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Burlington free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, June 23, 1843, Image 2

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A New Philosophy. Thu cluo which
it given below to tlio doctrines of tiro Char
don struct Chapol reformers, wo think will
prove iofiillihlo. Lot tho reader clearly
comprehend the fundamental principles so
distinctly laid down in the brief extract from
Mr. Brownson, nnd ho cannot bo nt a loss in
obtaining an equally clear comprehension of
tho reasoning of the expounders of this phi
losophy in their public discourses.
Tub Lioiit that is Dabkness. Wo sre aware
that we possoss readers who, themselves withdrawn
from thu' throw; and the cla-huf life, anil catching
irom their "loop-holes of rclreal" lull distant ulimp
sos or tho turmoil, lilllo inianino tho up-sido-dowu
work o( tho outer world, llio general upsetting of all
veficraliln notion, the grand demolition of all lormer
principles, tho undermining and the blowina up of all
oustottiiiry feeling', nnd the universal dismantling ol
overy thing that wasonro thousht to mako society
afe or aijrce.ihlc, which is now going on amung that
part of tho world who call themselves " the think
ers," and who constitute what is denominated "the
movement" of tho day. To such readers, whit we
occnsunally say of tho now political and moral phi
losophy may havooften seemed incomprehensible, or
even incredible. At list, however, foi tune send s lis
a golden opportunity uf placing before them n whole
body of those doctrines, issuing fiom their very Vati
rin a aort of council-general of the philosophers of
all kinds, which lately assembled in lloston.
Ih'fore, however, one enters a country, he should
that is, if ho ii not sent as an ambasaidor under
stand its tongue. Tho new tdiilo-ophy has, of course
subverted languafo as well as eery thingilse, and
ornplovs a vernacular of its own. Tins has, neces
mrily,' to lie studied, brfaro ono can comprehend the
hijZh truths nf which it is tho i-hicle. Wo must thus
prcsont to our rciders, in tin first plav, a pecimen
i:l which they miyslulv Iho grammar of this dia
lects ami aficr they shall have mistered that, they
ean proceed to the philos ph v itself.
It is by Mr. Onnmu A. (Ihownson, acknowledg
ed as porlnps thn very greatest light of I. icofoco phi
losophy, that all tho main aiioins of the new sci
encaaro transparently set forth in tho few sentences
that follow, tin thus explain", in a recent publica
tion, all Ihusocnl ills under which men have hereto
fore suffered, and their cure :
"The evil thi-re is in sochty and individuals docs
nol spi ing from an original duality, but front a secon
dary duality. It consists in our loss of unity, and at
tempting, to livoindnilily, that is to say, in multiplic
ity alon '. lis remedy is in attaining to unity, which
srnll convert tho duality into s, trinity: tint i; in
attaining to unity in multiplicity, and multiplicity in
tinny, which gives us ni once unity and universality.
ThitU niv doctrine, and I ilo not sea tint you sug
gest anything that goes beyond it."
Nothing, certainly, can bo clearer; ami if, after
this ciphnation, any one remains ignorant of Ihe
Art of rtovcrnmentor of Moral Philosophy, it mutt
bo bis own taull.
H iving conned this ettract ovcrmenly till they
undeialaud it, so that philological difficulties nny no
further impede their progress, our readers may now
prnccoil to the doctrine itself, as sellled in lhal high
convocation of ha apostles of which we have already
spoken. Of this nvjo tic asteml ly, wo havo an ac
count, in the following report of ita discussions given
tiy the lloston Post, onu of llio journals addicted to
Ihe modun philosophy, but apparently not yet suffi
ciently sdvanreil in the doctrine to relish tl practical
opeialion. ui. Intel.
Pram the lloston Pott of June 6.
As wc supposo our readers would never forgive lis,
if, in summing up ;he results of anniversary week,
wo omitted to notice tha aunu il step to perfection
mado by tho male and female philosophers who hare
nt different limes made some noise in ihe world, or at
least m Chardon street Chapel, by talking about the
Church, tho bible, tho clergy, non-refcislancc, Ac.
we ffcl bound to go a brief sl.clch of the proceed
ings of tho meeting called by them in tha chapel
nrorcaaid oil Thursd iv evening last, to dis.-uss the
right of ono individual to hold properly of any kind
to the exclusion of others.
This meeting, wa ore told, was not thought of un
til a few hours before it was held but, tw that as it
may, tho call was promptly obeyed, and at an early
hour in tho evening the chapel was filled with those
who had taken ihc'lcading port in the debates of the N.
England Anli Slavery Convention during the three
preceding days, and their more humble followers.
The first speaker who took tne stand was John O.
Wattles, of Ohio. But, before we proceed to the bu
siness of the meeting, wo must ante lint it was or
ganized on the principle for which Aligol Kolsoin and
other non-resistants have contended, and had neither
prosident, vice president, nor secretary: in fact, no
organization at all, leaving all free to speak when they
pleased and how they pleased. Mr. Wattles ppolp
lor more than an hour, but, as his -pecch was entirely
devoted to a defence of the principle of association
advocated by the disciples of -'merrier, and did not
once touch upon the question for the consideration of
which the mreiing was called, wo do not think it tie
ecssar) to givoony of his remarks.
Uo was followed by N. H. Whiting, who stated
that the meeting had assemblid to consider ihe rishts
of property and the rights of man in relation tuit
th evils of tho preecnt system, and the remedy for
those evils, 03 well 83 for the uther evils which afflict
the human race. He gave his assent to the axiom
that man has a natural and inalienable right "to life,
liberty, and ihe pursuit of happiness." and from this
ground ho reasoned something as follows : If a man
has ihe right to live, ho has, in consequence, a right
to sufficient of ihe products of tho oarlh to suppurt
life, jnd the men who occupy more of ihe earth than
is neoessary for llio supply of their own wants, and
refuse to share their surplus with their needy fellows,
re robbers and murderers. The rights of all men in
relation to the earth from which ihcy have sprung
re equal, and nothing can give any man a rightful
claim tn any narticular Dortion of it except the evi
dence required by tho Vermont Judpo in the case of
llio man lio was orougiii Deiorc mm cioimcu as a
slave a title-deed, sinned, sealed, and delivered by
tho hand f the great Kather of llio Universe! and he
never could recoanise the rigluof any man to a am
ple inch ul God's footstool until that evidence was
laid before him. Kium this wrongful claim which
noma men have set un to the possession of property.
he contended, have sprung all tho evils which afflict
humnmtv. It haa ir.iroduced an unnatural and un
holy motive the hope of gam to tule all tho actions
of man, until man seems to exist only by the misfur
tunes of fierce hostility. The lawyer lives by the
ijuarredsof his neighbors and it ia for liis interest tn
keen them in Intuition : the doctor lives upon their
bodily diseases consequently it i profitable lo him
to keep mtn tick; the pneet lives by ihe tins of man
kind it is therefore for hi interest to make men as
bad as possible, nnd hence, through all the ages, they
nave wiittcn man down ns totally denraved. He ex
tended the same process of learning to merchants,
carDenlers. shoc-ntalcers, and olhcr professions in so
ciety, and then went on to aiguo that the holding of
properly uiougui slavery mm e-xisie-ncu , 111:11 inc
common system of labor for wages is but a modifica
tion of slavcrv: that ihe modification never look
place until tho capitalists found that they could in
that manner make tho greatest profits-, and that la-
hnr for waics. for the reason Hint II bears unon its
face somo semblance of humanity, is as much more
destructive to Ihe happiness -f man than unqualified
slavery, as Satan is more dangerous when arrayed as
an anijel of light than when apptaring in his own
propur shape, as a demon from the bottomless pit.
