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Vermont watchman and State journal. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, January 10, 1845, Image 2

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.'.MpNTPELIER, FHIDAY, JAN. 10, 1&I5.
' oUlSlrcToNGItKSSlONAL DISTRICT.
The returns received of tho third trial on Tucs-
. day lnsj. bIiow that Mr. Dillingham is elected, prob
ably, by "n majority of tho votes cast. We lioped
for a ilifforcht result hoped for tho 5700 Whig
votcswhich wero cast for Mr. Chandler in Septem
ber, and for tho voles at least of that portion of the
third party which formerly, acted with tho Whigs.
Those- votes wo believed ivquld havo elected Mr.
Chandler now; but alas, tpo many of them are
'missing. On tho other hand, Sir. Dillingham re
ceived the support of nearly all of the loco third
party men in this section of tho district a con
summation brought about, wo learn, by a Roor
back story that all tho whig abolitionists would vote
for Mr. CImndlcr. In ono town, wo arc glad to
say that the whig abolitionists, when they discov
ered the trick which tho loco foco branch of their
party was playing them, voted for Chandler. Gen
erally, however, wo suspect tho whig abolitionists
havo been duped by their loco brethren ; and they
may always cxptct to be duped when occasions for it
occur. Such lessons as this, and that of Polk's
election by similar moans in New York, surely
ought not to pass unheeded.
Tho following arc our returns:
WASHINGTON COUNTY.
November.
January.
JJil. Clmn. I'ut. Beat 1)11. Clion. Tut.
Barro 219 123 15 278 127
Berlin 100 121 13 97 118 7
Calais 201 29 7 197 21 4
Duxbury 30 CO 22 1 30 50 11
Fayston '19 0 15 53 8 8
Alnrshfield 02 117 5 92 109 3
Middlesex 70 112 -1 102 103 1
Mont poller 3G7 249 43 381 2Gt 20
Morctown 120 51 18 125 53 13
Northfield 170 232 10 194 231 8
i'lainfield 153 52 15 150 0G 9
Koxbury 50 31 ' G 00 33 9
Waitsfield 09 78 20 88 00 13
Warren 41 .15 20 53 101 10
Waterbury 191 118 9 1 201 153 13
Woodbury 151 38 7 170 32 4
Worcester 51 58 14 01 73 10
2100 1G25 210 7 2350 1024 140
CALEDONIA COUNTY.
Barnet 111 152 4 143 170 2
Cabot 139 95 13 172 07 7
Danville 271 108 20 291 103 12
Groton 59 89 55 79 2
Ilardwick 120 09 21 145 05 11
Kirby 09 49 49 47 1
Lyndon 195 102 18 183 133 13
Newark 27 40 1 10 32 3
Pcacham 91 145 4 109 142 1
Iiycgato 89 71 78 00 1
St.Johnsbury 143 280 0 123 279
Walden 93 33 17 100 41 10
Wnterford 70 131 73 145
1537 13GI 03
ORLEANS COUNTY.
Barton 01 88 15 59 107
Brownington 23 71 27 75
Charleston 20 89 13 37 97 0
Craftsbury 00 58 38 80 00 23
Coventry 30 119 2 33 121 2
Derby 100 169 4 120 181 4
Glover 109 92 20 119 93 7
Greensboro' 58 58 38 51 57 20
Holland 41 49 31 51
Irasburgh 51 8G 10 53 82 12
Morgan 19 48 2 17 54
Newport 28 50 32 58
Salem 14 25 9 20 1
Wcstmorc 9 9 10 12
078 1083 81
LAMOILLE COUNTY.
Elmoro 27 23 22 2 33 .11 10
llydepark 103 20 24 129 20 11
Johnson 08 84 CO 71 89 00
Mansfield 20 2 15 22
Morristown 122 CO 40 150 52 20
Sterling 8 13 19 2 5 9
Stowo 113 49 130 1 159 07 111
Watervillo 41 31 27 3G 27 17
Wolcott 52 47 17 00 43 12
7G2 310 235
has boon ordered to quit tho army In obodienco to
tho Constitution: if ho refuses ho is atraitornnda
rebel if ho consents, ho will bo powerless. Tho
result is doubtful, for while most of tho States ap
pear to bo against him and to sustain Congress,
ho lias still a largo army under his command.
POSTAGE.
Tho now postago bill fixes tho rates on singlo
letters nt 5 cents for 600 miles or tinder, and ten
cents over 500 miles j double and treble letters in
proportion; a packago of 1 oz. quadruplo thoso
rates, arid each additional half ounco at tho ratoof
a singlo letter. Newspapers lo regular subscribers,
not exceeding 1250 square inches nro chargeable
at 5 mills per hundred miles or under, and I cent
if over ono hundred miles or out of tho stato where
printed : newspapers sent from period to period,
(in otlrcr words, not to regular subscribers,) arc
charged double thrso rates. Pamphlets of 10 pa
gess doubln newspaper rates, and largo pamphlets
in proportion. Other printed matter is charged tho
same as pamphlets.
At the ubovo rates for letters the postage must be
pre-paid, and for convenience stamps are to bo pro
vided and sold to thoso who wish for them.
