Newspaper Page Text
ATCIIMAN & JOURNAL.
" " liTr. VAl7rON,Jn.,tlltTO!l. '
montpelieu, Thursday, sept, is, is in,
" "-THE SENATE. OFFICIAL CANVASS.
v Thomas T. Barrett,
., , .Benjamin Hillings,
- John Noblo,
- Galen Pearson,
.John IV Skinner,
Hugh II. Henry,
Sumner A. Webber,
Joshua M. Aldricli,
Undoi-irk Richardson, 2108
Oramel H. Smith,
William W. Wolls,
Goorgo W. Collamor,
r, . ... r
1038 S Whigs 0,octou'
1023 ) T
jjjajj Third, Party.
VOTES FOR GOVERNOR
Blado. Kelt. Sliaf.
14 towns last
10If! 1100 320
CO towns last
8104 1025 337 2505
3135 1018 773 4210 1052 5G0
72 10 03 82 18 00
I, 1C9 52 27 203 48 15
3370 1C60 8G3 45G1 2018 017
073 3-15 170 784 319 203
129 00 0 143 87 1
222 110 21 211 133 15
53 14 19 57 -11 12
131 81 18 100 85 19
99 123 18 140 140 14
0 30 5 85 30
70 41 5 89 48 0
51 27 4 53 25 4
4J 42 7 01 48 4
83 95 10 95 105 9
148 50 204 12 21
8 11 11 II 22 10
1G0 29 218 32 1
47maj. 202 133 0
212 12 53 2c0 10 41
87 112 1G 1C0 118 22
130 10 10 138 8 7
107 105 41 190 122 38
83 31 77 50 2
4 towns last
SG'JO 1313 431
15 towns last
week, 1319 003 3G1
Addison, 70 15 21
3101 170G 443
1932 050 412
123 2 29
1425 018 382 2015 G52 441
11 towns last
1344 1822 291
100 141 25
-1398 2145 507
1719 2330 409
2 towns last
1418 1138 341 17G0 1370 320
5 towns last
week, 259 408 ,339 310 55G 219
Belvidere, 20 3 10 21
Eden, 53 GO 22 47 GO 22
Mansfield, 1 20 25 1 27 20
Stow, 30 91 192 40 147 141
Wuterville, 17 40 50 23 42 35
Wolcott, 40 52 33 09 07 27
411 787 003 541 920 497
Bloomfield, 10 20
Brighton. 0 moj.
Canaan, 17 49
Concord, 111 57
East Haven, 8 moj.
Granby, 13 8
Guildhall, 27 maj.
Lunenburgh, 25 maj.
Maidstone, JO moj.
Victory, o 8
1533 1420 200
2101 1025 357
a'iTG 1(180 803
090 1313 481
1425 018 332
iueu 2:w5 85t
1730 1101 478
1308 2145 507
1023 1072 291
1418 1138 311
C95 490 172
411 7f7 003
421 419 17
1833 1010 214
2501 1703 30-1
4501 2018 01
3101 1700 443
2045 G52 411
2101 2f31 008
8120 1005 535
1719 2320 409
1809 1943 231
1700 1370 320
003 552 182
511 920 497
421 419 17
23,023 19,376 4,911
83,713 10,913 5,WJ
blade oyer all last year 1,438
Allover Slado this year 1,855
Slado's net loss 3,'W)3
Thcro are somo 200 votes cast for Messrs. Fol
lctt and Coolidgo (Whigs) In Addison county,
whioh will increase the majority against Mr. Sladc.
The remaining towns last year stood as follows:
' ' Shatter, 727
. We think Mr. Slado will lack about 2500 votes
of an election. Tho Whig voto 13 inoro than 5000
short of last year, and the Locofoco voto nearly
3000 short, whllo tho Third Party has increased
"Arlington, Amon Buck, w.
Bennington, Norman Blackmor, w.
Dorset, no choice,'' .
58 30 5
127 78 lfl
Glastcnhury. Ishmacl FiUvcll, t.
Landgrovo, William Martin, w
Manchester, S. Bentlcy, l.
Pom, G. Batchcltler, w.
Pownal, I). Gardner, Independent,'
Roadsboro', Joy Bishop, t.
Rupert, S. Rising, w.
Samlgato, A. C.B6bcc, w.
Scarsburgh, Alfred Williams, w.
Stamford, Thomas Uratton, I,.
Riindcrlond, no choice,
Winhall, no choice, .
Woodford, A. Stettj, w.
Brattlcboro', G. C. Unit, w.
Brooklino, none, t. loss.
Grnflon, Abisha Stoddard, w.
Guilford, John Lynde, w.
Halifax, William Plumb, w.
Marlboro', Winchester, f.. gain.
Nowfaiic, Plyjiinton Morse, l.
Putney, Jatnca'kovcs, w,
Rockingham, Daniel Kellogg, t. gain.
Somerset, Ephraim Rico? l.
Strntton, Amos Parsons jr., w.
Townshcnd, II. L. Aiken, w.
Vernon, Eli Loo, w. gain.
