Newspaper Page Text
VV"f " - -
RED CLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF
K T KES
SECRETARY OF WAR REPLIES TO
CHARGES MADE BY GEN-
PUBLICITY WOULD AID FOE
Chief of Army Ordnance Tells Senate
Committee Baker Is Responsible
for Delay In Procuring
Washington, Dec7l5. Secretary lin
ker on Thursday liimlc HiIh reply to
General Crozler's charge that he Is
responsible for-the failure, until June
17 last, to make u choice of machine
"I nm responsible fcr anything that
goes on In the war department. I have
been much Interested In the subject of
muclilno guns. 1 appointed a board"
to pass on them.
, "There's no need for defense. The
sennto committee can very properly
seek to find out everything that has
been done, and It Is (Icncrul Crozler's
plain duty to tell them the whole story.
"Hut I can't say anything for publi
cation. It's a matter concerning which,
nhove nil others, our adversaries would
bo glad to acquire Information.
"There's no need for taking sides.
Clearly the department cannot nllow
Itself to state what should not be
stntcd, becnuse somebody expresses a
confused view of It The military de
fense of the country Is n thing that
can't be stated In detail.
"The Browning gun Is a new gun In
vented by a man who has Invented
more ordnance than anyone else. It Is
a light gun. A long time ago It was
tested and operated under the auspices
of a board of experts which I ap
pointed. It Is not truo that tho gun
has not been thoroughly tested. The
board of experts was appointed to pobs
on all machine gun questions.
"Tho full capacity of this country
for the manufacture of machine guns
has been laid under contract. The
entire capacity of every maker of ma
chine guns Is being used.
1 "It Is not fie Intention of tho de
partment to concentrate on tho Brown
ing gun. The Intention of the depart
ment Is to get every machine gun It
Secretary Baker declared American
overseas forces aro adequately sup
plied with machine guns. lie added
that all other forces going to France
will bo adequately supplied with these
U-BOAT PERIL STILL SERIOUS
First Lord of Admiralty Declares Sub-
marine Menace Is Being Held
London, Dec. 15. "The submarine
menace, In my opinion, Is held but nol
yet mastered," said Sir Eric Gcddes,
first lord of tho admiralty, In the house
of commons on Thursday. "Our ship
building Is not yet replacing oilr losses.
"Since November 1, when I made my
last statement, the downward trend of
mercantile marine losses has contin
ued satisfactorily. The upward curve
of merchant shipbuilding and the up
ward curve of destruction of enemy
submarines havo been equally satis
factory." FIRST U. S. SHOT AT AUSTRIA
Representative Tlnkham of Boston
Fires First American Shell From
Italian Army Headquarters, Dec. 14.
The first American shot of the war
against Austria was fired Wednesday
when Representative Tlnkham of Bos
ton pulled the string of a 1.40 milli
meter gun, hurling a shell across to
the Austrian lines.
BRITISH LOSE 21 SHIPS
Fourteen Vessels .of More Than 1,600
Tons During Week by U-Boats
London, Dec. 14. A slight Increase
In tho losses of British merchantmen
by mine or submarine in the last week
Is noted In the admiralty statement.
Fourteen vessels of more than 1,000
tons were sunk, as well ns seven un
der thnt tonnage.
Marines at Buenos Aires.
Buenos Aires, Argentina, Dec. 13.
Three thousand marines havo been
'mobilized in Buenos Aires. Tho olli
'dal explanation Is n precaution
against tho threatened general strike,
but It Is believed the move Is to ob
tain support for tho president during
'tho Bpecial session of congress.
2 Austrian Warships Sunk.
Now York, Dec. 15. Tho torpedoing
'of two 'Austrian battleships In the har
bor of Trieste by Italian torpedo craft
on tho night of December ft is reported
In a message received hero by Com
mander C. Pfister of the Italiun navy.
Interned for Kaiser Cakes.
