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PUI3IJSIIEDBY KNAPP & JEWETT, EVEI1Y TUESDAY MORNING, NEARLY OPPOSITE TIIE BANK, AT $2 A YEAR, OR $1,50 IN ADVANCE.
VOSa. V. IV. 20. MOIVTFEMJGIS, VT.) MAKCM 8, 1830. TTIBOIiK 1VO. S28.
THE STATE JOURNAL.
CIIAUKCEY L. KNAPP, r.DITOH.
MONTPELIER, MARCII 8, 18;)(5.
Tlio follciwing is tlic oflicinl accotint of
tlio dolngs of tlio Wliigs nt tlieir Stnto
Convctition last wcck It will be perccivcd
that oiio oftlicir rcsolutions is in opposltion
to all sccrel societics ay, nncl all monopolies,
" pnrticularly a tnonopoly of llio patronagc
oi uio govcriuncnt for pariy purpcses."
In mlopting us thcy havo donc, all tlic noin
iuntUtis oftho Amiir.asons, iho Whigs liaVo
cvinccd n spirit of liborality which is liighly
crcJitablo to tlicm, aiul which dcinamls a
lcspectftil recognition at our hnnds. Tlio
Jackson party, if thcy want to pnt tlown
"sccrot socictics and opcn monopolies,"
would do wcll to lay asido tlicir strong nltra
fcdcral propensilics, and go tlio satnc tickct,
and thns "redccni the lost charncter of tlic
In pursuancc of tlic callof thc Stato Cen
tral Conimittce, tlic dclegales ofthe pcoplc,
to thc nuinber of onc lumdrcd and' tliirty,
froni difleri'iit parts of thc statc, asscniblcd
at the conrt bousu in Montpelier, on Wed
nesday, Feb. Sltli, 193G, and organized by
thc nppoiutment of thc Hon. Joiin Mat
tocks, Prcsidcnt )ro tcmporc, and Heman
Swift, Scctvtary pro tcinpore.
Rcsolvcd, That all frceinen of this state
prcsent, or who may bc present at thc con
vcntion, who distipprnve of thc olfice bold-
crs iionnnation at Jialtiniorc lor tlic l'rcst
jlcnry, mid oftho nomince's plcdgc to fol
low in thc footstcps of the present iiicum
hent, bc invited to takcscatsiiithisconven-
tion and participatc in its dclibcrations.
Mcssrs. Walton, Paddock, and Hodgcs
wcre appointcd a cominittec to prcparc thc
Duoiiic&s ot tlic convcntion.
Mcssrs. Clark, Ueed, Cntler, Dcan of
Burlington, Owen and Picrce, to nominatc
n list ot ofliccrs of the convcntion.
Convcntion adjourned to half past onc o'.
cloek, P. M.
Convcntion mctpursuiint to adjoiirninenl.
i iic conimiticc appoin
annointcd to incnarc bu
k'uicss madc the following report, which was
acccpted and its rccommcndations adoptcd:
Tliat thc ofliccrs of this convcntion con-
sist ofa Prcsidcnt, two Vico Prcsidcntsand
That a committec of scvcn bc raiscd to
make a noniination of candidatcs for Prcsi
dcnt and Vicc Prcsidcnt of the U. Statcs.
That a cnmmittcc of twclvc bc raiscd to
nominatc clcclors of President and Vicc
Prcsidcnt and a tickct for statc odiccrs.
Thnt a commiltec of thrcc be appointcd
tn draft and publish an address to thc liec
mcn of this statc on thc subject of thc cn
Thc committec appointcd to noniinatc a
list of olliccrs rcportcd tlic following nouiin
ations, which wcrc concnrrcd in :
Hon. Joiik Mattocks, Prcsidcnt.
Hon. Ephraim Paddock, ? Vicc Prcs
Hon. Uobert I'icrpont, 5 idents.
Doct. Ilcman Swift, )
Carlos Baxtor, Esq. $ Secretarics.
Mcssrs. Ephraim Paddock, Myron Clark,
Uobert Picrpont, Joseph IIowcs, Augustus
Young, Charles Paiue, and Villc Lawrcncc
wcrc appointcd to nominate candidatcs for
l'rcsident and icc l'rcsident ol tlic United
Mcssrs. Ilcman Swift, Barnabas Dcan,
G. T. Hodgcs, Sam'l F. Taylor, Lutlicr
Carj)enlcr, I'ctcr Starr, Carlos Uaxter, II.
II. Jtccl, JMajor Hollcv, JMr bumner ol Or
lcans, Carter Chanibcrlain and Dorastus
Woostcr wcrc appointcd to noniinatc an c
lcctoral tickct and stato ofliceis.
Mcssrs.Robert I'icrpont, Edgar L.Orms-
ticc, and rjciah ii. iMcrrill wcre appointcd
lo dralt an aditress to lliepcople.
i iic committec appointcd to make a nom--ination
for statc olliccrs, rcportcd thc fol
For Govcmor, SILAS II. .IENISON,
ForLicnt. (Jov. DAVID M. CAMP,
For Trcasurer, A0UST1NE CLARK.
