Newspaper Page Text
THE SPY IN WASHINGTON.
Washington, Dec. 12.
The message is before you. It is a tamo
document. Hut it is in unison, in that particular,
with tho feelings of the party. A more subdued
et of men you novor have seen. A small band,
whon they arrived, were moroso and surly, but
on hearing tho echo of the palace, their lone and
manner wore suddenly changed. This, by men
of experience, was to bo anticipated. Those,
generally, who arc most haughty and overbear
ing when they possess power, are most plianf
and most humble in adversity. The Loco Foco
party may now bo considered as disbanded.
They appear thus to view thoir own situation.
If Mr. Van Huron had been re-elected, such a
system of intolerance and proscription would
have pervaded tho country, as no man over im
agincd, none would have been permitted to
hold office but such as could have produced testi
monials, not only of fealty, but of works per
formed. Many of tho friends of the administration
give evidence of willingness to submit to tho
will of the people, while some to hide their
mortification and disappointment relate anec
dotos in regard to themselves. Albert Smith,
of Maine, is among the number. Ho published
an explanatory letter, stating the causes of his
defeat, and among other things said, that tho
blacks refused to vote for him. On his arrival
here ho was mot by one of his parly, who road
his explanation, and who said to him "Why
" Smith, iynu teas so odious, and so little respected
"nl home, that eicn the negroes shrunk from
" voting for you, how could you expect white men to
" do it r
Tliero arc many good jokes ami pleasant
things that occur dailv between individuals of
tho different parties. Some days since, a gen
tleman met Mr. Woodbury, and remarked, that
there had been a severe snowstorm. To which
ho replied in the affirmative. "Isuvnose," said
the gentleman, " this reminds you of Xcw I lamp,
ihirc." " Yes sir," said the Secretary, some
what embarrassed "this and other things."
Until after my arrival in this city I did not
believe that Mr. Van Huron expected to suc
ceed. I am convinced that ho did not anticipate
defeat until tho result of the election in New
York was known. Indeed, it is said that ho has
declared, that he was deceived by every man of
his party, as to his real situation, except by Mr.
Wrigiit and Mr. Butler.
A few days before tiio New York election a
Rev. gentleman of this city, was dining at the
President's. In tho course of the conversation
lie asked Mr. Van Huron what ho heard on tho
iubject of the election ! " Sir," said ho taking
up a wine glass, " have no more doubt of my
flection than that I hold this glass in my hand."
I could fill pages with details and anecdotes
of this character, but it is unnecessary. A few
may serve to amuse. Matter of a more grave
nature will engage my attention. We are tri
umphant. We have made professions. How
arc tiiey to be redeemed 1 What policy arc we
going to pursue! How commence it! and
when 1 These questions shall be honestly and
Wasjiinoton, Dec. 1-1.
It appears now to be perfectly understood,
among the friends of Mr. Webster, that ho must
accept the office of Secretary of State. I have
conversed with some of tho most devoted of his
friends and have propounded the auoition
"will he accept!" The reply in every instance,
has been, "certainly." Of Mr. Webster's own
feelings and wishes, I know nothing. But I
have been now too long in the political world not
to understand what a Statesman's friends may
do with him on such an occasion. If he has any
hesitation about accepting, it will bo overcome.
I no longer entertain a doubt. Daniel Webster
of Massachusetts, will be Secretary of Stale after
the lh of March, 13 H.
Thomas Ewing of Ohio, as with one voice, is
designated for tho station of Postmaster General.
I regret to learn, however, that there are doubts
as to his acceptance. He has extensive concerns
in private life which may render it necessary,
in his opinion, to decline the otlico. This would
bo a national lose. His commanding talents
and great sagacity would be invaluable in coun
cil, while his business habits and iron constitu
tion qualifies him in a peculiar manner to bring
order out of chaos, and to restore the department
once more to regularity and system. Mr Ewing
will he Postmaster General if he will accept the
John Crittenden, of Kentucky, all eyes arc
placed upon. His legal acquirements aro of tho
first order. If his forensic eloquence is to be
judged by his speeches in the Senate of tho Uni
ted States, I take leavo to introduce as a witness,
that ho is surpassed by few, Senator Allen, of
Ohio that Hon. gentleman is a competent
judge. Experience teaches, Mr. Crittenden has
been looked to as a member of the Cabinet. Ho
is known to have said, however, ho would ac
cept no Mat ion but that of Attorney Cieneral.
That Mr. Crittenden will hi appointed Attorney
General, in my opinion, is beyond all doubt,
Mr. Clay has this day offered a proposition in
tho jScnato to repeal tho cuib. Treasury Hill.
This presents a fair and proper opportunity to
test tho sincerity of some of those men who pro
fess a belief in tho right of instruction. The
sub-Treasury Hill was the great measure of tho
administration. It wasoppo.icd in all its stages
by tho Whig party. So far as its friends could
present it in that shape it was presented as "an
tagonistical" to a Ihnk of the United States.
The people wore told that they must havo an
"Independent Treasury" or a Hank. Thequcs
tion, in all its moods and tenses was submitted
to them, and thoy wore triumphantly called
upon to choose for themselves. At the elections
throughout the country, every locofoco brawler,
a very minion of power, when argument and rea-
son failed him, would belch forth Hank party !
JJanK party ! Hank party !
To tho people, the mon in powor havo appeal
ed, and tho pcoplo nave rendered a verdict
against them. Thoy have decided that tho sub
Treasury bill shall be repealed. Tho vote
stands . it e to ana or i!31 to 00. Will their
representatives obey tho voico of their constitu
tnts! If ever there was a caso in which tho
eendemnation of a measure by tho people, was
dear and distinct, this is that case.
Moniiav. DftC. M.
SesATt. Mr. Webster presented a petition from
Massachusetts, asking tho llshing bounty in cute ola
hin wrecked vessel.
Mr., Clay of Ky, presented a memorial in favor of
an ainicauio settlement oi international Uillicultics in
lead of tliu usual inodn.
Mr. Wright ofN. . presented a memorial from
New York in favor of u uniform law of Hunkruptcy.
RLfeuul to I
i the ('Omiiuttca on tlio Judiciary.
. Clay. ofKy, presented a resolution, declaring
ilia bill entitled uu Act for the collection. imr.i.
Keeping .and ilisliiirscmcnt of tliu public money, ought
to bo repoiilud. Mr. Clay, alter submitting his rcio
liition, K-iidliu vhoiild not call for tho coiisiite.ratidiwjf
tho icjolulion at tho present tunc. It wouJiftocnlled
tip to-inoriow and lake precedence of olfyiuwnoes,
jfffit J iW' ejw-cfc". Kja'
Mr. Clay also offerred nn important resolution, in
refcrcneo to tlio Public I.nnds, calling for information
ns to tho amount sold for the last twelve years. Tho
resolution was laid on llio tnblo and ordered to bo prin
ted. Mr. Clay accompanied the resolution with some,
remark on tlie Importance of tho subject.
Mr. Wright moved that so much of tho President's
Message ns relates to finance bo referred to tliu Finance
Air. Webster said if it was no inconvcnicnco to tho
Senator from New York, he hoped the motion might
he over for n day or two. Tlio message of tliu Presi
dent was nu important one, and it might bo necessa
ry for those who held opinions in opposition to tho
President to express them, before it was referred.
If it met with tho wishes of tho Ch.iirmain of tho Com
mittee of Finance, hu hoped the subject would bo post
poned until Wednesday next.
Mr. Wright was opposed to the suggestion of Mr.