Now York, Dec. 14. Because Fred
erick J. Heuser, a confectioner, sold
cakes decornted with tho German col
ors, federal authorities decided ho was
spreading German propaganda, lie was
arrested and Interned on Ellis island.
Wyoming Mob Lynches a Negro,
nock Springs, Wyo Dec. 14. An
unidentified negro charged with mo
lesting woman residents of Blalrtown,
n suburb, was taken from tho city Jail
and hanged to a bridge north of Rock
Bprlufeft. His body was found.
TAKE THE HOLY CITY
JERUSALEM WON FROM TURK8
BY BRITISH TROOPS.
Victory Delayed to Some Degree
Order to Avoid Damage to the
Sacred Places. '
London, Dec. 12. Andrew Bonar
Law, chancellor of the exchequer, an
nounced in tho house of commons on
Monday that Jerusalem, after being
surrounded on all sides by British
troops, had been surrendered by the
The chancellor said BrltlBh, French
and Mohammedan representatives
were on tho way to Jerusalem to safe
guard the holy places.
General Allenby reported that on
Saturday he attacked the encmy'B po
sitions south and west of Jerusalem,
tho chancellor stated. Welsh and
home county troops, advancing from
tho direction of Bethlehem, drove back
Ihn annmv null nnnslni? Jerusalem OH
the cnBtj C8tnbu8hci themselves on the
At the "same time London Infantry
and dismounted yeomanry attacked
tho strong enemy positions west and
northwest of Jerusalem and placed
themselves astride tho Jerusalem
Shecchcm road. The Holy City, being
thus Isolated, surrendered to General
Tho capture of Jerusalem had been
delayed to some degree, added the
chancellor, In consequence of the great
caro that had been taken to avoid
damage to tho sacred places In and
around tho city.
The British campaign In Palestine
was opened last March and has been
prosecuted steadily since then, first
by Gen. Sir Archibald Murray and then
by General Allenby, who assumed com
mand on June 20. The advance was
northward along the Mediterranean
coast, but was necessarily slow be
cause of tho arid desert that had to
CONQUEST AND KULTUR
The more It (German kultur)
remains faithful to Itself, the
better will It be able to enllght
Pa the understanding of foreign
races absorbed or Incorporated
Into tho empire, and to make
them sec that only from German
kultur can they derive those
treasures which they need for
tho fertilizing of their own par
ticular life (And what glorious
results will not victory bring to
Germany herself?) ... A
victorious peace will mean tho
relenso of world-conquering en
ergy for our Industrial life
. . . tho losses suffered in
tho war, whatever they may
come to, sfinll bo made up,
. . . the blnck-whlte-nnd-red
flag shall wave over all seas,
our countrymen will bold highly
respected posts In all parts of
the world, and we will maintain
and extend our colonies. The
whole world shall stand open to
us, so that. In untrammcled ri
valry wo shall unfold the energy
of the Germnn nature. Otto
von Gierke, "War nnd Culture,"
In Deutsche Iteden In Schwercr
Bolshevlkl Aided by Fleet.
Petrogrml, Dec. IB. The Black sen
battle fleet Is co-operating with the
bolshevlkl forces In tho fighting at
Bostoff according to dispatches receiv
ed here. The warship Kolhlda Is firing
on tho Cossacks nt Novo Tchcrkask.
St. Paul Strike Called Off.
Washington, Dec. 15. George W.
Lawson, secretary of tho Minnesota
State Federation of Labor, telegraphed
tho strikers In St. Paul and Minneapo
lis to return to work In view of tho
order for a federal Investigation.
1?X 3&y "TirfVlTlL. 4
esr'-Kss JggMa-s.'rac: . rr m -? . t
13 NEGROES HANGED
ARMY OFFICERS EXECUTE SOL
DIERS FOR RIOTING.
Forty-One Were Sentenced to Life Im
prisonment One Man Dishonor
' ably Discharged.
