Newspaper Page Text
r.iong tlio places mentioned in Mexico was San U
Fe. A nd during tliis session Mr. Secretary Walk
fr, in lua report ton tho finances, sayst " llio act ot
March 3d, 1845, allowing a drawback on foreign
Imports, oxporicu irom curium ui um
ada, and also to Santa Fo and Chihuahua, in Mex
ico, has gono to somo extent into offect, and is bo
ginning to produco llio most Iiappy results.'
Here, sir, wo liavo tlio most positive recogni
tion on tlio part of our Government, tliat Santa l'O
belongs to Mexico, and is included within her law
lul tcriitory. Hut every ono knows that Santa I' o
is on tlio cast sido of tho Itio Grande. How then
con it bo pretended, for a singlo moment, that tho
wholo country, or that any patt of tho country bor
dering upon tint river, belongs to Texas, and hence
i ., ,n n,,iin,i Minina ? There is no author-
ity at all for that pica : not ono particlo of proof
tlmt thtf llio Grando is our true boundary, except
tho act of tlio Texan Congress, and that wo have
confessed to be invalid by admitting Santa l o, a
town on tlio cost sido of that river, to bo a part ot
Mexican territory. At that place wo have a con
sul i thcro wo havo boon paying duties on merchan
dise; ond uheti llio expedition to Santa lo was
captured, our Government inicrccdcd with tho Mex
ican Government for a release of our citizens ; ad
milting in tho correspondence itsclt that Santa lo
rightfully belonged lo tlio Mexican Republic,
'ri.niirrh our Government had by public acts ac-
l . .mlrifirn.1 din entiTLlri. bordcrinrr tinou tho llio
Grando on tho cast, to io a part of tlio llopublic of
Mexico, tlio trealy got up uy ''resident J yier ami
his Secretary of State, attempted clandestinely to
obtain all tho territory cast of that river. Tlio Ian
guago of tlio treaty was general. It provi
ded that tlio Itcnublic of Texas, with all its territo
ry, should bo ceded to tlio United Statos. Hut, sir,
though this language) was general, and seemed to
imply that the country ceded was nothing moro
than Texas proper, tho country bounded west
erly by tlio Nueces, yet when tlio President was
pressed by the Senate to frnish a map and descrip
tion of the country to bo annexed, he laid before
them a map of tho country to tho Rio Grando, with
the clause of the act of tlio Texan Congress, claim
ing all tho country east of that River. Hut Mr.
Calhoun, (ho Secretary of State, thouch ho had
nfti.xod his name to that stealthy treaty, and was
tho master-spirit in tho w,holo transaction, fooling
conscious, as it would Beem, that tho act of tho
icxon congress had no validity, tn Ins note to fllr.
Greene, our Cliargo at Mexico, enjoined it upon
him to nssuro tho Mexican Government that tho
boundaries were not fixed, and that his Government
would exercise a liberal policy in relation to tlut
subject. His words aie these : " You aro tnioincd,
also, by tho President to assuro tho Mexican Gov!
eminent that it is his desire to settlo all oucstions
between the two countries which may grow out of
tho treaty, or any oilier cause, on the tuosl Mitral
and satisfactory terms, including boundary anil
wi'li that view the minister who' has been recently
appointed will bo shortly sent with adecmato pow
ers." In tho same nolo ho directs Mr. Green to as
euro tho Mexican Government that tiio United
States has taken every nrcaution to maku tho terms
of the treaty as little objcctionablo as possible ;
and, among othcrsj has left tho boundary of Texas
without specification, bo that tho boundary might
bo an open question, to bo fuiily and fully discuss
cd, and settled according to tlio rights of each, and
the mutual interests and security of the two coun
tries." Now, sir, docs not tl.U amount lo a full confes
sion, on tho part of Mr. Calhoun, that llio Rio
Grande was not tho boundary of Texas? If ho re
lied upon tho act of the Texan Congress, why per
mit the lino lo be drawn in question, and propose
lo submit to negotiation ? Tlio fact is, that tlio act
of tho Texan Congress is a pel feet nullity. No
, man knows better than Mr. Calhoun that a bound
ury is a question to bo settled by two nations, and
any declaration by ono is entirely void. Settling
territorial limits is to bo regarded in tlio light of a
contract, and as necessarily implies two parties as
any other contract whatever. llenco it is tho
very perfection of absurdity to rely upon tha dec
laralion of Texas as dccidmir this nucstion. It is
t,herct"oreya-inatter of profound astonishment that
Mho president, in Ins lato message, sliould so pre
sume tipoiwllio ignorance of Congress, as to pro
senl'that cx varte act of Texas as having any bear
ing upon tho question. Rut the treaty was reject
ed by the Senate. And no objection was urged
wiui moro lorco man tlio ono wo aro considering,
that it attempted to carry tho western boundary ot
Texas to the Rio Grande, far beyond tho truo lim
its of Texas.
The distinguished Senator from Missouri, Mr.
Benton, when sncaUmr airainst tho treaty, suid :
"Tho ono half of llio department ol Now Mex
ico, with its capital, becomes tho property of tho
United States: an angle of Chihuahua also becomes
ours; a part of llio department of Coahulia, not
populated on tho lolluani;, wjucuwo lake, out, com
manded from the right by Mexican authorities ; tho
same of Tamaulipas, winch covers both sides of
tlio river from its mouth for some hundred miles up,
and all the left bank of which is in the power and
possession of Mexico. These, in addition to old
Texas ; these parts of four States ; theso towns
and villages j theso pcoplo and territory; theso
flocks and herds; thi3 slice of the Republic of
Mexico, two thousand miles long and some hun
dred broad, all this our President has cut off from
its mother empire, and presents to us, and declares
it ours, till tho Senate rejects it !''
