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Vermont watchman and State journal. (Montpelier, Vt.) 1836-1883, June 22, 1848, Image 2

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VERMONT WATCHMAN & STATE JOURNAL, JUNE 22, 1848.
Clay Whig 5 I havo loved tho man, ami 1 lovo
lilm still; I came In tills Convention, with u
wnn of responsibility doupur Ihnn ever 1 folt
boluro. I folt that tho results of this Convention
would bo BCtm and folt in uvory noolt and wmur
til our land. It Instead nl coining to msiio t"r
President of a gront ami froo people, if wo 'uid
assembled to iij)iolnt a Kingur Queen, p iiiljfht
liavo selected sotno smooth-faced dai-.isol, und
taken off our lints nnd thrown llicir, in tlio air,
und have gone homo to discuss tlio rights and
titled of her litllo inajesly i lion 6ho wore nn
nouncoil to tlio worn). Vint wo conio hero to
make a Prcsidont for u great and Irco people
Wo hnvo volod upon Vhat important sulijccl, anil
tho question has liccil decided. Upon tlio prin
ciples of this government, tho niajorily ought lo
tnlc, and tho iiiinoirily submit, mil I stnnil sub
missive to tlio decision of this Convention. Ap
plause. Air, Richardson, of Maryland. Mr. I'roaident:
I am ono of tho iloleirnlos from Maryland. She
has always been tho firm Iricrid of Henry Clay,
und lo havo made him President by my individ
ual vote, l would havu wiilkoil Iron) tlio Aroo3
look lo tho Klo Grande, lint this ConvontiDii
lias decnled otherwise, anil now would do tlio
name thing, if nccussury, lor General Tuylor.
(Applause.) I toll my Irionds hero from every
State, lake caroor Maryland will havo tho Stato
banner in her mnjunly. Uur nominations arc
now made ; our banner is unl'urli d to tho brcrzo ;
it (louts to tho winds of heaven, and Inscribed
thorcon aro iho names of Taylor mid Fillmore.
These are to raise it aloft; they are to bo our
eiandjrd-bonruis, and we will march onward,
oiiwH.fl ! imwnrd slill, mid will place it upon
Capitol T I ill on the Fourth of March, IB-Ii).
Our uuiiiiii lions ore innde, and in their names.
hit1' licitlu drum lo tho trumpet spoak, tho
muni mo uio cannoneer without, nntl tlio can
ir.jn to the heavens, and iho heavens back to the
cull) n,;ani, till the roverborotioiis shall reach
the ntiiu.-Jt limits ol tho land, proelaiiuiiiir Zich
u.y 'l':i l..r PiiMdcnt, nnd Millard Fillmore Vice
Pies,, .1 1. Long continued applause. 1
Mr. Conrad, ol' Louisiana, hlcdeud Cpiiernl
Taylor to be u tine nnd devoted Whig. Howes
veil n..n ii ml nppiectatPd lor many Iiil'Ii unJ
lii.bl' ,',.. I. Ian. lie wes u Virginian by Lirlh;
i-ui in ue.inj co, t:8 due ins glory, lo Hie entire
couutiy, uili.uii'.li Ins temporary residence is
i.uui ..ii. i. uur-zouona wings uuvo iloiiuli'il
tho Ul.i 'in ol General Tnvlur: but. with
land, r ui .1 puKcrity, lie declared his belief that
he ivjj us t'vd u Whig as any man in the
country.
A member of.Vltiino tisked In bo informed
whet!.', tit n. Taylor was opposed to the doc-
liin.M'l I inieciMii :J
Mr. t'i mm! replied that lio contd not spook on
p-irtu .r niljic'.t, but lliut ho believed hu whs
hi liur ol Protect ion. Atall evcnis, if lie (Mr.
('.) di I i,i.l think lliut General Tuylor was hi fu
vnr of 1'mti clioi:, ho should liavo cent nlereil
liimse'l ii . ri'.mt us n hig and to his State, lo
liavo cuiiio to una umvemicn lo support hi-,
ijumit. . dun. lie believed, ton, that as General
Tat Inr lud never surrendered to his enemies, ho
wuuiu never ocuny ins iriotiila:
Mr h.iiiard oliUcd a rcsoiulion that ihoCon
v ntl II cordially approve of General Taylor's
lutur I ) 1' 'Ni-iiii Alieon, believing it lo contain
round a'.u cuii-erv..tive principles.
Mr. r '.uu.un, of (.Huo, said there were two
tmiii-L, nous who had u tired from thcCun
ti. n to i,ii itr.to their Stale Electoral Tickets,
,. tin i prc-unicd nil business but the mcie fur
n a I ('. 'ails had been accomplished. As, ihen, a
lit. I v 'c cvuld nut be obtained, ho appealed to
Mr. l!, '.t.id to withdraw the resolution.
Mr. liiiii .rd said ho would do sn, nut because
nuy o,.c piLSent would not cordially tubfcribeto
ib riiin, uui uucuuso uio reason assigned by
tho ironUeman was a forcible one.
Mr. Haskell of Tennessee, llien moved that
t!ie Convention adjourn sine die.
Tho President, Governor Morehead, llien said
iti substance, as follows:
Gctilloir.en of the Convention : Before dis-tu-lviiig
the tie which has hoio united u, permit
ii.e to roturi: my profound thanks for your kind-i.it-s
nnd forbearance. Your partiality placed
n o in this chair, lo tho limits ot which I tun un
i.tcd and unaccustomed ami thai came ipirit of
I indncfs has i,uatuiiicd u.e in their r.urformntirp.
ll 1 comiiilltcd mistrlies or errors or i!', in the
iiii-cuargu oi my mines uere, 1 nave caused pain
iu uny inuniuuai, i nave oiuy 10 say n, was unin.
tcntional, und it would cause mo sciinus regret,
La us. at till cvei.lH, curry away with uj no un.
Kind Itt'lingi?, and I shall feel linppv in tho in,,
prcmiun that no cue has an unl.iuilly feeling to
wards me.
I, too, have been placed here in a peculiar sit
nation; and as various gentlemen, of diflercnt
delegations, hale given expression to their fecl
li .c, 1 iriitt 1 may be allowed also to say a few
.,rils before ue pait. J, too, havo been defeat
ed in the first wish of my heart. I have not
ti.ececded in the nomination ol my fnvuriio can-
i.ii.uto 1 btund among tlio vaupiithed parly
I ul I fall into the hands of my tutor Jiitiuls,
like a ciiMiucrcd damsel into tho hands nl her
liner, and submit kindly to my defeat. Loud
upplause. I bhall enter upon iho campaign in
tne Hue Whig spiti', determined lo succeed, and
i!, beloro the ulecliun, any Whig can bo found
wl.o will oniatrin mo in zeal, 1 hono lo lal:usm-li
n Whig by the hand, on the leiirih of next
iin.icli, at the inauguratr.iu ot Gen. 'acii.m-.v
Taylou.
Jt has on a former occasion been mv bad for-
Iniio not to have my tirot choico appiovtil. In
J .-"10, tho Whigs of North Carolina unfurled
tlio lieu star.daid of Henry Clay in that State
nnu null ins iiuinu 10 n,u liarriaUuri'h Conven
!..n; but tho Vlii"S ol thai Condition, tho
rtpieeeiitntives of the entire Union, sent back lo
n.-, mat standard inscribed with another name,
li. .a of William II. llairifon wholly unexpec
ted by us. Hut 1 only looked to sco if it vas
Mill tlio J nvr. Wiuu li.i.Mr., 1 did not ai-k
ii'juclf whaljiiiH.c was on it. 1 never iluinnlit
ol iMjuirmg what side ot Mason & Di.m.u's line
llie nominee was lroui. It was U Whig Hau
lier, nnd us such it was plueed in my hands.