When letters aro not pro-paid, doulleposlagc is re
quired :
Tho following section defines the extent of the
franking privilege:
"All letters and packets to nnd from the Prcsi
dent and ox-presidents of tho United States ; all
letters and packets not exceeding two ounces in
weight, (unless they bo public documents which
shall bo unlimited as to weight) directed to each
member of the Senate, including tho President and
Secretary thereof, and each member of tho House
or Kcprcscntativcs, including mo wcrK oi mo
House and tho delegates of the Territories, and
which shall bo received by such members during
tho session of Congress, and for sixty days prece
ding and succeeding each session of Congress :
all public documents printed by order of cither
house of Congress, which may ho franked by any
member ot Congress; all the ollicial correspon
dence of the Post Oflico Department, and of each
of tho Executive Departments, as now allowed by
law; all letters and packets not exceeding one half
ounce in weight, t'ircctcd to cacli postmaster, the
emoluments of whoso oflico did not exceed two
hundred dollars tho preceding fiscal year; and all
letters from postmasters not exceeding a half ounce
in weight, directed to publishers of newspapers nnd
other periodicals relating exclusively to the sub
scription of papeis printed by such publishers."
There is somo prospect of the passage of this
bill.
Petition for Land Tho people of Illinois
are circulating petitions, praying Congress to grant
to tho Stato of Illinois live hundred thousand acres
of land to enable the Stato to finish somo of it3
internal improvements, and to pay a portion of its
debt. Tho principal object, and certainly a lauda
ble one, is to secure funds for finishing the Illinois
and Michigan canal, in tho completion of which the
nation is interested.
Suppose Vermont should petition for a like quan
tity to bo put in market, and tho avails to go for
tho rail-roads projected through tho Stale? We
do not doubt that such n petition would bo hooted
out of Congress as quick as tho votes could bo ta
ken. And why has not Vermont as clear a rigid to
such grants as any other State? She has undoubt
edly, and so has every ono of the old thirteen. Tho
ifliculty is that the people of tho old States do not
demand their rights. Misled by loco foco dema
gogues, tboy reject their proportion of the public
domain. We do not object to liberal grants to tho
new Slales, in addition even to their just proportion
but we think it is time lo begin to insist that
they shall receive nothing more until they consent
to do justice to tho older sisters in tho Union
Hitherto tho members of Congress of tho old States,
especially from New England, have been extreme
ly liberal in voting for grants of lands for educa
tion and internal improvements in tho now States.
Is it not time to inquire whether such liberality is
duo to Statc3 which repay it with ingratitude and
injustice?
THE LICENSE QUESTION.
Comparatively little interest seems to have been
felt in the election on tho 2d inst., the vote being
thin every where.
Washington County. The license ticket has sue
cceded by a small majority.
License. Jlnti License.
92 41
48 32
Scatt,
REVOLUTION IN MEXICO.
Mr. dishing lias furnished JNcw-York papers
with a circumstantial account of tho revolution go
ing on in Mexico and of its causes: By a civil war
in 1811, Bustamento wub displaced and Sa.ita An
na came into power under an arrangement called
tho Basis of Tacubaya; June 12, 1843 a new Con
Btitution was formed and Santa Anna was immedi
atoly elected President; Jan. 1814 Congress as
scmblcd, and on the President's requiring a loan ol
ten millions, a heavy opposition nroso against him,
and ho retired to his private estate, when General
Valentin Canalizo was elected provisional Prcsi
dent Santa Anna remaining President proprietor,
i. c. could execute tho duties of the oflico when he
chose to do so. By the Gth article of the basis of
Tacubaya it was provided that tho provisional c:
ccutivo should be responsible to Congress, and Nov
1, 1814, the department of Jalisco proposed that
this articlo should bo onforced and certain Const!
tutional reforms made. This was in fact a revolu
tion designed to overthrow Santa Anna. Tho fivo
northern departments agreed to it, and took up
arms against Santa Anna under Gen. Parades,
with a force of 1400 men. Nov. 7, Santa ytfnna
was invested with tho command of an army against
Parades by tho provisional President, and set out
for Queretaro to concentrate an army of 13.000
men. Congress tlicn interposed, declaring that
Santa Anna must proceed constitutionally. Tho
constitution requires that tho President shall not
command an army except with tho consent of Con
gross Santa Anna had violated this provision, and
Nov. 22, Congress impeached tho Minister of War
for issuing orders to Santa Anna and voted to rO'
e'eivo tho project of Jalisco.
On arriying at Queretaro, Santa Anna required
tho government junto of tho department to pro
nounco in his favor, and on refusal sent the mem
' born off to tho Castle of Peroto as prisoners. Con
gross immediately instituted an inquiry as to the
authority by -which this was done, when tho pro
visional rrcsidcni Canalizo closed Congress by
lorco anu declared aanta Anna Dictator. In a fow
days, however, tho garrison and people roao against
the Government, Congress ro.uM,mbiC() General
Ilcrara assumed tho duties of President now
minlstiy was appointod, and Canalizo with Santa
Anna's ministers was imprisoned.
iSanla Anna ii still President proprietor, but
Barro
Berlin
Calais
Duxbury
Fayston
Marshfield
Middlesex
Monlpelior
Morctown
Northfield
Phiiulicld
Koxbury
Waitsfield
Warren
Waterbury
Woodbury
Worcester
19
11
80
33
111
50
57
94
133
03
1
39
10
8
23
118
29
75
83
53
7
47
CONGRESS.
Monday, Dec. 30.
Senate. Mr. Sevier of Arkansas, announced tho
death or his lato colleacuo Mr. Fulton. After a
donting appropriate rcsoiulidns of regret and con
dotenco tlio Senate adjourned.
How. Tho House, after some discussion about
the preccdonco or business, took up tho joint reso
lution as to widows' pensions. It was proposed to
refer it to tho Committoo of the Whole, but Mr.
