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Burlington free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, December 27, 1839, Image 2

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He
van pniii;tENT,
WM. HENRY HARRISON
,VICC rRHSIDENT.
JOHN TYLER.
Til E MERITS OP GEN. HARRISON.
The remark nf George Metcalfof Ken
tncky, in ilio Harrisbtirgh Convention, of
Gen. Harrison, that no rnnn who hod dune
eo much for his country, hod been on ill
requited, is no exaggeration, as any body
will sec, who looks into thu history nf this
country from 1790 to HUG, Gen. Har
rison tci the Fnlher of the North West, ond
the Slates of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan
and Illinois, nro under thu greatest per
sonnl obligations to his wisdom, his self
sacrifice, nnd his vn lor. 'resident Mndi
nn vested him wilh almost n'joliite power
ni Governor o( Indiann Territory, nnd this
Dictatorship I Inn conferred upon htm, he
pxorcisi'd with such honesty, thai with the
unlimited power of nmn"lng wealth, lie
nddeil iioiliing lo liiuwl!', and with such
judgment that he made few enemies, nnd
I li n 1 1 1-n n (1 - ami tliou-ands of friends.
No mnn in thu country, we have before
remarked, tilled so ninny stations n Gener
nl Harrison, not even J, Q. Adams, as
we seem to admit the oi her day, for Mr.
Adams's services hnvo been all civil,
whereas General Harrison's services nrc
both civil ond military. Genernl Hnrri
son was burn in Virginia, February 9lh.
1773. His father Benjamin Harrison, was
one of the most conspicuous signers of the
Declaration of Independence. a member
of the first Congress, and afterwards Gov
ernor of Virginia. Thu Revolutionary
Patriot died in 1701, leaving his son Wil"
liam Henry, under the guardianship nf his
friend, the celebrated Robert Morris.
Young Harrison was educated at Hampden
Sydney College, nnd was intended for the
profession nf medicine, but os about the
limp when his studies were closing, there
was n loud demand for young men to serve
against the Indians, he look the cornmn
sion of an Ensign, in theU. S. Artillery
this in 1791. when only Hi years nf age.
nnd hastened immediately lo Ins regiment
nt the then Fort Wn-lnngion. lie alter
wards joined Wayne's Legmn, nnd was
selected by him as. one of his aids de camp
nt the age of 19, being prnmoled lo a
Lieutenancy. He acted thus as aid lo
General Wayne nt the bloody and despcr'
Bte battle nf the Miami, nnd for his bravery
in that conflict received the special appro
bation of his Commnadcr in Chief, nnd was
booh after promoted lo a Cnptaincy.
Gen. Wayne's success having disconr
fitted the Indians, Copt. Harrison gave up
his command in the army, and retired, but
ho was eonn after called Irnm his retirement
nnd appointed Secretary, and ex officio L.
Governor of the North Wpstern Territory
and while in that stntiou, the People
nlmost unanimously elected him (then 20
years of nge) their delegate to Congress.
He look his sent in ilio Ilnuso of Repre'
Fcnlalives, December, 1790. nnd mis won
appointed Clmirmon of the Committee on
Public Lands, ot which Mr Gallatin was a
member.
The next npnointment which Mr II a r r i
son held was Governor of Indiana, and wns
invested with civil powers of the most mr
portant nature, as well os with military
Btithnrity. The powers granted him were
immense, and such ns would have enabled
him to accumulate a princely fortune.
such powers indeed, a no mnn ought lo
have had. but which he exercised with en
tire satisfaction lo the Public, In 1(103,
Mr Jefferson appointed him solo Comuns'
pinner to negnlinto Indinnl Treaties, and
Harrison effected thirteen t Treaties, with
different tribes of Indians, and upon most
odvontngeous term'. 1 lo was gnvernnr
of this Territory for thirteen years, and ot
every successive expirntion of his office,
he wns re appointed nt the earnest solici
tation ofthe Pcopln cf tho Territory.
When Tecumsch united the hostile Rav
ages ofthe North West in a great Con
federacy for the extirpation ol tho whites,
Governor Harrison wns forced to toko the
field In defend his Territory. In If!! I, hn
fought tho cch'brnied Indian balilo nf
Tipprcanoe, nnd routed tho forres nf Ihe
famous Prophet, for his services in which,
President Madison innde honorable inert
lion of htm in his Message, nnd Ihe Leg'
islature of Kentucky, pronounced hun n
Hero, n Patriot, nod n General, milling in
Reso'utinn their "warmest Ihanks." He
received a brevet commission nf Major
General for thn the State of Kentucky,
and soon after lhat wns appointed Bngn
dier General in the service ol Ilio United
Slates. In Mny 1013, ho made his gallant
defence of Furl Megs, and drove off I lie
Uriiish generul Procior in disgrace.