Westminster, Ira -Goodhue, w.
Wilmington', none, i,. loss.
Windham, J. D. Jones, w.
Andovcr, Joseph Dodge jr., w.
Baltimore, nono, w. loss.
Barnard, .1. B. Danforth, r,.
Bethel, none, w. loss.
Bridgowatcr, none, w. loss. ' ,
Cavendish, Joseph Adams, w.
Chester, Haskell Weston, w.
Hartford, Allen Hazcn, w.
Hartland, Lewis Mcrritt, w.
Ludlow, Surry Ross, w.
Norwich, Shubacl Converse, w. gain.
Plymouth, Jnred Marsh, w.
Pomfrct, none, w. loss.
Reading, Rufus Forbush, w.
Rochester, Thomas 11. Harvey, w.
Itoynlton, John L. Bowman, w.
Sharon, R. D. Lathrop, i,.
Springfield, Hiram Harlow, w.
Wcathcrsliejd, John Spafl'ord, w.
Weston, Jerro Adams, w.
Windsor,' Thomas F. Hammond, w.
Woodstock, Nathan T. Churchill, w.
Benson, PJiilo Wilcox, w,
Brandon, E. N. JJriggs, w. gain.
Cnstlcton, Chcevcr, w.
Chittenden, Chapin Leonard jr., w.
Clarendon, nono, w. loss.
Danby, Albert Bucklin, i
F.iirhavcn, Cnpen, w. (, . .,.
llubbardton, Reuben Baylies, w. 'j' t
Ira, James L. Gilmore, w. f
Mention, Ethan Temple, r,. gain. .,J
Middletown, Horace Clark, l. '
Mount Holly, John Crowley, w. .
Mount Tabor, Kclley, w.
Orwell, Chauncey Conk'ey, w.
Pnwlot, Charles F. Edgcrton, w.
Pit'.sfiotd, Lyman Gibbs, w.
Plttsford, I. F. Bogtic, w.
Poultney, A. Kcndricl;, w.
Rutland, William Gilmore, w.
Sherburne, Benjamin Maxham, w.
Shrewsbury, Elislia Johnson jr., l.
Sudbury, Charles W. Ilorton, l.
Walliugford, Harvey Button w.
Wells, John Barden, w.
West Haven, Adams, w.
Addison, Gideon Scegar, w. ' . .
Bridpoit, Joseph Frost, w.
Bristol, D. Warner, w. gain.
Cornwall, Abrnni Foot, w.
Fcrrisbtirgh, David 1). Middlebrook, w.
Goshen, Reuben Allen, w.
Granville, Joseph Lamb, iv.
Hancock, Zcrah Barnes, w.
Leicester, Leonard D. Jcnnoy, w.
Lincoln, W. W. Pone, w.
Middlebury. Samuel Swift, w.
Monkton, John A. Beers, a. .
Now Haven, Seth Landou jr., w.
Panton, Stephen Holland, w. , ,
Ripton, Frederick Smith, w.
Salisbury, Samucl.Crook, w. , .
Shoreham, Bola Howe, ay.
Starksboro', Gcorgo Strong, a.
Vergennes, Villo Lawrence, w.
Wauliam, John R. Strong, w.
Weybridgc, none, a. loss.
Whiting, A. Needhani, v.
Bradford, none, x. loss. i,
Braintreo, Riford, a. gain. .
Chelsea, P. ,C. Jones, i.. gain.
Corinth, Samuel Darling, u ,f ,
Fairlec, J. B. Bailey, i..
Newbury, James Buchanan, i.. gain.
Orange, Artenias Hougliton, I., gain..
Rundolpii, none. ,
Strafford, none, l. loss.
Thetford, Joseph Gillctt, u
Topsham, C. P. Bill, i..
Tunbridgo, John Lougy, a. gain.
Washington, Stephen Burton, w. y
West Fairlec, Stephen Thomas, l. ,
Williamstown, W. S. Becket, i.. gain.
Bolioji, John Bedcc, i
Burlington, Cliarles Russell, w.
Charlotte, William R. Pease, w.
Colchester, Jacob Rolfe, i..
Essex, Alanson Bliss, i
Ilincsburgli, Lyman Dorwin, w.
Huntington, George Eddy, w.
Jericl.o,, David Fish, w.
Milton, Benjamin Fuirchild, w.
Richmond, Nathaniel Fay, l.
Shelburne, William Harmon, w.
St. George, nono.
Underfill!, Frederick rietchcr, u
Westford, Reuben Farnsworth, a.
Williston, Samuel Brownoll, w. gain.
Barrc, Webber Tildcn, i..
Berlin, Schuyler Phelps, w.
Calais, Nelson A. Chase, u
Duxbury, Chester Marshall, a. guin.
Fayston, Eli Bruco, i.. ;
Marshfiold, Stcphon R. Hollister, I..
Middlesex, William X. llolden, w.
Montpelicr, J. T. Marslon, i..
Morctown, Daniel Harris, ..
Nortlifield, David W. Hadloy, u. gain.
