BURLIiVttTOiV, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY Hit, 18.11
Now Scries, v0l. 5 No. 47
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WOTS AtfB MCMOHS,
i:t I'Yonl Strt'ft,
'7'irn dW Iron Canities Slip
ill x 5 c c 1 1 a n c o n 0
I know this heart no longer mine
Hy many an unerring sign,
The blood that mantles o'er my cheek
When others of you chance to speak,
The quickening pulse, the sudden start
That sends the life-blood to my heart,
And thrills my inmost soul whene'ver
Your footstep or your voice 1 hear ;
And vanishes, when at your side,
iMy boasted strength, my stoic pride.
Time cannot from my heart erase
The impress of your lovely face,
And stern indeed is the decree
That bids me not to think ol thee ;
As mariners regard the star
That beams upon them fiom afar,
And with its clear and brilliant light
Shows them to guide their bark aright,
And designates their proper way,
When, compass lost, they 've gone astray.
Or us idolaters the sun,
To be adored, but not be won,
So must I eter think of ou.
As pure, as heavenly, and as true !
And though I aouM ihat I might claim
To call you hy a dearer name
Thau that ol Friend, which seems too cold,
Hut Fate, that cannot be controlled,
Forbids, I'll make it my endeavor
To earn and bear that name lor ever.
I trust you never will regret,
From act of mine, that we have met
fio word ol mine shall wound jour ear,
No hue be breathed ou should not hear j
A hand, not mine, must guide your way
As o'er life's tangled paths you stiay
A voice, not mine, must siill be there
To soothe in sorrow and in care ;
And though his heart responds to tl ine.
It cannot prize you more than mine. Uea.
From the Morning Star.
William Carter arose from a fitful and easy
slumber. The night had beett cold and windy,
such a night as December usually brings among
the hills of iSew llamptdiire. v imam's ocu
was hard, and the cold wind found its way
through many r. crack and crevice in his ruin
ous cottage, but lie might have slept, if his mind
),,! Iioan nl !1RP. Htswifo IV.1S a flfdicitP WO
man, toil and exposure had brought on a linger
'ing illness, and she lay all night moaning with
I pain, and shivering with the cold.
William arose, i said, and, having kindled a
fire, went forth into the open air. The clouds
j were hl'ick and heuvy, and the wind swept in
fusts through the naked trees. A way in the
distance, the tops of the mountains were already
white with snow, lie had engaged a dajv
work on a neighboring farm, but it was useless
lo go the farmer would not work that day ; so
he "turned with a heavy etep, and entered his
cheerless dwelling. The children were soon
stirring, nnd the pale suffering mother rose from
her restless couch to prepare the morning meal.
A few potatoes were boiled for the fallier and
children, and a cup ol gruei prepared tor ner
telf. William Carter nnd his wife had seen better
),ivs;but sickness and mi-forlune, the Iraud of
some, and the cruelty of others, had driven them
fortli from their pleasant home, which he had
spent the strength ol his early manhood lo pur
chase, and forced them to take shelter in their
present miserable abode. They were Chris
tians, and had hitherto borne up under tho crush
ing weight of their alll ctions with a meek and
quiet spirit. Looking forword to that bright
hereafter, they had suilercd patiently, knowing
that these atllictions are but for a moment, and
the glory which shall be revraled eternal.
ll had long been William Carter's practice lo
afiiiblehis family in the morning, lo hear the
h'csed truths of inspiration, nnd to bow before
the mercy teat of Heaven. Tha; morning, the
children scaled them-elves as usual, and Mrs
Carter brought forth the IJihle and laid it belore
her husband. Moving it away, he said,
'I cannot read or pray. I have no faith, and
what is not faith is sin'; and, rising, he scaled
lnmselfat the table. The children looked up
What is the matter, father ? taid little Alice,
pressing closely lo his chair. 'Why don t you
sk Uod tor our daily nreau t
A tear stole silently down the mother's check,
is she took her place with her family around
the scanty board.
'Why ran t we have some oread and ouuer,
aid little James, a child six years old, pushing
away the potato which was ofTeied him. We
used te have iireau anu pies, anu i aon t iyuiu
potatoes all the time.'
' . . c l . I r.. . I.
An expression oi agony passeu over uiu min
er's face. A torrent of bitter feelings was rush
ing through his heart murmuring? against
Providence repining at lus lot unbelief in
'Why should my children want for bread,
while others have enough and to spire?' lie ex
claimed. 'Have I not labored honestly I but
where is the blessing which God has promised
to them that trust in him The man who, by
extortion and violence, has taken away our
rights, lives in plenty and cae, while I and
mine must pine with hunger and cold.'
'Do notatraign the justice and the wisdom of
God,' said Mrs. Carter, wiping away her tears
and looking tenderly on her husband, 'Our
Heavenly Father will notsufTer us to be templ
ed or afllicted beyond what we are able to te.cr.'