Weli9ter. Tlio tinio had come when it was necessary
to ruler tho message of the President to its appropriate
committees, ami he did nut feel at liberty to postpone
the tinio of rrfereneo oven to Wednesday, lie there
fore could not withdraw his motion, but tho .Senator
from Massachusetts, if tlio .Senate thought best might
niovo tho postponement of Ips motion.
Mr. Webster since Mr. Wright dec'ined to, willi
tlraw, moved tho postponement of tho motion on
The President of tho Senate put the rpicstinn upon
postponoincnt. Tlio division or opinion was so close
that a count was necessary. , Tho votu was 20 for
posponenicnt, to 19 in opposition.
Other parts of tho Menage were then referred to
appropriate committees without opposition. The An
mini Report of the Secretary of tho Treasury was re
ferred In tlio Committed of Pittance.
Mr. Itunton of Mo. introduced n new Pre-emption
bill, and brought it forward with a short speech m re
ference to log cabins, coon skins, the far west, demo
cracy, federalism, &c. The Senator siid that the
tune linn come wiien some permanent pre-emption
system wns necessary. The actual President was in
favor of such a system, and it was presumed the Pre
sident elect wa also in favor of pre-emption. As the
session was a short one. Mr. Kenton said it was no
time for courtesy in regard to business. lie should
therefore move that the ipiestion upon a second mul
ing bo tnken by vcas and najs. The bill wn read,
and the vcas and nays ordered, when.
Mr. Ittibbard moved the nottioncmonl of the ones-
tion until to morrow. Ho wished for time to examine
the details of tin' bill, and moved its postponement
and printing. The motion to postpone was carried.
Mr. Haggles uf Me. introduced a resolution calling
for a ronv of the correspondence between the Govern
ment of (Treat Hritiin and the Government of the
United Slates, upon the subject of the North lvistem
Houiidary, if not incompaiiblo with tho public in
The resolution was read but, Mr. llticlianan objected
to its ndontioii.
Mr. Prentiss from the Committee on Claim, re
ported n largo number of tho bills which were favor
ably beforo the Senate at tho last session of Congroi-.
Also nn impormnt bill proposing the establishment of
a Commission for the examination and settlement of
The Hev. Mr. Cookmnn, of Alexandria after the
business of the day, wns upon the first ballot elected
Chaplain to the senate.
IIocse. The standing Commit tecs were announced
to the House aoon ns the journal was read, lhey
aro for the most
ist part ns they were at the last scioh
The following are tho Chairmen :
of fon cress.
On Elections Mr. I(iv or va.
On Coiumcr Mr. Curtis of N. V.
On Post Oll'iees Mr. .McKay of X. C.
On the District of Columbia Mr. Johnson of Md.
On tins Judiciary Mr. Sergeant of Pa.
On Manufactures Mr. Adams of Mass.
On Agriculture Mr. Dennis of Md.
On Indian All'iirs-Mr. Hell of Tenn.
On Military All'iirs-Mr. Thompson of S. C.
On Militia Mr. Kcim of Pi.
On Naval All'iirs -Mr. Tho'insofMil.
On Forreign AIIYirs Mr. Pickens of S. C.
On Territories Mr. Pope of Ky.
On Mileage Mr. Williams of Conn.
On Wavsand Moans Mr. Jones of Va.
On Uoa'ils and Canals Mr. Ogle of Pa.
On Invalid Pensioners Mr. Williams of Ky,
On Public Lands Mr. .Morrow of Ohio.
The Journal of Thins lav was amended in repaid to
the printing of the President's Mcssigc and , the ac
conipanjing documents. S-vcial name" having been
omitted on a record of the y-as and nays they were
inserted. Mr. l'cttiken of P,i. opposed the motion.
There were some few remarks in consequence, from
Mr. Winthrnp, of Mass. Mr. Cilahiu
of Mass. and
Mr. William nl Tenn.
The consideration of the subject ImI to nu amend
ment of tho order of Iho House, in reference to the
number of copies of tho Message and Reports for the
use of the members. Instead of IS. 000 copies of ac
companying reports, with tho Message, nnd 5,000
copies without, 10 000 with and -1,000 without arc
now ordered something less than the iMial number.
Mr. Hriggs, of Ma.ss. submitted the motion for the re
Tho d-atli of Mr. Am 1toii, late n member of
Congress from the Slate of Kentucky, who died nt bis
residence during the teress, was announced by Mr.
Thompson, his successor.
Tho death of .Mr. Itnmsay, of Pennsylvania, laton
member of the present Congress and member elect of
the next who committed suicide at Ilaltimore was
announced bv hi colleague, Mr. Lrct. Tho Hnue
ordered tho usual testimonials of respect, and ad
journed. Ti-B-uAV, Dec 15.,
The ball of contention and debate was opened in
the Senate to-day, in lino stylo. Mr. f'lny led ofi' in
a very spirited and cll'ectivc' speech, developing the
policy of the next administration, so fur, at least, ns
rencal of the subtreasurv law is concerned. His
resolution, declaring that the law ought to be. repealed.
and instructing the Finance committee to report n bill
lor that purpose, came up in order.
"Mr. President," said Mr. Clay, "it is no part ot
my purpose to go over the ground that has been so
thoroughly contented heretofore. As soon would I
nrimo with tho c.onvieled felon, standing on the gal
lows with tho rope round his neck, and the cart ready
to drive o.'l- -of the justice of the law tinder which he
had been condemned n with the parly now pros
trated by the might of the people, on the merits of
their schemes ot policy. 1 he people hnve sponcn on
this quesiion. They have willed tho repeal of this
law. Thoy have commanded its repeal. Senators
from nineteen stales aro imperatively instructed to
vote fur its repeal."
He spoKe lor alioul hall nn hour, l he gallery was
crowded with ladies and gentlemen, nnd the floor of
tho Sena'o was tilled with members of the other
house. Mr. Clay said he hnd hoped ih it the President
in his message would have exhibited a magnanimity
mat would nave necoine nun, nun announced the tact
that tho tremendous majority given against him at the
lato election, wns n virtual condemnation of the suh
trensury, nnd recommended a conformity on thcpnrt
of Congress to the will of the people. He was listen
ed to with profound attention by evry body except
vvui. i.eoiun, oiiiinu uiu villain iimecrucy 10 iaiK in
an nudihln tone to those nro-md him, for the purpose,
nsit would seem, of showing his impotent spite against
a man whom lie knew to bo immeasurably his supe
rior. Mr. ncht rerdud to Mr. C lav. in a speech remark
able for its shrewdness, dexterity nnd good temper.
Ho denied that the overthrow of Mr. Van Ituren
proved that the people were averso to the sub treasu
ry. I hero were other and collateral issues that had
materially influenced tho result. Tin party had made
no niow 1 of principles, and it might ns well bo said
tint its success proved a disposition to pull down that
magnificent edifice, cast aside the snlendid drnnerv.
tho'nnintinu nnd other ornaments, nnd suonlv its
ii'iec mi a lot; unwio, iircumira won coon sums.
" l ho centiemnn troin Kentucky." said .Mr. Wr cht.
"proposes to abolish tho subtreasurv: but what does
no oner in ns siean t win no go hack to a connec
tion wiin tno state tmnks, or will ho resort to ana
tionnl hank V
Mr Clay rejoined. "Sufficient for the day is the
is tho evil thereof," said bo. "Let us get rid of this
odious measure first, and then wo will (Ictermino what
tho interests of the people require. The gentloinou
r-ajs -u nine oo (iriucipies, mat our syinhols nro
coon skins, and that wo live in log cabins, what
sort of nn administration must that be, I willnsk tho
gentleman, which hnsbeen driven outhv n nnriu wnl,
no principles, clothed in coon skins, and living in log
..u.iiio uriiiieioeii oi.iy oiu uown my resolution
now. '1 luv may set un their own will in nnnnniim,
to the public j bnt tho sub-treasury will be repealed
as soon, nftcr the lib of March, as a congress can be
Mr. Clay concluded by saying that a rigid economy,
retrenchment ntuMrcform. anil a cnrtnilinrn, r til;.
