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VOL XXXVII'NEW SERIES. VOL. VII.
BURLINGTON FRIT) AY MORISTIN G- NOVEMBER 23 1860
From tlis X. V. Independent.
TIIK -VATIOX'S muTiniAY.
KY 1CBXA DKAK rK0CT.K.
(iive Gad tiie srlo-ry ! braatk dlvina has stirreJ the
Aciiarm-nrtndi atir Uidaiig warn along Al
lan tie's tM-e ;
And 1a ! Um nation's tieariar heart has termed and
weliad ta drown
The traiter-tyranta lcaguel to eruafc tha toor and
helpless down '
The waters tatvt them to-dy, sereno and deep
ami still ;
So perish trerv cursed thing that worts the people
The rosy morn is shisiog bright aerca tho
A i landward proudly drifts the hark that bears
What splendors play npra his Wow ! what tear;
are is hi'
To bear i.e fall of eryttal streams and see the wood
To feel the fresh wind fan hit cheek, and koow
that morning amil.s
Above the 'ream ui weary yean the sacred Sun
set isios !
"Thank Gu V he murmur! as he kneels to kiss
the wondrous shore,
"For oiy lie has guided mo to fair Sac Sal
vador ! '
DeeeaaW wails amid the pine, and Elormy ar
As 8fnt aai w -rn in Plymoath Itiy the panting
0 slight wy be to brave ihe ten and bring aeross
Ood's pt'xjeeni of MVrtr t Sod a Barer hnme !
"lnaa lleiven !" ttaoy ory, end leave her deek,
ani holni luiels dure,
Armed wita a taiUi t.ti naagat eoakl scathe anil
girded round (run piayer.
A summer n-von by Sea jjlkiU'esida sweet eUmor
in the ifcy
And eagur crowds tbat tbout to hear tho joyful
pwils g. oy ;
Fur wtll tit-y know wi.at tidings go thote raptur
oueC iisaea bet u mi,
And ail -tl-i.tt; line Uiey oall, "God bless the
tMiid Thirteen !
Now Kiis; ul Orown we immple down that Man
e ect may stand,
Ami rijal uuuand Freedom be the glory of
t ie Utut !
King imrrier, (tells ! wlileuoho swells till earth
kouws wbat ye mran,
Aodcneeti ui all her bills and dell;, God bless
the buhl Tuirteen !"
Ah ! Ues ere days of prepaet-power a linked
and mystic three
The sotl tue seed the stately flower and herit
ors are we !
But. gl.ry be u Ood alone ! the noblest days are
For riea-M. Iroit is ripening fast on every droop
Aiid btgn n.d the topm t leaves, the birds ol !
Of grander firowtu, in warmer air, through many
a baddiog spring !
GireCed the glory ! Let a shout of victory SI 1
And wiod to wind, with clarion note, the swelling
From where, by bine Pacific's there, Nevada's
m .untains rise,
To fur l'r ie uia's .'raaite peaks that cleave New
England skies !
And let it thrill the listening Slave, and whisper
soft that ue
Beneath his o magnolia's shade a Freeman yet
shall be !
For rigU ha won, and Truth began her-pare and
equal swaj ;
Give God the glory ! only He has brougbt this
bieased day !
0 Lands that still untrodden lie within the wait
Rejoice that Freedom now thall bo of all yonr
gifts the best !
Great Oregon wbose towering pines make many a
And in whose streams the wild deor drink and
f tirest salmon swim,
Nebraska, home of grassy vales and brooks tbat
And Kansas with its pastures green where roams
And ab the golden realms that lie by Colorado';
And where the Rio Grande sweeps still southward
in it pride,
Ye sball not fear the boad man's curse nor boar the
But wide Strait your fertile fields the dews of
pcaee shall lie ;
And harveats ware, sal cities shine, till Ie ! from
Ei4 to sea.
The sun sball gild, wiUi rising anile, the lion e
bteada ot the Free !
Sow, wh.n tic bells of brave July for patriot
R member 'twas Kovesnber vrought tho bravest
deel of all !
And et this holy triumph bo tho nation's joy and
Its wtte!.-word in the coning time its loftior
And glad, and airocg fu- future years, let all the
p;d y, ...
'"Jo- F kc' Uod be glorified, lie nalttn t tarn
S- vem'er , 1 CO.
31 i s c c i l a y .
BV nELEK roKET OIIAVES.
The fiery crimson of tho stormy Novem
ber sunset was staining all the hills ritl
its lurid glare the wind, murmuring rest
lessly among tho dead leaves that lay
heuied over the wood-paths, seemed to
mourn, with an almost human voice, liut
the autumnal mclanchtily without, only
served to heighten the cheerfulness of the
roaring wood-firo, whose ruddy glow danced
and quivered over the rough rafters of
Farmor Woodbridgc's spacious old kitchen,
sparkling on the polished surfaces of tin
platiers aud glimmering brasses, and send
ing a long stream of radiance through the
uucurtained windows out upon the darken
"Yes as I was sayin' afore," observed
the old farmer, rubbing his toil-hardened
hands together, and gazing thoughtfully
into the firo, "it's beon a capital harvest
this year. I wouldn't ask for no better.
So. vrife, y a jist pick out some o' them
yaner ppin apples, and put'em into
JMe Utile basket, agin she calls artci
"Wtm-t tw i Utile red 'uns do as woll ? I
calJate.HWlW - :ns for mar.
ket Squire Benson says the're worth "
"1 aoii t keur -svbat they're worth," in
terrupted the farmer, M Ws hel mate a
spare angular woman with a fuCe ,louhcd
with innumerable little lines of care fing
ered the yellow-checked apples dubiouMv
"1 tell you what it is, Ketury folks never
yet lost anytiung oy uoin' a kind thin
never could make you believe that, unless
here e Jessie 3Iureton,as likely a gal as ev
er breathed, tcachiu' school day in and da",
out, and her marm sewin' to hum, earnia'
a living by tnc hardest bora ladies, both
on 'cm. Don't you s'posc these apples'll
bo worth more to them, if yougive'm witha
kind word, than they woulj be to that
pesky tt.ht-fisted agnt, up to Ilardwiche
xian, ii lc gave a aollar a bushel ."
"Charity hegip - to hum," said Keturah
jerking out tho Fupper-tablc with au old
twist of the face. ".Not but what Jessie's
well enough but you'd a plaguy sight
better scratch yjr pennies together to pay
up that mortgage, if -ou don't want the
Ilardwiche agent foreclosing on you.
And them pippins is jest as good as so
much money. There they be, anyhow, in
the basket one of your investments, I
"One of mj investments, then, if you
like to call it so, Ketury," said the farmer,
with a good-humored laugh, banishing the
annoyed expression which had overspread
his face when she alluded to the mortgage.