Hear! I would bear any thing but this, I
can bear toil, humiliation and want mysell; but
I cannot see my children pine lor bread, and
you shivering in this miserable hovel ! your
bufferings w.ll drive me mad.'
The wife arose from her place, and, approach
ing her husband, she throw her arm around his
neck, and pressed her lips to his burning brow.
'William.' she said, 'turn not away from the
promises of God seal not up tho only fountain
of consolation which remains to us, While wo
liave a homo and a meal as good as this, I t us
not he unthankful. Our master had not where
to lay his head.'
'It is the memory of my wrongs of your
wrongs, rather for myself I do not care which
is cankering my heart and maddening my brain,
If there is a God, why does he sull'er tho rich
to oppress tho poor, and the strong to crush the
weak? I sometimes feel like taking justice
into my own bands and with my own arm aven
ging my cause.'
'Let mo not sec you thus, my husband,
Throw not away faith, with its memory of past
blessings, and i's hopes for the future. We
have receired good at the hand of the Lord
many times has lie made our cup to overflow ;
Httd shall wo murmur and blindly accuse His
justice, if He sull'er the tempest to beat upon
ourlieatisr un: oeware nai evil tnougnis
j soring not up in your heart. Sin will bring
sorrows less bearable tha i those of poverty,
Think not so bitterly of our wrongs Venge
ance is tho Lord's, and hj will repay. Let us,
like our Divine Teacher, who sulfored wrongs
. infinitely greater than ours, forgive and pity
'I have tried hard to learn that lesson before,
and 1 thought, when no trials wero upon tue.
that I had succeeded I know it must be wrong
! this angry und rengeful spirit and I have
tried attunes to slif'i it in my heart, but it will
' not die. It lingeM dicre, poisoning nnd pnllti.
ting all within mr. ' I have tried to pra-, but ll
has risen ud liko a h'ark cloud, hiding the face
of mv Jleavf n'y father, and Ihaxofeltas if
d.wed by d afi map
'God sometimes hides his face and sulTers us
to walk in our own strenglh,that we may know
how weak we arc, and feel the corruptions of
our hearts. Hut he is touched with a feeling ol
our infirmities ; therefore, let us seek ehrncstly
for his presence, anil for grace in time of need.'
William burst Into tears. His poverty and
his wrongs were all forgotten, in the memory
of his sinful anger and murmurings. The spirit
of other days was returning tho divine was
triumphing over the human; and they bowed
down before God, with the loving confidence ol
little children, casting all their cares on hi?
mighty arm, and committing the future to his
wise direction. That humble cottage was a
holy place, sanctified by the presence of the
King of Kings; and they rose up with peace
and resignation in their hearts.
A storm was evidently coming on. Already
the snow began to fall, but there was nrrt wooJ
enough at the door to last two days, and William
must go to his neighbor nnd got permission to
cut a few trees, or at least fo pick up the limbs
that were lying about. He buttoned up his
coat and went out. He could not forget the
home ol other days, nnd the shed full of wood,
all dry and ready for the fire, which he had teen
forced to leave ; but he brushed away a tear
that dimmed his sight, and pressed on through
the storm, which every minute increased In vi
ohnce. Already a thin, white drapery purer
and whiter than a maiden's bridal robes lay
over 1 lie rough and Irozen bosom of the earth,
uvisled here and there, 'by the breezy fingers,
of the wind,' into graceful knots and wreaths.
He stepped on something which moved beneath
his foot, and looking down he saw a large
pockel-book, half covered with the snow. A
sudden llasli of joy darted through his heart.
Seizini? it he turned his fare from the wind to
examine the contents. There was a roll of
bank bills, and he carefully unrolled and count
ed them tens twenties fifties In all, five
hundred. His first impulse wa. to secure 1 he
! money and throw the pocket-book away, lie
saw nothing clearly uut the money ueiore nun
he thought of nothing but the blessings winch
it would bring to his poor family. Was it not
liis own ? he had found it had not Heaven
sent it in mercy as a relief to his wants 7 an
answer to hi prayers ? How much good this
money would do! lircad and shelter for his
wife his patient, uncomplaining wife and
for his little one, who-e cheeks were growing
pale Willi want who-o merry smile wjs chang
i d lo anxious looks of care. Thus lie reason
ed, but conscience whispered 'beware ! suffer
not the love of gold to make a plague spot on
thy heart ! This money is not thine, unci Satan
may have permitted it as a snare to thy fouI
God may have permitted it as a trial ol thy
.. . , i. ,i i., i .,, r;,t it,
owner, then will it be inine-boncstly mine; ,
nnd with the hope that it might contain no ev-
i.loMoi. ol miner-nr. he commenced exaniiiilti'M
the nocket-book again. Mortal, condemn mm
not too heartily for tins wish sit not in hasty
judgment on the heart uf thy erring brother.
