Newspaper Page Text
B URLIN (jJ-TON F RE K PRESS. FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 30, i 851.
$ r t c 13 v c
FRIDAY MORNING MAY 30, 1851.
Damel U'EiikTKit is by fur tdo most coiir-i-drrable
man in the United States, and tetter
able tliiin uny other, if liu were to disposed,
(which we by no means charge) to malio " the
wrong appear tho butter reason.' lie is indis
putably the leading spirit of President Fnx
Noun's Cabinet, and nobody should wonder or
complain that those who distrust Mr. Wkissteh,
distrust the Administration
During the reeent excursion of the I're.-ident
and Messrs. Weiwtbr, Ciuttukden, Guaiiam
and Hall, of his Cabinot, from Washington lo
Western New York and back. Mr. WeusTEU
has evidently been the observed of all observers,
and it is equally apparent that he knew it. 01
the numerous speeches he made in the " pro
rt'j" from New York to Albany, via Lake
Erie, there is not one that does not contain iu
tyrnal evidence that the distinguished speaker
was well aware that what Ac said would be "set
in u note-book j" anJ, certainly, so far as we
have noliced his spoeches, they might most of
them, bo set in a note-book, and "learu'd and
conn'd by rote," afterward5, with advantage
and instruction lohis hearers. Not one of them,
however brief or accidental, omits to inculcate
tl.c Rood principle of love for this noblo Union,
upon whose stability and perpetuity so many
hopes, and so largo a responsibility to mankind,
mt, nor does scarcely one of them fail lo in
form us that the said Union has recently been
in verv considerable danger from " civil war."
Now our opinion, (it is incomparably less i in
portant than Mr. Wmstei'.V, of course, but
Mill it is our opinim, and that is all the Free
Press pretends to give.) is that the Union is in
just as great " danger," lday, as it was a year
ni'o te-ilav, an I, if South Carolina is to be
tHkcn into the estimate, a good deal grra'er,
We are sorrv wo have not been able to bring
ourselves up to the necessary standard of ap
prehension on this vital question. Hut when
wo have seen the gallant Unionists of Georgia,
Alabama, Tennessee, and other Slaveliolding
.States, ruling dotin tho disunion terrorists on
nil occasions when the opportunity offered, wc
are obliged to confess that the cry of alarm t.'iat
has been rai-od lias not quickened our pulse,
though wo profess and feel as profound an at
tachment to the Union as any body else. It
has always appeared to us that danger to the
Union is to remote, (being threatened by nobo
dy but the South Carolina radicals and the poli
tical fanatics of the North of tho Garrison ami
Emerson school) as to be hardly worth getting
excited about ! Our gratitude, therefore, to
Mcssr. Dickinson, Cass, I'urtle if- Co., for
"saving this Union,'' has hardly ever reached
Xi Fahrenheit. Perhaps we ought to be
ushained to say it, but such is the simple fact
Hut our principal purpose in this article, is
to lay before our readers a telegraphic abstract
of the spocch made by Mr. Wr.usTF.it in Iluf
falo, on Thursday, tho 22d inst. This was
the most elaborate and studied of all the
speeches made by that gentleman duiing the
excursion. Wo invite the attention of our
readors to the following brief telegraphic
s-ynopais of it which wo find in the Boston Ad
xerliscr of Saturday :
3Ir. Webster's Speech ut Hutl'iilo.
The following is a condensed report of the
speech of Hon. Daniel Webster, to tho citizens
After a few complimentary words to the citi
zens, and a felicitous allusion to the President,
Mr. Web-ter proceeded lo say in substance :
"Gentlemen, there is but one general leading
question in this country, and tint is, can we so
preserve the Union by tho administration of the
Constitution as lo give content and satisfaction
to all sections ? Question ; that is ike que-tion.
Now, how did this question arise ? The ques
tion is forever misstated. We all know that
every man in the Slate of New York is attach
ed to the Union, but that is not the point. The
real question is whether ym and the rest of the
people of New Yoik will so administer the
Constitution, as to permit your bicthren lo re
main in tho Union. Que-tion 1
Xmr, gentlemen, I spiak of no concession,
If the South irish any cnitasiun from m, they
in n't t;c! it not n hair's hriadth if it. If they
mine to my house for it, they won't find it.
I shall concede nothing, but I will maintain lor
tht in, and lor you, to tho utmost of my power,
nnd in the f.ice tf all danger, their and your
rights under the Constitution, and God forsake
tne and my children if over I be found to falter
in one or the oilier. We all know that the ori
gin of the agitation of the country is slavery.
But we must bear it, and deal with it earnestly,
honestly, and justly. At the time of the for
mation of tho Cnnslitulinn, slavery existed in
the Southern Stale-, entailed on them by Brit
ish laws. It was obnoxious lo the middle Stales
oihI disliked by the Southern Slates themselves.
Nuw, how did our fathers deal with it 7 They
(rained a constitution which your ancestors
adopted in which was an express provision for
restoring the fugitive slave to hi- master. Thai
had been the history of the country In. in its
first settlement. It was a mailer of common
practice to return fugitives, before the cnitstl
tulion was framed. Now hero is the consiilti
lion, and I havo taken pains to transcribe there
very. There is no slaves there now, una nev
er can be.
Mr. W. then returned to the fugitive slave
law and contended that it was decidedly more
favorable to the fugitive than General Wash
ington's law of 1703, which created no distur
bance, tie also m l uueil to the compromise
(L'l'ho excursion of President Fillmoux
with a portion of his Cabinet, to Dunkirk, on
Lake Uric, on 1 lie uccasion of the opening of
one of tho most important and magnificent
Public Works of the age, was one series of
gratifying "triumphs." Every where, the Pres-
ineasures, unu ueuiareu lias ns opinio. , m a. , , , Kopublic was received with el.thu
I llinir li'til twit liei.n (vitf-l.-ifl. flier,, lunlllil l.lVO '
been civil war. There wcro other topics di
r.usscd at great length, but owing to the late
ness of the hour wo must content ourselves
with tho abuvu meagre outline of but a part of
Assuming, as we Indubitably may, that this
gives correctly the sentiments and opinions
uttered by Mr. Webster at Buffalo, wc ask
our readors when or where the Free Piess, or
the Whigs of the Free States, ever took dif
ferent ground ? We have italicised what wo
deem to be tho jist of Mr. Weiistkk's remarks
on the Slavery agitation, and the Slavery ques
tion, and we emphatically appeal to our readers
if we ever went further ? Does any Whig of
tho North deny that we arc constitutionally
bound to surrender " fugitives from service in
other States?" Not one. Has any Northern
Whig ever attempted, or expressed a wish, to
deny to the South their " rights under the con
stitution?" Nut one. The Whigs, tho Free
men, of the North, concede to tho Suuth pro
cisely what they insist upon for themselves :
their " rights under the constitution,'' and,
;c Mr. Webstki: in the above speech, make
no " concessions ' to Slavery ! by, there
fore, it seems pertinent to ask, does Mr. Web-
stek deem it necessary to enquire of New York
if sho " will so administer the constitution ns to
permit her brethren to remain in the Union?"