"Come 'long in, .Tessie.niy gal !" he added,
cheerily, as a light touch sounded on the
door-latch. "Here's the basket, all right,
and some o' them golden pippins tucked in
to 't. May be they'll tempt your mother's
.Ic-sie iMorebn was a slender, graceful
girl of about seventeen, with satin-smooth
bands of chestnut hair, parted above a low,
sunny forchead.largc liquid cj-es.and checks
which Farmer Woodbridge always declared
"sot him to thinkin' of them velvet-looking
Jarsey peaches, that grew on the tree
down in the south medder!" She took up
the little basket, with a grateful smile.that
went even to tho thrifty heart of Mrs.
"0, Mr. Woodbridge, how kind you al
ways are to us ! If I were only rich if 1
only could make some return "
"Don't you say a word about that are,"
said the farmer, rubbing his nose very
hard. "Jest you run home, as fast as ev
er you can put, for it's gettin' i-ost dark,
end the November wind ain't no ways
healthy as I ever heerd on. Anil I say,
Jessie, if it rains to morrow so you can't
get to sihool handy, just you stop here,
and I'll g.ve you a lift in my waggin."
"Dear old Mr. Woodbridge.'' soliloquized
Jcs&ic Moreton to herself, as her light
footsteps pattered along on the fallen leav
es, "how many, many times I have had
cauMj to thank his generous heart. And
to think that he should be eo distressed
about that mortgage by the agent at Ilard
She paused for a moment to look up to
where the stately roofs and gables of the
Hall rose darkly outlined against the
enmson that still burned storuiily in the
sky. On a commanding height, and near
ly hidden in trees, many of whom still re
tained their brilliant autumn foliage, it
seemed almost like an old baronial castle.
"Tiiero it stands." she mm-ed, "shut up
and silent year after year, its magnifieint
rooms untenanted, the flowers blossoming
uugatheied in its con.-crvatories. Sim-e
Mrs. Ilardwiche died twentyyears since,
mamma says the family have been abroad,
and now the only surv ving heir is travel
ing, no one knows wuere. I wonder if he
know how grasping and cruel his agent is?
0 dear," she added sof'th-, ' 'money does
not always come where it is most needed.
If 1 were the mistress of Ilardwiche Hall!"
She started with a slight scream the
next instant, as a tall figure rose up from
a mossy boulder by the roadside, directly
in front of her.
"Pardon me," said a voice that instant
ly reassured for, but it was too gentle to
come from any but a gentleman, "but I
am not certain that 1 have not lost ray
way. Is this the Eldon road ? I was
waiting for some one to come along and
"This is the Eidon road," said Jessie,
all unconscious that the last gleams of the
fading sunist't wero h"glitinf up her iir.
innocent face wifli an almost angelic beau
ty, as the stood there among the fallen
"And can you tell me the shortest foot
path to llanlwichc Hall ? I have not
been in this neighborhood since I was a
little child, and 1 am completely at fault."
Jessie hesitated a moment "I could
show you bptter than I can tell you, for it
is rather a complicated road," she said,
"and if you will accept my services as
guide, it will not be much out of my way."
"I shall feel very much honored," said
the stranger. "Meantime let me carry
It was a wild and lovely walk, winding
among moss-garlanded trees and hollows,
sweet with the aromatic incense of dying
oaves. Jessy could not help admiring
the chivalric manners and po4ishcd cour
tesy of her companion, and he was more
.. i i -.i ii .ii ? i i .
tnan pieaseu witn me uioomiug loveliness
and girli-h dignity of his young guide. A
few adroit questions respecting iiarawicne
Hall and its ncigborhoou, sufficed to draw
from Jessie a hpirited abstract of the cha
racter of the Ilardwiche agent, and the
impositions he was wont to practice upon
the tenants aud neizhbo.s, as well as an
irch description of most of the "charact-
oib" thereabouts. Then he continued to
earn all about Jessie's little school, and
her ailing mother, aud he smiled to him
self, in the twilight, to observe the pride
of her mien, when she alluded to the high
tosition from which unforeseen reverses
hod compelled her mother to descend.
' 1 hen, she said, suddenly pausmg.with
feeling as if she had been almost too
fommuuicativc, "it wc could only cross
yonder lawn, the gates are closo by, but
we shall have to go a quarter 01 a mile
Why ?" asked the stranger.
'Mr. Talcott will not allow travelers to
cross here he says it is private property."
'1 fancy I shall dare Mr. ialcott s
wrath," said the gentleman, laughing, as
ho pushed open the wire gate that defended
the forbidden space. "It is perfectly ab-
urd to make people go a quarter of a mile
out of their wav lor a. mere wiiim.
Thev had scarce! v entered the enclosure,
when an unlooked-for obstacle presented
itself in the shape of the redoubtable Talcott
himself.who was prowling over the grounus,
on toe gut vice for trespassers.
"Hallo, here!" growled he: "mst turn
back, if j'ou please. This isn't the public
The stranger held J cssic s arm unuer
his own a little tighter, as if to repress her
evident inclination to "beat a retreat, iic
was disposed to maintain his position.
'I don t see any reasonable cause why
we shouldn't go ahead," he ssid, pertinaci-
ousty. "lhere is a path here, and l sup
pose it is made to walk on."
"Vnt for von." said tho aent contempt
uously, "so co back as fast as you can!"
'Is it possible that people are maue to
travel a circuitous and unpleasant route,
for no other earthly reason than your
caprices, sir ?" asked the gentleman, look-
lntrdowu at the shrivel ed little man, irom
the altitude of his six feet, with a kind of
laugning scorn. "Did it ever occur to J'ou
my friend, that others had rights and ccn
veniencos as well as yourself ?''
"Lau't help their rights nothing to
ine,' snarled tho agent, planting himself
uuauuaieiy m the nath. "I forbid an
pa s ng here '."
"But I suppose liver.-! nl TfMrrlwirhn mav
have the privilege of crossing his own,
laud?" persisted the stranger, still present
ing the half contemptuous smile that had
from the beginning of the interview made
the agent so uncomfortable.
Taicott grew, uot exactly pale, but yel
low with consternation.
"3Ir. Ilardwiche sir I did not know
we did not expect "
"No I know you Jidn't, my good man.
Be so kind as to step aside, pr au0w mo
to path with the lady, Miss. Jessie don't
forget that your services a few minutes
yet. "When we reach the house, I will
don't shrink away from me arc we not to
oe very good friends ?"
nu prettiest girl l ever saw in my
life," was his internal comment, as he at
length parted from her at the little gate,
where "burning bushes" and dark g're:n
4j uru iramea together with all a wo
The Christmas snows laid white and
deep on the farmhouse eaves the Christ
mas logs crackled on the hearth, whero
Mr. Woodbridge still gazed dreamily into
the glowing cinders, and Mrs. Keturah's
knitting needles clicked with electric
"That mortgage bothers me it bothers
nif he murmured, almost plaintivcly.
"Wcll, I s'posc it ain't no use frettin
but I had thought to live and die in the
old place where my father did, afore me.
The Lord's will be done, though. Some.
how thinzs hain't prospered with me I
don t seem to get along."
"You'd ha' got along well enough .Tgurss,"
nently to that class knowi as" Job s comfort
er?, "if you'd only lonke' after your p's
and q s as L told 3'ou. iou always was
too free handed, and now you sco what it's
brought ye tew."