J' or file ir.oi.ilia this hand Lore that banner tliro'
Iorlh Carolina, until in the succeeding Annual.
NiiiiIi Cnritli,,,, Ml k! ,. , ., '
... . , ulUii men inn ursi gun
ul tliat volloy which shook Dcmocruey from one
end of the Naiioii lo tl o other, lis ro-cchoes
Ksotii.dcd fioui Slato to Hialo Ihroughout tho
uitiro Union, until the great tiiuinph'wus on.
I hato tncnlioncd Ibis, gentlemen, for iho ben
li'.i of Ohio, and I will slalo one incident liom
which tho WhigB of (hat fciiale may hnpo and
pre lit. North Carolina, though alio hst tho
in ininatinii of her first choice, Henry Cloy, soon
raibed on every lull tup tho banner of Harrison.
In in o location where a lull polohud been erec
ted, wiih tlio name of Hurrison nulled In tlio
iwst, a solllury stranuer was riding past it; at
ducted by its intciiplmr. he slopped, elevated
his oyo mid teeing tlio Whig principles intcri
bed thereon, doffed his beaver und Baluteil ihcm
wiih throe hoarly solitury checu! Nor do I do
spair bofprn full that in Ohio will also ho booh
tulilary Whigb cheering ttiu baniicr of Zuchary
Tuylor.
1 have supported iu this body iho nomination
of Henry Clay that most illustrious son o; our
country his sun is about lo set, and 1 trust his
lalest hours may bo (jtldod and brightonud hy
our hiccces, liich, like iho bow of promise, will
betoken the snrcud of ncaco and tirosncritv u.
lound our land. 1 have voteil for Henry Cluy,
becaueo no man is more .largely identified with
tho glory of our country than ho is. No uiliiiin.
ibtrution could add n particle lo his undying
fume; no honors could add in his treasure heap!
lint 1 yield him lo this Convention: vield him
cheerfully, and, for Iho future, no muii cm go
moru iicariiiy man i win ior llio ilero ol Uuena
Vista.
It has bebn suggctcd from ilifl'orcnt States
that Icars existed ot tlio result ot this iioiuum
lion. Wo should nover fear tho conscciuoiices
when our catiso is good, And our cause Is not
that ot Zachury Tuylor, out ot tlio Whigs ol
tlio umon. L,el us, when dangers ate tiiicKou
ing moiiiiil us, taku our cue from his own con
duct at llucna Vista, when ho said. "Wo havo
pot tlio enemy just whero wo wanted him ; now's
iho lime to gtvo him little moro grope, Cupt.
llingg!" As our leader nover surrenders, is
tlieru any ono ot lna follower who intends to
Hirrcr.der, an emphatic response of 'Mio."l
'IM. 11' ..... .,11 ,,11 l.. . .i ..J
iit.ii ii w uu j,ui lujjuuiw wu carmoi uo van
(lubhcd. lleforo dissolving this body, allow mo to wish
piospcrity and Imbjilnessto you ull,und that you
may iirrim safely lo your homes and frioiids a
gum, 1 bid you a long and ulfectionnto fare
well & declare this convention adjourned tine die
lUaldjiYiau $z 0tatc Journal.
i:. i. AVAfrow, j it., cin'B'oit.
Vlnusilny, Juno ua, iHtH.
WHIG STATE CONVENTION.
Wo havo ltcpt our calunins open to Iho last
moment in tho hopo of receiving a call for tho
Stato Convention. To tho best of our linowl
edge, it will ho holdoti on tho 11th of July, cilli
cr atMiddlcbury, Rutland, Woodstock or Wind
sor.
THE PRESIDENCY.
It was our purpose lo say something in our
own behalf this week, but wo aro not ready,
Desirous to lako tho right stand, wo havo taken
tho trouble to Beck roliablo information upon
what conscientious slavery-hating wlng.i will
regard as tho turning points ; hut wo tiro not fill
ly satisfied yet. So, with tho reader's leave, wo
will servo up a picnic.
Wo have placed mi article from the Huston
Atlas on our first pige, with a view both to show
the stand of that piper und to give nddittonal
light upon the rcmuiu of the convention fur nom
inaiing (Jon. Taylor.
The following is from the National Intelligen
cer, ami doubtless pretty accurately rellects the
sentiment of tho gloat body of tho Whigs con
gregated at Washington.
Tiik Winn Tii-ui:t. It is not
merely on the principle of adhering, as wo were
hj'lorchatiil pledged to do, to Iho dicisitin nf Iho
Convention, that wo shall give a, willing support
in ii. j hi; tiuiiuuiiriii nnu naa in-en pui ru nom
ination for Iho Presidency it favorably enonirh
known to us by common leporl.aud by private in
formal ion from lliosoin whom we entirely confide,
to assure us that he will not only make a safe
President to the country, but will, iu his admin
islration, bring u.- nearer to Iho ptalfnrm of
wasningion mm wo liavo neon lor tlio lasl
IMonty years, with iho exception of tho first few
months of tho Harrison administration. And,
as lo tho nomineo fur Vicu Pie.-udcM, ho is not
only tinexcepliiinablo iu every relation nf life,
but ho is recommended liy the qualities of firm
t.ess, distinguished ubilily und zoal, whuli were
particularly and conspicuously displayed in tho
very millions position of Chairman of iho Com
mi. tec of Ways and Means of the House of
Uepresenlat'.ves, iu ihu Harrison Congress, by
his services wherein he acquired u solid and en
during reputation.
Tho two parties nro now fairly in the field,
each having presented lo us a candidate for the
Presidency reflecting its peculiar views. It is
for tiio people to decide between tho antagonistic
principles which they represent.
In (Jen. Tuylor is presented to us tho repre
sentative ot a coiiotimtional, conservative, and
beneficial policy at homo, and a peaceful, just,
non intervention policy in regard to fmeign Pow.
ers.
In Gen. Cass is "liered lo in tho represent.-!,
tivo of Dorrism and Loco-i'ocnisin, in Iho Veto
upon liberal legislation at home, and of inter
vention, war, and conquest, and annexation with
ulmcbt every accessible part of the foreign world.
Thesu uie tho political characteristics ol tho
iwn candidates for the Presidency.
Need wo say that no hold it to bo our duly lo
give to tho Whig candidate, thus recnuimeiled
to us by his (olitic.il sentiment, by great public
services, nnd the prcti rerce ol the Convention,
a cordial support? .Yutiomtl liilcUigtnccr.
from tliu rruvl-Ji-nco Juurnal.
Wo have already declared, what it was not
nt'pessary for us tii declare, our hearty concur
ronce in tho nominalioiH nl tho Whig Nauninl
Conven: ion. Not only do uu accord lo them
our cheerful and cordial assent, but wo be
lieve that, under ihu circumstances, they
were tho wisest that co.ild have been mud,..
We vvill not say that Gen. Taylor is tho'innn of
all others wlioin we would pielcrlo see elevated
lo the Presidential ofilce, nor even llnu ho is tho
man whom next to Henry ('lay wo would prefer,
for this would not bo true; but wo can truly sav
that hp is tho man of all others whom wo would
prolcr to sco nominated, for h is Iho only man
ihat, iu our opinion, is curtain to hieuk down the
long misrule under which tlio country lias suf.
fcicd. We might havo succeeded wilh other
men; we must succeed with Taylor. "There
13 no such nurd as fall" iu him ; 'nnd, under the
circumstances of tho country, it wus not fufo to
tuko nny tisk ; it was not prudent to iioiniiuto a
candidate whoso success would bo doubtful. Jt
Henry Clay must be defeated, wo would lalhrr,
on Ins account, us well as on account of tho
country, that ho should bedeleated in June than
iu November. Nor do wo believe that nuy man
iu Iho country will acquiesce in this more
promptly than Henry Clay himself, between
whom and Gen. Tuylor there has been n full
und tree interchange of opinion, wiih a cnrdhl
understanding thai iho nnu who received tlio
Humiliation should havu Iho earnest support of
the oilier.