Ho nfierwurds marched his nrmy lo
Maiden, Upper Canada, and met Gen.
Proctor ngnin on the river Thames when
he totally routed him. and Ihe 2000 In
dians under thn command of Tecunnoh,
achieving n victory, of which the Hon,
T.nnirdnll Chf'VeK rrnififl.-i.il in fr.rirrrn..- .
lhat "The victory of Harrison wns such
as would have secured lo a Roman Gen'
crnl in the best days of the Republic, Iho
honor of n triumph," In ltilG'17, both
Houses nl Congress voted hun a gold
medal nnd their thanks,
In lt!IG, Gen, Harrison was elected n
Member nf iho IIouso nf Represeninlivcs
in Congress for Ohm Hn wns nftcrwnrd
e Senator in the Stnln Legislature. In
1824, he represented Ohio in tho Senaic of
the United Stntes. In 1020, J. Q. Adorns
appointed hun Envny Extraordinary and
Jlfinieter ''onipolenttnry In Iho Republic,
where iiewrotc hid well known Letter to
Bolivar.
Tho Sn?pclifs tho Letter, Ihe dispnlch
ot, tho 15-fays, and Ardresscs of Gen.
Harrison are well known to all whn have
studied the history of tho country. Wo
have not dwelt upon, for wo hovo confined
ourselves to (he naming of his public sen
vices in order to prove that a nun thus, so
long, and tin often trusted, cannot be an
inferior men. Our enemies have created
I hot impression in many minds, and it is
tiur duty thus to moot it.
3ftafi-0 nt HSlnflij.iifltou,
WAftMNriTON. Dec. 16. 1039.
Th h mnrniitg the lloiiso of Representatives
proceeded In the seventh viva voce vote
for thu Spetkcr, nnd continued upon li is
business without ititcrmiaaion, until upon
the eleventh ballot. R. M. T. Hunter, of
Virginia, was found to bo elected, having
119 vnlcs of I he 232 lhat wcro given.
Mr Jones, nf Virginia, wns tho regular
candidate of tho Administration. Mr Dix
on II. Lewis, of Alahntnn, after Mr Pick
ens' enso wns nscerlnincd to bo hopnless
wns understood to bo the fnvored of Mr
Calhoun. Mr Roll wns I he regular can
didntcof Ihe Whigs, but they determined
to support Mr Dawson of Georgia, also a
Whig, after trying Mr Hell nnd finding it
impossible to elect him. Neither party,
theri'lorc, has succeeded in electing its
first cnndidatc. Roll obtained on the first
trial 102 out of 235 voles, which was his
highest number. On the third trial. Daw
son had 102, which was his highest num
ber, and on tho (mirth ho withdrew. The
Whig votes were then most of them divt
ded between Bell nnd Hunter. On the
first trial, Jones obtained 113, but declined
from lhat, and after the fifih trial he with
drew. A raily ofthe Administration was
then attempted on Lewis, who obtained on
tho cigth trial 1 (3 out of 232, but declined
from lhat, and after the ninth trial, with
drew. On the tenth trial Hunter advanced
to B5. A final effort was then made lo
concentrate the administration forces upon
George M. Kiem, nl Pennsylvania: where
upon on Ihe eleventh trial, tho Whigs went
in a body fur Huutei, and, with his South
Carolina and Georgia friends, put him into
tho Chair by voto of 1 19 out of 232. He
was conducted to the Chair. and Ihe IIuujo
then at half past four adjourned-
Dkc 17. At noon to-dny, the Speaker
of the House the Hon. R..M- T. Hunter
look the chair and ca'Ied the House lo or
dor; nficr winch) ho rose and addressed the
House ns follows :
Gentlemen of the House of Represent.!