"Well, well, Ketury, we never did think
alke on some things," returned the old
man. "Lot's talk about a plcasanter sub
ject. What do you think about our littlo
s'jhoolma'am's marrying young Mr. Ilard
wiche to-morrow ? Didn't I always tell
you that Jessie Mor ''on was born to be a
lady ? I may be onlucky myself, but, any
how, I am glad to hear of littlo Jessie's
"You'd a great deal better keep j'our
sympathy for yourself," growled Keturah.
What's other folks luck to you, I'd like o
know ? There some one's knocking at
the door sec who 'tis !"
It was a little note, brought by one of
the school l)03s, lately under Jessie's care.
"Where's my glasses ? I can't see as
well as I could once. Shove the candle
this way, will you, Ketury?" And fitting
his brass-bowed spectacles upon his nose,
the old man unfolded the note and read, in
Jessie's delicate chirography :
"Do not let that mortgage disturb your
Christmas Day, to-morrow, dear father
Woodbri.ige. It will never haunt your
hearthstone agaiu. Mr. Ilardwiche will
send you tho papers soon, to destroy. This
is Jessie's Christmas present. I have not
forgotten those 'goldcu pippins' nor all the
"Aha, wife !" said tho old man, smiling,
and trying to brush away, unseen, the big
tears that would come, "what do you
think of my investments now ?"
Keturah's reply was neither elegant;
nor strictly speaking, grammatical, but it
was significant. She said s mply,
"Well, I never "
.V Ibietoii iticrcliatit, in lentling n Iiand"
on IxHinl of olio ol Ins on a windy ly,
found himself at tfie end of an hour and a
hall, pretty well exhausted and perspiring
frwly. lie Nit down to rest. The cool wind
from the tea was delightful, and engaging in
conversation, time passed faster than ho was
aware of. In attempting to rise lie found lie
was unable to do so without assistance. He
was taken home and put to bed, where ho
remained two years ; and, for a lung time
afterwards, could only hobble about with the
aid of a cruteh. Less exposures than this
have, in constitutions not so vigorous, result
ed m inflammation of the lungs, " pneumo
nia, ending in death m less than a week,
or causing tedious rheumatisms, to bo a
source of torture for a life-time. Mult'ttides
of lites would be saved every year, and an
ncalculablo amount of human suffering
would be prevented, if parents would begin
to explain to their children at the age of 3 or
4 years, the danger which attends a cooling
ff tor quickly after exercise, anJ the laipor-
tarjc" ol not standing .till alter exercise, tr
work, or play, or of remaining exMjtd to a
wind, or of sitting at an open window or
door, or of pulling off any garment, even the
hut or bonnet, while in a heat. It should be
remembered by all, that a cold nev r comes
without a cause, and that in four times out
of fivi', it is tho result of leaving off exercise
too suddenly, or of remaining still in the
wind, or in a cooler atmosphere than that in
which the exercise has been taken.
The colder the weather the more need is
there, in coming into the house, to keep on
all the clothing, except India rubber or
lamp shoes, lor several minutes afterwards.
Very few rooms are h' ated higher than 65
degrees when tho thermometer is within 20
degrees of zervt, while tho temperature of the
body is alwajs ut Vs, in health; so that it
i man comes into u room which ii 30 degrees
colder than his body he will rapidly cool off,
too much so, often, even it tnc external
clothing is not removed.
It is not necessary that the perspiration hi
visible ; any xercise which excites tho circu
lation beyond what is natural, causes a pro
portional increase of perspiration, the sudden
et.eeking of which induces dangerous diseases
und certain death every day. Halfs Jour
nal of Hcallh.
"There goes a teetotaler," shouted a haw
ling drunkard, recently, at Washington.
Tho abstainer waited till a crowd came up,
and said : "There stands a drunkard ! Three
years ago ho had tho sum of two hundred
pounds ; now ho cannot produce a penny.
1 Know he cannot. I challenge him to do
it, for if he had a penny ho would be at a
public house. There stands a drunkard,and
here stands a teetotaler, with a purse lull of
money, honestly earned and circfully kept.
There stands a drunkard ! Thrco years ago
he had a watch, a coat, shoes and decent
clothes ; ruw ho has nothing but rags upon
him, bis watch is gone, and his 6hoes afford
free passage to tho water. There stands a
drunkard, and hero 6tands a teetotaler, with
a good hat, good shoes, good clothes, and a
good watch, all paid for. Ycj, here 6tands
a teetotaler. And now, my friends, which
has the best of it?" Tho bystanders testi
fied their approval of the teetotaler by loud
shouts, while the crestfallen drunkard slunk
away, happy to escapo further castigation.
American Okdei:. A friend of ours a
foreign minister, we may add who has not
long been in our country, came on from
Washington last week, to be a personal ob
server of what ho supposed would be the
ourbulenco of a popular election. Ho anti
cipated nothing less than a general riot.
Having read the newspapers and heard tho
trators of the public meetings, he was at a
loss to conceive how so much heat and en
thusiasm could bo worked off without blood
shed. On the morning of the election be ac
cordingly callicd forth (pretty well armed, in
order to ho prepared for an emergency), and
triod to find his way to tho polla, eupposing
that he would easily be led to them by the
clamors. After wandering through several
streets, which wero almost as quiet as a
country village on Suudays, ho returned to
his hotel to hire a waiter to guide him to
tho voting-places. 11-3 visited several of
them in succession ; ho saw coneiderabfe
crowds about them engaged in earnest con
versation, but did not see a single fight, nor
any signs of disorder. Ho went away utter
lv surprised at tho phenomenon.
"How is it," this gentleman asked us,
'that you Americans manage these matters.
In any other country such a stupendous
, .. r. -r i: vniora ih vou accom-
plS SSnl, effected by
civil war. What is tho secret of your suc
cess?" Our reply was, that men wero fitted
for freedom by the possession of freedom.
In the untrammeled exercise of their rights as
men they are educated to the government of
themselves. They respect the laws which
they themselves make, and they love the or
der , without which there could be no liber
ty. Ar. lr. Eve. Post.
niDAY NOVEMBER 23 1S60.
TJ1K HAYES EXPEDITION.
Dr. William Longshaw, the returned sur
geon from the Huyes expedition.under advice
from members of tho Boston Committee,
gives to the public some of tho details of the
voyoge, instead of waiting for Dr. Hnycs'
despatches, not yet received from Copenha
gen. We fijd the article in the Boston Jour
nal, from which we take the following ex
tracts, concerning what occurred after the
United States, as the littlo vessel is called,
readied Proven, Aug. 1C.
At 11 o'clock Sunday night, August 5,
when tho vefsel lay becalmed about 15 miles
from P:oven, Mr. Sontag, the only man on
board, besides the cook,who could speak the
Danish language, left the vessel und was
rowed to the shore, whero ho arrived at three
o eloclt in the morning. lie awoke tho
Danish officials, through whose assistance he
procured boats, manned by Esquimaux, and
after an absence of twenty-ihreo hours, re
turned to tho schooner. Ihe arrival ot tho
Esquimaux, male and female, they being the
first natives s en by the ship's company, cre
ated quite a sensation.