Plainfield, Nathaniel Townshcnd, i..
Roxbury, Shaw, i
Warren, Moses Ordway, w.
Watorbury, William W. Carpenter, l.
Woodbury, Abnor Town, L.
Ihmct, Lloyd Kimball, w.
Burke, Charles C. Nuwell, w.
Cabot, nono, a. loss. .
Danville, Moses Weston, w. gahT. .
Groton, Jonathan Welch, w. gain.
Hardwick, A. M. Blair, i..
Kirby, Benjamin Nutter, l,
Lyndon, Asaph Wilniarth, I.. .
Newark, Ebonezcr Davis, w.
Poacham, Simon Blaiichord, w.
Rycgato, Thomas Nelson jr., u gain.
Sheffield, nono, i.. loss.
St. Jolmsbury, J. P. Fairbanks, w,
button, William Hutchinson, i. ,
Wnlilen, Nathaniel Perkins, u
Wn lor,r,ml. Dennis Muy, w.
Wheeloek, Nothaniel Hart jr., l, .
, , V '"ANKLIW COUNTV. .
Bcrkshiro, Azro Andrus, i
Enosburgh, Charles Maynard, w.
Fairfax, Reuben Dewey, w,
Fnirfield, Bradley fnHBf I
Fletcher, Lucas Holtnil
1' rankllii, l'otcr I liaso, w,
Georgia, Isaac P. Clark, w.
Ilighgate, Philo Drury, w.
Shchlon, Lloyd Mason, t..
St. Albans, Orlando Stevens, w. gain.
Swanlon, nono. ' j
Albany, none, a. low. , .,
- 'Barton, Harris Sniilli, w.
Brownington, William .Toslin, w. .'
Charleston, Amos Parlin, w., .
Coventry, Josloh B. Whcclock, w.
Derby, William Nelson, vr.
Glover, none, i.. loss.
Greensboro', none. , ' ,.
Holland, It. P. Goodallj w.
Irasburgh, George Bryant, w.
Jay, Oirin Emerson, a.
Lowell, Amos Paine, u gain.
Morgan, Zcnas llartlott, w.
Nowpoit, S. B. Rider jr., w.
Salem, none", w. loss.
Troy, Robert Kay, i.. gain.
Westficld, Arad Hitchcock, i
Wcstmorc, Carlton Cheney, w.
Belvidere, Alva Chaffee, i.
Elmore, II. II. Elmore, l. gain.
Hydepark, N. P. Keclcr, l. gain.
Mansfield, Ainandcr Peterson, i..
Morristown, V. W. Waterman, u
Sterling, A. Kcnfiold, w. gain.
Stow, Samuel Benson, a.
Watorvillo, William Page, a.
Wolcott, P. S. Benjamin, i,. gain.
Bloomfield, S. Burbank, u
Brighton, Isaac Aldricli, I..
Brunswick, R. C. Belknap, r,.
Concord, II. G. Fry, w.
Canaan, II. Hcmnan, J
East Haven. J. Walter jr., w.
Granby, J. Matthows, w.
Guildhall, O. Crawford, w.
Lcmington, R. Morrison, i..
Lunenburgh, Stephen Ilowo, w. '
Maidstono, J. Foilansboe, j..
Victory, Keyos, l.
CIUiMI ISI.E COUNTV.
Alburgh, S. J. Davis, w.
Grand Me, Samuel Adums, w.
Isle La Mott, i
North Hero, John Dozen, w.
South Hero, A. 11. Lindon, w.
Third Party, 9 . 70
Whig mujority, 45 .
Senate, Whigs, 3
Whig majority, 10
Whig majority in joint ballot, 01
COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES.
From the annual leport on Commerce and Navi
gation it seems that the value of tho imports for
tho yoar ending on tho .'10th Juno last was
and the exports amounted to 1 10,309,273
Balance of trade against the U. S.
List year tho balance was nearly two millions in
our favor, and the difference has been mainly pro
duced by tho decreased value of cotton.
In tho above Fpccio is included, of which was
Excess of exports, ,$1,525,418
fTJ7" Frank Granger, who was Harrison's Post
Master General, has been constantly represented
by tho Locofoco presses to bo ono of tho most pro
scriptivo and bloody nuonsters that ever presided
over tho Post Office guillotine. But tho records
of tho Po3t Office Department tell a different tale.
J. M. Nilcs (Loco) in 5 months removed 1022
postmasters, avoiaging 201 per month.
Mr. Granger removed 840 in 7 months, avcrago
only 121 per month.
Exr.cuTioN. Henry G. Green was executed at
Troy, N. V., on Wednesday last, for tho murdct of
his wife, committed but a fow days after their mar
riage. Green confessed the crimo ami' tho juslico
of his sentence, and expressed deep penitence for
hi3 offences toward God and man, and died looking
for salvation through tho merits of that Saviour
" whoso precious blood eleanseth froin all sin," and
" who came into tho world to save sinncs, oven
the chief." About 300 witnesses were admitted to
the prison yard, and etery thing was conducted in
the most solemn manner.
fX7 Tho Orleans County Agricultural Society
it ill hold its annual fair at Irasburgh on the 2d Oc
tober. Premiums are offered for the best specimens
of every sort of production of the soil, stock and
Another " Extension of the Area oi Free
dom." At a meeting of citizens of St. Clair Co.
