fortunes told by tho Famo
soothsayer. I Imagine ho would hnvo told Ham
let's character ns follows, Maurlco Baring writes
In tho Metropolitan
"You nro not so fortunato as you seem. You
have a grent deal of senso. but moro senao than
knowledge. You can give ndmlrnblo ndvlco to
other peoplo. Your Judgment Is excellent as re
gards others, but bad as regards yourself. You
never value your own good ndvlco. You are
fond of your friends. You prefer talk to nctlon.
You suffer from Indecision. You nro fond of tho
fltago. You nro suscoptlblo to femalo beauty.
You nro witty, nmlnblo and well educated, but
you llko coarso Jokes. You nro superstitious nn
believe In ghosts. You enn make peoplo 1 4iigh.
You often pretend to bo moro foolish Ann you
are. At othor times you will surprlRo peoplo by
your power of npt ropnrteo. Your liano will bo
your Inclination to fat, wlilch will, tamper you In
fighting You nro unsuccessful tts a aoldler, but
unrivaled ns n compnnlon noi philosopher. You
will mix In high society, 'mvo friends at court.
You will como off badlj In personal encounter,
and your final enemy, n- bo a king."
Now Imagine h ,j snylng exactly tho same
thing to Fnlstnljy Doesn't It fit him Just ns well?
Can't you lmiKlno FnlRtnff saying: "He hna hit
mo off to a t." and Hanilot murmuring, "My
prophetic -mil!" in fact, I bollevo fortune tell
ing, aftq that of modlclno, to bo tho finest pro
fession in tho world nnd tho easiest.
tlon of tho completed monument tak
ing placo In tho following February
tho month that holds tlio anniversary
of Washington's birthday. The Wash
ington national monument Is, in hori
zontal section, n Bquaro within a
square, whereas tho structuro might
bo described ns an Iron tower within
n marblo tower, tho former being so
curcly fnstened to tho latter by
means of Iron, which takes the form
of n Rtnlrcnso that may bo used by
visitors who do not prefer to patron
ize tho elovator.
Tho walls of tho monument, which
nro fifteen feet In thickness nt tho
baso and decreaso to a thickness of
only eighteen Inches at tho top, com
prise n grand total of twenty-throe
thousand stones, many of these
ntones having been contributed by
Btntcs of tho Union, by foreign pow
ers and by municipal, civic nnd othor
organizations. Thero are, all told,
about ono hundred and sovonty-slx
carved memorials of stono nnd mar
blo embedded In tho walls, but such
testimonials could not, from tho very
character of tho structuro, bo effec
tually guarded after tho monument
waB completed nnd moro than one
fourth of tho total numbor havo been
more or less marred and damaged by
vandals and rello hunters. An espe
cial target for such souvenir hunting
was found In tho projecting pieces of
carved stono bucIi as originally appeared In tho
representations of stnto seals or coats-of-arms,
and almost every ono of theso details is missing.
Tho nation's monument, wlilch Is so vast in
Blzo that an army of twelve thousand men might
bo comfortably housed In Us Interior, woighB
moro than elghty-ono thousand tons. EnglneorB
declaro that It Is one of the very few actually
and absolutely fireproof structures In tho United
Stntes, nnd nlthough crncks havo from time to
tlmo appeared In tho walls, It is the popular be
lief that nothing short of a- severe enrthquake
could destroy tho fihnft. It has boon repeatedly
struck by lightning nnd such visitations hnvo no
terrors for tho obelisk, thanks to tho forethought
of the builders In providing nn lpgonlous system
of electric conductors. The koynote of tho'
scheme Is found In a small pyramid of aluminum,
weighing about ono hundred ounces, which
crowns tho capstono of the monument. This
metal headpleco Is connected with rodB that de
scend bIx hundred feet to a well sunk to a con
siderable depth below tho level of tho earth.
