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NOT THE O I, O n Y OF C JE S A It J HUT THE W E'l. F A RE OF ROME.
BY II. I?. STACY.
FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1836.
VOI,. X No. 485.
From die U. S. Gntciie.
1 KINdS, XIX, 1113.
On Horch't mount Elijah Hood,
A hurricane swept by,
Willi nolsp nil of n nulling (load,
It echoed through ll'e sky.
Tlie mountains reeled, ihe rurkt were rent,
Desliuction filled llie world;
TIib siuhlrarn pines nnd onks were beni,
And nil in ruin hurled.
Elij.ili stood lo hear the word,
And looked lo sec a form,
But naught lie paw, nnd naught he heard
God was not in the norm.
And mill he stood nn Horeb's mount,
An rtirllirjmike shook ihe world,
Mountain nnd river, rock nnd fount,
Were in c'nfusion liurld,
Elijah stood, nnd veil'd his face,
Hit God's commands lo hear.
But naught disunited ihe silent place,
for (till God was not iherc.
Again, n blaring fire came, forth.
All emblem, (head, of wrnih ;
And sweeping nn from south lo nirih.
Consumed nil in iis path.
Elij ill Imwed hi aching head,
Now hiirsiing wiih desire ;
Bui nil was silent as ihe dead,
God was not in ihe fire.
Again, theie rnmo n "still small voice,"
Ilornn softly on the nir.
Which seemed lo say "rejoice, rej.iice,
In whispers mild nnd clear,
And o'er hi head, when lhat he heard,
I lis mantle clnse he chew,
Widi irtcrenre Imneil In hear God's word,
For th it "small loice" he knew.
And at the enhance nfihecntp,
Wiih solemn n we he stood ;
Jr.linv.di ihere his mandate gave,
Kor in that voire was God.
From ihe Al'iany Kvcning Journal.
THE TIME FOIt DEATH.
While musing over scenes of vanished bliss,
That raided full in my :i tear lo dim I lie eye,
My spirit longed its desiiny lo Irnce,
"And touglil lo leai ii the lime lo die.
In joyous jouh, when life on rainbow wingt
Of gnl lcn promise, seems lo fljj
Whrn rirrj hoursoine ucw-liorn pleasure liiinjs,
I ai-ked my heart, is this the I lie time 10 die I
Is it ivlwn luio halh now iis brightest spell,
Tli it finie a lluis Inn to i lie fivoied few ;
I g (his ii time to give our thoughts in demit,
Or shade lie fuiiiic wiih so sad a hue 1
Is ii when age lias set its wiiheiing blight
On all ihe v ig heart ilreniii'd hulaysgonehv;
When love nnd fame h ue to-l iltetr magic, light,
Oh, is nol ibis n welcome time lo die 1
Presumptuous wish ! to know ihe will of God,
Or seek lo dir.iaie to bis w ise behest,
Kallier I hnw hene.uh tin eh istenlng rod.
And own I be lime ill iu i honse.t is ihe best.
From llie Alcxanihia Gatelte.
EMIGRATION TO THE WKST.
Sprnkir.g of emigration reminds me ol
nn inttnnco I wns once an eye-witness of.
nnd winch perhaps il niny not be denned
out of place here lo relnte. I had been
irnvclling in the 'for wist,' not lor the pur.
poso nfsoekitg n situalion on which In lo
calc myFcIf for life, but rather as n travel
ler, who nficr pursuing l be bent of bis ru
rioaity thro' n land represented as flowing
willi milk and honey, wn on his rolnrn to
his friend?, with Ihe fullest conviction from
what ho saw. that with all its imperfections,
tliero was no place like home. ( had un
derstood that a eenllemon, formerly of my
native country wn living a short dilance
rom where mode a stop, and 1 concluded.
ns it ws not much out of my way, thot I
would call and see him. Accordingly I set
nut for Ihe residence of the emigrant, with
a desiro lo see how ho wni established, and
In nive them such information as I po-scs
ped in relation to their frieniN ncro-s the
mnnninins. I found my host engaged in
Tnnnirimr the fires that had been buill
nrntiiid hi dweiiin" at ebort distances, to
ffAlrl I lit) rn nln from tlif! annovonce of
the musquitocs; and it was singular tr one
nol accustomed In tlio sight, lo see now
well the dumb brutes understood this pre
caution in their behalf. They walked lo
find fro through the spaces between Ihe
fires, lashing themselves with their brush
es, nnd rubbing each oilier as they passed,
iwilh an instinct almost remarkable.