(Illinois,) recently holdcii, Ex-Gov. Reynolds intro
duced tho following resolution, which was unani
mously udoptcd :
" Hesolecd, That the Chair appoint fivo persons
to mako a report to an adjourned session of this
meeting, on tho propriety of passing an act of Con
gress to authorize- tho President to puichnso tho
Island of Cuba, with tho consent of tho white pop
The Insurrection in New York. Dp to tho
.10lh inst. 103 persons had been arrested in Dela
ware Co., N. Y., charged with having engaged in
the anti-rent rebellion. Of this number 52 had
boon fully committed for trial.
Election in Maine. Tho returns indicato that
tho Locofuco candidate for Governor has been de
feated ill other words, that; thoro has been no elec
tion of Governor. Kennebec gives 3CC0 majority
nguinst tho Locos, and of 18 representatives elect
ed only 2 aro Locofoco. As far as heard, tho
Whigs fiavo a majority of tho loprcscntativcs.
M EXICAN LmiLLIG ENCE.
.Tho only positive nows of importance; is, that
Mexico will not formally declare war ogainst the
United States, but alio will endeavor to reconquer
Tcxus. For tho lust week wo havo had the old ru
mors of the advance of portions of the Mexican
army, and tho old reply thattheso troops uro fow in
number, rugged, hungry, dirty, and Unpaid.
FIRST RATE I1UTTER. J
Wo had tho ploasuro ycslorday of examining a
box of butter from tho dairy of Mr. Samuel Denny
of Northfleld, and a fine article it was. Mr. D.
makes his butter in hindsomo balls, or rather
. squares, and packs in basswood boxes, which aro
first well saturated with brino, and so lined with
nupkliH that tho butter does not como in contact
with tho wood, llostoii is his market, and his but
ter brings from 22 to 25 cents per pound. It may
bo rojiVr to manufacture butter which can ho sold
at a small prico for grease, but it certainly is moie
profitable for dairymen to bestow ilio extra care ne
cessary to produco a clean, handsome and Hweet
article Mr. D. gets from 12. to 15 cents per pound
more than can be obtained for an ordinary quality.
Virmonl Central. Wo cannot better show tho
confidence of tho stockholders in this road th.mby
stating tho fact that many lmvo paid Instalments: in
advance, and othcis tho wholo amouiit of llicir
stock. Seldom if ever has tho first instalment of
any stock boon met with moro promptitude than
Cheshire llond. Wo aro glad to learn that tho
grading, masonry, Sic, of tho section from Win
chendoti to Now Hampshire lino has been contract
ed for. A second assessment has been made, pay
able on tho 15th of October.
Vermont and Massachusetts ("raZctoroV llond.
Tho commissioners of Worcester county (Mass.)
have refused tho petition of tho company to run
through Wilichondoii instead of Baldwinsvillo : yet
tho company has purchased tho land on tho Wili
chondoii route. Wo hardly know what tho effect
of this decision can be, but trust that our Brallle
boro' friends will find somo way to go ahead. Tiioy
have had their share of difficulties.
(C Tho editor of tho Bellows Falls Gazette
docs not know nuito so much ubotit Cheshire stock
as somo other folks ; and when ho undertakes to
tell what ice know about it, wo cannot do less than
hint to him that we understand that matter a littlo
better than any body elso can. Wo know that tho
effect of tho "arrangement" with the Central road
was to raise tho value of Cheshire utock ; and wo
know, also, that this advance was sustained, until
tho opponents of that t rangoment began to mako
war upon it. Those two facts wo aro as suro of as
wo are of tho faculties necessary to learn any sim
ple matters of fact. If tho Gazctto wishes to know
why that advance was not maintained, wo advise
him to go to disinterested and intelligent Bo3toni.
ans for information: ho will find a prominent ica
eon in tho fact that constant cfibrts have been put
forth to break lip that arrangement and to alarm
tho Chcshiro stockholders. Our advice to tho Ga
zette is, to let tho "nrrangement" and tho Central
road alone: neither aro to bo defeated by tho clam
on either of interested or ignorant enemies ; and
fortunate it is for tho Cheshire road that it is so.
Least of all should Bellows Falls complain, since
she is suro of ono road,at least, and if Mount Hol
ly ever is ocrcomc,sho may havo two roads. We
say may, as wo understand that a part of tho sub
scriptions to tho Rutland routo depend upon its go
ing down Black River, and another pai t down Will
iams River: of course both roads will not bn built,
and the ultimate position of Bellows Falls is prob
lematical so far as tho Rutland road is concerned.