Thus tempted, perhaps thy own had been no
better. Hut the examination lelt no room to
dniib'. There was the owner's name, fully in
scribed the name of a rich merchant with
whom in davs past, William had been acquaint
ed. What a death blow was this lo his wild
hopes! The vision of romlorts, which had
blessed littn for a moment, as If in mockery was
matched away, and he saw again the mi-erable
hut, the pale wife and hungry children. Dash
ing the pockel-book to the ground, ho stood
for a moment gazing on it.
'Tempter ! deceiver !' he exe'aimed, 'why am
I thus mocked and tantilized ;' and then as if a
sudden thought had Mruck him, lie picked it up
and stepped into a thicket, which all'oided a par
tial shelter from the storm, and seated himself
on a fallen tree. The elements were in com
motion, but there was a furcer conflict in Ins
bosom. The love of gold, not for his own sake,
but fir the sake of the good that it might bring
to him and Ills, was contending w ith long es
tablished principles of justice and rectitude.
'This man is rich,' the tempter whispered, 'he
will never miss this sum, nor know the want
of it ; and oh ! the good it would do thy shiver
ing wife and babes ! It is a God.-end, and wilt
thou put away the ir dlered cup of blessings V
'It is not thine ! it is not thine 1' said con
science. 'Slain not thy hands with dishonest
gains. Biing not upon thy soul tho cur-o of
an offended God, Heiter that thy children perish
befnio thy eye, than that their father be a
He sat there for more than an hour, the
milling wind and the falling snow all unheed
ed, but when ho roe up, the conflict was piss
ed, and the expression of his face, though sad,
was peacclul and resigned.
Remembering tho purpose for which he start
ed, he turned his lace to his neighbor's hou-e,
where he obtained a small load of wood, and a
team to haul it home.
That night, after the children were in hod,
William produced the pocket-book, unrolled
the bank bills before his astonished wife, and
told her ho.v he found it, half hid beneath the
'What shall you do with it ?' she said.
'What shall I do with it?' was the reply.
'Return it to the owner. We can bear toil
and poverty, but not the reproaches of a guilty
'I knew it would be thus. When the dark
tempter was on ine, and the evil in my heart
seemed ready lo triumph, I knew that you would
not lail to sec clearly, and approve th right.'
'But William, how will you get it to him,
you have no horse, you have no money, and it
will not do In risk it in a letter.'
'I have thought of that,' said William, rising
and gmng to the window. 'Tim storm i over,
and ic-morrow I must go on foot, and rarry
this mniiey to Mr. Carlton. It is but fifteen
miles; I will start early and perhaps tm will
give me enough to pay my passage back in the
The npxt morning the Carters wero stirring
early, and long before sunrise William was on
his way. t"was hard walking through the
new fallen snow, nnd tho wind was cold and
piercing; but he pressed resolutely on, und be
fore noon reached the house of Mr. Carllon.
Ho ascended the marble steps, and rang the
hell. A servant appeared, nnd in answer to his
inquiry if Mr. Carlton was at nnme, intnrmed
him, that the gentleman was out, and that he
would not be back till dinner, which would be
William cat a glanrp at his threadbare and
rustv I'.irmcnts. He did not wish tn enter that
house, where tho splendor and luxury would
form a striking contrast to his own cnmfortloft
home, but ho was cold and weary, and would
be glad of a seat anywhere by a lire, so he said
o the servant, 'I have important business with
Mr. Ciritnn, and if you please, I will come in
und wait till he returns.'
The man eyed him from head lo foot, and
with a slight sneer on his face, which illiam
did not fail to mark, conducted him into the
kitchen, Preparations for dinner had already
commenced. There was baking, boiling and
roasting such a dinner as would have tempted
the appetite of an epicure. It was torture for a
faint with hunger, tout tnere with the delicious
smell of the dilWent dishes falling on the olfae
torv ncrvn and ! mulntin? the demands of the
s omarh a'mrv.' hey d endurance.
Tho two hours passed slowly away, hut Mr.
Carlton nt length came in, nnd his visitor was
summoned to the parlor. Tho poor man enst
a bewildered and liinin look nrnuntl the mag
nificeut apartment. He scarcely dared to step,
on the solt enrnet. which travo no sound boneall
his feet, and he shrunk as ho caught a lull
length ievv of himself in a mirror, which ex
tended almost from the ceiling to the floor.
Mr. Carllon motioned him to a chair, nnd he
seated himself on the edge, fearful lest he should
soil the crimson velvet cushion.
'Have you business with me sir I' said the
gentleman in an impatient lone.
'Yes, sir,' said William, producing the pock
et book, and hniiding it to him. '1 found this
yesterday, and, ts it bears your name 1 havo
brought it to you.'
'Ah ! then you found my pocket hook,! I am
glad to see it agair, which I never expected
to do.' He carefully examined it. 'All tight,'
he said, 'and I'm obliged to you for returning
it, for it contains valmble pipers,' and care
lessly placed it in his rocket.
William had no more lo say. He arne, and
with no further evidence of gtitude or obliga
tion, ho was suffered lo depart.
