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title: 'Burlington free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1827-1865, August 02, 1861, Image 1',
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'Ol.. XXXVIII-NEW SERIES VOL. VIII.
B CTHIjUSTCtTON, FRIT) AY MORNING AUCxTJST 2. 1861-
tillU.W .M011NIXG, AUfl. 2.18GU
P o c t r y
"l-" p . lay tvonan's heart should break,
At . rej illf nimy.
tr, p' I freely giro thee i p.
My lael, my only one;
uiriiiorg prnvcr will lollow Ibcc.
n-:.. it .
m uiefisirs jor ucr Eon.
vHy trusted yet to lean
T-on thine mm, my bov:
i t'irnuzh tho gathering shade, o trend
.. - -1 1 ... .
' v ie.-i.ie lav wnn inv.
- -- w
r -IW T T. T ,1 Ik.. fA.n.
' ' ' - ..... ..tlU IkBiilC: l t
1 lli.lv r.-lHRp IK tliinn mr r.
' truanl and keep unstained
Lnitspo thy fathers won,
'-e land their blood obtained.
proudly tip tho gallant Ha?,
Illuttrrsson's hands a?ait;
rve a'l thy soul to battle well
Til' right and truth prevail.
I ' n ' I gladly bid thee go !
iL-.ach m loneliness I mourn;
: i Iti'.mpain thy soldier's shield,
"f f n it bick be borne.
THE IS.VTT1.1! AT It DLL'S ltl;
iiif disa,trous accounts p.bout the battle
r.u'.l'a Hun on the 21st, winch were tele
.iV-u lrm Washington and vicinity that
and ibe next morning arc shrivelled
iii wore aid wore everv day.
Tli-: public wind is alrcjdy recovered from
... . ... : r. . ..c ir.. - l.
v- rimming t'iii-t'i vi mo uisl iepons -
Inch cune from panic stricken soldiers and
ulians who, in their fright, made the con-
-htn ll(fltTV fl..l- iirn ........ & 1?
' J t-V.ll ilCS
"u " ? aim iook wiisii mey did tei
.. .......i i...i .1 . .. ...
i v iimigs were occur-
throughout the entire field of battle,
in extem. The remarks of the X Y.
mug Vj' of Tuesday are to the point :
'lotcrday the ttlcgraph assured u that our
.cr- ntr coward.-; bnt our army was routed
'K'i rallied; that our artillery was captured;
l-r lift on the fie.'d; and our bravest troops
"fy thousand. This morning we learn tho
liiat our koMiers fought with thu bravery
terms, that they made an orderly retreat
-hf-re an overwhelming force cf tho enemy;
j u u not, auanauti tneir guns or tuoir
hat tho army is not demoralized; that
-i I 'iiurorGva thousand elain, our total
- led asd woundod amounts to less than
- wjj-r. and that that which was called
hy ihe lyin telegraph a ruinous do-
" " : 13 in lact euch a blow at iho enemy as '
' Muia to have repeated.
rt"eat it seems that thoss who run fastest
. '.. lao biggest stories; and it is evident that
-nvr-o has teen tho least is likely to bo tho
-e ttl 'graph office. "
. any rlrar noti'in ol the b.ittlo in
' .ixle, t.ono can bo iiad till a true map
M'enc ol uetien be made, with the
v ftrcamti, woods and lulls fairly fchown
n, at.d the potiiiu.s of the different
'nt-M and iKidies of mm on both bides;
,i distinct account is given of what took
ii' each locality by one who was pre
iid coaij.clcnt to report what he taw
rrd mi the j-pot. Of the numerous
.i' 'Mil given by correspondents for
f papers wbo were present, no two
.no bonie of thcbo arc directly con
If we consider that the battle was
jf cjnflicts through several hours,
v dwl and broken country, divisions
mt of Mglit of each other, the air
ih sni'ike and dust, and that the ad
atd ntrcat took place on several
-j t at no one's oervation could
"a .i fair notion of tho whole field of
' r-, tifK disagreements are not to be
V 1 ilifc f.r Mnr.nrtninn ennm in lift
iiiiu itUIUl UlUtU D.K.1U IV Uf
"f .'hblu3 . Firt, Tho Union troops
vn,y u,.,t1 cbieily composed of vo-
tCCici win, l.-i.l .. i . ... - ..t i. r..
"v;i:i oeen in aciioii nuiuru
lar-e jurt ol tbo officers liaving had as
e t'STHTieiiiM :is tho Tn..n .i:o.t...l . t
1 --. U13JHtlJ CU Jl
r in the j reseneo of the enemy, in some
making most daring and rcpea ed
'g"s on the rebels, who fur tho most
: fougbt bdhiud entrenchments, and from
'cadi-s of their own choosing. Again
2ain were the enemv ilrivpn fpnin rn.
lied pjMti ms to fall back on others
? they ejnld reueAv the eontcst,
.... ?.! f 1 f
waiiy case wim iresn iorcLS.
; Union forces were on their feet from '2
at night, had to march several miles,
f '11 'lit U-it ll il.'ruiv tin Ami.... l.......l.
-p.... ...... .v.--w.ni. iuuj;j Linutiii tliu
.uiu iii-.u u ;i ouiy uay,wun tcan.y lood
httle i,r no watcr.till iiast the middle of
'(t'TiiKon. when the retreat began. That
'rn'ieh circuuibtanees a panic (no mat
fr.im wluvt o.iun") should seize upon
. wid ost4j.ul UU t to uther. ; n,jt
. woiidei. il .it, nor that whn it once
mil the r ireat should take tho form of a
.....-: . - ....
the lit st place, the enemy were in far
vr f.T.v than was expected, and more
kd bv cneealcd batteries, und the
. ioj. b' came aware of immense rc-nKnt'-
t') their opponents, and, what
'V ' iv. great lack of gpiieralsliip
' ' tl.'ic weio no strong reserves
j iii 1 f -r the bupport of our troops.
- q i.illv tvrtiiin that the enemy wsre
r ly dealt with to allow of their
: any pursuit. Probably the enemy's
r far greater than our own.
is gr;.tt blame imputed to souic
1 ii.-.nt apjK'aranccs are strongly
( tierai I'attersou), that Johnson's
.i t 0,000, was allowed to get
!i ji t' e neighborhood of Pat-"-rj;
.. uuJ about Martinsburgh ,
' aiiy ..i-.ir.uee whatever apparcnt--jj'l't"
i- ..-.' knowledge and to get
'Ui U .rn-l,cfrr to tho Mauassas gap
:- '1 u' mdes or so, aud thcncJ
'1 1 1 .'Lnatsisand so to Bull's Kun
'"'i : -it Deau regard. This ccr
wuid i,,,t ,.,v.i Jeerl looked for by
" eh i' I ''-miinand, and deserves a
1 'I'.ilJ .
''"-i l'.niai.NT. Tlio Freemen says
lr' ' tn lPt Regiment utys, the
" " - m re for hom-j on the 24th.
l :-i.v, for it is stated that
.. a.-, le 1 that tho time of tho
-I Hi.gime :t expires on tho 2d
' in. a v i V Sergcint of th-: Kegi-
" nut luniging (in Monday,
11 u 1 , a member of the Wood-
u' 1 v- aix bails took effect in his
.A In- .i -..
i,b wuiuiauu were euner Killed
'Kea iirisrmo.,, i,.. ......
