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THE GLORY OF C M S A R ; II V T T II E
BY II. B. STACY.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 183G.
VOIv. X No. 481.
WELFARE OF R O M E.
BTOIIY OF THE HAT.
We extract from dm American Monthly Mnga-
A Venerable Postman. Tliorc is now
living nti old tnan nnmcd Henry Wlntc,
who has boon n font nnst between Harl-
sine, n pretty story with this title, fiom tlio Geimun boroiiyli ond Cheslcrfied, tho Insl lliirly
of Gellert, done into Uiigtish Verse liy n cor- yenrs. Ho Iris walked 20 miles every tiny
repondent of the Jlng.iihie. The tale contaim n (Sundays excepted) during that period.
which, at 52 weeks to the year, gives 'J.
rilOM TIIF. OE11MAN OF Q ELEHT.
The man who lint invented that
rrntcan fashion'.) my u h it,
Wore his frit cover with the brim
Slourhcd dawn. Yet he contrived to wear
Tlie llii"S ith nich a grace and nir(
lie seemed u dandy, spruce and prim.
Ait through llie sticcu he walked, surprise
lleamrd loilh fioal ccry fnpling's eves
And all this womlciing town confessed
That matchless genius he possessed.
lie died, and It-fi bnpicst most rare !
The broad-brimmed li.it to his next heir.
The funeral o'er the heir scarce knew
What with the dish shaped think lo do,
Whose flalihiness iinnnved him sure;
tie studied long -Ills s-K ill ihen tiicd,
Turned up ill! lirim on ciiher side,
And In ought ii to n peak befoic.
Now walking forih, the people saw
And hailed the change with great eclat,
'I'nii honor," died they, "sir, the hat
Hath now n shape worth looking at !"
He died, and left bequest most rare!
The peaked hat lo his next heir.
The heir recoiled ilie hat, ami eyed
The goodly gifl wiili swelling pi ide.
Hut jiiilji'il it lacks I a fin it couch ;
He M'iiiiiniz". il ijo-e a id long.
An I Mi tint llicic wh s inii'ihiiig wrong
A siiiiieihing ih.it dufoi iiil'J it inucli.
h il" nil d he, "i's 8 i'e defect,
I am inii-l hippy m deteci!"
Ho tinning up the hiini behind,
He pieced and sinnilh'd it In ids mind.
Who can th' .ilnnidi'ii"iil eouceivo
Tint seized the ciowd, when lliey espied
The novel ihangel "Itehold." ihev ciied,
Deltoid what genius can iit-hlec !
Oh, what a glorious Iraii'l'ui nntiun t
The in in's un honor to (lie nation."
Iledieil, and left bequest most raic!
The ilirec-c.ocked Ii it to his next heir.
The hat was now no longer new,
(Tin ce owner's hands it Ii id pa-red through,)
Much soiled it was, uuil gieiscd, al tck !
Hul. nti iinpioveinenl bent, I In; heir
I'nndeied die mailer well "iih c.ire:
Then jconi'd.and spangcd.and dyed it black.
"Oh hippy lll'inglii1" cxclinned alotil
The gaping and .iduia iog eiimd;
"Of mind limine, inventive clear,
Tlie strong, conclusive proof, see here!
A white hat's fiuiu it we feel,
A black one's sinely m ne genteel !'
He died, an I I -ft bequest in.m rare !
The black lived lial lohis nexi heir.
The heir look homo llichit in lasle,
lie. siw lint il w.w gie.il1 worn,
And ofiis priiii.il splcnd r shorn;
(The color hail in time gum n dim,
(shabby and (1 lernl was, the Iniin;
Tlieciowii, lialged iii I'ke a hive. J
Long was he ported whit lo do.
What means In use u hit plan puisne,
Its form and splendor toievive.
But finally the lucky nun
Devised the only pioper plan.
Over a block he ihew I lie hat,
Ami nres.eil the biim down snviiilli and flit:
Washed, scoured, and blushed it, and at last
A heated sad-iron o cf II passed,
Then cock'd it Hp Ific.-h, and bound
Its ede vvi h silken ribbuid round.
Now forih he wnlke I, and in his range
All m liked at mice ihe thorough ch mge.
"Whit rc we," ciieil dm moll "behold,
To n new Ii it lias i ll mged the old !
Oh, h ippy country where the art
A.n ... .i..i'Ueil lit' .1 111. Ill llftl.tllsl
We've reached ihe height Alienee nngcls fell !
Mere mortal ne er can tins excel :
He died, anil left bequest most rare !