Tho evils of tho existing system, he enid, in conclu
sion, oro crying aloud to Heaven, and ioiiio reform
must tako piacc which shall secure to man all the
rights and privileges necessary for the perfect deveb
opemoniof lu nature. It is a deep libel both upon
man and his Maktr 10 siy thai lie came- into the
world wilh ihe stamp of depravity upon him. Had
that been the otc, the influences to which he has
been subjected would havo made him a demon.
Man's nature ia good he can love his fellow he de
sires to do it and nlace him in a nosition where he
can devulope the principles of his nature and be will
do it; bat in Ihe present state of society he cannot.
Only, my friends, go out into the streets and attempt
to do as Christ commanded to love your neighbor as
vonrself and von will nol live as lone ss the horse
which tha Frenchman tried 10 male eiin without
"ting. . , .
tiirrn AmoAit Fot.mM occasioned some lauvhter
among the audience, nnd slightly disconcerted the
speaker by rising and saying plumply, "1 deny it."
Wu.tino. I think if suler Folium attempted it
she would experience the titult which I have stated.
Aoioail. 1 have tried il, mid havo lived in a stale
of perfect love, at No. 45 .Mjrlls street, far tbs lssi
eight montns
As there was no more lobs said on Ibis subject,
Mr. Whitino sal down.
Jonti A. Collins then look the floor. He, too,
started from the position that man has an inalienable
tight to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness j
and, after going over the ground which nod been
previously occupied by Mr. Whiting, he went one
step further than that gentleman, and contended not
only that mm has no exclusive right to any portion
0! the earth's surface, but that one man haa as good
right as another 10 any of the earth's fruits, no mai
ler Tiy whose industry they may hive bcn produced.
Rev. A. Bailou said it seemed to him that Ihe
fact that man was an individual, with individual wants,
created a necessity for individual properly, and made
the right lo it a matte r of course.
Collixs. Trove thai.
Fallou. Well, I will prove It in this ways Man has
a stomach to feed anJ n body to clothe, nni, in per
forming those Uiiliep, there must be some lime when
tha fno-l nrrann' for the one and the clothimr ne
cessary for tho other will belong to him, and to no one
eie?. nereis wriere wie iikih iu umiviuuai juutivny
levins. Human beings have been created. y and
fetnalo; In larrvingout tho principles of their being
they prednca helpless offspring, which their instincts
load ih'tn to prnvidofor. The maintenance and edn-
oslicn of these children rfquiro properly, which they
hia right 10 hold and apply for lhal purpose, and
tin; properly csnnot U laktu frum thtm without an
evident violation of natural law. Two men go in the
spring and setlle upon ono of the crest Western prai
ries, where there is land enough for them both, and
both find equal means of maintaining themselves
there. Ono goes to work, breaks up llio soil, and
plants hia potatoes and corn, In tho fall ho gathers
just sufficient 10 aupport himself through iho winter.
The other individual, with a perfect knowledge of tho
consequences of his conduct, Instead of imitating this
laudable example, has spent his time in idleness, and,
when winter comes, finds himself without anything
to eat. To say that tho iJlo man, under thcao cir
cumstances, has as good a right to tho products of
tho earth as tha industrious man has, outrages all our
natural ideas of justico and confounds our notions of
right. Unless wo aro to have stomachs in common
and back in common, and wives in common, wo
must have thu right to produco and appropriate what
tho necessities of our condition require. A man's
right to a particular piece of land depends upon his
occupying and improving il, and tha man who lakes
a portion of tho earth as it camo from the hands of
tho Creator, and labors hard upon it and improves it,
until by the sweat of his brow ho his mado it fruitful,
has a right to retain possession of it which no olhcr
man can live. So a community who cultivate any
particular tract havo a right to its products to thu ex
clusion of others.
Collins. I deny it.
Hallou. Do yon mean to say that a settled com
munity, who by their industry produco sufficient for
their own wants, have no more right to tho fruits of
their labors thin any roving banditti who may chooso
tocomo and nnpropriaW thenil
Collins. Vis.
Whitino. Tho rights of the two patties aregradu
nted by their necessities.
Hali.oi'. Do you mean to say that the man who
will not work has as good a right to cat tho fruit of
hia industrious neighbor's tod as that neighbor has
himself!
Collins. Yes.
IIallou. I hardly know how lo artrue seriously
against a theory that so plainly violates Scripturo and
common sense. Instead of removing the evils under
which society groans, you invito and encourago rob
bery and sliifu ; for who is thero among us that, after
hiving toiled hnrd to produce something for our fam
ilies, could sit unmoved and soo the man who hid
looked idly on whilo we labored, walk up when the
food was prcpar.-d and dip his noscup to tho eyes in
our trough 1 Theatlempt to carry such theories in
to ell'ectcan only result in widespread confusion and
strife i
Here Aetata Folsojt, who during Iho discussion
doilt her blows right and left wiih prai-ewnrihy im
partiality, rose 10 assert that a person might, by " per
fect love, overcome the1 greatest injur.cs, and favored
the audience with another leaf from ihe hitory of her
experience at No. 4fl Myrtle street, containing an ac
count of a womin who quartered herself upon her
there, and for several months alo her bread and burnt
her wood without once being guilty of ihe politeness
of asking for eiiher.
The llev. John Dowlinxi, of Providence, related tho
well known anecdote of Rowland Hill, who, when
waited upon by a gentleman holding tho same loose
notions in regard 10 property that wcro professed by
soma of tho persons who had taken pirt In thodehate,
ordered his servant to show Ihe gentleman out of the
house, and nol to tako his eyes off him until ho was
clear from hia premises. Mr. Dowliso concluded by
advising the audience, as there were possibly somo la
zy persons pro-enl whoso ncctssitirt might ennfuso
their perceptions of right, to take good caro of their
pockets.
Jons A. Collins said, in reply to Mr. Ballou, that
a man bv being lazy could nol forfeit or alienate his
right to live, and contended lhat men are lazy only
because labor is considered degrading. That no such
thing is seen as a lazy child before it has artived at
that age when it can feel tho disgrace which society
has stimped upon tho man who toils. Tnat it is tho
law or mm s heme lo be active, and that, in a pror.cr
stitoof society, a lazy man, like a man born without
ieei, wouiu exisi oniy as an anomaly, anu wouia 00
pilitd fur his misfortune instead of punished for
crime. It is the duty of every man to labor to pto-
luce what ho consumes: but a mm who is so con
stituted as to neglect that duty cannot thereby fotfeit
his right to cat and to live. Men derive their rights
from their necessities.
Avounz man in the an hence here interrunted the
speaker bytnquirincif it did not follow from his theo
ry that iho more lazy a man is the greater are hia
rights, as his laziness cviJentiy increases his necessi
ties 1
Collins. Nol at all.
