Newspaper Page Text
RED CLOUD, XKBSAIIA, OKXIF
Lumbermen Must Turn Out
Ten Billion More Feet a
Year to Meet Demand for
N. Home Building
SaElE-. IMffiHHK 0 ritJlvI
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TOWN TRIES TO
Unique League Is Formed
Massachusetts to Fight
NortlifleM, Mnss.Tlio Urt nntl
RosslpliiK It'iiKiiu of tlio world lina
boon orKimlzod in this beautiful vll
IiiKo. A iiutloiuit No-Oosslp day la
Thu iio-Knsilp li'iiK'lo l unlijuo. It
lias no I'oiiNlltutlon, no by-laws, no
olllccrrt, no ilucy. Vet tlio founder
nml orcunlzcr, V. Ambler Weleli, ed
itor mid publisher of tlio Kortlideld
joa by irowvoptxurDRhva
11. LUMHKltJACIC will liavu to bus
tle ! That Is tlio publicly expressed
opinion niimiiK tbe experts In every
lino of business connected with build
ItiK. They say mnont; other thliiK't:
That the ileiiuind for homes in the
United Slates Is nation-wide.
That SOO.OOO homes should have
been built at the norinnl rate In the
last two years mid thnt only fiO.OOO
......... ....(....I!., l.tiiit l.iiivliiK ii sliiirt
i H IIU 4l!Ulll, lllllllt i.n... - -
nj:e thai is esuniiiteii nt limy iiu,wn innuu.
That from D00.000 to r.SO.OOO homes must be now
built yearly to nuike up the bhortane mid to gut
bnck to the normal rate.
That 50,000,000 feet of lumber, board measure,
will have to be cut yearly, Instead of -10.000.000
feet, which Is the normal rute.
Thnt an Increase In the lumber output of 10,
000,000 feet n year will certainly make the lum
The experts do not agree as to figures In nil
cases. IJut It Is evident that the shortage in
homes Is very large. At the recent real estate
convention In Atlnntlc City inadequate housing
facilities wore reported from till parts of the
country and the shortage in homes was put at
Agnln, it should be remembered that tho or
dinary demands of manufacturers for lumber are
iiNo to be met.
That the demnnd of devastated Kurope for
lumber will undoubtedly stimulate export from
While nil the lumberjacks of the country will
have to hustle, It looks ns If the biggest activity
will be demanded from the lumberjacks of tlio
1'nelMe const.' where most of tho lumber comes
The pictures show scenes In Idaho and Wash
ington The mountain lumber camp Is -1,000 feet
up In northern Idnho and there Is still snow on
the grim nil In June. 'The irnlnload of logs Is on
a narrow-gaugo road In the Idaho plno forests
near Fernwood. The three mngnlflcent yellow
pines aro In n logging region near Spoknne. Yel
low plno Is the principal source of lumber In
eastern Washington. The uormnl production of
yellow pine Is about 10.000.000,000 feet (board
measure) n year. It Is flfjurcd that this output
will have to bo Intrenscd to about 20.000,000.000
feet. Some of the white pine trees nenr Spokane
nre Ove feet In diameter and 175 feet high. The
largest white pine belt left In the United Stntes
Is In northern Idaho. Some of the lnrgest nnd
Pest-ecpilpped Fnwmllls In the country are In this
This housing problem is n big one so big that
it may lead to action by the federal government.
The department of labor, In announcing-In Jan
uary ihatT00,000 now dwelling houses were need
td. had this to say:
"Two billion dollars, avnllablo for loans to
home builders, would go far In providing the
necessary cnjiltnl for the building of those dwell
ings. Securities of a value approximating $'2,000,
000,000 nre held by the constituent organizations
In tbe United Stntes League of Ilulldlng and Loan
Associations. Labor conditions, manufacturing,
nml social needs clearly Indicate the desirability
of an linniedlnte nccelerntlon of building activi
ties throughout the country.