,. "ui one, a arummer boy
ali;ck sTi;rni:'soN cotton.
Alexinder 11. Stephens, tho Vice Presi
dent of the Bogus Confederacy, is raising by
subscription a great Cotton Fund, to support
the Confederacy. He in travelling through
out Georgia for that purpose, getting tho
planters to subscribe bales of cotton, for
want of money which they are said to do
Very liberally. His plan is to have them
transfer the Cotton to the agents of the Con
federacy, and take Confederate Bonds In pay.
Tho planters very naturally wish to know
what they can do with the Bonds. Mr.
Stephens answers .
Inquiries have been made of mo, and I tako tlila
opportunity to answer them: "Whether tWsn
eonas win circulate as mnnov will thpv rna.
debts ?" On this point I wish no mist.iko. Th
"ul u;"u:u his currency; incy arounntted to
answer the purnoso of circulation. Th tinn nm
larger than this paper a letter rtieetl. Tho
oougnuon is on the upper part of it, and tho whole
uu iucr pan m uiviueu into 4u snares or
checks. In each on-j of these checks tho interest
is counted for each C months for 20 years. Tho
checks aro called ccunons. and all tho n.-irtr hold.
ing them has to do, i3 every six months to clip off
uie luwer coupon, sena it to lao treasury, and get
his interest. Tho bord is not su'.tible to carry in
your pocket-book and ut o. It would wear out. It
is intended to represent fixed capital, or pcrma
n-uiiuiciiiucm jubiso mucn as you can spans
trom your cotton crop. That is all. Instead of
putting your surplus in lands, negroes, houses,
lurnjture, useless extravagance or luxuries, just
put it in Confederate Bonds.
But while I i?id it was not intended to circulate
or to pay debt?, I have not iho least doubt that
any body who will sell his crop entire for bonds
will find no difficulty ia getting tho money for
T n in r.. ii..- J i . , ...
...cj, uruw interest, anu are tetter than
money; and any man holding a noto will give it
up and take a bond, for a note draws but 7 per
cent., and this draws 8. I havo no doubt that all
minors and trust property will soon bo invested
e, t i Cntlre amonnt of private funds in the
-tatc ot Georgia, on private loans, I suppose is
ii". T wcnty millions of dollars, at 7 per cent
All that amount will immediately find its way into
theso bonds, and hence a planter who sells his
entiro crop, and needs money, can get it from the
money-lenders on thoto bonds.
I havo been frequently asked if these bonds
wcro good. Well, I want to l9 equally frank
upon that point. If wc succeed, if wo establish
our independenco, if we are not overridden, if wo
aro not tubjugatcd, I feci ao hesitancy iu telling
you it is tho best government st.ck in tho world
that I know of. It is eight per cent interest;
and if wo succeed in a short time, in a few years,
if not moro than ono hundred, or two hundred
millions aro issued, I have but littlo doubt they
will commind a considerable premium. Tho old
United States t-toek (six per cent bond, five
years ago, commanded fifteen and sixteen per
cent, and went as high as twenty per c:nt. Take
the central railroad. Tho stock ot that compiny ,
commands filfecn p!r cont premium now. Thci'C
bonds pay eight per cent, scmi-aunuallv: there
fore, if there is a short war. these bonds very
soon will command filtccn or twenty per cent;
but caodor also compels me to btato that if Lin
coln overruns us if wo aro subjugited, these
bonus will not bo worth a single dime, and noth
ing else you have will be worth anything. If
we arc overrun, they will bo worth just as much
as anything else you have, and nothinc else you
have will bo wuith anything. Po that is the
whole of it.
As for the payment of tho coupons, ua
they fall due, probably it will bo by means
of other bonds. It will be liko the boy's
dos trade, in which ho sold his dog for $20,
taking hi? pay in two other dogs at
10 apiece. What tho bogus government
is going to do to get the cotton into moncj-,
is another affair.
The New Oiians ZMtr blows upon the
wholo beheme us an absurd one. Aleck
says they mu6t have $50,000,000, prob
ably $100,000,000, and probably a great
deal moro after that, for he docs not know
when the war will end :
When I tell you it is an uncertain war, I can
not account for its duration upon any rational
principle. It is a fanatical war, and whenever
tanaticism gets control of reason, you can mako
no speculation in regard to it.
What is to bo tho result of this war? I am
not a prophet, but I look upon it as fraught with
tho most momentous consequences, net unto us,
but tho pcoplo of tho North. I havo always be
lieved that if the Union were destroyed, tho
North would run into anarchy and despotism.
We are the salt of the concern, and it U only ques
tionable whether or not wo havo quit too toon.
This is tho only doubt I have. Where it will
end I do not know, but never again will thty
enjoy constitutional govcrnmunt at tho North.
They never understood it. Constitutional lib
erty is a plant of Southern growth, watered by
Southern hands, nurtured by Southern hands,
and if it is to be maintained, to live to light tho
world, it is to bo done in tho Southern Confed
eracy. At the North there is anarchy. Property
will migrate jart as it did in France. This is tlu
Till'. SECOND VT. REGIMENT.
W.m. G. Shaw, who ha just return
ed from Washington, furnishes us with inter
esting particulars about the pirt taken by
the 2J Vermont in the battle on Sunday.
Col. Howard's Brigade, in which was the
2d Vermont, was not ordered into the engage-
ment till late in the afternoon, and the regi
ment was ia actual battle but about half an
hour. The brigade was sent out to cover
the retreat of the army, and fell back tlowly
in good order to Centrcville. There a halt
was made of two hours. Our regiment called
its roll and got supper, and many turned in
to t-leep, expecting to stay there during the
night. In the evening came orders to retreat
further, however, and the regiment inarched
back to Alexandria.
None ot the conimi-ssioued officers arc miss
ing eseept Capt. Drew of Burlington.
He had been sick, aud on tho march from
Centrcville to the battle-ticld, Sunday morn
ing, gave out. and was carried to a wooden
building used as a hospital. This building
is known to have been fired on during the
engagement by the rebels, and some accounts
say it was burned after tho retreat. It is
probablo that Capt. Drew was taken prisoner
with the others in tho building.
Sergeant Stuart of the Burlington Com
piny is it: liu5pilul at Washington, wounded,
aud the six whose names wo gavo yesterday,
were yet missing when Mr. Shaw left Wash
ton. The icgiment was somewhat broken up
during the retreat, and a number of the
soldiers went off by themselves, some losiDg
their way and coming out at For: Corcoran
above Washington. We hope the missin
will yet make their appearance.
Capt. Hope of tho Castlcton Companv re
ports five killed in his company, Heed, il
eon, Hodges, Bailey and Ward. Captain
Hope's son, who accompanied him ia mics
ing. Tho Castleton Company wcro sent out as
skirmishers, and were moro exposed thereforo
than tho rest of tho regiment. They were
tho last to leave the field.