To deny that Gen. Taylor is n Whiir. i ihu
face of his own declaration and of ihu full ml
heeion to the Convention, which ho authorized
tliu Louisiiua delegation to ma' o mi hi) nut, is
""' null mil. ii ii man who bivs nu IS a
V lug a man who was in favor of'Uhiv in IRU
and has not changed his opinion since who
iMtuyeu iimiseii 10 auiuo uy mo decision of the
Convcntiuii and to support tho nominee, is not a
Whig, we do nut know what makes a Whig. It
is veiy easy for men to cry out against availa
bility, and lo say lint hiJi principles require a
party to nomiiialo tho bct man for an ofiicc,
wiihuut regard to Ihu chances of success. Hut,
do men uct m ilus way in llio ordinary aflairs ol
life ? In all transactions where there is u choice
oi means, do not tlio chances of success form
uu essential element iu tlio calculation? h would
bo worse than tolly to call together n convention
from all parts of ihu country, merely lo noini
nato candidates who would not com ml n Inn.
jority ot tho volns, when Micro was a man of
wnoso eiecliuii Ihero could bo no reasonable
uouut. i lio very idoa ol a convention supposes
iimi. mum uru iiinereuces oi opinion to uo com
pared, und preferences to bo reconciled. If ev
ery inni is to vote for tho candidate that is, in
Ills individual oninlnn. Int ..i.ii...i i-. .1
., . . I I MH.,III.U IU IMM
place, without uny reference 10 the votes of
. ,, s,uu vim nun m the essentia qucs.
tlnns n! Diihlii. t,1,. 1 !.., .
. , -j I"""-J 1 wiiuiu u inu uso 01 a coti
tuiiliuut
Wo regard it us u most fortunato clrcum
statico that iho ; country ullbrds us a candidate,
so sound u Whig and so strong Iu tho ulliictioni
of tho 1 cople, u mail who is proof againbt tho slan
ders that havo lied down other men, and free from
tho political cnlanglcmonts that havo dragged
other moil to tho ground. And fur our own pari,
wo bhall support tliu iioininulion not merely us
a mutter of political expediency, but wu yield lo
it tho cordial ussenl of our judgment. Wo
think that, under tliu circumstances, it was tho
best that could havo been made.
Duller days aro dawning upon us. An honest
administration is to succeed tliu corruption and
prolhgucy which havo so long provuilod in the
executivu branch ot ihu government. A man is
to occupy tho highcbt pluco in the republic, who
will possess tho confidence of the people with
out abusing it, and who will use tho power ol
his Btalion not for his own benefit, hut for tho
good of the vviiolo people.
Tlio Kditor of tho Albany Myouing Journul
is pcrhopa as zealous as any man for Whig men
.uid Whig measures, including in tho latter hos
tility to iho extension ol Slavery; yet having
been at tho Convention and cognizant ol the
vvholo matter, ho supports tho nominationthus!
Gen. Tayi.oii's Nomination wos deemed cs
Fcntliil to success. A large minority of the Con
vention believed that no other Whig could cer
tainly bo elected j wlulo every mm In tho Con
vention know that thcro was 110 man beforo that
body equally suro of success. Hut ihoro was
not a delegate on llio floor, nor a Whig nmong
thnisands who wcro bo intently taking cogni
yanco ol Iho deliberations ol tho Convention,
who was not prepared to surrender up even Ibis
suro guaranty of success rather than surrender
a ainglo Whig principle. JJot no such surrender
was necessary. That Gnu. Taylor was a Whig,
and that ho would administer the Government
upon Whig principles, wns as satisfactorily es
tablished as that ho would lie triumphantly elec
ted. Neither admit of question, llowover much
doubt may havo heretofore been cast over Gen
eral Taylor's Whig principles mid Ins clear a
vailabilily, both uro now 'Mixed facts." Ho is as
honest-hearted and a3 right-heaited a Whig as
any other in tho land; and his election will re
store tho country to tho exalted position of dig
nity, peaco nnd self-respect from which it has
been thrust by tho unprincipled aggressors and
belligerents who nro now in power.
Of Mii.i.aiui PiM.siont: not u word need bo
said iu commendation. Ho wns prrsciitod as
the only Whig candidate for that distinguished
ollico from this Stole. Others were spoken of
by dolomites from other Suites, but their friends
en the ground peremptorily refused to allow their
names lo bo used. Mr. Fillmore's nominalion,
theieforc, will bo as batisfactory as it was judi
cious, lhuiliciilly qualified for Iho position lo
which 110 win no elevated hy the people, Ins
name will go far toward exciting union und har
mony in Ilus State.
Tins Ticki.t is to nE .i,r.cTM. The peo
ple will ratify nominations which were thus
calmly, deliberately and fairly made. It h trim
that the fotilunnnt of New York luinted to a-
nother distinguished citizen lor tho Presidency ;
but individual prelercncos will be surrendered
to Iho Will and decision of Iho embodied lepre-
nemauves 01 inu wnoiu party, lieu. 1 nyiur is
an upright, patriotic und gallant Whig, ll elec
ted ns ho will ho my n majority greater than
that received by any piesidentin twenty years
hu will iidmimslcr tho Government in? a true
Whig and hniiost man. Ho will be found ua
faithful and firm in the Picsidcntiil Chair as he
is deliberate and c 11 ageotis on the field nf battle.
Ho has been bn,vo ns 11 suldicr ho will be with
out leproach as a Whig.
Whatever disappointment nny bo foil, wo can
not doubt tho response ol Now York. Sho will
be found luiomost in Iho great struggle. The
WMl'h ol Iho Umpire State, like uur etallant
Standard bearer, "Ni-.vm Sunnr.MiKU." Their
motlo will notation ii lasbeeii " Kviiiivtiiimi
ran 'run Cause." Unvailing regreis will piss
iiwny. As llio day of batilo opproaclio., the
Whigs of Now Vork will present an unbroken
front lo the enemy. Their chartra vvill bo ai
bteady and irresislihlo as that ot ''Old back's"
troops at Ilnena Vista ; nnd llio victory bo as
complete. To our brethren eNnwhero wo say
with confidence-"Mark down Neiv-Voik's tlnr-ty-six
Lleclonil Voles lor Taylor nnd Fillmore
Ihu Whig Nominees of the National Conven
tion." And again the Joum il speaks more fully :
Gen. Tavi.oii, when it became nppirenl thai
the Pmii'i.i:, irrespective of pat ly, were inclining
towards him fur President, hoping thai tlio Clcc"
tins dcsiied that repose which Hid Country so
lunch needed, caught nnd churched tliu idea nf
heeinir tho Government administered in it was
by Washington. Thcro wus much in his char
acter, and much iu his pursuits, that led him to
uiilerlain such uapir.ilions. Liko Wasiii.miton,
he had lieen trained to arms. Liko Wasiii.no
tiik, ho is a man nf lofty patriolisi f mathe
matical integrity, und of stainless virtue. Like
Wasiiinhto.n, ho lelt within linn tho unselfish
nod ihllideiit, hut devoted nnd fearles-, Benti
inents and emotions which arm Pulriots for noble
und sublime efforts.