Hxccutive nrerogative were whnl the nnrtv nl,i.t. i..i
jiisi naioeu nu- nsecimniicy wcrptn lavor ot, and what
Mr. Calhoun followed. 'I bad hoped said he, that
on this agitating topic I would be permited to wait
nndisluibed until (Jen. Harrison was inaugurated, nnd
tho whole line of policy developed. Tho excitement
which has so long agitated tlio country ought to be
a la ved s the pcoplo wnnt repose. If General Harrison
snau nrimtnistcr tho government in good faith, on tho
r r '. i, ""w" W,P centienian from hentuck v
lfliesiallciiforcnrrlrinrhiiK.nt J,.i, ...i .1 "i
for it it mnelineeded-irhcsliallinciilcHtenndprnctlce
economy, for that too is in.ich needed -if 1,0 sUll ,
...Vi i '.i '. "G principled oi tho constitution, look
.iVi u.n. 'm,m """'-V0"- nnd recommend an
.; u, ,u inwcrni mo i;xcnil vc, I w mi
lls administration n cheerful nndhoarlvV, , " .
ndinmistr.nion a cheerful and hearty support J it
.'Si. in.v. deelara.io, from Genera
Hni risoi. himself than fro,,, ,h0 honorable scnamr."
Ho then nnsscd nbinb ei.ln ' . " u,"..L',n,ur-
and concluded r.s followKo' J. ' """i 'J
believo Hint ll.eestablislunent of n iiMtoM Tai
Miiniiciipiinioiou or iuu minions, is ns niueb tin.
crcnt,iotiofnsover(i;;n powtr, ns tho election of n
President for life."
I wo orlliree Nmnll mo,. ..!. II.. I I 1.1
and Allen, followed on the' Van iluren side, nnd iho
rrJnM- J0"r" W'1'0111 ,akln ,hc "JUCbtion 'ho
waMMnlLctoi' nol),lUncss "(n"y N'Ho importance
it :5!T',l,Pll',', l'ih"f limiting tho tet m of ,ervice of
U. !. Judges was read. It provides for restricting ilia
.m coro'sevcnvears-anil.of tho judge S Vow
iiiuumvii, iiinso wpo have served twentv vcflfs.
eVvcd.eTfrrvl0nRBrof'erviSe l whyoTO
Jor fcrf tfTr! TrD ' an'1 lh,0,e wl, hn" oc-
A resolution was ndontcd. calling on tho Post
master General to furnish an account of nil tho cur
tailments made in the uiml contracts, etc.
Dr. Duncan introduced his bill to amend tho na
turalization laws, and considerable debate arose as to
itsrcfcrcnce. It wns decided to refer it to the commit
tee on tho Judiciary.
A resolution was then adopted, that willcauso some
annoyance in tho Treasury Department, and make
Mr. Woodbury look blue enough beforo its requisitions
aro complied with. Its purport was to inquire of the
secretary oi tlio Trcnsury, what tools and Implements
used in the construction of the nuhlic works had been
told, at lehat price, ami under what authority.
, WEONKSOAV, UcC.,10,
Tina dav has been nnnronriatcd to tho reccDtion of
petitions and resolutions in tlio House, and, ns usual
on such occasions, Mr. Adams presented n vast num
ber of memorials on the subject of Abolition, which of
course met their usual fnto under tho standing rule of
tiicioiiss. Notwithstanding lus pertinacity on this
sill Sect, it would bo a great mistake to call tho vene
rable ex-President nn Abolitionist. On tho contrary,
I believe there aro few more strongly opposed to the
tirinciiile of immediate cinanciiiatinii thnn himself. It
ts the right of petition nlonc that ho is determined to up
hold, nun tor mat right lie would mount tlio scniioiu
or bravo the faggot ns fearlessly as the most renowned
martyr of religious persecution. Hu succeeded in ob
taining tho rciercnco or a petition for tho recognition
of Hayti to tho committee on foreign nll'.iirs.
iho suiiject orso much importance to tho pcopie ot
tho ten miles square tho reehartcr of the District
Hanks was brought up by Mr. W. C. Johnson in
Iho shape of petition, which wns duly referred.
Mr. Tillinghnst, ofHhodo Island, ollorcd n resolu
tion inquiring in a minute nnd particular manner how
far tho provisionsof tho sub-treasury bill had been car
ried into effect.
Mr. Vanderpoel, of Now York, opposed this reso
lution. Ho said that his friend from Ithodo Island
was cutting out woik for the Treasury Department
which would occupy tho whole session ; that tlte re
solution was too searching and particular i that ho
believed its, object was more to grntifv Ynnkcc curi
osity and inquisitiveness, than to tiled any good :
nnd that he believed that when tho question of repeal
caniuupj .Mr. Tillinghnt's vote would not bo chang
ed by any answer tho Secretary of the Treasury might
Mr. Vanderpoel evidently winced under the thought
of the searching nature of the interrogatories proposed
In be propounded by the straightforward member from
Mr. Tillinghast defended Ins resolution with very
good temper. , Ho acknowledged tint it was search
ing and inquisitive more so, pcrhnps thnn might bo
agreeable to the ft fends of the scheme; but not more
so than tlio occasion required.
Then up rose the bar-room bully of Cincinnati, the
sober anil discreet Duncan. He said nothing to the
purpose, however, merely maintaining that the cur
rency quo-Miou inn, oui ocen uio issue ociorc. me peo
ple at the late election. To this Mr. Morgan, of New
York, replied, by assuring him that it hail not only
with the nconlo at large, but mora narticubirlv with
the citizens ol tho uiriciminci utstrul ni uino, wncro
on (hat issue thev had rejected liiml the Doctor! and
elected Mr. Pendleton in his placv, To this the Doc
tor replied, very red in tlio lace, "I deny it, tor s 1
A motion was then made for tlio vcas and navs, but
a quorum not appearing to be present, a call of the
Houso was ordered, but overruled by a motion to
In the Senate n number of bills, petitions and tno
mnrials, chiefly of ii local character, were presented
The appropriation bill from tho House, was then ta
ken up and passed. Tho following arc the separate
For mileageand pav of members 8250,000
For payment of officers. &.c 25,000
J'or stationary and incidental expenses 100,000
Tor payment of Messengers who bring
on tlio Electoral vote
The order of the day was then taken up, which was
Mr. Wright's motion, made on Monday last, for tho
reference ot the pai t ot the President s message ma
tin:! io linance, to tho Finance Committee. This
motion having been set down for this day, of course
toon precedence ot .nr. Clay s resolution lor tho repeal
of l lie Sub-Treasury.
On this subject Mr. Webster had the floor, nnd
mule a very excellent and valuable speech of about nn
hour s duration, lie conhncd hunscll to the Presi
dent's olnervations about 'a national bank and a na
lion-il debt.' anil commented on tho nhsurditv of the
.attempt t-ifisteii on the friends of Harrison the nppro-
iiri'.nn oi advocating tno latter, no said that lie count
ii. il but feel a degree of surprise that so much that
looked like indignation on this subject, should be ex
pressed bv the head of an administration which had
been the first since I he formation of the government
to coiiimoncoa na'ional debt. Ho animadverted on
the isue of treasury notes: on the urcat amount'
millions per annum by which the expenses of tho
govcrnm-int had exceeded its income for the last four
years. Ho then wont into an admirable statistical
detail of tho financial affairs of the nation, which will
render mi speech, when puhlislied, (as it soon will be)
exceedingly vaiuaiue lor reierrencc.
