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VOL XXXVII-NEW SERIES. VOL. VII.
BXTRLESTG-TOIsr FRLTOAY MORNING NOVEMBER 36 1860
NUMBER TWENTY.
I'OC
From the Presbyterian.
V, X iKG NOT ALL HERE.
V. (. t airier a broken band
y w i-athcrs round oor hearth;
.1 ir! t i (urn oar household tone,
4 ; d hashed are jar and tsirtii.
A i . ice we loved i silent saw,
V, rma vat ml chair,
.', It reary are our s uls and and,
1. rO? we're not all here!
We're not all here a year ago.
b -u autumn tread ios aeea,
:. J n -oping Cower and withering leave
Appeared vbete life had beea;
W he.1 through, the lotte and si teat w od
y'n Lea.-d tbe mournful strain,
A ti life and beauty bad decayed
Mid autumn's drtiny reign:
5u2 wr bal faded in oar bower,
N o duty tit r v or gloats
11 i i 't-ttlcd uVr oar peaecul borne,
fr Lliiiittii beauty's bloom.
Viu l a lure's death -song miiigloi til en
& u cute of deep dee-pair;
Cut now bear a'tered u lb (train,
Ai wi'e not all here.
IWiv n.,t ail hece 0 ! never metro,
While we on earth rjcaaio,
Our lit'le la.nd ofloreahill be
t'uittd here gain !
Ii"t peaceful, tiappy days have fled,
Ai.d kq are lonely now;
Sorrow hath CAft iU anadurry glooei
On uiiaj a peaceful brow.
Wu'ro not all here yet wottM we. with
i ctli berb.c.' again t
We j y to know tUa; si e i free
r'roui sorrow, grid, uA pain.
T meet to feel abv it at turn
Among da ra .soured blc t;
And though in weariness we ream,
litr's ijurn;il rent.
We're not all here yet, Kkvittr, gtaai
Our lit ie t-and ot iove,
Uiibi.-kec may be found at last
in the bright boaae abou !
Tfce goideo efaaia .he severed Hake
io all united there;
Alu, gzing on tae uv-d, we'll cry,
V. i're ail 0 1 yesall here !
51 i s c c I i a ii v
TH. LITTLE QUAKERESS WHO
WAS UtSPEJlATh.J.1 I A LOVE.
An n-.-.iuMOg ma'riminial story is told of
the olden time in New England." 'It so fell
cut that t i jung pe le became very much
smitten with each other, as youno people do.
f T'v y uin woman V father was a wealthy
n.i.ii.-r the young man was respectable
j i:t father could stand no such union, and
n 'lit, Iv opposed it, and the daughter dare
n t d.-i'iey openly. She "met him by moon
bgl't." when she pretended never v see him,
and -!ie pined and wasted in spite of herself.
Sue was really in love a state of tiglis and
tear.wliich women uftener reach in imagin
agination than in reality. Sull the father
remained inexorable.
Time passed on, and the rose on Mary's
damask cheek passed 08. She let no con
cealrut :.t, like a worm in the bud, prey on
that d.uuaslt check, 1-owever, but when the
father uskea her why she pined, the always
t-jld him. The old g -ntleuian was a widow
er, and loved his daughter dearly. Had it
been a widowed mother who bad Mary in
charpe, a widow' pride wouid have given
w.y hof. jre tiie importunities of a daughter.
Men are not, however, stubborn in such
matters, and when the father saw that his
daughter's heart was really tei ujton the
match, be surprised her one day by bruathing
out
" Mary, rather than mope to death, thee
had lntter nrirry as soon as thee chooses ,and
whom thoe pleases.
And then what did Mary ? Wait till the
bird of the air had told her swain of the
cJiang., or until her father had time to al
ter tu.- m nd again ? Not a bit of it. She
c!pp'1 her neat plain bonnet on her head,
and wa ked directly to the house of her in
teinl''d, tie street would carry her. She
wa k -.1 iu'j tnu i.uu&j without knocking
f r kn ekine was njt then fashionable and
eb.;
din -i
m the family just sitting down to
lilt! i e.irumotion vrasrshihited at so
an, iprttd and so unusual an apparition as
t 1 ,,(-b in the ".idow'e cottage, but sbe
): . n not. John Imiked up inquiringly .
S'i uk d directly up to him and took both
iii- ii into her's.
aid she, " father says I may
n t direeUy np frosa the dinner
uerit to the parson's. In just
minute they were mun and
tu'
-v'. r,r PEtttSOK TAB PENNSriVANU ElKC-
" I 1." said that you can find a qu"ta
t ai i slmkapeare to snit any event, and
-Mr il ,;:er, t,t Toledo, cites nw following
ti-. i,, at he had the late Pennsylvania
''L. '.i'in in iiisejn:
' W. i.are the heart's Wood of the
11m so of Lancaster?"
Who 1 than Baebanan vvas intended by
the drmand,
James of LMeatw,rtsign thy crown !
Ti 0 lust deceived me
Auj
"Hero behold the pale ashes of the Hocse of
Lancaster.
And t'um, inimitable Sir .loan r&lsiaiT. in
tae ful!nei of heart, exclaims
Be; k ! Buck ! I would I could wash ray
S3it of the Bucs ! "
And of t'ie Douglas, what, than this mo
ment, dli the great bard point to, when he
exclaimed,
"Douglas is discomfited ! "
Or when he made Douglas sav,
"I am the Dautjlaz, fatal ta all those
That wear those colors on them.7'
Our Hannibal was doubtless intended, in
thjie lima fuc in the month of his enemies :
''Hannibal drives back our troops,
And conquers as he lists."
N HONEST G It OWL.
1 am sick of politics. I am sick of torch -!
vr.t EiA. I am sick of "The Prince."
I am s irk ot men who never talk tense to
tv. uKu. I ma sick of boys of seven, smok
ing cigai. I am sick of gloomy Pharisees,
irid w.irdv. iiealcss sermons and narrow
r K t am sick of lawle s Sabbatarians.
71 ; f' ale iufidek, and free lovers. I ain
'! UB-'.calthv, di-a6ed booke, full of
, l- n anl tracscenden tal bosh. I
'' :'"aste riVbons" and "niviehiDg
1 : , lx 1 .1 r
131 :
he..
wi,..-it ti..r".?,?ouhe pfat?of,men
J .-.X U- a lfa.rt T
o-i a n if. .
' 1.1 emv j1 w. iaa-. U . .
v tree
f,i.,k it a pro..f ..f g n,urt , r y wno
,v household duti,g I 2
: i the manufacture of boat Epineg j
j of parents, the coffins of whose" childre
-r. Uready being made, asking tethers, to
-. 1 "another branch" to the already suieid
.' 1 :! of Jjsson'. I amshk of over-wortwi
; -;aid fsaule vperativee. I an sick of eee
tracts distu'iutd whre saup and broad
"--ldgj. Iatn sick of seeing noodles in
places, and intelligence and retineinent
m t;ng ic inc!n;cj3ea!t Uy their own tiro-
I am nek o: fac citoounigcmcnt held out
M amcn by tin- other 6ex to remain pretty
t i Ic foUoxrc J iiy long moral utbavs upon the
' i. ricitr if aei,. I atn 0f fiuc-
:::Jii..i.,.;? and humbug and pre tea
. ui (.vfryk'.nl. I am a.ck of this cver
.ah: str-L au I crowiin. and cush
and josthng, ca tbs ed3 of the five" feat
',1 earth which U -ll any one of us can have
11 iast,.af:er all jar pains.