Winthrop and others having urged that such a do
lay was unnecessary and inexpedient, it passed, as
it camo from the Senate, as follows :
Jlesolvcd, tfc, That tho act entitled " An act ma
liiim nnnrnnrmlious fur tho navmont of Revolution
ary and other pensioners of tho United Stitcs for
tho fiscal year ending on tho 30th Junr, 1845," shall
not bo so construed an to affect tho claims of tho
widows whoso application for a pension, or an in
crease of pension, at tho passage of this resolution.
shall havo been made and filed in the Tension UI
fice, awaiting the decision of the Commissioner of
Pensions thereon.
A message was received fiom tho Sonato con
taining tho announcement of the death of Mr. Ful
ton, and tho resolutions of that body concerning it,
and after some appropriate remarks from Mr. Gross
of Arkansas, tho House adopted similar resolutions
and adjuurned.
Tuesday, Dec. 31.
Senate. Mr. Upliaui presented a petition from
the widow of Ilcman Allen or Vermont, asking
pay for her husband's Revolutionary services.
Air. Haywood gave notice that on Monday next
ho would ask leave to move lo take up the bill to
provide for the annexation of Texas to the United
stales.
Tho Sonato went into Executive Session, and af
ter some time spent therein, adjourned over until
Thursday.
House. Mr. Tibbalts of Kentucky,, wished to
introduce by general consent, a proposition for the
unnexation of Texas.
Mr. Bernard objected, and .Mr. Tibbalts gave no
tice that ho would introduce his proposition on a
subsequent day.
Mr. Reiser of Alabama gavo notice that at some
subsequent period ho would iutrodiico a series of
resolutions for annexing Texas to the U.S.
Mr. Pratt reported a joint resolution in favor of
a national monument to the memory ol Washing
ton. After the transaction of some unimportant busi
ness, tho House at hair past two o'clock, adjourned
until Thursday next.
Thursday, Jan. 2.
House. Tho House took up the Report or the
Select Committee- on the Dorr case and, after
several calls Tor the previous question, and other
motions, tho question was presented on printing
G0C0 extra copies or the Reports, both of Ibo ma
jority and the minority ol tno committee, it was
decided in the nlurniative. i eas WJ, mys bu.
Tho question then came up, on the adoption of
the resolution Willi winch the Kcport ot the major
!... ..r . r. .,:,.-. nnnni...tn i. .1 t
UY Ul lliu out i;k vvuuiiiiiuuv i.ui)viuut3. 11 iiiuimua
that the Constitution, recommended by a conven
tion of Dorr's friends, and put to tho vote of the
people, is tho fundamental law of Rlipde Island;
and that the interference of tho Picsident, to sup
press tho lato rebellion in that State, was not war
ranted by tho Constitution and Laws of tho United
States. Mr. Elmer, of N. J., addressed tho House,
in opposition to the resolution, up to the expiration
ol the morning Hour.
Tho House then, on motion or Mr. Huston, re
solved itself into a. Committee of tho Whole, and
resumed tho consideration of the bill to graduate
and reduce tho price of tho public lands. This
subject has long been a standing theme or decla
mation and agitation, by the Loco Focos in the
Western States ; and has been plied, during the
present session, quite as industriously as at any for
mcr period. Many speeches have been made, far
the purpose or making political capital at home, by
demagogues, who caro much more about their own
interests than they do about tho interests or tho
country at largo. Tho public domain may bo frit
tered away, and tho Suites defrauded of their right
to a portion or tho proceeds ; but th is is a matter of
very small consideration to them, so they can suc
ceed in deluding tho people, and retaining their
At tfibYSfbjsion or hla remarks, the commit Ico
rose, when Messrs. Tibbalts and Bolser each intio-
duccd a proposition Tor annexing Texas. Mr. Tib
halts, also, offered n resolution for protecting Tex
as, until tho question or annexation is decided.
They wero read, and rcrorrod to tho committoo of
tho whole. Tho House then adjourned.
SATUnnAY, Jan. 4.
Tho Senate did not sit.
House. Texas discussed, the question being on
adopting a resolution declaring it expedient to an
nex Texas. J. R. Ingcrsoll (whig) opposed tho
resolution and Mr. Payne (loco) sustnined it.
Total
Windsor County. Probably tho license ticket
has succeeded. Windsor, (by 1 majority,) Wood
stock and Hartford give a majority against licen
03, and Hartland, Barnard, Poinfrct, and Beading,
majorities fiir licenses. ,
Caledonia County. Tho anti-license ticket lias
prevailed by 200 majority.
Chittenden County. The anti-license ticket elec
ted by 105 majority.
Orange Countu. The returns indicate that tho
anti license ticket has prevailed,
following returns :
License.
117
72
Wc have the
Jlnti License.
138
81
1)1
Randolph
Brookfield
Bradfiird 02
Chelsea and Washington reported to bo tied
li'iiidltam County. Wo havo the voto or Rock
ingham only for licenses 183, against 87, scatter
ing 1.
FranUin County. Anti-liccnso ticket elected by
from 100 to 200 majority.
Addison County. Anti-liconso ticket elected by
100 majority.
VERMONT THE FIRST TO DECLARE IN
DEPENDENCE.
We learn from tho indcfaiigablo Antiquarian,
that the first declaration of tho Independence of
New Connecticut, (alias Vermont,) has been found,
bearing dato anterior to that or tho famous Mock
lenherg declaration. Vermont then raust have the
honor or being tho first to declaro Independence.
Wo hope to got a sight at this document ero long.
New Territory. Tho now territory or Ne-
braska, which will probably kbo organized nt tho
present session or Congress, reaches to tho root or
tho Rocky Mountains. It is nlso probable that
Lako Superior will bo open to navigation by a canal
around tho falls of St. Mary, of only ono milo and
a half in longth, nt a coBt of $250,000. In this
event tho land bordering that lako for 380 miles,
will ho opened to emigrants. Tho whito fishery of
this lako will speedily becomo an extcnsivo and
profitable business.
places in Congress,
Messrs. T. Smith, of Indiana, and Chapman, of
Alabama, each addressed the committee in support
of the Bill. Mr. Carey, of Maine, olftred a substi
tute when tho Committee rose, and reported pro
gress on the bill. Tho House then adjourned.