The le-fuiined hat to his next heir.
Invention is die artist's glory,
And gives renown in fmiue stoiy.
The next heir, with il u iag hand,
Snipped fiiini the h n I In silken liana;
Willi gold. lace trimmed it round instead,
An I set it sideways on his head !
The crowd cried, with a deafening roar,
'Now genius iMiiuot higher soar !
compaied wiili this in in nil ihe ipsi
Weic silly, bungling fiub, at hesi!"
He died and left bequest mn-i rare 1
The gold laced hat lo his next heir.
JSncJ of Canto First.
OO-Whal Timber change the bit befit
in Canto second we shaP lell
Each heir some liberal inn made ;
Each in bis mm his i.me display'dj
And each new fadiion, as il rose,
Win praised and aped by lops and beaux
Fnncy devised new foims and name,
But THE OLD HAT was aje THE same!
Tn lirirf n ihpse ihe hat. iiliilosnnlicrs. you'll find
Have treaied, in limes p.ul.llie Sicience nfihe mind
And still, new-fangled dummies, quaint anilliolil,
Find rcaily Irieinli anJ l.uoieis as oiuio:
080 tntles. II"! is now abinit 7!)
ago. ant! to all appearance may continue lo
'plod Ins weary way " lor some years lo
come, Shc'ltiold Ins.
Ocular Demonstration. On Sunday week,
I mining the ten of thousands who enjoyed
the majestic spectacle of lite eclipec, l hero
wa an honest weaver in n neighboring
village, who like many oilier', i-i imbued
Willi lite honorable ilesiro of giving his
children a mora cxti nstve cdiicition than
he eiijoyctl himself. When the eclipse be
came annular, lie exclaimed, "I wish our
Tarn was here. Shun after lie gocd to
learn astronomy, be used to diceive tne
about the sun being many thoosan's o'
times bigger llinn the mnnti, but I nyo tcll'i
htm he was mislain. What better pront
would he hie, than to t-co the anc laid
strauglit on the tap oflhc tithcr.' I allow
the sun is biggest, but I'm sura U s no
oboon a tliootn breadth cnc.li way. If he
wutltia believe me lie would surely believe
bis am iwn cen." Paisley Advertiser.
Couriout instance of the Agency of the
Devil. The occasion nf iliu lir.-t peopling
nl America was this; thai the devil being
alarmed and surprised by the wonderlul
success of the Gospel during the first throe
hundred vears otter Lhrist, and by the
2 o'clock, A. M. a hurried step awoke the
writer of litis edict ch. out the rnpld whis
pering of some crented the suspicion that
all was tin) ngii', springing irutti tits ncrtii.
he nskrd one of the men near tlie cabin
door, what was the inntter. "We are in
the midst of ice, "said he; "will yon inform
years of the captain and mate?'' The captain was
instantly on deck ; he ran forward lo look
out. In n moment the ve-scl, going at the
ralo of five knots, struck as if against n
solid rock. It was an islat.d of ice! It
lifted its head above lite water more than
ono hundred feet, and leaned over as if rea
dy to fall upon ns. The word was given
In put up the helm, and hack the sails. As
the sailors were ha-tctiing to obey tho lal
ler order at. the terrified passengers wore
rushing on deck and looking up at the tm
inense, overhanging, frozen mass, Ihe fdnp
struck again with increased force. O what
n shock ! Crash! crash ! It seemed as if
the masts were fulling one aflcr another
on the di ck. The second mate entered Ihe
cabin and clappitiir violently hi hands to
guther exclaimed. "My God ! our bows
are stove lit we re nil gone." An awful
death appeared now inevitable. In this
moment of general panic, the commanding
olTicer L'lvn orders lo clear away tho boat
Then while Ihe knife was being applied in
the cordage fastening lie r alongside the
ship, a rush was made to her by men and
women. That small boat was in a moment
filled with thirl v or forty persons. It seems
utterly marvelous that she ditl not 'jrea
precipitating every soul into lite deep, flail
this taken pine:, our commanding ofiicer
ii.mni'.ll ..Clin, iinniheii Pinnirn in the time must have shared Ihe tame late ; lor,
..rnh.i..i;,in n...t Inrwni.i.r ilmt his ben. a desire to gain possesion of her forhimelf
thnni.li t.-inm1nm IVIIIlIll 1lt W hollv over, and and crew, or to save the miserable
thrown, led nwny a people from tho other crowd Hint nau got
continent into America, ilial limy miglil tie
quite out ol'tho reach of the Gospel, and
nlliers into northern coin regions tiiat art,'
almost inaccessible, eo 1 lt.it be might qui-
etly possess them and re.ign over them as
.1 rl .1 t.- . I ... I .1.. II:...,...