lives; The high nnd undeserved honor
which you have conferred upon mo has hern
so unexpected, that even now I can scarce
ly find terms in which to express my grate,
ful sense of your kindness, I trust, how
ever, lo bo able to offer a better evidence
of t hat sentiment in the earnest efforts
which I shall make lo discharge my duties
justly and impartially. Called os I have
been lo this high sintion, not so much from
any merits of my own as from ihe inde
pendence of my position, I shall feel lias
especially due from me to you to preside as
the Speaker, nnt of n parly, but ofthe
House. Whilst I shall deem it my duly on
all proper occasions to sustain ihe princi
ples npim which I Btmwl plpdired hofiirn Ihe
ciiiitry. 1 olioli luilil .nyt-ulf bound at the
same tune to afford every facility within
my power to the full and free expression
of the wishes and sentiments of every sec
tion of this great Confederacy Von will
doubtless deem it your duty, gentlemen,
as the grand inquest of thn naiion, to in
vestigate all matter of winch ihe Peop'e
ought to be informed ; lo retrench expen
ditures which are unnecessary and uncon
stitutional ; to maiuinin the just relations
bet ween nil of Ilio great interests nf the
country : nnd to preserve inviolate Ihe
Constitution which you will be sworn lo
support ; whilst it will be mine to nid you
in such labors wnh all the means within
my power. -And although deeply impressed
with n painful sene of rny inexperience
and of Ihe difficulties ol n new and untried
station. I am yet cheered by Ihe hope that
you will sutoin me in my efforts to pre
serve the order of busine- & Ihe drcnrutn
of debate. I nm nware that parly ft rvor
is ocrnsionnllv impntient of Ihe restraint
which it is t ho duty of the Chnir to iinpoe
upnn tho asperity of debate, but nt Ihe same
lime I know that the just of all parlies will
sustain the Speaker who is honestly en.
deovoring lo preserve tho dignity of the
House and Ihe harmony ol its members.
Permit mo in conclusion, genilemcn, In
lender you III" homage of my heartfelt
thanks for Ihe honor which you have con"
ferrred upon me. nnd m express the hope
that your counsels may be so guided hy
wisdom ns lo redound io your own repu
Hon and ihe welfare of our common coun
try. All Ihe members having been sworn in
except I ho five from New Jersey, who
have Ihu9 far been denied the right to act
as members, Ilia question naturally ornse
(in the changed condition of iho House)
upnn admitting them In tho rights which
they claim under the laws ami nets nf the
statu guvcrninent ol Now Jersey. A pro
position introduced to lest ihe sense ofthe
House on that point wns submitted, and
gave rise lo a debate, which had hot closed
when, Fnys the National Intelligencer, nt
a little before sunset, tho House adjourned.
Mr Hunter itf not iho first choico of the
Whigs, it is true. On one great vilnl
question he differs from the Whigs, nllho'
lie probably is equally nl variance wilhihe
Locofocos. He is in fnvor nf n mode nl
collecting, keeping, and disbursing ihe
public revenue, apart from all connexion
with hanks, and has therefore been gene
rally c!nsed as a 'sub-treasury Whig,'
but he is understood not In hn in fnvor of
Ihe sub-lreasury ns proposed hy tliondmin
istrntiun, but of n project of his own, hku it
in some respects, and quilo nnliko it in
others. Hn tins never voted lor n sub
trenury. Upon all o'.hor quofclions. Mr
Hunter is with tho Wings, and i thorn'.
Iv opposed to the re-election of Mnrtm
Vnn llureii, Ho voted with tho Whigs on
Iho New Jersey question, and it is said
that ho will administer tn them tho oath nf
office, nnd admit them lo their seals
From this decision, should he' make il,
the
Locofocos will probably nppcnl, but as their
grcnt object in defrauding those members
uftheir right till seats was In secure iho
election nl their Speaker, nnd ns (lint hn
fniled, i hey will nnt prnbnblv press the
mntler with much violence. One hundred
nnd fourteen whigs voted for Mr Hunter i
fivo whigs from New Jersey wore deprived
of their right lo volo, two wero ahcnt,
frnm sickness, Kcmpshall nf New York,
and Hnwc of Kentucky, and two did nut
vote Garland of Virginia, and Hunter. Ihe
successful candidate. I hee make 123,
n elenr majority of the whole House, be
sides winch there i one vacnncy in n wing
district in Massachusetts. In ndditinn to
the 1 14 wings who voted for Mr Hunter,
he received the votes of Holmes, Pickens,
Sumter, nnd Griffin, Calhoun-mcn from
South Carolinn, and Fisher from North
Carolina, whose politics were considered
doubtful. lingers nf Smith Carolina voted
for Jones, nod Illicit ol South Carolina for
Pickens. The Gh bo is, os might be ex
pected, full nfchngrin and mortification at
the result, nnd expresses n hope lhat Mr
Hunter will not disappoint the confidence
which Iho locofocos have placed in hun
confidence indeed! We think Ihe Glnbe
shows a degree nf confidence in the power
of impudence, to make such a remark. A
strnnge kind nf confidence is Hint truly,
which wns shown by voting against a man
(or eleven successive ballots! The New
Era gives it up ot nnco, and in those
flaming capitnls wherewith it is atcu-iom-ed
to astonish the readers nf that delicious
sheet, proclaims t lint ihe House, is in the
hnnds of the federalists nnd the bunk!