New York stands square up for the Union,
" under the constitution." So docs the entire
North. The dismal tones of disunion come
only from the South, aye, only from the one
Southern State whoso population numbers more
Sidles than Freemen .' You hesr no cry of
secession or nullification, no threats of resis
tance to Liw, at the North, excepting, peilnps,
from a little squad of transcendental disciples
of Ilttluh Waldo Emerson, or a crnr-carcd
nasal-twanged Conventicle of followers of
lAoijd Garrison and tho modem Aincharsis
Clnolz, George Thompson, tho llritish ruffian
Orator who seems to have taken upon himself
the " mission" of improving American morals.
Outside- of these fanatical clascs,tlie American
heart is sound and true, North and South. And
Mr. Webster, knows it. Nobody knows it
Hut, it is more than obvious, Mr. Wkesteii
des'ues to be. President. Many of his friends
desire it, also ; though why he or they should
indulge hopes that are utterly futile, wo cannot
see. What has Mr. WnnsTUii to gain from
the Presidency ? Fame? Certainly not. Honor?
No. With some important modifications, we
had rather bo Mr. WcusTni! than bo President,
as, with scarcely none, wo had rather bo Hen
ry Clat than President. Neither of theso great
men could deriie any elevation, in the eyes of
mankind, from tho Office ; and neither of them,
it may as well bo said, can ever bo elected to
that office. The time never was, for one, and
has passed, for both. We regret it, but have
the firmest conviction that this is the fact.
When such men as James K. Polk could divert
American gratitude and affection from lln.vitv
Ci.av, it is idlo to tall: to us of the claims of
abilities or services. The rorULAt: rccLiNU,
almost always right, is apt to overlook both,
and, as in the case of tho lamented IIarhison
and the beloved Taylou, to fall upon the best
man; not the man who is specially identified
with extreme parly divisions, hut whose pel -sonal
character inspires respect and coxnor..sci:,
and is sure to win affection. Mr. Webster's
election to the Presidency (whoso duties he
would doubtless discharge with consummate
ability)is as impossible, under existing circum
stances, as tho reversal of the poles of the
earth ; and no amount, or degree, of laudation
of that eminent man, we beseech the Huston
lice and the Rutland I'nion Whig lo believe,
can alter this fixe I fact! It is idlo to talk
about Virginia (which has scarcely ever voted
for a lAfy candidate since General Washing
ton!) or Gojrgia, or Tennessee, or North
Carolina, as the I'nion Whig dues by !he month,
of its wann-liearted an I impulsive correspon
dent from New York. New York, Pennsyl
vania and Ohio are tho States that will settle
the question. When those States spoil;, we
will listen. While they are silent, theie is
nothing specially impressive in thu utterance
of Georgia or Tennessee, even though it may
be rendered lerrilic by tl.c voice of South
Rut our readers may think wo are wander
ing from our topic, though we connect tl c
speeches ol Mr. Webstiu: with Presidential
aspirations. We conclude, therefore, by ask
ing again wherein the Whigs of the Free Slates
differ from Mr. Wi:usn.r. And our reply is
this; Mr. Wi.iisteii glorifies the "Comprom
ise" and especially I lie Fugitive Slave Iuv, and
del lares that they should be looltod upon as
linal, irrepealable, and not lobe modified. The
siastic cordiality. Such a "reception" is worth
having! It is linboiight, spontaneous, hearty;
it"blescsthein that give, and him that takes,'
and wo aro sure President Fillmore, and
Messrs. Webster, Graham, Crittenden and
Hall, of his Cabinet, so regarded it. Wc are
particularly glad lint Mr. Ghaham and Mr.
Crittenden, both Southern men, wcro of the
distinguished party. We are always glad when
intelligent Southern gentlemen visit tho North.
We aro always glad to notice the completion
of any Railroad, or any ither road, which
tends to facilitate intercommunication between
the Natt'i and tho South. Inteuco.mmcnica
tion is just what we want, for the removal of
prejudices, the correction of erroneous judge
ments, and the strengthening of "brotherly
love,"' between the different sections of tho Un
ion. The South needs to hnow the North per
sonally; and when it docs, disunion is as im
po'ribleasthc Archimedean fulcrain ! Uringllie
North and tho South together, let them sec and
hear and know each other, and a bngg-
waggon would hold all the diiunionis-ts there
would be in the Republic ! There is no "dan
ger" to the Union that is not the result of mis
apprehension and Railroads aio fast removing
Jwlinsbury ; mid doing mslucss ill the bailiwick iu low us thu earth you trend, and dull a.? tho
of our Iriend, UliAsiusFAinnANKs, he is doubt-1 weed on hotlies shores. Shall wo dash to
less a competent financier. When wo osin i l'-"cc?- u- n ptit.-Iiui-a tho glo-ioiis vessel of tho
..... ,., , , . , i constitution, loimed by the blood ol' our fathers,
pare our ,. resent excelent Treasurer, George . licll llowJj jn ;i cJimm sln,.m , W(,
Howes, wiiom every )ody conhdes in, we will .bound by thu articles signed bv our fathers,
"respectfully cnnide" the application of Iho , Shall wo now turn loilnd and find fuilt? Thu
friends of Mr. RtDiNaroN. At present, wo arc ' c,,"3lit",iml WIS u01' on(,,lrrl1 ''H1' 1,10 Kruat
obliged to say, he "cat'i rle in." I Wmi'SU' and our lathers, hut wo are grow.
" ' 1 1 ! mg so in ghty good, that wo wish to tear lip
On the whole, our 'natural foes," the "Dem- tho tree which ihov havo planted by the roots.
ocrats, have given in as good a ticket as usu- ! (Cheers.) Hut it will not bo so. Wo aro a
al. Wo aro compelhd to beat it, but, like the i 1,ruu Pouple, and Providence only asks us not to
benevolent gedtleinan who skinned Ihu eel, wo
mean lo do it with usinueh regard fur thetc
in.c of the victim as nay be practicable.
The Resolutions tia Platform of the No.