oi'irgiiu. ijoiiamaii noiuiuja iiisiuij
Bi.r.ActiEi) Pi.Ax.-Tho Doncaster Chrnn.
icle states that a York chemist has produced
a specimen of blenched flax which appears
to present n decided improvement in lite
manufacture ofiba' article. It has created
a great sensation amongst the maniifacliir
ers. and Ins beer, taken for silk. Il is ca-
nnble nf bcinir manulacloreil into tho finest
thro id. for veils, lace, cambric, &r., and
will supercede those articles of French
imntif.iuttire. The texture is said to be
from destruction it may bo Irom both mo
lives he entered the Imal and sloud in till
he drove nut every ono at the point of III
swnrd. Then was n scene of terror ! In
front of l lie cubin the passengers were col
leclcd, halt linked. -some on their Knees
calling liir mercy some clnppiog ibetr
hands, and lillcrinir iho most appalling
shrieks. Nothing distinctly could be heard
all was confusion and horror. It was
enough to penetrate a heart ofslone. Somi!
mure were collected, dressing tlicm-eives
arcparinff fo re-iat the cold, if perchance
thev should survive Iho wreck. Others
were looking lor something lo which nicy
could lash themselves lor support lor
lime in tho water. Hero yon might see
one wiili a safely bell slung over Ins shirt
endeavoring to fill ii wiili air: there anoth
er. pale nod agitated, inquiring, "Is there
n Cmv.-M. Pallas '.'I''10 ' AnJ ll"!r.- ""c'"'"!"1?-
, Aca.len.ie des Sci- u1 ',MPB,r' a"X' , J"'1 " "t ."
nl nf bis K.ibs.nnee. 'lo niiytliintf! we must die." "Are o Mnk-
FftOM LATE FORCION PUBLICATIONS.
The poet Carpini once asked his friend
Haydn, how il happened that his church
music was always of on animating, and
even gay description ? To this Haydn,
replied "I cannot make it otherwise : I
.urttn nrrnrdinrr to the lllOUshtS which I
feci when I think upon God, my heart is
so full ol joy that Ihe note dance and leap
as il were from my pen; and since God
hascivenme a cheerful heart, il will easily
bo forgiven mo ihat I serve him with a
The late gallant, but eccentric Admiral
Sir Thoma Packenhatn. had the misfortune
when n young man, to bu captured along
with his frigate by a Dutch frigate of su
perior metal. He ever afterwards retained
a very sincere respect for Dutch bravery,
which he showed by making; rather an
economical addition to one of his prayers in
the litany, which in his prayer book ever
af'er read, "From battle and murder, and
from a uulchmnn,p,ooa hold deliver us.
Sugar kp.i.m Indian
atelv iresi'iitcd to iho
oncos nl fans, a sample ni nis suusiauce.
xtrncled from tho stem of the plant, which
has been found to contain nearly six per
cent, of syrup bulled to 4U uegrors, a pan
il' which will not cvstiiltz " b'.-fore true l ih
cotton; but it condenses and acquires more
cunsiiti'iicy from that period to the state of
complete 'maturity. Tne nioit favorable
lime to obtain the greatest qtnnuty ol su
gar is immediately after the maturity ond
"athoriiiL' of the fruit. The litter left after
ihe extract ton of the sugar i capitnl lo feed
cattle or lo make packing paper
Ilo.Nnv-Mo in Mtsr.niF.s. A London Po
lico repjrl has the following dialogue be
tween a liOstiHtiu nun witc. i lie wtiu nau
complained of being put in bodily fear.
houi'li twice tlio diiik oi tier uear spouse
The husband told ihe magistrate he d "em
nrrate as a woluntcer to bpain, before he'd
live with her again."
Mwinirale. How came you to marry
if vim tin not intend to Itvo with your wile
Uusuunil sunning nis neao.i i was ue-
iravcd. She seduced ine ; my mind wa
against having her, but the overpowered
Ila-zislrale. How long have you been
Husband fsigbing.l It will be a whole
fortnight, next Saturday.
Jlristutate. And pray, how long were
you arqnaiutcd belorn marrtagcr
Uuslmnd. rtlnrc mail a month. I met
her orninisciinu-ly in the street, and hhe
told me 6he'd been a widow filicen years
and I told tier I u boeu a widower nion
than twenty. Then, snys she, you're llm
only man in the world I could set in v affec
tions on. tint she took me in; she said
she'd got money in llm Bank of England,
but she li ido l got a dump
Wife. by, you poor bjggarly fellow.
how dare yon say I took you hi .' Didn t
you tell mo you had 507. a year for life?
and no the day we were married, didn't you
come lo my lodging', which I'd furnished
myself, and only bung your night cap?