"Hy making nvullnble capital neccRsnry to
luillding, n tentative plan may materialize in it
nntlonal system of 'home loan bnnks.' The plan
contemplates tho creation of n bnnk In each fed
eral reserve district, similar to the lnnd banks
created under the federal farm loan act, with
which n local building nml lonn as.soclntlon could
deposit collateral, receiving In exchnngo homo
The announcement has been nindo In Washing
ton by Louis IC. Shormnn, president of tho United
States Housing corporation, thnt the lnnd In vari
ous cities which was to linvo been utilized by the
government In Its wnr emergency building pro
grnm Is to be sold to home seekers for tho erec
tion of private houses. The conditions governing
the siilo of such property aro that there Is n real
demand for houses in tho community nniL,tlint the
construction of homos will ho started Immediately
following the wile. Tho lots nre to bo sold pub
licly. Complete sets of plans, prepared by arch
itects for tho housing corporation, will be fur
nished with tho various lots.
Orosvenor Attcrbury hns some Interesting
tilings to say on this problem. Ho is known ns
nn architect of Internntionnl reputntlon. He is
n member of the hoard of directors of tho Na
tional Housing association, clmlnnnn of tho war
time housing committee, member of tho National
City rinnnlng Institute, member of tho French
Council of Architects nnd Knglneors on tho prob
lem of reconstruction In tho devastated regions
nnd n member of tho New York tenement liouso
commission. For in yenrs, under various appro
priations, beginning with tho Henry Phlpps en
terprises nnd then with tlio Itussell Sago founda
tion, ho hns spent n largo pnrt of his tlmo In re
fienrch work nnd experiments In the possibilities
of quantity production of tlio small house suit
nblo for worklngmcn. Thcso practical studios
nnd demonstrations linvo Involved tho expendi
ture of two or threo hundred thousnnd dollars.
IIo says among other things:
"Wo 'will make no substantial progress toward
tho solution of the industrial housing problem
until we npply to the production of the small
I ill 'ii!
I'll i I 1 re
SB - I 'l
Should Read Mrs. Monyhan's
Letter Published by
Mitchell, Ind. " Lydla E. Nnkham'a
Vegotablo Compound helped mo so much
iiurmp tno tlmo l
was looking forward
to tho coming of my
littlo ono that I am
recommending It to
mothers. Ho fore
I suffered wiUi ncu
rnlgia so badly that
I thought I could
not live, but nfter
taking threo bottles
of LydiaE. Pink
ham's Ve (to table
Compound I was en
tirely roliovod of
nournlgin, 1 had
gained in strength
nnd was ablo to go
nround and do all
my housework. My" bnby when soven
months old weighed 19 pounds nnd I feel
hotter than I liavo for a long time. J
never had any medicine do mo no
much good." Mrs. Pearl Monyiian,
Good honlth durlncr matcrnitv is a
most important factor to both mother
health rcstoreddurincthis trying period
by tlio uso of Lydla li Pinkham'fl Vog.
rif 'jw j
it important factor to both mother
, child, and many letters havo been
pived by tho Lydla E. Pinkham
Jiclno Co., Lynn, Maaa.; telling of
houso the same principles of standardization,
machine, factory nnd quantity production that
nro employed by nil other great Industries.
".Most experts ngree thnt the real crux of the
Industrial housing problem lies not In land cost,
taxes or Interest rates, but in the house Itself,
the cot of construction. The investment in
building Is anywhere from three to ten times the
cost of the land, nnd Is therefore the dominant
Item and tlio most potent factor In tho entire
problem. It Is nil very well to eliminate tho
waste In the other factors waste, of time, labor
or material but If the productivity of human
labor and capital in construction can be Increased
the ic.Milt would be n real step townrd tbe solu
tion of the dlflleulty nnd the benefits or such nn
economy would nccruo to all pnrtles Involved.
"That the 'rcady-miide' house will come event
uolly Is eyldent from the progress made. The
first experimental building designed to demon
strate the principle of standardization and fac
tory production wns successfully erected In 1009.
Since then the work of demonstration nnd de
velopment hns proceeded, with the general result
always pointing, in my Judgment, to tho sound
ness of the principles nnd their ultimate bucccss.
"The help we need ought to como from u gov
ernment research department established for that
purpose. This depnrtment would have to bear
tho same relation to housing, which is commodity,
thnt tho department of agriculture bears to wheat
or the bureau of mines to minerals. In other
words, the housing of the Industrial nrmy Is ns
Importnnt In pence ns thnt of the munition work
ers In wnr times or tho fighting units themselves.