"Tho treaty, in all that relates to tho boundary
of the Rio Grande, is an act of unparalleled out
rage upon Mtxio. It is tlio seizure of two thou
sand miles of her territory without a word of ex
planation with ho, and by virtuo of a treaty with
Texas, to which sho is no party.'"
"Having shown tho effects of tho treaty on tho
Rio Grando frontier, I take up tho treaty itself, and
under all Us aspects, and in its whole extent, and
nsstimo four positions in relation to it, viz :
1. That the ratification of tho Irecty would be,
of itself, a war between tho U. States and Mexico.
2. That it would bo an unjust war,
3. That it would be a war urn
1. That it would bo a war upon a weak and
Tho treaty failing, tho subject at the next boss
ison was brought forward in a form to obviate, in
some degree, this objection of tho Senator of Mis
souri. Tlio ioint resolution of annexation provides
that "the territory propeily included within, and
rightfully belongmgto, tlio Kepuulic ol Texas, may
bo erected into a i 'ate, &c." Hut tho first condi
tion imposed upon Texas in the resolution wa3 tins
" Said Stato to bo lormed. subject to adjustment by
this Government of all questions of boundary that
may arise until outer Governments."
Here, sir, wo have a full recognition of tho tin
Fot'led state of tho western boundary of Texas.
Tho langtiago U beluelod with caution" the torri
torv nronerlv included within, nnd rirrlitfnllv bn.
longing-to TexaB," and is followod with a provis
ion that all questions of boundary which may oriso
-wiui oiucr uovemments, snail oo senieu uy me u
Statos and that other Government. Theso provis
ions can havo no significancy on tlio supposition
umi mo uounuary mentioned uy tno i cxm uon
gress is valid. Not only the resolutions of annex
ation implied that tho boundary of Texas did not
extend lo tlio Rio Grande, but Mr. C. J. Ingcrsoll,
tlio Chairman of tho Committor on Fornin-n Rein.
lions, wlio Drought up tho subject boforo tho House,
nnd opened the debaio, gave us tho fullest assur
ance that it did not approach within ono hundred
miles of that river. His declaration is this : " The
territorial limits (of Texas) aro marked in this con
figuration of this continent by an Almightv hand.
Tho stupendous deserts between tho rivers Nueces
and Bravo (Rio Grando) aro tho natural boundaries
between tho Anglo-Saxon and Mauritanian races.
There ends the valley of tho West. Thcro Mexi
co begins. While peaco is cherished, that bound
ary will bo sacred. Not till tho spirit of conquest
rages will tho pcoplo on cither sido molest or mix
Wltll CBCIT Other." fin virlnnllv nilmila lliftt ivn
shall havo no right oven up to tho desert by virtuo
or annexing Texas, for ho speaks of buying our
peaco witli Mexico, and obtaining tho country up
B'tu- " " mo oner ol monoy. "Ai-
ousc, that thoso best acquainted with thn ir
stato ot things, oppj-ehond littlo or no dungor of
war thn main . nnn. -r . '
............ v.0 wl ur( monCyt wui heal the
breach and Hie controversy amicably." Hero is a
frank confession that tho contemplated I boundary
was tho great desert, and ovon tliatcouiu no ouiain
od only by tlio payment of money. And what has
UCCtllllO policy 01 raruovuniu ; "' ""-'-tion
of that joint resolution ? Why, tho President
informed us in Ills annual message, mui no nau ap
pointed a distinguished citizen 01 Louisiana, ami
sent him to Mexico, "to adjust and definitively set-
.1 - I! . l(rt . l.ntfnnn lit. Imn ni.n
i in n I iinnuinn- uiiinruiiui'a unwu itiu uuuii-
irics. includint? Ihoso of boundary between Mexico
mat Hit. State ol Texas." And in his recent mes
sage, ho says, Mr. Slidoll "was intrusted with lull
powers to adjust both tho questions of tho Texas
boundary and of indemnification of our citizens."
WATCHMAN & JOURNAL.
n. v. WAtroN, Jit., r.MTon.
MONTPELIER, THURSDAY, JULY 23. 1810.
"WHIG NOMINATIONS l'Oll 181(5.
FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR.
EL1SHA P. JEWETT,
FOR CONGRESS FIRST DISTRICT.
FOR CONGRESS-THIRD DISTRICT.
FOR CONGRESS FOURTH DISTRICT.
GEO. 13. CHANDLER.
FRANKLIN A. WRIGHT,
GEORGE W. PRICI1ARD.
SECOND CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT,
Tlio Whig! of tho 2d Congressional Di.itlcl nro refuelled to
meet ol Royalton, on the 31.1 day of July in. I. to nut In iioml
nation a candidato to represent tula Dutrirt in tho next Con-
gre.ii of the United State..
A general altcndanco in f olieitcd.
NATHAN (i. II ALU,
Ch-llrmenef Wind. or and (Jr. Co. Comuit'f.
Chelsea, July lltli, 1810.
TUE MEXICAN WAR.
Tho Administration seems to bo making another
dcplorablo Florida uffair out of tins Mexican war.