Yes. your worship, that tiighi cap is the
only '.ig of h'n property Ih il I've set eyes
on since we ve been married.
Ilusuana. i"u saul ynu loved me so
well you'd take mo without a shirt lo mv
back, you know you did. What bttsine
had you to olt.ir lo marry me when we
hadn't been acquainted u week. If you'd
knuwn me longer you wouldn I have mar
ried me, I can lell you.
Wife. Give me my furniture, and I nev
er want to seo yuur ugly face again
SIIIl rtYKON-TIIB ICEBERGS,
A terrible encounter with un Iceberg near
Ihe Jsankt ol Jeirluuntllantl. On Hie 30lh
Juiu' last tho ship Ilyron lell Liverpool for
N. York, heavily laden with iron, t-all, vc.
unci having on hoard, in passengers and
crew, 110 or 120 souls. On the morning
of Iho 2d August. Si days mil, in latitude
44, 22, Ion. 4ft. 50, n scene occurred which
can never be cfiVed from memory. It was
the watch ol the first mate, a man of greut
fidelity, but being indi-posed bis place was
taken by another. An unusual deg'ce ol
Ic vil v and thoughtless security among ihe
passengers, had just given place lo nlcep.
And now all was still, 6ave the tread of the
watch on deck, or the occasional toll of the
bell to warn the ftihing cralf, if near, of
our approach ; but we had more need to
bo warned ourselves, than to givo warning
Itootltera of approaching' danger. About
' uncle," cries a little boy. A child
running in a brave sailor, says, "wont you
save me f" And the lotto wailing anu la
mcniuiiou of tho crowd ro--o higher and
higher. Then, as if to closo Ihe painful
cenc. lite slnp-trueu again on uei quari'-r
The shock reverberated like thunder, inn
king every joint of llm vessel shake as if it
was cooitii"; apart. Hope now iiniy lieu
all hearts were dt.-mayed ; the despairing
crv was renewed, and Iho most calm bra
ced I hem-elves in preparation for tmtnedi
ate death ; even the dogs cowered uow
upon the deck in silence.
It appeared ihat at the first shock again.
the mountain, the jib-boom was broken
and thrown over Ihu bows info lite ve
Tin second shock carried away iho bow
mil, head and cutwater, lodging the tun
bcrs across the bows. Had it struck us on
either side, or bad it struck os on the bull
wo must have perished. Alier Ihe bow
sprit was carried away, the stem of tl
shin must have been held down for an in
slant bv Iho overhanging column ; and her
not imm"dtately rising in front, gave the
idea to Iho umst experienced that she wa
stove in, and was filling with water. Tin
created lite panic. Hut tlio sails beitt
backed ihe helm was pu'. hard up, she turn
ed Irom her enemy, nun swnifing clea
received the last shuck on her larboard
quarter, which though its sound was tern
blc, did no injury. 1 hat mutant the was
free And now was i lie contest between
despiir and hope. Tne carpenter reported
i hat tbu hull was sound and the bowsprit
could bo repaired, but then she may have
syrung a leal:, and llm loremasl was in uan
ger ol lulling. I he word was 'to the pump
The pump was rigged and wrought. 11 was
a moment of painful suspense, until the pump
sucked, showing that all was tight. 1 hen
hone stlded the countenance ol'our captain,
and all hearts began to live in its rndiatice.
Snll we wailed for the crash of the fore
mast as the vessel was rolling in the sea.
but it stood firm. Daylight, ever delight.
I'ul lo those on tho deep, and peculiarly
grateful to us, soon appeared. We found
ourselves going on our way, alive nnd with
every reasonable confidence of future life.
We stood amazed at our deliverance.
The mosl careless among u w ere constrain
oil to aiiribum our preservation lo a kind
and merciful Providence; while tho miilli
lode cried mil unhesitatingly, "It is the
Lord who hath saved us: thanks and prais
cs to his holy name." Then every conn
tenanco was lighted up with joy every
hearl was filled with gratiuide to God, and
many purposes weru lormed of reformation
in future. The next day we saw ihre
mountains of ice, and pas-ing near one of:
them, we gazed with the deepest iiileruclon
the fellow ol" thai which had to greatly
eiidiin;i'red our lives lie fore the close of
Ihe 2d day, anew bowsprit was filled up
which stood ihe trials ol winds and waves
tho rest of the voyage. In ull this bust
uess the ollicers and crew showed great
skill and energy
3tl tt c a I 12 1 o n a tun
Ki oin the Genesee Farmer,
THE D A I II Y -1 T S P II O F I T.