It had now pal to ba nearly 10 o'clock, luthfifare
the adjournim-nt N. H. Whitino stated thai ho was
desirous of saying ono word to the friend who had
been so kind as to caution tha audience to look well
to their pockets. He would tell that man that he was
the thief and ho was the murderer, becausa ho lived
upon the misfortunes of his fetlow men and took
from them that fur which he gave them no just equiv
alent, and that Ins argument was just such a 0110 as
mignt bo cxpecica irom a minister wno could pray in
his pulpit that tho down-trodden laborers of Rhode Is-
lane might be still more wickedly oppressed.
A general inquiry hero arose 1 "Who is he 1" "What
is his name 7' eve, which thcReverend gentleman an
swered in rather a consequcntal way, by stating lhat
he was "tho author of Rowling's reply 10 Miller."
tie men went on to say that ho stiouu havo bethought
himself earlier of the saying that no honor could be
gained in a contest with a skunk, for though iho crea
ture might bo vanquished, Ihs victor would bo per
fumed all over.
This sally was greeted with miny kisses, snd somo
applause, and the mectinu immediately broVa 1m. thr
philosophers regretting the slight discord which had
occurred, hut consoling one another with Ihe reflec
tion that tho presence of a clergyman rendered it 111-cvilablo.
On Friday the discussion was resumed at 9 o'clock
in ihe morning, and continued until six in tho eveninir.
We omu the report of the acco.vl days Proceedings.
This rrenileman resided in Milford. and wa lo.
lieveis at tho head ofi community of more than ono
hundred persons, who aro testing by actual experi
ment the principle of association.
AMERICAN MANUFACTURES.
Our readers will find amusement in ihn ennnt nf
thosjizuro which the London custom house officers
have made of the .MANcur-STtn colton goods which a
few weeks 'since wo inserted an account of having
bcn si-nt as an adventure from Itoston. A striking,
and similar incident occured a few years since on the
nrrival of the first bale of cotton in Kngland from this
cuuiiiiy which was ceizeu in line manner ana uilucr
kindred expressions. A hint may be taken from the
amount to which lhat irado has since icen extended,
as to what they may expeel from the further results of
.immiiM Higuniuiy iiiiu tiiierpriie. Having 1110 raw
material in greattr.ibiiudanee and perfection than any
other people, will not bo long in fabricating wintev
et ran be made of it. The annexed fact goes some
what to illustrate.
"On the first day of February lasr, a new pattern of
Mousselinesdel.aine3 arrived niNew York, unit was
offered I y tho importer at H cents per yard by tho
case. The agent of a Rhode Ialand calico printing es
tablishment forwarded n piece of iho new style of
LMiuus u i-ruriuunce me uay aner uieir arrival, and in
lo days he had tho samo style of tmods mi.t nf nm,!
fibnc in New York, selling at ten cents per yard.
The manufacturer had but 12 days to emravu the
new pattern on a copper cylinder from which the en
graving was raised on a steel cylinder then hardened
and ready for impression : the compound of ingiedi
ents for color discovered by chemical experiments
the cloth printed, dried anil cased for niarkent.
me scizuro ol the hales of cotton goods above al
luded lo, was madu on tho ground that the mirk up
on them- "Stark Mills. Manchester. N. II." was
fraudulently intended to designate them as manufac-
uireu in .uanrncsicr, r.ngiand. The lioston Atlasal
ludiiuj to this laughable mistako of the llriiish custom
house officers, savs :
"I'oor Jotinnv Hull 'It is a lullir nil I Cnr vn m
swallow, this altciiint of
your own home. The American tariff policy, adopted
in spite of your utmost efforts, and thoscof your agents
in this country, has enabled us. to match our manu-
laciurcs Willi yours even in your own markets. That
intimation in lliolcttct of Messrs. darings, that the
seized goods, "aro as dissimilar as thev well can be
in matter, s!)le and execution," lo the r.nglish brands,
is peculiarly significant. The goods are unquestiona
bly of much belter fal ric than the aamocla-a of goods
turned out from Kngland looms and an imparrial
examination would doul lltsa convince tho examiners
thst the mirks which the American manufacturers
have attached 10 the pood, 'am IppitimnipW (li,r
msrks, without ihe slightest ides of imitating any of
,1111 iii,;i,Bit niauuiuciires.
Another Boston paper has this paragraph on the
mute.
"bTASM mills." Il is sufficiently amusing that
John Hull should hive selected iho above stsmn as a
forcer y of a Bnmh firm. Tho nreflpnt tritium, l,n
must Imo forgoiten ihe Rattkof Hennington, where
iici wuvjjiiw ui'in sounuiy, i.en i statu captured t
detachment nf ilurpoyne's armv. Ii w m
casion he said to Ins raw militia -'Wo must thrash
these regulars, or Molly Stark doepa this night a wid
ow." The fact is, the name of Stark Mills was given
in honor of tha old hero, tha sstnhliiihmr,,, i,..;,r,;t.
listed on part of a firm which actually belonged 10
BUNKER HILL.
Tub Celebration or tub 17m. TI10 an
niversary of tho Ilattlo of Hunker Illlh. and of
tho completion of tho monument In commemo
ration of il, was celebrated on Saturday, in a
manner worthy of the occasion. Tho facilities
of travelling which havo placed our capital in so
near contact with our mends and neioliborp,
In every pirt of the State and of other States,
brought so many of them to unite in our colo
uration, togivo it a jjramlatid imposing; effect.
In addition to llio 100,009 of nur city population
thero were hi tho city on Saturday, probably
a hundred thousand more, who camo cither to
unite in tho ceremonies nnd festivities of tho
day, or to be a spectator of them.
Tho rain winch continued through a great
part of tho day on Friday, and effectually dim
tnedthe beauty of tho rocoplinnon that day, oc
casioned also rerioua forebodings for tho sue
eecdiujf day. But happily tho morning opened
with a clear sky, and a pure and cxhiloratingnt
mosphore. 7'ho various military corps, and
other assosialions which wcro to form a part of
the procession, woro early scon pursuing their
march towards tho Common, and thoso who were
to join it from the State house, assembled there
at an early hour. Tho procession formed in tho
order, and moved in tho direction indicatod, and
such was tho bucccss of tho judicious arrange,
inonts for tho occasion, that thero was no disor
der or iliuppointtnont. 7'lio procession was large
and imposin.fr, and the vast number, anil tho ox
etnplary order and decorum of the iminonso
multitudes: who lined the streote, and tilled tho
houses along tho route, tosether with tho vari
ous embellishment., presented a most gralifyiti"
,.!.. ...Ml. . . ..? "
aii.-ui.ioii;. , nu ujimury jure ui mo procession,
consisting of a largo number of volunteer corn
panics from abroad, who came to add a lustro to
our exhibition, in addition to thoso of our own ci
ty and vicinity, exceeded any display of the kind
winch lias been soun here. Vorv many of
thoso compinioi from abroad, among which
woro (ltinguislicti the four companies of N.
York National Guards and olhors which we
forbear to enumerate, hocauhu we know not
whore to stop, deservedly attracted much atten
tion by the beauty of their uniform 11s well as
the procision of their discipline. Indeed tho
whulo body of troops, consisting of sixty one
companies, numbering from threu to four thou
sand men, and constituting probably one of the
finest divisions of Light Infantry over assembled
under the command of ono Major General, form
ed independently of other parts of tho proces
sion, a most imposing exhibition.