San Antonio, Tex., Dec. 13. Thir
teen of the negroes of the Twenty
fourth Infantry, U. S. A., found guilty
of complicity In the riot und mutiny
at Houston August 23, were hanged on
the milltnry reservation at Fort Sam
Houston at 7:17 a. m. Tuesday. An
nouncement of the carrying out of the
sentence was mnde at headquarters of
the Southern department of the army
at 0 a. m.
Only army officers und Sheriff John
Tobln of Bexar county were present
when tho sentence was carried out by
soldiers from the post. No newspaper
men or civilian spectators were al
lowed, the time und place of execution
having been kept a secret.
The execution took place In an ar-
royo about two miles cast of Camp
Travis on a great scaffold erected dur
ing the night by engineers from the
Of the 03 men tried by tho same
court-martial 41 were sentenced to life
One man was sentenced to dishonor
able dlschnrgo from the army and to be
confined for two nnd n half years.
The negro soldiers who paid the
death pcnnlty were:
Sergt. William C. Nesblt, Corporal
Larnon J. Brown, Corporal James
Wheatley, Corporal Jesse Moore, Cor
poral Charles W. Baltimore, Prlvnto
William Brackcnrldgc, Private Thomas
C. Hawkins, Private Carlos Snodgrass,
Private Iru B. Davis, Private James
Dlvlns, Private Frank Johnson, Prlvute
ltlslcy W. Young, Private Pat Mac
BAKER TO FACE SENATE QUIZ
Investigation Expected to Silence
Many False Rumors and Fore
stall Criticism of Congress.
Washington, Dec. 13. A comprehen
sive Investigation Into the entire Na
tional military situation, Including the
progress being mode by the war de
partment In organizing training nnd
equipping the new array, was ordered
by the senate milltnry affairs com
mittee. The Investigation will begin within
u few days. It Is the Intention of the
committee to cnll Secretary of War
Baker and other high officials.
After discussing the situation, the
committee decided to make an Inquiry
Into the whole military situation. Such
an Investigation will silence many
false tumors, forestall criticism In
congress and force lagging depart
ments to speed up, In the opinion of
members of the committee.
TEST FOR ALL ARMY OFFICERS
Baker Orders Regulars and National
Guard Commanders to Take
Washington, Dec. 13. All regular
and National Guard officers must un
dergo medical as well ns efficiency ex
aminations Secretary Baker said, be
cause of severe conditions of warfare
Germans Have 3,000 Airplanes.
Paris, Dec. 15. The tlermnns now
havo tl.OOO airplanes on tho western
front, It was estimated. Whitney War
ren, it well-known New York writer,
urges the United States to speed up
her construction of aircraft.
Surgical Dressings Needed.
New York, Dec. 15. "A serious ca
lamity nnd n national dlsgraco are In
evitable" If surglcat dressings aro not
sent to Franco with all possible speed,
according to Major Murphy, head of
the Red Cross In France.
NESS OF GOONTIES
SIXTY COUNTIE8 HAVE NO OUT
NEWS FROM STATE CAPITAL
Items of Varied Interest Gathered
from Reliable Sources
at the State
Tho present bonded dobt of coun
ties in Nobraska Is $3,778,887, or only
$441,887 more than it was one year
ago, according to recordB In Stato
Auditor W. H. Smith's office. Only
thirty-two of tho nlnety-threo coun
ties in tho state have bonded debts.
Sixty counties have no outstanding
bonds. Tho counties that Imvo In
curred bonded Indebtedness in tho
past year are Dodgo, Plerco nnd Sar
py. Douglas county, In which Omaha
Is situated, leads tho list with a bond
ed dobt of $1,067,000, Lancaster
county, In which the capital city is
located, is fourth on tho list with a
bonded debt of $27,887, being exceod
cd by Otoo, with $1S0,000, nnd Wash
ington, with $146,000. Dodge county
lii fifth with a bonded debt of $100,000.