The first obicct of n farmer in cultiva
ting the soil is profit ; and the next to this
the desire of securing ihe first with as
little expenditure of labor and means as is
possible. To do this, the quality of tho
soil, its condition, and the size of the
farm must be taken into consideration.
Its very situation will, in a great measure.
Ictcrmino the first; its condition will ol
course bo depending on Ihe judicious or
niutliclons treatment it lias received; ond
as In number of ncrcs, il is evident, that
ilhout n ccrlnio ntiiintily of litem, some
inds of farming, such as grain raising, or
wool growing, cannot be profitably under
taken. Perhaps there is no one branch ol
farming that can he ro readily adapted to all
farm greater small, as iho dairy; nod
while il is clear to raise grain exlcu-ively
largo farm must bo required and much la
bcr and money expended, a medium farm,
one of eighty or n hundred ucres will be
found best calculated for a dairy, as the
hiring of servants can usually be dispensed
w.l Ii in such cases, l or a man Willi but 40
acres to attempt the raising of grain for
ale, and al the same time keep Iho neces
sary horses and cows nod sheep required
lo cultivate the farm and supply the family,
would be on unprofitable undertaking; hot
on such n farm a dairy may bo kept that
will bo a sourco of great profit, when com
pared wiili the capital invested.
1 o make tins matter clear, it may be bet
lo make a few e.-titiialcs, in all cases getting
as near well established results as possible,
nnd where any Hung must be lell lo conjee
tore, always being careful lo err on tho
sale side of the calculation. A farmer wish
es to commence a dairy with lew good cows
not herd book slock, btvt good native an i
mals. The price ofcows fur several year-
past in the spring of the year has varied
from IB lo 22 dollars wo will call it 20
bus making the cost of his cow.s 200 did
lars. For pasturing cows il is generally
estimated that two acres to each one will
bo required; and it may be so as pa-turcs
arc generally laid down, but when the tuif
is clean and close, and ihe soil in good
heart, wo arc confident something less will
be sufficient to give I hem every advantage
I he interest on the twenty acres required
lor six months, the time the dairy will be
io operation, nl 30 dollars per acre, will be
21 nulla i sj. 1 lie intere-t on the mnocv in
voi-tcd in cows will be 7 dollars. A dairy
ni'iio, it one is required, for G months ni a
lullar tier week, uvenly-stx dollars. Tlie
expense will stand thus :
10 cows al g.'O each, g200 00
I merest on do. C month?, 7 00
Interest on 2 acres to each cow, 21 00
DiHv maid G months, 2G 00
ed, n? it is well known ifthe temperature h I The Food hf M n -The Gennesseo
too low, the cream will bu so long in rising Farmer gives this amusing summary oflho
native countries of our most familiar plants:
Tho Polaloe is n nut ve of S mill Amer
ica, nnd is still found in Chill, Peru, nnd
Monte V den. In 'us native state, tho
root it small and b.tlor. The first mention
fit by Uuropenli writer is in 15n!t. It
is now spread over the w irld. Wheat nnd
live origitnlod in Tarlary noil hlbern,
where they ore still indigen us. The only
country where th" Oil is I. mini wild is nl
Aby-stnia, nnd tbance liny be considered
ni'ivo" Ma'Z .' or Indian corn, is n imtivo
f Mexico, and tinknow i in R iropo until
alter the discoveries of t'o'u nlius. Iho
ircad Fruit tree i- a native "f the South
Sea Islands, piruculnrly Oiaheite. Ten h
loiind n native nowlo-ru except in Uhiua
an I Japan, fiom which country the world
i supplied. The C ic ia Nut is n iiitivo
of mosl rq'iinoctliil countries, nod is ono
of ln most vnlo ibln "i I re"s. as toon, cioni
inrr, and shelter are afforded by it. GolTeu
a itilivii of Arabia Felix, but is now
spread into In I It I he 13 1st and We-l Indies.