A letter from G. W. Kendall of tho New-Orleans
Picayune, dated Matamoras, Juno 23, and the Re
public of tho Rio Grando (newspaper,) unite in
saying that the U. S. army is in a most wretched
condition. Mr. K. says :
Gen. Taylor is now worso cramped and hamper-
lor want oi transportation tlian uer, and tho
Qtiarloi-Master General's Department "catches it"
on all sides and Irom all quarters. 1 here arc vol
unteers and logulars enough to march at anv lime
and to any point thcro aro more volunteers al
ready hero than aro wonted, idle and uneasy at the
inactivity yet the Commander General cannot
move lor want ot transports.
With six small steamers, at tho present slago of
water, healthy and commanding points could easily
bo reached on the Rio Grande; but they aro not
here, and tho arms of ono of the largest armies
ever brought into the field by tho United States aro
tied for want ot proper management at home.
There is something wrong, too, still in the I'ost
Ollico department, and loud arc the complaints m
I havo not a lino of news lo communicate wo
aro all in the dark and in the mud.
Another letter of Juno 30 says:
Gen. Taylor's camp on this Eidc of tho Rio
Grande is yet above water in spots, although tho
chances of being driven or drowned out still look
about oven. I sat upon tho banks of tho river this
morning with my lect paddling 111 Hie water; so
you may learn how near wo aro to an inundation.
I wish that some of those members of Congress,
who aro pleased to dcsiginto the ofliccrs of our
army as " cpauletcd loafers," and " wasp-waisted
vampires hanging about high places," could get a
glimpse of them now in, fact, could share their
privations and discomlorts with them. 1 hey would
forever after hold their tongues.
The poor devils although thev laugh at and
mako light of tho annoyances which beset them
amear in nli'dit most nitlful. many of them really
not having had a dry rug to their uaciis or a ury
blanket to sleep in for near a fortnight. Hanging
about hiirh places !" Why, they have been wading
about low places, half way up lo to their knees in
mud and water Gen. Taylor and Col. Twiggs
among the rest and nothing but an ausoluto tear
of being drowned out has driven any from their
Volunteers aro still arriving by regiments, and
still Gen. Taylor is without transportation or any
means of moving them. Whero aro tho steamers
ordered to bo purchased long since for tho uso of
the army ? Hero is a stage of water high enough
to reach Rcynosa and Camargo with c;im! and safe-
yet there is not a salo conveyance even across
I cannot conceive a situation moro trying lo the
patience and moro mortifying to tho feelings of tho
Commander-in-Chief, than tho ono ho is now placed
in. Willi men enough to march to any quarter, ho
has not tho means to move tiicin an inch.
Tho Republic (a paper established for tho pur-
poso of aiding in conquering Mexico,) uses this lan
guage: Tho Regulars and Volunteers comprising tlio
Army of Occupation, ore enjoying luxuries which
the unfortunato citizens who orb loll behind would
assuredly envy them for, wcro they in n situation
to appreciate them. During tho last ten days the
windows of heaven havo been opened wide upon
this section of country bolh upon tho "just and
the unjust," upon the American and Mexican sides
of tho Rio Grande.
Tho tents of the volunteers are made of cotton
stuff, rather too fino to sift hominy through, but pe
culiatly fitted for bhowcr bath purposes. The tents
of tho regulars aro nino-tcuths ot them rotten and
ragged. Tho stuff of which they aro mado was
originally bettor lilted for plantation mo, such as
negro clothing, &c, thfii for a campaign. Many
n poor follow, however, cannot boast of a dilapida
ted lent of tlio decayed material named, but is liv
ing unucr a siiouer mauo ol lus own blankets, un
der which ho can with dilftculty sit upright.
Tlio clothing and bedding of both regulars and
volunteers havo been half ruined during tho short
period of tho rainy season which has already pass
ed. Very littlo complaint has been heard nrnnnrr
tho men. Thoy camo hero with tho hopo of boin"
actively employed. They havo mado sacrifices
enough (the volunteers) to havo paid thrice-fold tho
expenses that could have been incurred by Govern
ment, had the most liberal provisions boon prompt
ly mado and executed, for the health and efficiency
of tlio Armv.
Tho uniforms and uffects of tho regulars havo
.... . . ....
ucon destroyed, and It will not, wo Hunk, bo an ex
aggoration to sav. nrniv sunnlina ennnirh linvn lmn
t uincd, for want of nropor sholtcr, to liavo paid fivo
Ilmos tho coat of oil tho necessaries withheld from
our troops. Tho requisition for tents, Sic. die, was
mado byGen. Taylor long ago. Thoro is no ex-
cuso lor its having been nec eclod, Asain. there
a single boat in the Government servico now run
ning on mo ivio uranuo,
oru no inuusis at Hand tor tho transportation of sup
phos. Wagons cannot woll pass between thisplaco
and Point Isabel, and them L tmt nt tbla
An cxamintion,oV tho docum&nfrntibmitfed lo1
Congress by the President, convinced us that this
Mexican war was entirely unnecessary, at least for
tho present; that it might havo been cither avoid
ed with honor, or at least so managed as to bo en
tered upon and prosecuted honorably j that it was
provoked by tho cabinet at Washington, and com
menced in hot hnsto and without preparation. We
thou anticipated that this war would bo prosecuted,
so far as tho Government is concerned, in just the
carolcss, reckless, slouching stylo of tho disgrace
ful Florida campaigns. This was not looked upon
by Folk as a contest for a bravo and magnanimous
nation to provoko; not as a caso whero tlio rights
of this nation had been grossly infringed upon,
nor even its honor questioned! tho main end aimed
nt did not lio in Texas or in Mexico it was not
tho possession of tiio territory on tha Rio Grando,
nor tho enforcement of indemnity from Mexico;
but it was simply llio killing off of political rivals,
at homo, and tho re-election of James K. Folk in
1818. For that, tho nation lias been recklessly and
wickedly committed to this war; for that, tho em
ployments of the pcoplo havo been disturbed and
tho business of llio whole country seriously injur
ed ; for that, tho money of tho nation is to bo
squandered, und the livos of thousand- of human
beings are lo uo sacriliccd. Whilo wo havo ac
knowledged, and do acknowledge, the duly of eve
ry citizen to yield obedience to his rulers, so long
as they aro entrenched by legal and constitutional
authority our opinion of tho true cause and end of
tho war is precisely such as wo have now express
cd. Under any circumstances, the neglect of tho
government to tnko care of its armies, and to afford
all tho means requisite for their successful opera
tion in tho field, should not pais without notice
but when the government has had tho choice of its
own timu in commencing hostilities, and has order
ed its army to mako offensivo war, as in tho in
stance beforo u., it is entirely without excuse for
neglects of this kind. For the t'uno and monoy lost
by tlio delaying of Gen. Taylor's operations, and
for the lives sacrificed to the diseases attendant up
on llio rainy season in tho swamps of 3!exico, llio
government is solely responsible. They were not
ignorant of tho difficulties to bo encountered, or of
the wants of tho army : it was Gen. Scotl's declar
ation that effective operations could not be safely
counted upon beforo autumn, and more than this,
the gallant Gen. Taylor warned llio government to
the samo effect, months boforo tlio war was com
menced. In a despatch from Corpus Christi, Nov.