The vast area between the platform erected
for tho Orator and tlio invited guest on the ono
side, and tho glacis in front nf the Monument,
covered with seats and occupied by ladies, on
the other, was soon filled bv tho thousands of
persons who composed tho procession. Tho
multitude who filled this area, 001) feet in width
from right to loft, and HOO feet in depth, various,
ly estimated at 30 to 90 thousand persons, (the
former number probably not exaggerated) com.
posed the audience whom the Orator was toad,
dross. On the platform by tho side of the Ora.
tor of the Day and tha President of tho Monti,
mcnt Association, woro the President of tho
United blates the heads of tho Executive Do
partmcnt many Officers of tho Government,
and other distinguished gentln.nen invited, a
number of survivors of the battle, and the Direc
tors of the Association.
After a short and appropriate prayer by tho
ivuv. mr. r.iii--, iiir, vv euster rose, aim was gree
ted with enthusiastic cheers by the immense
auditory. From tho moment when he becan
until he finished there was a breathless silencn
and attention, inlerruptcd only by frequent ex
pression of applause. It cannot bo supposed
that his strong and clear voico tilled tho whole
area, but it was heard by vast numbers, and ma.
ny oven to the top of the glacis wcro able to hear
a large part of the discourseOf tho discourse,
it is not necessary for us to speak particularly,
a wo publish a report of it, which will spea'k
for itself. Wo will only remark in general,
that it deeply interested the audience, and was
full to bo not merely appropriate to tho occa.
sion, by the truth and jus.ness of its sentiments,
but worthy of it by tho iinpressivcnessof its stylo
and the beauty and dignity of its illustrations.
Sandwich Islands TI10 Philadelphia
Mercury, a Tyler paper, has this information
in a letter front Washington :
"A despatch haa b-en received at the Department
ofSnte.from the Sandwich Island, containing a
formal and strong protest from their King, against iho
hto invasion of the llritish, addressed to nil Govern
ments, inviting our and their interposition to check
ineuiecaianu grasping spirit ot conquest which Eng
land of late yeara has adopted, without respect to tho
uuxiuyui iriuooa ui ueierencc 10 1110 Treaty stipula
tions which obligated her loa courso eniiri.lv ,!iflrni
The Protest is drawn up in a manly and able style,
ot ,t"ti'i 111 mu ouoiiL'e-ji anu mosi proper lerma
Ihe injuries indicted by Kngland, and appealing for
meditation in such language as must induce a warm
and decided expression of sentiment by other coun
tries. This document is understood to bo the nro-
ducnon of some clever American in the confidence of
1110 iving, which, in connection with the important
commercial interests wo have at stako in that coun-
try, may cause our government to investigate very
thoroughly ilia rights and principles involved in this
ttttnmn, '
From tha Albauy Journal.
LOCUST.
As this Insect has mado its appearance the present
year in several sections of our country, its history and
charactar msy bo Interesting to many of our readers,
These insects do not appear in all parts of the coun
try at Ihe samolimoor the same year. I have tho
locations of sixteen distinct districts, in which they
appear, cither in diflcrcnt years or with largo spaces
of territory intervening. Tho following tablo will
givo an idea of tho districts!
Htapptar in
loin ,0:1
In Louisiana they appear In 1630
AtOalhnolis. Ohio lflM
On ihe Muskingum fiver, Ohio 1829
in I'cnnsyivama, west or tho mountains KSi
In eastern Georgia and North Carolina 1831
In Prince George's county, Virginia 1829
In southeast New York, western Con
necticut and Massachusetts 182S
In Middlesex county, New Jersey 1826
In Kanquicr county, Virginia, andas far
south as Milton, N. C. 182S
In norlhorn Maryland, southern Pcnn.
De'awarc, and northern Virginia 1831
In Mississippi, N. 15. Port Gibson 1831
In tho -outh part of Massachusetts 1833
InKeatucky and adjacent parts of Ohio 1833
In the middle counties of ficorgia 1812
1853
1855
1810
1849
1851
1845
1843
1813
1843
ia-,i
1831
I?55
183r
1859
lIOURin MCBDEH IK THE MaSSACIIPSSTTS 5?TATt
PainoN. The estimable Warden of the Siato Prison
Charles Lincoln, Esq. was murdered on Thursday af
tcrnoon in one of the work shops of the State Prison
at Charlestown, by a convict named Abner Rocira'
.... .....,. u I,, uiifciM 1, mi, wim an over
seer respecting some work, convict Rogers, who wai
employed in making maltrasses, left hi bench Bnd
approached Mr. Lincoln in the rear and stabbed him
with a shoemaker's knife in his neck, complete
nlelclv sovrrinz theiucular vein. lie fell m il, n
and died instantaneously, Theovrrreers and prison
ore rushed to Ihe body and raiaed it un. but life was
extinct. "
The murderer was immnliatfly scenred and pul in
irons. No causa can be assigned for thia deplorable
act. Thu murderer has been obstinato and unruly
for sometime past. Mr. Lincoln was on upright, hu
mane, and efficient officer, and a worthy nnd esteemed
citizen, and his less wiM b. ftyer.lv Mi. lit l.ft a
very large family.
Tho ground heretofore taken by this Gov
ornnirnt in relation to those islands, will ho
understood by reading the following extracts,
tlio first being from a despatch of Mr. Web
ster to the Sandwich Island Commissioners,
asking a formal acknowledgment of tho in
dependence of thoso islands ; tho second
from a subsequent Message to Congress of
the President of the United States. N. Y.
American.
nxlrnet.from .l, Webster's Letter of Uth Dee. 1312
The United Stales have legarded' the existing nu-
uittiics ui uiv oiiimiYicn isianus aa a government
suited to the condition of thu ntnn! nn.T
their own choice, and Ihe President is of opinion Mar
... ..w, ... ui u, ,c fiuuim require mat mt not
ernment shoild not be intkbfeii m with nv
r.io.f towers. Of tho vessels
it is now known that a great majority belong to the
United Mates. The Ilnilral .Smit-a ,l.n,r, ...
more interested in tho fate of these Islands and of
ineir i.uvcrnmcm man any other nation can be : and
lilts consideration induces ihn ('m.l.lon, , 1,.,
willing to declare, as the sense of tho Government of
lilt U Klll'U OIU1L!. 11131 I IRlanif mniAn, tT .. Cnn.f
wich Islands ought to bo respected 1 and that no
poweb ought cither to take possession of the Island as
a conquest, or fur the uurnase of roii..,t,, .l
""'' j-un j.1, uuS,n iu I'ccniorany undcx contsol
ute-r uiu existing government, or any exclusive
rmviLLOLg ui iMiifieiii-e 111 mailers 01 commerce."