Orderly Sergeant Woodbury of the Fletch
er Company is wounded.
Lieut. Sharpley. of the Burlington Com
pany, was thrown down and stunned by a
cannon ball that ploughed the ground out
from under his feet, but was not wounded,
and marched on with the company. Order
ly Sergeaut Hiiu is siid to have shown reat
Cai'T Ham's Ca alky. A tine orps of
50 men left here on Wednesday evening, with
Capt. Hart, to join the Firat Regiment of
New York Mounted Riflemen. They were
-linomd nn tbfir dop.'rtiirf, i"d oKonrtvf tn
the AVharf by the " Ethan Allen Lmcers,"
Tho Ca'cdonian comes down sharply on
Walton's Daily Journal, for an article of tho
19th, entitled " Poor Vermont." in which
the Journal spoke with bitterness of the
doings of the Governor, in reference to pro.
viding wagons for the 21 aud 3d regiments,
&c. The Journal concluded as follows :
' Perhap3the Governor will call upon some
other State to mako a Colonel for tho Third Regi
ment. What a pity it is, that our manufacturers
can t make our own war carriages, and our citi-
TOno ..nil 1". . ' 1 . I ... .. ...
-.ouwumiw u cingio omcer ol so high a
grado as Colonel. Poor Vcrmout ! Tho dasccn-
uants ol tho Aliens, tho Strongs, tho Bradlcys,
and tho Sargcnts, havo to march into battle
clothed with iorcign shoddy, ofiicored by forcieu
j-uiuuuie, armeu wuii loreign equipments, their
fcaSSaE borne on foreign horses, and their
sick and wounded carried In foreign ambul mcos
fitted with foreign mattresses. Alas for Vermont
when her rulers ttiink she can furnish nothing but
naked privates ami .-ubordiuao officers."
The Cahihnian Likes the Journal avrom
the knee in capital style :
In regard to the wagons mentioned in the
above article we will s'ite, that the verv last
of June, and after the Second Regiment had
left the State, information was received by
the Governor irom the War Depirtmeiit,
that wagons would lie required, and mlh the
least possible delay. The Governor g ive the
matter his immediate attention : sixteen
wigonsfurthe tccond regiment weio con
tracted for at Concord, N. II., made entire,
in the most thorough manner, painted and
varnished, in ciyht working days, and not n
moment too soon, as they were indispensable
to tho proper equipment of the second regi
ments, winc.i only awaited mnvmcnt into
Virginia until the wagons should arrive.
An order was also given for sixteen more
wagons for the third reciiuent. and in seven
days they were completed, making thirty-
two wagons completed iu fifte.n davs. and
en route lor the scat ol war before any Ver
mont or Massachusetts shop, we venture to
say, could have collected and prepared the
material lor tneir mauulaeturc. Massachu
setts has procured many of her armv wagons
at Concord, although there arc many wagon
iii.iiuiiactories in Aiatsacnusctts, and lier
people arc sensible enough to annrove the
act of her Governor in procuring the wagons
where they could be made in tho least pos
sible time. It may bo that sjmc two or
three "ono horse" wagon makers in Massa
chusetts have thought that the movement ol
the army should be" delayed two ui tai.o
months to give them a chance to lino their
pockets, but fortunately for th ; good name
of the old Biy jjtate there is no Waltjn's
Journal there to give publicity t ) such pue
rile and bullish complaints.
The Governor ul Vermont, iu common
with all the official men of the nation trom
Gen. Scott down, who hao been charged
with any duty c iiinectcd with the war, lias
been complained ol as being too slow f.r
whetting the war knife when it ought t- bj
plunged into the vitals of the enemy. But
here is an instance w hero the Governor has
used the most commendable dispatch. Does
the Journal give iiim credit for U ? No: at
all. That eourso would not e .import with
the evident vindictiw purpose of that paper.
But not content with finding fault with
ac's which desene only approval, the Jour,
nal, grown "fat and pursy" upon theStato
printing, lays about light aud left, with a
sore of reckless independence which does
not comport with discretion, if, indeed, it
does with mauly decency. What docs the
Journal mean by insinuating that tho regi
ments aie furnished with "ioreign horses 7"
Does that paper tell falsehood with malice
aforethought, or has it again been imposed
upon by idle rumors 7 The Journal might
have known that not a single horse has been
purchased out of the State of ennont.
And when the Journal t-as our troops are
clothed with "foreign r-hoddy," it utters
what it must havo known to he utterly
false. The cloth for the uniforms was man
faetured in Vermont, as the Journal well
knew; and that there is no particle of
"shoddy" in tho cloth, is a fact also well
known throughout the State. Why should
downright plump falsehood be re.rtcd to?
We can assure the Journal that it may ac
complish its purposes of detraction and cal
umny with much less expciiFc to its reputa
tion. Its shrewdnes is not at all equal o
iifi apparent malignity. In thcs3 timet
when such vast responsibi ities and duties
are pres?ing upon the Governor .inquiring in
stant and unhesitating performance, it would
not be singular if as immaculate a person as
even the editor of the Journal should occa
sionally do an act in the heat of the mo
ment which might n it have been done had
there been opportunity for mature deliber
ation acts which a partizui press and a
people pre-eminently and hhamelully given
to grumbling might cavil and find fault
about with some plausibility. Hence there
is no absolute need of lying unless ono takes
to it naturally, and really can't help it, a
development ol depravity which wc arc slow
to believe the Journal has yet reached.
The only indication of good sense we can
discover in the above article, is the com
plaint that our soldiers must be compelled
to carry arms of "foreign" manufacturo
instead ol the good old Vermont Hint lock
fowling pieces, such as Kthan Allen and the
Green Mountain Boys ol '70 were armed
with, and many of which, perhaps enough
to supply an entire regiment, aro now no
doubt idly adorning tho walls of numerous
Vermont kitchens ! Why not purchase
these venerable guns, instead ol Enfield
rilles, when "it would benefit their owners
and tho community so much !" Alas, that
the Vermont "bluuderbusses" must continue
an unproductive incumbrance of tho kitchen
while the "boys" arc sent forth to fight
with nothing but rilled muskets of "foreign"
manufacture ' "Hut what else can be ex
pected ol a Governor who" The rc
mainder of this sentence forms the usual
conclusion of articles of this style, and may
be found in almost any number ot the Bur
lington Times or the Montpclier Walehmaii
tj Slate Journal. I
Tue Vr, Tu i ed. The progress of the 3d
Vermont Regiment down tho valley of the
Connecticut on Wednesday, was a continued
ovation. They were greeted with immense
crowds, and cheers and good wishes at every
station where the train stopped. At
Bellows Falls hot coffee was furnish
ed for the whole regiment. At Holy
okc, Mr. Davis, agent of the Lyman Mills,
had formed a thousand factory girls m lino
beside the track, to greet the regiment as it
was whirled by. The train, consisting of
sixteen passenger aud six freight cars,
reached Springfield at a quarter past five,
and remained there an hour and a hall. A
handsome collation was provided by order
of Mayor Bern is, and disr.er.scd to the regi
ment by the members of the various engine
companion in the city. The soldiers talked
freely with their visitors, being apparently
in the highest spirits, and the fine regimen
tal band discoursed 3mj of their best music.