Tliu confidential friends by whom Gen. Tuy
lor wus then surrounded, impiessed, us he could
not help to bo, with tho belief that llio people,
weary uud disguised with two hiirh Adiniui.nr.i
Hons as ihuso i.f Tyler and Pulk, resolved to
broik Ihri'iii'h parly lies and-elevalu nu Indo
pumlent candidate lo the Presidency, confirmed
Ihu General 111 his views ot the question. There
cannot bo eternal slide, any iniiri- iu 111:111 tlio u
in nature. There havo been seasons of lepese,
even in politics. There, was a lull, 111 011: d iy,
which elected Mr. Monroe President almost with
out opposition. Win it strange, Ihen, that Gen.
Taylor, removed alike by Ins calling and pnsi
lion, far from Iho political arena, and overwhelm
ed with millennial demonstrations, should have
mistaken iho ' Signs nf the Tunes '" PiactScd
observers of the political horizon have t.illun in
to duiker delusions. Vejeran watchors of iho
popular currflut liavo diifted failhcr fro.n their
reckoning.
The f'tnp'.c seemed to ask Gen. Taylor to be
their President. With' lh.it reluctance and uilli
denco which distinguishes real merit, he finally
yicldi'd himself 10 their solicitation. In tho pro.
pricly and patriotism of this course, hu had I In'
concurrence of such Wh'g friends us were near
him. Those friends knew, what Gen. Tuylor
never concealed, that hu was imbued with Wins:
feelings nnd was grounded in llio W hig fitlh.
They believed with him, that llio course pursued
was nno which best comported wiih tho duly and
character of him who was at the head of Iho A
merican Army, engaged with a Foieign L'r.einy
upon Ins in vii bui'.
Hut il soon became apparent nt home, though
the evidence did not soon reach a General who
had iibundunt and pressing occupation with the
Mexican Armies, that wo wcro to havo 110 pnlit
icul millennium; and that tho Administriilioii,
with nil its power and patrunigc, wns marshal
ling its hosts for the Presidential Campaign, It
was equally apparent that tho Whig Party,
through whoso ugency and orgnnizitiou these
legions cuuld ulone hu met and routed, would
mil, and could not if it would, shrink from llio
duly und responsibility of presenting 11 Ilepro
sentalivo of its principles, through a National
Convention, as a Candidate for President. An
outraged Country, impoverished uud bleeding,
bternly cciuandcd this.
Other distinguished men, over tho open and
indo.nitablo Champions of Iho Whig cause, were
brought forward, through their friends, as Prusi
denlial candidates. These claim'd tint Gen.
Taylor had, by his Letters, withdrawn himsolf
lroui tliu Whig household. Hut, whilu legrut
ling us deeply ns any that Gun. IVylor had ta
ken neutral ground, there wore tens of thousands
of just us devoted und indomitable Whigs who
would nut uiliuil the force of this objection.
Gen. Taylor himself, never anxious lor the
rrestdoncy, was intent only 011 preserving his
honor und cumistency. Hu expressed, on all
occasions, a desire that tonio oilier Whig, with
moro knowledaoof and experience iu tho ulfairs
of Government, should bo nominated. Nor
would he, even ufier Ihu LocofocoH had brought
their candidate! into the held, take u stun or ex
press a sentiment inconsistent with Ins previous
declaruiiuns, lo obtain tho iioiuiiutioti of the
Whig Niiliomil Convention. Jiut ho on all oc
casions avowed his readiness to bo withdrawn
fioui llio canvuss by those who had placed him
ill il. When hu was directly und imnnrtinuntlv
asked if hu would withdraw his name if Mr.
Cluy should bo nominated by tho Whig Conven
tion, ho answerod 111 Iho negative, nut iu 11 fuu
Uous spirit, but because uny oilier aiuiver would
huvu stultified hhn. Hut to Messrs. Sauuder
and Winchester, his neighbors ami friends, who
wcru Uelogules lo tho Whig Nutionul Conven
lion, ho wrolo a letter duloil Muy SO, JtilrJ,
(which wo huvu scon) in which ho said, cannot
withdraw my own name, foi did not placu my-
Self hnlnrn Ihn I,.., ..In .... .. n....i. 1 .. 1 .. . J
7. . ...w . wuj.iu 119 u V4UUIUUIU. uui my
luetics cun wilhdruw inu. mul in .i,i.,u,..
l I ohall cheerlully acquiesce-, stating, that hu
recugmzod 111 tho Louisiana Delegation friunds
who were authorized to withdruwhlm. llullien
expresauil ihu hopo that his friends wmlld go in
to tho Whig National Cuuvuntion " plodded
heart and soul' to tho bupport of its Nominee,
adding that that Nominee vvoud have his best
wishes for success. Tneso sontimunts, hut for
what wo must regard as an orror of judginont in
tho friends o Uen. Taylor at Wliashlngton,
would havo boon inado known threu weeks uo.
llulbro tliu Whigs of tho Union, thcrefoiu, Gcni
cral Tuylor aloud, when tliu Nutioual Conven-
lion met, in n falso position. This, however, was
less his own error, than tho error ol tho Whig
menus 111 wiiom no common.
Gon. Taylor, tlioimh lust what his nnswer to
Col. Haskell, of Tennessee, imports! "7nm
a Whig and a qunittr over" having been forty
years in tho Army, wns wholly unlearned and
unpractised iu politics. His position now bo
camu ns embarrassing as it was novel. Tho
Iriends who enjoyed his conlidonce, acquiesced
in, if they did not advise, tho course ho has pur
sued. That course complicated and perplexed
the question. In all that wns dime, however, llio
fact that ho was, and is a W1110, is fixed and
remains.
Wo come lint now to commend or lo approve
Gen. Taylor's Letters. Though showing him
independent, honest and patriotic, time has prov
ed that the idea of 0 " No Parly" President is
wholly impracticable. And ibis truth, wo doubt
not, is as apparent to Gen. Tuylor, as it was nnd
is to llio troops of Whig friends whom his Let
ters pained, but could not alienate.
At un early day, before Gen. Taylor's pnliti
cl sentiments were known, leading men of Iho
Administration pnly declared iu his favor for
President. Hut when tho fact that ho is a Whig
became fixed, ihcy generally fell off. Several
such who had been uuminilol ns Mlcclois, or
who had boon active in Tuylor tneciiugs, gave
public notice of their secession, assigning, as
ihoir reason, that they could notsuppoito Whig.
Thusu who adhered to him, regularly or irregu
larly, and of whatever political hue, finally re
ferred their hopes und based their expectations
upon tho action of iho Whig National Conven
tion, They aro therefore merged in tho Whig
Party. Gun. Taylor is now, his friends having
unreservedly plodgnd themselves to abide the re
sult of tho Whig National Convention, tho can
didate of tho V hit; Paily. To tho past, well
intended but ill judged, theru is nu oblivion. In
tho fuluie, time will bo abiding faith 011 Iho one
hand, and enduring fidelity nu tliu other.
ll remains lor us only to inquire whit nro llio
principles uf our Camlukte, and .vhat will bo
ih': ch irncter of W Administration ? Upon
thusu topics we shall speak Irooly ami frankly,
from uiiipii.stionalilo iitillmriiy, but as brielly and
Concisely us possitilu.
(en. Taylor is, hy birth and early education,
a Ki'publicun. His Father, "Cul. l),ck Tuylor,"
(us ho was fainiliiily nnd honorably known iu
Kentucky) uu& nu Klrrtor of President who vo
ted first lor Ji liVrson and then for Mailisnn. 1 11
Irbtj Znchury Tuylor received Ins first l ouiims
sion 111 tho U. S. Army, with which hu has over
since been gloriously connected. He can look
hack through the long vislu uf trial uud privation
without lintlin,; a repioach upon his name, or 11
f I'll 1 1 llpr.11 Ins es miche.ni. Ho h is had unqii ir
rels ui Ii his brother elliccrs uud uu collisions
with his follow citizens. lio is "11 Whig, tho'
not un ultra one." lint ho is n Whig who wns
warmly in favor of encourcgiug American In
diMry ; und tiller Iho Nnliunal Debt was extin
guished, hu win warmly in favor nf a distribu
tion ul tho proceeds ol Ihu Public Lauds tinning
the heirs of iho Itrpnblic, "nslho most just,
equitable nnd federal" disposition of the surplus.