Senate. Mr. Dayton, of Now Jersey, presented
a memorial from citizens of Philadelphia, asking
tho abolition of Slavery in tho District of Colum
bia. Under the question of reception the petition
was laid on the table.
Mr. Bales, a remonstrance from Mcndon, Mass.,
against the annexation or Texas.
Mr. Buchanan, from the ladies or his State, a
gainst slavery laid on the table.
Air. Archer, from citizens of Vicksburg, Miss.,
asking n reform in the naturalization law.
Mr. Whito reported, from the Committee ou
Roads and Canals, a bill to continue tho Cumber
land Road.
Mr. Benton, by leave, introduced a bill to estab
lish a corns of sappers and miners.
A bill granting certain lands for the benefit or
tho Wabash and Erie Canal, was taken up, and
gave risu to an extended debate, in which Messrs.
Nilcs and Bagbv opposed, and Messrs'. Wood-
bridiro. Benton, Crittenden, Hannemin and Brcuso
sustained tho bill. The bill was finally passed by
a vote of 31 to a.
Friday, Jan. 3.
House. The llousa in Committee or the Whole
took up the joint rest lution reported from the Com
millco on Foreign Affairs, for annexing Texas to
llij United States.
Mr. Wcllcr rose, and offered, as an amendment
to tho joint resolution, tho resolutions introduced
uy inrn on me same stitiiuui, u iuw nays ugu.
Air. Douglas said that, to have the subject frilly
before tho House, ho would oiler, as an amend
mont to tlio amendment, the proposition for annex
inr Texas, submitted by him on a former day.
Air. C. J. Ingcrsoll then took the lloor, and said
that this was not only a 1 exas question, but a South
cm question ; but, for that reason, ho did not foci
tlio less inclined to advocate it. It was, nlso, a na
tional (iiicstion, and challenged tlio approval ol ev
ery one who foil an interest in tho general welfare
rilm nnnntrv. 'VUe subicct has nlrnndv hnnn nrnt.
ty fully discussed, and ho would only allude to
some cl the arguments mm nuu ueen uirowii out,
lie then spoke of tho probable effect or anncxa-
.lion upon tho commerce bf the country ; and main
.' . ... ,111-11.., 1 .,
taincd that it woum uo niginy uuncuciai. no was
a friend or free trade ; but, it was a fico trade be
twecn tho States, and not between nations, that Ik
was in favor of. He thought that tho principlo of
"M ulone' was one, under the operation ot which,
domestic trado and business would nourish muc
mora than under any other regulation. As a terri
torial nuoation. it was an important one. Lookin
m dm mini of that noition ol' tho western conti
ncnt, tho estuaries and rivers that abound there, ho
was led to bclievo that tho Author or the Universo
had annexed Texas to tho United States. View
inrr ilinmiustioii. also, in its connection with tho
institution or Slavery, it had its merits. Ho did
not feel inclined to ugitalo that delicatc question
hero ; but yet, ho wotild say that annexation would
not bo attended by an extension of slavery. On
dm contrary, it would havo just tho contrary effect
and would lead to an amelioration of tho condition
of" that unfortutiato and degraded race. Mr. I. then
ttirnnd his attention to tho question or new. to
hrinrr Texas into the Union. Ho was very brier
on this point, and was undci stood lo maintain,.that
ns wo had a right to annex Texas by conquest, wo
had tlio moro right to annex it peaccauiy, anil wuu
tho consent of Texas nersoii. no men alluded to
ibo effect of this movement, upon tho feelincs an
nctions or other governments. Ho said that ho was
enabled to state, upon tho authority or information
110 had ueen put III poasesiun ui, utai uturo was m
ilnntrer whatever of a war with Alexico. Tho in
formation ho spoko of, ho said, was altogether reli
able, and it iustificd hurt in stating, most emphat
ically, that no difficulty with Mexico can grow out
ol tho success oi tins measure, no icn utai nu
rnnld sneak with equal positivencss in roaard to
England. That nation would not go to war with
ns. on this account.
Air. llciscr spoito next, anu comtneu ms rcmants
principally to an argument as to tho power to an
nex Texas. This ho contended for. Ho also said
ho was not tied down to any schome, and would go
for any plan that would effect the object In viow.
RAIL ROADS.
Tho following nro the provisions of tho gonoral
law recently passed by tho Legislature or Now
Hampshire, relative to the right of way for rail
roads. All tho now charters nro subject to tho pro
visions of this act :
THE NEW ACT IN REGARD TO RAIL
ROADS. 1. Governor and Council appoint tbreo Railroad
Commissioners, to hold oflico 1, 2, and 3 years, and
new ones to bo appointed, ns their time expires.
2. All Railroad Corporations now existing or to
bo erected, and which bliall not Iioublo to purchase
land for their roads, aro made Public Corporations,
if they adopt tho provisions of this net and file such
acceptance with tho Secretary or State.
3. Tho Corporation may then apply to tho fmV-j-ort
Commissioners, who shall make survey or tho
proposed road. To oivo notice or time and placa
oi' hearing by publishing in tho N. II. Patriot two
weeks, last publication to bo two weeks beforo
meeting. To hear tho parties. And if, in their
opinion, the public good would ho promoted by lay
ing tno road, inoy ns soon as may uo, to inane re
port, containing a description of tho road, to the
Oovcrnor ana Council. It they arc ot opinion tho
road outrht not to ho laid out, Ihev will so report,
and nnjoil m-y bo taken to the Governor and
Council. Tho report of tho Commissioners to bo
filed in the ollice or tlio Secretary or Stato ; and
the Governor, with the advice o) Council, at their
next session after icport made, shall consider tho re
port, and decide whether in their opinion tlio public
good would ho promoted by laying out the road.