Tho pilot, the onlv one of them who could
spi-ak any English, was a half breed Dane.
He spoke but a lew words, which he stam
mered out, accompanied by a spasmodic ac
tion of his right leg an arm, similar to a
dancing Jack. He wore reindeer boots, seal
skin half-breeches, a colored cloth overshirt
with a hood at tho back, and a fur cap with
out any visor. He was greasy and dirty,
both in clothes and person, hut he had an
ntelligent countonancc. After the boatmen
bail taken some refreshment, they towed tho
'Lnited states into i'roven Irirbor, where
she remained seven days. Tho expedition
made the island of Disco in twenty-one days
Irom Uoston, which is probably the shortest
passage ever made. They were greeted at
I'roven by a sal u to tired by order ol the
Deputy Governor, which was answered by
Commander Hayes, Tho rocks were covered
with Esquimaux in their best attire, and pic
turesque indeed they looked m their raanv-
colered costumes. Tho vessel was very soon
surrounded by "kyaks'' the singular canoe j
if the h-quimaux to one ot tho native
was given a pieco of salt pork if ho would
turn over in his kyak in the water. lie did
so very quickly.
The joy of the exploring party was great
ut hrding themselves once more at anchor in
still water, with a dry deck and cabin, for
during the time they were sailing from the
58th to the GSth parallel of north latitude,
there was water constantly on tho floor oi
tho cubin, vuryinK in lopth from half an
neli to ten inches. Olteu tho contuntM of
the aishes on the table were diluted by sea
water, winch came in uneeremoniousiv
through the skylight. One day especially,
when off Cape Farewell, in a gale, it was
mpossiblc to set the cabin tnhie, anu the
furniture sailed about tho cabin on its own
TUC STAY AT mOVEW
Tho stay of tho expedition at Proven was
quite pleasant. The cargo was all broke
out and removed in boats to tho shore,
whence it wai re stowed on board. The
ship's company were assisted by forty or fif-
tv lisquimatix. 1 hey worked nam uu uav,
and gave their nights t jollity, attending
balls, parties and leasts, given in their honor
by the natives. Tho Danish officials render
ed Dr. Hayes and his officers every service
in their power, and tho usual courtesies
passed between them. Numerous presents
were made to the Danes of delicacies Lr the
table, in return for which they gent fur gar
ments, which weie of better quality and
make than any that could be bought.
At Proven, Dr. Hayes procured forty dogs
a largo supply of furs, and tho expedition
sailed for L'pernavik on Saturday, Aug. 3.
On tho following dav.wlnle tho expedition
was on the way to Uiernavik, Gibson C.
Carruthers. a native of South Carolina, and
the carpenter of tho expedition, died in his
berth from apoplexy. Ho was in the first
Uriuncll hxpedition under Llr. tiavcn. lie
was about thirty-one years of ago. The ex
pedition reached Upernavik Aug. 14, and on
the following morning his body was buried.
Preparations wero now made for entering
the ice. The schooner was out of water 21
inches more than when she left Boston har
bor, having been lightened, adding greatly
to her sailing qualities. Dr. liayes procured
forty dogs, secured the services of G Esqui
maux, and hired Mr. Junsen, the assistant ot
tho Danish Governor in charge of tho station
at Tessuisak, and the only white man in the
place; ho was a cooper und carpenter, and an
able man. The Danes told Dr. Hayes that
Dr. Kane and his companions owed their
safety and escape entirely to Carl Peterson,
who is now the Keeper oi a ngnt-nouae on tno
coast of Denmark. Possibly, Mr. Jansen,
who seemed to havo similar qualifications,
may be of great service to tho present expe
SAILING or THE EXPEDITION' TROM ETEKXAVIK.
The expedition sailed from Upernavik.
August 14, for Tcssuissak. They encoun
tered some ice, and arrived thcro on the 3d.
At this place thcro was a small settlement of
the Esquimaux, 112 of whom wero employed
to mako up the furs purchased at Upernavik
into clothing, sufficient for 4 years. Six dog
houses were constructed on tho deck of tho
vessel, and tho work of housing in tho deck
had been commenced bofore Dr. Longshaw
left tho expedition.
SETARATION OF DR. LOXCSHAW rROJI THE EXPE
DITION. While at Proven, Commander Hayes ask
ed each of the officers in euccession if he
would volunteer to carry dispatches to tho
United States, and the answer was, in every
case, " No, 6ir." Dr. Hayes urged some one
to volunteer, as otherwise he should be
obliged to order some one to return. Dr.
Longshaw's duties as botanist and geologist
at Proven. Uncrnavik and Tessuissak had so
taxed his oyo-sight, as, added to tho effect of
tho ice glaciers, to render him partially snow
blind, in consequence of which Dr. Hayes
thought it best to send him back with dis
patches, believing him to be in danger of
Docoming entirely blind if he remained. Dr.
L.'s eye-sight is still much affected. He left
the expedition on the 2d of September, at
which time the following were the
PIANS FOR THE IX'TUKE, ETC.
Command or Hayes intended to Ieavo Tcs
suissak about the 28th of August, bound up
Smith Sound, on the west Hido, in order to
attain as high a latitude as is possible before
winter set in. Dr. Kano went up on tho
east Eido, but Dr. Uajes expecta to'find the
western shore more free from ice. Having
attained, perhaps SO , he would during the
month of October, carry two boats and a
quantity of provisions to come point about
200 milea north-north-west, which ha hope3
to accomplish before the long winter's night
seta in. In April, or as soon as it is light
enough, ho will start for the depot, and
thenco over tho ice towards the Polo, carry
ing tho boats to, and launching them upon
the open sea, should he find it; if not he
would go oyer the ice aa rapidly ana as far as
All tho ship's company, officers and men
were fn excellent health and spirits, and en
thupfastic about tho result of tho exnedition
Dr. Hayes eniovs the confidence and affection
of all on hoard, and ban disp'ayed thoso
qualities of intrepidity and coolness in times
oi uanger winch are bo requisite lor success.
MosrrELiEn, Nor. 14, 18C0
Strango as it may seem, only
fivo Hlh of any kind wero introduced into the
HonEe to-day, the most Interesting, if not impor
tant of which, was in relation to the "preserva
tion of fur" providing that foits thould not be
killed during a certain period of tho year which
was referred, upon special request of the intro.
duccr. to tho Committee on Education ! The
forenoon was chiefly occupied with the discussion
of tho Victualling Houso bill, which was under
consideration yerterday, and somewhat amended.