'I am sorry that you did not give the poor
man something, father,' said a fair girl as she
seated herself on an ottoman at his feet. 'Did
you notice how pale he looked, and how he al
most stancered as he arose lo go away ?'
'Did he ? no, I did not notice it. I would j
have given a fifty dollar bill if 1 had thought ol
it. liut he is gone now.'
But father you might send it to him. Yiu
know him, do you not ? I (ear that he is very
'Yes. I had some dealing with him yeirs
ago. When I built the Charlotte he had some
thing fo do with supplying the timber, and now
I di jrcinen.ber that I heard he had lost his fa m.'
'How far did he come this cold morning, to
bring you that pocket book ?'
'lie lives in 1! , he must have come fif
teen or twenty miles. 1 ought indeed to have
paid him well for it, and I will not fail to do so
Here the dinner bell interrupted the cenver
ration, and the lather and daughter proceeded 1
to the dining-room.
.Mr. Carlton was not a selfish or cold hearted
man, but he was not obervant of the waits
and woes of others, and his good deeds miM
have been few, but for the gentle promptings
of his daughter Maty. She, good girl, had a
quick eye as well as a warm heart. Misery I
never passed her unnoticed, and many were
the blcisitig-i which fell on her young head
many were the generous deeds perlormed by
her f alher.ofiwliicli ho wouldnever have thought
but for her suggestions.
lint while the rich man was cnioying ins
plentiful repast, William (,ar ter, with asmking
heart and weary frame, turned Ins steps towards
' - "
dawn, and now full fifteen miles lay before him.
He felt disappointed, indignant, grieved at the
cold and indifferent manner in which his set
vicn had been received. He did not ask a re
ward for resulting what was not Ins own, but
he might with justice have demanded recom
pense for his time and trouble, ilut even that
was not offered him. He remembered the
wastefulness of wealth, the extravagance of
luxury, which he had witnessed, and something
whispered, 'You wore a fool. That man scarce
ly thanks you lor returning what hu would
never have missed. It would have made you
happy for months and years.'
lleolutly pulling down the evil thoughts,
he raised a silent prayer for help and resigna- i
lion, and passed on his way. He grew weaker
and fainter every step, and little inure than half
the distance was gained, when he sat down by
the way utterly exhausted. He covered his
face with his hands and w pt, and but for the
thought o his wife and chndr i at home, would
Have crept aside, and laid do ,i upon the snow I
to die. Fortunately a man came alo ig with a !
sleigh, and he rose and asked for a ride. The I
stranger took him and brought him within a
mile ol Ins own dour.
It was late when he reached home, and he
had scarcely strength to cross the threshold,
and throw himself upon his bed. Hisovertax
ed iniysical system had given way, and before
morning he wis raving in the delirium of vio
lent feier. Then did the poor wife teel, that
the hand of tho Lotd was heavy upon her, but
her faith failed not. As earthly hopes faded
away, brighter and brighter grew the hopes of
eternity; a she watched day after day by the
sulU'rer's couch, bulling his burning brow, and
soothing his wild frenzy wilh her loving voice,
she was able to say, 'though He slay n, yet
will 1 trust in Hun.' Oh blessed, sustaining
power of faith and hop? !-faith, not in man, but
GoJ hope, not of earth, but Heaven. Cling
to thy .ntli poor woman ! Make tbv heart
strong in confidence, lur God will not forsake
thee! liven now he is preparing the reward.
He will not break the bruised reed, nor crush
the humble heart.
Did the rich man rest swcetlv. as lie lav down
on hie downy pillow ? Were there ro remorse
less iiiougiiiM when ho remembered the carclcs
act of injustice of which he had ben guilty?
Like Ahasurrus, ho cnuld not sleep, for God
troubled him.' and ho solved to make ample
recompense for the wrong he had done. Ho
conciuried at first to send him a letter, nnd a ; aliam, whether it appear in unconstitutional el
handsome present, hut the thought did not sat- forts by the Nurlh to carry so great a boon an
isfyhim; and ho resolved to go himelf, nnd j Freedom into the slave States, or in uncon
see what ho could do for his poor friend, that stltutinnal efforts ot tho South, aided by North
would most benefit him, and quiet his own con- ern alios, lo rarry tho sectional evil of slavery
sci -ncn. into the Free Slates, or in whatsoever cfl'irts ft
It was the fifth day of Willian Carter's sick- may make to extend the sectionaldvv ,i nation
ness, und tho physician said, that night would
bo liip rrisid ; if he lived irnngh it Iip might
recover, lie had then fa'.ien into a lethargic
leep. His pale wife sat holding his hand and
gazing anxiously on his sunken features and
half sunt eyes. The children with sad faces,
and noiseless step, crept round the room.