Now, don't Ly this growl to indigestion,
4 r I never had it, or bilHousaess, for I feel
is if I was just made, or long arrears of un
; :id bills, beouw I pay as I go. Xo, sir
. - t.' Jp;ciiiU hare it. "ali this I do
f- .iastij bcliere. " There now i feel bel
ts" Fsssy Fers.
"Bonner's Ledger.
I2i Wm 4r$pMr.m
. Kr ,t .VV fWWT
HUltLIXGTOX :
FRIDAY NOVEMBER 1C, 16C0.
HOW Ni:W YORK WAS CARKIJiD.
Kings County, X. Y. containing Urook-
lyu) has long been a stronghold of Dluioc
racy. In 185G it gave a majority of 14,975
for B.iehaiun, and this year the Futionists
claimed a majority of at hast 10,000. Tho
i actual fusion majority was -1G52 ! That a
f reduction of over Un thousand in the I)in-
ocratic mnjorit m ore County, bince the last
Pretidential contest, was not accompliehcd
without hard uork, may Lo readily belkted
What the work was and how it was done,
may be inferred from pome extracts from a
private letter, which we have received from
one of the corps of resolute Republican work
ers there, who appears to have had tho post of
challenger on election day. It is to be noted,
in order to understand the amount of vigil'
anca and labor requisite for the duty, thutno
loss than irfc different sets of legal qualifi
cations in the voter, were to be legarded, in
determining his right, or lack of right, to
vote fjr one or the other of the stven tots of
officers voted fur. And it is to bo remem
bered, too, that the work described below,
was only that portion of the entire groat
labor of tho campaign, winch was necessary
in order to prevent the victory, gained by
months of severe lubor and thorough canvass
ing, from being taken from them by fraud.
Our correspondent speaks of but one polliDg
district. A like labor had to bs done in all,
and throughout the State ; and it was thut
Xjw York was carried and Lincoln elected.
"Hero in Kings Co. we feel ery crack becauto
this County has done better than any other Coun
ty; and our 0th Ward is tho banner Ward of the
County, and our 2d DiUrio: of that Ward is the
banner Dietrict.
You bave uo idoa of the work that tha registry
law requite, especially in a district like ours oi
some laoo voters, all to vote at one place, and tie
majority low Irish. It took (fur instance) above
five nighu' work till midnight, and one whole day
for three or four of us, to mako an alphabetical
list of tho leistercd voters, and in my opinion
that wont far to fare the District. It works in
tbi .ways All tho Insjectors are Irishmen. One
of them takes the Register and bite by the window
where tbo voters come, and as ho knous every one
of tho l'ats, ho tings out 'all right,' without look
ing at his book, so that it needs very sharp work
fur the Republican who is on the watch to over
haul hie book and detect tho lie, before tho ballot
gett into the box. Our excellent book, bone?er
enabled tne (on whom this duty fell), to do this in
every case but four, I think; and the result was
that 1 sent back from the window at loaetene un
dreii and tuent-jive men, net rtguterid. Many of
them afterwards came with affidavit and witnets
and iwore in as thoy had a right to do ; but this
took time, and every minuto cost tho Democrats a
vote, inatmuek as there waa not timo to take all
the ballots, and all the KepubHoaDs, or almoa t
all, were on hand early.
It was a hard day'f work, fur the votes caae
like clock ticks from sun-rise to sun-set, without
an instant intermission. It was bard for the voter
too, who had to s Und in queue for hours before
reaching the window ; but I don't think one Re
publican left the ranks. AVhy, at sun-rito there
ere 200 men in line, waiting for tho polls to oj-en
nine-tooths of thtm Republican?, by good luck,
or rather hard work. And when the ballots were
all in, the bardert was to come, for the canvassers
are all Democrats, and you can't trust them io
oeunt without watching. To count the Totes took
all the night and till 3 P. M. the nest day, with
oot adjcwriiBtnt. I staid till one, and then came
back at six in the morning, and relieved R ,
ho having been up all niht. At nine ho took
hold again, and held on till it was finished at 3
P. M. Wednesday. This will give you some idea
of the work required in such cities. AVe carried
(TorytbiDg but the Conp-etttnan. Humphrey ran
much Bhead of bU ticket; but there was ao split
on tho other eWc, and 4900 was too mneh to over
come." CHANGE OF TUNJJ.
Among all the pro-tlavery japers, no one
was quite eo raving as tho X. Y. Herald.
As tie set day drow near, its ravings became
more and more intensified. The Union was
on the very point of bursting up ; the South
ern States were already in arms far instant
action if Lincoln should bo elected ; bus-i-nass
would bo suspended every where ; ships
would rot at tbo wharves; 6tock would fall to
nothing ; the grass would grow in the street
of New Yoik city, and the mourners would
go about her streets, unless Lincoln should
be defeated. Letters real or feigned from the
Sjuth and West were multiplied in the Her
ald, depicting all tho horrors of revolution il
Lincoln should get tho electoral vote of New
York. Frantic appeals were made to all
classes, to rich and poor, to merchants, me
chanics, lawyers, doctois, hotel-keepers,
opera-goors.showmen, 4c, &c, &c, to drop
all business and to savo their craft and their
country, by voting tho Union ticket. Ex
hortations to Democrats and Bell men, and
slanders and malediction for the Republicans
were poured out of its mouth in an incessant
stream. But Wednesday morning came.
Tho gamo was up. -The election ot Lincoln
was conceded to be beyond dispute ; aud
forthwith the entire procession of horriblo
consequences which the Herald had paraded
before tho publio eye daily for a Jong timo.aii
disappeared from tho stago ct once. The
Herald became as mild as if it had breathed
chloroform and congratulated its readers that
the reigo "of troubles und intrigues and
humburs and moral dirt" was over. Just
hear it:
. '!Tbe iather o lies himself could not have
surpassed some of his pupils who took part
in yesterday's contest. Political mud and
it is the nastiest tpecieu of the article was
thro-xu right and left. Everybody was more
or less bespittered; so everybody will risa
this nt -rnma mnrfl or 1ms dirtV. Tho rjrO-
iessional politicians will be full of bilo
. . ... r. J
ana Daa rum ; the general puonc, alter read
ing me returns, will return to tneir uauy
duties with a sigh of relief, and a sort of I
am glad it's over feeling, which a man ex
periences after ho has accomplished an un
pleasant task, and discharged h is duty to tbo
behi ol his ability.
la view of this state cf things, and consid
ering that vre have now finished with tho
ido awakes and the Jlinuto Men, tho Bell
Rmgere and fas L.ttle Giant Clubs, and all
fht Cli1r aaa.. J a 1 .
usa wrcniigut orocess ons. de-
, .wuiuuo epeecnes ana wcui.
not, perhaps itwouUba well if we should
all take a warm bath, turn over a leaf
a-i make a fresh stmt. The better port of
creation will, we are quite Euro, agree with
js m the opinion that we have Sad quite
inough of politics to last us during the next
half century, and that it is quite time wc
Xcrc out of tnat mire.
Thecity of New York endeivored yester
day to da ite duty to tho countrv, and tlie-
count of the vote shows how far we were sue
ccssiul. Let us now drop politics, and make
the best of things as they stand.& go to work
with a will to work out tho grout and clori-
uuiid wiau 10 must-certainly Delorc the
Queen City of the Western hemisphere."