The following is from tho same piper :
"The long ngnny is over, and the speak
or elected. The opposition hnvj elected
R. M. T. Hun'cr, their chosen candidate,
hy n majority nf six. He reccivrd 1 19 out
ot tho whole number of vnlcs nod was car
nod in triumph to Ihe chnir. Notwith
standing Mr Hunter's polities oro not well
defined, I for one nm perfectly convinced
that he will bo Annul n most plant iuol of
Ihe great Federal parly."
This is the first of a scries ol triumphs,
which we trust will continue until they
end by placing William Henry Harrison in
the Presidential chair. A corie6pondcnt
of tho U. S. Gozctto writes:
Washington, Dec V, 1839
For two days past, the Vnn Burcn patty
in tlin house have exhibited a scene of dis
trnciion and iIivmod allogethet new in
(heir ranks, but not on that acount Ihe
less significant. At length Ihey linvu met
with a clear ond decisive overthriw. Mr
Hunter, of Virginia, has been elected
Speaker, the Whigs voting for lim in a
body, and the Carolina members uniting
with i hem.
This event has followed quickly upon
Ihe unconsi it tit ion I proceedings which px
eluded Ihe Slate of New Jersey from five
of her seots. If ihe five memaers hnd
born admitted, ns they ought to tin vc been,
the contest would have ended sooner, and
with a larger mnjurtiy. Thn oiiirngeous
wrong perpetrated against those members,
wns chiefly to secure the election of a Van
Burcn Speaker, and some other elections.
The detent will not be Ihe less fell for hav
mg disappointed this scheme of daring
iniquity. They linen violated tho conslitu.
lino; noil hnve gained nothing by It. In
the conflict, Mr Hunter stood firmly by
the Constitution, and the rights of New
Jersey, ogainsl the combined power leagued
lo destroy bold, nnd exerting llicmsolves
with an nudncity never surpassed.
The event, loo, has followed immediately
Ihe announcement of the Whig cnndidntes
by the Harrisburg convention. That act.
nor onctnie predicted, wnnld divide and
scatter the Whigs, and destroy the opposi
tion in the House. Heboid, ihe very ro
verso has hnppened. Tho Whigs are
morn than ever united, more than ever
energetic, and they nre victorious. It is
their enemies, iho n.lmunst rntion pnrly,
ilnit nre divided, scattered, and. in the firsi
onset, defeated by Ihe Wings rallying
under the banner ofthe National Conven.
Hon. Tho omen is favorable. Let Ihe
friends of Ihe Constitution accept it and
rejoice.
Tins day's work in the Home has car
ried dismay to the palace. Its inhabitants
en their doom, opile of their treatment
of ihe Siole o( New Jersey, spite of the
mandates of lite Executive, nnd (he daily
lessons of the G lobe spue nf Iho outrngc
upon the Constitution in driving five mem.
ners from Iheir Feats spue of ail Ibis, the
tiny of retribution has begun, and will nnt
cease. An intuited nnd injured people
will vindiento their Constilui ion, nnd re
dress their wrongs, in tho next year, by
hurling from power those who have abuteri
it. and filling Iheir places wilh honest and
capable tin n.
Forwnrd, is the word--Harrison nnd
Tyler Union nnd the Constitution New
Jersey restored lo her righjs and her
base oppressors punished.
Washington. Dec. 19. The Nnw Jer
Key coniestetl election case will probably
bo disposed of to-morrow, by a roference
to the Standing Committee on elections lo
be appointed hereafter. If John Qui.ncv
Adams be permuted lo speak if I Mo de
in ii nd for what Name Pevton used tn call
the political huiclicr knife, the previous
qnestinn, be not enforced- wo will havu
another luminous exposition of the subject,
and nn eloquent vindication ofthe rights of
a sovereign stale added lo the discussion.