J. C. Got on Mvstf.rt. Nearly a fortnight
ago, Mr. Gougli, who is a distinguished temperance
lecturer, and a reformed inebriate, suddenly disap
peared from his boarding homo in New Vork. For
a week the city was highly excited, fears of foul
play were universally entertained, and a reward
was offered for his discover'. Ho waa found at
tho end of that time, entirely prostrated and his
life in danger. Fioni all that has yet boon learned
it Bccnis that ho drank a glass of soda water which
had boon drugged with opium, and cither from tho
excitement of opium or from force, it is supposed
that ho had drank so largo quantities of liquor as
to endanger his life. Whether this is tho result
of a conspiracy among tho rummies, or of his own
rclapso into intemperance, is tho mystery. It is
not long since wo heard Mr. Gough lecture, and he
appeared to be not only an earnest, eloquent and
efleclivo speaker, but a thoroughly reformed and
pious man, and we think ho has been the victim of
a crimo hardly less in enormity than murder itself.
University ov Vermont. Wc havo seen it
stated in a Boston paper, that a gentleman of Mas
sachusetts has made an exceedingly liberal dona
tion ($14,000) to tho University of Vermont. Wo
should bo happy to find that the University is to
receive a sum which would add so largely to its
means of usefulness ; but on inquiry, we learn that
tho managers of tho University havo authorized no
such announcement, and havo received no informa
tion to warrant it. 1 ho gentleman named (un
doubtedly without his authority, and against his
wis-hcs,) is friendly to tho institution, and perhaps
I his good intentions have been unwisely anticipated.
Accident. Mr. Alden Willey was severely,
and it is feared fatally, injured on Monday last, by
failing from a frame in tho rear of Judgo Reed's
house in this village He fella distance of 25 feet
and struck upon his head.
Tor tho Wutclunan nml Journal.
RANDOLPH PROBATE DISTRICT.
I perceive, in the last Vermont Patriot, a com
munication, charging n good deal of blamo upon
Mess re. Bartholomew of Washington, Foster of
Tnnbridge, Hancock of Orange, and Buck of
Norlhfield, all of whom it is saiii wore unsuccess
ful candidates for aro-clcctionto the House on the
2d instant, for their agency in depriving this Pro
bate District of tho services of tho Hon, Mr. Vilas
in the capacity oi Judgo, at tho last session of the
Legislature. Now wo ftipposo that according to
the principles of democracy, by which wo ull pro-
fis3 to bo governed, tho people should elect their
own nner.J. uniiuoipii i nmuio uismci is unuticu
to the same privilege. When tho people are tina
blo to elect, then they need somo guardian to elect
for thorn. But whom shall ihoy choose? Is Brad
lord Probate District tho natural guardian of Ran
dolph? Whv havo they any higher claim to this
ofiico than Washington or Hartford ? Tho simple
fact that Biadford District is included within tho
teiritorial limits of tho same County with Randolph
can mako no difference.
It is the duty of every Revucucan to look at
tho voice of the people, us expressed at tho polls.
Our self-styled democratic brethren aro never wil
ling to do so, when tho popul ir vuico happens to
be against them. They are as ready to ride rough
shod over thn necks of tho people, whenever it is
in their power to do so, as aro thoso whom they
chaise to denominate Jlritish monarchists. A glance
nt tho popular vote, in 1811, in Randolph Probato
District, completely jollifies tho course pursued by
tho last l.ogislaturo, and a glance at tho a una voto,
in 1815, will indicato tho courso which should bo
pursued aftho present time,
fe'ladA. lulling. lmr
00 Mi 83
82 12,1 40
1205 1118 400 1003 1059 532
Now if wo subtract from tho "democratic" voto
of 1059, givon for Kellogg, somo 100 voles, which
uro siid not to bo givon for n certain individual on
tho "democratic" senatorial ticket, and givo thein
to either tho Whig or Liberty party, which side
Will then havo tho plurality ? Wo havo no person
al objections to tho election of Judgo Vilns, but
does any man beliovo that tho people in Randolph
Probato District, if thu matter wero placed in their
hands, would elect him to tho ollico of Judgo?
Thalxsthe question. Justice.
Rovaltun. John I Bowman, Es. is claimed
as a Whig in thu Watchman, a Democrat ill tho
Patriot, and a Liberty man in tho Freeman,
You aro all right, gcntlemoii. Wo understand
that ho is a whig, a democrat, and liberty man, and
was voted for by all of them. . X.
Tot tlio WMclimsn ana Journal.
THE JUDICIARY OF VERMONT.
Tho coursn of tho Legislature for many years
showed tli.it the doctrine that it is for tho interest
of tho State that tlio judges should hold their offie.o
for a series of years, Is undcrstoo I In this Slate, tn
consequence of which tho courts havo acquired
and do sustain a high chaiactcr.
Tho vascillating conduct of tho Legislature of
lato threatens to shako that character.
When a man is elected to tho ofiico of Judgo of
I tho Supremo Court, and conducts himself well and
lis willing to remain in tho ofiico, rare is tho in-
Bianco in winch it ts best tor tho State that another
ho elected in his place.