Decision to bo immediately communicated to Rail
road ( 'om-nissioncM : and if the decision is in fa
vor of htyiii out, the Commis-iioners, in conjunc
tion with tho' County Road Commissioners, shall
proceed and lay out, assess damages to owners ot
land, &c. and make report to Governor and Coun
cil. Damaged to bo pa d said owners beforo enter
ing upon tho land. When road is laid out. Gov
ernor and Secretary to lease the hind and guaranty
n io titu uurporuuoii tur irtim ono nuuureti lo two
hundred years, with the right to build a railroad on
the same. Lease may be renewed damage asses
sed to land owners to bo deposited in Stato Treas
ury. State may after 20 years resume their grant
on paying to corporation all expenditures and 10
per cent, interest thereon. Corporation to exhibit
to Legislature annually, account of receipts, &c,
and if exceed net income or 10 per cent., surplus
to bo paid Stato Treasury, and amount or toll may
be regulated so that in future it will not exceed 10
per cent. Corporation to transport soldiers and mu
nitions or war. To carry mail on such terms us a
grecd by United States, or as Governor and Coun
cil shall direct, &c. When required by the Legis
lature, tho corporation shall permit others to run
cars ; having regard to tho interest or the corpora
tion and tho public. Kailroad Commissioners to
examine the affairs or the corporation and rcpo:t
to the legislature. To icccive for their services
10 cents per mile travel, and S3 per day to bo
paid by the corporation. Keene jV. . Sentinel.
A meeting of tho Northern Hail Jload Corpora
tion is notified to meet at Lebanon on Tuesday tho
Istinst. Th'u route connects with the Vt. Cen
tral route.
Tltis day n meeting is to bo Iioldcn nt Haverhill,
of thoso interested in tho roulo from Concord via
Haverhill, St. Johnsbury and Derby to Alontrcal.
Hint lo Jloston Capitalists. The Troy Whig
urges Now Yorkers to extend a Rail road to White-
all on Lako Champlain, on tho ground that if they
do not, Boston will havo a road to Burlington and
take all the travel and trade. Yea, verilv but if
Boston builds her road to Burlington, through Rut
land and Addison Counties, she helps Now Vork to
compete with her : a short road would connect the
Whitehall and Rutland roads. Boston should look
rather to tho Central Roulo, in Concord and Mont-
elicr.
CORRESPONDENCE WITH MR. CLAY.
Wo find tho followinrr Corrcspoudonco in the
New Haven Palladium :
LETTER TO AIR. CLA.Y.
New-IIaven, Nov. IGth, 1811.
Sir! It is with much pleasure that wo executo
tho duty assigned to us by tho Whim or this city.
or transmitting to J nj the enclosed jirocoodings or
n meeting nciu uy mum ou mo uvemug oi mo i-itii
inst.: but this pleasure is mingled with tno deepest
regret that wo cannot bait you, as wo had fondly
hoped, as President or thoso United States. The
dcjilorablo result or the lato election has here, as
every where, filled tho hearts of your Whig friends
with pain and mortification : mid this reeling has
not boon confined to the voters, only, but has ex
tended itself through every ago and condition of
society.
Wo wore not aware, until wo saw our anticipa
tions of vour success uliirhlcd. how stronir a hold
you had upon-our affections, and wo now feel that
you nro president hi iiic ncaris oi a vnat mitorf
T.. -n .1 .-II! a 1 !.! ( .1...
ty oi tno intelligent aim pauiuuu cmzuiis ui uiu
country, whero vou never can ho defeated, and
wncrc tno poisoned snaits oi cauimny can uuver
roach vou. Had vou boon called to assume tho re
sponsibilities of tlio office of Chier Magistrate or
tlio Union, wo leel sure that the most eminent suc
cess in tho discharge or its duties, could not havo
increased your Tame, or led us to cherish any
wanner feelings than wo now entertain for your
character and public services.
Wo aro proud, Sir, of our city for the voto ho
has given you, winch is larger than was ever giv
en beforo to any candidate in a contested election
and wo aro proud of our State, that amid all tlio
deceptions nnd slanders which havo marked tho
course of our opponents throughout the lato con
test, sho lias given you a majority worthy or her
character and or the intelligence or her citizen.
May your valuable lifo, dear Sir, bo spared thro'
many years, to bless tho country you havo so great
ly honored, and whoso interests in times of dan
ger you have so often and so nobly upheld.
We tender vou. in behalf of yo.ir friends here,
nnd of ourselves individually, our warmest regards
for you and yours, and wc trust that nt on early day
you will find it convenient to visit New England,
that you may receive from your friends hero tlio en
thusiastic greetings that aro duo to the Nation's-
licnttaclor, for such in truth you nro, and in our
affections second only to the Father or hisCoun
try.
Your obedient servants,
P. S. GALPIN. )
JAMES F. BAHCOCK, Com't.
THOMAS R. TROWBRIDGE, )
lion. He.nry Clay, Ashland.
Cottox. The supply or the last crop in this
nd all other countries 'is estimated at 2,750,000
:tlcs, and the quantity required to supply tho world
2,150,000 bales, leaving a surplus or 300,000
bales. Cotton is now lower than ever before.