Aftcr thc acccjitance of thc rcport and
debatc, thc convcntion rcsolvcd nnaniininis
ly to roncnr in thc noniination and rccom
incrid itto thc support ofthe freemen.
Thc commitlco ajipoinlcd to nominatc
candidatcs for Prcsidcnt and Vicc PreMdent
rcportcd tbo namcs of
VM. II. IIARRISON, of Ohio,
FRANCIS GRANGER, of Ncw-York,
for Vicc Prcsidcnt.
Thc rcport bcing acccplcil, Mr. Uriggs,
aftcr introdnctory rcrnarks, inovcd to fitib
titutc thc namo ol' Daniki. Yr.n,3TEK for
tbatofWM. II. Hakiiiso.v.
Mr. Wooster of Mjddlclmry opposed thc
mouon in a spi'ccn 01 somc Iengtli, wlien
Mr. Hriggs, lo j)rocurc harmony and tmion
of fccling and elliirt, withdrcw 'his motion,
and thc rcport of the committec was adoj)-
icn ny an nnnniinoiis ;oie.
Mr. Uriggs thenoHercd tlie(i)llowingrrs'
olution, which wfis nnanimonsly agrccd to
Rcsolvcd, That this convcntion. in rcc
ornmcndinc to thc JVcemcn of this utntc thc
namcs of IlAiuiibON and Giianokk, as can-
a iicc jicopic, inscard all lcrling ol man
worshin: and finnlv belicvc. that. if elrct
od, thi'.v will bc cnlpliat'callv. thc cfficers of
the nation, and not the Uadhs ofd partii. '
Reeolvwl, IJiat the emincnt talcnts of
Daniei. WcnSTEn, his fiiithfnl and imjxir
lant jniblic Bcrviccs, privale virtncs, and
tincoinpromising fidclity to thc Constitution,
cndear liim to u large proportion of thc
liecmcn of Vermont, and cntitlc him to thc
lasting gratitndc of his country.
Rcsolvcd, That this convcntion approve
the bill, intiodnccd into thc Scnatc of the
U. S. by IIeniiv Clay, dividing the pro
cccds oi'thc public lands nniong tlic statcs
acconlingto popnlation by whicli Vermont
wiil now rcccivc nearly iialf a mii.mon
dollars, to which slic is justly cntitlcd, itbe
ing thc procecds of thc common property
Convcntion adjonrncd to 9 o'clock to
TncnsnAV, Fcb. 25. .
Convcntion met pursnant to adjonnnnent.
Thc Ibllowing rcsolutions wcrc introduc
cd, and, after scpcralc considcration and
spiiitcd and appropriate rcinarks from thc
gcnllcmcn who introduced thcin, adoptcd :
Rcsolvcd, That thc present important
crisis in our liationalaHairsshould call forlh
thc talents ol'every tricd and faithfulslatcs
niiin, and rcquircs thc vigilant action of ev
ery fricnd of libcrty throughout thc coun
Rcsolvcd, That this convcntion view as
ainoii'r 1 1ic most alanninir signs ol tlic
timcs, the clforts of those lngh m ollicc to
coiiccntrntc powcr, civil and niilitary, the
pvivsc and sword, in theirown liands thus
attempting to rcnder tlic ruler indcpcndcnt
of thc pcoplc thc scrvant abovc his mas-
Rcsolvcd, That all legislativc powcr is
dcrived I'rom thc pcojile, and is to be excr
ciscd solely for tlieir bcnefit, under thc rcs
traiuts imposcd by thc constitution, and
that all legislation tciiding to elcvatc the
few to thc injury or thc many is unjust
Rcsolvcd, That this convcnlion rcgards
tlic suprcmacy ol tlic laws and the mviola'
bility of thc constitution as thc grcat pre
scrvativc principlcs of frce governmcnts.
Rcsolvcd, 'Ihat this convcntion ap
prove thc ablc, dignincd and patnotic.
coursc of Ihc majority of the Scnatc of thc
United Statcs, for thc last six ycars, and
particularly that wc view tlicir htern resist
ancc of the appropriations, of threc mill
ions, proposcd in accordancc with thc sc
crct instigation of the Executivc, thc last
night ol thc last scssion, as among thc bcst
evulenees ol their devotion to thc constitu
tion and to thc neoplc.
Rcsolvcd, That the dcnositingof a largc
proportion of thc pcoplc s money in Statc
liankSjirresponsibte to thcnation, giving to
thc JiiXecutive ol tlns rcpuulic thc control
ing inllucncc of many millions of Bankiiif
capital is, in thc view of this convcntion,
a spccies of mouopoly which should rousc
thc watclilul jcalousy ol cvcry rcpuuiican
Rcsolvcd, that to pcrpctuatc thc rcpub
ican nrincii)lcs'of the nconlc of Vermont
minor considcrations and sectional fcclings
amontr frcemcn of thc samc liolitical fuitli
shoulil be sacrificed upon the altar of pat-
notism and tlic puhiic good ; and nc mcrg
cd in a union ol action in view of thc ap
prnachintrelcctions. Jlcsolved, that this convcntion cordiaiiy
approve ol thc aoandonmcnt oi tnc mason
ic mstitution in compliancc with thc call
of public opinion; and disapprovc of all
sccret societics, and all monopolies, partic-
ularly a monopoly ol tlic patronagc ol the
govc'rnnicnt for party purjioses.