7, 1841), General Taylor slid:
"On the hypothesis of on early adjustment of
the boundary, and the consequent establishment of
permanent liontier posts, 1 cannot urge too strong
ly upon tho department tho necessity of occupying
those posts beloro the warm weather fhall set in.
A largo amount of sickness, U, I fear, to bo nppre
hended, with every precaution tint can bo taken :
but th; information ivhicli J obtain leads me lo be
lieve thai a summer movement would be. attended tcith
great expense oj health anil life. As in Florida, tho
winter is tho best season for operations in Texas."
Such was tho information given to tho govern
ment uy uen. l ayior; but in spito ol it, ho lias
been ordered to a "summer movement," ond upon
the very ihrcshbold ho and his gallant men uro
caught by tho rainy season, without the moans ci
ther of a tolerablo encampment in tho Mexican
swamps, or llio power of moving to higher and
healthier regions ! '
TO THE WHIGS OF WASHINGTON CO.
Your oourso in the coming election is regarded
with much interest throughout this Congressional
District, nnd indeed throughout the Stele. Whilo
other counties havo tho more pleasing duty of roll
ing up majorities, you hive to meet the enemy it
ono of their strongest holds, ficc to face. Almost
without exception, your part has been well dono in
years gono by, and has entitled you to tho respect
of all tho Whigs of the Stato. Fail not in this
contest, but on with your armor early, and where
the enemy rally strongest, thoro lot your blows bo
tho best directed and most vigorously applied.
Annexed wo give tho Town Committees, and wo
tri st that the results of tho election will redound to
the credit of every committee-man.
LIST OF WHIG TOWN COMMITTEES.
.appointed by ll'ashinglon County Whig Convention,
tor the cnsttinK war:
ISarre Waller Utirnbam, Chairman; Joseph
Wood, Abram Page, Erastus Wheaton, Noah Curl
ton. Jlerlin Osman Dewey, Chairman ; I. T. Davis,
a. it. warren, win. m. i.ins.
Calais Elias Smith, Chairman; Ira A. Morse,
Langdon G. Whcclock, Albert C. Dwinncll, Amasa
Duxburij Charles Kellogg, Chairman ; E. C,
Koucrts, James urosscii, i. n. uravc, William
Fauslon Theophiltis Ilixby.
.Vurshfietd Edwin Pitkin, Chairman; Jabcz L.
Carpenter, lloraco Pike, Augustine Pratt, Hosea
Middhscx Stephen Hcrrick, Chairman ; lloraco
Iloldcn, C. C. Putnam, Joseph Arbucklc, Samuel
wurren, l.canuer Warren.
MonlnclierJ. W. Ellis, Chairman; Gustavus
H. Loomis, Aurora Mullnry, A. S. llrown, Clark
Doty, George Vincent.
Morctown Samuel Jones, Chairman; Jacob
Tiailoy, Joseph Atherton, Mislnc Ware, Nathan
JVorthficld Daniel P. King, Chairman ; Sherman
Gold, Lcandcr Foster.
I'lainfteld John Lawrence, Chairman; Lafay
ctto Pilkin,OzroIIuriburt, William V. Dana.
Hoxbury Samuel Ruggles, Chairman ; O. W.
Orcutt, Samuel Edwards, Jr.
It'aitsfield Hiram Jones, Chairman; Elijah Dis
bee, Hiram Joslin, Orange Smith.
Il'arrcn Franklin A. Wright, Chairman, Win.
B. Tyler, II. D. Morgan, Gideon Goodspecd, Loren
ll'atcrbury James Grcon, Chairman ; Russell
Butler, Silas May.
Il'oojbury Jacob S. Jackson, Chairman ; Hiram
Putnam, Caleb Noycs, Joseph Parker.
U'orcesler Martin C. Rice, Chairman; Win. H.
Cooper, Horatio Tcmplcton, Leonard Ilamblit, Ed
win C. Watson.
JACKSON A. VAIL,
Xec'y oj Hash, Co. Convention.