He has a good many debts also tn pay off
lo those who untile him the moment he
look thn Chair Ihe subject of their abuse,
and vunperutiun.
Thn Speaker gives every day ond every
hour fresh evidence nf his firmness for ihe
exalted station lo which ho has been ele
voted at on unusually early ago. Ho has
great self command, readiness, ond energy;
mid manifests a thorough acquaintance
with Ihe rules, and with general parlia
inonlnry iaw ami usages. Several '.imes
tn.dny. when quoslinns nf order wero raised
nnd difficult points suddenly started, he
extiiuiteu n coolness, promptitude, nnd
clearness of thought ond perception, which
brought thn Hnuso out nf tho embarrass,
mont it wnnld otherwise have been invnlvod
and led Ins friends lo augur must favornbly
for his administration ofthe Chair. Hn is
quick in noticing any thing approaching lo
persunaliiy, or calculated in impair tho do.
corn m nf debate, and by a courteous nnd
I well timed suggestions, ttrreeie the ipenkcr
inid.way. What is moro important at line
particular time, bo shews n determination
In permit no disorder or oonfosinn ifhe can
prevent it. Twice lo.dny his voice mug,
nnd his hammer rapped, high nbovo the
genernl dm caused by cries nf order!" "go
on!" &,c, &c. until he stopped the mem
bers who wcrn breaking ihe rules, and
compelled Ihem to lake their seals. On
the whole, I doubt not, Mr. Hunter will he
found, in every respect, a jusl, impartial,
intelligent energetic presiding officer.
CROMWELL and VAN BUREN.
Tho National Gozotlo has found an
authority for tho administration in the N.
Jersey case. Oliver Cromwell upon examin
ing the indentures of Parliament in 165G,
ascertained lhat his adherents would not
constitute a mojotily nf those who were
duly elected. The Lord Protector and
his Council, however, through tho agency
of a pnrtiznn Clerk, resorted to an expedi
ent lo remedy Ihe evil, of which ihe histo
rian gives tho following account :
"In n Inner to ihe speaker from lite member.
who b id been refuted ittlmillmicc nt iho door of
iIir lobby September 18, (tie (louse ordered the
Clctkofilic. Commonwealth to siucnd next tiny
with nil the indenture. The der.ul.- Cleik r.ame
accordingly with nn excuse for his principal, nnd
hi might lite indenture J lint on being asked why
the names of certain members were not return
lo lite House, nnswered that lit had no certificate of
approbation lor them. The house on this fcnt lo
Inquire why lltre members bud not been npproved.
Tltey returned fur answer that whereas il is or
nied by n clause in lite lienrntnent of Government
that t lie pet foii ulto thall be elected lo serve in
I'tti liaiitenl Mull be rncb, nnd no oilier than stteli
as are person! of knoien integrity, fearine God
mill of good conversation ; dial lite Council in
pnr-'ii-int'e nl iheir ilnl) , n ml ncronling lo I be Int-l
iepnP(l in litem, b.ne exniiiincil the mid rcinrn
mill have not refused to approve any who have
ai-fkamsd to th km in lie pmom of integrity
fearing God, nnd of good conversation J nnd lltose
who me not approved hi lliubncps hath en en
nnler lo pome pcrtnns lo take care that ihey do
not come into the House"
No commentary is require to illustraton
the applicability of this narralivo.
FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 27.
Public Meeting
At a recent meeting nf the citizens of Bur.
tinglnn. tn consider what action tern requir
ed nn the Ilarrisburgh nomination, and
what measures were demanded by the unex
pected state of thing in Congren and the
country nl large, it was thought proper to
call a County ,Mecli0, and take their writ.
led void as to Ihe course to lie adopted, and
that a Committee be raised to unite with the
County Committee in calling the meeting
In pursuance of the above, we have lo
request lhat every man whn feels an interest
in the country, and wishes lo avert the evils
that threaten us, would meet at Ihe Court
House in Burlington, on jYEW YEAR'S
DAY, at 10 o'clock, lo lend his aid in
devising the proper remedy. The dislrac
lion in Ihe halls of Congress is the natural
result of the violent measures so long pur.
stted by the administration, and is founded
on the same principle, a scramble for the.
spoils. To abtain them, the Constitution
is violated, and Ihe country perilled
Not only is all money annihilated, but
properly is becoming worthless, and all
inducement to exertion is destroyed. Let
us come and hold counsel together, and do
lohnt we canere it is be loo late, to pro
ted our interests.