1 Democracy, wo havj net yet seen. We fee
mar tho blessings wu ulioady possess. If uny
mill North or South, pso against thu Union,
wo must rosist him, ami vindicate thu Constitu
tion. I um u plain spoken Kentucky man, and
siy what 1 llnnk. I hope this will not bu re
garded as polities. It is only the Union and
tho Constitution (trroat laliuhter.) 1 In con-
quite at liberty to assume, however, that they eluded by giwng "Our Country, our whole
will nnvc to be somellhw u-e can ohiert to and ! country ; tho Union now and forever.''
not, like the Free Dusiocraey Platform, a mix
ture of "pickings anl stealings" from other
parlies. Wu aro alwiys willing to have a "fair
fight" with tho Old Liters ; from the "mongrel
ptrty," as Mr. Robijson culls it, our first im
pulse is f run, as people do when their wes
are the first monitors of danger.
The Ticket wo have mentioned above will
unquestionably make heavy inroads into the bo
gus vote of "Freu Dtm'ocrac)" in this Stale,
as given for the past two years. Droves of L i
cofocos aro leaving the falling cause of the Pat
riot, Courier, and Post (the only remaining
monuments of the dirty "coalition"), and mul
titudes of Whigs, wo doubt not, who have been
eluded by the plausible sophistries and ready
tins tlangcr. V o rejoice to see tho President mendacity of thesu "organs," will help to swell
ol the United Slates, and his Cabinet, giving , tho cood o'd-fashioned Whi.r maioritv thai, in
their presence and sanction to honor the miilti- September, will proclaim the popular confidence
plication of the beneficent agencies that are
destined, by aiding to familiarize the widely
sepuated portions of this Confederacy with
each other, to rivet the bonds of our glorious
Union. When such men us Graham and Crit
tenden come among u, dingers to the integ
rity of the Republic diiniui-h.
Among the eloquent speeches made at
the reception of the President at ISull'ilo, none
strikes us as more eloquent and pertinent than
that of Senator Douoi.Ass.of Illinois, from which
we subjoin a short extract, evidently poorly re
ported, but evincing tho right spirit, Senator
Dofcn.Ass is a Vernionter by birth, and Vei
inonters will respond to his patriotic senti
The didl-rent Stales of the American Confederacy
are hn'llir''U, and wc are hound to adopt the cimom'
of conduct tuuaids llu-iu Inch oii" lnnth'T nunht to
adopt towards another. It wc net on this pnmqm'
there will be no jealousy between the ortli ami
the South, or between the l!ast and We-t. (Vocif
erous eheeiiu ) ll we adopt this principle, ui will
never hear ihe qm-tion a-ked whether an American
is 1 1 ntn the No. ill or lioiu the South, troiu tie; K.i-i
or Iroui lie" We-t liecau-e we will lie one pie,
and a community of ali'cctiun for each other as w cl'
as of interest. ( Jcntleliicn, I believe I luive some
little liht to spent; to New-Yorkers. Ilnll'ilo is our
near neighbor. It is only one or two jumps front
Clueaeo to liiilfilo. We both drink out ol the same
areat pond ol water, and wc both li-hmitof the same
hike. We aie connected by every tic ol interest and
sncril intercoms '.and whv should not an llh.oiau
iea; to a .New-1 orKer I ( l.atijihli r ) i-enator
in the present Whig State Government heided
by Ciiahi.es K. Williams.
A'o. " Democracy.
Next Thursday comes off the final effort of
the once llcurishing but now rather discouraged
Free Demccracy Party in Vermont. They ate
The toast was warmly received.
The UesululioiiM oC llic Democruoy."
In noticing the Candidates of the No. 1, De
mocracy, few days ugn, we took occasion to
predict that when I tic Resolutions ol that "old
and respectable" organization should bo made
public, we should find something in them that
" vc could utiject to,'' and thus form "iin issue,1'
a thing which No. 2 Democracy, otnerwise
known as lliillalo Pliitfotm, Rip nnd Tear,
Truck and Dicker, I'm Democracy, always
studiously avoids. The Resolutions referred
to appealed in the Daily Sentinel of Saturday,
and we find them just what we expected. We
give them below, together with a brief state
ment of our objection to each :
I. Resolved, Thai the Democracy ol'Vermout now
stand, where wc luvestnod since s!li, 11pc.11 the Na
tioinl plitlunn as drawn by Silas Wnjht, and up
pioved by eery National Democratic convention
-nice th u nine. That the ptini iplcj thrciu set lorth
arc sullt.'ietiV' bro id and 'pecitie tor nil tiue Demo
crat, an I that we wdl neither make, nor icccivc,
any new toils of party faith.
We object lo this because tho " platform"
referred to is u regular Freu Trade, anti-Protection,
Red-dug Currency, unti-Distribution!
anti -Internal Improve. ncut platlorm, and Ihe
very one the Whigs of this highly resp'ctable
auvertl-eil to hold their lilale Contention, at
ISiirlington, on that day. Poor fellows ! 'I hey and somewhat ex'ensivo Country are " bound'
win nave a sorry (lino ol it, in spite ol the io oppo
"learned dullness" and the spiightly vivacity of
the Siamese twins of the llurlington Courier
and lirandon Post. Their days aro numbered.
Thailand writing on Ihe wall, which informs
them that they arc "found wanting," is visible
to everybody. The chances seem to be thai
even the despised, though ctinninj, Old I.iiieif,
will beat uent, at the next canvass.
Tho Courier of yesterday announces,
with much cercmoniousness of language, (as
though it vas something to brag of), that John
Van Huren will be here to cheer up the faint
ing spirits of his co-workers in political devil
try ; and that some hopes are entertained that
Rr.btrt Rantoul, Jr., will honor the good old
Whig State of Vermont with his presence and
advice on the "thrilling occa-ion." Alas, for
the pour "Free Democracy !" Will they ;icicr
learn that if a I'm Huren wishes to influence
Dona-sthcn ib-cri bed the condition ol .New oik. t1L, voters of Vermont he must chungc his name !
W hen he eir.mintcd troiu it he: thought he -hould not . . . "
no had; moie than once m a lifetime to see tho'-e A thousand times havo the liinkees of Vct-
wlio were dc.iie-l to him on earth. I'ut ten jcars
alterwanls, wiicu on a pilgrimage lo sec ins ohl
mother, he traveled as much m lour hour", as he had
picvioiisly done in two djvs. I Invc watched, s.iid
i... ,, ,.,,.,,, il. tJ ..r,. .1
iiupiovcmein tlui New Yoik haj made ; but don't ' eloquent ; rather abler, we think, than his
i'liagnie ih.it we in the Weji are at ad jealous of
you lor h iv iuj vmir great line Cmn! and your lines
ol Itailmad. You think iheynie your canals nnd
your r.u. roads, but we know they are ouis, (laughter)
because they enable ns to send our produce to jour
market', and sell it in competition with yours ; and
this wc could not do without your interna! improve
ments. When your cen'ral line of railroads was fin
ished, all iu Hie MU-ls-ippi valley hoped thai jon
would build other.', lor we kenvv lint, according to
he Ifiti'.. ut eiii,,t...ilinn lieielil wriillil m i, ie.,ii.i,e..
he reduced. Well! your Krie eainl is now open , and minis these famous orators to help keep up
l 'on i tc ainriueo, people oi uiiimio, 11 u one- u rmi-
inie liirly miles wc-l ol your city il won t hurt vou
moot declared that they have no confidence in
a Van Huron. John, of that name is a smart
fellow, smooth, plausible, keen, and sometimes
lustriotis" pa. Rut ho is a Van Vmrcn, after all,
and, as iu IS IS, when he harangued the faith
ful at .Mnntpelier, lie will find Vermont about
as "hard a nut to crick" as ever.