At a .juarter before seven the huge train
started on its way with its precious human
freight, giceted with the cheers of the mul
titude and saluted by the thunder of cannon.
At .New Haven, the regiment took steamer
aud landed at Jersey City Thursday morn
ing io go on without delay by train to
Baltimore, to report to Gen. Dix.
Tun Umted StaiesMixisteu to Italy i.v
Tukin. By the Tinin correspondence of the
London 'ldegranh of July 5th, wc learn that
Mr.Marsh, the Lnited States Plenipotentiary,
has been received officially. His Excellency ia
invited by Baron Ricasoli, to meet all his
diplomatic ronfrrrr?, nnd the pi'itif.il, civil
and military notorieties of Turin, at a ban
quet on Sundiy.
Our Army Correspondence.
FROM THIS 2d VT. REGIMENT.
ItusTi.vo Place, two MiLig rr.ou )
Centuevill, Friday, July 19, 1S6I.
SIcssns. nniTor.s op toe Fann Pkess :
As wo aro having a few hours rest to-day, I
will give you a short defcription of our march to
this place, and whatever I may have of interest to
On Monday last wo had orders to havo three
days' rations cooked, and to bo ready for light
marching; that U, with rubber and woolen blan
kets, luvorsjcks, and canteens all our other
cunp equipage to Lo left in camp. Our boys
went to bod Jlondjy night, quito happy at tho
prospect of an advance. Tho long roll beat, and
tho regiment was called out, just before daylight
next morning, and tho first four coinpanits
being companies A, I, D, aud G, wcro led off a
short dhtanco from camp, whero thoy awaited
further orders. AVo had hoard that our pickets
wcrj attacked and tho telegraph wiro cut, but
after waiting an hour wo went baij to cvup,
rather down in tho mouth, tho alirm proving a
falsa oii3. Wo sum rocoived orders to march at
twelve o'cIm.'k, but did not got stirtcd until
rcurly two. There were two brigades front in
and hro in tho rear of us; and as wo came upon
an eminence now and (hen, and saw tho long lino
of glistening bayonets, wo could nut but feci a
sense of security and imagine ourselves a match
for the whole rebel army. Wc camo on in a
westerly direction, by steady marching, until
about sundown, when wo had a hard march until
about ten o'clock, moving in thattimo only about
two miles. It seems the rebels, upon our ad
vance, had burred tho bridge across a stream
some forty feet wide, and our wholo division
wcro obliged to cross in singlo file, upon a log,
hardly wido enough to cross in tho day imo,
much less in tho night. You may imagine that
it took soaio timo for so many thoasa'd men to
cro?s in this way. AVo mirched along a oouplo
of miles, where we found tho brigados encamped.
It was one o'clock bsfore our regiment arrived,
and I think I never saw men so completely tired
out. Many u poor fillow fell out by tho road
side, preferring to bo lcit behind in a hostile
country thiu to j," forward without rest. V'o
wcro allowed only three hours' sleep, and started
again next morning at eight o'clock. Wo march
ed through a Cuuutry heavily wooded; indeed,
wo had to travel in the woods almost all the way,
with the exception of the lai-t three or four miles.
Our journey wjs very much impeded all day AVcd
nesday by trees which the rebels bad felled across
the roud, and in some places our pioneers Mere
tbligod to build new roads for us entirely. Ou
account of theso obstructions, our march was
Abnut noon wc reached a point in tho roa
where wo found a 'cgimed drawn up in line of
battle. Tlio sight cheered us up, as wo wtre told
that an Alabama regiment of riflemen had ciosscd
tho road only a few moments before, on tho re
treat. Th y sucjeedoi in cscipmg, however,
leaving their camp with provisions enough to sup
ply our Hhulo division for two or three days. The
rebels did not suffer from hunger, as they had all
kinds of cgctab!cs, with tho nccssary apparatus
fur cooking. Wo dopped for tho night about a
milo South of their camp, and men wero imme
diately sent for provisions, as our thrco days'
rations had nearly run eut. Two or three men
from Company U saccctded in taking a prisoner,
who bad been out as picket guard and had been
left. 11c was armed with a rifle and revolver, bat
gave himself up willingly. Ho teems to ''0 quite
intelligent, and says ho volunteered thinking it
his duty to do so. Ho appears to be continent
that we cannot get posicssioii of Manassas Cap.and
reports a gi eat concentration of rebel forces at that
place. 11c says (hat Ucn. Beauregard has visited
their camp several times within the past wc-k.
W'o spei.t tho day, yesterday at rest, within hear
ing of tho cauuouidiiig, at Hull's Hun.
Our men of cmirsc wero enraged when they
heard tho ntws -f our repulse at that place, and
aro longing for :i chancn to blut out tho disgrace
of the disaster.
A'e did not start until five o'clock, when wc
moved on in a westerly direction towards the
scene of the ilu's conflict. Companies E nnd (,
undo .Major Joycc,v.erc left behind flil'u the bag
gage and ammunition wagons as a rearguard. A'o
did not havo a very pleasant march, as we wero
obliged to carry our load of cartridges up a steep
hill, the horses being too tired to do so, having
como all the distance from AVashingtcn without
feed. 'ur pl.asurc was not at all heightened
when wc learned that wo wero two miles in the
rear of tho main boly, with sOO rebels hang
ing upon cur rrar. AVo caught up with the main
body at ten o'clock, having marched about six
milts. AVe aro about four miles from Bull's Run,
and si miles from Manassas Junction. An
advanco upm these places is expected to-night
AVo havo several brigade about us, it'l artil
lery and cavalry. I have been out a littlo ways,
and como across our old friends the Minnosota
aud N. V. Sixteenth regiments. Both regiments
arc in good spirits aud enjoj general gocd health.
Lieut. Pierce t f tho Sixteenth, Capt. Stetson's
PlatUburgh company, is quite sick in their camp,
and is not expected to live. Our own regiment is
enjoying first-rato health, with tho exception of
a' few who rro sick in cur camp. AVo have come
through without a single accident; while one
of tho Maine regiments has had two killed and
two seriously wounded all tho results of care
lessness. I hear somebody has sent homo word
that Capt. Drew is sickly. This is not near as
bid a3 Eouichavo tnado it. Ho was quite unwell
while we were at Camp Fairbanks, bat only for a
short time, and i3 now as well as ever. Ho will
bo found all right when wo come upon tho battle
field. As for "Father Sharpley," (as ho is called
through tho regiment,) ho is as young and boyish
as any of u?, and is tho lifo of tho wholo camp
Lieut. AVccd has gono back to our camp wilh a
itrong guard for our wagons. AVc arc waiting
orJcrs to march on to Centrevillc, but I hear wc
are to havo rcinforocmcnts before wo go on to
Mamssas Junction. I hive no doubt but that
we shall have a warm time there; but I imagino
the rebels will find out that " the Yankeo" mil
fight. AVo were visited to-day by Messrs. Can
field, Shaw, and Page, and a few days ago by
L. t5. Bigelovr, PJfq. Of course, ws wcro much
pleased to see A'crmonters. I hope thoy will
report us all right.