Sheep at the West. Wo learn from the A-
merican Agriculturist that a sale or a ilock or thor
ough bred Saxon sheep, wits recently made at AIc-
ina, Ohio: bucks brought from $10 to $50 each,
and ewes from $5 to $30. It is estimated that
about 47,000 sheep havo been taken lo the West
orn States tho past season.
Wheat in Veiimom-. Samuel Everts, orCorn
all, states, in the last Amcr. Agriculturist, that
the Black Sea Wheat has been used in that vicini-
witli great success, resisting both the fly and
rust. This year there is a surplus ot wheat in that
part of the State.
Dfatii or a Missionary. Air. Criswold; Mis
sionary lowest Ulrica, died on tno j-iin oi Juiy
last, at Gaboon. A short time previous to his death,
io had made a tour to the borders of the Pangwo
country, which never beforo had been visited by a
white man. Wc infer from an article in tho Day-
spring that Air. G. was a Vcrmontcr.
flCIlirnm Tracy, Esq. has been removed from
tho Post Oilicc at Wells River, Charles H. Leslie
laving been appointed in his place. Mr. Tracy
las dared to be a freeman doubtless an unpardon-
ablo otl'enco in tho eyes of JolinTy!c.'d P. AI. Gen
eral. Never mind : Wicklill'o himself will speedi
ly foel thu edge of tho ollicial axo which lie now
seems lo wield with more than usual fatality.
(TJ Mr. Clay's letter to the Whigs of New Ha
ven exhibits tho right spirit, Stand by your prin
ciples, Whigs, and wait patiently for tho hour of
their triumph, for triumph thoy nmst.
Mark Skinner, Esq. of Chicago, lias been ap
pointed U. S. District Attorney fur thu Stato of II-
inois. Ho is a son of the late Gov. Skinner orthis
State.
Hound the World. Hon. Caleb Gushing, U.S.
Commissioner to China, arrived at New York on
tho 1st instant, from China, by way of tho Pacific
Ocean and thrcugli Alexico. Ho brought back
news which left this country seven months ago for
China in tho other direction so tho news has been
borne around tho world in soven months.
MR. CLAY'S ANSWER.
Asili.AM), 17th Dec. 18-11.
Gentlemen I duly received your friendly let
ter, transmitting the proceedings or a public meet
ing held in the city of Now Haven, in respect to
the late Presidential election. The patriotic spirit
manilested in the whole ol them is worthy ol Con
necticut, worthy of iu renowned scat of "learning,
and worthy of the Whig cause. For tlio senti
ments ot attachment, confidence and iriciuismp to
wards mvsell. winch tliov exhibit, and which you
so kindly reiterate m your letter, 1 oiler the warm
acknowledgments of a grntcful heart. Aly obliga
tions to Connecticut, and my friendly intercourse
with many or her eminent sons, during a long peri
od ol time, will be laithlully remembered wmie l
continue lo live.
I share with you, gentlemen, in rosfrets on ac
count or the unexpected issue or tlio recent dec
tion. Aly own personal concern in it is entitled to
very little consideration, ulthourrh I affect no indff
fnrence in that respect. Tlio great importance of
the event arises out of the respective principles in
contest between tho two parties, tho consequences
to which it may lead, and the 'dledged means by
winch it was brought about, ot which, however, l
do not allow myself particularly to speak.
l no policy oi tno country in rcgarn io tne i ro
tcction of American Industry, a few months ago,
seemed to bo rapidly acquiring a permanent and
fixed character. TJio Southern nnd South West
ern portions or tlio Union had been reproached at
the North for want of sullicicnt interest and sym
pathy in its welfare. Yielding to Ihe joint influ
ence of their own reflections and experience, the
olavo Hlalcs wero last subscribing to tho justice
and expediency of a Tariff for Revenue, with dis
criminations for Protection. Atsuch an auspicious
moment, instead of cordially meeting the Slave
States, nnd nlacinir tho principlo of Protection up
on impregnable nnd uurauio ground, n suuicicni
number of tho Freo States to be decisive of tho
contest, abandoned what was believed to bo their
own cherished policy, and have aided, if not in its
total subversion, in exposing it to imminent hazard
and uncertainty. Discouragement has taken the
placo or confidence, in the business or the country,
enterprise is checked, and no ono knows to what
employment ho can now safely direct his exertions.
Instead or a constantly augmenting Homo Market,
wo aro in dancer ot experiencing us decline nt a
time when tho Foreign Mnrkct is absolutely glut
ted with American productions, cotton especially,
hich is now selling at a lower price than was ev
er beforo known. It is probably destined to Tall
still lower. Tho final and not distant result will bo
especially ir large importations shall bo stimulated
by low duties, a uraiuoi tne specie oi tne country
with all its train or terrible consequences, on which
I have neither inclination nor tunc to dwell.
If tho cause of tho Whigs had triumphed, the
distribution of the proceeds of the sales or the
nub he lands would havo been secured, and that
?rcat national inheritance would bo preserved for
tho benefit of the present and future generations.
I shall bo most agreeably disappointed if it bo not
.wasted in a few years by graduation and other pro
jects ot alienation, leaving no traces oi permanent
cnuht behind.
I could not touch upon other great measures of
public policy, which it was tlio purpose ot tho
Whigs to endeavor to estnblish, without giving to
this letter an unsuitable length. They may bo
briefly stated to havo aimed at the purity ot the
government, the greater prosperity of the people,
and additional security to their liberties and to the
Union. And, with all, the preservation ot tho
peace, the honor and tho good faith ol tlio nation.