PROM JIONTPELIUR.
JIosri-ELlER, Nov. C. 1860.
MtiJr$. Editors;
Tho first icovo this morning was
for a Committee to overhaul the aftairs of tho
Northlicld Hank, and particularly its Recount
with the lato Stato Treasurer. It was stated by
the mover cf tho resolution that he had good reas
on to believe that defalcations in tho Rank had
been repaired by tho fundi of tho State, and
that with the knowlcdgo of tho olEoeru of tho
Bank. It wa known the Rank bid suffered l,ae,
and it was believed that this was the way in which
they bad been covered, and if so, and this culd
bs shown, it would give the Stato and the Treas
urer's boudsmeu a lien upon the property of the
Rank. At any rate such reports having goto
abroad, the investigation was due to tho RanU as
well as the ?tato. Tl-cso statements had been
made upon the authority of some of the most res
ponsible men in Northfield. The Committee con
sist of Messrs. Field, Gardner, and Seymour.
In regard to Mr. Rates' whereabouts, I see it
stated that he was seen at Troy, N. Y., and Syra
cuse, tc, Thureday and Friuay of last week. But
ho only left Northfield between Tbnraday night
and Friday morning, lie t joU breakfast Friday
at South Craftsbu'y, passed through Iraaburh
he same day, anl was undoubtedly across tho lue
in Canada beforo dark. There is no doubt what
ever of tho truth of these statement. lie is well
known all through Orkans County, having lmd
thcro a large sharo of his active life having been
clerk of the t'ouuty Court eight or ten years
member of the LebUiature, as Representative
from Iraeburgb, and County Senator for four o
five years; and ho was setu at theto places by
men who knew him as well as they know anybody.
Definite inform itioa in a idittoa to wait, has ad-
rcatiy been given in regard to tha matter of tha
defalcation, is very eoaroe, un 1 probably will bo
until tbe result of the investigation of the Cum-
iniitee is made known.
A Rill was introduced this morning to prevent
prize fighting, making every person who shail en
gage in any euch fight, punishable by imprison
mcnt nut more than ten yonrs, or by line oot more
than live thousard dollars, an 1 every aid, aeoond,
or surgeon, by imprisonment not more tban five
years, or by fine not to cxeeed one thousand dol
lars, and every resident of tho State iflio gott out
of n to engage in such fight, subject to the same
punishment as an "aid, second, or surgeon" to
any such fights within the Stair.
The discussion of the afternoon was chiefly upon
the Rill providing that no erson having a "hus
band, wife, parent or child" shall will more than
half his estate to any benevolent institution orso
ciety. It was opposed, ns entirely uncalled for and
neodlose, and even the gentleman who introduced
didn't know of any cases where the present
freodom in that matter had worked wrung to any
one, bnt thuught raoh ease might happen, and it
was beat tu bare them provided for. It wu op
posed as likely to work badly in many eases, es
pecially as interfering with a man's right so long
as he has bis reason, (and when that is gone he
can't make any will that is good for anything), ot
doing what ho iIoapo wilh hi proprtj' onlj
provided he tloesn'c uae It to tho injury of aoeietjr.
It was orderod to n 3d reading, though I am con
fident with a fall house it cannot pais.
The Rill for a Reform School states the object
of it to bo "the irMtruetion, canpb yment and ref
ormation of male juvenile offenders against the
laws." "Juvenile" to inelude all under eighteen
years of age who would be sentenced to tha States
Prison for any term less than life, the manage
ment of the institution is to be in the hands of
five trustees chosen annually by the Legislature
the Governor and Liour. Gov. to be trustee ex
.ffieia. A farm is to be purohae'ed of from one to
three hundred aeres, upon which aro to be pat
buildings suitable for the requirement of the in
stitution. Of tho feeling In regard to it I eutaot tell. " It
has not been oaavas.-ed much yet. Tlb defalca
tion in the treasury will probably be used, and no
doubt with considerable effect, by tbe opponents
of this measure, as also of tbe Agricultural
Rureau Rill, and of the Rill for publishing the
Geological Report, though I dont believe the
rttate of Vermont is going to i:e down and give
up entirely, because, the is likely to lose $20,000,
or even 550,000, through her late State Treasurer.
O.
Moan-ELtEB. Nov. 7, IS60
Meisrt. Eiitire:
As in some degree perhaps an
ladles. tlon of the "interesting" state of feeling is
which ihe few anterrified, "eholoo and rarr, find
themselves about this time, almost tho first busi
ness introduced into tho House this moraii'g, was
a Rill by Judge Thomas, of W. Fairleo, to repeal
an act approred Nov. Ii, 1S58, "To seenre free
dom to all persons within this State," which act
provides that, "whenever any parson in this State
shall bo deprived of liberty, arretted or detained,
on ground that such person owes service or labor
to another person," not an inhabitant of this
State cither party thai! be tntklcd ta a triai Ay
jury. And tho 5tb, 6tb, and 7th seotions of whioh
are as followp, which, perhaps your readers may
like to pernse, In order that they may know what
it is that modern democracy regards as such a dis
grace and Mot upon our Etatuta Book-
" Sc. 0. Neither dercent, near or remote from
an African, whether such African is or nay have
been a slave or not, nor oolor of skin or complex
ion shall disqualify any person from being, 0
prevent any person from becoming, a citizen of this
State, nor deprive such person ot the rights and
privileges thereof
" Sec. G. Every person who may have been
held a: a slave, who shall come, or be brought, or
be in this State with or without tho consent of
his or her master or mistress, or who shall come
or bo brought or bs involuntarily, or any wsy
in this State, shall be free.
" Sec. 7. Frery person iho shall hold or at
tempt to hold in this Stato in slavery or as a slave,
any person mentioned as a slave in the tixlh tec
tion of this act, or any frco person in any form or
for any time, however short, under the prstonco
thit such person is or has been a slave, shall on
conviction thereofjta imprisoned in the State Pris
on for a term not loss than one year, nor raoro
than fifteen,and be fined not exoeedtng two thou,
sand dollars."
Tho Bill was referred to a Select Coa. acasiit
ins cf Messrs. Thonias.Gleed and Dean tico den
ocrati. and ccs republican.
Tho principal discus sicn to-day was upon th
D02 Bill, upon which, at least sa hoar wis spent
without coming to any vote. Certain members cf
the House seem bjucd ta talk jast about so much
'upon every n:aure, whether there is anything, to
b6 skid or not.
The dispofition teems to bo to giro the people
6ome kind cf a Dog Law, and tee what cScct it
will havo towards abatics tho "canico naisancos',
which aregcttias to bo such a "thorn la tha flesh
to so many of tho gaod people- cf tho State.
The Franklin Ccunty Back has been cn tho
Docket this evening before tho Back Ccnmittoc
ad from tho examination this one thlcg at least
trcrtrtobcestab!thcd,fir.: that all tbe real
capital they have ovtr had as a basis for ail their
IssaesJJarlagthB tes years cf their operation, has
been SI0.0Q?, tijlng nothing of the expense of
ttittingand carrying on their bnslnsss.
Of the 2000 shares, 1614 wero in the hands of
Drew, Robinson $-Co., engaged In tho tracsporta
tion business down tha Lake to New York, O. A.
Rurton and ono other party, whoso name I do not.
renctnber. The others (little toora than 300) wcro
joacwhat scattered.
AIoxtteuke, Nov. 8, 18G0.