I lie be.-t c ft o is brought Irom .Mncua, in
Arab'a. whence nb ml lourli'cil miliums ot
p iiinds are onnu illy exported. St. D"iuin.
go furuisli"8 from sixty lo seventy millions
it pound-yearly. AH the varieties nt tne
pplo ore derived from the crab-apple,
wMeti is louuil native in most pans ni niu
world Tin- p -acb is derived from Persli,
where il s'lll grows in n native statesman,
h ttor, and with poisonous qunlinc'. To
bacco is nitivi! of Mex'co and South Amer
ica, and lately noe speed's Ins been found
in New Holland. 'I'. b iceo was fir. nilro-
loced Into Coglntiil from Nmtli Oiroliua,
III lollU. by Waller llllelgll. A-p-irnum
was brought from A-la: Onbbigo and Let
loco from Holland; Hor-o Radish Irom
Cnma: Rico fro n IMitopin: Beans from tho
B-t Indies; Onmus ami (urlick ores na
tives ol various places b illi ni a-ui ono
rUrica. Tho Sutiai Caoo is a native of
China, and the nn ol making sugar Irom it
has hern p-ac'ised from the remotest an-
Total expense, g254 00
If a il.iirv is a cheese dairy, much will be
depending as lo the receipts on the qttnli
ties' ol Ihu milk produced, and Ihe skill
shown in making. Tne quantity of cheese
produced vanes much in different dairies
and in estimating profus, a medium rate
must be selected. Mr. It'uwu, of Olsego
county, made from thirteen cows 4700 lb
of cheese, or 3GI lbs. to each cow. Mr F.
Perkins, of Trenton, Oneida county, from
711 cows, made 3J.000 lbs. or 410 lbs. to
eh cow; and in the same communication
In; states, that the dairies' in that chec;
making region vary from 200 lo 500 lbs.
cheese to a cow. Some experience in the
dairv business, nnd an acquaintance with
latry district, leads us to suppo-u that 3j
lbs. to a each cow would not be an extrav
agant estimate. The average price ol'gooil
cheese when sufiicienlly ripe lor sale, lo
several vears past, has not been less than
cents per lb., and many dairies find their
sites have averaged 0 or J9 50 per cwl.
Miking our estimate al U cents per lb., Hi
receipts of a dairy often cows would slam!
as follows :
3500 lbs. cheese, 0 els. per lb. jj2S0 00
100 lbs. butter, 15 cents per lb. 15 00
Whey for swine at 42 per cow, 20 00
Alaking tho receipts irom each cow lor
six months. 431 50 or, if we deduct tlie
butter, as being most ol it necessary in the
dairy ro on, it will leave the sum uf 10 per
cow In some of tin.' best dairy dislrict-
of New Fiigland, il has been common lo
dispose of tho cows to drovers after the
dairy season has closed, but little feeding
in ij necessary lo render litem good beel.
Cow.s are not as high in Ihe fall as in the
spring, by about 20 per cent, and if our
tanner determines to sell his cows in pre
feiencu to keeping them over ihu winter,
ihev will bring htm about I GO dollars.
This sum must be added lo the receipt of
tho year, making a total ol 475 dollars.
I he will thuii stuud thus :
Receipts, gJ73 00
Expense?, 254 00
asm becntn' bitter; and tl too high, ns is
usually Ihu case in the summer, Ilia milk
sours beforo the cream has time to separate,
by which much of Ihe cream is lost, and
Iho bullcr rendered of an inferior quality.
In making butler, tn 'ro is depending on
the quality and richness of the nolle than
making cheese; as some cows, Irotn llie
nine qiiatilily of milk will give double tbu
amount ot cream that others will ; and
hciico tho selection of animals must be
made with reference to this very point.
his fact accounts for the discrepancy
shown in the quantity of bolter produced in
different dairies, and tho varying estimate?
consequently made upon the butter each
cow will produce in a season. TIim are
ome cows tlnl.will nuke a pound of butter
day for seven or eight months, with gootl
eepiug. and there nro others, that, if thev
give half a pound a day, may bo considered
ns doing well.
The breed of cows has a great influence
in determining the quantity or qnnhly of
Ihe milk. The earl of Chesterfield, a short
tune since, instituted a scries ol experi
ments on some favorite cows of different
breeds, the result nl which was as follows:
In the height of the season the
Qts. milk. Oz.
Holderncss gave per day, 23
jonj; Horn 19
I'linf there arc few if any cows
native breeds that will approach this qnnu
tity of milk or butler, mosl innM be willing
lo admit : indeed, an able writer on catth
Hie rarmer, lliinUs Unit lew dunes ot
ows in Ibis country will average more than
from IG0 lo 10 pounds n jear. From
some experiments we have made, and the
reports ol some few ordinary dames fin
holler, we nro disposed lo di-senl from tin-
writer, and believe that with ordinary can
in the selection of cows nnd the manage
mcul of the dairy, 200 lbs may easily b
reachjd. Mr Curtis, of Marhlebeinl, from
common cows nnd ordinary pa-lure, for
three years, made butler as follows:
1IUR cows, 1272 lbs. butter.