After Air. Wob-tcr had concluded his remarks, Mr,
Wrleh' secured thu flooi for to-morrow.
Mr. TSIImndire olll-rcd a Joint Resolution for an
amendment of the Constitution sons to limit the cli-
ibil.lv of tho Prc-ulent of the U. Slates to one term
meaning, no doubt, a term of four, six, or more or
less years, as the amies might Ihur. best.
Though Iho Constitution does not render tlio Pre
i lent i iiellioiblc. it was alwnvs a matter of some
ooiiiit neiiicr a ro-eieciiou was coninanoie wuu inc
objects of the Constitution. Gen. Washington was
reluctlantly iersiindcd to a re-election, and thus, tho
precedent was established. General Harrison's ex
aninlo will establish, as a nroner construction of the
Constitution, the principle of ineligibility for a second
term, just as fairly ns would the proposed change in
the words or tho constitution itsell.
GRX. WADDV THOMPSON
The Fredericksburgh Arena gives the following par
ticulars of the accident which lately befel Mr. Thonip
son, while on his journey to Washington, and his ro
inatkalilc escape :
Tlio snow or slcct having stopped the locomotive
within a mile or two South i f Petersburg, tho pas
sensors got out and proccedecd on foot to town. Gen
Thiimiison roll into the rear and, with his cloak wrap
m d round his head nnd absorbed in thought, was noi
uwaro of tho approach of tho train, which got under
way alter the passengers ich it, aim overiooi; mm in
a di.en cut of the road, which accounts for bis being
nn the track. Tho baggage car was in front of the
cmone. which nrcventu no i-.ng nicer irom sec n
him in the road. Gen. Thompson was knocked sen
Hilci-sby Iho shock, and fell longitudinally between
the rails, and. most remarkable to state, precisely in
the only spot, on the uliule length nf the road, where
one of the transverse sleepers had been remnrtd. The
absence of Ibis sleeper enabled him to fall his whole
lrngth upon thu ground, and, nt course, to increase,
s far as nossible. tho snaco bet woi n him and tho en
gine. Had ho fallen across mm of tho sleepers or
on either rail he must havo been killed. His head
fi ll so closj to tho rail, that the flange of the wheel
passing over it, pressed it into tho mud. Had the
gi-oiind b.-'cn frozen tho head would have been crushed.
The blow which prostrated, fortunately s unned him
so lar as to uepnvo nun oi volition, eiso migui nc, in
lii.s ellbrts to escape, have been brought into contact
with some parts ol tno lucomouvo or train.
tien. Thompson, wo arc happy to stale, though
much bruised and with his fnco disfigured, sustained
no serious injury and was rapidly recovering, on Wed
nesday, when wo saw him on his way to tako his scat
in the'Houso of Representatives.
LATKR PROM KIJROl'E.
The dates are from Paris of 11th, London and
The important matter is, that the King of the
French is maintained m ins paciuc policy uy me
Chambers, while tho operations against thu
I'.L'Viititiu Mohemet seem every where success
ful Acre, tho lust poat, being on the point of
surrendering. At Ileyrout, traaquility was re
stored, and business measurably resumed.
No disturbances followed the progress or
speech of the King of tho Pronch, on meeting
tho Chonibors. The news is decidedly in favor
of continued peace. The Chamber of Deputies
have looted all tho Ministerial candidates, for
Presidency and Vice Presidency, by large ma
jorities. The intelligence from China is not later than
wo havo direct.
From India it is both later and disastrous.
The Mooning Post of l'Jtii gives this summary :
From India tho intelligence is disastrous nnd
gloomy in the extreme, and tho miserable results
of tho proinaturo withdrawal of our troops from
Scinde and AlVghanistan aro now being reaped.
In fhe interval Jhat had elapsed since tho depar
ture of the previous mail from llumhay accounts
had boon received tliero of tho llritish arms hav
ing sustained more reverses, and of tho loss of a
greater number of officers and mon than during
tho whole of tho Cabuul campaign.
Kholat, tho stronghold, which General Wil'.
shiro captured in such gallant style, has boon
retaken; tho whole of Upper Hcindo was in a
state of insurrection, mul every day intelligence
if fresh disasters was received at IJombay.
HODV OF NAPOLF.ON.
Tho ship Cnhiinot, Ciiptuiu Shruvc, which nrnved
nt this port vebtenbiv from Canton, left St. Helena
Oct. 'il. Op tho 18lli tho ceremony of oxiimaiion of
.1,,. .m.ln.J Vn..nl.,.. I ,.h (..I.I. ...n.l ., ,.,,!
Tho body,wiiich on his death w as eiiibahued by French
chemists, wns found in n state of couipluto preset vu
tion, the features being preserved. It will bo remem
bered lhat Napoleon died May .5, 1821. ,,Thn body
was conveyed on board tho Hello 1'oule, wbiclK with
the Fav'ourilu, sailed for Franco on tho 19th. Tlicsa
ships sailed from Trwo Julv7, nnd arrived nt St.
J UUGE GASTON OF NORTH CARO
LINA. Among tlio grout nnd gootl men of tills
Republic tow stuntl so prc-ontinnnt as tlio
Hon. William Gaston, ono of tlio Judge;.
of tho Supremo Court of North Ciirolinti.
When tho Wliigs of tlio old North Stnto
wcro casting about for two U. S. Senators to
succeed Messrs Drown nnd Strango, tlio
nanio of Juuon Gaston suggested itself nt
once. A request was accordingly addressed
to litni that lie would consent to bo put in
nomination fortius honorable office. In an
swer to this request Judge Gaston wroto tlio
following beautiful letter:
NcwDEnx, October 31, 1810.
Drab Sin i I had tho pleasure to receive on Tues
day last yourfiicndly nnd very nllcctionato letter of
tho 2lst uist. It is impossible lliall should not fid,
and deeply, the earnest tone in which you urge upon
me the request tutu i should permit myscii io no pin
in nomination for ihe, appointment of a Senator in
Cmnrrcss. As a manifestation of vour attachment,
andoftho esteem and conlidcncoof the great body of
the Whigs ot rsoith tiarohnn, in whoso hchnit you
write, 1 beg both you and thorn to bo assured that 1
prizo it highly. 1 confess, too, that, nlthiugh my
mind was fully made up beforo I received your letter,
and althoii'di I had nrevionslv made known this de
termination to other friends who had addressed mo
on the subject, I foul embarrassment and pain in being
obliged to say to you that I must decline.! compliance
won your wi.sncs. i am npprcnensivo icsi iny ran
duct should nnnear moroso and uneourteous lest I
should subject myself 'to the imputation of insensibility
io K id less or oi nouiorcnco io I o nuouc weinire.
Sutler mo to say that cither of these conclusions
would bo unjust. With nil my exertions to tunic
down feeling to tho standard of reason, I find my
heart yet throbbing at any indication of tho favorable
opinion of my fellow citizens; and that heart will have
wholly ceased to bent beforo, I ccasoto take an interest
in tho happiness of this glorious Union, and especially
ot our part ot it the good old ixortti state.
Alter so ong a retirement trout tlio turmoils ol nolit
ical life, to re-enter upon them nt my years would
irouatiiy he tosacrinco my napnincM, and as l nppro
icnd. without obtaining Iho onlv enuivalent that can
be nd'ered for such n sacrifice, tho consciousness of
lullilhug duty. 'I ho situation which I now holdlroni
tho kindness of my fellow-citiens has become per
fectly agreeable to me. I find that it suits my health
keens tit v intellectual nowers in action without over
inirucning tncni, ami gives mo leisure and reiisn tor
domestic eniovineiits and mv agricultural nnrsuits.