. And for these purposes the government spent
hundred!! of millions of dollars nnd established
n speclnl department. It Is n fnlr question wheth
er the Importance of tho problem today does not
Justify tho establishment of n permanent bureau
"What effect will this increased' nctlvity of the
lumberjack have on our lumber supply?" Is an Im
The exportation of American lumber on the
scale likely to result from tho European demand
for material will, unless accompanied by provi
sion for regrowth, seriously deplete tho supplies
needed by homo Industries and Impose hnrdshlps
on tho consuming public here, Is tho view of Henry
S. Graves, chief of the United Stntes forest serv
ice. "l'lio department of agriculture hns Issued a
pamphlet by Colonel Graves wnrnlng tho wood
using Industries, tho lumbermen nnd nil Interested
In homo supplies of forest products or foreign
trade In them, thnt tho question of lumber ex
ports cannot safely bo left to tlio caro of Itself.
Tho situation is especially erltlcnl, he points out,
with certain of our highest grndo woods, such its
nsh, oak, hickory, yellow poplar nnd black wnlnut,
which nro tho support of Importnnt Industries,
and with southern yellow plno, of which tho
main bulk of supply Is approaching exhaustion
nnd which Is likely to be oxported in largo quan
tities to meet nftcr-thc-wnr demands.
Tho situation, Colonel Graves holds, Is ono of
ominous possibilities. "Most of the lending In
dustrial nations of tho world," he says, "whethor
lightly wooded nnd dependent upon Imports or
heavily wooded nnd exporters, nro tnklng steps to
safeguard nnd develop tholr timber resources. Tho
United States nlorio appears to bo content to
build up a great export trade without considering
tho ultimate effect upon domestic timber re
sources and their cnpnclty In the future to supply
tho homo market."
Sound public" policy does not, however, neces
sarily demand tho discouragement of exports.
"The United .States, standing second among th
countries of the world In forest nren and produc
ing more than half of the sawed lumber, should
play n more Important part In the export trmlo
of thn world than It does now. With proper safe
guards In the way of Tiinlntnlnlng the rnw inn
terlals, n strong export trade should he encour
aged. But the gains which wo may mnke In the
mnrltots of the world can be kept only In so far
as they n're based on n permanent supply of tim
ber. If they are to be based merely on n cut
which, ns In the enso of old-growth southern pine,
will not supply even our domestic needs for moro
thnn tho next ten or fifteen yenrs, we shall soon
be crowded out of the foreign markets by coun
trios which bnso their export trodo on a continu
ous self-perpetunting resource."
Europe's emergency need for lumber, above Its
consumption In norinnl times, Is put at about
7,000,000,000 feet of lumber n year for the nenr
future, u conservative estimate; nnd her own for
ests have been depleted by the war.
Europe, however, needs cheap lumber ubovo nil,
and our product will not be nttrnctlvo for the
principal needs of reconstruction, nceordlng io
Colonel Graves. Nevertheless, the world situa
tion In lumber, he snys, offers ."nn undoubted op
portunity for a permnnent export trade from this
country of proportions that would seem to bo
limited only by our own powers to sustain me
production of snw mnterlnl."
Senntor Sherman presented to the sennte tho
other day a memorial from tho Illinois legisla
ture, which was In part as follows:
"Whereas tho wood-using Industries not de
pending upon uncertain local forest supplies have
become centered to a very largo extent In the
thickly populated districts enst of the Mississippi
river nml nre drawing their supplies from tho
remaining forests in the eastern stntes, the gulf
states and tho Ptntes ndjacent to tho Great Lnkcs.
A large number of such Industries are located In
the state of Illinois, with tho city of Chicago the
center of n very lnrgo and Importnnt group. Chi
cago has for many yenrs been tho chief lumber
distribution point of tho United Stntes nnd the
grentest point of lumber distribution In the world.
These Important Industries, Including tho mnnn
faclure of railway cars boxes, sashes nnd doors,
farm machinery, furniture, pianos, vehicles, and
mnny other nrtlcles, nre now threatened by tho
exhaustion of tho forests from which their sup
plies hnve been drnwn. They now face tho neces
sity of bringing timber from tho I'nclilc const
with heavy freight charges added to the cost. To
the same Pacific coast supply the country must
look for lumber for general construction purposes.