He Is a Whig who warmly opposed lhoso wild,
Governmental llxpnri'iion'.a which brought bank
ruptcy and rum upon Iho people and the country.
He is a Whig who warmly opposed tho annexa
tion iifToxis, foreseeing, us did oilier Vhigs,
that it would luevil'ilily involve us iu War und
Debl. lio is -i Wing who, doprecnttng tho
spirit of Conquest, was opposed to iho subjuga
Uun or Iho dismemberment of Mexico.
An nduiiier and disciple of Jefferson, Gcricrr.1
Taylor tolerates tho 'largest liberty" of senti
ment und opinion. Anxious tint Iho Bpirit nf
pirty should ho divested of the bilteriiesj loo
Ircquonlly exlnu'tud, ho is opposed to tint sys
tem nf ''proscription" which has so ol ten driven
goo I men from office and thrust bad ones into
then- places, lint tho rule which jeslly protects
good unin from " Prosciipliun,'' us imperatively
domniids tho loinoval ot 1 lio Army ol hud one's
who hivo slimed into Ollico under the corrupt
ing auspice of Tyler and Po'k. (Jen. Tuylor,
us wo uie assured, believes with .Iidlbrsoiithut
power si Id not letnde too long in tlio suno
hands. "Itolutnm iu Ollico," is n priuciplu
"Inch, justly uud honestly applied, originated
wiih inn Father of llio Republic, is in accord
ance wiih tho provisions of the Constitution, and
Die spirit ol' Itepubliciin Fquaiity. The Cunsti
liilin.i provides that u President and Vico Presi
dent shill hold llicir nlrices lor four years. The
Lnvs of Congress, herring this provision in
view, limit tliu term of 1110 subordinate Officers
of the Government to four years. Willi u I'lnrt
thus cle.uly defining his duties, a President need
no', err 111 tho discharge of those duties.
There is, however, another and a higherqiies
linn involved in this issue. Shall the geograph
ical boiiudn y mid Iho political power ul Slavurv,
bo enlarged uud augmented hy means of tl o ter
ritory wrung fro 11 .Mevico? " General 'Pay lor is
identified hy Inrth, location, and interest. Willi
llio Sou'h un.l tls li bii'iuioti-. Ho is u Planler
uud a Slaveholder, lint nlm'. has been his sen
timent iiiou ihe.-o quesli uis? Though a mili
um man, like .Messrs. Grnlenden, llurnen, Alun
gum, Cliiiguiin, mid other distinguished South
ern vVlugs, ho was linn and iiucmiiprisiiig in
his oppositui 1 to iho Annecnlion ol Texas; and,
to our shamo nnd dishonor be it remembered,
that whilu Kentucky uud North Caiolma and
Tennesseu cist their L'ocloral Voles ugninst
the Texas und Mexican War candidates, .Yao
Yuik! und Piniisiileuniii ! 11 rd .Wwllampshirt!
and Maine ! are iiigluriously lespuiisiblu fur tho
elccluui ol' Pulk, ihu Amic.vitiou uf Texas, the
War wiih Mexico, uud all lliuir attend 1 1 it conse
quences! It wus from no wish and no fault of
Gun. 'I'uylor, that wo havo Texas and a part of
Mexico.
lint now wo have, hy virtue of Conquest nnd
Treaty, vast Territorial acquisitions, the ques
tion returns shall that territory remain free, or
become bonded ? And tint question, w hen Gun.
Taylor bhall havo been e'ected President, will
remain to bu decided by tliu People an I llicir
Uepresenlalives, 10 whom it rightfully belongs,
and to which decision, when thus made, what
ever that decision may be, Gon. Taylor will af
fix his uainu iiud bU.il.
And now, how dues Lewis Cass, the nominee
of tho N ilional L koI'ocu Convention stand, and
what uru his puuciples inr either ' ichary Tay
lur or Lewis Cass must bo uur next President?
Guv. Cass, by birth, education, uud location, is 11
Northern man. When tliu Texas Annoxaiiiiii
question turned up, supposing that hii rival, Mr.
Vun IJureu, must laku iho ulliruiilivo eido of il,
Guv. Cass commenced orgiiuzing his fiiends 111
Michigan against the scheme Remonstrances
against Annexation, prepared either by himsolf
or at Ins suggestion, wcro 111 circulation, when
ho wus surprised by Mr. Van Huron's Idler n
gainst Annexation, GiivCaiis iiisluiitly changud
his course, wrote 11 Icllerni favor ol Annexation,
uud for tho vvunl of reasons or arguments, based
his tipostacy upon 1111 article fished out of ! 'razor's
Manzuio. When Congress assembled ho be
came tliu convenient accessory of Tyler, Polk,
&c, for Annexation, subject to the debt, tho
Slavery and iho War 111 which Texas was in
volved. In the recent canvuss fur tliu Locofoco
Nominalion, nil, or uoaily till depended upon
propitiating Slavery ; for with Southern L-icofu-cos
circumstances rendered it absolutely neces
sary ihat Mr. Pulk shuuld bo sncceodod by a
"Dough Face." To commend himself lo the
South, therefore, the aubscrviency of Gov. Cass
exceeded, in kind and in measure, llio subservi
ency ul Dallas, uf lluchanan, and uf Woodbury.
And by ' booing," " booing," nnd " booing," liko
Macklm'u Man uf tho World, Gov. Casi obtained
but ut tliu oxpuusuol diny und honor a Nom
ination which will bring to him no fruits bulihuso
of sha.uouud remorse. In Gov. Cass, thurefuru,
the Puuplu liuvo a eandidaiu who is largely re
sponsible for the Annexation o Texas; who
uuled 111 precipitating the Wrar with Mexico;
wlio, but lor tho noble slaud taken by Col. Run
ton, would havo rushed us inlou War with ling
luud ; who is now commuted tu now schemes
contemplating ihu Annexation of Vucatau uud
Cuba ; uud who, if his election wcru possiblo,
stands pledged to Veto any bill that Congress
may pass prohibiting Slavery upon soil now frou.
Wu havu, Ihurclure, iu Guv, Cass, a Noiihurn
CandidHlu with Southern principles ; whilu 111
Gun. Taylor, we have u Southern Ca11d1d.Uu wiih
JYMonnl principles. In tho furnicr, wu buo n
man who bus been us sanJ 111 tho hands of thoso
who muuldod him tu llicir wishes. Fur u Presi
dential nomination, ho has madu merchandise of
all that is high and prcciois and sacred. In tho
lulior, wo sue aihunest, upright, inlloxible, frou
thinking, out-speaking man, wii. would nut cum
pruuiuu u principle, tupprMJ a sentiment, nor
modify an tiplnion, to obtain tho Presidency. In
the hands uf Gov, Cass, tho Government, judg
ing his future by his past, would bo corruptly nil
ministered, wiih n viow, by its corrupting inllii.
unccs, toscciiro his re-election. In Iho hands of
Gen. Taylor, judging his future hy his pasl, tho
Government will bo brought bnck to the integri
ty and putity which distinguished tho Adminis
tration u! Washington; for Gen. Taylor ij 0110
of " God's noblest works," and, In tho langungo
nf a vcnciablo Divino who was an Army Chap.
nun ni maiamoruH, ninnicroy, uuena Vlstn,ciic,
" lie comic? ui), 111 Afi life, character nnd vrincinlcs.
item cr to ll nshinpton than uny othtr public man
1 nnve tver known.