Adjourned to 7 o clock this cvcnmg.
Evening scssion. The convcntion nict
nursuant to adioummcnt, when the com
mittec atniointcd -rfl noitiitatc ,clcaturs of
Prcsidcnt and Vic.e PlTsident of thc United
Statcs, rcportcd thc following, which was
acccpted and unanimously adojitcd :
Win A Griswold.
The following rcsolutions wcrc thcn in
troduced and scvcrally passed :
Rcsolvcd, That when thc delcgalcs of
this eonvcntion rctuin to tlieir constituciitH.
thcy will usc all proper cxcrtions to sceurc
thc siicccss ol its nominations.
Rcsolvcd, That as intulliKcncc is thc lifc
of lihcitv, and the (lifl'usion of corrcct iu-
fonnation ujion politicnl subjects esscntially
contributcs totlratintclligcncc, itistheduty
ol cvcry Ifceman m the btate ol Vermont
to cncourage the circulation ol ncwsjiapcrs
known to bc sound in thc politicnl liiith;
and that thc nicnibers of this convcntion
will bc ar.tive in tlicir cllbim to carry into
clfi ct the lnincinlcs of this resolulion.
Rcsolvcd, That thc ccntral State Com
mittec, beictmestcd to appoint county com
mittces in cach county, whose duty it bhall
hc to call counly convcntions wlien dcemcd
neccssary ; aiiifthat the statc cential coin
niittee be authoricd to fill all vacancics
that may occur in the nominations of this
Rcsolvcd, That thc thanks of th'm con
vcntion he uwiirilcd to the I'rcsulcnt and
Vico Prcsiilcuts liir thc ablc, intclligcnt and
dignilicd niamicr iu which thcy havc prcsi-
iicd over us ueiincraiions.
To which the Picsidcnt rcplicd :
AVIicn, allcf thc passagc of a resolulion
for publishing its procceding in all thc pa
pcrs in this State, whosc cditors may bc
disposed lo msert tlicm
Tho I'onvi'iilion adjourned without day,
JOUN MATTOCKS, Prcsidcnt.
R0I1EUT PJERPOlN'l'. ) Virc
EPHRAIM PADDOCK, j PrcMdents
1 1,... . u
Car,.os IlAAxrln, 5 Crctanes.
Pursuant to public noticc, a gcncral tcm-
pcrancc mccting was holdcn at thc brick
clmrcli on thc 23d ult. at onc o'clock, P.M.
Praycr by Rev. J. Rcdington.
Thc mecling was addrcsscd by Mcssrs.
Jcduthan Looinis, C. L. Knapp, .lohn Rcd
ington, E. P. Walton, and Jos. 13. East
man, and adjourned lo half pastsix o'clock.
Evening. Praycr hy Rcv. Elihu Scott.
Tcmpcrancc stalistics by Ilcv.C. Wright.
On motion of Rcv. Mr. Rcdington, sec-
ondcd by Hon. J. Loomis,
Rcsolvcd, That wc considcr thc produc-
tion of ardcnt spiriLs, and thc distribution of
tlicm, in any conimunity, cithcr as an arli
clc of traflic or othcrwisc, to bc immoral, or
contrary to ths divine commaiid,Thoushalt
love thv neidibor as thvself.
Adopted with onc di.-ssent'mg votc.
On motion of N. Baylics, jr. Esf.sccond
cd by E. P. Walton, jr., it was unanimous-
Rcsolvcd, That the young men of thc
United Statcs are most vitally intrrcstcd in
thc succcss of thc tcmpcrancc causc, and
that thcy are callcd upon by cvcry princi
plc of duty, to cxert thcmselves to eircct its
ANTIIEM from tlio Boston AcaJemy Collcction.
Sont nnJ ilaupliters of tho Pilsrims,
Who of noblc birth aro proud,
Lo! tho gtorious causo of tcmpcrancc
For oxtrllon calls alouj j
White tho Monstcr
Still willun thc lanJ is fbund.
Scc! theloalhomc ilrunkarJ rcelinc;;
Uarh I thc crics of cfing fricmls ;
Ilcar thc tnothcr, childrcn pleading
llcavcu rclicf would ijuickly tcnd !
When ill all thy m'ucrios cnJ!
O thou grcat anJ miglity Saviour,
Hasto thcc on thc glorious day,
When ilio powerful arch ilvceivcr
Shall no more his wrath ditptay ;
'i'hcn our causc
Will gain thc tinivursal sway.