The transportntlon system of tho country must
add to Its present burdens the transcontinental
shipment of very lnrgo quantities of lumber, n
bulky product upon which n high freight rate
frriMittv Increases the cost to the consumer.
"Ite'solved, That tho Fifty-first general assembly
of tho state of Illinois urges the nttentlon of tho
president nnd the congress of tho United Stntes
to tho present timber situation nnd recommends
that, without delay, there bo formulnted such n
nntlonnl program of forestry as will Insure tho
future timber supplies required by tho Industries
of the country. As nn example of what should ho
done, this general assembly points to tho wlo
course of tho republic of France In so managing
Its forests for more thnn n century thnt they con
tributed substantially to the winning of the great
"It Is further urged that tho federal govern
ment, acting Independently or In oo-operntlon
with the stntes, Innugurnto nctlon looking townrd
such mensuro of public control of tho remnlnlng
bodies of orlglnnl timber ns will mnke suro thnt
their supplies will bo nvnllablo ns needed by tho
"It Is furthermore urged thnt comprehensive
plans bo put Into effect for restoring tho forest
on cut-over Innds which nro nonngrlculturnl In
character In tho eastern stntes, In tho states
bordering tho Great Lakes, and In tho South, In
order that timber supplies from theso regions
may bo available to tho established Industries of
tho central and eastern states."
Why Look Critically at Your NelahborT
Press, sees n great future for tho or
ganization. "Not that Northlleld Is more gos
sipy than nny other town In the
world," said he. "Gossip Is an off
spring of envy. It Is natural for
women to be envious, but It Is truo
thnt men are also moved that way
"It occurs to mo we should glv
our neighbors the benefit of tho
"Why lift the eyebrow If n neigh
bor's wife has n new paradise plume
very likely It is nn old ono nnd
wns not smuggled.
"Why shrug one's shoulder If somo
bnnk ofllccr appears in a new motor
car very likely be mortgaged his
house to get It Instend of stealing the
money from the bank.
"Why look critically at your neigh
bor if he has a red nose very likely
It is from sunburn and not from tip
"We'll try to mnke this little town
gossip free, nnd If the outsldo world
wishes to tnke up the plan, I'm In
favor of pushing It."
The Cause U
Allilroroliti I SotpJS.OIntmntJS&rJ,Tlciim.
Hnniplo rrn-h ffr of "Catlcnrt, Pyt E. BiUn
Wfttion E. Ooltnan,
l'slont Iawis.', WublnctoB,
ii. u. Aaiiooanuuwu ires.
llatos reasonable, nigheitretetenoo. UceuerrloM.
Kill AH Flies!
1'ltra.l anywhere. DAISY FLY KIIXGR ittrmete and
kill! all llf. Umt. Hon. ornamental, cofiwnlant and
nn. Made of matal.
can't rplll or tlnonr
lll nnt anil ortolan
u A in i
HAROLD U0MK.U8. 1W Uu Kalb ATO.,DrooVljo.N.T.
Itlshop ltrlstol, In an nddress la
Chattanooga, wns giving ndvlce to pros
' "Whatever you do," said the bishop,
I "don't spoil everything on your wed
1 ding day by telling your wife what
lino pies your mother used to make.
Swallow tho bride's creation, oven If
you have to break the crust, with a
j sledge hammer, assuro her It's a cull
nary chef d'oeuvre, nnd then tnke
pill on the sly."
GOAT PAYS LEG FOR LOYALTY
Leaps From Mine Sweeper
Sailor Goes to Rescue
Now York. At tho Illde-n-Wec homo
for animals attention Is focused Just
now on bringing nbout tho speedy re
covery of Jim, mascot of. tho British
mine sweeper Cnnndn. Jim is a goat,
with a rigid conception of duty, and
the effect of discipline led hlra to leap
overboard In the wnko of his master.