It is possible that somo of tho In
debtedness of somo of tho counties
listed may have been reduced the past
year, but If this has been done the
county clerks have failed to certify
to tho auditor's office
The following Is tho bonded in
debtedness of counties as shown by
Box Butto $
Chase . . si
Keya Paha 60,000
Pawnee . .
Pierce . . .
Regent Haller Resigns as Chairman
Regent F. L. Haller handed in his
resignation as chairman of the board
of regents at tho meeting last week.
He will still retain his position as
member of the board but will stop
from tho presiding officer's chair on
January 1. HIb term would have end
ed within a few weeks. Regent E. P.
Brown was chosen to take bis place.
Every member of the board was
present at tho meeting. In connection
with his resignation Regent Haller
presented the following statement:
"Inasmuch as I am intending to
spend the winter in tho south, leaving
about the first of the year, I hereby
resign my position as president of the
board of regents, the same to take ef
fect January 1, 1918, and recommend
that mv successor be elected at thin
meeting to take office January 1,
Discrepancy In Tax Returns
A discrepancy in tax returns from
Colfax, Chase, Clay and Phelps coun
ties between tho figures sent in last
summer and those lately received
from county clerks has been discov
ered in the auditor's office. In each
Instance tho assessor's figures wero
hlghor than those returned. Colfax
falls off $3,075 in stato taxos; Clay,
$2,077; Chase, $1,447 and Phelps,
$1,433. Tho auditor has written coun
ty clorks In each instance to discover
if some mistake has not been made in
Advised to Keep the Dairy Cows
Tho farmer who keeps his dairy
cows during the present period of
high-priced feeding will bo repaid in
tho end, according to dairy exports ot
tho agricultural extension service ot
the University of Nobraska. On ac
count of the efficiency and economy of
production tho dairy cow will be called
upon moro and more ns tho war con
tinues, and tho loss of dairy cojva in
European countries will result in a
heavy demand for American dairy
products and breeding stock after tho
Secretary ot Stato Pool has filed his
'report with Governor Neville' for tho
six months, ending Novomber 30m.
This report shows that) 'thero has
boon collected and turned Into tno
treasury in tho six months, (128,913.03.
In tho samo period ot 1914 a total of
$95,220.39 was collected; in 1915 a
total of $107,243.43 was turned Into
tho treasury and in 1916 a total ot
1110,317.57 was deposited. This shows
an Increase of $18,596.30 In 1917 over
tho samo period in 1916, and an in
crcaso of $33,693.54 In 1917 over the
umo period of 1914.
STOCK JUDGING TEAM RETURN3
Bring Back $1,100 from Chicago Live
Mombors of tho University of Ne
braska's llvo stock Judging team to
gether with members of the animal
husbandry faculty havo returned from
the International Llvo Stock exposi
tion at Chicago, bringing with them
$1,100 won by tho stato farm's prize
stock and probably tho highest hon
ors ovor awarded to a Btudent Judg
Nebraska's team stood first out ot
twelve universities and colleges that
sent representatives. Nebraska was
first in Judging horses, first In Judg
ing hogs, and first in Judging sheep.
Walter F. Roberts, n student at tho
Collcgo of Agrlculturo from O'Neill,
Neb., waH tho highest in tho entire
contest out of Blxty Individual con
testants. Earl Iloguo of Croto won
fourth placo. A. E. Anderson of Lin
coln tied for fifth placo, Glenn Snapp
of Uclvillo, Knns., stood eleventh, nnd
Chester Grau of Washington, Nub.,
twentieth. All of Nebraska's men
wore among tho upper one-third which
gave tho championship of the entlro
exposition to tho University of No
braska. Will Eliminate University Vacations
In accordanco with tho war times
tho unlvorslty board Iiub decided to
olimlnato vacations as far as practi
cable so school may bo dismissed early
enough in the spring to allow tho stu
dents to go in to the corn fields. It is
a time honored custom that tho stu
dents shall havo two weoks' in which
to renew homo tlos. But it has been
docreed that studentB will havo but
one week starting December 22. The
next important recess is tho spring
ijcc3s. This has also boon shortened
from a week to throo days. All othor
holidays are done away with altogeth
er. This elimination of holidays will
bring tho graduation on May 25 In
stead of the middle of June as usually
is the case.