Tho present judges aro honorablu and high
minded men, of great learning and discretion, and
whoso conduct in their respective walks in life is
without roproich. Yot thcro is not ono of them
without enemies, who desire that he may bo super
ceded in his ofiico.
Even tho vcnorablo chief jiiillco, who has hold
his seat so long that tho majority of tha bar cannot
remember tho timo when ho was not a judgo, is
jostled in his place.
Ho, eminently qualified for the place ho occu
pies, has, in his old agcyeatly tinned his buck up
on his home, given up tho comforts of his own fire
side, in mid winter, and mudo tho tour of the State,
in tho performance of tho duties of his office. In
deed no ono can say wherein ho has neglected
It would seem as if wiso legislators would con
sider that ho was rather conferring a fuvor iiiion
the Stato than receiving ono from them in takin"
Tho Legislature is entitled to praisfl for re-electing
tho fust assistant justice yearly without heaita
lion. Ho is deserving of tho confidence rcnosed
in him. I
Whatever may be urged against the second as
sistant justice, his industry and impartiality, and
tho steadiness with which he holds thn scalu of!
justice, cannot bo unknown to tho Legislature.
Whoever desires that ho should net hold his pres
ent place, desires a thing which is not for tho in
terest of tho Stato.
Tho third assistant justice has not found his seat
steady. There havo not been wanting thoso, in
time past, who were desirous to thrust him from it.
It is feared lh.it such will bo found in timo to come.
Hut it is desirablo that their success may be, at
most, no better, hereafter, than it lias been hereto
fore. If tho interest of the public is fnirly balanc
ed against the private views of individuals, ho is
secure in the place ho occupies.
About three years since a man who was deserv
edly held in tho greatest respect and esteem by the
community in which ho lived, and who had an hon
orable, extensive and lucrative practice as a law
yer, was elected to the office of fourth assistant
justice, without his having expected or sought for
it. His situation and circumstances in life were
c cry respect good. The ollico was offered to him
and ho accepted it, entered upon its duties, and
laitlilully discharged them. Ilo was ever found in
liia place. The rights of no suitor were disregard
ed. Patient lie was in tho hearing and ronsiderato
in deciding of causes.
At the end ot ono year ho was inconsiderately.
without cause, and in the twinkling of an eye,
thrust out of the office.
The honorable Bcntlctnan who was snatched at,
did not sec fit to bo draggod'ilito an office, which
should have permanency, so suddenly.
The Governor did himself honor in filling tho
vacancy by appointing the man who had been so
unceremoniously turned out.
And tho Legislature at their last session showed
that they appreciated his act, and their own choice
in ier.', oy re-electing the same man.
If any man or any number of men should raise
a clamor against the indues or anv of thorn at the
next session, tho Legislature should veil consider
before they reftiso cither of them another election.
Tho character of tho Judiciary in this Stato de
pends upon the Legislature. It cannot stand high
when tho judges aro frequently changed.
If it should ever be that thoso vho-'aro elected
to that ollico cannot fool that, in cao they conduct
themselves well in it, it will be continued to them,
whore aro competent men to bo found who will givo
up their own business and tiudertukc to perform
the uulicsol a judge.-' juris consui.tus,
Kur Ilia Wiitcliman and Journal.
Ar.AiiAMA, Sept. 2, 1845.
Tho Slate of Georgia is doing'soinething for in
ternal improvement, but for a year or two past her
worUs iiave progressed nut slowly, owing to pecu
niary embarrassment, which has afflicted nearly all
ot the btates. Besides the various railroads run
ning through different sections of tho State, there
aro several navigablo rivers. First, tho Savannah,
which is navigablo for steamboats to Augusta, 128
miles, during tho rainy season ; next, the Altiina-
nawc and its two oranchcH, the uconee and uau
mulgco, tho latter admitting steamboats of tho
smaller class during tho winter to Macon, about
J00 miles iiom the ocean: and thirdly, the Chata
hoochce, a great river of western Georgia, and for
a portion of its length forming tho boundary be
tween Georgia and Alabama. This river is navi
gable for steamboats to Columbus, over 300 miles
lrom the gulf. All of the rivers above tho points
mentioned aro shoal and run witli a strong current.
Tho Central railroad connects Macon with tho
Savannah river at Savannah. This load was built
by a company, and is a very important outlet to tho
products of central Georgia. Its length, as I have
before mentioned, is 190 miles, for tho most part
pissing over a perfectly dead level, and requiring
but liltlo grading. There are but few bridges on
tho roid, and not ono viaduct across it in its wholo
1 nth. There is another railroad fiom Macon to
tirillin. in Pike county, about 00 miles in length.