Mum Editors;
The bill establishing an Agricultu
ral Ilureau was under discussion in both houses a
considerable share of the forenoon, and in the
Senate this afternoon also, without earning to any
vote in cither branch. In tho Senate the opposi
tion is stronger than it lias been supposed it would
be, though it will without doubt pass that branch ;
but I havo little hope lor it in the House. If it
fails, tho discussion will go from the Legislature
to the people. What is begun here will be con
tinued throughout tho State before the meeting of
the next Legislature. Some such measure is need
ed und must, sooner or later, come.
A bi 1 to abolish capital punishment was intro
duced in the Huuse this morning, 'al.o
a j iint rorolution directing the President
of the Senate and Speaker of tbe House to appoint
a CommiUeo if three from tbe Rouso and two
from the Senate to report a day for flaal adjourn
ment.
The prospect oi an adjournment at an early day
does not seem to be very bright. The tvkule mat
ter of a Reform School is yet untouched exoept
barely the introduction of the bill. Neither the
Agricultural Rnreau Hill, or the Bill for publish
ing the Geological Report are disposed of, or seem
likely to be very soon. The famous Witness and
Divorce bills still hang by the gUIs, bat wll
surely shew sign of life when the favorable time
cmes. Thcro are one or two bills in relation to
"religious societies" inrolring somewhat im
purtaot principles, with which nothing has
yet beon done, if ws except, perhap
little skirmirh just at the cKse of the P. M.
session upon the one in regard to "Stewards of
me at. a. Church" a sort ot foretaste of what is
o on. ing. The "i" irons BUI" is still in ttatu
in iact it has kept itself so quiet that I
quo
well nigh torg .tten all about it, though avou may
rest atsurcd it will rotue itself yit, aoad come in
for iU St.are of attention. No sction, ur report
even, has yet been had on the Bennington County
dhire question. The State House question, the
Treasury affaira.t je Franklin County Bank.St. All
bans lank,and the Northfield Bank investigations.
Judv TttooMu' ''Personal Liberty" repeat
and nobody knows how many other things imp T
tant and unimportant, are waiting tor and must
hvea a hearing, if they get through by "Xuan .a.
giving," I fear the Governor will ba tblyeu toj-u'.
it into December.
The investigation of the affairs of The Franklin
Co. Bank is still going on before the Committee.
The array of legal talent engaged in the ease is
quite formidable Meesxs. Edmunds, Chittendtn
aud Roberts of Burtingtun,Redaeld of Montpelier,
and i. I). Bradley of Rrattleboro. The first three
gentlemen are empluycd by 2lt. Burton the lait
two by Mr. Clark of St. Albans, who it iet.ru s, is
the Complainant in the case. The particular
point sought to be shown this evening by tbe de
fense, is this, that the whole investigation origi-
nated in private difficulties
betwv-en Air. Clark
and Mr. Burton, and never would have
been in
stituted but for such difficulties. The Committee
I understand, hold that if that be shown, that it
will bo their basinets to report that tact to the
House, and wait "further orders," not knowing
as the House will wish have its time taken no
was private quarrels. Tbcre was seme pretty
tough swearing in regard to tbo matter on t-ne
side or the other.
atoatt'rai.iBB, Nor. 9. 180.
Mettn. JBdion;
Tbe Legislature has bsen at uark
to-day, if it has not done much. Thty wcro at it
plump up to half-past 12 in tbe morning, and to 5
at night.
The Agricultural Eitl is tho grTt theme still,
and bas been under diieus.ion in tbe Senate, both
forenoon and afternoon, and no vi.tc taken i et. It
was called up in the Iloase this afterno, ), and
discussed about an hoar, ani finally ditmuttd. The
opponents of the measure in tbe House seem d
very much ineliued to choke off the uiscusaion, and
did at last, qvite unccrtmonioU-ly. If the Senate
bill passes which I now acmc.rhat doubt the
iioDse will get a chance at it again. I I '.lkve
great good will cmo from this discu-slun.
The Bill appropriating tbe additional $1,000 to
Mr. Mead, lor bis Allen Statue, has finally prused
the Senate, so that the Treasury "slump" wUl
not be the destruction of every decent thing.
Tbe " cattle disease " was in fur a littJo notice
to-day, in tbo shape of a bill giving towns power
to do what they should h ive a mind to do about
it, supposing they should ever want to & itny
thing.
The poor printer, too, is remembered, and a
biH is in to exempt his press not to exceed in
value 1,200 from attachment. Some amiable
individual, wishing, doubtless, to show his "good
disposition," to say nothing tf his keen wit, ia
introduced a bill for the repeal of all
laws establishing or regulating a Roaid
of Eiucation tho tit'.o of which was: "An act to
restore to the jteoplo some of their primitive
right," not &o bad after all. That man I reckon,
must have 'one of the true Gen. Jackson stuft
about him. When the Bill comes up to bo acted
upon we shill doubtless get some light on the sub
ject of human rights in general, and the " primi
tive" in particular. What reference was made of
tbe Bill, I don't remember, but it would come nat
urally enough before the Committee whioa have in
hacd Thomas' bill repealing the ' personal liberty
bill."
The Rill introduced somo'.lmo ago by Mr.
Noyes of Burlington, in relation to " Religious
Societies, "and which is understood to involve some
Important prinoiples, was reported favorably and
at considerable length tu-day, and the report was
ordered to be printed, anl the whole matter made
tho special order fur Monday next. The investi
gation of Franklin Cjunty Bank matters is
still going cn. Tho large Committee Room, Ko.
12. is considerably filled every evening. The "Wide
Awakes" are parading tho streets to-nigh: oall
ing on prominent oitizons and E"jonrners for
speeches hurrahing like good fellows, and on
the whole, making quite a respectable and con
rpicuous appearance.
Tho question of paying Montptlier wkat they
put in towards the building of ths State House,
upon tho third reading of the bill making the ap
propriation for that purpose, was discussed at con
Biderable length by Messrs. Dennison of Royalton,
and Smith of St. Albans, boJi in favor. Some
amendments wero proposed one to pay in four
annual installments, w.th vo per cent, iutersst ;
another to issue Stale scrip for tho amount,
made redeemable in ten, eleven, twelve and thir
teen years pending which amendment the House
adjourned. It is almost impossible to geess which
way tha vota Trill bo, thensh I un rather inclined
to think the appropriation will no; bi made.
TocTf,
THE ELECTION.
Lincoln is ahead in Xew York about
44,000.
In Connecticut Linolu'a majority is 10"
05G. and plurality 23,279.
Maryland has probably gone for Breck
inridge and Missouri for Douglas.
Iu Wisconsin, Lincoln 'e majority is about
20.C00.
Breckinridge carries Florida, Alabama and
Mississippi.
In Virginia, as far as hoard from, Breck
inridge is ahead by 2,065.
The Democracy gain but tiro members o
Congress in Now York inatcad of six as at
first, reported. The delegation stands 24
Republicans to 9 Democrat?. Before, it was
20 Republicans to TJmocrats.
HON. C. V. MAKSII'S SPEECH.
We aro indebted to the columns of the
Times for the ful lowing sketch of the Hon.