On motion ol J. B. Eastman, scconded
by C. L. Knapp, it was unanimously
Rcsolvcd, That it is the duty of thc la-
dics, as christians, as wivcs, qs mothers, as
sisters, as members of the social conimuni
ty to usc all tlieir influenceto promoie the
causc of total abstinence.
Gcn. E. P. Walton introduced the fol
As the tcmpcrancc causc is idciitifieil with
thc causc of virtuc and humanity, thc
causc of God and our country, and under
thc smilcs of Providenec, must depcnd
for succcss upon the untiring and pcrsc-
vcring cfTorts of its friends,
Rcsolvcd, That, to rcnder its triumph
complete and its blessings permanent and
univcrsal, the Iricnds of tcmpcrancc here
and evcry wherc, should hang out tlicir
banncr to thc brcczc, and whcthcr it blow
high or low, prospcrous or ndvcrsc, tlieir
motto should bc "totai. adstikence, and
tlicir watch-word onwauu! ONWARD '.
The rcsolutions wcrc supportcd by rc
inarks from thc gcntlcmcn who movcd and
scconded tlicm, and on thc ndoption of tlic
last amid cries of o.xwiim I o.NWAnn! on
WAnn ! from dificrcnt parts of tlic bousc.
the annexcd parody on Old Lang Syne was
sunghy tho cboir, and the mccting adjourn
A PAUOD'i avlv i.sa im,
I.el drinkiug rum now bo fjrgot,
And nuvur brought to mind ;
Lct driuking rum now be forgor,
And cidcr, locr and winc.
For rum and hccr wc piy full dar,
Witli rosy nost und cyes ;
WVll talio a pluss of water now,
For surc wc'rc growing iu.
Now we can fiing, tlie god of vine
Shall c'-nqurr usno more.
Wc'il whcel about and vicl'ry ihout,
Tho contpicst now is o'cr.
And wn wouM hnrl t'ni pouon far,
That dcsotates our tlinm ;
Wc would cnago chrislian and page
To banish bicr and winc.
Nnr grnund your arms iny trusty fiii-nJo,
For caiiliiui rurc is right,
Yoiirvigil KiTpnnr Ihink to Flccp,
l!ui waich bolh day and night.
For tho' wc now liavc cigncd thc pltdge,
And victory eecms ourp,
Yrt Minic may Iry Ihc ranks to Hy,
And join opposing powt-rs.
I.ct Arnold's fiiinc c'cr mark tlm namo
Of him v.h quils his post ;
l!ut ihoso who n'and wiili iwoid in hand
Wc ture rliall honor most,
Tho Mtriltpclicr Tcm)erancc Association
held its annual mecling on the 2(iih ult. and
elccted thc following olliccrs, lo wit : C. L.
Knnpp, Prcsidcnt, II. G. Reynolds, Vicc
Prcsidcnt, C. U. Stebbins, Secrctary, C.
15. Stebbins, W. K. Upham, Gco. IIowcs,
and Wm. IIowcs, wcre appointcd to solicit
signaturcs to the tempi'ranco )ledge and
fimds, to bc expcnded by thc cxecutive olli
eers, in Ihc distribution of tcmperanco iub
lications. U3"Thc friends of tcmpcrancc
arc rcqucstcd to talte duc noticc nud hae
thcir ciiANcn ready. C. U. Steddins, Scc.
MR. CALIIOUN'S REPORT.
in se.natc, rr.n. 4, 183G.
IlaviliL' now Klinwn tbut it beloiiM to tlic
slavcholding Statcs, whoso institutions arc
in danger, and not to Uongrcss, as is sup
poscd by tho tncssage, to dctcrmino what
napcra nro inccndiary and intcndcd to cx-
cito insurrcction among tho slnvcs, it rc
maius to inquirc, in the ncxt placc, what
arc tho corrcspondingdtiticsof tho Gcncral
uovcrnmcnt, and tlio ouicr teatcs, irom
wilbin whoso liinits and jiirisdictiou tlicir
institutions aro attackcd a subject inti
mately conncctcd with that with which
tho committeo arc iiiiniediatcly charced,
and which, nt thc prcsent jtiuctiii'c, ought
io uu iiiuy uuuerf.iooci uy an iuo pariics.
I Iic committeo will ueoin with thc lirst.