Extrattfromlht President' s Message of 30th l)ccM2,
"lis nearer annroach ro this mm?,,.. v., .n.i .i.n :
tercoiir.e which American vessels have vviih it such
vessels constitute five sixths of all which annually
vitit it could not but creato dissalisfaction on tho
part of the limited States at anv attempt ay an-
OTllEa power, f hould such attempt bo threatened or
feared, to take possession of Iho Islands, colonize
them, and subvekt tha rnlive nirnm.ni rnn.;j.
enng, therefore, that the United States possess so very
large a share of the intercourse of ihoso Islands, it it
deemed nol unfii in make ihe declaration that their
govcrnment secU, nevertheless, no exclusive control
over tho Hiiwaian irnvmmtxu 1m, ,' -Ant,
it, iiiuriiciiueiii existence, anil anxiously wishes for
lis security and orosneriiv. In rorh.rnn. ; .k:.
respect, under tho circumstances of the very large
intercourse of their cituens with Ihe islands, would
jrsnrv Tina government, should iwenls hereafter
arisp to require it, 111 making a devided kkmonstsance
ogmiiai uir iiinqiiion 0 an opposite pobcy by
forugn power."
nit &TOBM1N unto. Innddmon to the break in
1110 canal near Ucavclaml, the storm seems lo have
extended with considerable (fleet throughout olhcr
parts of Ihe State. The Hudson Observer says the
stone basement lhat supported the woolen factory at
Brandy wine gave way, and the whole building was
reduced to a mass of ruins. The building was four
stories high, the lower being of stone. The immedi.
ate cause of llus accideiit was iho destruction of
ici;ii .uum at 4,11110 vorK. The loss is estimated
as high as $18,001) and over l 1,000. A portion of
tho bridge nt Untidy wino ia al-o carried away, as also
one of Iho bridges on the road to lloston.
One of the reservoirs at Franklin gave way on
iuuimnjr oueiimiin, ami me noon caused great dativ
ape to butldmpj. as wr!l a ,a m,ll. ,lan. e.t.i -
The dam at Jlonroe Mills haa been carried away,' and
tho mill somewhat injured. The Hand of the Canal
ui tyiiiiijii'cjiiMiiiii iias oeen swept oil.
I.oomis's Mills, in TwinBburg, have besnalsode
stroyed.
At Akron ihe storm was enusllv ipi Th r.
lory belonging to George V. and James Wallace on
ranaywinr e,reKas entirely swept away. tfuffa
M Com. AJt. . M
In North Carolina, central counties, and
south pari of Virginia 1912 1859
In Illinois, nbout Alton 1812 1359
It may b that the two districts, Muskingum river,
Ohio and Kentucky, &c, may bo ono and thr same,
although tho Muskingum river is n long distanco
above Kentucky. Soalso.moy thcMiddlcsex county
(N. J.) District he n part of the southeastern of New
York, western Massachusetts, and western Connec
ticut districts. All tho others aro perfectly discon
nected! and theonly point on which wc aroatony
losis tho boundaries of tho districts j wo dont know
whether thoso above indicated cover tho whole extent
of our country, or whether thero are others not yet
recorded. If editors of newspapers and post masters
would tako upon themselves the small trouble of in
forming me of the fact whenever the locust occurs,
1 should bo ahla to mako the table complete. It is
not uncommon In some parts of our country for thia
insects to appear at periods differing mora or less
from 17 years.
We account for this in this way ! IxDiidoun county,
V.i., is on Iho borders of two districts, that of Mary
land, Ac, (1834) and that of Fauquier county, ('43)
and theso districts lap over cich other in Loudoun
county, and probably for a lone extent of territory !
Hence, on llns border-belt tho insect appears every
ninth year alternately. This circumstance has led
tho people of lhat section of country to disbelieve in
the 17 th year character of this insect, asserting that
it is not true, at least so far as their section of country
is concerned. Other sections present other devia
tions from tho samo cause. For example, in tho
soulhVirt of Henrico county, Va., they havo the lo
custs this year, and they will have them again in
134S : ihe borders of tho two districts lapping as
abovr;
These insects make iheir way out of the ground as
soon os tho weather becomes warm in tho spring
siy from tho 15th of April in tho South to the 15th ol
May in tho North, making a round hole, like a thrce
fourih inch auger hole, in the ground. In n grove or
shrubbery, lhat was occunicd hv trees or shrubs
seventeen years before, there will bo several of these
holes in n square foot. The insect, when it leaves Ihe
ground, is in tho chrysalis state. Ho seeks a tree or
shrub, immediately attaches himself to it 0 few feet
irom ma ground, until he nccomes ury, wnen ne run-
. l:- .l.ll L ui. 1 1. l.!..lr ... r !.
lull". 1119 3IIVI, Ull Ills uui lv, niiina iiiiiie,i;ii vui 'i it,
gradually cxpands his delicate wings to the sun and
air. and in Iho course of an hour or two is ready for
flight. They ore nearly a month before they (cavo
the ground after they have reached near the surface,
having formed a kind of chamber at the top of their
holes, apparently for the purposj of availing them
selves of tho warmth of tho sun, as thoy descend to
the bottom at night and in cold weather, and ascend
to tho top in day tune in warm dry weather. The top
of the chamber or hole, and its sides, are nicely ce
mented for tho purpose of excluding water.
Soon after tho insect has taken flight, as above
mentioned, the union of tho soxes take place, and in
a few daya cencrally only ono or two Iho females
begin to deposit their eggs in Iho small branches of
trees and shruns. I hoy generally choose branches
about tho sizo of their own bodies. It will be impos
sible to describe the niodo of depositing the eggs
without tho aid of drawings. The female has an
instrument called an otivosiler, (egg denositer,) by
means of which ske makes an excavation in tlio
ranch, to Ihe demh of nbout half wav between tha
bark and pith; in each excavation she drspttsits two
eggs ; then withdraws the ovipositer, makes anoiher
excavation, depositcs two more, and thus proceeds
till all aro deposited. If sho has not room enough on
one side, sho goes round to tho other, and when sho
docs so 1110 branch is apt 10 perish Irom the interrup
tion of Ihe sap ; hence wa see bo many dead branch'
es on the trees and shrubbery in tho summer of " lo.
cust year." In from thrco to five days after deposi
ting the eggs the female dies. Tho mile dies a day or
two sooner. They always select living wood in which
they deposits the eges. They are not particular as
to the kind of tree or shrub, except they generally
avoid all Terebinthenate trees, such ns pines, etc.
In six to seven weeks after the ?ea aro denosited
as above, thev hatch i the little insects, creeping out
of tho exeavalions fall 10 the ground, and immediately
enter theearlh in search, of food, attaching IheRlaelvea
to iho lender radicals of grass or olhcr vegitablo
growms, tneieeaingon tne exudation irom their Bur
faces. Thev have no other mode of fecdincr. Thev
lave a trunk or proboscis with three capillaries or
lairs, which they extend over the surface of the roots,
nd merely take up tne exudation above mentioned;
nd this is their only food at nnv period of their lives.
Even the full grown insect lakes its food in the same
way. The young insect is so small it can scarcely be
seen by the naked eye. After having descended into
me ground nicy remain mere until their advent, sev
enteen years afterwards. Tho locust is grpedily
aoughtafter by all sorts nf fowls and birds and hogs,
from the time they first leavo the ground 1 and tho
young insect is pursued with equal avidity by rats and
oiner uevuurera 01 msecis as soon as nicy leave ino
It ought to bo stated that this insect is not vronerlv
called a locust. There is an inseet of an entirely dif
ferent character that has born lhat name for some
thousands of years; the Egypiain locust, nnd several
other insects of the same genus. The locust (properly
so called) as a grasshopper, resembling our largo
grasshoppers m an respects, uur (ociur possesses
not one leature be oncinc to the truo locust. How
ridiculous it is. then, for us toirivo a name man insect
that has been appropriated to an entirely different ono
,u, nilo . IIIU Ituull lldlllD IU, UUI IsrLl 13 ICl!!.'U-
nea sevtendicinl. As it is unnuestionahlv the most
interesting insect 01 iho world, or at least that has yet
been discoveted. I think we should give it n. new
name, snd not intrude it upon a eomnanv where it
cannot bv any possibility, bo a welcome cuesl. and
wtiercm 11 loses an the cnuns 10 distinction lhat its
natural character is entitled to.