It EM AN ALLEN, for Com.
IVM. IVESTON, County Com.
COUNTY MEETING.
It will be seen that the county
committee, in conjunction with a
committee of the citizens of Bur
lington, have called a public meet
ing at tho Court House on Wednes
day next. The time for notice, we
arc aware, is short ; but if our whig
friends in the several towns will be
stir themselves a little, there will
be a " full house." It is expected
that our delegates to the Harris
burgh Convention will be present
to render an account of their doings,
and give us the whys and where
fores. We also learn that the Hon.
IIkniiy II. Hoss, of Essex, N. Y.
and Gen. Wilson, of New Hamp
shire, have been invited, and will
probably attend. The occasion will
be an interesting one, and we hope
to see a general turn out. The
time has indeed come, when all who
hope for a better state of things
should consult together as to ihe
remedy, and bestir themselves in
the application. The signs of the
times are auspicious the adminis
tration ranks arc broken, and in the
election of a Whig Speaker, wc
have the glorious promise of a bet-
tor state of things. While our rep
! resentatives in Congress arc battling
manfully for the constitution, it be
comes the friends ofthe country at
home to second their efforts, and
contend with equal vigor for the
same great prize. No considera
tions of personal convenience should
be permitted to interfere with the
duty a man owes his country ; for if
freemen will not consent to trouble
themselves about politics, they may
be assured that politics will trouble
them. But we need not urge these
considerations. Tho right spirit is
up, and our march is onward
HARRISON and Victory !
WHIG SPfiARF.lt THE TORIES
DEFEATED
Notwithstanding Ihe flagitious course
of the Tories in excluding tho N. Jersey
members, the administration is it last dc.
feated, ond the Whigs have achieved a
substantial triumph in tho election of Mr.
Hunter of Virginia as Speaker. This wan
effected on the llth ballot, when Mr. H.
received 1 19 votes, being n majority of 3.
This vne brought about by tho united
whig strength, and a portion of the S
Carolina and Georgia members, who it is
said, sinr.n iIip nomination of Gen. Harri
son, mnnifest but little disposition to nidi
the administration. Mr. Hunter was form
erly an administration man. but is now
opposed to Van Burcn and most of his
measures. He voted with tho Whigs in
the N. Jersey case, and in his innugiirnl
pledges himself in aid in ferreting out Ihe
abuses of the government. This is what
tho administration fpors. This election
is a triumph which, under Iho present
slate of things, we could hardly have ant i
cipnied. It is true lhat the people have
elected a majority ol Whigs In tho House
of Representatives, and that had the
Houso been fairly orgonized, the Whig
Speaker would have been chosen by a de
cided majority. But the administration
haviog failed in carrying iheir points nt
(he ballot boxes, determined lo force them
by arbitrary, unconstitutional power, in the
organization of Ihe House, nnd occnrdmgly
five duly elected and duly commissioned
members were refused their 6eats, and one
whole state was disfranchised of five sixths
of her representation. Bold and daring ns
was I his oct nf mighty wrong, il has availed
nothing; in spite of il, nnd in spile loo ol
Ihe absence (from sickness) of two Whig
members, and of one vacancy in a Whig
district, Iho Locofocos have been unable
to carry Iheir candidate. Had Ihey sue
e.irdrH. ihpu miTht hnve recovered from
the gtoss fraud perpetrated by, the rrjec
lion of tho f!u. Wiiij- ineiiiberM from New
Jersey ; success would have covered up
thn wrong, ond in some measure apologized
to their own party (or its perpetration, but
now wilh all iho odium of the wrong,
added to all the ignominy of the defeat, the
Locofocos are under a weight of public
indignation from which it will be no casv
thing to recover.