Essex County. Tho Whig County Conven
tion of tho 4th seems to havo been very fully at
tended and to havo boon conducted in a very spir
ited manner. Jonali Brooks, Jr., presided R. W.
Freeman and Win. Ileywood, Vice Presidents
D. II. Bcaltie, J. S. Clarke, Secretaries.
A series of resolutions upon tho Tariff, the Sub
Treasury, tho Mexican War, Slavery, die., was
discussed by Messrs. Nichols, Dowey, Barron,
Brooks and Hibbard and unanimously adopted.
Hon. David Hibbard, Jr., was nominated for tho
Senate, and wo hopo will bo elected. A sontimcnt
of Alexander Lang met with vory hearty approval
from tho Whigs of Essex, substantially thus
James K. Polk liko tho-nigger Governor, "ho
came into power wid a good deal of opposition
let liim go out wid none at all."
(t5" If my Locofuco doubts tlio bad character
of tho Polk Tariff, wo havo only to remind iim
that it is so bad that Mr. Dillingham daro not voto
for it. Ho could swallow Texas, slaves and all ;
but it seems ho thought this Southern Tariff too
J Etrong for his digestivo powers.
VERMONT CENTRAL RAILROAD CO.
Tho annual meeting of tlio stockholders of this
company, hoiden at Windsor on Wednesday last,
was fully attended and entirely harmonious. Tho
following named gentlemen wcro elected Directors
for tho year ensuing most of them by a unani
mous vote, and tho rest with but a fow scattering
Charles Paine, of Northfioid,
Robert G. Shaw and Sam'l S. Lowis, of Boston,
J acob Forster and Daniel White, of Charlcstown,
John Peck, of Burlington,
Lucius B. Peck, of Montpclior.
Tho reports of tho directors, Engineer and Treas
urer, wcro received with high satisfaction and or
dered to bo published, und will soon bo presented
to each stockholder. Wo shall givo a moro full
account of theso documents cro long, and now re
mark only that tho report of the Engineer shows
tho Central road in a far moro favorablo light than
oven its best friends havo ever represented it. Ev
ery division has been tested, and the Engineer re
ports lint no road in tho country, of any considera
bly extent, can bo moro cheaply maintained, tho
soil being generally sand or gravel, with fow wet
cuts. Tho alliirnmenl is favorablo beyond our high
est expectations : oiif of 1 M milts (llio whole length
of tho road) 70j mtVei are straight, and fivo-sixlhs
of tho remainder is upon curves of from 1000 to
2800 feet radii; between Laka Champlain and tho
Connecticut (100 miles) thcro is in curve less than
U33 feet radius, anil the shortest curve on tho
whole road (ono onlf, between Hartford and Wind
sor,) is of 1110 feet radius.
As to gradts : for forty miles llio maximum grado
is only 15 feet 20 feet is tho maximum on ono
half of the lino on three quarters of tho lino thcro
is no higher grado than !J0 feet per milo and on
tho tcmaindcr, tho grades vary from U0 to 40 feet.
At ono point for a milo and a half, near Burlington,
it has not been determined w hcthcr to adopt a grado
of 41 feet or les3. The stiporstructuro Is to bo of
tho most substantial character; and with such a
road, and such a lino and grades, the Engineer re
ports that thcro is no good reason why a speed should
not bo maintained equal to that of any road in the
country, and superior to most of them. Thcro aro
now ovcrSCOO men at work upon tho road, and the
number is increasing. The interruptions of tho
work, incident to all long lines, have been slight,
nnd no part of tho work requiring constant atten
tion lias ever been suspended. " On llio whole,"
says tho Engineer, " tho devclopoments thus fur
are very encouraging."
In this connection wo beg leave to correct a gross
misstatement which has found way into tho Bel
lows Falls Gazctto to the effect that tho corpora
lion has neglected, for want of funds, to pay for
work done, nnd thu occasioned tho lato distur
bonco on the lino between Montpclior and Bur-
ington ! Tliia is entirely untrue. At no timo lias
tho Treasurer of tho Company been without a sur
plus of funds, and this too without borrowing, a'ld
the payments to the Contractor hive ever boon
promptly mado when due. Tho difficulty alluded
to arose not wiih the company, nor with contractors
known as such to thu company, but with sub-contractors.
Wo aro sure the public will bo glad to
learn, that in llio stipulations required by the cor
poration from the chief contractor, nnd by him from
his subordinates, ample provision is mado to secure
to every luboror his pay. The caso which has 03
currcd was a violation of tho agreement, and the
President of the company and the chief contractor
have proceeded to apply the proper correction and
to do justico to cveryjuborer. Tho Gazette, and
other papers which have left this matter in a wrong
position so fur as the orporalion is concerned,
should make tho amende honorable.
CiiESimiE and Sullivan (N. II.,) roads. Wo
have observed sundry cironeous statements in ref.
crenco to tho action of tho Now Hampshire Com
missioners. They have located tho Cheshire road
to Walpole, but us wo understand it, they have not
excluded themselves from extending that road furth
er up the Connecticut. Whether they shall do so
or not is entirely immaterial to tho Central road.
Ihu Sullivan road staUs from the Central road at
Windsor, ond connects with tiio Cheshire road.
Gov. Hubbard addressed the stockholders of tho
Central Co. on tliia subject, and gave a very satis
factory account of the Bcopo and prospects of tho
Sullivan Company. That company will obviato
the necessity of building the Central road below
Windsor, and at tho same time opens tho way to
Clareinont, (by far tho most important manufactu
ring town in that region,) nnd gives a connected
railroad lino in that direction to Boston.