It niay not bo cntirely uselcs3 to iircmisc
that ligbts and dutics nro rcciprocal, tho
cxistcnce of a right nlways inijilying n
corrcspoiKiing duty. II conscqucntly thc
right to proteet hcr inlcrnal peacc and sc
ctirity bclongs to n ttato, tho Gcncral Gov
crninent is bound to respcct thc nicastircs
adoptcd hy licr lor that pnrposc, and to
co-opcrate in tlieir cxcctition, so far ns its
dclcgatcd powcrs may admit,or thc incasurc
may rcqtiirc. inus, in tno present cnse,
the slavcholding statcs, bnvo tho unqucs
tionablc risht to pass tdl auch laws ns may
hc ncccssary to mauitain the oxisting rela-
tion bctwcen niastcr and slavc iu those
statcs, tlicir right, of coursc, to probibit thc
circulation of any publication, or any in-
tcrcoiuse calculatcd to disturti or dcstroy
that rclntion is incontrovcrtililc. In tho
exocution of the mcasures which may be
adoptcd hy thc Statcs for this purpose, thc
powcrsof Congrcss ovcr tho tnail, and of j
ret'tiiuting cimnnercu wnii iiireimi nuiiwna
nml bctwcen tho Stntcs,niay rcquireco-op-1
erttion on thc iiart of tho Gcncral Govern-1
tinnt, and it is bound, in confortnity to tho I
prmciplo cstnUhshed, to respcct tne laws ot
thc Sti.io in tlicir cxcrcisc, nnd so to modi-1
lyits acts asnotoniy to vioiaic inose oi
the Statcs, but as far ns practicablc, to co-
opsrntc in tlicir pxecution. 'Ihc practico
ofthe Govcrninent hnsbccn in conformity
to thcso vicws.
Uv thc nct of thcSSth ofFcbrnary, 1603,
cntitled "an nct to prcvcnt tbo iniportation
of ccrtnin pcrsons into cccrtain Stntcs,"
whcre, by tho laws of those Statcs, thcir
IIllllUllUl Ull lUUllluiLtu, lliuaiuis, VJ1 w '
tnins of sbips or vcsscls of wnr are forbid-
lcn under sevcre pcnaity, "to import or
bring, or causo to be importcd or brougbt,
hcing a nntivc or citizcn, or rcgistcred sca
mati i,f tho UtiUcd Statcs, or senmen, tm
tivrs of countrics bcyond tbo Cnpc of Good
llopc, m any port or ptaco wnicn Fiiau uo
sittiatcd in any Stato which, by lnw, lins
prohibitcd or sliull prolutut, the ndmission
or importnticn of sucb nccro, mulatto, or
othcr prrson of color." This provision
spcaks for itsclf, nnd rcquircs 110 illustra-
tion. it is n casc in point, and luiiy cni
liraccs thc jirincplo laid tlown. To the
same cfl'cct is thc nct of tho 2.rith of Febru
ary, 1700, respecting thc quarantinc nnd
licnuii iuu, wiiicii, ns iiuiunginj: iu uiu
inlcrnal polieo ofthe Statcs, stand on thc
snmc ground. Thc nct, among otherthings,
"dirccts tno coiiectors ntiu ull otucr rcvc
ntic ofliccrs, the tiinstcrs and crcws of the
rcvcnue cuttcrs, and tlic niilitary olliccrs
in coinninnd of thc station, to co-opcrnte
faithfully in the cxcctition ol tlic qunran
tine and other rcstrictions which the hcalth
laws ofthe Statc may cstabhsb."
The jinnciplcs enibraccd hy tbcse nrts,
rolation to thc conuncrcial intercourfc
ofthe country, nrocqually npplicnblo to thc
intcrcourse by inail. u licio inny, nidccu,
bc inorc difiiculty in co-opcrating with ths
States in thc laltcr than in the f'ormcr, but
that cannot possihly nfl'cct tho jiriuciple.
Rcgarding it tlien, us cstauiiahed, tiotii ny
rcason nnd ireet'dcnt, tbo committec, iu
conformity with it, havo prepared n bill,
and dirccted tlicir chainnan to rcport thc
satne to the Senatc, probibiting, under tho
penalty of fino and (lismission from ofliic,
nnd depiity postmnstcr, in nny State, Terri
tory, or Districl, from knowingly rccciving
and putting into the rnail any lettcr, packct,
pamphlet, papcr, or pictorial rcprcscntation,
dirccted to nnv post-oflico cr licrson in n
Stnlo. Tcrritory.or District by tlio laws of
which the circulation ofthe samcis forhiil
dcn ; nnd nUo probibiting, nndcr n liko
penalty, nny deptity pobtmastcr in eaid
StiituTcrritory or District, from knowing
ly delivering the same, cxccpt to sucb jicr
foiis ns may bo autboiiz.ed to receivo tlicm
by thc civil nuthoriiy ofsaid State, Territo
ry, or District.
It rcmains ncxt to inquiro into tlio duty
of tho States from within wfioso limits aiul
jurisdiction thc inlcrnal pcncc and hccurity
ol tho plavcholding States nro cndnngercd.
In order lo coniprclicnil moro fully tho
nnturo nnd cxtent of tlicir duty, it will bo
neccs.-ai v to iuako a few rcinarks on thc
rclations'whirh exist bctwcen tho Staies of
our Fcdcral Union, with tho nnlits niiil
obligatious rcciprocally rcsuliing from sucli
It hasulrcady bccn slatcd that thc Statcs
which couiposo our Frdernl Union nro
sovcrcign nud nnlcpcndeiit couuiiuiiities,
united by n coiisitutionnl t'onipact. Among
its incmbcrs, tbo laws of nntions iuo in
full Ibrco nud obligatiou, exccpt ns altcrcd
or inodified by tho compact; nnd of coursc,
tho Statcs posscsH, with that uxccption. iill
tlm riahts. nud nro subicct to nll tbo dutics,
which scparato nnd distinrt coinmunitios
Kisset-s, or to wnicn lliey nro niiijcci. .i
inong thoso iuo coitiprehended tbo obliga
tion which all tho Statcs nro under to iuo
vcnt tlieir citizens from disturhing tho
iicncoor cndatigcriiig tho eecurity of othcr
Statcs : nnd in caso of bciui; distuil).
cd or endnngcrcd, tbo right of tho huicr to
tlcmand ofthe tormcr to ttuopt sttcn nioas
urcs ns will prcvcnt thcir rccurrcncc, nnd,
ifrefuscd or ncglcctcil to resort to sucli
mcasures ns its proteclion may rcquirc.