F. W. PICKENS.
This genilcman is one ol the South Car
olina delegation, nnd wa brought forward
at the opening of the session as thn ndmin I lhe"Ux 'x.pre..-,,,,,, "be (iinniin oHhs .minne.s nnd
1 it reriuin nirof ccinim.ind, whit li iippp.ncd lltinugll
istralton candidate for speaker. This se j hi pl.iin dies-. ' dun t. (-.ml mv fi inul,) nm.
lection, we must confess, struck us at the ""'"V!"- Cle.k of ibp Ciiicinioiii Co..,i of Com
'"'lnioii I'lem. "WIi.ii ! (icnerril 1 1 .orison nf din
time, as singular ; for although nominally "I'ippr-e.iune and iIik TImiups !' The sump ; ilm
a supporter of the administration, vet at i es,sen""1' lh r''('""'' "f IVnimf-h mul 1'ioc
. . . tor ; the sivpttupr til our dinslris on iIip lUistn nnd
the last session ho roasted the kitchen nt Detroit ; ilu- px smmwr of die 'I 'erriiorv of
cabinet, and on several occasions spoke of
, . . . '
the atimtntsirniion in terms not the most!
fhlticrir.g. Bui the parly finding itself
tno weak to einnd alone, selected Mr Pick
ens as the man mint likely to secure south
em votes, relying upon party discipline to
keep him in tho traces. In the course n(
ihe New Jersey discussion, however, Mr,
P. became restive, and nn ono occasion
gave vent to his feelings in the following
noble strain :
"For the last ten years, there Ins bepn ton
strong Exerutitn uctiort In litis Government nnd
il islinielh.il the RepreFentativpg nl i lie People
should insert independence nnd ri ampin nn din
of parly looking only to lite good nf the rtiiintiy,
lo iIip sanrii( uflho Coiiuiliilion mid lo the pit,
servntioii of their own honor ;tud independence,
ll'iltcrp he one fitlijerl innie dear lo mo th.oi an.
odier. il is, lli.it I mnv sen litis lotie redeemed
mid ipgeneisupd tltiii I ittnv fee it In ok lone
ftoiti il miImpi viency lo thai Mourner God olTarly
whirli is ipriied up on every snip, and wh'l'h claims
frnm its victim .1 li.tse, devoted, .oul blind id. dairy,
I know ihe dt-licuc.y of my position : I scorn lo
suppress my senlimeius. I would not wrar the
pioudest diadem lhat ever sat upon a innnnrrli's
iitow, if I mold nnt wear it unshackled mid fiee.
1 iifk no io lii ic.t I f,ior; I desiie eo support ex
cept upnn honest principles which I avow boldly
mul openly. I hold no seiiiimeiils in my closet
uhirh I willnol avow to the world. In ray op in
inn, it is due in iIir dignity nf the House to inrpt
litis question boldly and to decide it, I nm ready
lo vole."
This wns quite ton much ; and Kendal,
it is said, immediately wailed on Mr P.
with a schedule of Iho committees lis was
expected to appoint in case of his election
ns speaker. At this, says the Murning
Herald, "the blood of Douglas mounted,"
and he refused to lake Ihe office subject to
any condition whatever. He was, ol
course, discarded, and the administration
attempted to rally upon Mr Jones, of
Virginia, and afterwards upon Dixon II.
Lewis, and several others, but without
success, and in the end Buffered a total
defeat, Nulhing could moro clearly dem
onslrale the loitering condition of the
administration, and nothing could better
servo to elevate Mr I'icketis in the minds
of all honorable men.
HARRISBURGI1 CONVENTION
We cnnclude to day the prncecdTig of
the Harrisbtirgh Convention, and wo be
speak for it Ihe attention of every reader.
U will be perceived thai union, liarmonyv
concession, and compromise as to men, but
stern adherence lo principles, wcro pre
dominant throughout. And wilh such a
demonstration of the spirit lhat pervades
Ihe country, what may we not hope for
Every whero throughout the union, hat
the nomination been received with appro
bation with enthusiasm and already has
the response come brick from innumerable
assemblages and public meetings. For
ihe first time since the organization nf tho
party, arc we united on one presidentia?
candidate. The iintno of Harrison at lhis
moment stands recorded nt the head of
every Whig papci in the untnn. There
will be but two parlies in (his contest
Van Burcn nnd his trninband office holdora
nn the one side Harrison and the people
on the other. And with the battle thus
made up, nothing is wnnting but union,,
perscvernncc. and action, to redeem thn'
nation from Ihe misrule that i pnralizing
ils energies nnd and grinding ui lo the duit.
MR. CALHOUN.