I'.issu.Mrsic RoAn. It has been announced to
tho public that. this road will be extended to tho
mouth of Whito river : thus, three roads may con
verge at that point the Passumpsic, Northern (N.
II.) and Central.
Portraits. Wo are surprised that so much
money should bo lavished upon itinerant pretenders
to tho art of portrait punting, many of whom aro
but mere daubs in their profession, whilo native
artists, of much merit, and moro worthy of patron
age, ore comparatively neglected. Wo havo seen
many specimens by different painters, from abroad,
but nono to excel, and very fow to equal, thoso by
Mrs, Bioelow, of our own village, Thoso who
would procuro good likenesses of themselves, or
friends, at a reasonable, and more trifling expense,
wo think would do woll to examine somo excellent
specimens of the perfection to which sho has al
ready arrived in tho art of committing to canvass
tho "human face divine," Wo most heartily be
speak for her, and the ait in which sho so much
excels, a liberal patronage especially the patron
age of tho community nmong whom sho dwells.
(tTllo! yo invalids yo faint and weary ones,
dismiss pills and plasters and away at onco to
tho ocean. Thoro is no moro agrceablo and effec
tual medicine for such, than to exchange tho hum
drum of homo life for tiio recreations, tho novel
sights and tho bracing breezes which aro to bo found
on almost every ocean-beach. Such a change is,
to us of tho country, just what a touch of country
lifo and fccncry is to tho inhabitants of tho sea
board refreshing and invigorating. Go where you
please, but you will no whero find a bettor placo
than tho Rockland House, on Nantaskct Beach a
two hours rido from Boston, by tho way of Hing
ham, will tako you to the place. Tho house is now
and kept in first rata stylo, under the cliargo of
Messrs. Ripley & Gould tho latter being a Ver
montcr ; and there may bo found tho finest beach
on tho Now-England coast, an extensivo viow of
sea and land, fresh ocean breezes, and sufficient fa
cilities for riding, fishing and bathing. Thoro is a
pretty largo and agrceablo company there now,
and tho only difficulty, (if any,) will bo Ibr new com
ers to obtain quarters.
CT5" The Washington correspondent of tho Tri- j
blino hits off tho Mexican war In a slashing style,
os a war lor llio glory ot men who novor smelt
powder; for tho elevation of your Polks, and Ban
crofls, and Cavo Johnsons, who rido in gilded car
riages decorated with coats of arms, attended by
liveried foolmon, aping the follies of European ar
istocracy, whilo they aro robbing the poor soldier
of his famo and blood. Not a singlo namo of u
common soldier who has fallen in battlo lias yet
been repotted or published by tho Government!
and recently, ono of llio officers of the army (Lieut.
Luther,) who had been wounded in tlio bailie of
Palo Alto and was sent homo on loavo of absence,
hobbled twico up to tho office of tho Sccrotnry of
War to gat his pay, and was actually turned away
unpaid. This Secretary of War (Ex-Gov. Marcy)
is llio samo man who onco charged the Stato of
Now York for tho expenso of mending a rent in
his pantaloons; a fact which gives point lo tho fol
lowing perpetration of tho Tribuno man
" Mnrey end Lulher wounded were,
And both their senri had col )
Marcy received an awkward loar
Luther received a ihot.
Now mark tho dilferenco between
Torn pant and wounded leg.
Mercy received Mi pay, I swear,
Luthor neslcctcd begs."
ANOTiir.n Insult to the North. Tho Pres
ident has just appointed a batch of Surgeons and
assistant Surgeons for tho army every ono of
them from llio Western or Southern Slates. Wo
observe that tho number is largo, nnd rejoice that
the President has been considerate in that respect.
If ho intends to keep "old Rough and Ready" in
tlio swamps of Mexico, there'll bo work enough for
(XT' Tho vote on tho Polk Tariff' in tho Houso has
thus been analyzed :
Ayes (13 from the Slave states, 51 from the free
Noes 22 from the slavo states, 73 from tho frco
It is clearly a Slavocratic measure, emanating
from and supported by such men as John Randolph
of Roanoke, who expressed his hostility to wool
growers by saying that he would "go a milo out
of his way to kick a sheep."
(XTTlio Bellows Fulls Gazette pithily remarks
of llio Polk Tariff' bill, that it is " has no consisten
cy, but that of incongruity and no leading feature
but war upon tho labor of tho poor classes. View
cd in an impartial aspect, it is calculated to concen
trate in the hands of capitalists tho rroans of mo
nopolizing largo interests the power to reduce ten
ges, and tlio facility to drive competition from tho
frjTho Freeman 6ays: "We greatly misjudge
if there aro not hundreds of men found, when tho
trial comes, who gavG their xotcs for Mr. Dilling
ham at tho last election, that havo so'emnly resolved
never again to lend their support '.o a party which
haa openly and unblushingly espoused the cailso of
the oppressor, and is now taxing the people to th
tune of nearly half a million of dollars daily to fight
the bloody battles of slavery."
Tho Freemen acknowledges then that the third
party lias supported Slavery and tho Mexican war
why adbero to a party organization which produces
such bitter f.tiits? Away with eucIi folly, and let
the people of Vermont unite against tho abettors
and defenders of slavery, embodied in the lncofoco
(CTThc North Star says that tho Whig Stato
Ticket, "so fur as talent is concerned, will com
pare favorably with tho Democratic nominees."
Wc arc astonished to sco such unwonted candor
tho Stir. Tho Whig Stato Ticket not only com
mands the respect of our political op'ponents, but
tho most hearty confidence ond esteem of every
Whig: it must bo elected overall opposition.