This iii very much out of repair, and m some parts
the timbers on which tho rails aro laid aro com
pletely decayed. Thu is called tho Monroo rail
road, and that pnrt of it from Macon to Forsyth in
Monroo county I beliovo is tho oldest railroad in tho
State. It h contemplated to cmtinuo this road
about 40 miles further, into DcKalb county, to a
place called Marthasville, about 7 miles from tho
Chatahoochec, and about tho same' distanco nearly
west from Decatur. Tho grading is nearly com.
pletod, and tho timbers aro rotting by tho sido of
tho road tho reason it has not before been finished
is tho inability of the company, and tho dilapidated
stato of tho finished portion of the road. Tho rails
were laid the last winter several miles uuovo unt
fin, and no doubt it will soon bo completed. The
Georgia railroad extends from Augusta to Marthas
ville, whero it meets tho Monroo road. This load
connects witli tho South Carolina railroad from
Chirloston to Augusta. It is nearly finished; tho
cars havo been running, since December last, to
Covington in Newton county, and before tho close
of thu yoar will probably run through tho whole
length. A road called tho Statu road, and being
built by the State.of Goofgia, is designed to run
from the junction of tho Monroo and Georgia roads
through tho Cherokee country to tho Tenesseo riv
er. This roid is completed from 20 or 3J miles
through tho county of DoKulb, and cars wero run
sjuio miles above .Marietta, but owing to an ucci
dontil burning of an expensive bridge over a deep
ravine about thrco imled from the Chatahoochec',
tho use of the road has beuii discontinued, but thu
work on tho road is still progressing, and in u few
yoars the Tennessee will bo united with tho Atlan
tic at Savannah and Charleston. Tho bridge on
this road over tho Chatahooeheo is a stupendous
work. It extends fiom a high bluff on tho south
ern bank, which approached hero within a few feet
of tho river, being at least three-fourths of a milo
in length. Tho bridge is not covered ; tho track
lies along tho middle and highest pait of the bridge,
which on each sido descends like tho roof of a
houso, firmly covered with plank overlaid with a
coat of tar and gravel, and on tho Hides a substan
Tho railroads at tho South aro constructed quito
differently from those at tho North : across tho track,
at an interval of a fow feet, aro embedded square
pieces of timber, on thoso aro firmly fixed timbers
hewed on two sides and about eight feet in length,
extending along tho truck j to thoso timbers tho
iron is boltod. A load constructed in this manner
is less expensive than when tho iron is laid upon
stone, but tho wood soon decays and must bo re
placed. Tho cars pass over those roads, when in
good renair. witli an easy mid uniform motion. An
attempt has been made to prevent the decay of
llicso umuers uy suujuciiug ilium iu a ciicimcui
preparation, but it proved a failure, nftcr Involving
tho State in iniich expense. The construetion of
theso roads must bo a great benefit to tho tipper
sections of Georgia. Thn m irket of the Cherokco
rotinticd is cither Charleston, Savannah, or Mobile,
from 300 to 5C0 miles distant. iNow by conying
their produce to Macon or Covington, tho distanco
is shortened by 200 miles. Many of these coun
ties ore very productive, and aro filling up with a
hardy and industrious population.
Tho section of country known as tho Cherokee,
including all that part of Georgia north-west of tho
Chatahoochec, except the cotintiot) of Hubcrshain
and Ralum, is comparatively now, very fow settle
ments being made thorn previous to tho expulsion
of tho Indians, about tho year 1832. But Binco
that period its settlement has been most rupid
Hero are found tho richest gold mines in the Unit
ed States; and a United States mint is still in op.
oration at Daloncga in Paulding county. This part
of the Stolo gives a heavy vote, and has a decided
influenco in tlio Stato elections. The groat Allega
ny range of mountains passes through this country.
1 hey aro not much elevated above tho common
level of the surroundingcount y, but afford a beau
tiful variety to tho scenery, and relit vo tho travel
er from tho dull monotony of the plain.
Liko all the interior and mountainous districts of
tho Southern States, this is a country of farmers.
Each man is alaborcr.tillingtho land with his own
hand, and " gaining his bread by tho sweat of his
brow j" but fow blacks uro seen here, and ono could
hardly porsuudc himself that ho was in o Southern
State. This is not a cotton growing region, altho'
n smnll quantity is made in nearly till the counties.
On this tho people depend, principally, for the pur
chase of family necessaries, and for innncy to pay
their taxes, wliich'ogethcr wth the wool from their
sheep furnish thoir clothing. The c niton lrom tins
region, last winter, was barely woilh carrying to
market The nroducor. sending a load to Colum
bus, Macon, or Augusta, and selling it at fourcenta
per pound, tho wagoner taking his provisions with
nm, and camping at night under the cover ot Ins
wogon, could scarcely realize two cents per pound
for it. Largo crops of com and wheat are raised
here ; corn, oven m tho vicinity of tlio Chatahoo
chec, could bo purchased, last winter, for ono dol
lar tier barrel of fivo bushels, and further back in
tlio country could bo obtained for a mere song.
u neat, orougni irom imny-sevcn 10 nuy cents per
bushel, but tnero was but very little sale for either.
Cattlo also abound hero; in the new and broken
sections there nro liicrully "cattle on a thousand
ills." It is not uncommon lor ono man to own
several hundred. But littlo care is necessary to
raiso them; they aro scarcely fed during the year;
the owner marks them and allows them to run al
most wild. A good cow is wortli from eight tn ten
dollars, and nuito good beef sells from two to thrco
cents per pound. m.