G- P. Marsh's speech, made to the multi
tude who, being wide-awake themselves,
waked him up about two o'clock Wednes
day morning, to congratuluta him on the
Election news :
"On reaching Mr. Marsh's residence. John
B. Wheeler, Esq., called for " three cheers
for George P. Marsh," which were given,
with a 'erocious "tigr !" Mr. Marsh very
soon appeared in the portico, and was again
vociferously cheered, w'-en a speaker ro
marked : "We have disturbed you, Sir, for
the pleasant purpose of congratulating you,
and icceivinc vour cn:i"ratnlntions. on tho
election of Abraiiau Lincoln to the Presi
dency .f the United States."
At tr the cheering had subsided, Mr.Man-h
"aid that tixten vears aco. when the result
of the Presidential election was announced,
ha (Mr. Marsh) was in the city of Washing
ton, and well remembered that after he had
retired for the nigbt, he was awakened by
shouts in tho distance, and long before he
could distinguish nu articulate word, ho
knew, by the very tones that grated upon
his ears, so unlike the voices around him this
nii;ht, that James K. Polk had triumphed
over the illhiBtrious Henry Clay.
He was awakened, not" long ago, by tho
ringing of bulls and the booming of artillery;
he heard voices of cheering aud exultation,
and ho recognized the, sound as tho voico of
Freedom and Freemen, and warmly congrat
ulated tho friends aro nd him, on the tri
umph of principles so dear to us all. (Loud
elvers )
When bo heard, an honr before, the ring
ing of the Court House bell, he concluded, as
the lawyers Jo, that the evidence was all in,
the Jury had aorked and the case teas closed
(great laujhftr and checrtng.) Ho needed
scarcely to say that he rejoiced whh them in
the bright prospect of a return to tho lin
cipies of the Fathers of the R public, and
iu tbe hope of a regenerated government.
(cheers.)
lie thanked them for the honor they had
done him, and while he would not di tain
them beneath triis autumnal Bky, it might
fte well to glance lor a moment at the com
ing pivspfu-it' of tho oountry. Among the
results of this election, we could look for
ward with hope to a wise and Irugal admin
istration of the government, an administra
tion making no war upon the rights of tho
South, but regarding its interests equally
with the intere.iis of the North ; aiDiini; to
secure freedom to the Territories, and in ev
ery way guarantying the rights of ail the
States of the Confederacy, and without in
clination or desire to interfere with the in
stitution of tJavery wherever it lawfully ex
isted. Since 13-44, .Hr. Marsh continued, we
have baa illustrations of almost erery form
of modem Dcmoeraey wUlding tho power
and influence of the government against tho
extension ct rieedom, with the brief ex
ception, he ought to add, of a lucid interval,
when the people elected to the Presidency
the lamented Taylor, whom the world knew
to be an UONESr MAN. (Loud cheers.)
Uen. Taylor died, In d and mourned, and
was Bi-oeeaed !v the v in j I'resident, mill
iard i illmoro, who, in 1856, was the Presi
dential candidate of a party whoe very name,
Raid Mr. Marsh, I -have lor&otten (Cheers,
and crt's of "km.") It miirht ha difficult
to icfount what Mr, Fillmore .id as Presi-
dcat,to win the corifideuci' of bis countrymen;
hut he (Mr. Miwah) reuircuhered one thinic
he did during tM oaoip&ign of 18CO, wlncli
was that in a speech in Albany, he, first of
all men, declared that the succeed of the Re
publican party would be emse for the disso
lution of the Uuion, and thus put himself at
tbe head of the Disunion party !
We had heard much, ot late, ot tho dan
gerous condition of the Union, but he (.Mr.
Mr.) was led to hon that it w.i, after all,
in comfortable circumstances. (Laughter and
cries of "that's so !") Tne Disunion Party
was Out a lractton ot tlm South, and would
be put down by the Sauth ttelf. But should
the south fail the West would interfere. The
people of the valley of the Mississippi bad a
right ta all the outlets to the Oeean which
Nature and Art had given them, alike t ie
route by way of the Mississippi, New Or
leans and the Gull', and by way ol the great
iotuu una .iew xora. in hi mey nan mu
physical power, and would exert it, to ho!d
the South and North together. Loud cheers. 1
weru tne union to lie dissolved where should
the line- be drawn ? The South would not
want tno nordcr Mave states, .Maryland,
Virginia and Kentucky, in the proposed
confederacy ; they lay too near the IV e
stales ol i'ennsylvania, Ohio and Indiana.
What then would remain ? the States below
Virginia that skirt the Atlantic coast un.l the
Gulf of Mexico ; and how long would it be
before they would require the protection of
some foreign despot or gov rnment ! Tho
idea oi disunion was a vain and idle one ;
we use ai.d we must remaiu a united people,
with a noble region of country stretching
from tho Atlantic to the Pacific short(great
cheering ') IL$ would turn from the uncon
genial ttiome with a li m faith that the
Union would Jast forever, (cheers) The
Republican party contemplates no uggrcsivo
acts upjn the South ; there was neither in
clination nor necessity for such acts.
At this late hour, ho would detain them
no longer than to say that after nest March,
there would be no further need of such in
strumentalities us "Covodo Committees,"
nor shou d we hear again of a protesting
Public Functionary ! (Laughter, and a
voice. "Old Public Functionary") thero
would bo njcall for stealing Moxicos, or Cal
ifornias, or purchasing Cubas, to extend
Slavery. (Great cheering.) Without doubt,
wo should see a change iu tha administra
tion ; many activo patriots would bo ex
cused from the service of a grateful public,
(laugtiter) and their places would be sup
plied by better men.
Mr. Marsh concluded by again tendenug
his thanks for tho honor dona him, and
wished his friends a cordial good night,
when with three cheers and a tiger for our
distinguished townsman, the crowd retired.
The genius of ihe Sentinel has broke out
anew. In fact, since its outburst on tho
philosophy of explosions, illustrated in the
doings of the Demooratio National Conven
tion at Charleston, we havo not seen quito so
signal a display of it as appears in tho last
number. Tho election of ABRAHAM
LINCOLN, last week, wo suppose was
the stimulus that set tho steam going. After
a dosa of "it's-goodenoxsgh-far-you,'" dealt
out with a liberal hand to "southern mad
cap secessionists and fire-eaters" for their
"untiring eiiorts to rend in twain tho hith
erto firm ranks of tho democracy" telling
them it can stand Lincoln's administration
as well as they can that they nay as yrdl
st jp thb idle talk about "s3ee5:cn and civil
wai ," and citkc up their minds at onco to
lie quietly in the bed they lmve helped to
make warning tho aforesaid gentlemen
that it goes for "holdipg tbcm to tho conse
quences of their rash and treasonable acts :"
and that eince tho choico is mado, "Lincoln
will b3 President, in spite of their throats
and menaces," it turns its battery on tho
ran: Pitrss. and lets on with a surprising
looseness. Ah, well ! o can stand it : and
considering tLe intense chagrin which tie
SentinA must feel at tho defeat of all its pre
dictions, and the frustration of all its plans
about the election tho black despair which
has settled down on its cherished hopes for
the future, wc do not know but wo ought to
excuse it.
Tho editor of tho Rome (Ga.) Courier oj
Nov. 2, 6oenis to have been in a very despair
ing state of mind at the prospects of the
Union. 'Beforo tho nest istue of tho Corr
cr," says he, "The die will bo cast and the
fat of this Union, it may bo, will be doom
ed forever." lie has a great horror of po
litical platforms, (always excepting that of
his own party). As thus :
"Since the adoption of platforms by party
conventions, sectional animosities have con
tinually larmssed tno people, thousands of
demaoues havo sprun": un like mushrooms
upon the body politic.thc peace of thejountry
destroyed, and 30,000,000 of people stand
to-day trembling in view of the impending
crisis which hangs like a muttering storm
cloud above thorn, threatening to pour out
upon tno country any moment.all the appal
ling horrors of civil war, bloodshed and
ruin.