1I129--7 " 1175
1H30--G ' 1090
Which last is at the rate of 131 pounds to
i cow, and Hint under favorable circtim
tones to make the most oft he milk, tt'i
know of cows thai produce a pound n day
for nl leost three mouths in the higlil
the season, a nil that without extra care or
feed; still a naiivu cow to do this, mti-l I)
.rood. For three years past, bit! lur. lakmg
the whole season, will average 15 cs. pe
lb., ii ml calling Ihe amount produced from
cow 200 lbs. the balance would stand
Ruttcr from 10 cows. 2 000 lb. gjoo 00
Skimmed milk 43 per cow, 30 00
Insanitv.--A young man named James
Down, was seen whilst standing on n pier
at tnu Last llivcr, lo deliberately cut In
throat from ear In ear and then throw
himself into tho river. Immediatco tfjrls
were made In rescue him, which he at
tempted lo frustrate, but ho was taken out
alive and carried to the Uily Hospital.
Giving to tho farmer n clear profit of
leven dollars upon each ol the tweutv
acres used fur the dairy. Il mu-l he re
marked however, thai lo produce this result,
Ihu cows must be in guod hearl ond tolera
ble order on Ihe first of May, and have
omul feed for the summer. Cows that
"shirked" through tho winter, nnd pasture
on daisies, johnstvorl and thistles, through
tho summer, will not reach the above mark.
and the owners may think themselves lor
lunate if the "summing up should nut
show a balance Iho other way.
If the dairy is lo be devoted to making
butler, there will be bul little difference to
the result ; though if conducted under la
vorable circumstances, wo think making
httltor rather inure proglablc than cheese.
Many persons, however, connected with
the dairy, think otherwise, and the odds at
any rale cannot bo very great. To malto
butler through tho summer, the dairy must
he so situated and constructed that a uni
form ptoper temperature may bo maintain
Making a difference of fifteen dollars
favor of butter over oheosenrikmg. When
the milk is churned new from the cows, th
quantity ol butter will ol course be greal
er, but we have never made it in that wnv
and have no authentic information by which
the difference, and of course Ihe profit:,
can be correctly estimated.
Various estimates have been made of the
expense ot getting in n crop oT wheat or
corn; but whero wheat is put in after n
summer fallow, as is usually the case, the
expense of too ploughing, harrowiugs,
seed, interest, ant! wear of implements and
i lie land, cannnl be c-limaicd al less than
ten dollars per acre. Admitting the average
crop ol wnea; to ue twenty bushels per
acre, which must, taking the whole, be
considered liberal, and a profit of ten dol
lars per acre, wheal at one dollar per hush
el, which may be considered the average
price, will bo the result. It would becnv
lo make n list of the ileitis of expr.use. nnd
hero, ns every wheat grower can make ihe
estimate for himself, il he needs to be con
vinced that Iho above statement is not far
from lite truth, If the crop to be compared
is ono of com, csiinntes mule with great
care, by Judge Duel, Clark, and others,
show that in ordinary cases the expense ol
a crop, including labor, seed, itc., is al
lea-t fifteen dollars per acre. The profits
of a com crop are more variable in our lat
itude than most others, sometimes rootling
very high and al others, being literally
nutiiing : and we believe thai if the ave
rage c-tim ito of profit on nn acre nf corn
is put the same as wheat, tl is as high, as
ihe experience of the funning community
If llie above calculations arc correct and
il" Ihcy are not we should be happy lo have
Iho errors pointed out, by any one pracne
nil v acquainted with Ihe si.bjecl then the
difference in profit per acre b.lween the
dairyman nnd the wheal grower, is not so
much in favor of the hitler as has bee
generalU supposed. 1 1 liny however b
said, Ihat the practice of dispo-itig of the
cn.vs by ihe dairyman alter Hie season t
closed, would in iho end be suicidal to tin
business, if generally adopted, nnd hence.
as a general rule llie cows must he kepi
over Ihe winter unking r. necessary lo do
I net from Ihe prnti's tho cviiensc of keep
ing through the winter. Tins may be ad
mitted, nnd Hie result would then bo as
follows' a cow will eat a Ion and a hatful
hay in the winter, wlnc'i at Ihe average
price ofeight dollars n Ion would be twelve
dollars for keening; rather exceeding, if
there is any difference, the neat profit on
each cow the fir.t season, then the dairy
man enters the field nti Iho second year,
with an unencumbered capital ; the cows
nre paid for. and the entire anion, il ol'lln'ir
produce, with the trifling deductions above
stated, are lo bo counted as profit. L 'I
our dairy cuunties luok at this nutter caro.