Hut he mint corns. .Mark our words. Xeithcr
John nor Robert will be here. "Free Democ
racy" is iu great straits in Vermont, no doubt,
tor I tell you that the niciensing productions ol
W est ilrui. mil your roads as t,,n a, you can make
them, and tor every one jou make, another w ill be j
ni.ee my, in order to give auoulict to the produc-
tioiisoftliegre.it West. (Applau-e and cheering.,'
All that we dislike about it is, that you rouis-i as to
pay tr liute to you. Hut of t'rit we do not uomphm
much, lor we h.ivc ihe p' ivdege of remaining; among i
you ll we please. (Laughter.) On the other hand ,
we leel mat Willi your rn li sou, and t Its aiuiniiaiit
its appearance ol respectability, and so they
have been written lo and have been instructed
to suy they would come, if they could, lint thev
emit, Tne deluded "Convention" that assom
bin in llurlington on Thursdiy next, will have
to be content with ihe olt-rcr.eated and monot
onous wisdum of poor Ruber it Co!
The Whigs of Vermont will hold their State
s there any mistake about that. No imper
Rlive. Now gentleman that is the constit i lion
Do wo or do we not mean to execute il ? There
is not a man who holds or can hold an olfice
under Ibis Government or under any Slate
Government who dec not becoinn bsund by a
srletnti oath before "God" to support the Cms
Mituiinu. Is he to tamper wilh that ! h he lo
(hnttcm'n, I har. always cuntemM that any
measure cilculated lo bring slaic territory into
the I' mted Stairs, uas beyond the mwer if t'ic
Cvustitulton, and against its proii.nons. 1 ha
has alu ays been my opinion, and il remains un I
clouigeJ. J ne.ier would cousrut that there should
beoue fold i f time territory beyond what the old
13 Stales had al thr ft rmalion rf the i'nion.
.Vier.' y fieri
Mr. Webster then passed lo the Texan Rev
olution. He foresaw and foretold Ihe rpsnlt ol
(hat revolution, but he was denounced for it.
He went into Congress beforo iu consumma
tion, the annexation of Texas, and there held
op bolli funds and protested, with a voice
ftronger than it now is, against the whole o
il, but the peoplo willed it. New York, without
whose consent Texas could not have been ad
mitted into the Union, voted for her and thu deed
was done. Don't blame any one. Illume me
for il, said he. hot tliiin answer who did Ihe
!(cd. Tho Mexican Wur broke nut, and more
territory was acquired. He voted ugaiiii-l the
acquisition, for he wanted none of that territory.
He fores iw it would lead lo a political distur
bance. He also voted ag-iui'l 'lm application
i f Hie Wumit Proviso to New Mexico and
I' .ill. because h looked upon it as unnecessi,
ry dud absurd, and only calculated to imtale
our Snuihi'iii oretlircn. He saw that loe ell.
iuie J e uutitriCo r-juld itntiiipi t sV
mpsiii"t4 i 111111 1 1 rr iv Mii'iKi s ntvcri'i mm iih ,
treat West, we call nff.ml In pav liibiite, and till j Convention, ono of these day, and won't ask
heat you myiurnvvnn.aikets. Fellow.citi.cs.ex- for lcp fr, , abroad. Thev will try, as usual,
tend your works ol iiilernal impiovcincut-, hi every' , " '
directum, and wherever the railroad car -hall run, or i to lake car'; "f themselves ; though, if ' worst
ll" w,l,lsl!. ,,l,t' bx-oiiiotive be heard, theie w il ' , w,jrM,. j,, L f , , . , .
navel and in nKaiid we sh ill soon become aecii nut- .
ed with each other. Why is it that you h ive n p eju- viting reifgai- hrnjorosUi shape their measures
bee ng-pst the South ! ,Ve,se volt tin n't l.tiioc
th' titilh. '. lood, good ; true, tine.) Why is it thai
South Carolina di'sues to s-ver th- sacied bonds ol
fie l.'i'iott, and cut loo.se fioui you' HcfiiiFf t'irij
In nut Brine nan. (Laughter, and cries ol n u ) n
and illuminate their councils. They will en
deavor to ho f-,,js. tten!, at leist. Tho "Free
D 'iiiocracy,'' however, aro right in the tnid-l
vou knew ciieii oilier belter, you would both li id th.it of "laking rye ! ' One of the Fan Karen ruco
all jo.ir prejudices ,re unfounded, and lint all e- , ... , , 3t,.,...,. .!,.;., . ,-
iionalu.'it.,i.i,-a,o agnn-t your neighbors. The proach.ng anti-slavorv doctrines to a I crmont
."-until would be ii-li. inied u tlie ini'iepresenlalioiis
vv Ineii they d uly urike ag iiii-l the .Noith.aud vou
vvouhl blii.-h lor imsreprcscnlat'oiis which nu tii'er
eveiy day agnn-t tliein. How i this Union to con
tinue bound tog. ther ! Muke international improve
ments, nnd cultivate social intercourse with them
L'-tahli.-h a community ol iulerct with llirm.
.Mr. Douglass made a lew more rcinnks in the
same strain of p itriolisiii and eloquence, and then
tool. Ins seat amid vehement diet ring.
No. 1 Drinocnicy.
Tim noniitrilions of the Old l.ino Democrats,
yesterday, at Mnntpelier, were given in our
paper last evening. For Governor, John S.
Roiiinsom, of llenninglon, was selected. Mr.
ltoui.Nso.N- is an old and highly respectable
' Democrat," and is the gentlemanyVs nomm-
Coinention ! ! ! Oh, my eye
Tho following is r.n abstract of the spirit
stirring speech of tho gallant Ciiittk.mik.v, "' 1 resident m la
., ., ., , ... , , zealon-ly support the Noi
President I- n.i.iioitr. s Attorney General, at tho ,;., Democratic Convei
dinner given to the distinguished visitors, at
Rochester, N. Y., on their return towaids
Washington, h-t Tuesday. Nobody can make
such speeches better than John J. Chitten
den. Three cheers were thrn given for Old Ken
tuck, intil-t calls for Crittenden.