Tho monument has been visited by as many ns
II vo electric bolts within nn Interval of twenty
minutes, but tho worst damngo ever dono was
tho cracking of ono of tho stones near tho top.
Tho shnft that tIsor from tho gentlo slope
between tho White IIouso nnd the Potomnc cost
tho nntlon nbout $1,300,000, nearly $100,000 hnv
lug been expended upon tho now foundation
nlone. The present upkeep of tho monumont in
volves no great expense. The elevator which car
ries to tho top of the monument thoso visitors
who do not cam to climb tho 000 steps makes n
trip every half hour (nlthough but seven minutes
Is required for tho ascent of 500 foot), nnd
iV"- rr'.iTitto thirty persons. Looking out
from tho windows nt tho top of tho monumont,
517 foot nbovo ground, tho visitors behold n won
derful panorama extending flfteon to twenty
miles In overy direction. On clenr days It is
sometimes possible to discern tho Illuo nidge
mountains, sixty miles away.
Likely to Know,
you tell mo which
Is Mr. Pon-
Wf E. O. SRM.Kltfi, Director of Kve
nlng Department Tim Moody Ulble In
tltute of Chicago.)
LESSON FOR FEBRUARY 23
Lady Tho man
those ladles over
Youth I know you aro, that's why I asked yon,
as I thought you'd bo suro to know. Punch.
with tho gray hnlr, talking to
there. I am Mr. Ponsonby'a
A Serious One,
"I, understand our Mlcnwber friend had an
opqntlon performed. Was It Berlous?"
)'Very serious. Ho had a prospective Job eat
.one of his mind's oye.H
"I feel yery uneasy; It's pouring with rain and
my wife went out without an umbrella."
"No doubt sho'll take refuge In a shop some
where' "Yes; that's Juat what's worrying me o." Pele
ABRAM AND LOT.
LI3SBO.V TRXT-Cn. 13:1-12.
GOt.DKN TKXT-'Tlio IiIpisIiir of J
hovuli, It tnnkclli rich: nnd Ho ailcliHli lie
sorrows tliornwlth." t'rov. 10:22.
During tho time thnt Intervened be
tween this nnd last week's lesson we
road, of A brain's Journey "down Into
Egypt," a Btory that Is rich with bur
gestlvo typlcnl lcssonH. Abram's de
ceit Is discovered by Pharaoh and he
Is driven from Egypt. Fear Is the
root of unbelief, nnd when wo fall we
aro suro to carry somo ono with us.
Hut n man's sin Is sure to bo (Uncov
ered, so it wnB that "Plinrnoh com
manded his men. nnd they sent him
nwny, and his wife, nnd nil that he
had." Egypt, n typo of the world,
turned Abrnm out (12:20) when ha
tried tho "good Lord good devil" mode
of life. Compromlso nnd separation
are not compatible.
I. "Up Out of Egypt," vv. 1-5. Again
we havo presented tho lesson of sepa
ration. This portion is a gront pic
ture of repentance. Abrnm carried
with him not only his own possessions
but also thoso of his nephew Lot No
tice, Abram's wealth did not mako
him nccoptnblc In Egypt. Tho world
desires not nlono tho wenlth of n man,
but also tho mnn bark of the wealth.
Again Abrnm turns from conflict un
to He tli el, the house of God. that placo
of confession, of consecration, and of
Those returning pllgrhnB wero not
ordinary men, no moro Is tho mnn who
Is In Christ, nnd Clod wns already
given evidence of tho blessing prom
ised to Abrani (12:2) and of that ma
terial blessing so definitely promised
to tho descendants of Jacob. Wo
read (v. C) "their Btibstanco was
great." Rut thoro Is far greater dan
ger however In material prosperity
than In adversity. This was n greater
danger to those pilgrims than that of
tho Canaanitea who dwelt In tho land.
II. "And There Was Strife," vv. 5-9.
Tho evidence of this danger manifest
ed itself when It was found that tho
land could not support both Abramand
Lot (v. C). Paul calls Timothy's at
tention to this same danger (I Tim.