There was a rap at the door it was opened, n
gentleman entered. Mrs. Carter looked with
surprise on her unexpected visitor. Hi dress
and bearing, so diilerent fio'ii thoso of their
humble neighbors, at another time might have
awed her, but that was no place to feel the pal
try distinctions of human society. In the pre-
sence ol that power belore which the rich and
the poor, and mighty and tho weak aliko bow,
men feel that they are equals that they are
brothers. She arose and ottered In in a chair
He did not seem to notice her, but advanced to
the bed, he gazed long nnd earnestly on the
ashy features of the sufferer, while tho tears
chased one another down his cheeks ; then
turning away ho threw Irmsclf into a chair
and wept with uncontrolled amotion. This, as
tho reader may have guessed, was Mr. Carlton.
He came into the neighborhood, and inquired
for William Carter, and had been told uf his
sickness and its probible cause. The good
woman where ho stopped, had a warm heart,
and a voluble tongue, and little suspecting who If I decline to recognize as my guides any
her auditor was, she had given full scope lo , of the men of to-day, I shall leol safe, while I
her eloquence, in denouncing tho man who 1 follow the master principles which the Union
suffered her poor neighbor to walk fifteen 1 was established to secure, and lean for support
miles, nnd to return without even a dinner. 'on the great triumvirate of American Freedom
Mrs. Carter stood cazinc in silent astonish.1 Washington, Franklin and Jefferson. And
ment on her visitor, when he arose, and placing
a heavy purse In her hand, said, 'Take this.and
let no expense bo spared for your husband's re-
envery. I will call again and before she had
lime to exnrcrs her ctUiude, or surprise, lie
The next morning William was bettor. The
crisis iiad passed the fever was gonc,but he lay
weak anil helpless as a babe, and but for the
many comforts which that purse procured, he
might have died.
He grow stronger day by day, and at the end
of a week he was sitting supported by pillows,
in a large air-chair. Sirs. Carter approached
the window and exclaimed, 1 There comes the
stranger who gave me the purso.'
A minute more and lie entered the mom. Ap
proaching William ho grasped lus hand mid
'Thank Heaven that you nre alive that you
will live! If you had died I never could have
lorgiven myself. I hare cmno to make you
some atonement for injustice of which I was
guilty ;' nnd he placed a folded paper in his
hand. 'There,' he continued,' when you are
able, read that. Do not thank me. It is no
more than justice. The pocket-book was ol
great Importance to me, and ll has cost you
When the gentleman was gone, William
opened the paper, and found it a deed nude out
to himself, ol his old house and farm. There
was dancing and snouting among the children ;
and in ths hearts of the father and mother a
deep and holy joy mingled with thandfulnejs,
and trust in God.
I need not pursuo my story further, nor tell
of the happy reinstating in their former home,
nor how in after days, William Carter nlten
gathered his grand children around his knee,
nnd told them of his bitter trial and tempta
tions, and taught them, that they who put their
trust in God are never forsaken.
The following letter of acceptance from Mr,
Sumner, we find in yesterday's Boston papers :
FcUnw Citizens rf the Senate and Jlmte of
I have received by the hands of the secretary
of the Commonwealth a certifiicate, that, by
concurrent votes of the two brandies ol the
Legislature, namely, by the Senate on the 22d
day of January, and, by the Hiiu'e of Represen
tative, on the 21th day of April, I was duly
elected, in conformity to the provisions of the
Constitution aud Ltws of the United Slates, for
the term of six vears, commencing on the 4th
day of Mirch, 1851.
If I were to follow' the customary course I
should receive this in silence. But the protrac
ted and unprecedented contest, which ended in
my eleciion ; the interest it awakened ; the im
portance universally conceded to it; the ardor
of opposition, and tho constancy of support
which it aroused ; also tho principles, which,
more than ever before among us, it brought into
discussion, rcem to justify, what my own feel
ings irresistibly prompt, a departure from this
rule. It beyond these considerations, any apol
ogy be needed for thus directly addressing the
Legislature, I mav find it in the example of an
illustrious predecessor, whoe clear and vener
able name will be a siitficicnt authority.
The trust conferred upon me is one of the
most weighty which a citizen can receive. It
concerns the grandest interests of our own
Commonwealth, and also of the Union, whereof
we aro an indissoluble part. Like every post
of eminent duty, it is a post of eminent honor.
A personal ambition, such as I cannot con
fess, might be satisfied to possess it. But
when I think of what it requires, I am obliged
to say, that its honors are all eclipsed in my
sight by its duties.