Tho bill as amended, not only gives no power to
tho Selectmen to licenfe houses where "alo, bsor
and porter"' may be sold, but forbids such salo un
der penalty of tn dollars fine for such o5ence,and
in its amended form, was warmly advocated as
being precisely what is needed to hit those who self
these liquors now, and evaJo the law by getting
any number (as they always cm), to swear tbat
they are not "intoxicating," and to not prohibited
by our statutes even though tho same ruon may
be drunk upon these same liquors six times a week
an 1 possibly at the very time they aro giving
their testimony. And among its warmest advo
eatts was Mr. Noycs of Burlington, who, yester
day, after tho bill was amended, felt that it
was to saoh a decree injured by it as to be almost
if not quite worthless, ard even he himself moved
to dismiss it iiut a further examination of it
seems to havo persuadod him it was worth some
thing, and with his usual candor.he acknowledged
bis mistake and went for tho bill. But it wa
quite as warmly opposed, mainly by the men who
ilon't want any prohibitory la-v at all, with now
and then a real temperance man ho feels that
wo had better let tbo law alooo as it now stands,
fearing that tho practical working of this bill
would not bo good ; and in a great degree, I be
lieve, through their influence, the bill was dis
missed by quite a decided vote.
Tho discussion of the afternoon was chieQy upon
tho bill in regard to "Religious Societies." It
was opposed earnestly as coatrary to the third
Act of the bill of rights, providcing that no man
shall be compelled to worsaip God contrary to the
d'etates of his own conscience, Ac, and also as
being likely in somo particular cases to work op
pressively, which objections were, as it seemed to
me, in a good degree met ; tho argument of
Mr. Noycs in particular, in favor of the bill, wai
entirely unanswered, if not unanswerable. The bill
provides that any s ciety may, upon tho consent
of tho whole of tho pew owners, or of two-thirds
of the members present at any regular meeting,
tax the pews for tho expenses of sustaining wor-
hip and all the contingent expenses of tho so
ciety. Any cf tho remaining ono-t ird
who do not wish to enter into tho ar
rangement may hare their pews apprized
by a disinterested committee and receive their
full value of the ociety. Theso aro the essential
provisions. The "Stato House Question" was
reached (not "repatebod" as the telegraph bad it) '
lat night just before tho oloio of tho afternoon
..nttm. Mr. llaMl rojosl au ainndtucnt (th
othcte being withdrawn) ia substance as follows :
That the Treasurer be authorized to pay Montpe
lier $23, 229, SO, beins one-half the amount paid
by Montpelier, with interest to tho present timo,
the other half (53, 223, SO) to be endorsed upon
tbo bond which tho Stato has against certain citi
zens of -Vontpelier, and when that is done tho
bond is t be cancelled and so the whole matter
ondud. Which amounts of course imply to pay
ing Montpelier 50 cents on a dollar uf the money
they have expended. Tending the question amend
ment the House adjourned, liut littlo discussion
was bad not enough to show much tho feeling on
the amendment or tho general subject.
Thero were interesting exercises at the Cjurt
House this P. M. at '2 o'clock, in view of the
retirement of Chief Justice Ucdfield which is
so soon to take place, consisting of an address to
his Honor from tho bar of the Sute, bolivcred by
Hon. L. B. Peck of this place, and his Honor's
reply, both of waich showed mush deep feeling.
Mo.virEUEii, Nov. 15, 18G0.
Messrs. Editors :
Tho battlo upon tho State
House question ha3 at last begun. From a quarter
past two this afternoon, until nearly half rast
five, tho conflict raged uot with remarkable
ficrecness indeed, but oarnostly, without interrup
tion by vote, call, or motion whatever. Tho par
ticular question was upon tho adoption of Mr.
Glccd's amendment proposed yostorday; but the
discussion was upon that and tho general question
Mr. Allen ol Hutland, lcdotTin opposition, in
an ovidently well considered and woll received
spcoch. Ho spoke of tho difficulties under which
tho opponents labored, trie unanimous report of
tho Committco having been printed for sometime,
and circulated far and wido, in which, of course,
none of tho viows and feelings and grounds cf the
opposition had been presented. It had gono forth
as fho voice of tho Houso too, and as such, would
havo influence upon public opinion in tho matter.
IIo read tho law ol 1657, and advoitcd to tho fact
that it was introduced by tho member of tho
House from Monpclicr, and was just what Mont
pelier people then seemed to want. Hot to pay
Montpelier this $12,800, it had been said, was
"repudiation." He utterly repudiated repudia
tion, and as strongly repudiated the idea that
there was in this claim any shadow of legality or
justice Mr. Caafield of Arlington, also opposed
tho meaeuro in an effective speech. Mr. Myors of
Jamaica, also opposed tho coi'm, but was under
stood to favor tho measure if tbo appropriation
should ba accepted aj a gratv'ly from tho Stato to
It was advocated by Messrs. Donison of Hoy ni
ton, Dickerman of Charleston, Gleed of Morris
town, Smith of St. Albans, Thomas of W. Falrlco
and Godding of Burko.mainly on tho grounds that
jt wo: a matter of State prido to havo tho State
Houso freed from every oven shadow of a claim of
this kind a matter of justico to the State and to
Montpelior alike that if Vermont wanted a Stato
House she was able to build it and ought to; and
because tho Legislature of 1857 rnado a mistake in
taking into consideration what tho rival localities
would give towards tho new House rather than
the sole question where the best interests of tho
whole Stata demanded tho location of tho Hcuso
to be, was no reason why wo shoald refuse to do
what it was generally acknowledged the Stato was
able and ought to do. Certain statistics were
given which might have Influence with Borne. Out
of tho 161 scbioribsr 12 it was ssid, wera abso
lutely worth ncthlog, 14 Ices than S1000, 12 loo
than $2000, 15 less than '$3000, 39 frcta $3000 to
$5000, making 01, a little moro than half. Tho
condition cf tho rest did net appear. Geo or two
I rotty sharp passages occurred daring tho discus
sion, bat ia the main the temper cf gentlemen
was wall pnierveJ. Socio humorous hits helped
doubtless to preserve tho goodnature and pitienea
of every one.
Mr. Allen in tho c&arJO cf his remarks had aald
that the people cf Montpelier were getting their
pay for what they had expended upon tho Stato
House as thoy went along, year by year. Tho
Capitol being here was a source cf great profit to
them every year. Mr. Dickerman (who sits in
the game seat with Mr. Allen), in rising to reply
said that ha was much surprised to hear aSy such
o m arks como froai his fricnl and neighbor, tho
gentleman from Rutland. Ho had seen censidcr
ablo of that gentleman in ona way and another.
He tat by him in tho House, ho roomod with him
in tbo hotel and sat by him at tho table, and ho
always h d had a very strong impression that so
far as the gentleman from Rutland was concerned ,
be got at least a "quul pro quo" for every cent ho
disbursed to his lanllnrd. Ho had sometimes
oven thought ho rather had him at the advan
tage. This and ono or two other quiet hits occasioned
considerable merriment and raliovcd the tcdioas
ncs) of the long discussion n good deal. Tho
whole mitter is mado tho special order for 10 j
o'clock to-morrow morning, and will doubtless
occupy tho forenoon if no' the whole day.
Tho forenoon of the nouso to Jay, was consid
erably occupied with tho report on tho Orleans
County Sbiro, which was finally recommitted to
tho Committeo tor a fnrthr hearing, a part of
which hearing has been had this evening.