Has Trouble Finding Physicians
The state board of control is having
trouble to find physicians to accept
positions in stato hospitals for the in
sano and other institutions. Soveral
physicians have left the servico of the
state to enter the army and others
will soon leave. There Is now a va
cancy at tho home for soldiers at
Grand Island, and two other places of
the same kind in other institutions will
soon bo vacant. The board of control
has transferred Dr. Lawrence W. Sid
well, first physicians at the hospital
for insane at Hastings, to the same
position In the Lincoln hospital.
Just how the next draft, which Is
expected before the end of this semes
ter, will uffect the clusses in the uni
versity is a question that is beginning
to disturb university professors. Prac
tically all of the men in the Junior and
senior classes and a large number in
tho two lower classes will be taken In
tho draft, and many of the classes
will be totally disrupted. Whether or
not those men taken in tho drnft will
bo given full credit for the worb thoy
begun is another question that is wor
rying university men. A largo num
ber of seniors, who are within a few
hours of graduation, will be called to
the colors, and thoy are anxious to
know if thoy will be given their de
grees. Tho university authorities
havo made no ruling for next semes
ter, but the probabilities nro that such
men will bo given their diplomas.
If any ono has more than a "reason
able" amount of whisky on hand, or if
any one has a stock of confiscated li
quors in his possession nnd Is about
to destroy the stuff, the war depart
ment will take It and bo glad to get it.
If tho destroyer will stay his hand,
tho war department will take the li
quor and redistill it into alcohol for
military use. Governor Neville has
been so notified by H. P. McCain, ad
jutant general of the United States.
In reply tho governor will inform tho
war department' that liquors confis
cated under tho Nebraska prohibitory
law can bo turned over to tho govern
ment afer it has been used as evi
denco in court nnd confiscation has
beon ordered by a court. Thero is said
to be a carload or more of whisky and
other liquors in Omaha that may be
turned over to tho government.
Answering tho complaint that there
is laxity in tho enforcement ot tho to
male labor law, Doputy Labor Com
missioner Georgo Norman declares
that inspection Is as completo as pos
sible undor present conditions. Mr.
Norman says tho office is severoly
handicapped for lack of Inspectors.
Secretary O. E. Bornockor ot the
stato board of assessment has induc
ed the board to dlroct assosuors to
itemizo household goods and agricul
tural tools and machinery when as
sessing personal property. Tho plan
was tried in a few counties last year
and resulted In a moro equitable as
sessment of property and also uncov
ered proporty that had escaped as
sessment under tho old method of
guessing or lumping the value of such
goods. Noxt spring assessors will bo
oquippod with now printed blanks to
be attached to tho schedules
Governor Neville has received a
telegram from Provost Marshal Crow
dor warning draft boards In Nebraska
not to dlscourago enlistments in tho
remaining days in which men had an
opportunity to volunteer and chooso
tho branch of service which thoy pre
fer. "If tho situation applies to No
braska," the provost marshal's telo
gram roads, "boards are urgontly re
quested not to retard enlistments."
The messago states that President
WilBon is anxious to make uso of all
ot tho voluntary enlistments for armor
and navy service.
The itsodaxd eotdcure for SOyesra
in Ublet form aafe.aure.np opiate
cure cold la J4 hourt flip In 3
days. Moneybscklfltfalla. Oettiie
tenutac box with Fed top sod Mr.
Hill's nlrture on it.
Coitt leu, glvei
more, tavea money.
At Any Drug Stora
Every Woman Want
FOR PERSONAL HYGIENE
Dissolved la water for douches stop
pelvic catarrh, ulceration and Inflam
mation Recommeaded by Lydks E.
Pinkham Med. Co. for tea years.