After contemplating this scene for a few
moments, I was ushered inlo tliefniil
house, but) log cabin of the emigrant, with
.a cordiality that told me where he was
.raised. Ho had been a resident of this
sipot about three years, and after incessant
toil and innumerable vexations had succeed
rd in building I he cabin in which ho lived,
nnd had cleared about (en acres of land
Ho had also got some flock around, hut
the tormeniing mur-quitos had so worried
.ihe cattle that their appearance indicated
the greeted suffering- Ho informed me
that tho purchase ol hit land and the ex
pense of hie family, soma of whom had been
.sick most of tho lime, together wild ox
,ponc incurred in improvements on Ihe
place, .had exhausted all his mcan(. and he
was then without ability to remove, altho'
ho wee onxiou lo do to. The residence
of our emigrant was about fifty miles from
any other human habitation, wai accessible
ly only ono wretched road and was render
d still more intolerable by the unpleasant
nnie. nfihR whin noor-will and frogs,
And here in this dreary soliiudccnt ofTfrom
the society which thoy loved and by which
they were beloved, dwelt aa exceucm a
rnau and as admirable a woman as over
forsook abundance and happiness at home,
arnopg rdends, to seek them tn a roller meas
sure among ttrangors. He was. of respect
able connexion! had received a good edit-
cation, and studied law for a considerable
time Willi a view ol making it a profession; t
but distrusting his abilities, or finding the
suit hackneyed or nvrrdone, and its ranks
tilled up with a doubtful mixture of inatcri
als, he (Icier mined like a wise man to em
brace the profession of his fulhnre, and fol
low the plough fur a living, Ho married
a beautiful and excellent girl, was in a
thriving way in the neighborhood in which
he was born, and with his application and
economy, would, no doubt, have succeeded
to wealth. Bul the emigrating mania
broke out in hi neighborhood and he fell a
victim in it. He suld nut and willi two or
three others, bent his way to the land of
promise. Three yeat9 had now rolled
round since his departure from his home,
and he assured me tho whole pciod had
boon ono of sickness ond disappointment.
He had not despaired, for he wos nol of a
temperament to despair ; but ho had lost
much of the natural cheerfulness nfli'is dis
position : was driven by necessity, it'to a
sort of n stoical school of philosophy, tho't
the world by no mean poetical, but a plain
matter of lact concern, and that part of it
called 'Mis weFt," in particular, not Iho
tiling it was cracked up tn be.
In fact, our hero was in the 'scar and
yellow leaf,' not of years but of feeling;
and it was in some such mood as this, while
sitting at the table on the second ailernoon
of my arrival, that our conversation turned
up. m home and tho thousand associations
connected with it. "We have not found
things ai no expected," said Iho emigrant
ir. a subdued lone, "but wo must bear with
them and hope for something better in fu
turn it is a long lane thot has to turn, and
our prospects mav yet brighten up and
eave ih nothing to be sorry for." "1 hey
may brighten Up." said the wife, "but it
will only bo when you and l are in in?
prove, or tun old to en ov mom. rvuai
prospi-rt have wo here to this wilderness,
deprived of vvcu llie sight, much lest the
intercourse of neighbors, that can compen
sate for the sacrifices wo have endured ?
Yes, our prospects may brighten; we may
not nlways be as wc aro now, without
neighbors and the pleasures of society; bul
we shall nlway have something to oe sor
ry lur, while Hie tricnds wc loved, anu me
cencs we delighted in are stricken from
our sight and no more to be enjoyed forev
er. Here lijr articulation oecame imsiruc
led her heart was full and siie gave way
lo a flood ol tears. A9 soon as 1 could
wipe awsy a little drop that had gathered
in mv own eve. in spite of all that I could
do, I turned to her stoic philosopher, but
there was nothing of the t.toic in him his
visions of wcallh. and all his anticipations
of the future, had suddenly given way be
fore tho simple but oflVcl log eloquence of
his wife ho melted into tears.