Tiiis is no false picture, but an alarming
rrnlity. Lincoln may, nnd probably will be
elected, and in three vreeks from to-day, little
as you now think, we "will probably witness j
tno outn.irst ot tne smouldering names ot
ono of the most awful civil conflagrations
which the world has ever witnessed !
Awful, very awful, to think of. We hope
tho fire-engines will bo in readiness to act,
when tho firo breaks out. But suppose the
flames should not burst out at all, what
then ?
Thu vote of St. George needs an explana
tion, which is this. An enthusiastic Douglas
man who has taken up his residence there,
took in high dudgeon ths innocent expres
sions of surprise with which the Fsee Press
received the utiprecedonted appoiranco of
two democratic votes, last Septcinber.in that
plucky and usually unanimous borough. He
undertook to get his revenge now by raking
in what he meant should be a democratic ma
jority. Accordingly with a day's work of
assiduous scouring in the neighboring towns,
he succeeded in bringing in sorco seven or
eight Irishmen, who voted in St. George.
The result was that St. Gcorgo has one cr
two less than its accustomed Republican ma
jority, while tho awful drain of Democratic
voters left Ilinesburgh unanimous for Lin
coln! -MUSICAIj chit-chat from X. V.
NO. 11.
Jfy Vtur Free Prrst.
Tho all-absorbing topie, firit
of the Prine's visit, and latterly of politic', have
almost entirely quenched tho ordinary ardor of
our populaco in artistic matters generally, snd
musical ones in particular.
When "operaties"' arc almost at a stasd-itill, it
augur ill for the successful prot ecu tion of minor
musical project. Of Opera w have already had
two seasons, tho last ono of but a few nights only;
but wo are promised a re-opening on tho lUth
insU, nnJer tho management, onco more, of the
redoubtablo Ullman.
Mason 5 Thomas commenced their soirees last
Tuesday at Dodswortti's with a discouraging
house, notwithstanding tho attractions of a Dutch
piano and antediluvian programmn
Ttia llnefit of thn i'iru Department Cbnrlty
Fund occurred the same owning at Niblo's theatre
beforo an audience of near three thoutand persons
Among the Artists wero .Madame Rishop, Dr.
Onilmette, Messrs. Simpson, Rudolpbson, Miran
da and tbers.
Tbe New York Mendelssohn Union seems to be
citber asleep or in a swoon perhaps a little of
both since they make very little noise, not oven
ndulging in a little inixoent sno.ing ! I presume
however, that tbe members cannot serve Apollo
and politics nt the same time, gi the former has
to wait until his betters are served !
Meanwhile the stnucch Harmonio Sooiety trends
its ouwaad course to the orodit of its members and
tbo advancement of true artistic aims. This Socie
ty are at present rehearsing Rristow's newly pub
lished Oratorio ' Praise to Gvd," and an admirable
addition it is to the library of standard choice
w ,rk, and indeed I may say to the musical liter
ature of our country.
It has been published ia bcaati'ul style bv
Ditsua with particular view to tho convenience of
singing clubs, choral societies, conventions, full
choirs and schools, and tho simplicity and grand
eur of the music itself form a cambination vrhiah
must insure the popularity of tho Oratorio as soon
as the public shall have inado its a:uiintanoe.
The production of new works in poetry, painting
or sculpture is regarded with a special kind of
interest by the umatears iu these arts, and the in
terest felt by tho musical public in tho first pre
sentation et Rristow's "Praise to God'" is vory
strong and has given rise to much discussion in
musical circles.
Thcro is so much variety in the work in
tho form of Solo, Duett, Trio and Quar
tette, changing off to full choral effects, and tho
delleato treatment of Grcheitra and voice is such,
that we prodiat for it evea a greater 'access than
attended tho author's "Rip Van Winkle"- or bis
two Orchestral Symphonies It is thought that its
first public performance will take placa in a few
weeks.
Tiuotiiv TniLU
Chablesios, Nov. 8. Tho barquo James Gr3y
owned by Cushing's Roston line, lying ot our
wnarvss, under instructions from tho owners, has
hoisted tho Palmetto flag and fired a salute of fif
teen guns.
Wonderful ! wonderful ! '. A trading vess
el belonging to somo Boston hunker demo
crats or old pro-Blavery whigs, whi'o lying
at Charleston wharf hoists tho Stato flag, and
fires off fifteen guns, one for each Slave
State, when the news came that Lincoln was
elected, all to win custom from tho
Charleston merchants an act of just as much
consequence as would bo tho hoisting a
Vermont State flag on a New York canal
boat lying at a wharf in Burlington.
Mr.. Likcolk at Houe. A despatch from
Springfield, 111., says :
Mr. Lincoln iB continually receiving appli
cations from Southerners for oSco, and every
train brings politicians. Mr. Lincoln re
ceives his friends freely, at the Executive
rooms, but visitors must tell short stories.
Preparations aro in progress for a grand
demonstration in Springfield, with illumi
tions, a parade, a mas3 meetirg and speech
es. Thero is the greatest eagerness to ascer
tain in somo manner, the new President's
intentions, as regards his own course and tho
character of his appointments. Mr. Lin
coln, however is tho last man to gratify this
curiisi'y, until tbo proper time shall arrive.
Net tho slightest indication of hia future
mavenicats is yielded to anybody.
roHSsw The r-stensioc of tho Pacifi; tele
graph to Fort Kearney shortens the dfrfsnco
between San Francisco and tho Atlantic
States about fifty hourj. Tho St. Louis De
mocrat cavs tho usaiulnesa of the now lino
will bo put to the teat to communicate tho
returns of the Presidential election to Cali
fornia An extra Pony Express ia ordered
to leave Fort, Kearney tho moment sufficient
is known to mako the result certain. The
"extra" will bo hurried across tbe plains at
tho rato of about fifteen miles an honr, and
is expected to reach the eastern terminus of
tho California telegraph in fivo days. There
the news will bo takcn.up and telegraphed to
all narfs of California aud Oregon immedia
toly. By this means' tho result of Tuesday's
election fdimild bo communicated to our
Pacific neighbors in eight davs from thu time
of the election.
SOUTH CAROLINA.
A favorito character in farces is the mar
ncd female who is continally threaten
ing to leave her husbimd and return to her
father's bouse. A disappointment in bon
nets, a row in me Kitchen, or a mild desire
on the part of her lord to be somebody in his
own house, is sure to eheit thia declarations
with a running accompaniment of hysterics.
South Carolina sustaini the same matri
monial relations to tho L'nion. She is al
ways in tribulation, she continually faints,
shj daily threatens to leave her husband. A
fourth or fifth rate State, of less importance
in reality than the rocky little republic of
Rhode Island, sue yet manages by uicd: out
cry to attract to herself the attention of the
entir." c untry. Her talent f r "fuss" U In--toricnl.