It is not possible to cive a full descrinlion nf the in
seel in a newspaper without the aid of drawings. It
is a to, ..minus inscei 111 iiiaiiv I e'puecis. jib o 11
peculiar character requiring reventcen ycara for it
ilitiiuuiy t (.all cay Hunting ou ia, 09 1 Know, aiH
I havo taken i-reat pains lo inform nivself. iliii is no
miliar to this insect. Naturalists make no mention
of any other with a similar habit. Then, again as to
us appearing in ramihes or communities in Uulerent
parts of the country indifferent years. How wonder-
luny sisangc is this: itowcan it Of accounted fort
Uaio we presume to explain it 7 That it is so 1 know;
and all may know by a lilllo attention to tho subject.
It will be seen that I have indicated the loe-ahlics
of six distinct districts of the country in which these
insects appeared in different ycirs, or if any two or
mum in mo same year, wiueiy separaieu irom each
nthiri and 1 havo no doubt there nut nthera thni I
have not discovered sufficient to cause the advent of
I no insect in some pot lionof tho continent every year
i inivw unen iiiuun ii il was it most iiesiitiini nnnirni
eminent of our republican institutions, or rather a nat
ural indication of the peculiar geographical division
into which our nation should be and is partitioned. I
has been suirirestcd that the dilTerenri. nr rlim,A wn-
the cause of their appearing ai the South atone limo
snd at the North at another I but this cannot bo so,
because they appear the same year in Maryland and
Pennsylvania, and in Mississippi; in Massachusetts
and Kentucky; in Georgia and Illinois. IJut I must
nave latiKued both you and your readers by this tedi
um avsar.
should an y of your readers desire a more perfect ac
count of this extraordinnrv insect. I rnn mi.rA thmm ,
nhamnhlet published in 1834. with nli rmn
ing the insect in all ils stages off listener, ihe price of
which, owing to the cost of tho plate, is out dollar for
let iwiit, ivmmi suouiu uu Be-iu ires oi postage by
Will editors and nostmastrrs do ma th favor nt ,'n
forming mo of the appearance of tho locust, whenever
or wherever it annearl If all will do an It u;n .n..
bio me to inform llio public of ihe exaet lime of their
appearance, and of ihe number of districts, and iheir
uounuuiiea. uiDtupi u. SMITH, M. If,
Tub Pbesidsni'b Power or Appoinhisnt
tn tub recess or the Senate. A writor in
the Newark Dally Advertiser, thus dispose! of
the question of what creates the vacancy, in the
case of a non.acccptanco of an appointment
mado by tho President and Senate.
The Commercial Agent to China. What
constitutes "a vacancy" In tho true extent and
meaning ol the Constitution has never been ju
dicially decided, although an opinion was given
upon ono occasion, by tho Supremo Court, on
this very question under tho following circum
stances, to wit: A Mr. Marbury of the Dis.
trictof Columbia had been appointed a Justico
ot tne I'caco ny tne elder Adams. l!is appoint
ment was confirmed by tho Senate, tho commis.
ion mauo out, signed by the 1'rcsident and Iclt
n tho ollico of tho Secretary of Stato for the
affix of the seal and record. Marbury did not
call for his commission until after the accession
the Presidency of Mr. Jefferson, bv whom tho
commission was withheld. Mr. Marbury insti
tuted proceedings to ascertain whether tho non
possession of tho commission created a vacancy
in tho office. Tho question involved was nre.
cisoly tho one now under consideration viz;
what constitutes "a vacancy," as that term is
used in the Constitution. After carcfull inves
tigation, serious arguniont and full deliberation,
the Court cave it ns their opinion, that when a
commission was signed by tho President, the
appointment is final and complete, independent
ly of the acceptanco of tho appointee." I trans
cribed a portion of tlio reasoning upon which
this opinion is founded.
"As the transmission of the commission is not ne
ccssaty to givo validity to an appointment, still less is
, iiuuiiiuuti;. i iiu nppuiiiime'Mi is ino soto nci oi
o President, thoaccentanco tho sole act nf thn officer.
and is in plain common sense posterior to the appoint
ment os ho may resign so ho may rcfuso to accept;
but neither the ono nor tho other is capable of render
ing the appointment a non-entity. That this is llio
understanding of tho government is apparent from
tho whole tenor of its conduct. A commission bears
date, and tho salary of tho officer commences, from
his appointment, not from the transmission or accep
tance of tho commission. When a person appointed
to any office refuses to accept, the successor is nomi
nated in the place of the person uho declines' to accept,
onu uui iu tuu piuco oi inc person wno nau Drcn pro-vioui-lyin
office, and had created Iho original vacau-
."- laiarutiry vs. Madison, 1, Lranch, 11. 137.
Thus it will bo seen what sirrnitication tho
term "vacancy" has as it occurs in the Consti
tution, in tho opinion of tho Supremo Court.
Now for tho facts of tho case. A law is passed
requiring tho appointment of anngent to China.
Mr. Ijvcrott is nominated as that agent his
nomination is confirmed by the Senate the
commission is made out and signed tho broad
seal attached, and forwarded to him. Mr. Ev
erett declines to accept a vacancy is thus cre
ated during tne recess ot tne .-senate, and tho
Executive, in tho exercise of powers confided
to him by the Constitution, (and not looking to,
orrcgrrding the acts of a co-ordinate branch of
tlio Government,) fills tiiat vacancy, by the ap
pointment of Mr. Cusliing, and he bears upon
his commission tho broad seal of tho United
States affived, by one whose duty it is'bnder the
constituted government to affix it.
UOBBirLE Effectb or I.ifliiTNiNo Fvur Lives
r-oir. un t riday last, the houne of Mr. James Conck
un, in ine town ot uortlanui, a niori distance uelov
Peeksklll was struck bv lie'hlnini'. and four nt tl.
eloven persons who where in it at the lime, were killed
on the spot. The lightnings first alwek a treo on one
side oi ins house, and passing dowrrit, passed through
the house, nnd thence lo a tree on Ihe opposite side,
which ii loiioweu, ana speni its lores in -iho sir
There was no rain at Iho lime, or even that dav. in
tho vicinity of the occurrence. The persona struck
and killed in tho house, were, Ihe wifo and child of
Mr. James eoncllm Louisa his sister, and Betsey
Mary his wife's sister, Mr. Concklin himself was
struck prostrate, and lay senseless for some lime, but
fortunately was fiualhr brought to. Westchester
Chronicle.
Death v Lioiitnino. The Lvcominir. P. Ga
zrtte announces tha. melancholy death of Mr. and
iurs. otewari, ai tneir restates in i.ycoming township
on Sunday evening, the 4th inst. They were engag
ed, on ocnaed knees, ottering up Ituir devotions lo
the Supreme Being, when they were struck by light
ning and instsntly killed. Four small children havo,
thus suddenly, been deprived of an affectionate father
and mother, and left to the mercy and protection of
on aii-wis providence, now striking the admonition-'1
Vie ys slro ready, fur j know ! ivhtn Ike
on oi man somtin,"
FRIDAY MORNING, JUNE 23, 1 843.