A heating wonder for nasal catarrh,
sore tSroat and sore ayes. Economical.
Hu eitnnrdintrr dcu&w and acrmicidal Dower.
I Sajapla Fraa. 30c all drucaaU, or poUpiid by
Will reduce Inflamed, Strained,
Swollen Tendons, Ligaments,
or Muscles. Stops the lamencsaand
pain from a Splint, Side Done or
Hone Spavin. No blister, no hair
one and horse can be used. $2 a
bottle at druggists or delivered. De
scribe vour case for special instruc
tions and interesting horse Book 2 M Free.
AISQRIINEiJRi. the antiseptic linimentfor
mankind, reduces Strained, Torn Liga
ment. Swollen Glinds. Veins at Muscle!
Heats Cuts, Sores, Ulcer. Allays pain. Price
11.00 bottle t dtiteri or dtllrertd. Book "Et Mrec" Irea.
W. F. TOUNG, P. 0, F, 310 Twple Strut, Striata Mm.
English Wear Clogs.
The greatly Increased cost of labor
In the British isles has directed atten
tion to u class of footwear that has
been going out of fashion owing to the
Increased earning power of tho work
ing classes, i'eurson's Weekly states.
The clog Is n bhoe of leather with a
wooden sole to which the upper leath
er Is attached by small nails. The
wooden sole Is protected by n light
garniture of iron running round the
Hundreds of London schoolchildren
are now wearing clogs which cost
about three shillings u pair, und the
Loudon county council schoolteachers
have been providing clogs for HI shod
pupils who pay for them by weekly In
stallments of three pence each.
Should the price of leather Increase
much more the city man will most
probably be coming to business in
clogs, though they will be of a better
type, and already for country wear ono
can buy an elegant pair of laceup clogs
for u quarter of the price of an equally
Stat of Ohio, City of Toledo, Lucas
County ss. . . . .
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he Is
senior partner of the firm of P. J. Cheney
& Co., doing- business In tho City of To
ledo, County and State aforesaid, and that
said firm will pay the sum of ONE HUN
DRED DOLLARS for any case of Catarrh
that cannot be cured by tho use of
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE.
FRANXC J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me nnd subscribed In
my presence, this 6th day of December,
A. D. 1MB. 4 ,
(S-ml) A. W. OlSnson, Notary Public
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE Is tak
en Internally and nets through the Dlood
on the Mucous Surfaces of the 8ystem.
Druggists, 75c. Testimonials free.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.
"Hns Mrs. Dubwaltc lost her Inter
est In politics?"
"Temporarily," replied Mr. Dub
waite. "She Isn't going to quit campaign
ing, I hope?"
"Oh, no. But Mrs. Dnbwnlte Is a
woman who simply thrives on opposi
tion. Suffrage is making Buch rapid
progress she's afraid thero will soon
be nothing left to fight for." Birm
Important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTOIIIA, that famous old remedy
for infants and children, and see thnt It
Signature of t
In Use for Over UO Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Caatoria
On the -Rocks.
"Their honeymoon Is over."
"Dear met Aro you quite sure
"I haven't the slightest doubt of It
She's beginning to remind him that
she was making $25 a week when he
When Noise Don't Count
One of the peculiarities of the
leather-lunged Individual Is that ho
hasn't discovered thnt It Isn't tho
noise of a boiler shop that makes tho
"Is he n man of high ideals?"
"I guess so. no wants to be an
'uco' in an airplane squadron."
Always use Red Cross Ball Blue. Delights
the laundress. At all good grocers. Adv.
Tonnwunda nnd North Tonnwnnda,
N. Y are to consolidate governments.
rsrfaiwSjmSorefy" Eyes Inflamed by
A'sifllHraf 5?" 0"'nd WW quickly
YORIS3ii relieved by Murine. Try It la
SY !. In TabaaSw. for UaaAiatXa&'va-rraa).
Ask Msart Kya ataiaiy C. CM m a