The scenes that begun, and the associa
lions l li at cemented them are no longer
present to the senses, and wanilng these
disinterested and i:)disolub!e features, our
after attachments are generally any thing
bul of the heart there are persons, il is
l rue, to whom one place is as dear ns an
other, and who cnte bul little for any one
eli-e, to that all goes smoothly with them
selves. Such persons arc to be pitied
ihcy ore os slrnngers in the world; who do
not rest upon its green spots, drink not al
Us iiimi refreshing fountain', pass the rich
si enjoyments by unheeded, live nncared
for, and die unwept.
Fiom ihe llosiun Trumpet.
IlEEOI.ESfMiMi IN PeCUMAKV MaTTKRS.
Men are too Ircequrnlly heedless in regard
lo their promises, you desire ono lo per-
fodn some s:rvico for von ; ll may be la
bur of some sort, or merely lha transaction
ol certain business to which you cannot
conveniently devote your personal at'ention.
Ho promises very fairly; and nn the
strength of his promise you neglect to pro.
euro other assistance. Hut he tails to re
deem his promise, and you suffer harm, be
inu unablo to exprnic the de-ign without
his asaikianco. Yet men are too ofien un
conscious of the evil they occasion by micIi
heedlessness. If they promise, with an
honest intention to psrform, but are pre
vented by some unforeseen and unavoidable
obstruction, they are innocent. But when
Ihey promise heedlessly, without any inten
tion to porform, or seeing no prospect to
perform, or not, caring whether thoy fulfil
their promise or nol Ihcy manifest a crimin
al disregard to faithfulness and truth, which
is highly unbecoming the character of any
one who makes the least pretensions to
To the some class of offences belongs
the neglect to pay jusl and honest debts
Tliero nre iliose yho nfo always ready to
incur debts, but u'lerly heedless about poy
ing them. Whether thoy need on article:
or not, they readily purchase, ll they can
obtain it on a credit. They arc prodigal
of promises. They will pay you at any
time, just when it may best accommodate
you, Hut when you hove opened your ac
count, you cannot furcsco the timo when it
will be closed. I do not speak ol those
who are unable lo pay ; but of those who
are able, bul so heedless and inconsiderate
as either to lorgel Iho matter entirely, or
to imagine it can make nn difference to
you whether ihcy pay promptly or not.
They renew l heir promises often, and
break them as often j and you suffer harm
from their heedlessness. And they alto
will sutler harm, sooner oi later. They
acquire tho name of black-payers, and find
it more difficult to obtain credit than their
neighbors, who perhaps have less property,
bul aro more punctual.
As lo thai class of debtors, who contract
debts which they never intend tn pay, I on
ly remark; if they contract such debts for
nbsolule necessaries, tn preserve tho lives
of their fumihos, they have an exctiso. uut
ihev are ullerlv inexcusable if they pur
chase what they do nol need, unless they
intend to pay, and sea a reasonable pros-
nod nfnavinrfor it.
Are any of us guilty of such criminal
hccdlcttncis? h. i I$Ql!!!l.r I111 "
I indicates an unpardonable indifference to
lilie feelings of ntir brclhtcn, and even to
heir wanls and sufferings, t or ll uitcn
occurs thai our necligenco in tho porform
anco ol promises, or payment oi ueuis, is a
mailer of serioui inconvenience to them.
They oru disappointed ; and what is worse,
they sometimes suffer loss or even distress
through our fault. Knowing these tacts,
if wo persist in such n course, promising
what wo have no honest inteniion to per
form and contracting debts, end then neg
lecting to discharge Ihem according to
promise, when wc might pay them without
material inconvenience, wo manifest a
criminal indifference to tho wclfaro of our
brethren. If wo will comparo t,ho princi
pies on which such conduct is founded,
with tho requisitions of the gospel, wc shall
discover o striking inconsistency between
ihem. We shall be salisfiied that wc ore
dcslitulo of that spirit of universal and fer
vent love which the gospel requires. If
wc hava been thus heedless hitherto, let its
bo so no longer. Out let us rather obey
tho apoUelic injunction ; "Render there
fore to all their dues: owo no man any
thing, but to love one another." Rom.
xiii. 7, U.