Tho hearing of tbo Bennington County Sbiro
case is being closed to-night, by arguments from
counsel on each tide. I ha to n't heard onough
of tho showing before tho Cnmmitto) to bo able to
judgo at all in regard to tho probable result.
A Bill was introduced into the Houso this morn
ing, incorporating, in the main, the supgettioa
made by Rev. Mr. Balch, of Ludlow, in an addross
before the Srnsof Ternporance hero, near tho be
ginning of the session, providing that all packages
containing intoxicating liquor, brought or found
within this State, not distinctly marked with tho
namo of the sender and tho sendte, and tho kind
and qnality of the liquor, should by roasonof that
laet, be contraband, and liable to be spilled with
out farther ceremony.
A I'.Molution. offered this morning, directing
the Treasurer to enforoe the b nd the Stato ho'ds
against E. P. Jewett, Erastus Hubbard and Geo.
V. Ccllamer, afforded an Inlicaticn, at cast of the
foelings of tho mover, upon the State nouso Ques
tion, and occasioned considerable looking around
among tho members generally. It was laid upon
the table, and will, doubtless, be called up again
in the eourso of a month or six weeks, if itcver is.
In tho Senate, the matters of most interest and
importanco seem to havo been tho discussion of tho
nouso Bill, providing that Schools shall bo sup
ported entirely upon the Grand List, nnd the bill
making an appropriation of $100 to procure the
services of a chaplain for tho State's Prison. Tho
Committee, it seems, reported against the last Meas
ure, when a warm discussion arose, in which the
feeling of the Senate seems to havo been decidedly
in favor of it. Xo vote, however, was taken, and
it was made tho special order for to-morrow after
noon. jo vote was tason. either, upon the School
Bill, tho Senate having adjourned pending tho
I notico, also, Senator Whetlar's bill "creating
a new Court for the hearing of suits under the ju
risdiction of Justices of tho Peaco," recently de
feated in tbo Senate, has ro-appcarcd in the Souse
in the shapo of a bill, introduced this morning by
Mr. Adams, of Grand Isle.
Mo.NTrEi.iEn, Xov. 1C. lSi
Tho Representatives' Hall was
crowded at an early bonr this forenoon tbo "it a to
Hauo question boing tho special order. Tho dis
cussion was continued, pro and con, till adjourn
ment as noon; all the amendments wero voted
down, and on baing taken np this afternoon, tho
matter, aflera very brief discussion, disposed of-tho
Housa rcfuiing the Bill a Sd reading, by 33 ma
jority. Ayes J4, noes 12. So that maker is
settled for another year, whether wisely for the
best interest or honor of the State, I very much
doubt. It was earious to seo how quickly tho
galleries and lobbies of the House wero emptied
after the vote was declared. In five minutes
thero wero hardly Ave spectators remaining in any
part of the Hall ; and very many of the members
went out too, seeming to feel that they had got
one hard job off their hands, and were justified in
taking a little respite. As something of an indi
cation of tha inlerost in the matter here, as I
was going from the State nousc to the Telegraph
office a few moments after the vote, I passed a
young lady just as she was meeting an acquain
tince, and tho flrit salutation wa, "TheSdreaciog
is rofuscd !" "Ihe bill's a goner "' There was
no explanation n3ceajry. The Stato Homo "b.H'
was in everybody's mind here, and haj been for
how long, I know not.
A resolution was feat in to-day, providing that
no bills bo introduced after Monday next, except
from Committees or fho Senate. It was uot acted
upon. In tbo Senate, tho Committeo on tho sub
ject of final adjournment ropcrtod, recommending
Tuesday, November 27, C o'clock, -I . -V , upon
which no potion was taken.
Tho Committco on ways and means reported in
fuv t of tho Circus bill, waich gives tho monopoly
of the business to a certain Farnsworth & Bailey,
and it is mado tho order for next Tuesday P. M.
With tho favorablo report of tho com., it will be
likely to make something of a strugglo for life.
Tho com. on Education, to whom tho "lur bill"
was referred, which prohibits tho destruction of
foxes in Addison County, asked to bo, and were,
discharged from further consideration of that im
portant measure, and recommended its referenca
to tho members of tho House from Addison Co.
which reference was made, and It is to be hoped
that tho entire "wisdom and virtue' of that largo
County may ba able to dispose of the matter ia a
proper and satisfactory manner.
Tho appropriation for Chaplain for tho Stato
Prison was increased from four to five hundred
dollars, and in that shape finally passed tho Son
ate, 27 to I, notwithstanding tho report of tho
com. against it yesterday. Thero was quite a dis
cussion in the Senate too, in regard to a bill which
provides that temporary removal or absence from
a homestead shall not forfeit it or subject it to at
tachment. It was committed to a niombcr for
Tho Bank Coramittoo has bscn in ses-icn this
evening in regard to tho Franklin Co. Bank, and
particularly its connection with tho Litchfield
Bank. Mr. Hoton, tho Cashier of tbo Litchfield
Bank, during its operation, has been cn the stand
tho entire evening.
Correspondence of tho Frco Press.
LETTEIt FROM mLLISTO.V.
WrLLi3Toy, Nov. C, I860.
Since the complotioa of tho Rail
Eoad, which diverted the entira amount of team
ing and travel from tho old beaten track of tho
turnptko, and, consequently, from our Tillage to
tho river valloy, on tho nor thorn extremity of our
town, wo have been styled b7 our our more acpi
ring, and, as they think, moro fortasafe neigh
bors, "tha High City of 7Uliston." A titla giv
en, co do-bt, ca occoact of ocr elevated position
in regard to tha location cf tho read ; bat which
we think will hold t(;cslly true in quite a differ
ent ecccc. That s aro a pcsceablo coracunity,
despito tha many temptations icoidont to city life,
is evinced by tho fact that tho last lawyer died for
tho want of legal sustenance some six years ago,
(peace be to hi3 ashes) and a lawsuit, with us, is
among tho things that wero. That we are a oiiit
people is 3rgued from the fact, that no caa caa bo
found who will aeoept a license as Tavern-keeper,
since where rum and its concomitants aro sot tol
erated, tho business "went pay." The wayfarer,
however, always nus tho latch-strins on tho
right side of the door, and, on public occasions,
we tender tha hospitalities of the City. The en
terprise and thrift of the community ia sufficient
ly indicated, when we tclt you that id no place
that wo know of, is Paul's injunction, to owo no
man anything, so nearly lived up to ns here ; and
yet wo aro not, as we stall attempt to show, penu
rious. Viith a population ol some schuiku
hundred inhabitants, nnd a Grand List of Ie33
than five thousand dollars, thcro has been, within
the last two years, a farm purchased, in conjunr
tion'with LS32X and Shelburnc, for tho support of
tho poor, at a cost of eight thousand dollar. Five
new and commodious school houses havo been
built. Also, a bridge aeross tbo river near Judge
Fay's, thus cementing the fraternal bond between
us and our Essex neighbors, which has so long ex
isted in rcgard'to the bridge question; tho cost of
which to us will be, including the filling necessa
ry to bo dnne, at least thnt thousand dMars. Ail
to this that there has bton ono new oburch built,
two others repaired, and ia tho process cf repair
ing, and cur Academy Builiing fhuroughly re
paired, and furnished, at an cntiro cost of eyht
thntiand fve hundred dollar, dono by voluntary
subscription, and done cheerfully, too, wa think
you will admit, that we aro as exempt as people
in genera' from the sin of covetousness. Nor aro
wo altogether unmindful of tbat other injunction
of Paul's, to grow in grace, and in knowledge. To
aid us in the former, we enjoy tho labors of D.W.