I hero nro thoso ninons us who. cxnsncrntod
by the conduct of Tyler and Polk, and the mis
eries which have been inflicted upon tho Coun
try hy tho Inst eight years of misrule, aro unwil
ling to vote for a Southern President, nnd who
nro anxious to make an open issun with Slavery,
and who aro suro to be uu tho sidu of Freedom
when her banner, with sufficient nrovocation.
shall bo unfurled. Hut wu cannot, nor shuuld
others, forgot that only lor tliu conduct of Sena
tots Cass, Ruchaiiaii, Alton, Dickinson, l)ix,&c,
sii.clumed by their political friends at the Hal
lot boxes, (hero would havu been no Annexation
uf Texas, no War with Aloxjcn, no hundred Mil
lion liebt,undno extension ot Slavery. If the
South, without tho treasonable participation of
Northern States, was alono responsible for An
nexation, war, debt, and oxtcmicd Slavery, wo
loo should havo been prepirod to ttrild'. Hut
let us, beloro that issue is made, seo Ihat wo oc
cupy vntihigo ground, Let our " cause of quar
rel uojusi, anu inun wu biiiii Ou ready tu do
battle wnh those who enter first ami furthest
inlo the conflict.
Wu could multiply extracts of this kind, but
these arc enough to show tho at present prevail
ing sentiments of tho Whig press. Tho Ver
mont prcs.'cu adopting these viovvu aro as fol
lows :
Hurlington Froo Press,
llutlnud Herald,
Middlobury Galaxy,
Vergonnos Vcrmontcr,
Hollows Fulls G izclte,
Hraltlcburo Phcnix,
i:;.gle,
Woodtoc!c Mercury,
nnd Bennington Rainier.
Tho Whig papers taking time to consider nro
Tlio Caledonian,
St. Albans Messenger,
Voico of Freedom,
und Windsor Journal.
From tho last named wo copy the following
na being probably n pretty good index to tho
thoughts of 'tho gentlemen in waiting :'
Wo havo pl iccd beforo us llio alternative of
General Tavi.oii or General Cass. This alter
native may possibly bo changed ; but while it
remains us it is, our course, our duty, is clear
we shall support tho nomination of Gon. Tuylor.
Wo cannot conceive of n greater calamity than
Iho perpeluatinn uf tliu present national adminis
trative policy of James K. Polk.
Tho spirit of conquest und territorial aggran
dizement that has disgraced tho nation 'under
the present administration, finds tlio most unscru
pulous supporlur 'in Lovvis Cass. On llio Ore
gun question, this Cass descended fir below Mr.
Polk or any oilier prominent member of his par
ly, in pandering ,lo the war pass on, nnd in ap
pealing to tho worst animal feelings of which
human naluro is susceptible. Wu feel it our
duly, 1 sa lover of our country and our republican
institutions, to do all wo can tu defeat ihu elec
tion of such a man. General Cass 13 solemnly
pledged lo conliiiuu und curry nut tho policy of
Mr. Pulk. This policy wo heartily disapprove.
A change fur the wurso cannot bo made.
Lo us look at Geucial Tujlor for u moment.
When his name was first mentioned iu cornice
luii w ith tho Presidency, many leading lucufucos
declared in his fuvor. Hut ns his s-entimenls
became known, they gradually felt oil". General
Taylor is a slaveholder, and a suinir planter of
Louisiana, and 111 common with nearly all the
whlgsuf that Slale, and liko tho lato Senr.lur
ILrrow, he was opposed to tho Annexation ol
Texas, und his friends, who know him personal
ly und intimately, declare that ho is iu favor of
prelection to American Industry.
General Tuylur is not 11 demagogue. He has
exhibited nuunxiety about ihu Presidency urlhe
nomiuatiuii. Hu has simply luld Ihu people that
hu is 11 Whig, nnd that if elided, ho shuuld du
tho best ho could that he shuuld endeavor tu
respect tho will uf the people, as expressed
thruiigh their rcprcsnnlalivcs 111 Congress. He
has expres.-cd himself as hostile to the spirit ul
cuuquesl, ami though uu old soldier, hu entered
inlo this Mexican war with reluctance. The
rebuku hu gavo tu the policy of tho administra
tion, 111 creating Ihu Mexican War, us contained
in his confidential letter tu an old iutimato frieud,
General Games, drew down upon him u vote of
censure by nLucufoeo House ut Representatives
iu Iho last Congress. Personally, General Tuylur
is pupular, und so long as the muni issue lies be
tween him and General Cass, wo shall give him
our support, ami to, wo confidently believe,
will 11 great niajorily ul the American People.
Hut if the opponents uf Cass, free-trade, slavery,
war and conquest, ihru ighuut ..the Free Stales,
can unilu their strength upon a Northern inun, or
11 bolter man from uny quarter, so us to belter
secure the deleatof tho great pruico of dema
gogues, wo bhullhuil iho movement with joy.
ll indsur Journul,
Out of tho slate, tho N. V. Tribune, Worces
ter Spy, Greenfield Gazette, and Northampton
Courier are deliberating.
The Huston Whig is tho only whig piper
within our knowledge decidedly opposed to Gen.
Taylor. It goes fur a union of tho friends of
freedom and froo soil upon n now candidato un
qualifiedly pledged against the extension of sla
very nnd to nothing else. It docs this in a
temper which forbids copying its articles in
a spirit fatal to harmonious nction. The projeel,
however, is tu bo thought of. With n rca-ona.
blc prospect of success, all our impulses ore to
go in for it with heart, tongue and pen. Hut it
is perfectly rpparout lliut, if tlicro is not bucIi a
prospect, tlio attempt would be fatal to all other
means of accomplishing the purposo designed ;
it would throw tho opponents of Slavery not on
ly out of tho Presidency, but out of Congress
and thus upon thoso engaged in tho experiment
would devolve tho crushing responsibility of sur
rendering every thing to the deadliest enemies
of freedom. That such n step cannot safely ho
taken, wo arc not prepared to say ; if it can, tho
fact will soon appear.
Thcro aro four conventions called to consider
the expediency of an independent nomination
nt Worcester, Mas3., 011 tho UStli inst. at Co
lumbus, Ohio, on tho 22d at Utica, N. V., on
the samo day, and at HufTalo, N. V,, on tho lid
ot August; tho two first to consist of Whigs,
Dctnocruls and Liberty men, tho third of Hani
burners, and last "Clay Whigs." Tho first three
occur beforo our own regular Stato Convention,
and will probably decido vvlicthernn independent
nomination or an independent olcctorul ticket is
to bo thought of. This is one tiling that wo
would like to seo decided. Our impression is
strong that no union upon a now man cun suc
ceed, and that tho uttompt will bu injurious to
the causo of " freedom und free soil." Hut wo
moan to act upon honest conviction, not upon 1 111
prcssinns.
Tha following card indicates that ono of tho
delegates from Vermont is to opposo the nomi
neo of the convention, and that "uncompromis
ingly." Wo Hiispcct Air, Everett hardly took
tiniJ enough to gut cooi upon tho defeat of his
friend Mr. Clay 1 but wu Bhall sco.
To tho Whlga of Vermont.
As onu of your Delegates nt largo to the
Wing National Convention, I did not givo 111 toy
(or your) adhesion tu tho nomination ol General
Taylor for tho Presidency ; and I should havo
voted against its confirmation had not tho cus
tomary resolution (of confirmation) been tci'A
crrmrn. On my return, or sooner if practicable, I hIit.I1
address to you the reasons of my course ns your
Dolognto, and lor my uncompromising hostility
to Ihu election of General Taylor.