Scolding ViVEs.--On a certain occa
sion ii reverend fathor, who was preaching
to a refined audience nn tho pangs of o
guilly conscience, made use ol the follow
ing very familiar simile: "An evil con
scicnco is like a scolding wile." Uut he
did not ttop there; he continued to draw
oul every possible thread of his illustration
to its full length. "A scolding wife, my
brethren, will nol let you rest at homo or
abroad, at dinner or at supper, in bed, or
oven oul of bed ! Her litigious temper ond
loud tongue, (which is worse than thunder
lo the wine cask take all the juices ond
sovnuriucss oul of iho ragouts you rat;
all the sugar and sweetness nut of the cof
fee you drink. Whether you go forth on
fool or on horseback, or in a coach drawn
uy four galloping horses, oil is one; she is
always at your ekirts, lonowing you wiiitn
crsocvor you go."
To make home ii appv. Nature is in
dustrious in adorning her dominions; and
man to whom his beauty is addressed
should feel and obev the le-son. Let him
loo, be industrious in adorning his domain
in making his home Ihe dwelling of his
wife nnd children not only convenient and
omfortable, bul pleasant. L t him. os
far as circumstances will permit, bu indue
trinus in surrounding it with pleasing ob
iects in decorating it, within and without
with things that tend to make it agreeable
and attractive. Let industry make home
the abode of neatness and order a place
which brings sntisluclinn to every inmate
and which in absence draws back the
heart by the fond as'ociations of comfort
and content. Let this bo done, ond this
sacred spot will become nioro surely the
scene of cheerfulness and peace. Vo pa
rents, who would have your children ha poy
be industrious to bring them tip in the
midst of a pleasant, a cheerful, a happy
home. Wasto nol your lime in accuinu
latins wealth for them; but plant their
minds and souls, in the way proposed, with
Iho seeds of virtue and prosperity.
CllEEHFlI.NK'S AND Mono-EN ESS. If we
ore chei rlul and contented, all nature
smiles wiih lis ; the air seems more balmy
ihe sky morn clear, Ihe ground has a brigh
ler g'eeti. Ihe trees have a richer foiloge
ihe fliwers a mure fragrant smell, the
birds sing more sweelly, and I In; sun, mono
and sinrs all nnpear more beautiful. We
lake our food with relish, and whatever it
mav be, it pleases us. We foci bolter for
it si run "cr anil livelier, and fil for oxer
tinn Now. what happens to us if we are
ill-tempered and discontented? Wh v. I here
is not any lliiiiL' which can please us. We
quarrel with our fond, with our dress, with
our amusements, willi our companions, and
with ourselves. Nothing comet right for
us; ihe weather is either too hoi or too
cold, too dry or too damp. Neither sun
nor moon nor stars hsvo any beauty; ihe
fields are barren, llie flowers luslrelu-s, and
the birds silent. We move about like some
evil spirit, neither loving nor beloved
As habits of intoxication arc nol sunn or
easily acquired, being in ino'l constitutions,
especially in early years, accompanied with
fits offear and headache, the young mav eas
ily guard against thorn. I have sometimes
(net with those who had made it a rule
never to drink any thing stronger than wa
tcr. who were respected on that very ac
count; who enjoyed health and strength
and vi'i5ar of mind, and gaiety of heart in
an uncommon degree: and were so lar
from considering themselves as under any
painful restraint, that thoy assured mo they
had no more inclination to taste wioe, i
strong drink, than I had to eat a nauseous
medicine. If I could prevail on my young
friends to imitato tho example. I should do
much good lo thoir souls and bodies, their
fortunes and intellects ; and be happily in
btrnmental in preventing a thousand vices
and follies, as well as many of tho infirmi
lies which beset the old age of him who
has given way lo intemperance in ynutn.
Time. Time wastes us too fast; every
letter 1 traco tells me with what rapidliy
life follows my pen; the days and hours ol
il, moro precious than rubies, are flying
over our heads like light clouds of a windy
day nevor to return. Steele
"N.y.dally not with Time.lhe wise man's treasure,
Though fools nre lavish on't ihe fatal fisher
Hooks souls wlule we waste moments.