C:9), and wo nro constantly seeing It
illustrated nil nbout us.
Lot wns Journeying with Abram
rather than with Jehovah' (12:3),
doubtless in n great measure ho was
governed by cupidity nnd selfishness
when ho behold Abram's prosperity.
Millions In America profit by tho se
curity nnd tho prosperity of this which
bo nenrly nppronchos a Christian na
tion nnd yet In scorn or In neglect re
fuse to believe In or to servo tho God
who sends tho blessing. The wholo
ilstory of Lot Is ono of selfishness,
which later resulted In sorrow and
sadness nnd in his being shorn of all
of his selfishly acquired prosperity.
Lot had no particular claim upon
Abram nor havo wo in our own right,
or because of our own merit, upon
or be causcof our own merit, upon God.
There Is so little that divides most of
us and so much that wo hold in com
mon that It is but little short of crim
inal to waste our energy upon that
which Is ephemeral or of slight Im
portance. What n difference in the
choice of Lot nnd that of Abram. Ono
entered Into tbo path of tho wicked,
Prov. 4:14, 15, while the othor into
tho path thnt "shlneth more and moro
unto tho perfect day," Prov. 4:18.
III. "And Lot . . . Beheld All the
Plain of Jordan," vv. 10-13. Lacking
tho counsel and guldnnco of Jehovah
Lot followed tho choice thnt which
was pleasing to tho eyes and made a
sorry mess of It, for In tho end ho was
a groat loser. Already the land wna
doomed (v. 10) nnd so today the man
who chooses tho world In preference
to Christ makes a bad bargain (I John
2:17) nnd tho greater condemnation Is
his for ho makes his cholco in tho blaz
ing light of nenrly twenty centuries ol
tlm Gospel. Lot made u willing com
promise, a superficial cholco and came
icnr losing his own soul, Matt, 1G:2C,
8:33. Ho deliberately entered Into
danger when ho "pitched his tent to
wards Sodom." Tho believers peril is
ivorldllness. Lot's Journey (v. 11) led
at last to Sodom v. 12.
Abrnm aspired to know God, Lot
hnd nn ambition to possess tho things
of tlmo and sense. Abram coveted
righteousness (Matt. 5). Lot sovetcd
luccess in this llfo only. Well has
Doetho exclaimed, "Chooso well; your
eholco 1b brief and yet it Is endless."
Eternity nlono wril reveal the results
of our cholco of surroundings, upon
ourselves, upon our families and upon
IV. "Lift Up Thine Eyes," vv. 14-18.
After separation comes fellowship and
frultfulness. God Invited Abram to
arise and to inspect his promised pos
sessions. So may we contemplate the
vast possessions' God has promised
ub In Christ Jesus, Rom. 8:17, 2 Cor.
4:18. After our separation and our
fellowship comes true frultfulnesB and
prosperity, I Tim. 4:18. Abrnm went
to Hebron (which means fellowship),
and there la the midst of Mamre
(which means fatness) he built an al
tar unto God. Worship and sacrifice
go hand In hand today aa they did in
IT'S HARD TO WORK
It's torturo to work with a lame, aching
back. Get rid of it. Attack the cause.
Probably it's weak kidneys.
Heavy or confining work is hard on
the kidneys, anyway, and onco the kid
neys becomo Inflamed and congested,
tho trouble 'keeps getting worse.
The danger of running into gravel,
dropsy or BriRht's diseaso is serious.
Uso Doan's Kidney Pills, a fine, remedy
for backache or bad kidneys.
Jame.i n. Tov
111., says: "f
wns laid up
buck pained so
I couldn't move.
Tlio kidney se
cretions wero In
Kidney P II 1 u
cured tno In
short order nnd
for four years
tho trniibtn linn
Grt Don'i nt Any Store. BOc n Bos
IrOSTER-MlLBURNCO.. Buffalo. Nw York
MOTTO FOR CHRISTIAN HOME
Ideals Which Consistently Lived Up
to, Cannot Fail to Make for Hap
piness In Life.