I request tho Whig papers of Vermont lo pub
lish this card. llORACH UVKIII3TT.
Washington, Juno li, 1818.
Ratification meetings have already been hoi
den in Hoston (a largo and enthusiastic one, Sa
lem, Now Haven, Pittsburgh, &c, &c. In Now
York city a meeting was called to hear the re
port of the delegates, nnd n pretty general rote
botweon Taylor men, Clay man, nnd Cass men
was the result.
Of prominent Whigs, not members of tlio
Convention, who havo expressed a determination
to support Gen Taylor, wo note Daniel Web
ster, llufus Choato and Abbot Lawrence of
Massachusetts Senator Curvvin of Ohio nnd
Win. II. Seward of N. Y.; men whose opinions
ought not to bo lightly esteemed.
To the Whigs of the Sixth Con
gressional District of Massa
chusetts. Washington, Juno 12, 1818.
In conformity wilh your wishes I attended tho
Whig National Convention nt Philadelphia du
ring llio last week. You have already learned
that its proceedings resulted in the nomination
oI'Zaciiaiiv Taymiii ol' Louisiana, for tliu pres
idency. 'Phis nomination is, I feel assured, nut
such as wuuld have been preferred by you. It
wns not mado by the aid ol my vote. '1 hrough
out the contest I exerted my influence and voted
for tho favorito statesman of Massachusetts;
but not a sitiglo Whig froo Stato cntno lo our
mil. Nuw Hampshire, thrco delegates from
Maine, with ono from New York, were all that
could bo brought to vote with us. Vermont,
Connecticut, Rhode Island, Now Yoik,und every
other free Stale, except two, went earnestly for
a southern candidato from llio start Ohio and
Indiann, instead of bringing forward Judr,e Mc
Lean or Mr. Corwin, or tillering lo support a man
who was particularly ludcii'ifiod with tho free
Sl:itc3, voted on the first ballot for Gen. Scott.
On tho first ballot the free Staled cast one
hundred and seventy one voles ; of these, ono
hundred and one one were for southern candida
tes, Mr. Clay nud General Taylor.
It is plain, therefore, that the north made no
earnest or united claim for a free stato candi
date. On the contrary, wo have seen that du
ring the year past tliu contest has been among
tliu pcuplo and press of the free Stales", as it
was among their delegates at the Convention,
u7ii'c.': of two southern gentlemen should be selected.
Thu claims of Ulay and Taylor havo almusl ex
clusively occupied public attention in those
Stales. Massachusetts, almost alone, demanded
a northern candidate, and her claim was not re
sponded to by other froo States. How, under
such circumstances, could it be reasonably ex
pected that wo should succeed ? Tho majority
uf the frou States declared u preference for ei
ther Clay or Taylor, and they were southern
men. Thu south were divided between Taylor
und Clay, and it wns left for the north to settle
thu dithculty ; and enough voles lroui Muiue,
New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut and
Now York were finally, through a conviction of
his superior availability, thrown into Gon. Tay
lor's scale lo unsure his triumph.
What, then, havo the froo Slates to complain
of? I answer, of themselves, nnd themselves
alone !
I'hu South, true to its own instincts and in
terests, proposed und urged Southern men, while
llio North contented itself with decidm.' which
Southern man should bo preferred. What
urouml is there, Ihen, lor us to rail nl the .joiiUi
fur this nomination, nnd to charge tho South
with havim; trampled upon us in makinc it? If
iho freu Stales, during theryonr past, had mani
lestcd any general desire for a Northern candi
date, and had urjied their claims with a mode
rate dugreu uf firmness, tl cir demands wuuld
have been respected, and tho result might have
been different.
As it is, wo havo n Southern candidate, fairly
nominated in n general Convention of the Wing
Party, and I sco nu reason why the Whig Party
should refuse to sustain him. You sent mc lo
that Convention lo strive in a spirit of honorable
nintilali'in for a free Stutu candidate. I havu
doiiu all lint was in my power, and have lailed
of success for vvant of support ill our own sister
tree btatcs. There was no unfairness 111 tho
mudo of balloting; every delegate announced
his veto fica rocc, so that the whole people might
hear and see it. Thu niajorily declared for Gen.
Tuylor, and ngninst us. Had I, then, the reser
ved lights, afier taking our chatico lor success,
lo renounce uud denounce tlio action of the
Convention, merely because our desires vvcie
not accomplished and our preferences were nut
satisfied ?
I know my constituents too well to suppose
that they sent mc there with any such reserved
and veiled purposo. When they selected 1110 as
their delegate, they know as well as they now
know it, that Gen. Tuylor was to be n powerful
cnndiilalo before the Convention, and would bo
urged by n largo portion of tho Whig parly.
They knew that ho had declared himself a Whig;
and, reposing confidence in the patriotic inten
tions ot ihu Convention, they niihesitaiingly a
crccd to lako their lot in it. I went there, in
good faith, to obtain a concentration of opinion
"liich would bu ellectual to the tearing down of
the strong holds of that periuciuu.s party which
now occupies the nign places ot our Uuvern
incut. I knew no other course by which that
great work can be accomplished than by the
union of tho Whig party. Gen Taylor was not
my preference ; but I believe him to be a true
Whig, nu honest und capable man, opposed to
Iho acquisition of Texas, with sound and con
servative principles, opposed to further enlarging
the boundaries ul the Union; and, although ho
lives 111 tho latiludo where sluveiy is tolerated,
yet I do not believe that ho desires or approves
us extension.
His declared sentiments nro a guaranty that
ho will novor in the slightest manner interfere
wilh llio action of Congress, when it shall forbid
tho existence of slavery in our nuwly ucquired
territories. Let tho representatives of tho pco
plo and ot tho States bo lelt frco to act upon
that question, uncontrolled by Executive influ
ence and Executive veto, und wo aro safe. I
need not, I am confident, give lo you any now
assurance that uhoiievcr the question, in any
form, shall bo presented dining my official term,
rights uf humanity shall find iifmoati unyielding
advocate. The issuo vvill soon como ; it is to bo
met in Iho hulls of Congress; and then it was
to bu decided, in all probability, during the con
tinuance of Mr. Polk's udmiiiistrution. Let tho
pcoplo of the Irco States lock to their llrpresen
tatives! In the meantime, let us labor to bring back
our Government to the paths of peace, of pros
perity, and llio pursuit ot happiness, by placing
Us high trusts in Whig hands. For, in the ordd
of that citrz.cn of Massachusetts, whusn fumu
belongs to llio vorld, while his great heart bu.
longs to his country whose wholo life has been
ono of continued, sull-sacrcficing, unrequited
labor tor tho American pocplc 111 tho words of
Daniel Webster, btandiiig in Funcuil Hall :
"In Iho dark and troubled night that is upon
us, I seo no star abovo tho horizon promising
light to giudo us, but llio intelligent, patriotic,
united Whig party of tho United States."
GKORGi; ASHMUN.
The Nomination in Ohio. the Columbus
Statu Journal says: "From all quarters, so far
as wo lu.ve received accounts, tho nominations
of TAYLOR and F1LLM0RH ore, received
with great favor. Wo wcro preparhd lo witness
much disappointment. Men had fixed their
minds upon particular favorites, and could sco
nu roasun why men who stood bo fair with them
selves, bhould not bo equally favorites with all
others. Such is human nature; and when thesa
clicrishod nspirations wcro crossed, wo were
prepared to see some manifestations of disap
pointment. Tlicro has been far less Of it than
might reasonably have bcon anticinatod. In Co
lumbus, the nominations wcro hailed with more
than ordinary cnlhuslusm. Such seems to liavo
been tho case at Cincinnati, Dayton, Steuben
ville, Cleveland, Chillcotho, and ill fact Rum al
most every point from which wo havo heard."