The Washington correspondent of th
N. Y. Times, under date of the 19th inn.
says :
Speculation is busy about Mr. Calhoun. It is re
ported lhat he is prepiring to talic a now position
that ho lias declared positively lliat ho is not with dm
administration in the Presidential contuM that tho
Harriiburg nomination is the best tho Whigs could
have made lhat thu fight between Van Hurrn and
Harrison promises to lie a close one. It is fuither
said that IinlTGreen, one of Mr. Calhoun's most in
timato friends, and now connected with him in familv
relations, is warmly applauding the nomination of
Harrison. Green was the proprietor of a Harrison
paper published in this city during the lal Presiden
tial cunlcst ; and tuado a speech at the dinner given
to the General, when he passed through Washington
on his way to New York, in the summer of 1S38.
Chcval ier, nn enlightened French trav
eller, who published a book of interesting
letters nbout our country, observed that
the adngo that "Republics are ungrateful."
wns nbnndnnlly realized in the U S. IIo
refers to Mr. Gallatin, who. after hnving
Crown old in the service of the country;
ofier having been forly yenrs n legislator, a
I memocr oi mo uuDtnei, a minister aornno.
nflcr Itavinjj laben pari in rnnny a wise and
-on'' niPBsuren ofthe Fedor-I Government
was dmiseil without any provision, nnd
j wn,,l(i nsVB terminated Ins life in poverty had
I " ,l,a friends given hun the office ho
holds ; lo Mr Jeff.-rsno, and to Mr Mnn
roe, one of whom wns reduced lo the n-
cessjiy of asking permission of the Virgin
u LIlslnlure to dispose of his real ptnti
by lottery, nnd the other constrained tn
tmp'ore Hie compassion ol Coogtess. As
another instance of nnt innal injuMice. ha
wns struck with the ense of G'-iteral Har
rison. Chevalier encountered tl,nt gentle
man at Cincinnati, and gives the following
comment :
"I h id nl)prrd nt the hotpl, n nt.in nfiilioin ilm
medium height, sunn mul inuTiibir, iiiid iilmnt llm
SO of sixi i'.ii,pi w iih tin- itf.liip step mid
1 1 s oti I (i . I lud li-eit ftiui'k Willi liu open nnd
' semuir in Conaiw. ihe ex. mini.
ter of the Untied .Slides in one ofilie fsninli Ainrr
ion Republics'. Hp b.is gruw n old in the servien
nf his rminlrv. hp has passed Iwemy years of his
life in ihose fier re wars wnh Indians, in which
there was les glut v lu lie won, but inure danger
lo be encountered th in .tl Rnoli, und Atislerliiz.
He is now poor, v.ith n iiunieioos family neglpcinl
by I lie Federal government, although ei vigorous,
ber.tu.-e he bad the independence In ilnnk for him
fell". As the oppiuiiion is in thn tniimiiiy here,
his friends have beiluuigbl theni-ehf s of coinius lo
his telle! bv lemoving the cleik nl lite Court of
Common I leas, who was Jackson man, nnd
giving him ihe plan i which is a lucrative one, as t
coil nf leiiring pension. His friend in the Cast
talk of niakin.' him ('resilient of (lie United Slaiei.
meanwhile, we have made him cleik of nn inferior
court."
MR CLAY.
The adminitlrntion pnpnrs have been
flattering themselvs with the idea of division
in the Whig ranks. They hnve even af"
fccled lo believe that Mr. Clay nnd his
personal friends would nnt cordially sup
port Gen. Harrison. But there is not the
slightest ground for such a belief. Mr.
Clay does not regard himself in Ih'u matter
The cauie the country aro paramount
with him. The following remarks wero
drawn from him nl an entertainment given
by the whig member- of Congress lo a
largu body of the HarrUburgh del?gtee
who visited Washington alter the adjnurn'
mentoftho convenlinn. The Intelligen
cer gives a long but very interesting rn,J,t
of the affair, which wo shall take -nlher
occasion to publish in full. ""e r'iend
of Clay, Scan and Harrison were " Pre'
sent, and each and every ne pledged bim
self tn ihe causo.and th-' m,n-
Mr. Clav rose andJvery person in Iho
rnnm rose with hun and gave him as gan'
eruus a welcmv as ever a conqueror
received jUBl retiming from the field of
victory. In a Moment, however, all wern
breathlessly s.'ienl and attentive. M. C.
said that alihough he had accepted the
tnviloiion to participoto in the festivities of
Ihe day. be expeeted to remain tlmoit

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