Pennsylvania. Tho locos are indignant at tho
passage of tho Polk Tariff in the Hctise. They say,
most truly, that tho leaders of tho party havo been
treacherous to tho most solemn pledges mado to
Pennsylvania in 1841. But what say the locos of
v crmont to this treachery ? In Vermont, too, Polk
was supported os a sound Tariff' man. Where is
tho indignation of tho Patriot, tlio Star, the Senti
nel, tho Age? Gentlemen, were jou guilty of a
despicablo fraud upon your readers in '41, or aro
you the submissive tools of a treacherous President
now ? Speak out.
The History ok Vermont, with Desciittions
PmsicAL and ToroiiRAi'incAL: by Rev. Hosea
Beckley, A.M. Biuttleboro', Geo. II. Salisbury.
A handsome volume of 39f! pages, written some
thing moro than twoycarssinco by a distinguished
clergyman of this State, now deceased. This book
was tho only patrimony left to his widow and fam
ily, and has now been published for their benefit;
most heartily do wc wish it to prove a substantial
dower lo the widow, through tho liberal patronage
of tho public. In a nolo by the publisTier it is said,
that tho work was left by tho aifthor not fully pre
pared for tho press, and that it has not been deem
ed advisable to alter tho manusciipt. This delica
cy appears a littlo overstrained, when it excludes a
careful preparation for tho press, especially so far
as relates to punctuation, such as would havo add
ed somewhat, to the casi1 of tho reader without at
all discrediting the author.
This History of Vermont happily fills a placo
between the venerable work of Williams and the
more elaborate History and Gazetteer of Thompson,
and is better adapted linn cither to the young and
lo tlio family firo Hde. Yet is thcro room for still
another historical book of Vermont, differing from
ull,for which the indefatigablo antiquarian Stevens
has gathered ample materials of rare interest. Un
til these materials find tho light, the history of Ver
mont will not ho fully opened lo tho world. We
hopo the duy for lint revelation is not distant.
or History: New-York,
Daniel A dee.
Number ten has been received,
work to tho History of China.
OJ" Godoy's Lady'd Book for August is an unu
sually attractive number, nnd is accompanied with
the announcement that a scries of designs for cot
tages, furm houses, villas, &c, embracing tlm fin
ishing, fixtures and furniture, together with analyt
ical and critical remarks, will hereafter bo giyen in
this Magazine. Tho proposition is a good one, and
if carried out by a competent hand, will confur great
value upon this work. Wo obscrvo also that Mr.
Godoy is to comtnenco a ro-publication of Black
wood's Lady's Magaz'mo and tho London World of
Fashion, in October next pneo SI oach per ann.,
or ono sixth of tlio prico of tho London edition.
(XT' Good's Family Flora and Materia Medio
Botanica for July has coma to hand. Tho author
is Peter P. Good, a son of tho distinguished John
Mason Good, and wo rcnewedly call tlio attention
of physicians to this work.
ODDS AND ENDS Bx Scissons & Co.
Washington County Grammar School T
somi annual examination of tho students in this
flourishing institution will bo holdon on Tuesday
and Wednesday of next week.
(0 Gen. Wilson, of Koono. has received his
commission as Lieut. Colonel of Now Hampshire)
Tub Weathkp. Tlio lOlli. Illh. nn,1 IQth nf
July wcro excessively hot days throughout tho Nor
thern and Middlo States. In New-York city alone,
thcro wcro sovontcon deaths occasioned by tho ex
cessive heat or tho imprudent uso of cold water.
Thermometers ranged en tho lOth.in different parts
of tho country, from 82 to 102 above zero.
DnsTRUCTivr, Fire. On tlm nifilit nf llin 1.1th
inst. a firo hroko out in Nantucket, Mass., and was
not subdued until nearly ono third ol tho town was
destroyed threo hundred and fifty buildings I Ono
hundred and fifty families aro houseless. The losfl
is estimated at ono million ond a half of dollars,
and only $320,000 insured. An appeal to the pub
lic lor aid lias been mado by tho selectmen of tlm
town, which has been promptly responded to in
Boston. On Friday a meeting was holdon in Bos
ton, tho Mayor in tho Chair and Lowis W. Tappan,
Esq., Secretary, at which a largo committee ol re
lief was appointed.
Fire. The fino paper-mill of Green & Flem-
ng, Bellows Falls, was burnt on the 13th with all
its contents. Tho loss will bo partly covered by
As soon as Mr. Brlnkcrhoffhad resumed his seat
after making explanations respecting his celebrated
sncecn, Mr. Washington Hunt said as personal ex
planations seemed to bo lasliionablc, ho would mako
one himself. It was this :
When member, itrlko for higher wagci
And claim moro "piy1 and ration.,
They damn them.clvca for futuro aca,
Itovond ail "pcnonal explanations."
Satelv Deuvf.red. A deed executed bv tho
President of Yulo College to a centleman of Frank
lin, Co. Vt. ond mailed on the liltli Dec. 1845, was
lound in a bundle ot rags at our paper-mill a lew
days ago, with tho letter enveloping it and way bill.
o liavo lound tiio owner.