Yours truly, W.
The Loss or the Second Regiment. In
addition to thoso already given, Corporals
Russell II. Benjamin aud Elijah L. Keables,
of Co. C, Brattlcboro, aro reported killed in
the fight at Bull's Run on Sunday, and Dorr
Blood of the same company wouuded.
Wm. Jones, of the Burlington company
is reported wouuded; also Jamea McCart
ney, Co. II, Fletcher; S. Leizcr, Co. D,
Waterbury ; John McKeau, A. S. How
ard and John Strceter, of Co. B, Castleton;
Moses C. Glincs and D. B. Pember, Co.
E, Tunbridgr; and V. A. Marsh, Co. I,
The name of John Pachin, Co. K, is alco
given among the wounded, but we do not
find tho name in tho list of the regiment.
Mr. Walton writes from Washington to
the Watchman that tho Montpelier Com
pany was farthest extended, acting as pick-
cts or thi extreme left. Capt. Randall and
his company asked this position and refused
(o ho relieved. They havo therefore been
in picket service night and day, and did not
leave tho woods unlees driven out in tho
battle. Even their food was carried to
That the movement on Bull's run was
made when the odds were greatly in the re
bels' favor, no one now doubts. Too little
was known of the condition and number of
tho rebels forces ; aud instead of having tho
combined action of McDowell's, Pattcr-on's
and McClfllan's divisions brought against
them, not half of the forco under McDowell
alone, was brought to bear upon the enemy.
Good may coino out of the failure ; but tho
failure is nono tho less real. Tno impression
is strong that Lieut. General Scott himself
let the public clamor, and the pressure from
members of Congress and some iiitmbers of
the Administration, warp his judgment, so
that ho gavo tho orJer for tho movement
Eooncr than he had proposed tod). If tho
conversation reported ia the remarks of Mr
Richardson of 111., ia the HoudO, on Wed
ncsday is fairly stated, wc have the declare
tions of General Scott to that effect. Mr
Richardson charged the Republicans with
urging on the b.ittlo before the General was
ready for it.
Mr. Richardson said : I repeat that Gjn
Imil hfinn filrnnil t, K..lif tl,ta l,Mli- I
will tell you what occurred yesterday morn
ing. My colleagues (Logan and Washbutne)
and myself were present with the President,
the Secretary ot A ar and General Seott. In
the course ot our conversation General Scott
reaiarkcd : " I am the biggest coward in the
world." I rose from my seat. " Stay," said
Gen. Scott, " I will prove it. I have fought
the battle against my judgment, and 1 think
thu President ought to remove mo to-day for
uing it. As God is my ludge," he added,
after an interval of silence, ' I did all in
power to maieo the army efficient, and 1
deserve removal because I did not stand up
when I could and did not.
Mr. Washburnn As uiv colleague has re
ferred to Gen. Scott's remarks he might also
ilhide to what the President said.
Mr. Richardson I will do so. " Your
conversation implies." said the President to
(en. Niott, " that I lorced you to battle.
To which Gen. Scott replied : " 1 have never
servtd under a President who has ben kinder
to mo than vou have been." But Gen. Scott
did not relievo the 'resident from the fact of
the latter having forced him to fight tho
bittle. Gen, Scott thus paid a compliment
to the President personally. I desire t say
of the President that I iiavo known him fiiui
boyhood. It you let him aloae he is an
honest man. Liughter. But I am afraid
he has nut lirmuess to stand up against the
politicians around him.
It is no new thing iu the hiitory of cam
paigns thit Generals of consummate pru
dence and skill, sometimes have theh' judg
ments biased by au overwhelming pressure
of public sentiment ; and if this t-eiitiment
prevails in legislative bodies, and among offi
cials of high standing, it is so much the
more difficult to resist its eff.-cts. A great
many conditions enter into the (juoftion. By
constant repetition and enforcement.
some of theso conditions have a dis1
proportionatc weight given to them, and
others ijiiitu as important, receive less consid
eration than thoy deserve. One of the
worst defeats of Washington himself came
from his yielding to the carping and clamor
ous spii it of Congress and of the public
generally. He had t j determine which risk
was the greatest to run, that of losing a
battle or that of losing the public support if
he did not yield to the public demand. He
eho0 the former and lost the battle of
Brandy-wine a far heavier loss to tho
Americans then than our losses at Bull's
Ruuare to the Americans now.
List wvek Monday, M. Kingman, ol Vcr
gcunis, had his left hand badly cut inn shav
ing machine. One finger was taken quito
Two prisoncis broke jail in St. Albans,
on the 10th. One of them named
Petro, was caught near the Canada Line.
The other, Muller, made his escape.
Two men were arr.stcd at Wells River
July 10, for bnaking opsn a jewelry storo
at Barton. Part of the stolen articles were
found on thcra. In course of their examin
ation it came out that they were the ones
who tired at the Railroad train on the 4th,
and so nearly killed the brakeman. They
said it was a random shot, just to clear the
gun, and not intended for the brakeman.
Ambrose Taylor's house in Washington,
Vt., was struck by lightning last Friday,
and set on fire in several places. The floor
was badly torn up where Mr. Taylor had
been sitting but a moment before. The
lightning struck the house of Quincy O.
Calel, doing slight damage, also tho barn of
Barak Smith, injuring it slightly. Several
trees wereal-o struck.
Patents were issued July 9th, to Dennis
Lane of PlainGeld, Vt., for improved method
ol tetting the log in saw mills ; lo Charles
Raymo'id of Brattleboro, for improvement
in sewing machines, and to Charles R. Soulo
of Fairfield, for improvement in hay rakes.
Middlcbury College Commencement occurs
Aug. 14 th. The new collcgo building ia
completed externally, and Avill bo ready to
receive inmates at the commencement of tho
A man named Smith was arrested in Rut
land, Tuesday, for picking a hdy's pocket
as tho got out of the train. The lady had
her pocket picked in Whitehall, the day
W. W. Gilraan broko jail in Montpelier,
Tuesday night, by sawing off a bar of his
window, and letting himself down by his
bed clothes. How ho got tho tools is not
Wo regret to learn that unfavorablo reports
are brought concerning tho behavior of Col.
Whiting of the Vt. 2d on the field of battle.
A correspondent of the Rutland Herald says
that numbers of the regiment charge him
with palpable cowardice. Though not a
Vermonter, Col. Whiting was appointed to
the regiment on the strong recommendations
of capable judges, including Col. Richardson
of the Michigan Volunteers, who himself
commanded the fourth brigade in the battle.
Wo trust that further accounts, or an inves
tigation if neew.sary, may remove all ground
for the un favorable impression concerning
THE UEMOCRA.TIC .CONVENTION.
From the Watchman's account cf tho
Democratic" ao-party" Convention, "held at
Montpo'ier last week, we condin-sa tho fol
Tho attendance was rather small. Ekastus
Plum-ton was chosen President ; and D. A.