NOTICE.
Tho Whigs of Burlington aro notified to
meet at tlio American Hotel on Friday, tho
23 inst., at half past seven o'clock, in the
evening, for tho purposo of olecting delegatei
to tho Whig Stato Convention to bo held at
Rutland on the 28th inst.
Geo. K. Platt, ) Town
J. K. Gray,
C. L. Nelson, ) Committee.
Burlington, June 12, 1843.
awny. Tlio ability displayed by our Gov
ernment in all III branches, while il com.
mands tho homago and admiration of the
world, Is silently building up for froo institu
tions an argument more potent and convin
cing than the children of aristocracy nro able
to refute. They know nnd feel that the ox-
pcrimont which lias been tried here, has de
monstrated lo a cortainty, that whero the
mass of the people havo no wrongs to re
dress, no oppression to repel, life and prop
erty aro in nro scctiro than in thoso less
favored lands whero tho burdens of aristocra
cy, and tho hopelessness of poverty, every
day furnish the groaning millions with an in
centive to destruction and revolt. They
know too that the people nro not aliko in nil
cotiulrics that hero where education and an
equal participation in political power con
spire to bid man respect himself, tho voico of
the pcoplo is a very different thing from tho
cry of hunger or tho yell of despair which
comes up from llio prison houso of llio vic
tims of despotism, And where tho choice
of public servants is left lo the People, their
selection generally, not always, vindicates
the justice and propriety of commuting that
power to their hands.
Wo havo been led to theso reflections by
the result of tho District Convention. In
tho nomination of Mr. Marsh, regard was
had to every qualification necessary to tlio
character of a Representative in Congress
As a lawyer he has few equals no superiors
in tho State. His literary reputation is as
oxtensivo as it is richly merited and the
vast fund of knowledge, political, historical
and scientific, with which lie has stored his
mind, will come greatly in aid of tho right
understanding and duo performance of his
legislative duties. As a citizen ho is inli
tnatoly acquainted by actual participation,
with tlio wants and wishes of his constitu
ents, having a deep interest in the welfare of
community in which ho lives. An uncom
promising friend to protection an equally
uncompromising foe to slavery, tho anncxa
tion of Texas, and every other slavcoccatic
aboniination,andgificd withreasoning powers
of the first order, and a fluency ahd elegance
of diction seldom equalled, he seems to bo in
all points peculiarly fitted for tho high post
he is destined to occupy. And he will be
elected by a majority in every county of tho
District, which will mako Locofocoism aban
don all hopes in this quarter of tho State.
John Smith' is certainly booked for Salt
River, unless ho.wiscly refuses to embark ut
all in the unequal contest.
THINGS AT WASHINGTON.
Whilo tho public officers aro loafing at
Boston, and receiving tho homago of offico
holders nt every place largo enough to havo
ono along tho road, tho public business at
Washington is committed to nny body and
overy body, to do witii as thoy please.
It is all " ucting " from Tyler down.
Thero is Logaro "acting" Secretary of
Statu and " A. Tlio. Smith " " ncting " Sec
rotary of the Navy and some drunken loafer
" acting " Sucretary of War and so on to tlto
cud of tho chapter.
It appears tho buzzing of tho oflico seek
ers who remained nt Washington after Ty
ler loft, was so groat that John tho less, Pri
vate Sea-clary to China was obliged to go
back and throw out n few crumbs. Tho
idea of waiting till Tylor camo back was in
tolerable. Their hoard hills wcro running
up, and waiting was out of tlio question.
Poor fellows ! theirs is tho loncsomcst chancu
we know of.
The constituents of II. A. Wise, the lost
renegade of Accomac, have lately given him
a dinner, with toasts, letters from tho Guard
Ac. all endorsing him as immaculate and
averring that the whole Whig parly have
abandoned tho ground of 1840 and left this
virtuous band of patriots behind ! When
will impudenco reach its climax 1
TYLERIAN DEMOCRACY.
It would bo ludicrous, wcro it not alto
gether disgusting to witness tho abject ser
vility and English twaddln poured forth by
the bought up organs of the Acting Presi
dent, in respect to iiis northern tour, and the
good natured forbearance and civility shown
to him. These presses seem to vie with
each in their efforts to transcribo with syco1
pliantic accuracy the sickening trash vomi
ted so unceasingly upon every magnato of
tlio English monarchy. The New York Au
rora must certainly have in its pay some bro
ken down lackoy from Buckingham Palae
or somo penny-a-liner from the office of the
London Court Journal, that nauseous sewer
for all tho toadyism of England. The be
smearing of Tyler is quito excruciating.
We find that on one occnslon Mr. T. mado
a speech in tho usual wishy-washy style j
and the Aurora declares that though "wo
have given a sketch of the remarks of tho
President, yet tiio look, the manner, the in
tonntions of Mr. Tyler's voice were inimita.
Ik !) and cannot be committed to paper " !
Shade of Jefferson ! Is this youi disciple T
I Ins your beau ideal of democracy T And
then, at Boston, Com. Nicholson orders a sa
lute at tho approaching festival " in honor o
tlio President of the United States " I Tho
Boston Atlas very properly savs " We aro
authorized from high authority to say that
the celebration is in honor of tho completion
of Bunker Hill Monument, and not of the
President of tlto United States." So we go
We supposo our neighbor of the Sentinel is
delighted with theso " demonstrations of re
spect nnd attachment " as the Madisonian
calls them. Indeed, it were not safe for him
to do less, and wo shall fear for his head un
less 11 Mr. J. Richards" comes out and makes
somo manifestations of Tylerian vitality.
It will bo all over with you, Dana, unless
you begin to " wood up "pretty soon.
GEORGE P. MARSH.
No circumstance tends more directly to
prove tho capacity of the people for self
government, and at tho same time to confute
and disarm the opponents of free institutions,
than the selection of able men for offices of
trust and importance. It has been the con
stant cry of tho sticklers for monarchy, that
under a government whero the will of the
peoplo was the all controlling power, no
proper choico could bo made, since they ar
gued, thn pcoplo would rather choose tho
weak demugoguo who. flattered and decoivod
them, than tho man of sterling talent who
disdained to mako uso of such low arts to
win favor. Thoy derived their idoas of pop
ular judgment and integrity from tlio ignor
ant and depraved victims of their own vi
cious systems, and having no interest prompt
ing them to do justice to the principles and
practice of liberty, thoy soon camo to be
liovo that Republicanism and anarchy were
convertible terms, and that a Republic was
a government where tho man of integrity and
ability was crowded out of public station by
the demagogue and the scoundrel. Theso
falM and preposterous ideas are fust weiring
Tm White and Red Roses. Sorffc
tinio ago tho conceited inhabitants of lli'a't
little sand bank whero tho Hon. John C.