PEACE! PEACE!
Whn ve,,.,1. :,.!.. iT..t . i,m 1 .-,..
- uaij 1, wiiiuii iiiiiiuiiucua 1 iiauli
n tho largest capitals, and says: "Wo havo nt
length tho exquisite pleasure of announcing to
our countryman llio rntificutionof the trcaly,nnd
the establishment of pcaco between Mexico nnd
ton llttlln.l U.t nr. .. . .
w.u.uu ouueo. tvo are satisnou that wo
proclaim nn Iritnllirrr.,,.,, ii... 1.1 .i.m. .
, ... ......uytiuv lliui niFumuillueU tlUUl
crjoy throughout our country."
1 ins, irom tho official, organ of the Govern
ment, is decidedly rich- Lro long wo shall
doubtless hear that tho Locos nlways wcro dead
against tho Mexican Wnr. nn,1 ni,.i r.
w .... , ...... .tuuwujr ill 1U.U1
of it but federal Whigs, Abolitionists and Old
Zack. Well peaco nugld to ho an " oxquisito
pleasure" to tho Union: its master paid twenty
millions ior 11.
VT. CENTRAL RAILROAD.
It is expected that this road will
uso to Ilethol on Monday next.
Wo are happy at tho eamo limn in it.-i
the arrangement for tho taking of the million of
now siocK lias been completed, and ono half of
tho amount has ulrendv limn rnknn Wn ..
now receive subscriptions to tho balance, both
irom iiioso who arc end those who aro not stock
holders. Subscriptions received nt il, ttot-.
store of E. P. Walton & Sons.
fiT5' TIlO lioston Atlna i,nl.til... .1
t '.m,i.-,ii.o inu uiiiucs
of tlurty-nino Locofoco newspapers in Now York
opposcu to uen. uass. Wo obscrvo that tho St.
Lawrence UemiblicanU not in ih ti, ..
. ...w ..4. Uliu Ul
the most zealous of them all. So there aro or
Itj rebellious presses in Now York.
ITT5 In tho list of sirrners to n r.ill Cnr 'P-
lor Itatificatinn meeting in Hoston wo observed
the names of sundry persons who havo been
locos to our knowledge.
Governors. Thorn
vii VJUIHIIIJIJ Ul
Slates in the Harrison National Convention, and
in mc 1 ayior Convention there were m'ne.
Ol?" Ono of the most efficient 8imnortcr3 of
Gen. Tuylor in this Suite is tho Vermont PnlrT.
ol. If the Major continues as ho commenced last
week, ho will stir up the Whigs and not a few
of the Democracy to go for Old Zaclc.
Stii.1, Anotiiku Presidential Candioatp.
The uboIitiunlEts are divided into tico parties
tho one supporling John P. Halo tor President,
and the other (called the Liberty League) sup
porting Gcrritt Smith. The latter party has re
cently had a national convention at Roches
ter, IN. Y., ut which tho Rev. Charles B. Footo
of Michigan vva3 nominated for Vico President.
QL7" Accordinir to tho Caledonian, ihn Gnu.
Jacob Scott of Barro addressed tho third party
convention in Caledonia County a few days ago,
and declared that ho would support John C.
Ivalaou.n lor President sooner than Gen. Cass.
Agreed. We would trust any respectable South
ern Locofoco sooner than a Northern Dough-face.
The former could, (and if a patriotic man would,)
take a tolerably liberal course, oven on Slavery,
without exciting the fears of the South: tho lat
ter, by his treachery to tho North, provc3 him
self unworthy ot confidence, nnd to quiet llio
suspicions of thu Slavocrats ho must bo ultra in
all his professions and acts.
EDITOR'S TABLE.
Talcs ok tub RonDF.ns and or Scotland:
by John Mackay Wilson.
A scries of about five hundred talcs, histori-
cal, traditionary, and imaginative, written with a
view to lire inculcation of sound morals und vir
tuous sentiments. ' Tho talcs," savs the pub
lisher, " are varied in every form humorous, pa
thetic, traditional, historical and descriptive
suitable to every taste and mood of mind, and
not less guarded from ho possibility of giving
ollenco to tho incest delicacy of sentiment, than
preserved from intcrfenn!: with the sanctioned
creeds, prejudices, and feelings of party, wheth
er political or religious." Tho country i3 full of
wretched stult, in the form of "cheat) publica
tions" and cheap unoogh, too, so fur as tho
money goes, but extremely costly whon the ef
fect upon the character and sentiments of read
ers is taken into account. So far as wo are ac
quainted with Wilson's Tales, we can commend
them. Seventy thousand copies of tho first edi
tion were sold in Europe. An American edition
is in tho course of publication, by Robert T.
Shannon, 30 Park Row, New York. It is hand
somely published in largo type and good paper
in numbers ot t4 octavo pages each, at 12 1 2
cents a number. There will bo about seventy
ncmbcrs, making three largo uctavu volumes,
with a steel engraving and index to each. A
volume of ten numbers vvill bo forwarded hir
mail to every one who remits $1,23.
Littelis Livino Aoe : Boston.
Charles Lamb, Sir Thomas Fovvcll Muxton,
William Von Humboldt, Rritish nnd American
.Military Establishment, Wreck of thoArchduko
Charles, Cosmos vol. 2, Article Literature, nnd
Recognised Scientific Principles (applied lo the
Uthcr controversy,) arc tho Icadinir subjects in
number 21-1.
Fourth of July Pictorial, Brother Jdm.
than. Wilson &. Co. of Now York, havo sent
us a cony of llieir Jubilee Drother Jonatli.111. imt
, j
issued in commemoration of the glorious fourth.
It is n sheet ot tho largest dimensions and filled
wilh magnificent engravings: somo of the most
prominent of which arc a Mexican llattlc Scene,
covering a surfaco of seven square feet, execu
ted witli tasto and spirit from an original design.
Four Portraits the sizo of life ol distinguished
American Statesmen. Eleven original designs
by the groat French Artist Gavarni, illustrating
the Masquerade Ball in Paris a fac similo of
tho original Rough Draft of tho Declaration of
Independenco with all tho alteration made in
Committee, in tho hand writing of each. Theso
together wiih forty or fifty other spirited engra
vings of thu finest description, Talcs, Poems,
Sketches, ccc. make 0110 of tho most valuablo of
tlio Brother Jonathan yet issued. Every body
should havo a conv. Tho Price is onlv 12 1.2
cents, or 10 copies aro sent by mail for ono dol
lar.
(H?" Perhaps somebody may 'think that tho
odd names applied to tho locos in Now-York
havo been applied in derision by tho Whigs.
Not bo. Tho following explains tho matter:
" JUrniiuhners" ond "Old Hunkers."
These elegant phrases aro explained by the N.
Y. Day Ituuk. Tho first aroso from tho similari
ty ot tho violent, destructive measures of tho
radical Locofucos, to tho plan pursued by a
Dulch furmcr, ot burning his bain to get rid of
his rats. Tlio Mory wub originally told ond ap
plied by A. U. Dickorson, u conservative Stato
Senalur, iu lclld or 'tid; il ' fit" so well that it
was soon taken up, and has become universal.
The other phrase springs from a local vulgar
ism of Now-York city. To "hunk" means to
lo ensconce yourself in a profitable business or
situation. Accordingly, thoso Locofoco aro
called "Old Hunkers" who either hold ollico or
teuk it who luvo to "feather their nests" by
plucking Undo bain.

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