Truth. Tho study of truth is perpcl
natlv ioinod with llielnvnof virtue; for
there is no virtue which derives nol its
origin from truth; as, on tho contrary, there
ia no vim which ha. not its becining from
tho lie. Truth is the foundation of knowl
edge, and the cement of all eocieticf.
Suicide of a Qog. The United States
Gazette has a story about a dog of stipe
rior intelligence nnd untimely death, the
substance of which is as follows:
The dog in question was a superb fellow
in for nm nd outward attraction, os ho was
ainiabloaml intelligent. He had endeared
himself to his master, ond by dint of long
suffering and devotion, to his mistress, who
was no lover of his kind. His master re
sided near tho Norristown and Philadel
phia Rail Road. Crcsar lived comfortably
and ot his case, guarding them with the
hdolity of his species. He was a dog of
soma hrc ond liked an occasional frolic,
albiel his general deportment was staid.
sober, and an example tn all his race.
One day, he was eyeing the poultry in the
yard, anil tho mounting devil in his heart
prompted him to make a dash among them.
He yielded to the tempter, paunccd upon
tho luckless fowls and killed one nut right.
Tho deed was witnessed by his mistress,
who proceeded incontinently to inflict cor-
poral chssetiscmont on the murderer. He
was belabored with a broomstick until he
howled for pain. It was supposed that the
punishment would euro him forever of tho
habit or killing chickens. So it did. Hot
it did more. From that moment, Caesar,
was an altered dog. Tho pangs of his
spirit were greater than the pangs of his
body. Ho became low spirited, listless,
and indifferent to the caresses to obtain
which he would once have wagged himself
out of his skin, Tho iron had entered into
his soul. He had forfeited the good npin
ion of those ho most loved. A few days
after his disgrace, ho walked out to the
rail road, about the time when the train
was wont to pass by. A few minutes
elapsed, and the cars came thundering on.
He gavo one look towards his old home,
then laid his neck on the rail, and in a few
moments Caesar was beyond shame or in
suit. JV. Y. Star,
Formation of Coat and Iron. The im
portant usc8ofcoal and iron, in adminUtra
ting to the supply of our daily wants, give
to every individual amongst us, in almost
every mnmcnl.ol our lives, a personal con
ccrn of which few are conscious, in me
geological events of thoso distant eras.
Wc arc oil brought into immediate con
nexion with all the vegetation that clothed
the ancient earth before one holf of its
actual surface had yet been formed. The
trees of the primeval forests have not. liKe
modern trees, undergone decay, yielded
back their elements to the earth and at
mosphcrc. by which they were nourished.
but, treasured up in subtcrancan store
houses, have, been transformed into
enduring beds of coal, which, to men, in
these latter ages, hava become the sources
of heat, light, and wealth. My fire now
burns wiih luel, and my lamp is snimng
with the light of gas. derived from coal
hat has been buried for coootless ages in
the deep and dark recesses of earth. We
prepare our food and maintain our forges
and fornaces, and Iho extraordinary power
of our steam engines, with the remain
of plants of ancient forms and extinct
species, which were swept from Ihe earth
oi c the formation of the transition strata
was completed. Our instruments of cut
lerv, the tools of our rm chanics, and the
countless machines which arc constructed
by the infinitely varied applications of iron,
aro derived from ore, lor the most part
coeval with or more ancient than the fue
hv the aid which we reduce it to its metal
lie state, and apply il to the innumerable
uses in the economy of human life. Thus,
from the wreck of forests that waved on
the surface of the primeval lands, and from
ferruginous mud thai was lodged at the
bottom of the primeval waters, we derive
our chief suoolies of coal and iron; those
two fundamental elements of art and iudus
try, which contribute moro t tin n any other
mineral produclionsoMhe earth to increase
the riches and multiply the comforts, and
ameliorate iho condition of mankind.
Buckland's Drigwatcr Treatise.