It is n kind of intermediate estate between tho bustle
of temporal nnd thocalm of eternal existence, so con
genial to tho contemplative character of age. It ob
tains for tno what the wise soldier of Charles V., when
ho resigned hi commission declared necessary:
" Almuullcmnoris intcrcssc debet citnm mortem cue."
Besides, I believe that tho faithful performance of tho
duties ot my present ollice is ns important to tlio puti
lie welfare as anv services which it would bo in mv
power to render in the political station to which you
invito inc. To give a wholesome exposition of the
laws, to settle the fluctuations arid reconcile thosccm
ingly conflicting analogies of judicial decisions, to ad-
immsier jusiiec in uio uisi resori wun a sicauy nana
and an upright purpose, appear to me among the high
est of civil functions. And so long ns God spares mo
health nnd understanding to perform these faithfully
how can I better servemv country?
Now, my good friend, have tho kindness not onlv to
allow the just weight duo to thec considerations, but
to lay them licroro others (whose personal partiality
niav not like yours bo so strong as to acuuiescoreadilv
in a conclusion adverse to their wishes) in such terms
as may secure for them a fair hearing. And particu
larly I beg of you to say to vour fellow-mcnibcrs from
the west, whom you represent ns peculiarly nnxious
to give mo this proof of the regard in which I am there
held, that no office which it is in the power of the
state to confer can call forth mv grateful acknowledge
ments more fully or more warmly than the assurance
they have thus rendered, and in which I wholly con
fide, that "their 1'copic esteem and love me.
Truly nnd affectionately vours,
John Gaxv Bynum, Esq.
THE MURDER AT NEW BRUNSWICK,
There is no longer any mystery as to the fate
of Mr. Abraham Suydam, of New Brunswick
lie has been inhumanly murdered. His body-
has been discovered, buried in a cellar belong
ing to a house carpenter, named Peter Robin
son. We copy the following from the Newark
Daily Advertiser :
"IVtcr A. Robinson unexpectedly enllod
upon Mr. jueoi) i-.dinunus, a ueaier in lumucr, n
whom ho wns indebted, to nay his account. Tb
agreeable surprise at this voluntary payment, when
lenstcxpectcd, was converted into suspicion, when
Robinson mentioned, in connection with nn inciden
tal remark concerning the mioterious disappearance
of Mr. Suydam, that ho bad paid him nil nddiug,
"thank fortune, I nm out of his clutches." Ho said
be had paid olfa mortgage Mr. S. held on his nroner
ty, but did not dnrc to tnko it to tho clerk's office to
be cancelled, fur fear ho should be suspected of being
the murderer. This remark, together with tho pay
ment of money which could not haie been expected
troin the man s circumstances, excited the most pain
ful suspicions, which Mr. F.dniunds first communi
cated to his wife: and after reflection, on Monday
morning, ho called upon the Mayor, Judge Vail, and
related the circumstances.
After a conference with a small number of friends,
careful inquiries wcro made during the morning,
which resulted in nsrvrlnining that Robinson's bond
and mortgage for 7S0 dollars, held by Mr. Suydam,
were missmg, and that Mr. S. had also withdrawn a
note of some seventy or eighty dollars, from thn
casl ior of tho bank, on the day before that in whieh
he disappeared, as ho said to settle with Robinson.
Those, with other circumstances, such as tho descrip
tion of the money paid to Mr. Kdnumds materially
increased thu suspicion, and it was, finally determin
ed to havo him arrested and examined. During the
afternoon, therefore, the Mayor called npon Robin
son with nn officer and communicated to him the
suspicion, and proposed that ho should go with him
before a magistrate for examination, which ho readily
consented to, remarking that ho had not scon Mr.
Suydam in six weeks.
Tho examination was conducted before Judge Con
over. It appeared that Robinson purchased the lot
upon which he built n house, of Mr. S., tho mort
gage on which he swore he bad paid off some five or
six Mccks before. Ho readily consented to produce
j .;,), j,jm t'0 tho house, wherothoy found a number of
tho papers, mid lor that purpose the omcers returned
citizens who had been making a search during the
progress of thecxainination. Robinson took out tho
papers, nnd it wns then proposed to him that the cellar
tloor, which it was ascertained had been laid during
a night, after Mr. S. was first missed, should be re
moved. Robinson protested earnestly, saying, if they
did, the houso would fnll down. Ho was, however,
taken back to the magistrate, and the gentlemen to
whom the search had been confided, raised the floor,
and discovered indications of loose carlh about the
dimensions of a grave, which led ihcni to open iho
ground. About a foot under the surface, a dead cat
was found supposed to hnve been placed tliero tone
count for any smell that might afterwards arise and
about four feet below the surface, the body was found
in full clothing, lying on its face where it must havo
lain since the 3d instant.
After having secured the body, a party went up to
' ,,, nrnin;,n,i ,i,n, ,i,,,ik- i,,i urt.n r.mn.l. Hob
tlio oiuco wncro ine examination was in progress,
inson heard the announcement without tho slightest
apparent emotion. All tho eiidcuces of dent which
Mr. S. In Id ngninst Robinson were produced ns hav
ing been paid, with the signatures torn off. A policy
of insurance which Itobinson had transferred to .Mr.
S. during the interinl in which ho bad sworn ho had
not seen him, had also been discovered. Robinson's
brother, who, it is said assisted in laying ho floor, was
immediately arrested, mid when he entered the. olllco
tho officers were searching Peter A., who, seeing his
brother, and supposing ho had come in voluntoiily to
his aid, remarked to him, "you need n't coinu beret
I am not nllYaid I am innocent." Nothing farther
was elicited by tho examination, and tho brothers
were duly committed. Itobinson's wife goes out to
work as a cook &a, and has also been committed.
Among other circumstances of suspicion, a valuable
lady's gold watch was found in tho prisoner's pos
session, which hu said ho bought in New York some
monthsago, and which he had offered to sell within n
few days for 830. A set of silver spoons wcro subse
quently found in his trunk, bearing iho namo of II.
Kvans, clock and watch maker, of this city, as ma
ker. Mr. K. has been called upon, nnd stales that a
man, answering to the description given of Mr. Rob
inson culled alhis shop a lew days since, with a very
valuable double ense, patent lever gold watch, with a
massive chain, which lie wished to exchange for n less
valuable watch and sundry other articles. This was
Mr. Suydain's watch, and tho lady's watch found in
Robinson's possession is tho one leccived from .Mr.
Kvans in cxclnngo, together with tho spoons found in
Ho also ordered another set of spoons to bo mat li
nt u-iiti il,,. iniiiniH. (as ho alleged, of a sister lately
mariicd,) "P. A. R-" hut which nro in fact tho initials
of his own name. Ho told Mr. K. that his namo was
Urown or llrnwer, which ho did not distinctly under
stand. Wluloin tho shop, ho bought a gold hoy, an
,,.,., ,l in havo nlontv of money, and said ho bought
ihopalent lever at auction in Now York, six months
ago, tor oiuv.
Robinson, as may bo inferred from the circumstan
ces is a very ordinary man, SO or 40 yenrs ofage, nnd
wo understand, known in New Ilrunswick only as a
carpenter. His wifo'wns out when ho was arrested.