Your appointment finds me in a private sta
tion with which lam entirely colont. But this
i, not all. For the first time in my life, l am
now called lo political ofiice. With none of
the experience, so amply possessed by others,
to smoUli tho wav to lauir. 1 might well best
tcte. lint I am cheered bv the generous cofl-
deuce, which, throughout a lengthened contest,!
viction, fiat amidst all seeming dilfi
(, ,rtv. t,e sentiments, of which I am tl
advocate, and which led to my ori-in
perseiereu in sustaining me, ami oy the con-
my original selec
tion as a candidate, are dear to the hearts ol a
large majority of the people of this Common-!
wealth. 1 derive al.o a most grateful con
sciousness of person il independence from the
circum-tance, which I deem it Irani: and proper
thus public y to declare and place on record,
that this ollice comes lo me, unsought and un
desircd. Acknowledging the right of my country to
the service of her sons wherever they rhoose
to place them, and with a heart full of gratitude
that a sacred cause has veil permitted lo tri
um, i through ine, I now accept the post ol
I accept it is tho servant of Massachusetts,
mindful of the sentiments solemnly uttered bo
iler successive legi-laiurev of the genius which
inspires her history; and of the men, her perpetu
al pride nnl ornament, who breathed into her
that breath of Liberty, which early made
her an example to her Sister Stites. In such
a service the way, though new to my footsteps,
will be illuminated by lights which cannot be
I accept it as the servant of the Union, bound
to stni y and maintain, with equal patriotic care,
the interests ofall parties of our country ; to dis
countenance every elKm to loosen any of thor
ties hy which our fellowship of States is held
in internal company; andlooppose all .wfiou-
ol Slavery over the National Government.
mi mo mo union Is twice blessed; first as
the powerlul guardian ol the repose and happi'
ness of thirty.one sovereign States, clasped by
ine endearing name ol country ; and next, as
tho model and beginning of that all embracing
Federation of States, by which unity, peace and
concord will finally be organized among the
nations Nor do I believe it possible, what
ever miy bo the delusion of the hour, that any
pirt thereof can be permanently lost from its
well compacted hulk. V, 1'liiribus Untim is
stamped upon the national coin, the national
territory, and tho national heart. Though
composed oi many parts united into one) the
Union is separable only bv a crash which shall
destroy tho whole.
Fititering now upon the public service, I ven
ture to bsxpeuk lor whit I may do or say that
candid judgment, which I trust always to ex-
Mend to others, but I urn well aware the preju
dices oi party loo rarely concede. l may tan
in ability ; hut not in sincere efforts to promote
the general weal. In the conflicts of opinion,
n&tural to the atmosphere of liberal institutions
I may err; but I trust never to forget the pru
dence which should temper firmness, or the
tnnrtnktv ll')liili Itni-nnm. ,l,n nnw,..,, . nf
since true politics are simply morals applied to
, public all'airs, I shall find constant assistance
irom those everlasting rules of right and wrong,
' which are a law alike to individuals- and com
mutinies, nay, which constrain
lor God in tf f- tnp-'s d I'" Of,
Let me borrow in conclusion tha language
of another : " I see my duty ; that of standing
" up for the liberty of my country ; and what
ever difficulties and discouragements lie in
" my way, I dare not shrink from it; nnd I rely
" on that Being, who has not left to us the
" choice of duties, that, whilst I shall conscien
" tiously discharge mine, I shall not finally lose
' my reward." These are the words ol Wash
ington, uttered in the early darkness of the
American Revolution, I lie rule of duty is the
same for the lowly and the great; and I hope
it may not seem presumptions In one so hum
ble as myself to ndopt his determination, and to
avow hu confidence.
1 have the honor to be, follow-citizens,
With sincere regard,
Your faithful Iriend nnd servant,
lloston, May 14, 1851.
Tour of President Fillmore nnd Cnhlnot.
President Fillmore with a portion of his
Cabinet, Messrs. Wkpster, Crittkndes
Graham nnd Hall, left Washington on Mon
day the 12th in't., oa an excursion lo Dun
kitk, on Lake Erie, to be present at the open
ing of one of the most magnificent and impor
tant Public Works of the age, the New York
and F,RtE Railroad. We are glad to see the
Head of this Confederacy thus exhibiting a
personal and official interest in Works of In
ternal Improvement. President Fillmore re
presents the true spirit and genuis of our In
stitutions, and is worthily and appropriately
engaged, when he patronizes and encourages
the Arts of Peace. i.vv.
We take from the Boston papers of yester
day accounts of the President's progress North
wards, which we' are sure will be interesting to
Tour of the President asd Cabinet.
Philadelphia, May 12th. The President and
his Cabinet have had one of the most enthu
siastic receptions here ever known in Philadel
phia. At this moment, in front of their head
quarters, the United Slates Hotel, there are at
least ten thousand persons gathered. It is, in
deed, one of the greatest popular demonstra
tions ol the kind I have ever seen.
Cheers upon cheers were given for "Fill
more," " Fillmore," " Fillmore," and a speech
Irom " Fillmore," the people would have,
whether or no. The President could not but
comply with so pressing and spontaneous an
invitation, and no he came forward on the bal
cony and made a short address, neat, appro
priate, and eloquent, which was received with
reiterated applause. The President thanked
his fellow-citizens, he said, for tho flattering
compliment they had paid him, and concluded
wilh a warm eulogium of Philadelphia as a
city, firm and steadfast in her lovo for and ad
herence to the Union.
Alter Mr. Fillmore came Mr. Webster; and
I Wish you could have been near Philadelphia
to see what a welcome the people had been
keeping in reserve for the great statesman.