.Mr. Cuitt.nkhe.n responded. Ho said :
3in. cniTrr.Mir.N's si'eeoii.
Phis seems to mo to bo a real old fashioned
Mr. W. licto read the clause relating to ' Whigs of tho North hold these acts of ordinary
ljgi-latinn in no such reverence. 1 hey do not
propose to ''secede" from the Union, as Soiilh
Cirolitn docs, on account of them, but they
look upon them as enactments liable, like all
other legislative enactment, In be ''altered,
amended, or repealed," as tho sovereign will ol
tho People of thesu Unite I States may deem
best; that's nil. 1 hey look upon the Slave
Law as unnecessarily oppressive to the Slave
and insulting to the Freeman, iu denying what
Mr. Wkhsteii himself proposed it should con-
lain, trial by Jury, and they will get it mod.
ilied or repealed, we beg peoplo lo believe, jus'
as soon us they constitutionally can. They do
not like Mr. Wi:nTEis's denunciation of them,
in his Annapolis speech, as unworthy ol confi
de.ice, and unfaithful to Ihe Union, became
they wish, or "desire," to alter or amend a law
of Congress. They aro good, law-abiding,
Union-loving Citizens of this Republic, and
mean lo remain so, claiming nothing they
havo not a right to claim, and denying nothing
that they have not an equal right to deny,
With, South Carolina, they think the famous
"Couiproiniso" is precisely no compromise at
all ; that it is composed of certain acts of or
dinary legislation, some of which aro good and
some of which aro objectionable ; and the good
they would have stand, and the bad altered or
repealed, whenever it can lawfully and "con.
stltulionally be none. 1 his, It seems to us, is
just wheru the lugs of the North stand, a id
judI where they d.illr Inn Mr Nil iu
ated by the "Old Liners," in 1m!), and who scene. (LaujihU'r.)' I thank vou for this re
wrote to a friend in Ilurliii'.'ton in Jnlv, IS 111, , nieuibranci' of old Kentiick-by the bvc, not
alio.-the "illstof Muv Coalition," in 'tho fol- quite as old as niyselC I am unwilling to pour
low in- riiip.uu.i- ui inner ... iaacau.- m ui itwr. but who call look around this t nhln nn,l
L'lio now How
sav that thero are disuniniii.-ts anion'' tho ii"o-
jiigglo. Tho Ihirlinglon Daily Scnliml of Ju
Iv 17. 1SI!. sa.'s it is ''Irinnv to nay" that Mr. 1 pb- of tin' United State.s aboutstieh a tliinir as
RoniN-.i.N- '-openly declare his ilntoniiiimion 1 a l,s'!iv Inw. TJiw speim ti lio a ine.in-
not lo support tho nominations of tho ' Free
' Democracy," or to havo anything to ilothere-
" with. Wo give his own words in a letter he
" fine us ; he says :
" Hy this un on, we lose our diameter ol Demo
" ernts, and lii i'euie the Abolile.ii I'arly of Vermont
' I prefer lo belong to ihe Democratic party ot ihe
" 'imm, rtthrr llinu to join Ibis jio.vi.r.i.i. I'Aun "
This is tolerably explicit, and makes .Mr.
Rniii.s on nn appropriate candidate fnrtlio No.
1 Democracy. It is evident that the Old Liners
meant to nominate somebody that should run
no risk of being acceptable to the poor " Fioo
For Lieut. Governor, tho linn. Giles Har
ki.noton, of Grand Isle Co., was placed in
nomination. .Mr. Hamii.miton is an iiilulli
gent and sagacious man, and has creditably
represented Grand Islo in the Senate. Ho will
inako an excellent presiding olliccr for that
body al Ihe next sessi n after he is ilrctcd. liu
has about tho same affection for "Froo Democ
racy " that a cat is supposed to have for warm
soap. No "union " here, cither.
For Treasurer, Mr. K. C. Hkihnotov, of
Caledonia Co., was nominated. Wo have not
Ihe pleasure to bo acquainted wilh this geulle
man, though we presume him to bo worthy Ihn
compliment implied by the n Jiiriunon. We
I bihcic he Win CasliKr jf 'be Paul at t'.
ness iu quibbling about such a 111111!: as that.
(Cheers.) Our President said ono or two things
to-day, that I wish to contradict, now that ho is
gone. Ho told you that ho was imlebtod to his
Cabinet, there is' no such thing as that at all.
Ho is a man that does his own business, and 1
refer further to tho it nth of the fact to my friend
on my left, that is Mr. Graham. If aiivthing
h done well, vou may rely upon it he deserves
all ihu credit, for ho does tho whole thing him
self. If ri 1 1 v 1 1 1 1 1 1 tr should turn out nnliapnilv.
for tint, too, ho must lake the discredit. 'e
are his auxiliaries, and aro determined to main
tain tho union of theso States, ennui weal,
como woe. In other countries tho havonet is
tho greatest magistrate tho dumb, insensible,
hilt sharp mag H.ralo. h're the laws depend
upon the peoplo, tho peoplo inako tho laws
w ho dares to break them ? I lo who sets him
self up against tho people. If an aristocracy
made tho laws thero might bo virtue in resis
tance ; Hut when tho peoplo mako them, who
is so bold as to resist r If thero aro anv who
can successfully re-tst, they must ho an aristo
craey. I appeal to thu young men of the coun
try, Tho present stato ol things will do well
II. lies lived, That the Democratic parly i now
and ever h is been ihe steuillast lin-nd ol the consti
tution, and thai we as Detnocrits will abide by and
sustain that-iciel compact at nil times, under all
eirciiin-tanees, and at all hazitds: that we hold ihe
Union iif til-- -la;.-- to be ol niicel'ss value, and tin'
i u accordance v. nh the advu I the venerated asli-
ingtou, vve will " indignantly hovvn upon any ul
,empt lo ahen.ite otic poilioiiot the country horn
lie other, or lo .-nle, b'e Ihe sacicil tics wlncli link
'ogethcr its various parts."
Wo object to thi- l icuisc it is fluminididiUe,
and don't mean anything. The " Democratic
P.utj" in Vermont is no more the " friend of
the constitution' than the Whig Parly, (ind
iu our opinion not half so much,) and as to that
rather distracted Party's " indignantly frown
ing" upon anything wrong, we are compelled
to look upon it as a regular Wilkins Micavvber
proceeding, and are afraid it will make some
body laugh. Wo rather guess the said "Do"
mucratic Parly" will find it l ho best policy io
look as smiling as it conveniently can. " Ir.dig.
n inlly frown !" Oh, thunder !