Danfortii and E. M. Bsow.v, Secretaries.
A committee equal to the senatorial rep
resentation of tiio several counties, was ap
pointed by the respective counties to present
nominations for State Ticket.
The Committee reported the following
J ticket lor State Officers
tor Lieut. Governor,
J. T. THURSTON.
Mr. Barlow, of St. Albans, objected to the
adoption of tho report. He said the Conven
tion was not called as a Democratic Conven
tion, but as a Union Convention, and he was
in favor ot a Union nomination.
lie moved to substitute the name of Mr.
Holbrook for Governor, in place of Mr. Dil
lingham, Mr. Dillingham for Lt. Governor
in place of Mr. Thomas, and Mr. Pago for
Treasurer iu place ot Mr. Thurston
II. B.Smith, of St. Albans, argued that
the Convention wss called by tho Democratic
State Committee, and was properly a Demo
cratic Cunveii:ion. He was in favor of per.
pctuating the Democratic Party as theParty
that had made the Country great. Ho had
yet to learn that any thing in Democratic
principles were hostile to patriotic action.
He could bo u patriot and still remain a
Mr. Barlow's motion to substitute was
rejected by an overwhelming majority, and
the State Ticket, as reported, was adopted.
Mr. II. B. Smith, for Committee on Reso
lotions reported the following :
Retolvid, "Tiiat in tho dark and troubled times
that are upon us, wo look with continued confi
dence for our political principles tn the past his
tory and principles of the Democratic party.
Kt sole tl, iaat as loyal citizens, wc will sustain
all constitutional acta cf the present National
Government to maintain the Constitution and laws
III a'.l tho .-tatCS.
i.Wtcf, That in the death of Stephen A. Doug-
Ia wo sec a great national looj. Aide and patri- " ";' J . y
otic, by his industry anl abili.y he had possessed th,s wulJ pcn from behind another thlek
hinisclt" of the affections and canGdenca of tho peo- et anl1 another havoc Would follow. These
pie to an extent rarely enjoyed by any of cur
statesmen; and tho situation uf our nationul af
fairs adds poignancy to the gricl of the peoplo at
lictolved, lhat we tender to tho friend-' and
relatives of the officers aud soldiers who may havo
been stricken down in tho attempt to maintain tho
l nion and Uove'Cicnt, our sincero sympathy and
The resolutions were adopted.
The State Committee wero empowered to
fill all vacancies' that may occur iu the State
The Convention then adjourned sine die
THIS USIi OF "RfcD TAPt."
" Red Tape" gets roundly abused pretty
often, and sometimes with reason. A Wash
ington correspondent of tho N. Y. Cumm:r
c'.i.' comes to the rescue, as follows :
" My experience and observation in camp life
has converted mo to a belief in 'red tape.' I sco
that red tape Is nothing more or less than a strict
enforcement of rules, made by honest and wiso
officers, on sound principles of action. I see that
red taps holds an army from going to pieces, lost
in a pathless forest of new particulars. I see
that red tape safely guides each man through a
labyrinth. 1 sec that red tape ties tho hands of
uncounted numbers who might be tempted to de
fraud. I see that red tape checks any who might
feel inclined to exact just a little moro than is
right. I sco that red tape holds back an army
from sinking into unexplored depths of corrup
tion. Bed tape takes a great deal of time, but it
is time worth less than tho order it ensures, or tho
money it saves. Bed tape is annoying to the in
dividual, but annoyance is more easily endured
than disorder and disgrace. A volunteer who has
always mauaged his own business at home suc
cessfully, rapidly, and independently, finds it
hard to be brought up short at every turn by a
littlo piece of red tape. It is hard. He grumbles
dreadfully, if, indeed he does not indulgo in more
unseemly vituperation. I wish ho would picture
to himself an administration without red tapo. I
think he woi.Id afterwards enduro his little of the
slandered article with patience, and even with
respect and approval. It was hard forme to con
sume a day in getting some hay and oats for
"Banner." I saw an abundance of hay, but it
was all safely tied up in red tape. I discerned
uncounted bags of oats, but each bag was tied
with rod tapo, and enclosed by a cordon of red
tape. But when I learned by experience that the
using up of i day was partly from my own igno
rance, when I saw that the forms through which
I was forced to go, and the duplicate papers I was
forced to make out, tho orders I must obtain, and
the receipts I must give, wero cash and all neces
sary protections to hundreds of thousands of dol
lars invested by Uncle Sam in provision for thou
sands of horses, I chcerlully submitted to the red
tape, and I have been a happier, a better and
wiser man iu consequence."
The kii.ld wounkeu ami missing or the
Vt. 2d. A letter in the Times from our
townsman Mr. Canficld who returned from
Washington Friday, gives tho following
more complete list than any one yet collect
Company A, Capt. Walbrtdgc, Btnntnjlon.
Andrew J. Xoyes Flesh wound below
hip, was in ambulance coming from tho field.
Wm. E. Murphy left on the field to take
care ot Noyes.
Thos. Morrisse' Sick before tho battle and
supposed to bo a prisoner.
Co. B, Capl. Hope, Castleton.
Wairen Gilford, Danby Wounded in the
hand, left camp at Centreville.
Jeremiah Bolton. Hydeville Flesh wound
in thigh, las', seen at hospital near field.
II. L. Ereckcneaid, Rutland Killed.
Co. C, Capt. Todd, Brattleboro.
This is the only company of which we
havo not full returns. Tho Captain is at tho
National Hotel in this City and will soon bo
out. He says that about a dozen of his com
pany are missing.
Co. D, Capt. Dillingham, Waterlury.
P. F. Flaherty gave out on the field.
John Gowing wounded in foot last seen
John II. Murray, Duxbury, seen on field.
Dan K, Stickney, Berlin, seen on field.
These arc supposed to bo prisoners.
Co. E, Capl. Smith, Tunbridge.
Harrison Dewey. Royalton last seen at
S. L. D. Goodale, Chchwi last seen on
Edson Wiggins Cheleoa List seen on re
treat. Gcorgo A. Martin fell out before reaching
A. Waldo, Royalton left in the hospital
at Centerville sick.
Co. F, Capt, Randall,Monlpelier.
Victor Goodrich Roxbury Killed.
Bcnj. Taylor Montpelier, last seen on the
Co. G, Capt. Drew, Burlington.
Capt. J. T. Drew was sick Saturday, but
when they were ordered to march insisted on
going, and was last seen by Sergeant Bliss of
Bennington Co. aboat two miles from tho
field at the hospital ; probably a prisoner.
H. W. Conro South Hero, last seen on
retreat before the cavalry attack.
Benj. Martin South Hero, last seen on
retreat before the oaraJry attack
Co. II. Capt. Burnham, Flttcher.
Sergeant Woodbury arm Bhot off and
amputated, left at the hospital near the
Geo. Strceter, Milton wounded below
knee-pan in both legs, in Stono Church at
Jehiel S. Bailey, B.ikfcwfield last seen ou
A Pari?, Fuirfjx. last seen on tho field.