(XT' Vouno Safford, tho Mathematician, is
about to leavo Vermont and enter upon a course of
study in tho highest of tho literary institutions of tho
country. Wo understand that through Lie liberal
ly ol Irionds in Huston and vicinity, nrransemonts
lave been mado to givo a homo to young Safford
and his parents in Cambridge, Mas3., and that tho
lad's education will be under the especial charge
of President Everett.
fr?3 Tlio Windsor Journal publishes a renunci
ation of Odd Fellowship, by Dr. E. Willis, of Har
vard, iwas., tilling a page ot tho paper. Mr. W. s
revelations and objections aro substantially tho samo
as tho public wcro wont to havo in anti-Masonic
days, though ho does not cliargo the order with tho
crimo or the obligation of Morganhing scccdcrs.
fr?5 Tho last Caledonian contains an eloquent.
spccli ot l liaddcus stcvens ot Pennsylvania indo
lence ot Uen. bcott and ot the Tank ol JSV-i.
Cff" Gen. Clarke puts tho price of tho Burling
ton Frco Press at $3 for village subscribers, sup
plied by a carrier, and &v lor all others, l ho uen
eral Ins commenced his editorial career with in
dustry and zeal which entitle him to a handsome
price; his subscribers ought not to grumble. Ver
mont printers generally uo uieir worn lor less than
(tyTnc Enterprize is tlio title of a monthly
paper of respectable size, published by a company
of boys at Randolph, Vt. pneo 25 cents. G. V.
iUaxham and 1 . ll. Satioru jr. ore the editors. The
persons engaged are all self-taught printers, and
even the press is ono constructed after their own
model. Success to this enterprize.
(IC5 Wo have received the speeches of Messrs.
Colhimor nnd Marsh on the Tariff. Our readers
shall have a taste of theso speeches speedily.
fX"" Tho first number of tho Horticulturist and
Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste, has been
published, though wo have not seen a copy. Tho
editor is A. J. Downing, and llio publishers aro Lu
ther Tucker of Albany and Joseph Brock & Co. of
Boston. Such men will not fail of producing a
The locofocos of Vermont havo nominated John
Smith for Governor. Wo thought John was a
Whig. Lynn Atirj.
John Smith is not a Whig now : the demo:ratic
party in years past havo had him all their own way.
Tho Scorpion, some years ago, brought up John,
and sailed him down for uso in pinching times.
Tho party being short for stock havo pulled John
out ot tho salt and ho is now training for the fall !
n. F. Gaz.
Description of Gen. Taylor. Tho following
brief but graphic description is given by a corres
pondent of tiio New-Orleans Tropic: ' "A very
thick-set, farmer-looking old gentleman, in a linen
roundabout, and remarkable for short legs and long
body, mounted on a snow-white charger."
Glorious Triujiph of the South. This day
tho Tariff bill was passed by the House of Repre
sentatives, by a majority of 0 votes. This was a
most unexpected but glorious event Tho Secre
tary of tho Treasury was an anxious and altonttvo
listener, both yesterday and In-day, and seemed
highly gratified at tho result Ho obtained a copy
of the till, and posted off' with it to tho Depart
ment. The tactics of the Democrats were admirable,
and to no man is more due than to tho veteran editor
ot the Union. Old Blucher coaling in tho nick of
time, as he did on the fatal field of Waterloo, was
not more decisivo of victory, than tho editorial ar
ticle in tho Union, shooting Brinkcrhoff as a de
serter, and driving back the Ohio Democrats to
their duty. I repeat to you, it was that article which
secured the victory it made its appearanco in an
opportune moment, and was successful. Charleston
(S. C.) Patriot.
Diplomatic Terms. Wo notice that all the
officials, in speaking of the Mexican War, contend
that it is to bo carried on lo "cenquer peaco" with
Mexico. Why not " own the corn," and say, to
conquer a ji'ccc of Mexico.
A Mad Cap. During ono of the calls of the
Houso on Wednesday, says tho Washington cor
respondent of tho Baltimoro Sun, Mr. McConncIl
was in the ladies' gallery. Tho doors of tho hall
being fastened, us is usual in such cases, ho let
himself down from tho gallery window outside the
building, and sticking his toes into tho cornice
work, managed lo reach ono of tho open windows
of the hall, through which ho effected an entrance.
It vas a most dangerous feat, as tho least slip of
his foot would havo precipitated htm a hundred feet
to the ground.
THE POLK TARIFF.
Tho latest intelligence is this, in a letter from
Washington on Saturday night :
"Tho Tariff hangs in equal and trembling bal
ance. The result no man can with certainty pre
dict" Shocking; Death. On Monday of last week,
Mr. Benjamin Cross, fireman in tho Amoskeag New
Mill s, was found scalded to death. Ho was thrown
fifteen feet by tho steam. Mr. Cross was about
fifly years old, and has loft a wifo and family. Ho
was an industrious and cstimablo man a brother
of Luther Cross, Esq., of this village.
Imfbrtant, if True, Rumors reach us from
Washington, that an order has been issued from
tho Navy Dopartmont, for a council of twenty of
the most experienced captains, to assemblo inWash
ington, on Tuesday next, to devieo measures and
to dctcrmino upon ths plan of operations against
Vera Cruz, with tho viow of taking tho castlo of
San Juan do Ulloa.
Col. Tottcn, of tho Engineer Department, it is
said, has in his possession a perfect plan of tho for
tress, and of tlio calibre and arrangomcnt of its
It is said that tho resolution has been taken to
assault tho castlo, nnd tho council is required, not
to discuss tho policy of tho movement, but to fur
nish practical suggestions for carrying it out.
Tho opinion of some of tho oldest and most set
cntiftc officers of tho navy has been decidedly
avorso to this undertaking.
It is rumored that a resolution of inquiry is to bo
offered in tho Senate, concerning tho alledged
movements of tho Executive towards tho conquest
o( tho California. JV. 1'. Express.