Fully- it is well worth iheir attention.
Ludicrous kftects hk Srntotuit
A correspondent ot iho Medic il mid Surgi
cal Journal who wa- called lo vi-dt no I r i -tl
family at New-II veil, who bad been p it
soned by eating DniiraS raojunutn (Tnorn
Apple, or Apple P r n somnitnes also cal
led Devils Apple) winch had been acciden
tally mingled with a mess of greens and
b died for dinner, thusdesenbes Iho appear
ance of 'he group :
The countenances had a wild idiotic cx-pres-i
in--thc pupils widely dilated tho
sensorial functions perverted and the mus
cular system subject tn an Irregular agita
ion somewhat resembling that of chorea.
The appearance of the fnniily was extreme
ly ludicrous. Tile children were laughing,
crving. singing, dancing, nod p'aying oil
un igiiiably pranks. They had no correct
est i m nion of disiunces, or l he size of objects
were reaching their hands to catch hold
of objects across tho room, and again run
ning against persons and things which they
appeared lo view as distant. Tho nail
beads in the floor were pieces of money,
which they eagerly tried lo pick up. A
boy. apparently fancying himself undrcscd,
caught n hat belonging to a student, thrust
Ins fool into il, pulled with billi bauds on
the brim, and began In fret thai he could
not "get on Ins irowsers." The parents
frequently called on the children to behavo
themselves j but, their own actions being
equally eccentric. th"y alTordod a ridiculous
exhibition of faintly governirent.
Sinco tho preceding was in type, wo
hive received the Journal nf Commerce,
winch mem ions a melacho'y death by stra
monium. A child, three years old. and her
sister, who was two years older than her
self, wore pi-sing through the street on
Sunday, and picked up smile? leaves of alra
mouiuui, which limy both nte uf.
A young man named JVcck has recently
been married to Miss Heels. Tl ey are now
lied "neck and heels together"
A Luckv Exi'cru.MKvr. During these.
voro host which happened n few months
since, a lively lass who had been married
abotil a year and a half before to a young
farmer on the borders of the Rodney marsh,
was much scandalized at her busbimls
going lo ihu public house, and slaying too
late when he was there. Several litilo
conjugal expostulations having failed of
producing alteration, tin: ludy, in n moment
of pas-imi, declared positively, thai if it
occurred nenti, she would (brow the haby,
an infant four in nulls old, into the military
cnoal. and herself in nfier tl. Not dreniu
ing that tho would carry her llireal ittlo
exocuMon, a few days had unly elapsed,
"lion lonjitc of miiliiilii bad lolled Incite,"
beforo Mr. knocked nl his own door.
His wife let him III lier.-i It", and wi'hool
saying n syllable, set down tlio candle, do
liberalely wnllied lo llm cradle, snitched
up Ihe iilicoiisi'loiis htilc innocent sleopit g
witlim it, ami ru-lied mil of Ihe hoo-e. Il
is hardly necessary lo say that tho a'anued
hii-b.ind ran ba-lily after, hot so sodden
nod unexpected bad been her movement,
that she bad gamed con-nlerablu si art, and
tint canal bring but n lew yi'ils from their
dwelling, reaeiied the tow pitlibelore lie
could uverlaku her. Ho was jo-l hi lima
lo seize nod save her from self d-st ruction;
iho poor thing was already in Hie middle of
the water, ni n spot a'iou four feet deep,
noil h could witness the struggles by Ihe
light of the moon. In nn instant he throw
him-ell in, no I gra-ping the tnglii g nvn,
which prevented its wnrer from -inking,
b oughi sa'ely t III-' brink the cil ! nod
mowing pilioiisly. His spou-e hi lliem nn.
tun.' hid regained h'r door, wh ch wa- not
opened nil no had plenty of tune to enjoy
all the comforts ol his situation. Deforo,
however, he wis quite nu icicle, admission
was vouchsafed; bul the story of In- s-lf.
indicted ducking having got wind, no lui
Iber slra'ogeoi was necessary to wt-an lha
swain from his symposium; Ihe jokes of hi
conviv,al acquaintances being1 sufficient to
prevent his again pannking of Ibotr revolt.
Oil Colony Memorial.