Their applause was so long, so loud, and so
deafening, that we thought you in New York
must have caught its echo. Alter returning
thanks for the kindly feelings with which he
had been teceived, Mr. W. went on in glowing
turma lo speak of tho venerable Hall of Inde
pendence, hallowed by the sacred memories of
the past, and passed on to a general glance at
tho present stale of public feeling North and
South ; closing with an eloquent outburst of
patriotic sentiment in lavor of tho Union, the
Union now and for all time, against any and
all odds, against traitors within and enemies
'rom without. (Ureac cheering.)
The President, Cabinet and Citv Councils
are dining at the City Hotel.
The President in New York, &.c. Xsw
York, May 13th. The President, on his way
from Philadelenia to New York, met an enthn-sia-tic
aeception at Bordentown, and South
Amboy. At the latter place he was met by the
New York Commitlep, and escorted on his way
up. Salutes were fired by the various forts in
the harbor, and also from revenue cutter lying
oil' the Utttery. Upon landing, the President
Mr. Webster, and Mr. Crittenden, spoke a few
words, wnicti were most enthusiastically receiv
ed. The military was then reviewed on the
Bat'ery, and the line of March commenced,
As the President proceeded, he was greeted
with loud buzz is. Mr. Webster and the other
members of the Cabinet were also repeatedly
It is said that Mr. Websler, during his visit
North, will speak on the great topics of the
The Willis and Forrest case has been ad
journed till the 5 tl) of June next
The steamship Empire City and North Amer
ica sailed this afternoon for Chagres, with
about ouu passenger".
S'cond Despatch, 1 1 P. M, A heavy thun
derstorm is prevailing, winch has deranged all
the lino southwest ut this noinl.
The reception of the Pieeidjnt and Cabinet
to-day has been most enthusiastic. Dunne- the
procession, the carriage containing the distin
guished guests was frequently so crowded upon
mat it was necessary to stop. When this was
done, tho cheering was immense, particularly
that lor Mr. Webster, who acknowledged tno
compliment oy rising and bowing his thanks
I lie procession, at about G o'clock, halted at
the Park and dispersed. Jl'he President pro
ceeded to the Irving, and'Mr. Webster to the
Aslor House. Rockets havo ascended from the
latter building during thecutire erening, which
has been thronged with the friends of tho great
a,o,..,r,,n 'Ml.- II I ..
... Ana.., an. iiu iuoipany win leave in ine
morning for Piermont.
The President's Tonr.
The New, York papers are filled with details
of the magnificent reception given in that City
to President Fillmoze and his Cabinet, on the
13th (Tuesday last). It was evidently one of the
most gorgeous and enthusiastic affairs that ever
occurred in the great City.
The distinguished visitors are the specia
guests of the President nnd Directors of the
New York and Erie Railroad Company, on
whose invitation they left Washington to wit
ness and participate in tho ceremonies attending
the completion ol that noble enterprise. In re.
ply to I ho welcome of Mr. LEUrr, one of the
Directors, tho President made the following
brief but felicitous and appropriate speech :
I beg lo return you, sir, and the Committee
of Arrangements my thanks, and through voti
to tne Directors of tho Erie Railroad Company,
for the very cordial welcome you havo given me
and my associate. I assure you, that we ap
preciate fully the great enterprise you have
now so happily completed. I know full well
the difficulties under which you have labored in
the accomplishment of this important work, and
it is due to you, as the representative of the
Board of Directors, that the chief officers of the
nation should recognise it. It is the most cost
ly and the greatest work of the kind on this
continent, and in the world, with but ouo ex.
ccption ti,t,y h it ccnr.ee'i tHe ;.eatl
lakes with tho ocean ; ye., sir, and it connectf
the several States of this great Union. I need
not say that I feel proud of an achievement in
my na'tivo State, which adds dignity, and glory,
and strength to tho whole county : (Loud
At Castle Garden, the President and Cabinet
were received and welcomed by Mayor Kings
lanp, and nn immense concourse of citizens:
and a large Military display. The following
are the beautiful address and the equally beau
tiful response of tho Mayor and the Presldont
sritEcit or the mayor.
Mr. President : 1 shall ever consider It one
of the most acceptable honors of my ollice, that
by my occupancy of it, at this time, it becomes
my pleasing duty nnd my high privilege lo be
the first person to welcome you home to your
native State, in the first hour when you tread
its soil as President nt tho United Ststes. his
not many months (I believe it is hardly a year)
since you wore last on New York ground.
You left, then, not as a private citizn, but in
an honorable ofiice an office second to but
one in America. By the act of God, in remov
ing a venerable patriot and hero, whose dath
you, as well as we and the whole nation, yet
lament, you have since been elevated from
that second station to the highest in the gov
ernment of the United States. We, your fellow-citizens
of New York, proud of your ele
vatiou, and cordially approving of your conduct
in it, now meet you here, on your first return,
to give you a glad and hearty ''welcome home."