This home is dedicated to good will.
It grew out of love. The two heads
of tho household were called together
by a power higher than they. To Ub
decree they are obedient. Every tono
of tho voice, every thought of their
being, Is subdued to that service.
They desire to bo worthy of their
high calling, ns ministers of that
grace. They know their peace will
go unbroken only for a little time.
And often they suspect that the tlmo
will bo more short even than their
nuxlous hope. They cannot permit so
much as ono hour of that brief unity
to be touched by scorn or malice. Tho
world's judgments have lost their
sting iusldo this door. Thoso who
como seeking to continuo tho har
mony wlilch these two have won are
ever welcome. The rich aro welcome,
to they como simply. Tho poor are
welcome for they hnvo already .
learned friendliness through buffeting.
Youth Is welcome, for It brings the
joy which these two would learn. Ago
is wclcomo, for It will teach them
tenderness. Colllcr'n Weekly.
Poetry and Music.
If I had to live my llfo again I would
havo mado a rulo to read some pootry
and listen to somo music at least onco
every week; for perhnps tho parts of
my brain now atrophied would thus
have been kopt nctlvo through uso.
Tho loss of these tastes 1b 'a loss of
hnpplncssi nnd may possibly bo Inju
rious to tho intellect, and most prob
ably to tho moral chnrnctor, by en
feebling tho emotional part of our na
ture. Charles Darwin.
Will Dawn Upon Him Some Day.
"Oh, yes; Jack ndorcs mo; I've
known It for weeks."
"Then what's bothering you?"
"What's bothering mo! Why I've
got to wait for him to find it out"
lJoston Evening Transcript.
Knlcker Do you treat your cook aa
one of tho family?
Hocker Goodness, no; we treat
her llko three of the family.
A3 TO FLAVOUR.
Found Her Favorite Again.
A bright young lady tolls how sha
came to bo acutely sensitive as to the
tasto of coffeo:
"My health had been very poor for
several years," sho says. "I loved
coffee and drank It for breakfast, but
only learned by accident, as It wero,
that it was the cause of tho constant,
dreadful headaches from which I suf
fered every day, and of tho nervous
ness that drovo sleep from my pillow
nnd so deranged my stomach that
everything I ato gavo mo acuto pain.
(Tea Is Just as injurious, because it
contains caffeine, tho same drug found
"My condition finally got so serious
that I was advised by my doctor to go
to a hospital. Thero thoy gavo mo
what I supposed waB coffeo, and I
thought It was tho best I ever drank,
but I have sinco learned It was
Postutn. I gained rapidly and came
borne in four weeks.
"Somehow tho coffeo wo used at
homo didn't tasto right when I got
back. I tried various kinds, but nono
tasted as good as that I drank In tho
hospital, and nil brought back tbo
dreadful headaches and tho 'sick-all-over'
"One day I got a package of Postum,
and tho first tasto of It I took, I
said 'that's the good coffeo we had in
tho hospital.' I havo drank it ever
since, and eat Grape-Nuts for my
breakfast. I havo no moro headaches,
and feel better than I havo for years."
Kamo given upon request. Read the
famous little book, "Tho Road to Well
vlllo," in pkgs. "There's a reason."
Postum now comes in concentrated,
powder form, called Instant Postum.
It is prepared by stirring a level tea
spoonful In a cup of hot water, adding
sugar to tasto, and enough cream to
bring tho color to golden brown.
Instant Postum Is convenient;
thoro'a no wasto; and tho flavour Is al
ways uniform. Sold by grocers 15
to CO-cent tin 30 cts., 00 to 100-cup tin
A 6-cup trial tin mailed for grocer's
name and 2-cent stamp for postage
Postum Cereal Co., LtiL, Battle Creek.