III. l!rnn! red, That the late "adjustment measure-,"
ol Connies", ilut.ilid not by the Suuth or
Noiih.luit pa--i d in a -pint ol patriotic concession
ny both, have now become a pledge ot lidchlj of the
several -I. Hes to each oilier, ami should be ob-erved
by all Willi the ohcdieiK c w li.en is due to the nation's
w lil . unit w uh dial good lailli which 15 nquisite lor
uie nation s saiciy.
We object to this because it jjipiiiis that we
of the North are to continue to be "dough
faces." It is cxprened iu the Van Huren style
of diplomatic ambiguity, hut it means that
Yankee "democrats" wo wiling to go on
hewing wood and thawing waler for the
' Chivalry," which are emphatically object lo !
ll means, ton, tint the I'ugilire Slaie Laic U
.-acrid and irrepealable, winch we more empha
tically object to. We throw no such tubs us
this to the Southern whale !
IV. Hrxolred. That we arc in favor of economy
iu the I'.xpenditnrcs ol the Slate Gov eminent. That
111 view ol the aiaimuig increase ol Hie expenses oi
Ihe State lor the la-t "0 jearsol whig misrule, vve
led coiisliaiucd to appeal to the People for reform.
We olject lo tin.- because it isn't true. The
Nn. I Democracy are no more in favor of
'economy itc" than anybody else, and there
Ins been no "al limine; increase &e. &c" and.
in fact, there is nothing "alarming" in the Stale.
Ijverytliint; goes on well and satisfactorily, and
Charles K. Williams, the people will continue
to think, is a good deal better fJovernnr than
our respected fellow c.itiz.'ii, Mr. Ri nixsox,
vv.iuld be. This is a sort ol "Smilie and Hank
Reform" tr.ip set to catch gudgeons when the
gudgeons are pretty much all caught.
V. Hcsoh ed. Thai while we have our Differences.
as heietoloiD eiicsed. lor candidates tor I're.-ident
resident m IS.)'., wc will cordially and
oiniuatioii made by tlie .Vi-
Wo object lotlus because it "caves" on Gen
eral Cass, whom the No. 1 Democracy have
"heretofore" nominated lor the Presidency. It
isn't treating General Cass civilly, and vve stand
up for the great Miehigander, who, if he never
was so lucky, like .Mr. Ci.av, as to "save Lewis
Higbee," has "saved the Union" repeatedly, beside.-,
bre iking his swnrd at mi important junc
ture in our National history. Wo object to
this kind of cool desertion.
On thu whole, then, vve object to No. 1 De
mrcrary any way it can be fixed. No, i, we
n-'ier did like, and therefore suppose wo must
manage to stand by the glorious old Whig Par
ty of Vermont a little longer !
3-TAt the recent Term of the U. S. Circuit
Court, al Windsor, fays the Windsor Journal,
Judge PuE.NTlss, addressed the Grand Jtuy as
follows, with relereni'c to the Fugitive Slave
Law. Nobody in V turnout will deny the sound
ness of thu opinions of Judge Pr.r.srirJ, except
ing, possibly, the forlorn '' leaders" of tho de
funct " Free Democrat-)" parly, who come into
existence by stealing Irmn one parly a correct
principle, (which they soon distorted hit') error)
and are fa-t going out by committing petty lar
ceny in stealing tho name of another. Judge
Prentiss well knows that this Union contains
no iiioio LAW-AiuniMi citizens than the mass of
'.ho people of Venn nil. Thero is not a word
in his " charge" that they will not willingly
concede to be right, while, at the fame time
they hold the Fugitive Slave Law in utter aboni
iualion. They will obey the Fugitive Law,
but, at the same time, tho man who flitters
himself that they will not insist upon the exe
cution of their own much-reviled Habeas Cor
pus Act, is dreadfully mistaken. They em
phatically ngreo with Judge I'nEXTis.s tbut law
is law, (whether il is pussed in Washington or
" Very extraordinary doctrines havj recently
been put forth lo the public, touching the duty
and obligation ot obedience to law. Theso
doctrines tire new and strangely ut variance
with the principles we have heretofore been
taught to respect and lo take as our guide. They
inculcate insubordination nnd lawless disobe
dience ; and those who leach them, whether
they are conscious of it or not, are enemies to
public order and the public peaco and welfare.
In this country, under our free representative
system of government, obedience to the ordi
nances of law has hitherto been considered an
unquestionable and imperative duly ; and it is
very certain that It must continue to bo so con
sidered, if we would maintain our civil institu
tions, and live in the secure enjoyment of our
po-sessions. For without law, and law lo be
obeyed or disobeyed at the option of any and
every one, is as no law, wo have no i.rotection
lor hie, liberty or properly.
As citizens under the General Government,
our rights and duties, our obligations and res
feasibilities, are measured and regulated by
tho Consiitiiiion and Ihe laws passed in pur
suance of it; and so far as concerns our mere
civil relations and duties as such citizens, or
any questions ar'.sing out of these relations and
duties, there is no higher law.
When a law, authorized by tho Constitution,
has been duly enacted, it is obligatory and bind
ing upon all ; and it is immaterial whether it
had Hie approbation and assent of more or less
of the representatives from our own particular
section of the Union, or whether it was passed
by a greater or less majority. An act passed
by a majority of one in each House of Congress,
anu approved uy tlie lixecutive, is as legally
and constitutionally binding as if oasscd by a
unanimous vole in both Houses. It is the lavv
of the land in the one case as much as it would
be in the other, and has the same force and ef
(eel, as a rule of conduct, in all parts of the
Union. The will of the majority expressed in
a constitutional form, according to our theory
of government, is the law for all.
Considerations of expediency, policy, or jus.
lice, or any other considerations belonging to
the subject, may be urged against the"enact-ni'-'nt
ol a law, or after its en ictment, miv be
urged in favor of its repeal. Hut lh;se con-id-orations
cannot bo urged as reasons lor rcfu--mg
submission and obedience to the law while
it exi-ts ; much less to justify disobedience and
open resistance. There can be but one ques
tion rai-ed as to the validity and binding force
ol it (aw after its enactment, and that is its con
stitiiti;nality. Hut this is a que-tion to be de
cided and sellled, not by every individual citi
zen, or collective body of citizens, according to
his or their own will or sense of right, but by
the proper judicial tribunals: and to thrs3 tri
bunals tho appeal may and should bo made in
a regular and peaceable way. These are t lie
old, I'stabli-bcd, constitutional doctrines ; and
any doctrines adver-o to these, are unconstitu
tional ami disorganizing subversive not only
of the just authority of law, but of the essential
principles of frco representatives government.