To the .Medical Profession in Vermont.
Exnenenco has abundantly established tho po
sition that any subject which requires invcsiigation
lor its promotion, is much moro successlully ad
vanced by associated action, than by individual ex
ertion, unaided by kindred associations. In fact,
in every department ot iilo, mind cxuitcs mind,
and this naturally increases individual advance
ment. This fact is demonstrated by the cultivation
of every species of Science, Literatino or Profes
sion. Hence, we find that wherever science, literature
or any profession has been promoted in any con
siderable djgree, thcro has almost invariably been
a contemporaneous action oi inuivmuats aim or
ganized associations. And it is, probably, an un
questionable fact that no profession h ,s received
more aid or denied moro ticneht lrom organized
action than tho medical. This atises from the cir-
cutnstanco that in the determination ot many prac
tical questions, difficulties and obstacles arc often
lrcscntcd whicli require lor their solution Keen
perception, sound judgment, and collateral and di
rect acquisitions, which may bo equalled, certainly
not excelled, uy any profession.
It is on this account, and to promote generous
and kind feelings among the faculty, that in almost
every important District or City, societies havo
bcon formed for mutual aid and improvement
Nearly all tho States in our Union havo medical
societies, whii.li generally tiro well sustained!
In Vermont, it is to bo regretted, these medical
associations, although they havo been beneficial to
the nrofesrion and to the public, havo not been so
useful as it is desirable. This unfortunate delin
quency wo aro conscious docs not arise from any
want of liberality, talents or practical acquirements
of tho faculty. It evidently in a measure originates
from an inattention to tho subject tho inconven
ience arising from tho scattered situation of tho
Jfractitiogcrs attending tho Stato and County meet
ings. This condition of tho profession tends great
ly to diminish its respectability, elevation and use
fulness. By attendance on our regular medical
meetings, facts and principles arc elicited of an
immense practical utility confidence in each oth
er is increased, acquaintances formed, and gener
ally, a kind and affectionate spirit promoted.
An elevated position belongs to tho profession,
and this, it must be admitted, it is incumbent on
every member losuataiu butli in his individual and
Being fully convinced of tho truth of these con
siderations, the subscribers, a comimtleo of tho
Vermont Medical Society, would respectfully re
quest tho County Societies to send full dilegations
to attend the Annual meeting of tlio Stato Socie
ty at Montpelicr, mi Wednesday, tho 15ih day of
October next, tit 10 o'clock A. M. They would, al
so, invito a general altondanco of regular Practi
tioners. On this approaching occasion an interes
ting meeting may bo anticipated. Arrangements
have been mado to secure two or thrco medical ad
dresses from reliable sources, and besides theso
other essays and reports may bo expected.
In this connection, the Committee wuuld most re
spectfully urge upon their professional brethren tho
importance of basing the several County Societies
well sustained. It will require somo exertion and
expense, but the advantages will abundantly com
pensate. At tho anniversary we anxiously hopo
that every County in the Stato will bo represented.
JONATHAN A. ALLEN, )
HORACE EATON, S Comm.
ERASMUS D. WARNER. )
Middlebmy, Sept. 9, 1S45.
l'ur tlio WaU linitin and Journat.
The Polk pnpcr.i arc making themselves exceed
ingly happy'Ovcr tho lesult of tho last election, in
this county. They have a right to rejoice, nor can
tho Whigs feel disposed to censure thein for their
Every intelligent Whig, however, understands
that it is to tho Liberty parly the " democrats"
aro and have been indebted for their success, sinco
1810. 'J ho towns of Randolph, Btooktichl, Tun
bridge, and Williamsto'a n, asido from this organi
zation, arc dccidcdlv tchig towns, but their liitlu
ence, this year in all of them, and in all except
Tunbridgo for tho greater sharo of tho time, has
been worse than nullified by the action of the Lib
erty party. The election of Mr. Polk, by these
moans, hu encouraged tho " democratic" leaders
of this faction to renew od exertion, and wo may
expect to bo used up by them, just so long as thu
people can be persttadud that men arc rresponsiblo
ti.r.tho consequences of their conduct.
HURRA! 11URKA1! THE SLAVES
Draintrco and Tunbridgo have each, this year,
elected Abolition Representatives. Tell it in South
Carolina; proc.aim it in the ears of John C. Cal
houn Me slaves are free !
In Braintree, Mr. Riford was elected by tho votes
of tho ivhij's. In TunbriJge, .Mr. Lougoo was e
lected by tho votes of tho democrats. John Tyler
should bo tho tutelar saint of tho wings in Bruin
tree, and Martin Van Huron of tho democrats in
Tunbridgo. Neither should over voto for Honry
Clay or Jamos K. Polk. But no matter for all that,
THE SLAVES ARE FREB1 X.
"Tho whigs have elected but ono representative
tins year in Orango County" and htm thOy did'nt
Q?" Not quito true. Tho votes of whigs elect
ed ono jn Uruintrec, and Iff5" one in Chelsea!