Tho Wliigs wero most anxious to avoid a foreign
war, lor tlio saKO oi acquiring tt luiuign territory
which, under tho circumstances of the acquisition
could not fail lo prodtico domestic discord, and ex
pose tho character ot tlio country, in tno eyes ol un
impartial nunu. iu di;iu-iu uiuiiiuui.iai.H,
llutouropnoiicnts havo prevailed in tlio late con
test, and tho Whigs are for tho present, denied tho
. : t . ..1' ... i . mi, tlinil liilKlcilrfU nf Un.
tiomd policy. Believing that they arc indispensa
bio to tlio wei.'aro ot iiiu country, um iiiiiviiiuii
to relinquish tlio fond hope that they may bo finally
established, whether I live to witness that event or
not. In tho mean limo, inoso to wnoso nanus tne
administration of public affairs is confided ought
to have a fair trial. Let us even indulge an anx
ions desire that the evils which wo havo approhen
ded may not be realized, that thu peace of our
country may uo unuisiurueu, us uoiior remain un
sullied, nnd its prosperity continue unimpeded.
To guard, however, against nd verso results, tl.o
resolution of tho Whigs of tho City of New Ha
ven, steadfastly to adhere to tho Whig cause and
nrincinles. is wiso and patriotic.
1 b hotild bo most happy to visit once more No
England, and especially Now Haven, which has
dono inn so much honor by giving me, ut tho lato
election, tlio largest majority ever given by that ci
ty in n contested election, l snail emuraco wuu
great pleasure, any opportunity, should any
niv.ir. in nccont your obli.'iii'' invitation.
1 tender to you gentlemen, iry corumi maims mr
THE CLOVEN FOOT AGAIN,
"Henceforth tho liberty parly holds tho whig
patlylts enemy forever; nnd the cornplcto and full
separation from its aims, its purposes, its political
economy, us measures, and us men, la what, In my
opinion, is necessary to tho sclfprcscrvation, tho
growth, and the ultimata success or the liberty par
ty." Emunttpuior,
There is so much in abolitionism which has our
sympathy, says tlio Rochester Democrat, that wo
nro deeply mortified 0n reading paragraphs like
this, from tho recognwed organs of tho liberty par
ty. Wo had hoped, thnt tho iriends of petition
of extending the elective frmv.liis0of further re
stricting tlio slavo trado and nt abolishing the
curso from tlm Capitol might havo, ultimately,
been found acting together. But the locorng who
control tho liberty party aro determined that tl,i3
shall not be. Garrison or tho Liberator says :
" As Mr. Lcavittdocs not express any dissent
from this declaration, it is fair to infer that ho en
dorses it. It lully sustains our charge, that tho war
faro of tho psucdo liberty party is not so much a-gainstthojiro-sat'cryof
tho two great parties as
against the whig parly itself 'ito aims, its purposes,
its political economy, Us mcaBiircs, and its men'
whatever it may say or do, either in its local or gen
eral action, in hchalfoftho anti-slavery movement t
Vl ,n,,l in onl.l - I.,.'.. l . i...... .1...
democratic party in tho samo hostile spirit, though
'its aims, its purposes, its political oconomy, its
measures, and its men,' aro nil included in our sen
tence tlio Annexation ot Texas, alias tho renew
al or the Slavo Trado, both foreign and domestic,
and tho extension nnd perpetuation of SLAVE
RY Ml A 'liberlii party,' forsooth !"
THOMAS W. DORR.
Tho Sui remO Court or the United States refiised
lo grant the motion or Dorr's counsel for a writ nf
habeas corpus, on tho ground of a want of iurisdic-
.! t'i....-.r
tion. ir. jtisuco iici.ean announced tno unani
mous opinion of the Court on Friday last. From
that opinion wc extract the following pasago :
" 1 he power given to the U. S. Courts in the
Mth section or the Jud'ciary Actor 178'J. to issuo
writs of scire facias, liabcus corpus, &c. as regards
the writ of habeas corpus, is restricted by tho pro
viso to cases where the prisoner is ' in custody,
under or by authority of the United States, or has
been committed for trial befiirc somo Court of" tho
s line, oris necessary to be brought into Court to
testily.' 1 his is so clear Irom tho language of tlio
section, that any illustration of it would seem to bo
unnecessary.
The words of the proviso aro unambiguous.
They admit ol but ono construction, and that they
qual ify nnd restrict the preceding provisions of tho
section is indisputable. Neither this nor any other
Court of the United States, or judge thereof can
issue a habeas corpus to bring up a prisoner who is
in custody under a sentence or execution orn State
Court for any other purpose than to bo used as a
witness. And it is immaterial whether tho impris
onment bo under a civil or criminal process. .'Is
the law now stands, an individual who miyle indict
ed in a Circuit Court, is beyond Ihepoucr of Fcdtr-
ul Uourls end Juages, y lie be in custody under the
authority oj a stale. Dorr is in confinement under
the sentence or tho Supremo Court or Rhode Is
land ; consequently this Court lias no power to is
sue a habeas corpus to bring him beforo it."
SLAVE STATE REPRESENTATION.
Tlio Presidential voto or 18 10, presented the rel
ative strength of tho freo and slave Stales in the
following manner:
Popular Vote. Electoral Vote.
Free Stales, 1,721,130 171
Slavo States, 731,307 123
It will bo seen at a glance, that the ratio at tho
popular voto is very different from that of the elec
toral vote. In other words, tho s'avo States have
many more of the electoral votes, than the propor
tion of the population would give. .Vi'x thousand
voters m tlio slave btatcs have tho same voice in
choosing the l'res'dcnt, as Un thousand voters in
ie Ireo otntes ! IJowmanyol our 'lo.io star' par
sans have thought of this ! If the electoral votes
ero divided according to the ponular votes as ain-
ted above, the free States would havo 207, and the
slave States 87. And yet, unfiiir as the arrange
ment is, the Polk and Dallas men have voted lo ex
tend this arrangement to new slavo States in Tex-
I he annexation or Texas imnlies all this
Wo have frequently alluded to tho subicct. but tho
Journals havo not generally touched upon it, and
lew oi tno iNortnern voters, probably havo thought
of their position, in reforonco to the" voters in tlio
slavo "states. 'n(. Uaz.