The true, constitutional doctrines on iln.
snbject, admit to llio fullest extent, bulb the
right of op'niun and the freedom nf discussion.
The merits of every law may be freely dis
cussed, and opinions may bu freely expressed
for or agflin-t. Hut it must be remembered,
ihut it is one thing to di-approve of a law ol
the gereral government and seek by constitu
tional means lo procure its modification or re
peal, and quite another thing to oppose or en
coinage le-i-lance to it, or under the forms of
local legi-latiun lo array the Slate uuthorilie
agaiust its execution.
Every act of Congress p issed pursuant and
in conformity to the constitution, is, by that
iu-triimeut, declared to be Ihe supreme law of
Ihe land, anything in the con-titutiori or law
of any Slate to the contrary notwithstanding.
Of course, every Stalo enactment winch
authorizes any interference with or obstruction
to such general paramount law, being in con
flict Willi it, is inoperative and void. This is a
principle o.-sentnil to the existeure of Ihe na
tional government; and it may he affirmed with
truth ami I state it because it is a matter of the
lushest moment, thai it is only under the opera
tion of Ibis principle, and by a faithful ob-er-vance,
on the part of the Stales and the people,
of the obligation- and injunctions of the con-ti
liition, that vv e can hope to pre-erve Ihi.- Union,
and coniinue its b'es-ings to ourselves and our
that we p-iy over :i,uuu,000 a year lo the various
members of the City Covcnum-nt 1 Take, for ex
ample, the Police Ion.. We maintain luoo Police
men, at an annual expense of $G.W,OtJO. Thisdiitin.
guished corps is noted for its inactivity and general
inutility. Loafcrism U a strong feature hi a Nev?
York Policeman's character ; but liuvv should ir ba
otherwise I If the higher authorities neglect their
duties, their t ubordinates will quickly imitate tlieirr.
In fuct.the distinguishing characteristic of the wholo
aspect of our municipal nffiirs, is the most hopelesn
and intense laziness. The onlv aim ofmir r,m,n
Councilincn is lo secure the p image ol buch ordi
nances as favorably alTect their interests, or the in
teresis of those who lee them well ; lor winch pur
pose they pro ong and dcier nil business Important to
the great bulk ol the community, to a most uurea
amiable extent. Th-y attach little importance to
their piy four dollars n day but they will not even
relu,c that small stipend. The officers of the Police,
who arc maintained for the ostensible purpose of
preserving public property, nnd removing pubhc
nuisances, are willfully oblivious to the most obvioui
iiilringenients of the law whenever they can "maku
anything" by keeping their eyes shut. Indeed, all
sensible people, (including your correspondent,) unita
in the opinion that the greatest public nuisances in
Gotham arc the Policemen themselves, as they ou
at present organized. 1 w ill give you a few speci
mens of the progress of New-York morality, &.u.
Crime of every description m increasing with
flighllul rapidity throughout the length mid breadth
ol the laud , but in no other part of the Union is iu
progress more apparent thin iu Susv Yoik. A wo
man named .Mchau.was clnrged yesterday morning
with luviugylii'gfd to death a little girl who had
acted in the capacity of s-rvaut iu her house. Sev
eral witnesses testified to h iving re peatedly seen th
inhuman monster 1 ish the unfortunate deceased over
the bend and neck with a thick rope. Theevidenco
was so conclusive that 1 have no doubt the woman
will b- convicted ; and I trusl that her punishment
may be proportion ed to the enormity of the offence.
The sentences o! the three sailors, Douglas, Clem
ents and lieuson, convicted of the murder of the mate,
of the Glen, on the voyage ol that vessel from Val
paraiso, will be pronounced on Mondiy next. Doug
las is a native of .Michigan, and is almost certain to
be hung ; bu'. the other two are recommended to
mercy by ihe Jury. We shall also have three other
men hung in this City on ll e liTtb of next month.
These revolting exhibitions promise lo become much
too fieq'ientmtlie Metropolis ot the Western World.
Yours tiuly, JOriUPH ANDREWS.
enough for tno; but I anneal to von. who will
wield n sceptre- more powerful than that of tho
h'""" .'iiiius ttrs'ir, or anv Jtomaii l.iuperor
that ever lived ? If you do not fail in puerili
ties about omtsof conscience, and try to make' Vermont) until it is pronounced, by the proper
nMin .'.I" !'t' ull."Hly, I no, law.
world von will rulo tlr' world, if inie In tour. Th following is tho Journal? report of (lie
stives, (,-rd up ynur loins for vcair oio hiy pmHi'ii of Jude Pjiisr sii thmge referred
I i if lit, oaf n 't alive l-i (hem jou airjio
Our .New Voil; (.'orie-pondeiico.
Tremendous increase of' Immigration Project
for the relief of our I'auptr I'opu'alion .
I air Sirindkr Matrimonial Trouhlcs -Mu-n'cijinl
Laxinr.il, and l'wial Rascally
Crime in .Vcic lor.', yc.,Vi'.
N:.vv Yoki:. .May '21, IS.". I.
CuiTor. oi the Fiux Pki.ss: The l.it steamship
tint arrived irom Curoue brought no important new
j but what you will have doubtless read and thorough
ly digested, long beline this Idler reaches )ou. 1
shall, therefore, confine myself to local mailers.
Kuiigiants continue to ciovvd iip.m us in (earful
numbers. Daring the last month, over IM.oou ar
rived iti this city from various foreign ports, and ll
is estimated that over -11,000 more lauded at other
pons ol the L'nil-d s-tatcn. When I say that foreign
ui crowd upon us in learlul number-, I do not wish
to be uudeistooil as meaning that euugiatiou horn
l!uiope lo this country is hurtful to us, or even that
it may nut be made advantageous to us ; but that
large ntir.i uie nut the places fur imuper emigrants,
most ot whom are lariu laboiers anil many ol them
land without the means ol transporting themselves
to less popuk us sections of the Union ; and a large
proportion of tho-e vv ho have a little money when
they first laud, loiter about the stteets, for some un
accountable reason, until it is exhausted, when they
become chargeable to the City.
I think that a society established with a view to
sending pauper emigrants to the West, where, I pre
sume, there is plenty of work for them, would be
productive of much good, and would, in the end, be
less expensive to our Oily (overninent, if even the
greater share of the expense of transporting them
1 1 1 1 1 ! i -r should tall ou it.