At OLU INSTRUMENT AIT-LIED TO A NEW
purpose. A man of much presence (if
mind living near Aberdare, heard a thief
breaking into his houso in the night, lie
reached to a bottle of soda water on his
mantle piece, and as soon as the fellow's
head was visible, took deliberate aim anu
cut Iho strinir. The cork hit him in the
face, the stream followed, the thief think
in? il blond fell on his knees and roared for
rnercy. He was suffered lo depart on
promise of amendment.
"What's in a JVime?" The clerks in
tho English post offices are ingenious at
detecting letters written with invisible ink
on Iho covers of now( papers, and such
like methods of avoiding the poymeni oi
postage: but there is a class of expedients
which puti their Ingenuity at fault-that
of making tho letter a part of the name of
the person addressed. A porson wanted
to lot a friond in Dublin know lhat a shawl
and letter sent by him had been received,
and for this purpose directed a newspaper
to William Shawt-iafe Gnt-ltlltr Humby.
Esq., which, as it might or might nol be a
name, could nol bo chargcd.--JV. Y, Eve.
Emigration. To givo the public at a
distanco some idra of the tide of emigration
setting wost, we would mention, says the
Buffalo Journal of Monday last, that since
yesterday morning, six steamboats have
left this city, bound up tho lakes, to wit,
tho New York, for Chicago, and the Gov.
Marcy, Charles ToWend, United States,
Oliver Newbury, and Gen. Porter for De
troitall or which were literally loaded
with passengers, and some of them bad lo
leavo port before their time, to avoid the
press of emigrants lo secure a passage.
A Yankeo speculator is about In lake a
drove of dogs from Canada lo New York
for the purpo(e of killing them and obtain
ing a premium of fifty cents a head.
The rhnlern was rapinu in Italy at the
last accounts (rom that country.
OPENING OF FALL SCHOOLS
n...l ,i ,i ea.. -.i -..u..
During tho months of Sent, and October
the parents begin tn send the older chil.
drcn to school: al this lime also, new books,
aro purchased, and in most cases a new
teacher employed. This is a good season
of tho year lo make n change for the bol
ter, and wn will with great earnestness
and scincerily nsk the Scnool District a
few plain practical questions;
1st. What wages have you, heretofore,
given your teacher?
Would it be choapcr, taking all things
inlo consideration, to employ one of high
or qualifications, if you have to pay him a
Can you spend your money in any other
woy so wisely as in giving your children a
good education ?
What so essential to nur well being, as
virtue and intelligence, in those around
Of all mei), who should be more virtu
ous and intelligent, than that man, who
educates and forms the character of your
Will any thing but a higher salary so.
euro higher qualifications ?
If a well educated teacher saves school
books, and above all, your children's time
by advancing them faster ond moro cor
rectly in their studies, can you not afTord
to pay him moro t
2dly. What is the condition of your
Are the windows filled with glass?
Are the clap-boards falling off?
Are the doors thrown off from the
Is tho stove or pipe out of order?
Are the school desks of the right c
Have Ihev back nieces? Aro thev cut
full-of holes and ridges with tho penknife'
lioc8 the school house leak rain and
admit the wind ?
Is this building located in a good place?
.Tilly. What school books do you use?
Can yon not select a better scries, than
abide by these, freeing yourselves-from the
perplexity of so much changing?
4thly. Uan you not elect school officers
who arc competent, and will bo faithful In
the interests of the school?
Sthly. Con you nol keep your children
more steadily al school ?
Shall thoy this winter go to school one
(lav. and stay at homo the nexir
Uan vou not give them more than two or
three inunths schooling, during the whole
ran and winter?
6thly. will you not endeavor to visit the
school once a week tins winter, and take
a suitable interest in your teacher and his
Finally, will you not resolve when the
fall school is opened to start anew on tlii.-
inomentuus subjeel? Will you not begin
then to give Una subi"ct moro aid, nure
attention, than you have done ?
The wholu slate of New York is awake
to the subject al least, and the district that
stays behind now, will deprive itself of
MR. VAN liUREN'S CORRESPON
DENCE WITH THE POPE
Mr. Cicognani, the American Consul at
Rome wrote a letter to Mr Van Durcn, da
ted May 1st, 1830, in which ha informs
him of his official visit to the Pope. "His
holiness received me," says Mr Cicognani.
in the most benign manner, and oxprcssed
the most favorable sentiments for the gov
ernment as well as for the nation of Iho U-
oiled Slates of America."