This right rcmains,of coursc, nmong the
Statcs of this Union, with sucli liniitatious
as aro imposotl cxprcssly by thc Constitu
tion. Within thcir limils, tho riglits of thc
blaveholdiug Statcs aro as full to dcmand
of tlio Statcs within whoso limils and
jurisdiction thcir peaco is ussailcd, to ndojit
tho tncasures ncccssary to prcvcnt thc saino,
and if lvfusecd or ticglcclcd, to resoit to
means to proteet thcmsclvcs, as if thcy
wcre scparate and indcpcndcnt communi
tics. Thoso Statcs, on tho othor hand, aro not
onlv under nll tho oblicatious which indc-
'ficndcut coniniuuitics would bo to ndopt
sucli liicnsurcs, iiut niso unucr tno otuiga
tion which tho Constitution supcradds;
rcndcred more sacrctl, if possiblc, by the
fact that, whilo tho Union iniposcs restric
tions on thc right of tho Statcs to dcfend
thcmsclvcs, it iiflbrds tho incdium through
whicli tlicir pcaco nndsecnrity nro nssailcd.
It is not tho iutcntion of tho committec to
inquiro what thoso rcstrictions are, and
what aie tho incans which, under tho con
slittition, aro lcft to tbo Statcs to piotcct
tlieinsclvcs. Tlio period has not yct comc,
and they trust it uuver will comc, when it
may bc ncccssary to dccidc those qucstions;
butcomo it iinist, unlcss thc Statcs whosc
duty it is to supprt'ss thc danger shall scc
in titno its niagnitudr, and tho obligatious
which thcv aro under to ndopt snocdy
and cfl'cclual incasurcs to nrrcst its furthcr
progress. That tho full forcc of this obliga
tion nitiy bo iindcrstood by nll pnrtics, tho
committce proposc, in coiiclusion, totouch
;stSi wjt, t10 vjow 0f F0wing tlic dangcr-
bnclly on tho inocmentsoi tlio aDoiition
ous conscnucnccs, to wiitcli thcy inusi lcaa
jf not nrrostcd.
Tln.ir nrnfnssnil nliirct is tho cmanclna-
tjon 0f t10 siivcs ',n tlm Southcrn Statcs,
whlcli thcy proposc to nccotii)hsh tlirotigli
t,u iim!ncy Qf ortranizcd Socictics, spread
throtiiihout the non-slnveholdiliK' Statcs,
and a powerful prcss, dirccted niainly to
cxcite, iu the othcr statcs, hatrcd antl nb
horrcncc ouainst the institutions nnd citi-
zens of tho slavclioldius Statcs, by addrcss
cs, lectttrcs, and pictorinl rcprcscntations,
ahoiinding iu talsc auo cxaggcraiBii &imu
If tbo tnacnltude of this tnischicf nfl'ords,
in nny dcgrcc, the incasurc by wliich to
ittdgcoftliocriininality of the projcct, few
',nVo cvcr bccn dcvised to eoinpare with
,IC prcsent, whcthcr tho cnd bc rcgardcd,
i mcnns by whicli it is proposcd to bo
liplishcd. Thc bliudncss of funnticisni
IS prutuibial. WJlli inorr. soul tljnll Utlllcr-
standiiig, it conslantly niisconcKivcs the
nnturc ofthe obicct at which it aims, and
towards whicli it rusbes with hcadlong
violcncc, lccardlcss ofthe incans by wlucl
it is to bc cllectcd. Novcrwas its charactcr
more fully cxcmplificd thnn in tho prcsent
mfctnncc. fcetting out willi thc nlistrnct pnn
cinlo that slaverv is an cvil, tho fanatical
zcalots comc nt once to thc coiiclusion that
it is thcir duty to nbolisb it, regnrdlcsis of
all the disastcrs which iniL'ht tollow.