Death of the Hon. Jams F!sk. Tlio National
Intelligencer, published at Washington, holds the
following language respecting tho Fife and charac
ter or the Hon. James Fisk, lato of Swanlon.
"Tho mail of yesterday brought us news of tho
death at his residence in Swanton, Vermont, of
the Hon. James Fisk, in the 82d year of his age.
This gentleman was a mcmucr oi tne House ot
Representatives of tlio United States when the
present editors of this'papcr, (Messrs. Gales & Sea
ton) first become connected with it, and was one of
the most active members of the Whig (then term
ed Ilepublicun,) parly. Uocamo into Congress in
iclM and was mucli and ju?tiy connded in by I'rcs
ident Jefferson, during the last term ofhis adminis
tration, and by Mr. Aladison, during the trying peri
od extending irom loll until niter tliccloso ot tlio
war in 1812 when ho retired from Congress. So
irivate has been the latter part or his life, that not
laving heard of him for many years, wo supposed
that ho had been long-ago called to his Maker.
The last oflico which ho filled was that of Collector
of the revenue of the Un.ted States for tlio District
n which he lived.
( is due lo his memory to say that he was, perlutps,
nt of Ihe honeslesl men thul ever lived ; and that.
though a seir-laiiahl man, hewes a man of ureal sa
gacity and natural talent, which he employed rent
....,,..'.. ,. ii,. :n..o i .,.7.,,;. I.:. rti. -i;...
luiuii.. Ii. .ill. oiu.iuiiu vv I, ll, VI, lit a yctiUll vMItil3
called him."
Jlhode Island. Tho Providence Journal intimates
that tho legislature will pass an act releasing Dorr
from imprisonment, on his taking the oath of alle
giance to the stato.
J. C. Doxtor, Esq. has been appointed Postmaster
al Rutland, in place of Mr. Hawks, resigned.
A Righteous Verdict. A citizen of New York
lms obtained a verdict against that city in conso-
quenco of an nccidont which befell him not long
sinco in crossing tho Park, whore, a trench being
loft onon, ho foil and broke his log. The jury gave
him damages to tho umount of fourteen hundred
dollars and costs.
vour iricndlv wishes and kind regard for mo an
mine, and 1 hope that ono and all of you may Ion
vn in hca tli. lanninoss anu tnwucriir.
1 am faithfully, your friend and obedient servant
' II. CLAY,
Alessrs. P. S. Galvin, Jas. F. Badcock, Thomas
R. TROwnniDOK.
Indiana Senator. Tho election of United States
Senator from Indiana, which was to have lukon
placo on tlio vwu, was uguui puatjiuuou tu uiu ouu
instant, by precisely the Bumo voto as in tno prov
ous instance 25 to 20 tlio President giving tl
casting voto in tho alhrmative.
Massachusetts. Levi Lincoln has been chosen
President of tlio Alassachusctts Sonato, and Sam
uel II. Wollcy, Jr, Speaker ot the House.
,1nli Shvtrv in Virginia. A writer in tho Al
exandria Gazette, who signs himself ".'i Virgini
an? uppeals to his follow citizens in Tavor of tlio
Abolition ot Mavcry. A correspondent ot the
Christian Watchman gives tho following abstract
of his article:
"Tho writer thinks his Southern friends too sen
sitive on thu subject. A few years ago thoy were
seriously thinking of Emancipation; but now that
others havo undertaken to dictate to them, they
havo groun irritable, and sought lo dofond Slave
ry. But through tho unprolitablo system ol ein-
loving uninterested laborers, they seo the popula
tion of Eastern Virginia diminishing at the rate of
20,000 in ten years, and many portions of country
formerly cultivated, now covered wuu lorcst, and
abounding with deer and other game. There havo
been frequent appeals lo Northern farmers to come
out and settle upon these lands ; and about filly
families havo recently como anu settled down in
1-iurfax County (a County adjoining the District.)
These tinners aro prospering, but tho young men
who como to labor for them are returning North, so
strong is tho influence of tho odium resting on
whitu labor. Northern fanners will not bo induced
to scttlo in Virginia, unless there can be some sure
prospect that tho system of slavery will s michow
bo brought to a termination. Franco, Denmark,
and even Portugal, aro making efforts for tlio Ab
olition of Slavery, and we, thp rnit boastful orour
freedom, aro larthest in ttiO back ground. 1 ho mam
difficult point is, tho plun for compensation. Ho
commends tho suggestion or Rufris King or Now
York, mado in the Senato many years ago, that tho
proceeds ol' tho sales or the public lands bo devot
ed to this object."
Power of Destructives. Tho following
noto was addressed to tho editors or tlit Baltimore
American from Alorso's telegraphic station, on Sat
urday :
Experiments by iho aid or Alorso's Tolograph
havo been mado this afternoon by Mr. Colt, inven
tor ot the Sub Afarino Battery, which havo resulted
in proving, at tlio distanco or fortv miles, (from
Ilaltiinoro to Washington,) that by "igniting gun
powder nnd other combustihlo substances, ho can
blow up a ship with the samo colerity and certainty
as at only a low miles. Air. Colt has proposed to
tho government to permanently fortify any harbor
ot a cost of not exceeding that ot n stcamship-of-war,
and guarantees its security against the com
bined fleets or Europe.
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