Deparment or State. )
Washington, 20ili July, lSfiO.
Ftlim Cicognani, Comul of tin United Statet
Sir : Your letter ofihe Mill April, nnd llie lit
of May, Ihe firil nnlicipaiing the favorable penli
menu of A is Kolinett ihe I'ope, lownrds the Gov
ernment of the United Stales, und ihe last confirm
ing )our nniicipaiinns, have tieen received in ihii
department and submitied lo the Pipsidenl, by
whom I am directed lo convey lo hit llolintu ihro
die (.line channel, nn assurance of satisfaction
which he ileriies from lliis communication of die
frank ami hher.il opinions cnieriained by the Apos
tolic See towards the government and the penple(
utul of the policy which vou likewise si.ue n't holi
nets has adnpie'l, uiiil vvhich is so vvniihy of the
head of a Christian Church, assiduously lo culti
vate in his intercourse wiilifoteign nations, the re.
laiions of iimily n ,d good Aill, sedutou-ty to nlMlaiu
from all inierferenee with each oilier, except with
Ihe bc.iigil views uftfTecling reconciliations between
Vou will accordingly seek an earlv opportunity
lo make known lo the I'ope, in (he terms nnd man
ner best sidled lu llie occasion, ihe light in which
the President views the communication referred tu;
and likewise joii will nssure him thai the President
reciprocatit, to their fullest extent and spirit,
the friendly and liberal sentiments enlertaineil
hv Ail holiness towards die government and neonle
of llie United Stales, liy those which he entertains
iiiwanU die Apoiolic see anil the people ol llie
Church : nnd il is llie President's wish lhat vou
should offer Ait congratulations lo ihe Holy Fa.
ther upon his recent succession lo the Tinra, not
rom nnv liereauarv claim en ins nan. out limn llie
preponderating influence which a juit estimate of
Alt laienis ami vinut u.iu upon lie eniiiiiiteneci
councils liy which dial high ilininciion was confer
red, and uliicli nllonl lite besi pledge Hut Ins
ponlificalft will be a wise and beneficial one.
You will lake care likewise lo nssure Ais holi
nest, in reference lo I lie parental solicitude which
lie expresses in behalfofihe lloman Catholics in
llie United Slates, lhat nil our eitiiens professing
religion, stand upon the same elevated ground,
which citizens ol nil other religious denominations
occupy in icgaid lo I lie light of comcienre, ihnt of
pei feet liberty, conlra distinguished fiom toleration,
lh.it they are free, in common wilh iheir fellow cit
izens ol nil oilier secis, iimi praciicu ine uorsuip
best nilapied lo llieir reason or prejudices, nnd lhal
iheie exists n pei feet unanimity of faiths in the U,
Stales among religionists of all profession, us lo
lha wisdom and policy of that cardinal feature of all
our rniuiituenis nnd firms of Government ihose ol
the United Slides ami seperuie stale or Ihe Union,
by which llns inesiimiute right is Inimerly lecog
nised.and the enjoy men! of il inviolably secured.
I have given directions for Ihe transmission In
you of ihe scis ol Congress which you request, by
the curliest convenient opporiunily.
In ike mean lime, I nm (ir, respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
MARTIN VAN UUREN-
i In order that the i.totnAt. t entiments en
pertained by his holiness the pope, toward
., . -j i- r .l. tr:..j
the government and people of the United
Slates of which Van Durcn speaks so high
ly, may be understood, we lay them before
tho reader jusl as they nro contained in the
circular letter of his holiness:
The following are extracts from pope Greg.
ory s Vualical l.'.Uer.
"From Ihe polluted fountain of indifference, flows
I hat nhused nnd erroneous doclrine, or raving in f,
vor nod defence of 'liberty nnd conscience,' for
which most pestilential error the course is niien to
that entire and wild liberty of opinion which it eve
ry where attempting Ihe overthrow of religious nnd
civil institutions, nnd which Ihe unblushing imjiu-
lencc of some hold fi.rlh n nn advantage to religion.