Wo understand that ho continued nn to this morning
to deny nny knowledge, of the murder, and, that ho u
perfectly sullen and 'unperturbed
Mr S ivditn was President of the Farmor mo-
chanic's Bank, and n leading member of tho Dutch
lit formed Church, nnd n man of property and influ
ence. Ho has Idt a wifo with a young family to de
plore tho terrible bereavement.
A coroner s inquest was neiu tasi evening, which
-.illrd ma vctdiet of murder.
It is behoved at Now Brunswick that the murderers
.'I inad'i nrriiiii'e.iients tocnlran another Individual,
Hiid to murder lino as thoy had done tho unfortunate
Mr. Suydam. Tho caso alluded to is that of Mr.
Cheeseinan, a mason, to whom Robinson was indebt
ed, nnd who was requested to call at Robinson' a house
on tho same day but w.13 prevented from calling at
UIU !llIOIOIUl UOIC. L 1113 IIMIllllll I Jl U Cliy 1 IH'I Id I !
(lie fact that another hole was found in the cellar simi
lar to tho gravo which contained tho remains of Mr
One of tho brothers of Mr. Robinson gavo evidence
that when on his wnv to church on thanksgiving day,
ho called at his brother Peter's house, and was refused
admittance. Peter told him that ho was engaged
and could not admit bint.
It is the oninion of thn nhvsieinn that from the ap
pearance of the head, Mr. Suydam suflered much
heloro he expired. '1 hrco Plows wore prohahly given.
The skull wns split longitudinally, from tho crown to
Tho funeral was attended yesterday afternoon by
a verv largu number of the inhabitants of Now Bruns
wick and its vicinity. An nmiroiiriato address was
delivered en tho occasion by the llev. Dr. Howe.
From tho Broom County N. Y. Republican.
HOUSE OF MOURNING &OP BLOOD
Tilt LIVES OF TWO ClttUmEN TAKEN BY
Seldom has it fallen to our lot to record so
shocking an occurrence as tho following:
Cornelius. Alerscrcait, bsn. Loroncr, on Alon
day last, was called to hold an inquest over tho
bodies ol two children, (lattp;iitera of iMr. lid
uiond II, and Satnantha Locke, of tho town of
Union, in this county. It appeared in evidence
before the jury summoned on this melancholy
occasion, that early on Saturday morning last
Air Locke, nnd ins two sons arose, and went to
tho barn to attend to their ordinary out door
business. Mrs. Locko also arose, passed into
the room where a niece of hers, who was sick,
and her little daughter slept, asked her niecr
now sue rcsicn, ami men iook inc cuiio irom
the bed, under the pretence that her niece might
remain undisturbed the remainder of the morning-.
She then took the child up stairs to.thc bed
occupied by tho other child, (tho eldest five, and
the youngest two years of age,) and got into
tlio bed herself. About this time, one of the
sons returned from the barn for some corn, and
went up stairs for that purpose. His mother
urged him to hasten down with it, which he did
Mr. Locke, in a few minutes also came in, and
inquired whore his mother was. Ho replied
'up stairs, playing with tlio children." Mr. L.
immediately went up, where a sight as appalling
as ever wes witnessed by mortal eyes met his
view. Thn three lay in tho bed, with their
throats cut from car to car, weltering in their
blood ! The children were quite dead, and their
mother struggling as if in the agonies of death !
Mrs. Locke, during the last winter and spring,
and at times on former occasions had been in
sane. Everything which a kind husband could
do, had been done by Mr. L. to alleviate her dis
ease of mind, and with this view he took her on
a long journey the past summer, and returned
with her, ns he honed, fully restored to health.
No particular symptoms of her malady had been
discovered, save occasionally a wild amicarancc
of the eye, until tho commission of the fatal deed
Airs. Locke still survives, and Doct. Burr, who
was immediately called, thinks she may possibly
recover. The razor was found in her hand, and
it took tho united strength of two individuals to
force it from the maniac's grasp. She has par
tially recovered her senses, expresses her re
gret, and hopes that she may recover so as to
"suffer the penalty of the law."
The jury rendered a verdict, "That Ruth S.
Locke and Mary T. Locke, children of the said
Edmund II. and Satnantha Locke, came to their
sudden deaths on the morning of the 12th day
of December instant, by the hand of their tnoth"
cr, by her cutting their throats witli a razor,
while the said mother was in a state of insanity."
The funeral of the children took placo on
Monday, and their remains were followed to
their last resting placo by a large concourse of
sympathizing friends. 'The feelings of the
boart. broken father, and surviving children can
neither be imagined or described, nor can they
receive any consolation, except from an liighur
than an earthly source, that will in the least as
suage their deeply seated sorrows.
We learn from Springfield, Mass., that a mel
ancholy accident occurred on the Western
Ra '.- ml in that town on Friday night about 9
o'c cU. The ice upon the rails rendered it im
possible to chock the spued of the freight train,
the descent being CO feet to the mile, and to
prevent tho cars from running into the Connec
ticut river, the engineer turned off to enter the
depot. The velocity of '.ho train was so great
that it passed comple'ely through one of the car
houses into the other, where four mon employed
about the premises, wore unfortunately crushed
to death between the locomotive attached to the
cars, and another which was standing in the en
A Mr. Samuel Jones, of Stockbridgc, Mass,, has
obtained n verdict of S2000 for damages for injuries
sustained while a passenger on board of tho steam
boat Do Wilt Clinton, of which Robert Dunlap, Ksq.
is owner. It appears that the plninnfl' took passage
at Hudson for West Point, where bo arriied bctweeii
one and two o'clock at night, and was sent ashore in
n small boat. The boat, on reaching the landing, was
hauled in by the stern line, which was made fast round
a brace, but tho bowline was not fastened. As the pas
sengers were getting out, plaintiff stood with onofoot
on tlio seat, and was by a violent jerk thrown suddenly
two or llueo feet into deep and cold water, and must
havo drowned had he not grasped the stern rope,
which in some measure broke his full. Ono of tho
hands seized him by the ankles and held him until the
other hands came-, when ho was rescued. Ity the
position in which be was held, his head must have
been under water. Ho was not very seriously injured
but was in imminent danger. The night was dark,
it was cold, the lantern was knocked overboard, ami
ho was obliged to gp a considerable distanco to tho
mess hall of the Cadets, where he was hospitably
Tho plaintiff contended, and so the jury must havo
believed, that thejerk of the boat was made by the
tow line, which was attached 1 oth to tho steamboat
and tho small boat. After a very able argument, tho
jury deliberated upon the merits of the case, and re
turned a verdict for S'-'OOO, thus showing that they
rightly and justly appreciate tho obligations of own
ers of steamboats to tako a proper care of their pas
Tho Detroit Advertiser of tho2tit!i ult. gives an nc
count of a most atrocious outrage, which took placo
at the town of Highland, Oakland county, Michigan,
where a Mr. Phiucas L. Davis had the whole of the
lino stock on his farm killed, destroyed, or taken
away. Ho had succeeded in making his farm ono of
the best stocked in the country, by proeuring the best
and most expensive breeds of animals. It nppenrs
that on Sunday morning, of last week, beforo day
light, twenty-live men, armed with knives nud other
missiles, e-amo to tho farm in waggons, and, without
any ceremony, proceeded to tho barns and out housi's,
and killed about twenty bogs, drove oil' twenty or
thirty others, four fine horses, one doublu wa-.'on nnd
harness, ono bull, twenty-threo sheen, sit hundred
bushels of oats, threo hundred bushels of com, be
sides scvcralhnrrows. nloughsnud other farming uten
sils; and ripped open several fine breeding sows of
tho Iterksluro breed, destroying between sixty and
eighty pigs. Mr. Davis, immediately, on hearing of
his misfortune, took nctivo measures to arrest tho per
petrators, and in a short limo succeeded in arresting
nineteen of them, and great hones were entertained
ofbriiiging to justice tho remainder of tlio gang. It is
said that ibis outrago could not have occurred but for
tho peculiar character of Ihe shcrill' of tho county,
who is bclicicd to bo an arrant scamp. During tho
investigation into tho outrage, ho made appraisers of
two of tho robbers! and in another instance, took one
of thu thieves ns bail for the safu return of ono of tlio
horses ho had stolen, The shcrill'has sinco ran away.