Whether thu question has ljc?n
Tariff, or Texas, or Compromise, or Kansas,
she ha not failed to disease it with twins in
her eyes, her LiinJi akimbo, nnd Iter t'wgtie
tippt.d with feminine .-pite
The witty editor of tho Louisville Journal,
ii, LohiiU ol Kentucky, b.d South Carol ntt
good-by, sis y a s ag-. He wus of opini n
that -lie had never b e-u in the Uoi o, a: all;
hut if s'ie had, he desired her in the name of
common suise to get out. His treatment of
her cus was probably the only proper and
philosophic one , for nothing is surer than
that u termagant wife never gratifies her
iiiiob-ind by leaving him when lvquestod so
to do. The threats ufSjuth Carolina aro tt
hysterical habit.
Yet in spite of this well-known idiosyn
crasy, the attempt is again made to fix an
nlarmi-d attention of th-J whole country up
on thisshreivisli S.a e- T.ie knot of Ciutrlfs
ton fire-eaters aro thrust upon us as the ar
biters of our destjny. We are riqueeU-d to
hold our respective breaths and await t..e ac
tion of South Carolina. We are to sit sol
emnly in the courts of this peceding sanctua
ry, and listen reverently to the political gos
jicl as expounded by the rhetorical IIiiett.
Tbe voices of Virginia, Muryland, Delaware,
Kentucky, Tennessee and Missouri, are noth
ing but we mutt gape with expectancy to
hear what South Carolina savs. aV. I'. Sun.
From Wendell Phillip's speech on the result of the
Election.
"The battle had b- en a carious ond. Tho
Democratic party had quarreled in trying to
keep the peace. (Laughter.) Tho Aboli
tionists ought to bo sorry to lone Mr. Doug
hs from the political arena. (Applause.)
Tho Bell-Everett jarty have been the com
fort of the campaign. They have been the
buff-r to the locomotive which broko the
threatened blow, and turned the storm into a
laugh. (Cheers.) They have baen the
Saneho-P.inz i to Douglas' Don Quirote
(Laughter.)
There are two ways of b;ing burned ; one
is to rusliinto the fire, like the rash moth,
and the other to stand still, like the conserv
ative horse in a burning stable. (Laughter).
The Bell party chose the horse policy. (Re
nowed laughter.) They say, ".My father
stood in this stall in 'd9, and I will not
change his policy, or get agitated lifco thu
crowds outside." and so, like tt e horse, thov
die in their burning stables ! (Laughter.)
Ihe party havo implored us to cease criticis
ing slave whips and auction blocks, that all
might be well ! (Applaui).
The Republicans leave triumphed, and the
Democrats may propnre to die decently. One
Bell-Everett egg has given a chick'. n, und
Mr. Appleton is chosen, by a fusion ol North
and Beacon streets. (Laughter.) Mr. Bur
lingame represented an idea, and the eity
which defeated him diignteed ouly itself.
Appleton is not to be envied, with one arm
resting on Beacon street, and the other in
the folds of n cambric handkerchief to keep
it from touching the shoulder of Ann street.
He is the broken meat ot the political char
ity losket. (Laugh;: ) He wi.l vote
against Sherman fur Speaker while the heart
of Boston is for him.".
Among tho minor incidents of tho
election.jttstOTerinIVtirlinfrton.it may be
mentioned that several little rows took place,
thought with the most harmless results. The
energetic and watchful Chi.'t Engineer of our
Fire department, tt i said, took "igorous
steps to repress the patriotic iuspub-cs to
wards pyroteehny exhibited by tbo Lditor of
the Times. There was a good deal of a
crowd, nnd much enthusiasm, and it is by
no means improbable that s-ntiething of the
Kind tooK place, i lie only rvptuv , v.e aro
plensed to say, that resulted from the trifling
affair, is reported to have taken place in onr
friend the Engineer's garment. He was in
our sanctum, yetstrrday, howtv-T, a mended
man. Ttmis 8th.
I'rom tho Toronto Globe of Nov. jlh.
A CCXTLEJIAX KILLED IJV TELH
G It A I'll.
The telegraph makes curious and serious
blunders now and then. About a week ago,
George Browne, E-q., President of the Buf
falo and Lake Huron railway, whose place
of residence is Goderich. hud occasion to
visit Toronto on business, and on the after
noon of the day of his arrival, ho w taken
ill and a telegram was sent to Mrs. Browne,
summoning her to Toronto. Of courso she
lost no time in making arrangements, and
reached this city by the first on tho following
morning.
Finding that her husband was not serious
ly indisposed, or at least that thcro was no
immediate danger, she caused his nephew to
telegraph to that effect to Goderich, in order
to allay the anxiety of tho members of tho
family she had left behind. JTho nephew
proceeded to the telegraph offic3, and penned
the following despatch, which ho handed to
tho clerk : "-Mr. Browne is no worso ; Mrs.
Browne will write to-night." Tho slip was
sent up stairs, and the despatch transmitted
over the wires. When it reached tho Goder
ich office, however, a slight chango had beep
mado in it. Whether from tho illegible wn
in" or th" mistake of tho operator, cannot
beDdistinctly ascertained, but, at any rato,
tho message sent to the family read a3 fol
lows : "Mr. Browne is no more, Mrs. Browno
will write to-night."
As may bo imagined, tbo family were
thrown into the greatest grief on tha receipt
of tho melancholy intelligence. Tho nows
was soon known all over Goderich, and the
people were greatly grieved at tho unexpected
demiso of one whom they all loved and re
spected. Mr. Carter, tho manager of tho
Buffalo and Lako Huron railway, virijed
tha house of mourning, and signified bis in
tention of proceeding to Toronto wih a spe
cial train to bring home the remain of nis
lamented chief. Hi train was got rsndy
without delay, and Mr. Carter and Mr.
Browne's eldest son came to this city as pas
fencers on it.
-hf.n it reached tbe Queen's harf sta
tion, the grief stricken passengers entered
0n0 Of the tifi-at rea.i.i'i i.aiua iiiiu icio
soon at EHuh's hotel. Their pleasuro and
astonishment may ho imagined wh-n thvy
entered tbe public parlor and found Mr.
Browno sitting talking and laughing with
somo other gentbmen and enjoying gocd
health, having recovered from his indisposi
tion. Mutual explanations took place, and
all parties wcro ovorjoyed to find that tho
gentleman bad only been "killed by telo
graph."
"Pasting rot Freedom" u.vder Dirn
ctTLTizs. A British desorter from Quebec
arrive! with his family yesterday. ' He was
put in a big chest at Quebec, of rather loose
construction, brought up tha St. Lawrence
to Montreal, and then hitherward by tha
Lake, this side of Rouse's Point, beforo the
precise character of tho baggage was discov
ered. Tho fellow was then, brought .out,
mora dead than alive, to snuff tho air of
freedom. Troy Arena.
CLIMAX OF THE DI8UNIONI5TS.
Somo twenty, or m y otra agi Mr.
Calhoun was driven out from the adminis
tration of Gen. Jackson. In connection
with that expulsion, commenced tho- war
against thu Union. Mr. Calhoun, as wa
well know, wrote nn E-say on Government,
in which ho denounced this Union, nnd de
clared that it wis a failure. Gin Jackson,
for tho moment, was able to crush nut the.
disunionist?. He wrote a letter in 1833.iust
after iho s cession movement was over, to a
gentleman of Georgia, in which he said :
The disunionists are destroyed. They
ought to have been hung on a gallows aj
high as Iltnian. o know." sayi he
'that tho tariff question" which was then
the question beforo tho country "was a
mere pretext ; tho next pretext," said he.
"will bo the slavery, or the negro question."