Dayttn, Methodist; J. Sargcant, Universal;
nnd J. Y. Hough, Congrogitionalist; all able and
efric'oat ministers of th e denominations tr which
they belong, and for tho latter wo have tho "iVil
liston Cddcmy. It somehow 'raked out, about
two yoars ago, that J. S. Cilloy bad opened a
school in "tVilli.-ton, and cither tbat fact, or some
latent suiipathy for cur forlorn condition, brought
in a rush ef young Indies and gentlemen from the
surrounding country, to the number of tome hun
dred and forty or fifty, which number has beon the
average of the three fall term. And if tho thor
oughness, and profioien'j' in the recitation room,
tho manly bearing, and self reliance on tbo stage,
the ready fact and sound argument of 'he lyoeum,
to which we havo been pcrmittod to listen, be a
fair exponent of the sehool.and this also be a fact,
that tho boy is father to tho min, tho inevitable
conclusion to our mind is, that Willtston Academv
is raising up some pretty tall men; and it is lucky
for Abe Lincoln that his title to the AVhito House
is s t cured for four years to cetnc, else some of the
boys might get the start of him.
Yours, B. W.
There is no end to the lists of cabinet iffi
cers which are made up for tlw president
Most of these are furnished by inveterate
enemies of Mr. Lincoln and the Republican
party, and all are of no more consequence
than if the names were drawn, haphazard,
out of a thousand mixed together in a hat.
The X. Y. Eve. Poat hits off this absurd bus
iness as follows :
"There is but one man in Sprincfield be
sides Abraham Lincoln who knows the in
tentions of the next President, and that man
has been secured a the special correspondent
of the Evening Post at an enormous expense.
He generally stops with Mr. Lincoln when
the family are not at home.and he has trans
mitted to us the only authentic and trust
worthy report of the composition of the fu
ture Cabinet. Hie dispatch was marked
private, but wo have no objection to impart
ing it to our renders if they will promise not
to communicate it to any of the morning
journals, Here it is :
Special Despatch t tho Evening Post
Srni.vsriELD. Xov. 10.
Last night, when Honest Abo was snoring, after
the fatigue of reading the various despatches frcm
all parts of tho Union, giving election returns.and
suggosting the writers' wishes as regards oSce, I
took a paper from his right-hand breeches pocket,
on which I found in pencil marks the following
rather significant "lieroglyphics, which I interpret
for you :
Mem. Must conc'iiaU South: do it by cab.
think over those;
Stat. J. B. (evidently Saebanaa, Breck
inridge or Bennett.)
See H ar. J. D. of Miss, (dearly Jaff. Da
vis.) SecXavy. Van. (either Yancey or soma Yan
kee, say Cashing.
Sec. 'i reus. J. S. (not Sberman.bat Slideli.)
P. M. G.li. 0. R. fU. Barnwell Rhett of S.
Ait. urn. II. A. W. (only one man in the Un
ion nas inosa wise initials.)
ofc. int. j.j. ii. (your own unmortal lienor-)
It is possiblo that one or two of these names
may bo changed ; bat you may rely upon it that
Honest Abe is resolved to show trom the outset
his superiority to an political prejudice.
l ours, iv. i.
The Springfield Republican gets a racy let
ter from its Washington correspondent on
the present hullabaloo "down South." from
which wo take the following :
Washington, Nov. 14, 1860.
'Washington is quieter than it has Itecn
for a long time, our tire-eating clerks having
already sickened of their cockade fever. It
may be a very line thing for a man who
lives down m aoutti Carolina to indulge in
some hysterical antics over the election of
Abe Lincoln, but it is a poor business to
indulge in here. The few madcaps who put
on cockades here, tho day after election, were
laughed at so heartily by even their demo
cratic comrades, that they wero left ofF the
next day. Two clerks havo been playing
the fool by sending in their resignations, to
tako eflcct tho 5th of March next ' Just as
if the young squirts didn't know that they
would be kicked out of their places before
July next, if they didn't resign ! You have
somewhere oxpressed tho opinion that Uncle
Abe will allow theso worthless d to re
main in office. You arc mistaken. Oli
Abo is too sensible for that. IIo may allow
tho well-behaved democrats to remain, but
the madcaps, tho disunioniste, and all their
crew, will have to take up their beds and
walk. It is a well known fact that all tho
best offices in the departments, are now oc
cupied by Southern men, who do little or no
work. Northern democrats have tho small
salary places, and do all the work. Ono
Northern democrat, who has been in office
for years, complained to mo iast winter that
his department was crowded with lazy south
ern loafers, wiio read the papers nnd smoke
all day, putting in interludes of swearing
against everybody ana thing Irom the Aorth.
Ono of theso fellows got well come up with a
few mornings before cloction. He Eat read
ing tho Ihrald in one of the dcparmental of
fices, and chancing tu hit upon a bit of un
pleasant nows, ho burst out with, "D n
tho freo state. They are rotten to tho core.
'Even the democrats in them arc knaves."
At another desk in tho department, sat
another clerk, a Northern democrat, with
moro than tha usual share of pluck. IIo
stopped from his work, and turning hi3
head, quietly remarkc J : "You don't know
'tha people ef North, and you treat your
'northern friends with great injustice."
Southerner was entirely unused to contra
diction, so he ccntinued with still more blus
ter : "I wouldn't giv a d n for all your
'northern democrats they aro all abolition
ists at hcart."f "You speak falsely," quoth
northerner ; but no eooner wero tho words
out of his mouth, than hot-head jumped at
him with clenched hand. "Ah 1 this ia the
game you are after, ii it?" asked Yankee,
at the same timo confronting his assailant,
and in a eecond of time knocking tbc son of
tho South prone upon tho floor, with his
nasal organ in a very unsatisfactory condi
tion. When ho gathered himself up again,
tho diiComfitcd southerner behaved himself
with eminent propriety, and tho stoiv of his
drubbing excited much laughter in Wash
ington. Tho story is true in all its particu
Gov, Corwin 13 here and he counsels mod
eration at tho present timc.ao the proper role
of the Republicans- Let tho cotton states j
blow off their steam, hesavs.and Iotnothins
le done at the North to exarcrntn thrm.'uit
if they really attempt to nullify tbo lawn of
the United States, then let force rr"?ht
to bear upon the question. Mr. Corwin
does not acrcc with tho Trihnnn in advocat
ing peaceable disunion, but would prcservo
tho Union at all hazard.