Ncvcr wns coiiclusion inoro false or dan
gerous. Admitting tlicir assuniption, thcro
are innunierablo things whicli, regarded iu
the abstract. nrc cvils, but which it would
bc inadness to attcmpt to nbolish. Thus
rcpnrded, govcrninent itsclf is an cvil, witl
mostofiis institutions intcndcd to proteet
lifc nnd iironcrtv, compreliendiiiK thc civil
as wcll as thc criininal and niilitary codc.
wliirh arc tolcratcd onlv bccausc to nbohs
tlicm would be to iucrcasc instcad of di-
ninifhiui' tho cvil. 1 hc rcason is equnlly
applicablc to tho caso under considcration
to illustrato which n lew rcinaikson slavc
rv.ns it nctuallv cxtsts 111 tho fcouthcrn
htatcs. wi nc ncccssary,
Ile who rcgards slavcry in thoso Slatcs
e iim v under thc relation ot mastcr nud
slavc. as important ns that relation is.
vicwcd mereiy ns a qucsuon 01 propcriy
to tho slavcholditi!: section of thc Union,
has n ery imperl'cct conccplion of tho
mstitution, and the impossibility of nbolish
ing it without disastcrs uncxnnipled in thc
historv of tbo world. To undcrstand iis
j . . . i-..n.. ' ,.
liaturi! and imporumco iiiuy, " inust uo
liorno in mind that slavcry us it cxists in
Southrrn Statcs, (includins under thc
Southciu ull tlm blavcholding states) in
volves not ouly thc relation of mastcr and
elave, but ulsc, thc social and politiciil rela-
tions ol tlio two rnccs, ot ncnriy cquai liuiii
bcrs, from ditl'crcnt (pinrters of thc globc,
nnd tho most oppositcofnllothers iu cvcry
particular that dijtinguishes ono raco of
incti from another. Emaucipatioii would
destroy thcse iclations would divcst the
masters oftlicir property, nnd subvert tho
relation, social and politicnl, that hascxist-'
cd bctwcen the racesfrom nhnostthoFcttlc
iiicut of tho Southcrn Statcs.
It is not tho iutcntion ofthe committec to
dwoll on tho pccuuinry nspcct of this vital
subject; tho vnst nmount of property in
volvcd, ctiuul at lcast to 1)50,000,0(10 tlolIaiF;
tho ruiu of familics nud iutlividuals; tho
iinpovorifhnieiit nnd irostratiou of nn en
tiri! scctinn oftho Union. nnd Ihc falnl blow
tiiat would bo given to tho productions of
tho grcat agricuiturni tiapi.s on wnicn iuo
coinincrce, tlic navigatioii, tho mantifac
turcs ouil tho rcvcuucs oftho country, nl
uiost cntirely depcnd. As grcat as theso
dhnsicrs would be they nro iiothing com
pnied to what nitist foilnw tho Fttbvcrsion
oflho cxibting relation belwccn tho two
riii-cs, to which thc comniittou will coiifino
Cmlnr iliU rclntion. tho two raccs havc
loug livcd in pctico nud prosperity, nud, if
1101 (liHtllltlCd, WOIIICI IOUH '"'""lui- pu n.
live. U'liilo tlm Eurnpean raco lins rnpid
Iv increascd in wenlth nnil numbcif , nuil
nt the fnuie tiinn has niaintaiticd nn equnli
ly, nt lcast morally nud iiiitillcctnally, willi
thcir brctlucn "of the uon-r!avcholdins
States, tho African raco has multiplicd with
no less rapidity, nccompnnicd by grcat
iniprovctncnt, pbysically and intellcctually,
and thn cnjoytncnt of a dcgrcc of cotnfort
with which tho laboring class in favr
countrics can comparc, nnd confcsscdly
grcatly superior to what tho frco pooplo of
thc samo race jiosscss in tbonon Blavchold
ing Statcs. It tnny indccd hcsafelyasscrtcd
that thcro is no cxatnplein history in whicli
n savago pcoplc suchasthcirancestorswcro
when urnught into tho country, havo over
advanccd in thc sunic period so rnpidly in
uumbcrs nud iinprovcineiit.
To destroy tbo oxisting iclations would
bo to dcstroy this property, and to place
thc two raccs in a stato of conflict which
must cnd in tho cxpulsion or cxtir-
pation of ono or tho othcr. No othcr can
bo tuustitutcd compatiblo with tlicir pcaco
or secunly. Ihc difiiculty is m tho divcr
sity oftho raccs. So strongly drnwn is tho
litio bctwcen thn two in conscnucnco ol it,
and strengthcnctl by thc forcc of hahit and
cducatioii, thatit is impossible lor thcra to
cxist idloL'ethcr in tho samc conimunity,
wherc thcir mtmbcrs nrc so nearly cqual aa
n thc slavchoiuin? statcs, undur any otner
relation than that which now cxists. Social
nnd politicnl cquality bctwcen thcm ia
impossihlc. No powcr on carth can ovcr
como thc difiiculty. Tho cnuscs rcsisting
he too dcc) in thc principlcs ot our naturo
to bo surinouutcd. Iiut, without suck
cquality, to change thc prcsent condition of
the African race, wcrc it possiblc, would
bobut lo chango ths lorm oi slavcry. II
would make thcm thoslavcs oftho conimu
nity, instcad of tho slavcs of individuals,
with lcss rcspousibility and iutcrcst in tlieir
vruuiu uu uit; puri ui uiu cuiiiiiiuiiuy iiiait
is felt by thcir masters : white it would
destroy thc scctirity mid indepcndcncc of
thc Europcan race, if thc Africaus should
bc pcrmittcd to coutinuc iu tlieir chnngcd
condition within the limits of those Jb'tates.