These doctrines of Mr. Culhoun have been
disseminittd tver the South, and they have
infected, to a nreat decree, tho public mind :
and t day we find leading men in that sec
tion of the country, hoth of tho BreokinnJiia
and the Douglas juirties, pledged, in cif-e of
tno election ot .Mr. Lincoln, to disunion.
Mi. Yancov. Col. Orr of S. C. Mr. F.mtn nf
.Miss., and others. Mr. F-nit claim to h: a
Iriend of Mr. Douglas; but in u srech mado
by him at Saratogu, he de!arcd that if Mr.
Lincoln was elected, he wai rdedeed to eo
home ana and join hinds with thr extreme
South in opiKisition to the Union. Mr. Wiso
of Virginia, is an avowed Disunionist. How
many of theso men in the Smth ure sincere.
ami how many ura meiely "men in buckram'
I cannot say. 1 rather thiuK, from a short
rtiel I saw in a ktter from Norfolk, that
Mr. Wise may be classed among tho latter.
.it any rate, I do not think a great deal is
to be feared from such men. In a speech
made in Virginia lately, lie siid "LTa
wa.itetl men to oranizs and be on tho
alert ; lw wanted Minuto Men men who
would stand by tho South; men who would
be ready ut a minute, in a moment, to pto
tect th" Siutii;mcn who would meet tho
Wide-Awakes of the North, when the timo
chould come, first with cannons, loaded with
grapeshot and r.fL?, and muskets, and guns
if we can get them : if not. then with
swords and short ewords, and bowie-knives ;
and if wo cannot get them, we will fight
them with picknxeaand scythes, and shovels,
and jukes, and if we cannot get them, then
1 shall lead the van, and go in fur fighting
theui with th weapons thit G d A migoty
gave us." (Lwghter.) You see how I ia
valor oe-zes out! It reminds me of un Esay
written by De Qnincey, in which " murder
is considered as one of tho Finn Arts." A
member of a club in which murder was
practiced and discussed as one of the fine artri
thus advices a young man who offers himself
as a servant: "For if once a man indulges
himself in murder, very soon he cornea to
tiiiuk littl of robbing ; "and from robbing,
he comes next to drinking and Sabbath brea
king, nnd from that to inuvility and pro
crastination. Once begin upon this down
ward path, you never know where you aro
to stjp. Many a man bas dated his ruin
from somo murder or other that perhaps ha
thought little of at the time."
G. S Boctwill.
VERMONT LEGISLATURE.
Tuesday, Nov 6.
Horse. Resolutions. Ry Mr Held of .Newfane,
urderlng the appointment of a ommittce of threo,
inounnection with the Swtc Treasurer, to Investi
gate the pat and present condition of the Nurth
tield Bank; to examine the books, papers and evl
deaees of thu dealio:s of said bank with II. M.
UaUt, the lato Treasurer of this State; also ta ex
amine in connection therewith, tbo boo&s ami pa
pers of tbo Treasury of this State, to ascertain
whether any portion of the mono is or property of
siid Treasury hive at any time been received or
taken on deposit or otherwise by said bank, or any
of its of fers, agents or attorneys, from H. M
Rates; whether any of tho funds or assets of tha
Slid bank bavu at any timn been illegitimately
drawn frum said Treasury, with the knowledge or
nrsent of any of its officers, agents or attorneys of
t'aid back, to restore tho losses of said bank, or
real or ?upposed defalcation ot said Rates as Cash
ier of siij txink; to report by bill or otherwise;
and ompi-veriag the committee to send for per
sons ami papers, and to employ a clerk.
Mr. Field state! that the Northfield Bink went
into operation in 1S34. II. M. Rates was its Cash
ier. Ho also wa4 chosen State Treosuier at the
same time. He continued to discaargc tbe duties
of tbejn two tfiices until last year, when J. D.
Hutchinson became tho Cashier of said back, Mr.
Bates vaeatin the offieo of Treasurer tbi fall.
lie declared that it was allrcd by gentlemen liv
ing in Northfield men of intogrity and intelli
gent saga-ity that the bank had net with heavy
losses; that tkire were grounds fur believing that
the money to make np sueh losses, had been ab
stracted frost tbo Treasury of the State. Now,
it was duo to the bank, to the State and to the
bondsmen ot the defaulting i reasurer, to investi
gate tbe npjrauon nf the b.mk, and ascertain tha
truth of tbo suspicions which arc now entertained.
Mr. Lynde of H illiamstown, said ths Aorta
s4d Rank would not shrink from investigation, it
richer courted it, but protested against making so
ferictis charges unless thoy be authenticated by
proper evidence, against prejudging the case by
the expression of tha opinion of the Honso.
The resulution were then adopted.
Tho Speaker appointed as the committee, Messrs
Field of Newlano, Gardner of Rennlngton, and
Seymour of Verscnnes.
Broke Jail. .100 ItEWAHD.Joiin Smith,
a prisoner awaiting trial fur pissing coun
terfeit mowy, in our Ccunty jail, escaped
Thursday mr.t. A p.T.ion of thostono wall o
the ward i-u nhmh ths cells open, was yca
ThuralnY, isi -)iirso of the repairsof tha
jail now in rogrcs, tom down, leavinga
simplo partiuju of lath ind plaster acroes tho
opening so made. The prisoners wore locked
into thtir vlh at nivjht, and wero suppoetd
to be securely onfined. It seems, however,
that the look of Smith's ceil was held to tho
door by bolts.fastened only by ordinary nuts.
Thosa nuts Smith probably took occasion to
loosen with the poker, or possibly with soma
tool supplied him from without, yesterday,
and nt night, after all was quiot, ran them
off with his fingers, by reaching through tho
grating of his door. Onco out cf hb coll,
ho easily mado hi3 way through tha lath
partition, and was off. IIo is a yonng man
with dark hair and smooth face, and woro
off a black cap, salt and pepper coat and
pants with a dark stripo. Our excellent
Sheriff, from whosa cara no prisoner has ever
before escaped, ofibrsa reward of ons hund
red dollars for his recapture and return.
Tho two mos. potent foes of the Southern
disunionists aro hog and hominy. The Soath
.ern poopic, free men as well as slaves, lira
on park and raaizo.and thoy have n't enough
of these two essentials fc last them down to
tho termination of Mr. Buchanan's admin
istration. They wonld hava to buy them of
the free States, but vrhcro would they get
tho money, if they should so act as to pat an
end to business? It is a disagreeable circum
stance, and clearly owirz to a mJstaka oa
j the part ot Providcnco, that oven ta chiv
alry and its horses must eat, or thery can't
go ; no, not even oat ot tae union.
Rmucxz PEHsrxccnT. An exchango
cays : On a ccrtaia railway, tho followinp;
intelligent no tico appears Hertxftcr, wlicn
trains moving in an opposifo direction ar
approaching each other, on separate lines,
conductors and engineers will bo reoacsted to
brin" their trains to a dead halt before tho
points of me-m. and ' 'ireful not to f ra
ced till esch tram has pisvd the other!
Xaero art six Breckinridga papers ia Cca
nsctieut. They receive tho round sum of
$155,418 from tho Admlniitration, and of
course obey its o-.ders, viz . Hartford 'lima,
&c, $36,(100; New Haven Rejistsr, $35,
134 ; Bridgeport Farmer, $16,350; Middle
town Sentinel, $27,112 ; New London Sta',
$0,372 ; Norwich Aurora, $3,800. This i.
tho way a Breckinridga party North is bail
upacd paid,
f

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