And with you we joyfully welcome tho illustri
ous members ol that abfe administration with
which you have surrounded yourself, among
whom we recognise tho eloquent defender of
the constitution, the glory and mast ol the na
tion. New York tli.s day opens to you a new
route from the ocean to the hikes (Cheers.)
The Mayor then took the hand of the Presi
dent, and e'aid
Fellow-citizens ! Tho President of tho Uni
ted States ?''
Loud and enthusiastic cheering followed this
introduction of President Fillmore to the assem
The President replied as follows :
srEEcit OF THE rr.EIDENT.
Mr. Mayor, and fellow citizens : I have
neither the voice nur the language to express
the grateful emotions of my heart for lliiti cor
dial reception of the citizens of my natire State.
II .this be a day on which you havo reason to
congratulate yourselves, how much more rea'
son have I to do so, the guest of a city which h
the grand emporium ol the Union, whose com
merce whitens every sea, and which is now
connected with the lastlitik of the West. (Great
cheering.) I congratulate you, fellow citizen,
that we now stand on consecrated ground.
Here, in this city, the immortal Washington
took his first oath to support the constitution of
the United States ; here the first Congress as
sembled, and here I see the same citv. and pat
riotism, as bright and as brilliant as'they were
on that auspicious day. (Great applause.) If I
could, for a moment, appropriate these honors to
to myself, I should feel overwhelmed by my
ri:. . i,.,, i i . .. i ,
ittuiij..-! , urn i nuuiv u m uoi inienueu lor me
Voices Yes. Yes.
I know that this exhibition of feeling and pat
riotism is only an evidence of yoHr devotion to
your country, and of your lovaltv to the Union.
(Great applause.) Mr. Mayor, you have done
the noble spirits, with whom I am associated,
no more than justice, in attributing to them all
that I have been able to accomplish for the ben'
clitof our common country ; and, sir, I beg leave
to return to you, and through you to the citizens
of this great city, my most grateful thanks for
the kind assistance which they gave us under
the most trying circumstances at all time
true lo themselves, true to the constitution, and
true to the coutitrv. I again return vou. and
them, my most grateful acknowledgments.
Mr. Weestet. and Mr. Ckittemdes wero vo
ciferously cheered, and each made a short but
eloquent speech, and the exciting ceremonies:
were continued at the City Hall and concluded
by a superb Dinner at the Irving House.
The President and Cabinet left New fork, oo
Wednesday morning (14th) for Duukirk on
AiTiial of the Cambria.
Further Decline tn ('ultiin
li irk Telegraph Orrier,
Tuesday Evening, .Mav 13th.
The British mail steamship Cambria arrived
ai her dock this -veiling ut 7 o'clock. She
HO passengers, one half for Boiton and 10 for
this place. She brings 500 in specie.
Passed tho steamship Africa, oil' Holyhead,
at 7 l-'J o'clock. P. M on the &1 inst.
The Brit sh and continental news generally
Tho all-absorbing topic in England is tho
great National Exhibition opened by her Ma
jesty on May day, in presence of thirty thou
sand persons, without disorder or accidu'nU
On the 2d, the Russell ministry were defeated
on a motion by Mr. Hume, to confine thp ope
ration of tho property tax and bill to one ytar.
The Jewish disabilities bill was read "a se
Emigration from England and Ireland conti
All danger of a ministerial crisis in Paris is
over, and the old story ih current that Louis
Napoleon is making great ctlbrts to prolong hi
term of office.
The Portugese insurrection has subsided.
Austria and Russia have demanded of the
Sultan that he restrain Kossu'.h and his fellow
pitriots for two years longer. The Suitan h
inclined to refuse and throw himself on the,
protection of England nnd France.
Nothing new from Germany,
Indian mails not arrived.
The President's Pkogress. t o-ning, May
I5th. Tha President and suite arrived here al
about 8 o'clock this morning, and received a
warm reception. The trains stopped only fif.
teen minutes. President Fillmore and Sir.
Webster made brief speeches; Mr, Seward
commenced a speech, but the train Ftarting, ha
was obliged to leave off. The people have
crowded here for miles around.
Dunkirk, May I3ih. Immense crowds are
collected here, awaiting the arrival of the Pre
sident and suite. Steamers continue to arrive
overflowing with passengar-. Governor Hon'
and tho Common Council ol Buflalo, are ex
Second Despatch. there is an immense rush
here, awaiting the arrival of the Pnsident and
suite. Steamers have been arriving during the
day, and we have now ten in the harbor, all
dressed in the gayest colors. The reception
will be highly cratifvliiL. It is pstimated that
nearly 6000 persons will narlake of the collation
dinner. Tel. to Boston Papers.
The r nlarged Ciiamblv Canal was opened
to-day, and business between the Wostern
Country and Lake Champlain may be said to
bo fairly commenced.
(t7""Ve add that we hope our Shippers will
deem it useful and instructive to furnish us.
hereafter, with dally lists of the Arrivals oi
P raituiej ficm th.e P ? yf Burlt
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