Hence that pest of all others most to be dreaded
in a State, unbridled liberty of opinion, been-
lioiKne-s ol speer.li, and In"' ol noieny, viiiicu,
according to llie exnciieiice of all ages, portend the
downfall ol the most powerful and flourishing em
Iillicrto tends lint sorsl nnu never sunicteniiy
i be execrated nnd detested libertu of the press.
for llie dilTu-ioii of all manner of writings which
some to fondly contend for, nnd to actively pro
mole." "Ab meant must be omitted, at the extremity
of the case calls for .ill our exertions lo ei(ermia(e
the fatal post which spreads through so many
worki nor can the materials of errors be otherwise
destrojed ihan by flames, which consume the de
praved clement of the cyil."
Rem atik. There are few tilings con
tained in the foregoing communication of
Mr Van Burcn to the Pope of Rome, that
require particular observation. The gen
eral tenor and spirit of this letter is that of
fulsome and sickening adulation. It is cvi-
lent, beyond a doubt, from tho tone ofthit)
letter, that Van Burcn ia extremely anxious
tn court the especial favor of the Roman
Catholics, that 'great and Christian church,'
as he calls them, and especially anxious to
create and maintain a friendly and cordial
communication and intercommunication
with "His Hjliness, Ihe Holy Father."
And all this Mr Van Burcn docs not as a
private man but as an officer of the govern
ment fat it will be recollected that al the
lime of correspondence he was acting as
Secretary of Slate. To bring this matter
home to our bosom", we need not osk our
selves what would have been our feelings
as American citizens, had Mr Van Bitren,
as Secretary of Stato in this republican
government, addressed the Presbyterian,
the Methodist, the B.iptist, or any other
denomination of Christians, even of our
own country, in the complimentary and
congratulatory terms with which he has
addressed the PopeofR.ime? Aye, thcro
is the rub. What would have been nur
feelings in such a case ? The indignation
of the American people of every name and
every profession could not have found an
adequate vent so jealous aro the people of
the connexion bet ween church and stale.
Then hnw shall wo look upon the case
when the Romish church ii the creature
that is so fondly wooed and fondly handled
by Martin Van Buren, Secretary of State
of the United States ?
The reader will observe how remarkably
well pleased Mr Van Burcn is with this
arbitrament between contending nation?.
If it means any thing whatever, it means
ihnt the intriguer is willing to submit the
difficulties that the United States may got
into wiih other nations, and of course, a
mong ourselves. In the award of his holi
nest. What would be thought by patriots
who admire our own civil institution, which
have utterly divorced church and state af
fairs, of the prup'iely of submitting to tho
arbitrament of tho presbyterians or tho
iiiethodists the d. faculties between Ohio
and Michigan? Wo need not follow tho
But Ihe qnoi.ti.in is, hnw is the pnpi of
Rmne to accomplish his benign view of ef
fecting reconciliation ? About this matter
there is some mystery and yel sotnorevola
tion in Ihe intriguer's letter. Had wc the
communication which tho pope sent tn the
intriguer, all might be revealed. Wcleavu
it to the reader to surmUc what tho 'par.icr'
is which it is said 'hit holiness has adopted.'
It is Van Burenistn to leavo such business
in the dark. But we arc fanciful enough to
deem that we can smeit something of the rat.
especially when we refltct upon the Cath
olic operations in this counlty einco tho
date of this correspondence, in connexion
with other clauses in Mr. Van Burcn'a
Mr Van Burcn expresses himself well
pleased 'in reference to llie parental solici
tude which lh holy father expresses in
behalf of ll.o Roman Catholics in Ihe Uni
ted Stales' with Iho friendly and liberal
sentiments entertained by his holiness to
wards the government and people of the
United Slates. which, and such like,
things. Mr. Van Burcn thinks "afTirds tho
beM pledge thai this pontificate will be a
wise nnd 6eie!cinJ ono" one "utrthy the
head of a great and Christian church."
g the policy then by this 'beneficienl' and
parental regard' to build up in tho United
States a great and Christian church.' to
iho end lhal the 'head' thereof, may,
through iho great body' of nonibars, effect
,thn reconciliation spoken of? Th'n lha