Eugone C. Sleeper, Fairleo, last seen cn
Co. I, Capt. Fullam, Ludlow.
John A. Leonard, Shrewsbury, wounded
in the arm, last seen on the field
Geo. II. Iwis, lifer, not seen since he
went int the field.
Co. A", Capl. Eatu:i, I'iryer.ncs.
Henry Hantly, seen on retreat.
From this it will be seen there are but
about 40 missing, and but 8 known to be
dead. Soldiera aro constantly coming in.
and as it is about 30 miles from thu Potoniaj
to the field of battle, and tho country inter-
vcniBS beinS covered moro or less with
I nnnJ. :i- ...til ...I... a! i.
uuus, ii, nui ia,iu ngiue uiuu ior tnem to
como in. I have no doubt the missing will
bo reduced to 20
THE RATTLE OF BULL'S ItU.V.
The intelligentcorrcsponden: ot the A'. 1'.
Commercial, who i attached to the staff of
the Colonel of ono of the N. Y. regiments.
gives t.m lollowing deliberate conclusions
concerning tho great battle of the 21st,
gathered from the accounts of numerous
spectators and officers he was not himself
in tho fight. They differ widely from
many versions of tho battle ; but we do not
doubt their substantial correctness :
I have been studying the cause of the
panic out of much gathered evidence. I am
convinced that it was not an accident Btarted
by a teamster and communicated to his fel
low, to the civilians, and so on to tho armv.
as many stoutly assert. Tho result of my
I conversation with tho most reliable of spec
tators uuu umcers is orieuv mis: ine
enemy, for hours after the beginning of the
nght, wero easily driven back, lhuy par
tially connected. Regiments would retreat
when fiercely attacked by our men and
would be followed up, until suddenly, fear-
luiiy out lrom behind a thicket would onen
close upon them, a masked battery, tearing
mem to pieces, in somo cases tney would
recoil irom tins untoreseen and dreadtul fire
In Other cases they would rush in and seize
tbl hlttlri7 P.llk lb mnmutil n hnttar,, ipno
:,I ! I.-. i r.
masneei oauerK.s were muiseernioie. ino
cannon wero ruinted green. The trees with
which they were inclosed were artificially
planted and located with the highest art. so
as to utterly conceal the battery and thu
men, until our soldiers stumbled upon the
So our men fought on blindly, desneratelv.
ruinously, till near the close of tho dav.
wuen tney were cxnaustju una discouraged,
tne orders weie given tor the decsive charge.
All previous fighting had been preparative,
introductory, mora oriess indecisive.
Tin's charge was twofold, by cavalry on
rear and flank, cn tho baggage wagons, and
on tho Zouaves; and by infantry in front and
cintri;. Both cavalry and infantry were
fresh, all day waiting and ready for the last
grand charge. A wounded major of tho ene
my taken prisoner, whoso word can bo relied
on, says they bad largo forces ready to sus
tain and take part in this last charge, which
were not hrouglit into action, lncso were
lying in the grass waiting all day. Tho
forco was. numerically, absolutely overpow
ering. Before this force a part of our men
retreated iii good order, a part were panic
It in not possible that we could have won
the battle. We were victorious successive
times; we might havo been victorious and
driven back the enemy onc2 or twico moro,
but the end was one disastrous defeat, us
certain as the sun. Tho enemy had the
game a'l in their own hands. They knew
they should conquer as well on Sunday
morning at nine, as on Sunday afternoon at
half past five. An officer iu command of
the batteries, a person whoso word is with
out exaggeration or deviation, says they
must bine calculated and decided at what
point we would probably plant our batteries,
to answer theirs, for th'cir first shots wero
aimed with mathematical certainty. They
took cff.'ct right in tho centre of the batterv.
There is no doubt, and I prcsumono ques
ti3n. that the battle as a whole was badly
planned on our part ; one of the officers in
command opened tho battio by declaring to
his aids, " 1 am entirely mistaken in regard
to this ground "
Another circumstance hud to be taken into
account, besides victory the sentiment of
tne people and the morale of the army. The
people were clamorous for advance. Popu
lar disaffection would lollow longer delay,
and the disaster of disaffection provo worse
than the disaster of a lost battle. The offi
cers and soldiers were intcasely bitterly de
manding a fight. It was the burden of the
camp. " Give us a chanco to fight ! Lead
us against the enemy ! We shall rot in idle
ness ! Wc did not leave home to waste with
camp dysentery, to die of nothing ! For
the sake ot an that is wortii living ior, let
us meet the rebels!" The pressure upon
the leading command was presumptuous,
reckless, in its strength. Alas ! that it
should havo been also irresistible !
I might have sent you columns of interes
ting narrative received from the mouths of
soldiers, but I was not satisfied of its credi
bility. I thought it best to wait the testis
mony of safer men. You see and reiterate
enthusiastic commendation of the Fire
Zouaves. I heard one of them describo the
fight. I was delighted with tho story, the
bravery, tho achievement. It was unpara-
lelled. But I fear that tho Zouaves, as a
regiment, wcro not in fact braver than some
others. I have reason to believe that they
cannot boast over any of tho panic stricken
soldiers. They wero ordered to sustain the
Rickett's battery. They left it unprotected
and fled, ono of the lieutenants of the battery
in vain attempted to rally them. The battery
was lost. It need not have been lost, if the
Zouaves bad been as bravo as the regulars.
The battery has oncr4iaU of its men Jcmea
and wounded (siity out of ono hundred and
twenty,) one-half of its officers, one-half of
its horses. I speak with exactness of each.
It is a singular coincidence.
I have heard much of the cruelty of the
enemy. I think it true ; and yet I have not
met ono witness as yet, who with his own
eyes saw the bayoneting of wounded soldiers.
Tho enemy fired on tho hospital, but there
is no reason to suppose that they knew it to
be a hospital. But an officer in whom I can
rely, did eee with his own eyes as he was
leaving tho field, a rebel soldier and a Union
soldier, each wounded, one in the head and
ono in tho body, each too weak to execute,
seeking, with wandering aim and staggering
step, to bayonet ono another. And an offi
cer on whom I can rely, took possession of
the valuable trunts of a rebel officer, with
his beautiful uniform, linen, watch, bowie
knive, Bible and letters, and one ot the let.
tens (which was opened, in order to find a
direction by which to restore the package i to
its owner;, written by a lady, closed with
the sentence " If you succeed in killing a
Ynnke. I wish vou would akin him and tan
the hide; I have something in mind that I
want to make ot it. is ttuttne temaio aiae
of Southern chivalry when eeen in wifely
Gen. Beauregard sent to Jeff. Davis the
following despatch, Sunday evening, whicn
io .Mimio in atntnmpnt nnd modest m terms:
"Iho battle lasted from 9 o'clock till i. we
ha. Tvw,ion of the field. Tha lo on
DOlu BlUOV.u uiuitom.