Thoy would look to tho othcr States for
support and protcction, and would hccotno
virtually, tlicir allies and dcpcmlunts; and
would thus plncs in tho hands ofthoto
Statcs, thc most cflcctual instrumcnt to do
stroy thc influcncc nnd control thc destiny
ol tlic rcst ol tlic union.
It is njrainst this relation bctwcen tho two
raccs tliat tbo blind and critninnl zeal oftho
abolitionists is dirccted a relation that now
prcscrvcs in quiet and sccurity moro than
11,500,000 liunian bcings, and which cannot
bo dcstroycd without dcstroynigtho peaco
nnd prosperity of ncnriy half tho Statcs of
tho Union, nnd iuvolving tlieir entiro pop-
ulation in a dcadly cotilhct that must
tertniuatc either in tho expulsion or cxtir
jiation of ihoso who nro the object of tho
misgiiided and falsn liumauity of thosa who
claim to bc tlieir friends.
Ue inust bc blind, indccd, who docs not
pcrccive ihat tho nibvcraion of n relation
which must hc followcd with sucb disas
trous consequenccs can only be cfl'ected by
coiiviilsions tlmt would dcvastate thc coun
try, hurst nsundcr thc bouds of the Union,
and ingulf,in ascaofhlood, the institutions
oftho country. It is inadness to supposo
that thc slavcholding statcs would quictly
submit to bo sacrificed. Evcry considorn
tion iutcrcst, duty and humanity; the lovo
of country, thc scnsc of wrong, hatrcd of
oppressors, and trcachcrous nnd faithless
confcderatcs, nnd, fmally, dcspair, would
impcl theni to thc most dnriug nnd dcs
jicrntc rcsistnnco iu defencc of property,
faniily, country, nud cxistcnce.
Rut wickcd nnd crucl as is thc cnd nimcd
at, it is fully cqualled by tlic criminality of
tho incans hy which it is proposcd to bo
accomplishcd Thcsc, ns has bccn statcd,
consist in organizcd societics, and a power
ful prcss, 'dirccted niainly with n view to
cxcite thc bittcrcst auimosity nnd hatred of
the pcoplc of thc non slavehohling Statcs
ngainst tho citizens and institutions of tho
slavcholding statcs. It is casy to scc to what
disastrotts rcsults sucli incans must tcnd.
Passitig ovcr tlieir moro ohvious cfTectg,
tlieir tendcncy to cxcite to insurrcction mid
sorvilo war, with nll its horrors, tuid tho
ncccssity which sucli tendcncy must im
pose on thc blavcholding Statcs to rcsort to
the most rigid disclplinc nnd Bevero policc,
to tlio grcnt injury oftho present condition
ofthe slnvcs, therc rcmains luiothcr thrcat
cnmg lncalculahlc inischicl to tho country.
The incvitablo tendcncy of tbo incans to
which tho nbolitionists 'havo rcsortcd to
cfl'ect tlicir object, must, if pcrsisted ki, cnd
in completcly nlienating tho two grsnt
scctions ofthe Union. The iuccssant action
ofhundrcds of socictics, atid a vntt printing
establishment, throwingout doily thoasands
of nrtlnl nnd itiflauimatory iublicntions,
must make, in titno, n deep impression on
tho Bcction ofthe Union whcre thcjr frccly
circulnte, nnd nrc niainly designed to havo
cfl'ect. Tho well infornied and thouglitful
may hold thcm in contompt, but tho young,
tlic iucxpciiciiccd nnd thonghtlcss will re
ceivo tho poison. In proccssof timc, when
thn numbiT tif prosclytcs is sufliciently
iiiultiplicd, tho urtful and proflignte, who
nro cvtr on tho watch to siczo on nny incans,
howevcr wirked nnd dangerous, will unito
with tlio fnnnlicp, nnd make thcir movc
nicnts tlic bnsis ofa powerful oliti('ril party
that will sock ndvnnccinent by diflusing, ns
wiilcly ns possiblo, hntrcd iigninst tbo
slavcholding etatcs. Iiut, as htitrcd bcgcts
hntrcd, nnd animceity nnimosity, tlicso fcel
ings would hccomc rcciprocal, till cvcry
vcstige of tutacliincut would ceasu to cxist
bctwcen tho twu scctions, when the Union
nud thcConttitiiiioii,tho ofrspring of inutu
id nfl'ection nnd coniidcnce, would forcver
Such is tho danger to whicli tho movo
mcnts of tho nbolitionists cxposo tho coun
iry. If tlic force tif tho ohligntion is in
propnrtion to tbo iuagniuido ofthe dangor,
Mronger runnot ho iiiiioscd,tbnn is nt pro
snut, on tho Stntcs, within whoHo limits tho
danger ovig"uintc3p,llrert its furthor pro-