' Tsr - -
ANOTiir.n MrxANOioiv Scinnr.. Wo hnvo to per
from a truly painful duty in recording tho sudden de
cease of Mr. William II. Jellird, n promising and
highly respectable young merchant, a member of tho
firm ot Hums, Hays it Co. of ihii city. .Mr. Jcll'crd
wosanntivoof Maine, about 30 years of age. Ho
had for sotno months pnsl resided nt Iho Mansion
Houso wht'to his death occiired. Ho had been for
several days confined to his room by illness, and wn
occasionlly delirious. About threo o'clock on Sunday
morning he rose from his bed, and, unobserved by tho
nurse, who was at tho lima in thn room, took from
u drawer n tnsor, with which he inflicted n gash ncro-s
his lluoitl. 'Tho mirso seized his hand and took from
him tlio razor, nnd screnmod for help. Mr. J. prom
led her if he would not maka noio he would benuicl.
The inirso then ran to tho door and alarmed the
occupants of tho house, and taking odvantago of her
momentary no-sence, ho seized another ra.or ami
completed tho work of death by severing with ono
blow tho main arteries and wind pipe. Ho fell on the
floor and almost in-lniilly expired. The coroner held
an inquest on the hod y, and thu jury returned a verdict
of suicide. N. Y,
PiATTfinunaii, Dec. 12. A man by thn nanio of
Michael Kabcy was found lying on tho side walk in
this village in tho evening of Thursday last, in a state
of stupefaction. Ho was immediately tetnoved to his
resi'li neo nnd was found to bo dead. A jury was cal
led by Cha's S. Jloocrs, Coroner, nnd from tho testi
mony brought beforo them, it appeared that at about
datk ho had eaten a hearty menl, after which he drank
liquor and beer to excess, which produced vomiting
nnd strnngulntinn. Tho verdict of, tho jury was that
"ho came to his death by intoxication, and tho effects
produced thereby." Ho was n tnilor by trnde, about
:13 years of age, and has left a wifo and two children
in destitute circumstances. llepublican.
Sctctnr.. David Underbill, Ksq. Postmnster nt
Amherst, N. II,, nnd for many years postmaster of
Hillsborough county, put an end to his cxistenco by
cutting his throat on I-'ridn7 morning last.
On Thursday afternoon nn examination of testimony
wasmadoina suit to recover ono hundred dollars,
staked on the result of tho Presdenlial P.lectoral ticket
in rcntisylvatua,, and yesterday the magistrate, T. II
Pelt, Ksq. gave his decision in tlio caso. Wo suppress
names and qivc the facts, thus ! A. bet H. 8100 that
Pennsylvania would givo her electoral voto to Har
rison, and Iho money was staked in C's hands. Du
ring n period of doubt on tho subject, D. gives 11. a
wagon for tho bet and takes ll's nlncc, so that if Van
Huren gets tho State, D. gets 8100 for his wagon. Il
turned out, however, that Oen. Harrison recived tho
voto of Pennsylvania, Whereupon D. brings suit
against C. the stakeholder for -9100. Put C, recognises
only A. nnd H. in the transaction, nnd refuses to pay
nip money in any one hut A. The magistrate non-
uucu uio piauiiui. tan. A.m.
"A Ci'niNDnn. There is In Jackson count v. Ohio, a
loco-foco by tho nnmoof Snooksr who resisted nil tho
light and influence tho friends of Harrison could use
to induce htm to voto nt'ainst Van Iluren. Heiicrsist-
ed in his do crmination to go tho whole for MnJtin,
andnt the rlo -tioii carefully took out a paper Irom
his pocket I ook and handed it to tho judges with a
flourish, saying aloud to thu Whigs, "there goesn
grinder for you." When tho votes wcro counted out,
the n-imbcr of tickets was just one loss than iho num
ber of voters, and in tho box was found a receipt in
favor of Snooks, of nine dollars for three grindstones!
The old fe'lnw will never hear the last of his grinder
for Van Iluren. Colum. Confcd.
FRIDAY MORNING, DECKMI1ER 25, 1810.
Tho business of Congress, it will be observed
is beginning to move, and the session will un
doubtcdly bean interesting one. Already have
several resolutions been introduced into the
Senate by that sterling republican, Henry Clay,
which cannot fail to draw out the talent of both
parties, and upon tho ultimate disposal of which,
important results depend. We allude to the
repeal of the Sub-Treasury law, and the subject
of the l'ubJtc Lands. Mr. Webster has already
taken up the report of the Secretary of tho
Treasury, and exposed numerous of the falla
cies by which it is attempted to conceal the true
condition of the finances of the nation. He
confined himself to tho President's observations
about 'a national bank and a national debt,' and
commented on the absurdity of the attempt to
fasten on the friends of Harrison the opprobium
of advocating the latter. He said that he could
not but feel a degree of surprise, that so much
that looked like indignation on this subject should
bo expressed by the head of an administration
which had been the first since the formation of
the government to commence a national debt.
He animadverted on the issue of treasury notes;
on the great amount seven millions per annum
by which the expenses of the government had
exceeded its income for the last four years. He
then went into an admirable statistical detail
of tho financial atTairs of the nation, showing
that for the last four or five years the expenses
of the government had exceeded its legitimate
means, by seven or eight millions.
A resolution in tho House, calling for infor
mation as to the number of officers appointed,
tho contracts made and the expenses incurred
under tho subtreasurv, was resisted by the ad
ministration members, but finally prevailed. A
call has also been made for information, as to
" what tools and implements used in the con
struction of tho public works, had been sold,
"at what price, and under what authority."
It is Mated that 8300,000 of this property has
been sold for less than 30,000.
The Whigs in both branches appear to be in
fine spirits bold, active, and united ; while tho
administration forces manifest the very reverse.
Already have they been thwarted in several im
portant party movements, and it is very evident
that Messrs. Calhoun and Benton entertain any
thing but kind feelings for one another. It is
hardly to be supposed that the whigs will he
able to carry any important measure, through
the Senate, as at present constituted ; hut it is
more than probable that they will Juve a ma
jority in the House, before tho session is over,
since the locos havo lost one member from In
dianna, and will probably lose two more from
Virginnia and Georgia; Messrs Hollotnan and
Colquitt having both resigned, on the grounds
that a majority of their constituents were against
them. The locofoco nnjority in tho House last
year was only four.inclusiveofthc usurpers from
New Jersey. Whether those fivo members
will brazen it out throfigh the session in defi
anceof the will of the majority of tho electors
of tho Mate they wit's-reprcscnt, remains to be
OGDENSBURGH RAIL ROAD.
Wo aro happy to perceive that our friends
across the Lake aro again moving in this matter.
A convention from the counties of St. Lawrence,
Franklin, Clinton and F.sse.v, was held at Malone,
on Tuesday, for the purpose of "adopting meas
ures to secure provision by the Legislature at its
approaching session for the construction of tho
road from Ogdonsburgh to Lake Champlain."