As a consequenco ho is now at the
home with a broken leg and minor
Injuries. IIo was rescued from the
East river and placed In tho hands of
the BIde-a-Wee management for treat
ment. Jim Is the property of A. V. Mc
Gregor, a Benmnn on board the Can
ada. McGregor trained him to do
many tricks, but he neglected to warn
him against Ienplng ovcrhonrd. A mem
ber of the crew of the Canada, which
hns been nt anchor in the Enst river,
fell Into the water. McGregor lenped
nfter the man, nnd the gont lenped
nfter McGregor. For n time the gont
complicated innttcrs, McGregor states,
but wns finally landed on the deck of
the sweeper. The seaman was drowned.
Every depnrtment of housekeeping
needs Ilcd Cross Ball Blue. Equally
good for kitchen towels, tablo linen,
sheets and pillowcases, etc.
No Pleaoantriea Attached.
"There will still bo a use for cork
screws when the nation fcoos dry.
Corks nre found in other tattles be
sides those containing whisky.
"I dare sny you nro right," said Mr.
Jngsby, gloomily, "but n cork puller of
thnt kind will not be proceded by merry
quips nnd spurkllng rcpurtec, show
ing that Joy Is nbout to be uncontlncd."
"Is your husband n sound sleeper!"
"Is ho? You Just ought to hear him
He Makes Sirup, but
Disposition Is Sour.
Sun Francisco. Thcodoro
Ilnzonknnip, chemist for tho
Berkeley Sirup works, onco
locked his wife, Mrs. Gertrudo
Ilnzenknmp, In n closet nnd took
ndvnntngo of her Imprisonment
to break every dish In tho
hniiHiv according to tho divorce
suit tiled by Mrs. Ilnzenknmp In
the superior court.
Her complaint nlleged thnt
when her daughter, Llllle, asked
IlaKcnknmp to relense her moth
er froTn the closet ho unswcpc-d
by knocking her down the stnlrs.
Mrs. Ilnzenknmp nlleges that
her husband told her she wns
not fit to associate with his lie-
qualntnnces. For long periods,
sho charges, ho refused to speak
Mistake In Verdict.
Portlnnd, Ore. When Judge Dayton
rend tho verdict thoJurors Jumped
to their feet nnd objected. They hnd
signed a "not guilty" verdict by mis-tnkft.
Back Giving Out?
That "bad back" is probably doe to
weak kidneys. It shows in a dull,
throbbing backache, or sharp twinges
when stooping. You have headaches,
tod. dizzy pells, a tired, nervous feeling
and irregular kidney action. Don t neg
lect it thcro is danger of dropsy, gravel
or Bright's disease! Uso Doan's Kid
liey Pills. Thousands have saved them
selves moro serious ailments by the
timely use of DoaW$.
A Nebraska Case
D. Deyo, retired
Ames Avo., Oraa
in. Neb., says:
"I woll remomber
tho uenoui i re
tho use of Doan's
Kidney Pllla. I
had been suffer
tnB from the lr
rcgulur action of
nVrl wim obllireil to
Kot un frequently durlnR the night to
Iiass tlio secretions. , My back ached
continually, too, Finally I began usinB
Doan's Kidney PIIIb and three boxes
of Doan's rid mo of my troublo en
tirely)" Get Doan's at Any Slots, 60o Box .
FOSTERMIUJURN CO., BUFFALO. N. Y.
11 f.i ii. ii - f,-f
VAN ARNAH DRESS PLEATING
& BUTTON CO.
412-17 Paaton Block, Omaha, Neb.
AccorJIan, knife, side, space, box,
ounbarut and combination pleat-
lag. hemstitching, ploot edging,
all stylet, and sties. Pries Ibt free.
. HAIR BALSAM .
A toilet preparation ot merit?
Halpa to eradicate dandruff.
FArRailrina' Color and
too. ana SLOOaturureuta.
Teachers! TeachersI Teachers!
WHY EARN LESS THAU HE PAT III THE WEST ?
Wa most h&To too tachera In tbe sndat and rarsl
sehuuli ot Idaho ana Utah alone, w sir nothing- of
the other statos ot our territory.
SALARIES PER MONTH FOR NIKE MOUTHS $90 TO 1
W register you free, and churtfo nothing for on
Krrloea unless you accept ia position through jjs.
nd photograph, ooploa of reoonnnendaUona ana
c4jinpletiiiroruiatlon in Br letter. He.uia.Uewet.
UTiu-aocmii hist ssiTica, !., s. us, , va