The Philadelphia Button of yesterday
says that a Union man living near Manasai
Junction, who witi ased tho battle on Scr
(lay, and escaping Thursday, reached Wtia
ington, statoa that the rebel loea is btw -i
3,0i0 and 4,000. Tho Biack Horse Cavs'r
the crack regiment of Virginia, was nort
u-rriniy cus up, only 1UU out of the regimer
boing seen after the battle. He 3ivs. wktnu
-miles ot tho rear of thn .r.innrr.n -
ground for many acres was mined in tli.
most Kkillful manner, and tons of misd .
placed there. It wl3 the iatrntion o? Bii
regard, :t d.-iveu bek, to wait till ihefwr
army had moved urnm these mines, -vc.
they would have b?jn fired ano tho LT..i.
iTa.pt biown up. Upwards of 12,000 ncroi-
Wtirc employed 'j wv-k on the entieucher.
it Manass.5, and about tho aime numb-.
work or. the tntfcnebme itx it Richmond.
The Citv- tf Richmond is surromded wilh
mines !ik- those of Manassas. If the r-b-'-u.-.d
that Unimi men are foia' tc tak--.:
the city vitl 1m blown up. c
There aro two regiments of w-j'.I drill?.'
nfgroes at Richmond.
Private letters from Gen. Puttersoc.
dated Harper's Ferry, 22 J instant, sar
Gen. Johnston retreated to WincotT,
where he had thrown up extensive entreach
trenchments and had a largo number c:
heavy guns. I could havo Turned his po
sition and attacked him in tho re--r, but nn
had received large reinforcement from Mis
sissippi, Alabama and Gj-c-ia a t.;i
ui mcr u.i,uw 4. nieti.T.tw if ops ana
5,000 Virginia militia. My fore- is lros
than 20,000. Northern regiments whose
term was up, or would bo Avithin a week,
refused to stay ono ' Tar over their tw .
except four, namely, two Indiana regiments,
uud the 11th and 24th Pa. Five regimen
have gone nome; two moro go i--day, nnd
three to-morrow. To avoid being hsnioff
with tho remainder, I fell back and occuplt i
Gen. Pattcrsjn'a gensrai ordar relinquish
ing command of his department, sys : "You
havo steadily advanced in the fueo of the
enemy in greatly superior numbers and ar
tillery, uad oUired battle, which they re
fused until protected bv their strong 3n
trcnchmei.ts ut Winchester. You liavs
done all that was possible, and more than
could have been exnectcd or dsinan.bvl. nml
if the fruits of your campaign have been
lost, the fault cannot be imputed to you."
Tha war nteamer Resolute has arrived
from a cruiso along the shore of u. Sho
has captured two rebel schooners and a sloop,
aud lound three new rebel batteries ou t.
Potomac each mounting six guns.
A lady who escaped from Fairfax and hi'
arrived in Washington, reports that ther? ar
10,000 rebel troops at that place. Tho ru
mor which has been current hero that Gn
Johnston was killed at Bull's Run is said to
ne confirmed hy mtelliccncc! iust reealvml
It is known that the rebila Io3t morn (?.!,
nels than we did in that engaemeut. trre-a"-
as was our loss.
The Minnesota 1st reziment enneara to
have suffered the most eeverely of any in thu
field. The number ot its killed is ascer
tained to be 66, and 100 more arc missing.
In botn respects it is believed this is the
heaviest draft tho battle made on any sing'o
regiment. But the men are undaunted and
ready for action again.
Tho loss of the Fire Zouaves is now estim
ated at 200 all told. The remainder are as
full of fight as ever.
The loss of the 71t regiment was 17 killed:
41 wounded, 12 missing.
Tho report that the rebels shelled and
burned Sudley Church, used as a hospital
by our troo, is confirmed, also the fact that
tno wounded found on tho road wero bayo
netted by rebels.
A pceial dispatch to the Momphis Ar us
from Richmond, dated 221 eavs that Geu.
Beauregard's hortc was shot from r.nlT
him. General Barlow of South Carolina
killed, and the Lynchburg regiments cut to
Lieut. Hitchcock of the U. S. marines was
killed on Sunday. He was a native of
Jeff Davis' dispatch to Riehmond.S'anday
uiqUjjijo ilia iVUCJ lUlUC IU lilt? (JdLLIU Uuta
bcred 15,000, and the Federal forces 35,000.
He says " The enemy was routed and ibd
precipitately, abandoning a largo amount oi
arms, ammunitions, knapsacks and baggage.
Tho ground was strewn for miles wilb thesa
killed, and the farm houses and the grovel
around wer filled with woundsd. Pursui;
was continued along several routes towards
Lecsburg and Centrcville util darkness cov
ered tho fugitive. Wo havo captured sev
eral field batteries, stands of arms.and Union
and State flags. Many prisoners have beca
taken." Another dispatch sa)3 tho cn.Jru
confederate forco was about 40,000, and the
entiro forces of the VS. S. near 80,000. Mo
particulars are received of the dead and
A dispatch to the Charleston Mercury,
dated Monday snt on to Loui;vilIo we pre
sume says that Davis commanded tho
centre of 'he rebel army. Beauregard was
commander of the right wing, and General
Johnston of tho left ; it was against Gen.
Johnston's command the enemy concentrated
their best troops, who fought most obsti
nately. At one time the left was pressed so
severely that the result of the conllict in
that direction seemed doubtful. Col. Bar
ton's Georgia regiment was so terribly cut
up, that a large troop from tho centre was
sent at a critical moment to the left's assis
tance and turned the tide of tho battio. The
enemy broke and fled before the impetuous
charge of the Southerners, and the battle
soon iWauie a rout.
It is ascertained as a fact that the rebels
were kept well informed of all our move
ments; their gradual withdrawal from Fair
fax Court Houso and advance po6ts was a
portion of their plan in drawing our troops
into the ambush which led to ruin and
death: hence tho imnerfect condition of their
earth Avorks at Fairfax and other points,
which excited ridicule among tne military
Muior BidwelL actinc commander of the
Michigan 1st, iu his official report of tho en
gagement on Sunday, eays his loss, which
Was heavy, occurreu uicstiy ttt iruui ot uiu
enemy's batteries. The regiment went into
the field with 475 men aad 25 officers; 9
officers and 108 men were lost.
It is said that four additional regiments left
Washington Saturday to reinforce Gen,
McDowellj three' bf which had reached Fair
fax before Iho retreat commenced, while
Sto others were under orders to start Sunday.
Secretary Cameron had visitca uca. aic
Dowell's headquarters Saturday morning,
and Immediately on his return thew troops
irere ordered forward, but too late to bo of
It is stated on militarv authority that
tho secession pickets extend to within three
miles of Fort Corcoran, opposite Washing
Ten Pennsylvania regiments were sent for
ward to Washington by Gov. Cortin, in 4
rSa last week. The State baa.abo an Ar
tillery regiment, and a regimtnt pf
cavalry, nearly ready for Beryice,. which has
been accepted by the Secretary of War.
10,000 troops reached Washington on
Thursday and Friday.
Gen. Cox occupied UftariMtown
the Kanawha TWdav,. tho rebel
retreating and homing wm usiu&. -tr.TX-.
ofc.nHnnAd and burned. I:
soVpoeed tho rebels will be met by Col. Eoa--jrWs
column tent out .wma qj ago t?