Calh oun deigns to mako his residence, put
forth its (that is, Mr. Calhoun's) declaration
of faith relativo to Iho timo and manner ol"
holding the Locofoco National Convention,
and tho basis upon which it should bo or
ganized. Of course they went for May '41
and the plan of formation most likely to " en
ure to the benefit " of the " fiery planet of
tort Hill." This has called forth an elabo
rate reply, and vindication of the proposa
to hold tho Convention next fall, from a
Virginian who favors tho " Sago of Linden-
wald." A rejoinder is looked for with tlio
greatest anxiety, and it seems as if tho great
question was in course of settlement. But
let these gentlemen come to what conclusion
thoy may the " democracy " havo given it a
quietus, and if a Convention in May 1844
bo any thing like a start for the man of Car
olina, ho has it. Tho Loco Conventions
two to one have favored the postponement,
and so Mr. Van Burcn's darling object of
precipitating the session of the Convention,
and then by a coup dt main maneuvering
himself into a nomination, appears be totally
defeated. Tlio Calhouncrs imagine, for
what reason wo know not, that all danger to
their favorito is buried in tlio grave of the
November Convention. But they do not
know their man. They aro destined to see
Matty elbow out tho great Caroiinianand
to bo again driven witii him into tho ranks
of opposition.
STATE CONVENTION.
Wo hopo every town in tho Stato will
tako caro to ho woll represented at tho Stato
Conventional Rutland on tho 28th instant.
Gov. Paino declines to bo considered a
candidate, and it therefore becomes neces
sary out of tlto plentiful" timber" which tha
whig parly of Vermont presents, to mako a
new selection. Delegates nt largo to tho
National Convention nt Baltimore aro also
to be appointed. Proper action on theso
points, requires a full delegation, and such
there should be.
Tho candidates wiioso names nro promi
nent beforo thu people are, Hon. David M.
Camp, Hon. William Sladu, Hon John
Mattocks, and Hon. Horace Everett
one Ex-Lieutonanl Governor, and thrco Ex
Members of Congress. Any of them would
make a Governor of whom Vermont might
ho proud.
SAFE !
Wo would congratuliito our readers and
tho whole Stato upon thu fact, that the foot
steps of John Tyler are not to pollute tho sa
cred soil of tho Greon Mountain Stale. Wo
would not bo too intolerant even toward
such a detestable falsifier of every plcdgo
and principle ns this accident from Virginia,
but wo do say that here, where tho largest
proportional majority savo ono was given in
1S40 for llio establishment of tho principles
contended for by the Wings, the wretch who
iias wantonly nnd openly, with every circum
stance of insult and contumcey, turned to
bile the hand that fed him, and to revile tho
friends that warmed him into unnatural im
portance, ought to expect and receivo no
other treatment than undisscmbled scorn, ha
tred and contempt.
"BURNING" IN VERMONT.
Thrco well dressed scoundrels who camo
up in the southern Boat a few evenings since,
met a young gentleman lately from Canada,
and by dint of tho usual gammon so ofton
and graphically described by the Tribuno,
succeeded in swapping off S45 in United
States Hank Bills for good Monlrcnl money,
leaving thu young man to rejoico in the pos
session of a touch ofdear-bonght experience.
The swindling villinns went on their way re
joicing, and wo advise them to he a little shy
ofBuilington hereafter unless they havo an
aye to a residence in Windsor.
Whilo wo arc on this subject wo will just
remind our renders that bogus half dollars,
and indeed most kinds of counterfeit coins,
are nfo among us. Thoy are usually well
executed, especially tho halves. Look well
to your money, if you nre lucky enough to
gel any.
Hon. Jacob Collamor, Into Judgo of
the Supremo Court, has been nominated by
tho whigs of tlio Second (Mr. Everett' j
District, as a eandidato for Representative
in Congress. If ho lives long enough, ho
will bo elected.
We wonder what whig is destined to bo
fired at in the fourth t
Tho Truo Democrat is in pain becnuso
the Whig Common Council of Albany re
fused to extend an invitation to tho apostate
Tyler lo visit that city. This tlio T. D.
construes into an affront, and talks tho usual
stuff about " respect to tho offico " &c.
Pray Mr. Democrat, would you feel yourself
authorized to fly, into a passion and com
plain of being abused if a resolution to invito
you to Albany were introduced and negatived
in the Common Council of that city I It is
one thing to treat a man with insult, and
quito another lo " tote " him round as if you
liked him, when in truth and " at hoarl "
you deipiso him. Does tho offico of PrcsN
den), or any other office whatovor possess
power to prevent a man from really being
a dctestablo rascal, if he and naturo conspire
to mako him so This treating a knavo
well because ho is in office, and doing it out
of respect lo the oflico, is truly, a Virginia
abstraction. But we will say no inoro ; the
Tribune has said tho best say on this head
thit wo have read this many a day. When
we come across it agnin wo will publish it
for the benefit pf our new neighbor,
THE NEW JAIL.
The foundation and floor of the now Jail
in this ill.igu uro already hud, and tho work
men aro busily engaged in hewing the stone)
for tho walls and cells. Tho work is under
tlio immediate care and superintendence of
Judgo Van Sicklin, and if tho Judgo puts
up it superstructure to match the substratum,
we predict that scamps will not hereafter bo
so merry at the idea of getting into Chitten
den County Jail.
Tho material is a blue stone from Isle
La Molt. Tho blocks aro very massive, and
look as if thoy would not yield to a common
kick, ns tlio walls of tho old nuisance did.
fX?" Ono of the Tyler toadies, descanting
witii a swelling heart on somo of tho recent
displays of tlio Presideutiai menagerie, burst
out in tlio fulness of uncontrollable emotion,
with "happy nation ! could it havo such a
man for President in 1S45 !"
As tho cup of bliss hero alluded to, will
doubtless pass from us, wo would suggest a
National fast in tlio prospect of such an nfilic
tivo event. Wu know of somo neighbors
of ours who could get up a good deal of -tcmporc
grief in view of a termination of tho
present lease in 1815.
Gallon. Aixxakpcr Hill Everett (de
livers tlio oration beforo the University Scf
cictics in Now York nt their approaching
anniversary. And Hon. Willis Hall,.
Into Attorney General of Now York, is to.
address tho citizens of Albany on the Fourth,
Free Trade. Wo find in tho Montreal
Transcript, a very good illustration of the
principles of freo trade, npplicd to this Pro
vince under present circumstances :
To grants freo trado npi.enrs my like tho barrrnn
between two farmers, one of whom was remarksbU
for the goodness, nnd the other for his total want of
fences. The latter proposed to jatmr in costmoo.
snd thereby sai-o a creat annual cxpenco in keepinc
up fences, which after all, when looked at on central
principles, nrgucd tho latter, could not but be viewed
as unnecessary barriers.
The former answered I have no objection to al
low my calile to run in your fields, when your pasture
happens to he heller than mine but notwithstanding
general principles, I slnll lake caro that my fences
shall at all times keep out your cattle from my pas
tures. ' 1
Not, unlike this U tho system of granting free trada
to nation s who still continue protective or prohibitive
duties. When their own markets aro best, they keep
their productions at home) but when the prices ore
greater in a foreign market, lltey have no objection to
supply il. This may he a homely comparison, bul
there is a good deal of truth in il newilieless i and
all the fine-spun llienriesoffree trade, of buying ir
itis cheapest and selling in the dcarett market, are
only theories, and very fallacious ones, as lorigas on
of the parties can regulate his own market by protec
tive duties, on grounds directly opposed by those prt-,
ntrd by his genera.1 unprincipled 'irocinte.

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