Quite an interesting incident ha3 recently occurred
in " I'pjier-len-doiu." An old codger, re-iding m
Union Equate, who is sod to he rolling in wraith,
was "taken in and done lor," to a very considerable
extent, a few ihys ago. Il seems that sometime last
March, llic ohl gentleman, whose name I withhold
lor obvious reasons, saw in one of our fashionable
churches a young and very handsome lady, with
whom he fell in "love at first sight." An acquaint,
ance, and subsequent attachment, ensued ; and, in
order to lest the sincerity ol her lover's protestations,
ihe cute fair one induced her venerable Lothario to
transler lo her the whole ol Ids real estate, amount
mj to upwards of eighty thousand dollars. I'pon
obtaining her desires, the bold adve i'iiress immedi
ately o'.d out, and pocketing the proceed-, she s uled
lor England in the last mail steamer that leu this
port. The ancient lever h i become most hopelessl)
deranged by the sadden ibsippearaiue ol his lunrnu-
radi ; and his hieuds have every reason to fear that
be wiil end his days in a lunatic asylum This is the
more deplorable, as, although almost iu his dotage,
he yrt presents a very beany appearance, nnd ls.nl
logeiher a hand-nine, jiivrmle-looking old mm. Hi
has certainly arrived at a very tTireii old age.
All successlul pursuit ol the delinquent l.tir one is
now unite doublhil If he were to catch her in ibis
eouniiy, nil he could do would be to sue her for u
breach of promise, which is a very tedious and ex-
pen-ive operation lor an old gentleman who luq pen
to have just given away all his limds. Yankee law
yers don't woik for nothing, lid to catch her in Kng
find would be of just no use al all, fur the Ashbur-
Ion treaty only requires the extradition of violilors
of specified riumiial laws not dclendanls in mere
civ ll suits,
The slivuel id ne j'eel and indifference ol our Cily
ui i"i en s fi all sat1 Ttsol public hea.t'i or s.ilety
Three Days Later from Europe.
ARRIVAL OF THE AFRICA AT NEW
Now York. May 21st.
Tho llritish mail bteamer Africa, "with U.'l
passengers, arrived at her dock this morning at
! 1-',' o'clock. She sailed from Liverpool at !
o clock P. .M., on the I Oth inst., and has thcre
fore undo tho passage iu about 10 1-12 days.
Among tho passengers in the Africa, is tlio
now French minister.
With th" excep'inn of a relapse in tho cot
ton market, neither the commercial nor politi
cal intelligence by this arrival is of much im
portance. The ollowing is a summary of tho
Es.ur..tNii. Everything in regard to tho Na
tional Exhibition progresses satisfactorily. Tho
papers are filled with tho wonders of British
and foreign art hero exhibited.
In the House of Commons, on the evening of
tho !Hh, two important statements were uiado
by Lord Pabnerston, in reply to a question put
by Mr. I'rqulnrt. Lord Palmerston said that,
according to last advices, some of tho Russian
troops had begun their inarch from tho Danu
bian principalities!, and tint in n fortnight, tho
whole would invc reached the frontiers of Wal
lachia the Turkish troops evacuating the prin
cipalities simultaneously with thes; of Russia.
With respect to the remaining Hungarian refu
gees, he said the endeavors of the English and
French Cioverninents to obtain their liberation
hid not been siicivsiful, the Turkish Govern
ment not having, at the date of the last accounts,
determined upon their release.
The money market closed steady with a.
Fium; . There is little news beyond tho
u-tial n mount of revolutionary gossip. M. Gi
rardm insists in his assertion that Gen. Chan
garnier proposed to invade England, and now
siy.s that the General sent a written proposition
to .M. l.odrii Rnllin lo that cfiVl, winch, it is
said, will bo published. The charge has not
been denied by Cnangarnicr.
Genu -.nv ami IV.i ssi.v. Dates from Ber
lin of the (ith inst., state that the Fransfort Di
et will open on the l'Jth. Another account
says that the opening of the Frankfort diet has
been postponed from the 12th to the 1.1th inst.
The King of Prussia and Emperor of Russia
were, it is said, to meet at arsaw during tho
l'oRTrn.w.. The Queen having appointed
tho Duke ol'Saldanh i as l're-ident of the Coun
cil of Ministers, the Revolution is at an end
Spa iv. It was the general opinion that tho
Cabinet wi.uld obtain a large majority in tho
e learn from .Madrid that the Spanish Gov
ernment is actively negotiating with France for
the adjustment of the line of boundary between
the two countries along the I'yrencan frontier ;
that the Government on the 1st inst. despatch
oil a courier to Lisbon, with new instructions
for the Spanish Minister, with reference to tho
success ot Jsalilanha s insurrection. Line of
the Madrid pipers announce that Count do
Thomar ha-' been accredited Minister Plenipo
tentiary and envoy Extraordinary at the Span
Italy. Great agitation prevail in the Ro
man Mates, anil throughout the whole ot Italv.
I'he movement is expected to commence at
Genoa. Tho .Marquis de Paglio, President of
the Council, has left Turin for Genoa, in order
to calm tho Democrats, if possible. Piedmont
mil l.nglanit are against the commercial and
political league of the Italian States.
From Naples the accounts stato that tho
claims for indemnity for the damiges dono to
various nations in consequence of the wars in
Sicily, have been brought to a satisfactory ar
rangement bv the mixed commission.
FOl'R HAYS LATER l'O.M EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF THE BALTIC AT NEW
I'lirther decline in Ihe Cotton .Market.
New York, May 2.1th.
Tho American Steamship litltic arrived at
her wharf last evening at (i o'clock. She sail
ed from Liverpool on Wednesday the lithinsU
at 10 I -'J o'clock A. M.
She brings ;17 passengers, among whom is J.
D, Adam-", bearer of despatches from London.
By the Bailie we havo London dates of thu
Kith, mid Paris duos of tho l'Jth inst.
The steamer America from Boston, the 30th
ult.. arrived at Liverpool on tho l'Jth inst.
Tho political news from England and tho
Continent possesses no new feature of impor
tance. E.voLt.vn The great National Exhibition
progresses mo-t favorably. Tho daily attend
ance and receipts aro immense. On tho Kith,
tho receipt, independent of season tickets, was
The whole of tho specio nnd gold dust
brought on freight by the Great Western from
California, oVe., was despatched in a train of
four wagons, from Southampton to London.
While on its transit, a special guard accompa
nied it. Some adroit rogues, however, man
aged to plunder it of four boxes, containing
'Jii,000 Tho robbery was not discovered un
til th" tram reached London.
Tho London Tunes does not admit that the
unpopularity of the "resent Cabinet is attribu-
A I. 1
li) 'ieea;a nni'' ol genera me ry amoiv 'hose j tahlr 1 1 thrtr free 'rude trndencies, but thero
i isrppJI' 'in f
li nun .lie
4 111 U
1 1 1' bewt i leu
Hppears to be a gioivi' ept Kill throughout
the ti' iiitrv Uiat ifif t nn law battle must be