A friend of mine came down from Bil'i
more yesterday on the cars, and got into
conversation with onn of tho most wealthy
of Maryland slayphnlders "I am a Ii 11
man, aiid the slaveholder, "mit Lincoln ri
my second choice. Tam atisfie' with his
election. I alwavs was a Henry Clav whir,
and never believed in tli extension of slavo
ry. Moro than that. I bclievo nine-tpntlm
of the Bell men in Maryhnd think na I do."
The Bell nnd Uouglai men in this resin are
rampant fir the punishment of southprn
traitors wherever they can b? found Tho
Republicans "enernlly are much more mod
erate in their notions, roinc so fir ns to de
sire the temporary retirement of a few fire-
eatinj; senators and representatives from
Congress. Corwin was in one of tho nows
offices last evning, wb n tho proprietor en
deavored to bnnti him out by asxinsr,:
Well, Mr. Corwin, what are vnu coiner to
do about this disunion husines3?" "Noth
ing at all." replies Corwin. 'But there 13
great danger of tho secession of several south
ern states.eontinued tuc shop-keeper in tonrs
of alarm. "Is thers" replied Tom. quietly.
"Yes sir," went on the newsman, waxing a
little indignant, "and by tho time Lincoln
i inaugurated half a dozen states of this
Union will bo out of it. And
what do you suppose your Repub
lican president will do about "it?" "Just
bring them all back ncain I suppos"
don't you !" waa CorwinV roply. an he piss
od out over the threshold of the shop.
Tho president is in "a peck of half bush
el," as thoy say out west, about tho S jnth
Carolina fanaticism, and is really to be pit
ied. Ho don't know what to do. Tho wort
of it is the vilest of the traitors aro his old
iiffiec-holdrs. The treasonable men damn
tho Union nnd praise him in the same breath.
Tnis is rather perplexing. Ono dislikes to
nim the guns of the navy on one'rf friends,
und to tell tho truth, whatever James Bu
chanan may do, his sympathies are with tho
southern disiinioni-'ts. In his message (or
proclamation, if he issues one,) while seces
sion will bo condemned, tho president will
spend the most of his breath upon the re
publicans and their provocations to the South.
We sha'I have nothing like Jackson's proc
lamation or message in 1832, and I-very
much doubt if what ho says will not be much
worse than perfect silence on tho subject. If
he will but ignore it entirely, letting tho
country understand that he is afraid of it,
that will be well enough.
ITEMS OF SKWS.
A swindler named Gantz was arrested in
Albany on Wednesday who had been prac
ticing hia trade successfully for two weons.
getting hardware boot,, shoes, c, under
A man in Springfield, Mass., advertised
the other day, that he would give one of al
most every kind of tool in his hardwaro
store, 50 old newspapers, 3 cents and a lift
towards tho Rocky Mountuns with tho tot
of his boot, to the individual who made a
practice of stealing the daily paper from bin
duor, if ho could learn who it was. A
policeman saved tho dealer the trouble of ful
filling bi3 agreement, and tho thief, a yt'ing
man named John Glen, was Et-ntenced to
pny a fine of $15 and custs.
Five of a band of tun thieves have been
amsted in New York, who are regularly en
rolled and banded together forstealing. Tbey
havo a written constitution and by-laws,
and a set of rules defining each man's duties
and privileges. Written schemes for com
mitting larcenies were found in their rendez
vous. The consumption of tobacco in France in
creases in an immense proportion. In 1S15
it was only fifty-thieo million franca in val
ue, and in 1S5$ ono hundred and seventy
three millions, having in that timo moru
A great soap and candle factory, near St.
Louis, was burned on Wednesday. Los3
$80,000. Many wick-cd worka must have
been seen in the lignt then.
The young ladies in Mount Holyoku Fe
male Seminary, at South Uadley, Mass , ex
temporised a Wide Awaka display on hear
ing of Lincoln's election. About 250 of
them provided themselves with lamps and
marched through tho entire building, from
the basement to tho fourth story. About 30
who wero supporters of Mr. Douglas, did all
thoy could to blow out tho lamps, but with
out effect. Next day theso disappointed
ones appeared at table dressed in deep mourn
ing, to signify their grief at the "Littlo
Mr. B. M. Sherman, a Wall street opera
tor, while ono a recent visit to his son, an
assayist on Naveda Gulch, Pike's Peak, ra v
a sign swinging over a small lug cabin, with
rather an attractive namo upon it. viz :
" Saint's Rest ;" he hurried toward tho en
trance and opened the door, but imagine his
surprise to find a arty ot miners busily en
gaged with cart!, gambling, swearing,
smoking and drinking.
The Plattsburgh Sinlmcl says that many
horses aro sent fr-m Vermont to be wintered
in New York, where hay is moro plenty.
Fifty went r in one load on Thuraday.
The New Orl-tins Delia of tho 9th states
that an exhibition of the portraits of Lincoln
there so exasperated the people that tho
exhibitor barely escaped with his life.
Seventy stand of arms are said to have
been discovered under negro cabins on a
plantation in Tammany Parish, Louisiana.
About CO tons of provisions arrival at
Atchison last week, for the relief of the suf
fering in Kansas. The supplies are given
only to those having tho proper credentials,
showing that they are sottlors. The inhab
itants in soma portions of the Territory will
need help throughout the winter.
The postage collected in the Stato of South
Carolina for the last year of which we havo
official returns, amounted to 91,600. Tho
cost of transporting the mails throughout the
State was $192,216 In Massachusetts tho
same year, the Post Office receipts wero
$532,184, aud tho expenses $153,091
On Monday, while 3 number of moa were
ongaged in covering a bridge on tho Stato
lino, at Pownal, Vt., theatagingupon which
two of them wero standing fravo way, and
thoy fell a distanco of 15 or 20 feet. Ono of
them, named Brimer had his tkull fractured,
and sustained other injuries, so that he died
ou Wednesday. Tho other, Mr. Lampson,
falling sidewiBO, had an arm and a leg badly
broken, and is in a very dangerous condition.
Tho Charleston Mercury has already de
signed the following flag for the new repub
lic : "Tho ground entirely blue, with a
golden palmetto in the ceator, a golden rat
tlesnake twining round tho stem of Ihe pal
metto, with its rattle sprung, head erect and
tongue protruded. In tho background, to
the rear ot tho tree rand tho ssako, a gold
en spread eagle, aud a 6ingIo eolden star ia
tho upper right comer, with tr.c words
'Room for More,' on the opposite.' The
6yraboIsare not explained, bnt seem to indi
cate that tho Eagle of the Union is destined
to be swallowed by tlu- Sjnth Carolina rattle
A dry goouj house in Boston, who had a
claim of $1000 rgaiast a Southern trader,
and could not collect it, sant word to their
attorney to attach a slavo belonging to tho
trader, lor the debt, causo him to bo sold,
buy him for tha firm, and send him to a
Northern city. The anti-slavery principles
forbado their receiving the price of a fellow
man, and so they determined to turn their
claim to a good account by freeing a slave