We aro not, of course, in possesion of the pro
ceedings of this convention ; but we shall look
to its deliberations with much interest, and hail
with joy ovory favorable symptom in relation to
this important work. This is a connecting link
in tlio great chain of improvement with which
NeYork is encircling herself. It would open
an 'Wportant section of comparatively new
country to our enterprising New England emi
grantsdivert a largo amount of trade from
Montreal and Quebec and becomo the thor-
ougniaro ot travol irom Boston west. Nor
would it bo of less importance in a national
point of view; for Gen. Scott has assured us
that ho considers its construction of vital impor-
, tanco to thos-ccurity of our long lino of northern
This road has already been surveyed, under
orders from tho Legislature of New York, by
Edwin F. Johnson, Esq. who found tho distanco
to bo l','() miles, nnd estimated tho cost at
$1,151,805. Two routes aro in contemplation.
Tho ono commences at Pittsburgh, passes thro'
Chatcauguay, Malono and Poltsdam, to Ogdcns
burgh, nnd is called tho northern routo. Tho
highest elevation on this routo is 1277 foot above
tho lovel of hike Champlain. Tho other route
coinmoncssattho mouth of the An Sable, near
Port Kent, and proceeds up tho valloy of that
river, on tho north side, nearly to ita source ;
thence crosses the highlands to the valley of
Rackot river, down which it descends till It
meets tho Chatcauguay, or nothoni route, two or
threo miles west of Pottsdam. The highest
elevation on this routo is 173!J feet i50 greater
than the northern. Tho expense of the two
routes is not materially different and it is matter
of doubt which will finally be adopted. But
that the road will ultimately be built and that
at no distant day wc arc quite certain. Gov.
Seward presented the subject in a strong light
in his last message the legislature recognized
its importance, and the faith of the state stand
virtually pledged to it. Besides, there are other
and weighty reasons that will secure to it an
Wc look to this project with tho moro inter
est, from the fact that wc regard it as part of tlio
great enterprise, that has enlisted so largely the
sympaties of our own stale. This work accom
plished, and a continuous rail road, as thcro
shortly will be, from Boston to Concord, and it is
not in the nature of things that the intermediate
gap should not bo filled up. Sinco the establish,
inent of the new lino of steam packets, Boston is
assuming a now aspect, and stands in quite a dif
ferent rolatinn to the country. Her business
will bo stimulated, her ambition excited, and
her sagacious capitalists will liberally ply tho
means for facilitating communication with tho
interior. But, whatever may be realized in this
respect, wo bid our friends across tho water,
PEARL STREET HOUSE.
Among the many disastrous fires that occur
red in this town during the lato "reign of terror,"
none perhaps, in a business point of view, and
none certainly, so far as the general aspect of
things is concerned, was more severely felt than
tho destruction of the Gicen Mountain House,
at the head of Pearl-strcet. It would seem
hardly possible that the destruction of a single
establishment in an important business section,
could have wrought such a radical change ; and
we have sometimes almost been led to believe
that it must have been some intrinsic quality of
the old " Green Monntain" that so strongly fixed
our admiration for the upper part of Pearl-street.
But, whether imaginary or real, so it was ; and
the business of that section, as well as the pub
lic generally, have had serious occasion for tho
past eighteen months to regret the deficiency.
That deficiency, however, we are happy to say is
now supplied. Fhojtiix like, a new and beauti
ful structure has risen from the ashes of the old
one, and so far surpassing it in convenience and
beauty as to inspire us with a suitable degree of
resignation in the former dispensation. Tho
new house is built of brick, upou the old site.
The main building is 00 by 40 feet on the
ground, with a wing of -10 feet fronting College
Green. It is three stories above the basement,
with an observatory upon the top, and a piazza of
three stories, fronting on Pearl-strect. Tho
basement is occupied for a kitchen, and other
domestic purposes. On the first floor is a bar
room, reading-room, and parlor, all fronting
Pearl-street,with a dining-room the whole length
of the building in rear. The second story lias
six or seven spacious parlors, fitted up with
closets, recesses for beds, and all the thousand
and one necessary fixtures, designed for the ac
commodation of families and pleasure parties ;
while the third story affords, an indefinite number
of pleasant lodging rooms. Tho arrangement
strikes us as very good, and the furniture and
fitting up is in excellent taste. There is nothing
gaudy; hut every thing is tidy and appropriate.
Tho lot next south, has recently been added to
this establishment affording ample room for
barns, yards, garden and other domestic purposes.
Taking into view the beautiful location and the
superior accommodations of this establishment,
it can hardly fail of receiving a liberal support.
But however this may be, it is alike creditable
to the town, and to the entorprize and public
spirit of tho proprietors.
Mr. PiEKcn, late of Craftsbury, is the occupant.
He is already favorably known to tho travelling
community, and it is almost superfluous to say,
that he is quite "at home" in his new location.
We had the pleasure of supping; t his board tho
other evening in company with our friends of the
Volunteer Engine Company, and if we may take
his fare on that occasion as a specimen, we shall
be very much inclined to cultivate an acquain
tance. P. S. By the way, we believe Mr. P. has an
oyster supper this evening, and we tako the lib
erty of saying that he would bo happy to cater
for a large company.
Denton has been making a great discovery in Mis
souri, and has already proclaimed it in the Globe. Ho
is going to prove that foreign bankers have interfered
in our elections. The proof is found in tho con espon
dence of tho Hank of Missouri, with the banking
houso of Frederick lluth & Co., of London. Tho
Stato Hank of Missouri is a pet of ltenton, nnd un
der the management of the State government. It has
been tho agent of the State to sell State stocks, or in
other words, to borrow money in Europe, for theuso
of the State t and placed the bonds of the State in
tho hands of F. lluth & Co. for sale. They have not
been able to sell, and in their correspondence with
John Smith, President of the Uank of Missouri, they
say thcro is some hope that a change of administration
of the country will inspire more confidence in tho
good faith and stability of our Stato governments in
tlio minds of English capitalists, and that the stocks
may bo hereafter taken t but for the present they will
not sell. And this is relied upon by Henton, to provo
the interference of foreigners in our elections.
Hut so far from proving any thing of the kind, it
only proves what wo knew before, viz., that the mal
administration of our government, has impaired our
credit abroad just as it has at home. All that foreign
capitalists look at i tho safety of their investments;
they have no other interest whatever. In buying State
bonds, they have no sort of security but the good faith,
good credit, honor and stability of tlio Governments
issuing them. These of course will bo very much af
fected by a wisn or n proflipato administration of the
Stato Government, nnd this is precisely what capito
lists, at homo or abroad, look at when they lend their
money. They havo no confidence in a State ruled by
such demagogues as Henton, and will not buy its
stocks. Nor can thoy look with much confidence on
a party which has threatened to razo the U. S. Hank
to its foundations, nnd sprinkle salt on its ruins ; n
party which constantly denounces banks and capita
lists, nnd whoso presses have repeatedly thrown out
intimations that tho Stales largely in debt to Europe
ought not to pay their debts, and never will pay them
nay, that ono generation has no equitable right to
imposo a debt on a succeeding generation. This doc
trino has been buldly advocated, even in State Legis
latures, by the Loco Foco party, in elaborate reports.
These, of coutse, are quickly carried to foreign cre
ditors, and they look with some anxiety to sco whether
such notions of public faith oro sanctioned by tho
American people. If they are, why then that is tho
end of Stato credit t if they are not, then that credit
may bo kept up. Thisis tho whole, lory. The people
have put down Loco Foco miirulc, nnd sustained
their credit. How it may be in Missouri wc shall sea
Mr. Van Huron in his last msssago laments
tho groat incroasq of Stato debts-, and sets forth
the mischief of bc-frow'ntj m"T1v ' F"ropo